The Nepal Digest - Nov 10, 1994 (24 Kartik 2051 BkSm)

From: The Editor (nepal-request@cs.niu.edu)
Date: Thu Nov 10 1994 - 08:21:56 CST


Received: from mp.cs.niu.edu (mp.cs.niu.edu [131.156.1.2]) by library.wustl.edu (8.6.9/8.6.9) with SMTP id MAA11580 for <huestis@library.wustl.edu>; Thu, 10 Nov 1994 12:17:04 -0600
Received: by mp.cs.niu.edu id AA21035 (5.67b/IDA-1.5 for nepal-dist); Thu, 10 Nov 1994 08:21:58 -0600
Received: by mp.cs.niu.edu id AA21028 (5.67b/IDA-1.5 for nepal-list); Thu, 10 Nov 1994 08:21:56 -0600
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 1994 08:21:56 -0600
Message-Id: <199411101421.AA21028@mp.cs.niu.edu>
Reply-To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
From: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu>
Sender: "Rajpal J. Singh" <A10RJS1@cs.niu.edu>

Subject:      The Nepal Digest - Nov 10, 1994 (24 Kartik 2051 BkSm)
To: <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
Content-Type: text
Content-Length: 57981
Status: O
X-Status: 
X-Keywords:
X-UID: 51


        %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
        % N N EEEEEE PPPPPP AA L %
        % NN N E P P A A L %
        % N N N EEEE P P A A L %
        % N N N E PPPPPP AAAAAA L %
        % N NN E P A A L %
        % N N EEEEEE P A A LLLLLL %
        %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

The Nepal Digest Thursday 10 Nov 94: Kartik 24 2051 BkSm Volume 33 Issue 7

  Today's Topics are:
 
         1. KURA_KANI Politics: Gender equity in elections
                           Education: Corruption
                           Social: Re: Women's rights
                                        Re: Caught between cultures

         2. TAJA_KHABAR News From Nepal

         3. Entertainment Humor: Top 10 Congress Slogans
                                   Wanna buy a cow?

         4. TITAR_BITAR A folk game: Baghchal tips

  *****************************************************************************
  * TND Board of Staff *
  * ------------------ *
  * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
  * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
  * Editing Editor: Padam P. Sharma sharma@plains.nodak.edu *
  * Discussion Moderator: Ashutosh Tiwari tiwari@husc.harvard.edu *
  * Looking For Correspondent: Sudeep Acharya sa01@engr.uark.edu *
  * *
  * Subscription/Deletion requests : NEPAL-REQUEST@MP.CS.NIU.EDU *
  * Provide one line message: sub nepal "lastname, firstname, mi" <user@host> *
  * [OPTIONAL] Provide few lines about your occupation, address, phone for *
  * TND database to: <A10RJS1@MP.CS.NIU.EDU> *
  * Snail-Mail Correspondences to: Rajpal J. Singh *
  * Founding-editor/Co-ordinator *
  * The Nepal Digest (TND) *
  * 502 West Lincoln Highway *
  * DeKalb, Illinois 60115, U.S.A. *
  * Digest Contributions: NEPAL@MP.CS.NIU.EDU *
  * Contributors need to supply Header for the article, email, and full name. *
  * *
  * Postings are divided into following categories that are listed in the *
  * order below. Please provide category-type in the header of your e-mail. *
  * *
  * 1. Message from TND Editorial Board *
  * 2. Letter to the Editor *
  * 3. TAJA_KHABAR: Current News *
  * 4. KATHA_KABITA: Literature *
  * 5. KURA_KANI: Economics *
  * Agriculture *
  * Forestry *
  * Health *
  * Education *
  * Technology *
  * Social Issues *
  * Environment *
  * Tourism *
  * Foreign Policy *
  * History *
  * Military/Police *
  * Politics *
  * 6. Entertainment (Humor, Recipies, Movie Reviews, Sattaires etc.) *
  * 7. JAN_KARI: Classifieds *
  * 8. Immigration/Taxes *
  * 9. TITAR_BITAR: Miscellaneous *
  * *
  * The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of the Nepal Interest Group for *
  * news and discussions about issues concerning Nepal. All members of *
  * nepal@cs.niu.edu will get a copy of TND. Membership is open to all. *
  * THE EDITOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO EDIT ARTICLES FOR CLARITY. *
  * *
  * **** COPYRIGHT NOTE **** *
  * The news/article posters are responsible for any copyright violations. *
  * TND, a non-profit electronic journal, will publish articles that has *
  * been published in other electronic or paper journal with proper credit *
  * to the original media. *
  * *
  * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
  * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" - Anon. *
  * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa *
  * *
  *****************************************************************************
***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 8 Nov 1994 16:40:24 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: rajendra@coos.dartmouth.edu (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: Final list of candidates published

HEADLINE: nepal makes security arrangements for peaceful polls DATELINE: kathmandu, november 1; ITEM NO: 1101068
 BODY:
   the nepali government has made strict security arrangements to ensure peaceful polls to the house of representatives on november 15 at various polling booths. according to a spokesman of the home ministry, armed security guards will be provided to escort ballot boxes which will be taken from various polling centers and sub-centers to respective district headquarters, official daily "the rising nepal" reported here today. for the protection of the polling booths, armed police personnel and mobile police teams with necessary communication equipment will be deployed for continuous patrolling, the spokesman said. in addition, striking and reserve forces will also be kept in standby condition to deal with any untoward incident that may take place at polling booths. aerial patrolling will also be introduced on the polling day in places which are inaccessible for various means of transport, and reinforcements will be made immediately wherever necessary. arrangement has also been made for seeking help from the royal nepalese army in security matters if necessary, the spokesman noted. sale and distribution of liquor is to be banned with effect from a week before the election date and carrying arms would also be prohibited during the election. special arrangement for security check has been made at check points in the border areas and movement of persons other than foreigners bearing passports will be stopped 24 hours before the election and this will remain in effect till the poll ends, the spokesman stressed.

HEADLINE: 1,443 candidates to compete in nepal mid-term polls DATELINE: kathmandu, november 2; ITEM NO: 1102071
 BODY:
   a total of 1,443 candidates, 3 less than the number published before, will compete for the 205 seats of the house of representatives in the mid-term polls scheduled for november 15, according to the latest statistics published by the nepal's national election commission. of these candidates, 1,059 come from 24 political parties while 384 are contesting the polls as independent candidates. among the candidates, 86 are female and 1,357 are male. according to the constitution, for every political party, at least 5 percent of its candidates nominated should be women. about 320 million rupees (6.53 million u.s. dollars) has been allocated for the election, the commission said.

HEADLINE: firecrackers banned during festival in nepal DATELINE: kathmandu, november 2; ITEM NO: 1102080
 BODY:
   the nepali government has decided to prohibit the sales and use of any kind of firecrackers during the tihar festival (festival of light), one of the most important festivals for hindus. the government made this decision in consideration of the adverse effect on public health and the loss of life and property that the use of firecrackers might cause. some sources here said that the prohibition is one of the security measures for the general election to the house of representatives since the voting date of november 15 is near. the tihar festival will start november 3 and last three days.

HEADLINE: Sporadic violence mars poll campaign in Nepal DATELINE: Kathmandu, Nov 7
 BODY:
    At least six people have been killed in election-related violence in Nepal over the past week between workers of the two main parties, the ruling Nepali Congress Party and the United Marxist-Leninists.

    In the worst incident recorded up to Monday during campaigning for the November 15 polls, four persons were killed in the Dang Valley, 350 kilometres west of the capital.

    Reports of violence have come from both eastern Nepal where the United Marxist-Leninists are strong and from western Nepal where the Nepali Congress had made a virtual clean sweep in the 1991 general elections.

    Impartial observers in the capital believe that the ruling party, which is forecast to lose the election, precipitated the violence.

    The polls follow the defeat of the right-of-centre government in parliament on July 10, when 36 of the Nepali Congress Party's parliamentarians revolted against Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and his policies.

    "If Prime Minister Koirala holds the polls impartially, there is no way his party can win the elections," said B. Kumar Karki, a government official.

    The Dang clash was said to have occurred because of the perceived misuse of government funds and property by a minister contesting Dang Valley seat. The transport minister, Khum Bahadur Khadka, is using 36 government vehicles in his election campaign.

    The code of conduct for political parties and contestants issued by the election commission prohibits the use of any government resources for electioneering by political parties.

    The Royal Nepalese Army, which had liberally allowed the use of its helicopters by the prime minister for electioneering tours disguised as "inspections of army barracks", has since stopped Koirala from using them.

    The army's decision is said to have been dictated by widespread public criticism and also to prevent the helicopters from being damaged by stone pelting by irate crowds. Koirala has now switched to using privately operated helicopters. dpa jbp zm

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 7
 BODY:
   Three people died at the weekend of bullet wounds sustained in clashes before a general election in Nepal next week, authorities said on Monday.

   The deaths raised to six the number of people killed in violence in the run-up to the election on November 15, which Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala called after losing a crucial vote in parliament in July.

   An activist from the ruling Congress party was shot dead on Saturday night in the eastern district of Ilam when gunmen opened fire from a bush, police said.

   A local leader of the opposition Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) was arrested in connection with the shooting, they said.

   Two members of the opposition Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), or UML, died of bullet wounds they received on Thursday when police opened fire on a communist rally near Kathmandu, hospital officials said.

   One person died on the spot and 27 others were injured in the firing which started after demonstrators pelted police with stones. Earlier two people were killed in campaign-related violence.

   In next week's elections the UML and RPP are challenging the Congress party, divided over allegations of corruption and incompetence.

   Congress held 113 of 205 seats in parliament before it was dissolved in July. Koirala ordered elections 18 months ahead of schedule when 36 Congress members abstained from a key vote.

   Koirala, the caretaker prime minister since July, said on Sunday that voters would have to decide between stability and economic growth on the one hand, and "instability and destruction" on the other.

   The communist-led opposition is hoping to capitalise on splits within Congress. Koirala has been accused of helping an opponent of Congress party leader Krishna Prasad Bhattarai win a by-election in February.

   Bhattarai was interim prime minister in 1991 and in elections that year guided the Himalayan kingdom from absolute monarchy to its first democratic polls for 30 years.

   Between 1960 and 1990 Nepal was ruled by a non-party assembly system dominated by the monarchy.

   That system crumbled when pro-democracy protesters took to the streets in ever bigger demonstrations. Troops eventually opened fire near the palace of King Birendra and killed more than 50 people.

   Under Bhattarai's interim leadership, Birendra agreed to a new constitution that reduced his powers drastically and allowed political parties to function openly.

HEADLINE: intl observers to monitor mid-term poll in nepal DATELINE: kathmandu. november 8; ITEM NO: 1108060
 BODY:
   international observation teams will monitor the mid-term poll for the house of representatives in about 35 to 40 districts of nepal. it was disclosed by shushil pyakurel of the national election observation committee at a workshop on "reporting on election' 94" held here on monday. about 100 international observers will be present in about 40 districts of terai (south nepal) , hill and the himalayan region while about 500 national observers will monitor the mid-term poll in all the 75 districts of the country. during the general election in 1991, the international observers monitored only 21 districts. earlier, the human rights protection council of nepal has formed an election observers committee in order to launch an election observation program to make sure that the general election would be conducted freely and fairly. the mid-term poll will be held on november 15 and 1,443 candidates, 1,059 from 24 political parties and 384 as independent candidates, will compete in the mid-term polls.

*************************************************************** From: tuladhar@mundo.eco.utexas.edu (Sugandha Tuladhar) Subject: Re: Bagchal Date: 1 Nov 1994 17:35:49 GMT

With refrence to the rules and regulations for baghchal (Do's)

        - Never start as the sheep from "cyakha" i.e. the centre (you
                will always be eaten down the road)
        - Try to corner the tiger one at a time (Follow the tiger's
                prior movement)
        | | | | |
        | / | | | |
        LT/-----2--------1---- ----3--------RT

It is always advisable to start for the sheep from position 1. and depending upon the movement of right tiger (RT) ot left tiger (LT) you can add the sheep
 in position 2 or 3 respectively.

Bagchal has been progrmmed by Prakash Bajracharya of Mercantile about four or
 five years back. may be you can get a copy by contacting him through the internet.

S Tuladhar

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 8 Nov 1994 20:40:49 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: dsacko@esu.edu (David H Sacko) Subject: Women's Rights

As part of an international study, I am interested in obtaining documented information on Women's Rights in Nepal as they pertain to inheritance, marriage, property, and custody rights. The reference point would be whether or not legal practices in these areas treat men and women equally. This is for postdoctoral research and our team would be willing to share the results of our research.

Any response should be mailed to dsacko@esu.edu

*********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 8 Nov 1994 20:41:53 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Token Gender Equity in nepal Elections; From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu

If the recent election stats posted by Rajendra is correct only 86 of the 1400+ electoral candidates are women. This comes out to be only 5.96%. Given that 5% is the minimum token seats mandated by the Consitution, only 0.96% of the electrorates are women by merit or credit. Yes, as Pramod Misra says in Women in Hinduism, women are still deeply mired in Hinduy suppression and No, unlike all the apologists of Hinduism in Nepal that insist that Misra's examples are "extreme" and "unrepresentative" and that conditions are changing for Nepal women, I say these stat show that Nepalese society is still not ready to take more than 1% of women as worty of leadership.

What is worse, we will a greater percentage of women being defeated than the percentage of women defeated, somewone shuld do a chi-square test to see if the variance in this tow subpopulations are statistically significant after the elections.

Amulya

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 8 Nov 1994 21:45:42 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: HUMOR: TND Top Ten List To: Ashu <tiwari@scunix5.harvard.edu>, Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu>
        
        Looking for an intro to the Top Ten series?
        Please refer to the last TND

                                Top Ten
                   Election Slogans SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED by the
                Central Working Committee of the Nepali Congress

        10. Nepali Congress: For BP, Nepal and India.
        09. Nepali Congress: Afnai manche, afnai nata-gota, afnai party.
        08. BP ko sapana saakaar paar-chau, paar-chau
        07. In Koirala, donors trust; and so should YOU, Nepali janata.
        06. Girija may not have the intelligence, but he certainly has the
            experience. So, vote for experience, vote for Congress.
        05. Socialism to the poor; capitalism for ourselves,
            communism to our enemies and democracy to the Palace.
        04. Let's give our MPs another chance! They didn't get to
            finish building a house each in Kathmandu last time.
        03. If you don't vote for us, so what? We will use the army to
            vote in your name. [You know, who's got the power?]
        02. Hey, all right, all right. We'll split the Arun III
            commissions with you.
        01. Vote for us! With our never-ending fights and squabbles, we'll
            give you the most entertainment for every vote you cast.
            [Satisfaction guaranteed, or your vote back; no questions
            asked.]

Stay logged in for an analog list for the Nepal Communist Party (CPN-UML) next time.

Send in your comments, criticisms, parodies etc etc etc to TND.

namaste ashu

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 00:01:53 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: rana@violet.ccit.arizona.edu (VIVEK S. RANA) Subject: Budhanilakantha School : Corrupt Practices....

           Budhanilakantha school : Corrupt Practices
           ------------------------------------------

        I was in the second graduating class of 1982. The set up of the school is much different now from what it was before. The school used to conduct entrance exams in various part of the country and only the top 3% of the students were admitted.

        There was a time when even the teachers used to feel a great pride in saying that this is the only "The National school" in Nepal and we have the cream......

        After a while, about a year after I graduated from the school (Ken Jones was the Headmaster who is in BEC Ghana now) He too was sent back and Tyson was replaced there as the new HM. The rumours were that he was apparently one of the pioneers to start up the school with P.J. Wakemann
(Ist HM).

        This is when the corrupt practices started. I personally know of 5 instances where student shave been admitted because of the pressure and recommendation from the Palace Army officials. From then onwards I have lost most of my respects to the school which many of the old teachers agree to it also.

        If the school does take the pride of being the only national school in the entire kingdom it should not indulge in these corrupt practices. For the amount of monet it charges per student, the average Nepali have already started asking is it really worth it .......?

************************************************************************* Subject: please check the nepali date (Bikram sambat) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 8 Nov 94 22:36:37 MST From: "Purushottam Shrestha" <pshresth@acs.ucalgary.ca>

I have been regularly watching the TND since the last month , and happy to read every week. However, I got confused with the nepali date of issue. I think that it is not according to our calendar and please check it for the next issue.

namaste.

%%%%%Editor's Note: Thanks for pointing it out. We have access to %%%%%
%%%%% current calender now. Apology for the confusion. %%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

******************************************************************* Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 01:18:45 +0530 To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: batajoo@calshp.cals.wisc.edu (keshab batajoo) Subject: humor

This piece appeared in our department newsletter few weeks ago and reproduced here with permission.

WANNA BUY A COW?

A farmer had been harassed several times by the local car dealer. One day, the car dealer informed the farmer that he was coming over to purchase a cow. The farmer priced his unit as follows:

Basic cow $499.95 Shipping and Handling $35.75 Extra Stomach $79.95 Two-Tone Exterior $142.10 Produce Storage Compartment $128.50 Heavy Duty Straw Chopper $189.60 Four-Spigot/High Output Drain System $149.20 Automatic Fly Swatter $88.50 Genuine Cowhide Upholstery $179.90 Deluxe Dual Horns $59.25 Automatic Fertilizer Attachment $339.40 4x4 Traction Drive Assembly $884.18 Pre-Delivery Wash and Comb $69.80
                                                                     -------- Farmer's Suggested List Price $2,845.47 Additional Dealer Adjustments $300.00
                                                                    --------- Total List Price (including options) $3,145.47 Tax and Ear Tags $418.00
                                                                   --------- TOTAL $3,563.47

Keshab Batajoo University of Wisconsin Madison

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** From: Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa <a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu> Date: 1 Nov 1993 To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu> Subject: Caught Between Cultures

Here are the next series of articles under the topic. Reminders are once again posted:

           Caught Between Cultures: A True Story
           -------------------------------------

    If you would like to share how your views have affected your life,
    how it has changed you, personal choices you may have had to make,
    some bitter and some not so bitter experiences, personal values,
    your solutions to some of the concerns, your compromises and all,
    please send it under the above topic.

    For the sake of privacy, contributors have a choice to identify
    themselves, or use a fictitous name or use third pronoun as long
    as the stories are NOT fabricated.

    Looking for TRUE STORIES of a Nepali's life being affected
    due to western influences - for the good or the bad (only you
    are the judge, jury and the client).

    I believe your experiences could be a valuable lessons for us to share!

    Following rules are to be implemented under this thread:

    1. This is just a vehicle to let some of the cross-cultural
       beliefs out.

    2. This is not a discussion for East Vs. West.

    3. Please refrain from judging other people. Stick to your experiences.
       Feel free to comment on others' experiences as long as you can
       refrain from judgment (I know its hard ..... your comments will
       be dropped if it insults others).

    4. Feel free to voice your oppinion if you think a particular rationale
       holds true or works for you.

    5. Please remember that a lot of personal issues are going to be
       expressed. BE POLITE and most importantly, let us hope that we can
       learn something and cope with our own "Caught Between Cultures"
       issues.

-Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa

------------------------------------------------------------------ Date: Wed, 09 Nov 1994 01:05:28 -0500 (CDT) From: RKP6723@UTARLG.UTA.EDU Subject: Continuatio on Caught Between Culture To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

Well here we go again...

I chose to go University of Texas at Tyler for two reasons; first I was not going nowhere in DeKalb and Melisa, second I wanted to be close to my brother. I did have some wonderful experience at Dekalb. Such as sometimes having a arbitrary and hypothetical discussion with Pramod Mishra, who by the way supports college education and without his support I probably would not have graduated. So did Rajpal Singh who also motivated me. I also had wonderful time playing Sega games with Bipul pandey, Shatrughan Shrestha and also basketball games with all of them and Satya Malla. Satya Malla and Shatrughan Shrestha were true Nepalis. They all have restored my Nepali beliefs and memories.

I came to Texas on August of 1993. I had driven from Illinois and I stayed night over at Kansas City. I stayed at Sanjeev Rijal's apartment. This is one good character of Nepali that we hardly know another Nepali but we trust him. The reason of helping behavior is that Nepali should stick together in foreign land. And I know I would have done same for Sanjeev, who I had met before we went to ANMA conference at Washington D.C. Those of you wondering who is this weird Robin Pandey character and had been to D.C. for ANMA meeting I was the guy who sang a humorous song with electric guitar. That was very interesting conference. A lot of people including a live Vikchu. And interesting Nepali jhamela at the Quality Inn I think was it. Anyway, I was in Tyler for a couple of semesters and I was very lonely because there were no Neplais there. So I moved back to Arlington to be with my brother Apil. Here in Arlington, finally I felt home because I have somebody to share with similiar experiences, my younger brother. He came to the States when he was twelve, and of course he is more or less Americanized, but I know he doesn't forget the good memories from back home. We still play carrom board. Eat Nepali food like rice, achar, momo etc. I guess I have said enough.

In the conlusion, I am finally coming to be who I am, human being. I can somewhat relate to Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa's peom "Blind effection lead to irrational mind". I am supposed to make mistakes because I am human and l am supposed to learn from it. That is my nature. I have needs, wants, desire and so forth. The moment I ignore my true needs, wants, desire I become something else, and I cannot be happy. Thus, I should use my brain to achieve my true needs, desire, wants. I ought to use my own brain genuinely and not be influenced by bigger hurricane of force that are aound us like American culture.But make use of it for our benefit. We can learn a lot from American culture. For newcomers to U.S. I highly recommend reading American history, and be genuine when making decisions. We also have to throw our bad habits that we bring from Nepal and keep the good ones. Anyway, that is all folks.

P.S. I am going to continue in writing on American History. I am also going to support Ashu Tiwari's Top 10. I found it to be amusing and brilliant.

Thank you.

Robin Pandey Arlington, TX

******************************************************************* Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 22:36:09 +0900 From: krk4131@huxley.anu.edu.au <Kabi Raj Khanal> Forwarded by: GP <a41590a@nucc.cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Summary: NC and UML candidates for the election.

The following is the list of candidates for the forthcoming election. District and No NC UML Eastern region: Jhapa 1 Krishna P sitaula Puspa Pokhrel
      2 Rambabu Prasai Devi P Ojha
      3 Gopal K Basnet R.K. Mainali
      4 Chakra Baastola Narayan S Raajbanshi
      5 Suryanarayan Taajpuria C.P. Mainali
      6 Keshav K Budhathoki Khadga Oli Taaplejung 1 Mani Laama Kaajiman Samsuhang
           2 Suryaman Gurung Ambika Sanwa Paanchthar 1 Deepak Baaskota Basanta K Nembaang
           2 Poorna K Serma Dambar S Saambahamphe Ilaam 1 Toyanath Bhattarai Jhalanath Khanal
           2 K.B. Gurung Mani K Limbu
           3 Benup Prasai Subash Nembang Sankh.sabha 1 Durgamani Dewan Dedharaj Khadka
            2 Mrs Piyush Dahal Hari Bairagi Tehrathum Tej P Sitaula Surendra Subba Dhankuta 1 Harikumar Rai Rakam Chemjong
            2 Monahar N Shrestha Gopal Guragaai Bhojpur 1 Gyaanendra Kaarki Hemaraj Rai
            2 Kumar Rai Dhanaharka Rai Morang 1 Girija Koirala .............
            2 Basanta Bhattarai Bharatmohan Adhikari
            3 Badri N Basnet Laalbabu Pandit
            4 Dilip Sapkota Harkamaan Taamang
            5 Dr Shyamlal Tabdar ..............
            6 Satyanarayan Choudhari Guru P Baral
            7 Miss Shailaja Acharya ............. Sunsari 1 Binodkumar Rai Leela Shrestha (Subba)
            2 Vijaya Gachhchedar Kuldeep Peshkar
            3 Laxman Mehata Dharmaraj Niraula
            4 Harinath Baastola Bheem Acharya
            5 Girija Koirala Jagadish Kusait

Solukhumbu Balbahadur KC Jhalak Sherpa Khotang 1 Balbahadur Rai (Rumdali) Hari Rokka
            2 Shhiv K Basnet Ashok Rai Okhaldhunga 1 Chandrakanta Dahal Premnarayan Premi
            2 Balbahadur Rai Kishor Adhikari Udayapur 1 Ashokchandra Rai Laxminarayan Chaudhari
            2 Heramba B Thapa Bisnu B Raaut Saptari 1 jayaprakash Ananda Hiralal Choudhari
            2 Madhukanta Singh Jitendranarayan Dev
            3 Devnarayan Yaadav Jayakrishna Goit Yadav
            4 Kuber P Sharma .................
            5 Surendraprasad Yadav Ganga Chaudhari Siraha 1 Padmanarayan Chaudhari Rajendra Chaudhari
            2 Mrs Chitra Yadav Hira B Sunuwar
            3 Sureschandra Das Dharmanath Yadav
            4 Raajdev Goit Jaya P Upadhya
            5 Pradeep Giri Jeebachh Saaha Kra. Ma. Sha.

source: Dristi weekly and Kaantipur daily
               
                             NC UML
: Central Region:
: Dolakha 1 Bhimbahadur Tamang Aananda Pokhrel
                2 Madhavmani Rajbhandari Waanchhe serpa
: Raamechhap 1 Laxman P Ghimire Devshankar Poudel
                2 Padmasankar Adhikari Kailas Dhungel
: Sindhuli 1 Bipin Koirala Shantiman Karki
                2 Homaraj Dahal3 Mrs Goma Devkota
                3 Dr Dhruba P Sharma Madan Dhungel
: Dhanusha 1 Shivdhari Yadav Ramchandra Jha
                2 Mrs Leela Koirala Jognarayan Yadav
                3 Aananda P Dhungana Bhola Saha
                4 Bimalendra Nidhi Mrs Sharadaa Jha
                5 Dr Ramvaran Yadav Ramlakhan Mahato
: Mahottari 1 Mahendra Yadav Sitanandan Raya
                2 Harishankar Mishra Ramdayal Mandal
                3 Maheswar P Singh Tejnarayan Yadav
                4 Basanta K Gurung Rampratap Mahato
: Sarlahi 1 Bramhanarayan Choudhari Mahendra raya Yadav
                2 Mrs Meena Pande Laxman Poudel
                3 Ramhari Joshi Mo. Rijman Ansari
                4 Nagendrakumar Yadav Ms Kamaladevi Mahato
                5 Mahantha Thakur Ms Tulasa Dahal

: Rasuwa 1 Baalchandra Sharma Bhimlal Hirachan
: Dhanding 1 Daaman Pakhrin Guru P Barlakoti
                2 Hari Adhikari Gangalal Tuladhar
                3 Chijakumar Shrestha Rajendra Pande
: Nuwakot 1 Khemraj Sedhai Rajendra Lohi
                2 Dr Ramsaran Mahat Janardan Bhandari
                3 Arjunnarsingh KC Mahendra Pande
: Kathmandu 1 Haribol Bhattarai Manmohan Adhikari
                2 Damannath Dhungana Mrs Bidya Bhandari
                3 Prakashman Singh Manmohan Adhikari
                4 Miss Krishnaa Amatya Padmaratna Tuladhar
                5 Shyamlal Shrestha Rajendra Shrestha
                6 Damodar Gautam Mrs Sahana Pradhan
                7 Dhyangobinda Ranjit Krishnagopal Shrestha
: Bhaktapur 1 Radheshyam Jonchhe Narayanbhakta Baati
                2 Ramprasad Dawadi Rajendraman Shrestha
: Lalitpur 1 Sagar S Rana Mitharam Bajgaain
                2 Keshar B Bista Siddhilal Singh
                3 Omkarprasad Shrestha Raghu Panta
: Kabhre 1 Harshajit Lama Shiba B Deuja
                2 Bishnu Humagain Keshav Badal
                3 Rajendra Kharel Gobindanath Upreti
: Sindhupalchok 1 Rohiniraj Sigdel Amrit K Bohara
        , 2 Vinod Moktan Sudash Karmacharya
                3 Kaanchha Lama Dambar B Aryal

: Makawanpur 1 Ganesh Lama Krishna P Dahal
                2 Ms Dina Aryal Birodh Khatiwada
                3 Ramchandra Maikal Hiranyalal Shrestha
: Rautahat 1 Brajakishor Singh Sachchidananda Patel
                2 Sekha Idris Kapildev Patel
                3 Harihar P Yadav Tulsilal Amatya
                4 Uddhav Dhakal Banshidhar Mishra
: Bara 1 Shobhakar Parajuli Mukunda Neupane
                2 Radhechandra Yadav Sodhan P choudhari
                3 Rishikesh Gautam Purushottam Poudel
                4 Farmula Mansur Salim Miyan Ansari
: Parsa 1 Aatmaram Ojha Chiranjivi Sharma
                2 Ramchandra Kushbaha Ramchandra Saha
                3 Surendra P Choudhari Pralhad Giri
                4 Ramesh Rijal ............
: Chitwan 1 Chudamani Adhikari Jagrit P Bhetwal
                2 Tekprasad Gurung Kashinath Adhikari
                3 Gangadhar Lamsal ................
                4 Tirthsa Bhusal Miss Sita Poudel

: Western Region NC UML

: Gorkha 1 Chiranjivi Wagle Rishiram sharma Kattel
                 2 Miss Kamala Pant Baachaspati Devkota
                 3 Cheenkajji Shrestha Rajamuddhin Miya
: Manang Komal Ghale Bhimbahadur Gurung
: Lamjung 1 Ramchandra Adhikari Keshavlal Shrestha
                 2 Rambahadur Gurung Prithbi Subba Gurung
: Kaaski 1 Taaranath Ranabhat Khagaraj Adhikari
                 2 Shukraraj Sharma Tulbahadur Gurung
                 3 Krishnabahadur Gurung Somanath Pyasi
: Tanahu 1 Govindaraj Joshi Ekbahadur Ranamagar
                 2 Ramchandra Poudel Bishwabandhu Bhandari
                 3 Amarraj Kaini Tukraj Sigdel
: Syangja 1 Rudraman Gurung Trilochan Sharma Dhakal
                 2 Gopalman Shrestha Dhruba Lamsal
                 3 Khagendra Regmi Mahendra Thapa magar

: Gulmi 1 Jhakabahadur Pun Phatik Thapa
                 2 Bhaagawat Gyawali Kamalraj Shrestha
                 3 Rudramani Bhandari Tankaprasad Pokhrel
: Palpa 1 Kaaluram Raana Dal B Ranamagar
                 2 Gambhirjung Karki Somprasad Pande
                 3 Hariprasad Nepal Bishnu Poudel
: Arghakhanchi 1 Rewatiprasad Bhusal Gunanidhi Bhusal
                 2 Dhundiraj Sharma Pitambar Sharma
: Nawalparasi 1 Mahendradhwaj GC Krishna Ghimire
                 2 Suryabhakta Adhikari Majhilal Tharuthanait
                 3 Triyugi N Choudhri Brihaspati Adhikari
                 4 Devendraraj Kadel Harilal Shrestha
: Rupandehi 1 Duryodhan Singh Ghanashyam Bhusal
                 2 Ramkrishna Tamrakar Dhanapati Upadhya
                 3 Baalkrishna Khaand Modanath Prasrit
                 4 Mrs Sitalaxmi Neupane Bhimnarayan Tharu
                 5 Shalikram Upadhya Triyoginarayan Mishra
: Kapilbastu 1 Kamalesh Upadhya Tikaram Aryal
                 2 Diopkumar Upadhya Miss Rukmini Kunwar
                 3 Bishnuraj Acharya Ikwaal Ahmad shaha
                 4 Dr RudraPratap Shaha Raghavsharan Singh

: Mustang Sushilman Serchan Ms Shrimaya Thakali
: Myagdi Gopal N Bhattachan Nilbahadur Tilija
: Baglung 1 Govindaprasad Kadel .............
                 2 Minbahadur Khatri Krishnaprasad Pathak
                 3 Miss Ratnaa Sherchan Mohanlal Sharma
: Parbat 1 Indu sharma Poudel .............
                 2 Mrs Uma Adhikari Devbahadur KC

: Rukum 1 Krishnaprasad Gautam Hastabahadur KC
                 2 Gopalji Jung Shaha Sherbahadur KC
: Rolpa 1 Amritbahadur Gharti Mitralal Ghartimagar
                 2 Surendra Hamal Kumar Dashoudi Magar
: Pyuthan 1 Shibaraj subedi Haribahadur KC
                 2 Muktiprasad Sharma Birbahadur Singh
: Salyan 1 Rajendra B Shaha Prakash Jwaala
                 2 Chhabi P Devkota Udaya Bohara
: Daang 1 Hariprasad Choudhari Bhagabati Choudhari
                 2 Baldev Majgaiya Mrs Sushama Sharma
                 3 Dipak Giri Shankar Pokhrel
                 4 Khumbahadur Khadka Giriraj KC

: Dolpa Laxmiprasad Neupane Dattabahadur Rokaya
: Mugu Hastabahadur Malla Chandra B Shahi
: Jumla Laal Hamal Devilal Thapa
: Kalikot Tilakprasad Neupane Yagyaraj Neupane
: Humla Chakrabahadur Shahi Gorakhbahadur bogati

: Jajarkot 1 Jhalaknath Waagle Rasprassad Neupane
                 2 Dipakjung Shaha Krishna B Shahi
: Dailekh 1 Ganesh B Khadka Rabindraraj Sharma
                 2 Ranga B Shahi Govinda Bandi
: Surkhet 1 Purna B Khadka Rishiram Sharma
                 2 Hridayaram Thani Yamalal Kadel
                 3 Shivaraj Joshi .............
: Baanke 1 Sanatkumar Regmi Kalibahadur Dhital
                 2 Sushil Koirala Romharsha Dhital
                 3 Meraj Ahmad Shaha Hari Parajuli
: Bardiya 1 Phularam Tharu Baamdev Gautam
                 2 Gyanraj Sharma Shyam Dhakal
                 3 Binayadhwoj Chand Baamdev Gautam

: Baajura Devraj Joshi Hikmatbahadur Shahi
: Achham 1 Govindabahadur Shaha bhimbahadur Rawal
                 2 Rambahadur Bista Bhimbahadur Kadayat
: Bajhang 1 Argunjung B Singh Bhanubhakta Joshi
                 2 Lokraj Joshi Bhairavbahadur Singh
: Doti 1 Bhakta B Balayar Purnaraj Joshi
                 2 Siddharaj Ojha Nandalal Joshi
: Kailali 1 Kesharsingh Khadayat .............
                 2 Ramjanam Choudhari ...............
                 3 Pushkar Ojha Chakra Choudhari
                 4 Tekbahadur Chokhal Maheshwar Pathak

: Darchula Dilendraprasad Badu Premsingh Dhami
: Baitadi 1 Narendrabahadur Bam Prithviraj Abasthi
                 2 Durgadatta Joshi Aanandadev Bhatta
: Dadeldhura Sherbahadur Deuba Govinda P Kalouni
: Kanchanpur 1 Amarsingh Rana Tharu Raajkumar Gyawali
                 2 Tarinidutta Chatout Bhojaraj Joshi
                 3 Narayan P Saud Urbadutta Pant

The list is based on the official announcement of the candidates from both of the parties. If there is any correction after filing the nomination papers, everybody welcome to do the correction.
         
                NC UML candidates in Khotang and Okhaldunga
                -------------------------------------------

Khotang District :
                Const 1 N.C Bal Bahadur Rai rumdali
                                U.M.L Tanka Rai
                       Const 2 N.C Shiva Kumar Basnet
                                U.M.L Hari Rokka Oklundunga District:
                       Const 1 N.C Chandra..... (forgot the full name...)
                                U.M.L Prem Narayan Premi
                       Const 2 N.C Bal Bahadur Rai
                                U.M.L Kishore Adhikhari

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 09 Nov 1994 17:07:00 -0500 (EST) From: Helen Abadzi SA1PH 80375 <HABADZI@worldbank.org> Subject: sanskrit language and rendition of slokas To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

In the November 9 posting, someone someone had the very good idea to post some slokas, which to Hindus and to foreigners convey a lot about the Sanatana Dharma. However, the language used by the slokas is not learned systematically in school, and people don't understand exactly what the slokas say or what they really look like. The results are rather strange. For example:

satya mewa jayate; I don't know the sloka but I think it should be: satyam eva jayati.

Eva is always, but mewa (at least in Hindi) is dried fruit. (The writer got confused because sandhi fuses the two words in one, satyamewa.) Jayati is the active voice, jayate is middle or passive voice. Does truth win or is it won? Does truth win you dried fruit?

Iswara sarvabhootaanaam hruddese Arjuna tisthati With my limited Sanskrit, I think hruddese should be hridesu, although I don't remember what the sandhi with the a of Arjuna would make the u.

        I know Sanskrit is seen as a boring and useless subject, which has a very low priority compared to the science Nepalis should know. But due to the religion, Sanskrit is still around, and if students don't learn very much, they can't figure out exactly what the hymns and the slokas say. Also, Nepali is a derivative language of Sanskit and gets much of its vocabulary directly from it. Therefore, sanskrit knowledge has some clear use for Nepalis today.

        We have had the same lengthy debate in my native Greece over ancient Greek. We all used to study 6 years of ancient greek in secondary school and get enough knowledge to understand biblical passages, prayers, and ancient greek adages as adults. But around 1984, ancient greek was reduced to three years and for some tracks to nothing. The subsequent drop in the level of modern greek knowledge among the students was quite astounding, and last year they re-installed ancient greek in secondary schools.

        Knowing what I know about ancient greek and sanskrit, I have advised Indian and Nepalese educators to strengthen the sanskrit curriculum for all students so that they can figure out the meaning of passages and remember the grammar they need to decode passages when they become adults. Sanskrit knowledege in Nepal should not continue to be seen as the antithesis of scientific knowledge and relegated to the lower grades, the sanskrit high schools, and a university that only caters to male brahmins.

        I would like to know the readers' views and experiences with sanskrit.

Regards,

Helen Abadzi Education Specialist World Bank habadzi@worldbank.org

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 9 Nov 1994 13:40 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Description: Contesting "South-Asia" discourse

Contesting "South-Asia" discourse
==================================
  The term or the concept of "South-Asia" as a discourse is now being contested. There are at least three origins of such contestations: The West, The Indians, and the Rest of the Continent minus the Indians.
  Who defines "South-Asia"? Traditionally, it has been the West. From the time of medieval India, south-Asia region have been part of the "oriental" discourse discussed by Edward Said, the other to be studied, to exploited, to be used to contrast the preeminence of the West. However, the term "South Asia" came of being more explicitly after the World War II in the cold war polemization of the World into sphere of influence in the famous 'Area Studies" disciplines of the American academia. Within the area studies, the WEst decided to lump a variety of interdisciplinary approach within the geographical and what they considered "civilizational" unity of South Asia. The geographical area of the Indian subcontinent was considered civilizational unity with common linguistic and cultural origins vastly different from say the Orient, now China, the Far East (Japan and Koreas), the near East (persia, Afganistan) and the Middle EAst (Isreal and her enemies). This discursive representation served to channel language specialist, anthropologists, art historiean, religiolists, geographers, geologists to come together to define the region and generate knowledge that would be amenable for classificatin, theorization, and eventual intellectual control by the West. The project was therefore heavily subisidized through defence and defence related fronts of the American govt like the CIA. Many of the anthropologists that thronged South Asia had language lessons paid by the CIA and many of the versatilte
"anthropoligists" who stick around in Nepal for one disciplinary front to antother from relgio specialist to health specialist, to USEF specialists to social forester dependig on what is in vogue are said to be protected by the political interest of the American Embassy, other independent scholars just die out for lack of suppor t for their research. The Indian govt got paranoic of this Western interest and became very restrictive of the intry of foreign schoalars, namely south- Asianologists, and then Nepal took up the slack by letting a flood of anthros and other socialogists come in trample all over Nepal while supporting the powers that be with generous donor support in foreing aid. Scholars justified interest in Nepal as an India in making or to try understand the origins and conflicts of India in its modernization process by studyig the possbile cleavages withing ethnic groups and encounter with Western modernization in India. There was also the more prosaic project of monitoriing the Chiniese , then arch foe of American capitalistic West in Nepal.
  It may be said that the rest of the WEst, including Canada, FRance, GErmany, Japan, and Australia do not share the imperialist and hegemonic goals of the West but the difference is a matter of degree and opportunity. It is widely know France has its own image of a world super-power, the way it intervened in Rwandian affairs after screwing up real good just so that it can
"out-visibelise" itself over the dithering American in the world scene (NPR radio broadcast of the FRench peacekeeper in Rwanda) and the Japan has always had world domination which it is carrying out happily with consumerist weapons while American subsidizes its defence needs and interests. The discourse of South Asia has its origin in disciplinary links of geography, anthropology, art history, linguistics, and politics.
  Coming back to today's scene, south-asia as a discursive entity has lost much of its meaning and leverage tot he WEst aftet the cold war and the triumphalism of the global market economy and the liberal democracy. Indeed we hear of Fukumyama proclaiming the end of history, referring to the end of the Western project of casting the entire world in its lietmotif of liberal democracy and laissez capitalism with no major challenge to its intellectual and social model other than communism. South Asianologists are witnessing the drying up of State funds to their work and they are trying hard to justify their existence by pointing to the resurgence of ethnic conflict as possible antidote to the march of capitalism, with not much success. The Western interest no longer see the need to use the prick of Pakistan to bargain with India or the prick of Tibet to bargain with China. They see both Indian and China as one super huge market of 2 billion people and booming economy which will defer all the contradictions to capitalism forecasted by Marx by increasing demand for world resources, greater production, the greater scale of surplus extraction. The West is now interested int eh whole of the Third World (an antiquated term referring to the rest of the world not communist and available of Western idelogical shikar for the "development" banduk, which has killed quite a lot of this world or rendered them tranquilsed as zombofied consumereist for Michel jackson CDs and Power Rangers) as areas where GLOBAL contradictions to its global capitalismm can occur, so must be resolved . These are population and environmental crisis. The rest of the non-Western world is not looked as prey for Communist ideology and threat to Capitalism but as carbon sinks to absorb the externalised effects of the green house gases all the burning of fossil fuel in the we4st has screwed up the World's atmosphere. The forests are no longer looked as livelihoods for the forgotten masses but as buffers to protect the Whites from ultraviolet rays that come throught the ozone hole.
  Indian Claims on South Asia
=========================== The Indian claims from the Hindu lobby that dominate the power caste in India: the "Akhanda Bharat" stretching from all land south of the Himalayas: Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Srilanka, most of Afganistan' and all the way to Thailand and IndoChina and Indonesia where where Indian influence reigned supreme.
  The Indian self image have been taken up by the power elite of Indian and they never forgave Gandhi for all his greatness for agreeding to secede Pakistan and break up Indian. They got their royal revenhge by breaking up pakistan to produce a Bangladesh. They hounded out the Portugese from Goa as they did the British and they keep on occupying kashmir althought noone in Kashmir thinks he is an Indian. The Hill kingoms are a bit pesky, so a convenient people's choice was engineered byteh Sikkim congress to demand incorporation into the Indian state even if Nepalese people, not the govt, they were too scared shit, or the Chinese never accepted it. Bhutan is cool with foreign policy and defence in tight control and they can affort to humour the King with his little project to boot out the Nepalese migrants there, serves a s message to other pesky nepalese in Darjeeling and Sikkim from not indulging in their dreams of pan-Himalayan nepalihood. For some time, the Indian ambitions for dominating the Indian region was stymied by the super powers namely the West who were careful to not let the Russians and Chinese get their influenc ehere. Also they needed tomake sure their oil in the Mideast was not jeopardised by some Mullahs in Persia so they stationed their RApid Deployment force in Diego GArcia despite India loudly proclaiming that Indian ocean was their arena, and they considered building a naval base in Trincomalee of Srilanka until Indians played their Tamil card and got Srilankans so terribly screwed up after their honeymoon with the west that they now are withing the embrace of the South Block. Once i a while, the Neps gets pesky, easy just heat up the democracy struggle a bit if economic blockage is too naked and blunt and politically incorrenct, so we have Girija who merrily lets Indian police romp around the country and trys to hoodwink the country by telling them a treaty to sell outthe Nepali rivers is just a "agreement"
  Fortunately, in the nineties, the power space physically vacated by the West has been taken by the Indians. We have seen the West depart as a colonial force from much of the South Asia and Indo China, and now even their Seventh Fleet and Rapid Deployment Force are moving out while the US is now agreeing more to Indian demands for influence over smaller countries here for the price of entry into the bigt market of the India and China. The US is slowly receding from its support of Pakistan and accepting Indian view point in other contestest regions.
  For people who think this discussion is too far out, I had an encounter inthe south asia bulletin maintained by the ANU. One Indian reader of the ANU
(Australian National University) pointed out that South Asia should not contain Sikkim as it is an integral part of Indian state and the coordinator Dr. T. Ciolek, readily accepted that solution and dropped Sikkim. I pointed out that South Asia preamble made no committment to respect political boundaries of countries inthe region and only mentioned some entities such as Bhutan and Sikkim and India, so there was no need to drop Sikkim just because the Indians thought so. If you accept that argument, I challenged, then drop Bhutan, which for all purposes is just a protectorate with no independent foreign policy of its own and why talk of Tibet, another ANU bulletin, when it was hotly contested by China as not an independent country. I suggested that if South -Asia wanted to valorize Indian political opinion over other contested opinion, it did not deserve to be called "South Asia" call it Indian, which is fine because nepalese do object South Asia to be defined only the West and the Indians.
  To this answer, I got a muzzler from Dr. T. Ciolek asking me to shut up or stay out of the South Asia net, pretty fascist, I thought. Unfortunately, Dr. D. Wright, I erased that mail but you may verigy this with Dr.T.Ciolek himself
  I hope I have given some context to the contestation of South Asian as electronic discourse hotly contested by Nepalese, Indians, and the West
(America and Australian academe) in order to bring outthe articulations of meanings. Llet us hear more on this.
  Amulya Ratna Tuladhar Clark University

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%% %%
%% END OF "THE NEPAL DIGEST". %%
%% %%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%



This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue Jan 11 2000 - 11:15:32 CST