The Nepal Digest - September 10, 1995 (27 Bhadra 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Saturday 10 September 95: Bhadra 27 2052 BkSm Volume 42 Issue 4

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

********************************************************************* From: Rajpal J.P. Singh <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Date: September 9, 1995 Subject: WAN Company wants to hire college student for 1st level support

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********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 31 Aug 1995 21:11:14 EDT To: From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> Subject: Calender

Dear Rajpal: If you have time and if it is convenient could you please mail me the Nepali caleder. Dasain coming near I wanted to see when it was.I am not getting that connection that I used to get before. I will try once more.Meanwhile if you can please send me that.Thanks.Nirmal

%%%%%Editor's Note: Could someone email Nirmal Nepali Calender? %%%%%
%%%%% Thank you. %%%%%

**************************************************************************** To: Subject: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:39:32 EDT From: (Keshab Bhattarai)

Thanks for Amulya and Tiwari for bringing editorials of the Times of India and the Hindustan Times up to this network, though I do not understand the logic behind such editorials.

Both of those editorials on the Supreme Court's verdict are totally provocative and probably an early reaction over the the power and independence of judiciary in small neighboring country. It does not make much sense to majority of Nepali people.

The SC has done very right thing at the moment to save the national interest. When politicians forget their responsibilities once they reach in the power, there need to be some control over their childish, contemptious, and insane behavior. This does not mean that Nepal should support a "tyrant" court, but only the fact that any decision that benefitsthe people's commitment towards democracy by constitutional means should be well acknowledged. Biased opinion over the SC's decision seen in this netincluding those editorial clips are only misguiding.

Another area in Nepalese situation where judiciary can play a role is in controling the corruption. Without a fear of a fair judiciary, Nepalese politicians seem to be missing their goals for which they had suffered for a long time.

A Nepali person should look him/herself to know who he or she is not be inferring from the foreign media. Only then will a Nepalese soul be empowered. Most of the opinions agains the SC's decisions are guided by some vested interest.


****************************************************************** Subject: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:41:41 EDT From: (Ajay Pradhan)

In article <4281s7$>, Keshab Bhattarai <> wrote:
>Thanks for Amulya and Tiwari for bringing editorials of the Times of
>India and the Hindustan Times up to this network, though I do not
>understand the logic behind such editorials.

I thank Mr Keshav Bhattarai for his opinion. I agree with Mr Bhattarai on one point -- and that is appreciating Amulya Tuladhar and CK Tiwari for bringing out the editorials of The Times of India and the Hindustan Times. My agreement with Mr Bhattarai ends right there. As regards the rest of Mr Bhattarai's comment, I express my total disagreement.

I shall point out right in the outset that the Court (Judiciary) has no responsibility, no right, no constitutional power, no popular mandate to police the politicians. The only - and only - power it has is to INTERPRETE the law and the Constitutions. As Dr Tiwari correctly points out, the Jucidiary (Supreme Court) does not even have any power to make rules or law. It is not entrusted to enforce the law, either.

Now, since the Supreme Court does not seem to have referred its decision to a particular clause of a particular article of the Constitution, it only seems likely that the Supreme Court made a decision that is only extra-Judicial. The Supreme Court has should not be managing the politics. It is irrelevant to the Court who should form the government and how. People of Nepal deserve an explanation. And Mr Bhattarai is saying that the editorials and Mr Tuladhar and Dr Tiwari's observations "[do] not make much sense to majority of the Nepali people." Oh, you think so, Mr Bhattarai? And how (not why) do you think so?

Mr Bhattarai goes as far as to outlining yet another authoritative realm for he Supreme Court by saying that the Supreme Court should control the corrupted politicians. Mr Bhattarai, controlling corruption falls in the domain of executive branch of the state, not the legislative one.

Mr Bhattarai also says that the Supreme Court has done the right thing to save the national interest. Supreme Court's responsibility is to interpret and defend the Constitution and the nation's laws. Defending national interest? What exactly do you mean? When you say defending national interest, are you saying defending the interest of, to borrow Dr Tiwari's appropriate term, Panchangress?

As far as the objectivity of the editorials and all the observations that I have so far read (written by Amulya and CT Tiwari) is concerned, I think (I'll not be as arrogant as Mr Bhattarai in claiming that majority of Nepali thinks the same way as I do) they are of superb quality. They are very objective analysis, and not a least bit provocative.

Ajay Pradhan

******************************************************************************* To: Subject: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:46:57 EDT

Cross-posted from SCN:

In a previous article, (Keshab Bhattarai) wrote:
->Both of those editorials on the Supreme Court's verdict are totally
->provocative and probably an early reaction over the the power and
->independence of judiciary in small neighboring country. It does not make
->much sense to majority of Nepali people.
============ While Keshav is entitled to his opinion on Indian press's interpretation of the so called "independence" ( a virtue that is ideally agreeable to most of us? but one notoriously difficult define?), I wonder how he got the notion that the "majority" of the nepali people cannot make enought sense of the Indian interpretation: I could make the opposite claim that the majority can make great sense of the opinion, could you please provide facts to support your contention?

->The SC has done very right thing at the moment to save the national
->interest. When politicians forget their responsibilities once they reach
->in the power, there need to be some control over their childish,
                                ************* I thought we were living in a democracy where control of national interest was in the hands of the soveregin people not activist judges with political interest.

->contemptious, and insane behavior. This does not mean that Nepal should
->support a "tyrant" court, but only the fact that any decision that
->benefitsthe people's commitment towards democracy by constitutional
->means should be well acknowledged. Biased opinion over the SC's decision seen
->in this netincluding those editorial clips are only misguiding.

Ah, your characterization of the SC critiques as a "bias" assumes that your view is "normal" an ideological claim that is open to contestation. I would like to hear how many people agree with you and why.
->Another area in Nepalese situation where judiciary can play a role is in
->controling the corruption. Without a fear of a fair judiciary, Nepalese
->politicians seem to be missing their goals for which they had suffered
->for a long time.

Keshav ji, I agree with your ideal state wish, but reality is messy and the judiciary is made of human people who are every bit susceptible to corruption and ambition as any of us, although, one would hope that their lifetime of temperance would rule against that.
->A Nepali person should look him/herself to know who he or she is not be
->inferring from the foreign media. Only then will a Nepalese soul be

Hmm, I should probably stop reading TND/SCN and Rajendra's WWW and other foreign news media to rescue my soul... help :)

I thank keshav for his interest in nepalese affairs, namaste amulya

******************************************************** To: Subject: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:48:47 EDT From: rshresth@BBN.COM

Cross-posted from SCN:

Keshab Bhattarai ( wrote:
: Thanks for Amulya and Tiwari for bringing editorials of the Times of
: India and the Hindustan Times up to this network, though I do not
: understand the logic behind such editorials.

: The SC has done very right thing at the moment to save the national
  ---------------------------------------- I think the court has done one of the gretest mistake in the history not following its own precedent and not giving substantial explanation to their ruling. I wish let this verdict not be an instrumental to repeat SHATRA SAL.

I am not of the opinion that the decision/recommendation of the Man Mohan Adhhikary's government to dissolve the Pratinidhi sabha was the right one. Similarly Girija's recommendation to do the same was the mistake. The Supreme Court at that time favoured Girija's recommendation. The house was dissolved at then when the parliament was running. Now one of the logic against the dissolution is heard that the house should not be dissolved when it is called for the business. The Supreme Court had put itself in the wrong position when it gave ruling on Girija's recommendation. It could not escape from its past mistakes. It is really a sad situation when the ruling of the Highest judiciary in the country is questioned. If the judges were not politically motivated they should have just followed the precedent. I don't know what is the procedure when the judges make the mistake. Let the people make the decision.

Now the question remains to improve the image of the Supreme Court.
: interest. When politicians forget their responsibilities once they reach
: in the power, there need to be some control over their childish,
: contemptious, and insane behavior. This does not mean that Nepal should
: support a "tyrant" court, but only the fact that any decision that
: benefitsthe people's commitment towards democracy by constitutional
: means should be well acknowledged. Biased opinion over the SC's
: decision seen in this netincluding those editorial
: clips are only misguiding.

If the SC has not done any mistake there would not be any voices against its ruling. Is not this a biased opinion too ? Can not people raise questions when even the supreme body commits the mistake ?

Thanks to Amulya, Tiwari and all others raising the issue on the net.


***************************************************** To: Subject: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:50:31 EDT

Cross-posted from SCN:

In article <42dgvv$> you write:
>From: (Raju Tuladhar)
>Subject: Re: Why should we be provoked by the Indian Press?
>Date: 4 Sep 1995 00:24:31 GMT

>Keshab Bhattarai ( wrote:

>: A Nepali person should look him/herself to know who he or she is not be
>: inferring from the foreign media. Only then will a Nepalese soul be
>: empowered. Most of the opinions agains the SC's decisions are guided by
>: some vested interest.

>: -Keshab

>This represents a very dangerous sentiment.

>We should be depending upon our logic and searching our soul to sort out
>whether something is right or wrong. We can not discard right things
>or right arguments just because it was suggested by a step brother,
>or wrong things can not be right just because it was said by our
>own brother.

>R. Tuladhar (

I agree with you Raju Tuladhar. But there is nothing wrong with Keshab Bhattarai's analogy too. It is not wrong to doubt on something if it is worth doubting. Supreme court is our supreme body for law in Nepal. Let the court decide the legal matters. We all have our opinion, which may or may not agree to that of SCourt.


************************************************************* To: Subject: question: taking computer to Nepal Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:51:24 EDT From:

Can nepalese who have taken computers to Nepal please post their experiences of do_s and don't_s on questions such as:

1. What is is the custom charge, what rate, 5%, 40%, or 187%?

2. How are old, second-hand computers taxed?

3. Are there different rates for computer peripherials such as
        attached fax machine, laser printer, modem?

4. What are the shipping charges, if they have to be shipped, and do we
        need to insure them?

5. How long does it take to retrieve the computer from the airport bhansar go-down, can we have paper work done earlier?

6. Are computers bought in US mail order shops good for Nepal electricity supply in terms of voltage, cycles per sec, surges? How dow we go about reducing risks of a burnout?

7. Any support services innepal how much do they cost and what models are more easily serviced?


****************************************************************************** To: Subject: Trekking/Rafting in Nepal Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:53:49 EDT From: (Brian Jablon)

My wife and I are planning a trip to Nepal October 12 - November 12 and would appreciate any information on the following:

1 - Trekking from Pokhara to Jomsom 2 - Hiring a porter for the trek, costs? 3 - Flying from Jomsom back to Pokhara 4 - Any side treks that are suggested 5 - Hotels ($20/night and less) in Kathmandu and Pokhara - suggestions?? 6 - Suggested reputable rafting companies and trips from Kathmandu or Pokhara
(we don't want a fly by night operation and are willing to pay for it) 7 - Major holidays during this time that would prevent us from making any arrangments. 8 - Other side trips from Kathmandu.

Any other information would be appreciated. Thanks.

   -- Brian

************************************************************** To: Subject: Nepal Forest college to be swallowed by a new Agric Univ Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:55:48 EDT From:

Nepal Forestry College is being swallowed by a new University of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, my sources from Nepal and US tell me.

This may be of interest to many foresters of Nepal who maintain a strong, historical self-identity that is different from the agriculturists.

While to third party observers, this seems like rational deal to embed forestry withing agriculture as has been done say withing FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations or even in India where the Forestry department was for a long time withing the Ministry of Agriculture, the historic roots give Nepal forestry a different professional persona and image in the country.

Foresters have been historically linked with law and order and the guarding of the national wealth, the "hariyo ban, nepal ko dhan" unlike the agriculturirts who never had the power to arrest, kill or imprison peopple. Indeed,the first forest administration was manned by Vada Hakims, the Governor/Anchaladhish equivalent, and the many of the top administers were military inductees, Colonels *(kar sahebs); even the expatriate officers sent here were ex-colonial administrators, like the Belgium Frank Poppleton who was teh FA\O CTA for wildlife. The agriculture dept and officers were wimpy by comparison.

Till today, over 60% of the top officers of the Forestry Minisstry have been trained in the Indian Forestrr College at DeharaDun, that citadel of colonial imperial power established by the British to consolodiate the British empire with railway networds. Attached next to the Indian Military Academy, this institute had regular cross trainings in gun use and shooting, horse riding, swimming, and OLQ-officer like qualities such as greeting the seniors and never getting up from dinner before the chief guest had finished his dinner every Friday. No agriculture officer can boast of losing 50% of the grades to OLQ. This common upbringing was the beginning of a strong common identity that looked down on agriculturists.

The Indian influence carried on this colonial bRitish legacy by building a Rangers college in Hetauda and teaching the same syllabus minus: horse riding and gun shooting, but the same amount of saluting one's seniours.

Of course this could not last long. For one the Forest College of Nepal that started almost 50 years ago from a basement in Singha Durbar was moved to Bhimphedi and them to hetauda, and began to be a punishment posting of the rejects of the Forest Ministry: the nerds like Baban kayastha, who went on to be the Dean, the corrupted, the incompetant adminstrators who either failed to take bribes and commissions or those who took bribe and failed to remain uncaught.

******************************************************** To: Subject: Nepal Forestry College swallowed by Agriculture: II Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:57:06 EDT From:

Then came the Americans with the egalitarian attitudes (Hetauda old-guard forestry teachers when the CTA Bob Adams would shake hands with the driver, how totally counter-hierarchical, they cringed) and their love of the environment and integrated technolgy centered development. Fifteen million dollars in USAID/ Resource Conservation and Utilization Development and matching Millions loans from World Bank and technical assistance in the Great Western project to rescue the Himalayas from the deforestation by exploding peasant farmers led to dollars flowing to train a new breed of eco-friendly, peasant-friendly foresters. This meant money for big buildings and prestigious American degrees and "phoren trips" to put on the gloss of modernity while saving the per diems and bhattas to buy a neat piece of land for the lowly and the big commissions to launch Dean to Chief Conservator career jump with a tad of academic halo to shade the gun-toting, corrupt forest officer image of yore/

The monies that started to pour was so much that there were not enough forest officers takers who wanted tthe money for American degree but did not want a academic carreer where where there was no prestige to arrest people, and make millions tthrough commissions and get relatives jobs with the insidelinkage, so the way was open to recruit "non-forestrers" defined by dehera-dun clique as anyone with any training outside Dehare Dun: This included Philipine trained foresters, India trained agriculturists, Nepal trained genral science guys. The introduction of multiple voices meant that the Dehera dun forester hegemony was ticking its last days at the Forestry College through several contests and conflicts to define power.

All this has now come down to the swallowing of forestry college in the newly proposed University of Agriculture and Forest Sciences. My sources tell me the UML govt which made the pledge for this and assigned former Agriculture Dean and current Planning Commision Member Dr kailasah Pyakurel in the Task Force have now got over the political hurdle and the objections of the foresters in the forestry college (by having a new forester in the committee from the forestry college: a nepal trained agriculturist, with a Yale forestry degree, who is also the jwain of the Chairman of the Task Force and is known to have leftist affiliation: this convergence of multiple identities in one persona iw what makes observing social change innepal so fascinating to anthros and social scientists and post-structuralists), and the nepal Forestry association, which, true to its history of being servile to its political masters cannot challenge the technical merits of a political proposal of the UML govt, has conceded without a fight, for fear, individual office-holders of the this supposedly inddepended professional body are all interested in accessing on to whatever the booties the Forest Minsitry has in the job from foreign trianing to prize postings where commisions just flow in without being asked.

I thought students of environment and social change might gain a peek into the historical, political, social, and cultural dynamics that goes into processesthat affect environment change in Nepal.

amulya Tuladhar clark university

************************************************************** To: Subject: Is_Our_SC_Acting_like_a_Donkey? Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 11:58:40 EDT From: (Raju Tuladhar)

With regard to the recent Supreme Court's decision about dissolving of the paliament, it reminds me of a childhood story of donkey, dog and washerman.

For those who forgot or are not aware of the story, here it goes:

An washerman (Dhobi) had a donkey and a dog. As usual, the washerman used the donkey to porter his clothes to the river shore, and the dog was left alone in the house to guard the house and to discourage any intruders.

Unfortunately, the washerman was little biased, and he favoured only the donkey, giving only the donkey enough food to eat. The dog felt injustice and wondered that why the washerman favours only the donkey, after all, he also has significant contribution in keeping away the intruders and thieves away from the house. The dog which used to go hungry time and often, one day, decided to revolt and not bark even when the intruders come.

One night, a thief came to the washerman's house and started to collect the valuables of the washerman. The dog and the donkey were both awake, but the dog didn't bark. The donkey stared to get worried thinking that what will happen if the thief takes away all the valuables of his master? Finally, the donkey started to yell to awaken the washerman. Due to its noise, the thief ran away. The washerman woke up at the donkey's yelling, and looked around. But couldn't see anything unusual. The washerman thought that if a thief had come the dog would have barked, but then the dog was quiet and the donkey was yelling. The washerman got very annoyed by the donkey's yelling which disturbed his sound sleep, and the washerman beat the donkey very badly.

MORAL of the STORY: Donkey should not occupy the position of a dog (i.e. don't encroach upon other's authority)

The question in this story is not whether the donkey had done the right thing or why the washerman was biased or was it right what the dog did?, but whether it was appropriate to take the role of a dog by the donkey? and the confusion it created!

So.., is our SupremeCourt (SC) is acting like the donkey in this story? A fundamentally important question is being raised in this news group SCN, that is, whether the SC should go beyond its duty (that is interpretation and implementation of the constitution)?

A very mind bogging question is why the SC is not acting in a consistent manner?

What will happen if the people loose faith in the SC and hence the judiciary system?

Where will Nepalese knock the door if they don't feel justice is being done by the highest legal body of the country?

Are we "Sojha_Sadha Nepali_Haroo" falling into the trap of a very deep conspiracy?

Somebody say : "The history repeats by itself". Are we going to witness the "Satra Sal" again? This multi-party democracy is going to the dustbin of the history for next 40-50 years. After that, few thousand innocent Nepalese are going to sacrifice their lives to bring back the democracy and then some "Naatee" is going to be the prime_minister of the democratic system earned for the third time! and so the political life cycle of Nepal goes on....

Raju Tuladhar (


*********************************************************************************************** To: Subject: Expedition News - Sept. 1995 Highlights Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 12:00:57 EDT From: (BlumAssoc)

EXPEDITION NEWS HIGHLIGHTS from the September 1995 issue

EXPEDITION NEWS is a monthly review of significant expeditions, research projects and newsworthy adventures. It is distributed online and by mail to media representatives, corporate sponsors, educators, research librarians, environmentalists, and outdoor enthusiasts. This new forum on the outdoors covers projects that stimulate, motivate and educate.

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Here are highlights from the September issue. If you'd like to receive the complete version of the latest issue and remain informed about leading expeditions and adventures all year long, we invite you to subscribe by sending US$36 / year (12 issues) to Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc., 397 Post Road - Suite 202, Darien, CT 06820 USA. Be sure to include your Postal or email address.


The climbing community was stunned by the Aug. 13 deaths on K2 of British climber Alison Hargreaves, Rob Slater of Boulder, Colo., Bruce Grant of New Zealand, Jeff Lakes of Calgary, Alberta, and Spaniards Javier Escartin, Lorenzo Ortiz Monson and Javier Olivar.


British mountaineer Alan Hinkes, who summitted K2 in June, recently told the British Press Association that he plans to become the first Briton to reach the summit of the world's 14 highest peaks.


The 2111 Foundation for Exploration, an organization founded in 1994 to offer support to expeditions with interests related to space and planetary exploration, has announced the recipients of its 1995 research/expedition grants.


American explorer, guide and author of "Trekking in Tibet," Gary McCue, will bring two scientists and a film crew on a 1,000-mile old-fashioned yak caravan trek through Tibet's eastern Chang Tang Reserve.


British doctoral student Paul Johnson and his assistant Judith Chrystie departed recently for the Russell Glacier in Kangerlussuaq (formerly Sondre Stromfjord), West Greenland, on a three-week expedition to carry out glaciological research.


Rainier Claims Four Lives, Including Two Rangers

Two Mount Rainier National Park climbing rangers died Aug. 12 while attempting a late night rescue of a climber who had broken his ankle.
  Why Climbers Make Mental Mistakes

An article in The New York Times Aug. 23 detailed experiments done on Mount Everest and Pikes Peak (14,110 feet) regarding the effect of high altitude on cognition.

The Great Balloon Race

An Aug. 22 New York Times story entitled, "3 Teams of Adventurers Hope to Circle the Globe in Balloons," told of the plans of three international balloon crews, each hoping to make the first nonstop circumnavigation this fall.

Nice Girls Need Not Apply

Norwegian explorer Liv Arnesen, who became the first woman to ski 1,200 miles solo to the South Pole in December 1994 (See EN, January 1995), has written a book entitled, "Nice Girls Don't Ski to the South Pole Alone."

Highlights from EXPEDITION NEWS can now be found on the World Wide Web at
*********************************************************************** To: Subject: News 9/5/1995 Date: Tue, 5 Sep 95 12:04:09 EDT From: (Sher B. Karki)

                     The Xinhua General Overseas News Service
                          Xinhua General News Service

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                 SEPTEMBER 5, 1995, TUESDAY 01:02 Eastern Time

LENGTH: 148 words

HEADLINE: d p 1124 bc- nepal -court-petition hke090508 --nepali court accepts petition against rejection of review plea

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 5; ITEM NO: 0905063

   the supreme court of nepal has accepted and registered a petition filed later monday against its rejection of review plea requested by the ruling communist party earlier the same day. mps of the ruling communist party of
 nepal (uml) devi prasad ojha and amrit bohara filed a petition monday at the supreme court stating that the court's refusal to register an application seeking review of its recent verdict reinstating the lower house was not keeping with the regulations, "the rising nepal" reported today. according to the supreme court, hearing on the petition will take place on september 15. the special session of the reinstated lower house is to start here this afternoon when prime minister man mohan adhikari of the communist minority government would face a non-confidence motion tabled by the opposition sides in the parliament.


LENGTH: 188 words

HEADLINE: nepali opposition concerned over diminishing court dignity

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 3; ITEM NO: 0904046

   the main opposition party in nepal has expressed its serious concern over the involvement of the ruling party's sister organizations in diminishing the dignity of the nation's judicial body. after the meeting of its central working committee sunday, the nepali congress (nc) party hailed the supreme court's verdict, saying that it would have important and far-reaching impact on democracy and consolidation of the principles of the legal state. some organizations aligned with the communist party of nepal (uml) have been organizing demonstrations in the streets in kathmandu and other parts of the country in protest against the verdict of the supreme court last monday to reinstate the parliament. a spokesman of the committee suggested that the new government be headed by nc parliamentary party leader sher bahadur deuba, including representatives from the national democratic party (rpp), the nepal sadbhavana (goodwill) party and independents. it is expected that the present communist government would face a no-confidence vote at the special session of the reinstated parliament which was scheduled for tuesday.


LENGTH: 206 words

HEADLINE: nepali chief justice refuses to accept memorandum

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 4; ITEM NO: 0904196

   chief justice biswonath upadhyaya today refused to accept a joint memorandum presented to him by five groups on the supreme court's verdict to reinstate the dissolved parliament. the five groups were the all nepal national free students union, the all nepal women's association, the democratic national youth association, the general federation of nepalese trade unions and the national people's cultural forum. the memorandum included nine points relating to the contradictions and errors in the supreme court's verdict last monday, representatives of these organizations said. the verdict restored the lower house which was dissolved by the king in june at the recommendation of prime minister man mohan adhikari. the newly reinstated lower house was scheduled to hold a special session from tuesday where a no-confidence motion against the prime minister was expected. today, 10 representatives of these organizations went to the supreme court to present the memorandum, but the chief justice met only four of them and refused to accept their memorandum, it was told. earlier, the supreme court refused to register an application by the government asking for a review of its recent verdict to reinstate the lower house.


LENGTH: 165 words

HEADLINE: more protest programs to be held in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 3; ITEM NO: 0903027

   five nepalese organizations planned to jointly launch a series of protest programs against the supreme court verdict from today, according to local press reports. the nationwide protest programs including processions and meetings will last for three days in protest against the court verdict to reinstate the dissolved parliament last monday, said a joint statement by the five organizations. the five organizations are the all nepal national free students union, the democratic national youth association, the general federation of nepalese trade unions, the all nepal women's association and the all nepal peasants' association. they also planned to file various writ petitions at the supreme court monday. the government is expected to face a no-confidence motion in the reinstated parliament which is scheduled to hold a special session from tuesday. the lower house in nepal was dissolved in june by king birendra at the recommendation of prime minister man mohan adhikari.


LENGTH: 176 words

HEADLINE: s. asian business leaders identify more sectors for cooperation

DATELINE: colombo, september 2; ITEM NO: 0902059

   south asian business leaders have identified seven sectors for further cooperation and development among the members of the south asian association for regional cooperation (saarc). the business leaders who met in colombo on thursday and friday agreed to set up a confederation of south asian rim business. the areas identified for cooperation and development are: agriculture and rural economies, tourism and related industries, manufacturing, infrastructure, service industries, trade and industry and human resources. they also decided to explore the possibility of further expanding the grouping with the inclusion of malaysia, myanmar, singapore, thailand and other appropriate countries in their grouping to ensure wider access to the globalization process and emerging opportunities. business leaders from the seven saarc countries --bangladesh, bhutan, india, the maldives, nepal, pakistan and sri lanka attended the colombo meeting. the next meeting of the south asian business leaders will be held in calcutta, india, later this year.


LENGTH: 271 words

HEADLINE: nepali supreme court refuses to register cpn writ petition against speaker

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 2; ITEM NO: 0902065

   the nepali supreme court refused to register a writ petition forwarded by cpn-uml lawmakers against lower house speaker ram chandra poudel friday. the writ petition, which was brought forward by ruling cpn-uml's chief whip devi prasad ojha and whip rejendra landey, requested the court to issue a mandamus order against the recommendation made by the speaker to king birendra for the summoning of the special session of the house. however, supreme court registrar madhav dutta bhatta refused to accept the writ petition, local press reported here today. "the recommendation made by the speaker is unconstitutional as the speaker does not entertain the rights to recommend for the calling of a special session," said the petitioners, adding that the special session, according to the regulations of the parliament, can only be called upon the recommendations made to the king by the council of ministers or when one third members of the lower house request the king to call the special session. the petitioners said that the speaker's recommendation was not in accordance with the supreme court's verdict which had ordered the speaker to recommend the calling of the house within three days following the court's verdict made on june 28. meanwhile, the cpn-uml parliamentary party held a meeting under the chairmanship of party general secretary and deputy prime minister madhav kumar
 nepal the same day. according to party chief whip ojha, the meeting formulated plans for the forthcoming session of parliament. the meeting also discussed the political situations in the country after the supreme court's verdict.


LENGTH: 202 words

HEADLINE: nepali ruling party urged to adhere to democratic norms

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 1; ITEM NO: 0901051

   three main opposition parties in nepal thursday asked the ruling communist party to adhere to democratic norms before facing a no-confidence vote in the parliament. in a joint statement, the nepali congress, national democratic party (rpp) and nepal sadbhavana (goodwill) party, said that attempts to create anarchy and fear in the streets while at the same time clinging to power would never benefit the country, people and democracy. after the parliament was reinstated by a verdict of the supreme court, pro-government organizations launched a series of rallies and demonstrations throughout the country against the reinstatement of the parliament. a general strike in the kathmandu valley was jointly organized thursday by pro-communist youth, women, peasants and trade union organizations to protest against the supreme court's verdict. the minority communist government is expected to face a no-confidence vote in the forthcoming special session of the lower house, which was dissolved in june by the king at the recommendation of prime minister man mohan adhikari but was restored monday. the ruling party has requested to postpone the house session, which was scheduled to begin on september 5.


LENGTH: 360 words

HEADLINE: nepali government appeal for verdict review

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 1; ITEM NO: 0901159

   the minority communist government of nepal has decided to appeal to the supreme court for reviewing its monday verdict to revive the dissolved lower house. minister of information, communication and water resources pradip
 nepal said at a press conference here this afternoon that the government is now preparing the appeal to be handed over to the supreme court next monday. king birendra had ordered the revived lower house to convene a special session on september 5 after the supreme court ruled on june 28 to reinstate the lower house. prime minister man mohan adhikari and parliamentarians of the communist party of nepal (uml) had requested the postponement of the special session on june 30 and 31 respectively. the minister emphasized that the session should be convened later on because after receiving the government's appeal, the supreme court should have some time to consider and give due explanations why it should make this verdict against its own verdict ruled last year. the supreme court had dismissed the writ petition by left parties and dissidents of the then ruling nepali congress (nc) for annulment of the dissolution of the lower house on july 11 last year at the recommendation of nc prime minister girija prasad koirala in its verdict on september 12, 1994. meanwhile, pradip nepal stressed that "one thing is clear that we'll face the parliament. we're bound to the constitution. if there is any violation, we expose it. but, we'll not violate it." he also said that it is against the constitution to convene the special session on september 5 as the prime minister, who is now being treated in the hospital, could not be present to answer in the special session. under the constitution, the prime minister himself should answer questions raised during a vote of no-confidence, and he should not be deputized by any others. today, the pro-communist all nepal national free students union (annfsu) and the pro-nc nepal students union (nsu) separately organized demonstrations. helmeted policemen were seen standing on guard along the city's main streets to prevent possible conflicts among these student demonstrators.


LENGTH: 226 words

HEADLINE: nepali ruling party flays supreme court verdict

DATELINE: kathmandu, september 1; ITEM NO: 0801157

   the ruling communist party in nepal today accused the supreme court of causing judicial confusion in the country by its verdict to reinstate the dissolved parliament. a press release issued by the communist party of nepal
(uml) said, the supreme court had made itself being dragged in a political debate by delivering such a verdict. the court monday made a verdict to revive the lower house, which was dissolved in june by king birendra at the recommendation of prime minister man mohan adhikari. according to the cpn-uml party, the supreme court had ruled out its involvement in politics last year when rejecting writ petitions against the dissolution of the parliament by the then prime minister girija prasad koirala, but this year it did the contrary. koirala last year recommended the king to dissolve the lower house and hold a mid-term election after his policies failed to be approved in the house. the mid-term election in november 1994 brought the cpn-uml party into power by forming a minority government. the cpn-uml in today's press release called on all "patriotic and democratic individuals or forces" to seriously face the
"constitutional complexities" developed in the country due to the supreme court's verdict. the party was trying to solve the problem brought about by the verdict within constitutional parameters, it said.

             Proprietary to the United Press International 1995
                           United Press International

            September 5, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle -04:45 Eastern Time

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 665 words

HEADLINE: Parliament considers no-confidence motion


   Opposition members were escorted by police Tuesday as they left hotels and private residences to drive in two coaches to Parliament some six hours before a special session was to begin. Supporters of the ruling communist party have said they would block entrances to Parliament to derail the special session, which was called to consider a no-confidence vote against the nine-month-old government. The special session has been a hotly contested issue in Nepal, and death threats were hurled at those who supported it. A coalition of three opposition parties and independents controlling 107 seats in the 205-member House of Representatives was poised to take over the government as Nepal continues its brief and stormy experiment with multi-party democracy. Ever since the Supreme Court last week reinstated a motion to dissolve Parliament and canceled elections called for Nov. 23, supporters if the communist government have taken to the streets hurling abuses against Chief Justice Bishwa Nath Upadhaya, calling for his death. King Birendra ignored stalling tactics by Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari, who requested a postponement of the special session by three weeks so he could be present during the proceedings. Adhikari, 74, argued he had to be personally present during the discussions on the no-confidence vote. He said doctors advised him he needs another three weeks of resst to recover from injuries sustained in a helicopter crash in August. On June 9, some 79 members of the main opposition Nepali Congress Party asked King Birendra to convene Parliament to discuss a no- confidence vote. But while the king concurred, the communist govenment pre-empted any discussions and dissolved the Parliament elected last November, citing the powers of the prime minister. The Supreme Court ruled Aug. 28 the dissolution was unconstitutional and ordered Parliament to go back into session. The special session will be held under tight security provided by police and military, published reports said Tuesday.
 Nepal began its second experiment with democracy in 1990 when King Birendra's absolute powers were curtailed by a popular movement that reinstated Parliament after 30 years. The Nepali Congress Party formed a majority government following national elections in May 1991, but the government was toppled 18 months before it could complete its five-year term. Internal feuds within the party led to the collapse. A minority government led by th communists was installed in November 1994 following inconclusive elections, but withdrawal of support for the communist government has made its collapse imminent. Chief Justice Upadhaya, meanwhile, reacted to death threats by communist supporters in an interview Monday with a newspaper. He said he will not be cowed. ''I am afraid of death, but nobody can overturn my decision through threats or by making me demoralized,'' he said.

September 1, 1995, Friday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 299 words

HEADLINE: Nepalese demonstrators clash


   At least 27 people, including seven police officers, were injured Friday in clashes between supporters and opponents of Nepal's communist government, officials reported. The fighting in the capital was a reaction to Monday's Supreme Court decision reinstating Parliament and annulling elections called for Nov. 23, the Home Ministry said. Police lobbed several rounds of teargas shells to separate rival demonstrators. The Supreme Court on Friday afternoon rejected a petition filed by the ruling party challenging the constitutionality of the decision to call a special session of Parliament to discuss a no-confidence motion against the government, the national news agency said. The speaker of the House of Representatives, Ram Chandra Paudel, visited ailing Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari in the hospital and told him a special session of Parliament called on Sept. 5 to discuss a no-confidence motion against the minority government cannot be postponed, the agency said. Paudel told the prime minister that he need not be personally present at the session and could designate deputy Prime Minister Madav Nepal, the agency said. Adhikari, who is recovering from a helicopter crash, requested at least a 3-week postponement of the special session so that he could be present for the vote. A coalition of three political parties, which has 106 seats in the 205-member House of Representatives, is waiting to replace Nepal's 9- month-old communist government. To scuttle the no-confidence motion, Adhikari in June dissolved Parliament and called mid-term elections four years ahead of schedule. A special session of the Supreme Court ruled Monday that the government could not avoid the no-confidence motion, a parliamentary prerogative.

                        Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                     September 03, 1995 07:49 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 547 words

HEADLINE: Communist allies plan new demonstration, threaten to disrupt parliament


   Student and other activist groups allied with the communist government started a three-day demonstration on Sunday and threatened to disrupt the opening session of parliament to protest its reinstatement.

   Meanwhile, opposition MPs who fear they may be kidnapped to thwart the censure motion they plan to bring against the government, have gone into hiding, according to a Nepali Congress MP.

 The All Nepal National Free Students Union (ANNFSU), which is allied with the ruling minority Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist
(NCP-UML), launched the demonstration along with four sister organizations representing farmers, youths, workers and women, a student leader said.

   "NCP-UML supporters are thinking of surrounding the ... parliament building
... in order to block the function of the house," when it reconvenes on September 5, student leader Harendra Thapaliya told AFP.

   A communist MP, requesting anonymity, said: "If NCP-UML supporters fail to block opposition MPs from entering, then 88 communist MPs will try to obstruct proceedings of the house."

   The NCP-UML plans to register an appeal tort on September 5, demanding revision of its August 28 reinstatement of the dissolved parliament.

   The court ruled that dissolution of parliament by King Birendra at the request of Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari was unconstitutional and therefore
"null and void."

   Parliament was dissolved just as the Prime Minister's communist party was facing a vote of no-confidence from three opposition parties. The three parties intend to proceed with their censure motion when parliament reconvenes.

   Rabindra Nath Sharma, General Secretary of the Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(RPP), one of the three opposition parties, said, "the NCP-UML is trying to launch a civil war in the country to hamper the democratic processes."

   "The communists want bloodshed so they are trying to make the political situation of the country tense and delay the ninth session of the parliament but we will not allow them to do so," Sharma added.

   An MP with the Nepali Congress (NC), another opposition party, said, "the communists want to thwart the censure motion against them at any cost, so they might kidnap some of the MPs of the NC and RPP. So the entire 103 opposition MPs have gone into hiding.

   Opposition sources said the RPP, the NC and the pro-India Nepal Sadbhavana Party were discussing forming a coalition government if they succeed in outvoting the communists.

                  Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                      September 4, 1995, Monday, BC Cycle
                          15:17 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 294 words

HEADLINE: Nepalese parliament to vote on minority government

DATELINE: Kathmandu

    The newly revived lower house of Nepalese parliament will vote Tuesday on a no-confidence motion against the minority communist United Marxist-Leninist
(UML) government.

     Nepal's communist Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikari, 74, had dissolved the house on June 13th and ordered new elections for November 23.

The Nepalese supreme court, to which leaders of the opposition went for redressal of their grienavces, gave a controversial ruling on August 28 reviving the dissolved house and ordering the convening of the special session.

    Security has been beefed up in the capital in the run-up for Tuesday's session.

    The Nepali Congress which sufferred a humiliating defeat in the November 1994 mid-term polls is hoping to form the next government in coalition with the National Democratic and Nepal Sadbhabana parties.

********************************************************************** To: NEPAL <> From: Del Friedman/US/3Com
  <Del_Friedman/US/3Com%3COM@USNBEDB01.SYNNET.COM> Date: 5 Sep 95 13:32:26 EDT Subject: Nepali Youth Opportunity Foundation

Dear Nepal Digest Readers,

I am sending an article about a wonderful, small, effective non-profit, The Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation (NYOF), that works on behalf of homeless and disabled children in Nepal. The article comes from the April 24, 1995 edition of the San Francisco Chronicle. If it has already appeared in TND and I missed it, my apologies for the redundancy.

My wife and I became acquainted with the work of the NYOF during our time in Kathmandu as Peace Corps volunteers (1989-92). We were very impressed by the dedication of its founders, Olga Murray and Allan Aistrope. We believe that their work is the sort of focused, no-frills, on-the-spot effort that really does succeed in helping improve the lives of the children it serves.

If the article inspires you to learn more about the NYOF or to donate to it, you can reach the NYOF at 203 Valley Street, Sausalito, CA, 94965, tel:414-332-4589, fax:415-331-5029. They also have an Internet address
(, but I think that they are novice and irregular users, so it may not be the most reliable way to reach them. In any case, if you're interested, you may want to request their annual report, a fascinating and moving document that Olga puts together detailing their work and giving in-depth descriptions of the lives of the children they help (this year's report is 12 single-spaced pages). They also have a video, described in the article.

Now, the article, by Maitland Zane:

----------------- Homeless children in Kathmandu call her "Olga Mommy".

Sausalito resident Olga Murray is a beloved figure in the Himalayan country, and so is her partner, Allan Aistrope of San Francisco. The two have spent 11 years helping handicapped and homeless children with job training, school classes and medical visits to the United States.

Situated between India and Tibet, Nepal is one of the world's poorest countries, with an annual per capita income of only $170. Most of the population survives by subsistence agriculture, and tourism is one of the few sources of foreign currency.

"In 1984, I went on a trek to Nepal," said Murray, a retired 69-year-old lawyer who spent most of her career as a research assistant to California Supreme Court Justice Stanley Mosk.

"I was blown away by the beauty of the landscape, but most of all by the children. They were poor beyond anything I had experienced before, dressed in rags, poorly nourished and mostly unschooled, but with an amazing capacity for joy."

"It has a lot to do with their Hindu philosophy. They accept life. They don't fight it. They're very happy with small things," she said.
"I thought to myself that, for the prices of a silk blouse or a dinner for two at a good restaurant, I could make a significant difference in the life of a Nepalese child. And I returned to the US determined, somehow, to find a way to help."

A year later, on another trip to Nepal, Murray met a kindred spirit. Aistrope, now 47, felt out of place in the corporate world and had taken a year off from his job as advertising director for Tenneco Oil Co. in San Francisco to teach English at an orphanage in Kathmandu.

"Those kids were funny and brave and charming," he said. Aistrope learned Nepali and became "Buwa" or Papa, to hundreds of Nepalese kids, many of them blind or deaf.

In their efforts to help the youngsters, they ran into many obstacles -- including government bureaucrats and cultural beliefs that the children were beyond help.

"We took the position that we should try to raise kids' horizons," Murray said. "We wanted them to go as far as they could. We told them their expectations could be fulfilled."

In a few years, the Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation has established two orphanages, opened a day care center for the children of
"untouchable" street sweepers as well as the first computer class for blind students, and found American sponsors for dozens of teenagers ambitious for an education.

They have also brought to California several children who needed surgery that was not available in their country.

One is 11-year old Durga Devi Thapa, whose face was disfigured in a kitchen fire when she was very small. For the past two years, she has lived in Sausalito with Murray while undergoing a half-dozen skin grafts at Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children.

Murray has also become guardian to 18-year-old Bishnumaya Dhungana, who had a childhood ailment that left one leg seven inches shorter than the other. The young woman has also had free medical care at Shriners Hospital, undergoing many operations to lengthen her leg.

Now "Bishnu" as school friends call her, gets around well on one crutch and plans to return home in a few months. "If I can pass the university exams, I'd like to study medicine, because there are so many kids in my country with health problems," she said.

For her part, little Durga is a sprightly child who loves Scottish dancing. She said she hopes for a career as an environmentalist, because there are about 60,000 cars now in Kathmandu, and the air is badly polluted. "I want to clean up the smog," she said. "if I can't become an environmentalist, I want to be a carpenter."

The Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation, a non-profit group with a budget of $135,000 a year, is entirely dependent on private donations. An hour-long video of the foundations work, produced by Nepal's leading film makers, is available to donors. Contributions may be sent to 203 Valley St., Sausalito, 94965.

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