The Nepal Digest - Nov 24, 1994 (8 Manghir 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Thursday 24 Nov 94: Mangshir 8 2051 BkSm Volume 33 Issue 17

                 Election FLASH !

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********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 22 Nov 94 10:29:22 EST From: Subas_Sakya_at_USPRMG41@internetmail.pr.cyanamid.com To: Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Regarding Pashupati and other Temples

Dear Editor:

    There is an economical solution to the question of whether or not tourists should be allowed to enter Pashupati Temple. Why doesn't the city government
(or some committee) in charge of the temple allow the tourists in at a small cost. It could be used to defray the cost of maintaining the temple. The access needs to be improved for the tourists and maybe set a timetable as to when the tourists can come in. It will eliminate conflict between thoses who need to pray peacefully and the tourists. This can be applied to all the major temples in The entire country. If this kind of system has been adopted already, pardon me for my ignorance. Also, this type of system is adopted in Thailand and seems to work quite well.

Sincerely,

Subas Sakya Rockland County, NY

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 11:39:42 -0500 (EST) From: LDR@NFATCBN1.bitnet Subject: Visas for the US To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

I read Nirmal Ghimire's message about visa denial and felt I would like to respond. I work at the Foreign Service Institute in Washington, but am not a Foreign Service Officer. However, I spent much of the summer in South Asia and visited several embassies and consulates there. The denial of visas to young people is certainly on the rise. The immigration laws here in America have been tightened in the last couple of years, and our consular officials have been instructed to carry out the laws. One of the areas that has come under scrutiny is student and visitor visas. Unfortunately, the return rate for people from developing countries is very low, so the consular officials are trying to carry out the law from outside the US rather than here. What I observed at every consular office is that when there is little means of support, and when there are few compelling reasons for someone to return to their country, visas are generally denied. Nepal is certainly not being singled out here. But the general economic status of most applicants there makes it necessary for the consular officer to question the applicant at length about their ability to support themselves and their desire to return home. Like many things, what has gone before dictates what happens now. If people who had applied for visas before had been bonafide students and had returned to Nepal, it is likely that current applicants would not be scrutinized so closely nor would they be denied so often. What I saw during my visit is a real willingness on the part of consular officers to give visas when they were due, and a certain resignation to the fact that they would have to reject many visas because the facts just weren't there.
     I want to stress that these are my own ideas and observations and do not represent official Department of State policy.
                               David L. Red
                               Foreign Service Institute
                               LDR@NFATCBN1.BITNET or
                               David.Red@dos.us-state.gov

********************************************************************* Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 12:09:11 -0500 (EST) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Laxmi Prasad Devkota

I hope everyone knows our famous poet Late Laxmi Prasad Devkota. The more I see his poet the more meanings they have.I was curious if anyone knows how they nominate Noble Laurates in the field of lierature.I feel that Devkota should be considered and evaluated for this award.At his prime time unfortunately,he was not recognised. Now we should honor him.I was curious if anyone new the means and how we could approach. I am not sure if they only award to people who are still alive.But thinking that,Devkota should be considere I brought this topic.thanks.Nirmal

********************************************************************** Date: 22 Nov 94 13:11:31 EST From: "Chitra K. Tiwari" <74641.3624@compuserve.com> To: <Nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Congratulations All Winners

                        Congratulations to Winners

By Chitra K. Tiwari, Ph.D.

CONGRATULATIONS!!! Nepali voters were very angry with mismanaged and corrupt rule of the deeply divided Nepali Congress party. They have given a chance to you to work with consensus rather than with bulldozing in the name of parliamentary majority.

Now you have a chance to do something. Whether newly elected or an incumbent who survived the "throw the Koirala gang out" mood at the polls, you are now serving the most angry and cynical electorate in Nepal. People are fed up with government, and they expect you to make it work. Here are some suggestions for all the winners.

First, understand people's message. Nepali People have given their verdict in a loud and clear voice that proportionally representative government that can facilitate politics of consensus is the need of the country. They have rejected clearly the rule or the tyranny of manufactured majority (percentage of parliamentary seats minus the percentage of popular vote). In 1959 and 1991 elections Nepali Congress party had 37 and 40 percent of popular votes but it had disproportional (68% in 1959 and 55% in 1991) representation or manufatured majority in parliament. In 1994 Nepali people have given the message that this distortion must come to an end.

Your job is to immediately move to amend constitution to reform electoral system. Join with your colleagues from all parties and develop confidence building mechanism. The present electoral system, the Anglo-American First-Past-The-Post system, must be replaced by Proportional Representation System. Each party must get its fair share of popular votes in the form of parliamentary seat. This is the only system that can coordinate various conflicting interests of our society through consensus and coalition. The continuation of Anglo American First-Past-The-Post system is a sure way to kill democracy. We have already experienced it in 1960, have not we?

Secondly, engage the common man in the political process of everyday life. Enter into a conversation about what they want done, what role government can play, and role other institutions, such as NGO's and community associations, must play. Do not waste your time in Kathmandu trying to plug yourself to power centers; always remember that your power-house is your own constituency.

Finally, fix every place where citizens meet their government face to face. If it takes one whole day to walk to nearest health center make it to half a day. If it takes a two hours of walk to a primary school make it one hour. Train your Karmacharis in civility when citizens come to redress their grievances.

******************************************************************** From: Mr A K Karki <MCGMD11@fs1.ci.umist.ac.uk> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 15:52:31 GMT Subject: ELECTION RESULT

FROM: Arjun Karki, Manchester, UK TO: The Nepal Digest

202 seats decleared
===================

NCP(UML) 88 NC 80 RPP 20 NMKP 4 Sadbhabana 3 Independent 7
            =========
                202

******************************************************************* From: Mr A K Karki <MCGMD11@fs1.ci.umist.ac.uk> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 16:46:35 GMT Subject: coliation Government in Nepal

From: Arjun K. Karki, Manchester, UK. CPN(UML) Forms Coliation Government Nepal

    Kathmandu, 21 Nov - WIth only 9 more seats left to be counted, the new parliament will be composed of a coalition government. No political party will have the necessary majority of 205 in the Lower House of the Parliament.
    At a press conference yesterday, the Secretary General of Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxists Leninists (CPN-UML), Madhav Kumar Nepal announced that the party would welcome any partners in the democratic movement of 1990 for a coalition. "It is possible to attain majority through national concensus on issues relating to nationalism, democracy and the people's well-being."
    The press release issued charged the Election Commision for actively participating in the election irregularities. Madhav Nepal said that the abouse of authority by the former ruling party, Nepali Congress had prevented people in 25 areas from exercising their democratic rights.
    In another statement from Badri Narayan Basnet, a close confidante of senior leader Ganesh Man Singh and a noted dissident from Nepali Congress; Basnet said that Nepali Congress, especially the dissidents within the party, should help the CPN-UML form a coalition government to safeguard people's democracy and development. He said the popular verdict has reduced the Nepali Congress to a minority and thus shattering the 'brag' the party. Basnet also stressed that the UML should trial the pre- 1990 criminals who assisted in suppressing the democratic movement, enforce the Mallik Commision report and look into issues such as the ARUN III dam project.
    The Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxists Leninists has won the elections so far, from 86 constituencies and Nepali Congress 77 constituencies. The other parties who have won seats include Rastriya Prajatantra Party, Nepal Workers and Peasants Party, Nepal Sadbhawana Party and 6 indenpendent candidates.

What Constitution says

    In Article 42 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal (1990), if any party can not muster a clear majority in the House of Representatives, the King shall appoint a member as Prime Minister who is able to command a majority with the support of two or more parties represented in the state.
    If no member is able to command a majority in the Lower House of the Parliament, clause (1) of Article 42 of the Constitution stated that the King will appoint the leader of the parliamentary party that holds the largest number of seats in the House of Representatives as Prime Minister.
    Furthermore, a Prime Minister appointed pursuant to clause (1) or (2) of the article shall be required to obtain a vote of confidence from the House of Representatives within 30 days.

******************************************************************* Date: 22 Nov 1994 15:22:46 -0500 From: "Gaury Adhikary" <gaury_adhikary@mailgw.surg.med.umich.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Nov 2 To: "The Nepal Digest" <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

        Reply to: RE>The Nepal Digest - Nov 23, 1994 (7 Manghir 2051 BkSm)

Visa denial: This is in response to Mr. Sameer khati's entry to TND. I cannot speak much about criteria for visa issuance or denial by the consulate office of the US Embassy at Kathmandu in general. But, I sure think, there is a strong reluctance to issue a visa to qualified( Physicians who have met the criteria to enter the residency training in US Hospitals as a foreign Medical Graduates ) young Nepali physicians. This initial visa to enter the US is a must. Without getting to the US physically one cannot take an interview which means it is next to impossible to get a training job in a hospital. As it stands, the Consulate office is demanding a" letter of contract" from a hospital as a criteria to issue a visa to these physicians. I feel the Consulate office should change its attitude toward this very small number of aspiring Nepali physicians to acheive their coveted goal : i.e. to get a first rate training in the U.S.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: 22 Nov 94 18:25:45 EST From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: News 11/21-22 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu, ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu

Latest tally: Total declared: 202 UML: 88 NC: 80 RPP: 20 NWPP: 4 Sadhv.: 3 Masal: 2 Indep.: 5
------------------------------------------ SOURCE: AFP

HEADLINE: Communists to form a minority government

DATELINE: (RECASTS)

 BODY:
   KATHMANDU, Nov 22 (AFP) - Nepal's communist party is forming a minority government with the silent support of the ruling party it beat in last week's election, party sources said Tuesday.

   The Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist (NCP-UML) decided to form a minority government after rejecting the hard-line views expressed by a potential coalition partner, the right wing Rastirya Prajatantra Party (RPP), the sources said.

   The RPP emerged from November 15 mid-term polls as the third largest party behind the NCP-UML and the Nepali Congress (NC) party of Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, who stepped down Tuesday evening.

   Under the 1990 Nepalese Constitution, the NCP-UML will be allowed to form a government but will have to prove its strength through a vote of confidence in the parliament within 30 days.

   If the party gets the necessary backing in the vote, the NC party will help it get the requisite number of seats for a majority, a NC party source said.

   The NC intends to support the NCP-UML for at least one year, the source said.
-------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: AFP

HEADLINE: Communists bag 87 out of 205 parliamentary seats

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 22

 BODY:
   The Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist (NCP-UML) has won 87 seats so far in last week's elections, followed by the ruling Nepali Congress (NC) with 80, an Election Commission source said Tuesday.

   Results from 201 of the country's 205 constituencies have been announced, and the outcome of the remaining four is expected to be known later Tuesday.

   The rightist Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) has won 20 seats, with the Nepal Peasants' and Workers' Party (NPWP) trailing with four, the pro-India Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP) with three, and seven from independent candidates.

   The NCP-UML has emerged as the largest party, but without the necessary majority to form a government on its own.

   The party has been seeking a viable partner with which to form a coalition government.

   Caretaker Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala stepped down from office Tuesday to make way for the communists to form a new government, after the humiliating defeat of his NC party in the November 15 polls.

   Koirala called the mid-term polls in the hope of obtaining a two-thirds majority in the lower house of parliament in order to function without inteference from the communists and other opposition parties.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

HEADLINE: GENERAL ELECTION

SOURCE: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 20 Nov 94

 BODY:
   Editorial report

   A Nepali Congress Central Working Committee meeting is to be held at the central offices of the party at 2 pm on 23rd November, according to a statement from the Nepali Congress central office issued on 20th November.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

HEADLINE: GENERAL ELECTION; Nepali Congress accused of irregularities in Sarlahi district; repoll demanded

SOURCE: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 20 Nov 94

 BODY:
   Text of report

   The Nepal Sadbhavana Party has accused workers of the Nepali Congress of capturing election booths in Sarlahi constituency number three and has demanded a judicial inquiry into the shooting incident there. In its press release today [20th November] the party has also demanded repolling in the area.
------------------------------------------------------------------ SOURCE: L.A. Times

HEADLINE: COMMUNISTS TURN BACK THE CLOCK IN NEPAL; ELECTIONS: INFIGHTING, CORRUPTION AND BROKEN PROMISES ARE BLAMED FOR THE CENTRIST PARTY'S DEFEAT IN THE HIMALAYAN KINGDOM.

BYLINE: By DHRUBA H. ADHIKARY and JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Nepal

   To all those political scientists and gloating Cold Warriors who consigned the Communists to the ash heap of history, the Nepalese have delivered a resounding raspberry from atop the Himalayas.

   The result could be a political creature that, until Monday, would have been no less improbable than the Yeti, or Abominable Snowman: a hereditary monarchy whose government is led or dominated by professed champions of the toiling masses.

   In last week's elections for a new Parliament in one of the world's 10 poorest countries, the Communist Party of Nepal -United Marxist-Leninist (UML) has emerged as the No. 1 vote-getter, obtaining 86 seats against 80 for the centrist Nepali Congress.

   "The election results have made it amply clear that the people are in favor of a change," said the leftist party, which along with Congress was in the forefront of the campaign for restoration of parliamentary democracy in this Hindu kingdom.

   Caretaker Congress Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala conceded defeat. "The Nepal people have indicated that they want the Nepali Congress to play the role of a strong opposition in this country," he said in a statement broadcast by state radio and television.

   The humbled 71-year-old politician was possibly more responsible than anyone for his party's lackluster showing at the polls. He had been prime minister since May, 1991, but bitter Congress infighting, the stench of official corruption and widespread disillusion over his government's unfulfilled promises sapped his popularity badly.

   In that respect, the Nov. 15 verdict of Nepalese voters was more akin to the repudiation that their American counterparts gave President Clinton and other Democrats this month than an embracing of the ideals of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin.

   "UML people are not Communists in the conventional sense of the term," said Dev Raj Dahal, a political analyst at Tribhuvan University's Center for Nepal and Asian Studies in Katmandu. "UML's policies show it is a party of socialists."

   Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, president of the Congress, agreed, saying: " Nepal's democracy is equally safe in their hands."

   When a mutiny of rebel lawmakers inside his party deprived Koirala of a sure majority, he tendered his resignation July 10. King Birendra, an absolute ruler until the 1990 pro-democracy movement led him to renounce almost all power, asked him to stay on until new elections.

   If Koirala was the loser, the final victor in the polling remained to be determined. By itself, the UML fell well short of the 103-seat majority needed to control outright the 205-seat House of Representatives, so it will have to seek coalition partners.

   A small Maoist group, the Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party, won four seats, while right-wing monarchists picked up 20. A party based in the Terai flatlands obtained three seats, and independents won six. Counting for the remaining half a dozen seats was not complete, further adding to the uncertainty.

   Newly elected UML lawmakers are to meet Wednesday to decide whom they will invite to help form a coalition government. The party statement said they would turn to those same "friendly forces" that took part in the 1990 struggle for the re-establishment of a multi-party system, in which more than 50 people died.

   UML sources had ruled out overtures to the right-wing Rashtriya Prajatantra Party, which is mostly made up of people who served in the old system of appointed councils in which the royal palace conducted all affairs of state andparties were outlawed. However, UML general secretary Madhva Kumar Nepal pointedly said that in politics, there are "no permanent enemies, no permanent friends," and reportedly had begun informal consultations with the RPP, as well as the Maoists and anti-Koirala rebels in Congress.

   If may even be too early to count Koirala out. The caretaker prime minister told a news conference at his official residence Monday evening that he would not rule out the possibility of a "national government based on a national consensus" if that were necessary to protect Nepal's nascent democracy and eliminate the need for another election in the near future to replace a shaky coalition.

   Outside of serving in the interim government in 1990-91 that bridged the gap between the absolute monarchy and the election Koirala and his party won, the Communists have never held power in Nepal. In office, the UML has pledged to "encourage foreign investment," but Nepal, the party's general secretary, has added, "what we do not want is to allow alien capitalists to harm the interests of native industrialists and businessmen."

   That is an oblique criticism of Indians, who were seen as winning numerous sweetheart deals with the backing of longtime friends in the Nepali Congress. Those transactions fueled feelings of Nepalese nationalism and resentment that gave the UML a definite boost at the polls.

   In this largely rural country where the per capita yearly income is only $180, the UML also wants to bring about sweeping changes in the agricultural sector by abolishing absentee landlordism and considerably lowering the ceiling on land holdings.

   Dwellers in a country sandwiched between two giants, India and China, UML leaders have repeatedly said they want to continue Nepal's neutral posture in foreign affairs.

   In 1990, the Communists committed themselves to the new constitution that proclaimed Nepal a kingdom with a multi-party system and mixed economy.

   "Why bother about monarchy so long as it does not pose any hindrance?" Nepal has asked. "Every country needs a head of state."

   However, not everyone is willing to believe that the UML is just another political group. Lok Raj Baral, a well-known professor of political science at Tribhuvan University, noted that the party welcomed the 1991 hard-line putsch against Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, then rapidly condemned it as soon as it collapsed and Gorbachev was freed.

   "I don't believe them. They change their positions every day," Baral has said.

   Times special correspondent Adhikary reported from Katmandu, Times staff writer Dahlburg from New Delhi.
------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: Xinhua

HEADLINE: cpn-uml becomes largest party in nepal's new house

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 22; ITEM NO: 1122080

 BODY:
   the latest counting result of the november 15 mid-term polls showed that the communist party of nepal (uml) has become the largest party in the new house by bagging 87 seats of the 201 seats declared this morning. the former ruling nepali congress (nc) won 80 seats, the rastriya prajatantra party (rpp) 20, the workers and peasants 4, the nepal sadhawana party 3 and the independents 7. now there are only 4 seats left undeclared. speaking at a press conference held here monday evening, caretaker prime minister and nc leader girija prasad koirala said that his party "would extend cooperation to the coalition government no matter who will form the government and play a strong opposition in the parliament." cpm-uml president man mohan adhikari said that "as being the largest party, the uml would initiate to form a coalition government with support from other friends." according to the 1990 constitution, the king shall nominate a person either from the largest party or other leading parties to become the prime minister who is able to command a majority on the strength of two or more parties represented in the house and could win a confidence of vote within 30 days. after the final result of the elections is officially announced by the national election commission, the king would consult with parties concerned and invite the party, which could provide necessary proof with supporting signatures and win a confidence of vote within 30 days, to organize the next government. the leader of the party's parliament board would be nominated the prime minister of the coalition government, palace sources said.
--------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: Reuter

HEADLINE: Nepali Communists win election plurality

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 22

 BODY:
    Nepal's Communist party has won a plurality in the Himalayan kingdom's general elections in a hung parliament, the Election Commission said on Tuesday.

   With 201 of the 205 seats decided in last Tuesday's vote, the Communist Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party had clinched 87. The outgoing ruling Congress party had 80 seats and with four races undecided could not catch up.

   The third-placed Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) had won 20 seats, while independents running under no party banner had clinched seven, the commission said.

   The Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party (NWPP), a splinter communist group, had won four seats and the Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP) had taken three.

   The UML, which controlled 81 seats in the outgoing House of Representatives, has initiated talks to find a coalition partner, concentrating on trying to prise a group of dissidents from Congress.

   The communists accused Congress, which had staged a late comeback, of rigging the vote to deprive the leaders of a chance to form a working majority, and called for a demonstration in the capital Kathmandu on Tuesday.
---------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: AFP

HEADLINE: Communists search for a partner to form next government

BYLINE: Kedar Man Singh

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 21

 BODY:
   Only a single seat is likely to separate the communists from the former ruling Nepali Congress when all votes in Nepal's mid-term elections are finally counted, political analysts said Monday.

   And behind-the-scenes dealing over who should form the next government has already begun in the wake of the November 15 ballot.

   The communists -- Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist Leninist
(NCP-UML) -- with 86 of the assembly's 205 seats, have emerged as the largest party but so far have not found a partner with which to form a government.

   The congress has 80 seats, the rightist Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(RPP) 20, the pro-Maoist, Nepal Peasants' and Workers' Party four, pro-Indian Nepal Sadbhavana Party three, and independent candidates six, election commission sources said.

   Six results are still to be declared. They should be known early Tuesday, the sources added.

   Meanwhile, the electoral commission's official spokesman denied allegations by NCP-UML general-secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal that it had shown favouritism towards the ruling Congress.

   "We instructed poll officers all over the country to be impartial and conduct the November 15 mid-term polls freely and fairly," he said.

   Political analysts predict the congress could end up with the same number of seats as the communists, or fall behind by only one seat.

   If no party can stitch together a majority King Birendra, constitutionally, may invite one of the party leaders to form a government and try to win a confidence vote within 30 days.
-------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: DPA

HEADLINE: Uncertainty over formation of new Nepalese government

DATELINE: Kathmandu, Nov 21

 BODY:
    With the results of just six more seats to come in of the Nepalese parliamentary elections held on Tuesday, uncertainty looms over the formation of the next government.

    No party has been able to obtain the minimum of 103 seats in the 205-member house needed to form a government on its own.

    The Nepal Communist Party United Marxist-Leninists (UML) has emerged as the largest single party with 86 seats which might go up by one or two seats by the time final results are announced by Tuesday.

    The ruling Nepali Congress which has been humiliated and has just 80 seats so far but could get up to 82 seats after the counting in the remaining six contituencies.

    Crucial to the formation of a new government by any of the two parties is the support of the National Democratic Party which has won 20 seats.

    The National Democratic Party which comprises mostly leaders of the former non-party Panchayat system has apparently been approached
"informally" by both the nepali Congress and the UML for support.

    According to the party spokesman and newly elected member of parliament, Kamal Thapa, the NDP is keeping all its options open. The party had not yet decided which party to support to form the new government. dpa mu

******************************************************************* Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 20:55:47 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: A Ticket to Economic Success for Nepal From: bohara@unm.edu (Alok Bohara ECONOMICS)

Mr. Acharya wrote about Nepal's potential in becoming a major player in India's current booming economy. In particular, Nepal can be a major supplier of cheap electricity to Northern India. I agree with Mr. Acharya's implication that Nepal's ticket to economic success is its immense hydro-potential. The question is how? Let me make a few observations.

Nepal has always tried that strategy--selling energy to India. Since India is the only market that Nepal can sell its energy to, we have a classic example of monopsony where a single buyer dictates the market. So we should not be surprised to see our government's (past and present) inability to strike deals (hydro projects) that are less favorable to Nepal.

If India starts to losen its grip on unility agencies and start to privatize them, we then may have an excellent opportunity to negotiate with several buyers in Northrn India and command fair prices for our product. It means we should also allow several hydro projects in Nepal, including private ones, to operate. Such competition will also benefit the Nepalese consumers. We should ask the Indian government to liberalize its utility distribution system in Northern India and allow us to negotiate with these smaller units. In return, we should allow several hydro projects in Nepal, so the Indian market can shop around in Nepal and get fair price. We should even sweeten this proposal by allowing joint India/Nepal private ventures in these hydro projects in Nepal. Finally, Nepal should look into the feasibility of promoting Nepal as a place to manufacture high-energy intensive products.

Alok Bohara

*************************************************************** Date: Tue, 22 Nov 1994 20:59:48 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Jagdish Ghimire representing Ramechhap

RE: Amulya's response to Frank Kroger's earlier posting on World Neighbors thread.
%%%%%%

Frank, you are wrong on the three counts shown above:

1. Jagadish Ghimire did not fight for elections from Ramechap as you posted.

2. The developm work you posted does not cost $100,000 or Rs 50 lakhs. Just an example, 7,770 fodder trees is approximately 8 ha of plantation, A ha of forest plantatin cost anywhere between Rs 5000 to Rs 12000 per ha (see Kanel's study on this matter, I have seen plenty of fodder plantation in different ecological regins, under different instiutions and 8 ha can cost a mx of Rs 1 lakh, so did the rest of Rs 49 lakhs go into the functioning taps? maybe some drinking water specialist could enlighten us on that. No, I do not think the donors are getting their money's worth. yes, I do think WN is subsidising jahadish's political ambition for token development to Tamakoshi.

3. Your assumption that I "should get down from my high horse and do some develoment work " on my own assumes or presumes that I have done no develoment work. This is again your presumptive prejudice talking and trying to silence Nepalese who want to question what all the do-gooder donors are trying to do in nepal. This is not appreciated. Thanks

Amulya Tuladhar Clark University

************************************************************* Date: Tue, 22 Nov 94 20:04:45 CST From: sbshah@gumbo.bae.lsu.edu (Sanjay B. Shah) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: Visa for Nepalese

Regarding the above topic, I wish to recount a tragic episode that happened recently. A person from Baglung was assured of a job in Arizona by a Nepalese settled
 there. The person (I'd rather not reveal his name) applied to the US embassy for a visa and was refused. So he went back to his village, and convinced a
 terminally ill (throat cancer) man to accompany him to the US for treatment. The poor man, hoping that he would be cured, sold off some of his property and accompanied our Mr. Natwarlal to Ktm.
 At the US embassy, the poor man told the visa official that the crook would accompany him to the US, as he did not have did not have anybody else (or something to that effect). Both of them were granted visas, and they came to NY.After reaching NY, the crook dumped the ill man at a friend's place and left for Arizona, the next day or the day after. The friend in NY who happens to be my relative, is also from Baglung. He took the ill man to the hospital,where he was examined and was told that nothing much could be done for him. So he left for Nepal(luckily he had a return
 ticket) without paying his bills. A rather unfortunate way of visiting the `Big Apple'. How low some of us can stoop to get to the US! Sanjay Bikram Shah sbshah@gumbo.bae.lsu.edu

********************************************************************** Date: 22 Nov 94 22:36:41 EST From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: Final Result To: nepal@cs.niu.edu, ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu

All results have now been delcared.

Declared: 205

UML 88 NC 83 RPP 20 NWPP(Rohit) 4 Sadhvabana 3 Masal 2 Independents 5

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 23 Nov 1994 09:33:51 -0500 (EST) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From:sanjeeb@ronast.ernet.in Subject:

Hi,
  
        Following are the election updates as of 2:00 p.m. 20/11/94 Total seats declared 191/205 Required number to make an absolute majority to form government : 103

Communist Party Of Nepal [United Marxist Leninist] ( CPN(UML) ) : 87 Nepali Congress ( NC ) : 76 Rastriya Prajantra Party (ex- Panchas Headed By Surya B. Thapa) : 20 Nepal Sadbhawana Party ( Terai Regional Party ) : 03 Nepal Majdoor Kishan Party ( Left Wing Independent Faction ) : 04 Independents ( Mixture Of Bidhrohi Congress+Left Extremist+Ind.): 06
                             
        Currently 8 more seats are being counted out of which N.C is leading in 6,CPN(UML) in 1 and R.P.P in 1.Elections for 6 more places is due today.
        The result indicates a major loss for N.C. who had obtained 112 seats in the last election. The N.C. have been stripped off their seats by the CPN(UML)(previous election 69 seats) and the RPP(previous elections 3 seats).
        It looks as if a Left coalition government will be formed the alliances yet still unpredictable. The congress has a very slim chance of forming a coalition alliance. It looks as if NC will sit in the opposition. This election has seen major upsets for all the political parties. The regular belief that the majority of the people are unware of the politics of all the parties have been proved wrong. The places where the NC and The CPN(UML) had taken for granted that it was their
"GAD" ( deep stronghold ) have proven otherwise with communists winning seats which was previously an NC stronghold and vice versa. The trend definitely show the people's awareness and disapproval of the KOIRALA government who had declared mid term election with the hope of winning a two third's majority in the midst of all the kaos his party had created among themselves, eighteen months prior to its due.
        Kathmandu, Bhaktpur and Lalitpur seats in totality have been won by the Left parties .i.e CPN(UML)-Kathmandu 7/7,Lalitpur 3/3,Nepal Majdoor Kishan Party - Bhaktpur 2/2.
        That is all for the election updates. Will keep u informed of the new developments.
        
                Regards,
                        Sanjeeb ( Kathmandu )

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