The Nepal Digest - September 22, 1995 (8 Ashwin 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 21 September 95: Ashwin 8 2052 BS Volume 42 Issue 10

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

*********************************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Sep 1995 07:50:40 EDT To: The Nepal digest Editor <> From: "Pramod K. Mishra" <> Subject: Opportunism and Other Matters

Dear Editor,

Many Nepalis must be having cramps of glee, rightly so, at the turn of political events in Nepal. A 49-year-old democrat (many would call him a lover of guns as solutions to democratic problems) has replaced the 74-year-old Marxist, who, contrary to all rumors and speculations about his revolutionary ideologies, more than ever embraced democratic culture and made sure by passing laws that political dissenters never get tortured by the police, let alone shot with bullets. It's true some would celebrate this change whereas others would mourn, but it's my belief that everyone feels excited and thrilled by these high, power-grabbing dramas played out in Nepal. In addition to NTV, GTV, Star TV, and Doordarshan, it's a new form of entertainment, live and intriguing for the good people of Nepal.
        When the Communists begin to believe in democratic means and the democrats believe in firearms and scramble to avoid elections, we must wonder about the times. There was a time when the Congress ridiculed and dismissed Nepal's Communist movement as the breeding ground and training arena for firebrand Panchayat cadres. Indeed, the Communist movement, many claimed, was midwifed by King Mahendra as a response to the Congress Party's unchallengeable popularity, and thereafter during the time of the Panchayat system, rumors abound, that Communists wore only the masks of revolutionaries; what they actually hid inside were perfidious visages of rightist opportunism. One of the reasons why, they said, very often followers of the Congress Party never trusted the Communists, the "allies of the Panchas."
        It was true many one-time left activists did join the Panchayat system and donned caps and trousers and drove flagged, chauffeur-driven cars on streets of Kathmandu. Poor, hardworking common folks, they couldn't hold off their hunger for power and the glamor that proximity to power brought. They put aside principles and ideologies for money, power, and the needs of their family. A human being is a human being. Everyone can't be a Man Mohan Adhikari or people like him, living their life in virtual anonymity and prison for principles. Times have changed; people have changed; opportunities have changed. The hunger for power, however, remains the same.
        Now, in playing practical politics, real faces are stripping their masks and coming out. Politics and power have made bedfellows of arch-enemies. Or, were they ever even enemies? Some might wonder. Instead of individuals, now the whole Congress Party, in panic of never able to obtain power, has joined hands with the rightist RPP, a gathering of zamindars, autocrats, and their thugs. What the Congress and its people-oriented cadres have to watch out for is whose party theirs is--Poeple's or the zamindars'. Otherwise, the real test of their popularity would be at the voting stations in the hands of the voters--and they shouldn't be so afraid of the ballots so much in the name of stability, law and order, and efficient administration. Do these pernicious terms ring any bell? These sound like the pretext phrases overused by all dictatorships in the world, from Hitler to Marcos. "Stability, law and order, and efficient adminsitration" in themselves mean neither freedom nor bread. Don't avoid the voters, forlks; their hands may be itching for ballots. The honorable justices of the Supreme Court can't buy power for long unless of course you use guns. In that case, I'll shut up.

********************************************************************** From: Jharana Joshee <> To: Date: Sat, 16 Sep 1995 13:49:44 EST Subject: Nepali students in the U.S.

I am doing a research paper on why Nepali students want to come to the United States. This paper is for my International Economics class. If anyone has any information about the Nepali education system
 and Nepal's current economic system, can you please send me
 those information at, Jhjoshee@main. rmwc. edu. It can even be your personal opinions and your own experience. If you do not mind I would like to include those opinions in my reasearch paper.
  Thank you very much.
       Jharana Joshee.

***************************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Sep 1995 11:33:07 +1200 From: TANA D GURUNG <> Subject: Information!! To:

Dear Editor,

Thanks to the effort of TND members in keeping Nepalese all around the world well apprised with the happenings back home...and also in developing TND as a means to share ideas and information with other Nepali fellow citizens. Thanks again.

With the thought of sharing ideas and gathering information I posted a request letter to TND asking for its transmission in the forthcoming issue of TND, at around mid of August. However, my request didn't appear in any of the last issues and I am therfore posting it again. May I request you to include it in the forthcoming issue of TND. Thanks.

Dear TND readers,

Namastae. I am a park, recreation and tourism management student at Lincoln University New Zealand. I don't have any previous affiliation with tourism but have developed some interest in it ensuing my work with ACAP. My particular field of interest is tourism and its impact on the socioeconomic structure of the peripheral touristy areas. Being a naive tourism enthusiast, I am very much eager to share any ideas and information in tourism with individuals interested in this field.

As a part of the study, I am planning to pursue my field research in a village called Ghandruk, within ACAP, this coming winter (Nov-Feb). I will be looking at the changes in the socioeconomic structure tourism has brought about in Ghandruk and the pattern of change across different strata of the community; trying to look at the pattern of income distribution.

I would appreciate if any information regarding this type of research conducted elsewhere, preferably developing countries, could be made available. I am aware of some researches of this type being conducted in the Namche Khumbu area, but haven't been able to get hold of them. If you have any information that you want to share with, please contact me directly at the following address:


Thanks and Namastae.

******************************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Sep 1995 09:55:16 -1000 From: Ratna Shrestha <> To: Subject: A3 and Bikash's alternative approach

Arun III and Bikash Pandays alternative approach:
        For whatever reasons, Arun III is dead and now, it is time to think about an alternative that is right for Nepal. In this context, the alternative approach of Bikash Panday and Alliance for Energy caught my interest. Recently I had an opportunity to browse through his article published in Himal (July/August 95): Because It is There, Foreign Money, Foreign Advice and Arun III. I found his and other experts (cited by him) criticisms against Arun III fairly convincing but not his vision of the alternative approach.

Bikash writes: 1) Inexpensive kWh: There is only one way to make hydropower inexpensive in Nepal, to make it affordable to Nepali consumers, and competitive for sale to India. And that is to get Nepalis to build the plants themselves.

        Although the encouragement of the maximum possible use of Nepalese manpower and other resources is very much desirable, a complete rule out of the use of foreign technology, knowledge, and money can hardly be borne out.

2) Decentralized hydropower development: The alternative approach envisions small hydropower schemes of less than 20 MW size built in a number of districts spread through out the country. These schemes ... owned by Private companies who would sell power to the NEA grid at a fixed buy back rate.
        At present, electricity in Nepal is highly subsidized, although it is in short supply. I question if any private sector will come forward to invest in power generation unless NEA or govt makes power market profitable for the private investors.
        An inherent problem with a public utility like electricity is natural monopoly. This is because of decreasing marginal cost of providing one extra unit of power. Bikash and his teams idea of requiring NEA to buy back the privately produced power at a fixed rate conceptually takes care of the problem. Nevertheless, keeping in view the administrative and political situation, I doubt the feasibility of such an arrangement.
               3) Use Nepali money: These scheme should be funded by... hydropower bonds in which Nepali can invest. ..stagnant money that is presently helping increase real estate prices in Kathmandu can easily provide the engine for hydropower development.
        As said earlier, public utility calls for a natural monopoly to capture the benefits of decreasing average cost of providing an additional unit of it. In other words, power companies incur loss as they bill consumers at the rate of production cost of an extra unit (the condition for economic efficiency). This is the main reason why utility companies can not be competitive, instead they operate under govt subsidy. Like any other infrastructure roads, telecommunication, etc., the greater proportion of benefits of power generation comes from the multiplication of business and industrial activities. Govt meets the loss of power companies by general revenue raised particularly from increased industrial activities.
         Another hindrance for private investment in power sector comes from power pilfering that is a common practice in Nepal (NEA puts this figure at about 30%). Therefore, the private investment in hydropower can hardly be realized especially in Nepal where law enforcement mechanism is very weak.
         Moreover, there is no suitable macroeconomic environment in Nepal for hydropower bond market to function smoothly. Nepalese businessmen make windfall profits by investing in real estate businesses and there is no reason why they would divert their investment to such a risky business like hydropower.

4) Hydropower must create jobs: The hydropower scheme is an industry itself. .... decentralized, labor intensive ....could employ as many as 35000 people directly and 200,000 in supporting activities.
        A greater proportion of benefit from a hydropower project comes from the multiplication of factories and businesses but not from a mere direct employment of 235,000 people as Bikash Panday envisions. Other advantage is from the less use of natural resources (fuel wood) as alternative energy becomes available. In sum, the real benefit of power generation is from its multiplier effect, but not merely from the direct employment of few workers in the production and distribution of electricity.

5) District development: Imagine a situation where each of the 75 districts in Nepal received RS 72 crore over the next 8 years for hydel development..... each district could develop...... 7 to 10 MW.
.....because road construction is necessary for ....this strategy will provide two pillars of modern economy at one stroke.
        Bikash panday is too optimistic, given the present infrastructure and technical knowhow of Nepal. Think of Manang, for example, which is about 130 Km from Dumre (Bandipur). Given the Roads Depts per km cost for a hill high way, Rs 72 crore is merely sufficient for a road construction, let alone 7 to 10 MW of electricity generation.
        Finally, Bikashs equal distribution of development theory is highly impractical. Given the scarcity of our funds, we need to learn to prioritize our development projects. The size and location of a particular project should be determined on the basis of the availability of the natural resources, harm to the environment, the manpower, the fund, and the most important!! cost-benefit analysis of that scheme. So why not we invest in big (not necessarily A3) as well as small projects that give us higher return as proposed by Promod Mishra (TND Sept 12).
        I am not a fan of A3, but before concluding, I would like to question its killers, how much consideration had they given to the cost penalty for not having the project today ????

Ratna K. Shrestha Hawaii

******************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Sep 1995 18:04:55 -0400 From: (Sher B. Karki) To: Subject: New 9/17/1995

                     Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                     September 16, 1995 12:16 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 427 words

HEADLINE: Six Iraqis ask for political asylum in Nepal


   Six Iraqis including three children, who claim to have arrived in Nepal in April following an 11-month journey via Jordan and Thailand, are seeking asylum here, one of the refugees said Saturday.

   The Iraqis have applied to the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) for refugee status and political asylum but have been told they must return to Jordan, said Hassan Osama Abdul Bagi, 26. He claimed to be a civil engineer from Al Mustansiriya University in Iraq.

   The six smuggled themselves into Nepal on false Austrian passports bought from Iranian drug and gold traffickers for 1,000 dollars, he said.

   Their journey began in May 1994 when they crossed into Jordan, but found their lives there to be "equally in danger because of the heavy number of President Saddam Hussein's military agents," Hassan said.

   They travelled to Bangkok and hid there for some months, but did not feel safe as the city has an Iraqi embassy. An Iranian smuggler there told them they would be safe in Nepal and sold them false Austrian passports, Hassan said.

   "We have been hiding in Kathmandu since April and have been approaching the UN office in Kathmandu and later the UNHCR to help us as Iraqi political sufferers," he said.

   After they approached the UNHCR, their false passports were exchanged for documents saying they were Iraqis. The UNHCR gave them some money and told them to return to Jordan to apply for political asylum, Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          September 16, 1995, Saturday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2410/A

LENGTH: 67 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Vote of confidence announced

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 14 Sep 95

   [12] Excerpt from report by Radio Nepal

   The ninth session of the House of Representatives began at the parliament building in words indistinct today 14th September . In today's session Speaker Ram Chandra Poudel informed the House that the vote of confidence in the government of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba would be tabled on the 18th September 1995... passage omitted; poor reception

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          September 16, 1995, Saturday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2410/A

LENGTH: 179 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; New premier stresses commitment to health services

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 13 Sep 95

   [13] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has said it will be a big help to the present government if doctors discuss carefully among themselves how medical services can be reached as heard to the rural people at their own homes and some of the suggestions on what measures should be taken. The prime minister was inaugurating a four-day workshop-seminar on the topic of medical education in

 Nepal organized jointly by Nepal words indistinct and Nepal Medical Association in Kathmandu today 13th September .

   Mr Deuba said his majesty's government will never be slow to take (?firm) measures in this regard as far as available resources allow. Remarking that only 15 per cent of the population today has access to modern medicine, the prime minister voiced commitment to reaching the goal of health (?reforms) by the year 2000 set by the World Health Organization. He also pointed out that it is the declared policy of the present government to exert all its developmental efforts with the village as the focus of national development.

                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                    September 16, 1995, Saturday, BC Cycle
                          08:18 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 240 words

HEADLINE: Encephalitis epidemic kills at least 46 in Nepal

DATELINE: Kathmandu

    At least 46 people, most of them children, have died of encephalitis in the western and eastern parts of the low-lying Terai Belt of Nepal, it was reported Saturday.

    The official news agency RSS reported that 30 people had died in hospital in Nepalginj, a township bordering India some 450 kilometres west of Kathmandu.

    The news agency said over 150 persons suffering from the disease had been admitted to the hospital during the past four weeks and 59 of them are still undergoing treatment.

    It also said that 16 persons had died of encephalitis in the industrial town of Biratnagar, about 400 kilometres east of Kathmandu. dpa ds

                Copyright 1995 News World Communications, Inc.
                              The Washington Times

                   September 15, 1995, Friday, Final Edition


LENGTH: 103 words

HEADLINE: New Nepalese leader pushes market reform



   Three days after taking over from Nepal's first Communist government, the new prime minister said yesterday he would step up free-market economic reforms designed to attract foreign investment.

    In an interview, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba said the popular but costly programs the Communists introduced during their nine months in power would have bankrupted the Himalayan country.

    He refused to discuss details of his budget, but raised the possibility that one popular program begun by his predecessor - "Build Your Own Village" grants - might continue, but with tighter financial controls.

   "If we are forced to return to Jordan, we will commit suicide in front of the UN office in Kathmandu. We prefer to die in Nepal rather than go back to Jordan only to fall in hands of Saddam Hussein's military agents," He said.

   Another of the Iraqis who gave his name only as Ali, said: "We belong to Shia Dawa Party which is holding a revolt against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's authoritarian rule and his acts of repression against innocent civilians." Ali, 49, said he was from Basrah University College of Economy.


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Sep 1995 08:10:46 -0400 (EDT) From: "Kathryn S. March" <> To: Subject: Request for information: Supreme Court case regarding women's property inheritance rights

Most of our attention has recently be turned to the Supreme Court's finding regarding the government of Nepal. I understand, however, that the Court has also been asked to decide whether daughters should have (increased) inheritance rights under Nepali national law. Does anyone know anything more about this case? (or know who/how I could contact to find more out?) Thanks--it is wonderful to have such a lively and responsive group as the readers/contributors of TND to ask! Please respond either in TND or directly to me: <> Yours, Kathryn S. March Associate Professor of Anthropology,
   Women's Studies & Asian Studies

********************************************************************** To: Subject: Postal Problems? Date: Mon, 18 Sep 95 10:14:00 EDT From: rshresth@BBN.COM

Cross-posted from SCN:

In article <439fve$>,
   a2212498@athena.rrz.Uni-Koeln.DE (Rajiv Grover) wrote:
> Since the last four or five months my letters to Kathmandu have all
>got lost. That means about 10 letters and a couple of postcards, and all of
>them have not reached my family! Has anyone out there ever had the same
>problems, maybe recently???
> Has the postal morale in Nepal gone so down the drain?

Postal services in Nepal has "always" been bad. However, in order to increase the chance of your letter reaching the destination in Nepal, try sending in an aerogramme. We stopped sending letters in envelopes a long time ago. If your counterpart in Nepal has access to a GPO post box in Kathmandu, you will have even better chance of getting your letter delivered.

In case we have to send a letter in an envelope, we close the envelope only in the middle with a small strip of tape so that the postman can see what's inside (certainly not money or check) :-) :-).


********************************************************* To: Subject: PhD in Environmental Policy Date: Mon, 18 Sep 95 10:14:56 EDT From: (Anil Shrestha)

Here's a forwarded message.This may be of interest to SCN'ers. Anil

---------- Forwarded message ----------

University of Delaware Graduate College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy Center for Energy and Environmental Policy

Programs of Study

The Center for Energy and Environmental Policy (CEEP), formerly the Center for Energy and Urban Policy Research, is the principal research unit for doctoral study in the Graduate College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy (CUAPP), University of Delaware. CEEP provides graduate instruction and conducts interdisciplinary and collaborative research in the areas of energy, environmental and technology policies. Collaborative research and exchange agreements to foster international research and graduate study have been established with Asian, African, Latin American and European universities and research institutes. CEEP is composed of an internationally diverse faculty and graduate student body with backgrounds in political science, economics, sociology, geography, philosophy, urban planning, environmental studies, history, anthropology and engineering.

CEEP offers M.A. and Ph.D. degrees with CUAPP. The areas of concentration are: comparative energy and environmental policy; sustainable development; political economy of energy, environment and development; environmental justice; conservation and renewable energy policy; integrated resource planning; and science, technology and society. The M.A. degree includes 36 credit hours of graduate work, of which 15 are in the core curriculum and at least 12 are in an area of specialization. The Ph.D. program has three components: a 18 credit-hour core curriculum; the development of a research area and the dissertation proposal involving at least 24 credit hours; and the writing of the dissertation.

Opportunities exist for CEEP students to participate in a variety of research projects on such topics as socio-economic impacts of global climate change; economic and environmental evaluation of solar energy options (especially, photovoltaic technology); environmental ethics; impacts of the Clean Air Act of 1992; development of a sustainability index; sustainable urban development strategies; energy and poverty issues; integrated resource planning and demand-side management in developing countries; water conservation planning and policy. CEEP students have obtained paid internships with the World Bank, UNDP, overseas research institutes, U.S. senators' offices, federal and state government agencies, and nonprofit organizations.


For the M.A., the successful candidate for admission must have an undergraduate grade point average (GPA) above 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale). Admission to the Ph.D. program requires completion of a master's degree with at least a 3.5 GPA. A GRE score above 1,100 is normally expected. Complete applications contain three letters of recommendation; a 1000-word statement of the applicant's research interest; academic transcript(s); and GRE scores. For students whose first language is not English, a demonstrated proficiency in English is required. This may be judged on the basis of a TOEFL score of 550 or better. Most students are admitted for the fall semester. A completed admission application and all credentials should be submitted no later than March 1 to guarantee consideration for financial aid.

Correspondence and Information

Dr. John Byrne, Director Center for Energy and Environmental Policy College of Urban Affairs and Public Policy University of Delaware Newark, Delaware 19716 TEL: (302)831-8405 FAX: (302)831-3587 E-mail: John.Byrne@MVS.UDEL.EDU

***************************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Sep 1995 10:48:34 -0400 From: To: Subject: Double Spaced?

Namaste, Lately I have had to download to see the rest of the news from TND.
 After retrieving them from my file, I found that they are double spaced. Is the editor typing the news double spaced? News from TND are the only mail that are double spaced in my E-Mail.


%%%%%Editor's Note: Thank you for bringing up this issue. A lot of %%%%%
%%%%% Internet Service Providers charge users by time%%%%%
%%%%% and email space (length). TND posts articles %%%%%
%%%%% as is. Please be courteous when posing to TND %%%%%
%%%%% and make sure articles are concise and not %%%%%
%%%% double or trippler spaced. Thank you. %%%%%

************************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Sep 1995 10:42:36 EDT To: Subject: Re: Full text of Reeve's article: Time travel to Nepal...

Cross-posted from SCN:
--------------------- From: (HyperGodar)

Kathmandu, if one feels what Reeve feels to be true, is what it is because of western influences. It may not seem so at a glance but all one has to do is scrutinize the points of influences and realize the negative feedbacks. Hey! take it to the hills!!

Walk the pavements in U.S. cities early mornings and take lungsful of breath and dwell on the sweetness in them that which "titillate" you into stopping your breath short. Wonder how Times Square would smell had not the smell of hot dogs and the sweet smelling people walking by masked the odor of the steam blowing up the sewers right unto passerbys.

Wonder where modernity has led the likes of Reeve! Try walking down a quiet street in NYC in broad daylight without a hint of fear and looking over your shoulders: fear of the quietitude is it? LOL!

Not that Kathmandu is Heaven on earth though Nepal certainly is; relatively ie for all things are relative I guess, even existence itself!

************************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Sep 1995 12:22:34 To: The Editor <>,
         "Rajpal J. Singh" <> From: Sapana Shakya <> Subject: Woman in Need

Hi! I'm currently searching for a college in the US for graduate studies. I have already contacted the USEF here in Kathmandu and borrowed a dozen brochures on prospective universities BUT the info in these brochures are very limited and having heard about miracles on the internet i thought i'd try to place a request in the TND for anyone with any knowledge of colleges i could apply in the field of my interest which happens to be a bit convoluted. Please place this on the net. thanks.

This is the story:
 I'd like to work on a program which allows me to link Communication
(esp. Journalism and Communication technologies) as well as women's studies (with courses like gender sensitive reporting,etc.). I have a BA in Communications from Purdue U and have worked for two years at the Bangkok Post newspaper in Thailand. I am currently a sub-editor with the Kathmandu Post (the one that's on internet).

I also would need financial assistance. I would be very grateful if anyone out there had any info on colleges with grants, scholarships, assistantships etc. for international students. OR any info on special interest independent scholarship, grant organizations would also be appreciated.

If anyone has any info that may be helpful please send it to TND or to me directly at: Your help will be greatly appreciated. P.S. You are also free to comment on the Kathmandu Post publication. Sapana Sakya.

yours troolie at:

****************************************** Date: Wed, 20 Sep 1995 01:19:35 +0700 To: Nepal Digest <> From: Suman Kumar Manandhar <> Subject: Skipping unwanted articles

TND is a must for us all - however, at times, we want to skip some long and tedious articles that we do not wish to read. If you use *Pine* to read email then you can read one article title then another, stopping in between to read the ones you are interested in. To do this press "w" and you will go into word search mode. At the "Word to search for:" prompt type "From:". You will then see the beginning of the article just below. Read the article if you are interested; otherwise just repeat the search process. Please use "From:" (with the colon), not "From"; otherwise your search will end whenever it encounters a "from" in any article.

Maybe some other netters can tell us how to do this in other email programs.

Suman Kumar Manandhar,,

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 20 Sep 1995 12:01:10 -1000 To: From: Bernardo A Michael <> Subject: please post on TND

Could you please post this news


His Majesty King Birendra following the recommendation of the sixteenth Academic Assembly of the Royal Nepal Academy in May 1995, has presented to Dr Gregory G Maskarinec the highest award given to foreign scholars working in Nepalese studies, the "Birendra Pragya" decoration in recognition of his distinguished research on Nepalese culture and society.

The award is conferred every five years by the King. Dr Maskarinec is its fourth recipient, and is the first American whose work has been acknowledged in this way. The three previous recipients were Professor Cristoph von Furer Haimendorf (Gt Britain), Dr Giuseppe Tucci (Italy)
, and Dr Tony Hagen (Switzerland).

The Royal Nepal Academy cited Dr Maskarinec's extensive research over the past 15 years on traditional medical beliefs and practices in Western Nepal as an "outstanding contribution to bringing to light an aspect of Nepalese way of life through scientific approach" thereby facilitating the researches of ancient and pre-historic practices and bringing this aspect of Nepalese lifestyle before the world". In particular, it noted his work on the topic of shamans and oracles (jhankri and dhami) in Jajarkot District, where he lived for six years. In addition to this he has been previously honored as Mahendra Scholar at Tribhuvan University in 1981-83.

Dr Maskarinec has recently published a book, "The Rulings of the Night: An Ethnography of Nepalese Shaman Oral Texts", Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995.

Dr Maskarinec is currently residing in Honolulu, where as a recipient of an National Endowment for the Humanities translation grant, he is working on a bilingual edition of shaman texts.

Bernardo A Michael University of Hawaii-Manoa.
*************************************************************** Date: Thu, 21 Sep 1995 10:32:17 +0700 To: Nepal Digest <> From: Suman Kumar Manandhar <> Subject: Looking for Sunil P Khatry

If anybody knows the email address of Mr Sunil P Khatry, please let me have it.

Thanks in advance. Suman Kumar Manandhar,,

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This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue Jan 11 2000 - 11:15:47 CST