The Nepal Digest - Oct 20, 1994 (17 Kartik 2051 BkSm)

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Date: Thu Oct 20 1994 - 13:34:26 CDT


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The Nepal Digest Thursday 20 Oct 94: Kartik 17 2051 BkSm Volume 32 Issue 5

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********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 17 Oct 94 16:42:17 CDT From: Rabi Burathoki <CCRABI@MIZZOU1.missouri.edu> Subject: Re: News and Digest... To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

Dear Mr. Editor,

This is in response to Mr. J. R. Joshi's letter that appeared in the Nepal Digest (Oct. 17, '94). He says that he is "getting increasingly disgusted and restless about the inclusion of the pointless, never- ending, poorly-edited, self-promoting, and oft-repeating philosophical exchanges of the selected few in each and every issue of the Digest".

What exactly did you find pointless and disgusting? The articles on
"Women in Hinduism" by Mr. P. K. Mishra? The articles on "Contributions of Female Authors to Newari Literature" by Mr. Amulya Tuladhar? Or was it the many, many articles on the Arun III project?

Joshiji, there is more to life than just the "current and unbiased news" from Nepal. What is wrong with intelligent people having philosophical discussions? It may not interest you, but there are many others who enjoy these discussions. At the very least, its shows that the authors
(even if they are self-promoting) care deeply about Nepal. And, please I do not believe that anyone is trying to "push" their views "down my throat".

Personally speaking, I found the articles on "Women in Hinduism" quite eye-opening. After reading them, my wife and I had long and deep discussions (more like arguments) about the treatment of women in Nepal. I also learned a lot about my religion which I did not know about.

Joshiji, if you do not care about some of the articles in TND, why don't you contribute some that you believe are more relevant to this forum? All you are doing with your criticisms is just scaring away potential contributors. That surely will not help the Editor nor us, the readers, on the long run.

But not to be overly critical of your letter, you do bring up some valid points. There are some articles in TND that are irrelevant to me personally. But I do as you do, just skip over them.

I also agree with you that Mr. Rajendra P. Shrestha is doing a fantastic job with the news from Nepal and the WWW page at Dartmouth. I do not receive his list but I catch his postings on soc.culture.nepal on the Usenet. Thank you Rajendraji.

I also must thank the editorial staff of TND for their effort on keeping it going. To be honest, I did not believe that TND would last for this long. I am glad that my predictions have not come to pass.

Thank you and a Happy Vijaya Dashami.

Rabi Burathoki ccrabi@mizzou1.missouri.edu

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 18 Oct 1994 11:19:05 -0500 (CDT) From: RKP6723@UTARLG.UTA.EDU Subject: Freedom to wear purple underwear? To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

Hello everybody!

It' good to back on the info superhighway of electronic journal, TND.

I am enjoying American Freedom, mostly individual freedom. I recently learned from my own experience freedom cost responsibility. I have lived in the States few years. I have received a B.S. from Northern Illinois University in EconomicsI am currently doing Master of Science at University of Texas at Arlington. I used to watch Family Matter in aregular basis, now I watch it when my time allows me. I like it because I was somewhat like Erkel, when I was a kid, and Erkel is himself although he is clumsy, and nerdy, and so forth.

Hello Mr. Neupane I ask you if you watch David letterman and listen the stuff he says about Bill and Hillary Clinton. You amused me when you brought up this stuff about purple underwear. What's wrong with coloful underwear...Although, I do not have purple underwear, I wear colorful underwears. If Prince of Nepal wears a purple underwear, how do you see that to be inferior...is that because they made a joke out of it....well, Mr. Neupane, take it easy, and learn to enjoy the freedom of speech, and American Freedom.

Robin Pandey, Arlington, Texas.

**************************************************************** Date: Tue, 18 Oct 1994 15:30 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Oct env update To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Nepal Environmental Update (Oct, 1994)
======================================

Exceprts from the regional environmental update of ESCAP Aug issue on Nepal:

1. VEHICULAR POLLUTION: Of the 6331 vehicles tested between april to Aug 5, only 3437 (54%) passed. The pass mark was 65 "hartrige smoke unit (HSU)
"forsmoke density and 3 % for carbon monoxide emitted. TRests are carried out at the Thapathali Auto campus, the Baghbazar and the ram hah path police offices.

There are plans to test at least 50000 of the 80000 vehicles plying in Bagmati alone. No action has been taken against those flunking the pollutioon test yet.

2. RELOCATING POLLUTING INDUSTRIES? Industries in Kathmadnu valley have been blamed for the pollution and congestion. the author, Suman Rai, wonders why this is so. he recommends that only polluting indrustries should be singled out and that even if all industries move out, less than 6% of the industry dependent population can be expected to move out and there will no reduction of congestion. he recommends incentives for industries to not locate here and allow those that pollute to remain here with pollution abatement devices while warning that this will make Nepal less competitive in the export market.

3. PEOPLE'S PARTICIPATION CAN SOLVE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS tthat is the official line. Honchos from National Planning commission, IUCN/Nepal, Ministry of Agriculture are preparing educational materials for this purpose for use by Nepal Adminstrative Stfff college, Small Farmers Development Proj, Min of Forestes, Women's training scenter, and Hotel management and tourism center.

*************************************************************** Date: Tue, 18 Oct 1994 19:15:55 -0400 (EDT) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu>

        As a TND reader, I thank J.R. Joshi for his (a he, I presume!) for his thoughts. As a postscript to Rajpal's explantions, I would add the following points:

        Regarding "Unbiased news": More and better news is always desirable, of course. Still, even in the face of limited time and efforts, TND is already doing a commendable service in providing whatever pieces of news on Nepal it finds. If anything, readers like you and me should be thankful for even that, for we very well know how HARD it is to come by news from Nepal in (at least) the American media.

        Regarding "Meaningless discussions": I spent seven months in Nepal from Feb. '94 to Sept '94, and the BIGGEST frustration I had had there was the LACK OF PUBLIC DEBATES on anything. Sure, there were controversies about this and that, too many of them, in fact; but, let's face it, controversies never equal debates. At a very simple level, passion fuels controversies; while, knowledge drives debates. And, these sort of debates, the ones powered by knowledge, are what that give vigor to democracy.

        I would argue that since there take place very few debates, if any, on public issues in present Nepal, the greatest threat to democracy comes not from Girija, not from the communists, not too from India, but from ourselves -- the "elites" by virtue of our education and training outside of Nepal -- who seem to resent the very idea of debates and dialogues by calling it "meaningless and unnecessary" and so forth.

        I don't mean to say that all debates are equally important or even equally interesting. They are not. Some are good ideas worth defendng and some are bad. But we are never going to find what is what unless we allow BOTH the bad and the good ideas to circulate on this wire.

        The rest of us are not so dumb as to accept every idea uncritically. Indeed, to borrow from J.S. Mill, in this marketplace of ideas called TND, let some ideas beat out other ideas, and let the best ideas emerge from the collective knowledge,intelligence and wisdom of us 750+ members. To that end, let there be vigorous disagreements, engaging kura-kanis, and so on on this net, -- in the name of "those are good things to pursue in and of themselves" and NOT necessarily because they would also help "Nepal ko bikas maa . . "

        Re: "Green cards" : Just because someone talks about "nepal ko bikas" on this net, that DOES NOT, SHOULD NOT mean that he or she will be going back to "develop Nepal" per se -- though, that would be great! I would think that Nepalis who have green cards are as concerned and respectful of Nepal as Nepalis who do not.

        And that for both, this TND is a medium to express their concerns and feelings and thoughts and what-have-you about/on Nepal. I think that's pretty reasonable or even normal to do that. After all, I am sure that those who talk about Nepal ko bikas are so dumb as to believe that development is a simple function! So, what they are doing, as it appears to me, is putting their thoughts on the screen, and that's worthy of praise in and of itself. [For the record, I do NOT have a Green Card; and, also for the record, I do NOT intend to apply for one.]
 
        So, let me conclude on this note: We do not pay for TND; (maybe those on AOL or compuserve pay!). It is, what economists would say, a good example of "public good". Rajpal is already a busy full-time professional who has devoted substantial amount of time to the growth of TND. So instead of complaining about this and that, yo bhayena tyo bhayena type of complaints, let us ask, to paraphrase one of my heroes, JFK, "not what TND can do for you, but what you can do for TND."

        Second, let there be debates. Good debates and bad debates. Because, remember, at the end of the day, you are intelligent enough to distinguish between the two. Bad debates, I am confident, would slowly drop out as more people like you -- intelligent, concerned and well-informed take part in, what I hope goo debates and lively kura-kanis. Come on, we are not wasting our time -- but challenging ourselves with this incredible resources that TND has drawn for us.

namaste ashu

******************************************************************* Date: 18 Oct 94 19:56:36 EDT From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: KURA_KANI To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

This is from Hridaya Bajracharya.

--- Forwarded Message from "Hridaya Bajracharya"
                       Subject: Time:12:28
  OFFICE MEMO KURA_KANI Date:10/18/94

Comment on Women and Hinduism I have been reading with great interest the articles by Pramod Mishra on Women and Hinduism and Tilak Shrestha's commentaries. Invariably, Mishra's articles drew lots of supports from female sector and critical male sector. Shrestha drew appreciations of purist sector. I lack an experiential feeling of the grip of the social structure and the drive of the cultural dynamics to put myself firmly behind the proposition that women are persecuted in Hindu society. So I sometimes tended to doze in purist stand. And perhaps the dogma of an ideal "hindu" is lacking in me to feel strongly against the culmination of social negativity attributed to the social groups under the word. I feel both stances have strong points that we cannot ignore and both have weaknesses too. And except for the etimological feud over the use of the word "hindu" -- owning or disowning its connotation of the positive and negative aspects of social norms, values, and enigma -- there is no principle disagreement between the two. Regarding what one is saying "yes it is happening in the world" and is being denied by the other, the disagreement stem not from what should or should not be happening but from a lack of realization that there are multiple realities each are unable to unfold in their respective perceptions. To be specific, I feel Tilak is missing the lived realities of a major section of the people who are identified under the word "hindu." Whether he likes it or not, evidently there are sections of hindus who are heavily suppressed by the plight of male favored rectified views and attitutdes. He cannot simply blanket off the word "hindu" from such sections. So far the understanding of the word, or say getting an imagery connotation of the word is concerned the visibility of the exemplars will always have a prominent place. Who are in the visibility as the
"hindus"? I think this question cannot be resolved decisively for there cannot be a way to quantify the traits nor the traits could be singled out for definitions. The only alternative is to enhance the image as Tilak would like to have, and I think Promod also wanted to boost by attempting to disect the negativity.

Pramod on the other hand, seems to forget that he is diagnosing the larger and complex "hindu". At places he tended to think as if performing postmartem. The hermeneutic meaning of "hindu" is not to be seen in his arguments while Tilak sometimes gets lost in the historical/ideal precepts. I have profound respect for them both -- a good match (minus the personal stinging) to look into the contemporary issues of "hinduism," if I still have to use the word to connote the social dynamics of Nepal and the adjoining region. I don't have, as I mentioned above dogma for words for the words get borned, killed, defiled, famed, defamed, reincarnated, and converted to ghosts. It is a matter of with what power they are being handled. And as a person affiliated with the word, I would certainly like to see the word handled carefully. Though respecting the passions towards viewing each had, I would appreciate articulations on the perceptions as well.

With due Namaskar Hridaya

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 17 Oct 1994 18:20:56 EDT To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu <Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa> Subject: Position open--Sakhi for South Asian Women From: Jacob Levich <jlevich@delphi.com>

PLEASE RESPOND BY POST OR FAX TO ADDRESS BELOW
  SAKHI FOR SOUTH ASIAN WOMEN: FULL-TIME PROGRAM COORDINATOR
  Sakhi for South Asian Women is a non-profit women's organization that addresses the issue of violence against women in the South Asian community (Bangladeshi, Indian, Nepali, Pakistani, Sri Lankan) in New York. The organization has a large volunteer base and advocates on behalf of battered women. Sakhi also engages in community education and in legislative and policy debates on behalf of immigrant and undocumented women.
  RESPONSIBILITIES: The program coordinator will be responsible for overall coordination of the following program areas of Sakhi: community outreach and organizing, operational and administrative work, fundraising and financial management, media relations, and coalition-building. It will necessitate close working relationships with other staff and active volunteers. The job requires fostering strong relationships with all women in Sakhi.
  QUALIFICATIONS: The candidate must have a college degree and either a graduate degree or significant work experience. The candidate must have an understanding of issues concerning violence against women. The person must possess excellent writing, speaking, and organizational skills. Strong inter-personal and leadership skills and the ability to work and communicate with diverse groups of people are necessary. Fluency in one or more South Asian languages is necessary. The job requires a high level of initiative and energy. Knowledge of fundraising and community organizing required. Computer literacy is required.
  Relevant degrees such as women's studies, social sciences, law, psychology or related fields is a plus. Knowledge of advocacy work preferred.
  SALARY: Mid to high 20s. Commensurate with experience.
  DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS: ASAP!
  MAIL OR FAX RESUME, COVER LETTER AND WRITING SAMPLE TO:
  Search Committee Sakhi for South Asian Women P.O. Box 20208 Greeley Square Station New York, NY 10001 Fax: (212) 564-8745 Phone: (212) 695-5447

***************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 17 Oct 1994 18:27:16 EDT To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu <Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa> From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Smuggler Sherpas

I am disheartened to learn of Ngmima Sherpa and several other nepalese getting caught for heroin smuggling in LA.

There are several issues that disturb me.

1. The image of a Nepali passport holder is blacklisted for some time and we can all expect to be rudely searchedc and presumed guilty until proven innocent at all points in the travel abroad beginning from the US consul, airport authorities in transit and of course port authorities in US. Needless ly all those with Sherpa will suffer even more and gradually their positive mystiquewill wear off to that of wretched criminal.

2. I am worried if the Sherpas will get due justice. For once, the news media alreaready noted how they had hard time finding a Nepali interpreter and eventually settled for a the San Franscico Nepali community. That still guarantees any protection. I am quite sure there are no Nepalese who are so welll versed in both American law and can translate complicated, nuanced american concepts in Nepali law when Nepali law and custom does not have several of the protections available in American law. Look how Shapiro is defending Simpson by trying to debar blood eveidence in Bronco by pleading that it was not adequately cordoned off and protected against contamination. Who would take care to introduce the benefit of doubt to these Nepalese. Moreover Nepali is still a second language to the Sherpas and even more will be lost whne the nepali is translated to Sherpa language.

3. The Sherpa will probably resign himself fatalistically to his "karma" as they accept death from falling down from mountains and this may be interpreted as the Sherpas willingness to admit guilt. We all know that Sherpas in general are a poor community who with the dint of hard work and some opportunity have pulled themselves out of their economic marginalistion much to the chagrin of many sections of nepalese comunity who did not have this break. There must bne many{whoare saying "kuchin" they deserved it. I appeal to all nepalese to do whatever they can to make sure they get the best protection available under the law and pay only the punishment due to them after being guilty after due process of law.

************************************************************************* Date: Mon, 17 Oct 1994 18:24:52 EDT To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu Subject: homosexuality in Nepal <Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa> From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu

In a previous article, blasofsky@college.antioch.edu (Brian Lasofsky) wrote:
>I am currently doing a study on homosexuality in Asia. I just returned
>from a trip were I only had the chance to spend a week in Kathmandu. I
>would of loved to spend more time but other thing called. I am wondering
>if anyone out there can let me in on the aspects and culture of
>homosexuality in Nepal.
>
>Thanx-
>-blasofsky
========================= I have often wondered if homosexuality is a capitalist disease unique to the west.

In US, if one accidently brushes a man's hand or butt or shoulder in a cinema hall or any crowded place, one must immediately apologize lest one is taken for a homosexual male which may invite appropriate response from homophobic harrassement to homosexual seduction.

I have had many women of US who asked me in Nepal if Nepalese young men were gay because they were going around with much physical contact, holding hands, holding shoulders, embracing and jsut a lot of horsing around. Of course, the public is cultural.

Whhile in America, a woman need not be married to kiss a man on the street, in Nepal, even the queen has to walk ten steps behind her king.

As a kid in school, I have noticed a lot of horsing around among boys but I have always wondered if there are those who never gets excited by a woman and would prefer men or boys as sexual and social partners. Of course since there is no such thing as a homo-marriage, such homosexuals can hide their proclivities behind the cultural shield of a marriage as they do in US till now.

I have also heard of women horsing around as adolescents exploring each other sexually in the context of strict social sanctionsa agaist premarital sex in Nepal but I have never heard of mature women, both married or unmarried horisng around or indulging in sex with other adult women. Either th4e sancitons must be extraordinarily stiff or the phenomenon just does nto exist., I am inclined to believe the latter because if it were the former at least we would hear of locker room gossip and snid remarks which are forms of social sanction. Inf fact this is a har to concept to even translate just like we cannot translat ethe computer and telphone to Nepal much that our Sanskritized Gorkhapatra try to conjure up words such as "Dur darshan TV" or
"Dur byasan" drug abuse, or etcx. Can anyone else enlighten us?

********************************************************************** Date: 19 Oct 94 15:15:48 EDT From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: Article for TND To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

This was written by Alok Bohra.

--- Forwarded Message from Alok Bohara ECONOMICS <bohara@unm.edu> ---

               A Political Economy Approach to a Free Market
               Economy in Nepal Part II: A Possible Solution
             Alok K. Bohara, Ph.D., University of New Mexico

In my earlier article with the similar title, I argued that there is a well functioning hidden economic market in Nepal which is a major roadblock for the country to becoming a free market economy. This market is just like any economic market where traders --policy makers, bureaucrats, and businessmen-- engage in a profit maximizing activities. The valuable tradable commodities such as licenses, quotas, and rules and regulations are auctioned in this market. The policy makers and the bureaucrats are the suppliers and the businessmen are the demanders. I also argued that this market has been there for decades, only it is more vibrant and possibly more blatant now, because of the increasing international trade and commerce.

Using a political economy model, this article proposes a few steps that the Nepalese leadership can implement to make this underground market less active, and possibly make it disappear eventually.

First, one could argue in favor of tougher laws to prevent this market from functioning, by taking actions against those who participate in buying and selling of these commodities. However, the government has to come up with resources to enforce the law, and which could be a very costly proposition. In addition, these side transactions can be carried out in various disguises, making the enforcement effort quite difficult. Furthermore, the get-tough policy will simply drive the price of those commodities high, making it more lucrative and hard to resist. Consequently, the players will continue to engage in these transactions. This approach has not worked even in the communist countries. In Nepal, various Commissions and enforcement agencies have come and gone without making a dent to this problem.

Instead, I would propose a policy that is based on the basic economic principle of supply and demand. In particular, the proposal is to lower the price of these tradable commodities--licenses, quotas, and rules and regulations. A lower price will result in a thin profit margin which will make the trade of these commodities unattractive. A threat of a strict prosecution will also help make it a risky venture. The price of these commodities can be lowered by increasing the supply. That is, the rationing of licenses should be stopped and the quotas should be abolished.

If the tradable commodity --license or quota-- is easily available, the transaction cost of obtaining it will also be low. For example, as a profit maximizer, a businessman will never pay an exuberant amount of money for a license knowing that he has to enter into competition with another businessman who is also guaranteed the same license. Because of the free competition and lower price, these businessmen have to survive on a thin profit margin. Neither can afford a huge side payment. With reduced returns on these transactions, policy makers find these activities less profitable at least as compared to the cost of possible apprehension.
  Similarly, the bureaucrats generate rents by selling their rules and regulations to the businessmen. That is, the businessmen pay these bureaucrats to lower the regulatory barriers. The tougher the regulation, the higher the price to evade it. A tougher regulation is quite costly for a businessman to comply with, making the business venture costly. So, through a side payment in this underground market, the businessman simply attempts to make a bigger profit margin by not complying with the regulation. He shares the potential cost with the bureaucrat. The transaction cost is simply then passed on to the consumers in terms of higher prices. Over-priced public projects become economically less efficient, and will eventually have to be subsidized by the public through higher taxes.

Although I do not have the empirical data, but I am willing to make a guesstimate that of the total $800 million price tag for the Arun Project, a substantial amount is due to the massive transactions that took place in this hidden market. We, the public, is going to subsidize this overhead cost through higher prices. Furthermore, the artificially inflated loan has to be paid through higher taxes as well. This shows how the public is unknowingly baring the burden of financing this hidden market through higher prices and taxes, diverting the scarce resources that could have been used to create jobs.

The political economy model presented in this article will also predict that the various new interest groups --politicians, bureaucrats, and businessmen, will collectively lobby to reopen the Arun Project. This takes place especially when there is a change in the administration, for example, through new election. Ironically, this is a perfectly rational behavior on their part to maximize profit by generating new rents. In this process, the public will have the weakest voice because they are not as well organized as the other groups. These interest groups are much better financed too. Again, the public will be the ultimate looser.

The government should adopt rules and regulations that are not counter productive to a healthy business environment. That is, the government should propose a fewer regulations not more. A fewer regulations result in a fewer side transactions. Similarly, a policy of less restrictive regulation will drive down the price of bureaucrats' services, forcing them to go out of business eventually. Projects with lower transaction costs will mean lower prices for the consumers.

Such a hidden market is a roadblock to a free market economy. Because, licenses, quotas, and unnecessary rules and regulations make cost of doing business in Nepal artificially high. As a result, the country fails to attract international investments. The public end up bearing the cost of over-priced projects through inflated prices and higher taxes, not to mention the inefficient use of national resources. High prices and high taxes result in a lower saving rate and low investment, which ultimately fail to create jobs. This is one of main reasons as to why Nepal does not have a sizable middle class, which is the backbone of any growing economy. Furthermore, many of these projects may not even be economically viable or socially desirable. So, it is in our national interest to inactivate this underground market to clear the road to free market economy. I strongly urge the Nepalese leadership to consider this issue seriously.

*********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 19 Oct 1994 16:55:44 EDT To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu <Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa> From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (Raj Shrestha) Subject: Nepaliaitian Human Rights Activist Among Reebok Award Winners

    BOSTON (Reuter) - Four human rights activists from Haiti, Brazil, Liberia and Nepal were named winners of the 1994 Reebok Human Rights Award for their efforts to promote greater rights and freedoms in their countries.
    The award was created in 1988 by Reebok International Ltd., the athletic shoemaker based in Stoughton, Massachusetts, to recognize the human rights work of people aged 30 and younger.
    The award, which provides a $25,000 donation to a human rights organization named by each recipient, will be presented to the winners at a ceremony in Boston Dec. 7.
    Rose-Anne Auguste, a 30-year-old nurse in Haiti, was named one of the winners for seeking to promote justice against a background of widespread violence and repression in her country under the military junta, recently forced from power by U.S. pressure.
    Former President Jimmy Carter, a member of the Reebok Human Rights Board of Advisors praised Auguste's work on behalf of her countrymen as
``inspiring''.
    ``I join Reebok in celebrating her courageous spirit, and that of the other recipients of this year's awards. These individuals who risk everything in the pursuit of human dignity, represent hope for the future of human rights and democracy.''
    ``She has toiled to improve the chronically insufficient health care available to Haitian women and children in a country which has known extreme human suffering,'' the advisory board said in a statement.
    Auguste founded a private clinic in one of the poorest and most dangerous area of Port-au-Prince, offering free health care to anyone who needed medical care but could not afford it. The clinic, which now treats more than 200 people a day, became a haven for many victims of Haiti's political violence.
    Brazil's Adauato Belarmino Alves, 29, an internationally known gay rights activist who is also prominent in the promotion of AIDS education, won his award for his work in a country where homosexuals and transvestites are routinely murdered by paramilitary groups.
    Dilli Bahadur Chaudhary, 25, of Nepal won the award for his fight against bonded slavery among native Tharu people. From the age of 15, Chaudhary began teaching the Tharu to read so they could better understand their legal rights and fight to overcome their status as bonded laborers.
    Also honored was Samuel Kofi Woods, 30, from Liberia, who monitors and investigates human rights violations through a network of organizations in his homeland. Woods serves as director of a commission which seeks to raise public awareness of social justice and provides legal aid for people arrested arbitrarily.
 Reuter/Variety

Transmitted: 94-10-17 20:42:33 EDT

********************************************************************* From: neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca (Bhanu Neupane u) Subject: Nepali Movie

Recently, very unwillingly, I have signed up for an extra curricular activity to be organized by the Student Union of my university. We are planning to organize a mini-international film festival. Obviously, I also have been told to look for a Nepali Movie having English sub-titles. To my understanding most of the Nepali movies are filthy and substandard copies of "Indian" Movies. Showing these would not have been a problem, if these film at least presented a bit of Nepali culture. The real dilemma is now a days, "pelvic gyrating" and "real hard core smooching" stuffs are shown more in Nepali movies than in any rap-music videos or Hollywood movies. If any of these would be shown, it would be in a poignant contrast to how I have been presenting Nepal in front of the people around here. It would rather be a shame in itself if a "drag" like Bhuvan KC would be shown as a perfect Nepali man or a "pink" like Karishma KC would be shown as an ideal Nepali women.

Once, I had an opportunity to watch "Ujeli", which is more like a melodrama than fiction, the actors and actresses are all real villagers and its story revolves around one of the social evils in our part of the world. I would be very obliged, if any of you having an access to this documentary movie, suggest a way to obtain a copy of it. I am prepared to pay for a blank and necessary postage.

You could also suggest me of any other movie besides 'Ujeli', provided it views Nepali and presents a Nepali culture. I would not mind if it won't have English subtitles. Please, suggest something "Two Thumbs Up".
  I will appreciate if you will use my email to communicate.

Thank you Bhanu
<neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca>

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