The Nepal Digest - November 14, 1995 (2 Ashoj 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tuesday 14 November 95: Ashoj 2 2052 BS Volume 44 Issue 8

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 03 Nov 1995 22:01:37 +1300 From: TARA D GURUNG <GURUNGTD@kahu.lincoln.ac.nz> Subject: Will be away for three months. To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Dear editor.

Namastae and thanks for having me in your subscribers list so far. I'll be leaving for Nepal soon and will be back only at the end of Feb '96. Therefore please discontinue my subscription for these three months and will be glad if it can be renewed after that period.

Thanks. Tara.

**************************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Fri, 3 Nov 1995 13:07:00 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Ashutosh's Article and Sunil's Comments

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Wow I've seen loads of arguments on various subjects but isn't this one going a bit too far.

Ashutosh Tiwari does point out alot of various social problems in Nepal and for most part of it they are true. But I wonder what relevance the issues in question have in a developing country.

I do agree when Sunil says we have more important problems than those raised by AT in his notes. But wonder why he only objects to the mentioning of "pretty young women..." (or was it phrased differently").

I honestly believe we should all keep our priorities clear and address
(and try to solve) issues of importance. We have alot more time for social evalution first, lets get the other things straight! What say???

Andy

********************************************************** Date: Sat, 4 Nov 1995 15:40:24 +0000 To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: dquigley@clio.arts.qub.ac.uk (Declan Quigley) Subject: CONTESTED HIERARCHIES - new book on the Kathmandu Valley

Readers of The Nepal Digest may be interested to know of a recent major book on the history and sociology of the Kathmandu Valley which has been put together by a team of international scholars. The book is published in England by Clarendon Press, Oxford, and in both India and the United States by Oxford University Press. Details are as follows:

Title:

*CONTESTED HIERARCHIES: A Collaborative Ethnography of Caste among the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal*, Edited by David N. Gellner and Declan Quigley, Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1995. ISBN 0-19-827960-4

Contents:

1. Introduction
        David N. Gellner 2. Buddhist Merchants in Kathmandu: The Asan Twah Market and Uray Social Organization
        Todd T. Lewis 3. Sresthas: Heterogeneity among Hindu Patron Lineages
        Declan Quigley 4. Caste and Kinship in a Newar Village
        Hiroshi Ishii 5. Urban Peasants: The Maharjans (Jyapu) of Kathmandu and Lalitpur
        David N. Gellner & Rajendra P. Pradhan 6. The Social Organization of Rajopadhyaya Brahmans
        G=E9rard Toffin 7. Sakyas and Vajracaryas: From Holy Order to Quasi-Ethnic Group
        David N. Gellner 8. The Citrakars: Caste of Painters and Mask-Makers
        G=E9rard Toffin 9. Low Castes in Lalitpur
        David N. Gellner 10. Conclusion: Caste Organization and the Ancient City
        Declan Quigley

Brief synopsis of the book:

The urban civilization of the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley provides a paradigm for the study of caste and Hindu kingship. In this innovative study six anthropologists, in a genuinely collaborative international endeavour, pool their knowledge of the three ancient royal cities of Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur, and the nearby settlements which once formed part of their respective kingdoms.
        *CONTESTED HIERARCHIES* opens with an introduction outlining the historical background and contemporary context of Newar society. In the central chapters of the book the social institutions of all the main caste groups - Hindu and Buddhist priests, patrons, artisans, farmers, and low castes - are given extended consideration. A comparative conclusion, which locates controversies about the Newars within wider theoretical debates over the nature of caste, demonstrates how the fundamental principles underlying all caste systems are particularly clearly exemplified by the Newar case.
        Themes to emerge from the entire work include: the coexistence of competing representations of caste hierarchies; the importance of kingship and the symbolism of the exemplary centre; the relationship between the Hindu royal city and the villages in its hinterland; the salience of territorial affiliation, ties of kinship, and access to the services of ritual specialists as markers of identity and status; and the far-reaching social changes which have occurred in recent decades. Throughout
*CONTESTED HIERARCHIES* the contributors demonstrate the social and cultural continuities between India and Nepal.
        The result is the most complete and rounded analysis yet of a regional caste system. The book, attractively illustrated by specially chosen black and white photographs, should appeal not only to students of Hinduism and South Asia, but to all anthropologists and comparative sociologists interested in the interrelations of politics, ritual, kinship, economy, and ideology in complex pre-industrial societies.

Notes on the contributors:

David N. GELLNER is Lecturer in Social Anthropology in the Department of Human Sciences, Brunel University, London. His main fieldwork in Nepal was carried out from 1982 to 1984 as part of a D.Phil. at Oxford University; he has returned to Nepal on five occasions since then. He is the author of
*Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and its Hierarchy of Ritual* (Cambridge: University Press, 1992) as well as numerous articles on aspects of Newar religion and society. More recently he has undertaken fieldwork on ritual healers and has also been carrying out comparative research on Buddhist priests in Japan.

Hiroshi ISHII is Professor at the Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. He has conducted research on three different communities in Nepal over many years: the Newars, the Parbatiya Hindus, and the Maithils. He has recently published (with P. P. Karan) *Nepal: Development and Change in a Landlocked Kingdom* (Tokyo: ILCAA, 1994).

Todd T. LEWIS is assistant Professor in the Department of Religious Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts, where he teaches courses on Asian religions. In addition to his publications on texts and traditions in Newar Buddhism, he has made research films on Newar social settings and festivals for the Human Area Film Archives, the Smithsonian Institution. He is also the founding Co-Chair of the Himalayan and Tibetan Religions Group within the American Academy of Religion and associate Editor of the Himalayan Research Bulletin.

Rajendra P. PRADHAN was trained in anthropology at the Delhi School of Economics, where he was supervised by Veena Das. His Ph.D. thesis.
'Domestic and Cosmic Rituals among the Hindu Newars of Kathmandu, Nepal', was completed in 1986. He subsequently carried out fieldwork in a village in Holland as part of a three-person team studying ageing and Dutch attitudes to death. He is currently self-employed in Kathmandu.

Declan QUIGLEY is Lecturer in Social Anthropology at The Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland. After taking his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics in 1984, he carried out post-doctoral research in Kathmandu while attached to Tribhuvan University. He subsequently undertook research and lectured at the University of Cambridge until 1992 when he returned to his native city. He has published a number of articles on the Newars and a comparative, theoretical book: *The Interpretation of Caste* (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

G=E9rard TOFFIN is a Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Meudon, France, and is the head of the research team investigating 'Milieux, Soci=E9t=E9s et Cultures en Himalaya'. He specialized in the anthropology of Nepal in 1970 after studying at the Sorbonne and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris. His work in Nepal has been particularly on two groups: the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley and the Tamangs in the west of the Country. He is the author of numerous works on the anthropology of Nepal and the Himalayas including *Soci=E9t=E9 et religion chez les N=E9war du N=E9pal (Paris: CNRS,=
 1984) and *Le Palais et le Temple* (Paris, CNRS, 1994).

Declan Quigley Department of Social Anthropology The Queen's University of Belfast Belfast BT7 1NN N. Ireland Tel: 00 44 1232 245133 Ext. 3879/3701
=46ax: 00 44 1232 247895 e-mail: dquigley@clio.arts.qub.ac.uk

***************************************************************** Date: Sat, 04 Nov 1995 20:54:52 -0500 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News 11/4/1995

                   Copyright 1995 The Daily Telegraph plc
                              The Daily Telegraph

                           November 4, 1995, Saturday

SECTION: Pg. 03

LENGTH: 532 words

HEADLINE: Millionaire fights for heir to stay in Britain Businessman pleads against deportation order on teenage son of Nepali man who saved his life on Annapurna

BYLINE: By Barbie Dutter

 BODY:
   A WEALTHY businessman said yesterday he would leave Britain if the Government carried out its threat to deport a Nepalese teenager to whom he has pledged his pounds 2.5 million fortune because his life was saved by the boy's father. Richard Morley, who owns the 18th-century Clearwell Castle in Gloucestershire, has treated 19-year-old Jay Khadka as his own son for five years, following the death of the teenager's father. He said they would go "into exile" if the immigration authorities, which had already told Jay to leave the country, issued him with a deportation notice after a final appeal. Jay's father, Basu Khadka, who died in 1988, trekked for three days to summon help when Mr Morley's lung collapsed at 17,500ft in the Annapurna massif, Nepal, in 1984. Mr Morley subsequently promised to look after the boy should anything happen to Mr Khadka. Five years ago, on hearing of Mr Khadka's death, he made the return journey to
 Nepal where he found Jay, then aged 14, living in poverty on the streets, scratching a living by working as a goatherd and in a stone mine. Mr Morley, 41, who was widowed in 1992 and has no children of his own, brought the boy back to England and paid to have him educated privately at his 50-room castle, which until recently was run as a hotel. The six-month visitor's visa on which Jay gained entry into Britain in 1990 has never been extended, despite numerous appeals. In 1992, Jay was asked by the Home Office to leave the country voluntarily, but refused. The case is now being considered by the Independent Immigration Appeals Procedure, which will decide early next year if Jay will be deported or allowed to stay. Mr Morley said: "There is no way I am just going to put him on a plane and say goodbye. We will go into exile together rather than face that. "I feel the same way as any other parent would feel if their child was taken away and sent to the other side of the world. I'm horrified." Mr Morley is the managing director of a London-based computer firm. He has made the teenager heir to his pounds 2.5 million estate, which also includes a flat in Bloomsbury, London, a home in Margate, Kent, and heirlooms including an art collection and 5,000-book academic library. He claimed that Jay posed no financial burden and said: "To throw him out of this country is against humanity. It's ludicrous. He would be thrown back into an alien culture." While living at the 18th- century castle, which is staffed by seven servants, Jay has studied English literature, Greek philosophy and fine arts with a personal tutor. He has learned how to cook and has been trained in hotel management. Jay said: "I would very much like to stay here. I have grown up in this culture and society. I have a new family who I love and a future. "If I had not come to England I would probably still be digging the fields or working the mines. I may not even have survived. I am grateful for the chance I have been given. I am determined to make the most of it." A spokesman for the Home Office said last night: "This case is going through the independent appeals procedure at the moment. There is nothing more we can say for fear of prejudicing the case."

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            NOVEMBER 3, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 136 words

HEADLINE: nepali ruling party calls for cabinet re-expansion

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 3; ITEM NO: 1103057

 BODY:
    nepal's major ruling party --the nepali congress (np) --will ask prime minister sher bahadur deuba to expand his coalition cabinet again as soon as possible, reports said here today. the decision was made thursday at a meeting of the np parliamentary committee chaired by np president krishna prasad bhattarai. the present coalition government of the np, the national democratic party (rpp) and the nepal goodwill party was formed in september with a quick-fixed five-member cabinet to replace the former communist government. prime minister deuba, of the np, then expanded the cabinet to embrace 26 members, with 12 from his own party, 13 from the rpp and one from the goodwill party. the np holds 83 seats in the country's 205-seat parliament, while the rpp claims 10 and the goodwill party three seats.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 2, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 145 words

HEADLINE: nepali king receives honorary degree from japan

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 2; ITEM NO: 1102066

 BODY:
   king birendra of nepal was conferred on a honorary doctorate by a japanese university at the royal palace here wednesday. president of soka university kinnosuke komuro conferred the honor on the king on behalf of his university. komuro said that the honorary degree was in recognition of the king's
"outstanding achievements" in his effort to promote world peace by creating better understanding in international relations. king birendra said that
 nepal, as a developing country, still had a long way to go in the field of education. soka university praised the king's role as chancellor of nepal's tribhuvan university, mahendra sanskrit university and royal academy of science and technology, in his promotion of higher education in the country. the japanese university has an agreement with tribhuvan university on exchange of scholars and information flow.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 2, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 149 words

HEADLINE: nepali state firms reap less profit last year

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 2; ITEM NO: 1102075

 BODY:
    nepal saw a 1.44 percent decline in the profits of state-owned corporations in the last fiscal year ending july 15, said an annual report released recently by the government. only six of the 109 corporations contributed to the national revenue, said the report. according to the report, the six corporations contributed 770 million rupees (15.4 million us dollars) to the government coffer last year. the nepal rastra bank, the country's central bank, was the prime contributor claiming 98 percent of the total amount. the government had invested nearly nine billion rupees (180 million us dollars) in the state enterprises last year but over 8.31 billion rupees (166 million us dollars) yielded no pay-off, the report said. the other profit making enterprises were royal drug ltd., salt trading corporation, loan security corporation, nepal bank ltd. and nepal telecom corporation.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 2, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 106 words

HEADLINE: nepal to import 50,000 tons of salt

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 2; ITEM NO: 1102239

 BODY:
    nepal will import 50,000 metric tons of salt from india in the coming months, a report said today. the state-run salt trading corporation signed an agreement with the indian salt producing company hindustan salt ltd. recently,
 nepal's national news agency rss reported. it said that the salt trading corporation of nepal would progressively reduce the sale and distribution of solid salt and provide packed iodized salt throughout the country within three years. meanwhile, the nepali company and its indian counterpart had also agreed in principle to jointly set up a salt refinery plant in gujarat, india for export to nepal.

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          November 1, 1995, Wednesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2450/A

LENGTH: 94 words

HEADLINE: FOREIGN INVESTMENT; Appeal to international community to assist in building communications infrastructure

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 31 Oct 95

 BODY:
   [20] Text of report by Radio Nepal

     Nepal has appealed to the UN and international community to assist countries like Nepal in building necessary communication infrastructure for the promotion of freedom of expression, free press and unrestricted dissemination of information. Delivering a statement at the 50th session of the UN on questions relating to information in New York, member of the Nepalese delegation M.P. Vishnu Bahadur (?Tapa) said freedom of expression and unhindered flow of information are fundamental to the growth of democratic values.

                            Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          November 1, 1995, Wednesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2450/A

LENGTH: 117 words

HEADLINE: FOREIGN INVESTMENT; House of Representatives speaker calls for steps to help environment

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 31 Oct 95

 BODY:
   [21] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Speaker of the House of Representatives, Sadam Chandra Podal phonetic untraced , has said that legal arrangements for reward and punishment should be made to keep the country's environment healthy, green and naturally beautiful, and those arrangements should be enforced. Speaker (?Podal) said this while inaugurating an interaction programme on the topic: "Environment and Population - the Challenge of Today" , organized jointly by the environment conservation sub-committee under the natural resources and environment contravention committee of the House of Representatives, and Nepal's forum for environmental journalists as heard in Kathmandu today.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 1, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 214 words

HEADLINE: nepali foreign minister returns home

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 1; ITEM NO: 1101054

 BODY:
   nepali foreign minister prakash chandra lohani returned here last night after attending the non-aligned movement (nam) summit and the 50th united nations general assembly and making a visit to japan. talking to reporters at the airport on his arrival, lohani said that the nam movement was of greater importance today and small nations had a forum in the movement to present their views on social, political and other issues to the world community. he said that during his trip abroad he found friendly countries were keen to contribute to the construction of democracy and economic development in nepal. on his two-day visit to japan from monday, the foreign minister revealed that japan had formally requested nepal to support its permanent membership in the un security council if it would be expanded. he said that india and japan had been actively vying for a new seat in the security council and nepal was yet to make any decision on this matter as no conclusion had been reached on the expansion of the security council. during his stay in japan, lohani met with his japanese counterpart yohei kono, discussing issues of nepal's social and economic development including possible japanese assistance to a hydropower project and a road construction project in nepal.

                     Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 1, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 235 words

HEADLINE: nepali congress leaders on communication work

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 1; ITEM NO: 1101204

 BODY:
   leaders of nepal's main ruling party, the nepali congress (nc), today called for strengthening the party's communication work to achieve support of the people. nc leader and former prime minister girija prasad koirala, while inaugurating a party training program on information and communication here today, said that papers and other publications reflecting the party's opinions should have access to rural party workers in order to inform the general people of the party's activities. he called on party workers to commit themselves for this purpose. the present government had difficulty in functioning itself as it was a coalition government, so it urged workers of the main ruling party to convey the deeds of the government to the people, koirala said. meanwhile, nc president krishna prasad bhattarai said that too much publicity might make the government unpopular and he warned ministers from his party to care about it. minister for information and communication chiranjibi wagle, also coordinator of the nc information and communication department, said that government media alone could not solve problems relating to allegations from opposition and it required to increase the skill of party workers. representatives of party workers from all 75 districts in the country are participating in the four-day program organized by the nc central information and communication department.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           OCTOBER 31, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 160 words

HEADLINE: peace returns to western nepali city after clashes

DATELINE: kathmandu, october 31; ITEM NO: 1031066

 BODY:
   restoration of understanding and goodwill was seen today in the western nepali city of nepalgunj after almost a week of tension sparked by a market quarrel between a hindu man and muslim man. mutual understanding was reached at the meetings held in nepalgunj in the last two days to resolve the dispute, the official newspaper rising nepal reported today. the meetings were attended by representatives from the ruling and opposition parties, local officials, social workers and leaders of the hindu and muslim communities. at the initiative of the local police, a peace rally was staged monday to show communal harmony and intellectuals from both the two communities marched in the rally. those arrested in the incident, nearly 30 in figure, have all been released, said the police. the government has set up a three-member team to investigate into the latest clashes in this border city, triggered by the quarrel over vegetable price last wednesday.

              Proprietary to the United Press International 1995

                      October 31, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 103 words

HEADLINE: Nepal makes arrest for Italian's murder

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Oct. 31

 BODY:
   A 20 year-old Nepali man has been arrested for murdering an Italian tourist during a bar brawl in the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal, police said. Khansung Gurung was arrested after hiding out for days at a relative's home in a suburb of the capital Katmandu, police said. Police are still looking for four other Nepali men who they say were involved in the murder of David Carraro, 21, earlier this month. Carraro died of wounds he received during a fight at a popular bar frequented by foreign tourists in the capital. Local police were unable to confirm Carraro's hometown in Italy. br-sln/upi

               Proprietary to the United Press International 1995

                      October 31, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 207 words

HEADLINE: Panel to probe communal clashes

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Oct. 31

 BODY:
    Nepal's government formed a three-member panel Tuesday to probe clashes between Hindus and Muslims that marred the normally amicable relationship between the two sides in the primarily Hindu kingdom. The panel, headed by Home Ministry Secretary Tika Dutta Nirula, will submit a report in seven days, the government said in an announcement. The West Nepal town of Nepaljung was hit be sectarian violence last Thursday following a dispute between a Muslim vendor and a Hindu customer over the price of vegetables. Some 45 people were arrested during the clash and the last 15 of them were released Monday, following talks between the two sides and officials seeking to normalize the situation. The two sides jointly organized a peace rally in the town Monday, according to reports reaching Katmandu. The government agreed to compensate the victims of the riots following the submission of a report by the investigation panel, an official of the Home Ministry said. Local authorities were progressively reducing nighttime curfew hours still in place on the town Monday. Hindu-Muslim riots are rare in the world's only officially Hindu kingdom. Muslims are the largest religious minority in Nepal.

               Proprietary to the United Press International 1995

                      October 31, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 74 words

HEADLINE: Qatar Airways starts flight to Nepal

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Oct. 31

 BODY:
   Qatar Airways Tuesday introduced a direct weekly flight between the middle eastern country and the Himalayan kingdom of Nepal. The state-owned airline's inaugral Boeing-727 flight to Nepal landed in the capital Katmandu Tuesday, carrying 26 passengers and returned to Doha with 59 people on board. Earlier this year, Nepal and Qatar signed an agreement to operate a direct route between the two countries. br-sln/upi

*************************************************************** Date: Sun, 5 Nov 1995 18:28:57 -0500 To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From: sharma@plains.nodak.edu (Padam Sharma) Subject: InfoNepal: A dream in the works!

You are what your deep, driving desire is; so is your will; so is your deed; so is your destiny.
                                              ..........Upanishad The existence of ours is as transient as clouds. A lifetime is like a flash of lightning in the sky, rushing by like a torrent down a steep mountain.
                                         ......... Gautama Buddha

We love Nepal. We desire that Nepal would improve its current state of qualtiy of life and the environment. I invite your inputs into the following idea of an international network of Nepalese and friends of Nepal. Everything is open to valuable suggestions -- from the title to the language of presentation, from vision and mission statements to the organizational structure. Together, we can bring out a document that contains our shared vision, mission, and plan of action for stewardship of a "beautiful, peaceful, and democratic" Nepal. .......Padam Sharma.

       EMPOWER NEPAL INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION (InfoNepal)

Nepal is beautiful

Sitting on the lap of the majestic Himalayas between India and China, Nepal is the most picturesque mountainous country in the world. From sub-tropical plains in the south to temperate Himalayan peaks in the north, from humid east to semi-arid west, Nepal displays a panorama of mountainous landscape and bio- diversity. Developed in ecological niches of these mountains, valleys, and plains, the cultural diversity of Nepal's 22 million people also demonstrate a unique character of ethnic and religious harmony.

Known around the world by the valor of Gorkha soldiers and the endurance of Sherpa mountain guides, Nepalese are friendly, simple, and honest. To the traveler of this landlocked mountain kingdom of terraced hillslopes and valleys, Nepal presents a romantic challenge to come again and again. To the 33 million Nepalese in Nepal, India and around the world, Nepal is a spiritual beacon of pride and hope.

Nepal is poorly managed

Beneath the facade of natural beauty and rich cultural diversity, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the World. Agriculture is the subsistence activity for 90 percent of the population rising annually at about 2.5%. Due to poor soil quality of cultivated lands and lack of material and technology inputs, the agricultural productivity is very low. The abundance of clean tilled slopes and deforested hillsides fail to dissipate erosive energy of monsoon rain and runoff. Accelerated soil erosion and landslides further reduce land productivity, pollute water, damage expensive irrigation and hydro-electricity infrastructures, and cause annual havoc of floods in the plains of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.

Despite forty-plus years of planned development and international assistance initiatives, Nepal continues to slide down the quality of life scale. High population and mismanagement have interlocked to produce urban slums, continued exploitation of marginal lands and degradation of environmental quality. The lack of alternative employment and entrepreneurial activities in the villages is leading more unemployed people from hills to terai and to bigger cities. During the last decade, the beautiful city of Kathmandu and its holy rivers have turned into a big waste disposal swamp. Filth covers the rich cultural history of the capital; smog blindfolds the Himalayas blessing the valley. The choked city of Kathmandu epitomizes the status of socio-economic and environmental mismanagement in Nepal.

Democracy brings hope and frustration

With the onset of democracy in 1990, there came a glimmer of hope that common populace will be motivated and empowered to participate in nation building activities. However the leaders of various political parties have yet to come together to guide Nepal into the desired path of a better tomorrow. With the lack of a shared vision among various political factions, Nepal is swimming a stinking political swamp.

Behind the cloak of democracy, the power structure is still centralized and controlled by egotistic upper class and corrupt bureaucracy. Current politico-bureaucratic culture thrives on selfishness, bickering, corruption, discredition of talents and honesty, and intolerance to democratic norms and alternative viewpoints. By perpetuating dependency and frustration, the swamp culture continues to breed social discontent and anger. If the current state of socio-political chaos deteriorates, the worst fear is that Nepal may experience civil discontent and inter-religious and inter-ethnic violence comparable to Sri Lanka, Rwanda, and Bosnia.

Need a change in development paradigm for a better tomorrow

At this critical juncture in the history of Nepal, we, the people in and out of Nepal, need to combine our energy and information resources for salvation of Nepal to future generations. Empower Nepal International Foundation (InfoNepal) is an idea to reach out and touch people who love and take pride in stewardship of Nepal. By forming a worldwide network of people with information and resources, the InfoNepal aspires to blow an air of optimism and hope in order to remove the smog of mismanagement and despair in Nepal. The InfoNepal aspires to convert the swamp culture into an oasis by teaching basic habits of personal integrity, societal accountability, economic entrepreneurship, and environmental stewardship.

InfoNepal Foundation wants to involve the best and the brightest from inside and outside Nepal in the development process back home. In addition to Nepali expatriates and students, it yearns to combine the goodwill, energy, and resources of friends of Nepal from around the world. With free exchange of ideas and alternative solutions for the salvation of Nepal, InfoNepal strives to develop a passion of shared vision and contribution to sustenance of democracy, economy, and environment in Nepal.

                 VISION AND MISSION OF InfoNepal Vision
  Like the majestic Himalayas, Nepal will rise to the zenith of
  human dignity, economic prosperity, socio-cultural harmony,
  and environmental quality in Asia.

Mission
  Improve and sustain the environment and quality of life in
  Nepal.

InfoNepal accomplishes its mission by:

  1. Building an international network of Nepali expatriates,
     Nepali students, friends of Nepal, and organizations involved in
     improving the quality of life in Nepal.

  2. Providing opportunities for network members to exchange
     information and pool knowledge, skills, and capital resources for
     development work in Nepal.

  3. Facilitating opportunities for members to conduct research,
     demonstrate appropriate technology, volunteer services, conduct
     seminars, and workshops in Nepal.

  4. Providing information and facilitating logistics in Nepal for
     investment by non-resident Nepalese and friends of Nepal.

  5. Providing resources for non-resident Nepalese to resettle and
     participate in community development and environmental
     restoration projects in Nepal.

  6. Providing opportunities for adult education and training in
     rural areas on entrepreneurship, literacy, nutrition, family
     planning, preventive health, and environmental restoration.

  7. Developing conditions for empowerment by cultivating a culture
     of trustworthiness accountability, mutual respect, philanthropy,
     volunteerism, and stewardship of human and natural resources.

  8. Providing training opportunities for leadership development,
     communication skills, civilized exchange of ideas, and
     parliamentary procedures to political and apolitical
     organizations.

  9. Maintaining a directory of NGO's in Nepal and evaluating their
     potential for a trustworthy agreement with InfoNepal and other
     donor agencies.

 10. Disseminating InfoNepal and other development news to
     network members by supporting Nepal related global information
     networks in the cyberspace and other media.

                          Organization

The InfoNepal Foundation is a non-profit organization to be incorporated in the state of ............ in the United States of America. Upon incorporation, the Foundation will generate funding by soliciting volunteered contribution by its members through membership dues, gifts, and endowments. InfoNepal members participate in its mission activities by promoting stewardship of Nepal, contributing time and knowledge to the organization, evaluating needs in Nepal, acquiring additional funding and endowments for the Foundation, providing technical assistance in Nepal, and maintaining database of network members and their activities. The InfoNepal will develop affiliation with trustworthy NGO's and institutions in Nepal to coordinate activities and disseminate available funds, information resources, and technical assistance to selected projects in Nepal.

The InfoNepal Foundation will be guided by a board of trustees representing contributing members, Nepalese organizations, Nepali students, Peace Corps Volunteers, expatriate consultants, and organizations with projects in Nepal. Chapters of InfoNepal will be opened in USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South East Asia, India, and Nepal.

                           Guidelines

Depending upon the availability of resources and wishes of network members, the board of trustees will set priorities based on the need and logistics in Nepal. Priorities will be given to fund projects that promote volunteerism and empower women, youth, and minority activities in local communities. The projects must promote education for sustained economic development and environmental quality.

The InfoNepal Foundation will support inter-political, inter- religious, and inter-ethnic dialogue, and cleanliness of the places of gathering, worship and cultural heritage. However, InfoNepal funds will not support political and religious activities.

                        InfoNepal needs your help!

Please forward your comments and willingness to volunteer in bringing this idea to reality:

  Dr. Padam Prasad Sharma
  812 West Divide Avenue
  Bismarck, ND 58501, USA.
  Phone: 701-667-3050 (office) 701-258-2066 (home) 701-667-1811 (fax)
  Email: sharma@plains.nodak.edu

*************************************************************** Date: Sun, 5 Nov 1995 19:57:21 -0700 From: Raju Tuladhar <tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: some_comments

Dear TND Editors,

with regard to some articles which appeared on TND, 30 Oct. issue, I have some comments. Please publish in your next TND issue. Also,

comment#1 Re : Pramod K. Mishra 's "No Bias, No Merit" - TND 30 oct. 1995
===============================================================

I do agree in one point with P. K. Mishra : In victim-vs-agressor situations, it is not only the victim who has to believe in equal rights, but it is also important for the aggressor to realize and accept the equality of the rights of victims. Otherwise, the situation like the story of the barber from Bhusan's village, cannot be resolved ever (which are quite common in India, although, relatively less across the north of the border). In such situations, affirmative actions can be beneficial (although it has potential of being misutilized).

But the comparison with Barber's case seems to be over-stretched. In Nepal, it is inherently imbedded in the minds of females, right from their childhood about the superiority of males. They are brainwashed to make believe and treat their husbands as gods. This comes not only from male side. Even the mothers and grand-mothers teach their daughters the slogans like
"Pati deva bhawa : Treat your husband as god".

In such situations, although male class also has to contribute to remove such disparity, it is more important that female class start to believe about their equality. In this regard, Manisha Aryal is right that, females- they have to discover who they are and believe in themselves.

Incidentally, one more curiosity! why pick on the Newars as the example. It gives the impression that the whole issue of ethnic clashes in Nepal is about Newar vs non_Newars.
...................................................................... comment#2 Re: ATULADHAR 's article : DECAYING CULTURE ? (TND 30 oct.)
===========================================================

I could not dis-agree at all with the following comments:

*"When people require such music in order to feel truely Newar, they
  show only that they have no idea what they are doing."

* "There are certainly more effective ways of
   preserving the language. How about talking Newari with your children
   and encouraging them to learn one of the Newari musical traditions?"

It is indeed worth condemning that annual motor rally on Mha-Puja has turned into gaudy show of music systems and pollution creating cars and mo-bikes.

It is now time to think in retrospect that why most of us are being chickens by hesitating to teach our own language to our own children?
...................................................................... comment#3 Re: ATULADHAR 's comments : Brain-drain or Brain-dead? (TND 30 oct.)
===========================================================

With ref. to disc. in this article, it will be interesting to note few more points:

1. There are non-government walas who have come to North America to study,
   supported by the University departments (Teaching and Research assistantships).
   These people have used their own hard labour to get the education, and not
   exploiting other Nepalese.

2. The govt. walas have signed a bond to go back and work for the country.
   In this regard, they have to respect their own words. Coming on a govt.
   scholarship should not be a hinderance to pursue their own career, however,
   if they do so, they should respect their own words, and pay back the money they
   have used and compensate the governement.

3. For those who have used over 17000 $ a year to study abroad, that money was
   earned by themselves either by honest means or by hook and crook. Even if
   they don't come to study abroad, I don't think Nepalese are so generous
   that they will use that money in Nepal for the developement of others.
   Instead that money will be used to buy cars (cause pollution), electronic
   goods, build houses (burden on infra-structure).

4. If the following comment is to be taken literally :
   "In a country where the per capita income is $170/ year, is not any
    sum over $170 a thievery over the fair share of the Nepali janata"
   then most of the educated Nepalies are engaged in this "thievery"
   This $170/year will not be enough even to get educated in a public
   school, not to mention of more fancier english schools. :-) Do, those who
   have got the education from fancy English schools like Godavari or
   St.Xaviers, feel a heavier burden of this "thievery"?

R. Tuladhar (tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca)

****************************************************** Date: Mon, 06 Nov 1995 12:48:04 -0500 (EST) From: ST942849@PIP.CC.BRANDEIS.EDU Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - September 10, 1995 (27 Bhadra 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Namaste,

I enjoy Nepal Digest a lot. But unfortunately I haven't been getting it for last one month or so...I was wondering whether Nepal Digest stopped getting published or that I was just not receiving it. In the latter case, if the publishers (good job! keep it up! muri muri dhanyabad!)could kindly relist me in your subscription list, ajha badhi abhari hune thiyen.

My email add: st942849@pip.cc.brandeis.edu Reena

************************************************************* Date: Mon, 06 Nov 1995 14:26:27 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: NEPALI MANTRI KO LILA APARAMPAR! To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

lOOKS like the current cabinet likes to reward themselves in foreign travel and recreational activities on the national dhukuti while they come behind empty handed.

btw, does anyone know who is paying for Krishna Prasad's 3 week visit to US/Canada for eye operation and harvard lecturing ~$50,000 ? Is the congress party paying as it should or is this the national dhukuti again?

Source: Kathmandu Post
                                  LOCAL NEWS
  DEUBA-WATCH
   
   Seems like Deubas dog days have begun. Firstly, the king-sized
   entourage that accompanied him to New York - his own doing - for the
   UNs 50th bash up did indeed draw a lot of flak. Then came his delivery
   - not without labour pains - at the General Assembly, which provoked
   many a snide remark from all quarters. And then some overzealous idiot
   at the foreign ministry was struck by a brilliant idea which
   transformed the Clinton-Deuba hand shaking photo into a Nepal-US
   Summit meeting where matters of bilateral interest were discussed in a
   govt. daily. Of course, the public out here were getting a little more
   than they could chew. But Deuba himself provided the finale to his
   trip abroad at the airport. Of course, who else but Deuba would have
   been cappable of such an anti climax. When asked on his arrival
   whether he had discussed the vexing pproblem of Bhutanese refugees
   with either Clinton or PV Narshimha Rao, the PM replied, may be. One
   was sure left wondering whether we had an unsure PM in our hands or
   that poor joke was a still poorer attempt at evasion. (SR)
   
[what a stellar performance to get an american tika}
     _________________________________________________________________
   
  THE ARUN HANGUP
  
   How confidence turns into hope, hope into dread, and dread into
   despair. Remember the confidence the cock-sure Finance Minister Dr.
   Mahat exuded about getting Arun III back on track when he left for the
   WB-IMF meet. But on the way itself, the spirit of revival seemed to
   fade. The first sign that Mahat was flogging a dead horse manifested
   itself in Paris when a French minister cunningly expressed readiness
   to support any other project.

[Mahat must have thought only communists are environmentalists so when true democrats like hime come to power, WB will gladly give him money for arun 3, alas like his senior leaders of his party he lives in a 1960's worldview dreamland, where there were the congress, the communists and the panches and not many environmentalists around... ]
   
   Unrelenting Mahat returned home and expressed hope that the project
   would be revived. The certainty at the time of departure had vanished.
   The PMs exasperatedly naive reply drove the ppoint home when he said
   he did not go to NY to fight with WB officials (but to pose for a
   photograph with the most ppowerful man on Earth, Bill Clinton). And
   now the foreign ministern has put it most succinctly. Read between the
   lines - One day the project will come.
   
   Were no strangers to the confidence-hope- dread expressed by our
   leaders on Arun, but were also prepared for the worst, despair over
   Arun, arent we. (JKG)
   
  MINISTERIAL SCHEDULE
   
   Ranipauwa (Nuwakot): On your guard! Here comes the motorcade of the
   Rt. Honble PM followed by the foreign minister, health minister and
   finance minister to inaugurate - guess what - a three bed primary
   health centre to be manned by one doctor and one nurse!
   
   Academy Hall (Kamladi): The entire cabinet enjoyed a Ramlila ballet
   for two and half hours.

["tu chiz badhi hai masta, masta..." hamra rasilo mantri bandhu.]

   
   These are only two very important functions - there are many such
   schedules - that keep our busy ministers occupied. Foreign tripps,
   seminar cocktails, releasing gazals, books and attending the premiere
   shows of films are their eternally sacred duties. And theyve been
   discharging them religiously. Coming to the point, this Post reporter
   feels outraged when he sees other weary-faced fellow countryment
   denied even a 2 minute darshan. Guess theyre simply too busy. But hang
   on, youll be treated to even more of such sacred ministerial duties
   once the cabinet expansion comes about. (RBS)
   
************************************************************* From: MH8@soas.ac.uk To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu, NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Mon, 6 Nov 1995 17:13:12 GMT Subject: Himalayan Forum, London

CENTRE OF SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES School of Oriental and African Studies, Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square London WC1H OXG

HIMALAYAN RESEARCH FORUM Autumn Term 1995

Convenor: Michael Hutt Thursdays at 6 p.m. in room G58

Thursday November 23rd Rachel Baker (University of Durham)
                                        Being a street child in Nepal

Thursday November 30th Cathy Cantwell (University of Kent)
                                        Religious tradition in the articulation of Tibetan ethnicity and political resistance

Thursday December 7th Andrew Hall (Foreign and Commonwealth Office)
                                        Nepal's democratic experiment, five years on

Thursday December 14th Marie Lecomte-Tilouine (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Meudon)
                                        Baraha: a proteiform god of the Himalayas

ALL ARE WELCOME
(please note new timings)

Michael Hutt Lecturer in Nepali, Editor 'South Asia Research' School of Oriental and African Studies London tel. 71-323-6240/6251 fax 71-436-3844 e-mail mh8@soas.ac.uk

*************************************************** To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Question about Phewa Lake Date: Mon, 6 Nov 95 17:26:14 EST From: JC4865A@american.edu (Joshua L. Calder)

What are the names of the island or islands in Phewa Lake? What is on the island?
  Information about any other islands in Nepal would also be appreciated.
  Thanks, Josh Calder jc4865a@american.edu

************************************************************ To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepal Concern Date: Mon, 6 Nov 95 17:30:58 EST From: <C29CC@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU>

This is a repost of Nepal Concern information. The previous one was mixed up w ith something and couldn't be read. Sorry for the trouble :) Kishor
 
                             NEPAL CONCERN
  FOR THOSE WHO HAVE THEIR CONCERN OVER NEPAL (THE HIMALAYAN KINGDOM).
  HELLO!!! I AM KISHOR GHIMIRE, A PERMANENT RESIDENT OF :
  KHA 2-749, KATHMANDU-1, BANESHWAR HEIGHT, NEPAL. TELEPHONE NO.: 977-01-473283
  PRESENTLY, I AM VISITING U.S.A. WITH AN OBJECTIVE TO ESTABLISH AN ORGANIZATION
( NON-PROFIT MAKING ) "NEPAL CONCERN (U.S.A.)" WITH ITS MOST FRIENDLY ORGANIZATION "NEPAL CONCERN INTERNATIONAL" IN KATHMANDU NEPAL.
  THE PROPOSAL: TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION, THE CONCERN OF THE WORLD COMMUNITY FOR THE AWARENESS OF DEVELOPMENT OF NEPALESE SOCIETY AND TO ENHANCE THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS UNDERGOING IN NEPAL, AN ORGANIZATION
"NEPAL CONCERN (U.S.A.)" HAS TO BE ESTABLISHED.
  OBJECTIVES: THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THIS ORGANIZATION WILL BE TO MANIFEST AND RESTORE THE POSITIVE CONCERNS OF WORLD CITIZENS WHO ARE CONCERNED ABOUT NEPAL AND MOTIVATE THE INTELLECTUAL WORLD COMMUNITY TOWARDS THESE CONCERNS.
  KISHOR GHIMIRE FORMER PRESIDENT FREE STUDENT UNION TRI-CHANDRA CAMPUS KATHMANDU.
  FOR FURTHER DISCUSSIONS REGARDING SUBJECT MATTER, CHARTER, ACTIVITIES OF THE ORGANIZATION AND TO DECIDE OVER THE DATE OF FIRST GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF FREE INDIVIDUALS PLEASE WRITE OR CALL:
  MR. KISHOR GHIMIRE c/o 47-22-48 STREET APR-3R-NY NEW YORK 11377 U.S.A. TELEPHONE NO.: (718) 786-8460
 
                                                       October 31, 1995
  HELLO! NAMASTE!!
  Dear friends and all well wishers of Nepal Concern (U.S.A.), I am terribly sorry for tremendous damage caused on your inquisitive behavior by the mischievous Cyber Space as it refused to cooperate me after the date of October 11, 1995. No mails were received and all those which were already received, are destroyed in the unprotected junk box of City University in New York with their remark ``we are sorry for the inconvenience caused by someone who bugged our computer". Leaving no options than relying on our traditional systems of communications which is no other than U.S. Mail. Anyway I still do not advise not to try with the E-MAIL, but do not be sure of its reliability.
  I regret for our precious time, which were spent for nothing.
  Please, write me to: (No stamp and envelope are required any more).
 
    KISHOR GHIMIRE C/O 47-22-48 STREET
    APT# 3R
    NEW YORK 11377
    U.S.A.
  As I am getting opinion for the first assembly of free individual to be made on the month of January 1996, please advise more on this matter regarding the date and the place. If any one of us has some place somewhere within United States of America where we all can stay for a couple of days, held meeting and declare the formation of NEPAL CONCERN (U.S.A.), please suggest if you have generosity to provide it with some charge.
  Most of the details of Nepal Concern ( U.S.A.) are listed below:
 
          From the Proposed CHARTER OF NEPAL CONCERN (U.S.A.)
 
######Preamble:
     Taking into consideration, the concern of the world community for the awareness
     development of Nepalese Society and to enhance development process
     undergoing in Nepal, an organization "Nepal Concern (U.S.A.)" has been
     established.
 
######Initials: 1. Name, Abbreviations and Beginning:
  A) This charter will be called as Charter of NEPAL CONCERN (U.S.A.). In
     abbreviation it will be called Charter of N.C. (U.S.A.) 1995.
  B) This charter will become valid by the very date it is declared within the law of U.S.
     Federal Government and permitted to do so in accordance with this charter by the
     concerned U.S. Government authority in written.
  2. Definitions:
 
     Until and unless no any other meaning is applied by any specific reference or
     subject-matter, those words:
  A) "Charter" signifies the charter of the Nepal Concern (U.S.A.) 1995 and the
     amendments.
  B) "Organization" signifies the organization of Nepal Concern (U.S.A.).
  C) "General assembly" signifies the assembly of members made in accordance with
     this charter.
  D) "Working committee" signifies the working committee formed in accordance with
     this charter.
  E) "Member" signifies all types of member of this organization.
  F) "Fiscal period" signifies from 1st of January to 30th of June and/or 1st of July to
     31st of december of each year and twice a year. During the period this
     organization is being registered, budget period will start for that particular period
     by the very date the organization is registered to the end of that particular fiscal
     period.
  G) "Assigned or "as per assigned" signifies any assignment declared by the charter,
     any rules and regulations made in accordance to it or decided by the general
     assembly or the working committee.
  3. Establishment of the organization and the Logo:
  A) Establishment of Nepal concern (U.S.A.) will be characterized by the very date this
     charter is under enforcement by U.S. law and this organization will be of non-profit
     making objectives, indivisibly ongoing, self governed and organized. It will and may
     have any kind of property either fixed or current just like a legitimate citizen with
     the power to sell or lease it, and file petition on its own or can be brought into the
     court for any offenses committed by it.
  B) Logo of this organization will be same as that of Nepal Concern International,
     based in Nepal with exception of the word International which will be replaced by
     the abbreviation U.S.A. and will be signed or stamped on all and every paper work
     made by the organization.
 
######Objectives of the organization:
  4. The main objectives of this organization will be to manifest and restore the positive
     concern of world citizens who are concerned about Nepal and to motivate the
     intellectual world community towards these positive concerns.
  5. Activities of the organization:
 
     To achieve the objectives as assigned above, the working committee/and the
     general assembly decides by the majority about the actions , action plans and
     activities to be done or carried out.
 
######Membership:
  6) Eligibility:
 
     Those who are 16 or above of their age, has faith upon this organization and
     residing in U.S.A. for at least 6 months regardless of their nationality can become
     the member of this organization.
  7. Types of members:
 
     There can be two types of members in this organization. One with honorary
     membership and others with active membership.
  8. Membership fee and method to award membership:
  A) On the basis of merit in their professional fields any person who are interested in
     helping this organization, will/can be awarded the honorary by membership by the
     working committee. Those members are entitled to no membership fee.
  B) Any individual applying to working committee with the eligibility as mentioned in
     No.7 will be awarded active membership by the decision of the committee. Such
     types of members are required to donate $ 24 as entrance fee and an annual $12
     as membership fee with $12 to renew the membership annually.
  9. Membership renewal:
 
     All general members must renew their membership 1 month before general
     assembly, failing to do so results in termination of the membership.
  10. Office of the organization:
 
     The main office of this organization will be in some place in U.S.A. as it will be
     decided by the first meeting of free individuals, with its most friendly organization
     and office of Nepal Concern International in Nepal and other offices in different
     parts of the U.S.A. as per need assigned by the working committee of main office.
     It does not however discourage/envy/disagree to emergence of any office of Nepal
     Concern U.S.A. city wise, area wise, state wise or in regional basis until and
     unless a letter of disagreement is issued in written by Nepal Concern International
     in Nepal.It will have its friendly N.C. organization all over the world.
  11. Helping-hands, Friends and the Advisors of the organization.
 
     To achieve required assistance/help and advice for the organization, working
     committee may create volunteer groups as helping-hands, friends and advisor
     committee whose task, ,responsibility and rights will be as per assigned by the
     working committee.
 
######General assembly and working committee:
  12. Formation of general assembly:
 
     There will be a general assembly of this organization consisting all of its
      members.
  13. Session of general assembly:
  A) There will be at least one session of general assembly each year.
  B) Information and invitation regarding such session of general assembly will be sent
     3 months before. That information and invitation will consist of information
     regarding venue, date, time and agenda for the session.
  14. Responsibility, Rights, and Task description of general assembly:
 
     To keep written records of progress report and income-expenditure report of
     previous year presented by the working committee, and to discuss and decide over
     plans for actions to be carried out in near future and presumed annual budget
     presented by the treasurer.
  B) To elect all dignitary of the working committee.
  C) To discuss and decide any agenda brought forward by the working committee.
  D) To create Society of Nepalese People (S.N.P), if possible and necessary as
     decided by the working committee, by choosing at least three persons to work on
     behalf of S.N.P. But any decision taken by SNP must have a prior consent and
     permission by the working committee of N.C.(U.S.A).
  E) To decide and choose Certified Personal Accountants (CPA) and his/her salary for
     next coming fiscal year.
  F) Amend the charter and perform all other jobs as assigned or as per assigned.
  15. Formation of working committee:
  A) To regulate and handle day to day affairs of the organization there will be a
     working committee consisting of at least seven persons. Working committee
     consisting of up to 21 persons will have one president, one vice president, one
     general secretary, one secretary, one treasurer and remaining others as members.
     If the working committee consists of members more than 21 in numbers, according
     to the requirement of multi-lingual requirement, regional requirement, work-field
     division and gender requirement, a separate department has to be established with
     each department having its head as one vice president in each.
  B) Formation of working committee will be established on the basis of simple majority
     of general assembly. Every working committee will have a mandate for 3 years.
  16. Meeting of working committee:
  A) With the advice of the president, general secretary will decide the date venue and
     time for the meeting of working committee.
  B) The working committee will meet for at least 4 times a year.
  C) quorum for the meeting of working committee will be 50% of the total number of
     working committee members.
 
 
  D) All decisions made by the working committee will be printed and certified by the
     signature of general secretary.
  17. Responsibility, Rights and Task descriptions of working committee:
  A) Fulfill the organizational goals by making plans and programs, and implement
     them.
  B) Recruit essential and needed employee and decide their service terms and
     conditions and their salary.
  C) Decide and appoint election commissioner.
  D) Implement the decision and orders of general assembly
  E) Fulfill any post of working committee if vacancy arises, from the members of
     general assembly.
  F) Form the groups needed for the organization as helping hands, friends, advisors
     and if required SNP, and decide and declare their tasks responsibility and rights
  G) Implement and perform other tasks as assigned or as per assigned
  Responsibility, Rights and task descriptions of working committee members:
  19. Of the president:
  A) Advice general secretory for the meeting of general assembly and the working
     committee.
  B) Take all responsibility of the organization as organizational head and
     represent/make representation of the organization to any requested or needed
     situation and circumstances.
  C) Act as the chair person in the meeting of General assembly and working
     committee and if there arises any equal votes on any issue or opinion, decide or
     vote the final opinion.
  D) Lead to fulfill the organizational goals
  E) Perform task as assigned or as per assigned
  F) Choose and appoint one acting president from among the vice presidents during
     self absence.
  20. Of vice president:
  A) Act as president during president's absence either by responsibility transferred
     upon him/her the president or responsibility assigned upon it's vice president/or
     one of it's vice presidents by the working committee
  B) Perform and implement all task as assign or as per assigned
  21. Of general secretory:
  A) Keep certified records of all decisions made in general assembly and the meeting
     of working committee in written
  B) Act as communicating person to perform organizational day to day affairs
  C) Perform and implement all jobs as assigned or as per assigned
  22. Of secretary:
  A) Perform as general secretary during the absence of general secretary
  B) Perform and implement all tasks as assigned or as per assigned
  23. Of treasurer:
  A) Take responsibility of all assets of the organization and maintain income
     expenditure account.
  B) Prepare budget in accordance to the programs, as decided by the working
     committee, for coming fiscal period and put it forward into general assembly for
     approval.
  C) Preform and implement all tasks as assigned or as per assigned
  24. Of executive members:
  A) Be present and participate in all of the meetings of general assembly and working
     committee and advice them with the suggestions to achieve the greater goal of the
     organization.
  B) Preform and implement all tasks as assigned or as per assigned.
  25. Responsibility transfer or shift of responsibility:
 
     Any executive member of the organization can/may transfer or shift his/her
     responsibility partly or fully to any other executive member, or task group. This has
     to be informed in prior to the working committee in writing.
 
######Financial Management
  26. Financial Source:
  A) Organization will have a separate fund on it's own name.
  B) That fund will consist of collected membership fees, donations made by various
     individuals/institutions or organizations and service charges made payable for any
     kind of service provided in cash or kinds.
  27. Statement of current and fixed assets:
  A) Account of the organization regarding it's current and fixed assets will be kept
     intact and transparent
  B) Any expenditures, selling or leasing on behalf of the organization will be made as
     according to the working committee decisions
  28. Handling of the fund:
  A) Except petty-cash of the organization, all other cash (money) will be kept in any
     reputed bank or banks within the boundary of USA
  B) All bank account and other financial transactions will be made with written
     signature of treasurer and president or the general secretary in absence of the
     president
  29. Auditing:
  A) CPA appointed by the general assembly will audit the real statement of income
     and expenditure at the end of every fiscal year and also all fixed and current
     assets will be audited every year.
  B) A copy of report of CPA and the income expenditure statement will be submitted
     to the local authority, and a copy will be displayed to all concerned on display
     board of the organization or if not possible to do so those records will be kept
     transparent to all of its members on demand.
 
######Arrangement for election
  30. Election commissioner:
  A) To elect the working committee, one election commissioner will be appointed from
     among the general assembly members
  B) Until and unless not assigned, election commissioner will have all rights to choose
     the process, the procedure and select the volunteers to conduct election in world
     wide appreciated democratic manner.
  31. Eligibility to become a candidate:
 
     Any person being member of the organization for at least two years regularly are
     considered eligible to contest any post of the working committee. But it will not
     apply to the first election of working committee after it's establishment.
  32. No confidence motion and suspension:
  A) Any member of the working committee will have to face a no confidence motion
     if one 1/4 of the total general assembly member accuses that member with a
     written petition to the president and/or working committee with the charge "worked
     against the goal of the organization". The accused and the issue will be put into
     the meeting of general assembly, enabling the accused with all means of legal
     clarification. The accused will be labeled guilty only if 2/3
 
      majority of general assembly votes for the accusation, and the accused will be from all memberships.
  B) Membership of any working committee member after being accused in legal terms
     of this organization will be suspended till the decision made. This suspension does
     not confirm/agree/tally the suspension of membership of general assembly.
 
######Miscellaneous:
  33. Amendment of the charter:
  A) If working committee finds essential or 1/4 of the total member of the general
     assembly decides and apply in written to the president and/or working committee
     for the amendment on any article with an issue justifiable, will be brought into the
     meeting of general assembly.
  B) If general assembly discusses and decides for an amendment by 2/3 majority,
     amendment will be in enforcement immediately after getting permission from
     concerned U.S. Government authority.
  34. Conduct according to the majority:
 
     Any task to be done either by general assembly or working committee, un clear
     in the charter would be done by simple majority of the member of concerned body
     with necessary quorum.
  35. Make rules and regulations:
 
     To fulfill the goal of this organization, working committee may/can make new rules
     and regulations in accordance to this charter.
  36. In case organization liquidates:
 
     If organization could not run in accordance to this charter or for any other reason
     liquifies, all of its property will be automatically transferred to U.S. Federal
     government welfare fund.
  37. Become inactive:
 
     Any statement made in this charter if contradict with any U.S. law will become
     inactive to the limit of its contradiction.
 
######Proposed Activities of Nepal Concern (U.S.A.).
 
     1. Conduct literacy campaign and language course program for Nepalese
     language in U.S.A..
 
     2. Established some loan fund with no interest for students
     studying in U.S.A..
 
     3. Establish some help-fund to college/school going students in
     Nepal.
 
     4. Enhance children foster programs in Nepal.
 
     5. Decide current and relevant issues and conduct talk programs,
     group discussions and awareness campaign programs.
 
     6. Publish books, pamphlets and booklets to enhance the greater goal of the N.C.(U.S.A.).
 
     7. Conduct Nepal festival in U.S.A. displaying all aspects of Nepalese culture.
 
     8. Conduct free general medical check-up camps in U.S. for members and friends.
 
     9. Conduct U.S. festival in Nepal collaboration with Nepal Concern International to display all aspect of American life in Nepal.
 
     10. Conduct visitor exchange program for various professionals and
     non-professionals within U.S.A. and around the world with low cost
     or no cost sharing basis what ever will be possible.
 
     11. After deciding about the feasibility, maintain here in U.S.A. an electronic information media with world-wide network of Nepal Concern. The media will consists of information regarding trade and commerce, tourism, education, health, research, communication, electronic
     dialing and mailing for members, and also all other aspects of the society.
 
     12. .........................................(please suggest if you have any more in your mind).
 

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 6 Nov 1995 18:25:42 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Annapurna Circuit: April/May vs. Oct/Nov From: pdpucci@execpc.com (Phil Pucci)

I was fortunate enough to trek the Annapurna Circuit and Annapurna Base Camp in late April and early May of 1994. Now I would like to repeat the Annapurna Circuit in late October and early November of 1996.

I am very curious to know what differences I could expect trekking at this time of year.

For instance, I have read (and heard) many stories about the over crowding in the Oct/Nov period. What practical advice would you offer to best cope with this problem?

Also, how is the weather different from the April/May period? Is it any colder or wetter at lower altitudes? How about the Thorong La? Should I expect more or less snow? Will it be colder?

Sorry about so many questions, but I am bringing a few friends and I want to give them good advice. I am afraid that my experiences in April/May will not accurately reflect what I we could experience in Oct/Nov.

Thank you very much, Phil Pucci Milwaukee, WI USA pdpucci@execpc.com

**************************************************** Date: Mon, 6 Nov 1995 22:06:41 -0500 (EST) From: Tulsi Maharjan <tmaharja@rvcc.raritanval.edu> To: Nepal <22355kms@msu.edu>, achyut@minerva.cis.yale.edu, Subject: Nepali Newspaper Numbers

I am looking for a listing of daily and weekly news paper's fax numbers to mail our Bhintuna Celebration news. I would appreciate very much receiving a list and their fax numbers.

We had a very successful Bhintuna Celebration. More than 200 people participated in this event. The New Phoolbari club (musical group) performed variety of cultural programs including a Nepali wrap-dance called Batti. If you are interested in receiving NPPA's annual DABU magazine publication, please send $5.00 to Dr. Tulsi Maharjan at 89 Choctaw Ridge Rd, Branchburg, NJ 08876. The check should be made out to NPPA.

thank you.

*********************************************************** Date: Tue, 07 Nov 95 10:39:56 -0500 From: "Rajesh B. Shrestha" <rshresth@bullwinkle.bbn.com> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu, rshresth@bullwinkle.bbn.com

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

>From royce@uhunix.uhcc.Hawaii.Edu Wed May 19 17:43:08 1993
Date: Wed, 19 May 93 14:41:16 HST

Here's the rules as I remember them: BAGH CHAAL
----------

Game pieces: 4 tigers and 20 goats

Game board: 25 'spots' connected by lines as follows:

            o - o - o - o - o
            | \ | / | \ | / |
            o - o - o - o - o
            | / | \ | / | \ |
            o - o - o - o - o
            | \ | / | \ | / |
            o - o - o - o - o
            | / | \ | / | \ |
            o - o - o - o - o

Starting position: The four tigers are placed on the four corner spots.

Goat's move: The 'goat' player places one goat on any of the 20 remaining
            open spots. However, take care not to get eaten by a tiger!
            A tiger can eat an adjacent goat if the tiger can follow a
            straight line and jump over the goat into an open spot
            immediately after the goat. This is like capturing in checkers.
            An eaten goat is removed from the board and is never used again
            during the game.

Tiger's move: The 'tiger' player can move a tiger to an adjacent open spot
              along a line, or if possible, eat a goat as described above.

Phase One: Players continue alternating turns, the goats placing a new goat
           on the board each turn, the tigers moving or eating.

Phase Two: Begins when there are no more goats to be placed on the board.
           Unless the tigers have eaten some goats, there will now be four
           tigers, 20 goats, and one open spot on the board.

Tiger's move: Tiger's moves are as before, either moving or eating. However,
              if there are no open spots for a tiger to move to, and no goats
              to be eaten, then the tigers are completely surrounded and have
              lost the game.

Goat's move: Goat's can move into an adjacent open space along a line (just
              like a tiger) but can never eat a tiger.

End game: Players continue alternating turns until:

                -> All four tigers are surrounded and cannot move (goats win!)

                -> All twenty goats have been eaten (tigers win!)
                   (usually goats will concede after five or so have been eaten)

I'd appreciate a copy of any other rules people send you to see how they compare to mine. Thanks. RAJ (Royce A. Jones) royce@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu Geography Department, University of Hawaii Snail mail: c/o GDSI Phone: (808) 539-3773
            2800 Woodlawn Drive #244 Fax: (808) 539-3775
            Honolulu, HI 96822-1843

***************************************************** From: C-reuters@clari.net (Reuters) Subject: Nepali opposition abstains from parliament Date: Tue, 7 Nov 1995 5:00:14 PST
                    
         KATHMANDU, Nov 7 (Reuter) - Nepal's main opposition party boycotted parliament's lower house for the second day on Tuesday, demanding a discussion on its motion to impeach a supreme court judge.
         ``We were absent when the house met this morning and will not participate in the discussion today,'' said Devi Prasad Ojha, the Communist Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) chief whip in the lower house, the house of representatives.
         Ojha said it was the prerogative of the members of parliament to move and discuss the impeachment motion in line with the constitutional provisions.
         The minority UML government, formed after last year's elections produced a hung parliament, was voted out of office in September with the restoration of the lower house by the supreme court.
         The court said the dissolution of the house in June by Communist prime minister Man Mohan Adhikary was unconstitutional.
         UML then moved an impeachment motion against the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Surendra Prasad Singh, questioning the decision.
         ``The party is discussing about our further strategies,'' Ojha told Reuters after announcing his party's decision not to take part in Tuesday's business.
         UML parliamentarians on Monday boycotted proceedings of the lower house demanding the speaker announce the dates to debate a motion seeking to impeach Singh.
         UML deputies walked out after the speaker, Ram Chandra Poudel, refused to concede to their demand, saying the issue was under discussion at an all-party meeting outside parliament.
         Nepal's constitution requires the impeachment motion to be passed by a two-third majority of the 205-member lower house where the UML controls 89 seats.

********************************************************* Date: Tue, 7 Nov 1995 20:46:59 -0500 (EST) From: IFSM 460-4031 Student 45 <if460a45@nova.umuc.edu> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: WANTED !!

        NAMASTE !!

        I WOULD LIKE TO GET IN TOUCH WITH ALL OF THE GUYS I MET THIS SUMMER IN "THE HEART OF DIXIE" (ALABAMA. I REMEMBER I PROMISED YOU GUYS THAT WE WILL MEET IN CYBERSPACE, I AM SURE MOST YOU ARE BACK AT SCHOOL AND DOING WELL.
        AND EVERYONE ELSE OUT THERE IN THESE CYBERLANDS WHO THINKS HE/SHE KNOWS ME EVEN REMOTELY PLEASE DROP A FEW LINES. I AM DESPERATELY LOOKING FOR MANY MANY OF YOU WITH WHOM I LOST CONTACT OVER THE YEARS. JUST TO LET YOU, I AM CURRENTLY RESIDING IN THE WASHINGTON D.C. SUBURBS AND WORKING FOR A BANK.
        
        SUNIL SILWAL
        (301) 445-4741

***************************************************** Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 14:31:27 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Question about Phewa Lake From: Pramod Dhakal <prd320>

To my knowledge Phewa lake has a tiny island Bindhebasini.

Pramod Dhakal University of Saskatchewan prd320@engr.usask.ca

****************************************************** Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 14:32:24 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Question about Phewa Lake From: amgurkha@aol.com (AmGurkha)

The island in Phewa Lake was typically referred to by the name of the temple located there - Barahi Temple or "Barahi Mandir" - at least this was the case when I lived in the Pokhara valley in the 60's.

I'm not aware of any other islands in Nepal, as there are few large bodies of water.

***************************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 14:34:08 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Question about Phewa Lake

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

JC4865A@american.edu (Joshua L. Calder) wrote:
>What are the names of the island or islands in Phewa Lake? What is on the
>island?
>
>Information about any other islands in Nepal would also be appreciated.
>
>Thanks,
>
>Josh Calder
>
>jc4865a@american.edu

The "island" in the middle of Phewa Lake is commonly referred as
"Baraahithaan". Pl. note: "thaan"="sthaan"=place or site. The "th" in "thaan" is pronounced as "th" in THANK_YOU. The "island" houses a "Baraahi" temple. "Baraaha" is believed to be one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. As the legend goes, Baraaha pulled up the earth when it sank under the ocean. Well, it makes sense, doesn't it? A Baraahi temple in an island in the middle of the Lake!!!

BTW, Pramod Adhikari posted that Bindhevasini is in the island. This is wrong. Bindhevasini temple is way north in Pokhara in a little hilltop, almost in the backyard of my family home.

KLV

********************************************************* Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 14:36:27 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Arun III Update From: International Rivers Network <irndc@igc.apc.org>
  To: Arun III Campaign Network From: Gopal Siwakoti, INHURED International/Arun Concerned Group Date: November 2, 1995 Ref: Post-Arun III Follow Up
  Dear friends,
  First of all, on behalf of the Arun Concerned Group and the INHURED International, I would like to express our sincere thanks for your support and solidarity throughout the campaign. I am writing to provide you the following update.
  On October 3, we, Bikash Pandey from (Alliance for Energy), Lori Udall (IRN-DC), Alex Bush (ITDG-UK), Lisa Jordan (Both Ends), Chad Dobson (Bank Information Centre), and myself met with the Chief of the South Asia Department, Mr. Heinz Vergin, and the Chief of Energy and Infrastructure Operations, Mr. Bauer, together with several other staff, including the Bank's resident representative in Nepal. There were many new faces, and they were very different in their attitude than in the past towards promoting hydropower alternatives in Nepal after the cancellation of Arun III project -- very few things to disagree.
  Bikash presented a detailed document on alternatives which the Alliance for Energy and ITDG-UK have been suggesting for more than two years also supported by other groups in Nepal. The document describes Nepal's capacity to build small and medium-size hydros, the need of local capacity building, mobilization of internal capital and human resources, establishment of national hydropower fund for small and district hydros, creation of hydropower development agency independent from Nepal Electricity Authority, and power distribution system to promote rural electrification. The Bank has responded positively and assured that they will be taken in to consideration in future negotiation. It has been made clear to the Bank that any project may be controversial through domestic litigation and more claims at the Inspection Panel if some of these guidelines and Bank policies are not strictly followed with more consultation with other groups in Nepal.
  Nepal has a new government again, and the Bank is waiting for a comprehensive alternative proposal on alternatives from them, including its reaction on the proposal made by Vice-President, Joe Wood, during his visit in Nepal in last August regarding the establishment of a national hydropower development fund. In any case, the Bank seems to be pushing for the privatization of Nepal Electricity Authority before financing other projects, but we have given them other options and disagreed with this proposal. Because privatization of NEA is not the main problem or better solution for Nepal.
  After Arun III, the Asian Development Bank is rushing for 144MW Kali Gandaki project in the western part of Nepal. The World Bank has not yet committed any money, but may do so as a last resort according to them.
  The Bank is reviewing the Nepal Country Assistance Strategy, and is asking for comments. The Bank also seems open in developing criteria and guidelines with NGOs in Nepal regarding information disclosure and public consultation to be agreeable to all parties.
  We have said to the Bank that the Bank should assist Nepal in developing long-term energy sector development strategy with particular emphasis on internal capacity building and poverty alleviation. We also have said that no projects should be funded by the Bank unless there is adequate information disclosure in local language with the guarantee of effective public participation in the planning and implementation of the projects, including benefits to the local people. The Bank is also asked to primarily assist Nepali private sectors.
  The new government, who negotiated the project in 1994, has been requesting the Bank to reconsider the project, but the Bank has bluntly said 'no' to it. It seems that many things will be finalized during the visit of the Bank President to Nepal in January.
  We also met several executive directors and their advisors. They said that all of them were surprised when they suddenly heard the decision of the Arun III cancellation by the President and that they were not consulted. But none of them were defending the project.
  Follow Up
  The immediate task for the local groups in Nepal now is to educate the public, particularly the people in the Arun Valley, about the benefits of Arun III project cancellation and offer them better alternatives. INHURED International is preparing for an Asia regional workshop in Kathmandu during the visit of Wolfensohn in January to mobilize the public opinion in favor of alternatives to both: the process and the projects. I have extended an invitation to the President to address the workshop when he is in Kathmandu. We are planning to invite participants from Narmada Movement, Bangladesh Flood Action Plan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Hong Kong from groups who may be working on China. We will let you know the details once the dates are confirmed, but we are not sure whether we can cover expenses for all except South Asian participants. Please let us know about who can participate and whether you can cover your travel cost.
  The additional objective of the workshop will be to express regional solidarity and assist the Nepali groups in their fight for alternatives. It will also help strengthen regional networking and collective follow up, including the maximum use of the Bank's Inspection Panel after the success of the Arun III claim. INHURED International is preparing to act as a clearing house for Inspection Panel-related information and dissemination, and assist groups in filing as many claims as possible from the region, including fact-finding.
  Status of the Arun Concerned Group
  As far as the Arun Concerned Group is concerned, it has recently been reorganised. In addition, INHURED International that initiated the ACG, hosted its Secretariat and coordinated the Arun III campaign is moving forwards to working on alternatives with several other groups. It is mainly working with the recently organized
"Nepal MDB/Donors Watch Alliance" which is to basically give continuity to the ACG and MDB issues.
  Miscellaneous
  As requested by our friends from the Philippines, we are trying to send one person in the NGO Working Group on ADB in the first week of December in Manila. We are asked to present the Arun III as a case study of ADB is style of operation in different countries. We think that it is important to attend this meeting because of the ADB's involvement in Kali Gandaki.
  Within the US, there has been a lot of interest among the Nepalis community and some INGOs in holding some kind of workshop to discuss on the lessons from Arun III and alternatives. The informal consultation is taking place, but it is not yet certain whether it can be held before the Wolfensohn's visit in Nepal. There are differences of opinion in strategy.
  We strongly feel that we have to do something for the people in the Arun Valley, e.g. campaign for a 60-70 km road and 3-5 MW electricity within another 5 to 10 years of time. Otherwise, they will feel betrayed and they need to develop too. I will be circulating a detailed proposal for your comments when it is ready also in consultation with local groups in the Valley. The idea is to prepare a Arun Valley development package and campaign with local groups to mobilize resources from the government, the donors/lenders as well as INGOs.
  I am still in Washington, DC making preparation for follow up, collecting Bank documents and attending meetings. I am planning to be in Germany at the end of this month on my way back to Nepal, but I am requesting Maike at Urgewald to confirm whether it is useful to come and talk to people at GTZ and development ministry. Because, we have heard that the GTZ is still going ahead with Regional Action Plan in the Arun Valley even without Arun III which will be good if it is revised and if it is implemented for the development of the Valley.
  I had to cancel my visit to Narmada Valley, but I have been discussing with Shripad about compiling cases and information to prepare for oral and written interventions about and against the Narmada project and human rights violations at the forthcoming of the UN Commission on Human Rights that meets for one month in Geneva in February. It always has the agenda on "Obstacles and Difficulties in the Realization of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Right to Development" but has been lacking sufficient attention and interest by NGOs. Please think about it, and send relevant information to Kathmandu.
  Thank you very much again for all your support. Please let us know if you need further details and any document from us.
  With best regards.
  Note: INHURED International has moved to a new place and is going to have different tel/fax numbers. The postal address is the same as before
(P.O. Box 2125, Kathmandu, Nepal). I (Gopal) have now home tel. no. as 0977-1-419610. The temporary office numbers are: tel: 0977-1-523805, fax: 0977-1-521180, alt. fax no. 0977-1-226820, attn: INHURED.
 
***************************************************** Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 14:37:07 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Any problems renewing visas coming back to the U.S.? From: Raj Kumar Dubey <RAJ@caedm.et.byu.edu>

Dear Netters,

I am planning a trip back to Nepal in December and returning in January. I would like to know if anybody had any problems renewing their F-1 visas in the U.S. embassy in Kathmandu.

Any information in this subject is highly appreciated. Sincerely, Prakash Bhandari prakash_bhandari@byu.edu

*********************************************** Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 18:20:17 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Some News from Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

LABOUR PAIN PERSISTS Economy Bureau Source: The Independent, October 18-24

The coalition government has presented its budget but it has not been able to form the National Planning Commission (NPC) due to RPP's claim on Vice-chairmanship. "As the Prime Minister is the chairman of the NPC, it is only appropriate for our party to aspire for the next-line job," an emboldened Surya Bahadur Thapa told The Independent.
        PM Deuba was in favour of announcing the NPC team sans the Vice-chairman before his departure for Cartegena,but Finance Minister Mahat, reprts say, insisted that it would complicate the issue further. However, RPP has already submitted two names for the important position- Kishor Kumar Gurugharana's and Raghu Pant's. Nepali Congree nominees are Prithvi Raj Legal, Dr Binayak Bhadra, Dr Bal Gopal Baidya and Dr Ram Prakash Yadav, all NPC members in the Koirala government.
        Even among the Congree nominees, things are not all hunky-dory. Dr. Bhadra is insisting that he be made the Vice-chairman but Minister Mahat is throwing his weight behind Legal. Bhadra has reportedly warned of
"non-co-operation" if 'seniority' and 'talent' are not taken into account by the new government.
        NC MP Chinkaji Shrestha sought an official clarification on the matter at the House October 17. Neutral political watchers accuse that RPP has grown disproportionately ambitious, even after having bagged a substantial chunk of the cabinet (13 ministers, with 7 cabinet rank), when effectively it has only 19 votes in the House.

RETIREMENT NOTICES HMG has served retirement notices to the chairmen of the board of directors of Nepal Food Corporation, National Trading Limited, Timber Corporation of Nepal, and Nepal Coal Limited, who were given political appointments, under the Ministry of Supplies.

UN PARK HMG has decided to set up a United Nations Park along Bagmanti River bank from Shankhamul to Teku in Kathmandu. According to the Foreign Ministry, the setting of the park is part of various programmes being held in Nepal to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the United Nations.

On the lighter side: Nepali's thoroughly need dressing-down regarding dress code. Invitees appear in casuals flouting the invitation's clear specification: national/lounge suit. And alas, as if to add further saline matter to the wound one cabinet ranking minister appeared at one opening function recently attired in a Pathan dress.

Nepal's Manjushree Rana is playing one of the lead roles in "Akbar the Great" a Doordarshan India's tele-serial.
        
********************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Wed, 8 Nov 1995 18:23:38 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Arun III Update with few comments

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

International Rivers Network <irndc@igc.apc.org> wrote:
>To: Arun III Campaign Network
>From: Gopal Siwakoti, INHURED International/Arun Concerned Group
>Date: November 2, 1995
>Ref: Post-Arun III Follow Up
>
>Dear friends,
>
>First of all, on behalf of the Arun Concerned Group and the INHURED
>International, I would like to express our sincere thanks for your
>support and solidarity throughout the campaign. I am writing to
>provide you the following update.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Do you expect these bankers to defend an already doomed project? Are you kidding? If they said they were not consulted that speaks everything.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
>Follow Up
>
>The immediate task for the local groups in Nepal now is to educate
>the public, particularly the people in the Arun Valley, about the
>benefits of Arun III project cancellation and offer them better
>alternatives.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Yes they need a lot of EDUCATION(??!!).There are experts who know better than they what is good for them. How about teaching them the technology of how to make carbon black from a kerocene lamp(tuki)? It is indegeneous it is sustainable, small scale, enviornment friendly etc.)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 INHURED International is preparing for an Asia
>regional workshop in Kathmandu

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Good for you. I was bit worried since there was no mention of workshop or seminar or study tour so far. And good that the workshop will be in kathmandu( I guess one of the five stars, who are surviving after the decline of class tourists thanks to these workshops). I guess if you try to hold these workshops in Arun Valley you may end up getting educated!!

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

during the visit of Wolfensohn in
>January to mobilize the public opinion in favor of alternatives to
>both: the process and the projects. I have extended an invitation
>to the President to address the workshop when he is in Kathmandu.
>We are planning to invite participants from Narmada Movement,
>Bangladesh Flood Action Plan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Thailand,
>Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Hong Kong
>from groups who may be working on China. We will let you know the
>details once the dates are confirmed, but we are not sure whether
>we can cover expenses for all except South Asian participants.
>Please let us know about who can participate and whether you can
>cover your travel cost.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

And nobody from the Arun Valley? Of course no as they don't know what is good for them and this workshop is to 'educate' them. what about me? It would be so nice to visit home after a year on Arun Valley education's expence. ( I am sure the budget of this international workshop will be higher than a micro-hydro project. I wonder if using the fund for developing a model micro-hydro project in the area will better 'demonstrate' the view point of the ITDG group but of course the aim here is to "educate").

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
>
>The additional objective of the workshop will be to express
>regional solidarity and assist the Nepali groups in their fight for
>alternatives. It will also help strengthen regional networking and
>collective follow up, including the maximum use of the Bank's
>Inspection Panel after the success of the Arun III claim. INHURED
>International is preparing to act as a clearing house for
>Inspection Panel-related information and dissemination, and assist
>groups in filing as many claims as possible from the region,
>including fact-finding.
>
>Status of the Arun Concerned
>campaign is moving forwards to working on alternatives with several
>other groups. It is mainly working with the recently organized
>"Nepal MDB/Donors Watch Alliance" which is to basically give
>continuity to the ACG and MDB issues.
>
>Miscellaneous
>
>As requested by our friends from the Philippines, we are trying to send one
>person in the NGO Working Group on ADB in the first week of December in
>Manila. We are asked to present the Arun III as a case study of ADB is style
>of operation in different countries. We think that it is important to attend
>this meeting because of the ADB's involvement in Kali Gandaki.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

People in kaligandaki region need not be very hopeful of seeing the light the axe is going to fall on this project. When there are people(not ordinary, very influential) who are organised solely or mainly to oppose projects then they will always oppose no matter which for that is their bread and butter(chicken and whiskey too).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

>Within the US, there has been a lot of interest among the Nepalis community
>and some INGOs in holding some kind of workshop to discuss on the lessons
>from Arun III and alternatives. The informal consultation is taking place, but
>it is not yet certain whether it can be held before the Wolfensohn's visit in
>Nepal. There are differences of opinion in strategy.
>

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oh,Oh, do you really think they need road and electricity? Won't the road destroy the pristine flora and founa of the valley? I can remember there was a lot of opposition to the road building too. Or is it "now since we have proved ourelves and established in the international scene you can have a little
'develoment'"? A lot is conveyed when you write "they need to develop too.".

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 I will be circulating a detailed proposal for you r
>comments when it is ready also in consultation with local groups in the
>Valley. The idea is to prepare a Arun Valley development package and
>campaign with local groups to mobilize resources from the government, the
>donors/lenders as well as INGOs.
>

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

By "you" in my comments I mean the Arun Action Group and not any individual.

I agree with a lot of the concerns expressed by the ITDG and many of theier points regarding sustainability, capacity building etc may be very correct but in case of Arun after so much of spending, studies and after giving hope to so many pople that Arun will improve their condition to strangle the project was a mistake. We could have really done with this one mega-project. it would have give us breathing space from the suffocating power shortage, employment generation, and the economy of the region would have boomed. With Biratnagar as the base camp for the mega project, it would have grown at least equal to Kathmandu. Thus providing some respite to Kathmandu as the only place to settle after a B.A. There are so many ifs and buts but to cut the long argument short
"If the very people who are most vocal against the government,s lavish expeding, dependence upon foreign expertise and opinion,servile attitude and top-down decision making etc are sliding down to the same slippery slope then one starts to ask does this country have any future?"

I respect more the Narmada movement as it was and is being fought by or with people whose livelyhood and history and culture is really connected with the river. The leaders of the movement are not globe troting experts. These people have sacrificed their career and not made a career out of the movement.

No flame intended. mahesh

******************************************************* Date: Thu, 09 Nov 1995 11:43:58 From: 143@ihe.nl (Reply to: 143@ihe.nl =IHE-Delft, The Netherlands=) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Requesting for help

Dear Editor, Date : Nov.9 ,1995
            I would like to give my E-mail no : to my familly in Kathmandu
,Neapl .If you do so ,I will be very much gratefull with you . I am at present Master degree in the Netherlands . My E- mial no is :143@ihe.nl

Message to deliver Please give this message to my brother Mr. Dhurba Das Rajkarnikar his telephone no is 228588 Kathmandu. I am well here and climate is getting cold
 day by day .How are you and other in our familly member.Please send me your E - mail No. as soon as possible.

Thanking you bye Yours brother GAUTAM RAJKARNIKAR E- mial no :143@ihe.nl My address : IHE
             Westvest 7
             P.O.Box 3015
             2601 , DA Delft
             The Netherlands
             Telephone : 0031-015-151715
             Fax : 0031-015-122921
-------------------------------------------------------------------- Dear Editor,
            Nepal Digest Thank you for yor kind cooperation. I hope you will give above message to my brother. Bye

*************************************************************** From: Puspa M Joshi <pjoshi@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu> Subject: Tidbits To: nepal@cs.niu.edu (The Nepal Digest) Date: Thu, 9 Nov 1995 15:57:10 -0500 (EST)

Tidbits from Columbus: by Puspa Man Joshi

If someone tells you that he or she saw a Nepali at the Nepali booth in the International Festival in Columbus, Ohio, Sat. or Sun day Nov. 4th or 5th, the person was Sunil Shrestha. He recently received a Master's degree from O.S.U. in City and Regional Planning and is working for an Architect Consulting firm. He not only collected Nepali posters, handi crafts and antiques for display (his own and ones obtained from Mrs. Veena Baidya, Mrs. Gyuanu Sherchan, and Mrs. Dina Bangdel) but also volunteered two complete days of his time, twenty hours of work, at the booth. Because he participated on short notice he did not have time to ask for help from other Nepali. However, Pratima Tiwari, despite her busy schedule, was able to help him set up the booth.

Sunil spent $75.00 out of his own pocket to pay the required display fee. Because he had been to the International Festival in past years and had been disappointed at the lack of a booth devoted to the people and culture of his home country, he was extra ordinary eager to make the sacrifice necessary to establish one.

Your loyal correspondent in Columbus was able to give Sunil a break for a few hours. I enjoyed working at the booth answering questions for the many visitors to the festival who were unaware of Nepal. The visitors who know about Nepal were mainly those who have been there or whose friends and relatives are in Nepal. One lady stopped in front of our booth obviously excited by the photos and artwork. She told me that her next door neighbor, an American medical doctor, was in Nepal for a short term residency training. After a few minute chat, we discovered that we have a common friend who once worked at Patan Hospital. Such is the charm of a brief random encounter.

Sunil's goal for next year is to organize a larger booth with the help of all the members of Nepali community in Columbus, where Nepali arts can be both displayed and sold. For such a booth, the registration fee this year was $250.

Sunil noted that "it would be wonderful if an organization such as ANMA would take the initiative to participate in such festival, as the one in Columbus, where Nepalis have a golden opportunity to introduce our country and culture to the general public and to help visiting Nepali people create a network with other Nepali."

Not content to rest on the laurels of the success of the booth at the International Festival, on Sunday, Nov. 11, Sunil will compete in his first marathon, a 26.2 mile run through the streets of Columbus. Let us pray Pashupati Nath for his success.

************************************************************* To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Expedition News - November Highlights Date: Thu, 9 Nov 95 17:44:43 EST From: blumassoc@aol.com (BlumAssoc)

EXPEDITION NEWS HIGHLIGHTS from the November 1995 issue

EXPEDITION NEWS is a monthly review of significant expeditions, research projects and newsworthy adventures. It is distributed online and by mail to media representatives, corporate sponsors, educators, research librarians, environmentalists, and outdoor enthusiasts. This new forum on the outdoors covers projects that stimulate, motivate and educate.

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Here are highlights from the November issue. If you'd like to receive the complete version of the latest issue and remain informed about leading expeditions and adventures all year long, we invite you to subscribe by sending US$36 / year (12 issues) to Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc., 397 Post Road - Suite 202, Darien, CT 06820 USA. Be sure to include your Postal or email address.
  MEAR AND OUSLAND PLAN RACE ACROSS ANTARCTICA

A Briton and a Norwegian renew their countries' old rivalry in the Antarctic this month, each trying to become the first person to walk alone and unaided across the frozen continent (See EN, October 1995).

In what may well be a race for the finish, Mear, 45, hopes to beat his rival, Norwegian Borge Ousland, 33, who sets out a few days later. Mear, a mountain guide, will travel for approximately 100 days south from the Weddell Sea to Ross Island, via the South Pole.

AMERICAN MARK PFETZER, 15, SUMMITS AMA DABLAM

When we last checked in on 15-year-old Rhode Island climber Mark Pfetzer, he was attempting to become the youngest person to summit Mount Everest
(29,028 ft.). That expedition was halted at 26,000 feet due to bad weather
(see EN, June 1995), but Pfetzer's young career was elevated Oct. 19 when he reached the 22,350-foot summit of Nepal's Ama Dablam.
  EXPEDITION UPDATE

IAP Explorers Remain Busy

International Arctic Project team members, who returned from their Arctic Ocean crossing in July (See EN August), are up to a sledge-full of new projects.

Expedition leader Will Steger has been lecturing throughout the country, working on a new educational program on the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and spending time at home in Ely, Minn.

EXPEDITION FOCUS

Thayers Train For Desert Expedition

Washington State explorers Helen and Bill Thayer are continuing their on-going commitment to expedition education with a planned two-year study of the world's greatest deserts. They plan to depart in December for a three-month, 1,000-mile crossing of Africa's Sahara Desert on foot.

EXPEDITION NOTES

On Everest, A First for South Korea

A pair of South Korean climbers have become the first from their country to summit Mount Everest via the steep South Face.

Japanese Expeditions Top Dhaulagiri I; One Missing

Six Japanese climbers from two separate expeditions reached the 26,795-foot summit of Nepal's Dhaulagiri I Oct. 6, while the leader of a third team was reported missing.

Kanchenjunga Claims Lives

Two French climbers are presumed dead after disappearing Oct. 6 while descending Mount Kanchenjunga (28,208 ft.) in Nepal.
   AAC Annual Meeting Will Review Expeditions

The American Alpine Club Annual Meeting will take place Dec. 1-3 in Oakland, Calif. The open-to-the-public meeting will review recent expeditions and climbs, present the results of research projects, discuss issues of interest to the mountaineering community, and present awards.
  IN PASSING

Veteran British climber and alpinist Paul Nunn, 52, died recently while descending Pakistan's Haramosh Peak (24,270 ft.).

MEDIA MATTERS

Steger to Author IAP Story

A story on the International Arctic Project, written by expedition leader Will Steger, will appear in the January issue of National Geographic.
  Discovery of SLiME Shows Extremes Where Life Can Exist

An Oct. 22 Knight-Ridder Newspapers story details a discovery by scientists along the Columbia River in Washington of a community of bacteria that live only on rock and water.
 
************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Thu, 9 Nov 1995 18:45:51 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Arun III Update with few comments

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Dear Ghimire Ji

I agree with you. As I have mentioned before, these groups have not been able to connect themselves with local people. As Amulya commented before on my comments on cancellation of Arun III, these people do not represent the Dal Bhat and Dhindo/Gundruk, Andhyaro Tuki (you see here) of Nepalese. They do not represent landlessness and a poor physical health. They represent seminars, flyovers, Chicken Pulau, Beer, Bidesh Yatra and so on for their own benefit. As Ghimire Ji points out, seminars in a star hotel with a very good daily participation allowance would not solve the problem of the people. If they are concerned, I would bet that the money they would be spending in seminar would be enough to install a few kilowatts electricity in any remote part of the country.....

No personal flame intended. Shaligram.

************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Thu, 9 Nov 1995 18:49:08 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Arun III Update with few comments

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Mahesh Ghimire <umghimir> writes:

>I agree with a lot of the concerns expressed by the ITDG and many of theier
>points regarding sustainability, capacity building etc may be very correct but
>in case of Arun after so much of spending, studies and after giving hope to so
>many pople that Arun will improve their condition to strangle the project was a
>mistake. We could have really done with this one mega-project. it would have
>give us breathing space from the suffocating power shortage, employment
>generation, and the economy of the region would have boomed. With Biratnagar as
>the base camp for the mega project, it would have grown at least equal to
>Kathmandu. Thus providing some respite to Kathmandu as the only place to settle
>after a B.A. There are so many ifs and buts but to cut the long argument short
>"If the very people who are most vocal against the government,s lavish
>expeding, dependence upon foreign expertise and opinion,servile attitude and
>top-down decision making etc are sliding down to the same slippery slope then
>one starts to ask does this country have any future?"

I share Mahesh Ghimire's final concern about the future of this country
[Nepal].

But isn't it a bigger mistake on the part of government to spend so much money, give so much hope to people of the Arun valley without actually being in a position to implement the project?

Is it wise to continue on a project that could spell doom for the country just because those large monies have been spent and so much hope has already been distributed with or without justification or morality during the process? Jumping into an investment just in order to save the "sunk costs" is a very foolhardy thing to do, economically.

I am not part of the anti-Arun III movement. I was in fact in favor of going for Arun. As I came across more information on Arun III, the less I came to like its terms. That is probably what the ITDG was referring to when they meant
"education".

Thanks for your comments. Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@bbn.com

********************************************************* Date: Thu, 09 Nov 1995 22:19:02 -0500 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News 11/9/1995

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 9, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 209 words

HEADLINE: constitution day observed in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 9; ITEM NO: 1109057

 BODY:
   king of nepal birendra today delivered a message to the nation to mark the country's constitution day, asking his people to strive to shoulder their responsibility in accordance with the constitution. nepal's present constitution was promulgated on november 9, 1990 after a 1990 popular movement overthrew the partyless panchayat system which had ruled the country for more than 30 years. the 1990 constitution provides the constitutional monarchy in
 nepal and ensures a multi-party parliamentary political system. in his message the king said the constitution day might inspire all of the nation to work for the great good of nepal and its people. meanwhile, prime minister sher bahadur deuba delivered a radio statement today on the occasion of the constitution day, stressing the importance of the present constitution to the country. he said that the foundation of the nation, the national identity and unity could be strengthened only through the consolidation of the basic rights and democratic system guaranteed by the 1990 constitution. meanwhile, 336 prisoners have been released from various jails of the country after being pardoned for their remaining terms to mark the constitution day, according to the jail management department.

                      Copyright 1995 Inter Press Service
                              Inter Press Service

                          November 8, 1995, Wednesday

LENGTH: 883 words

HEADLINE: NEPAL: DEMOCRACY AND GARBAGE

BYLINE: By Suman Pradhan

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov. 8

 BODY:
   A resident of Kathmandu covers his nose as he walks past mountains of garbage on the city sidewalk, and mutters to a visitor: "We got democracy, then we got garbage."

   Kathmandu. The very name still evokes the exotic aura of Xanadu or Timbuktu. Yet, Nepal's capital is metamorphosing into an urban horror story.

   Ironically, the city's strict municipal zoning laws and garbage disposal scheme seem to have collapsed after the advent of democracy in 1990 when the kingdom's absolute monarchy was replaced with a multi-party democratic constitution.

   Under pressure from new migrants in search of work, Kathmandu burst at the seams as its population touched 1.1 million. Democracy brought new freedoms that translated into a free-for-all.

   Mayor Prem Lal Singh shrugs off all responsibility and blames the government for not providing a decent disposal site. "Our responsibility as a municipality is only to collect the garbage. It is the government's job to dispose of it," he says.

    Nepal has gone through three elections since 1990, and the country's squabbling politicians have had little time for solving the problems of the capital.

   Mayor Singh belongs to the Nepali Congress party which formed the government after the 1991 elections, but was replaced in last year's elections by the Communist Party of Nepal United Marxist-Leninist (UML). The Congress has since come back to power in a vote of no-confidence two months ago.

   As political parties vied to embarrass each other, they blocked dumping in designated landfill sites. And the city suffered.

   Hapless residents have had to learn to pick their way around piles of rubble, bricks and cement bags that clutter narrow streets and sidewalks, jostling for space with stinking heaps of garbage which threaten to swamp the roads.

   Like other cities in teeming South Asia, Kathmandu has a gargantuan garbage problem. The city and its suburbs churn out an estimated 300 tons of household waste every day.

   A worried tourism industry has been clamoring for a solution. The industry has had a dull two years and travel operators say many foreign visitors are finding new destinations. Nepal's only international airport is in Kathmandu.

   An outbreak of plague in neighboring India last October set back that country's tourist industry by millions with hundreds of panicked, western tourists groups cancelling winter holiday plans even though the situation was quickly brought under control.

   The extreme negative publicity abroad and pressure from hoteliers here have prompted Nepal's new coalition government to finally act.

  In October the government unveiled an ambitious action plan, declaring that finding a solution to the Valley's worsening garbage disposal crisis was its
"topmost priority."

   "The government is concerned about the deteriorating garbage disposal problem in Kathmandu and will give topmost priority to this project," said Local Development Minister Kamal Thapa.

   The plan is to be executed by a committee of top bureaucrats, political leaders and those connected with the tourism industry. The government is also planning to slap taxes on fuel to fund anti-pollution efforts to combat the worsening situation.

   Under the plan, apart from coordinating the work of various agencies in the management of waste disposal, an alternative dumping site will be developed within a year.

   Greatly relieved, city authorities and hotel owners have welcomed the initiative, though they caution the plan may well stay on paper if the government does not follow it through.

   All too often in the past, successive governments have shied away from finding an alternative landfill site for fear of upsetting rural voters. The lease on the Gokarna site, some 10 kms from Kathmandu, was allowed to lapse after the villagers there made it clear they did not rubbish in their backyard.

   "More than the action plan, it is a question of whether the government has the will to implement it," says Chandra Man Pradhan, executive manager of Hotel Association of Nepal (HAN). "But the new plan is a welcome sign that the government is finally serious. This is the first time that the government has taken the lead."

   While the authorities go about scouting for a new landfill site, Kathmandu's garbage will be dumped in Gokarna, where villagers have agreed to allow its use for three months.

   Thapa said his ministry recently identified a possible landfill site at Okharpauwa village, 26 km north of Kathmandu. "But we have yet to do a feasibility study of the area. Even if that site is to be the final choice, it would take years before all the necessary infrastructure is put into place to make it operational," he added.

   The government has also invited Nepali and foreign firms to join its efforts to clean up. Investments are being solicited in recycling plants and conversion of waste into alternative sources of energy and fertilizers.

   "We'd like national and international private sector to join in the effort to clean up Kathmandu," Thapa said.

   But so far there are no takers. Even Nepali business groups are waiting to see if the government is really serious. HAN says the government has not moved on a proposal it made two years ago to save the tourism industry.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 8, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 185 words

HEADLINE: nepal's overall price index down last year

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 8; ITEM NO: 1108074

 BODY:
    nepal's overall price index in fiscal 1994-95 fell as compared to that of the previous year, according to a revised economic survey issued recently. the average price rise in 1994-95 fiscal year ending in july was 7.6 percent, against 8.9 percent in the previous year, the finance ministry report said. however, last year's price situation was considered mixed as considerably higher price rises had been observed in the major food items during the year. on point-to-point basis, the urban consumer price index in 1994-95 fiscal year up 8.7 percent as compared to 9.1 percent rise in the previous year. the economic survey indicated the trend that some price situation improvements were found in kathmandu, capital of the country, while the hilly and southern terai plain regions faced the price pressure during the same period. during last year, the country's national urban consumer price index for food and non-food increased 9.4 percent and 7.5 percent respectively. some of the food items including pulses, wheat, maize and mustard oil registered steeper price rises last year, the survey said.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 8, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 135 words

HEADLINE: nepali prime minister meets chinese ambassador

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 8; ITEM NO: 1108159

 BODY:
   nepali prime minister sher bahadur deuba today met outgoing chinese ambassador shao jiongchu at his residence in kathmandu. during the meeting, deuba spoke highly of the contribution made by the ambassador during his tenure in nepal for the promotion of the friendly relationship between the two countries. he said that the nepali government had been attaching high importance to nepal -china friendship and his coalition government would continue to make efforts to strengthen the ties with china. the prime minister also asked the chinese ambassador to convey his greeting to his chinese counterpart li peng and said that he was looking forward to the opportunity to visit nepal's great neighbor china. the chinese ambassador to nepal is to leave for home thursday after completing his tenure here.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 8, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 88 words

HEADLINE: nepal to form labor court soon

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 8; ITEM NO: 1108228

 BODY:
   the nepali government and a national trade union organization have agreed to set up a labor court soon in the country. an agreement on the this was reached recently after the ministry of labor and the nepal trade union congress negotiated over the matter, according to the trade union organization. during the negotiations, the government agreed to make timely amendment to the labor regulations so as to solve various labor-related problems without any delay, the
 nepal trade union congress said today in a press release.

             Proprietary to the United Press International 1995

                     November 8, 1995, Wednesday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 188 words

HEADLINE: Nepal police grill newspaper staff

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Nov. 8

 BODY:
   Police have grilled the publisher and editorial staff of a government newspaper that printed an incorrect caption under a photograph of the Nepalese royal family, employees said Wednesday. The front page of the weekly Sunday Dispatch published a photograph of Nepal's King and Queen with the caption
''this is fertile ground for pickpockets.'' Police Tuesday questioned Govind Bhatta, the newspaper's former editor, and five other editors from the paper's staff. Sunday Dispatch Editor Lok Deep Thapa said a member of the paper's production staff has acknowledged he accidentally pasted the wrong photograph above the caption about pickpockets. The person responsible has since been demoted for his mistake, Thapa said. Tapa called the continued police interrogation of the newpaper's editorial staff ''harassment,'' noting that
 Nepal's Ministry of Communications has already conducted its own investigation of the incident. ''The police questioning is harassment especially since we have already given our opinions to a probe committee,'' Tapa said. ''Such mistakes happen in newspapers.''

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           November 7, 1995, Tuesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/W0409/WA

LENGTH: 65 words

HEADLINE: TEA;
 Nepal's tourism earnings down

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 30 Oct 95

 BODY:
   [12] According to a revised economic survey, earnings from Nepal's tourism industry in the first eight months of the fiscal year 1994-95 have fallen to 5.370bn rupees, as compared to 8.325bn rupees during the same period of 1993-94, Radio Nepal reported on 30th October. The report also noted that the total number of tourist-class hotels is said to have increased from 214 to 394.

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           November 7, 1995, Tuesday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2455/A

LENGTH: 100 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS;
 Nepal premier on India- Nepal friendship

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 3 Nov 95

 BODY:
   [22] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has said Nepal and India have been close friends since ancient times and the deep and multidimensional relations between them have been strengthened by a common respect for the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Prime Minister Mr Deuba was speaking at a function organized by the
 Nepal words indistinct to mark the 155th anniversary year of Mahatma Gandhi in Kathmandu today 3rd November . Mr Deuba noted, as a good friend and neighbour
 Nepal rejoices in the progress made by India in the various walks of its national life.

                   Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                      November 7, 1995, Tuesday, BC Cycle
                          07:13 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 294 words

HEADLINE: Nepalese government reshuffles 23 top employee posts

DATELINE: Kathmandu

 BODY:
     Nepal's three party coalition government has reshuffled senior level government employees, according to a government notification Monday night.

    According to the notification, 23 secretaries to the government, the highest level to which a civil servant can rise in Nepal, have been transferred to various ministries.

    The coalition government's move came just as it completed 50 days in office and government offices had remained stagnant in anticipation of such a mass transfer.

    Nepalese Foreign Secretary, Kedar Bhakta Shrestha, and secretaries at a couple of key ministries such as defence and finance were left unchanged.

    Home Secretary, Rebati Raman Pokharel, has been transferred to the relatively unimportant post of the Acting Secretary of the Administration Reforms Monitoring Committee. dpa mb

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 7, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 127 words

HEADLINE: nepali opposition lawmakers boycott house session

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 7; ITEM NO: 1107050

 BODY:
   nepali lawmakers from main opposition the communist party of nepal (uml) monday boycotted the lower house session, demanding a date for the discussion on an impeachment motion against the supreme court chief justice. the uml lawmakers tabled the impeachment motion against chief justice surendra singh more than one month ago accusing him of lacking efficiency and exceeding the age limit of 60 as a chief justice. the house was holding general debate over the same impeachment issue monday when uml chief whip devi ojha made a sudden announcement that his party would boycott the session for the rest of the day. however, the house proceedings were not disturbed as lawmakers from other opposition parties continued their participation in the session.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 7, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 126 words

HEADLINE: us to provide 8.84 million dollars in aid to nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 7; ITEM NO: 1107054

 BODY:
   the government of the united states has pledged more than 486 million rupees
(8.84 million us dollars) to nepal for the protection of environment and forests. an agreement on the assistance was signed here monday by representatives from the two countries. according to the agreement, the us government will provide nepal 8.84 million dollars over a period of seven years, which will be used to develop small businesses based on natural resources, conduct applied research, and increase rural household incomes through sustainable private agriculture and forestry enterprises. the agreement, focusing on a program named "environment and forest enterprise activity," is part of the united states agency of international development/ nepal program.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 7, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 99 words

HEADLINE: nepal warns against illegal employment ads

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 7; ITEM NO: 1107056

 BODY:
   the ministry of labor of nepal issued a statement recently warning the public against the advertisements calling applications for overseas employment. the statement said that only saudi arabia, kuwait, oman, qatar, bahrain, hong kong, singapore, south korea, brunei, malaysia, iraq and the united arab emirates were permitted by the nepali government to provide jobs to nepali citizens. all the advertisements published in newspapers calling for employment applications to countries or regions other than these were considered illegal and punishable under the law, the ministry said.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            NOVEMBER 6, 1995, MONDAY

LENGTH: 179 words

HEADLINE: nearly half nepali students absent from classes

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 6; ITEM NO: 1106041

 BODY:
   about 42 percent of students at college level in nepal were found not attending their classes, a study on the situation of nepali universities and colleges said recently. according to nepal's national news agency rss sunday, the study jointly prepared by the nepali government, the tribhuvan university in kathmandu, the united nations development program and the world bank also revealed that most of nepali college students failed in compulsory subjects of english, economics and mathematics. the study said that the highest drop-out rate was seen at proficiency certificate level and bachelor's level in the faculty of law. the average teaching days in the sample campuses were found to be 151 days, nearly three months less than the possible 228 days in one academic year, according to the report. meanwhile, the report indicated that 74 percent campus libraries were without adequate textbooks, 70 percent campus laboratories without the required materials and equipment and on the average only 66 percent of practical course work in campuses was completed.

**************************************************** Date: Fri, 10 Nov 1995 14:29:05 GMT+2 From: SHRESTHA@JOYL.JOENSUU.FI Subject: Thanks!!! To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Dear friends

As I am leaving Finland on 14 Nov 1995, I would like to thank all executive members of TND for their good work. Though I could not be the active member of TND but I enjoyed it a lot. I also like to thank all members of TND. I request to excutive board not to send any TND sub-cription in my e-mail. Once again thank to all and all the best. Raj Bahadur Shrestha

**************************************************** Date: Fri, 10 Nov 1995 18:23:41 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu Subject: nov9_letter.html

Source: KTM Post
                               LETTER TO EDITOR
  BETTER THE LOT OF LOWER CASTES
   
   Sir,
   
   Nepal is a Hindu kingdom that is why its main drawback is the caste
   system. Although , it is foolish to think of a casteless society since
   castes are an integral part of Hinduism, casteism is comparatively
   more rigid in Nepalese society. And this has not been helpful in the
   evolution of a more just society. For Shudras, (the lowest caste) have
   suffered and victimized. They have lower status and lesser social
   acceptability only on account of their birth.Caste prejudice has been
   the main cause of the downfall of Hinduism and the rise of conversion
   in the country. It has therefore become necessary for the government
   to take the necessary measures to uplift this deprived caste.
   
   Bishwakarma Kalyan Samitee
   Banjhapatan, Pokhara

******************************************************* Date: Fri, 10 Nov 1995 18:49:09 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: nov9_local.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Amulya's comment:

An example of discrimination against Newars? The neglect of "just a communal" literary figure for newars: Prem Bahadur Kasa:

                                  LOCAL NEWS
   
  DEMAND FOR ISSUING NEW POSTAL STAMPS
  
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 8 - Nineteen people including senior litterateurs, and
   researchers and famed national talents of different walks of Nepalese
   life have, in a joint statement requested the government that a
   postage stamps featuring Prem Bahadur Kansakar be issued to honour him
   as a literary figure of the national language, researcher and founder
   of different organisations.
   
   This is the first time that the noted literary figures of Nepal have
   demanded through a joint statement, to issue postage stamps of a
   litterateur of the national language of Nepal. Critic and researcher
   Indra Mali was the coordinator of those who made the request.

******************************************************** Subject: LOOKING FOR STAMPS

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Hi,

I'm looking for stamps from Nepal, from the years 1920 - 1975 to buy.

I've started a collection 15 years ago and just recently I notice that I don't have any stamps from Nepal, and I wish to give my collection over to my daughters so they can continue with it.

Is there anyone out there that can help me please, or spare me with a few of your duplicates.

I thank you in advance. send e-mail to carol@cam.org

************************************************ From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Sat, 11 Nov 1995 16:38:25 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Access to this newsgrp from Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Netters from Nepal will access to this newsgroup within the next 10 days. Hope this will help liven up this newsgroup and give it a shot in the arm.

No! (before you ask, it is not some grand design inspired by the Indian Embassy :-) ).

Cheers, Sanjib Raj Bhandari Sanjib@mos.com.np

********************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Sat, 11 Nov 1995 16:40:01 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Access to this newsgrp from Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

sanjib@merlion.singnet.com.sg (Sanjib Raj Bhandari) writes:

>Netters from Nepal will access to this newsgroup within the next 10 days.
>Hope this will help liven up this newsgroup and give it a shot in the arm.

That's great! A "red carpet" welcome to the netters from Nepal.

We desperately need some young blood to rev up this newsgroup. Who could be better than those right in Nepal?

BTW, would the netters from Nepal coming in via the Singapore node or through Nepal's very own top-level domain (np) ?

Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@bbn.com

************************************************************ From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Sat, 11 Nov 1995 16:40:37 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Access to this newsgrp from Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Welcome to the cyberworld to the folks from Kathmandu!!

Hope you can bring some naya bichar as well as tato samachars. We definitely need some vibrant discussion here in this group which has been stagnant lately due to the invasion by aliens.

Eagerly awaiting the new Nepal Home pages from KU. Kudos to Mercantile and KTM Post people and Rajendra Shrestha for their pioneering work from Nepal.

Muri muri Dhanyabad!!

Ashok Sayenju Niigata, Japan

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