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The Nepal Digest Wed Oct 14, 1998: Ashwin 28 2055BS: Year7 Volume79 Issue2
**** HAPPY DIPAWALI TO ALL TND FAMILY MEMBERS! ****
Today's Topics (partial list):
Strenthening Women's Rights in Nepal
Bhattarai : Prime Minister Again ?
Address Jomosom Postoffice REQUEST
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****************************************************************** From: firstname.lastname@example.org <Shreejana Basnet Thapa> To: The Nepal Digest <email@example.com> Date: October 14, 1998 Subject: Strenthening Women's Rights in Nepal
Strengthening Women's Rights in Nepal
" Nature has given women so much power that
the law has very wisely given them little"
Like most women throughout the Third World, Nepalese women are desperately
seeking a life of dignity based on the universal concepts of human rights.
Equality and equal rights are words that evoke powerful images. But the
women of Nepal cannot dream to enjoy equal relations with men, now, what
women in the western countries have acheived. Besides, the mental
repression, cruelty, denials, and the indignity the Nepalese women have to
face in their daily lives lower their self-esteem. Their struggle is still
confined within the walls of their hearts and minds as Betty Friedan, an
American Feminist once wrote about the women in her country, " The problem
lay buried unspoken, for many years in the minds.....it was a strange
stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered.....".
In a country where female population is more than fifty two percent, gender
has never been a real issue in Nepal. Neither theorists nor policymakers
are seriously trying to develop principles and strategies to change the
status of women. Their problems are deeply embedded in political, economic,
traditional culture, and educational systems that are difficult to change.
As a result, women are forced to remain not as equal partners but as
subordinates to men. Simone de Beauvoir said it right: "Women is not born a
woman, one becomes one." In our case, one is made one.
Therefore, freedom and equal rights for Nepalese women is still a dream that
keeps eluding them. Most of the women's organizations in Nepal have no
separate identity with the exception of their names. They are basically
affiliated with leading male-dominated political parties and primarily serve
their interests. More significantly, there are no movements like the ones
the American women had in the United States in the nineteenth and twentieth
centuries. In the absence of such movements, or a substantial pressure,
perhaps, nobody is going to hand their rights to them. Therefore, Nepalese
women must put a united-front to claim their rights, otherwise they will
simply be ignored.
However, there is some silver lining in all this. Some open discussions
about women's rights among various women's organizations have been taking
place. The new Constitution mandates political parties to nominate at least
three percent women to contest for the Parlimentary elections.
Nevertheless, to nominate only three percent is inadequate and unjust in a
country where the majority of the population is women. In addition,
recognition of women's property rights will be the evolution or the begining
of women's fundamental rights and equality in Nepal.
Today, the number of women's non-governmental organizations (NGOs), are
intending to enhance women's rights and welfare, and are increasing
dramatically. Their primary objective is "empowerment" for women.
Recently, one prominent women, who has been heading a women's NGO for the
last ten years told me " it is futile to make an effort to change the lost
generation (her and older generation). The focus should be on the new
generation so that they can learn new values and live by them and act, not
deviate from it. This, perhaps, is only the hope and a viable strategy for
the Nepalese women.
Nepalese women are not asking for any privileges. They only want what is
rightfully theirs. Therefore, the gates of opportunity for women must be
opened through education, government and administration, in industries and
businesses on a preferential basis for a limited period of time until they
are able to compete with the rest of the society. They should be encouraged
to participate in the political process so that they can play a decisive
role in formulating policies, planning and implementations. At the same
time, the women also have to do more to increase their status than their
Shreejana Basnet Thapa
New York, USA
Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 22:32:49 -0400
From: Prajwol Joshi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Recently there has been discussions within the America Nepal Medical Foundation regarding the question of so called ? Brain-Drain ??? amongst the Nepalese Physicians being trained in the United States, and concern about the future trainese. It is unfortunate that some people are thinking that the people who want to come in US for further trainings of their carreer should not be encouraged to avoid the ? brain-drain. First of all, the term brain-drain itself is probably coined by people with negative thoughts. The exodus of intellects seeking for more knowledge can never be brain drain, and they should never be discouraged. Rather, positively thinking, they should be encouraged to go for better skills and knowledge and encouraged to go back to home country by making the situation more favorable. Unfortunately,in Nepal too, like in many developing countries, the intellects are manipulated by politicians inappropriately.There is no tradition of recognizing trained manpower, for a!
petty job you still have to run after 'source and force'. These, and many such factors should be taken care of before you can attract people back to home. Most people will want to go back home wherever he or she may be. It is just a matter of time, sooner or later. Eventhough they don't go back, it is not a loss for the country, they would be helping their country and people someway or another; at least the majority will. I even one out of a hundred physicians would go back, or make some sort of a significant contribution, that is great !!!, it is a gain !!! So, let us help and encourage more and more people to be trained in this great country for the betterment of themselves, Nepal and Nepalese at large, and let us get out of the conservative thoughts of Brain-Drain ??????
-Prajwol Joshi,MD Fellow, Infectious Diseases University of Chicago/ University of Illinois.
Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 08:32:43 -0500
To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
From: Balgopal Shrestha <Shrestha@rullet.Leidenuniv.nl>
Subject: More information on "Secrifice of Serpents"
SACRIFICE OF SERPENTS:The Festival of Indrayani Kathmandu, Nepal 1992/94
(An Ethnographic Videofilm) 1997
(108 min., English version, Pal SVHS/Betacam SP) By Dirk J. Nijland, Bal Gopal Shrestha and Bert van den Hoek
THE SACRIFICE OF SERPENTS: A SHORT EXPLANATION.
The documentary " The Sacrifice of Serpents" offers an insider's view of a
local godess in Kathmandu city. It is a Dutch-Nepalese co-production,
supported by the Research School CNWS of Leiden University and the Centre
for Nepal and Asian Studies of Tribhuvan University. The first screening of
the film took place at the opening of the Film South Asia documentary
festival in Kathmandu, October 25th, 1997.
The main title refers to the climax of Indrayani's festival, the sacrifice
of living serpents into the sacrificial fire. Serpent sacrifices are known
from three other places in Nepal, and probably derive from a single source,
a ritual manual which unfortunately could not be unearthed. The present
performers act on the basis of their own transmitted knowledge, without
using an appropriate text. Research on the serpent sacrifices of Indrayani
and those on the other three spots has been carried out by Bert van den
Hoek of Leiden University and Balgopal Shrestha of Tribhuvan University.
At the present state of knowledge, the sarpahoma, the sacrifice of serpents
into the sacred fire, is nowadays confined to the Newar culture of Nepal,
and does not occur anywhere else in the subcontinent. However, ancient
Indian prototypes exist: in Vedic ritual texts (of approximately the fifth
century B.C.) the serpents perform their own (self-) sacrifice in order to
vanquish death. In the great epic Mahabharata (composed between the third
century B.C. and the third century A.D.), on the other hand, King
Janamejaya performs a fire sacrifice with the divine serpents as victims.
His sacrifice is an act of vengeance for the killing of his father by the
serpent chief Taksaka. This serpent is the very one who, according to Newar
Tantric priests, resides at the pitha, the seat of power of Indrayani.
Pithas are mostly open-air shrines with natural stones representing a
goddess and her retinue, but, in Indrayani's case, it is a pagoda-type
temple on the bank of the Visnumati river West of town.
To all appearances, serpent sacrifice is a royal ceremony, and also its
present performance at the fire pit of the Indrayani pitha - the temple at
the river side - is carried out by the Thaku Juju, the "Lord King" of the
Thahiti ("Northern Fountain") area in Kathmandu. The Thaku Jujus are said
to be the descendants of the kings or chiefs who ruled Kathmandu in
medieval times. At present they fulfil a ritual function only: The Thaku
Juju of North-Kathmandu has a counterpart in the southern part of town, who
is living near Kohiti, the "Southern Fountain". This Thaku Juju executes
the important fire sacrifice for the fierce god Bhairava, whose seat of
power is south of town - without the peculiar sarpahoma, but by spraying
the blood of goats into the sacred fire. As a rule fire sacrifices precede
the procession of fearsome deities around town, but for the general public
these ceremonies, most often performed in the dead of night, are not a
great attraction. For the people at large, the joyous and victorious
procession constitutes the highlight, and very few inhabitants of North
Kathmandu ever went to witness the nightly sacrifices.
There are two nights of intensive ritual work in the Indrayani festival.
The fire sacrifice is carried out in the New Moon night of
November/December, but it is related to a blood sacrifice carried out the
night before. Then three buffaloes, one of them belonging to the Thaku
Juju, are slaughtered in the temple, and the blood is sprayed over the
stone images of the Goddess and her retinue, in order to appease the
deities. In case of the Thaku Juju, the head of the sacrifice, as well as
the heart and lungs of the buffalo, are to be used again in order to
complete the serpent sacrifice (which includes three other species of wild
animals as well) the following night. By contrast, other participating
guthis (socio-religious associations) divide the head of the buffalo, which
they sacrifice on the same occasion, into distinctive pieces, which will be
consumed by the guthi members as the most sacred food in their guthi feast.
In both cases though, the head is the essential part of the sacrificial
remains, and receives special treatment.
Including preparations the festival period counts fifteen days, some of
which are eventless. The camera has followed the preparations as well, so
that the documentary shows all ins and outs of the festival. It starts with
the introduction of the protagonists, the Thaku Juju and his priest, while
they are engaged in consecrating the ritual king as the yajamana, the lord
of sacrifice, eight days prior to the sacrificial start of the festival.
The place of action is the dyochem, which literally means the "god-house",
and which refers to a shrine in the Thaku Juju's house where the brass
procession images of Indrayani and her retinue are installed, and are
worshipped every day by the Thaku Juju's priest. It is a place of worship
in its own right, but in contrast with the pitha, the temple on the river
bank, access is limited to people of pure caste. Thanks to the mixed
composition of the filming team - which included Rajendra Shrestha and
Uddhav Shrestha as light- and sound assistents - and the long-lasting
relationship with the Thaku Juju (Badri Raj Malla), filming was also
allowed on this and other exclusive spots. Thus a rare intimacy of place
and action is on view.
Other dyochems of divinities who join the procession of Indrayani -
Bhagavati, Jvalamai, Gane=DFa - are also visited by the camera, so that a
number of the participants - men and gods - are known to the viewer before
the real activities start. We follow them in their work, for that is how
the ritual can best be circumscribed. Subtitling dialogues has been limited
not to divert attention from the images, and also because the greater part
of the talking is jocular. A sample of what is being said suffices to
understand the atmosphere in which the ritual is carried out. Ample
attention has been given to the yatra of the Goddess through modern,
congested Kathmandu. The procession shows the same mixture of duty and jest
that characterizes the other ritual acts.
One feature in the documentary deserves special attention, and that is
ritual failure. At the time that the shots were taken, in November 1992, no
serpents could be found for the climactical event, the sarpahoma. This led
to a row among the young crowd (whose appearance at the sarpahoma is a
recent phenomenon), from which the Thaku Juju had to escape under police
protection. Next year brought no better luck; it was only in 1994 that
serpents could be found again. Thanks to Rajendra Shrestha and Uddhav
Shrestha, assistants in the film team of 1992, a successful serpent
sacrifice could still be included in this documentary. They made the
recordings of the glorious 1994 serpent sacrifice, which sharply contrasts
with the ritual failure recorded in 1992.
-Hoek, Bert van den, and Balgopal Shrestha (1992): "The Sacrifice of Serpents. Exchange and Non-Exchange in the Sarpabali of Indrayani, Kathmandu." In: Bulletin de l'Ecole Fran=E7aise d'Exr=EAme Orient (BEFEO) 79=
=2E1, pp. 57-75.
-Hoek, A.W. van den (1992): "Fire Sacrifice in Nepal." In: A.W. van den Hoek e.a. (eds) Ritual, State and History in South Asia. Essays in honour of J.C. Heesterman. Leiden, New York, K=F6ln: E.J. Brill; pp. 532-555
-Hoek, Bert van den (1993): "Kathmandu as a sacrificial arena". In: Peter J.M. Nas (ed.): Urban Symbolism. Leiden, New York, K=F6ln: E.J. Brill; pp. 360-377.
=46ilm acquisition (VHS copies, PAL or NTSC) information.
Distributor: Film Library, Institute of Cultural and Social Studies, Leiden
Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, the Netherlands, telefax +31.71.5273619,
to the attention of Mrs Dolores Reeder.
Price for Europe and North America: NGf 200, US$ 100 - or the equivalent
amount in other currencies.
Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 18:40:00 +0500
To: editor contributions <email@example.com>
From: "F.A.H. \('Hutch'\) Dalrymple" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: 'What a Life!'
1 November 1998
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
Re: F.A.H. ('Hutch') Dalrymple announces long-term plan to be the oldest anglo to summit Mt. Everest (8,848 meters).
'I intend to be the oldest (at 63) anglo to reach the summit of Mt. Everest, in 2,003. This will be the fiftieth-anniversary year of the first ascent by Hillary and Tensing in 1953.' Says Hutch, as his friends call him.
'I have joined with P.B. Thapa, Him Treks (Pvt.) Ltd./Mountain Madness (U.S.), an experienced trekking/travel and expedition manager(s) to help.' I do not take this project lightly! We're not spending a month in the effort/expedition, but the next four years!
'I plan to live at higher elevations in the Himal,' year by year, until the year prior living at base camp elevation (5,340K meters/17.6K ft.).
'We haven't decided yet which route or month (the south/Nepal and May, the most usual). But, I'm tending toward October, rather than May-I've much stronger in October. So far as the route/country, we're open minded about that!
The current record (oldest anglo to reach summit) is held by a man from Spain, Ramon Blanco, who was 60 years and 160 days old, when he reached the summit, October, 1993.
Hutch, who has never climbed above 6K meters, is a mountaineer with some experience, having grow up in Colorado, and scaled most of the peaks in the (U.S.) northwest, plus Mt. Whitney in California.
'What I have is an incredible will and capacity for adversity,' says Hutch. 'Some people call it stupidity,' he adds. 'In a way I've been training for Everest all my life. Recently, I've been riding a bicycle in Kathmandu... So, far three minor accidents!
'I plan to climb Mera, and other 6-7K meter Himalayan peaks as a warm up. This on the way to the 'Mother Goddess,' as 'Sargamatha (Nepali name for Mt. Everest) is called.
Coupled with this expedition is a book Hutch is writing entitled, 'What a Life!' based on Hutch's own. 'It will be a love story,' he comments, a professional screenplay writer himself.
'I've had climbing Everest in my mind, most of my life.' Hutch continues. 'I lived to see the great Himal! At some point I realized I wasn't getting any younger. One day you're 22, the next you wake up at 55. Somewhere, I read about Dick Bass climbing Mt. Everest when he was 55. I thought, I can do that! Then my body got older-suddenly I was 58 and climbing... I read about Ramon Blanca doing it at 60. I sold a screenplay in 1997, and with some extra $, thought I better go now! I better do this before the body gets too much older.
'I'm climbing Sargamatha for several reasons (besides the record). Because it's there, of course! Because I love being in the mountains and what it does to you...
Rheinhold Messner, once said, "I wanted to climb high again in order to be able to see deep inside myself."
I want to climb Mt. Everest at 63, because I want to inspire all those 'old people' back there in those nursing homes. I want to demonstrate that you can do much more than they think they can!
'Every time someone tells me how difficult something is to accomplish, or how I can't, or will never... I respond with one word, 'Watch!' I'm also fond of quoting a Bob Dylan line, "Those who are not busy being born, are busy dying!"
'And just recently from my friend Mark D. Meyer in Dallas, Texas, via the Internet, a line from a short story entitled 'The Race:' "For winning is no more that this: To rise each time you fall!"
And thus, I rise again!
FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT:
F.A.H. ('Hutch') Dalrymple /dba Tethys.To
e-mail in Kathmandu, Nepal: email@example.com
P.B. Thapa, Him Treks (Pvt.) Ltd.
From: "Eknath Belbase" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: financial and economic growth
Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 14:00:12 -0400
This is in response to some of the issues raised by R. Diwan in the Oct 8
I agree with the author re: rising income disparity with increasing
globalization in its current form. However there are several parts of the
post which are confusing or should be argued with. Original post in <>:
<The only common thing among these two entities is that both of them have
internationally, and at a fast rate, over the same period. Such commonalty
suggests a positive correlation. Any beginning student of statistics will
recognize that such correlation is spurious; i.e. it is apparent and not
It doesn't suggest a positive correlation, it *is* a positive correlation,
by definition. I don't see your distinction between apparent and real
Correlation was never meant to be associated with causality one way or the
I would argue that ALL correlation is apparent and not real in so much as it
statistic measuring how two variables are linearly related and "knows"
the variables. Your use of spurious is confusing. Is it spurious if both
variables have been increasing due to a set of common 'causal' factors?
<There is now irrefutable evidence that the stock market has gone up when
economy declined suggesting that there is a negative relationship between
the growth of finance capital and economic progress. This negative relation
is confirmed by the evidence from the U.S.>
This argument is as naive as the argument you were trying to dismember about
correlation above. No one would look for a non-lagged correlation between
growth and capital market growth. Conventional wisdom suggests atleast the
three connections between capital market growth and the real economy:
grow *in anticipation* of future expected profit growth. This growth could
from increasing productivity, lower costs, lower wage costs, higher sales,
growth etc. Usually it is some combination. (as has occurred in the last
5 years) increasing investment could lead to higher GDP, job creation, etc.
 If a significant portion of the population is invested in the capital markets, profits from the stock market could increase spending, further boosting the economy. Please note that over 40% of Americans currently have equity holdings. Also, your data seems to stop with 1994. How about the historically low unemployment the US has been suffering from these last 2-3 years? (confining this to the US) How about its robust GDP growth and low inflation along with low unemployment in 1994-98?
<In fact the overall stock market seems to do best when economic growth is
If it is ancipatory, the stock market should do its best 2-3 yrs *before*
the good times.
<Last year, 1994, was the market's worst year since 1990, but it was the
economy's best year, as measured by job growth. 1984 was also a poor year
for the stock market, even as it was a great year for jobs and economic
growth. Growth is much slower this year, stocks are up a lot more.>
This is even worse than arguing for causality from correlation! You are
3 data points to try to argue a relationship. What should a beginning stats
say to that?
<As finance capital has grown, so have the income inequalities. According to
Development Report 1994, the richest 20 percent of the world's population
had an average income 32 times that of the poorest 20 percent, in 1970. Two
decades later, in 1991, this ratio has virtually doubled; from 32 to 61...>
Please note that this doesn't mean that poorest 20% makes less in 1970 units
than they did in 1970.
>One can observe in the U.S. these days growing attendance in soup
>kitchens, homelessness and income inequalities. This is happening in
>other advanced countries as well.
Actually, it isn't. Income disparity is MUCH lower in Japan, France,
And it hasn't grown like in the US. Also, several of these countries had
equity returns in 7 of the 10 years in the period 1988-97 than the US.
more equitable distribution is due to other things, like socialist
labor unions, a social net, and more top-heavy taxation rather than their
LACK of financial market growth? And while we are admitting anecdotes like
this, I have to
say that yes, while the disparity I have seen between the extremes here
seems to be greater than I have seen elsewhere, the average also seems to be
much higher, and I cannot tell if the two things come together.
<The impact of this part of the globalization phenomena is to spread
stagnation. This is part of the international reality. There has been for
quite some time, and still...>
What about the other part of the picture - ie was world economic growth
*higher* when global capital was less mobile? Globalization hasn't just been about Western capital wanting to go global to increase profits - it has also been about countries with slow-moderate growth actively seeking global capital to boost their growth rates. There is no doubt that in some parts of Asia, it did through the 80s and 90s. Until last year. The problem may be more with thinking that growth is enough without political and legal change rather than that there is a negative relation between capital market growth and real economic growth.
Date: Thu, 08 Oct 98 13:19:12 EST
From: "Paramendra Bhagat" <Paramendra_Bhagat@smtpgtwy.berea.edu>
Subject: Racism : From the Nepalese to the Global Context(IV)
Racism : From the Nepalese to the Global Context(IV)
compiled and edited by Paramendra Bhagat
-in December 1991, the Council decided a case against McDonald's Restaurants
of Canada Limited. This was a complaint by Atish Ram who had worked for
MacDonald's from 1983 to 1988. One of the supervisors called Ram a "Hindu." When
he tried to explain that he was a Fijian, the supervisor said "Fijian, Hindu,
Pakistan, who gives a shit... it's all the same. You're dark". Other supervisors
called him "black man", "chocolate" and "buckwheat". The Council found the
remarks made by the supervisor to be directly and blatantly discriminatory. The
complaint was found to be justified and the Respondent was ordered to cease the
contravention and pay to the complaint $2,000.00 as some compensation for the
hurt and humiliation resulting from the discriminatory comments.
-Second is the case of Shamsudim Fancy and Khursheed Fancy and J & M
Apartments Ltd, and North Shore Reality Ltd. Khursheed Fancy and Shamsudim
Fancy, who are Indo-Canadian, complained that J.& M. Apartments Ltd. and North
Shore Reality Ltd. refused to rent them an apartment based on their race,
colour, ancestry and/or place of origin. The Fancy's had met with the property
manager for North Shore Reality, Ltd. several times to view suites at the
Respondent's apartment and were told the suites were rented. The property
manager knew the Complainants were of Indo-Canadian ancestry and testified,
"They cook differently. Caucasians don't use spices to the extent they do." On the property manager's recommendation, their rental application was denied. Eric D. Powell, Chairman of the hearing, described racial discrimination as being of an "insidious and concealed nature." He stated that, from the evidence provided, it appeared that the respondents were concerned with the possibility of the Fancy's use of curry in their cooking which would upset the other tenants. However, the testimony at the hearing clearly indicated that there were no complaints about the Fancy's cooking and that the Respondents had relied on this reason as a pretext for discrimination. The more probable inference to be drawn in this case is that the Fancy's race, colour, ancestry and place of origin was a factor in the decision not to lease them an apartment. The Complaint was found to be justified on the basis of race, colour, ancestry and place of origin.
-A third case is Mehdi Hajai and Dennis Wayne Cook, Province Wide Traffic
Control Ltd. This was a recent decision by the Council made in July of this
year. The Complainant is a refugee from Iran who speaks English well, but with
an accent. On July 26, 1990 he responded to a newspaper advertisement for a
traffic controller or flag person. Although he telephoned a few minutes after
6:00 P.M., as instructed by the advertisement, he was advised that the positions
were already filled. When his neighbour and landlady who do not speak with an
accent also telephoned at the Complainant's request one and a half hours later,
she was told that a position was still available. When she said she was calling
on behalf of a friend who was not from this country, however, she was told that
nothing would be available for some months and she should call back then. Based
on the evidence presented before him, Council Member Tom Patch found that the
respondent denied employment to the Complaint "because he is a male who is not
from Canada" which constitutes discrimination based on place of origin and/or
sex, contrary to section 8 of the Act.
-The fourth case is Patrick Daisley and Cypress Equipment Company Ltd. This
again is a very recent decision of the Council made on October 8, 1992. The
Complainant was employed by the Respondent as a specialist - a cut-off saw
operator -from May 19, 1987 until he was laid off September 8, 1989. He was
recalled on December 4, 1989 and again laid off January 19,1990. It was alleged
that he was subjected to derogatory remarks by his co-workers. The Complainant
testified that, when he complained to his supervisor of offensive racial remarks
made to him by his co-workers, he was told nothing could be done about it and
the behaviour continued. The Respondent did not contest that on several
occasions certain of its employees made racial slurs against the
Complainant's black heritage. However, the Respondent testified that as soon as
he became aware of the behaviour he took immediate steps to investigate the
complaint and threatened those responsible with disciplinary action if it
continued. Counsel member Patch found that the Respondent took steps after the
fact to investigate the discriminatory behaviour on the part of the employees.
But because it did not have any formal policy in place to preclude such conduct,
he found the Respondent did nothing to prevent the remarks and did not reduce
the hurt already suffered as a result of the
remarks. Patch ordered the Respondent to: 1) pay the Complainant $1,500 for the
humiliation he suffered as result of the discriminatory remarks; 2) provide the
Complainant with an appropriate letter of reference; and 3) cease the
contravention and refrain from committing the same or similar contravention.
-the British Columbia Human Rights Act. Section 2 subsection 1 of the
Act reads: No person shall publish or display before the public, or cause to be
published or displayed before the public a notice, sign, symbol, emblem or other
representation indicating discrimination or an intention to discriminate against
a person or classes of person in any manner prohibited by this Act. This means
that a person cannot display a notice, sign or symbol indicating discrimination
in any manner prohibited by this Act.
-Under the Act, discrimination in public facilities, purchase of property, tenancy, in employment advertisements, in wages and in employment is prohibited. Discrimination is also prohibited by unions and associations. This means that if someone displays a notice or sign which reads, "We do not rent to Jews," or "We do not employ blacks". They are in violation of the Act. But if someone distributes hate literature against Jews or Blacks, and if it is not in relation to tenancy, employment or one of the other sections of the Act, it is not prohibited.
-Litigation strategies work as long as there are other methods being used at the same time by people who work in the area. Human rights can be protected, enhanced and promoted not only because you have effective legislation, but also because of the existence of strong advocacy groups acting in the public interest.
-Alberta.......we consider it the cradle of extremist groups
-you have a Multiculturalism Minister who was a member of the Reform Party, and is advocating that the Ministry should be abolished
-part of the reason why a lot of complaints are not coming to your Council is because some of your staff are unapproachable. They discourage people from making complaints. I really think you should start monitoring your staff and show people out there that they are culturally sensitive enough to handle problems.
-working with major corporations, major newspapers and community groups, so
that multiculturalism can be alive and well
-the people who I really believe need the help are not filing complaints because they are not aware of their rights
-I was at the same meeting in Alberta when the Minister of Multiculturalism stood up and said in effect that he hated multiculturalism
-many successive governments which were not interested in promoting multiculturalism and human rights
-There isn't a multiculturalism beat
-How did they arrive at the position that we do not need someone with special skills and knowledge to cover multiculturalism and human rights?
-the case of the college newspaper at the University of Saskatchewan, the
Red Eye, charged with having sexist remarks in it. The court dismissed the case.
We now have a slightly better situation. Legislation in Saskatchewan now covers
publications, symbols, posters and articles which it did not include at the time
of the earlier complaint.
-the second case........the court accepted the complaint of our Sikh member because an image of a Sikh with a turban was portrayed in the sticker and the Job Shop was asked not to use those stickers. However, the court did not accept the complaints of the Executive Director of the Saskatoon Multicultural Council and the Chair of the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission because in it's interpretation the complainants were of European backgrounds. Of course they did not say they where from European background, but since it was decided that these two people did not belong to those groups which were denigrated - people of Asian and African origin - they did not have a right to complain.
-recent comments in the news hitting Aboriginal people due to the
Constitution and on attitudes to Aboriginal people. Hence, many of the
Aboriginal people have had to defend all Aboriginal people in their personal
lives. My husband has had people ask him: "How are the Indians voting?" He is
not Indian, he is Metis and there is a big difference. Recently in our local
newspaper there was a report on some comments made by the Thompson Nicola
Regional Group. The Directors had made comments to put into British Columbia
Native's Loan Program. At one point they said they do not have enough
information to respond to this program, but at that point they continued to make
racist comments and the reporters took it to the news and allowed the community
to see that.
-when you have people sitting on a regional development organization, is there any way that the Human Rights Commission could be involved in trying to explain to them that their comments are very racist? For example, they said that anybody who thought they were Indian could get a status card, which is not true. There are many people that are Metis that would never consider getting a status card. They also said things like, "We thought we dealt with this with the Constitution when we voted it down?". That is not true. Canada did not say no to multiculturalism, they did not say no to Aboriginal people. They said no to a package.
-At one point in time, we had 250 files pending. If somebody filed a
complaint, we would put their complaint in a folder and put it on a shelf and
pick up the folder eight months later saying, "Well, do you really want to
pursue the case?". That is not justice. That is not what we are there for. If
you file a complaint, it should be dealt with. That is how I see it and that is
how Counsel members see it.
-Ram versus MacDonald's Restaurants. I have been using a clipping about the
case. It is from the front page of the Vancouver Sun
-whether it is MacDonald's hamburgers or any other restaurant or service provider, this is the kind of publicity they do not want.
-I am reminded of a recent dinner time conversation in our household. My wife's background is in sociology andpsychology. Mine, of course is law - not the most natural of alliances I might add. In any event, I was asked for myopinion on an item in the news that day and I made the remark, quite out of character for me, that I really did not knowenough about it to have an opinion. To my consternation, my wife replied, "You are making progress". I wassomewhat miffed by that comment and asked for an explanation. She explained that I had moved from the stage ofunconscious ignorance to conscious ignorance and that represented progress. I could now start to work on the nextstage of conscious knowledge, followed by unconscious knowledge, before starting the cycle all over again. Events like this, I believe, assist in moving the larger community from the bliss of unconscious ignorance to the uncomfortable reality of conscious ignorance.
-As I was leaving the house to come here today, my ten year old daughter
asked me what I was going to do. Shaking my self-confidence, she said; "You're
going to be boring." I asked her why and she said that the subject I was talking
about is something you cannot make jokes about and, you know, she is right in
-the Criminal Code, Section 318. It states:
Intending to destroy, in whole or in part, an identifiable group, by killing its
members, or deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated
to bring about physical destruction. The Code also prohibits inciting hatred
against a protected group by communicating in a public place statements which
are likely to lead to a breach of the peace; that is Section 319, Subsection 1
of the Criminal Code. Subsection 2 goes on
to make illegal the communication of statements which wilfully promote hatred
against such groups. In addition, the Code goes on to make provisions for the
seizure and forfeiture of hate propaganda which is kept in premises for
distribution or sale. When charged with advocating genocide, a person is liable
to five years imprisonment. If charged with either of the other two offenses,
that is inciting hatred or wilfully promoting hatred, that person is liable to
two years imprisonment if prosecuted by way of indictment, or to six months and/
or a $2,000 fine if the prosecution opts to
go by way of summary conviction. There are four statutory defences that may be
raised under the Criminal Code by the accused person if prosecuted for wilfully
promoting hatred. Those defence are: 1) that the statements communicated were
true, 2) the statements expressed in good faith an opinion upon a religious
subject, 3) that the statements were made on a subject of public interest which,
on reasonable grounds, are believed to be true, and 4) pointing out in good
faith, for purpose of removal, matters tending to produce feelings of hatred.
-There have been some recent Supreme Court of Canada decisions in this area such as the Keegstra, Andrews and Smith case, and the Zundel case. Keegstra, Andrews and Smith were all charged under section 319 subsection 2, of the Criminal Code; that is, communicating in a public place statements which are likely to lead to a breach of the peace and communicating statements which wilfully promote hatred against such groups.
-Zundel was charged under Section 181 of the Criminal Code which is that he wilfully published a statement, tale, or news that he knows to be false and that causes, or is likely to cause, injury or mischief to a public interest. That is the section which failed to withstand the Charter scrutiny by the Supreme Court. Section 2B of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is also an important provision on this subject. That is the provision, as you all I am sure know, that guarantees freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression; including freedom of the press and other media of communication. Its purpose is to ensure that thoughts and feelings may be conveyed freely in non-violent ways without fear of censure and without any restrictions on the content or meaning of the communications. The Supreme Court of Canada has advocated a generous approach to the protection afforded by Section 2B of the Charter. This constitutional guarantee extends not only to what is pleasing, but also to that which, to many, may seem distasteful or morally offensive. It extends not only to the views of the majority, but also to the views of minorities. It is possible, however, to justify certain restrictions on the freedom of expression under Section 1 of the Charter. That is the section that allows the Crown, or the Attorney General, to justify limits placed on Charter Rights and Freedoms if those limits can be demonstrably justified in a"free and democratic society." Proportionality, however, is important: Such a restriction must not be out of proportion to the over-riding societal objective; that is, the net cannot be cast too wide. A careful balance must be struck between the right to freedom of expression and other rights or interests, including the right not to have hate literature disseminated. An example of this is the case of Keegstra, heard by the Supreme Court of Canada in 1990. One of the issues that had to be decided by the Supreme Court in that case was whether Section 319 Subsection 2 of the Criminal Code, which prohibits the wilful promotion of hatred against an identifiable group, infringed on Section 2B of the Charter and, if so, whether the infringement was justifiable under Section 1. The Supreme Court held that communications which wilfully promote hatred against an identifiable group are protected by Section 2B of the Charter and that Section 319, subsection 2 of the Code therefore represent an infringement on that right.
-However, that did not end the matter. The Court went on to weigh various contextual values and factors, including Sections 15 and 27 of the Charter which deals with equality and multiculturalism respectively, and the international agreements to which Canada is a party. Now Section 15 of the Charter is the guarantee against discrimination on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability. Section 27 states that the Charter should be interpreted in a manner consistent with the preservation and enhancement of the multicultural heritage of Canadians. The balancing of competing interests in the Keegstra case was done under Section 1 of the Charter. The majority of the Court decided that Section 319 Subsection 2 of the Criminal Code constituted a reasonable limit upon freedom of expression under Section 1. But Section 181 of the Code did not pass that test this is where the case against Zundel failed. In other words, Parliament's objective of preventing harm caused by hate propaganda was considered by the majority of the Supreme Court to be sufficiently important to warrant over- riding the constitutional freedoms guaranteed by Section 2B of the Charter and therefore Section 319 Subsection 2 of the Criminal Code was considered to be a proportional response to Parliament's objective. I would now like to mention some of the other legislation which is aimed at preventing racism and hate propaganda in Canada. The first is the Canadian Human Rights Act which prohibits a number of discriminatory practices. For instance, it prohibits the repeated communication by telephone of any matter that is likely to expose a person to hatred or contempt because of, for example, race or religion. It also prohibits the publication or display of notices or other representations that express or incite discrimination under the Act. The Customs Tariff Act is federal legislation which prohibits the importation of publications that constitute hate propaganda under the Criminal Code. The Canadian Radio, Television and Telecommunications Commission issued the Radio Regulations in 1986, and the Television Broadcasting Regulations in 1987. The Broadcasting Act prohibits the broadcast of any abusive comment or representation that exposes persons to hatred or contempt because of, for example, their race or religion.
Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 14:55:00 -0400 (EDT)
From: Nirmal Ghimire <email@example.com>
To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Oct 8, 1998 (22 Ashwin 2055 BkSm)
I am not sure if I wrote this.
My friend Rehan Chaudhary and myself orogrammed
"Baagchaal" by implementing Java.
We tried to give sa brief history and rules as well.
Rehan did more work then myself so I think he receives a big
part of the credit.
It is in the following site;
I hope you will like it.
P.S. It may take some time to come up, for most of it is graphics.
Date: Fri, 09 Oct 98 11:48:30 EST
From: "Paramendra Bhagat" <Paramendra_Bhagat@smtpgtwy.berea.edu>
Subject: Bhattarai : Prime Minister Again ?
The Bhattarai-Koirala Mindgame : A New Flareup within the Congress or An Attempt
by Bhattarai to Reclaim the Central and the Eastern Terai for the Nepali
by Paramendra Bhagat
Cast : Girija Koirala, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, AKGB, Sher Bahadur Deuba,
Chiranjibi Wagle, Sushil Koirala, Shailaja Acharya
Is this a move on the part of Bhattarai to redeem himself finally after his
defeat twice in parliamentary elections - thanks to the Koirala camp's dirty
tricks and Madan Bhandari's charisma - after the reinstallment of democracy and
his dazzling stint as the country's interim premier, to finally say enough is
enough, and pull the rug from beneath Koirala's feet, possibly break up the
Congress and launch a new vehicle for his utterly superior political skills as
compared to Koirala's, to provide an alternative to Koirala's shady, corrupt
ways, most acutely exemplified in the hijacking of the Congress heart and soul
by the AKGB, with the mindset that the AKGB are not what BP Koirala dreamt about
offering the country, and if it is, will the likes of Sher Bahadur Deuba and
Chiranjibi Wagle support him yet or will they find it more convenient to wait
patiently for the fallouts they might receive from the family mafia of the
Koiralas and make Bhattarai look like a loner? Or is this Bhattarai's attempt to
re-establish the Congress base in the Terai, by picking a fight with Koirala to
spread out a sheet to collect all intra-party discontent on his nation-wide tour
so as to keep it all within the party still? Or is his nation-wide tour like the
one Bamdev Gautam's took right before he finally said enough is enough and split
We might still see if Bhattarai is a personality fit already for history books,
the interim premiership as the pinnacle of his political career, or whether he
might still emerge at the helm with a good-size 40-50 MPs. Those who hoped
Bhattarai would provide leadership to the country for a full term might still
get to see it. Should he engineer a split in the Congress, he might as well
become Prime Minister again. He is far superior to Koirala anyway. He has much
better political skills. He has a vision. There is a clear intellectual bent to
his personality that Koirala utterly lacks. ("Malai lagchha hamro pramukh
samasya poverty ho" - vintage Koirala.) Bhattarai will not be propped by the
AKGB mafia. He is personally honest and thus will keep corrupt personalities at
bay. With his political nimbleness Bhattarai might just be able to focus on the
country's economy with the intensity of a laser beam. No Prime Minister after
him - not Koirala, not Manmohan, not Deuba, not Chand, not Thapa, not Koirala
again - has moved in that direction with the boldness that he moved with the two
assignments of his Premiership : getting the constitution out and holding the
It might be good for the country if Bhattarai breaks up the Congress and emerges
Premier with his break-up group. The question is does he want to. Bhattarai is
superior fibre, Koirala is trash.
Where there is no vision, the people shall perish. Things fall apart when the
center cannot hold.
KATHMANDU, Oct 8 - "I am surprised at Kisunji's reaction to the appointment of
Sushil Koirala as the party's deputy president", Prime Minister Koirala told The
Kathmandu Post Thursday in a brief telephonic interview. "When I appointed
Sushil, I had consulted with Kisunji".
Bhattarai had castigated Koirala by saying that the appointment indicated "clear
family domination in the Nepali Congress". He also termed Koirala's move as
"unpleasant", and said that he disagreed with the appointment.
The public spat between the two senior NC leaders come when the party is trying
to consolidate its position before the general elections next year. The two
leaders, longtime friends and colleagues, fell out publicly last year which
almost led to a formal split in the party. The crisis was averted by a truce
which has held, until now.
KATHMANDU, Oct 8 - In the run up to a crucial Nepali Congress mahasamiti meeting
last year, so many party leaders and activists were lined up against Sushil
Koirala that party president Girija Prasad Koirala had no choice but to remove
his powerful general secretary.
But all that changed on Tuesday. Less than a year after he cast Sushil Koirala
aside, NC President and Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala rescued his cousin
from the political wilderness by tapping him for the powerful position of deputy
The junior Koirala may now find himself politically redeemed. But by elevating
him within the party hierarchy, the senior Koirala not only invited public
rebuke by party elders but also reignited a vicious power struggle within the
venerable half-century old party.
At stake is not just Sushil Koirala's career, but also the prime minister's
political legacy. Will he go down in NC history as the man who tried to rescue
the party's sagging fortunes, or as the person who made a mad dash to keep the
party within the family fold, much like an ancestral property?
What has been emerging inside the NC for the last two days since the shock
announcement does not bode well for the prime minister. Senior party leader and
former president Krishna Prasad Bhattarai fired the first public salvo yesterday
against the new appointment, raising prospects of another winter of discontent.
Only last year, the public squabble between the two elders nearly split the
party. Only a truce averted the split.
Koirala hit back with a scathing reply on Thursday.
(H)is critics inside the NC.... may not want to go public with their attacks
just yet, but NC leaders privately confide that Koirala misjudged the mood of
the party rank and file while appointing his cousin. More than consolidation,
the steps would lead to another round of vicious struggle, they say.
"What is the president trying to do", asked a senior NC leader. "He does not
listen to anyone. I suspect this is the first move in his strategy to fill
responsible party posts with his cronies".
KATHMANDU, Oct 7 - This apart, Koirala has already appointed two of his nearest relatives in the party's CWC and cabinet, said Bhattarai. "Ms Shailaja Acharya, his niece, holds the second position in the government and is also a CWC member; while Ms Nona Koirala, Koirala's sister-in-law, is another CWC member."
"I have disapproved this step of the party president because he forgot to do
this very unpleasant thing through the party CWC in which, indeed, he has his
majority," said Bhattarai.
Observers say the party president has made his intention clear about who he
wants as his successor: it has to befrom the family. Every single contender to
the coveted position outside the family has been systematically sidelined, they
Others say through Sushil's appointment Koirala is trying to further consolidate
his already-secure position in the party's executive body, which will
undoubtedly have a major say when the party distributes its tickets for the
upcoming general election. Dissent, which was in part responsible for NC's poor
showing in the 1994 mid-term polls, still plagues the ruling party.
Analysts say yesterday's move will add decibels to dissenting voices in the
Congress. Former prime minister Deuba has recently gone on record to say that
Prime Minister Koirala's "dissent management" leaves much to be desired.
Asked to comment on Sushil's appointment yesterday, Deuba chose to remain tight-
lipped, however, saying it was very much the party president's prerogative. But
Bhattarai's rebuke today could be a first salvo from the NC dissidents, and that
Koirala's failure to manage dissent could yet again lead to an ugly intra-party
row while the general election is just round the corner, say analysts.
Meanwhile in an important development today, Bhattarai announced that he would
begin his countrywide tour on October 20. The first leg of his winter programme
will begin in Birgunj. He will then travel to Parsa, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Janakpur
and Mahottari--all central Terai districts.
He will then move on to Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang and Jhapa in eastern
Nepal where he will also tour Prime Minister's hometown Biratnagar.
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Oct 6 - In a brief chat with The Kathmandu Post, Deuba said, "It is entirely the party chairman's prerogative to appoint a deputy. But I cannot understand why he was first removed from the secretary-generalship, and I cannot still understand why he is re-appointed as the deputy chairman".
NC leader and Minister Chiranjibi Wagle said, "This is the chairman's
prerogative. He has all the authority to make all organizational appointments".
Wagle, a candidate against Koirala for the party chairmanship, is a leader of
the anti-Koirala faction within the NC that played the linchpin role in pulling
down his government in 1994.
Observers say, Deuba's comments indicate towards the deep divide inside the NC
over party affairs. The new deputy is considered close to the prime minister
despite his recent pronouncements against some of the decisions taken by Prime
Party insiders fear that the new appointment announced today is only the first
step towards a wholesale reshuffle of the powerful NC CWC. A powerful leader of
the NC said that it appeared likely that another protege of the PM, Minister
Khum Bahadur Khadka, would be brought in as the NC's secretary general. "The
picture will only be clear in a few days", this leader said on condition of
An intriguing fact about the recent appointment, according to insiders, is that
both the new deputy chairman and Khadka belong to the Prime Minister Koirala's
camp inside the NC - the former as alone crusader, and the latter as part of the
powerful four-member group comprising Arjun Narsingh KC, Khum Bahadur Khadka,
Govinda Raj Joshi and Bijaya Gachhedar. The group is popularly known as 'AKGB'.
Date: Tue, 25 Aug 1998 08:03:50 -0500
From: Sudhir Shrestha <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: BBC Radio
Does anybody know the time/station/band of BBC broadcast for the Nepali
program and whether we can tune into the station in USA. I do have MW/SW
band mini stereo. Despite my tries to catch BBC, I was unsuccessful.
Anybody kind enough to offer ideas/suggestions would greatly be
appreciated. Thank you!!!
Date: Tue, 01 Sep 1998 15:48:30 -0500
From: Damber Gurung <DGurung@shopko.com>
Subject: Book Review: Rape for Profit - Trafficking of Nepali Girls and Women to India's Brothels
Midwest Book Review
Hundreds of thousands of women and children are employed in Indian
brothels -- many of them lured or kidnapped from Nepal and sold into
conditions of virtual slavery. The victims of this international trafficking
network routinely suffer serious physical abuse, including rape, beatings,
arbitrary imprisonment and exposure to AIDS. Held in debt bondage for
years at a time, these women and girls work under constant surveillance.
Escape is virtually impossible. Both the Indian and Nepali governments
are complicit in the abuses suffered by trafficking victims. These abuses
are not only violations of internationally recognized human rights but are
specifically prohibited under the domestic laws of both countries. The
willingness of Indian and Nepali government officials to tolerate, and, in
some cases, participate in the burgeoning flesh trade exacerbates abuse.
Even when traffickers have been identified, there have been few arrests
and fewer prosecutions. Rape for Profit focuses on the trafficking of girls
and women from Nepal to brothels in Bombay, where they comprise up
to half of the city's estimated 100,000 brothel workers. The report
concludes with recommendations to the Indian and Nepali governments
and to the international community for protecting trafficking victims and
bringing those responsible for their abuse to justice.
Damber K. Gurung, Ph.D.
Health Care Economist
Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 22:00:37 BST
From: Chris Sowton <email@example.com>
Subject: Salleri Education Fund information
At the end of the valley four snow-capped Himalayan peaks tower majesticall=
y over the town of=20
Salleri. On a clear day in the middle of the Nepali summer, when crisp moun=
tain air surrounds=20
you and the sky is cobalt-blue, the Edenic scene is one which has graced ma=
ny a picture=20
But below the surface all is not as it seems. Nepal is the poorest country =
in Asia and the eighth=20
poorest in the world. Particularly heavy monsoons can wipe out a farmer's c=
rop, collapse paths=20
and destroy buildings. People die regularly from curable diseases because t=
here are no=20
medical facilities in place to help them. Ill-fed children are those who su=
ffer most, many dying=20
from diarrhoea due to malnutrition. Around one in ten children do not see =
their fifth birthday.
Although the area of Salleri and district, the area where the Salleri Educa=
tion Fund is primarily=20
working, is relatively prosperous in Nepali terms, the twin vices of povert=
y and poor education=20
still abound. People are trapped within a poverty cycle from which they can=
not escape. The=20
Salleri Education Fund's objectives are twofold - firstly it is trying to m=
ake people's lives easier=20
and happier through initiating projects in the area and, secondly, by attem=
pting to help the=20
people of Nepal to help themselves through a better system of education. Fo=
r too long the=20
Developing World has received too much aid and too little development from =
World- Throwing money at problems doesn't necessarily solve them. But the S=
Fund works directly with youth clubs and non-governmental organisations in =
Nepal which are=20
personally known by the trustees. The trustees have lived and worked in the=
area of benefit,=20 and know exactly where the best place to spend the money is. Administration=
is kept to a=20 minimum, as 99 pence in the pound is spent directly on projects which benef= it those whom the=20 SEF has promised to help. So far some of these projects have included:
=95The purchase and construction of a tree plantation in the village of Tha=
ting, near Salleri. This=20
will provide the community, composed mainly of blacksmiths and builders, wi=
th a sustainable=20
source of raw materials, thus helping the environment as well as their busi=
=95The building of two classrooms at Thating primary School. Previously the=
school had only two=20 classrooms for a total of three classes, with one of the classes sitting ou= tside. The extra=20 classrooms also mean that the school will be able to expand.
=95The construction of a protective wall at Cholemo Secondary School that p=
revented the school=20
from collapsing and falling down the hillside during the heavy monsoon.
The Salleri Education Fund is also heavily involved in sponsoring education=
al projects in the=20
Salleri area. We run a Sponsor-a-Child scheme which current involves ten ch=
ildren at a local=20
boarding school. We also sponsor another child in Kathmandu, the capital ci=
ty, and two children=20
in another village in Langtang, in the west of Nepal.
To sponsor a child cost just =A310 per month - about 33 pence a day, or the=
same price as a daily=20 newspaper. For your donation, your child will be well educated, and have al= l his or her fees,=20 uniform, pencils, exercise books and text books paid for. In return, the En= glish =91parents' of the=20 child will receive regular updates, consisting of letters, drawings, school=
reports and=20 photographs.
Most of the children sponsored are amongst the poorest of the area, from th=
e Bishakarma or=20
so-called Untouchable caste. Thus the children are not only given opportuni=
ties to succeed=20
which they otherwise would not have, but also they are brought and integrat=
ed more into the=20
community with other castes. The stronger links which are formed and shape=
d at school will=20
hopefully prove to be another nail in the coffin of a prejudicial caste sys=
tem which is becoming=20
rapidly more and more unpopular amongst the younger generations of Nepalis.=
The SEF also=20 supports local schools as far as it can in buying books, equipment and furn= iture when its=20 finances allow.=20
What the Salleri Education Fund is not attempting to do is to impinge any s=
ort of Western=20
imperialism onto the people of Nepal. All it is trying to do is to give the=
people of Salleri the=20 opportunity to help themselves. The simplest schemes and the smallest amoun= t of education=20 can not only transform but save lives. You cannot just build toilets and ex= pect people to use=20 them, changing the habits of a thousand years - you have to tell them why g= oing excreting in=20 fields leads to diarrhoea, and often death in the case of small children. E= ducation has knock-on=20 effects throughout the whole community.
Charity does not mean throwing money at people and hoping that it will stic=
k. It means=20
organising and running effective educational and development projects whose=
benefits will=20 continue for many years to come. These are people who know the area and wan= t to help, and=20 know the best way to help these people. All that is required is money. The = hard work is free. I=20 hope that you feel that you can give all that you can and want to.
Date: Tue, 15 Sep 1998 13:32:20 +0200
From: Urs Kinzelbach <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Address Jomosom Postoffice REQUEST
Does anyone know the mailing address of the Postoffice in Jomosom
(poste restante) Urs Kinzelbach (Germany)
Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 11:13:22 +0800
From: Amar Gurung <email@example.com>
Subject: Discussion Forum For Ex-GBS!!
I've created a discussion forum for anyone related with GBS in the past
or the present so they can come in and mingle and share their views.
I would appreciate if you could include the page as a Link alongside
other ex-school pages.
The add is http://www.delphi.com/GBS
Thanks for your help..
Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 12:23:05 PDT
From: Derek Brown <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I am searching for some information on the role Nepal played in WWII. I
understand that they did not take a particularly active role, but rather
sold their services as mercinary/workers on occasion. Please help me,
it's for a teacher friend of mine. Thanx for your time. Maentwrog.
Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 19:46:12 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Request info
I moved to Chicago a month ago and miss nepali sathi bhai. my email is
email@example.com and I live in wheeling. any of you nepalis out there
I would really appreaciate it if you could invite me to your next
gathering. Lau ta, dashai ko hardik subhakama,
Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 16:52:06 +0300 (MSK)
From: Jayen Pradhananga <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: to the editor.
First of all I would like to thank you for subscribing me your journal.
Then on behalf of all the students here in Novgorod,Russia I would like to
greet you and the TND family with a great
HAPPY VIJAYA DASHAMI 2055.
Wish your journal would bring all the Nepalese aboard under one family.
Novgorod State Univ
Date: Thu, 01 Oct 98 16:04:09 -0500
From: David Jezeph <email@example.com>
Subject: Volunteer Nepal
I am a nineteen year old student who has just completed my high school
education at the British International School in Bangkok, Thailand.
I am looking to involve myself in a worthwhile project, before starting
university in England, next October.
I have just completed the English language teacher training course here
in Bangkok and would love the opportunity to come and work in a rurual
village of Nepal, perhaps teaching English or in fact doing anything
that involves reaching out to others and caring or helping them in some
respect, especially children.
I have lived half my life abroad and feel I am now ready to broaden my
horizons further by rising to the challenge of voluntary work.
I have done other community work in the Bangkok slums, aswell as at the
blind school and orphanage here. I consider myself to be resourceful,
adaptable, independent and able to use my intiative.
If you have any contacts or information and would be able to help me
find such employment in Nepal, then I would be most grateful. May
I take this opportunity to thank you in advance. I appreciate you
reading my e-mail and I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Tel/Fax: (662) 259 7033
Date: Mon, 5 Oct 1998 21:56:27 -0700
From: Rabindra Mishra <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: Nepal Digest <email@example.com>
Subject: Defending Freedom of Expression, And Sagarmatha Times
Defending Freedom of Expression, And Sagarmatha Times
- Rabindra Mishra
It was last March, six months after Diana, Princess of Wales=92s death. The=
deep wound in the nation=92s psyche caused by her fatal car crash had not = healed. There was all praise for her; she was viewed as a paragon of excell= ence - a human Goddess. Virtually, no one in Britain was in a mood to toler= ate any criticism directed towards her. The overwhelming majority had willi= ngly suspended their knowledge of natural law that there can not only be li= ght without a shadow. However, a leading professor of Philosophy, Anthony O=
=92Hear, went out of his way and made an scathing attack on the late Prince= ss. His critical essay, which formed part of his book, Faking it: The Senti= mentalisation of Modern Society, published by a Right-wing think tank, Soci= al Affairs Unit, made headlines in newspapers.
Princess Diana was a childish, self-indulgent and self-centered woman obses=
sed with her own feelings and sense of victimhood, claimed Professor O=92He=
ar. He further said, "In the Diana story, duty is a notion which is entirel=
y absent..." In attacking her, he also referred to the murdered fashion des=
igner, Gianni Versace, as vulgar: Diana helped to support "the Britain of o=
ur fathers and grandfathers, the Britain of World War II," with "the New Br=
itain in which the mother of the future King publicly weeps at the funeral =
of a vulgar and self-publicising Italian dress designer."
This is a recent example of how free this society is where despite the high=
sensitivity of the subject, an individual can express views which can go t= otally against the national mood. Mr O=92Hear=92s words certainly provoked = a furious reaction but concomitantly a serious debate also took place on wh= ether the professor was right, wrong or somewhere in between. The effort of=
this author here is not to argue for or against the Professor=92s views, b= ut to question why many of the Nepalese living in this country for years, w= ho have witnessed such blows-by-words occasions frequently, can=92t stand a=
bit of criticism? And why some of them even stopped subscribing to the Sag= armatha Times apparently for publishing certain articles, which, though cri= tical, were by no means libelous or defamatory?=20
Freedom of expression is the foundation of a democratic society. One who be=
lieves in democracy accepts the existence of diversity of opinion, which gi=
ves him the strength to tolerate views he disagrees with. If things appear =
wrong to him, he will argue not abuse; he will correct not coerce. Unless p=
eople are allowed to air their views freely a democratic society can not fl=
ourish. Allowing people to say what they want - in a civil way and with a m=
inimum of restraint - helps the natural process of evolution. (Whether that=
sort of evolutionary process leads to a better or worse society is a matte= r to be decided in the distant future).=20
Now Nepal enjoys ample right to freedom of speech and expression. Where we =
still lag behind is in the culture of debate, though with the introduction =
of multi-party polity such a culture is slowly taking shape. And partly as =
a result of that a new breed of open-minded opinion-formers is emerging. Th=
at is perhaps the best outcome our experiment with democracy has yet produc=
ed. However, the impact of such opinion formers will only be theoretical un=
less a similar class of politicians with a similar bent of mind emerges as =
they are the ones who translate the theory into practice.
If the lack of freedom of expression kills creativity and obstructs the gro=
wth of true human potentials in their varied forms, the lack of debate narr=
ows the visionary power of people and bridles them to one set direction. Th=
e more we debate, the more our ability to think, create and deliver gets re=
fined. The Sagarmatha Times in London has so far been the only outlet for v=
arious sections of the Nepalese community in Britain to voice their views a=
nd let their compatriots here and elsewhere (through the Internet) know abo=
ut their activities. Though the paper is run by a group of people who belon=
g to an entirely different profession, it has been trying hard to be non-pa=
rtisan and independent, when back home the a majority of so-called professi=
onals have completely failed at it. Though small in number, the rough estim=
ation is of about 7,000, it is an undeniable fact that there is division an=
d groupism among the Nepalese community in Britain. However, the Sagarmatha=
Times has tried to rise above that and has become the only common and inde= pendent outlet of news and views for all of them.
Against this background, it is the responsibility of Nepalese living in Bri=
tain to support and promote the paper. If someone finds material published =
in it unacceptable, he should respond to it, not stop subscribing to it. A =
paper=92s virtue lies in disseminating varied views. It fails, if it submit=
s to conditional subscription. Boycotting the paper can=92t stifle opposing=
views when there are numerous other outlets back in Nepal willing to publi= sh such opinions.
Similarly, the Sagarmatha Times should allow even its critics to express th=
eir views and listen to their suggestions with an open mind. It should carr=
y all kinds of opinion, unless they are damagingly personal. Let=92s speak =
out our minds, argue and counter-argue and clear our hearts of divisive, se=
lf-destructive and self-righteous thoughts. Back-biting will do no good. On=
ly free and open mind, which is able to endure criticism and is able to arg=
ue for what it believes in, can consolidate and strengthen our relatively s=
We can possibly learn from Nepalese in America in this regard where there a=
re several forums in which they freely express their opinions on different =
aspects concerning the Nepalese community and Nepal and engage in thought-p=
rovoking debates. We should promote similar forums here for the benefit of,=
especially, the second generation of Nepalese, and encourage them to debat= e and discuss on Nepal-related issues which will not only bring them closer=
with each-other but also help develop in them a sense of nationhood.=20
I would like to propose to associations like Yeti, Himalayan Yeti, Nepal Ki=
ngdom Foundation and the Sagarmatha Times to consider organising in regular=
intervals the debate forums like =91Martin Chautari=92 in Nepal or =91Chha= hari=92 in America, where both ordinary folks and experts can share views o= n various issues. Such forums can be used to invite renowned personalities = from Nepal who are on a private or official visit to Britain.
There are quite a few Nepalis and British who reside in this country but po=
ssess expertise on different areas concerning Nepal, they can be invited to=
the forum as well. When Second Himalayan Festival was held earlier this ye= ar by the Himalayan Yeti such lectures were organised and the Nepalese Doct= ors=92 Association also invited Dr Kamal Rauniar to speak about the Nepales= e culture on its Annual General Meeting in July. Those were encouraging ste= ps but they should be more than a one-time token gesture.=20
The closure of, or an effort to stifle, the Sagarmatha Times, in this conte=
xt, will be a great loss to any democratic-minded Nepali in Britain. One sh=
ould encourage the publication of other similar periodicals than kill the o=
ne we have in its infancy.
(The author works with the BBC Nepalese Service in London)
****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 14 Oct 1998 02:35:20 -0400 (EDT) From: Kalpana Subedi <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: INLS invitation: "Nepali Sahityik Saanj and Devkota Jayanti"
Come One, Come All!
**** What, When, and Where? ****
International Nepali Literary Society (INLS) is organizing the "Nepali
Sahityik Saanj and Devkota Jayanti" on Sunday October 18th at George Mason
University. All nepalis and friends of Nepal are cordially invited to this
event and are encouraged to participate!
The hightlights of this event include selected and open forum poetry
reading, Result announcement and Prize distribution to the winners of
International Nepali Poetry Competition 1998, and "Moti Samasya Samadhan"
(no, no don't stop reading! its actually a fun problem solving game that challenges the mind and is fun at the same time. It was originally started by Moti R. Bhatta!). H.E. Ambassador Damodar Gautam will chair the function!
In addition, there will be some INFORMAL NAACH GAAN, and bhet ghat at the end of the program to celebrate Tihar!
**** What Should you bring? ****
LEAVE YOUR WALLET AND GRAB YOUR DIARY! bring any literary
creations you have in your diary (including Nepali poems, short stories,
jokes, critiques, muktaks...). or grab your pen and paper and start
writing now! If you already know, you will be participating, please let us
know by e-mail or phone by Saturday, the 17th.
OH and be sure to bring your MADAL, Basuri, or any nepali musical
instrument you can, and be sure to bring friends who enjoy singing,
dancing, and playing nepali instruments!
Remember! you don't have to participate to enjoy!
**** What is the fee? ****
The event is FREE of charge, and refreshments will be provided!
**** How to get there? (DIRECTIONS) ****
FROM 495: Take 66 West--> Take exit on route 123 SOUTH---> Turn Left on
University Drive ----> Turn Right on First Traffic Light ---> Turn Left on
First Stop sign ---> Park on Lot B---> follow path towards campus to
Enterprise Hall, Room 80 (on basement floor)!
GMU Address: 4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030 GMU Phone: (703) 993-1000
For more information, contact any of us at:
Puru Subedi (703) 815-1248 <email@example.com>
Kalpana Satyal (703) 359-5034 <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Basu Satyal (703) 359-5034 <email@example.com>
Saroj Khanal (703) 359-5692
Bhim P. Regmi (703) 383-0054
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