The Nepal Digest - Nov 11, 1994 (25 Kartik 2051 BkSm)

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Date: Fri Nov 11 1994 - 11:33:37 CST


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The Nepal Digest Friday 11 Nov 94: Kartik 25 2051 BkSm Volume 33 Issue 8

  Today's Topics are:
 
         1. KURA_KANI Politics: Elections
                             Education: Re: South Asia vs. India Scholar
                                          Re: Education et. all.
                             Social: Re: Nepali Associations
                             Cultural: Revisiting the past

         2. TAJA_KHABAR News From Nepal

         3. KATHA_KABITA Salam

         4. Entertainment Humor: Top 10 UML Slogans
                                     Top 10 Why not to write on TND

         5. Immigration Article: Issues in USA

         6. JAN_KARI Diamond SJB's Novell

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********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 17:59:54 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Lesbian and gay immigrants/refugees who utilize public benefits
         programs in the USA
   
           I am a law student in Seattle. I am in a law clinic for
   immigrants and refugees who require legal assistance with public
   entitlements. Each of us have to do a special project. I would like
   to do my project on public entitlement issues that gay and lesbian
   immigrants face. I am not clear what the issues are, what the
   population is composed of, what issues this population faces
   concerning public entitlements.
   
           I am speculating that many of the issues will depend on
   the culture that the immigrant or refugee came from. I also
   speculate that many of the issues will be common for immigrants
   and refugees.
   
           For example does social isolation from their culture for
   being gay occur? What about family isolation? Does this affect
   their resources or access to resources? Does limited English also
   isolate them from the dominant gay and lesbian culture? What
   about agencies that assist these populations? Have they
   discriminated against gay and lesbian immigrants or refugees?
   Does this affect their ability to immigrate? Are there public
   charge issues that dramatically affect gay and lesbian
   immigrants? What are peoples experience with the INS, Social
   Security, Welfare, employment security departments, etc. What
   about bilingual services? Are their issues concerning
   confidentiality breaches from providers of services? What areas
   of the law can be modified to assist this population? What about
   health care issues? AIDS? Has the Lesbian and Gay community
   addressed any of the needs that gay and lesbian immigrants face?
   
   Can you think of any issues or concerns of lesbian and gay
   immigrants or refugees that I might have missed concerning
   public entitlements?
   
           I know a few lesbian and gay immigrants. The
   immigrants I know are in the closet. Still being gay has a
   significant social impact, even if they stay in the closet all their
   life. The individuals I personally know do not have issues
   concerning public entitlements. Although there are many issues
   gay and lesbian immigrants face, I am not sure how large a
   population is affected by public entitlements and if their are any
   special concerns surrounding public entitlements. I speculate that
   social isolation(or the treat of social isolation if discovered) from
   both the persons culture and the dominate lesbian/gay community
   (related to limited English speaking skills) could put someone in a
   difficult position requiring special attention.
   
           There are many new issues coming up concerning
   immigration and how the law affect gay and lesbians. For
   example, immigration law usually refers to state law to define
   what constitutes a marriage, if Hawaii makes same sex marriage
   legal, then lesbian and gay American citizens partner would no
   longer be denied the immigration benefit heterosexuals citizens
   enjoy. Also, I have heard that Janet Reno has recognized
   oppression of homosexuals as a grounds for political asylum, and
   that there was a successful case up in Canada concerning political
   asylum for a homosexual man. My main interest is how gay and
   lesbian immigrants are affected by public entitlement, but I am
   also interested in any comments you have about immigration in
   general.
   
           Any input you have would be of great interest to me. All
   respondents identities will be kept confidential unless stated
   specifically I can share the information.
   
   Thanks, Cricket Fauska

********************************************************************* Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 18:04:56 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Follow-up to the thread of South-Asian vs. Indian scholar title

> Are these "South-Asia"... things but pontificial names for the "indian"
> thing.

Despite the defence of Prof. White, absolutely correct.

Also, these people are so enamored of local cultures, romanticising our poverty and the backward and shallow aspects of our cultures.

They collect art, local handicrafts and are quite quaint in the local costumes and customs. For that they are feted by the elite on whose tall tales and generosity they base their careers (emma Duncan etc.)

Our bilateral and multilateral donor grants that are supposed to develop our insitutions and our human capital are used by these people for their journey through quaintland.

The result is that there appears to be no work done on these countries other than by the South Asianologists. They do feel the need to meet the local talent other than in elite drawing rooms. Nor do they feel the need to read understand or quote the local talent, But of course their incestuous relationship with the few of their local kind is wonderful.

As evidence, let me say that I know a number of darlings of the South Asianlologists in Paksitan who are rich and well known because they recieve every South Asianologist and hold dinners and parties etc. for them. Unfortunately, these prople have no degrees no publications, no merit. But in this new era of the "brave white hunter" int eh form of a south asianologist they do not need one.

**************************************************************** Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 18:05:40 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: <C31CC@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU> Subject: Re: education et.al.

Although I am quite unaware of the policies etc. in operation of BKS, what I seem to presume is that the "foreign aid", in this case the money granted by the British gov't, is intended specifically for the use in implementing BKS programs.
  How could it be that the Nepal gov't use that money towards other "needed programs" that you seem to want, when the donor itself is specific about what it should be used towards?
  Please enlighten me on this aspect with corrections about my presumptions.
 
--Pradeep Bista, CCNY
 
***************************************************************** Date: Thu, 10 Nov 1994 01:46:34 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: pant arun dev <pant@uxa.cso.uiuc.edu> Subject: Re: Education, et al...

        I am following up in clarification to an earlier posting on the subject. I appreciate some of the comments made by Ashutosh Tiwari though I disagree with some of his observations.

The idea of a balanced approach to resource allocation for educational development is significant in that it trys to address the lack of educational infrastructure in a more holistic manner rather than concentrate on populist statements like 'education for all' given the bitter fact that the resources available fall pathetically short for such noble sentiments. This means that it is acceptable(to Nepal's development efforts) to proportion resources in other ways than the most physically wide reaching manner -- as long as it is within a comprehensive national educational framework and that it is aiming towards some end goal. I doubt that BKS is within this framework but disagree that government should pull out purely on the basis of equity considerations. Another way of looking at it is:

        a) We have the school
        b) It would be inconceivable that under present circumstances,
           govt. and private, another such project could be undertaken.
        c) Unless it is proven that the school is harming an existing
           national education framework, it would be unfair to 'pull the plug
            because:

PRIVATIZATION is not a panacea and the 'Invisible Hand' surely does not take care of everything - even in capitalism. I encourage development of private sector but given the state of affairs in Nepal I would definitely be wary of entrusting a good institution to the private sector. Entrusting BKS to private sector does have a significant difference over privatising Bansbari Leather Factory - issues other than purely economic considerations abound.

Arun Pant pant@uxa.cso.uiuc.edu
 
********************************************************************** From: Shailesh R. Bhandari <sbhandar@garnet.acns.fsu.edu> Subject: Diamond Shamser's Novels To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Thu, 10 Nov 1994 10:32:30 -0500 (EST)

>From S. R. Bhandari.
              Diamond Shamser's Novels
    In response to the inquiry by Sugan, there are more novels by Diamond Shamser JBR. I do not know the exact number, but it is at least five. The five novels by the author, which I know are:
             1. Basanti
             2. Seto Bagh
             3. Pratibadhdha
             4. Anita
             5. Satprayas I do not know if any of them are translated into English except for Seto Bagh.
 
*************************************************************** From: Shailesh R. Bhandari <sbhandar@garnet.acns.fsu.edu> Subject: Chhoto Kabita To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Thu, 10 Nov 1994 10:40:02 -0500 (EST)

                           SALAAM

              Pahile piun laai salam
              Ani P.A. laai salam
              Hakim laai pani salam
              Salam nai salam ta thokiyo
              Tara,
              Hatma kham thi-e-na,
              Tyasaile kam rokiyo.

*********************************************************************** From: Pradhan <Pradhan@delftgeot.nl> To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Thu, 10 Nov 94 18:00:11 MET Subject: New HydroPower Project in Nepal Source: Hydropower & Dam

     A memorandum of understanding for a 360 Megawatt Hydropower project
     signed by Snowey Mountains Engineering Corporation of Australia and
     Govt. of Nepal.

     The agreement grants SMEC exclusive right to the development through
     private investment of US$ 600 million West Seti Project in the far
     western development region of Nepal. SMEC will develop the project on
     build, own and operate (BOO) basis in conjunctives with the Nepalese,
     Indian and Australian interests over 30 years period. It is expected
     that the construction of project will take place over an eight to ten
     years period.

********************************************************************** Date: 10 Nov 1994 13:38:24 U From: "Hridaya Bajracharya" <hridaya_bajracharya@sec.educ.ualberta.ca> Subject: A response to Helen Abadzi To: "Nepal Digest" <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

                       Subject: Time:13:08
  OFFICE MEMO A response to Helen Abadzi Date:11/10/94

Reviving Sanskrit in the School: A wish to Live in the Past

Tilak Shrestha brought out some jewels of the old cloth to connect our heritage to a princely ancestry. The jewels incrested in Sanskrit language cloth were given a shining by putting them in his English. Without this English most of the people would have no idea about the jewel and the wonderful light that they give. Certainly, we must honour Sanskrit language for being first to hold the jewels for realization by the people who knew that language. But then mediocrites monopolized the language together with whatever came with the language seperating them from the mainstream sociological dynamics of the region where it was born. Both became obsolete in the process. The tension was already visible at the time of Buddha (2600 B. C.) for Buddha prefered Pali to record the discourses of his time instead in Sanskrit. Unless one is motivated to endow the wholesale power of making education an asset for those mediocres there cannot be a desire to revive the language that has remained enclosed in the books and among the few who still think living the past glory. The situation of Pali is now no different from Sanskrit because of the similar trend.

>From education point of view, if current education is to be the vehicle of
transforming current humanity to a more prosperous level through spiritual and physical development the starting point should be the present and the orientation should be towards future. Past should be kept in mind to borrow whatever is useful in the present context. Sanskrit should be systematized to support the present: it should be a serious area of research and study open to all the humanity who are interested in unfolding its wisdom and beauty. It should not come as a "thangneko" burden to the people in general by making it compulsory, particulary to the young school going children who have to rote one more unrecognizable mass of words and their grammar which they cannot transact to keep afresh. Helen Abadzi's correction to Tilak's Sanskrit would not make any sense to most people who enjoyed the jewel of vision he unfolded. I doubt if Tilak had learned those slokas in school. I too am interested in slokas and learn on my own, making their meanings from the books translated into the languages that I am familiar with or using dictionaries. In my school time, learing of Sanskrit was a pain and enxiety.
 Inspite of much efforts, I did not learn much that time. What I learned that time from sanskrit was the wonderful stories which our teacher told us in Nepali. If I were to be intimidated with what positive aspirations I had towards Sanskrit I would have gone away from it. To be very frank, I still feel uneasy to talk about the grandios of Sanskrit if someone starts to talk about grammar and the other ritualistic baggages as if they are the eternal truths. Helen's pundityain is a kind of intimidation that the self styled authorities of grammar whether of Sanskrit or of Pali, and of any language for that matter, had used to turn those great languages into mediocre's group inheritances. And the suggestion to make Sanskrit a compulsory subject in the schools has brought lot of conflict between the rationality of human progress and the political power of authority.

I expect deeper thinking from educational specialists when the issue involves a search into the past, for a hasty comprehension of the past and an urge to live in such past have already been creating many of the human sufferings in the world in the form of wars and other social crisis. Some one with power to imagine world for others to live in must be very mindful of the situation in greater depth and details. And of course Tilak has given some windows for that: Sarve Api Sukhino Santu. Let all be happy, healthy and blessed Samyaktva. Avoidance of dogmatic, intolerant, harmful attitude. Iswara Sarvabhootaanaam, Hruddese Arjuna Tishtati. The Lord dwells in the hearts of all beings.

Nasmaste Hridaya

*************************************************************** Date: Thu, 10 Nov 1994 16:12:20 -0600 (CST) From: SUDEEP ACHARYA <sa01@engr14.engr.uark.edu> Subject: Looking for member request To: The Editor <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

Prabin Shrestha requests Manish Regmi's e-mail address(last time he was in
                Kearney,Nebraska) or any Nepali living in Minneapolis. Kabi Raj Khanal requests e-mail address of Shailesh Bhandari(U.S.), Laxmi
                Bilas Acharya(U.K.) would like to get whole
                TND subscriber's e-mail address list. Gyurme Sherpa would like to get all member's e-mail list, and also
               Surendra Gurung, Kul Bahadur Thapa, Prajwol Basnet and
               Pawan Gurung.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 11 Nov 1994 00:20:43 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Election monitors assigned From: rajendra@coos.dartmouth.edu (Rajendra P. Shrestha)

HEADLINE: elections; Prime minister says election aims to end politics of "anarchy, terror and vandalism"

SOURCE: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 7 Nov 94

 BODY:
   Excerpts from report

   Nepali Congress leader and Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala said that the forthcoming election [on 15th November] aims to put an end to the politics of anarchy, terror and vandalism and achieve national upliftment through development. Prime Minister Koirala made this remark when addressing a mass meeting organised by Nepali Congress [word indistinct] at (?Tripaklisadh), the (?Nyangdung) district headquarters, today [7th November].

   Prime Minister Koirala called for cooperation of all in conducting the poll in a free, fair and peaceful manner. Communism, which is disappearing from the world, can never rise over Nepalese horizon, he said, and noted that the time has come for the people to be alert about Rashtriya Prajatantra Party [National Democratic Party], which is just another name of Panchayat [as heard]...

   Likewise, addressing a mass meeting organised by the Nepali Congress [word indistinct] district working committee at (?Budmul) today, party president Krishna Prasad Bhattarai observed that except the Nepali Congress, all other parties going to the hustings now and calling themselves democrats are either extreme leftists or extreme rightists. Such forces lead the country on the path of destruction, not development and caution.
------------------------------------------------------------------

HEADLINE: elections; Communists claim they will form next government

SOURCE: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 7 Nov 94

 BODY:
   Text of report (FE/2124 A/4 [14])

   CPN-UML [Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxist-Leninist] General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal, speaking at a programme organized by the party's [word indistinct] district committee at the office of the business chamber of commerce and industry yesterday [6th November], claimed that his party would form the next government. He also gave the assurance that once voted to power, CPN-UML would take effective measures in the fields of administration and social works and [word or words indistinct] the country's development process by solving trade and industrial problems.
----------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: DPA

HEADLINE: Kathmandu-Lhasa road expected to help transasian trade

BYLINE: By Bernward Krurup

DATELINE: Kodari/Zangmu, Nov 10

 BODY:
    Those who have seen the border know why trade between India and China, the most populous states of Asia, is sluggish.

    The 1,051-kilometre road between the Nepalese capital Kathmandu and Lhasa in Tibet is among the most important transcontinental links between South Asia and China, but there is little trade.

    That is because of the miserable condition of the mountainous hairline stretch between Kodari and Zangmu, the border points between Nepal and Tibet. But now Nepal and China propose to tackle the problem.

    The one-track muddy "road" between the two towns is a bumpy track where trucks coming from opposite directions block each other's way. It climbs steeply from Kodari and nobody seems to look after the eight-kilometre stretch through the no-man's land between Nepal and Tibet.

    Still there is some trade. A large quantity of garlic from Nepal seems to be getting sold. Its smell dominates the entire hill. The truckers, most of them Indian Sikhs, bring Japanese and Chinese electronic goods on return. All of them seem to act more as smugglers than as traders.

    But all that is expected to change. The well-attended " Nepal
-China-Tibet Economic and Trade Fair" held in Kathmandu from September 18 to 24 opened up new prospects. It followed another fair held two years ago in Lhasa.

    After years of setback and stagnation of Tibet- Nepal trade, the turnover is increasing again. Nepal mainly exports textiles, wool and leather goods to Tibet and China and imports in return small machinery, electronic goods and consumer products.

    The governments of the two countries feel that the volume of trade between them on the road is virtually unlimited. But the condition of the road reduces to nought all ambitious plans.

    In Tibet perhaps about 100 kilometres of the high-mountain stretch is paved but the condition of the road on the Nepal side is terrible. Particularly the section of the road between the border and the Barabishe village consists of a series of potholes. And it takes five hours to cross the 100 kilometres between the border and Kathmandu.

    But still joint meetings of government commissions decided in August to open the road for heavy vehicles. To ensure that the decision does not remain only in paper, massive road laying activities are called for.

    But road laying is a politically highly sensitive enterprise in this part of the world. Above all India suspects that new roads from the roof of the world to the plains would only be used to bring in soldiers and military equipment.

    "We know how problematic this road is. Nepal cannot afford it either financially or politically. But China is putting pressure on us and we will hopefully gain from it without annoying India," says a Nepalese official. dpa mvb vc ks
---------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: Xinhua

HEADLINE: 1,025 nepali observers deputed for coming elections

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 10; ITEM NO: 1110085

 BODY:
   the national election observation committee has deputed a total of 1,025 observers in all the country's 205 constituencies to monitor the election to the house of representatives on november 15. this was announced in a statement published here today by the committee, which consists of representatives of six different human rights organizations in nepal. co-chairman of the committee bishworkant mainali said that the task of election observation is to be carried out as prescribed by the house of representatives election act. over 100 international observers will also be present in about 40 districts of terai plain in southern nepal, hill and the himalayan regions to monitor the polls. it was informed that at the request of the committee, the nepali government has agreed to provide free of charge visas and other facilities to those international poll observers coming here for election monitoring.

****************************************************************8 Date: Fri, 11 Nov 1994 17:32:59 -28068930 (<ED) From: Neeta Pokhrel <s931613@minyos.xx.rmit.EDU.AU> Sender: Neeta Pokhrel <s931613@minyos.xx.rmit.EDU.AU> Subject: Why would I rather not write to TND...ten reasons. To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

10. How would I justify to Gyaneswor Pokhrel," look!! I am NOT one of those okay!!!" (you know.., G.K's relative or beneficiaries) ????

9. I'd rather practice my nepalese 'pani padhera' custom. (sit and bitch about which nepalese girl/guy is going out with who, who's what..and bla..bla)

8. I don't have a thesauraus. (as I'll be getting hundreds of contraries, arguments and all those...& to be able to defend myself, I'll need that....the complexity of most TND articles is beyond me)

7. I have no idea whats happening back home. So, all I am left with is copying chunks out of Himal (as thats the only one I get), which neither Kanak Mani Dixit would appreciate nor TND viewers, who must have better access to it than me.

6. I wouldn't wanna give a public statement globally nor would I wanna further diagnose the minutely diagosed feedbacks on my poor little comment by the super elites out there. ( how can I not continue the trend??!!)

5. I wouldn't be able to handle my nak..'Bahun ko nak aesai ta....' as I could get as popular as Gyaneswor Pokhrel and ATuladhar.

4. I wouldn't wanna show everyone that I like yaping and would like to make heaps of E-mail friends as it might loose my cool.

3. I would rather spend hours gossiping on I.R.C. about the trash of the century 'Models Inc.' & hmm!..Keanu Reeves and his guy rumours!!!??

2. I would rather keep away from the Ramayans and Purans on 'how obscene is @@##$$? word', 'Household expressions vs. Industrial expressions'! & etc..etc..(Gee! nice argumentative bunch we are, aren't we?)

1. Why would I bother anyway? (just for the hell of it, since I ran out of reasons)

I here is generalised, doesn't mean 'literally I' as in me.

P.S.:- Dear folks!

This is NOT anything serious or a public statement. I liked Ahsutosh's idea (thanks Ashu! we DID need something light on TND), so just for the fun of it, scribbled down whatever popped in my head at this time. Its only meant to be a joke (not that its funny, but anyway.....). So, please do not diagnose this poor little achey breaky one.. and no offence to anyone, okay!!!!!

Love Neeta.

***************************************************************** Date: Thu, 10 Nov 94 15:20:28 EST From: madhav.pandey@sfwmd.gov (Madhav Pandey) To: rshresth@black.clarku.edu Subject: WHATE IS LIFE ?

Life is a challenge Meet it Life is a gift Accept it Life is an adventure Dare it Life is a sorrow Overcome it Life is a tragedy Face it Life is a duty Perform it Life is a game play it Life is a mystery Unfold it Life is song Sing it Life is an opertunity Take it Life is a journey Complete it Life is a promise Fulfill it Life is a love Enjoy it Life is a beauty Praise it Life is a spirit Realize it Life is a struggle Fight it Life is a puzzle Solve it Life is a goal Achieve it
                            
(from Bhagvat Gita)

***************************************************************** From: Looja Ratna Tuladhar <looza@leland.Stanford.EDU> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Entrance Rules of Hindu Temples

Dear Editor,

I have been following the ongoing TND debate about the entrance of non hindus in hindu temples and have finally decided to jump into the pit.

Last week somebody pointed out that we should not let muslims, christians et cetera in our temples as they do not let non-hindus enter their places of worship.

That sounds like a pretty bad argument to me. They are not letting us in, so we should not be letting us in. Two wrongs do not make a right. If everybody thought that way I hate to imagine what the world would look like.

Sharing is better.

Nuff said. Looja Tuladhar.

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 11 Nov 1994 11:36:18 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: HUMOR: TND TOP TEN (List Number 3) To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

                                Top Ten
                
                Election Slogans SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED by the Politburo
                of the Communist Party of Nepal-- United Marxist Leninist

        10. Hey, Ho, Haa ! Vote Against Koirala!

        09. Hey, Ho, Ho! Girija's got to go!!
 
        08. You dig violence? So do we.
            Come on out everybody with your khukuri;
            We're gonna have a funky time!!

        07. You may say that communism has failed around the globe. But
            don't believe the capitalist media. Russia will rise up! And
            so will we. Just shut up and vote for us.

        06. Tyag, tapasya, sangharsha and bali-daan -- we have them all
                                    on sale.
            [discounts available if you're buying in bulk; compare
            the prices of same goods with those evil Congressis!!]

        05. Marx is our guru; Lenin's our master
                            Mao's our friend and Stalin's our hero
            What're their ghosts doing in Nepal, mister?
                 Don't ask! Our own understanding is absolutely zero

        04. Vote for us, and we'll turn Nepal into the post-cold war
            Soviet Union of the South Asia.

        03. We've waited three long years. Now it's our turn to empty the
            foreign aid into our pockets. After all, it's only fair that
            we do it, hai na ta?

        02. We are not really communists; we're just drawn that way!
            
        01. If you don't believe in Marxism, then vote for us. Because
            neither do we!! [Like those Congressis, we believe only in
            in "afnai pet bhar.nay" kaam".]

Next time: Top Ten reasons to read/ contribute TO or laugh at or be annoyed
            with the TND Top Ten List.

Send in your comments, lists, parodies, criticisms etc etc etc to TND

namaste ashu

********************************************************************** Date: 11 Nov 94 11:58:05 EST From: "Chitra K. Tiwari" <74641.3624@compuserve.com> To: <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Hung-Parliament? Monkey-House?? Message-Id: <941111165804_74641.3624_BHW52-1@CompuServe.COM>

                  ELECTIONS IN NEPAL: A PROGNOSTIC SURVEY

                                        By Chitra K. Tiwari, Ph.D.

Nepali people will line-up to elect 205 members of parliament on Tuesday, November 15. Many independent observers and sources close to diplomatic establishments in Kathmandu are predicting a hung parliament (monkey-house!). They have observed indifference among the ordinary people. The voter turn-out is likely to be less by at least 5 percentage point this year compared to the 1991 election in which 65 percent people had voted.

NC party's three year old government is a study in political turmoil, reeling from charges of corruption, incompetence and nepotism. Supporters and critics both argue that the NC government committed many of the same blunders that contributed to the downfall of democracy in 1960. The party did not learn lessons from the past. Political analysts point out to miserable condition of government. There is a tremendous law and order problem, violation of human rights, corruption, nepotism and gross mismanagement of the economy and the entire country. The party's supremo, Ganesh Man Singh, has resigned from the party arguing that PM Koirala will tamper the votes. Although Mr. Singh's following in the party is marginal, he still commands the moral authority. His resignation will hurt the party in the polls.

Many observers are predicting a hung-parliament in the aftermath of elections and the political instability as a result. A total of 71 political parties emerged following the announcement of the elections but the election commission declined registration of 6 parties on grounds they were communal and sectarian. Of the 65 registered only 25 parties have fielded their candidates for a 205 member lower house of parliament. There are 1,443 candidates out of which 384 are independents.

In 1991 elections there were 1,345 candidates out of which 219 were independents. Only 40 parties were registered then but only 20 had fielded candidates. Of the 20 parties only 8 parties had succeeded to win seats ranging from one to 110. The Nepali Congress Party receiving the majority seats had formed the government.

Reports coming from Nepal clearly spells for a three-way contest in many constituencies between the NC, UML and RPP. Other parties may emerge here and there but they have no national significance.

Questions have been raised whether the elections to be held under Prime Minister Koirala will be fair and impartial. The attentive public has clearly seen Prime Minister Girija Koirala's manipulation of the government owned media such as the Radio Nepal, the Nepal TV, the Gorkhapatra and the Rising Nepal. In addition to media manipulation, the government also is misusing public resources. Official vehicles, openly used in the beginning, are now being converted into private vehicles with phony license plates. Royal Nepali Army resources were blatantly misused by Mr. Koirala when he flew in their helicopter to make campaign speeches in several districts. Despite Election Commission's appeal to abide by the Code of Conduct the Girija government is continuously bulldozing. A 400-member National Election Observation Committee(NEOC) has been formed to monitor the impartiality of elections. NEOC also is coordinating the visit of 100 international observers and has despatched more than 1000 domestic observers in several districts. Given the bulldozing attitude of Koirala government, the job of domestic as well as international observers (actually, electoral tourists!) is likely to be very tough.

While all political parties in Nepal suffer from internal division, the division and rift within the Nepali Congress is highly pronounced. Prime Minister Koirala's faction is not happy at all with official list of NC candidates issued by President Bhattarai because the list contains 36 dissident members who had pulled Koirala's leg. President Bhattarai, on the other hand, is accused of distributing party tickets to Koirala supporters in unfavorable constituencies. The NC's former Supremo, Ganesh Man Singh, is supporting the dissident candidates in 60 constituencies. These dissidents are expected to give tough fight to NC's official candidates. About 10 of them are expected to win while the other 50 have MAD (mutually assured destruction) capability.

Prime Minister Koirala, too, has fielded his own dissidents against the "group of 36" listed in official party list. Many independent observers are predicting that the NC will hardly bag one-third of the parliamentary seats (68 seats) and hence will be unable to form the government even in coalition with other parties.

The Nepal Communist Party (Unified Marxist & Leninist-UML), too, is divided between majority and minority groups. One of its leader belonging to minority group, Mohan Chandra Adhikary, has left the party accusing the leadership for bowing to royal palace. But his exit from the party is not likely to hurt the party as much as it was expected in the beginning. In fact, the UML is expected to emerge as a larger party with about 95 seats.

The third major party in the dissolved parliament with 9 seats, the United People's Front(UPF) has split into two factions. One faction led by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai has advocated boycott of elections while the other faction led by N. G. Vaidhya is participating. Because of the split this party is likely to lose about 6 of its earlier seats saving only 3 seats.

The fourth party in the dissolved parliament with 6 seats, the Sadvavana Party, too, is split. Some of its leaders have deserted the party to join the Nepali Congress. Nonetheless, this party is expected to win 2 seats. Sadvabana party's platform is overshadowed by Republican Janabadi Morcha, which is expected to make fresh gain of about 3 seats.

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), a party of erstwhile absolute monarchists, is expected to do much better this time. The party leadership expects to bag as many as 40 seats, but knowledgeable observers believe that RPP which was routed in 1991 elections with only four seats could win as many as 15 seats.

Masal, considered to the extreme Maoist underground party, is expected to win 5 seats. Masal's strength is concentrated around Rapti and Dhaulagiri Zones.

Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party is expected to maintain its previous strength of 2 seats.

Nepal National Liberation Front, an ethnic party led by Gore Bahadur Khapangi, is likely to make fresh gain of 2 seats from eastern mountain constituencies.

In fact, the NCP(UML), with an organized cadre base, is expected to emerge as a larger party. Some even believe that NCP(UML) will capture majority. A strong feeling is emerging in the country to allow communists to run the government. The point in such feelings is that Nepal has already experienced the mismanaged rule of both the royalists( panchas) and the NC party but the country has never tested the ruling capability of the communists. Moreover, the UML has turned itself into a social-democratic party in everything but in name. The party has no flavor of classical communism in the tradition of Stalin and Mao although it continues to call itself a party of Marxist and Leninists.

Foreign powers, especially India and Western donor countries, are nervously observing the political developments in Nepal. They are nervous in the possibility of UML's emergence. Indian journalists and columnists with close connections at New Delhi's South Block have begun writing articles in Indian dailies such as the Times of India and the Hindustan Times with a clear intention to boost the morale of the Koirala faction of the Nepali Congress. About 10 days ago an Indian Army General visited Pokhara and distributed about 10 thousand blankets to the families of ex-Gorkhas. (This is not a rumor.) Indian sensitivities have grown due to UML's campaign promise to review all unequal treaties, including the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

The rumors have persisted in Nepal that the agents of India's intelligence agency, the RAW (Research and Analysis Wing), are telling ex-Gorkhas to vote for NC. There is yet another rumor, which perhaps and hopefully may be a cynical one, that some conspirators are conspiring for a Burmese scenario of not handing over the power in the event of leftist forces' victory in the elections.

Even if the NCP(UML) emerges victorious in the elections, the status-quo is not likely to change. The UML has now changed itself into a social democratic party except in name. There is a current inside the party for a change in the name of the party to reflect its latest political programs. The UML, in fact, has taken over NC's ideology of democratic socialism. The party has accepted monarchy and has vowed to maintain good relations with India. The leaders of the UML party are vigorously engaged to convince the western donor representatives, including that of the United States, that the communist government will play by the rules of democracy and respect human rights. If the UML can prove its intentions after couple months of coming to power, the relevancy of NC which has already eroded in the domestic context, is likely to erode in regional and international context, too.

************************************************************************ Date: Fri, 11 Nov 1994 11:15:31 -0600 From: neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca (Bhanu Neupane u) Subject: Rewriting Decalogue

SPOKHARE@SYSTEMS.watstar.uwaterloo.ca wrote:
:
: Nepalese around Toronto and Montreal area gathered in Toronto and celebrated
: Tihar festival for about 8 hours in the evening. Though only about 30
: people participated between internal conflict between some of the
: association members (which is of course unfortunate), there were Deusi,
: RajaMati Kumati (Newari song) and many Nepalese songs. A known folk song
: artist from Kathmandu, Mr. Gautam Rajkarnikar also participated in the
: program and entertained with a number of songs. Apart from that there was a
: lady from the University of Montreal, Ms. Sophie, who played flute and
: harmonium for the entertainment. Ms. sophie has joined Masters prgram and
: she is doing research in Nepalese music and musical instruments. It was
: lively. Apart from Nepalese, Nepalese canadians, some Indian Canadians and
: Canadians also participated in the program. The association of Nepalese
: Candians (the next group) is holding its anniversary get together on
: November 18.
:
: Shaligram Pokharel
: Waterloo, Ontario.
: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

It may read a bit "out of place" (some of the readers may find it an attempt to publisize a very CANADIAN Nepali matter), but I want to elaborate what Shaligram has quoted unfortunate.
                          =========== God Created Association!

As elsewhere, Nepalis in Canada too have a canadian Nepali Association. The association is very young and operates for last seven years. This organization was initially formed by a group of 12 Canadians of Nepali Origin. The history reads a long battle by the dirty dozen to acquire independence from North American Nepalis Association. The initial year of organization was very successful, not only Nepalis but also the indian and Bhutanese of Nepali origin were its members. The organization grew to accomodate more than a hundred members and their families. The erstwhile functioning surely indicated "living happily ever after".

God Created Partys!

The partys and gatherings became the common affair. As elsewhere in the first party, the members devoured on Sel-Roti and Chiya. The second one was bit advanced and people exchanged cigarates. Few of those having bal-baccha commented on smoke, but nobody cared much. The gradual advancement in parties kept on annoying its members, but nobody cared. Until from one party all members decided to accept the sepent's advice to drink "Raksi". The evil advice of the serpent was accepted. It was fun. Everybody danced, there were lots of jokes. Then on, unanimously, at least an hour or three quarter of an hour was decided to keep aside in all partys so that all members could make it to the floor (?).

Nobody knows if it was the art of dancing or ability to crack jokes transplanted pangs of envy among these people, but it began to grow among the members. In one of such partys, one Can-Nepali (born in Nepal) UIR,
(Under the Influence of Raksi) commented on other Can-Nepalis (not born in Nepal) to be "pain in the ass" and "bloody intruders". The other Nepalis
(not born in Nepal) got intimidated by the remark and decided to cease their participation in these so called social gatherings alias raksi partys. When these people stopped showing-up at the partys, people realized their mistakes, but everyone decided that apologizing is out of question. Everyone thought realizing mistakes could be in poignant contrast to "Hati Haina Dati Ladne" attitude of Nepalis (?).

The partys continued. A year and a half ago in a similar party, the dance floor was hot and people were jiving like "black Sabbath" in full concert. Mr. X, who also happened to be the top shot in the Nepal-Canada Association, got totally lund and he started to make his move. He grabbed hold of Mr. Dwarf Senior, who happens to be one of the top shots in down-town Toronto, and began break dancing. Mr. Dwarf Senior, who perhaps was too old to break-dance almost broke in real. A little exchange of words, subsided the issue but Mr. Dwarf Senior and his chela-cheli thought it to be too humiliating. After the party, there was a secret meeting, in which it was decided that Mr. X should be thrown out of the organization. The uncooperation and ignorance was the first move of this group to make the activities organized by the then Nepal-canada Association go hay-wire. These moves, obviously, were to idirectly geopardize the functionality of Mr. X.

A month later there was another party. Mr. X as usual came UIR (Under the Influence of Raksi). His gyration was too wild yet he wanted to dance with everybody present on the dance floor. The serpent spoke to him and he decided to dance with Madame Zelda, who happened to be a reknowned mass-media person before she came to canada. Mr. X and Madame Zelda both were very close friends (infact Mr. X used to baby sit Madame Zelda's young ones) but for some unexplained reason, Madame refused to dance with Mr. X. A request then a refusal, another request and another refusal and it continued for a while, until, the request turned physical and refusal became abusive. The entire community watched, as the small request to dance turned into a "western Juhari or Faguwa". Nobody bothered to mediate and brought this "gone obscene" exchange of words with gestures to a halt. However, it abated after sometimes, when the ordinary members (in thier usual passive-selves) woke up from their trance.

This again led to a secret meeting. This was the opportunity that Mr. Dwarf Senior and his followers were waiting. The group was grown in size as Madame Zelda and her followers joined Mr. Dwarf Senior and his followers. The meeting decided to throw-out Mr. X and bring-in somebody else on his position. The decision was taken on the basis of; i) Mr. X's inability to speak a perfect english; ii) Mr. X's alcoholism; and, iii) Mr X's assertiveness and authoritarian attitude. It was, however, not consulted with any other ordinary members of the community, democracy do exists was totally forgotten, and the fact that Mr X's term was about to expire was totally ignored. Desite the reason explained earlier, Mr. X is a very dedicated worker and the best part is HE CAN SPARE HIS TIME, this too was totally forgotten. Rather than making move to capitalize his plus points by some other A-B-C ways, he was thrown out of the executive committee. So another executive committee was formed. On the other extreme, Mr. X with few of his followers also held meeting and decided to outlaw the other association and continued to operate with some restructuring.

Right now there are two executive committees of Nepal-canada Association. Which is very unfortunate. There have been attempts to resolve this conflict, but with no progress. The same "Hati Haina Dati Ladne" attitude is splintering these efforts. A person like me (ordinary, passive Dolt) are required to attain two partys to celebrate the same event. If I miss one, the other group yells at me for being affiliated to the other group and vice versa. THe context is no different than a man of common affairs in the political scene of Nepal.

I wish the differences are resolved but considering the egoist attitude and stubborness, I dont think it will ever happen.
 
[And the god rewrote the decalogue - Thou shalt not drink Raksi
                                  - Thou shalt not dance in Partys
                                  - Er! Hmm!! Damn it who the hell am I to
                                    bother
                                  - Let the Nepalis perish for their
                                    stupidity....]

With Sincere Apologies. But I hope my message is clear.

Bhanu
=====

P.S. What do you call a person attending partys organized by both of the Factions of Nepal-Canada Association (and not making any efforts to bring these the two factios together)?

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