The Nepal Digest - October 30, 1995 (17 Kartik 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Sunday 30 October 95: Kartik 17 2052 BS Volume 43 Issue 6

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 24 Oct 1995 08:13:23 EDT To: The Nepal digest Editor <> From: "Pramod K. Mishra" <> Subject: "No Bias, No Merit"

Dear Editor,

We must celebrate the gains made in Nepal in the field of female education in only forty-odd years, for it is nothing but the result of this fast-paced progress that has enabled such a journalist as Manisha Aryal to write her piece against affirmative action and advocate the strengthening of merit-based hiring and promotion in the field of journalism. In her moment of odd-defying courage, she declares, "We never demand to be protected because we believe we are equal. If we know who we are, we do not need protection." While I and, I'm sure, all well-wishers of Nepali women applaud and respect this gutsy declaration, one cannot help but wonder what's going on here?

Although Manisha avows of speaking only of journalism, what she has said, if effect, apply to the philosophy (both theory and practice) of affirmative action. Some things in her essay made me feel hopeful, but a few others troubled as well. First of all, who is this "we" she is referring to when she speaks for herself? Obviously, it appears from the context that this "we" is the assortment of the female journalists in Nepal. Then I wondered if there was an organization of Women Journalists of Nepal whose spokesperson Miss Aryal was or did she assume that all women journalists in Nepal could be subsumed under her station in time, space, in other words, in history itself. If this
"we" is all Nepali women--in fact, whoever who could "believe" to be equal, then it could have a broader meaning. "I think; therefore, I am," said Descartes long ago. I work and eat; therefore, I am, Marx would have said. Our all too popular capital seems to say, "You work; therefore, you are." In this case, however, it's the "belief" that makes someone what one is. "I believe; therefore, I am," Miss Aryal seems to be saying! What a problematic and difficult proposition indeed! Like a magician's.

Belief, I don't deny, could be a very powerful instrument of transformation, both of societies and individuals. We all can testify the profound impact religions have wrought on societies in human history. But one cannot but ask a question here: What circumstances after all make such miraculous belief possible? You believe to be something, and you become what you wanted to be! Never heard before except in the magician's performance.

Then again the writer invokes the Socratic dictum: "Know thyself." (If we know ourselves who we are, we don't need protection) Belief and self-knowledge, the writer argues, could preclude any need of protection. Protection from whom and by whom? If an untouchable in a Nepali village believes to be equal, if a lower caste in a north Indian village believes himself or herself to be equal, you can well imagine the consequences. At this point, I can't resist the temptation of telling you an anecdote of my university days on the banks of the Ganges.

I had a friend named Bhushan, a nonworshipping Bhumihar Brahman from a village near where Siddhartha became the Buddha under a Bunyan tree. Twenty-five hundred years after this paradigm shift under a tree, an incident occurred in Bhushan's village (one of many) that he couldn't help telling me--an anecdote about the hazards of believing to be equal.

A young lad of the barber caste (Hajam) from Bhushan's village fled his village and went to Calcutta, a city of joy and horror, of beauty and filth, of power and human misery. The city in the young boy's case proved benevolent, transformed him from a dhoti-clad rustic garrulous barber's lad into a bell-bottomed speech-making convert. Of course, he continued to cut short others' hair the way they wanted, but he refused to shorten his own hair in the ecstasy of the city ways and filmy images. Severed from his village and its ways, he developed urban, even Bengali roots in his consciousness. His folks back in the land of Buddha's enlightenment thought their boy would never return to the village back again; he was considered utterly lost, for except for a rare prideful letter or two and occasional money order, they didn't see his face (and his hair) for years. Not even once.

Then one day, his big trunks full of goods and his mind intoxicated with ideas of a new beginning and new world, this proud son of a barber returned to his village. His barber folks welcomed him with embraces, smiles, and urgent words that he must prove his manhood by agreeing to marry the best girl in the caste, as the girls' folks would begin their hunts soon.

But before long it was clear that this prodigal son had other things than mating in mind; he believed in modern ideas of equality, merit, liberty, and fraternity. Out of pride and respect, he went to pay a visit to the village chief, a zamindar of my friend Bhushan's caste. He sat on a chair in the outyard in his shoulder-long hair and bell-bottomed pantaloons and asked to see the honorable Chief himself, whom others in the village called "Malik." The Chief himself was not home, gone to the city to fulfill some obligation, probably to fight a litigation. But there was some one in the bangalow--the son of the Chief who himself at the time was home on a vacation from his engineering college. He came out, wondering who it was that asked to see his father.

This educated young man couldn't recognize the up-to-date lad seated in the chair, eager and his one leg upon the other. Recognizing his bewilderment, the Calcutta-returned barber's son asked, "So you don't recognize me, Saheb?" "Not at all. Please introduce yourself. But my father is not home today." Quite thrilled with this cordial reception, the barber's son said, "I'm so-and-so, son of so-and-so! I was the one who had fled to Calcutta!"

I don't have to tell you, Mr. Editor, what happened to this engineering student, the son of the village Chief. Stung by this nondescript's insult (now that he knew not only him but his father as well), he said in real Bihari, "Re Saale! Mother this and that! Calcutta has turned your head it seems!" The bell-bottomed young man, equal in age to his interlocutor, was shocked. "Why do you speak like this, Saheb?" he asked, his Calcutta fire raging in his heart. "I haven't eaten your food," he added. "Please don't use foul words at me."
        The engineer trembled at this talking back of this nondescript barber's son. He raised his hand in anger to smite the audacious boy, but the barber believed in himself, in his equality; he grabbed the engineer's hand and demanded an explanation. By this time, his father's thugs came rushing by, whom the engineer ordered to cut the barber's son to size for his insult of sitting in a chair and talking back to his father's lord. The thugs did their bidding; they not only beat the day light out of this believer in equality, they summoned his barber father right then and there and slapped his grey, wrinkled cheeks for raising such a son, who didn't know social courtesies of not sitting in a chair at the zamindar's outyard.

In the evening, the barbers of the village held their caste meeting in which the long-haired, bell-bottomed Calcutta-returned barber's son was unanimously denounced for his lack of manners. The barbers were indeed outraged. Some one brought out his knife (not scissors) and shaved off the lad's hair--and with the same knife, cut to pieces his bell-bottom and demanded that he wear dhoti, that too above his knees like other barbers, indeed like Gandhi, meek, forgiving, offering the other cheek. I'm sure the name of Gandhi didn't occur to these barbers, nor his belief in equality and crusade against oppression. They only knew the meekness, the obedience, the humiliation--and belief in the hereafter.

Now, please don't tell me that such incident occur only across the border. I have yet to see (even the communists find it hard to bring about this change) a blacksmith, a village blacksmith who does the villgers' work and who is an untouchable, not the hand-picked tokens like Hira Lal Biswakarma, to sit side by side with the village chief even in Nepal. I don't say that it hasn't happened; only that I haven't seen one. And you talk of believing to be equal and being one.

As for Miss Aryal's arguments against affirmative action, this is a long story; I can't put forth all the arguments here. In fact, I don't have to; there are plenty already in books and articles, both for and against affirmative action. Those who are born with silver foot in their mouths, those whom the religious systems place at a higher level even as they see their first light of day, those who seek to placate certain constituencies to ask for votes or jobs (both in the US and elsewhere), those who have made it in the world have easy time denouncing affirmative action. One need only go to India to see the fruits of affirmative action for members of the untouchable castes and schedule tribes. In the name of merit and divine providence, they had been subjugated and relegated and humiliated; affirmative action has brought at least some semblance of economic well-being among these people. As for social respect goes, they will never gain it as long as Brahminism remains a viable force.

What about the women of Palpa whom Manisha and her Kathmanduite colleague coached in the art of writing? Can they come to Kathmandu on their own? How do you assess merit and what standard of merit you all of a sudden form in Nepal, where merit has a complex meaning. Among other things, merit in Nepal means bias; that you have to belong to a certain region, certain caste, possess certain facial features, speak a certain language, have certain connection in order to join the army, the police, the civil service in a country where the government is the largest employer of manpower. As some one said, "No bias, no merit." This is nowhere more true than in Nepal.

Even scholarship can't be value free, neutrally determined. Non-Newars don't think certain Newar is a scholar; Newars may not think that a certain non-Newar is a scholar. Everywhere hierarchy and network determine the fate of individuals in most cases. And if you have centuries of epistemological, theological hurdle against certain castes and women, believe in equality is the last thing that could clear your path for equality.

Knowing yourself is precisely what asks for protection. Her Highness the princess knows who she is, and it's precisely this knowledge that asks her to have adequate protection. And the woman from a Nepali village who is sold to an Indian brothel knows who she is and wants protection but can't have it, for it's too late for her. One wonders if Manisha Aryal's belief in equality making one equal smacks of certain arrogance and complacency, maybe of class, or maybe of caste, or of region.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 23 Oct 1995 22:07:05 -0400 (EDT) From: Tulsi Maharjan <> Subject: Shubhakamna

To all Nepali friends "Deepawaliko Upalakshyama Hardik Mangalmya


Dr. Tulsi Maharjan, Raritan Valley College Somerville, NJ 08876

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 24 Oct 1995 10:30:18 -0400 Mime-Version: 1.0 To: From: (Manish Sainju) Subject: Requesing contact info from Univ. of Indiana

Hi! I would appreciate if any Nepalese student(s) studying at Univ. of Indiana, Bloomington, IN would contact me or provide me with their contact information. I would appreciate if you could respond by this week. Thank you.

Manish Sainju Email: Tel: (304) 243-5487 (H)
     1-800-624-6992 ext. 2149 (W)

**************************************************************** Date: Tue, 24 Oct 1995 10:45:05 -0400 (EDT) From: "Jai Mehta (FO 1998)" <> To: Nepal <> Subject: e-mail address

Dr. Binod Bhatta (who is currently in the UK) is looking for e-mail addresses of Narayan Bahadur Rajbhandari and Kundan Kumar Pandey. If any one of you know the address(es), please send it/them directly to Dr. Bhatta at <>. Thanks for your help.

Jai Mehta

************************************************************** Date: Tue, 24 Oct 1995 12:59:59 CDT To: From: MMGAUCHA@CC.OWU.EDU Subject: seeking...

Dear editor, Salutations for your great work !!! Could you put up this message in the next edition ? I am searching for the following people's addresses( or e-mail add) and phone no.s.I would greatly appreciate any help. Yalambar Tamot Denver Colorado Prabhachan Shrestha Atlanta Sajjal Rai Texas. Also, if there happens to be any Thakalis on the line, my name is Mayur Gauchan, my e-mail add : Feel free to drop a line anytime...Thanx. Mayur Ohio Wesleyan University

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 24 Oct 1995 21:32:28 -0400 From: (Nischal Shrestha) To: Subject: Computers

        First of all "Happy Deepawali" to all of you.

Does anyone know or is anyone experienced with Computer Languages? I need a little help. Please email me.

******************************************************** From: GANGA GAUTAM <> Subject: SUBHAKAMANA To: Date: Wed, 25 Oct 1995 12:10:13 +0000 (GMT)

                       SUBHA DIPAWALI 2052 , KO HARDIK
                                       email :
                                             Lancaster , England

***************************************************** Date: Wed, 25 Oct 1995 08:20:40 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: 1116 NEPAL SAMVAT: NHU DAN YA BHINTUNA



********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 25 Oct 95 13:47:49 EST From: To: Subject: couldn't get response

          Hello Kiranji, (Kiran Shrestha in Australia)

          I sent e-mail twice but both messages returened, saying
          service unavailable.

          Is your e-mail address is changed, I sent the message in
          following address:

          If you get this message, reply me soon

          I already put this message in TND once this is my second

          Surendra Pradhan (USA)

********************************************************* Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 19:32:08 +1000 (EST) From: To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Please help me find addresses.....

Dear internetters,

I am eagerly trying to contact some of my friends from my school days who are some where in the States. I have lost their addresses. After coming to Australia, I was very busy so I could not even think of writing an e-mail message to internetters.

Presently, I am studying in Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Brisbane, Australia. I am taking Masters in Environmental Engineering Course.

My e-mail address is

Names of my friends are

Sandeep Sharma Sandeep Giri Pradyumna Regmi Ashis Dev Bhatta Anup Babu Tiwari

********************************************************* Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 14:50:43 +0200 (IST) From: Avi Golan <> To: Subject: Help

Dear friends,

I am looking for the internet address of ANIL RAJKARNIKAR (permanent address: Jawalakhel, Lalitpur), New York, USA. If anybody knows the internet address of Anil, plese send me through e-mail. Your help will be really appreciated. Thanks

Madan K. Shrestha TEL NO: +972-7-565888
        +972-7-570629 E-mail:

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 26 Oct 95 08:49:51 EST To: Subject: NEPAL listed as money lundering country by US

     Recently Us dept. of state in its International narcotics Control
     strategy Report included a variety of countries thought to be
     attractive to money launderers for a wide range of reasons.
     Unfortunately, Nepal is one of them and falls to be in the low medium
     category. It is most likely the reason behind it is mainly connected
     to gangs smuggling opium, marijuana, and heroin. The nepalese should
     be ashamed of being labelled as such. This is high time for the new
     government to look into this matter seriously and impose strict
     practical measures to save this peaceful,(virtuous)? country from
     such international mafia and criminals.
     Beena Pant
     Bangkok .

********************************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <> Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 13:56:05 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: Predoctoral Fellowship in Biological Sciences

Here's some info I got from the USEF/Nepal Newsletter recently:

1) Predoctoral Fellowship in Biological Sciences Eighty fellowships will be awarded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute for full-time study toward a PhD in the biological sciences. Awards are for 3-5 years and provide both cost-of-education allowance and living stipend. The fellowship covers a broad range of fields and is open to foreign citizens. Non-US citizens must study in the US. The annual application deadline is November 3. For more information write:

Hughes Fellowship Program National Research Council 2101 Constitution Ave. Washington, DC 20418 Telephone: 202-334-2872 Fax: 202-334-3419 If it is late for this year probably one can give it a shot for next year (its not a case of me apply first then let others know when its too late, I got the info just today).

SPENCER POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS Spencer Fellwoships are designed to promote scholarship on matters relevant to the improvement of education. The fellowship is open to applicants in eucation, the humanities, or the social sciences but project must be related to education. Applicants must have received their PhD or Ed.D between 1/1/90 and 12/31/95. Award is $40,000 for an academic year. Deadline 12/21/95 For more information contact: USEF/Nepal P.O. Box 380 Kathmandu.

(For those of us in the USA, probably there is a better way to find out about the fellowship contact address than writing to USEF/Nepal. Anyone know about this Fellowship? Please post if anybody knows better).

*********************************************************** Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 13:56:41 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: Call for Abstract: 14th ICSMFE

                                  Nepal Geotechnical Society
                                  G. P. O. Box. 4058
                                  Kathmandu, Nepal

 For Nepali Geotechnical Engineers

                   Call for Abstract
             XIV International Conference on
           Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
            September 6-12, 1997, Hamburg, Germany

All members of our society (Nepal Geotechnical Society) interested in forwarding papers are requested first to prepare an abstract and send to our Secretariat for review. In forwarding the abstract, please follow the following points:

1 The abstract must be prepared in one sheet of A4 size paper.
     The screened abstract after review will be provided the
     separate sheet.

2. Our Executive committe of the society will screen the abstracts
     for acceptatnce prior to forwarding them to the conference
     organizers before Jan. 1, 1996. 3. Members are kindly requested to forward their abstracts as
     specifed above to reach our Secretariat by Nov.20, 1996, this
     will then give ample time for out Executive committee to screen
     the abstracts.

4. The abstract should have title of the paper on top of the
      abstract and authors ' full name and mailing addresses.
      5. The scoring system for the screening is as follows:

     a. Member of the society as principal author +20
     b. Non-members of the society as '' '' -10
     c. " " " co-author(2nd...) -5
     d. Member of the society as " +5
     e. Living in Nepal (member) +10
     f. Not-Living in Nepal (member) +00
     g. Not-Living in Nepal (non-member) -10
     h. Originality of the paper (themes matching with
         ICSMFE) +50
     i. Applicability in Nepal +20
     j. Data from Nepal +50
     k. Number of Authors +n*10.
     l. Abstract without a single author(address)
       or data from Nepal will be given (additional) -50.
        (paper by single author will be denied). Minimum
         number of author should be at least 3, in no
         case less than 2)
     The papers will be selected based on the above scoring
     system. So, all the scores are cumulative.

     So, be sure that you have chances to be screened. These
     strict rules have been prepared because the total papes
     to be screened are only 2 (Just two). This is quota.
     In case any papers screened and has /have authors who
     are not members of NGs shall have to pay additional
     US$ 10(admission fee)+ 10*3(1995,'96, '97 membership
     fee for NGS)+ 10*3 (for ISSMFE membership fee).
     So, total comes out to be US$ 70. This is because
     we have to pay for handling service and also to run
     our society plus the annual fee for getting this
     oppertunity. (Remind no papers are selected directly
      by the organizing committee. All papers are
     forwarded by national societies. There are more
     than 70 countreis. So, be fare.

Many thanks for helping us this way and looking forward to your valuable participation.

Meanwhile,Very many Good Wishes.

Faithfully yours, Dr. Gyaneswor Pokharel Founding Member, NGS

Mailing address: Nagoya -shi-465,Meito-ku, Umemori-zaka 4-101

NGS Secretariat:

              (Attn: Prof. R. K. Poudel)
               Nepal Geotechnical Society
               G. P. O. Box. 4058
              Kathmandu, Nepal

P.S. Additional information may be obtained for the secretariat.


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 21:04:43 -0500 From: (Sher B. Karki) To: Subject: News 10/26/1995

                          OCTOBER 25, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 107 words

HEADLINE: nepalese man turns

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 25; ITEM NO: 1025082

   a man living in a village of east nepal has turned 135 this month to become the oldest citizen of the country. bir narayan chaudhary of the eastern sunsari district has fallen sick only once in his long life and he believed that he could live for 20 years more, the national news agency rss said tuesday. chaudhary has seen six generations of his descendants since 1861 when he was born. he saw the death of his two wives and all his sons, the report said. chaudhary has been physically fit during his life and does his daily activities like bathing, eating and walking by himself, but could not hear properly, according to the report.

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           October 24, 1995, Tuesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2443/A

LENGTH: 108 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; House of Representatives starts discussions on budget

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 17 Oct 95

   [10] Excerpt from report by Radio Nepal

   The House of Representatives, at its meeting this morning 17th October , commenced general discussions on the budgetary word indistinct for the year 1995/96. Initiating the discussion, Finance Minister Dr Ram Sharang Mahat said bearing in mind the nature of the national economy the budget has adopted two strategies - a modern and a rural one. The government has (?devolved responsibility) for the helpless, the old and the disabled. Stress has been placed on women's education and planned rural development and an attempt has been made to bring direct taxpayers within the purview of taxation...

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           October 24, 1995, Tuesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2443/A

LENGTH: 159 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Former Premier Adhikari home from hospital

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 22 Oct 95

   [11] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Former prime minister and leader of the CPN-UML Communist Party of Nepal
(Unified Marxist-Leninist) Man Mohan Adhikari returned home after undergoing 67 days'medical treatment at the (?Tribhuvan) University Teaching Hospital. Mr Adhikari was admitted to the hospital following a helicopter accident on 14th August. The helicopter carrying the then prime minister met with an accident during the (?close) inspection of the flood-affected name indistinct project in Bardiya district in the far western region. Mr Adhikari has made satisfactory progress in his health and can now walk with the aid of a corset and walking stick, according to doctors attending on him. Talking to Radio Nepal's reporter name indistinct , Mr Man Mohan Adhikari said he viewed the transition of power in (?a casual) manner and added that support to the (?current) coalition government would depend on its merits and (?demerits).

                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                      October 24, 1995, Tuesday, BC Cycle
                          03:05 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 840 words

HEADLINE: World's highest power plant to benefit some of Nepal's poorest

BYLINE: By Shyam Bahadur

DATELINE: Kathmandu

    A hydroelectric power project at the foot of 8,848-metre high Mount Everest in north central Nepal could considerably ease the stress on the fragile Himalayan ecology.

    Built with the cooperation and financial support of the Austrian government, the 600 kilowatt hydro-electric plant is designed to provide energy needs to the local people as well as to the thousands of tourists who flock to the region.

    An estimated 10,000 Western tourists visit the Everest region during the trekking season from October to May each year.

    A survey in 1990 revealed that 800 tons of wood are burnt during the eight months of trekking season for heating and cooking purposes.

    The power project is expected to considerably reduce the dependence on wood and kerosene and help in the preservation of the environment in the area.

    The plant is located at a height of 11,590 feet (3,532 metres), making it at least one of the highest, if not the highest, in the world. The plant is located at the Thame Valley some 180 kilometres northeast of Kathmandu.

    Engineers say construction of the power plant at that height was extremely difficult. It took each porter ten days to carry a bag of cement to the plant site.

    The plant has two turbines of 300 kilowatts each and power generated is carried through 11 kilovolt high-tension lines for 24 kilometres to eight villages in the region.

    Among the more important villages to benefit from the project are the Namche Bazar, Kunde, Kumjung, and Syangboche, all of which are on the Western trekkers route.

    Talking to the German Press Agency dpa, the chief of the Nepal Electricity Authority, Santa Bahadur Pun, said projects such as the Thame plant were necessary for the Himalayan kingdom but the country also needed big projects to cater to the needs of industry.

    The Everest power plant is owned by the users in the region who hold 85 per cent of the shares and the Nepal Electricity Authority which owns 15 per cent.

    The plant is administered by the Austrian non-governmental organisation known as "Oko Himal" (Society for Ecological Cooperation Alps-Himalayas).

    The management of the project will be handed over to the owners by the Oko Himal once necessary competence has been built up.

   The project aims to benefit the poorest among the people of the region and for this a graded "progressive" tariff to enable the poorest sections of the population access to electric power.

    An official of the Nepalese Ministry of Forests expressed hope that the distribution of power would help to prevent the "devastation" of the forests in the region which due to altitude take more time to grow than in lower heights. dpa ds ks

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 24, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 125 words

HEADLINE: peace walk organized in nepal to mark un day

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 24; ITEM NO: 1024106

   a walking program was organized here today to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the united nations. the eight-kilometer peace walk from the united nations development program (undp) office in kathmandu to the international convention hall, which was built with chinese assistance, brought the participants to main streets of this capital city of nepal. the event was organized by the nepal police as part of the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the world body. un resident representative in nepal carrol long spoke highly of nepal's continuos commitment to un activities. about 500 people including high-ranking officials, diplomats, police and army officers and people from various walks of life took part in the event.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 24, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 123 words

HEADLINE: 400 gurkhas to join british regiments

DATELINE: london, october 24; ITEM NO: 1024255

   some 400 gurkhas, who are recruited from nepal, will stay in the british army because it is difficult to recruit britons to serve, the armed forces minister nicholas soames announced today. these gurkhas will form up to three infantry companies to substitute for british soldiers, and some will join royal signals units, the bbc television quoted soames as telling the commons today. the gurkhas will be retained for three years from 1997, he added. "i believe this scheme will be warmly welcomed by the gurkhas, the army and the public,

who have huge regard for the gurkhas," he said. it is reported that previously the british government had planned to cut the gurkhas forces from 4,000 currently to 2,500 by the middle of 1997.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 24, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 76 words

HEADLINE: three americans, one british scale peak in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 24; ITEM NO: 1024107

   three americans and a british have climbed the 6,812 meter-high mount amadablam in the qomolangma region, nepal's tourism ministry said tuesday. the four scaled the peak last thursday. they included the youngest climber, mark pfetzer, a 15-year-old student from rhode islands of the united states. the other climbers were americans travis spitzer, 24, and robert manthy, 32, and british alan burgess, 47. they were part of an american expedition.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 23, 1995, MONDAY

LENGTH: 83 words

HEADLINE: girls killed while digging clay in east nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 23; ITEM NO: 1023034

   two girls were killed in a village of east nepal recently as they were buried under a clay mound, a report reaching here today said. the two girls, 7 and 10 respectively, of a village in the eastern siraha district were buried under the ground while they were fetching clay for house cleaning purpose, police said. it was estimated there are over five million children, almost a quarter of nepal's population, directly or indirectly involved in different forms of child labor and child work.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 23, 1995, MONDAY

LENGTH: 89 words

HEADLINE: nepalese delegation leaves for unesco meeting

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 23; ITEM NO: 1023165

   a five-member nepalese delegation left here today for the general meeting of the united nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (unesco) to be opened in paris wednesday. the delegation was led by education minister govinda raj joshi. the 28th general meeting of the unesco will pass the organization's budget and programs for the coming two years and will hold elections for a vacant seat in its executive council. nepal has filed its candidacy for the executive council membership, said earlier reports.

                        Copyright 1995 Reuters Limited
                      The Reuter European Business Report

                       October 23, 1995, Monday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 330 words


BYLINE: By Gopal Sharma


    Nepal, eager to benefit from trade concessions for poor countries and to boost dwindling exports, wants to join the World Trade Organisation (WTO), officials said on Monday.

   "We cannot remain cut off from global developments," Commerce Secretary Bishwanath Sapkota told Reuters. "We have already applied for observer status with the WTO and we will apply for full membership in the organisation."

   He said the government had established a task force to study the implications of joining the world trade body, particularly as membership would affect existing bilateral trading arrangements, notably with southern neighbour India.

   The panel is expected to complete its report next month.

   The landlocked Himalayan kingdom has a trade treaty with New Delhi, which stimulates exports by allowing Nepali industrial goods with up to 50 percent Nepali or Indian content, including labour, to enter the Indian market duty-free.

   In return, Nepal exempts Indian goods from 20 percent of its import duties, giving them an edge over exports from competing nations, officials said.

   India accounted for 29 percent of Nepal's total merchandise Business executives said it was time Nepal faced competition in international trade while reaping the benefits of most favoured nation (MFN) status. Countries which offer each other MFN status agree to extend the maximum tariff concessions on their mutual trade which they already grant to other countries.

   Hand-knotted woollen carpets and ready-made garments are
 Nepal's two main exports to Western countries. The main buyers are Germany and the United States. Exports of those items have declined recently in the face of objections in industrialised nations against the use of child labour and environmentally harmful colouring chemicals by Nepali manufacturers.

    Nepal has tried to diversify and officials said they hoped computer software could emerge as a major Nepali export.

******************************************************** From: (Diwas Khati - student) Subject: to manjil thapa To: Date: Thu, 26 Oct 1995 22:47:25 -0400 (EDT)

Manjil, could you give me your phone number..I could not send you any message through your regular account/address......


********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 27 Oct 1995 23:00:07 -0500 (EST) Subject: About my Thesis Proposal To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <> From: Shyam Sundar Shrestha <>

Dear Sir

Now i have selected the thesis topic:

Watershed Planning for Sustainable Natural Resources Management by Using Remote sensing and GIS : A Case Study of Palpa District Nepal

Could you help me circulating this message in Internet so that i may have a lot of feedback from related persons to review the literature? As my teacher i am seeking strong support from you on this regard. Thank you very much for your kind consideration.

With respect. Shyam

************************************************************* Date: Sat, 28 Oct 1995 00:34:52 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: oct27_head.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <>

Amulya's comment:

... and I thought nepal was a Hindu amityville, sundar, shanta, vishal. how come we cannot tolerate the muslims? as the following news item shows:
   By a Post Reporter
   NEPALGUNJ, Oct. 26 - Local administration imposed an 11-hour curfew
   beginning 6:00 pm here today after a minor debate between a buyer and
   seller over vegetable prices turned into a sectarian clash.
   Eleven people were injured, three of them seriously, when two groups
   resorted to vandalism and arson, authorities said. Six persons were
   arrested in this connection. Some of the injured have already returned
   home following minor check-ups while others are undergoing treatment
   at Bheri Hospital. The condition of one is reported to be critical.
   Police opened one round of fire to check the mob and the local
   administration has clamped curfew till Friday morning in the major
    thoroughfares of this industrial township bordering Indian state of
   Uttar Pradesh.
   Thursdays violence resulted from a buyer and seller row on Wednesday
   in which the former had accused the latter of charging exorbitant
   prices for vegetables. The two men then lobbied into two communal
   groups of Hindus and Muslims. The situation was aggravated after some
   youths burnt firecrackers on Wednesday evening in front of the
   vegetable sellers stall. The situation worsened when some men from
   both sides indulged in incidents of beating and trashing Thursday
   morning in some parts of the town. Several shop stalls were either
   burned or damaged by the mob. One shop was also reported to have been
   looted. Although the situation is under control, public life is still
   tense in Nepalgunj. Police are maint aining frequent patrols to keep
   the law and order situation at normal.
   This is the second time a curfew was imposed in Nepalgunj due to
   communal clash. A similar situation had occurred last year when the
   two communities disputed over the construction of a Shiva temple.
   furniture, rack and books for the library of the school and timber
   required to construct the library building. Similarly, READ is to make
   available about one million rupees to construct the building, and buy
   additional books and furniture.
******************************************************* Date: Sat, 28 Oct 1995 00:35:36 -0500 (EST) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <> From: Subject: oct27_letter.html
                               LETTER TO EDITOR
   Originally conceived as a demonstration of cultural unity, the annual
   motor rally of the Nepal Bhasha Parishad (NBP) nowadays gives us the
   impression that the end of Newari Culture has arrived. During Mha
   Puja, Bhaktapur was invaded by a large convoy of NBP revellers,
   polluting the town with the exhaust of their minibusses each of which
   carried a powerful sound system that blasted commercial Hindi film
   music and American pop music.
   When people require such music in order to feel truely Newar, they
   show only that they have no idea what they are doing. The same event
   which was meaningful some years ago, has become a mere nuisance and
   should be stopped. There are certainly more effective ways of
   preserving the language. How about talking Newari with your children
   and encouraging them to learn one of the Newari musical traditions?
   Gert - Matthias Wegner
   Dattatreya, Bhaktapur

************************************************************* Date: Sat, 28 Oct 1995 01:07:46 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: brain-drain or brain-dead? To:

Brain-drain or Brain-dead?

I found the article on "Brain Drain" brain dead.

There are several objectionable premises in that article but I will focus on one.

The author begin with the brain-dead difference between those who come on government scholarships and do not return and those who "come on their own" and who are drawn by all the airy-fairy motivations of personal freedom, professional actualization, rational enrichment, and so on.

This distinction between brain-draining from government scholarship wallahs and the free "on-their-own" wallahs is a brain-dead, false, and totally repugnant distinctiion.

First, two years ago there was a vigourous debate whether the Fullbright scholars who come from nepal and do not return for some of the lofty reasons outlined inthis article are 'thugs' or just free-spirits reaching out for self-actualization in a single global village. None of the Fullbright wallahs and their sympathizers thougth their actions were
"indefensible" as this article implies.

Without saying why these government scholarship wallahs have no right to be defended, except by definition, for reneging on the investment the country has made on them, one wonders how this same axe can not be used on the moral timber of the "on-their-own-wallahs."

Who are these on-their-own-wallahs and do they deserve the immunity from condemnation like the traitorous government scholarshipwallahs?

My unscientific survey shows that over 90% of these so-called on-their-own-wallahs have put up cash investments ranging from a minimum
$ 2000 for a two way ticket and incidentals to some $ 25,000/ year for some brave nepali who pay for the educatin cash up front.

In a country where the per capita income is $170/ year, is not any sum over $170 a thievery over the fair share of the Nepali janata, some one paying $ 17,000/ a year is consuming the income of 100 Nepalese, and if they use that much for 4 years it is 4 nepalese. Current estimates are that some 500 nepalese get student visas every year and 2/3 are undergrads. For heuristic exercise alone let us assume that all undergrads are on their own, since most graduates get government or full university fellowhsip, this is about 350 Nepalese spending some $ 17,000/year, so all these free spirits take up the opportunity cost value of 350 x 100 average nepali income or a net outflow from a third world counttry like nepal to us a sum of 35,000 nepalese dana-pani.

Before i get fried, I ask these on-their-own wallahs where does this money come from if not from the mutu of nepalese, that parents may have
"earned" them due thier historical place in nepalese class socieity from land, or access to govt jobs, consultancy or business, it is money made in nepal on the back of the nepalese. To say therefore that these nepalese can now pursue their free spirits without an obligation to nepal is repugnant. I condemn this brain-dead argument.

********************************************************************* Date: Sat, 28 Oct 1995 11:21:34 +6000 From: Pokharel Govind <> Subject: CHOOT-KILA(byangya) To: The Editor <>







****************************************************************** Date: Sat, 28 Oct 1995 20:06:56 -0500 From: (Sher B. Karki) To: Subject: News 10/28/1995

                    Copyright 1995 The Daily Telegraph plc
                              The Daily Telegraph

                           October 28, 1995, Saturday


LENGTH: 1557 words

HEADLINE: Travel: On this island big Buddha is watching you A nature trail in Hong Kong? Michael Kerr reports from the only part of the colony where the Beijing duck is safe


   IT HAS camping and birdwatching. It has a 60-mile hiking trail through rugged hills. It has 234 sparsely populated islands. Yes, Hong Kong has a little more to offer than shopping. Forty per cent of the territory's land is given over to country parks and nature reserves. Another 40 per cent is classified as rural. Because all of this could be as vulnerable as civil and financial liberties come 1997, I decided to see some of it while it was still green. I started at Kadoorie Farm, a 360-acre spread near Tai Po in the New Territories. Clinging to the misty slopes of Tai Mo Shan, Hong Kong's highest mountain, it is less of a food factory and more of a nature reserve. It was opened in 1951 by two brothers, Lawrence and Horace Kadoorie, who had made their fortune in rubber, hotels and power generation and wanted to lend a hand to the penniless refugees who flooded into Hong Kong after the Second World War. For 40 years the farm supplied free pedigree pigs and poultry. Later it trained retiring Gurkhas for a second career as farmers in Nepal. As agricultural land has disappeared under new towns and the Gurkhas' ranks have thinned, Kadoorie Farm has had to find a new raison d'etre. Under the grandson of the late Lord (Lawrence) Kadoorie, Andrew McAulay, it is becoming a centre for education and conservation. Children are bused in from schools to learn that the local fauna can be as delightful in the wild as they are on the plate (this is the only place in Hong Kong where the sign "Beijing duck" is not an enticement to eat). Tourists are also welcome, in small parties by appointment, which is how I came to be shown round with half a dozen other visitors by McAulay himself. We puffed up hills, once barren and boulder-strewn, which the Kadoories have planted with lychee and citrus trees. Half of Hong Kong's 2,000 plant species thrive here, including 70 of the 120 orchids. Fifty species of butterfly have been recorded. Barking deer, wild boar, civets and leopard cats hide in the thickets. McAulay, entrusted with this oasis, is determined that the farm will point the way towards a greener future for Hong Kong, just as it once pointed a way out of poverty. He himself is an impassioned amateur, an Oxford law graduate in his late twenties. But he has expert help from Gary Ades, another Englishman, who is a biologist, and Lawrence Chau, a botanist, plus a budget that runs to pounds 20 million this year. He feels they are making progress in persuading children of conservation's merits. The elders are a different matter. At the farm's aviary, which houses injured falcons and eagles, he gave us some idea of the size of his task. "More than once," he said, "I have seen people leaning against the netting, eyeing the birds and muttering 'Ho sik' - 'Good to eat' ." If the Hong Kong Chinese do not take readily to ecology, they do enjoy a break from city life. Hiking is popular, especially along the MacLehose Trail, a demanding route over the ridgetops that was named after an energetic governor. Another favourite outing is a weekend ferry trip to one of the outlying islands. Many of these are tiny, barely visible at high tide, but one, Lantau, is almost twice the size of Hong Kong Island. Thanks to its mountainous terrain, more than half of Lantau has been preserved as country parks, and the population is only about 30,000. But the building of an international airport which is under way off the north coast, at Chep Lap Kok, promises the growth of another skyscraper jungle. I went to Lantau from Kowloon on the mainland, so it was a two-boat trip, one for the seven-minute harbour crossing to Hong Kong Island, another for the one-hour crossing to Lantau. If the first was a commuter vessel, the second was a pleasure boat. I found myself among excitable daytrippers: uniformed schoolchildren, families in jogging gear, a hospital party shepherded by nurses. They played cards and mahjong, rushed to the windows to watch the ships, jostled at the snack bar for noodles and Coke. I did hear one pager bleep but its owner immediately switched it off and settled down for a nap. The pursuit of the buck stopped here. Lantau's most famous attraction is Po Lin Monastery. Situated on the plateau of Ngong Ping, 2,460 feet above sea level, it is home to south-east Asia's biggest outdoor bronze Buddha, which stands about 100 feet tall, weighs 202 tonnes and cost more than HK$ 70 million. I wanted to see this and so did most of my fellow passengers, so we rushed straight from the ferry dock to a bus. The journey took about 45 minutes, most of it in low gear, as the driver wound through narrow roads into the mountains. We passed beaches no wider than a towel, clusters of holiday villas, a YWCA campsite and a couple of prisons. Shouts went up as we neared the second prison, where lifers played football in the yard. Necks craned towards the windows. On the other side of the road lay a reservoir; beyond it, looking down on mankind from his mountain, was the Buddha. He was yet more impressive close up, a monster but a dignified one; not the laughing fatty of the souvenir stalls. As we poured from the bus, the wind howled around us. Cameras were unzipped, spouses posed on steps in front of the Buddha to make the most of converging lines. Nearer the top, girls shrieked as the wind whipped at bags and hair. It was not a place for spiritual contemplation. After lunch in the monastery - a communal meal of soup, vegetables and rice - I took another bus for a 15-minute ride to Tai O, a village built partly on Lantau and partly on a tiny island a few yards offshore. A hundred years ago Tai O was a prosperous trading port, exporting salt and fish to China. The salt pans have been abandoned; now the villagers farm ducks and rice and process fish. A ferry - a flat-bottomed boat pulled along on a rope by a couple of old women - connects the two halves of the village. It is the most photographed sight in the place but its operators remain remarkably camera-shy. I have some fine shots of the backs of their heads. The far side of Tai O is known as Hong Kong's Little Venice, on account of its houses built on stilts. Some of these have always been dwellings; others were once boats but are now so encumbered with extensions that they will never sail again. All of them look as if they have been lashed together from the contents of a skip. A Venice made by Blue Peter. I strolled along a causeway towards the north-west side of the island, pinching my nose against the stench of the fish factories. At the causeway's end a sea eagle buzzed me, as if sizing me up as a target, before peeling away. All was quiet - so quiet I could hear the skittering of lizards on the mudflats. My last excursion was to Cheung Chau, an island which, though barely bigger than a square mile, has a population of at least 22,000. It was a bolthole for smugglers and pirates until as recently as the 1920s, and it still sustains a thriving fishing community, living on junks and sampans anchored offshore. The 8am ferry brought me in among them: dogs shaking themselves awake, old women brushing their teeth and spitting over the bows, small boys hosing down decks. Cheung Chau has several temples but the most important is that dedicated to Pak Tai, Spirit of the North, Supreme Emperor of the Dark Heavens and protector of all seafarers. Every May, in thanks for deliverance from a plague in the 1800s, the islanders erect three bamboo towers 50 feet tall outside the temple and decorate them with buns. Once the spirits have had their fill, the locals can collect the buns. Until recently, there was a mad scramble to do this, intensified, according to one account, by rivalry between gangs of Triads. The buns are now taken down, at a more sedate pace, by officials of the Cheung Chau Rural Committee. In a baker's I bought my own bun, which had the consistency of a scone. I showed the baker a guidebook drawing of a bun tower. She shook her head: wrong bun. As she made no effort to direct me elsewhere, I concluded that festival buns were made only at festival time. Cheung Chau has no cars. Even cycling is banned along the waterfront between noon and midnight at weekends, and I saw one little boy ticked off ferociously by a policeman when he absent-mindedly sat on the saddle while pushing his bike. The only traffic noise was the drone of a lawnmower engine on a mini-tractor pulling fruit and veg. Away from the waterfront it was quieter still. I wandered along the main road, a concrete path less than eight feet wide in parts, towards the south-west end of the island. The road leads to one of the most popular cemeteries in Hong Kong, and it is lined with little pavilions, rest stations for pall-bearers sweating to the top. I followed it beyond the cemetery to the cave of Cheung Po Tsai, a pirate who roamed the South China Sea during the Qing Dynasty and who is said to have filled the cave with his booty. A man sat under an awning at the cave's mouth, hiring torches to would-be explorers. Entry was recommended "only for slim and agile people". I qualified on both counts but still declined. Sheer cowardice was the main reason but I could justify my reluctance in a different way. I had come to Cheung Chau to escape the crush of Hong Kong, so why squeeze into an even smaller space?

                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                     October 28, 1995, Saturday, BC Cycle
                          10:08 Central European Time

SECTION: Entertainment, Television and Culture

LENGTH: 360 words

HEADLINE: Thailand to build temple at Buddha's birthplace


    The Thai government plans to begin construction on a temple in the Lumpini area of Nepal, believed to be the birthplace of Buddha, news reports said Saturday.

    The temple's foundation stone will be laid on November 19, 1995 in a ceremony chaired by Thailand's Supreme Patriarch and deputy education minister Chaowarin Latthasaksiri, said the English-language The Nation newspaper said.
    Thailand's Religious Affairs Department decided to build the temple, which will be of classical Thai design, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of King Bhumibol Adulyadej's ascension to the throne, to be celebrated next year.

    Almost 90 per cent of Thailand's population of 58 million claim to be followers of the Buddhist religion, which originated in Nepal and India but won its strongest following in Southeast Asia and China.

    Buddha was believed to be born 2538 years ago in the southern plains of
 Nepal, in an area now called Lumpini, southwest of Kathmandu.

    Thailand has secured a 99-year lease of the 5.2 acre site on which the temple will be built.

******************************************************************* Date: October 19, 1995 To: The Nepal Digest (TND) From: Sapkota

     First thanks a million for including such a wonderful net-magazine in the internet. It is especially good for readers like me who have been out of Nepal for different purposes. To be frank this magazine has created an enviroment where we are less 'homesick' than we would have been otherwise. I was more than excited to read about Nepal from here.
     I am presently studying Biochemistry at Bath University and will be here for another four years.
     I would be grateful if you could include me in the subscription list of the magazine. I have a personal email adress and it is .
     I would further be glad if you published the following poem wishing you all the best with your efforts to improve and maintain the standard of TND.
     TND, Ekanta ma Dubeko yo Manma
     Sathi banera Aai Diyou Timi,
     Hridaya bata Badhai Chha Timilai
     Sadhai yesari Aaune gara timi.
     Matribhumiko Harek Kuna kapcha Sametera
     Manka byatha Pokhdai jau
     Sadhai hami Pachhi hunechhoun
     Hamilai pani Bahaundai Jau !
     Once again I would like to wish you all the best in all your endevours.

Yours sincerely,
     Gopal Prasad Sapkota
     University of Bath.

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