The Nepal Digest - May 15, 1995 (2 Jestha 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Monday 15 May 95: Jestha 2 2051 BkSm Volume 38 Issue 8

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma sharma@plains.nodak.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta ponta@sas.upenn.edu *
 * News Correspondent Rajendra P Shrestha rajendra@dartmouth.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 11 May 1995 18:29:24 -0500 (EST) From: sjdaskal@amh.amherst.edu Subject: Work and travel in Nepal To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Namaste, I am graduating this May from Amherst College with a BA in Religion and Philosophy. Next year, I am hoping to travel to Nepal or possibly Tibet and stay there for about one year. I am looking for any information regarding organizations in Nepal or Tibet that I could work for. I would like to do community service work, preferably in a rural setting. I am also open to other possibilities. Any assistance that you could provide in my search would be appreciated. Please respond either to my address <sjdaskal@amh.amherst.edu> or post here. Thank you.

To the editor: please include me in your mailing list. Once again: sjdaskal@amh.amherst.edu

                Thanks for your help,
                        Steve Daskal

********************************************************************* Date: Thu, 11 May 1995 22:03:04 -0400 (EDT) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: On Shiva Gautam's departure To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

        I was disappointed to read that Shiva Gautam has decided to leave TND. Shiva can make up his own mind about what he wants to do, of course; but as a fellow-TND reader, I cannot resist from sharing this bits of friendly, if unsolicited, thoughts with him and others: The 'you' here is the general 'you'.

        First, do NOT take TND seriously. The main idea behind TND is to have fun, to be ENTERTAINED by it -- and that's all there is to it. Trouble starts when we mistake entertainment for enlightenment. [Hint: for enlightenment, go to classes, talk to your professors, do your school-work :-)]

        Second, just because Amulya Tuladhar has clever arguments to demolish your logic that does not mean that your ideas, thoughts, opinions are worthless and ridiculous, and that everyone would now think that you are a stupid fool. No TND contributor, Amulya included, is some certified world-class authority on everything. Remember that.

        Third, almost all TND readers promptly forget what they read in any issue of TND within a day or two anyway; so, it's not like your
"humiliation" gets all etched on all 1400 readers' minds forever. So, always trust the SHORT-MEMORY of all TND readers!

        Fourth, fighting ideas with BETTER ideas (or just keeping quiet) is better than sulking there all alone, all hurt and feeling gloomy. If you do not like someone's ideas or thoughts, explain why; surely, as an educated person, you have your own counter-ideas ?

        Even if someone does attack you personally, and not your ideas, then take that all in gracious stride, shrug and move on. Why waste your time dealing with idiots who cannot distinguish between IDEA and PERSON? Or, do what Amulya does: Develop a thick skin, and move on by saying "To hell with all these personal attacks". Life is too short to tally up the grudges and respond to or dwell upon all the attacks.

        Finally, as any practicing writer can tell you: Writing is an act of ego; nothing more. You write primarily to satisfy your own self. Whether YOU are happy with YOUR writing or not is all that matters. What does not matter is what Raju Tuladhar thought or what Pratyoush Onta thought about your writing. You be your own judge, and your own jury.

        And, treat TND for what it is: to borrow from Gyanesor Pokharel, the cyber-equivalent of Naya Sadak ko Pipal ko bot. That's all.

namaste ashu

*********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 95 2:50:32 EDT From: "Neal Cohen" <ncohen@usaid.gov> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Macro-Economic Performance

Macro-Economic Performance May 1995

Summary

The macro-economy is doing better than had been anticipated. Arguments that the economy has entered a recession are not based on the available data. Real macro-economic growth is in the 3.5-4% range, led by continued strong growth of manufacturing (an increase of 18% in non-carpet and non- garment production), and in tourism, construction, transport and services
(6.5-7% growth). While no real agricultural growth is forecast for this fiscal year because of a 20% decline in rice production, there is continued strong growth in production of cash crops and fruits and vegetables. The result is a forecasted zero growth in overall agricultural production.

The improvement in modern manufacturing is led by expansions in food processing (especially sugar refining), cement, brick and tile production, beverages, leather, iron and steel fabrication and soap.

The decline in exports of carpets results in the first decline in net foreign assets in recent years. Contrary to expectations, garment exports increased in calendar year 1994, but by only 14% because of declining exports at the end of 1994. In January and February garment exports rose by 20% over the same months last year. Carpets continued to decline by 8% compared to the same months last year. The most buoyant new exports are leather and soaps. The Rastra Bank still has a more than ample nine months of import cover.

Rapid increases in customs and sales tax collections (up 27% this year), plus lower than anticipated spending increases (up 11%) have resulted in an elimination of domestic government borrowing. This target of the IMF's Expanded Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) was achieved ahead of schedule.

Inflation has fallen to just over 7%, with inflation during the four months the UML has been in power being a negative 4%, that is, prices have fallen. The only item increasing in prices significantly is pulses, which have increased in price by 36% this past year.

Foreign joint ventures have nearly dried up this fiscal year, and especially in the last few months. Domestic investment appears to have slowed, but is still relatively strong.

GDP Growth

1993/94 had been a banner year for the Nepali economy, there was the fastest real economic growth in a decade and it was broad-based with all sectors doing well: agriculture was up nearly 8%, while the overall growth of the economy was 7.8%.

In the middle of each fiscal year the Central Bureau of Statistics estimates growth for the half year. Government estimates non-carpet, non- garment manufacturing growth at 18%, with a 14% decline in carpets and no growth in garments. Government estimates a 9% increase in manufacturing output. Income from tourism, services, transport and construction expanded by 6.5-7% during the first half of the fiscal year.

Earlier this fiscal year, agricultural output had been estimated to fall by 1%, but relatively good winter crops have revised that estimate to 0% growth this year. Here the decline in cereal crop production is offset by increases in cash crop production.

Weighing each of the sectors results in a 4% overall real economic growth, or 1.5% in real per capita terms. This would be the third worst performance in the past decade, but still a positive and credible result. With the political uncertainty this fiscal year, the exceptional manufacturing and service per formance is impressive.

Agricultural Production

The Ministry of Agriculture and the Central Bureau of Statistics have released preliminary estimates for production for the first eight months of the fiscal year (through mid-March).

Foodgrains: The poor monsoon last summer has depressed the production of almost all foodgrains. Paddy (rice) is estimated to be down 20% over last year, but still 8% above production of two years ago (1993/94 was a record year). Maize, wheat and barley have also fallen this year, but by 3-4%.

Cash Crops: Sugarcane production during the first eight months of the fiscal year increased 11% (because of more liberal pricing and the opening of a new private sugar mill), while tobacco production increase 17% and oil seeds increased 6% to a new record level. The production of pulses fell by 2%, thus reducing the export of this product and contributing to the large price increases in pulses this past year. Vegetable production boomed by 15% and fruits were up 9%, both to new record levels. It appears that part of the reason for the decline in foodgrain production is the switching of farmers to cash crops.

Preliminary estimates had been for a fall in real agricultural production of 1%, but it now appears that it will be flat, no increase or decrease in real terms.

Manufacturing Production

Government has released production data for non-carpet and garment manufacturing enterprises for the first six months of the fiscal year
(through mid-January). The overall growth was 18% in manufacturing, and this was widely spread. What makes this improvement all the more impressive is that last year, a record year for manufacturing, these same industries only grew by 3%.

The four largest non-carpet or garment industrial sectors are (1) tobacco, 20% of total industrial production; (2) food manufacturing, 19%; (3) textiles, 18%; and (4) cement, bricks and tiles (17%).

(1) Cigarette manufacturing during the six months of the current fiscal year increased by 2.7% over production in the first six months of last year, but is approximately the same as two years ago.

(2) Food manufacturing increased by 22% this year compared to an increase of 44% last year. The component doing the best this year is sugar milling with a 59% increase in manufactured output. This may partly be the result of the new private sugar mill opened this fiscal year.

(3) Textile production fell for the first six months of this year by 10%, and is now below the level of two years ago. The primary cause of the fall is a 25% fall in the production of jute goods.

(4) Cement, bricks and tile production rose by 47% led by a near doubling of cement production (the new plant at Udaipur going into full production and rehabilitation at other government plants). The fall in government production of bricks and tiles reflects the privatization of Harrisiddhi Brick and Tile. As production there has increased, it is possible that total brick and tile production is up.

Smaller industries that are doing well include beverages (soft drink, beer and liquor production are each increasing by around 20% this year), leather products increased by 38% (led by strong production of the recently privatized Bansbari Leather Company), wood and wood products increased by 58%, paper and paper products by 27% (again, led by the privatized Bhrikuti Paper and Pulp Company), soap production increased 22%
(the impact of Nepal Lever beginning production), iron and steel based industries increased 41%, manufacture of steel utensils increased 30% and electric wires and cables increased over 100%.

The only industries that did not increase their production were cotton clothing and cloth (-13%), jute goods (-25%), shoes (-10%), detergent powder (-38%) and agricultural tools (-50%, the impact of problems at the government-owned Agricultural Tools Factory; this factory had been scheduled for privatization).

Supporting this growth in manufacturing is Rastra Bank data on bank borrowing by the private sector. The private sector has increased its borrowing over the twelve months ending mid-March by 37%. The robust growth of private sector lending supports the notion of a continuing boom in the private sector. While private sector spending is still up, it appears the growth has slowed. For the five months ending mid-March 1995 private sector borrowing had been up 9%, but in the same months a year ago, private sector borrowing had been up 16%. In March 1994 private sector borrowing had been up 5.8% for the month, but in March 1995 it was only up 2.3% for the month.

Carpets and Garments

The two largest industries in the country are hand-made woolen carpets and ready-made garments. Both export nearly all their production, the former mainly to Germany and the latter to the US.

We have data for the first nine months of the fiscal year, through mid- April, for carpets. The value of carpet exports fell by 36% while volume
(real) fell by 20%. The difference is due to the declining export price of carpets. While exports are still falling in both rupee and volume terms, the decline is slowing. In August-November 1994 exports were down 50-70%. In March and April 1995 exports fell only 9% compared to the same months of the previous year. Exports are still declining, but by less.

Garment exports last fiscal year were up 46% in rupee terms, but because of negative growth for the last three months of the western calendar year, exports in 1994 were up less than 14%, or only 5% in real rupees.

For the first eight months of this fiscal year garment exports are up 1%. As exports of garments, like exports of carpets, appear to have begun to turn around the last few months, it is possible that this fiscal year will be better than feared, given the slowdown at the end of the western calendar year. Nepali producers still need to begin to prepare for the end of quotas into the US and either develop new markets, or become more competitive with other garment producers so as to retain productive ability.

********************************************************************* Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 09:30 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - May 11, 1995 (28 Baishakh 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Censorship vs Editing
====================== Dear Editor:

I support 100% Pramod Misra's concerns about what seemed like censorship regarding Sujata Rana's discussion of sexism in BKS. I am against all censorship in the name of editing and agree, so far, that the greatest
"punishment" for hate-mail is exposing them to TND community. Over the 2 years I have watched TND, I think vigorous opinions have been expressed and some have hurt but i would hazard to claim that all these opinions were part and parcel of the message someone wanted to express in the unquely free medium that is the quintessence of TND. Editing at TND can quickly slip to censorship and cold constriction of potential discussion. I urge the Editor to reconsider his "policy."

On the other hand, I have a tentative half-way suggestion for the Editor if he has the time. Should the Editor have the time to judge a particular contribution particulary offensive and totally devod of any message other than hate, he might consider returning the contribution to the original author to ask him/her to make a rejudgement maybe in the privilege of hindsight and coolness. Should the author decide he/she wants it posted as is, the Editor should honor this right. Perhaps others have a better idea?

sincerely Amulya Tuladhar Clark University

******************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 09:57:59 -0400 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News from Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

From: Sunil Shakya Courtesy: The Independent, April 19, 1995

Headline: Park and Pay

A pay parking system has been implemented in 22 areas of Kathmandu. This may later be extended to other areas as well. For the first 15 days, the vehicles may not be charged for parking in designated zones, but parking tickets may be issued to familiarize them with the new system. The effort may be a phased one, starting with the New Road area.

Parked vehicles may be charged for the minimum time of half an hour. Even if the vehicle is to be parked twenty minutes, it may be charged for half an hour. The maximum duration of time a vehicle may be parked at any parking zone-at a stretch-is four hours.

The parking areas have been bifurcated into two categories:

Zone 1 (Core Parking Area): Khichapokhari, Pipalbot, Pako, Ranamukteswor, Dharma Path, Ganga Path, Shukra Path, Makhan, Pyukha, Durbar Marg, Kanti Path and Putali Sadak.

Zone 2 (Ordinary Parking Area)" Tridevi Marg, Exhibition Road, Anam Nagar and Tripureswor.

Almost all the above mentioned parking zones have separate parking spaces allocated to taxis.

Pay parking means vehicle owners have to pay a nominal amount to the organizer, who in turn would provide them an organized parking system which may be convenient by its systematization while discouraging unnecessary parking.

The system may be enforced by the Kathmandu Municipality. According to Chairman of Auto Parking Shahadev Kakshapati, "with vehicles increasing at an alarming rate and its roads remaining the same in size and length, the problem is not one which is unexpected. But the examples shown by other countries in the mangaement of vehicles prove that no matter how small your roads are, if properly managed, you can still have no problem in parking or moving around easily in your vehicles."

Headline: Patan wears a festive look

The week-long festivities starting April 18 have enhanced the beauty of the "emerald city in filigree setting"- Lalitpur (Patan). The central Durbar Square was like an eager but shy bride awaiting the ceremonies' start. The opening of the Lalit Festival took place amidst beautiful 1400-year-old surroundings where senior politician Ganesh Man Singh performed the opening to the chimes of shlokas from Hindus and Buddhist scriptures.

Festival, aside from being a common tool wordwide to promote national culture, also bind different people and groups, cities or ethnicities. Since the central area of Lalitpur is recognized as a World Heritage site, this festival also marks UNESCO World Heritage Day, April 18, and will make an effort to raise consciousness for the upkeep of the historic city.

The central organiser of the festival is Lalitpur Heritage Group, an NGO which was formed with the objective not only of recapturing and preserving the ancient city but also making people understand its importance, the importance of the insight it provides to our history.
"It is our aim to see that callous modernism does not spoil the ambience," explained Sagar S. Rana, President, Lalitpur Heritage Group.

The festival, replete with expositions, exhibitions, theatre, folk arts and even games and skills of olden days, is being presented in the form of a sort of fusion of historical monuments with traditional arts, said Rana.

While the programme includes an exhibition of antiquities at Durbar Square and photographic exhibition at the Municipality Bhavan, performing arts like cultural processions, street plays by the Sarvanam. Alternative theatre group will entertain audiences.

The essence of all the programmes are targeted at drawing the locals' attention to the crying need for conservation. The walking tours will be accompanied by traditional musicians, but the main thrust will be to acquaint the people, local and tourist alike, of the conservation activities in process and those that need to be initiated.

While this will definitely raise tourist interest it will, hopefully, also raise the inhabitants' awareness about the need to preserve the riches of yore.

Today, Patan's Mahaboudha is swamped by tall buildings, the hitis (water spouts) were lying ravaged till recently, so leave alone conservation, we have not even recognized the fact that we are plundering our own heritage, complained Patan Mayor Bekha Ratna Shakya. They reported that, after several years' work, at least 16-17 hitis in Patan are now in working order.

For the next six days ethnic costums may show Nepali food festivals. The cultural extravaganza will keep Patan Durbar Square and other Bahals busy. The piece de resistance will be Kartikya Nach, a Patan-specific indigenous dance.

The first festival of its kind, it has many patrons and promoters. The Ministry of Tourism, Deparment of Archeology and Lalitpur Municipality are the active promoters. The Lalitpur Chamber of Commerce and Industry has organized an Industrial Fair to give that sector a fillip.

On the commercial side, a food festival and other festivities have been co-sponsored by Soaltee Holiday Inn and Pepsi.

***************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 23:58:15 +1000 Subject: news To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

I am aNepale student studying at RMIT University in Melbuorne.Please send me the Nepali news if it is possible I got your address from Tilak Shrestha. Who is stdying in USA.My e mail account no is CHSDLJ@ lube.La trobeedu.au. I am studying ai RMIT and living in La trobe uni. From Daya Joshi Melbourne Australia

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: 12 May 1995 09:43:47 U From: "Hridaya Bajracharya" <hridaya_bajracharya@sec.educ.ualberta.ca> Subject: After-lash in "TND May11" To: "The Nepal Digest" <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

                  Subject: 8/27/56
                  After-lash in "TND May11" 13:16

Perhaps it was a sheer coincidence that most postings on TND, May 11 turned out to be afterlash of the previous presentations except for a Were it not for the interesting fiction by Anil, it would have been sort of glooming issue. I was most touched by the posting of Shiva, his frustration and desire to withdraw was rather heartening. This is one aspect that I was really concerned of regarding the way word-games being played in TND, and all sorts of media for that matter. My plea to reposition ourselves regarding how we use our words with an understanding of who we are in terms of the five skandhas: a material body, feelings, perceptions, karmic tendencies, and consciousness in that issue was . Depending on our awareness, attitudes, orientations, and openings, we could be more in one aspect and less in another. Presumably, those who could articulate more and who could see more detail and complexity would be the ones whose consciousness, feeling and perceptions would be expanding quite rapidly and be affected massively . Buddha did come across maras and several times came to the level of such frustrations as to think of giving up. It was again his personal commital strength that kept him in his endeavor. His endurance to dukkha and all mental dilemmas comes as benefit for all including us. Again, I think, the enduring strength could have percolated to his self from his way of addressing the situation: to find better alternative than getting into head on clash. For to take a rigid stand, confront, clash, come victorious, or be vanquished is rather simpleton approach where one need not articulate and engage in creativity but be driven by the karmically generated situation
-- let the physical form and the instinct take care the course. This is to say that sometimes our attitude to get into one fixed vessel of construct whether of language, religion, nationality, etc. shuts off the possibility of our self coming up as a balance of all the five skandhas thereby making us feel insecure and eventually give up being who one could be or intends to be.
 This simply leads to become a "sipahi" a machine who would then be tampered or used by those who have extraordinarily strong will power, usually the radical zealots whose consciousness and feeling are blunted off somehow and whose perception has become severally tinted, almost blinding, and who ultimately relies on the strenght of physical form i.e. the mudhebal -- such as shouting, charging, counter charging, fist showing, etc. I think we are potentially capable of coming up in different ways -- ways that do not make us limit within an labeled icon of language, religion, traditional ritualistc identity such as having to identify with what to consider as food and what as dress or what as our ultimate identity. Do we have to come with a fixed identity? I don't think our heritage of wisdom has ever craved for such thing.

******************************************************************************** From: ponta@sas.upenn.edu (Pratyoush R. Onta) Subject: new book To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu (tnd) Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 14:09:28 -0400 (EDT)

New Book:

Michael Allen (ed.) Anthropology of Nepal: Peoples, Problems and Processes.
        Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point. 1994

This book contains selective papers presented in the 1992 Syndey/CNAS conference in Kathmandu. A brief review of the book by Lazima Onta can be found in Himal (March/April 1995), p. 48.

************************************************************************* Date: Sat, 13 May 1995 10:57:49 PDT To: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: Dahal Durga <daha9014@uidaho.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - May 12, 1995 (29 Baishakh 2052 BkSm)

The pass port renewer should write to Nepalese Embassy, Washington, DC., not the councellors in other cities, it takes about a month, for asking form, sending photos, and coming back, thank you.

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 15:32:28 -1000 From: Ratna Shrestha <ratna@uhunix.uhcc.Hawaii.Edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

A Deposit Refund system: Revisited

                When environmental problem involves many or mobile polluters and it is difficult to monitor them, a DR system is an excellent policy tool for pollution control. The garbage problem in the Himalayas is a good example where this system exactly fits in.
        The system requires every trekker to deposit money equivalent to the potential damage his back pack (eg. cans, bottles, plastics, equipments etc.) can cause to the environment and refund the deposit ONLY IF (Mr. Sawid missed these words while reading my posting on TND April 13/SCN 14) he returns them to the specified location. To be clearer, my previous posting was not to argue againt a trekking fee, but to advocate for a resonable fee supported by a DR system. Unlike a high trekking or mountaineering fee, the DR system (with a resonable trekking fee) discriminates between the polluters and non polluters; only the deposits of the polluters are lapsed which can be used for clean up programs in the future. The high fee (eg, HMG/N decision to charge $50,000 per expedition team to curtail the garbage problem), in the absence of such regulation creates perverse incentive among the trekkers; they will feel as if they are being sold a license to pollute. The garbage problem in the area is nothing but the result of this high fee without such (DR system) regulation. I personally, however, do not feel that the environmental problem in the Himalayas is as severe as the media reports, for the external effect of the garbage in the himalayas to the human health and the ecology is minimal (anybody knows about the potential damage it can cause?).
        The DR system can work equally well to mitigate the garbage problem in KTM and elsewhere. The octroi charged by the municipality at its Thankot station can be revised to reflect the magnitude of the potential garbage problem the incoming items can cause. The burden of the higher octroi on the items like can food, beers, and plastic products etc. will be transferred to the consumers in the form of higher prices and this program may face some political resistance, but it is important to note that: a) If a recycling system for cans, bottles and plastics can be operated, the consumers will have added incentive to recycle the used items to get the refund. b) The consumers can substitute these expensive items for the cheaper ones which cause less garbage problem. That way, municipality can decrease the volume of solid wastes in the city by a significant proportion while the recycling firms can make huge profits.
        It is commendable that CoCo Cola and beer factories have adopted a Bottle-recycling system similar in sprit to the DR system. This system has proved beneficial to both the factory and the environment.
        
        In regards to Mr Sawid's (TND May 1) concern that pollution tax has not been able to improve the air quality in the USA, I would like to clear his misconception by providing a few studies done by some economists in the USA.
         Atkinson and Lewis (1974) in a study of St. Lewis metropolitan area found Emission Trading to be 6 times cheaper than Command and control to attain the same particulate concentration in the ambient air. Similarly, Seskin and Anderson study (1983) in Chicago study found EMT to be 14.4 times cheaper than CAC to attain NOx standard in the area. And Spofford (1984) study for Lower Delaware Valley found EMT to be 22 times cheaper than CAC for SO2 control (Note the costs are in terms of costs savings to the polluting firms to attain the desired environmental quality).
        Do these simulation results really reflect the reality? YES, a 1990 USEPA report reveals that since 1979 particulate emission are down by 22%, SO2 by 17%, CO2 by 25%, NO2 by 8% VOC by 17% and lead by 93%.
        But it is unfortunate that the air quality in most of the least developed countries has steadily deteriorated and the number of people exposed to unhealthy levels of pollution is very high. Since LDCs are struggling merely to provide adequate means of livelihood to their people, they cannot afford the capital loss and the loss in terms of human health caused by wrong environmental policies, especially if such polices tend to benefit the rich at the expense of the poor. Some cost effective and, yet, fair means of improving environmental quality must be found.
   Namaste Ratna K. Shrestha Hawaii

************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 1995 23:03 EST From: U <UMANANDHAR@vax.clarku.edu> Subject: Re: Cowslaughter in Nepal: happens all the time... To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Date: 11-MAY-1995 21:45 From: umanandhar@gramps.clarku.edu (U)) Description: RE: Cowslaughter in Nepal: happens all the time...

In a previous article, tiwari@fas.harvard.edu (Ashutosh Tiwari) wrote:
->atuladhar@gramps.clarku.edu writes:
->
->>Cowslaughter in Nepal
->>=====================
->
->>Padma Ratna Tuladhar has got into a lot of fire for his human rights opinion
->>that non-Hindu Nepali citizens should be allowed to slaughter cows to eat beef
->>and that the laws must be changed to allow that.
->
-> PRT's statement was NOT some "human rights opinion". Freedom to eat
->beef is not part of anyone's human rights; it is a matter of preference
->or choice. Whether people should be allowed to pursue their own choices or
->preferences re: the kind of meat they want to consume is a separate debate.
->
->
  In an era when so many world leaders had difficulty defining what things to include in the human rights definition in the Human Rights conference Ashu here seems to know exactly what is and what is "NOT" human rights. Maybe you should tell us the things you consider to be under the "human rights" umbrella and we can discuss it.
 
 
->>Cowslaughter issue in Nepal is akin to gay issue in US military, don't ask
->>don't tell. That is cowslaugther and beef eating is fine in modern Nepal and
->>modern kathamandu provided you do not make a hue and cry over it.
->
-> The analogy is wrong for many reasons. Here's one: If
->'found out', gays get thrown out of the US military; they do not get
->jailed for life. Still, these 'thrown-out' gays can pursue lots of other
->civilian professions . . .
 
  Again I am very impressed by how Ashu is able to tell what IS and what "IS NOT" what is "WRONG" and what is right. If you were gay ( which I know you are not) would you like to be 'thrown-out' from the military and told to go and find a job in the civilian profession? What if that gay person as in your own words wants to "pursue his own choice" which in this case is serving in the military and NOT in the civilian sector! Your analogy is like saying that Nepali women should not complain when they marry a foreign man if their foreign husband does not get Nepali citizenship because there are lots of Nepali men out there....
  Uday

************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 13 May 1995 19:05:12 +1000 (EST) From: "Pudasaini / Ramesh (MGM)" <u951484@student.canberra.edu.au> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: address

Dear friends,

I need the address of the following two person who are doing bachelors in USA. So if anybody no them , Please send me the email address or postal address as fast as possible. The name of my friends are Shrish Ranjit and Archana Bhandari.

With Regards.

Dear Shrish,
          If you are reading this Message, Please send me your address as fast as possible. Now a days, I am in canberra, I am doing my Bachelor in Uni of canberra.

with Best wishes,
 Ramesh Pudasaini.

Note: This message is for my friend Mr. Shrish Rangit. Who is from
 Baluwatar, Kathmandu. Now, I think he is in Indiana.

Dear Archana,
             If you are reading this message, Please sent me your address as fast as possible.

Ramesh Pudasaini.
  Note:This message is for Archana Bhandari. If anybody know her, Please tell her to read this message. If any body Know her Please send me the address.

**************************************************************** Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - May 12, 1995 (29 Baishakh 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Sat, 13 May 1995 12:42:44 +0100 (BST)

DEar Sir,

This is infornation to SanJaya B. Shah regarding Royal Embassy in USA.

Royal Nepal Embassador ( presently Bashu Dev Dhungana)

2131 LEROY PLACE NW WASHINGTON, DC 20008 TELEPHONE: 202-667-4550

Alternatively you can contact the following for more reliable information:

NEPALI MISSION TO UN 820 SECOND AVENUE SUITE 202 NEW YORK NW 10017 TELEPHONE 212-370-4189

Should other netters edit if it is wrong? This is all I know. Good luck

BB Kshatri t01bbk@abdn.ac.uk

***************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 13 May 1995 10:58 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - May 12, 1995 (29 Baishakh 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

expendable nepalese in Nepal
==============================

I was deeply troubled by a news item that a mountaineering team continued with the scaling of Everest even after Kami Rita Sherpa fell to his death.

Is a Nepali so cheap in his own country that he does not deserve at least a stop and search before going with the scale or for respect to abandon the scaling altogether?

I have heard of many cases in which these mountaineering teams engage in the worse of human elements abandoning their friends in crevice or cutting them off of lines to secure the "prestige" of ultimate in Human valor. I think these mountaineers are a bunch of racist gooks.

A few months ago some German alpinists were quick to blame the Nepalese for not rescuing when they broke both Nepali rules of climbing mountains without permission and broke mountaineering rulles with regard to safety. It is time to condemn these mercenaries mountaineers for the naked face of racism that so dishonored a Nepali who scaled and led them.

I wonder if a veteran mountaineer would enlighten me with what rules and norms they follow regarding under what circumstances they abort a trip, decide not rescue a fallen team if not under racist values that undergird their vaunted claims of rationality and humanity?

amulya

********************************************************************** Date: Sat, 13 May 1995 15:07:58 -0400 (EDT) From: V052M82Q@ubvms.cc.buffalo.edu Subject: in search of... To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Dear TND readers:
        A friend of mine (Janet Sibarium) is looking for a Nepalese man she went to SUNY New Paltz with from 1966-68 (a college in upstate New York). He was a MBA student. When he returned to Kathmandu in '68 or'69, he became the Minister of Education. She is unsure of the precise spelling of his name but it's something like Puru Shotam Sapkota. Does anyone know anything about him or how he can be reached? (Or are YOU reading this?!)
        I'd also be interested in contacting him because I will be going to Nepal in September to work as an English teacher (with Peace Corps). Please send responses to my e-mail account and I will forward them to my friend. Thank you very much for your help.

Monica Hornman v052m82q@ubvms.buffalo.edu
        
***************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 May 95 2:52:18 EDT From: "Neal Cohen" <ncohen@usaid.gov> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Macro-Economic Performance Part II

Macro-economic Performance Part II

Prices

Inflation is currently running at 7.4% per annum, a decline from the over 9% a few months ago. For the first four months of the UML Government (data through mid-March 1995) has been a negative 4.0%, which is better than the usual result of a fall in prices of 2.5% during these months. Inflation appear to have improved slightly over these months.

There has been lower inflation than usual for the months the UML has been in power for sugar, restaurant meals, fuel/light/ water, vegetables/fruits, and education/reading material. Inflation has gotten worse, compared to the last six years, for pulses, meat/fish/eggs and oil/clarified butter. The largest worsening of inflation, and possibly the cause of concern in the press, is the increase in the prices of pulses. Usually they fall by 2.9% during the four months ending mid-March, but this year they have increased by 7.6%. The worsening of inflation for pulses is about the same as the situation during the last four months of the Nepali Congress Government.

For paddy, the major item in the consumer s basket, inflation is nearly the same as during the same period in recent years.

The fall in prices of fuel, sugar and milk products is probably due to actions of the government in lowering taxes on these goods, or having the state enterprises responsible decrease prices administratively.

Money Supply Growth

Monetary Growth (M2) which had been growing by 20% during the last fiscal year has slowed down in the last few months. The latest figures, through mid- March 1995, show monetary growth for the year to be growing at 16%, while narrow money (M1) is growing at 13%.

We are concerned about monetary growth because it is often tied to inflation, with more rapid monetary growth leading to more rapid inflation. In Nepal, another reason for concern is that rapid monetary growth is usually tied to increasing levels of imports.

Why the Decline?

The causes of monetary growth in Nepal are either government borrowing, or export earnings being converted into rupees. Thus, the reason for the recent slowdown becomes obvious. The discussion earlier in this memo about reduced government borrowing due to increased revenue and slower than anticipated expenditures leads to slower monetary growth. Government borrowing has fallen by 6.3% over the past year; government enterprises have also reduced their borrowing by 11%. The reduction in exports leads to less conversion of foreign currency into dollars and therefore slower monetary growth.

In separate parts of this memo we look at borrowing by government ("this is down," see government deficit section) and by the private sector ("this is up," see manufacturing section). The borrowing by state enterprises is covered next.

Borrowing by State Enterprises

For the year ending mid-March borrowing by public enterprises is down 11%, led by an 18% reduction in borrowing by non-financial corporations, with financial companies increasing their borrowing by 13%. Looking at the monthly figures, borrowing by state corporations had been down 30% over a year ago in January. Thus, being only down by 11% is masking a large increase in borrowing in March when these corporations borrowed 18% more than in February. Looked at differently, in March, 1994, state corporations reduced their borrowing by 6%, compared to an increase of 18% this year.

*************************************************************** From: Punam Panta <punam@sequent.com> Subject: Re: Cowslaughter in Nepal To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Mon, 15 May 1995 05:00:53 -0700 (PDT)

In response to ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu (15 May)
> Nepal is the only place where cowslaughter is equal to manslaughter in terms
> of punishment it invites, this is akin to forcing every body to be a Hindu,
> whatever happened to individual human rights, that animal rights precede human
> rights?

I don't agree with this. How can you force someone to be a Hindu by not making cowslaughter legal? As far as I am aware, it is still legal to consume beef out there right?

I grew up in the west with the beef-eating population. Still, I don't feel comfortable with the idea of eating beef let alone try it to see if I like it!!I
 was on holiday in a muslim country the last few weeks. It was their festival
"Byram Kurbaan" which I am not sure what it means. One of the things they do during this festival is sacrifice a lot of lambs and cows. Every time I passed or witnessed a sale of a cow, my stomach turned and I felt sad. Now this is my sentiments. Maybe I owe it to the first decade of my life I spent in Nepal or maybe it has a lot to do with my elderly grandma who won't let us talk about beef at home here. Still! if this is the way I feel when I live in a country where it is legal, I can only imagine how all those back home would feel.

It isn't about human rights but of personal preferences. I say it is a very sensitive and sentimental topic for the majority of the population back home. A cow is a symbol of Hindu religion. Maybe someday it will change but for now I think we should respect the feelings of the majority(90% of Nepal is Hindu right??)

Thanks, Punam Panta

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