The Nepal Digest - October 24, 1995 (11 Kartik 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 24 October 95: Kartik 11 2052 BS Volume 43 Issue 5

  "Dipawali to Hardik Subhakamana!" - TND Editorial Board

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

*************************************************************** Date: Sun, 22 Oct 1995 14:25:53 -0000 To: From: GANGA GAUTAM <> Subject: quiry

Dear Sir,
   I am very happy to read this paper in the internet which has now become a very close friend of mine. I am now studying in Lancaster university , England and I am only the one from Nepal in the whole university as I have not yet found anyone in the admission list given to me by the university. Nepal Digest in this case is such a helpful to me that I cannot express it in words. I , therefore, request you to provide me the information about how I can subscribe this.I have my own email address now which is . Also, I would be grateful to you if you could include this letter in the forthcoming Nepal Digest so that other people get my email address and would be able to communicate with me.
                                         Sincerely Yours,
                                        email :
********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 11:41:22 GMT+2 From: SHRESTHA@JOYL.JOENSUU.FI Subject: To:

Dear Friends


From: R. B. Shrestha
      Joensuu, Finland

********************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 11:52:38 +0100 From: To: Subject: Namaste

I am trying to find some of my old friends. If anybody has got the addresses from these people, please let me know:

1. Anup Panta : REC Trichy - 1989 (I think he is somewhere in Michigan) 2. Kumud Acharya: REC Srinagar and eventually REC Nagpur - 1991


Mr. Sharad Thapa: REC Trichy - 1988 : Sharad Dai,

I am very sorry to say that I lost your email address. I would be very gratefulif I could hear from you once again . I am still in Germany.

Rajendra Aryal Dept. of Civil Engineering University of Hannover Germany

*********************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 10:30:05 -0600 (MDT) From: BISHWA@UWYO.EDU Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 19, 1995 (6 Kartik 2052 BkSm) To: The Nepal Digest <>

        In the Digest the following posting was posted:
> Cross-posted from SCN:
> ---------------------
> > (S. Sinha) wrote:
> >
> > >Anyone knows the shortwave frequencies to hear Radio Nepal (If there
> > >are any) ??
> >
> > Try tuning to 5.005 MHz between 6:30 - 7:30 A.M EDT
> >
> > I saw a posting loooong trime ago which mentioned that Radio Nepal was
> > received at the above frequency in Houston.
> >
> Radio Nepal broadcasts on 5.005 MHz from 00:15 UTC to 18:15 UTC and on
> 7165 MHz, same times. Thus Radio Nepal broadcasts from 8:15 pm to 2:15 pm
> the next day, until standard time returns. But you wou't be able to hear
> it over all that time.
> To convert from "UTC" to local time, subtract 4 hours for EDT and 5
> hours for EST, and so forth for other US timezones.
> (This is from the 1996 Passport to World Band Radio, which is available
> in bookstores for $19.95.)
> Because of shortwave propagation conditions, the signal will be strongest
> when it is night or twilight over the signal path between Nepal and the US.
> 7:00 am EDT is 4:45 pm in Nepal. So earlier in the morning here would be
> better, while later in the evening would be better in Nepal. Thus the
> suggested times in the posting are kind of the best compromise for
> propagation conditions, with the resulting stongest signal.
> Also, Nepal is "over the north pole" from most of the U.S., which is
> a bad path for radio signals. The poles have more electrical
> disturbances from solar activity, which upsets the radio reflecting
> layers resulting in very poor signal quality.
> Keep trying, as conditions vary yearly, seasonally, daily and even hourly!
        I am interested to know if anyone has heard Radio Nepal in 5.005MHz in the U.S. I have never been able to hear it in my location mainly because of the Time Signal at 5.000MHz from Boulder, CO. The only broadcasts I have heard from Indian Subcontinet is BBC's Nepali, Hindi and Urdu service. It was however in 11.720MHz at 9:00AM MDT.
        As far as I can tell, the lower frequency of 5 MHz of Radio Nepal would be really hard to receive, if not impossible, here in the U.S..
        I would really appreciate if anyone replies me in that respect. Finally, well done guys on TND, keep it up.

Bishwa Shrestha

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 14:48:34 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: The Independent From: Mark Mancall <mmancall@elaine9.Stanford.EDU>

I am looking for an American or Canadian library that carries the Kathmandu newspaper, The Independent. Please respond to this e-mail address:

Thanks Mark Mancall Professor of History Stanford University

*********************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 14:50:58 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: Ramesh Mali From: Hemanta Shrestha <>

   I am looking for the address of Special Olympian Ramesh Mali's parent in Kathmandu. Ramesh Mali was drowned to death in Hammonasset beach, New Haven, Connecticut in July, during the Special Olympics. Your help will be really appreciated.

Hemanta Shrestha University of Connecticut.

************************************************************ From: Ashish Sinha <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: inquires about NGO/INGo working in Nepal

Hello, could you post my little note on the next TND issue?
  I am desperately looking for information regarding the operations of NGOs/INGOs in Nepal. I am specially looking for # of NGOs/INGOs working in Nepal and any code of operation they might have to work under. Would appreciate if any body could furnish me these information (including their reference source). Please mail me back on my personal add: Thankyou

******************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 95 18:39:05 GMT From: To: Subject: BBC Nepali Service.

          BBC Nepali Service: Change of Frequencies.
          The BBC Nepali Service announces that its daily
          transmissions can now be listened to at the following
          Short Waves: 7135 KHz (41 Metre Band)
                        7430 KHz (31 Metre Band)
                        11720 KHz (25 Metre Band)
          This is a slight change to the earlier routine.The duration
          of the programme stands at 30 minutes, and begins at the
          usual time of 1500 GMT.
          A large number of listeners in Europe and America have
          confirmed good receptions of the programme, often without
          very powerful radio sets. So, people interested in the
          programme are urged to try tuning in.
          Other details can be found at the following:

          Good Luck.
          S Wagle
          London School of Economics
          and The BBC.

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 95 16:57:30 EST From: To: Subject: could'nt get response

          Hello kiran, (kiran shrestha in austrailia)
          i sent email twice but both of messages returned
          saying service unavailable.
          is your address is changed i sent the message in fallowing

          if you get this message reply me
          surendra pradhan (USA)

******************************************************************** Date: Sat, 21 Oct 1995 20:36:27 -0400 (EDT) From: Purushottam Subedi <> To: Subject: Web interface to TND and other Nepali Mailing Lists (fwd)

Now, you can subscribe or write to TND without leaving your Web browser.

Access Nepali Literature Home Page at URL:

and follow "Gateway to Nepali Mailing List" hotlink.

If you have any info on how to locate the book, please e-mail Mr. Howell directly.


Comment: I've been trying to get hold of a book entitled "Dawn of Democracy" published by FOPHUR: Forum for Protection of Human Rights, P.O. Box 5457, Kathmandu/Nepal. phone 977-1-521644. Printed by Sahayogi Press, Kathmandu. Perhaps you can help. It's a photo-documentary of the Movement to Restoration of Democracy and was published in 1990.

My Snail is:536 Leavenworth,Apt. 1101, Bell 21, San Francisco, CA 94109 th page: Nepali Literature Home Page

******************************************************************** From: To: Date: Sat, 21 Oct 1995 21:01:09 EST5EDT Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 19, 1995 (6 Kartik 2052 BkSm)

Dear Editor:

I am recently back from working in Kathmandu on a democracy project. I am anxious to help a friend, Amar, who has an BA in engineering. My friend wants to study MA in the states. If anyone knows of any scholarships to any universities in Engineering, Business, or Int. Development please pass it to me. Thank you! He is presently writing a proposal for UNICEF for a water systems project in Ilam.

***************************************************************** Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 16:43:45 EDT From: KISHOR GHIMIRE <> Subject: Articles to Chautari.....

        I am writing in request for articles to be published in next issue of Chautari. Thus far we have enjoyed 3 months of wonderful publications. If we are to continue the the same volume of the newsletter and increase the quality of it we need the attentions and support of the greater Nepali Literary Community. So far, we have only received 2 articles for the next issue. I ask for your contirbution on our efforts to maintain,continue and further develop the quality of our Newsletter. It doesn't seem appropritate to fill the newsletter with fillers........
          With this I like to thank all those who contributed with their literary
  works for last 3 publication.
        Lot of things seem to be going on in Nepal Politically, economically and culturally, so please voice your concerns, and promote your ideas, and with that help us to unit ourselves for betterment and for strengethening of our voice.

                                                Naresh Kattel.

P.S. Editors reserve the right to modify all pieces for space and clarity. Please be as non-political on your pieces as possible.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 23 Oct 1995 00:17:04 -0700 From: (Shyam Sundar Shrestha) To: Subject: Information About Tourism

The Editor In Chief TND

I would greatly appreciate If you kindly publish the following message in your bulletin.

"Mr. Hari Kumar Pradhan is a Doctoral Student of AIT. His dissertation is related to nature tourism and sustainable mountain development. If any scholars are carrying out research in tourism field, I would like torequest to send major findings to him. His email is<>"

*************************************************************************** Date: Sun, 22 Oct 1995 20:24:16 -0500 From: (Sher B. Karki) To: Subject: News 10/22/1995

                   The Xinhua General Overseas News Service
                          Xinhua General News Service

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                  OCTOBER 22, 1995, SUNDAY 10:02 Eastern Time

LENGTH: 265 words

HEADLINE: d e 1795 bc- nepal -world bank-power project hke102208 --wb support for nepal's hydro project unlikely

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 22; ITEM NO: 1022052

   the world bank (wb) is expected to reject the nepali government's request to resume support for a major hydro power project in the country's himalayan mountains, local newspaper kathmandu post reported today. the proposed 764 million us dollar 201-megawatt arun iii project in the eastern hilly area of
 nepal was virtually stopped two months ago as the world bank announced its decision to withdraw an earlier promised 175 million dollar loan for the project. the bank said that the arun hydro power project was too ambitious for the country's small and poverty-stricken economy. as the most ambitious infrastructure project so far in nepal, the arun project promised to help relieve the serious power shortage in the country where only 12 percent of its population has access to electricity. nepali finance minister ram sharan mahat failed to persuade the world bank to reconsider its decision in his talks with world bank president james wolfensohn at the annual meetings of the bank and the international monetary fund in washington earlier this month. wolfensohn ruled out any reconsideration for the arun project at a press conference in washington last week, according to the kathmandu post. environmentalists have been attacking the project for its possible negative impacts. the world bank's decision followed appeals from nepali anti-project lobbying groups to an inspection panel of the bank, which was formed last year to investigate alleged violations of environmental guidelines in the project design.

              Proprietary to the United Press International 1995
                           United Press International

             October 22, 1995, Sunday, BC cycle -09:40 Eastern Time

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 242 words

HEADLINE: U.S. teenager scales himalayan peak


   A teenager from Middleton, R.I. has scaled the difficult 22,350-foot (6,812 m) Ama Dablam peak in the Himalayas, Nepal's Ministry of Tourism said Sunday. Mark Pfetzer, 15, a high school student who last year made an abortive attempt on the 29,000-foot (8,848 m) Mount Everest, the world's tallest peak, set foot on the summit at 1 pm local time Thursday. Pfetzer was accompanied to the summit by three fellow climbers following a five-hour push from the team's third camp at 20,670 feet (6, 300 m), the ministry said. The others in the predominantly U.S. expedition who climbed the peak through the southeast ridge were the leader of the seven-member expedition, Travis Spitzer, 24, a mountain guide from Durango, Colo.; Robert Manthy, 32, an engineering manager from Tucson, Ariz., and well- known Mount Everest climber, Alan Burgess, 47, from Holmfirth, England, the ministry said. Pfetzer's mother, Christine, accompanied Mark on the expedition. ''I'm not a religous man, but I've been praying for him,'' said his father Kennneth Pfetzer, when told of the feat Sunday by United Press International. ''Now, I hope he gets home safely. He's got a ton of homework to do. He took a suitcase full with him.'' The retired Rhode Island policeman said he hadn't heard from his wife and son for a couple of weeks, but felt confident about Mark's chances. ''He's an amazing kid,'' he said. ''I've got goosebumps.''

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 21, 1995, SATURDAY

LENGTH: 148 words

HEADLINE: nepal to run for unesco executive council member

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 21; ITEM NO: 1021054

    nepal is to run for the membership of the unesco executive council at the organization's 28th general meeting to be held in paris next week, according to
 nepal's news agency rss. a five-member nepalese delegation led by education minister govinda raj joshi will attend the meeting of the united nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (unesco). the meeting, to last for three weeks, will gather representatives from the 184 member countries of the unesco and other international organizations. unesco's programs and budget for the next two years are expected to be passed at the meeting and an election will be held for vacant seats in its executive council. it will be the first time for nepal to run for a seat in the unesco executive body, according to the rss report. nepal became a unesco member in 1953, the same year when it got a full un membership.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 21, 1995, SATURDAY

LENGTH: 153 words

HEADLINE: nepal's foreign exchange reserve declines

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 21; ITEM NO: 1021195

    nepal's total foreign exchange reserve in mid-october stood at 706.3 million us dollars, representing a 7.1 percent decline compared to that at the end of last fiscal year. according to a press communique issued by nepal rastra bank, the nation's central bank, in the first two months of the current fiscal year beginning from july 16, total exports declined by 7.4 percent compared with the 4.3 percent decline in the same period last year. meanwhile, total imports increased by 26.8 percent in the two months, the bank said, adding that imports from india and other countries increased by 30.8 percent and 24.9 percent respectively. total trade deficit of the country has widened further by 42.2 percent to about 164.3 million dollars in this period, the central bank said. however, the bank said the nation's foreign exchange reserve would be adequate to meet about seven months of merchandise imports.

                      Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited
                             Reuters World Service

                      October 21, 1995, Saturday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 432 words

HEADLINE: India eyes permanent seat on U.N. Security Council

BYLINE: By Narayanan Madhavan


   India wants to join the United Nations Security Council as a permanent member and is actively campaigning to expand the 15-member body, the Foreign Ministry's official spokesman said on Saturday.

   ''We feel that given our size and all that we merit a place,'' Arif Khan told Reuters in response to a report that Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao would formally seek India's membership when he addresses the General Assembly on Tuesday.

   ''We want it expanded,'' Khan said. ''Nobody seeks a formal seat. There is no such thing as formally seeking a membership.''

   India wants to join the Security Council because of the role it has played to achieve the objectives of the United Nations, Khan said.

   India has been actively seeking to join the five permanent members of the Security Council -- the United States, China, Russia, Britain and France -- through subtle lobbying centred on its military support for the international organisation.

   Indian soldiers have been part of recent U.N. peacekeeping operations in Somalia, Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia.

   Rao made an unusual nationwide address on television last year to mark the beginning of the U.N.'s 50th anniversary celebrations, peaking next week in New York.

   ''Negotiations are on to expand the council,'' Khan said. ''Then there will be negotiations to determine which are the countries (which will join it).''

   He said Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee spoke strongly for an expansion of the council when he addressed the General Assembly last month.

   ''Negotiations on the number of seats is not complete. But we have expressed a clear desire to join,'' Khan said.

   Business Standard reported on Saturday India would formally seek permanent membership on the Security Council when Rao addresses the General Assembly as part of the anniversary celebrations.

   India's candidacy would be supported by Brazil, which in turn would carry some 28 Latin and Central American nations with it, the newspaper said.

   It said Rao would press India's case as a country representing a sixth of the world's population and as Asia's biggest nation after China.

   The newspaper said Russia may offer tacit support to India in a secret vote.

   But it added that India might have to wait since Washington has Germany and Japan in mind as part of an effort to expand the council.

  The newspaper named Uganda, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Senegal among expected vocal supporters of India's bid to enter the council. Supporters closer to home would include Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, Mauritius, the Maldives and the Seychelles, it said.

                 Copyright 1995 International Herald Tribune
                          International Herald Tribune

                                October 20, 1995


LENGTH: 1814 words

HEADLINE: Escaping the Smog and Finding Old Nepal

BYLINE: Susan Ram


    My first encounter with Nepal came in the early 1970s, when I spent a year there teaching English. Then only a decade or two out of prolonged isolation, the little kingdom seemed to invite the visitor to step back a few centuries. There was the pristine green of the Katmandu Valley, a shade more luminous than even that of English meadows. There were the street scenes that, set against a backdrop of medieval buildings, possessed the color and vitality of a Brueghel

painting. The air, a heady cocktail of wood smoke, incense and farmyard aromas, betokened adventure; and such was the visibility that come October and the retreat of monsoon clouds, the high ranges of the Himalayas materialized as a white wall of splendor.

   But to live in Nepal at this time was also to become sensitive to the squalor and backwardness that coexisted with its picture book quality. Crumbling brick houses whose carved wooden windows Q delicately filigreed, ornamented with a profusion of plant and animal life Q testified to proud traditions of craftsmanship might delight the visitor's eye but offered poor families scant protection against the winter chill.

   Disease was rife among malnourished people living in densely populated neighborhoods bereft of drainage and plumbing. In rural areas, many of the women, bright with printed cottons and beads, whom one saw trekking under leaden loads up mountain trails, had the hacking cough of the tubercular. This was a harsh, semifeudal society, ruled by an absolutist monarchy.

   In recent years, much has changed. Since 1990, Nepal has been a multiparty democracy ruled by a new constitution and a king who has become a constitutional figurehead. While mass poverty persists, a new political order premised on accountability has placed land reform as well as improved education, health and other services on the agenda.

   When I returned to Nepal recently, Katmandu, I soon discovered, was no longer a city of medieval tableaux; it had been overwhelmed by the unexceptional brick and concrete structures of unplanned urban growth. Entire neighborhoods were unrecognizable. The rustic route along which I had bicycled to the university 25 years earlier had lost to the developer its paddy fields and dozing farmsteads. There were no views of Himalayan grandeur; even the nearby foothills could barely be distinguished through the smog of dust, industrial waste and gasoline fumes.

   A quarter of a century ago, it was the drug-seeking counterculturist who came here in search of Xanadu. Then came the package tourists, including, in their legions, trekkers bound for the Annapurna circuit and the Everest trail. Today much of what survives of Katmandu's old bazaar area is given over to the provisioning of this clientele, from backpacks and sleeping bags to pizza, buffalo steaks and apple pie.

   For the visitor for whom Katmandu is not simply a place of passage, however, much of interest remains to be seen in its vicinity. Searching for the apparently lost world so vivid in my memory, my husband, my daughter, and I largely bypassed the capital, venturing to small towns within the Katmandu Valley, all of them easily reached by rented car.

   Our first foray was to Bhaktapur (also known as Bhadgaon), a 9-mile
(15-kilometer) drive east of Katmandu. Once the capital of an independent kingdom, this little town retains much of its medieval character, thanks largely to a 15-year, German-financed restoration and sanitation program that has shored up its ancient buildings and repaved its streets with herringbone brickwork. Bhaktapur's magnificent Durbar Square is bounded by the royal palace and by a sequence of pagoda-style Hindu temples; one turns from the intricate woodcarving of the ''Palace of 55 Windows'' to the artistic masterpiece that is the Sun Dhoka (Golden Gate), with its delicately worked mythological scenes. Dominating the square is the five-storied Nyatapola Temple, one of the country's tallest Hindu structures, whose sequential tiled roofs are supported by extravagantly carved and painted beams and struts.

   Less frequented by tourists than Bhaktapur is the hilltop town of Kirtipur, adjoining Tribhuvan University west of Katmandu. A couple of centuries ago, its strategic location and long tradition of independence encouraged the Gurkha conqueror Prithvi Narayan Shah to punish it with a singular atrocity: he ordered his troops to cut off the noses and lips of every male inhabitant.

   PARKING our vehicle in a little square framed by the royal palace and the Bagh Bhairab temple, we climbed to Kirtipur's western vantage point, the temple of Uma-Maheshwar commanding sweeping views of Katmandu and beyond. Then came a stroll through the township's medieval maze of alleys, lanes and squares. In one square a group of women worked at carpet making, banging flat the knots of a piece in progress.

   The village of Bungamati, a four-mile drive south of Katmandu, offers a window on everyday rural life in the Katmandu Valley. We came across a sequence of woodcarvers' workshops; the craftsmen offered articles for sale, but with none of the pressure associated with Katmandu or even Bhaktapur. We bought a representation of the Hindu elephant god, Ganesh, and a delicately wrought wall piece featuring a peacock.

   The second stage of our explorations included a visit to Tiger Tops, a resort and wildlife sanctuary in Nepal's Royal Chitwan National Park. Much of this southernmost strip of Nepal has been put to agricultural use, but stretches of its central and western portions have been preserved as wildlife sanctuaries comprising marshy grasslands and mixed deciduous forest. Of these, the Royal Chitwan Park is the oldest, most developed and most frequently visited. Our two-day stay at Tiger Tops Jungle Lodge was geared to our seeing as much as possible of the area's rich animal and bird life.

   Pokhara was our third Nepalese destination. As in Katmandu, the intervening quarter century had brought much tourist-oriented change. The meadows along Phewa Lake's southeastern shore had been transformed into the familiar mix of curios shops, travel agencies, trekking outfitters, pizza and pie shops and cheap boarding houses. Yet it seemed to me, during our two-day visit, that Pokhara had somehow retained its soul, had preserved its slow-paced rhythms and its reputation as a place of leisure and contemplation. Perhaps the weather helped. On the night of our arrival, heavy rain cleansed the air of springtime dust and haze. Early morning found guests hastening from their rooms to take in the resulting panorama. In the east, the soaring ramparts of Annapurna II and IV caught the sun's first rays.

   To the immediate north, Machhapuchhre (Fishtail Mountain) pushed its pyramid peak into the sky. In the west, Annapurna I and its companions continued the visual narrative, by turning blushing pink with the first touch of the sun.

   We rented a boat and spent two hours on the lake before breakfast. As we watched, a curtain of cloud formed low and then slowly but inexorably ascended; one by one, the great peaks were engulfed. By nine o'clock not a shadow remained of the early morning magnificence.

   Susan Ram, a British writer who has lived in India since 1976, wrote this for The New York Times.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 20, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 122 words

HEADLINE: nepali congress leader calls for cooperation

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 20; ITEM NO: 1020073

   nepali congress (nc) party leader and former prime minister girija prasad koirala said that the coalition government in nepal was a new experiment in the current political context and should be allowed to function for a full tenure. at a press conference held on thursday, koirala said although there were some differences within the coalition, he hoped that such problems would be resolved in the coming days with mutual understanding and cooperation between all concerned parties. the nepali coalition government was formed by the nepali congress, the national democratic party (rpp) and nepal goodwill party
(nsp) last month under nc leader sher bahadur deuba to replace the former communist government which lost in a no-

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 20, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 184 words

HEADLINE: hotel industry in nepal hails new policy in budget

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 20; ITEM NO: 1020077

   hotel industry in nepal has hailed a new government policy to allow private airlines to operate international flights in the country. in a statement issued here thursday, hotel association nepal (han) said that 80 percent tourists coming to this landlocked mountainous country travel by air and they face a shortage of airline seats. the "open sky policy" was spelled out in the new budget for the 1995-96 fiscal year, which began on july 16, presented recently to the parliament by the coalition government. private sector involvement in the operation of international flights in nepal could ease the tense situation of air travel to and from nepal and ensure more reliable service, the han statement said. the association also lauded the government's decision to set up a tourism promotion authority with private sector participation. tourism is one of major sources of revenue in this himalayan kingdom. according to the department of tourism, nepal earned 88.20 million us dollars from tourism in 1994 and has attracted nearly 150,000 foreign tourists in the first six months of this year.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 20, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 127 words

HEADLINE: uk grants agricultural aid to nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 20; ITEM NO: 1020215

   the british government has agreed to provide a grant assistance of 2.63 million pounds (4.19 million us dollars) to nepal for the agricultural research in hilly areas in the country. according to the ministry of finance, an agreement on the grant assistance between the two governments was signed here today by their representatives. the proposed grant would be used to cover the cost of continuing supports for two agriculture centers in west and east nepal respectively and provide technical assistance for the development of an integrated agricultural strategy in the country, the ministry said. part of the amount would also be used to strengthen the nepal agricultural research center
(narc) in kathmandu in the year beginning from july 1, 1995.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            OCTOBER 20, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 185 words

HEADLINE: nepal plans to clean up kathmandu

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 20; ITEM NO: 1020201

   the nepali government today announced a plan to resolve the long lingering problem of garbage pollution in kathmandu, capital of this himalayan kingdom. according to a press release by the ministry for local development, garbage pollution in the kathmandu valley, which comprises three municipalities, has been worsening since a foreign government stopped its cooperation on garbage management here two years ago and local people of a major dumping site near kathmandu refused more garbage to be dumped there. at a press conference held here today, minister for local development kamal thapa said the government had launched a clean-up plan with the objective to improve the cleanliness of the environment in kathmandu within one year. the government had found a new permanent dumping site for garbage from kathmandu and the preparation work on the site was underway, according to him. a special institution was to be set up under his ministry with participation of people from various sectors to monitor and coordinate the work relating to garbage transport and dumping sites management, thapa said.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.


***********************************************************************************************                            OCTOBER 19, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 155 words

HEADLINE: nepali communist party announces new policy

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 19; ITEM NO: 1019065

   the communist party of nepal (cpn-uml) has adopted a new policy of working together with other political forces in the country to attain its goals, a press release of the party said wednesday. a six-day meeting of the party's central committee ending tuesday decided to launch a nationwide campaign to preserve the country's achievements in nationalism, democracy and living standard. cpn-uml has become the main opposition in the parliament after its minority government was defeated in a no-confidence vote and replaced by a three-party coalition under nepali congress party leader sher bahadur deuba last month. a report on the fall of cpn-uml's nine-month rule and its future policy proposals were debated at the central committee meeting, said the press release. the meeting also made a reshuffle in the party's leadership and decided its list of candidates for five vacant seats in the upper house of the parliament.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          OCTOBER 18, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 229 words

HEADLINE: nepal's foreign trade deficit widens last year

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 18; ITEM NO: 1018097

    nepal's foreign trade deficit increased by a stunning 44.3 percent to about 882 million us dollars in the 1994-95 fiscal year, the newly released economic survey revealed. the worsening trade deficit was largely due to the decline in export and high growth in import, the survey said. according to the survey, the country's foreign trade has been expanding after the initiation of a market-oriented economic policy several years ago and previous governments had launched efforts to remove trade barriers in past few years. despite all measures to make nepalese goods competitive in the international market through various policy reforms, the negative trend in foreign trade still persists, the economic survey for the fiscal year ending on july 15 said. total foreign trade in the 1994-95 fiscal year rose 16.1 percent to 1.54 billion dollars compared with the previous year, while the import volume in the year increased 25 percent to 1.21 billion dollars. however, nepal's total export in the same year declined 7.7 percent to 331.5 million dollars, according to the survey. india accounted for 29 percent of nepal's total foreign trade last year, representing a 30.7 percent increase in trade volume, with nepal's imports from india up 16.4 percent. nepal's imports from third countries grew 29.4 percent while exports to them saw a decline of 13.6 percent.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          OCTOBER 18, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 130 words

HEADLINE: bangladesh, nepal resume transit trade

DATELINE: dhaka, october 18; ITEM NO: 1018111

   transit trade between bangladesh and nepal has been resumed since last saturday following a recently-signed tripartite agreement between the two countries and india, according to local reports. according to the agreement,
 nepal will use chittagong port, the largest of its kind in bangladesh, for its transit trade. the reports said that the government of bangladesh is ready to extend any cooperation in this regard to the landlocked nepal. nepal used port facilities in chittagong for transit trade from 1984-1990 and met its entire requirements for imported cement, sugar and fertilizer. after 1990,
 nepal shifted its transit route to calcutta, india, but then it found chittagong more viable for transit trade in terms of port dues, labor charges and railway freight.

                     Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                      October 17, 1995 01:30 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 560 words

HEADLINE: Nepal minister says budget development oriented

BYLINE: Kedar Man Singh


   Finance Minister Ram Sharan Mahat has described his 1.03-billion-dollar
(51.64-billion-rupee) budget as oriented towards development and investment, with an eye on rural welfare.

   Mahat presented the budget for the year ending mid-July 1996 at a joint session of parliament on Sunday.

   He allocated 576 million dollars for the development sector, with an accent on hydroelectric power, transportation, agriculture and industrial development as well as an accent on generating jobs in both rural and urban areas.

   About 62 percent of the budget is to come from foreign loans and grants.

   This is the first budget since a tripartite coalition government came to power on September 12, ousting the communists. The coalition is composed of the Nepali Congress, the rightist Rashtriya Prajatantra Party and the pro-India
 Nepal Sadbhavana Party.

   Mahat allocated 22.82 billion rupees for regular expenditure, including salaries, pensions, gratuities of soldiers, police, civil servants and others.

   He posted a deficit of 289.6 million dollars of which 245.6 million dollars is to be bridged through foreign loans and the remaining 44 million dollars through domestic borrowings and sale of treasury bills and development bonds.

   Over the next nine months, he hopes to collect 743.3 million dollars through customs, taxes, and excise duties, mountaineering royalties and land and house tax.

   He abolished the much-criticized property tax which had annoyed the upper-middle class, but introduced house and land taxes instead. Property tax was levied on all possessions, including household goods, jewellery, vehicles, bank accounts as well as real estate and land.

   Mahat told journalists Monday the main objective of the budget was to introduce economic discipline.

   The current budget allocations were 24.9 million dollars lower than those proposed by the previous communist government on July 11, Mahat noted.

   The communist budget had been criticized by economists and politicians who described it as "distribution-oriented" and populist.

   "Foreign exchange reserves were nearly 35 billion rupees when the communists took power in November last year, but after 10 months it was reduced to 30 billion," Mahat said.

   Expenditure increased by 43 percent during the communist regime, he said.

   He conceded that his own proposals were also "distribution-oriented or populist."

******************************************************** Date: Sun, 22 Oct 1995 22:35:55 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 19, 1995 (6 Kartik 2052 BkSm) To: The Nepal Digest <>

Answeres on ag+for university

This is in reference to Padma Sharma's several queries on my invitation to discuss the ag+for university in relation to its promise and implications for the nepalese environment and economy.

"Progress" on agriculture or forestry in the last 40 years after Nepal started on the great path of development has meant the following:

1. More jobs for the historically well off feudal landlords who have little interest in agriculture productivity. For detailed reference to complement one's own experience, I may ask you to see the illustrative examples of the agriculture bureaucracy produced in part by the nepal ag colleges: these "technicicans" have no intention of getting theri hand dirty but just to get jobs, some access to govt ghus, and foreign studies and some lucrative consultancy in dor bahadur bista, "Fatalism and Development". This is the overwhelming pattern and notable exceptions are at an insignificant scale to make any difference. The new ag+for university shows no promise of altering this path.

2. The committment to the techno-fix approach of tractors and irrigation and high yeild exotics in ag as well as plantatin forestry has been criticised and discredited as a green-revolution method for many of the countries it has been introduced including Nepal. There has been some effort to soften this image with some add-on social science dimensions in the recent past. As Sabine hausler explained in her critique of community forestry in Nepal, the whole setup is am import of Western knowledge-power regimes whose express ideological purpose is hide political problems of inequity into sociotechnical problems amenable to scientific solutions. Any insider of Rampur, as padma Sharma himself, or foresry campus or ag+for ministries will readily admit that these are hotbeds of politics, not cool, dispassionate science technologgy. Imagining that these old wine in new institutional sheepskins would amount to progress, increase in agriculture productivity or environmental amelioration is a daydream I would like to believe,

Please padma ji, convince me that this time it will be different, thanks


************************************************************* Date: Mon, 23 Oct 1995 00:24:11 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: "Aankha tari mar.." Mahat Fails To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <>

   By Pratap Chatterjee
   WASHINGTON, Oct 21 (IPS) - The World Bank is expected to refuse a
   second request by the Nepali government to lend money for a
   hydro-electric dam project in a remote part of the Himalayan
   The proposed 764-million-dollar, 201-megawatt Arun III project has
   been the subject of much debate at the Bank since Nepali activist
   groups appealed to the Banks newly-formed inspection panel last year
   to investigate allged violations of environmental guidelines in the
   project design.
   Last week Ram Sharan Mahat, Nepals new finance minister, met with Bank
   President James Wolfensohn here at the annual meetings of the Bank and
   the International Monetary Fund met with little success in his effort
   to revive the scheme.
   Two months ago, Wolfensohn telephoned the Nepali prime minister to
   tell him of his personal decision to cancel a proposed
   175-million-dollar loan for the project just before the nine-month-old
   government of the country was dissolved. Wolfensohn said the project
   was too ambitious for Nepals small economy.
   There is no reconsideration of the Arun III project. We have told the
   government we are happy to look at the whole power sector in Nepal.
   Ive told them that I am personally committed to help with their power
   needs, Wolfensohn told journalists at a press conference Friday.
   I am aware that this government came into power, at least in part, on
   an Arun plank. If I had been elected on that plank I would come to
   Washington and I would say, I want to have the dam reconsidered.
   I have not responded (to the request), other than to say that Im going
   to look at the whole power sector and I believe my decision on Arun
   was correct, he added.
   Currently only 12 percent of Nepals 20 million people have
   electricity. The kingdom can generate 241 megawatts, less than its
   peak need of 244 megawatts. The shortfall is met through regular power
   cuts which are expected to increase as Nepals energy consumption is
   growing by 10 percent a year. The Arun dam project was condemned by
   activists because of the possible environmental impact of a proposed
   122-km access road that was to be built in the valley to the dam site.
   Anti-dam activists say the valley has one of the few pristine forests
   left in the Himalayas. It is inhabited by 450,000 people from 10
   indigenous groups whose traditional ways of life were at risk due to
   the expected influx of outsiders via the road.
   The Arun projects cancellation came just before the publication of a
   similar report by the Banks inspection panel. Its 11-month
   investigation, completed in June concluded that the Bank failed to
   observe in substance the policy requirements for ..... resettlement,
   according to internal documents.
   Richard Bissell and Alvaro Umana, two of the three panel members,
   travelled to Nepal to meet with local people in the towns of Amrang,
   Num, Chhyangkuti, Khandbari, Tumlingtar and Chewabesi.
   The people of Tumlingtar told the inspectors their pleas for
   compensation for land seized by the government had been ignored. Jobs
   that should have been provided for affected families also failed to
   The panel pointed out that the Bank itself had convened earlier this
   year a panel of experts to look into the risks to the dam posed by
   glacial lake outbursto. That was six months after the complaint was
   first submitted. Activists argued this problem should have been
   covered in the original design. The experts concluded the risks were
   The panel also found that the Bank had yet to implement a regional
   environmental action plan which Bank staff said was integral to
   preparations for the project.
***************************************************************** To: <> From: Gautam Raj Manandhar <> Subject: Looking for Deepak Pant

The Editor,Nepal Digest:

I am trying to get in touch with a friend of mine in Australia. I would appreciate it if you could include this letter in the next issue of the TND.

Searching for Deepal Pant, St. Xaiver's, Class of 1971. Presently believed to be a professor in physics ( or math) in one of the Australian universities. If anyone knows about his whereabouts, I would appreciate the info.

Deepak, if you are reading this, give me a buzz or email me. My telephone number (510) 235-4545, California.

Gautam Raj Manandhar, St. Xavier's, Class of 1971.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 23 Oct 1995 15:58:42 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: Looking for an article on soil fertility in Nepal From: (Anil Shrestha)

Can anybody provide me information on where to find the following article?
"Maintaining soil fertility under increasing land use pressure in the Middle Mountains of Nepal". 1994 by H. Schreier et. al Any leads will be highly appreciated.

Thanks Anil

********************************************************** Date: Mon, 23 Oct 1995 16:04:19 -0400 (EDT) To: Subject: News from Nepal From: (Sunil Shakya)

"Political disaster if coalition doesn't last long" Manmohan Adhikari

Source: The Independent, Sept. 27, 1995

It is not the best of times for former Prime Minister Manmohan Adhikari
(74). As he recuperates from injuries sustained during the August 14 helicopter fall, he finds himself fallen from power, the second Prime Minister in Nepal's political history to lose a no-confidence vote. Speculation about his actual state of health and worse, his moral stature, has only rubbed salt into his wounds. In a political career which has seen it all, the latest events may prove too much to stomach. What exactly is Manmohan Adhikari's state of mind? How does the former PM feel physically and politically? The Independent's Achyut Wagle found his man in a hospital bed September 24. Excerpts from the exclusive interview:

Q. How is your health now?

A. I feel that I am recovering very fast, though doctors have advised not to exert myself much. The CT-scan is scheduled for the coming Thursday (September 28), and after that, I may have to have a little exercise by way of walking. Then they may allow me out of the hospital. I should say I am quite normal.

Q. How do you view the recent political developments?

A. Everybody knows that the minority CPN-UML government formed under article 42 (2) has been replaced by a coalition under article 42(1). The verdict of the SC and other things are now history, and this government has been formed constitutionally. As a responsible political force, we will have to wait to evaluate their performance. What I didn't like was that the parties now in power were so restless to grab power. Despite

 our good performance and overwhelming public response, we could not even bring one full-fledged budget or programs to the country. What has happened may be left to be judged by history. Now the new government has been sworn in and started its job. We are ready to cooperate with them. My gravest concern is that, if this government also cannot function properly, Nepal will not have a democratic future.

Q. Your party challenged the SC verdict and some of your high-ranking party leaders tried to portray it as an outcome of "outside pressure." What have you to say about this?

A. It is clear that we have accepted the SC verdict, so we faced the no-confidence motion and agreed to sit in the opposition benches. But that does not mean we're content with it. Even among the judges, there are two versions of interpretation, and we feel that the minority decision of three member-judges was the correct one. As far as the issue of outside pressure is concerned, it is an unhealthy practice, an outcome of feudalistic mentality. Even if it is done at all by our party member, I am totally against it. Whatever developments have taken place in our country are strictly our internal matter. No other, friendly country's name should be dragged into it. That will, on the one hand, affect Nepal's cordial relations with other countries. On the other, it will undermine the credibility and efficiency of our constitutional institutions.

Q. Though your criticism of the present government seems subdued, other leaders of your party are labeling it an unholy alliance.

A. I am convinced that Nepal needs political stability to provide the people a sense of security and ameliorate their hardships. Therefore, the coalition should be given reasonable time to prove that they're heading in that direction. That will help consolidate democracy. At the same time, considering the severe infighting in all these parties, many difficulties may crop up by the time the present government takes shape. Besides, instead of coming up with facts and figures on what we have done in the last nine months, they are just alleging our programs were populist. I am ready to accept them as mistaken if they've any proof to validate their allegations.

Q. It was rumored that you were in favor of resigning as PM as soon as the court reinstated the Lower House, but your party stifled you and made you face the no-trust motion. Is that true?

A. That is a fabricated statement. Why should I resign as soon as I hear about a no-confidence motion? It is my right to face it and I wanted to be physically present in the House. At least I had to use the opportunity to make clarifications about the opposition's allegations. My doctor did not allow me to go out of my hospital cabin, and I must thank the Speaker for the arrangements made for me to address the House on television. Whatever I am doing is as dictated by my conscience. There is no question of undue pressure from any quarter.

Q. On the one hand you say you've accepted the SC verdict. On the other, your party is trying to move an impeachment motion against the SC judges on the basis of that verdict. Aren't you contradicting yourself?

A. If we had not accepted that, this government could not have been formed. At the same time, if you scrutinize the verdict, you will find that it has gone beyond constitutional interpretation, encroaching into the political domain. It has also rejected a set precedent (the one of last year). For this reason, our party wanted to impeach Chief Justice Bishwanath Upadhyaya, questioning his integrity and effectiveness. The other Judge, Surendra Prasad Singh, has been in constant controversy regarding his age. It is unfortunate for the nation's judiciary that it has invited controversy on such a trivial issue. Therefore, we wanted to impeach them on the grounds of substantive evidence. Moreover, impeachment is a special prerogative of one-fourth of the members of the sovereign parliament. It is most unfortunate that the Speaker is trying to suppress this constitutional right of parliamentarians by placing obstacles in the path of bringing the issue up for debate in the House. The whole problem lies in the fact that Ramchandra Poudel is acting as a Nepali Congress spokesman rather than a Speaker. This has infuriated other parties in the coalition, I believe. You may have read a recent interview of Deputy Speaker Ram Bilas Yadav, which appeared in a vernacular weekly, in which he has said it was the Speaker's personal decision, and did not comply with existing legal provisions.

Q. You talked about the special prerogative of one-fourth of the members of the House regarding impeachment, but the impeachment is directed at the SC verdict, which recognized the prerogative of the same ratio of MPs to demand a special session. Isn't that self-contradictory?

A. The two issues should not be confused wit each other. The court recognized their right to demand a special session and, in that spirit, reinstated the parliament. But now the Speaker is trying to sabotage a similar right. It would be good for Poudel to be impartial in dealing with such sensitive issues.

Q. Given your health condition, maybe there is a sort of media hype on about changing the CPN-UML's parliamentary party leader. Are you going to vacate that position?

A. During my two months in hospital, I developed the impression that the Nepali press is rumor-based. I even read some write-ups that I intentionally wanted to prolong my hospital stay so that I could avoid facing the no-confidence motion for some more time. I don't find even a pinch of morality or empathy in those write-ups. They did not even want to check their facts or the situation. This rumor about changing the parliamentary party leader may have also been spread along the same lines. For now, I don't think a change is necessary. After a few months, I hope I will be all right. There are many competent leaders in our party who can take care of everything in my absence, which they've been doing.

Q. You talked about infighting in other parties, but it seems your party is no different. Pradeep Nepal and CP Mainali are lashing out at each other blatantly. The party seems on the verge of a split.

A. As the CPN-UML is a large institution, it is but natural that differences of opinion may exist. Freedom of expression is everyone's right. As far as giving an official statement on an issue is concerned, I have to do so as party President, or it is the job of Madhav Kumar Nepal, the General Secretary elected according to our party constitution. The CPN-UML will not split, I assure you.

Q. How long do you think this coalition government will last?

A. Have wished them success and I've already told you Nepal may face a political disaster if this government cannot function for a reasonably long time. I also hope this government will do a good job and not dismantle the foundations of development laid by our government, particularly in the villages. From the bottom of my heart, I wish them success and hope they will be sincerely dedicated to this poor nation's cause.

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