The Nepal Digest - Nov 7, 1994 (4 Mangshir 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Monday 7 Nov 94: Mangshir 4 2051 BkSm Volume 33 Issue 5

  Today's Topics are:

          1. From The Editor's Desk

          2. KURA_KANI:
                              Re: Caught Between Cultures: A True Story
                              Re: Women in Hinduism

          3. TAJA_KHABAR: News From Nepal

          4. Entertainment:
                              Satire: English lessons
                              Humor: Top 10 TND List

          5. Article: Nepal - Political and Economical Crossroads

  * TND Board of Staff *
  * ------------------ *
  * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
  * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
  * Editing Editor: Padam P. Sharma *
  * Discussion Moderator: Ashutosh Tiwari *
  * Looking For Correspondent: Sudeep Acharya *
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  * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
  * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" - Anon. *
  * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa *
  * *

****************************************************************** From: Rajpal J. Singh <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Date: November 7, 1994 Subject: SCN Cross-postings.

Dear TND Members:

     Congratulations, once again, for all the activities on TND!

     I would like to thank each and every one of you for your
     active and/or silent participation that has propelled
     TND into near completion of its third year.

     My personal thanks to TND Editorial Board Staff for keeping
     TND alive during my absence and motivating and waking me up,
     time to time, during my not so active (due to other obligations)
     times. Sudeep Acharya joins us as "Looking for Members" Correspondent.

     Please send your "Looking for friends request" to

     TND welcomes SCN postings. Please understand that most of our users
     do not read SCN because they do not have NNTP (USENET) NewsReader
     access. If you would like to post SCN articles, please make sure
     that the threads are complete. SCN articles posted from in-between
     threads will not be entertained for simple reason that TND members
     will have no idea what you are talking about! Also, make sure that
     you post it to You can NOT expect SCN articles
     to be on TND automatically. SCN is a newsgroup with instant turnaround
     whereas TND is a compiled digest.
     On behalf of TND, wishing you the best ........

Rajpal J. Singh <> Founding-Editor/Co-ordinator The Nepal Digest (TND) Subscription/Questions/Information: Article Contribution:

********************************************************************** Date: 6 Nov 1994 17:17:01 U From: "Arun Shrestha" <> Subject: Some News. To: "TND " <>

(The Asian Age, Oct 30, 1994)

Kathmandu, Oct 29: Nepal's caretaker Prime Minister, Girija Prasad Koirala, is facing criticism and discontent on the campaign trail, a Nepali Congress Party source said on Friday. Supporters of dissident Nepali Congress (NC) independent candidates have been displaying black flags against Koirala wherever he campaigns.

Mr Koirala addressed a public rally at Dailekh, west of Kathmandu, on Thursday and was pelted with stones, the party source said. Parliamentary elections are being held November 15. The two leaders of ruling NC Koirala and its president Krishna Prasad Bhattarai are in a hectic campaign in the far western districts to woo the voters in the name of "stabilizing democracy." Almost all the walls in Kathmandu have been painted with the slogans of the different political parties but only a very few streamers of the independent candidates are seen. (AFP)

(The Kathmandu Post, Nov 2, 1994)

Kathmandu - On the eve of the mid-term poll, NC supremo Ganeshman Singh issued an appeal that throws light on his dissociation with the Nepali Congress, the differences between the party and the government and his views on the forth- coming elections.

The appeal states that his responsibility as the supreme commander of the movement for the restoration of democracy will be over only when democracy is institutionalized through an economic revolution that will raise the people's standard of living and contribute to the process of nation building. Singh referred to the befell on him because of which he had to suspend his nationwide campaign to rouse public awareness about the grave condition the country and democracy was sliding into. The appeal further states that although mid-term poll was absolutely unnecessary, it had become a necessary evil. Since all efforts to protect democracy had been in vain, it had become necessary to counter the trend of promoting self aggran-dizement that threw to the dogs the dignity of the House and democracy itself.

And the mid-term poll could present an excellent opportunity for doing so. Singh said that if the sentiment of the people's movement could not become a living reality then anti-democratic, and authoritarian forces would once again have the nation in its grip. If this happened then not only the spirit of democracy but also nationalism would be killed and in the process the Nepali identity would vanish.

Singh said that democracy is a process of dialogue, but he deplored the fact that his own party colleagues had not resorted to this means. Singh further elaborated that persons like Girija had not been able to embrace his process. Pointing out the weaknesses of Nepali Congress, Singh said that the government had rendered the party manifesto into an ineffective piece of paper. He further added that the all powerful party president had been brought under the government. He further elaborated that he had made it clear that if the party's leadership and its organization was not overhauled from the central to the district level and if its institutional development did not take place within three years then he would withdraw his support. But his stand was not considered and the party had become bereft of morals, ideals and objectives. With his appeal, Ganeshman Singh has thrown his hat in favour of all dissident NC candidates in the forth-coming parliamentary elections in order to trounce congressmen supporting Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala.

"Fulfilling the dreams of the martyr's is my ultimate aim", Singh said, and added that the main concern should be to institutionalize the democratic dispensation and work for the preservation of nationalism and democracy."
"I can only support dissident candidates morally due to my frail health." His appeal urges everyone to vote the dissident candidates to oust the corrupted congressmen favouring the present Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala.

"Vishwobhoomi", a Nepal Bhasha daily adds (Nov 3) - NC activists are spreading the rumour as the appeal issued by Ganeshman Singh is not genuine. Hence, soon audio cassette version of the appeal will be circulated throughout the country. The duration of the cassette will be 30 minutes.

(The Kathmandu Post, Nov 2, 1994)

Kathmandu- It's been quite a campaigning for Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala. Wherever he goes, he's been greeted with cheers, applause ... and black flags.

Thus, Tuesday in Nawalparasi was no different. A group of local opposition workers staged a demonstration with black flags when Koirala went there to address a Nepali Congress election rally. The black flag affair got a little out of hand when rival groups attacked each other. A number of persons were reported injured and police have arrested half a dozen people.

Earlier, Koirala had to face another bout of spirited opposition at Rupandehi when local supporters of a rebel "independent" candidate taunted him with opposition slogans.
"Vote for watch" (independent's election symbol) they shouted as the prime minister was leaving the local playgroung where the rally was held.

(The Kathmandu Post, Nov 2, 1994)

The election campaign has overshadowed Tihar festivity. Banners, pamphlets, posters, flags and symbols of political parties and election candidates seen almost everywhere - on street-lamp posts, on walls, ore even on the tarmac of the busiest road - outnumber Diwali decorations. While "Chunau pachhadi" (after the election) is on the lips of practically every job-holder, the painters are working overtime to meet all their clients' demands before the election. They seem to be the busiest of all during the Nov 15 election campaign.

All the political parties and election candidates have also composed slogans and songs based on their election manifestos. They have also made stickers, badges and even T-shirts, which they hope to sell as many as they can.
"The thing next to garbage is graffiti everywhere," says a disgruntled resident of Mangalbazar, Patan. "I don't think anyone, not even the party that wins the election, will take the responsibility to clean up the election END OF THE NEWS

****************************************************************** Date: 06 Nov 94 18:18:50 EST From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: News11/3-6 To:

HEADLINE: U.N. slams human rights abuse in Nepal
    The United Nations Human Rights Committee accused Nepal Friday of a number of serious human rights violations.

    Cases of torture and disappearance of persons took place in
 Nepal but were never investigated, the U.N. experts said. Nepal was also criticised for discrimination of women in practically all areas.

HEADLINE: British army divided on future of Gurkhas
   By Justin Dear

   HONG KONG, Nov 6 (AFP) - They are recognised as some of the best soldiers in the world, but there are those in the British army who feel the Gurkhas have outlived their usefulness and should go.
   But the future of the Brigade of Gurkhas after their base here reverts to China in 1997 is not a simple issue.
   Powerful voices both within and outside the army are calling for them to stay on, while the British government will have to weigh the political odds before making a decision.
   Recently Britain's Secretary of State for Defence Malcolm Rifkind told parliament there would be a future for the Gurkhas, despite the fact that in July they were formed into a new regiment -- the Royal Gurkha Rifles -- and their numbers are to be cut from about 6,500 to 2,500 by 1997.
    Nepal earns some 30 million dollars a year from pensions, salaries and gratuities earned by the Gurkhas, as well as from welfare projects initiated by the brigade itself.
   Kathmandu has said that while it understands the need for the cuts, it does not want to see this money reduced.
   This means London must find other ways to provide the money, shifting the responsibility from the ministry of defence to other ministries, a move which is unlikely to be popular with the ministries involved, an analyst said.
    Nepal has also asked that Britain hand over equipment used by the Gurkhas in Hong Kong which will no longer be needed because of the cuts, a Nepal Foreign Ministry source said. London has said it will consider the request.
   Also of concern to the politicians is public sentiment in Britain which is still very much in favour of keeping "Johnny Gurkha" -- sentiment fuelled by the many soldiers who served with or alongside the Gurkhas and who now hold top civilian or army jobs.
   But at a time when the British army is facing tough manpower cuts, there are those who feel it should be the Gurkhas who should go in any further reductions, rather than British troops.
   "Why should British troops be put on the dole (unemployed) when the government is keeping on what are essentially foreign troops," said one senior officer.
   Supporters argue the Nepalese soldiers represent good value for money as well as providing the army with a pool of highly motivated recruits.
   "British regiments are having a hard time recruiting enough people. The Gurkhas do not have this problem. In fact we can pick and choose and this is a position which will continue," said a British Gurkha officer.
   "The recruitment arguement doesn't hold water," countered an officer. "While some regiments are having problems, many others are not."
   But there remains the question of what role the Gurkhas will play in the future.
   "When India became independent (in 1947) the Gurkha regiments then serving in the Indian army were divided between Britain and India under an agreeemnt with India, Britain and Nepal, " said a senior officer.
   "The (British) army kept the Gurkhas because it needed troops for Britain's commitments in the Far East and they certainly proved their worth.
   "But now that that committment no longer really exists, there is a question about what they can do given the restrictions placed on their use by the Tripartite Agreement," he added.
   Under the agreement the Gurkhas cannot serve in Northern Ireland, in Germany, or in United Nations peacekeeping roles.
   "Given these restrictions why not keep on British troops who can serve anywhere without the need to go through a diplomatic tap dance?" a British officer said.
   When they leave Hong Kong the Gurkhas will be based at Church Crookham in England where they will form part of 5 Airborne Brigade, a rapid deployment force. One of their three battalions will be stationed in Brunei, paid for by the sultanate, their duty being done on rotation.
   "In some respects the Gurkhas are victims of their own success. By doing so well against communist insurgents in the jungle, they have won a reputation as superlative jungle fighters, but unfortunately the army doesn't need jungle warfare experts anymore," said an officer.
   "What the Gurkhas must do, and soon, is define a new role for themselves. Given their history and professionalism, I have no doubt they will be able to in time, but time may not be on their side," he said.

HEADLINE: two more dead due to police firing in nepal
   two of the five people who were seriously wounded in police firing on thursday and were sent here from dang district for medical treatment have died in the hospital, one on saturday evening, the other this morning. so far, four people have died in the current mid-term poll campaigning, three of them being killed by police firing. a serious conflict took place on thursday in dang district in mid-western nepal between supporters of the nepali congress (nc) and the communist party of nepal (uml). later on, the uml supporters also clashed with police who opened fire in order to control the order, killing one on the spot and wounding 10 others. five of the wounded including one former uml mp were in serious condition and sent to kathmandu on friday for further treatment. the uml has sent a petition to the government, demanding for the punishment of those who were responsible for ordering to open fire. the uml also decided to hold a mass gathering this morning and a funeral procession this afternoon in protest against the killing.


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sun, 06 Nov 1994 11:48:25 EST To: The Nepal Digest <> From: "Pramod K. Mishra" <> Subject: English Lessons

Dear Editor,

     Isn't it great that some of the readers are so kindly concerned about my English--"poorly edited," "cluttered-up," and all that? In fact, I have been thinking about writing myself for a long time--ever since the day when a white-shirted, stethoscoped quake, in his well-ironed pantaloons, looked up my notebook and creased his nose as though the black-blue sentences in Devnagari script stank like rotten flesh. "Why do you waste your father's hard-earned money, Boy?" he said, his face as solemn as a funeral procession. "You better help your father in tilling his land." His son, seated on his bed beside mine on the mud floor in that high school hostel, felt as proud as a son could feel of his father's greatness. It was my crow-legged handwriting that had provoked the priggish sneer of the pretentious quake. Soon after, to my great relief, I discovered that Gandhi and Tolstoy had probably the worst handwriting one could ever come across. But I was neither Gandhi nor Tolstoy; nor had I hoped to be. So I religiously practiced handwriting off and on in a four-line practice book until I became a college teacher (and, by the way, I did help my family in the field, too).
     And now some learned readers rightly point out how bad is my English--"poorly edited," "cluttered-up," and all that. I'm concerned about it myself; in fact, no less, after teaching English writing for years both in Nepal and the USA. The first time I sent something to TND, I was horrified to read the violence I had committed on the English language, the King's English! (You better maintain protocol when dealing with royalty, I told myself). The sheer immediacy of cyber space, however, made this admonition useless, and by and by violence became my habit. And now, learned readers, I celebrate it!
     The first day of this semester, I told my wonder-struck freshmen and freshwomen, "Damn rules of English! Forget about grammar! Let fear about structure go to the gutter! Damn all constraints that imprison you in protocols! Just write! Write, write, write until you get tired and fall off your chair or bed or whatever!" All through the semester, I inculcate the habit of freewriting, focused freewriting, and loop writing as the first stage of any writing. Many among us who write know this secret already, but some who are either Shakespeares (it is said that Shakespeare never erased anything he wrote!), editing their English in their brains, or stuffy hecklers, who are too scared to write anything for fear of violating their sacred King's English, grow squeamish to witness the utter excitement of violence committed on their genteel sense of propriety.
     But where does this sense of sanctimoniousness about language come from? I ask myself. Those of us who have known our teachers of Nepali and Sanskrit know pretty well how obsessed they can be about spelling and rules of grammar. Teaching how to spell words and memorize rules of grammar becomes the be-all and end-all of their education. Thought-content goes down the drain in this priggish, purist mania that is the legacy of rote learning of Sanskrit forms and formulas and British colonialism. You study Sanskrit for ten years and still remain lost in the world of translation, derivatives, roots, forms, and cases--hardly able to write a thoughtful essay or speak the language.
     But that was not the case once upon a time (lapsing in nostalgia here!). That's why, we find the difference in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary between Vedic Sanskrit and classical Sanskrit. The language was living and it developed. Since classical Sanskrit, however, which came into existence long, long time ago after the Vedas (let's not get into fixing the dates here), the pundits maintained only the protocols-- memorizing the rules, discovering the formulas of precision, thinking and writing only what the tradition prescribed and the protocol demanded. Conservation of and nit-picking about rules became the life's motto of the pedants. This urgency to conserve arose from fear--fear from impurity, pollution, and contamination from women, from alien peoples, and from the populace, the Shudras. In most Sanskrit plays, kings and nobles speak classical Sanskrit, whereas women and servants speak Prakrit. But Sanskrit is dead, whereas Prakrit lives in myriad living forms in Nepali, Hindi, Bengali, and many other languages of north India and Nepal which descended from it like an unstoppable monsoon flood. But the purity lay in Sanskrit; Prakrit was only a deviation, a corruption, a result of tongue contamination.
     So only when you mastered the protocol could you speak or write like a gentleman, Bhadra bhaladmi. How dare you speak with your blunt tongue or write with half-calloused fingers? And by the time your tongue memorized the formulas and fingers formed callouses, you began to rote like a parrot, forgot to curse out fresh thoughts and shout originality. You learned only to squeeze a sheepish smile in obeisance. Unfortunately, this tradition still continues in much of what makes education in India and Nepal. And we are its noble products.
     This habit of learning the skills to serve the masters has been further instilled and fortified by the colonial English public school system, the missionary schools, and the overall legacy of the British Raj, which Nepal inherited in its third degree. Rules are learned there only to fit like a clog in the machine in order to help it run smoothly, but never to change it, break it apart and make a new machine, a new system.
     But in TND we live in cyberculture, graze in cyber pasture, where thoughts are important, whether they are "cluttered-up" or
"poorly edited." So don't be deterred by these prudish warnings, folks! Express your thoughts first, then think in leisure, if you want, about protocols, for other occasions and other opportunities. Let's forget about the prudes and the purists and express our thoughts! Long live ground-breaking thoughts and to hell with prudery and purism! Let's join the band of the marauders of King's English and fly on the cyber horse to distant, lush lands of cyber thoughts! And I'm sure there'll be an august company waiting to take us in their fold.

******************************************************************* From: Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa <> Date: 1 Nov 1993 To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Caught Between Cultures

Here are the next series of articles under the topic. Reminders are once again posted:

           Caught Between Cultures: A True Story

    If you would like to share how your views have affected your life,
    how it has changed you, personal choices you may have had to make,
    some bitter and some not so bitter experiences, personal values,
    your solutions to some of the concerns, your compromises and all,
    please send it under the above topic.

    For the sake of privacy, contributors have a choice to identify
    themselves, or use a fictitous name or use third pronoun as long
    as the stories are NOT fabricated.

    Looking for TRUE STORIES of a Nepali's life being affected
    due to western influences - for the good or the bad (only you
    are the judge, jury and the client).

    I believe your experiences could be a valuable lessons for us to share!

    Following rules are to be implemented under this thread:

    1. This is just a vehicle to let some of the cross-cultural
       beliefs out.

    2. This is not a discussion for East Vs. West.

    3. Please refrain from judging other people. Stick to your experiences.
       Feel free to comment on others' experiences as long as you can
       refrain from judgment (I know its hard ..... your comments will
       be dropped if it insults others).

    4. Feel free to voice your oppinion if you think a particular rationale
       holds true or works for you.

    5. Please remember that a lot of personal issues are going to be
       expressed. BE POLITE and most importantly, let us hope that we can
       learn something and cope with our own "Caught Between Cultures"

--------------------------------------------------- Date: Mon, 07 Nov 1994 10:30:41 -0500 (CDT) From: RKP6723@UTARLG.UTA.EDU Subject: Continuation of Caught Between Cultures To:

As I mentioned on Nov. 2nd TND that I was heavily influenced by American Culture when I was in highschool in Chicago. I tried hard to fit in the culture. In Fall of 1987 I went to Norhtern Illinois University at DeKalb, IL. I met two other Nepali students there, Rajpal Singh and Dharma Thapa. There was also a Nepali family, Shakti Aryal, wife Usha Aryal, daughters Smita, Prashanti,sons Ashish and Anuj. They were nice family. I respected them that they love Nepalis and they were nice hardwoking people. The kids were grown up in the States. At that time they were in highschool and junior highschool. Surrounded by these nice Nepali students and family I had a chance to restore my Nepali beliefs. But at times the influence of American culture wouldn't go away. I was a homophobic. Although, in Nepal friends can touch each other in innocent sporty way, I was offensive of that same touch and say stuff like "Why physical touch". Stay way from me man! and so forth.

Since I came from the broken family, I always wanted to fit in somewhere, and American culture seemed like a logical thing to do at the time. I knew the saying in Rome do what the Romans do. Frat parties, parties in general, hopping bars, going for concert, wearing hip clothes, seeing art museum, and more were the college past times. Also, the big goal was to get American babes. That is why majority of students come to college to find opposite sex partner. I knew my goal to get education, but be able to fit in was also important. I am sure some of you had the same experience. It gets lonely here in the foreign land. It's even lonlier when you come here when you are a teenager because the teenager is really caught between cultures. He has been in one culture, but not long enough to develope philosophy from the previous culture, and has not been in new society to know what is up. I tell you that was a lonely journey. I was working as a Customer Service Manager at Wal-Mart and I got to know and date girls. That time my brother Apil and sister Reena were staying with me. My brother was in elementary school and my sister working. They had moved from Chicago in 1988. Then they again moved to Texas with my dad in early 1989.

Febraury 1989 I quit Wal-Mart to concentrate on my studies. Another student from Nepal had come to NIU, Sunil Shah, he roomed with me at Varsity Apartment. Dharma Thapa had left for SIU. I threw a party at my apartment for Sunil to get his feet wet with American People. That party I met Melisa. we began to dateand became a couple. She was a good American woman, and that is rare in AamericaIt is another story while I was with her. I am supposed to be all happy that I found me a steady girlfriend. I was happy for awhile, but then I was not happy after some time. Then I began to question my identity, who I am, what I really want and so forth. came to a conclusion that I was just a superficial person. I became more interested in Nepal, soul, philosophy, etc. genuinely. I realize I was not genuine person. Whatever I had done so far was unwise. I could not have comr to know myself without Melisa. Well, I went out with her for four years, we broke once in between. I had graduated from NIU in December 1992. I was looking for a job, and i was having a hard time. After some struggle, I decided to go to graduate school in computer science. I did not get in at NIU because it was a completely new major for me. I chose to go to Texas at UT Tylerwhere they didn't care about not having a Bachelor's degree in a computer science. To be continued...

Robin Pandey Arlington, TX

********************************************************************** Date: Sun, 6 Nov 1994 20:04:52 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <> Subject: Humor: TND Top Ten List To: Nepal Digest <>

                        TND Top-Ten List

        (an occasional series containing humor, satire and all that stuff)

        I have noticed that many TND pieces have become very, very SERIOUS, and at times quite pedantic. On one hand, it's really great that members are coming forward with their ideas and disagreements on various issues. But on the other hand, I bemoan the loss of the "fun element" that had so enlivened some of last year's issues. If reading TND isn't fun, then surely there goes the vitality of the newsletter? [Of course, one person's fun might be another's misery!]

        To be sure, contributors like Shailesh Bhandari and Robin Pandey do come up with amusing stuff once in while, but their pieces get easily swamped by jumbo-size deep-thoughts on mega-issues from other TND heavy-weights. Oh, hark! hark!! Ke garne?
        Yes, no matter how much or how weakly one complains, TND -- as Rajpal never tires of reminding us -- IS fully committed to provide a platform to ALL members to voice their opinions, no matter how boring, ridiculous or brilliant their pieces might be.

        So, here's my own solution: I am ready to start a TND top ten-list, a la David Letterman. [Note to non-America residing members: Letterman a popular late-night TV talk-show host, who starts his every show by an amusing Top Ten List].

        As time goes by, ALL of you are also more than welcome to jump in with your own top-ten list on various topics. The list may draw on stuff from Nepal or from your own life and surroundings. As long as the humor is not too esoteric or obscure, it should be fine.

        Whatever the list is about, the idea is to be succinctly irreverent, satirical, funny, pun-ny, witty and, yes, have fun and make TND a little more lively. [Aside: those of you who love reading SPY magazine or watching Woody Allen or John Clees movies, or seeing Madan Bansha, Hari Krishna and Santosh Panth's sitcoms should especially provide a steady dose of humor.)

        Well, since I have cooked this whole thing up, let me sort of bell the cat with the following list. [Of course, I might run out of ideas after two issues, and that would be pathetic. So, please, do help me out]. Well, I might as well start by making fun of TND . . . :-}

                        Top Ten Reasons
                    to read TND religiously

        10. So that you can procrastinate on your [school] work.
        09. This way, you don't have to keep on checking your computer every
            two hours to see whether you've received any e-mail.
        08. So that you can criticize, laugh at or [learn from] its contents.
        07. Just to see what Amulya Tuladhar has written this time.
        06. To get over the pains of your break-up with that Nepali woman/man
        05. Because you have no social life, and there's nothing to do.
        04. A perfect way to exercise your eye-muscles and fingers.
        03. So that you can re-claim your love/hate for Nepal
        02. To impress your parents back home by telling THEM the latest news
            about Nepal that they themselves do not know about: You can
            cooly say, "Oh, you don't know that? I read it on the
            computer!" Of course, they'll have no idea what you are talking
        01. Because this is the closest you can get to Nepal without paying
            a penny!

p.s. madan bansha and hari krishna was an intentional mistake :-)

Comments, criticisms, parodies etc etc etc all are welcome. Send them all to TND.

namaste ashu

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 07 Nov 1994 11:54:16 -0500 (EST) From: rpanth@uceng.uc.EDU (Ranjan Panth) Subject: Admission into Pashupati To:

Dear Editor,

People have said that non-Hindus should be allowed entrance into Pashupati. Pashupati is a sacred place for Hindus to worship. It is not a tourist attraction. Since non-Hindus will never enter the premises with the intention of praying, they have no business being there.

If anyone were to argue that Pashupati is more of a tourist attraction than a sacred Hindu temple, well, then that's another debate.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 7 Nov 1994 11:12:07 -0600 (CST) From: SUDEEP ACHARYA <> Subject: I need a ticket To: The Nepal Digest <>

Can anybody let me know the travel agency that sells airplane ticket to Nepal pretty cheap. The cheapest I got was $1600. Will appriciate your help Sudeep Acharya 501-582-4879

******************************************************************** Date: Thu, 03 Nov 1994 09:42:31 EST To: From: "Bishwa Acharya" <ACHARYA@IGS.CVIOG.UGA.EDU>

                      Nepal: In a Political and Economic Cross Road
                              By: Bishwa Acharya, PhD, CP*

The second democratically elected prime-minister of Nepal, Mr. G. P. Koirala, w ho survived for about three years, was forced to resign after loosing majority in the house whe n his own party members abstained from voting. (The late B. P Koirala, older brother of G. P. Koirala was the first elected Prime-minister of Nepal. B.P.'s government was sacked undemocrat ically by then king Mahendra in 2017 B.S. after 18 months of tenure. The Nepali Congress part y at that time had more than two third majority in the house of representatives). Mr. Koirala
, not only resigned from the premiership, but also succeeded in convincing the king that his resign ation left the parliament without any party with a clear majority to form a new government. T he king accordingly accepted his resignation, dissolved the house of representatives, a nd called a fresh election, and appointed him as a caretaker prime minister until the election of
 a new house scheduled for November 13, 1994 (rescheduled for Nov. 15). All major political
 parties were very reluctant to go for a early election. They, challenging the constitutiona lity of the PM's recommendation, knocked the doors of the supreme court to revert the decision.
 The supreme court cleared the way for the elections deciding with a seven-to-four majority that the PM Koirala's recommendation was constitutional. Left without any alternatives, al l political parties are now in full swing seeking a fresh mandate.

Political opportunists might have been rhapsodizing for a split of the NC party
. The NC leaders, however, made a very matured, wise, and timely decision in settling their diffe rences and saved the party and the nation from a politically unstable situation. Mr. G. M. Sing h's decision to resign from the NC party left many NC workers and public sad and confused. Mr.
 Singh has devoted his entire life in establishing and restoring democracy in Nepal. Uneq uivocally, the World Community has acknowledged his wise leadership under which the democracy was restored in Nepal in 1990. Now, his desire to rise above party politics, to ac t as a unbiased guardian of the young democracy, and to act as a spokes person for all Nepali p eople sounds a noble job for his personality. More than that, if Mr. Singh is able to bring t he United Marxist and Leninist (UML) and the left wing of NC together and help to form a new part y and provide his able leadership in creating a two party political system (a stable governme nt with a competent and responsible opposition) which will strengthen democracy and help in fosteri ng economic development through proper utilization of natural resources.

Political stability without economic growth may not be sustained for long. Eco nomic acceleration and progress is possible only with active involvement of private sector. There fore, the next imminent job in strengthening democracy in Nepal is to provide incentive to pri vate sector through encouraging privatization and economic liberalization. Despite the gov ernment's so called lethargic bureaucracy and political disturbances, the economy of Nepal g rew far better in the last three years than the years prior to 1990. This itself is an example o f the importance of need for rapid improvements in the growth of private sector. It is apparent th at the private sector needs more incentives, capital investments, more liberal rules and regulations for a rapid economic growth. It is also true for any country, only the success of the priv ate sector within the country can allure outside investors.

The neighboring countries China and India are astounding the world in terms of economic growth. In the next ten years or so, communist China may turn out to be one of
 the largest capitalist countries of the world. Moreover, both India and China are in short
 supply of energy demands. Since India liberalized its economic policy, its energy demand is ris ing exponentially. India is targeting to produce about 32,000 megawatts of energy in the next 5 to
 10 years. Furthermore, search for a better source of energy is continuing. If an environ mentally safe and economically sound alternative is found, hydro-electricity might no longer rema in as attractive and feasible source of energy as it is now. For example, solar photovoltaic en ergy might become a possible alternative. Therefore, if Nepal wishes to use hydroelectricity as an important economic resource, it should be exploited before such an alternative is found.
 It is possible only if Nepalese politicians think politically and act economically (i.e., if they c an behave rationally in making policy decision on proper utilization of natural resources). For exa mple, if Nepal produces one fourth of her total potential hydropower, i.e., 20,000 megawatts o f electricity, it can generate revenue up to US $ 5 billion per year with nominal selling price of $0
.03 per unit. Nepal's imminent market is India, and if Nepal can not negotiate with India in selling her hydroelectricity, she may miss the window of opportunity forever. Also, Nepal can use hydroelectricity as a bargaining chip in obtaining her transit rights to the In dian ocean, which is vital for Nepal's prosperity. Hydropower development will not only generate re venues but it will create jobs to thousands, and build infrastructures for other industries includ ing tourism. Within the next five years, if Nepal does not move fast in terms of economic strategic
 planning and business development she may remain an economic colony of her neighbors forever

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