The Nepal Digest - September 15, 1995 (2 Ashwin 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 15 September 95: Ashwin 2 2052 BS Volume 42 Issue 7

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

************************************************************ Date: September 12, 1995 From: Rajpal J.P. Singh <a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu> Subject: Information Relay.
 
  Anybody living near/around D.C., Maryland, Virginia who knows Mamata Rana,
  please have her contact me at a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu or leave phone number
  for contact.
 
  A relative of hers wants to contact her and has some news for her.
 
 thank you
   

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 12 Sep 1995 23:29:02 -0400 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) Subject: News 9/12/1995 To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                         September 13, 1995, Wednesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2407/A

LENGTH: 360 words

HEADLINE: FOREIGN RELATIONS; King appoints new prime minister

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 11 Sep 95

 BODY:
   [13] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   His Majesty the King has appointed the leader of the main opposition Nepali Congress party, Sher Bahadur Deuba, to the post of prime minister in accordance with the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1990. Prime Minister Deuba is heading a coalition government comprising of the Nepali Congress, the Rashtriya Prajatantra Party and the Nepal Sadbhavana Party. Prime Minister Deuba had claimed that he had the support of 106 members in the House of Representatives to gain the vote of confidence. His Majesty the King has also thanked the council of ministers (?formed under the chairmanship of) Man Mohan Adhikari for discharging their duties.

   Earlier, His Majesty the King had called upon members of the House of Representatives to make their submissions to His Majesty establishing one's ability to command confidence of the majority of the members of the House of Representatives in accordance with Article 42, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1990. This is stated in a communique issued today 11th September by the principal press secretariat of His Majesty the King.

   Mr Sher Bahadur Deuba was born in 1946 in location indistinct .

   Mr Deuba was imprisoned for his political beliefs over a period of nine years at different points of time. He most actively participated in promoting multi-party democracy in Nepal during the national referendum in 1980. Mr Deuba also participated in the popular movement for the restoration of democracy in Nepal and has lobbied for democracy in Western countries. Mr Deuba served as home minister during the Nepali Congress government between May 1991 and November 1994 following his election as member of parliament from name indistinct district. Mr Deuba is the fourth democratically elected prime minister after the advent of democracy.

    Note: In a separate report in the same bulletin Radio Nepal said that the Nepali Congress, Rashtriya Prajatantra Party and Nepal Sadbhavana Party had issued a ten-point policy statement on 11th September in which they undertook
"to work through consensus for the welfare of the country and the people"

                     Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                     September 12, 1995 23:15 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 667 words

HEADLINE: Prime minister-designate set for swearing-in

DATELINE: (picture)

 BODY:
    By Shusham Shrestha

   KATHMANDU, Sept 12 (AFP) - Prime minister-designate Sher Bahadur Deuba, who succeeds communist premier Man Mohan Adhikari, says his priorities are political stability, economic reform, clean government and administrative efficiency.

   Deuba, who is to be sworn in Tuesday at the royal palace, is the fourth prime minister to be appointed in Nepal after the Nepali Congress party (NC) and several leftist groups forced King Birendra's regime to become a constitutional monarchy with a multi-party parliamentary democracy in 1990.

   Adhikari resigned after losing a vote of no confidence on Sunday but was asked to stay on until a new government was formed.

   Deuba, a 49-year-old NC leader and democracy champion, told journalists after his appointment that his main goals included ensuring political stability, controlling escalating prices, curbing administrative corruption, maintaining law and order and guaranteeing clean government and administrative efficiency.

   "For external affairs, I will be following non-aligned policy and maintain equal relationships with both China and India," Deuba said.

   "I will also try to gain back the confidence of the World Bank to refinance the much needed Arun-III hydro-power project ... which was lost by the former communist government," he said.

   He also said he would not act against people whose political ideologies vary from his own.

   The prime minister-designate was eager to assume the country's highest executive post, a party source said.

   "Deuba was very impatient yesterday and due to the excitement, he could not sleep well last night," the source said. "He was even ready to take oath of office yesterday."

   His appointment as premier came after the ruling Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist (NCP-UML) was brought down by a no-confidence motion he submitted.

   The opposition parties, including the NC, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(RPP), the pro-India Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP) and some independents voted for the censure, mustering 107 votes, while the communist government got only 88 votes as some left-wing independents and the Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party did not participate.
   But it is a shaky coalition, as only five of the 107 parliamentary supporters have to back out for Deuba to fall.

   An NC source said the new cabinet, for the time being, would consist of four people representing three political parties, and would include Deuba. No further details were given.

   Meanwhile, RPP vice president Rabindra Nath Sharma said a tripartite meeting of the new ruling coalition partners -- the NC, the RPP and the NSP -- was held Monday evening to discuss socio-economic and political plans and programmes, foreign policy and the budget of the coalition government.
   "The present cabinet will be expanded after the (lower) house meets on September 14 and Deuba will seek" its approval of his majority again, he said.

                 Copyright 1995 International Herald Tribune
                          International Herald Tribune

                               September 12, 1995

SECTION: OPINION

LENGTH: 307 words

HEADLINE: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR;
 Nepal's Loss

 BODY:
   Regarding ''World Bank Ends Heyday of the Big Project Loan'' (Aug. 17): The World Bank has withdrawn from the Arun 3 hydropower project in Nepal not because of its own severe doubts on its merits. Rather, the project has become unfeasible politically because of overwhelming pressure on the bank by some Western nongovernmental, environmental organizations. What remains for Nepal without the project? The impoverished country will continue to trail the rest of the world in the use of commercial energy. It now has to pursue a much costlier strategy of developing smaller hydropower schemes, with increased reliance on imported and thermal power. This will bring neither a solution to its energy crunch, nor a perspective for sustainable economic growth. Most disconcerting, the World Bank's withdrawal constitutes a surrender to single-issue groups that advocate quick-fix remedies off the shelf without wasting much effort on thorough analyses of a country's predicament. Developing countries may be pitied for their self-appointed guardians who wield influence over their fate but elude accountability. PETER C. BRINKMANN. Frankfurt.

                       Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited
                             Reuters World Service

                     September 12, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 161 words

 BODY:
   Deuba stood for unity as a Nepali Congress government fell last year after party bickering that followed a rift between two veteran leaders. The communist UML formed the government after a mid-term poll held last November.

   Nepali Congress, which has 85 lawmakers in the 205-member lower house, received support on Sunday from the rightwing Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), which has 19 members, and the Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP), which has three members.

   The UML has 89 seats, but held power for nine months as others did not oppose it until June. UML's bid then to hold fresh elections failed after the Supreme Court struck down last month the king's decision to uphold Adhikary's call for a poll.

   The Nepali Congress came to power in 1990 in the first general election held in the Himalayan Hindu kingdom after a bloody movement ushered in multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy. It has now returned to power.

                      Copyright 1995 The Washington Post
                              The Washington Post

                   September 12, 1995, Tuesday, Final Edition

SECTION: A SECTION; Pg. A13

LENGTH: 183 words

HEADLINE: Nepalese Centrist Succeeds Marxist As Prime Minister

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nepal, Sept. 11

 BODY:
   King Birendra today appointed centrist politician Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister to succeed a Communist who was ousted Sunday in a parliamentary no-confidence vote called by Deuba's Nepali Congress party.

   Deuba, 49, will join leaders of two other parties in forming the first coalition government in this Himalayan nation since King Birendra gave up most of his power and became a constitutional monarch five years ago.

   The Nepali Congress ruled for most of that period, but gave way nine months ago to a Communist minority government. It was ousted after ostensibly reneging on a pledge made to supporting parties that it would institute a free-market economy.

   Deuba and his coalition partners promised a program of human rights, liberal economic policies and a foreign policy that gives equal weight and friendship to
 Nepal's giant neighbors, China and India.

   Officials said Deuba would likely be sworn in Tuesday and announce a cabinet later in the day. "My priority will be to give political stability and an impartial and clean administration," Deuba told reporters.

                    Copyright 1995 Chicago Tribune Company
                                Chicago Tribune

             September 12, 1995 Tuesday, NORTH SPORTS FINAL EDITION

SECTION: NEWS; Pg. 6; ZONE: N; Around the world.

LENGTH: 116 words

HEADLINE: CENTRIST REGIME TAKES POWER IN NEPAL

BYLINE: Compiled by Gary Borg.

DATELINE: KATMANDU

 BODY:
    Nepal's King Birendra appointed a centrist Monday as prime minister to succeed a communist who lost his office after a parliamentary vote of no confidence.

   The king named Sher Bahadur Deuba of the centrist Nepali Congress party as prime minister to form the Himalayan Hindu kingdom's first coalition government. The party, supported by two other opposition parties, defeated communist Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary's 9-month-old government in Sunday's no-confidence vote.

   The coalition partners promised guarantees on human rights, free-market economic policies and an independent foreign policy giving equal weight and friendship to its giant neighbors, China and India.

                      Copyright 1995 The Washington Post
                              The Washington Post

                               September 12, 1995

LENGTH: 187 words

HEADLINE: Nepalese Centrist Succeeds Marxist As Prime Minister

BYLINE: Reuter

 BODY:
   KATHMANDU, Nepal, Sept. 11 -- King Birendra today appointed centrist politician Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister to succeed a Communist who was ousted Sunday in a parliamentary no-confidence vote called by Deuba's Nepali Congress party.

   Deuba, 49, will join leaders of two other parties in forming the first coalition government in this Himalayan nation since King Birendra gave up most of his power and became a constitutional monarch five years ago.

   The Nepali Congress ruled for most of that period, but gave way nine months ago to a Communist minority government. It was ousted after ostensibly reneging on a pledge made to supporting parties that it would institute a free-market economy.

   Deuba and his coalition partners promised a program of human rights, liberal economic policies and a foreign policy that gives equal weight and friendship to
 Nepal's giant neighbors, China and India.

   Officials said Deuba would likely be sworn in Tuesday and announce a cabinet later in the day. "My priority will be to give political stability and an impartial and clean administration," Deuba told reporters.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 11 Sep 1995 17:57:09 -0500 From: ahaydar@quapaw.astate.edu (Afak Haydar) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - September 10, 1995 (27 Bhadra 2052 BkSm)

Dear Dr Richards:

1. Please accept and convey to your committee my felicitations for an
    excellent programs proposal for the 1996-97 conferences. The program
    you have drawn up may have to be modified as to its possible dates,
    participants, and locations before it is finalized. But, I am sure you
    and the rest of the committee already know that

2. I notice that you have suggested two panels related to Islam:

          Islam and Sufism
             (Ernst, Nasr, Zaman)

          Islamization, Bureaucracy, and the Courts
             (Kennedy, Lau).

3. The recent rise of sectarianism in Pakistan is very unfortunate. The
    sub-continent saw this level of sectarianism and polarization of the
    society in the late 1930's (Shia-Sunni in Northern British India) and
    the Khatm-e-Nubawwat movement in the 1950's in Pakistan culminating in
    passage of law in the 1970's that declared the Ahmedis kafir (non-
    Muslim, unbelievers). It seems to me that the Shias and the Sunnis in
    Pakistan are now fighting each other as surrogates for Iran and Saudi
    Arabia. The Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan wants to declare the Shias as
    kafir in Pakistan.

4. I recommend that you include a presentation on this subject, also. I
    will be happy to make the presentation.

5. Congratulations, and you have my vote in favor of the proposed plan
    suggested in your email of September 05, 1995. Good luck.

6. Please feel free to call on me to provide whatever assistance I can
    (there may not be much that I can do!).

Regards. Afak Haydar

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 11 Sep 1995 22:28:34 -0400 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) Subject: News 9/11/1995 To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

                        Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                     September 11, 1995 23:49 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 600 words

HEADLINE: Deuba brings three decades of pro-democracy activism to PM post

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Sept 11

 BODY:
   Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Parliamentary Party leader of the Nepali Congress
(NC) who will become Nepal's prime minister on Monday, has three decades of active politics behind him.

   Even as a high school student, Deuba, 49, was politically active and later led students' movements demanding restoration of democracy in Nepal. He has a Master's Degree in Economics and a Bachelor of Law degree from Tribhuvan University here and also studied as a non-degree research student of political science at the London School of Economics.

   Deuba married Arju Rana, 35, last year, and they now have a six-month-old son.

   After founding the Nepal Students Union (NSU), Deuba served as its president from 1966 to 1980. His participation in struggles against the partyless panchayat system, which was imposed on Nepal for three decades until 1990, meant several spells in prison beginning in 1966.

   One of his major successes came in 1980, when the students' movement he led obliged King Birendra to announce a referendum asking people whether they wanted a multiparty system or a reformed panchayat system. To most politicians' consternation, it resulted in a pro-panchayat result.

   Deuba continued underground pro-democracy work and was convenor of the NC political consultative committee between 1982 and 1988.

   In the face of repressive measures by the then panchayat government against pro-democracy elements, the NC launched a civil disobedience movement in 1985, which failed to make a dent but kept alive spirits in the anti-authoritarian camp.

   When a popular uprising erupted in 1990, Deuba was sent to western countries to canvass support for democratisation in Nepal.

   The panchayat system was overthrown in 1990 and in 1991 an interim coalition government of NC and the Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist Leninist
(NCP-UML) was formed. Deuba got the important home affairs portfolio.

   That spell in power ended last year when prime minister G.P. Koirala of the NC failed to get sufficient backing for his annual economic programme and asked King Birendra to dissolve the house and call mid-term polls.

   The polls held in November resulted in a hung parliament, but the NCP-UML formed a government with conditional support from the NC and the rightist Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP).

   The experiment ended when Deuba asked the King to convene a special parliamentary session in July to table a censure motion against the communist government. But Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari sought to upstage that move by advising the monarch to dissolve the house and announce snap polls.

                  Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                     September 11, 1995 22:35 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 640 words

HEADLINE: Nepal's first communist government ousted by parliament

BYLINE: Kedar Man Singh

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Sept 11

 BODY:
    Nepal's first communist government had dreams of clinging to power for a long time after introducing what was widely seen as a populist 10-year rural development programme, but it was overthrown Sunday after just ten months in office.

Analysts said the high-handed manner in which the Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist (NCP-UML) leaders conducted themselves irritated the people and opposition MPs.

   Their opportunity to get even came on August 28, when the supreme court ruled the dissolution of parliament on June 13 by King Birendra at Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari's request was unconstitutional and reinstated it while ordering the house to continue.

   Adhikari had asked for the dissolution, alleging opposition lawmakers created hurdles for his government.

   On Thursday Nepali Congress (NC) Parliamentary Party leader Sher Bahadur Deuba tabled a no-confidence motion against Adhikari. On Sunday the NC, the rightist Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), the pro-India Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP) and independents voted on the motion against the communists.

   Their tally of 107 votes carried the day as the ruling party mustered only 88 votes.

   Talking to reporters Sunday, Adhikari said that, in ruling against his government last month, the supreme court had overstepped its jurisdiction.

 "The justices of the court ... should have considered the king's constitutional rights as well as a prime minister's rights and privileges," he said.

   The NCP-UML will now cool its heels in the opposition benches, hoping the coalition government headed by Deuba taking power Monday will soon topple, observers said.

   After Sunday's victory, Deuba told reporters that he would be forming the coalition government after conferring with King Birendra on Monday.

   Asked how he would approach the long drawn-out problem of a water-sharing project with India, he said, "I will pursue the same policy as I did when I was a home minister earlier. I will also continue the same rural development programmes launched by the NCP-UML government."

got 88 seats, the NC 83, the RPP 20 and the NSP 3.rliament in which the NCP-UML

   Sunday's dramatic events were held up by Parliamentary speaker Ram Chandra Paudyel as a sign of progress in Nepal's move towards a democratic system.

   "Today's successful democratic process of transfer of power has further consolidated parliamentary system in Nepal and handing over of power peacefully is a historical event in Nepalese politics," he said.

    Nepal was under a partyless panchayat system of government with a powerful role for the king for about three decades until 1990 when a popular uprising led to the shift to a multi-party parliamentary system with the king as constitutional monarch.

   The first government under the new system was formed by the NC but it lasted only until mid-1994 because of internal bickering.

                        Copyright 1995 McGraw-Hill, Inc.
                                 Business Week

                               September 11, 1995

SECTION: LETTER FROM NEPAL; Number 3441; Pg. 30 B

LENGTH: 1184 words

HEADLINE: WILL TV POISON THE HIGH HIMALAYAS?

BYLINE: KELLEY HOLLAND; Holland covers banking for BUSINESS WEEK.

 HIGHLIGHT: Japanese hotels and well-heeled tourists could wreak havoc on this fragile culture

 BODY:
    It's six o'clock on Saturday morning, and Namche Bazaar is buzzing. Saturday is market day in the town, the main trading center for the Sherpa community of Himalayan Nepal, and Namche residents mingle with hundreds of Tibetans and other Sherpas from nearby villages who are here for their weekly shopping.

 From my vantage point on a hillside above town, where I am camped with my husband, three other Americans, a Nepali guide, and a dozen Sherpas, I can see Namche spread out across a basin formed by the sides of two adjacent mountains. The market is off to the left, on the edge of a steep drop to a lower valley. Far to the right, above Namche, stands a group of pink-and-white rhododendron trees, and the colorful dresses and head scarves of the Nepali women dot the pathways below. Nearby, Buddhist prayer flags snap in the wind like clothes on a line. Brass bells clang faintly from the necks of yaks brought in by the villagers to carry home market purchases.

    Like many Nepali enterprises, the market is small and simple. Vendors spread wares -- ranging from boots to water-buffalo meat and thermoses full of chhang, a Nepali liquor made from rice or corn -- on blankets. Shoppers and yaks cram the market's narrow rows, fighting for space. Haggling is de rigueur, so transactions take a while. But by Saturday afternoon, the trails from Namche to other villages in this region just below Mt. Everest are peppered with Sherpas returning from market. RUGGED WAYS. The Sherpas, the largest ethnic group in the area, are descendants of Tibetan mountain people who migrated to the Nepali Himalayas in the 16th century. Their way of carrying a load is distinctive: They lean forward as they walk, balancing against the pressure of thick tumplines across their foreheads that support oversize baskets on their backs.

      The Namche market has operated with little change for generations, says Buddha Basnyat, a doctor from Kathmandu who is our guide. In fact, most of the Sherpas' rugged ways have changed little over the centuries. Their lives are infused with spiritual matters. Prayers are carved into rock tablets on the trails, and the Sherpas show respect for their gods by passing to the left of those rocks.

    As Buddhists, the Sherpas believe that virtuous, enlightened actions in one life affect the quality of the next. That means, in part, not focusing on material things and doing their best at whatever their work is -- including leading Americans like us huffing and puffing through their country. A spiritual quality permeates their everyday life and appears in their devotion to work and family and in their respect for the mountains.

    That lifestyle may not last much longer. A hydroelectric project sponsored by the Austrian government is bringing power to Namche and many surrounding villages. It is only a matter of time before the Sherpas obtain the radios and TVs that will give them sustained exposure to Western ways -- exposure that may poison their desire for traditional Sherpa life. Already, Namche has 24-hour electricity, and a dozen or so smaller villages have power for several hours a day. POPULATION BOMB. Certainly the Sherpas -- indeed, all Nepalis -- desperately need the prosperity that technological advances bring. Per capita income in Nepal is roughly $ 170 a year. Progress will also bring modern medicine. My husband, a doctor, accompanied Buddha on a house call to an asthmatic woman who has to walk six miles on a mountain trail to get to the clinic that has her medicine. And that clinic is there thanks only to the foundation created by Sir Edmund Hillary, the New Zealander whose expedition was the first to climb Everest.

    Birth control has never really caught on in agrarian Nepal, and with the population of 19 million expected to double in 25 years, natural resources are strained, particularly now that medical advances are pushing Nepalis' life expectancy to 53, up from roughly 47 in 1980. In the mountains, including the Khumbu region where we are, villagers have stripped hillsides of trees for fuel, causing mud slides and loss of farmland.

    Technology has already altered parts of Nepal, such as the Khumbu and the Annapurna regions, where tourism and trekking are popular. A Japanese-owned hotel sits near Namche, complete with a special pressurized room where the guests can gaze out at the mountains without any fear of altitude sickness. New Sherpa-style fieldstone houses are being built in every town we hike through.

    A day's walk from Namche, Buddha introduces me to a lowland Nepali and translates as the villager explains that he is in the mountains to build houses for the Sherpas. The builder scoffs at the Sherpas' building skills but allows that they, unlike his fellow lowlanders, can afford new houses. YAK PACKS. Do the Sherpas really want all this progress? Buddha says that the main things villagers ask for are roads to replace the mountain trails. There are no motor vehicles anywhere in the Khumbu, and the only way to travel between the villages is on foot or, on rare occasions, on the yaks that are used to transport construction equipment and medical supplies. Much of that comes from the outside world. The Nepalis, who lived in almost complete isolation until the 1950s, are grateful for whatever charitable assistance comes their way.
'' Nepal lives on foreign aid,'' Buddha says.

    Even now, the lives of most Sherpas remain untouched by the rest of the world. In a village near Namche, our head Sherpa, Passan Temba, takes us to see his family's fieldstone house. We sit on a long bench on unfinished wooden floors below small windows that are the only source of light in the main room, watching Passan's mother prepare tea over an open hearth. The vent above the fireplace was a recent innovation, Passan says. Many Sherpas believe the smoke from a fire is what heats a room, so despite frequent and severe respiratory problems, they are loath to let it escape. For added warmth in the bitter Himalayan winters, Passan's family keeps its herd of yaks in a big room on the ground floor.

    As a special treat, Passan's mother offers us Wasa bread, Scandinavian crackers that Passan carefully saved from a trip three years ago to the Everest base camp, above 16,000 feet, his most daring trek. After tea, Passan shows us a resplendent Buddhist prayer room with a set of over 100 sacred Buddhist texts.

    Whether Passan and other Nepalis will retain this spirituality after sustained exposure to Western ways is a question I ponder as we continue our trek through the Himalayas. With their minuscule earnings, these people may become frustrated as they are exposed to things far beyond their grasp. Worse, they could cede their land to developers in order to get the money for Western products they grow to covet. Already, a German developer wants to follow the Japanese by building a luxury hotel next to the Tengboche monastery, one of the country's most sacred sites. Nepal may live on foreign aid. But aid in the form of electricity may prove to be a jolt that will change the country forever.

                  Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           SEPTEMBER 11, 1995, MONDAY

LENGTH: 121 words

HEADLINE: nepali king calls for submission for formation of new government

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 11; ITEM NO: 0911029

 BODY:
   king of nepal birendra has, in accordance with the constitution, called upon lower house mps to make a submission today to him, clearly establishing one's ability to command support and confidence of a majority in the house. the king made the call as he has already accepted the resignation tendered from his post by prime minister man mohan adhikari on the grounds of the passage of a no-confidence motion against him by a majority of votes by the house special session sunday. the submission call was stated in a notice issued by the principal press secretariat of the king sunday evening. the house special session starting from september 5 was prorogued after the no-confidence motion was passed sunday afternoon.

                     Copyright 1995 Guardian Newspapers Limited
                                  The Guardian

                               September 11, 1995

SECTION: THE GUARDIAN FOREIGN PAGE; Pg. 8

LENGTH: 320 words

HEADLINE: NEWS IN BRIEF: NEPAL'S COMMUNISTS QUIT

 BODY:
     NEPAL'S communist prime minister, Man Mohan Adhikary, resigned yesterday after opposition deputies passed a vote of no confidence in his troubled nine-month-old government.

    The Parliamentary Speaker, Ram Chandra Poudel, visited the palace to inform King Birendra of the resignation. The king has asked Mr Adhikary's government to continue in office while the centrist Nepali Congress prepares to form a new government with promises of economic liberalisation.

The motion against Mr Adhikary's government was passed by 107 votes to 88 in the 205-seat lower house, which has 202 sitting members. Mr Adhikary, aged 75, in hospital after breaking his collar-bone in an accident in August, could not cast his own vote.

    The new prime minister is expected to be Sher Bahadur Deuba, leader of the Nepali Congress, whose no-confidence motion was supported by the rightwing Rastriya Prajatantra Party and the Nepal Sadbhavana Party.

************************************************************ Date: Tue, 12 Sep 1995 03:07:24 -1000 From: Ratna Shrestha <ratna@hawaii.edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: SC verdict and rule of the law

Dear editor,
        I posted the following content to you on sept 3, but it missed your last two issues. I am posting it again; hope it will appear in your next issue. Thanks

        I agree with Arun Dev Pants contention that supreme court should have the ultimate right of constitutional interpretation and everybody should abide by its decree. Amulya and Rajendras argument, that the court verdict must be palatable to every citizen, is against the spirit of a democratic legal norms. I believe the rule goes the other way round. It is not the courts responsibility to convince the loser that he is wrong, instead, it is the defendants job to convince the jury that he is right.
        An independent judiciary can never be compared with the absolute monarch who virtually exercises all the powers of a state: judiciary, legislative and executive.
        Nepals judicial system has always been under the control of the ruling body and the king. The present verdict has repudiated that malicious tradition and renewed a democratic Nepal. This is a direct challenge to the violators of the rule of the law no matter it is the Prime minister or the king. The supreme court had a compelling reason to come up with this verdict. Unlike during GPK govt, this time NC and RPP had jointly petitioned the king to give them an opportunity to form a coalition. Moreover, there were other reasons like mandatory parliamentary session in every six month required by the constitution and minority govt argument among others.
        During GPKs time too, NCP (UML) could have formed a coalition with 36 group of NC had they broken away. There was even a possibility of an emergence of a new leader within the NC, but unfortunately, neither the king nor the supreme court could give this alternative a chance.
        The present verdict has not only averted an expensive midterm poll but (most important!) has also opened a gateway for democracy to foster through the rule of the law.
        I believe UML still has a chance to appeal and prove that its action was within the sphere of the constitution. However, the final discretion is on SC hand. All the concerned parties must honor the final verdict of the supreme court to let democracy prevail and foster. Otherwise the whole democratic system falls apart, just to ensue anarchism. I believe that UML will not let that happen.

Ratna K. Shrestha Hawaii

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 12 Sep 1995 09:30:46 -0400 From: RBASNET@aol.com To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Searching for Amod Basnet !!!!!!

Dear editor,

I recently trying to reach Mr. Amod Basnet who was living in Dallas,Texas I believe and he was working on a pilot training.. But all of a sudden he is not in touch with me and I don't even have his recent telephone # to contact or have an address to write. So I would like to bring this massage to him ,if any body knows him and has his telephone # or his address.. I will be appreciated if You let me know in this # 413 785 1129 or let him know that I am looking for him. Thanks fo your cooperation.

Yours sincerely Ganesh Basnet.

***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 12 Sep 1995 22:53:24 -0700 From: nrb957802@rccvax.ait.ac.th (Shyam Sundar Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: request to publish in TND,b'caus Mr. Ojha is not at AIT. Now he is in Japan Subj: Congratulations !

Dear Nepali friends at AIT:

Congratulations to you all who have successfully completed and earned their degrees. We are v. proud of you and wish you best of lucks for your bright future.

Please pass my Congratulations to EK Raj Ojha from Doti. We were together at Tri Chandra during early 2030s. I met him last time at Rashtra Bank several years ago.

Sincerely, Damber Gurung, Applied Eco. Clemson Uni. SC

******************************************************************** Date: Tue, 12 Sep 95 12:40:54 -0400 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: Nepal's Communist regime falls From: baniya@engrs.unl.edu (Pradip Baniya)

Voice of America, Sept. 10

    New Delhi: Nepal's nine-month old Communist government has been defeated in a no-confidence vote by a group of opposition parties. The Nepali Congress party is expected to head the new government. Nepal's minority Communist government, headed by prime minister Man Mohan Adhikary, has been defeated in a no-confidence motion brought by a coalition of opposition parties.

    The coalition, lead by the Nepali Congress, is expected to replace the Communist government.

    Seventy-five-year-old prime minister Adhikary, who fractured his collarbone in a helicopter accident in mid-August was unable to attend the parliamentary debate leading up the vote.

    In a televised speech from the hospital the prime minister stated that economic and other policies initiated by his government had taken the country in the right direction. But he said the opposition prevented the government from completing its full program of reform.

    Mr. Adhikary took power nine-months ago after the Nepali Congress government collapsed due to internal bickering.

******************************************************************************* Date: Tue, 12 Sep 1995 13:02:34 -0400 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Feedback on Kathmandu Post online From: rshresth@cehpx29.cen.uiuc.edu (shrestha rajendra p )

The Kathmandu Post online page now has reader survey and feedback forms. If you access Kathmandu Post, please take a few minutes to fill out the reader survey form which will help Mercantile improve the service and, possibly, add other publications. You can also send a letter to Kathmandu Post's editors with any comments you have about their articles or their online service. Kathmandu Post's WWW page: http://www.cen.uiuc.edu/~rshresth/ktmpost/news-home.html

***************************************************************** Date: Fri, 15 Sep 1995 15:21:32 +0700 To: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: "Shankar P. Manandhar" <shankar@ait.ac.th> Anyone who knows the e-mail address of Sarala Shrestha, staying in U.S. please send me her address. Thanks.
                                        ujala

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