The Nepal Digest - Mar 6, 2000 (15 Falgun 2056 BkSm)

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    The Nepal Digest Mon Mar 5, 2000: Falgun 15 2056BS: Year9 Volume95 Issue442

    Today's Topics (partial list):

           Nepal News
           Re: Gayatri Mantra
           Book review
           SEBS - Reunion
           Dance addresses
           AFVs News
           Internship
           Healthcare in Nepal
           NGO research

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     * Dr. Krishna B. Hamal HamalK@dist.gov.au *
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     * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
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     * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
     * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
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    ****************************************************************** Date: February 15, 2000 To: The Nepal Digest <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Nepal News

    Source: The Kathmandu Digest Philanthropic endowments with small donors Giving donations to achieve fame in this world and credit in the next is a long established Nepali tradition. Guthis, while they functioned effectively, were examples of how contributions from members and income from other resources were mobilized for the purposes of some common good (either in the form of material construction or maintenance or in the performance of a social ritual). Today, we hear about donations of buildings to political parties, contributions of significant size made to hospital, the establishment of endowments for literary awards and for scholarships for daughters-in-law who couldn’t otherwise afford higher education. Older forms of givings by individuals - construction of ghats or renovations of temples - are still going on.

    Many such examples of giving are the work of individuals or families. While we do not know the exact volume of such gifts made annually in Nepal, we can say for sure that it runs into crores of rupees. Preliminary investigation suggests that most instances of giving are not mediated by intermediary organizations and there is nothing wrong with such face-to-face contact between the giver and the target groups or institutions. However it is also the case that our society has developed in ways in which direct contact between those who want to engage in philanthropic activities and those in need of help is increasingly becoming difficult. Hence there is a need for intermediary organizations who can work as a lami between the donors and those in need. Such organizations have to not only raise funds from donors but also manage them properly and disburse them to the genuinely needy. In this context I celebrate the fact that last Saturday about 100 people walked 10 kms to raise four lakh rupees for a Nepali philanthropic organization, Tewa. Founded in the mid-1990s, Tewa supports women’s initiatives all over Nepal and its endowment will reach 1.5 crore rupees by mid-2000. That is an achievement that deserves emulation by others. However, to invest their energies in the right places, other organizations should pay attention to lessons learnt by Tewa. In an interaction programme organized by Martin Chautari last month, Tewa’s founder-convenor Rita Thapa remarked that in her experience, Nepal’s burgeoning corporate sector was not yet ready for modern philanthropy! Initially she had expected that Nepal’s sahujis, byaparis, and udyogpatis would be very supportive of her idea. But many attempts at persuasion resulted in very little success. She advises others interested in raising funds not to waste their time visiting Nepali businessmen. Instead she places her hope on the ‘small’ contributors, who slowly but surely, have helped the growth of Tewa’s endowment over the years.

    For a people who tend to be mesmerized by the fact that Bill Gates has established a philanthropic organization worth about 17 billion dollars (the world’s second largest such organization after Glaxo Wellcome), it is worth asking why our own corporate sector has such a poor record of giving. In the same interaction programme, management consultant and lawyer Ratna Sansar Shrestha argued that this is so primarily because (a) the net worth of Nepali businessmen is small; and (b) a substantial percentage of their wealth is retained in the form of ‘black money’. Big-donations by sahujis with black money will automatically attract questions regarding the sources of that money and would lead to complications with the tax authorities. It is people with ‘white money’ who would be, provided the correct tax and other incentives, willing to give parts of their wealth away.

    These insights suggest that such organizations will have to rely on regular but small-amount donors if they want to establish a sizeable endowment. If that is so, let us do some calculations. If they give themselves a two-year time framework, they will need to find 4167 people who are willing to give Rs 1000 per month for 24 months to create an endowment of 10 crore rupees (Rs 1000 x 24 x 4167 = Rs 10 crore and 8 thousand). It is as simple and as difficult as that! Invested at ten percent, this endowment will generate funds of one crore rupees per year. If 15-20 percent of that is taken away for administrative costs, 80-85 lakh rupees will be available each year, to this organization to support its own or others’ activities. That is no small amount. In the cultural front, that kind of money can support the work of a good team of artists, writers, and researchers. In the service delivery front, that kind of money can support the education of many children or provide health care facilities to a sizeable rural population. In the activist front, it can support journalists and advocates of various important issues. In other words, this kind of money will enhance both the service delivery and pressure-giving abilities of Nepali civil society. So what needs to be done to transcend Tewa’s success? First of all, the people involved in setting up these foundations will have to have a ‘clean’ record when it comes to handling finances. Otherwise they will not be able to generate trust amongst the potential donors. Secondly new laws must come into place so that such foundations can be registered as “Trusts” whose endowments cannot be nationalized. As of now, registered as NGOs, such organizations fear that the endowment they have raised can be taken away by the government under certain conditions. Thirdly such foundations will have to have clearly stated goals regarding how the money raised is to be spent. Fourthly, tax laws will have to be amended to encourage those with white money to give gifts. Currently our laws allow taxpayers to deduct five percent of their net income or one lakh rupees (whichever is less), given away as donations, in their tax returns. Fifthly our property inheritance laws give sons an automatic right to ancestral property. As argued by Ratna Sansar Shrestha, these laws must be revised to encourage property owner to give away their wealth to philanthropic foundations. Regular small donations by Nepalis can create big philanthropic endowments in Nepal. Are there any takers out there?

    -By Pratyoush Onta

    --------------------------------------------------- Source: The Independent Government may appoint two IGPs
      -By A Staff Reporter

      There is increasing talk that the Nepal Police Force may now have two Inspector Generals of Police
      (IGP). Sources close to the present government say the Prime Minister has already been convinced to
      take this new decision regarding the police chiefs.
      It may be mentioned that in recent years, there has been much controversy whenever a new IGP has
      had to be named. There is much lobbying and power play to appoint the chief of the security department
      that has 50,000 plus men and women under it.
      People feel that the image of the police and its top brass started to deteriorate from the late Eighties,
      when they started to indulge in massive corruption. It was during the Panchayat days that for the first
      time in the history of the nation, a just retired IGP was arrested on the charge of smuggling drugs and
      gold. It may be some sort of an irony that not only has this corrupt person been released but now he is
      also an MP of the ruling Nepali Congress. This man is no other than the notorious DB Lama, in whose
      house authorities had found gold and drugs worth billions of rupees when he was arrested.
      The police has always been a hated, but at the same time feared section of the government. And police
      officials right from the bottom rank feel it is their right to indulge in certain luxuries, mostly at the cost of
      innocent businessmen. The business people in return, don’t mind giving free gifts and even money to the
      police officials, feeling they will be protected when they have any problems with the law and order
      people.

      From simple cases relating to fights in the neighbourhoods to other more serious crimes and even for
      making a driving license, the public have to depend on the police, so they never want to be in the bad
      books of the security people. But this does not mean the people love them.
      However, the police chiefs have always been well known names, much more well known than their army
      counterparts. So the race to be the IGP was always a fierce one.
      Regarding the rot that set in the Police Force, though it started from the Panchayat days because of
      corruption, the decay really set in the last couple of years when political interference started making
      inroads into the police. It is said high ranking police officials, are some of the most corrupt workers
      within the government machinery and now they are willingly playing into the hands of the politicians and
      bureaucrats.
      The pit bottom was reached when three top ranking officials schemed to oust late IGP Ratna Shumsher
      Rana, who died very soon after he retired. It was like divine justice when these three then themselves
      started fighting with each other. Moti Lal Bohara succeeded late Rana and it is said Bohara was one of
      the most corrupt IGPs in recent years. He in turn was succeeded by well-known Achyut Kharel, who in
      a coup like act was replaced after just 36 days by Dhruva Pradhan. The media was full of the tug-of-war
      that took place between these two at that time and one can imagine what such a spectacle did for the
      morale of the personnel working under such officers.
      After the Nepali Congress came to power, once more Kharel was reinstated.
      Now with a little over a year remaining for Kharel to finish his term, the race has already started on who
      will replace him. The media and other close to the police had projected senior AIGP Pradeep Shumsher
      as the front runner, but now suddenly the capital is abuzz with the talk that the government is in the
      mood to have two IGPs.
      But this has in now way cut off the controversy on who will be the IGP. For, there are now four AIGPs
      ready to step into the shoes of the chief of police. Some senior policemen also questioned who will
      head which section of the police? “In practical terms, this will be a great mistake of the government,”
      one such officer said.

      He explained that all the police, from the officers to the junior ranks, want to stay on the civil police, who
      deal only in administrative work and ordinary crimes. Nobody wants to be in the armed section, where
      the personnel not only have to face constant dangers, like from the Maoists, but they will not have the
      opportunity to indulge in corruption as well.
      One observer pointed out that instead of making controversial figures the IGP, it would be better to
      appoint one honest officer to the top post, so that it will serve as a lesson to others that political
      lobbying and corruption will be a setback if they want to reach the top.
      The most non-controversial AIGP at the moment, is Ram Kaji Bantawa, one of the few honest officers
      within the force and who has not been involved in any controversy. The two leading contenders, Pradeep
      Shumsher Rana and Krishna Mohan Shrestha are well known names who are linked politically as well,
      but these links could prove to be a setback for them.

    ****************************************************************** From: "Allan Hjorth Christensen" <cal@maersk-pilot.dk> To: <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Jan 4, 2000 (19 Poush 2056 BkSm) Date: Sun, 16 Jan 2000 14:31:55 +0100

    Namaste, I am a Nepali girl studying in Denmark and I was wondering whether The = Nepal Digest has ever written about our Living Goddess ---Kumari. I have = to write a report on something in my college ( has to be about 20 pages) = and I have decided to write about the living Goddess, as not many Danes = know about her. I have got two books, which I bought the last time I was = in Nepal, but I will be more than happy to use your article , if you = have written one . Lots of Thanks.=20

    Yours sincerly, PARMILA Gurung.

    ****************************************************************** Date: 17 Jan 2000 15:30:51 -0000 To: List Member <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Mailing-List: ListBot mailing list contact AFVsNepal-help@listbot.com From: "Alternative Fuel Vehicles Nepal" <AFVsNepal-owner@listbot.com>

    Alternative Fuel Vehicles Nepal

    1. Stop foul play
         Martin Chautari, 17 January 2000

    The advertisement by Dugar Brothers & Sons published in Kantipur on 15 January regarding DIESEL microbus named Voyager, manufactured by Mahindra has caught environmentalists and other concerned individuals by surprise. This notice claims that Voyager ( 12 sitter diesel microbus) meets the Nepal Vehicle Mass Emission Standard (2056) and invites displaced Vikram tempo owners to buy their products.There is a provision of 75 per cent concession on custom duty for diesel micro buses if displaced Vikram tempo's owners want to import them. But the requirement is that diesel microbuses should meet Nepal Vehicle Mass Emission Standard (2056). The interesting point here is that the certificate submitted by Dugar Brothers & Sons to the Department of Transport Management shows that Voyager does not meet Nepal Vehicle Mass Emission Standards. This certificate which is issued by The Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) shows that the figure for HC+ NOx (1.33) is higher than what is given in the Nepal Vehicle Mass Emission Standard (1.13). It is perplexing to see why big business houses like Dugar Brothers & Sons try to fool the general public by issuing false advertisement. While they can still import micro-buses that meet Mass Emission Standard and make profits in a fare manner, why are they bent upon importing sub-standard microbuses through illegal means such as influencing government officials through undertable dealings and deceiving the general public? It is an utterly dishonest act to enjoy the privileges provided by the government for Euro I microbuses and import , in contrary, microbuses that in no way could meet the mass emission standards of the country.

    Interestingly enough, the same group has advertised environmentally friendly electric tempo called Bijlee in the Kantipur the very next day. There are plenty of opportunities to make money and earn respect by promoting environmentally friendly vehicles or vehicles that comply with country's mass emission standards. It would be in the long-term interest of business houses like Dugar Brothers & Sons that they stick to the norms and earn credit rather than embroil themselves in disrepute for a few crores of rupees earned through a foul play.

    Meanwhile, Ministry of Population and Environment is considering to clarify the confusions that have arisen in aftermath of MoPE's notice on Nepal Vehicular Mass Emission Standards (2056). The Ministry officials said that they are considering to make certain amendments in some points of the notice. The points where amendments may be made are: revoking the provision of import of two-stroke motorcycles and making it mandatory that petrol vehicles be converted into LPG, LNG, or CNG vehicle before they enter the country if displaced Vikram tempo owners want 99 per cent import duty concession and VAT exemption.

    2. On the "legality" question of Citizens Monitoring Group (CMG)

    In the last posting of AFV News, it was mentioned that in a meeting organized at the Ministry of Environment and Population (MoPE) between representatives of core group of CMG, MoPE's joint secretary, and Danish technical advisor of ESPS, the question regarding the legality of CMG "as a truly representative association of all NGOs involved in environmental sector in Kathmandu" was brought up. The news reported that "Most of the members of core group were in favor of having a loose kind of network whereby the co-ordinator of core group coordinates with MOPE, ESPS and CMG. MoPE's officials however were skeptical about the loose network and insisted that CMG should come as a legal entity in the form of NGO of NGOs."

    While I am glad to note that members of the core group were AGAINST the idea of making another super-NGO, I was dismayed at the insistence of the MoPE's Joint Secretary Janak Raj Joshi regarding the need for the same. I suggest that CMG members continue to resist this MoPE insistence for the following reasons:

    a) Core CMG members are already representatives of registered NGOs. Hence their presence in CMG is legal. On this basis, MoPE worries for the legality of CMG must be commented upon as irrelevant. b) The making of super-NGOs in the mode of Mahasanghs has become quite fashionable in Nepal these days. However, I am not aware of one single instance where the creation of such an official super-NGO body has enhanced the ability of the concerned organizations to champion their cause.

    On the other hand, loose networks of organizations are beginning to show some results. The already existing collaboration between those organizations that deal with environmental issues is an example that proves my point. MoPE officials must be persuaded to see this point.

    c) CMG is a citizen's monitoring group. By that very fact, it should not be the government that should be worried about how representative this group is of all the NGOs working in the field of environment. It should be left to CMG as a loose network to demonstrate that it is in fact the
    "voice" of those NGOs that are concerned about the issues being addressed by this group. The proposed workshop is a good idea but it should not be wasted on discussions regarding the legality of the CMG (although how it will operate will have to be discussed there). d) The terms of reference of the task of "monitoring by citizens" should not be set by the government. Should CMG members fail to make MoPE officials understand this basic point, it should be expected that the Danish advisor at MoPE, remembering examples from his own country, would use his "weight" to argue for this point. e) The bottomline is this: CMG's constitution and its modes of operation are NOT the worries of HMG. Hence if the current insistence regarding the creation of a super-NGO continues on the part of MoPE even after the workshop, CMG Core Group members should break their discussions with MoPE, and challenge DANIDA to not go through the finalization of the ESPS 5th component with a government that can not trust and respect the intelligence of Nepali environmentalists.
      
    ******************************************************************** Date: Mon, 17 Jan 2000 11:30:14 -0500 To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: Michael Witzel <witzel@fas.harvard.edu> Subject: Re: Gayatri Mantra / Nepal Digest 1/14,

    Rajpal J.P. Singh <a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu> forwarded:
    >Subject: Gayatri Mantra and its meaning
    >Date: Mon, 20 Dec 1999 11:18:38 -0500

    The message quoted below gives an interpretation of the Gaayatrii mantra
    (Rgveda 3. 62.10) according to a particular line of thought among *modern* Hindu interpretations. This has little or nothing to do with the *original intent* of the mantra which can easily be 'deciphered' when reading other Rgveda stanzas extensively.

    Some discussion below:

    >GAYATRI MANTRA -ITS MEANING:
    >AUM BHOOR BHUWAH SWAHA,
    this is not part of the mantra but a general invocation (now always used before starting Vedic recitation, and often preceded by: Harih(i) "Visnu")

    >TAT SAVITUR VARENYAM
    >BHARGO DEVASAYA DHEEMAHI
    >DHIYO YO NAHA PRACHODAYAT.
    >
    >Summary of the Mantra
    >----------------------
    >Oh God! Thou art the Giver of Life, Remover of pain and sorrow, The Bestower
    >of happiness, Oh! Creator of the Universe, May we receive thy supreme
    >sin-destroying light, May Thou guide our intellect in the right direction.

    It should be translated:

    "We receive that choice splendor of the god Savitar, who shall impel our thoughts."

    (The next two mantras in the Rgveda also ask the god Savitar for gifts or praise him; the other mantras in this hymn of the poet Visvaamitra refer to other gods: Indra, Varuna, Marut, Hotraa, Bharatii, Brhaspati, Puusan, Soma; Mitra and Varuna.)

    >Word for Word Meaning of the Mantra
    >-----------------------------------
    >Aum = Brahma
    well, one of the many later (Upanishadic ++) interpretations... Even in the Shruti (Brahmana texts) it only means "yes" when answering a mantra (while one says 'tathaa' when answering a mundane shloka), thus a sort of "amen!"

    >bhoor = embodiment of vital spiritual energy (pran) ;
    Vedic Sanskrit: "the earth" (nominative), no energy here

    >bhuwah = destroyer of sufferings
    Vedic 'of the earth" (genitive)...

    >swaha = embodiment of happiness
    svaH (svar) = 'sun, heaven' (nominative) (modern pronunciation svaha) not = svaahaa, an exclamation added, as all Hindus know, even from Amar Citra Katha, to offerings into the fire. Old meaning su-aaha 'it has been well said'

    >tat = that ;
    'this'

    >savitur = bright like sun ;
    'of the (god) Savitar (SavitR)', who is not exactly = sun, but is active in the evening (! when 'all nature goes to sleep') and in the early morning; his exact nature is still unclear ... later thought of a sun god (in the morning)

    > varenyam = best choicest ;
    'to be chosen, wished for' (accusative, with bhargo)

    > bhargo = destroyer of sins ;
    'radiance, luster', from bhraj 'to shine'

    >devasya = divine
    even in the Rgveda, just 'of the god' (genitive)

    > dheemahi = may imbibe
    not 'imbibe', but injunctive of dhaa 'to put' (Injunctive = aorist form, minus a- , which would be a-dhiimahi; the injunctive is no longer recognized by Panini who just says: chandasi bahulam, roughly, 'in the Veda do as you like'). Extra-temporal meaning ("we usally, always receive; ("as you know, we receive"). Not: 'may'. Also, not from dhii 'to think, concentrate', present tense would be : diidhii-(mahe)

    > dhiyo = intellect ;
    well, dhii = 'thought', not even 'mind', and not 'intellect' dhiyo = accusative plural (!) 'thoughts'

    >yo = who
    >naha = our

    prachodayat = may inspire ; not 'inspire' but 'urge forward, impel, instigate'; not 'may' but 'must/shall' or 'will', as this form belongs to the category of subjunctive (still taught by Panini but not used in post-Vedic texts). It does not signify a wish, desire (optative: pracodayet), but either future 'he will instigate' or order 'he must/shall instigate'
    (pracodayaat).

    >Meaning of Gayatri Mantra
    >-------------------------
    >Rishis selected the words of various Mantras and arranged them so that they
    >not only convey meaning but also create specific power through their
    >utterance.

    that is, by an large, a post-Vedic idea (cf. on japa, below) . The Vedic poets (RSi) believed in the power of well-put words, in short, in complicated poetry by which they wanted to please the gods, with always
    'new songs' (also mentioned in this hymn). Such stanzas were believed, however, to be magically effective even then.

    >Gayatri Mantra inspires wisdom.
    It wishes for in thoughts, perhaps 'insight'...

    >Its meaning is that "May the Almighty God illuminate our intellect to lead
    >us along the >righteous path".
    Forgetting about the Almight God (too Christian, or monotheistic), roughly ok., but the (Zoroastrian, Christian) 'righteous path', again, is not mentioned. So, the rest is modern speculation:

    >All the problems of a person are solved if he/she is endowed with the gift
    >of righteous wisdom. Once endowed with far-sighted wisdom, a man is neither
    >entangled in calamity nor does he tread the wrong path. A wise man finds
    >solution to all outstanding problems. Only those persons who do not think
    >correctly find difficulty and take wrong steps due to foolishness.

    >Chanting
    >of Gayatri Mantra removes this deficiency.
    This rather exemplifies the post-Vedic belief in the power of mantra japa.

    >The teachings and powers
    >incorporated in the Gayatri Mantra fulfill this purpose. Righteous wisdom
    >starts emerging soon after Jap (recitation) of this Mantra is performed.

    Same idea: japa as the solution to all sorts of problems. Not Vedic. In the Vedas, one does not mumble, but one acts.

    ******************************************************************** Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 14:18:08 -0800 (PST) From: ghimire nirmal <go_java@yahoo.com> Subject: Book review To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

    Book Review:

    The author says that this book is for mainly three kind of readers:

    1. The many for whom the mysterious, marvelous and miracles of life hold interest and appeal. 2. Searchers after spiritual light who have not yet found what they seek 3. For most ardent and experienced Sai devotees , who can know more about him.

    SAI BABA : MAN OF MIRACLES: Author: Howard Murphet

    I was glancing in B&N over the Eastern thoughts. Then as I was going through I found this book.

    I was interested in this book because I have had some interest in ESP and miracles. I have wondered how some people rise above the natural laws and perform miracles.

    It is not that I had not heard about SAI BABA. I had heard about him now and then.

    But I had never thought much about him and I let it pass.

    Since past few months I started hearing more about SAI BABA and his miracles. So I picked up this book and I am glad I did it.

    The author starts with this book. He had gone to INDIA and before that he had not heard about BABA. This was in 60s. At that time some Indians he met had told him that yogis in INDIA existed at earlier times but now the country was into materialism and not much into spiritualism. But as he was travelling India and questioning to himself if there were really any good yogis still around.
    - He somehow was guided to SAI BABA.

    Now this author was skeptic and did not just believe what others said. So he thought he would observe BABA carefully and figure out the truth.

    At the beginning the author describes SAI BABA and his early childhood and what he was as a child.

    And then how he became know n as BABA and how he is the incarnation of Shridi SAI BABA.

    The author himself is puzzled when BABA performs miracles in front of him and he cannot believe it. He witnesses this again and again numerous times. The most common being his Vibhuti, which he brought out many times.

    Still the author is puzzled and finally he comes to get personal visits with BABA and comes to know him Better. Then he realizes that a mere magician could not be performing such feats and that he was not being hypnotized.

    He suggests a couple of reasons for this thing. First of all BABA does not do this thing for popularity but he does it for his disciples, to help them.

    He always gives discourses in spiritual topic and does bhajans etc. And his miracles are not like producing commercial stuff. But mostly he materializes Vibhuti for disciple, lockets with gods pictures etc.

    If I go one describing his miracles there is a lot to say.

    But it ranges from simple things to surgical operations and even saving lives.

    The author also interviewed many of his disciples and there are people from all walks of life in that .

    He talked with few Indian scientists of that time and some top diplomats and heard their comments and heard the miracles that they had witnessed.

    Then the author in one chapter mentions the te4aching of SAI BABA. Actually his life actually is his mission his work and his love for disciples and humankind.

    And finally the author talks about SAI BABA as an Avatar, as a Reincarnate of Vishnu.

    As Krishna had mentioned in Gita" THAT at the time when the world needs me I will come/"

    Did he come as SAI BABA this time? I found this book very interesting, touching and uplifting.

    Maybe some of you have heard about SAI BABA and maybe some of you have even had the opportunity to meet him.

    I have had faith on him from before but lately my faith has increased in him.

    If you do not believe in miracles and don't believe in SAI BABA this is a nice book to read and judge for yourself. Of course judgement is a personal opinion.

    But I would like to hear from anybody who has some interest in SAI BABA and I would really enjoy to hear from someone who has personally met him.

    Nirmal Ghimire

    My email is Go_java@yahoo.com or

    Nirmalnature@yahoo.com

    ***********************************************************************************************

    *********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 25 Jan 2000 09:52:40 -0500 Subject: SEBS - Reunion To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

    Dear Editor, Could you please post the following message in the next few issues of TND.

    Dear Fellow Alumni and Friends of Society of Ex - Budhanilkantha Students ,

    We are planning to host our First SEBS- US reunion. It will be held during July 4th weekend. Please visit http://www.rajan.com/sebs and participate in discussions for sebs isues, reunion location and other current updates.

    Sincerely, Kiran 268B

    ******************************************************************************* Date: Sun, 16 Jan 2000 15:56:12 +0700 (SE Asia Standard Time) From: Narayan Lal Shrestha <narayans@ait.ac.th> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Bikram Sambat and AD.

    Hello,

    Is there any website where I can find the equivalents of bikram sambat in AD for as back as B.S. 2006, 2030 and 2035.

    Thank you. Narayan Lal Shrestha |Tel: 66-2-524-5761 Asian Institute of Technology |

    *************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2000 14:37:59 +0100 From: "Hans-Joachim Voelkel" <VoelkelH@Salzgitter-Inter.de> To: <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Hi

    ** High Priority **

    Hi As we have been informed there are 2 pipe-mills in Nepal, i.e.

    Himali Pipe Co and Pashupati Pipes and Tubes Ltd.

    As we have no other source we would kindly ask you to provide to us = address etc, if possible for you, to the following E-mail

    gorznyt@salzgitter-inter.de

    Thanks in advance for you help!

    Kind regards T. Gorzny

    Salzgitter International /Germany

    ********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2000 22:30:41 +0200 To: webmaster-tnd@nepal.org From: Directory Team <grdance@hol.gr> Subject: Dance addresses

    Dear Sirs

    We are looking for persons or groups who are active in dance in your country. Folk dance, ballroom, ballet or any other kind of dance.

    We are assigned by the Unesco CID to list all the addresses of dance and dancers in every country, but in some countries we have no contacts.

    This is a non-commercial operation by the official international organization for dance. Listing is free of charge.

    Details in our web site www.unesco.org/ngo/cid

    Thank you for replying

    Prof. Akis Raftis Pesident International Dance Council - CID UNESCO

    ************************************************************** From: "Nepal Football Fan Club" <nffc@himal.enet.com.np> To: <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Pls visit Web Site Date: Sat, 15 Jan 2000 09:06:32 +0800

    Nepal Football Fan Club (NFFC) PO BOX # 5235 Maharajgunj, Chakra Path, Kathmandu, Nepal Tel 373458 or 416326 Fax 373234 or 416326 Email: nffc@himal.enet.com.np and info@bhakundo.org.np Web Site: http://www.bhakundo.org.np Also visit http://www.west-lindsey.freeuk.com/nepal.htm

    Bhakundo means football in Nepalese language.

    ******************************************************************************* Date: 27 Jan 2000 11:15:30 -0000 Message-ID: <948971730.1073.qmail@ech> To: List Member <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: "Alternative Fuel Vehicles Nepal" <AFVsNepal-owner@listbot.com> Subject: AFVs News

    Alternative Fuel Vehicles Nepal

    1. What are EV Battery Chargers?

    EV battery Chargers are equipment used for charging EV batteries once they are discharged to a certain limit. Electric vehicle battery chargers are units which accept AC main line current and convert that into DC current in a manner consistent with battery charging requirements. They commence with what is known as a bulk charge which is a higher current charging to accomplish the "Bulk" of the charging.

    Later the current becomes more limited and this is called the absorbtion stage. The absorbtion stage exists because batteries tend to become soaked
    (much like a sponge when filled with water) and then it can only accept more current as the plates absorb electricity. In the end, a final stage called
    "float stage" is accomplished by much smaller amounts of current in a trickle charge manner to do the final dressing of the battery. This is also called a gassing stage where electrolyte is brought to a bubbling level and the plates are cleansed of sulphation build up.

    Chargers should have constant current in the beginning stage of charge. Then the charger current should decrease and the voltage should remain constant in second stage. In the third stage the current should be very much less and the voltage would constantly rise until the automatic cut off.

    In general, each battery manufacturer will have a preferred charging algorithm that will lead to the longest battery life. If proper chargers are used and disciplines followed, then EV operation costs will be lowered to that extent.

    2. Invitation for Earth Day 2000 Asia activities

    Earth Day 2000 Asia invites you to join air check and bandanna project. If you are interested to join, read the details below.

    1) Air check project

     One of simultaneous actions we are contemplating is Air Check, measuring the
     concentration of NO2 in air. Why Air Check? Because you may not know how good or bad the air quality in your area is, because you may want to compare
     it with the national average to further work on air quality improvement,
     because it is easy to participate (testing materials are small and it takes only one hour), because air is one medium connecting all of us together.
     More importantly, through Air Check, we want all participants to think about
     Climate change and Ozone Depletion. Climate change is a phenomenon of
     increase in temperature on the earth, raising sea level and bringing about
     extreme events worldwide. Ozone Depletion is a phenomenon of destruction of
     ozone layer, exposing the planet to increased harmful ultraviolet radiation. A major cause of Climate change is emissions of CO2 and for Ozone Depletion, it is CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons) gases.

     So, in addition to NO2 testing, participants are also asked to do research
     on annual emission volumes of CO2 and CFCs of their countries or regions. Through Earth Day 2000 Asia, we are hoping to give as many people to think
     about impacts of our daily life to local as well as global environmental
     issues. The air check kit for this project only requires 1 hour to see the density of NO2 and it's very easy. You can do it wherever and whenever you want.

     2) Bandanna project Another project is wearing Earth Day Bandanna on April 22, 2000. It is also
     very simple but appealing. Wherever we are, whatever we do, we all care about the environment and on the day of Earth Day we take some action to express our commitments in protecting this planet.

    Earth Day Bandanna not only gives you an easy guide to spot other
     environmentalists around you but also helps raise public awareness for
     environmental protection if the bandanna is advertised well beforehand.

     **Both air check kits and bandannas are manufactured from now on and
     distributed to you by Earth Day 2000 JAPAN in April, 2000.
     Please fill out a Questionnaire below and e-mail to Earth Day 2000 JAPAN
     (fornet@earthday-j.org) upon your participation. Looking forward to your
     involvement !

     Best regards,

    Asian NGO Coalition Earth Day 2000 JAPAN LEADERS Nepal Supported by KIKO Network
     
     Contact : Earth Day 2000 JAPAN
     TEL +81-3-3263-9022 FAX +81-3-3263-9463 E-mail fornet@earthday-j.org
     Nishikawa Bldg. 2nd fl., Kojimachi 2-7-3, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083 JAPAN

     ****Earth Day 2000 Asia; Questionnaire****

     As Earth Day 2000 is just 3 months ahead, your prompt reply would be most appreciated!!

     Your Name: Organization:
     Address:
     Telephone:
     Fax:
     E-mail:
     URL:

     a) Are you interested in joining Air Check?

             Yes No
     
     b) If yes, how many groups including your group are you going to call for
     participation?
             [ ] groups
     
     b-1)How many individuals are you expecting to join?
             [ ] people
     
     b-2) Is English language instruction okay for your participants to use?

             Yes No
     [If no, please let us know the language ]
     
     b-3) Can your group contribute money for testing materials?
             Yes No
     
     [if yes, please let us know about how much (it costs about US$ 0.5 for one
     testing ]
     
     c) Are you interested in the Bandanna project?

         Yes No
     
     d) If yes, how many bandannas are you expecting to need?
             [ ] units
     
     d-1) Can your group contribute money for bandannas?

             Yes No
     
     [if yes, please let us know about how much (it costs about US$ 1 - 2 for one
     bandanna):

     *N O T E*
     You can join the project with/without contribution.
     Turning in your answer by fax or e-mail is appreciated.

     1st Deadline : February 1st, 2000
     2nd Deadline : February 15, 2000
     Final Deadline : March 1st, 2000

    ************************************************************************* Date: Mon, 28 Feb 2000 12:25:56 -0500 From: gte@prism.gatech.edu To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Nov 11, 1994 (25 Kartik 2051 BkSm)

    Hi, I'm an RA for  Prof Goodman ar the Georgia Institute of Technology, and I need to get a list of official Nepalese government websites. Can you help me? We're trying to find out the extent of proliferation of the internet in Nepal, as well as how much it is used, ie. how many hits these websites have had. My name is Lakshmi Rajagopal, and my e-mail is gte336k@prism.gatech.edu

    Thanks a lot! Lakshmi

    ********************************************************************** From: "Joshua Bierman" <jjames89@hotmail.com> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Internship Date: Thu, 24 Feb 2000 13:27:03 PST

    To the members of The TND Foundation: My name is Joshua Bierman and I am a Cultural/Bio-social Anthropology student at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington. I realize your time is valuable, so I will make this breif. I wish to conduct research in Nepal concerning the loss of tradition due to the trekking. I realize that your organization is concerned with issues such as this. I realize that this is not an easy endeavor, and would like to find some kind of internship in which my presence with an organization like yours would benefit us both. My plans are flexible, and my time frame is this summer. The goals of your orgnaization seem very interesting to me and would likely parallel my research. If anyone there has any advice, direction, or opportunities, please let me know. Thank you and have a good day. Sincerely, Joshua Bierman

    ************************************************************************** Date: Thu, 24 Feb 2000 17:58:29 +0000 (GMT Standard Time) To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Nepal Digest query From: C.Ortiz@sussex.ac.uk (Carlos Ortiz)

    I'm doing academic research at the University of Sussex, UK. One of the areas I'm currently working is related to privatization of security trends world-wide. Recently, I came across a few pages from the Nepal Digest dated 31 May 1995, on an open discussion on "Gurkhas and Post-Army Jobs" initiated by Pratyoush Onta. Though brief, I found the issue fascinating. I just accessed your main website trying to search for a continuation on the discussion since 1995. Could you please assist me? I cannot find a way to search for the specific topic among so many other issues raised. I couldn't access your website www.gurkhas.org, is it still running? I'll greatly appreciate any assistance you could offer me on that topic. I'm not aware how many people from Nepal is around this University, but if you want some help in promoting your site here, please let me know.

    Thanks

    Carlos Ortiz International Relations and Politics Graduate Research Centre in the Social Sciences University of Sussex

    ******************************************************************** From: satbir@gto.net.om To: <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Information request. Date: Tue, 15 Feb 2000 14:34:20 +0400

    To : TND FOUNDATION, NEPAL.

    Dear Sir

    We want to come to Nepal and stay for the entire holiday duration of 3 = to 4 weeks. For this, we think that a furnished apartment or = cottage/villa etc. will be more affordable than hotels. We could not = find any such option on the internet. Can you please help us?

    We require furnished accommodation (preferably with basic kitchen = amenities) for about 4 to 6 adults and 2 to 4 kids. Two or three rooms = villa/apartment can suit, depending upon what is available in Nepal. =20

    Our Nationality is Indian.

    Looking forward to your reply,

    Thanks. Sincerely, Satbir Singh

    ****************************************************************** From: "Louise Grant" <lgrant@charter.net> To: <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Healthcare in Nepal Date: Sat, 12 Feb 2000 16:30:41 -0500

    I am a doctoral student at the University of Tennessee taking a course = in International Health. I am studying the state of healthcare in the = country of Nepal and hope you can respond or refer my questions to = someone else familiar with the issue of healthcare in Nepal.=20

    Can you describe healthcare delivery in Nepal, in rural settings? urban = settings? What seems to be the most prevalent type of healthcare delivered? To = whom? Who pays for healthcare? Is there insurance? If so for whom? What is the major health problem in Nepal? How is it treated? Growing up in Nepal, what type of healthcare can the average person = expect to receive? When? Where?

    I appreciate any assistance or referrals you can provide.

    Sincerely, Louise P. Grant, M.S, R.D., LDN

    *************************************************************** From: CauxSP@aol.com Date: Thu, 10 Feb 2000 15:06:26 EST Subject: Assistance To: tnd@nepal.org

    I am looking for funding on behalf of a student Nepal who wants to take a month-long course in Conflict Resolution. Do you know of any organizations that would help fund her tuition or airfare?

    Thank you, Naila Sherman Washington, DC

    ******************************************************************* From: CGVBPLYR@aol.com Date: Wed, 9 Feb 2000 22:37:33 EST Subject: Question To: tnd@nepal.org

    I would like to know if Nepal had any specific feelings regarding the Bejing women's crisis going on right now. I am going to represent Nepal in the Model United Nations competition, and I was wondering if you had any insight.

    Thanks,

    Melissa Hinze Cedar Grove, WI

    ******************************************************************* From: "Charlotte Zeamer" <czeamer@hotmail.com> To: tnd@nepal.org, leah@wlink.com.np, maitinepal@wlink.com.np Subject: NGO research Date: Tue, 08 Feb 2000 18:25:44 PST

    Dear Sir or Madam,

    My name is Charlotte Zeamer, and I am a graduate student at the School for International Training in Brattleboro, VT, USA. I am involved in a research project on the activities and affiliations of Non-Governmental Organizations in Nepal, India and Sri Lanka, and I would like to invite you to participate in this research. The survey which I have prepared will inquire into the projects, financial statements, and long-term goals of the organizations surveyed. The results will be compiled and analyzed for the purposes of the class, and will be shared only with the professor of the class.

    I and my colleagues at the School for International Training are all Master's Candidates in International and Intercultural Management. We are all looking for practical experience and exposure to NGOs overseas to fulfill a 7-month to one year term of service, depending on the interests and needs of the students and NGOs all over the world. If you choose to participate, I can offer to publicize whatever information you like about your organization that an interested graduate student here could use to contact you about work or internship with you.

    If I may send you the survey of 10 questions by e-mail, please reply to this e-mail at your earliest convenience.

    I hope to hear from you soon.

    Sincerely, Charlotte Zeamer Master's Candidate in International and Intercultural Management School for International Training, Vermont, USA

    ****************************************************************** To: tnd@nepal.org Date: Sat, 05 Feb 2000 13:56:10 -0500 From: Ashok Chander <shakchan@MIT.EDU>

    To whom it may concern:

    My name is Ashok Chander and I am a third year undergraduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. I am writing to you on behalf of a student organization that is dedicated to promoting interantional development issues on campus. One of our major goals for the new year is to establish contact with an organizatoin in Nepal that works on social development issues. We hope with this contact we will be able to establish a realtionship with this organization, helping them in any way they feel appropriate. Our primary motive for this is so that we may create an opportunity on campus for enthusiastic MIT students to work with the organizatoin in Nepal for a summer in a volunteer capacity in whatever project the particular Nepalanese organization has in mind. We feel very strongly that more of these types of opportunities are needed around campus. It is our general impression that too few of the highly talented and motivated individuals on this campus are not aware of the pressing needs of many individuals of the international commmunity. As a result graduates of this school will have little or no desire to use their skills or resources later on in life to aid the efforts of organizations involved in the international development movement.

    We plan on funding this summer internship program primarily with grants that we receive from M.I.T, and are very confident in our ability to obtain these funds. We, however, are still looking for an organization in Nepal that would be interested in this type of relationship. If you could offer information to help us with our search we would be greatly appreciative. Given our school's expertise and focus, we hoped that the organizatoin would be focused on providing technology, from seeds to computers, to the people of Nepal, or conduct some form of research, public health or otherwise, but are not set in that thinking. Thank you for you time and consideration.

    Best Wishes, Ashok Chander shakchan@mit.edu 617-290-8015

    "We are the music makers, the dreamers of dreams."
                                             - Roald Dahl

    ************************************************************* From: "Shrestha, Sudhir X" <sshresth@amfam.com> To: <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: names of senators Date: Tue, 1 Feb 2000 11:43:48 -0600

    Hello to everyone out there!

    I am writing to find out the names of the US Senators that recently visited Nepal during the week of Jan. 17th. There were about 3-4 U.S. Senators. The names were published in the Nepalnews.com but not in the KTM Post. I do not know if the names/news were/was published in any other journals. There is no archive list for the Nepalnews.com that lists the news of the same week.

    If anyone out there knows of it, please email me at SSHRESTH@AMFAM.COM

    Thank you. Namaste and Happy Millennium to everyone!!!! Sudhir Shrestha Milwaukee

    *************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 19:42:29 +0100 Subject: help wanted! From: Christian Weinreich <christianw@n-a.dk> To: <webmaster-tnd@nepal.org>

    Hi,

    Do you have an e-mail address/fax for Naresh Gurung of Nightingale Travellers Service in Thamel, Kathmandu (just opposite The Everest Steak House)?

    Thanks! Christian Denmark

     ******************************************************************************
     * *
     * The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of TND Foundation, a global *
     * not-for-profit information and resource center committed to promoting *
     * issues concerning Nepal. All members of tnd@nepal.org will get a copy of *
     * The Nepal Digest (TND). Membership is free of charge and open to all. *
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     * THE EDITOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO EDIT ARTICLES FOR CLARITY. *
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     * Postings are divided into following categories that are listed in the *
     * order below. Please provide category-type in the header of your e-mail. *
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     * 7. JAN_KARI: Classifides (Matrimonials, Jobs etc) *
     * 8. KHOJ_KHABAR (Inquiring about Nepal, Nepalis etc. ) *
     * 9. TITAR_BITAR: Miscellaneous (Immigration and Taxex etc. ) *
     * *
     * COPYRIGHT NOTE *
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     * The content contributors are responsible for any copyright violations. *
     * TND, a non-profit electronic journal, will publish articles that have *
     * been published in other electronic or paper journal with proper credit *
     * to the original media. *
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     ******************************************************************************

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