The Nepal Digest - November 1, 1993

From: The Editor (
Date: Mon Nov 01 1993 - 10:44:30 CST

Return-Path: <>
Received: from by (5.0/SMI-SVR4) id AA23647; Mon, 1 Nov 93 11:50:59 CST
Received: by id AA27482 (5.67a/IDA-1.5 for nepal-dist); Mon, 1 Nov 1993 10:44:34 -0600
Received: by id AA21961 (5.67a/IDA-1.5 for nepal-list); Mon, 1 Nov 1993 10:44:30 -0600
Date: Mon, 1 Nov 1993 10:44:30 -0600
Message-Id: <>
Reply-To: The Nepal Digest <>
From: The Editor <>

Sender: Rajpal J. Singh <>
Subject:      The Nepal Digest - November 1, 1993
To: <>
Content-Type: text
Content-Length: 35663
Status: RO
X-UID: 5

        % N N EEEEEE PPPPPP AA L %
        % NN N E P P A A L %
        % N N N EEEE P P A A L %
        % N N N E PPPPPP AAAAAA L %
        % N NN E P A A L %
        % N N EEEEEE P A A LLLLLL %

The Nepal Digest Monday, 1 November 93 Volume 21: Issue 1

Today's Topics:
      1. Taja_Khabar: News From Nepal
      2. Jan_Kari: TND Flood Relief Fund
      3. Jan_Kari: Email and Nepal
      4. Article Reposted: Nothing But a Nepali!
      5. Kura_Kani: RE - Who does the ambassodar represent?
      6. Kehi_Bichar: Nature Tourism
      7. Letter to the Editor: Om B. Raut from AIT
      8. Article: Integrated Ganges Basin
      9. Jan_Kari: Geotechnical Conference

  * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
  * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
  * Editing Editor: Padam P. Sharma *
  * Discussion Moderator: Ashutosh Tiwari *
  * News Correspondent: Vivek SJB Rana *
  * *
  * Subscription/Deletion requests : NEPAL-REQUEST@CS.NIU.EDU *
  * Provide one line message : sub nepal <user@host> full-name *
  * [OPTIONAL] Provide few lines about your occupation, address, phone for *
  * TND database to: <A10RJS1@CS.NIU.EDU> *
  * *
  * Digest Contributions(letters,poems,articles,misc., etc): NEPAL@CS.NIU.EDU *
  * Kura_Kani Contribution: SHARMA@PLAINS.NODAK.EDU *
  * Discussion Topics ideas: TIWARI@HUSC9.HARVARD.EDU *
  * News clips for Taja_Khabar: RANA@CCIT.ARIZONA.EDU *
  * Contributors need to supply Header for the article, email, and full name *
  * *
  * The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of the Nepal Interest Group for *
  * news and discussions about issues concerning Nepal. All members of *
  * will get a copy of TND. Membership is open to all. *
  * *
  * **** COPYRIGHT NOTE **** *
  * The news/article posters are responsible for any copyright violations. *
  * TND, a non-profit electronic journal, will publish articles that has *
  * been published in other electronic or papaer journal with proper credit *
  * to the original media. *
  * *
  * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
  * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" - Anon. *
  * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa *
  * *

********************************************************************** From: (Dileep Agrawal) Subject: NEWS FROM NEPAL (OCT. 20- OCT. 26) To: Date: Wed, 27 Oct 1993 15:37:44 -0400 (EDT)
                                                                                 October 24, 1993, Sunday, BC cycle HEADLINE: Bank hires Gurkhas to beef up security BYLINE: By CHRIS DOBSON
    A TEAM of 40 former Gurkhas has been hired as guards by the Standard Chartered Bank as part of a multi-million dollar package to beef up security at its main branches.
    Other measures to be incorporated, in an on-going operation to upgrade security at its 114 branches, include the introduction of automatic cash dispensers for tellers and new counter screens.
    The measures come in the wake of a study by the Crime Prevention Bureau showing banks using open counters, similar to those of the Standard Chartered, are more vulnerable to robberies.
    The police have been trying to persuade the Standard Chartered, which has been robbed more than any other bank this year, to abandon its "customer friendly" open design.
    The bank's head of security, Jeremy Platts, confirmed the first batch of 19 ex-Gurkhas started work last Monday.
    "It is part of an on-going process of reviewing and upgrading security," said Mr Platts, a former Commercial Crime Bureau officer.
    The Standard Chartered's communications manager, Rory Chan, said the bank had studied the possibility of hiring the Gurkhas for a year.
    The officials would not be drawn on whether the move to hire the former British Army soldiers was a direct result of the number of robberies suffered by the Standard Chartered.
    Last month, two robbers died while two police officers and several pedestrians were injured in a shoot- out at the Chase Manhattan Bank in Tsim Sha Tsui, which also had open counters.
    Mrs Chan said an official application was made earlier this year through Jardine Securicor, the firm hiring the former soldiers in Nepal, but it took a long time for the men to be processed by the Immigration Department.
    "We plan to employ 40 Gurkhas at the moment," she said. "They will be security guards and will be armed with batons.
    "They will be inside, surveying what is happening on the floor, and they will complement the local security guards we have."
    Mrs Chan said the role of the new security guards, all of whom spent the majority of their military careers in Hong Kong, would be assessed and could lead to more former British Army soldiers being employed.
    The former Gurkhas, 19 of whom have already started with the bank with the remaining 21 to join this week, will cover 36 branches although they may be moved at short notice.
    Dressed in United Nations-style light blue berets, with blue shirts and trousers, the ex-soldiers will stand out from the local security guards, according to Chris Hardy, managing director of Jardine Securicor Gurkha Services.
    Mr Hardy said his firm was recruiting more former Gurkhas following a surge in approaches from Hong Kong companies seeking improved security.
    "We have deployed over 200 men in all types of security, from residential, industrial, commercial, retail to personal," said Mr Hardy, a former British Army officer.
    "Even though we have this spread of security, each group is trained in that type of security."
    About 20 former Gurkhas were recently employed by Colliers Jardine to provide security for the luxury Strawberry Hill complex on The Peak.
                                                                                 HEADLINE: Austrian, Italian climbers scale peak in Nepal DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Oct. 21 Kyodo
   The leader of an Austrian expedition scaled Mt. Manaslu in central Nepal via its northeast face on October 15, the Nepalese Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation said Thursday.
   Sepp Inhoger, 33, an electrician from Badgastein, reached the top of the 8,163-meter mountain at noon, after climbing six hours from the expedition's third camp, and returned to the second camp from the summit the same day.
   Earlier on October 13, Silvio Mondinelli, 35, from Alagna, Italy, conquered the peak via the south face, the ministry said.
   Inhoger was leading a 10-member team, while Mondinelli was climbing with a 12-member expedition headed by Paolo Paglino, 26.
---------------------------------------------------------------- HEADLINE: nepal has 720,000 mentally retarded people
   a nepalese official has called for love and proper services to some 720,000 mentally retarded people in the country. general secretary of the association for the welfare of the mentally retarded (awmr) dinesh chandra devkota made the call while inaugurating a program on extension of services to the mentally retarded, local press reported today. he said that the mentally retarded and disabled are a part of the society and they need love and proper services.

---------------------------------------------------------------------- HEADLINE: nepal's parliament team to visit norway, sweden
   an eight-member parliament delegation led by speaker of the lower house daman nath dhungana will visit norway and sweden from november 1 to 9. the visits, at the invitation of the parliaments of the two nordic countries, are aimed at consolidating ties with parliaments of these countries and exchanging information on the parliamentary system, according to the parliament secretariat. the delegation will meet parliament officials and leaders as well as academics and other experts for exchange of views. after their visits to norway and sweden, the nepalese delegation will also make a study tour of berlin in germany.
----------------------------------------------------------------------- HEADLINE: REFUGEES: NEPAL TO HOST REGIONAL NGO CONFERENCE
   More than 50 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and rights groups are expected to attend a three-day international conference on refugees to be held in the Nepali capital beginning Nov. 1.
   The UNHCR/NGO Partnership in Action (PARINAC) meeting aims to find integrated approaches for prevention, emergency response, and durable solutions for the global refugee crisis.
   Thirty million people around the world have been forced to leave their homes by war, poverty and ethnic strife.
   The Kathmandu conference is the second of six regional conferences being convened by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) in prelude to a world conference in Oslo next June. The first regional meet was in Caracas.
   "We have received confirmation from most South Asian countries and are trying to reach Bhutan and Myanmar-based (Burmese) NGOs through the United Nations development program," says a UNHCR official here.
   Pakistan, which is sheltering large numbers of Afghans who have fled the chaos in their country following the transfer of power from a communist government to Islamic rule in 1991, will not be represented at the Kathmandu meeting as it is classified as Southwest Asia by the UNHCR.
   Groups from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Japan, Ireland, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, Cambodia, Thailand, Hong Kong and South Asia will be attending the conference.
    Nepal is taking care of an estimated 85,000 Bhutanese refugees in camps supervised by the UNHCR in the East. Some 20,000 Tibetans who have fled the communist regime in China have also made this Himalayan country their home.
   "I think the meeting will have no political or diplomatic impact on finding solutions to country-specific refugee issues," says Rishi Kesh Shaha, a prominent Nepali rights activist.
   "It will basically try to develop ways to fund NGOs who can take charge of managing refugees," he adds. Shaha is president of the Human Rights Association of nepal (HURON).
   Many Asian countries have large refugee populations. Though peace is fast returning to Indo-China, the problem of refugees has not been resolved. Even a poor country like Bangladesh has its refugees -- Muslims fleeing religious persecution in Burma.

************************************************************* Date: Oct 29, 1993 From: Rajpal J. Singh <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Flood Relief Fund

Note: Here is the corrected list of members. My sincere aplology
      for the errors.

TND Nepal Relief Fund

My belated thanks to all the members for their generous gifts to the victims of recent flood in Nepal.

On behalf of TND, I sent the check amount for US $1,973.00 payable to Nepal Redcross Society - Flood Relief Fund on Oct 1, 1993. I have requested that the money be used for
------------ helping flood victims.

I would like to acknoledge following members for their kind gestures:

Pratima Tiwari Kiran L. Shrestha Rajesh B. Shrestha Dileep Agrawal Suresh K. Raut Kanhaiya L. Vaidya Helene Murray Bal K. Sharma Yoko Uchida Keshab K. Batajoo Bhairav R. Khakural Linda Lucek Stacy Pigg Bill Benjamin Cindy Lang-Benjamin Suraj C. Aryal Padam P. Sharma Deepak Shimkhada Rabi Burathoki Arbind Mainali Damber K. Gurung Kabi R. Neupane Satya N. Yadav Herbert L. Fader Bobby Chitrakar Academic Computing Services, NIU Pawan Agrawal Dharma and Smriti Thapa Navin Dutta Rajpal J. Singh Lynda Hardman and Frank Harmelen Raju Adhikari Al Clark Nepal Student Association - Madison

With best regards, Rajpal J. Singh TND Editor/Co-ordinator

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 28 Oct 1993 15:47:02 -0400 From: To: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 28, 1993

This is in regard to Mr. Amarottam Shreshta's reply to Mr. Thapa's message re:e-mail to Nepal. I have used a very similar address to reach the UNDP office in Bangladesh (UDP111@CGNET.COM). My messages reach but replies to them do not get here. If either of you manage to get a reply, and know how to reply from THERE, I'd appreciate it if you would let me know.

Thank you!

Eknath Belbase


*********************************************************************************************** Date: 30 Nov 1993 From: Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: An Old Archive

Note: Following is a dug_up from my old archives. The article appeared
      in "The Viewpoints" (ANMA Newsletter) couple of years back. The
      intent of the article was to remind us that for all purposes we
      are nothing but NEPALI. Let the anthropologist and archeologists
      debate where we came from for their academic tenure papers :-)


For many of us, especially those in the academic areas, who have been here for just a few months and more, we have witnessed many articles, postings, and seminars about America being the sweet soup of many ethnic groups from various parts of the world. Here, many Americans take pride in their multi-cultural heritage.

The blending of cultures in America started only a few hundred years ago with the majority of immigrants arriving in the late nineteenth century. In Nepal, a similar process has been going on but for thousands of years. With open arms, Nepal still today accepts people from all four corners of the world, as evidenced by the arrival of Tibetans, Burmese, Sikkimese, North-Indians, and Bhutanese over the past few years.

Nepal is a land of great diversity. Its social, cultural, religious, and geographical varieties would fascinate anyone. Let us take a brief look at the history of Nepal and how we have survived for hundreds of years in spite of this great diversity.

The immigration of people into Nepal dates from the 12th century A.D. when many Hindus fled the Indian plains during the Mogul invasion. Some of these refugees settled in the Kathmandu valley while a great many went on to more remote places, populating the hills and the lower valleys all across Nepal. They encountered a local population of "khas" people and many other ethnic groups, with whom they intermixed to various degrees. They ruled simultaneously creating many small kingdoms in the process. The fighting forces for these Nepali kingdoms were conscripted from local ethnic populations such as the Magars and the Gurungs.

The natives of the Kathmandu Valley were farmers and cattle raisers. Present day Newars are a mixture of these people and other immigrants who arrived from over the centuries. Among these immigrants are the Hindus from Northern India, and some from the eastern hills of Nepal of "Kiranti" stock whom are the present day Rais and Limbus people.

In the Northeastern part are the Sunwars, Tamangs, Rais, Limbus, and Jirels. Sherpas, Lhomis, and other Bhotiya people populate the high valleys of eastern Nepal. Central and Western Nepal is the home to Thakuris, Bahuns, Chhetris, Magars, Gurungs, Thakalis, and Tharus. To the south, the majority are "Tarai-Basi."

We indeed have come a long way together. As history, anthropology, and archeology reveals our origin, there is more and more evidence which supports the fact that the Nepali people are truly a blend of many other ethnic groups.

Strangely enough, however, we still attach ourselves to one particular ethnic group as if this group was the most superior -- The reality, of course, is that we are but one meatball in the huge stew of human existence.

Let me hear the true voices that claim, "First I am a Nepali, second I am a Nepali, and last I am a Nepali, period" (And of course, Nepali-American where applicable).

********************************************************************* Date: Thu, 28 Oct 93 17:50:19 EDT From: M$K0428@SRUVM.SRU.EDU Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 28, 1993 To: The Nepal Digest <>

I strongly agree with Anil Shrestha's opinion about the Nepali ambassador's confusing role in D.C. . Indeed the entire government system is in Doldrums right now. Political leaders are misusing their power. There is little or very little selectivity appointing high posts. Personal relations are given more priority rather than abilities to appoint all kinds of post. The inexperience,ignorant and self centered attitude s of the current leaders are simply eating up the country. Few months back in the all college election,a student from Nepali Student union was stabbed to death by an unknown party person. His body was taken to Pashupat inath, where all political leaders were present to grieve. The supreme leader of Nepali Congress in his speech said that students should should sacrifice more for the sake of government.Was not that a simply misleading statement? As it is,the education system in Nepal is so poor,disorga nised and late& On top of that if leaders start to give such misleading guidan ce,then noone can expect much from it.

*********************************************************************** From: (Dileep Agrawal) Subject: Nepal continues sending peace-keeping forces to Somalia To: (The Editor) Date: Thu, 28 Oct 1993 18:43:55 -0400 (EDT)

                          OCTOBER 27, 1993, WEDNESDAY HEADLINE: nepal continues sending peace-keeping force to somalia
    nepal has sent another batch of peace-keeping force to somalia to take part in u.n. peace-keeping activities there. the second batch of the sri naya gorakh battalion peacekeeping force have left here today for somalia. the first batch were sent earlier this month. the new team led by captain eka bahhadur k.c. included one officer, 5 low-ranking officers and 75 soldiers. nepalese prime minister girija prasad koirala said at the recently concluded general assembly that nepal agreed with the idea that the u.n. peace-keeping forces should be under the u.n. umbrella.

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 29 Oct 1993 20:33 EST From: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - October 28, 1993 To:

Title: Nature Tourism in Nepal: "Kuhire ko bandar"

Nature tourism has been trumped around by all the cool guys as a real cool solution to Nepal's problems with environment and development.

Nature Tourism brings all that great money to our beautiful country and we can have cool develoopment minus all that dirt and grime of pollution that follows industril revolution or deforestation. Too good to be true. We can have our unsullied natural beauty and wonderful development too: Kind of like Virgin Mary giving birth to Jesus: No marriage, no sex, and oh how wonderful, the son of god himself!

Our Nepalese grandmothers in the hills, the politically incorrect ones steeped in traditional superstition and racism, consider the white people, the bearer of the green dollars, "Kuhire bandars" for their blond hair, blue eyes, exceedingly fair skin and all the strange mannerism of skinny dipping in fewa Tal, a term implying Nepalese are ahead in civilization. Not so for the apologists for development who moan how we are the last in the GNP rank and how we are the "Bandars".

Kasko bandar ko?

Is nature tourism a "nariwal in hands of the Nepalese bandar"?

Here are some facts from a recent article on the topic:

Source: Michael P. Wells, 1993, "Neglect of biological riches: the economics of nature tourism in Nepal" in biodersity and conservation, /Vol 2: 445-464.

1. Cost of managing nature tourism in parks per year: $ 5 million

2. Revenues raised by nature tourism in parks per yar: $ 1 million

"Kuhire ko aish ko lagi, hami afnai paisa kharcha gari rakhdai chau. Ko bandar ko chatake?"

3. Percentage of parks budget for military supervision: 80%

"Wah, wah, yi sab asabhya nepali bandar harulai banduk na dekhai, hami kahan pragati gari, sundar shanta nepal banaune" What better example of of the servility proposed by the Nature tourism Nepali environmentalists and development advocates.

4. International development agencies finance 40% of the country's public sector programmes. Oh how wonderfully "indepedent" we are as a country never conquered, taliya taliya.

5. There were 6000 tourists in 1962, 260,000 in 1988 and a projected 1 million in 2010. "Pahile thiyoun Kumari, viswo bata lukdai rana ko pala ma, ahile bhayoun randi, bhaye bhari lai thapdai, yo kasto gati, yo kasto bigati, yo durgati ki bhayen ma, bhagya bati?.... bholi uthi kahan jaane , kehi thaha chaina..."

6. Tourism earned $ 76 million in 1987/88 and employed 11,000 according Nepal rastra bank. He wait a minute, I thought tourism was the biggest earneer of foreign exchange? yes you are right, but only 11,000 employed? Why that is $ 7000 per person employed or Rs 3.5 lakh per person? Who are these lucky privileged persons, not the $ 160 per capita earning average Neplai janata janardan, not even the Rs 50, 000 earning Professor, why not even the Prime Minister who does not have a salary of rs 30,000 a month. Why in the world the rest of Nepal subsidize these tourism catering super rich, super priveleged? Ko bandar ko chatake, kehi thaha bhayen...?

7. Two thirds of the foreign exchange spend by toourist in Nepal flows abroad to procure luxury items to sustain these leviathan consumers.

8. The total number of tourist s to all national parks in 1990/91 is 105353. Just how many are Nepalis? "Muglan ma pani bahadur darban, afnai desh ko jungle ma pani, bahadur ra darban bhai tiger Tops ma kuhure ko chak sunghnu parcha>?

The language and vernacular used herein is to to bring the flavour of the discourse and I hope this is not sanitized to something dull that does not represent the emotions of the uneducated nepalis.

*********************************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Oct 1993 15:00:10 +0800 (SST) From: Om Bahadur Raut <> Subject: Send TND To: TND Editor <>

Dear Editor, I have not received the latest issue of TND. Could you kindly check with your mailing system lapses and dispatch the latest issue of TND. Thank You.

Yours truely, Om B. Raut, AIT

%%%%%EDITOR'S NOTE: After checking TND dispatch list, your email address is %%%%
%%%%% listed as %%%%
%%%%% None of the mail sent to this address has bounced. Are %%%%
%%%%% other members at your site recieving TND? %%%%

****************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Oct 1993 13:07:21 -0400 (EDT) From: M Khalequzzaman <> Subject: Integrated Development of the Ganges Basin To:

The Ganges basin occupies 431,000 sq.miles area in the Subcontinent. Forty percent of the population of the subcontinent live in the Ganges Valley, which is home for one of the oldest civilization on earth. The Ganges has been flowing thru Nepal, India and Bangladesh since the time immerorable. The Ganges is an inseparable part of lives and existence of millions of the people living in those countries. Therefore, the Ganges and its water resources belong to all of the riparian countries.

Bangladesh is a delta country, which has been created by deposition of river-borne sediments that come down from the Himalayas. A delta can survive by depositing sediments carried by rivers. The Ganges water and sediments have been diverted thru a barrage at Farakka in India. This has adversely affected agriculture, navigation, irrigation, industries, fisheries, forestry, salinity intrusion of coastal rivers, coastal erosion and subsidence, groundwater in Bangladesh. Sharing of the dry season flow of the Ganges has been the center of the dispute between India and Bangladesh for last 19 years. Bangladesh and India have proposed two different plans for augmentation of the dry season flow. Bangladesh has suggested the contruction of dams in Nepal and India. Bangladesh's plan also includes construction of a navigation channel from Terai region in Nepal that will allow Nepal to have access to the sea ports in Bangladesh.
 It can be mentioned here that 71% of the Ganges flow is originated in Nepal from the Gandaki, Kosi and Karnali rivers. India has suggested to tranfer water from the Brahmaputra to the Ganges via a link canal. Neither of the countries accept the other's plan. India wants to stick to its principle of bilateralism and doesn't want to include Nepal in this plan. Apparently, Nepal is agreeable to Bangladesh's plan of an integrated basin development. If all the coriparian countries formulate an integrated plan for water resources development then Nepal can get its fair price for the power that would be generated from those project and will have access to sea ports in Bangladesh, India will get power supply and water needed for irrigation during dry season in UP and Bihar, Bangladesh will get more water during dry season and less water during rainy season (which will help mitigate flooding problem).

Without regional cooperation among the co-riparian nations any major inter-basin development activity is almost impossible and will not be beneficial to all countries. We can survive and prosper together only.


**************************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Oct 1993 20:22:02 -0400 (EDT) Forwarded by: Ashutosh Tiwari <> Subject: Soil Scientist News To: From: "Gyaneswor Pokharel" <>

P.S. The dead line for the submission of the full paper is Jan. 31, 1994.
                        The bulletine

        Second Young Geotechnical Engineer's Conference
        on Advancements in geotechnical Investigations

                        June 27-July 1, 1994
                     Asian Institute of Technology
                        Bangkok, Thailand

Sponsored by
============ Japanese Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering

Southeast Asian Geotechnical Society Asian Institute of Technology


Organizing conferences for young geotechnical engineers has recently become one of the formal events conducted by International Society for Soil Mechanics and Founda- tion Engineering (ISSMFE). In the Asian region, this conference is the second consecutive event following the first Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference (YGEC) that was held successfully in 1991, held at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), ISSMFE, Japaneses Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering (JSSMFE) and Southeast Asian Geotechnical Society (SEAGS), it is a great pleasure to announce the Second Young Asian Geotechnical Engineers Conference which is going to be held from June 27, to July 1, 1994 at the AIT centre, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.


The objective of the conference is to bring together our young geotechnical engineers in Asia to exchange their experiences, ideas, and views related to the latest development and technology in geotechnical engineering.


English will be the official language of the conference.

Conference Topics

The proposed topics of the conference are on:

        * Laboratory Tests
        * In-situ Tests and Instrumentation
        * Model Tests

These topics are expected to cover investigations for:

        * Embankments and Excavations
        * Design of Ground Improvement Techniques
        * Reclamation Works
        * Design of Remedial Measures against Hazards
        * Use of Industrial Waste as Construction Materials.

Participation and Call For Papers

Geotechnical Engineers and researchers preferably below 35 years from Asian countries are invited to participate for the conference.

Two participants nominated by National Society from each country are expected to submit a written contribution with a maximum of 10 pages (letter size, 8.5x11inch-A4 size) single spaced by January 31, 1994 to complete the proceedings before the conference.

It is also possible for interested individuals to participate in the conferenc. However, these participants are not expected to submit a written contribution.

Technical Visits

A one day field trip to places of geotechnical interest in and around Bangkok will be arranged.


Interested persons who wish to participate in the conference are kindly requested to complete and return the attached preli- minary registration form before the end of January 1994.

Registration fees for the conference are US$ 90 per participants which include:

        * Participation in all sessions of the conference.
        * Participation in the local technical visits.
        * Set of conference proceedings
        * Daily refreshments
        * Receptions and Closing dinners

Accomodation fee is US$ 40 in AIT centre hotel for single or double room per day.

Further Information

Bulletin No. 2 containing the detail program, final registration form and other information will be released in October 1993.


All corresopondence regarding the conference should be directed to

Dr. T.H. Seah/Dr. M.Sugimoto school of Civil Engineering Asian Institute of Technology GPO Box-2754 Bangkok-10501 Thailand Cable: AIT-Bangkok Tel: (66-2)5245500 Fax: (66-2)5245509

Organizing Committee

Dr. M. Sugimoto (Chairman) Dr. T.H. Seah (Co-chairman) Prof. A.S.Balasubramaniam Dr. D.T. Bergado Dr. Noppadol Phienwej Prof. F. Tatsuoka Prof. O. Kusakabe


Prof. K. Akai Prof. K. Ishihara

Pre-registration form

Second Young Geotechnical Engineers
        Advancements in Geotechnical
                June 27- July 1, 1994

Name: __________________________________




Tel:____________________________________ Fax:_________________________________

I intend to submit papers Yes No Title of paper




%% %%
%% %%

This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue Jan 11 2000 - 11:15:28 CST