The Nepal Digest - Oct 18, 1998 (2 Kartik 2055 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Sunday Oct 18, 1998: Kartik 2 2055BS: Year7 Volume79 Issue3

           **** HAPPY DIPAWALI TO ALL TND FAMILY MEMBERS! ****

Today's Topics (partial list):

     The Unequal Race
     TND Foundation and The Nepal Digest
     Kura Kani - Socio cultural issues
     Please help Australian Medical Student
     Racism : From the Nepalese to the Global Context(V)
     Senior Project
     Flat/house to rent
 
 ******************************************************************************
 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
 * -------------------------------------- *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest: General Information tnd@nepal.org *
 * Chief Editor: Rajpal JP Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * (Open Position) *
 * Editorial Columnist: Pramod K. Mishra pkm@acpub.duke.edu *
 * Sports Correspondent: Avinaya Rana avinayar@touro.edu *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Australia Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Dr. Krishna B. Hamal HamalK@dist.gov.au *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Canada Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Anil Shrestha SHRESTHA@CROP.UOGUELPH.CA *
 * SCN Correspondent: Open Position *
 * *
 * TND Archives: http://library.wustl.edu/~listmgr/tnd/ *
 * TND Foundation: http://www.nepal.org tnd@nepal.org *
 * WebSlingers: Pradeep Bista,Naresh Kattel,Robin Rajbhandari *
 * Rabi Tripathi, Prakash Bista tnd@nepal.org *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************
****************************************************************** Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 18:29:50 -0400 Forwarded by: sthapa <sthapa@cloud9.net> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: The Unequal Race

The Unequal Race
----------------

Author: Rita Thapa (Founder, TEWA) http://www.catmando.com/npo/tewa/tewa.htm

At the starting line, I know The race is lost Yet I have no option, but To get set and run For survival now, And a future that I strive to give To the women of tomorrow.

My anklets are chains of household chores My back bends heavy with fuel and fodder My neck bowed low with family honor And I wear a dark veil of insecurity Trimmed with the 'lack of confidence' lace Yet I choose to run this race of inequality.

But what I detest and abhor Is when they take me for a fool, and think
'She is where she is by birth and choice' Sorry Sirs, this I refuse to buy With a rebound, 'that in order to suit your interests, Over ages you have kept me confined.

Therefore, I choose to run this race And must continue to forge ahead In an effort to shed all unnecessary trappings That T I M E has well imbibed, To make a breakthrough - for the lot of womankind Of now, and many more who will yet arise.

This race, though unfair Will initiate at its wake A marathon that will go on, until I can stand tall and free And race to victory or else Truly congratulate the winner For he won and equal race.

**************************************************************** Date: October 12, 1998 From: <nomadrj@netscape.net> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: TND Foundation and The Nepal Digest

Following are the texts from an interview of Rajpal J. Singh - TND Foundation and The Nepal Digest founder, taken by Rama Parajuli and Dr. Pratyoush Onta, which was published in the following magazins:
"Face to Face", January 1998 issue
"Kosheli", published by Kantipur Nepal
"Sunday Post" published by Kathmandu Post

----------------------------------------------

1) How did TND begin and when?

   Back in 1991 and 1992, I served as the Chief Editor, to then, monthly
   newsletter "The Viewpoints", a publication of Association of Nepalis
   in Midwest America (ANMA). There were so many interesting news clips,
   views, discussions and articles that I wanted to include, it was simply
   not possible economically to print them all on the paper media. My other
   fulltime commitments were not allowing me to spend the amount of time
   I wanted to volunteer, for this hobby of mine, if you will. Also there
   was this wonderful euphoria after the people's movement and democracy
   that I felt all the Nepalis from all corners of the world had to have had
   something to say and they certainly needed to be heard.

   So I started looking for ways to bring the voices of Nepalis and
   friends of Nepal to a united common platform, and the sciences of information
   and telecommunication provided just that. Hence in April 1992, the
   first issue of "The Nepal Digest" (TND) was born.
 

2) What was the original format like and the number of subscribers?

   It was a very simple typeset format: 80 columns of ASCII text format
   with approximately 1200 lines which in computer disk space is approx 50K.
   This was a nice file size that most of the internet mail programs could
   handle. It also provided me with enough materials to publish
   "The Nepal Digest" (TND) twice a week, which reflecting back now,
   was quite a lofty and optimistic ambition, I think. It started
   with 25 subscribers, but the request for new subscriptions poured in daily,
   sometimes in overwhelming numbers. We still get about 15 to 30
   new subscrivers every month today.

3) How frequent is it now?

   It was twice or at least once a week consistantly throught out
   the years in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995. Recently, in 1996 and 1997, it has
   been about twice a month, sometimes 3 times a month. Part of the decrease
   in the frequency is due to my limited time divided between TND Foundation
   activities and the digest publication. Our goal is to make TND a
   a weekly event.

4) Can you say something about the growth in the number of people who get
   TND?

   We keep an active list of 1200 subscribers in our database. This is
   direct e-mail list. Due to new subscription and old account deletions
   at the subscriber's mail-server, this number ranges anywhere from 1100
   to 1250.

   However, it is difficult to count how many people read the digest
   direcly from TND Foundation website at http://www.nepal.org. In 1996,
   TND Foundation website logged 1.2 million hits. In summary, you
   can see that its only growing.

   5) Also about the transformations that have taken place in its contents,
    esp after Nepali newspapers started appearing in WWW after Sept 1995?

    Before the explosion of the web, the digest contained a 50/50 mix of
    news and views. Now my guess would be that about 20 percent is news and
    80 percent is discussions, thoughts, poems, articles
    and some free advertisements.

6) How is this e-magazine supported? Financially? Editorially?

    The support for the e-magazine comes from "subscriver and viewers
    like yourselves". In the beginning, it was merely my time. Once
    the TND Foundation was established as a non-profit organization,
    members sent in tax-deductivble donations voluntarily, myself included.
    Bulk of the expenses are for the TND Foundaiton website http://www.nepal.org
    which I contribute for the most part. I hope to change this equation
    via collective fund-rasing efforts through the foundation in the future.

    There has been help in the editorial efforts in the past. Thanks
    to Ashutosh Tiwari, Rajesh Shrestha, Padam Sharma and many others
    who volunteered their time during my month long absence in 1993.
    Currently, we are looking for individuals who are interested in
    the editor position. Anybody is welcome who has access to internet,
    really! In the meantime, I have been acting as the default editor.

7) What has been the single most 'success' of TND over the years? and its
   shrotcomings?

    Personally, I feel that every issue is a success. It gives me
    gratification that with every single issue of TND, we collectively
    push for free voices and free thoughts to be heard in Nepal and
    around the world. If I were to quantify a single most successful
    event, perhaps it would have to be the first fund-rasing for the
    flood victives in 1993. It was a fulfulling feeling for all the
    members worldwide. The money has handed personally to Nepal Red Cross.

    Other success includes but aren't limited to Arun III "against" petition
    drive and many others which I can't remember right now but I would have
    look into the TND archives.

    I must admit, there are few number of shortcomings too. On of them
    is not being able to publish it weekly, lack of complete headlines
    in each issue and inability to afford its own news correspondent in
    Nepal. We are determined to change this, at least in our hearts.

8) What other activities is the TND Foundation engaged in (in addition to the
   e-magazine)?

   There are 3 main activities the foundation is engaged in: first - the
   e-magazine (The Nepal Digest), second - electronic information center
   on the websites: www.nepal.org, www.himalaya.org and www.gurkhas.org,
   third - resource activities center, which include facilitating volunteering
   services to interested individuals through foundaiton itself and other
   interested organizations (we have done quite a few in the past 2 years),
   and assist and/or lead in efforts to provide access to first and second
   points mentioned above to 14 zones and 75 districtis in Nepal. We are still
   exploring ways how to achieve this task.
  
  9) And what are its future plans?

   We have just opened TND Foundaiton Australia and Canada chapters.
   Thanks to Dr. Krishna Bahadur Hamal and Anil Shrestha who have taken
   the initiatives to execute as Co-ordinating Directors for the respective
   countries. We are looking for volunteers to start chapters in
   Nepal, India, Bangkok, Japan, Germany, UK, Hong-Kong, Middle east and
   other countries where sizable concentration of Nepali communities exist.

   The entire focus here is to make Nepal and Nepali causes and interests
   sharply visible in the eyes of our(Nepali) and the world community. To
   achieve this we are trying to engage ourselves in activities such as:
   dissemination of tangible hardware as well as information materials and
   people skills in the areas of high-technology, education, economy,
   health and environmental related projects in Nepal as a foundation service,
   initiate, assist and manage not-for-profit projects in Nepal in the areas
   as identified on a need basis, and assist and mobilize not-for-profit
   organization in Nepal and worldwide to achieve Foundation objectives.

   Clearly, these activities are highly ambitious one. We all know its an
   impossible task for the foundation alone to be able to achieve. Hence,
   we need more committed people, organizations - NGOs and governmental both,
   to start seeing some success. We only have so much cycles during the day
   since all of us involved are doing this on a voluntary basis. Perhaps,
   with more committed people and financial resources through fund raising
   efforts, this voluntary exercise can turn into a full-time organization.
   Thats what we all want - This is what I would like to see happen.
   
    10) Any other comments?

   On behalf of "The Nepal Digest (TND)" and "TND Foundation", I would like
   to thank you, the editorial staff and the publishers for this KURAKANI.
   We also would like to appreciate the support our worldwide members have
   extended.

   We hope that TND can be accessible to 14 zones and 75 disctricts in Nepal
   very soon so that not only the privelidged few but the common man can
   raise the free voice to be heard among his netizens. We ask for
   everybody's support, NGOs, private citizens and govertment alike, to
   help us in this worthwhile effort. Nepal ko jai hos!

****************************************************************** Date: 14 Oct 1998 12:20:05 -0700 From: Shambhu K Lama <Shambhu.K.Lama@ncal.kaiperm.org> To: <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Kura Kani - Socio cultural issues

The Kura kani on socio cultural issues has dragged on quite a bit. Let me drag a little bit more.

The initial argument given by Bipulendu Narayan Singh supporting the idea of making Nepal &a secular country8 and his subsequent explanation triggered mainly by hostile criticism from the readers manifests nothing but a lack of fuller maturity in his argument. First, he made a very strong and sensitive statement suggesting that Nepal should remain a Hindu Kingdom; and later tried to escape from and/or defend it by explaining that &Hinduism is just a way of life (not a religion) ) a way of life that is based on tolerance and is guided only by its concern for truth.8 There you go ! Trying to integrate Hinduism and suggesting that it is the only way of life ) way of life for Nepal as the nation, that is based on tolerance and truth is indeed preaching the supremacy. He tries to justify further saying he is not talking about Hindu as a religion (as understood by most people), but as the trait of tolerance one should adopt as a way of life. This is a very very subtle and the shrewd way of putting forth his supremacy approach and attitude. I agree with Paramendra Bhagat that he has to use another term that explicitly explains what he really wanted to mean.

The general mass do not keep track of how he defines Hinduism, but do understand the generally accepted notion of what Hinduism is. If he uses the term that is understood by the general mass such as Hindu Kingdom, any layman would understand that he is preaching for secular state. And if he tries to defend it later, triggered mainly by counter arguments, by giving a false and subtle(..I insist subtle (.explanation, I instantly see in it a 'hypocrisy'.

Talking of tolerance, all the religions on earth preach for tolerance and the truth as equally, if not more, as Hinduism. So, we don,t necessarily have to follow Hinduism, nor any other specific religion for that matter, to adopt tolerance and truth in our way of life. By the same argument, it does not and should not matter which religion do we adopt as long as we all care for the ultimate truth which is the same for all human beings. With this view in mind, I had always appreciated, when I was given to read in my school days - Nepal Dharmik Sahisnuta Ko Rastra Ho (for our non-nepali readers: Nepal is a state of religious tolerance). And as I came to know in later years, I was so proud to be a nepalese where there has never been a history of religious war, where there has never been a war on whether we should build a Mandir or a masjid or a Gumba. I have always detested fundamentalism in religion and hated the cruel reality of what happened to the humanity(..in the name of religion. in no rthern India during early 90s. I hated the fanatic public outpours in Bangladesh that Najima Tasrin,s &Lajja8 caused, and the similar outbursts among muslim fellow beings that Salman Rushdie,s :Satanic Verses did. We are proud nepalese that we and our forefathers have never dehumanized themselves in the name of the humanity and religion. We have always lived together and will always do so.

Finally, I quote what actually came in the previous issue of TND:

&Our greatest duty in this life is to help others. And please, if you can,t help them could you at least not hurt them ?8
       - The Dalai Lama

*************************************************************** Date: Wed, 02 Sep 1998 20:08:51 +1000 To: <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: "Luke Kenfield" <endetech@geelong.hotkey.net.au> Subject: please help Australian Medical Student

Greetings from Australia,

I am not sure if this will reach you, so I will make this first message short. I am trying to get in touch with someone at a hospital in patan, namche or lukla. Could you please help, I am wanting to do some voluntary work there. Please send e-mail addresses preferably.

thankyou,

christian kenfield ckenfield@hotmail.com

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Wed, 14 Oct 98 22:56:13 EST From: "Paramendra Bhagat" <Paramendra_Bhagat@smtpgtwy.berea.edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Racism : From the Nepalese to the Global Context(V)

Racism : From the Nepalese to the Global Context(V)

http://www.antiracist.com/events/lawhate.html

    -the radio provisions that were used as the basis for the prosecution of a radio station in St. John, New Brunswick where one of the white supremacist proponents was on a "talk back" radio call-in show. We successfully prosecuted the radio station under those provisions of the Broadcasting Act. The Canada Post Corporation Act also allows the Minister responsible for Canada Post to prohibit the delivery of mail to, or from someone, who has used the mail to commit an offence.

    -As I am sure you are aware, most provincial human rights statues prohibit the publication of representations or symbols which promote discrimination in employment, or the provision of goods, services or accommodations. As I mentioned earlier, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms also contains certain protections against racism and hate propaganda.
    -Under the Charter, however, all government actions and decisions are open to challenge in the courts.
    -our legal system is, and must be, the societal institution which strives to ensure and provide for the fair and equitable treatment of all Canadians, regardless of their Ethno-cultural origins. One of the priorities of the Ministry of Justice is to promote the notion of inclusive justice. An inclusive justice system is one that is responsive to the needs of all Canadians and reflects the realities of women, children, aboriginal people, visible minorities, persons with disabilities and other disadvantaged persons or groups. In order to ensure that the justice system is responsive to all Canadians, the Federal Department of Justice has undertaken a number of specific steps. With respect to criminal law, the Federal and Provincial Departments of Justice are examining the ability of the Criminal Code to deal with hate propaganda to determine whether amendments are possible and indeed desirable.
    -find ways to enhance the sensitivity of the justice system actors to concerns of visible minorities. In light of this, we are involved in a number of activities such as supporting the Canadian Judicial Centre and the Western Judicial Education Centre in their efforts to provide judges with opportunities to sensitize themselves to the cultural differences of minority groups.
    -assure that visible minorities are represented at all levels of employment within the Department of Justice, and that awareness training concerning multiculturalism is being provided to all managers.
    -All Canadians should enjoy uninhibited access to the justice system. This includes legal assistance, victim witness services and recourse to the courts and other legal mechanisms for redress and the resolution of disputes. Recently, the Canadian justice system and the criminal justice system has come under increasing criticism for failing to treat members of some ethno-cultural communities fairly.
    -identify and review issues related to multiculturalism and criminal justice and to recommend ways in which the criminal justice system can better provide fair and equitable treatment of members of all the ethno-cultural communities in Canada.
    -policies and programs cannot act alone. We need the help and support of the Canadian people in all facets of their personal and professional lives. This involves a change in attitude from a lack of understanding to an appreciation of our multicultural heritage. We have to learn to respect beliefs and customs that may be quite different from our own and to value the skills and abilities which ethnic minority group members have to offer.

    -the need for legislation to protect visible minorities and, as a result, the federal government enacted hate legislation in 1970. In examining the hate propaganda and genocide sections of the Crimminal Code, it is important to understand that not every group is protected. In fact, only four groups who are protected - those identifiable on the basis of their race, colour, religious affiliation or ethnic background. So, there is no specific legislation dealing with hate propaganda against one gender or the other, or individuals of a particular sexual orientation.

    -In my opinion the term 'hatred' connotes emotion of an intense and extreme nature that is clearly associated with vilification and detestation.
    -Hatred is not a word of careful connotation. To promote hatred is to instil detestation, enmity, ill will and malevolence in another. Clearly an expression must go a long way before it qualifies within that definition. In considering what is covered by the hate propaganda section, of the Criminal Code one must keep these definitions in mind.

    -is it possible to outlaw, not just the acts of racism, but the actual organization of racist groups. The question is in the context that racist groups constitute hate groups and they are outside the civil definition of the right of people to organize politically to voice their concerns about civil society. My second question has to deal with the protection of informants and racially motivated killings such as the killing of Leo LeChance in Saskatchewan. Can the protection of informants by the RCMP be circumvented if there is a case of racially motivated killing? Is informing a political act of the RCMP for their own internal politics, or is it just an objective law that can be broken.

    -it is possible to have a law, but it would be a very difficult law to defend.
    -the reason Black people came to be in the "New World" and by virtue of the non-relenting persecution and oppression of Black people wherever they are found,
    -the psychological and economic fallout of racism.
    -wherever there is counselling or legal advice, racism is not a category that is dealt with. We have had to come together because we have had our families, our men, our children destroyed through this phenomenon called racism.
    -Although prejudice and hatred cannot be legislated or prosecuted out of existence, there is a growing awareness that the government can do more to address directly the far-reaching implications of crimes that are prompted by bigotry. Almost every state has adopted some kind of legislation aimed at deterring and addressing violence motivated by racial or racist hatred. The 1986
"Report of the Racial, Ethnic and Religious Crimes" of the California Department of Justice defined hate crimes as any act causing physical injury, emotional suffering or property damage which appears to be motivated all or in part by race, ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation. A report completed for the Justice Department's National Institute of Justice in October, 1987 stated; "The most frequent victims of hate violence today are Blacks, Hispanics, Southeast Asians, Jews and Gays and Lesbians." The Report noted verbal intimidation, assault and vandalism as the most commonly reported crimes of violence.
    -crimes motivated by bias can have an especially devastating emotional and psychological impact on the victim and the victim's community. They can also lead to the intimidation of others in the victim's community, causing them to feel isolated, vulnerable and unprotected by the law. By making members of minority groups fearful, angry and suspicious, these incidents can damage the fabric of our society.
    -A failure to recognize and effectively address racism can cause an isolated incident to fester and explode into widespread community tension, perhaps leading to an escalating cycle of reprisals. This is especially true if the targeted group perceives that law enforcement officials are not taking their concerns seriously.
    -The damage done by biased crimes cannot be measured solely in terms of physical injuries or by dollars and cents. As a result of the above findings, some 33 states in the U.S.A. now have some form of institutional vandalism statutes. Thirty one states have enacted intimidation or harassment statutes including interference with religious worship and cross-burning statutes.
    -how important it is to criminalize acts of racism.
    -in Florida. Two 15 year old boys were charged with criminal mischief under Florida's recently enacted Hate Crimes Law after reportedly spray painting swastikas and anti-Semitic slurs on the driveways of two Jewish family homes on the night of Halloween.
    -In Illinois, a 39 year old white male was charged with institutional vandalism under the Illinois statute. The man was arrested for shooting ballbearings into a building housing the Association of the Jewish Blind in Chicago. The suspect who wielded a sophisticated, high-powered slingshot apologized to the police officer who apprehended him after hitting his squad car with one of the projectiles, explaining that his real target was Jews who he blamed for causing problems in his home town.
    -Michigan. An 18 year old neo-Nazi skinhead was found guilty under Michigan's recently enacted Ethnic Intimidation Law. The man pleaded guilty after he was charged with taunting a racially mixed group outside a 7-11 store. He was sentenced to nine months in jail and ordered to apologize to his victims.
    -In Ohio a 52 year old man was sentenced to 18 months in prison for threatening a Black couple. The couple was camping in a state park one summer when the man, reportedly carrying a gun, told them, "We are going to kill the f-
-king niggers". The man was charged with aggravated menacing under Ohio's Ethnic Intimidation Statute, which increased the charge from a first degree misdemeanour to a fourth degree felony. .................It seems to me that it is effective to criminalize racism.
    -effectively outlaw offensive racist acts.
    -the case of two young men who had seriously injured a brown-skinned Tasmanian man in a subway station. The accused men had insulted a Black subway guard, and referred to the Tasmanian as a Paki. The Tasmanian man was then beaten and pushed onto the subway tracks. His legs were severely fractured and he required hospitalization for months. The trial judge ruled that the racist nature of the attack was not to be taken into consideration in determining sentence and the accused men were given sentences of only 16 to 20 months. On appeal, the Ontario Court of Appeal ruled that the trial judge erred in not taking into account the racist motivation behind the offence and significantly increased the sentences, stating that: An assault which is racially motivated renders the offence more heinous. Such assaults invite imitation and repetition by others, and invite retaliation. The danger is even greater in a multicultural, pluralistic, urban society. The sentence imposed must be one which expressed the public abhorrence of such conduct, and their refusal to countenance it.

    -courts are reluctant to take racial motivation into account. But judges must understand the implications of racially motivated crimes in the new Canadian reality and bring the full force of the law to bear on the perpetrators.
    -racist violence and vandalism are seldom raised before the court because many minority individuals report that their complaint looses credibility. Added to this, of course, are the alarming reports of racial violence and bias by police officers in dealing with visible minorities and Aboriginal peoples. Surely, these are crimes with racial motivation as a factor and must be treated accordingly.
    -One of the most important things for judges and other law enforcement officials is the necessity of being in touch with the realities of the community under attack and the problems relating to the criminal process which plagues that community. Unless they are aware of the problems facing ethnic and religious minorities, they are unlikely to treat with any amount of seriousness, the claims of minorities that are particular victims of a certain evil within society An example of such evil is the upsurge of hate groups and hate propaganda in Canada.
    -In the 1960's, there was a steady stream of anti-Semitic and anti-Black hate propaganda in Canada, especially in Ontario and Quebec. This gave way to an increasingly organized effort in the promotion of hatred against an identifiable group from the 1970s to date. Under the leadership of such groups as Edmond Burke Society, Canada experienced a revival in hate group activity which, from time to time, continues to be seen. The Klan was implicated in the attacks on Mohawk peoples at Oka, Quebec. As recently as the summer of 1991, the Klan distributed propaganda in some Montreal schools, and their newspaper in Quebec eastern townships. As well, in the 1970s and 1980s, branches of U.S. based, extremist right wing organizations, such as the Aryan Nations, developed in Canada. In the 1980s racist skinheads took up the cause of their racist compatriots and were implicated, and, in a number of cases, convicted of racially motivated acts of violence.
    -the International Convention for the Elimination on All Forms of Racial Discrimination which states: Parties shall condemn all propaganda and all organizations which are based on ideas or theories as to the superiority of one race, or group of persons of one colour or ethnic origin, of which attempt to justify or promote hatred in any form.
    -two principles which are of fundamental importance in our society; that is, freedom of expression and freedom of association as guaranteed by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms versus safeguarding minority rights. With regard to hate propaganda versus freedom of expression, a landmark case is the now famous Supreme Court decision in the Keegstra case. The case upheld the hate propaganda section of the Criminal Code as constitutional, stating, in effect, that the right of the minority victim was more important than safeguarding the right of freedom of expression to hatred. However, what has become the most important aspect of that case is the strong dissenting judgement of Madame Justice McClachlin which has succeeded in becoming the focal point of arguments justifying the dissemination of hate by racist groups and individuals in Canada. This dissenting judgement reeks of pronouncements of those armchair philosophers of racism which have become the bane of the existence of ethnic and religious minorities. This dissenting judgement presented a glaring example of a member of the judiciary being totally out of touch with the Canadian reality. In support of freedom of expression she states:

The danger here is not so much that legislation will deter those bent on promoting hatred in so far as it does, and of this I remain sceptical... The danger is, rather, that the legislation may have a chilling effect on legitimate activities important to our society by subjecting innocent persons to constraint born out of fear of the criminal process.

The very fact that Madame Justice McClachlin's descent has become the rallying cry of every crackpot, racist and racist group proves beyond a doubt that her reasoning was flawed, out of touch and, in its effect, racist. It is very interesting to compare her reasoning with the clearly racist decision in the case of Christie vs. York Corporation - a Supreme Court of Canada decision. In this case, a Black man was refused service in a tavern. Four out of five judges of the court held that the York Corporation could refuse service to Christie on the grounds that the general principle of law in Quebec was of complete freedom of commerce.
    -the problem we have is that we still seem to be subject to mainstream institutions deciding what minorities must and must not endure and this is the continuation of the same colonialism we have had. We have to start pushing and I would suggest that we need a notwithstanding clause put in the Charter to take power out of the hands of the Supreme Court. What we must say is that freedoms are fine as long as they do not interfere or injure ethic and religious minorities.

****************************************************************** Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 10:49:23 -0400 (EDT) From: Kalpana Subedi <ksubedi@osf1.gmu.edu> Reply-To: Kalpana Subedi <ksubedi@osf1.gmu.edu>

To reach George Mason University at the Fairfax Campus from the southern part of the Capital Beltway:
 
        -Route 495 take exit 5, Braddock Road West,Route 620.
        -Follow Braddock Road West for approximately 6 miles.
        -Turn right at Roanoke Lane and stay to the right merging onto
        Patriot Circle. Take
        -You will see parking lots identified by alphabets,
        -PARK ON LOT B
        -go to Enterprise Hall, Rm. 80 (on basement floor of Enterprise
        Hall)
  If you are coming from the northern part of the Capital Beltway
        -Route 495, take exit 9, I-66 West.
        -Then take the exit for Chain Bridge Road, Route
         123 South towards Fairfax.
         -Make left on University Drive
        -Make right on first traffic light
        -Make right on first stop sign (Patriot Circle)
        -Park on LOT B
        -go to Enterprise Hall, Rm 80
  To see this on area map go to http://coyote.gmu.edu/map/routemap.html
 
  Reminder of event:
  What: "Nepali Sahityik Saanj and Devkota Jayanti" Where: George Mason University When: 18th of oct., sunday at 5pm What will be there: poetry, other literary creations, informal naach gaan,
        refreshments, bhet ghat! Fees: Free
  Bring any Nepali literary creations that you would like to share on this day and of course any Nepali musical instruments like Madal...

SEE YOU THERE!

****************************************************************** Date: Sat, 10 Oct 1998 04:41:14 -0700 From: Gidalya S Tashman <gidalya@mailexcite.com> To: info@leighton.org, tnd@nepal.org Subject: (No Subject)

To whom it may concern,

   I'm a student with an extension of an American University, called Friends World. I will be studying in South Asia until the middle of May. I an interested to find out what types of volunteer oportunities are available in Nepal, preferably starting after the middle of November. My interests lie mainly in field work. I don't mind some research work, but I'd prefer to not spend all my time in an office. I would appreciate any info you could send to me.

Thanks, Gidalya Tashman

********************************************************************* Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 20:52:14 -0700 From: "Sagarmatha Times, UK" <sagarmatha.times@btinternet.com> To: Nepal Digest <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: News from Sagarmatha Times, UK

Please find attached the English news and articles from the current issue o= f the Sagarmatha Times in relation to the Nepalese residing in the UK.

Rgds

Sagarmatha Times, UK 38 Kent Road Acton Green London, W4 5EZ Tel :- 0181 994 3079 sagarmatha.times@btinternet.com http://www.btinternet.com/~sagarmatha.time

VNY AND OPEN SKY

Nepal is no doubt a heaven on earth. The nature has given her everything fr= om natural beauty to natural resources, nice and lovely people unaffected b= y selfish modern culture. To exploit the natural beauty and ancient Nepales= e cultures, the nation keeps its door open to visitors around the world. Th= e tourism industry definitely plays a prime role in nation building. Touris= m industry earns the number one foreign currency for the country to enhance=
 its economic growth. In the past the tourism was concentrated only in limi= ted towns and areas in the country. With the decision of VISIT NEPAL YEAR 1= 998 the concentration diversified throughout the country. And also VNY help= s to develop internal tourism.=20

VNY was inaugurated by HM the King of Nepal on 01 January 1998 for the ausp= icious motto of national development through tourism with the target of bri= nging 500 thousand tourists from abroad in the year 1998. The hotels and lo= dges were constructed to cope with influx of the targeted tourists. Roads a= nd vehicles were also arranged. Special concessions are given in import of = vehicles for this purpose. New air agreements were signed with foreign coun= tries to extend air links with Nepal. With this latest development apart fr= om Royal Nepal, Qatar Airways, Gulf Air, Austrian Air, Transavia, Aeroflot,=
 Pakistan International and Biman Bangladesh started operating scheduled fl= ights to bring European tourists into Nepal. Almost all the carriers use th= e modern bigger fleets to earn good revenue from the flights to and from Ne= pal. But the infrastructures for air operations are still same. There are l= ots of things to be done for real sense of safe air operation with latest n= avigational aids. With the costly landing and parking charges, fuel costs a= nd flight handling charges operating carriers have constrain on fixing air = fares. That is making Nepal one of the expensive air fare zone in world tou= rism.

The open sky policy of the government sounds great. But one should know if = this is to really last longer ? Nepal made open sky policy in internal flig= hts too and resulted in the creation of numbers of private airlines. But to=
 be honest, how many of them are really serving the purpose ? The national = planners will have to have a second thought on infrastructure and market be= fore implementing open sky policy. Otherwise the open sky policy will blow = off like bubbles on the water. And that will affect irreparably in tourism = of Nepal, ultimately the national economy.

Royal Nepal is the national flag carrier of the nation. It served the king = and country abroad. There was interference from the government in the past = and present to bring the present situation onto the national Carrier. The p= ower centre and government involvement's were responsible on imposition of = selection and buying of aircrafts of their choice with their suitable credi= t terms for the aircraft purchase. Royal Nepal was always used for their co= nvenience but not used as a National carrier.

There should be special policy to protect National carriers before implemen= tation of open sky policy. Open sky policy is no doubt a great policy provi= ded due respect and priority is given to all related factors. Otherwise thi= s policy will bear no fruit but crumble like house of cards.

Dashain Festival

Royal Nepalese Embassy in UK has organised a Dashain party on 4th October b= etween 2pm - 5pm at the Royal Nepalese Embassy, London to celebrate the occ= asion of Vijaya Dashami 2055.

The Nepalese Association Yeti, has also organised Dashain party on 4th Octo= ber after 6pm onwards at Acton High School, Acton Town.

Similarly, Himalayan Yeti has also organised Dashain and Tihar party on 18t= h October at Chesterfield.

Activities of Yeti :

- Yeti - VNY '98 evening was celebrated on 20th August at the Ealing Town H= all. The evening was addressed by Royal Nepalese Ambassador, Dr. S.B. Basny= at, the then Yeti President, Dr R. Dhital, Britain-Nepal Society President,=
 Sir Neil Thorne and the Coordinator of the evening Mr Dhruba K.C.

- The returning officer Mr Jarjar confirmed the unopposed election of 18th = Executive Committee of the Nepalese Association, Yeti. The following are th= e newly elected 18th Executive Committee members :

Hari Bivor Karki - President Nima Lama - Senior Vice President Shankar Gaire - Vice President Bijaya Thapa - General Secretary Ashok Shrestha - Treasurer Madhav Shrestha - Social Secretary Basanta Rayachhetri - Cultural Secretary Amrit Thapa - Sports Secretary Pashupati Bhandari - Joint Secretary

Members

Fatta Thapa=20 Rabindra Kandel Kishore Sapkota=20 Keshav Subedi Subas Gurung=20 Ananda Gurung Hitkaji Gurung=20 Baljung Aryal

- On 20th September a special show of Nepali film 'Karodpati' was shown.

Activities of Himalayan Yeti :

- On 13th September, the regular Executive meeting was held on the coordina= tion of Mr Ganesh Shrestha at Birmingham. The meeting evaluated the past ac= tivities of the association. The next Executive meeting will be held at Man= chester on 6th December.

- A meeting was held with Director of NEWAH, Mr Umesh Pandey who arrived fr= om Nepal on UK tour, on a joint venture activities in Nepal.

- Nepal Television telecasted an interview with association President Mr Pu= shpa Shrestha on 2nd Nepal Himalayan Festival 1998 and organisational activ= ities.

- Total 50 Nepalese and British participants participated in the second Eur= o-Tour organised by the assocation between 22nd - 30th August. The tour vis= ited Germany, Czechoslovakia and Austria. Mrs Shaila Joshi, Tel : 0161 749 = 9573 may be contacted for participation in the 3rd Euro-Tour.

Nepalese Artists Association activity :

The association organised Ambar Gurung nite on 28th September at Ealing Tow= n Hall, Ealing with live participation by Ambar Gurung and party.=20

Mr Ambar Gurung in a well known lyricist and singer of Nepal was on the way=
 back home after performing various shown in USA.

******************************************************************* Date: Wed, 14 Oct 1998 15:11:31 +0100 From: Martina Vaskovicova <vaskovic@econ.umb.sk> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: mailto:tnd@nepal.org

Hello

My name is Martina. I am interested in volunteer work in your country, in Nepal.

I am 23 years old female. I the next year I will complete my stude at the Economics Faculty in Banska Bystrica in Slovakia.

Thnak you for all information.

Wishing the best

Svoja Sikovna Martina Vaskovicova

********************************************************************* Date: Mon, 20 Jul 1998 20:48:39 -0400 From: Melodye Wehrung <melodye1@ix.netcom.com> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Senior Project

Hello,

I am a High School Senior who is interested in development work in Nepal. I would like to begin my initial integration into the community by working with the people there in early spring 1999. Would you have any programs I could help with. Two other students are interested in working there too. We are all very healthy, athletic, and willing to help. My boarding school (Holderness School) in New Hampshire (US) may be able to help with some of the travel funds. Please let me know if this is possible so we can begin to plan. Sincerely, Colin Wehrung 600 Lansdowne Way #203 Norwood, MA 02062 USA

************************************************************ Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 09:12:30 GMT From: Helen Rooney <H.M.ROONEY@dundee.ac.uk> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: flat/house to rent

Hi,

        I will be in Katmandu for the period of one month between October and November 1998 to practice dentistry. I am trying to organise accommodation and I would be interested in renting a flat/house for that short time. If anyone knows of something available could you please e. mail me with information. I would be very grateful of any help in organising this. Thanks.

Helen

****************************************************************** Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 03:58:23 +0200 From: Hans Jacobs <hamarart@multiweb.nl> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Kathmandu/Holland

Hello dear people from Nepal.

Our name is Hans & Martine Jacobs we are from Holland. (Europe) Together with my wife we are computer artists we make our visual art With the help of our computers. We are looking for a possibility to have an exhibition in Nepal Maybe Kathmandu is the best place. We like to now if it is possible for western visual artists to exhibit in Nepal Are the local people interested in such matters. Our art is based on post stamps. You can see some examples on our website: http://www.multiweb.nl/~hamarart/ the idee is to let local painters paint our work very big. We think of local artists who make the huge cinema posters. We like to have this exhibition in the streets of Kathmandu during december/januari 1999/2000 Our art will show through the stamps the world history of the last century. We looking for contacts in Kathmandu everything local artists, government, sponsors, art galleries. So that we can start with the preparations we have little more than one year! Perhaps some of you can help us?

Greetings from Holland

Hans & Martine Jacobs

P.S. I also like to hear you're opinion about planning a big cultural event in a very poor country Like Nepal. Is it right to do such thing? It is a dream of us to see our work (in a for us exotic country) outside with traffic and life just around it, and it is pure Beauty, if you can see the snowy mountains in the background. For us it is not a political event it is a pure nice big art project.

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