The Nepal Digest - June 8, 1999 (25 Jestha 2056 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tue Jun 8, 1999: Jestha 25 2056BS: Year8 Volume87 Issue2

Today's Topics (partial list):

 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
 * -------------------------------------- *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest: General Information *
 * Co-ordinator: Rajpal JP Singh *
 * Editor: Pramod K. Mishra *
 * Sports Correspondent: Avinaya Rana *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Australia Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Dr. Krishna B. Hamal *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Canada Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * *
 * TND Archives: *
 * TND Foundation: *
 * WebSlingers: Open Position *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
****************************************************************** Date: June 1, 1999 To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Nepali News

King Birendra appoints K.P. Bhattarai new Prime Minister of Nepal By Nepal News correspondent 2100 hrs NST Source: The Kathmandu Post

Kathmandu, May 27:His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev appointed Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Nepali Congress leader in parliament, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Nepal today.

As per the constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, the King has to invite the majority leader in the House of Representatives to form the government.

  Nepali Congress has already won majority in the House of Representatives, the Lower House of Parliament.

Nepali Congress unanimously elected Bhattarai, 74, as the leader of NC parliamentary party today.

Nepali Congress won 110 seats in the 205 member House of Representatives.

According to Constitution, one has to be member of Lower House of Parliament to become the Prime Minister.

Bhattarai won the seat of the House of Representatives from Parsa-1 constituency.

Earlier in the meeting of the NC parliamentary party, NC president and present caretaker Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala proposed Bhattarai's name as the parliamentary leader of the Nepali Congress. Former Prime Minister and central leader of the NC seconded Koirala's proposal.

Soon after the being elected as the parliamentary leader of the Nepali Congress, Prime Minister Koirala and Bhattarai went to the Royal Palace.

  The due sought an audience of the King and made a submission about the decision of the Nepali Congress. Koirala returned after 15 minutes, while Bhattarai stayed for about one hour and 15 minutes in the Palace.

After being appointed as the Prime Minister, Bhattarai said he would give emphasis to maintain law and order, institutional development and consolidation of democracy and economic development.

Regarding the size of the cabinet, he said, " I cannot induct all 110 parliamentarians of the Nepali Congress into the cabinet but I definitely take those who can be instrumental to accomplish my vision".

He said he would apply both force and negotiation to tackle the problem of Maoist insurgency.

Asked how long his government would last, he said, " It is supposed to last for five years".

He also said that he would work closely with party president Koirala. Koirala also pledged to provide full cooperation to Bhattarai in running the government.

About foreign policy, the newly appointed Prime Minister said, " I'll give more priority to relations with our immediate neighbors-- India and China. He, however, said that he would give make efforts to maintain friendly relation with all friendly nations in the world

Asked about the Bhutanese refugee problem, Bhattarai said, " I'll try to repatriate Bhutanese refugees as early as possible for which talks with Bhutan will resume".

Bhattarai will be sworn in on Monday. The cabinet will be announced on the same day.

The newly appointed Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai was born in Benaras, India in 1924. He graduated in economics from Benarus Hindu University in 1946.

He worked as an editor of Yugvani and Nepal Pukar, a mouthpiece of the Nepali Congress. His public life began when he was elected vice president of Nepali Students' Association in Benaras in 1945. He served as organization secretary of the Nepali Rastriya Congress in 1949 and also served as general secretary of the Nepali Congress three terms.

Bhattarai was unanimously elected Speaker of the first elected parliament in 1959. When multi-party democracy was disbanded following the royal takeover in 1990, he was arrested and put behind bars for 14 years. He became the acting president of the Nepali Congress in 1976 and continued to hold that post until 1992. Bhattarai was elected as president of the Nepali Congress in 1992 and held that job until 1996 when he handed over the party leadership to Girija Prasad Koirala. Bhattarai led and participated in different movements launched by the Nepali Congress for the restoration of democracy at different period. He was one of the key leaders to lead the 1990 democratic movement in Nepal.

After the restoration of democracy, he was appointed as interim Prime Minister entrusted with twin responsibilities--brining about a new constitution and holding the election to the House of Representatives. He successfully accomplished his jobs and handed over power to the elected government headed by Girija Prasad Koirala.

He is the member of Nepali Congress central working Committee.

He contested election for the member of House of Representatives from Parsa-1 and won with a sizable number of votes.

The tough soldier who has many passions
-By Kavita Sherchan Source: The Kathmandu Post

KATHMANDU, May 27 - The moment he walks in, a word that immediately springs to your mind is "fit". Indeed at 57, the new Chief of Army Staff General Prajwalla Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana looks fighting fit and can put just about any young man far behind in the fitness race.

An avid sports lover, the former Xavierian is a bundle of contradictions. His range of interests is diverse. From books to movies to animals to religion, Ranaís versatility is amazing.

  Chief of Army Staff Prajwalla S Rana .
  But his top priority, of course, is his profession. "Itís a job that demands 365 days a year and 24 hours a day," he says emphatically. He strongly believes a potent military force would assist His Majestyís Government in maintaining national security and international peace.

A true-blue soldier, Ranaís interest, to use his own words, is to "serve the King and the country as a competent general with emphasis on motivating the rank and file to dedicate them to the profession patriotically".

And his choice to join Royal Nepal Army (RNA) was no accident. He has a distinct military background: both his father and grandfather were RNA colonels. But more than the family legacy, it was his great respect for Nepalís proud military history that attracted the young student to a military career.

"The great illustrious history of Royal Nepal Army was instrumental in the creation and unification of the Nepalese nation-state," he states with a cool demeanour.

To a 19-year-old, who had strong fascination for Nepalís gallant history, the challenges and adventures of a military career were too strong to resist. "The prestige and adventurous life, which only army profession provided, attracted me to the army," he recalls.

When the young Rana was commissioned in the RNA on July 28, 1961, it was a dream come true. His heart swelled with patriotism. He had just graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in UK.

He has never looked back since.

With an impressive career graph to boast of, Rana is the first and one of two Nepali army personnel to attend both the Young Officerís Artillery Course and Long Gunnery Staff Course at the School of Artillery, Larkhill, in UK.

At the zenith of his distinguished career spanning over three and half decades, Rana is a man who has achieved what he set out to achieve. "I am confident that my dedication to the profession has been purposeful, challenging and rewarding at all times."

Rana has served the country in various capacity. He was the Military Attache to the former Soviet Union in 1976 during the height of the cold war; he served as the Logistics Officer in the Nepalese Contingent to the United Nations Emergency Force in Sinai, Egypt in 1974 and as a Commanding Officer of Sri Nath Battalion to the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon in 1985. A proud father of two--a son and a daughter--Rana loves to spend his spare time with his family "without jeopardising his professional duties". He loves to read, especially novels and books on military history and national and international security and watch sports on TV.

He is as passionate about pets. Dogs, especially Alsatian and horses, are his favourites. Although he rarely gives away his feelings, carefully hidden behind the mask of professionalism, his eyes brighten up while talking of his Alsatian and his wifeís pigeons. And he fondly remembers his sonís Doberman that passed away recently.

Rana is full of surprises. Those who know him say he spends hours performing puja. His faith in god is obvious. The red tika on his forehead spells it aloud.

Although he dismisses this claim as a "fallacy", he talks about god with passion. "In the half an hour you spend in a puja room, youíll be unaware of the rest of the world and your mind is centred on god. It gives you mental peace," says Rana.

"I believe in god and I personally feel that if you are an intense believer of god you can get Shakti (power) through them (God)."

****************************************************************** Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 15:15:40 +0500 From: "F.A.H. ('Hutch') Dalrymple" <> Subject: 'You're Never Too Old To Get On Top!' Mt. Everest Expedition
  in 2,003

Re: The 'You're never too old, to get on top!' Mt. Everest expedition for 'older' climbers (in 2,003).

Recently, a Nepali journalist wrote an OPED piece (in The Kathmandu Post) that got my attention. This was in response to all the recent record attempts (fastest, youngest) climbing Mt. Everest! As I came to Nepal to do the very same thing (be the oldest anglo to summit of Mt. Everest), I feel a need to explain! It does seem like folly sometimes, but maybe exploring 'space,' is the same kind of 'folly!' Who can 'justify,' people's dangerous adventures! But, wo/man, her/his very nature is to, 'reach for the stars!' Some of it makes sense to others, some not!

I think anything that aggrandizes Nepal to the rest of the world is good! Americans understand Nepal via Mt. Everest! They have a greater interest in Tibet right now, because of 'Hollywood,' and the Dalai Lama! But 'why?' for me? Why am I doing this, attempting to be the oldest anglo man to reach the summit of Mt. Everest?

This journalist just can't understand why so much interest in setting records, and at great expense and risk! He probably wouldn't approve of my riding a bicycle around Kathmandu either! That's actually more dangerous (I've had six accidents in the first year!) than climbing Mt. Everest, albeit less expensive! But, why Mt. Everest? Part of its attraction is it's the highest 'ground' on earth! Part of it because 'it's there!' (Note: They just found Mallory's body, still in tact after 75 years!). Because from the very start, it's (the expedition) is a great challenge (first have to raise almost $250KU.S.)

I've had a life-long fascination with Mt. Everest/Nepal (now I live here), ever since I remember seeing those photographs in Life Magazine about Hillary and Norgay's successful expedition in 1953 (2,003 will be the Fiftieth Anniversary). But, most of what I'm trying to do is inspire older people... To get off their asses and do something! It doesn't have to be climbing Mt. Everest, more like stopping sitting/watching TV, or playing with grandchildren! We're trying to inspire older people (at least older of body).

"Those who are not busy being born, are busy dying!" Bob Dylan sings! I guess, with me, I'm busy being born in ways I never thought possible! I'm no professional mountain climber, nor recognized by any organization as such! I'm no great physical specimen either (not Jack LaLaine, or Charles Atlas). I did grow up in Colorado/U.S.A. (my father born in Cripple Creek), however, where I developed my love of mountains, and 'alpine-ness!' I've scampered up many of those peaks in my younger and intermittent years. Then in the northwest, some thirty-years later, I climbed those volcanic peaks (Mt. St. Helens before it blew!), including Rainier. I climbed Mt. Hood, at age 45, terribly out of physical condition, just to see how it would feel! It was an exhausting day, I remember, getting back to the vehicle in the parking lot at the Lodge!

I trekked up Mt. Whitney, but I've not been above fifteen-thousand feet, roughly 5K meters. Thus, I could be the first one to poop out on the way to the top of Mt. Everest! But, I'll be just as happy for another person (over sixty-years of age) if they summit (rather than me). The whole idea is to inspire older people! Older people have inspired me! I know of an 'iron man,' who's in his eighties and still competing in Triathlons! He's welcome to join us on this expedition! Secondly, people are always worried about the risk... afraid of dying!

We all are going to die (shed the body)! And me personally... I'd rather die on Mt. Everest than in some hospital, all hooked up on machines! But, I'm not planning on dying on Mt. Everest! I just want to go to the absolute limit of my physical/mental endurance! I want to have tried! I want to live until that moment of death! I want to be fully conscious! And mountain climbers will understand this (maybe not the journalist)... There's hardly a way to describe the feeling when you're 'out/up there!' faced with some challenge... You either get 'creative,' or you die! And when you survive... Wow! It's like you've never known what 'living' is... Additionally, there's something magical in the energy 'out there' in the mountains... I just like being there! I don't have to climb every peak! I don't always have to set records! I don't have to see a Yeti!

"Because of my passion for mountains and the beauty of god's creations, I come here repeatedly!" (Prem Gurung, on the Himal). But, for some strange reason, the tougher, the harder, the more grueling, the better I like it (I much prefer going up than down!) That's the old Army 'school,' I come from! Can Mt. Everest (at 62) be any more challenging than Viet Nam (at 22)? And so it's like us who are conscious (people) challenging 'nature,' and our very being in the process (of living)! I recognized long ago, that the 'highest mountain' that I would ever 'climb,' is 'myself!' And you're never too old (to accomplish either)! General Douglas MacArthur, who fathered a child when he was sixty-years old said this, 'Age is not a time of life, but a state of mind!'

How old you are, is in your head! Your, body... That's a different story! But, the mind rules... Mind over matter... Even though my body is almost sixty-years old, I can still out perform younger people physically sometimes, when I am motivated to do such! And it isn't hard for me to get very motivated! In 2,003, I will be sixty-two years 'young.' That's the Fiftieth Anniversary year of the first successful attempt to reach the top of Mt. Everest (although now in jeopardy because of the discovery of Mallory's body). But, the official record is recognized as happening, May 29, 1953 by Hillary and Norgay!

The current record for oldest anglo is Ramon Blanco, who was 60-years, 160 days of age when he summited Mt. Everest in October, 1993. What's a man from Spain and Venzuela doing at the top of Mt. Everest? But, we will invite him to 'defend' his record (join our expedition).

Note: We've already signed up a Japanese man-so this is a multi-national expedition!

I hope in some way the foregoing will explain to 'the journalist,' why 'such folly'... Maybe the whole idea is to learn about (older) human potential... I mean, John Glenn's recent space travel comes to mind...

And in the process, if the world learns more about Nepal and the Himalayan Mountains (fragile eco-system)... That won't be too bad either!

Join us?

Remember... 'You're never too old, to get on top!' (T-shirts and caps available)

Sponsored by Himalayan Organic Coffee (Kathmandu, Nepal), whose motto: "The absence of all doubt leads to complete success!' inspires us!

For more information contact:

F.A.H. ('Hutch') Dalrymple: / / P.B. Thapa (expedition manager): / S.K. Gautam: / Hank Nadler: /

***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 25 May 1999 20:02:36 -0700 (PDT) From: Aiko Joshi <> Subject: For a good cause To Nepal Digest subscribers, Nepalis and friends of Nepal:

Captive Daughters, the Los Angeles-based NGO of which I am Atlanta
(Georgia, USA) coordinator, along with Silk Roads Design Gallery, invites you to "Flavours of Nepal", featuring A Shanti Yanga Ceremony and The Exotic Cuisine of Nepal, on Saturday, 19 June 1999, at 7 o'clock in the evening. Address: 834 North La Brea Avenue, Los Angeles, CA.

This benefit is for "Maiti Nepal" of Kathmandu, Nepal, a shelter for trafficked Nepali women and girls begun and run by Anudradha Koirala. Suggested Donation: US$35.00. For those unable to attend and who wish to contribute to this very important work being done by Mrs. Koirala, please make check payable to:

Captive Daughters 10410 Palms Boulevard Los Angeles, CA 90034

**Maiti Nepal was founded in 1993 by Anudradha Koirala. It is a shelter for trafficked Nepali girls freed from Indian brothels. It is the only safe haven for these girls to go to, for too often, they are outcast from their villages and families -- even though most of the time their families are the ones to sell them to procurers from India. These girls become infected with the AIDS virus, and out of fear and superstition, they are rejected, spit upon, and hated by parents, brothers, sisters, and other relatives. If this and other shelters were not available to help them, these girls would be homeless. Maiti Nepal's activities also include four border shelters, grass roots prevention, district and national awareness programs, interception, and rescue and repatriation.

For more information on Captive Daughers work, or if you would like to volunteer your time, please email Aiko Joshi at
<>, or you can access CD's website at

I especially appeal to Nepalis in Nepal itself and ex-patriate Nepalis all over the diaspora. Living in relative comfort and security in other countries, it is easy to ignore and forget about the people "back home". The blame game(blaming the girls themselves for their plight) also helps to obscure the fact that socialization, corruption, poverty, ignorance, despair and fatalism force families and girls to turn to the only way money can be earned.

In Solidarity, Aiko Joshi
"Without dreams, without risks, only a trivial semblence of living can be achieved."
 -- Mihaly Csikszortmihalyi --

********************************************************************** From: "adrian" <> To: <> Subject: KURA_KANI: Environment:- Arun Project & The World Bank Date: Fri, 28 May 1999 13:20:04 +0100

Dear Sir,

      Having recently returned from a trekking trip to the Annapurna = region of Nepal I can only say that I feel extremely saddened by the = proposed plans for the Arun III dam. Although I am sure that the World = Bank has a thick manuscript full of supposed evidence of the economic = benefits that will result from the dam's construction, the allegations = presented in the article strike a great fear into my heart for the = people of Nepal. The most lasting impression I have of Nepal is not of = the mountains, rivers and forests (although all of these exhibit beauty, = serenity and sometimes ferocity), but of the people, their warmth and = their ancient, elegant way of life.=20
      The World Bank doesn't seem to show any great concern over = bankrupting the economies of developing countries, maybe they are now = expanding their interest into the fields of environmental and social = destruction.

Yours sincerely. Adrian R. Fish. Email:

****************************************************** From: Paramendra Bhagat <> To: Subject: The Nepal Sadbhavana Party performance Date: Fri, 28 May 1999 10:28:54 -0400

Morang 7 Badri Narayan Mandal NSP 15634 Sailaja Acharya NC 121245 Saptari 5 Migrendra K.S. Yadav NSP 13600 Surendra P. Yadav NC 12534 Sarlahi 2 Rajendra Mahato NSP 14750 Surya B. Thapa RPP 13369 Nawalparasi 3 Hirdesh Tripathi NSP 18933 Triyogi Narayan ChodhariNC 17359 Rupandehi 5 Yagya Jeet Shah NSP 19203 Sarbendra Nath Sukla RPP 14476 Saptari 2 Rajendra K. Chaudhari NC 12970 Gajendra N. Singh NSP 12953 Sarlahi 4 Nagendra K. Roy NC 14587 Rameshor Roy NSP 10322 Nawalparasi 4 Devendra Raj Kandel NC 18679 Durga Prasad Chodhari NSP 16915 Rupandehi 4 Bharat Kumar Shah NC 15030 Ajeem Minya NSP 14539

The Sadbhavana has got to restructure its organization and broaden its ideology, otherwise it will not cross the ceiling of 10 seats even the next time around. One, it needs to change its leadership. One of the two Yadavs, Mrigendra Kumar Singh Yadav or Rameshwar Raya Yadav, need to become President. Hridayesh Tripathy needs to become General Secretary. And the party desperately needs to make the National Economy its number one issue, both at the national and the local level, and reach out to the Janajati groups. The emphasis on the National Economy ought not to be because the five or six issues it has been raising so far are not pertinent, but because in a country like Nepal the National Economy has got to be the Number One issue. More Teraiwasis - and Nepalese as a whole, Teraiwasis, Janajatis or the Nepali Speaking High Caste Hindu Males - are suffering from poverty than discrimination. The Sadbhavana is doing a great disservice to its five or six pet issues by over-emphasizing them. It needs to take one step back now so as to be able to take two steps forward later on on those pet issues. In the business world the consumers are always right. If you can't accept that you do not go far in the business world. In politics the voters are the consumers. The voters in the Terai have for three consecutive elections now sent a clear signal to the Sadbhavana that, one, they want a "backward" caste person as party President, and, two, they want a broader ideological spread. If the Sadbhavana leadership is not willing to learn the lessons, the party will continue to stagnate. In the short-term, the Sadbhavana's best bet might be to try and forge a large alliance with the UML and the RPP. This time around the party unilaterally refused to file candidates in some select candidates to help out some key UML candidates. That was a mistake. Do that only on a reciprocal basis. Otherwise the UML will know to ignore you. And it might be realistic to assume the UML and the RPP and the Congress, all dominated by the Nepali Speaking High Caste Hindu Males, are all equally averse to the Sadbhavana. So the party ought to think more about winning over voters than about hoping one of the smaller parties, the UML or the RPP, will bail it out. Talk the language of electoral politics. Don't blame the voters. They voted right this time as they do each time. Yeah, there was rigging and all that, but that was not the overwhelming force. The voters by and large know what they are doing. I mean look at the tally below. These are the constituencies where the Sadbhavana secured neither first nor second places. It looks pathetic. The picture that emerges is the party has not been able to expand its organization. It did NOT benefit at all from the split in the UML and the RPP. The Nepali Congress was the sole beneficiary. Infact the UML and the RPP stayed on. The Sadbhavana continued to be the loser. Change, evolve, grow, expand, or continue to stagnate, those are the two options the party faces now. Before I came to the United States in September 1996, I presented two books to Tripathy: JFK, Profile in Power, and Paul Samuelson's Economics. Maybe it is time Tripathy read the second book cover to cover, word by word! That book could be the Sadbhavana's salvation. JHAPA : CONSTITUENCY NO. 1 SURYA NARAYAN GANESH 40 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 2272 CONSTITUENCY NO. 3 JITAN RAJBANSI 54 F NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 750 CONSTITUENCY NO. 4 BISHONATH SINGH RAJBANSI 49 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 6748 CONSTITUENCY NO. 5 NITYANANDA TAJPURIYA 30 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 3492 CONSTITUENCY NO. 6 DURGA P. RAJBANSI 54 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 2071 MORANG : CONSTITUENCY NO. 1 BADRI P. MANDAL 56 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 9849 CONSTITUENCY NO. 3 DILIP KUMAR DHADEWA 33 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 7042 CONSTITUENCY NO. 5 ANIRUDRA Pd. BISWADH 60 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 1465 CONSTITUENCY NO. 6 BABUNAND YADAV 50 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 4045 DISTRICT- SUNSARI : CONSTITUENCY NO. 5 RAMPAIT SADA MUSAHAR 41 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 771 DISTRICT - SAPTARI : CONSTITUENCY NO. 1 MAMTA JHA 29 F NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 7178 CONSTITUENCY NO. 3 SURYA NARAYAN MANDAL AMATYA 42 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 10126 CONSTITUENCY NO. 4 KHUSHILAL MANDAL 64 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 10587 DISTRICT - SIRAHA : CONSTITUENCY NO. 1 PANCHI YADAV 61 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 485 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 SONAPHI YADAV 31 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 910 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 SATYADEV P. SINGH 35 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 295 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 ABDUL HALIM 27 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 269 DISTRICT - DHANUSA : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 PRADEEP KUMAR GOIT 39 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 228 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 OM KUMAR JHA 56 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 486 CONSTITUENCY NO.5 CHANDRA KALA SINHA (KOIRI) 27 F NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 705 DISTRICT - MAHOTTARI : CONSTITUENCY NO.2 RAJESHOR THAKUR 49 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 530 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 SUNIL KUMAR JHA 25 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 721 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 RAM CHABILA RAYA 57 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 4261 DISTRICT - SARLAHI : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 ASARFI CHAUDHARI 46 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 1653 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 RAM BISHWAS RAYA 46 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 8712 CONSTITUENCY NO.5 TAPASWI RAYA YADAV 53 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 6430 DISTRICT - RAUTAHAT : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 CHANDRIKA P. SINGH 43 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 3030 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 LALBABU YADAV 39 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 1057 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 MANJU ANSARI 35 F NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 852 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 YUGAL KISHOR CHAUDHARY 53 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 3519 DISTRICT - BARA : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 PRAMANAND P. YADAV 60 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 4890 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 SHEKHAR PRASAD SAH 28 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 731 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 BISHWANATH SINGH RAJPUT 56 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 1051 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 BHARAT Pd. KALWAR 43 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 2132 DISTRICT - PARSA : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 LAXMAN LAL KARNA 52 M NEPAL SADABHAWANA PARTY 1936 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 RAMBAKSA MAHARO THARU 59 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 601 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 SAFAYAT MIYA MUSLIM 47 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 1155 CONSTITUENCY NO.4 RAMNATH BAITHA 40- M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 682 DISTRICT- RUPANDEHI : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 SANJAYA KUMAR MISHRA 39 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 308 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 DEVI P. CHAUDHARI 55 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 12754 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 RAM KEWAL YADAV 34 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 2120 DISTRICT - KAPILBASTU : CONSTITUENCY NO.1 BADRI P. AHIR 27 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 732 CONSTITUENCY NO.2 BHAIYA LAL CHAUDHARI 47 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 244 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 AMRITADEVI AGRAHARI 36 F NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 2891 DISTRICT - BANKE : CONSTITUENCY NO.2 HARDEV WAKS CHAUDHARY 49 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTI 392 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 SATYAWATI KURMI 54 F NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTI 1593 DISTRICT - BARDIYA : CONSTITUENCY NO.2 RAM KUMAR THARU 41 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 5109 CONSTITUENCY NO.3 RAMLAL THARU 38 M NEPAL SADBHAWANA PARTY 122 Paramendra Bhagat

<> Allyson Y. Schwartz (D) Senatorial District 4 Pennsylvania

Mandal elected NSP parliamentary leader Kathmandu, June 1: Nepal Sadbhavana Party (NSP) unanimously elected Badri Prasad Mandal its leader in parliament.The NSP parliamentary party that met today for the first time after the election to the House of Representatives decided to elect Mr. Mandal its leader in parliament.


*********************************************************************************************** To: Date: Fri, 4 Jun 1999 13:20:54 -0400 Subject: Fw: Interesting Article on Refugees From: AikoAnne Joshi <>

Here's "food for thought": A very disturbing, thought-provoking article.
 History has shown the unequalness in attitude towards certain groups/countries. The accompanying hysteria over alleged Chinese spying is a case in point. When Americans and Israelis were found to have been spying for Israel, there was not nearly this much coverage and hand-wringing as there has been with the Chinese case. Ditto for the illegal campaign contributions. Yeah, I'm angry!

Aiko Joshi

From: GREAT Network <> Date: Fri, 4 Jun 1999 10:11:03 +0100 (BST) Subject: Interesting Article on Refugees

>Disparities in African, Balkan refugee camps
>Aid Workers are struck by contrasts in food, shelter and health care.
>They cite culture, race as reasons.
>Los Angeles Times -- 21 May 1999
>By T. Christian Miller, Ann M. Simmons, Times Staff Writers
> KOPJE, Macedonia--When veteran refugee worker Lynne Miller arrived
>from Africa earlier this month, she stepped into a different world.
> Miller had just spent three years monitoring food supplies at a
> refugee camp in Somalia, and one of her first crises in Macedonia was
>urgent request from a medical team. A diabetic refugee had crossed the
>border. Could she provide a special diet?
> She couldn't believe what she was hearing, much less that she was
> to fulfill the request.
> "In Africa, we don't have special food or diets. There are no
>diabetics in the camps," she said. "They just die."
> The outpouring of aid in recent weeks for ethnic Albanians ripped
> their homes in Kosovo has stunned humanitarian groups, which
>fight for dollars for refugees in Africa.
> For many of these workers, the response to the Balkan crisis has
>highlighted the enormous difference between the newly sprouted camps in
>Europe and existing facilities in Africa.
> And this difference, in turn, has raised uncomfortable questions
> the reasons for it--a complex mix, according to humanitarian groups, of
>logistics, culture and race.
> While none of the camps compares to a permanent home and a stable
>life, refugee workers say, those in Africa and Europe are a world
> Consider:
> * The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees is spending
>about 11 cents a day per refugee in Africa. In the Balkans, the figure
>$1.23, more than 11 times greater.
> * Some refugee camps in Africa have one doctor for every 100,000
>refugees. In Macedonia, camps have as many as one doctor per 700
>refugees--a ratio far better than that of many communities in Los
> * Refugees at most camps in Albania, across the border from Kosovo,
>have readily available clean water. In Eritrea, on the Horn of Africa,
>families as large as 10 are given about 3 1/2 gallons of water to last
>three days, according to Mary Anne Fitzgerald, a Nairobi, Kenya-based
>spokeswoman for Refugees International.
> * The camps in Africa hold as many as 500,000 people. Up to 6,000
>refugees there die each day from cholera and other public health
>In Macedonia, the largest camp holds 33,000 people. So far, there have
>been no deaths from public health emergencies such as an epidemic or
> The immense flow of aid to Europe has alarmed some aid agencies,
> worry that the attention focused on the Balkans will cut into the food
> supplies going to places such as Eritrea and Somalia.
> The most common explanation for the gap in resources is culture.
>officials and aid workers say they must give European refugees used to
>cappuccino and CNN a higher standard of living to maintain the refugees'
>sense of dignity and stability.
> Others offer a blunter assessment: They say wealthy donors in the
>developed world and the aid agencies they support feel more
>reach deeper into their pockets--for those with similar skin tones and
> Andrew Ross, a refugee worker who came from Africa to the Balkans
> month, called the camps in Macedonia "far superior" to those in Africa.
> "What's the difference?" Ross asked. "There's white people here."
> Shelter and Supplies Better in Europe
> Nezir Gashi's life is by no means comfortable. His family of 13
>in a 150-square-foot tent in Macedonia. Every day, Gashi or one of his
>four children stands in line four hours for food.
>They haven't had a hot meal in weeks. Water is a few hundred feet away
>at a
> communal spigot.
> Still, the meager shelter and supplies are far better than what is
>provided to refugees in Africa.
> Typically, African refugees sleep out in the open, or under
>shelters made from branches, leaves or mud or from plastic sheeting
>provided by an aid agency. They rarely have canvas tents or
> For example, most of the 300,000 or so Eritreans deported from
>Ethiopia back to Eritrea in early February make their homes under
>in riverbeds or simply at roadsides without any kind of shelter, said
>Fitzgerald, who recently visited the refugees.
> They are stranded in a semiarid terrain, where the afternoons are
>blazing hot and the nights freezing cold, and there are 1,200 tents for
>about 16,000 families, Fitzgerald said. In other cases, African
>get only a plastic sheet to cover a homemade shelter.
> Another major difference between refugee facilities in Africa and
>those in Europe is in the type of food supplied. World Food Program
>officials say both European and African refugees are
>getting about 2,100 calories a day of food rations. But for the Kosovo
>Albanians, those calories come in the form of tins of chicken pate,
>foil-wrapped cheeses, fresh oranges and milk. In some ready-made meals,
>there is even coffee and fruit tarts.
> Water is plentiful in most of the camps in the Balkans. At one camp
>Macedonia, German officials have even installed a fully functioning
>treatment system.
> That contrasts with Africa, where refugees are far less likely to
>ready-made meals and have to make most of their food from scratch--a
>practice reflecting the simpler lifestyles of the area, say U.N.
>officials. Instead of meals, the refugees are given basic grains such
>sorghum or wheat.
> "Here in Africa, we see people who have walked naked, without a
> on their back, who don't have a grain of rice," said Nina Galbe, a
>Nairobi-based spokeswoman for the International Committee of the Red
> "With all due respect to the horrors the people of Kosovo have
>they are dressed in their winter clothes; the babies are kept in their
>blankets. They are not malnourished."
> Beyond such basics as shelter and food, the differences become even
>more stark.
> The camps in the Balkans have mobile phones that refugees can use.
>There are soccer fields, basketball courts and pingpong tables. One
>has a children's center with two theaters showing films like "The
>Neverending Story." At Stankovac, the third-largest camp in the
>hot showers, communal kitchens and street lighting are planned.
> Such extras are nonexistent in Africa, according to those who have
>worked in both areas.
> "Compared to the refugee camps in Africa, Stankovac is a five-star
>hotel," said Marion Droz, a Red Cross field worker who also worked
>the Rwandan crisis earlier this decade.
> Provisions Based on Living Standards
> The primary explanation for the stark contrasts, according to U.N.
> aid groups, is the difference between the backgrounds of the refugees
>the two continents.
> In Africa, where many refugees eke out an existence in seminomadic
>tribes, the bare provisions of shelter and health care offered by the
>refugee camps are a step up in life for many.
> But in Europe, where many of the refugees from Kosovo, a southern
>province of Serbia, the main Yugoslav republic, had two cars, a city
>apartment and their own business, a night in a canvas tent with cold
>is misery.
> "You've got to maintain people's dignity," said Bob Allen, a camp
>manager who has worked in both Africa and Europe for the relief agency
> "The life in Africa is far more simple. To maintain the dignity and
>lifestyle of Europeans is far more difficult."
> Another issue is that Yugoslavia is in Europe's backyard. Albania
>is a
> ferry trip from Italy. Two of the Macedonian camps are just off the
>highway that leads north from Athens to such European capitals as Vienna
>and Berlin. The crisis is far more immediate and tangible. People can
>directly see and feel the impacts of the refugee crisis, and respond
>accordingly, aid workers say.
> "This is the middle of Europe. It's so close to home," said Paula
>Ghedini, a spokeswoman for the U.N. refugee agency who has worked in
> and the Balkans. "This is not so foreign."
> Still, many wonder whether such distinctions are valid. While some
>extras are just that, shelter, food and water should be the same
>everywhere, they say.
> "I don't know if [the help] should be different," said Lindsey
> spokeswoman for the World Food Program, a U.N. agency. "People are
>all over the world."
> Ross, a CARE worker who came to the Balkans from Sierra Leone, said
>race plays a big role. It's easier for Europeans and Americans to
>with the Kosovo refugees they see on television than with those in
>parts of Africa, he said. "I may be cynical, but personally I think
>see the television and say, 'It's just a bunch of blacks over there,' "
> The media--and people's response to coverage--also play a big role
>determining the conditions during a particular refugee crisis. In
> alone, there are more than 1,000 reporters, according to government
> The steady television presence attracts scores of charities, for
>which the media visibility is free advertising to raise money. "You
>walk in the camps here for tripping over the television
>cables," said Miller, the food worker.
> As a result, eight to 10 charities labor in some camps, dividing
>work of running the facilities into highly specialized areas. In the
>medical field, for instance, the large number of volunteer groups has
>created a mini-HMO system, with primary-care doctors from some
>humanitarian groups referring refugees to specialist clinics run by
>groups that offer sites for dentistry, minor surgery and gynecology.
> "I'm always asking, why are these things not a problem for my
>Somalis?" said Miller, the World Food Program worker.
> Pledges to Africa Not Keeping Pace
> All the attention focused on the Balkans has frightened refugee
>officials and charity groups in Africa, who fear that the continent's
>already meager resources will be further drained by the Balkan crisis.
> For instance, the World Food Program has a fund-raising goal this
> of $98.5 million for the area around Africa's Great Lakes--Rwanda,
>Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda--where long-simmering, though often ignored,
>conflicts have created hundreds of thousands of refugees. So far, the
>agency has received 22% of that amount.
> In Liberia, the situation is even worse. The agency made an appeal
> $71.6 million. It received $500,000.
> That compares with the situation around Kosovo, for which the
>has requested $97.4 million and received more than 70% of that amount
>already, with a "large number of commitments" now under negotiation,
>Davies said.
> "Africa is just being eclipsed by this," said Fitzgerald of
>International. Refugees in Eritrea "are just being ignored for the large
>part because of Kosovo," she said. "Everybody is focused on Kosovo,
>because it's a serious situation, and because of peer pressure."
> Miller reported from Skopje and Simmons from Nairobi.

*********************************************************** Date: Fri, 04 Jun 1999 16:08:05 -0500 To: From: "Hari P. Koirala" <> Subject: July 2nd Poetry Competition in Hartford

Dear Editor,
  Could you please post this request in the coming issue of the Nepal Digest?
  Dear Friends
  Namaskar !
  Please join us for a poetry competition to be held on Friday evening,
  8:00-9:30 pm, July 2 in Hartford, Connecticut. The poetry festival will be
  jointly organized by the International
  Nepali Literary Society (INLS) and the Association of Nepalese in Americas
  (ANA) during the ANA annual convention in Hartford Hilton. The winner will
  be awarded with the Sharma Mudvary Award. We have already received some
  poems for the competition. However, we need some more. Please show your
  poetic side and send us your poems for the competition before June 20,
  1999. That will help us to make our program schedule well in advance. We
  really need your support for the success of the poetry competition. Please
  note that you can still read your poem even if you do not want to include
  it in the competition. It's a great opportunity to show your talent.
  Surprise the audience and surprise yourself.
  You can submit your poems to the following people:
  Hari P. Koirala
  23 White Oak Rd, Unit 2C
  Storrs, CT 06268
  Fax: (860) 465-4538 (Please write Attention to Hari P. Koirala in the Fax)
  Phone: (860) 456-1657 (H) (860) 465-4556 (W)
  Basanta Shrestha (781)-641-0429
  Sarala Shrestha (304)-717-3101
  Kalpana Satyal (703) 359-5034

Hari P. Koirala Eastern Connecticut State University

************************************************************ Date: Fri, 04 Jun 1999 21:33:26 +0100 From: Ron Dadswell <> To: Subject: Contact

        I am trying to contact an old schoolfriend from 1957-59 in Singapore. Nabin Chandra Gurung. Both of our fathers served in 2/2 Gurkhas. Any help you can give me would be very much appreciated.

Thank you, Ron Dadswell

******************************************************** From: "Paramendra Bhagat" <> To: Subject: My immediate response to the general election results Date: Fri, 21 May 1999 07:35:30 PDT

As I sit here facing the computer screen in a Washington DC suburb on a Friday morning local time at the house of the grandparents of a friend of mine from my Berea College Student Government Association days first thing in the morning on my way to Philadelphia where I will be with for the entirety of summer and work for the Philadelphia chapter of the Indian-American Political Awareness Committee (IAPAC) - we are hoping to ultimately create a South Asian American Political Action Committee
(SAAPAC)to rival the Israeli Lobby in its effectiveness on CapitolHill - I see the latest election results that I have been closely following over the past few days.

Total results declared: 189 out of 205

Nepali Congress: 103 Nepal Communist Party (UML): 64 Rashtriya Prajatantra Party (Thapa): 10 Nepal Sadbhavana Party: 5 Rastriya Jana Morcha: 4 Nepal Majdoor Kissan Party: 1 Sanyunkta Janamorcha Nepal: 1

Bhattarai won and the election results look so much like after the elections in 1991 when he lost to the dismay of many that it feels like the Nepalese voters have now handed to him what was due his back then, a restart, a travel back in time for a restart.

Chand lost. Bamdev Gautam lost. Both their parties got wiped out. That's pleasant news. Their "nationalism" sounded so anti-Terai it is better they got shelved.

Gajendra Narayan Singh lost by a margin of 17 votes. The Sadbhavana made inroads into Sarlahi and Morang for the first time. Hridayesh Tripathy won by a narrower margin than the previous time. Rajendra Mahato, a fellow Sudi
(!), won and I am impressed. The Sadbhavana was close to winning 10 seats in all.

Only a comprehensive pre-poll alliance between the UML, the RPP and the Sadbhavana could have prevented the Nepali Congress from getting into power, but then those three parties are so different from each other: the UML is so much further away from the Sadbhavana than the Nepali Congress is, the RPP is so far away from the UML ideologically. And the Sadbhavana looks more determined than ever before to continue as a regional outfit that would fluctuate between five and 20 seats even in the future elections rather than to expand ideologically to embrace the national economy as the number one issue and the Terai-specific pigeon-shit issues only as peripheral and hence doing a greater service to the same ironically.

I find myself interested primarily in the Nepali Congress and the Sadbhavana, having no particular warm feelings for either the UML or the RPP.

The Nepali Congress' performance is no doubt impressive. You have to admire Girija Koirala's relentlessness and tenacity. No political party in the country has someone as dedicated Koirala is to his party. It is remarkable to the point that I think if he were to feel it would help the Nepali Congress' prospects to co-opt the Sadbhavna on the Terai-specific 5-6 issues the Sadbhavana raises, he would do it, but so far the voters in the Terai have not made the likes of him to feel that pressure yet. The Terai's best hope might be for some Teraiwasi political leader - not that there is any on the horizon - to take hold of the NC leadership from within if the Sadbhavana is to refuse to try and grow in more than the 16 districts of the Terai.

The most important and interesting fallout of the election is Bhattarai. The country awaits five years of Bhattarai at the helm. If he were to lead the country onto the path of rapid economic growth I would be impressed but not surprised. A growth rate larger than 6% a year is warranted. There is no better way to quell the Maoist nonsense.

A country that betrayed Bhattarai in 1991 has come back to it, it seems.

I have also been following the developments in India with keen interest. Greater interest rather.


COMMENTARY by Manjeet Kripalani May 20, 1999

The Rise of India's Lower Castes: Turmoil and Promise As they discover their political power, they're forcing the brahmins to relinquish total control

To figure out the latest developments in Indian politics, analysts aren't just looking at the April collapse of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) coalition, which sets the stage for the third general election in three years. They're also poring over yellowing papers published at a Delhi University conference 40 years ago, when leading thinkers met to consider India's future. Their forecast: By the end of the 20th century, India would be in major turmoil, with aspirants from the lower rungs of the social ladder slowly pushing the high-caste elites out of power.

That prediction is turning out to be prophetic. With national elections likely by September, the political strength of India's lower castes is growing daily, weakening the grip of the mainstream BJP and Congress parties. As they continue their rise, the lower castes will force the government to focus more on local and regional issues. The result is a weakening central government and a prolonged period of instability as the lower castes vie for influence.

The lower castes are already asserting themselves in decisive ways. The low-caste Mayawati, leader of a splinter party from Uttar Pradesh, brought the BJP down by backing out of the ruling coalition. And Congress couldn't form a government because Mulayam Singh Yadav, another low-caste Northern party chief, refused to support its bid for power.

MAKING A DIFFERENCE. Now the brahmins and other upper castes, who largely run the Congress and the BJP, must come to grips with the new political threat. Says S.L. Rao, former director of the National Council of Applied Economic Research: "People at the lowest levels find their votes make a difference, and they are exercising their difference." The change is occurring because the lower castes are acquiring more literacy, a little more prosperity, and greater access to mass media. Government-run affirmative action programs -- called "reservations" in India -- have hastened this transformation.

Pundits figure that in a couple of decades, the lower castes will be running Parliament and dominating big parties like the Congress and BJP. In the meantime, India must plow through a turbulent interim period, while the brahmins yield their power reluctantly, and the lower-caste parties mature as political forces.

The risks in this interim period will be huge. With governments constantly falling as the castes battle for power, economic reform will come in fits and starts. Worse, the largely lower-caste regional parties, their voice silenced for centuries, will use the coalitions to extract greater handouts from the center. That's why corruption is already on the rise among lower-caste politicians. Violence between the castes is rising, too.

SUCCESS STORIES. The hope is that eventually lower-caste voters will get more savvy and elect honest leaders who can provide housing, electrify villages, and build clinics. Already, in the states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, non-brahmin parties are focusing on these bread-and-butter issues and providing clean government. These success stories will promote a decentralization of power -- a good idea, given the spectacular inefficiency of the central government.

Reform may eventually prevail, too, despite the obstacles. The lower-caste parties are quick to adopt the economic agenda of the national coalition they become part of, ensuring at least some sort of consensus on reform. So the world's largest democracy may become much more democratic.

Kripalani is Business Week's Bombay correspondent

Nepal Sadhbhavna Party : 05 1. Yagya Jeet Shaha Rupandehi-5 2. Mrigendra Kumar Singh Yadav Saptari -5 3. Hridesh Tripathi Nawalparasi-3 4. Rajendra Mahato Sarlahi-2 5. Badri Prasad Mandal Mornag-7

During the 1991 elections, it was Gajendra Narayan Singh and five from Nawalparasi and Kapilvastu and Rupandehi, three clustered districts in the Western Terai. 1994 and two from Saptari and Tripathy. This time there is a better spread. The breakthroughs in Morang and Sarlahi are particularly impressive. If only the Sadbhavana can grow ideologically and expand its platform and restructure itself to make the National Economy the number one issue like Microsoft finally made the internet its focus in 1995, these five victories can be the launch pad from which to herald a rapid growth for the party in future, especially during the impending local elections. Otherwise this time around it was Gajendra Narayan Singh, next time around it might be Tripathy's turn. How long before the country gets a Teraiwasi for Prime Minister? There is no such candidate in the NC, the UML or the RPP definitely. The Sadbhavana is the only hope on that count. Plus how old are the likes of Tripathy and Rajendra Mahato and Rameshwar Raya Yadav anyway! They have decades ahead of them. Their greatest days in national politics lie ahead of them.

Start preparing for the local elections now while the energy is still flowing and people are still smarting from their defeats.

Lack of 'good governance' causes poor performance of Nepali economy
<> Nidhi passes away
<> Re-polling ordered in 46 booths so far
<> How IMF destroyed Asia By Dr Bharat Jhunjhunwala

Transcript: Clinton outlines China policy - April 7, 1999

(My response in brackets.)

From: (Radio Sagarmatha Staff) To: Subject: madhu Date: Sat, 1 May 1999 09:44:38 +0530

Parmendra Bhagat, I recently read your article in the Nepal Digest. I dont understand why you are going fanatic about terai? I don't understand. Every one complains about you. While we were at the school you were not like that. If you are talking about India I have one experience about it- One guy from Ram Subedi went to india. He came back. Went to Syangja got hold of one
"Hazam" and slapped him till his death. Imagine how tortured in India. Its not same in the Terai. What I think is its the hidden agenda by the terai politicians to win the election. I imagin that you are no longer doing any politics now. We have already seen your guru Hredesh Tripathy on which legs he is standing and other terain neta's are.

(You are equating the Terai with India. Some Ram Subedhi goes to India, feels mistreated, comes back, beats up a "hazaam" to near death. That is precisely my point. The Teraiwasis have been taking the brunt of the Indophobia among the Nepali Speaking High Caste Males in Nepal. While I was at school I still had not fathomed the "gravity" of the situation. A new-born child takes a while before he or she realizes gravity is all-pervasive. The National School should be proud of me that I am bringing up "National" issues for discussion. Were we not supposed to develop critical minds, were we not supposed to challenge the status quo for the betterment of the country? I think poverty is the number one political issue in Nepal but for me personally it has been the Terai issue; it impacts every aspect of your life if you are a Teraiwasi. It is like gravity, it is all-pervasive. As to winning the election, of course the Sadbhavana hopes to cash on it. It is a political party like any other going out foraging for votes. What do you know about Hridayesh Tripathy and the other Terai netas that I don't?)

I don't understand whom you mean by Madhise's. Don't you think its you people who have to survive and fight for the survival. I being the pahadi has never been favoured by the beurocrats here. Never. I have been constantly suffered by the Jyapoos and those jyapoos says that they have been in Peelaan.

(I agree. The Teraiwasis need to use their voting rights so as to best enhance their dignity at the national level. As for the Newars, I feel they, as a liguistic minority, are a natural ally of the Terai peoples.)

You know Madhise are in every corner of the country Madhise teacher, vet doc, health assistant, Ayur. doc, DFO's rangers, agriculture, ministers , Nepals first eye doc is also madhise. What do you want more than this?

(Equality. Equal opportunity.)

And how does come to relate with the poverty in Nepal ? "Humla ma Pani paryo Rani Pokhari ma Badi Ayo ganra ta Bhayena ni ?" Guru or its better for me to say Pundit Terai do some thing by not being or being favoured as teraiain then every body will say WA WA. Other wise We have already seen ko kati panima chha.

(I do think poverty is the number one issue. That is why I am hoping a lot of the Digest readers will participate in the ensuing discussions on the topic.)

Bye Madhu Sorry I was weak in English at School

(You are doing fine. For many Teraiwasi kids Nepali is what English is for you.)

(Paramendra Bhagat: After having spent over eight months discussing the issue of the political rights of the Terai peoples, I have been wanting to shift the focus to economic matters on this Forum. Any takers? I have even been compiling a list of links on the internet that I have thought relevant to the question at hand so as to enhance the possibilities of having informed discussion here as opposed to a barrage of opinions, which are fine too but inadequate on their own.)

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