The Nepal Digest - March 2, 1998 (10 Falgun 2054 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Mon Mar 2, 1998: Falgun 10 2054BS: Year7 Volume72 Issue1
  Today's Topics:
                   
     Appeal Letter
     Nepal News
     Habitat for Humanity project
     Re: Nepal, Travel, Trekking and Trafficking.
     Yeti, the state of the Nepalese Association in UK
     Nepal's rescued sex slaves
     The #1 Enemy of Christianity is Religion

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
 * -------------------------------------- *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest: General Information tnd@nepal.org *
 * Chief Editor: Rajpal JP Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * (Open Position) *
 * Columnist: Pramod K. Mishra pkm@acpub.duke.edu *
 * Sports Correspondent: Avinaya Rana avinayar@touro.edu *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Australia Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Dr. Krishna B. Hamal HamalK@dist.gov.au *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Canada Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Anil Shrestha SHRESTHA@CROP.UOGUELPH.CA *
 * SCN Correspondent: Open Position *
 * *
 * TND Archives: http://library.wustl.edu/~listmgr/tnd/ *
 * TND Foundation: http://www.nepal.org tnd@nepal.org *
 * WebSlingers: Pradeep Bista,Naresh Kattel,Robin Rajbhandari *
 * Rabi Tripathi, Prakash Bista tnd@nepal.org *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************
****************************************************************** Date: Fri, 13 Feb 98 14:18:35 EST To: <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: "Robby Khanal" <RKhanal@state.de.us> Subject: Appeal Letter

Dear TND Editor, This letter was sent to me by a very close relative regarding Rajan Panthi's health problems. I'd appreciate it if you can post this letter in your next TND edition. Thanks.

Robby Khanal

Sub: MY APPEAL

I am Rajan Panthi. A twenty four year old, resident of Anam Nagar, Kathmandu, seriously suffering from a dangerous Cancer called XERODERMA PRIGMENTOSA and nearing the end.

With the little money that my father earns from his small shop, a type of hand to mouth process has somehow been possible.

My younger sister 21 and my younger brother 19, both are also suffering from the same disease and they are also in a very serious condition and have disfigured bodies. One of my eyes has been removed and my other eye is so badly swollen that I have now become blind.

I have been taken to different hospitals, both inside and outside the country for medical treatment and have been examined many times by lots of doctors. Despite several attempts of treatment, there is no sign of improvement or recovery. A large amount of money has been spent to undergo many operations. My whole body is badly infected and is completely covered in puss. Black scars can be seen to cover my entire body. While sitting in the sun, my whole body aches with severe pain, sometimes unbearably sharp, I have to remain isolated in a room. Despite unbearable pain of the major operations which have been carried out on me. I am still alive.

My pain is beyond tolerance, and I am sure I have become an unbearable burden on my parents and younger sister. Now I feel that they are mentally disturbed due to my deteriorating health.

I am under impression that the recent invention and discoveries in the field of science and Medicine have achieved an unprecedented progress to uplift and recover every possible human diseases around the world.

I, from the buttom of my heart, want to stop both mentally and financially burdening my family. My last desire will only come true when an institution is ready to take the responsibility of investigating my disease. I solemnly pray to god that no other single human being suffers from such a deadly disease.

I will personally be extremely happy and grateful to an individuals or an organization that could provide me with its valuable time and assistance for research and investigation of my disease. Whether I will benifit from this or not, it does not matter, but hopefully it will, in due time , open a new horizon of hope for many of my brother and sister who are also suffering from this kind of disease.

My feeling is that if other people benefit from or are even cured from the results that come from the investigation of my body, I would even be prepared to give up my life.

Thanks a lot for your compassionate consideration.

Rajan Panthi Anam Nagar , Kathmandu , Phone 00-977-1-227311.

****************************************************************************** Date: Feb 13, 1998 To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Nepal News

Source: The Kathmandu Post

Five girls escape from brothel By a Post Reporter

BHAIRAHAWA, Feb 17 - Five Nepali girls who were sold to a brothel in Mumbai have returned with injuries after jumping down from a three-storeyed building. The agents had been successful to lure them to Mumbai convincing them that they were taking them to Manakamana temple.

Talking to The Kathmandu Post in Rupandehi District Police Office, they said they were workers of a carpet industry at Bouddha in Kathmandu. They said their own male and female colleagues of the garment industry had cheated them. They said the agents had persuaded them to go to Manakamana temple along with two women who had children. The women with children were also agents of girl traffickers who had instead taken them to Mumbai, they added.

After the agents escaped from the brothels in Mumbai, the five girls had been able to escape with the help of a middle-aged Nepali prostitute who had been working there for some years. Three of the girls who came to Nepal supporting themselves with the help of sticks suffer from broken legs while one of them has a serious injury in her back, it was learnt after their medical check-up.

Source: Reuters News Charles meets veteran Gurkhas in Nepal 07:19 a.m. Feb 08, 1998 Eastern By Gopal Sharma

KATHMANDU, Feb 8 (Reuters) - Britain's Prince Charles met veteran Gurkha soldiers in a remote Nepali village on Sunday as part of his three-nation south Asian tour.

Among them was Bhanu Bhakta Gurung, holder of Britain's highest award for military valour, the Victoria Cross.

"HE SHOOK MY HAND - I feel very happy,'' said the 77-year-old Gurung at a welfare centre which looks after old soldiers and their families. The centre is part of the Gurkha Welfare Trust which raises about three million pounds a year for the veterans. The short, stocky Gurkhas of Mongolian origin, known for their bravery and fighting skills, come from the hills of Nepal and have been serving in the British Army for 182 years.

About 232,000 fought for the British in the two world wars. An estimated 14,000 were killed and over 28,000 wounded. Prince Charles, who is also Colonel in Chief of the Royal Gurkha Rifles, on Saturday praised the Gurkhas for their loyalty during a speech at a dinner hosted by Nepali crown prince, Dipendra.

``I have nothing but the greatest admiration for the dedication and bravery which the Gurkhas have always shown in playing their part in the British Army,'' the heir to the British throne said.

Earlier on Sunday he visited a shelter for Nepali girls rescued from brothels in India, some of them HIV-positive. The shelter in Kathmandu -- which cares for some 130 unwanted children, rape victims and rescued girls -- is run with British support by Maiti Nepal, a local non-government organisation. Many its residents had been rescued from red-light districts in neighbouring India, where an increasing number of poor Nepali girls are lured with false promises of jobs.

****************************************************************** Date: Sun, 8 Feb 1998 01:24:14 -0500 (EST) From: "Daniel C. Sorid" <danny@columbia.edu> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - February 8, 1998 (26 Magh 2054 BkSm)

Dear Nepal Digest,

I am a former intern at the United States Embassy to Nepal in Kathmandu. I am very interested in people's feelings about the Embassy's performance, especially regarding US visa affairs. As I am drafting a paper topic on the issue, I am very interested in having your readers write to me regarding their feelings about the embassy, in particular:

 = do you think the embassy is fair to Nepalis regarding visa applications?

 = if the US Embassy could change one thing about its operations,what would it be?

 = are there any specific complaints about particular officers at the Embassy?

 = Is the embassy's location in Pani Pokhari too distant for people?

etc.

Please let your readers know that they can reach me at dcs28@columbia.edu.

Thank you, Dan. Columbia University fax : (212) 854-9611 email: dcs28@columbia.edu

********************************************************* Date: Sun, 8 Feb 1998 13:32:22 -0500 From: eknath@math.cornell.edu (Eknath Belbase (Durrett)) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Habitat for Humanity project

A couple of issues ago someone posted details about a Habitat for Humanity sponsored drive in Nepal. I would like to ask some questions about this project and would appreciate replies from the original post-er or anyone else who has information:

(a) Are the types of houses that are to be built to be made of materials similar to those used by Habitat in the US? The design of houses?

(b)what is the process by which regions will be accorded priority - income levels, remoteness, etc?

The reasons I ask are two-fold: there may be organizations/people in Nepal who are interested in joining such a drive under certain conditions.

Secondly, the post had a strong tilt in favor of "modern" design and derided theuse of certain traditional materials which I would strongly question. While I agree that reliable housing is a must and is lacking in many rural parts of the country, it is not clear that the benefits of shifting wholesale to all non-traditional materials outweigh some of the losses. Not to mention design. It is similar to the way in which "traditional" squat latrines are replaced by Western-style toilets in a "modernization" drive with the implicit assumption that the latter are more hygenic - based more on cultural assumptions than scientific studies. This disregards water-usage patterns and availability completely and masksan esthetic preference as a hygenic necessity.

In the current context some questions might be: do we want the entire rural population to switch to wood and tin? For what? Are these structures going to be (a)more insulating in winter (b)more fire-resistant (c)more resistant to collapse in wind, earthquake, or torrential downpour (d) easier for rural people to repair when repair is inevitably needed (e) longer-lasting?

The posting was unclear on these points and it would be good to know. Thanks.

****************************************************************** Date: Mon, 9 Feb 1998 11:46:00 GMT To: TND <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: carin@gn.apc.org (H Brown) Subject: Re: Nepal, Travel, Trekking and Trafficking.

Namaste!

We seem to have stirred up the beginnings of what could be a very good discussion on solutions to trafficking problem. The more input and ideas we have, the better... Even if people can't quite follow through the ideas that come to mind, they could still spark off an idea for someone else to take up, if we just keep the brain-storming going long enough and hard enough.

I personally do know how much can happen when people get together and think things through carefully. I believe our Nepal, Travel, Trekking and Trafficking Web Site triggered off a lot of this discussion. I could not have created this site alone and I am not sure that Robert Markey would have had access to all the information without me. At first neither of us knew how our ideas would progress. We just kept e-mailing each other for over a year until we came up with a plan and a Web Site that is having some effect because we receive reactions from Kathmandu as well as elsewhere. So who knows what might happen if all everyone concerned by the problem thinks hard enough...

Currently we are really grateful for any further imput. Also if anyone finds an e-mail address that we could use in a web site protest, please let me have it.

Regards Helen Brown carin@gn.apc.org freespirit@innocent.com http://www.blue-fox.com/nepal

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. Martin Luther King, Jr.

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 03:51:36 From: <k-shrestha@usa.net> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Yeti, the state of the Nepalese Association in UK

Yeti UK - What is it ?
- Kamal Shrestha
- Middlesex University

Until a few years ago, Yeti was a association that represented the Nepalese community that are residing here in the UK. BUT it is now a case where it has become so divided that in some areas of UK, there is no association which is able to represent the Nepalese community that are residing there.

Let me start of with a brief history of the association. Long before the generation of today was born, (even me) the Nepalese population in UK was very small, yet they needed someone to represent them and their beloved country. Yeti was formed with the view of being an association which would represent the Nepalese community and to try and bring them together by means of functions, festival celebrations and other such events. For many decades it succeeded in achieving its goals and as the community grew it became even stronger. With the population growing and expanding to such areas as North UK, it saw a start of a new chapter of Yeti with the formation of Yeti Midlands and North. The basic idea was that Yeti, Nepalese Association London chapter was to represent the London and South UK based Nepalese, and the other one was to represent the North UK based.

What has happened now is that, because of the greed of some particular people, (power hungry) it has now officially become two separate associations when a referendum of grassroot members of the North voted overwhelmingly to become a separate association. It is now at a stage where it is to be changing its name as well to disassociate itself with the farce that is now known as Yeti.

People now are abandoning the actual Yeti as they feel that they no longer represent the Nepalese living in UK and that they are just representing themselves and their family. They are too busy doing "Chaakri" of various things like Royal Nepalese Embassy, Ambassador, Visiting dignitaries whom most are an embarrassing sight as they are nothing, but drunk when required for various important dates with members of the press, visiting members of the Nepalese Royal Family. They are so much into "Chaakri" that even their quarterly newsletter has no other purpose, but to do "Chaakri" on these individuals. There are many other news of relevance to the Nepalese residing here in the UK, but they are only basing their news with the above people in mind and how to please them.

This sort of "Chaakri" will see them do well for the short term, but in the long term, where will they be in terms of members that they are representing ? Once Yeti boasted membership of over 300, but now that has come down dramatically to less than 50. Why don't they do something that would change that ? They cannot ! Why ? Because they are too ego minded. They are too much into themselves. They do not have the capabilities to be able to hold each of the various organisation together and to help each other. The Executive Committee seem to have the attitude that they are the only association that is allowed to represent the Nepalese in UK no matter what the persons interest are.

With the increase in the population of Nepalese, we had new associations who were no threat to Yeti and never indicated as so. Associations such as Nepalese Doctors Association, Nepalese Youth Association, Nepalese Artists Association, Nepal Kingdom Foundation, Koseli (Culture group), are a totally separate entity as they are for a persons particular taste. Nepalese Youth Association (NYA) which was a association for the Nepalese youths residing here was basically finished by Yeti as they saw that as a competition to themselves. If the parents could be represented by Yeti, then why could their children not have been represented by NYA. Even the media, the only Nepalese media in UK was seen a competitor to their newsletter. Sagarmatha Times have been submitting news on Nepalese Activities in UK to The Nepal Digest, Kathmandu Post and have also got a section in The Independent titled 'UK Diary', but they have no news on Yeti, Why ? Basically Yeti do not want to pass news to their competitors
(This is Yeti's me ntality). It is ironic that people who ran Sagarmatha Times once and tried to have it closed down, are now in Yeti.

The association at the moment seems to be self motivated for the benefit for no-one but themselves. How can an association justify using membership money and donations to hire a professional cameraman and make a video film of themselves (With all of them lined up in front of the camera, during each gatherings) and sending to Nepal for viewing in Nepal ? At each gathering, it would seem to waste at least 300 pounds for such unnecessary waste. What makes it worser is that, it gets to Nepal and if you are lucky, it would be shown 1 minute of the event in every blue moon. If that is not self promotion, then I do not know what is !

They are wasting all this money, and yet they are asking for charity (to build a Yeti house). It has been several decades since Yeti was formed, yet they have no solid base of their own. They operate from a top of a Restaurant. Is that not where the money should be used ? A house that all Nepalese can call their own. 'A NEPAL HOUSE'

What would have been prosperous for Yeti and of benefit to every one in this country would have been for them to take all of these separate associations and worked together for the Nepalese community. No one is competing against anyone, so why hold such low mentality. To some degree, some of this blame has to be laid on the Royal Nepalese Embassy as well. They see all this
"Chaakri" and enjoy every minute of it. They are the one who controls the whole community, yet why are they basking in this "Chaakri" and separating the community. People who have difficulties in understanding this, let me please describe an incident to you.

A few months back, the Queen of Nepal was in London, (for which, the official reason was way off the mark, but that is another matter). The Royal Nepalese Embassy hosted a reception for the Nepalese community in UK to greet their queen and passed on the responsibility to the "Chaakri" serving Yeti officials No one will be able to guess what happened next. The only people that were invited were the senior officials of Yeti along with their family and friends. The Royal Nepalese Ambassador should have had the courage to ask where the rest of the Nepalese community were. Why he did not is one of those questions where I am sure that you yourself can work out. That is not the only incident. It is instances such as these that have made people lose faith in Yeti, Royal Nepalese Embassy and everyone else that should matter.

It maybe already bad enough that we have a Ambassador who has not been designated to his post because of his own capabilities, but rather because of his marriage to a HRH. No flair, No English and definitely not in touch with the common Nepalese crowd. He needs to common out of his stubbornness, born out of marrying into a Royal and living on favours based on his wife's title and do a job that he has been designated to do. Care for the Nepalese residing in UK and prosperity of the bonds that exists from all the hard work of the people who once were in his shoes. Be a true Ambassador !

Maybe a persons social background has something to do it. Please do not misjudge me, but it is ironic that Midlands and North are made up of the qualified type, Doctors, Engineers, Lecturers and have achieved so much in such a short time being thorough professionals, yet the London Yeti made up of one doctor and the rest working in restaurant as waiters and kitchen porters have a selfish mentality.

How can a person who is claiming to be a political asylum against his country, but yet can represent a association for Nepalese is beyond me. It is one of the things that puzzles me and it is definitely worth a consideration. I have tried to think of many reasons as to why Yeti is so far behind in representing it's members and all I came up with is their quality for doing
"Chaakri" for their short term benefit.

Things such as this is not good for anyone. Yeti or the Nepalese community in London. Being so far away from Nepal, what we need most is unity. We need a figure such as Yeti or Royal Nepalese Embassy to forge unity amongst people. A community needs something that they can share in common. With none of that, we would all become isolated from not only from Nepal, but also from the Nepalese community here. The easiest solution would be for a new association to be formed which would solve this problem, but Yeti with it's history has a sentimental value to us all. Why let the bad people who are in Yeti now, spoil such a unique association. And also with Yeti doing the "Chaakri" with favours from various high places and the other concentrating on solely it's members which is most likely to survive ? Situations such as these, honesty doesn't pay !

Yeti and Royal Nepalese Embassy needs to open its arms and forge strong bonds with all Nepalese/groups/whatever they maybe and create a unity which is un-divided and un-bias. Only with this can the Nepalese crowd in UK flourish. What sort of a world would we be living in if we do not have something in common with each other to bring us together. In a few months it is election time again for Yeti and hopefully this time, we would get someone who is not just seeking for attention for themselves, if they have any members left until then to vote. Who knows, the first person in line to vote could even be the Royal Nepalese Ambassador to preserve his devoted "Chaakriwalas". That is the sort of world we live in. A musical puppet as a Ambassador. Turn the key, put on the music and watch him dance.

I am sorry if this article is blunt, but it a matter which concerns me deeply that the Nepalese living in UK have now not got faith in anyone. This is not the sort of world we want today's generation to grow up on, we need to get past this mentality problem before we the Nepalese residing abroad can do anything here to make our mother land, Nepal be proud.

Ps. No offence 'Mr Ambassador'. This is with all due respect, but fact is fact.

******************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 22:48:11 GMT To: TND <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: carin@gn.apc.org (H Brown) Subject: Re: Nepal, Travel, Trekking and Trafficking.

Dear Sir,

Aiko has summed up the situation regarding tourists and lack of concern for their safety. I have more to add next time. Meanwhile, here are two editorials from the Independent, in answer to Janak Koirala's criticism of our web site [http://www.blue-fox.com/nepal] for exposing harassment endured by women in Nepal and the complicity or inertia of the authorities, They were published at about the same time as the letters on our Web Site and we considered including them on the letters page because they represent the opinions of Nepalese writers also concerned about these problems.

>> Law and Order Situation. March 31st 1993
>> Contrary to the claims by the Home Minister, Sher
   Bahadur Deuba, that the kingdom is peaceful, the real
   state of law and order gives rise to much insecurity
   and concern. Law enforcement has weakened considerably,
   and the weakness is being exploited by miscreants
   against whom nothing is being done. Anti-social
   elements have been banking on the support or
   goodwill of one party or the other. Everyone can see
   the results; a housewife returning from worship is
   raped in front of her husband, young girls are
   similarly victimised, and at least eight people died in
   a shoot-out near the frontier. These are just a few
   illustrations to prove that the Home Minister is lying.

   Much of the insecurity is due to the conflict among
   rival political parties and personalities. Even the
   ruling Congress party admits that the chances are that
   victims without party connections will be ignored.
   Senior police officials complain that, no matter who is
   right and who is wrong, they can do nothing without the
   support of political parties. This rule of the jungle
   benefits no-one except a handful of power brokers
   basking in the warm glow of their muscle strength.

   A serious review of law and order is long overdue as
   little, if anything, seems to have been done to
   transform the police force into an effective
   institution. In many instances, police are guilty of
   misconduct. The owner of a stolen motorcycle was
   publicly beaten and slapped in the face by the very
   policeman who was using his motorcycle. When a poor
   farmer in Chitwan refused to give a chicken to the
   police free of charge, they beat him to death. Such
   outrageous misbehaviour is totally unbecoming of any
   public institution in a democracy. <<

Sounds a little like home? It helps to explain how sex offenders can operate in Thamel instead of finding themselves in jail. Who wants to report rape or assault to police of that sort?

This editorial, dated 15th December 1993, was prompted by one of the letters on our web site.

>> The Woman Problem.
>> Whatever the precise circumstances related by a foreign
   woman in today's issue, * it is an established fact that
   such treatment of women is rife all over the sub-
   continent. Although the character of an entire people
   can never be judged by the behaviour of a few, it is
   also true that no-one can successfully oppress others
   unless he has widespread support. This includes not
   only those who actively collude in such oppression, but
   also those who ignore the victimisation of others, for
   whatever reason, so it can continue unchecked.

   Complaisance and apathy only produce moral decay. While
   such outrages happen, how can we feel any kind of
   justification for national pride? This violence against
   women undermines our self-esteem and challenges us to
   rethink our image of being inhabitants of an
   enlightened civilisation.

   We who live here know that the Third World is not the
   tower of spiritual knowledge and strength which many a
   Western visitor seeks. One reason for the prevailing
   predatory situation may be the sexual hypocrisy and
   frustration of Third World men, inflamed by
   pornographic books and films, ironically of Western
   origin. So in a country where social taboos keep the
   sexes apart, their image of Western women is linked to
   pornography, and the freedom of these women to pursue
   their own lives is grossly misunderstood. Another
   reason is the profiteering hoped for by transporters,
   hoteliers, shopkeepers and touts. Visitors, European or
   not, have a right not to be pestered. The problem seems
   entrenched in a culture that degrades women despite
   ostensibly placing them on absurd pedestals.

   But sustained action against the gangs that harass
   tourists at airports, bus depots and areas with tourist
   hotels could produce results if the general public is
   strongly urged to support the rights of visitors.
   Tradition-bound Malaysia has benefited in this way. The
   woman-eating monsters are of all classes, colours and
   religions; many are educated but all are cowardly when
   challenged. If nothing is done, the women of Nepal will
   suffer most of all. So public intervention may prove a
   step in the right direction for society. <<

   * The letter this refers to is on the Web Site.

Although these editorials are few years old now and governments have come and gone, has anything really changed?

Helen Brown carin@gn.apc.org freespirit@innocent.com http://www.blue-fox.com/nepal

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. Martin Luther King, Jr.

From: carin@gn.apc.org (H Brown) Subject: Nepal's rescued sex slaves

I have just had this message forwarded to me. There must be some hope here. Royal patronage...more publicity...=20

How can we put the idea over that since these girls can meet royalty, the= re is no reason to treat them as outcasts?

Helen Brown
>
>London Telegraph
>Monday, Feb 9
>
>Prince brings hope to Nepal's rescued sex slaves
>By Robert Hardman=20
>
>IN the poorest quarter of one of the poorest capitals on Earth, the Prin=
ce
>of Wales yesterday met a group of young women for whom life, or what is
>left of it, is alleviated only by a Kathmandu equivalent of Mother Teres=
a.
>
>These were the victims of child abuse and the trade in young Nepali girl=
s,
>sold into sexual slavery in India and then abandoned when HIV infection
>struck. Only the relentless efforts of Anuradha Koirala had led to their
>rescue from the streets, and the Prince had come to promote her work.
>
>The Maiti Nepal refuge is very much the sort of territory associated wit=
h
>the late Diana, Princess of Wales. That was not the reason for the Princ=
e's
>visit - Britain's embassy has a close involvement with Maiti's work and =
the
>ambassador's wife is on the voluntary staff - but his approach to this s=
ort
>of human tragedy was bound to provoke comparisons.
>
>His style was certainly different to that of the Princess but there was =
no
>doubting his concern. The refuge had made every effort to lay on a royal
>welcome with banners and dancing but no one made any attempt to disguise
>its shocking stories.
>
>Among the first people the Prince met was Ashmita, an 11-year-old girl w=
ho
>had to leave her village after being gang-raped by four men at the age o=
f
>seven. Others, such as seven-year-old Omu, had fled a violent home, whil=
e
>Mina, 26, and Rikit, 20, were brought to the home after Maiti arranged a
>police snatch the day before they were to be abducted for sale to an Ind=
ian
>brothel.
>
>The Prince appeared moved and inspired as he listened to these accounts =
via
>Mrs Koirala. Born into a wealthy Nepali family, she has devoted the last
>five years to setting up the project and is now part-mother,
>part-policewoman. When not looking after her charges, she is involved in
>intercepting child-traffickers and rescuing girls from their pimps. To a=
dd
>to the tragedy of this situation, Mrs Koirala, 47, is now ill herself wi=
th
>suspected cancer.
>
>In the garden, 11 of the saddest cases waited to greet the Prince. They
>were among Maiti's 35 ex-prostitutes, 33 of whom are HIV positive. She t=
old
>the Prince of how she was lured into prostitution at the age of 17 with =
the
>promise of wealth, sold to a Bombay brothel for =A3150, infected with HI=
V and
>thrown on to the streets. Rescued by Maiti and returned to Kathmandu, sh=
e
>has nowhere to go because her family have disowned her.
>
>Prince Charles said: "Thank goodness there are people like Mrs Koirala w=
ho
>has dedicated her life to this sort of thing. Without people like her, t=
he
>situation would be infinitely worse."
>
>Mrs Koirala was delighted to have such a prominent backer in her struggl=
e
>for tougher action by the Nepali government. She said: "The Prince was
>upset. The trafficking must stop and he must take this message back. He
>must. He must. I hope he does not forget us when he gets into his big ca=
r."
>
>He had certainly not forgotten after flying west to Pokhara for a luncht=
ime
>audience with King Birendra at his lakeside winter palace. Among the fir=
st
>things the Prince mentioned was his visit to Maiti. From there, he flew =
on
>into the hills from where the British Army recruits its Gurkhas. Retirem=
ent
>rather than recruitment was the issue as the Prince, patron of the Gurkh=
a
>Welfare Trust, inspected the extended support scheme for old soldiers th=
at
>operates across the country.
>
>Gurkha pensions have become an issue recently as two veterans' associati=
ons
>have started campaigning for parity with British ex-servicemen (although=
 a
>treaty with the Indian Army Gurkhas prevents this).
>
>There were few grumbles from the retired Gurkhas whom the Prince met in =
the
>remote village of Besishahar, among them the holders of a Military Cross=
,
>of a Military Medal and Bar and of a Victoria Cross. Bhan Bhagta Gurung =
VC,
>76, was decorated for storming four Japanese bunkers in Burma in 1945. H=
e
>receives no pension, having served only seven years, but his annual VC
>holder's award of =A31,300 makes him one of the richest men in the regio=
n.
>
>The trust provides everything from clean water to disaster relief and
>medical aid to former Gurkhas. Today, the Prince leaves Nepal for the fi=
rst
>royal visit in history to the insular mountain kingdom of Bhutan.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** From: HMPradhan@aol.com Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 00:43:29 EST To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Fly to Nepal cheaper than ever...

We are giving special rates to Nepal and India if you fly before May 31st. We also provide other services, please visit our website at

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Manoj Pradhan

***************************************************************** To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu, A10RJS1@cs.niu.edu, tnd@nepal.org Date: Fri, 13 Feb 1998 21:58:24 Subject: Re: An Interview From: Anup Jangam <jangam@jangam.mos.com.np> (mercantile)

Dear Rajpalji,

Hope your are fine. I have noted that you have not received my Interview published in News India Times on Jan.23, 1998 from New york. For your kind perusal I here by sending the same. Please note a News about a program of Dhaka on Jan.27, 1998.

Please inform to our like minded friends these fact. If any help from my side please feel free to inform me in Kathmandu.

I am going to set a program for an Anti-Corroption. I hope it will be grand seminar for the same. I will inform you in detail later when it will fixed.

Please note the address of Anti-Corroptiont:

      http://www.nepalhorizons.com/bharat/FFIT/index.html
      http://members.aol.com/ajungam/anti_corruption.html

I am looking forward to heard from you.

Your Sincerely Bharat Jangam

----------------A News from The Kathmandu Post --------------------

Kathmandu Post, February 1, Sunday 1998

JANGAM FELICITATED IN BANGLADESH By a Post Reporter

Kathmandu, Jan 31,

Nepali litterateur and novelist, Bharat Jangam has been felicitated in Bangladesh, recently.

According to an information reached here, various Bangladeshi literary figures and journalists hailed Jangam's talent, and welcomed the novelist's recently translated the Black Sun into Bangladeshi literature.

Addressing from the Chair, Bajrul Rehman, Editor of "Daily Sambad"
 expressed sadness that despite being so near Nepal and Bangladeshi litterateurs and journalists have minimum interaction with each other. He, however, expressed happiness to find one of the Nepali literary creation, the Black Sun, into Bengali language.

In the programme organised by Dhaka Publication, Ambassador of Nepal to Bangladesh, Mr.Lok Bahadur Shrestha, said that despite lots of interest, there was no means for Nepali people to enjoy Bangla literature.

Earlier, senior litterateur Mr. Sahebuddin Ahmed said that Jangam's work was not only popular in South Asia, but it has gained reputation in Europe and America as well. Ahmed said that he opted to translate the Black Sun into Bangladeshi, after being convinced by both Nepali and English versions of the novel.

On the occasion, Bharat Jangam thanked Bangladeshi literary circle for nice words and encouragements. "This is not only a felicitation to me, but it is a good will gesture shown by Bangladesh to Nepal, Nepali society and Nepali literature," he said.

The programme was attended by well known literary figures like Mr. Jyoti Prakash Dutta, Mr.Santosh Gupta, Dr. Sultana Nahar, Mr.Nirmalendu Goon, Mr.Sohara Bhasan, Mr.Masuk Choudhary, Mr.Khalim Azad, Mr.Kujhesh Salma Abhullah etc.

Mr. Safikul Aunos of Dhaka Publications played special role for the success of the programme.

News India Times-------- Jan23,1998
____ Interview __________

Redefining Corruption Is A Strenuous Task

NEW YORK: Bharat Mani Jungam, known to the national and international literary community sans his middle name, is a happy man. He has three books to his credit, one of his works has been printed in 11 languages. A native of Bhaktapur, a historic city in Nepal, Jungam's novel "Kalo Surya" (The Black Sun) is published in English, Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Assamese, Maithili and Newari. His other creations are: Rato Gham (Red Sun, published in three languages)
 and Vyuhachakra (Vicious Circle). But since November 1996, as if fed up with literary work, he is active in a campaign through a nongovernmental organization called Forum for Independent Thinking whose motto is to revive moral values and strengthen public support for anti-corruption campaign. He organized many seminars, gave lectures and maintained three homepages in the Internet to popularize the campaign. A seminar organized over a years ago at Columbia University was the most remarkable one. It was participated by more than six dozen people of different professions. Dr. Sukhdev Sah, an expert on Third World economy, and is associated with IMF was one of the participants to present his paper in the December 1996 seminar. But many colleagues of Jungam feel that he has taken an unnecessary burden by deciding to initiate the campaign. Jungam said: "Sometimes I do soul-searching and feel almost the same. I ask myself why did I take this headache? Since almost all political leaders, bureaucrats and other opinion leaders of the society are involved in the corruption and seems no one is happy with my movement. But when I receive letters and other feedback from like-minded people I feel happy -- thank God! there are so many who believe in a corruption-free society. He is satisfied with the response he got in less than two years. He takes pride in showing bundles of letters written to appreciate his
"jehad." According to him, the movement is to make people more aware of the social evil. This movement is not only for the Third World but for the world at large.
"For some, it seemed that you were not happy as a writer. Probably, that's why you started the anti-corruption movement. How do you defend yourself?" he was asked.
"To some extent, their concern about my career can be justified. But as a conscious citizen, I thought that it's my duty to enter into such an area which affects the people and society the most. In this regard, degrading social values was the most concerned topic for me. If you take the case of Third World, corruption is the foremost problem," he said. Going through the historical perspective of the evil he said: "The modern form of corruption was started after World War II. Those days, it was happening in the name of consolidation of power and imperialism, and these days in the name of democracy, development and human rights. Take any country in the world, a handful of people rule the entire country. The roots of this power lie in money. And that money does not come necessarily from fair means -- in most cases it is generated through unfair means." Corruption is everywhere, what kind of corruption you want to tackle in the beginning? "The concept of corruption itself is needed to be redefined which is not an easy task. But corruption at the lower level of bureaucracy in the Third World countries is not the matter of my concern at all. Precisely, I don't consider it corruption. Because the basic salaries of these employees are very low which force them to look for some other means of income. They accept bribe to earn their bread and butter. This act is the product of their basic need and hunger.
"What I am much concerned about is the act (corruption) that is practiced to accumulate immense luxury and wealth, which ultimately affects the national development and people's welfare adversely in any country." Concentrating more on South Asian countries, he said, corruption is a major factor behind the backwardness in the region.
"I do not mean to say that the governments in industrial and developed nations are not corrupt but their basic infrastructure and socio-political system is such, where one person's misdeed does not necessarily affect the entire the country. But in our case, the situation is vice versa. Take the examples of Bofors and hawala in India, carpet and Letter of Credit scam in Nepal and similar ones in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Those scandals played a vital role in destabilizing governments." On the stability of governments, Jungam again connected the issue to the corruption and said: "Stability of the government is pre-requisite to the development in the countries like of ours. But the stability is again marred by corruption. When money takes upperhand, the degradation of the politics starts. Everyone wants power and wants to stick to it, not for the welfare of the society but to make more money. If you say this is democracy, this is not democracy at all, but simply the manipulation of the power and money." The nexus between foreign government/international non-governmental organizations and national government, I think, is the mother of all evils, he said. How do you think it can be eliminated from the society? To this question, Jungam said in a contemplative mood: "I think, corruption is required to be taught as a separate discipline of social science in schools and universities. It is urgent to be defined with an entirely new approach. Social scientists should define what form of abuse of power or authority is corruption and what is not. This social evil can be eliminated provided we create a social environment where one should not be attracted to the unlawful or illegal or immoral means of income. Rule of law, public awareness, accountability, policy of punishment and reward, and public participation are some measures that can be implemented.

************************************************************** Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 08:39:59 -0500 To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> From: mam233@psu.edu (Mary Ann Maslak) Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - January 27, 1998 (14 Magh 2054 BkSm)

Is it possible to provide more information about the availability of these two books?

Can you provide ISBN numbers and the locations of the publishing companies? Thanks. >
_The Right to Basic Primary Education_ by Bimal Phnuyal and _Social Life in Nepal: From Tradition to Modernity_ by Govinda Maskey.

*********************************************************** Date: Thu, 12 Feb 1998 14:06:44 PST From: Sunrise travels <nepaltravel@hotmail.com> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Low Airfare to Kathmandu- Singapore Airlines

Fares as low as $1150 to Kathmandu in Singapore Airlines. Travle must commence by April 11 and valid for 1 year. FARES slightly higher after April 11. Call 703-862-3572 or email me at this address for more info.

Sunrise Travels (owned and managed by Nepali).

****************************************************************** Date: Mon, 09 Feb 1998 08:46:01 -0500 From: Ken Pope <kspope@worldnet.att.net> To: kspope@worldnet.att.net Subject: Nepal's rescued sex slaves=20

London Telegraph Monday, Feb 9

Prince brings hope to Nepal's rescued sex slaves By Robert Hardman=20

IN the poorest quarter of one of the poorest capitals on Earth, the Princ= e of Wales yesterday met a group of young women for whom life, or what is left of it, is alleviated only by a Kathmandu equivalent of Mother Teresa

These were the victims of child abuse and the trade in young Nepali girls sold into sexual slavery in India and then abandoned when HIV infection struck. Only the relentless efforts of Anuradha Koirala had led to their rescue from the streets, and the Prince had come to promote her work.

The Maiti Nepal refuge is very much the sort of territory associated with the late Diana, Princess of Wales. That was not the reason for the Prince's visit - Britain's embassy has a close involvement with Maiti's work and t= he ambassador's wife is on the voluntary staff - but his approach to this so= rt of human tragedy was bound to provoke comparisons. His style was certainly different to that of the Princess but there was n= o doubting his concern. The refuge had made every effort to lay on a royal welcome with banners and dancing but no one made any attempt to disguise its shocking stories.

Among the first people the Prince met was Ashmita, an 11-year-old girl who had to leave her village after being gang-raped by four men at the age of seven. Others, such as seven-year-old Omu, had fled a violent home, while Mina, 26, and Rikit, 20, were brought to the home after Maiti arranged a police snatch the day before they were to be abducted for sale to an Indi= an brothel.

The Prince appeared moved and inspired as he listened to these accounts via Mrs Koirala. Born into a wealthy Nepali family, she has devoted the last five years to setting up the project and is now part-mother, part-policewoman. When not looking after her charges, she is involved in intercepting child-traffickers and rescuing girls from their pimps. To add to the tragedy of this situation, Mrs Koirala, 47, is now ill herself with suspected cancer.

In the garden, 11 of the saddest cases waited to greet the Prince. They were among Maiti's 35 ex-prostitutes, 33 of whom are HIV positive. She told the Prince of how she was lured into prostitution at the age of 17 with the promise of wealth, sold to a Bombay brothel for =A3150, infected with HIV=
 and thrown on to the streets. Rescued by Maiti and returned to Kathmandu, she has nowhere to go because her family have disowned her.

Prince Charles said: "Thank goodness there are people like Mrs Koirala who has dedicated her life to this sort of thing. Without people like her, the situation would be infinitely worse."

Mrs Koirala was delighted to have such a prominent backer in her struggle for tougher action by the Nepali government. She said: "The Prince was upset. The trafficking must stop and he must take this message back. He must. He must. I hope he does not forget us when he gets into his big car=

He had certainly not forgotten after flying west to Pokhara for a lunchti= me audience with King Birendra at his lakeside winter palace. Among the firs= t things the Prince mentioned was his visit to Maiti. From there, he flew o= n into the hills from where the British Army recruits its Gurkhas. Retireme= nt rather than recruitment was the issue as the Prince, patron of the Gurkha Welfare Trust, inspected the extended support scheme for old soldiers tha= t operates across the country.

Gurkha pensions have become an issue recently as two veterans' association have started campaigning for parity with British ex-servicemen (although a treaty with the Indian Army Gurkhas prevents this). There were few grumbles from the retired Gurkhas whom the Prince met in the remote village of Besishahar, among them the holders of a Military Cross, of a Military Medal and Bar and of a Victoria Cross. Bhan Bhagta Gurung V= C, 76, was decorated for storming four Japanese bunkers in Burma in 1945. He receives no pension, having served only seven years, but his annual VC holder's award of =A31,300 makes him one of the richest men in the region=

The trust provides everything from clean water to disaster relief and medical aid to former Gurkhas. Today, the Prince leaves Nepal for the first royal visit in history to the insular mountain kingdom of Bhutan.

***************************************************************** Date: Mon, 16 Feb 1998 10:11:36 +0000 From: Cathy Gormley <cgormley@incore.ulst.ac.uk> To: info-tnd@nepal.org

Hello,

This is just a short note to inform you that INCORE (Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity) has relaunched its website!

URL: http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk

We would like to welcome you to the new look and hopefully easier to use INCORE website. For those of you who are our regulars, we have kept all the favourites from the old web site and your previous bookmarks should still work. For the new user, and regular users alike, we have re-structured the website into distinct sections and provided a navigation bar at the top and bottom of every page so that the wealth of information contained in this site can be accessed with greater ease.

We hope you find our service useful, and if you should require assistance, please check out our 'Help Page' at http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/help/index.html

We would also encourage any comments you may have.

Yours, Cathy Gormley Research Officer INCORE Aberfoyle House Northland Road Londonderry N.Ireland BT48 7JA Tel: +44(0) 1504 375505 Fax: +44(0) 1504 375510 Email:cgormley@incore.ulst.ac.uk URL:http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/

******************************************************************* Date: Mon, 16 Feb 1998 13:39:39 +0100 From: Medini Bhandari <mbhandari@ITC.NL> To: tnd@nepal.org Subject: Requst for to add the organization on your web page information

Dear Sirs,

I find very interesting information on TND web page. I have inclosed here a NGO's information if you could add in your organization page it would be very helpful to us. I have inclosed here some infomation about APEC Nepal.

Lokking forward for your kind help.

Thanking you once again,

Sincerely yours Medini Bhandari Chairman of APEC Nepal Please find the URL address http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/Vines/9998/ http://www.nedsite.nl/freehomepage/userpages/apec.html

TND Foundation P.O. Box 8206 White Plains, NY 10601

Dear sirs, I would also like to introduce myself as an environmental protection group leader, working in this field since January 1988. Our NGO is based in the eastern part of Nepal. This area is very important source of natural and other resources. In this area remains, natural, unprotected forest areas with good populations of wildlife. But, human pressure is extremely high and decreasing forest and wildlife are also high. We are doing our best to protect the nature here, but, due to the lack of resources and materials, we have many difficulties. However, without any financial support, we are trying our best with the hope to get the support from the concern national and international agencies and individuals.

We have 555 active volunteer members and we have 30 branches and 35 sub branches in the organization at different parts of the region. There are 3000 general members also working with us on voluntary basis please see-attached information. Our programs cover all aspects of education, conservation, research, community development etc. But, our main focus is conservation education and awareness about the nature and its resources. We are looking support for our programs.

Please find my c.v., NGO information and its history of establishment.

I am looking forward for your kind help and guidance.

Thanking you once again, Sincerely yours Medini Bhandari

Correspondence address up to 1st week of April is as following where I am at the final stage of Finishing my study.
        Medini Bhandari
        Private box 247
        ITC
        Hengelosestraat 99
        P.O.Box 6
        7500 AA Enschede
        the Netherlands
        tel.: +31 53 4874444
        fax: +31 53 4874400

**************************************************************** Date: Mon, 9 Feb 1998 21:06:45 -0500 (EST) From: aiko <gs07aaj@panther.Gsu.EDU> To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu Subject: The #1 Enemy of Christianity is Religion

While I understand Joel Hafvenstein's frustrated confusion regarding the article by Jason Ritchie appearing in a previous TND, I feel that the matter Mr. Ritchie brought up is important enough to warrant attention, and I think the editors of TND did the "right thing" by posting his article. When looked at from the point of view (and fact) of Nepal's OFFICIAL policy concerning Christian missionaries, including Mr. Ritchie's diatribe on Christianity makes sense. As shown by his view of what he thinks passes for Christianity, there is an appalling lack of understanding of what this particular belief system entails.

All too often, people all over this earth mistake "religion" with "faith" and "spirituality". RELIGION, per se, is legalistic, restrictive, cruel and unfair. Just as there is a distinction between LAW and JUSTICE, so there is the same between RELIGION and FAITH. History bears me out. I won't go into all the historical evidence as it would take too much space, but if one were to CAREFULLY read the NEW TESTAMENT(NOT THE OLD TESTAMENT), one will see what Christianity really means, what message it is trying to convey. It is always easy to blame something or someone else for one's misfortunes or bad decisions or one's own irresponsible behaviour. I don't know why people will insist on blaming God for everything bad that happens in this life! They want to believe that God is a loving, fair Being, yet the minute misfortune hits them, they shake their fists skyward and scream at God why, why, how could You, etc.! I don't see the logic in that!

Without going into too much personal detail, let me just say that I grew up in an abusive household. While my sister was treated with love and joy, I was physically, emotionally, and mentally abused(not sexually, thank goodness!)day after day, for 7 1/2 years; at which time my "father" mercifully died of cancer. My mother was no better, being complicit in my torture by either ignoring it at times, or instigating it at other times. All too often, the wife is complicit in the abuse of a child because usually she herself is either abused or so under the influence of her husband, she dares not protest. My father never abused my mother physically, but he ruled her with a firm hand. Not to prolong this, I'll just give you a parting example: my father's favorite method of mental, emotional and physical torture of me was to force me to sit in front of him while he harangued me for hours, yelling and screaming at me that I was worthless, evil, mean, stupid, ugly, a pig, etc., etc. And then if I so much as yawned, he'd stop, his eyes would pop out, he'd get red in the face as he'd get into a rage and then proceed to punch and bang my face and head; sometimes he'd grab my head and bang it against the wall -- but always careful not to bang it too hard as to cause injury, other than big bumps. Then he'd calm down a bit, sit back, and literally spew more hate-filled stuff at me, while in between, threaten more physical violence if I dared to cry. So I had to learn to hold in my urge to cry, forcing my tears to stay down, sitting like a stone, showing no emotion; because if I showed ANY sign of ANY kind of emotion, he'd fly into his rages and start pounding on me again.

Did I curse God and blame him for this kind of life? No, I did not; in fact, because of my FAITH in God, it helped me get through those terrible years. OUtside of home, I had friends, and while I wasn't a stellar student, I did well enough. I escaped through my writing. I wrote reams of stories. I read scads of books. I think I may have died at my
"father's" hand if he had not died when he did. Because as I got older, I got bolder, and I even fought back, physically and verbally, at the risk of greater injury. I wasn't going to let this evil man beat me down!

In subsequent years, I have made many stupid mistakes; but instead of cursing God and blaming Christianity, I realized I was the one to make those decisions; I made the choices that I made; noone made them for me; God did not! I tried to learn from my experiences, and I tried to improve myself; I did not wallow in self-pity. I suffer -- have suffered for years --- from severe depression; I was suicidal; sometimes still am. But I do not blame Christianity for that. Christianity did not make me depressed; Christianity did not tell me to marry an abusive rat(my 1st marriage); Christianity did not tell me to become friends with a person who later ran off with my money. . . .you get the picture.

I truly hope Mr. Ritchie will find peace of mind and heart, but that can not begin until he is willing to acknowledge that he and he alone is the instrument of the choices he has made. Sure, coming from a wretched family background is painful; I still feel pain about that; that's a pain that will never go away; no matter what, if one has been so abused during one's formative years, it stays with you forever. But the measure of a human being of responsiblity lies in the direction that person chooses to take in adulthood. You can spend the rest of your life, bitter, angry, blaming Christianity or whatever faith you belong to, and that will inevitably affect your relationship with others; or, you can spend your life looking at the positive aspects this world has to offer; do good works; get involved in a cause; admit that the mistakes you made were dumb, but learn from them and look back and say, I've come a loooong way,dude! Yah! 'Nuff said.

Aiko A. Joshi activist, graduate student, woman of many talents! (Smile)

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