The Nepal Digest - September 11, 1995 (28 Bhadra 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Saturday 11 September 95: Bhadra 28 2052 BkSm Volume 42 Issue 5

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

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********************************************************************** From: Arjun Acharya <> Subject: KHOJ_KHABAR To: Date: Wed, 6 Sep 95 16:26:23 METDST

Dear Readers of the TND,

I would be thankful, if someone can supply me the (Email-) address of Mr. Subodh Sharma who is from Gulmi/Rupandehi and who is a teacher in Tribhuvan University (not necessarily in Kirtipur). He has completed M.Sc. in Zoology in 1988 from TU and is currently (as I have heard) in Austria. In case you can help me please correspond me in the following Email-address: Thanks in advance. Arjun Acharya

Mathematisches Institut Am Hubland 97074 Wuerzburg Germany

******************************************************************** Date: Thu, 07 Sep 1995 12:27:39 -0500 (EST) From: Subject:

The Indian_Kathmandu Post???
  For several years preceding the publication of the Kathmandu Post, we had heard that big name Indian newspaper publishing giants of The Hindustan Times and the Goenkas were going to produce an alternate mass daily to the Gorkhapatra (indeed, they did with the large page Gorkhapatra size; Kantipur) and the Rising Nepal alternate (The kathmandu Post). Which Indian interests finally came with the financial committment to launch their political committments, I do not know, but the paper, for legal purposes has a nepali owners, the Gyawalis, just like the Indian Marwaris often got Royal shadow partners to protect their investment in Shanti Gheu and other wonderful tariff protected "national" industries in nepal.
  The Kantipur and The Kathmandu Post is certainly easier to read in terms of print quality, layout and lack of long government bulletins that Gorkhapatra the official paper has. to make up for its lack of official patronage in terms of monopoly on legal notifications, the Kathmandu Post has adopted two strategeis: one to have more advertisements, something the nepali weekly have little; and second, to go for the lowest common denominator by statying clear of political controversies that ideologically affiliated Nepali weedly and dailies love to do and to go for a lot international news that made The Rising Nepal, more newsy and internatinal per page than the New York Times.
  But this does not mean, the Kathmandu Post does not have political motives and an an agenda. The agenda is to promote Indian business interests and cater to the Indian interests. This is clear from the welcome decision of the kathmandu Post (which obviously has the financial muscle and long-range interests to reach the upper class nepali clientale of the TND an dSCN) and The Mercantile System, which also shares some capital power and interests and some technical capacity, to launch The Kathmandu Post to the Internet via Rajendra Shreshta's www home page: address (
  In the first 6 days of "daily online Kathmandu Post" we have had only local news and selected interviews posted, ostensibly because, the other news are covered by Rajendra's and Sher karki's international news survey. This vaunted strategy to reduce redundancy translates to oblique editorial policy. We are served little political news and news that serve its views such as Sept i issue interview with prakash Chandra Lohani, a RPP "intellectual/politico", and maybe 3-4 zilla news from pickpockets in synagja to poaching in rhino horn. It is interesting however that this very paltry "district news" should be populated so heavily with news such as "indian embassy wives felicitaed indian film models, such as Mum Mum sen, certainly a Indian Star Dust Tabloid quality news, but hardly enough to quality for a NEPALI zilla samachar. This is not all, we have Indian labor experts giving advice to Nepalese on collective bargain, and the like. I urge the readers who browse kathmandu post to make their own minds about indian-perspective heavy this online is. given that so much resources are being spent to load it, transmit it, relay it. I think it is fair to say this is The Indian_Kathmandu Post, listen to Big Brother.

******************************************************************** Date: Thu, 7 Sep 1995 13:13:57 -0400 (EDT) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: Subject: costitution better than declaration

The decision of the SC was definitely going to go one way or the other.The reactions to it would have come either by the ruling party or the opposotion. If SC had agreeed to the mid-term election than the Congress would have come into streets saying all the same slogans about the chief justice. I do not however believe that the SC just made a decision without refering to the article of constitution(AS Mr. C. Tiwari thinks). It definitely has a clause and must have worked according tothat.

Regardless of this it has shown another fact which is positive. Now, at least we can be confident that there is not going to mid-term election just because the PM asks the king and king says okay to it.Otherwise a bad trend was being set , in which as soon as the ruling party realises that it is not going to stand the vote of confidence , it requests the king to dissolve the parliament and again mid-term election would come in. Suppose there had been a mid-term and similar things happened again then again another mid-term would have come to effect. But since this was stopped in the beginning I think it is a good trend that is being set up.It does look fair that when one loses the vote of confidence and the oppsition can form the government why not let them do that. But it does not sound fair just to withdraw from vote of confidence and then request the king and have mid-term election.Logically this case already had a point to be defeated when it went to the SC. I am not surprised at the decision of the SC. However many have the opinion that it was unfair, but based on what. Maybe if we are inclined to one party we tend to be biased to that side and then blindly think that it is corret. rationally it seems that the SC decision came out as expected. This is just my opinion about the decision of SC and I do not have much knowledgfe about constitution. Any comments are appreciated.


**************************************************************** To: Subject: SAMASAMAYIK KABITA Date: Thu, 7 Sep 95 14:36:09 EDT From: (Khem Chandra Pokhrel)

A big Hello to one and all.

I have been keenly following the current developments and of course the Nepali Politics(POLY-TRICKS) in general.

I would like you all to read the following POEM written by K.B.BAL which matches the situation of an ordinary Nepali in the present context.

                    HALL MA BANDA DARSHAK










ek din prajatantra ko pet dukhyo ra daktar le tesko nidan gardai bhane mahodaye! yes ma satta ko gaath cha .









KE NEPALI HARULAI MATHI KO BEHULO LAI PHALAME KOT BHAR BHAYE JHAI PRAJATANTRA BHARI BHAYE KO TA HAINA ? (TO ALL READERS, DON'T DARE TO INTERPRET ME AS A MANDALE OR NON DEMOCRATIC). That is b'coz I have seen enough of louzy and lengthy discussion going on (not always) in OUR GORKHALI NEWS GROUP. I am just trying to mould my Literary interest with politics. KHABARDAAR !

A request ! Is there any one who could suggest me if there is any way of using nepali font to write these kinds of stuff in this news group (help HOW? & WHERE to get).
******************************************************************8 To: Subject: Trekking in Nepal - need advice Date: Thu, 7 Sep 95 14:36:30 EDT From: (Allan Basile)

I'm planning a trek in Nepal's Everest region in March or April of 96. Because my time is limited (3-4 weeks) and I need to minimize bureaucratic hassles, I've decided to book with an organized group trek. I am now knee-deep in glossy brochures and trying to decide which agency to choose.

My choices include the following:

Adventure Asia Adventure Center Canadian Himalayan Expeditions Expeditions Friends in High Places Himalayan Travel Journeys International Mountain Travel Sobek Overseas Adventure REI Adventures

If anyone has any direct experience in travelling with any of these agencies I would appreciate hearing your comments, positive or negative.

Prices among them vary, even for similar itineraries, so I'm wondering how their amenities and equipment vary. Since there is no five star rating system for lodging in tents its hard to compare what they offer.

I also welcome any general advice on trekking in this region. Ive been doing a lot of reading but have never been to this part of the world before. E-mail is fine if you don't want to slander anyone in this forum.


Allan Basile

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************************************************************************ To: Subject: For Deepak Neupane: Hawaii Date: Thu, 7 Sep 95 14:40:04 EDT From: (Bhanu Neupane u)


If you are in Hawaii, know Deepak Neupane and reading this post, PLEASE tell him to give me a call (519-8849391) or send a fax (519-7251342) or send an email...

Deepak Dai,

I've lost your telephone number and the email messages to you are bouncing back. US customs has returned the package that I had brought for you from Nepal. The returned package has two stamps on it. One reads " No custom declaration sticker" and the other one reads "consign. could not be contacted". As the latter could be either consignor or consignee and provided my answering machine works OK, the question is "DO you still maintain the same address?"

FYI, I won't be here in waterloo from 29 sept till 17 of Oct. As a pert of my trip, I will be in Nepal for a week, between 10th and 16th of Oct. If I'll not hear anything from you until 28th, I will have to take the package back to Nepal.

I've also dropped a post card for you today to check your address. To assure you, the package is still in good condition after almost a month of its postage... :<

Sorry about that! Bhanu

***************************************************************** To: Subject: Nepal over Christmas - help needed. Date: Thu, 7 Sep 95 14:40:30 EDT From: (Esa-Pekka P{lvim{ki)

Hello, travelers. Two friends of mine and I are going for a 1 month trekking trip to Nepal, around Dec 15th - Jan 15th. My question is, which treks do you recommend for us to do at that time of the year? Originally I was considering the Annapurna (18 days), or Annapurna Sanctuary trek, but am wondering if the Thorang La pass is impassable in December? Another possibility is shorter treks, Langtang region for instance. We have basic climbing equipment and skills, but are planning to go light and not do any peaks, preferrably just trek.

We are open for any suggestions at all. I've flipped through a bunch of books, but the information on winter conditions on specific treks is somewhat sketchy. Most of the books don't even cover that time of year, although some recommend it because the weather is usually clear and it is not so crowded. And, as Finns, we don't mind the cold either.

Thanks very much for any insights you might have.


*************************************************************************** To: Subject: Prince Nirajan goes to Eton Date: Thu, 7 Sep 95 14:42:27 EDT From:

A local paper here (Worcester Telegram & Gazette, sept 7) has reported that Prince Nirajan of nepal, age 13, will be going to Eton to be in company of other blue-bloods, Prince Williams, son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana.

Prince Nirajan will be among the 200 news boys who will join the elite institution this fall. Old Etonians say the school will equip William with a first class education, a sense of duty and the confidence to see him through his royal duties.

It might be pertinent to revisit the old BKS controversy at this time. BKS, the Budhanilkanth was dismissed as a royal school funded by the British govt and the nepali taxpayer to educate Prince dipendra, who ultimately alwo went to Eton, to come back after getting caught trying to sell diplomatic privilge bootlegged liquor or boarding school pranks. There was vigourous debate that BKs was worth all the extra investment it got since so many other products went to Ivy league colleges.

One wonders now : has bks lost its elite touch that the royals are no longer sending Nirajan to BKS: certainly BKS has gone down in its reputation for top education if Nirajan is skipping this "gharaniya" prep school to get "first class education" in Eton, the clear implication, being BKS and all the deshi schools are "second-class."

A second questions dear to Ashutosh Tiwari is who pays for Nirajan's education: the government of nepal or the King's own pocket money. Given that so much money was invested in BKS to make it a royal school, it seems at least cost-effective and sensitive to send princes to local elite schools where there will be a chance to meet all those poor but extremely bright BKS students from Humla Jumla so the future prince will know what ticks inthe heart of the nepali junta instead of what ticks in the heart of royal kids from broken homes, re prince charles and princess dianna.


*********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 07 Sep 1995 20:59:49 -0400 (EDT) From: ABHAYA MAN SHRESTHA <> Subject: An article by a visitor to Nepal To:

(This article appeared in the Worcester Telegram and Gazette on August 17, 1995. It is written by Richard Reeves, a syndicated writer.)

Time Traveling In Today's Nepal

by Richard Reeves

     Traveling back in time has always worked wonders for novelists, but it is a privilege rarely given to those of us who toil in the more mundane regions of nonfiction. Going to Nepal, though, is time travel.

     I do not mean that as a compliment. The world's highest country, a beautiful land under Mount Everest, was the real Shangri-la, a far least if you are old enough to remember the book and film "Lost Horizon." Unfortunately, in real life and real time, nonfiction Nepal is a perverse tribute to modernity.

     For a few minutes after you land in the valley that is Katmandu you are still in the global village, wired for Muzak, an archipelago of jumbo jets, international airports and Hilton hotels. "Beauty and the Beast," the Disney sound track, is piping through the terminal.

     But the clock starts ticking back at the desk where you exchange dollars for rupiahs, 48,000 rupiahs to $1. The cashier has an old bigscreen IBM computer terminal, into which he dutifully taps my name, address and passport number, the usual stuff. Then he slips carbon paper between the pages of a tatty old pad and carefully writes the same information. I sign in a couple of places, being careful enough to press through to the last carbon.

     Driving from the airport, we weave through bony cows (sacred) and the bodies of dead dogs with their legs pointing to the sky in rigor mortis, and through muddy piles of garbage, food for living scavenger dogs and rats, both of which are also sacred to Nepalese who believe in reincarnation. One of the signs along the broken road reads, "Leprosy Station."

     There is a crew repairing the highway. Men with small hammers are squatting in the middle of the road, cracking football-sized rocks into sharp gravel. The smashed pieces are collected on round woven bamboo trays by boys, teen-agers, who walk around and shake the stone shards into potholes On the ride in, my 10-year-old daughter, Fiona, asked: "If they have a king, why doesn't he do more for his people?" It is the filthiest place she has ever seen - the streets, the buildings, the magnificent but crumbling temples of centuries past, and many of the people, too. It is, in fact, the filthiest place my wife, Catherine O'Neill, and I have ever seen, and she has worked in most of the world's refugee camps, most recently in Rwanda.

     Yes, there is a king, a British-style head of state now, who went to Harvard for a year or so. And there is a brand-new democracy, controlled at the moment by the Communist Party. I would not read any planetary implications into that. As far as I can tell, the local communists have won favor by mentioning that the emperor has no clothes. True, their party symbol is still the hammer and sickle, but it is turned so that the handle of the sickle is horizontal; it looks like an ancient oil lamp, more religious as a symbol than what Lenin had in mind.

     Life is improving a bit for the Nepalese, or at least, it goes on longer. The average life expectancy has reached 51 years, up from the 28-year average expectancy when the country opened itself to the world in 1951. At that time it was believed that only 224 Westerners (white Europeans and all that) had ever been in the valley.

     The first of the waves of outsiders to come in here were U.N. technicians and other good people, who tried, with limited success, to persuade the Nepalese to clean up their water, which begins high in the Himalayas as the purest in the world and is amoebic poison after it passes through a village or two.

     Then came the mountain climbers, whose efforts complemented the old vision of untouched Nepal, innocent of the wicked and wasteful ways of the outside world. Then came the hippies and the druggies, puffing away in a country without laws - there are still "Freak Street" signs in the center of Katmandu - who did a pretty good job of turning many local young people into dazed walking wounded. Looters came, too, stripping the artifacts of ancient Buddhist and Hindu temples before locals realized the value of the great art of their ancestors.

     In all but that art and some untouched nature, Nepal is a miserable place. The mortality rate for newborns is as high as 50 percent - in the countryside, half the babies die before they reach the age of 5. That has something to do with the fact that mothers in after-birth have traditionally been seen as "unclean." New mothers nursing their babies are often sent to live in cow sheds for two weeks. Great!
     In Bhaktapur, a town of spectacular but decaying Hindu temples, a teen-ager came up and asked one of our sons, Colin O'Neill, where he was from.

     "Los Angeles," said Colin.

     "Hollywood!" said the kid. "Guns. Drugs."

     Fair enough. But this is a place where people's lives will be improved when it is saturated with American pop culture. It is not that our values are any better than theirs, but whatever else it does, lowest-common-denominator American entertainment shows people how the other half lives. Our films and television show the ways and things of modernity - and as romance and picturesque as Nepal may seem to some purists, its people will be better off with clean water and electricity.

********************************************************************** From: (Michele Rankl) To: Subject: The Nepal Digest Date: Fri, 08 Sep 1995 09:45:09 +0900

Please note:

I would like to receive The Nepal Digest at my e-mail address below.

I am going on a trekking tour to Nepal in about 2 weeks and would like to read up a little on Nepalese current affairs before my trip.

Please send me issues and instructions on how to unsubscribe (which I will do before I leave for Nepal, so as not to clutter my mailbox in my absence)

Thank you!

Michele Rankl


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 08 Sep 1995 09:19:17 -0400 From: (Sher B. Karki) Subject: News 9/8/95 To:

 Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           September 8, 1995, Friday

SECTION: Part 1 Former USSR; RUSSIA; EE/D2403/B

LENGTH: 243 words

HEADLINE: OTHER REPORTS; Nepalese Foreign Ministry delegation in Moscow

SOURCE: Source: ITAR-TASS news agency (World Service), Moscow, in Russian 1218 gmt 6 Sep 95

   [13] Text of report by ITAR-TASS news agency

   Moscow, 6th September, ITAR-TASS diplomatic correspondent Vladimir Solntsev: The foreign ministries of Russia and Nepal have taken a step forward in bringing the two countries closer together. They have agreed to hold mutual political consultations on a regular basis. The ITAR-TASS correspondent learned today 6th September that an agreement to this effect has been confirmed by the signatures of diplomats from the two countries, following talks held in Moscow on 4th-5th September between a Nepalese Foreign Ministry delegation led by Kedar Bkhatka Shrestha, secretary for foreign affairs name and office as received , and Albert Chernyshev, Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation.

   Igor Ivanov, First Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation, who received the delegation, expressed the hope that putting Russian-Nepalese political consultations on a regular footing would make them an effective mechanism for coordinating all aspects of their traditionally friendly bilateral relations.

   The Russian side at the talks pointed out that relations with the Himalayan Kingdom have an "independent value" for Moscow which "does not intend to make them dependent on the state of relations with other countries" . The sides confirmed their resolve to make maximum use of "the potential for cooperation, first of all in the trade and economic sphere, which has not yet been fully used" .

 September 8, 1995, Friday


LENGTH: 162 words

HEADLINE: VOICE OF REBELLIOUS IRAQ; Opposition MPs complain about lack of impartiality in Radio Nepal's news coverage

   [33] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   A team of eight parliamentarians of the opposition Nepali Congress led by the coordinator of the information and communications words indistinct , met the authorities of Radio Nepal at Singha Durbar the radio station's headquarters this afternoon 3rd September and complained about Radio Nepal's inability to maintain impartiality in recent days.
   The visiting team said Radio Nepal was broadcasting news which were as heard damaging the image of the Supreme Court following its recent verdict on the House of Representatives a ruling by the court on 28th August overturned the dissolution of the House of Representatives and the holding of a general election, ordering instead that parliament be reinstated .

   The team suggested that Radio Nepal immediately stop broadcasting such news and instead maintain a balance of events in its news bulletins.

 September 7, 1995, Thursday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2402/A

LENGTH: 186 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Ruling CPN-UML party decides to face no-confidence vote

SOURCE: Source: All-India Radio external service, New Delhi, in English 1000 gmt 6 Sep 95

   [15] Text of report by All-India Radio

   The crisis in Nepal appears to have blown over with the ruling Communist Party of Nepal deciding to face the vote of no confidence in parliament and sit with the opposition if they lose. Talking to newsmen in Kathmandu after the parliamentary party meeting, the party General Secretary and Deputy Prime Minister Mr Madhav Kumar Nepal said they may differ with the Supreme Court verdict but will respect it and uphold constitutional norms and values. AIR's All-India Radio Kathmandu correspondent says the party did not put up much resistance in the lower house yesterday 5th September to the convening of a special session. Even the frontal organizations of the ruling party have scaled down their agitation against the verdict.

   Meanwhile, the prime minister, Mr Manmohan Adhikari, who is convalescing in the hospital, has again requested the speaker to postpone voting on a no-confidence motion as he would like to reply to the debate personally as soon as he is able to do so. Voting on the motion is slated for Saturday 9th Serptember after two days of debate.

 Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          SEPTEMBER 7, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 179 words

HEADLINE: no-confidence motion tabled at house session in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 7; ITEM NO: 0907220

   the main opposition party in nepal today tabled a no-confidence motion against prime minister man mohan adhikari at the second meeting of the lower house special session. leader of the nepali congress party in the parliament sher bahadur deuba presented the written motion of no-confidence at the session, saying that the house of representatives had lost confidence in the prime minister. the motion was signed by 77 lawmakers from the nepali congress party. the special session of the house of representatives, which comprises 205 lawmakers, was convened from tuesday after the parliament was reinstated by the supreme court in late august. the house had been dissolved three months ago by the king at the recommendation of prime minister adhikari. the single item on the agenda of the ongoing house session is to deliberate the opposition-filed no-confidence motion against the ruling communist government which formed last year after winning the november mid-term election. it was expected the house would hold a vote on the no-confidence motion saturday.

  Proprietary to the United Press International 1995

                     September 7, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 328 words

HEADLINE: Nepali no-confidence motion entered



   Sher Bahadur Deuba, leader of the main opposition Nepali Congress Party, presented Parliament with a no- confidence motion against the ruling administration Thursday in a strong blow against the nation's 9-month-old Communist government. Deuba, the parliamentary party leader of the Nepali congress and the kingdom's next prime minister, charged the Communist government of economic mismanagement, corruption, undermining the judiciary in presenting the motion. The motion will be put to vote after three days of debate scheduled to end Saturday. Speaker of the House of Representatives Ram Chandra Paudel has not set a date for the vote. Ruling party lawmakers rushed toward the speaker's chair and smashed the lectern in the first session after Paudel allowed Deuba to present the motion. Paudel then adjourned the session for 30 minutes. The legislators had stormed the lectern in an attempt to deliver a letter from Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari, in which the leader asked for a three-week postponement of the no-confidence vote so he could attend the special Parliament session and discuss the motion. Adhikari had sent a letter, arguing that the rules of procedure state that a prime minister needs to be ''present in Parliament during discussions of such motions. Adhikari said a medical panel ordered him to rest for at least three weeks to recover from injuries sustained in a helicopter crash last month. Opposition members argued that only the king can send special messages to parliament. Deuba again presented the motion after the break ordered by Paudel. There were no further disruptions. Law Minister Subas Newang read Adhikari's letter after Paudel allowed him to speak on a matter of public importance. A coalition of three opposition parties and independents with 107 seats in the 205-member House is poised to replace the minority Communist government when it is inevitably defeated.

 Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited
                             Reuters World Service

                     September 7, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 310 words

HEADLINE: Nepal party moves no-confidence against government


    Nepal's main opposition party on Thursday tabled a no-confidence motion against the nine-month-old minority communist government in the lower house of parliament, party officials said.

   "The motion is not inspired by our anger or jealousy towards anyone but by the reponsibilty to save the country from the grave situation created by the United Marxist Leninist (UML) party," Sher Bahadur Deuba, leader of Nepali Congress, said.

 Analysts say the government, which has 89 seats in the 202-member assembly, is sure to be defeated on the motion, proposed by major opposition parties who have 106 seats among them.

   If the government is defeated, opposition parties can form a coalition government.

   The opposition said the government had overstepped the constitution and pushed the country towards political uncertainty and economic confusion.

   The Supreme court had ruled Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary's recommendation to dissolve the lower house of parliament and hold elections was unconstitutional.

   Earlier, the ruling United Marxist Leninist (UML) party caused an uproar in parliament to prevent the opposition tabling the vote of no-confidence against the government.

   As Deuba rose to introduce the censure vote, communist deputies drowned out his voice by banging their tables and shouting, and toppled his podium.

 He was escorted back to his seat and the speaker adjourned parliament for 30 minutes.

   A UML leader, Devi Prasad Ojha, demanded the motion be introduced when Adhikary, who is recovering in hospital from a fractured collar-bone, could face the house.

postponement of the session for three weeks so he could be present for the debate.

   Members of the opposition charged the ruling party with using "delaying tactics to stick to power."

Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited
                             Reuters World Service

                     September 7, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 299 words

HEADLINE: Chaos in Nepal parliament stalls censure vote


    Nepal's ruling United Marxist Leninist (UML) party caused an uproar in parliament on Thursday to prevent the opposition tabling a vote of no-confidence against Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary, officials said.

   As Nepali Congress leader Sher Bahadur Deuba rose to introduce the censure vote, communist deputies drowned out his voice by banging their tables and shouting, and toppled his podium.

   A UML leader, Devi Prasad Ojha, demanded the motion be introduced when Adhikary, who is recovering in hospital from a fractured collar-bone, could face the house.

   Adhikary appealed to King Birendra and parliament last week for a postponement of the session for three weeks so he could be present for the debate.

   "We are in no mood to wait until the time demanded by Adhikary," another opposition Rastriya Prajatantra Party leader Prakash Chandra Lohani said. "Any minister could provide replies or the prime minister could give a written reply."

   Members of the opposition charged the ruling party with using "delaying tactics to stick to power."

   The assembly, which King Birendra dissolved in June on Adhikary's recommendation, reconvened on Tuesday to discuss the no-confidence motion against the nine-month-old government.

   King Birendra was obliged to reconvene parliament after the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional Adhikary's recommendation to dissolve parliament and hold fresh elections.

   Analysts say the government, which has 89 seats in the 202-member assembly, is sure to be defeated on the motion, proposed by major opposition parties who have 106 seats among them.

   If government is defeated, opposition parties can form a coalition government.

 Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                    September 6, 1995, Wednesday, BC Cycle
                          06:39 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 507 words

HEADLINE: Former Nepalese prime minister implicated in airline scandal

DATELINE: Kathmandu

    Investigators have found former Nepalese prime minister and leader of the opposition Nepali Congress Party, Girija Prasad Koirala, guilty of abusing his power in a scandal involving the country's airline, the government said Tuesday.

    A three-member commission headed by judge Min Bahadur Raymajhi also implicated the then tourism minister, Ram Hari Joshi of involvement in the scandal, the government added.

The results of the probe were made public days before the minority communist United Marxist-Leninist (UML) government faces a vote of confidence.

    The vote comes after the Nepali Congress Party, in power from 1991 to 1994, registered a no-trust motion against the nine-month-old minority communist government in June this year, alleging mismanagement.

    The commission believes the two men were involved in a deal which led to Royal Nepal Airlines losing millions of rupees, the government said. The losses followed a decision in 1993 to appoint a British-based Indian company as the general sales agent for the airline in Europe.

    The communist government said action would be initiated against the men.

    The public accounts committee of the Nepalese parliament indicted Girija Prasad Koirala in July last year but Koirala, who was then prime minister, dissolved the house and ordered fresh elections before the committee report could report to parliament.

    Koirala is alleged to have called directors of the airline to his official residence and used his influence to get them to award the deal to the Indian company. dpa tpm

Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          SEPTEMBER 6, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 171 words

HEADLINE: 1st consumer fair in nepal expected to spur trade

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 6; ITEM NO: 0906079

   the first consumer fair in nepal, the kathmandu festival, opened here tuesday with an aim at attracting more domestic and international trade. about 120 stalls have been opened by business people from nepal, india and pakistan at the festival site, where free film shows, cultural programs and fashion shows were also launched. readymade garments, decoration items, furnitures, herbal medicine, toys, watches, food and books were on display and sale at the festival. the week-long trade fair was organized with the cooperation of the nepali government, the kathmandu municipality and two pakistani organizations. the government was getting increasingly involved in trade fairs, according to bhaskar rajkarnikar, managing director of the festival. he said, the government had exempted tax on foreign stalls as a move to encourage foreign businessmen into the trade fair. he expected the fair would attract some 50,000 nepali consumers this year, hoping that it would become attractive for indian tourists next year.

 Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           September 5, 1995, Tuesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2400/A

LENGTH: 100 words

HEADLINE: FOREIGN RELATIONS; Protest in Kathmandu over reinstatement of parliament

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 3 Sep 95

   [23] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   The All- Nepal National Free Students' Union, Democratic National Youth Forum, All- Nepal Women's Association, Nepal Trade Union Federation and All- Nepal (?Peasants') Organization organized a mass meeting in Kathmandu today 3rd September to protest at the recent Supreme Court verdict on the reinstatement of the House of Representatives. Addressing the mass meeting, parliamentarian (?J.P.R . Bandhari) said commenting on the Supreme Court's order does not mean (?disgracing) the court; rather, it is the fundamental right guaranteed by the constitution.

   Deuba was escorted back to his seat and the speaker of the house adjourned parliament for 30 minutes.

********************************************************************* Date: Fri, 08 Sep 1995 12:26:55 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: Re: Hello !!!

The Latest in Nepal situation:

Hi Amulya, Good you interneted and thanks. No, I am not here on permanent basis. just trying to find some nitch, difficult for a `jack of all trades' guy like me. spent too much time at the IOF. Any way since you are good networker, pl. share the latest news from home. Yesterday our law makers
(i.e. the ruling MPs) became little unlawful by kicking the rostrum and breaking the mikes because they did want the session without their dummy PM with broken bones. The speaker is today seeing the PM in his hospital to ask him to come to face the VONC. Tomorrow may be the last day for the MAMOAD,MAKUNE and gang. The AMALE crowd has been burning scores of effigies of the chief justice and threatend to burn the SC itself for theri bad judgement, i hear in bringing the parliament back. My brother who was one of the Lawers against the Govt. is also facing their wrath. The MPs are being taken to the the House under police and Military protection. They all are being kept in Hotels under strict vigil since the rumour is that each MP is worth 10 million Rs. The AG. & For. Univ. being a brainchild of Commies may not see the light of day soon. But this was one of the few good things the Commies did. All is quiet at the IOF. Best wishes to your family from mine.

CIAO Madhav.

******************************************************** To: Date: Fri, 8 Sep 1995 17:21:56 EST5EDT Subject: Internet E-mail connectivity in Nepal From: "Dileep Agrawal" <>

                 * * * * * * INTERNET E-MAIL in Nepal * * * * * *

Announcing the Introduction of RELIABLE and AFFORDABLE INTERNET E-MAIL connectivity in NEPAL.

We have setup an Internet E-mail service in Nepal that has been functional for over 3 weeks now. It is turning out to be a SUCCESS!

Our system is actually a BBS that exchanges all Internet E-mail with a UUCP site in the US every 4 hours. Please note that we do not offer any Internet services (such as WWW) besides E-mail.

The system is very user-friendly. Users are given a software that automates the exchange of all email to and from the users computer. Another software (Windows-based) is used to read/write messages off-line. Both software are shareware.

We have a variety of conferences to discuss various issues and technical problems. There also conferences to advertise products for sale.

We charge only for Internet E-mail. All other services are free.

                                     * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

FOR a LIMITED TIME only, all new users will receive a credit of Rs. 1000 (FREE!!!) towards Internet E-email during a one-month trial period.

                                      * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Please inform your friends / relatives in Nepal about our service and LIMITED TIME offer.

Please address all queries to

************************************** Date: Sat, 09 Sep 1995 14:24:23 EST From: tilak@UFCC.UFL.EDU To: Subject: Religion

     The Koan - 'The Battle of the Left and the Right Hand'.
     Tilak B. Shrestha, University of Florida, Summer 1995.

     (Part IV of the IV parts series on the question 'Is Buddhism part of Hinduism ?'. Previous three parts were published in the Nepal Digest as follows. Part I - August 7, 1995 : Hinduism - Geography, Democratic forum, Science of spirituality; Part II - August 18, 1995 : Sanatana, Buddhism; and Part III - Sept. 4, 1995 : Buddhism and Vedanta, Many paths to the same summit. Comments are welcome.)

     Buddhism survives in India :
     Shakya Muni Gautam Buddha's teachings brought tremendous spiritual vitality in the Indian subcontinent. Buddhist universities like Takshyashila and Nalanda came to being, where students from all over the then known world came. Emperors like Ashok supported and helped to spread the gospel of compassion, cessation of suffering and Nirvana. The gospel spread throughout Asia and bordering regions. However, after millennia of expansion, slowly moral and intellectual decay occurred in the birthplace itself. Which paved way for the rise of intellectual stalwart like Shankaracharya who went around throughout India revitalizing the spirituality by drawing strength from ancient scriptures once more. Thus Shankaracharya was not only able to bring vitality but also balance the creeping exclusiveness of latter Buddhism. We may also point out that Buddhism itself was opening to the possibility of revealed truth, as opposite to the strictly empirical truth, by the way of Mahayanism and Boddhisatwas.

     However, the physical onslaught came with the Muslim invasion of India. Following the Koranic injunction against so called 'Idolaters' and 'Infidels', muslim hordes destroyed Zoroastrian, Hindu temples and Buddhist monasteries. Libraries were destroyed, priests, monks and nuns were put to death by thousands. Many Indians were forcibly converted to Islam. Present Indian state of Bihar, which is named so because of the many
'Bihar' or monasteries, suffered so much muslim carnage that presently very little of the original monasteries are left. Historian Hyman Kublin writes - "The final blow to Buddhism in India was delivered by the Muslims. Pushing into northwest India from the eight century on, they destroyed the great Buddhist monasteries, burned the libraries, and killed monks. Most of the monks who survived this onslaught fled India." Christians also participated in such destruction. Franciscan missionaries arrived in Goa-India in 1517. In 1540, by the order of King of Portugal all the Hindu temples were destroyed. Jesuits came in 1542, and inquisition was introduced in 1560.

     However, Buddhism still survives in India.

     Nepal - the melting pot.
     The perception of so called difference between Buddhism and Hinduism has come simply because of Geography. Since only Buddhism went out of India in evangelical spirit, most of the people living outside India proper are not exposed to the different sects or philosophies of Hinduism. Thus, a Chinese would consider himself or herself as a Buddhist not as a Hindu. Which is partly true in the sense that they do not live in India proper or they do not know about other aspect of Hinduism, say for example karma yoga. However, it is not correct to say that Hinduism and Buddhism are two different religions.

     These kind of differing ideas do come because of history also. For example, Indonesian call themselves Muslim by religion, but they also have Ramayana and Mahabharata, which they call as their culture.

     In Nepal, we assimilate all the incoming ideas and evolve, but do not convert. We add the new teachings but do not discard the old. We do evaluate the values or the teachings, we also do debate. At the same time, we also value the diversity of ideas. Diversity of ideas gives freedom, growth and life. Without diversity every body, whether a monk or a layman, will be a simple carbon copy. The religion would become an exercise in polemic and apology. Whether Krishna or Buddha in ancient times and Vivekananda or Dalai Lama in modern times, different masters speak out from different perspectives, however the spiritual ethos remains the same.

     In Nepal, many groups of people came bringing their ideas and religiosity both from north and south. Aacharyas and monks of many sects and their festivals came. Festivals like Indra jattra, Dasain, Tihar, Shiva ratri, Basant panchami, Buddha jayanti, Krishnastami were introduced. In modern times, we add Shahid divas and Democracy day. We celebrate them all. Just because we celebrate Tihar, we did not discard Dasain. King Ashok, Shankaracharya came from India, Manjushree came from Tibet. We welcome them all. Siddhartha Gautam was born in Nepal. As Buddha, he enlightened the whole world. Sita went to India, Vrikuti went to Tibet. They worship them. The ethics of Ramayana, Karma yoga of Gita, Enlightenment of Buddhism, Philosophy of Vedanta and any other are welcome. We appreciate them all, learn and evolve. That is spiritual progress. Presently we may be occupied more with democracy, socialism, education, technology and economic development. We will assimilate them also and continue evolving. Evolution or change (Rita) is life. Getting attached to one idealogy, as Buddha might have put, is an end.

     Nepalese religiosity being a blend of different sects of Hinduism may be illustrated by the fact that the role of the guardian Goddess of Nepal 'Kumari' is always assumed by a girl from the Buddhist sect, though the king follows the Brahmanic tradition. A perfect harmony between the three principal sects of Nepal, namely Buddhism (Buddha), Shaivism (Nilkantha) and Vaishnavism (Narayan) can be seen in the temple situated in the northern corner of Kathmandu, which is popularly known as 'Budha Nilkantha Narayan'.

     Satyam ewa jayate. Vashundhaiva kutumbakam.
     Sarve api sukhino santu. Yeto dharma stato jaya.
     Om mani padme hum. Om shantih, shantih, shantihi.

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