The Nepal Digest - June 19, 1995 (5 Ashadh 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Monday 19 June 95: Ashadh 5 2052 BkSm Volume 39 Issue 9

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepali students protest against fresh elections Date: Mon, 19 Jun 1995 14:00:53 -0400 From: Amrit R Pant <arp@kanchenjunga.LCS.MIT.EDU>

         KATHMANDU, Nepal, JUNE 19 (Reuter) - Shops and schools across the Kathmandu valley remained shut and private vehicles stayed off the roads Monday in response to a strike by student groups against mid-term elections in the Himalayan kingdom.
         Student strike organizers said they were protesting the Communist govrenment's decision to hold elections in November in the kingdom, which is home to Mount Everest, the world's highest peak, and one of the world's 10 poorest countries.
         Police said stone-throwing protesters had damaged six vehicles. Student leaders said about 500 protesters had been arrested, but police put the number closer to 40.
         ``The mid-term elections ordered last week are not in the interest of the country,'' student leader N.P. Saud told Reuters. ``Therefore, the students have the responsibility to put up a solidarity of the people against the move.''
         He said the union, which is the student wing of Nepal's main opposition party, the Nepali Congress, was also pressing the government to upgrade the Nepali university examination system, update the curriculum and reintroduce a scheme of rural education.
         The Communists are being criticized for asking King Birendra to dissolve parliament and order general elections, the third round in less than five years.
         Small groups of slogan-shouting protesters marched down the lanes of the temple-studded Nepali capital Monday, forcing small street-side shops to close.
         Police in riot gear manned strategic vantage points in the valley as crowded state-run buses carried office workers to work in the steady rain.

********************************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 14:26:33 -0400 (EDT) From: mahesh maskey <mmaskey@acs.bu.edu> Subject: A poem by Parijat To: The Nepal Digest <Nepal@cs.niu.edu>

                Manushi: a poem by Parijat

I thank Pratyoush Onta for pointing out the ommission of "Aadhi Akash" which I forgot to include in the list of Parijat's works. Another book, fourth, in the series of collections of memoirs, is also due for publication. Parijat memorial center is trying to bring out the collection of her interviews in book form as well.

Aadhi Akash is an important collection of short essays which looks at the gender issue from different perspectives. Like researcher writer Evelyn Reed(cf." Biology is not the destiny of women") Parijat strongly believed in the contribution of women in the process of socialization, development of art, culture, Medicine and agriculture in the dawn of civilization. While Men were mostly Hunters and nomads , it were women as Gatherers who understood nature's cycle, reared childrens, learned and contributed in the socialization by their capacity to hold the groups together. Parijat was proud of her gender and the contribution it has made in the past as well its potential in the future.

Even after identifying herself with the oppressed class, gender issue remained a subject of her utmost concern. She did not cared much about the male attitude that prevailed in the class of people who survive and thrive on other's sweat. She seems to believe , like Paulo Freire of Brazil, that only the oppressed by freeing themselves can free the oppressor. But she was deeply concerned with the male chauvinism, backed by the forces of tradition and culture, pervasive within the oppressed class itself. Apart from the articles in Aadhi Akash, she has also written beautiful poems on these themes. MANUSHI was my favorite among those poems, for its depth of history, exposure of the wounds that male dominated society had inflicted upon women, its ridicule of the male chauvinistic mentality , its magnanimity, compassion and forgiveness, and a vision of equality she wanted to share with the male gender which was also a victim of system of oppression.

Strangely, like a flash, lines of Manushi came back to my memory when I was making a tour of of the Museum of Natural History in Newyork three weeks ago. I was fascinated by the imaginative construction of Astralopithecine hominid couple, that dwelt upon this earth 3.5 million years ago, on the basis of the 80 ft long trail of footprints that was fossilized in the volcanic ash. This trail was discovered by Paul Abell and Dr. Mary Leakey in the african savanna of Tanzania in 1978. The couple hold their hand and walk very closely, and they look as if they are taking a stroll back to their cave enjoying the scenery of nature. In the light of the fact that these hominid were older by more than 3 million years than our ancestors Homo sapiens(earliest Homo sapiens appeared only o.3 million years ago) the imagination of waking together in a loving embrace was really captivating. Ridiculing present day dominance-dependence relationship between the gender Parijat had said in her poem:

       "You, the ruler of today,
        millenniums ago, remember?
        I had hold you, the quarrelsome and jealous barbarian
        In the embrace of love and co-existance
        And invited you under the roof of my cave..."

I have translated this poem for the TND readers. I am not good at translation . Since even the best translation are only an approximation and they usually rob the rythm out of the poetry, I would recommend to read this poem in Nepali if you can. It is in the collection
"Bainsalu Vartaman".

                   MANUSHI**
                           - Parijat

        The things you can do
        I can do as well
        I can work hard
                    and sweat like you
        Like you,
        I can feel too
        But where to day?
                  has history brought and dumped me?
        I find you miles ahead of me.

        You and I are not the same
        (we are) only a complement to other's being
        You can not share, therefore,
                many of my experiences
        I can burn alive with your dead body
        I can even endure
              and survive your mass rape
        You never had to go through these
        you have not experienced the stressful moments of menstruation
        You do not have to live under the constant fear
               of one's honour being shamed or attacked
        You have no idea how long and tedious is period of pregnancy
        You do not have to endure the endless pain of labour.
        Yes it is true
              I can not be mother without you
        But I have given you the honour of becoming a father, too,
        However, you cannot understand the inherent being of motherhood
        That is absolutely my.....my own experience.

        Have you ever been raped by a woman?
        Did any woman put your honour to shame?
        Did women took you somewhere and sold you?
        You are answerless, yes, to these questions.

        You, the ruler of today
        Millenniums ago, remember?
        I had hold you, the quarrelsome and jealous barbarian
        In the embrace of love and coexistance
        And Invited you under the roof of my cave
        As you drag me today
        Like a chattel, weeping and hiding behind the head dress
        Wrapped in the glitters of dowry

        Therefore, don't turn away
        Don't be so cruel
        And ungrateful
        You do not understand my oppression
        But I do understand yours
        Come let us share our pains
        Let us be one in our mentality
        We are not the being who can survive without one another
        I will hold your hand
        You help me to reach where you have reached
        There,
        Where I had already taken you
        In the dawn of the civilization.

                        -----

** [The word 'woman' may not be the best translation of the word 'Manushi.
     Manushi is more close to feminine word of Human, if there is any. In
     Sanskrit and Nepali we have words like Manushya( Human), Manushayata
     (Humanity), Manushi (?), Manav (Human), Manavata ( Humanity) Manavi (?)
     - mahesh]

mahesh maskey june 17,1995

*************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 19:02:47 -0700 (PDT) From: Dahal Durga <daha9014@uidaho.edu> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - June 17, 1995 (3 Ashadh 2052 BkSm)

        KANSAKAR

        What is your business with Anita Regmi? Are you also sick of histiria. Please be clear?

************************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 22:59 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca (Raju Tuladhar) Description: Re: Newarism: Clarification from Ekalabya

Ekalabya Nepali (an281287@anon.penet.fi) wrote:
 
: Newarism: Clarification from Ekalabya Nepali
: ============================================
 
: Since at least some people on SCN have responded to the Newarism FAQ,
: this contributor feels that it would not be inappropriate to add a few
: final words on this topic from his side.
 
: 1. Contrary to what many of the readers and responders might be
: thinking, the poster does not belong to the "Parwate" ethnic groups as
: such- and he prefers to think of himself simply as a Nepali. It was
: enlightening to learn from one of the response posts that the word
: Nepali is perceived as a synonym for "Parwate"s among some (many?)
: Newars. It would be interesting to find out whether there are members
: of any other ethnic groups who have similar problems with this word
: and would rather not identify themselves as Nepalis.
  You don't belong to Newars, you are not also "parwate" in your words, the only group you should belong is "Kukhurali".
 
: 2. Accusation that this was an offensive post: I fully
: agree with the accusers. One of the purposes here was to show that
: making an "ism" using the name of an ethnic group is a VERY offensive
: thing for many people belonging to that ethnic group (and even to some
: sensible people not belonging to that group). And it is no big deal to
: create such terms for ANY ethinc group. I hope everyone who
: uses such terms will keep in mind that he is really hurling general
: insults againt the whole ethnic group when using such terms. I am FOR
: stopping such posts from ALL sides.
  It is like stabbing someone at back, and then telling that the only purpose of stabbing at back is to demonstrate that stabbing will hurt. Using "ism" itself is not a bad thing. There are no reasons to get prejudiced against the word "ism" which can be used in good sense too. Why don't you associate "Newarism" to good things, but then it was your deliberate attempt to create the malice against Newars.
 
: 3. Accusation that communalism was INCITED by this post:
: I must say that the accuser(s)' concerns would have looked more genuine
: if he (they) had established a track record of spotting and
: criticizing "cummunalism inciting" comments in the many postings done by
: some "net-prominent" Newars in hyperspace. There have been plenty of
: very offensive [to OTHER people of course] posts in the past that have
: not raised the eyebrows of many of the people offended this time. So
: this post, though offensive, should also be seen as a call for
: CONSISTENCY in the perception of offence. The post does not incite
: communalizm, it only follows in the footsteps of many similar
: postings.
  So you were following the footsteps! If you follow a gentleman, you will reach a home, and if you follow a pig, you will reach a pig house. Your argument is like saying that only reason you are eating "Goo" is because someone else is also eating. Do you agree to it? No, you will not. If you don't agree to above logic, then you will agree that the most appropriate action you could have taken was to write a counter argument with appropriate reasoning to the posts in which you felt that you were unjustly targeted or hurt. But posting anonymous articles will not give you any credibility. There is still the opportunity to establish your credibility. Please, come forward openly, and say what you have to say. Then we can listen to you.
 
: 4. A point that the offended should keep in mind is that this is
: probably the first post that has been explicitly offensive to the
: currently offended. I hope it has given them a flavor of what it means
: to be explicitly insulted on the basis of ethnicity. Now the main
: question is- if you now know what it tastes like, would you still be
: inclined to shove it down someone else's throat.
  Your arguments are self negating. In your own words, you had the taste of the posts which were explicitly insulting, and were shoved down your throat, but you were inclined to shove down similar posts to other people's throat. If you could not get a lesson, is not it hyppocritical that you expect others to learn a lesson?
 
: 5. There have been plenty of posts stressing ethnic problems, but
: hardly any stressing solutions. It is always very easy to simply dwell
: on the problems and keep on accusing each other for these problems.
: What is far more difficult is to move forward and start discussing
: solutions. I really hope that enough people have been thoroughly disgusted
: with this post so as to refocus their energy towards talking about
: solutions and not simply getting stuck with the easy task of making
: accusations. And I think even probems CAN be discussed without hurling
: general insults at particular ethnic groups- but clearly that is not
: happening on either SCN or TND. And insults from a few rotten apples
: are generally enough to arouse strong emotions within most members of
: the insulted group.
  You are hiding behind a curtain and you expect someone to come and marry you? Will there be a solution ever by hurling stones from behind the curtain? You said that you think problems CAN be discussed without hurling general insults at particular ethnic groups, but unfortunately you could not practice this principle. I would have read your article with more humour than the insult, if you had been brave enough to post it in your own name. Then I could have some idea what made you so much upset. SCN is a free forum. Whatever appears here is not necessarily justified or clean. But those articles which you thought were communal came with the author's name, and the authors justified in their own way. If you feel, they were not right, then why you could not give the counter arguments?
 
: 6. It is very disappointing to see that CRITICAL responses to this post
: have come only from Newars. I ask the others, especially the BCs, why
: they have not crticized it.
  You have answered your own question.
 
: 7. It is also interesting to see that most of the critical responses
: do not talk about the specific characteristics of "Newarism" listed in
: the FAQ. The question is- are they so groundless that they are not
: worth addressing, or are many of them actually true (but that there
: are valid reasons for their existance).
  When one sees a bag full of "SHIT", then there is no point of inserting your hand inside it to find out if there are some sweets inside it.
  Someone will have to be as reckless as you to answer your charges one by one.
 
: And lastly I would like to apologize to all Newars who were offended
: by the posting. I really could not think of a clearer way to make the
: points I hope I made in the FAQ+followup (the FAQ was actually written
: so that this followup could be posted). No malice intended. I
: do not subscribe to the term "Newarism"!!
  So little bit of sense is coming back to you! If you want to sincerely apologize, then come forward and reveal yourself.
 
  R. Tuladhar (tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca)
 
********************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 22:59 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca (Raju Tuladhar) Description: CHICKEN_ISM
  Recently, lots, lots of "ISM"s have been invading and polluting SCN. We even witnessed "St_Xavarien_Egoism", forget about other "ISM"s which have been there since long time (e.g. Feminism, Hinduism, etc. etc.), but the most rampant "ISM" recently invading SCN could be apprpriately called as
  CHICKEN_ISM
  If anobody wishes to be the follower of "chicken_ism", it is very easy. THE SOLE CRITERIA TO BE THE FOLLOWER OF CHICKEN_ISM IS TO USE ANONYMOUS NEWS POSTING SERVICE TO POST YOUR STINKY ARTICLES, OR SEND DIRTY MAILS.
  The top ranked followers or those in the executive body of this new movement called "Chicken_ism" should possess the following extra qualities:
 
* Hide your tail behind your bum.
 
* Hide your stinky face behind the mask of "anonymity".
 
* Promote RACISM
 
* Promote ETHNIC HATRED.
 
* Try to direct the country towards of the situation of former
  Yugoslavia.
 
  Next news post from this movement "chicken_ism" will follow through the use "anon..." service.
  People wishing to join this movement could send their applications to duilabya kukhurali at "an..." address.
  R. Tuladhar (tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca)
 
*********************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 23:00 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: "Bhawani S. Sapkota (Mr.)" <bhawanis@iscs.nus.sg> Description: Re: Newarism: FAQ

I feel very sorry to read an article in the SCN and TND like this. This is obviously not a healthy practice to express one's view about others. The SCN is meant to be for a healthy discussion of people and things in and from Nepal. Many people who are interested in this news group -- I believe-- do not appreciate this kind of offensive article. Sooner or later you will regrate what you posted.
  By the way, in the article the word "Parbate" has been repeated many times. What actually does the word stand for? -- People from Parbat ( a district in Nepal, where I am from ), people from outside Kathmandu valley, non newar, or the people who do not practice newarishm (according to your definition of course).
  Regards Bhawani S. Sapkota Tel: 772-3694(Lab),772-2585 (work) Dept. of ISCS, NUS 7375158 (home), 3141046 (Pager) Lower Kent Ridge Rd Fax: (65) 7794580 Singapore 0511 Email: bhawanis@iscs.nus.sg
 
*************************************************************** From: an281287@anon.penet.fi (Ekalabya Nepali) Date: 14-JUN-1995 08:39:42 Description: Newarism: Clarification from Ekalabya

        Newarism: Clarification from Ekalabya Nepali
        ============================================
  Since at least some people on SCN have responded to the Newarism FAQ, this contributor feels that it would not be inappropriate to add a few final words on this topic from his side.
  1. Contrary to what many of the readers and responders might be thinking, the poster does not belong to the "Parwate" ethnic groups as such- and he prefers to think of himself simply as a Nepali. It was enlightening to learn from one of the response posts that the word Nepali is perceived as a synonym for "Parwate"s among some (many?) Newars. It would be interesting to find out whether there are members of any other ethnic groups who have similar problems with this word and would rather not identify themselves as Nepalis.
  2. Accusation that this was an offensive post: I fully agree with the accusers. One of the purposes here was to show that making an "ism" using the name of an ethnic group is a VERY offensive thing for many people belonging to that ethnic group (and even to some sensible people not belonging to that group). And it is no big deal to create such terms for ANY ethinc group. I hope everyone who uses such terms will keep in mind that he is really hurling general insults againt the whole ethnic group when using such terms. I am FOR stopping such posts from ALL sides.
  3. Accusation that communalism was INCITED by this post: I must say that the accuser(s)' concerns would have looked more genuine if he (they) had established a track record of spotting and criticizing "cummunalism inciting" comments in the many postings done by some "net-prominent" Newars in hyperspace. There have been plenty of very offensive [to OTHER people of course] posts in the past that have not raised the eyebrows of many of the people offended this time. So this post, though offensive, should also be seen as a call for CONSISTENCY in the perception of offence. The post does not incite communalizm, it only follows in the footsteps of many similar postings.
  4. A point that the offended should keep in mind is that this is probably the first post that has been explicitly offensive to the currently offended. I hope it has given them a flavor of what it means to be explicitly insulted on the basis of ethnicity. Now the main question is- if you now know what it tastes like, would you still be inclined to shove it down someone else's throat.
  5. There have been plenty of posts stressing ethnic problems, but hardly any stressing solutions. It is always very easy to simply dwell on the problems and keep on accusing each other for these problems. What is far more difficult is to move forward and start discussing solutions. I really hope that enough people have been thoroughly disgusted with this post so as to refocus their energy towards talking about solutions and not simply getting stuck with the easy task of making accusations. And I think even probems CAN be discussed without hurling general insults at particular ethnic groups- but clearly that is not happening on either SCN or TND. And insults from a few rotten apples are generally enough to arouse strong emotions within most members of the insulted group.
  6. It is very disappointing to see that CRITICAL responses to this post have come only from Newars. I ask the others, especially the BCs, why they have not crticized it.
  7. It is also interesting to see that most of the critical responses do not talk about the specific characteristics of "Newarism" listed in the FAQ. The question is- are they so groundless that they are not worth addressing, or are many of them actually true (but that there are valid reasons for their existance).
  And lastly I would like to apologize to all Newars who were offended by the posting. I really could not think of a clearer way to make the points I hope I made in the FAQ+followup (the FAQ was actually written so that this followup could be posted). No malice intended. I do not subscribe to the term "Newarism"!!
 
 
+ Ekalabya Nepali +
 
%%%%%Editor's Note: With the final note of apology from the original %%%%%
%%%%% poster, on behalf of TND we would like to request %%%%%
%%%%% to an end on this thread. Unless the posts are %%%%%
%%%%% relating to acadimic or sound ethinic analysis, %%%%%
%%%%% promoting or discussing various ethnic and social %%%%%
%%%%% issues, postings that are inflamotory will be %%%%%
%%%%% discarded. Thank you for all your contributions. %%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 23:00 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: g44329a@nucc.cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp (GP) Description: Re: Newsflash: PM asks King to dissolve parliament
  My top ten confusions
  1. This all blame goes to Koirala and Associates (P.) Ltd.
  2. Last time he {GP(K)} didn't like to transfer power to his own fellow congressies, how come this time communist will like loose.
  3. Nepalis got a great chance to vote the votes which Mahendra and panches deprived for many years. Some body has to do something, but who will do it? Do Nepalis deserve only voting or some development / economic uplift also?
  4. Who will fund the upcoming election?
  5. Who will be prime minister? GP(K) ? SBT? MMA? None?
  6.
  What will happen to the Nepali rupee/Dollar ratio? after the election. Will it remain stable?
  7.
  What Ganeshman will do ? Will he come back to NC or remain as it is? If remains as before, how it will effect NC 's election ?
  8.
  Will Padma Ratna Tuladhar be elected because of severe criticism and exploitation of the situation by congressies of his speech? If he is not elected , will he get crazy? Go beyond 20th century? Like "Back to the future." movie.
  9.
  Will my high school friend Mr. Khag Raj Adhikari be elected again? I wanted to hear him being a minister. He is a dedicated guy to build country, and made by panchayat. He gave up dream of being an engineer and I wish him all the success.
  10.
  If King don't dissolve the parliament, then, what will happen? Bhand bhailo uchal thailo or Nepal?
  Gyaneswor Pokharel Department of Civil Engineering Nagoya University Nagoya-464-01 Japan E-mail: g44329a@nucc.cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp Tel- +81-52-789-4624 Fax- +81-52-789-3738

***************************************************************** Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 23:01 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: khanal@sccsi.com (Saraswati Khanal) Description: Two Successful Nepalis

This is not a news article about Nepal but about two successful Nepalis who have made it big in their professions. Although it is not something that would have a significant effect on the HOT and not so HOT issues that are discussed in the net,I thought it would still be worth spreading among members of our community. The two successful Nepalis I am talking about are Manisha Koirala and Udit Narayan Jha.
  Manisha and Udit (along with their group from Bollywood) were here in Houston towards the end of last month in connection with their performing tour of the US. We had heard both positive and negative things about Manisha and mostly negative things about Udit. So we decided to find out for ourselves what type of persons they were. We went to attend their performance at Houston's Jones Hall. At the performance venue, we found that Manisha Koirala was very popular ("HIT" in Bollywood parlance) in the big Houston Indian community and it was next to impossible to meet her during the performance. Manisha's popularity went sky high after the release of her latest hit "Bombay" (in which Manisha's acting is fabulous). Even during the performance Manisha got the loudest and most appreciative applause from the audience. We found out that we needed to have a backstage pass to go and see the visiting stars but we didn't have any and nobody would give us one.
  I somehow(with the help of an employee at Jones Hall) managed to pass a note (written in Nepali of course!) to Manisha in her dressing/preparation room. In the note, I explained to her that I was from Nepal and was very interested to meet her. To my surprise, she immediately invited me and my family to her dressing room . Even though she was very busy with her stage numbers, she welcomed me very warmly and made me feel at home. She was very courteous and polite. She told me that she was quite thrilled to know that there were Nepalese people living in Houston and more thrilled to read a note in Nepali. She was also very nice to my kids. She had her brother Siddhartha bring Udit Narayan Jha to meet us in her room.
  Udit was also very nice and was all the time crediting Lord Pashupatinath for his success."Yo sabai Bhagawan Pashupatinath ko kripaley sambhav bhayeko" is what he said.He also spoke perfect Nepali and (contrary to unfounded rumors) never gave any indication that he disavowed his Nepaleseness.
  The Nepalese community in Houston invited both Manisha and Udit for dinner the following day.Udit was not feeling well and politely asked to be excused.He always talked with us in Nepali. Manisha readily accepted our invitation.We found that she does not have an ego most stars (let's hope we will soon call her a superstar)have. She came to the dinner and was very nice and appreciative of everyone. She was very graceful and carried herself with dignity and impeccable demeanor . There were some people who asked her odd film related questions, but she answered them all cheerfully. Every member of the Nepalese community in Houston was very impressed with her.What endeared Manisha to everybody was her statement(not a public but a conversational of course!)that she is PROUD TO BE A NEPALI. Every body became a Manisha fan instantly. Every body talked about how nice she was and how fast she has learned the art of creating and maintaing a good public relation. Thus all negative rumors about both Manisha and Udit were unfounded.
   Udit has promised to us that he could not make to our dinner invitation this time due to his upset stomach, but would certainly join us next time round.
  If any of you netters have any experience with these two or any other Nepalese celebrities, we would like to read about it in the SCN. I would like to conclude by saying that the Nepalese in Houston were very impressed with Manisha and wish her a speedy rise to and a very long stay at superstardom. Last but not the list, I would also like to advise the Bollywood gossip columnists to print not only the spicy news but also the positive impressions good Bollywood stars like Manisha leave upon other people.
  Namaste JAYA NEPAL

********************************************************************* Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 23:05 EST Forwarded By: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: daha9014@raven.csrv.uidaho.edu (Dahal Durga) Description: Re: Parliamentary Election
  IT WILL BE HORRIBLE IF NEPAL WILL BE RULED BY THE KING AGAIN. HIS CHAMCHAS WILL MAKE SO MUCH MONEY WITHIN A YEAR ALL THE NACHAMCHAS WILL DIE STARVED. THERE IS NO QUESTION OF THE KING, BUT NEPAL. WE NEPALI HAVE TO DEVELOP THE HAVIT OF TOLERANCE. THEN POLITICS WILL WORK.
  William Pusateri (pusateri@pps.pgh.pa.us) wrote:
> When will this underdeveloped country ever find political stability?
> It is time for the people to make a choice and stick with it. This is
> the second general election in six months. It is time for the king to
> take charge. He should dissolve the parliament as requested and then
> restore the monarchy as before. Lets return to the Panchayat system
> as before. Under this system foreign relations were good, the people
> had confidence in the government. There was peace and social stabilty
> across the land. Education and individual initiative were prospering
> Lets put an end to political ping pong with the people's will and
> future. Let the King rule as King. Manoj Jung Basnet.
 
********************************************************************* From: bhushan@tanner.com (Bhushan Mudbhary) Subject: Poison pen part II. To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Sat, 17 Jun 1995 22:51:38 -0700 (PDT)

I don't suffer fools at all. As a very dear friend of mine used to say, " It chaps my butt!" to hear fools like Mr. Puke Dung Bullshit praise the glory of the Panchayat System, I wonder..

Is Mr. M motivated so because of ...

1. The "Dung" factor as seen in his middle name? name? 2. He and his likes could rape and pillage the country with impunity under the
   Panche Sarkar? 3. Or, could it be that Mr. M Dung is basically an incompetent fool that
   lusts for the types of "sorce-force" so prevalent amongst the Darbariyas. 4. Might it even be that Mr.Dung simply don't do democracy, may be da Dung
   like to do da people like da ol'dez. 5. Could it be that Mr.Dung doesn't remember bein beaten by police like so many
   were for simply demanding the right to vote? 6. Or perhaps it is more ominous, Mr.Dung is a downright evil little panche
   bemoaning his assumed right to dominate the rest of us.

You know what Mr. M Jung Basnet, people like you aren't even worth finishing the list to ten.

Here's to hoping you reply. Bhushan Mudbhary

****************************************************************** Date: Sun, 18 Jun 1995 12:00:41 -0400 (EDT) From: uc_ece_1167 <rpanth@uceng.uc.edu> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Corruption and Ballot box stuffing

>
> Mr Rajan Panthaji , could you tell me please ,
> who (which party was the ruling party when the first mid-term poll was
> held > ? what about ballet box stuffing and GHUS ? thanks. RAM BHUJEL (t)

         Upon reading your posting, I tried to think of a reason for you to ask me these questions. I narrowed it down to a few.

        1. You were totally oblivious to the political situation in Nepal
           over the past few years.
        2. You had nobody else to ask in AIT.
        3. You look at the world through very simplistic eyes and
           couldn't fathom anybody taking bribes, prompting you to
           challenge my allegations.
        4. You are trying to be sarcastic.

        I decided on 4 !
 
        If you think I was wrong in assuming that many (not all) politicians in Nepal are corrupt, I apologize. If you think there has been NO ballot box stuffing in Nepal over the years and my allegations were baseless, I am sorry.
        As for your questions, ask someone else because I am not sure myself.

********************************************************************** Date: Sun, 18 Jun 1995 15:09 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Development's "Ku_putra:" Social Polemics
=========================================

For the last few months, TND/SCN readers have witnessed a whiff of foul smell: the social polemics that seethe beneath the peaceful, harmonious community that we call Nepalese. It is a welcome reality check from the fantasy land of social amity which legitimizes suppression of other voices and aspirations in our country.

One often asks, however, if this social polemics is an essential attribute of the nepalese community or is it a historical contingency. I would like to argue that it is the latter. By arguing that it is a contingent social condition, I would like to draw attention to the possibilities for social emancipation.

There is a danger that the very word "contingent" conjures up connontations of transience, something that wont bother us and something that would take care of itself. This, the current social polemics, is not to be; it is intimately tied to major driving forces of social transformation in Nepal and one would be amiss to underestimate the force and tenacity of this historical convergence of factors and forces that generate, sustain, and amplify social polemics in nepal.

One reason why social polemics is so insiduously strong is that it is intricately tied to the very social projects we consider totally unproblematic: the national task of "development". Development has this aura of righteousness and unchallengeability, it is the super-bahun that confers legitimacy to all who would appropriate the power to intervene in the affair of Nepalese. I would like to take this opportunity to link development to the unmistakeably repugnant phenonmena of social polemics in debates that we see about Sanskrti news, Newarism, cowslaughter, women-in-hinduism, and brahminism.

Development to thos who advocate this as a legitimizing ideology is the building of roads to inaccessible places, bringing water to faraway villages, eradicating malaria with DDT, building the Arun III. Tangible hardware that produces perceptible improvement on drudgery, morbidity, and comfort is what development is all about, for this Nepalese are expected to sell their souls. It was in the name of "development" [Bikas ko mool phutauna and mato suhaundo bikas] that the maha vaanis asked the people to stay silent to rape the democractic aspirations of the people for 32 years. It was in the name of vikash Girija wanted to shoot the "vikash-drohi" communists who raised anti-vikash issues of Tanakpur and pay raises for civil servants and now Man Mon accursed the Opposition of trying to stymie the great project of develvlopment by trying to precipitate a midterm elections and now that there is a midterm elections againg, we are blaming all and everyone for politicians steering nepal from the worthwhile program of development.

Yes, negativities have a hard time sticking onto development in the minds of ordinary and super-ordinary men and women of Nepal. Almost a decade ago, Kunda Dixit and a friend produced a book called "Vikash or Vinash" where he collected essays on how "development" produced environmental damages from deforestation to pollutions. Now the documentation and literature linking environmental and ecological damages to development is fairly well established in both scholarly and journalistic literature and is beginning to make way into civil life in Nepal. One evidence of this is the great putsch to question and stop Arun III by the alliance of nepali NGOS, internatinal NGOs with a fair amount of support from the pretentious avante-garde urban environmentalists who carry around Gro Brundland's "our Common Future". The fact that the center of gravity of public opinion, at least the opinion of those who matter any way, is still in the camp of pro-development is borne by the decision of the UML govt to go ahead with the Arun III anyway.

But how would one link development, that "subha laxchini nandan" to the egregrious phenomena that we see in ethnic fury, Hindu backlash, and seething tension? Let me try to relate development to phenomena we can relate to.

We are all aware vaguely of some conditions between foreign hippies who took upon themselves to skinny dip and "culturally pollute" our chaste Pokharali boys. Drugs from marijuance to crack is definitely linked to the cultural exposure to the hippies that flooded Nepal from the seventies, not to the Sadhus and temple bhajan mandalies who piped in moksha in hukkas in pashupati ko pati to kastha mandap ko Ganesh sthan. HIV and AIDS is definitely tied to jets and modern travel and interaction of expo-import quick buck businessment and bhariyas that visited bangkok and bombay. Kathmanduites know for sure the desecration of cultural and daily shopping places such as Ason and Indra chowk with spilt brains and tearful eyes and violence has to do wincomfort is th something called development and politics. Yes, a nebulous miasma of uncomfort of whatever this thing called development is beginning to swirl like smoke out of Aladdin's lamp, but the genie has not materialized.

At this momemt, i would like to another category which most of us can pretend to understand: modernization. There are many definitions of modernizations for the common nepali but they all share one attribute: modernization is good. Modernization is often used interchageably with development but in common Nepali media, development is what the govt does explicitly: from building roads and healthposts while modernization is the social process the State and all those in positions of power promote. It is privatization, it is English medium schools, it is secular humanism, it is the rule of law, it is living in concrete buildings and watching "ZEE TV" on satellite dishes: It is a way of life: the fruit of development.

Students of social change see development and modernizations as but Brahma's two faces, they are one and the same. Modernization brings with it the ideal of Western civilization: secular humanism which is accomplished by two greath technologies: the social technologies of global capitalism and the biophysical technologies of science based on western concepts of rationality. To Nepalese, modernization and development brings with it the promise of not only physical emancipation from wants such as hunger, shelter, and disease but also from the social depredations of religion, superstition, culture, and "irrational, traditional" ways of doing things. Nepalese feel we can have all these benefits without any of the cultural bags of westernization and the costs of sacrificing our great culture of social amity and unfathomable Hindu philosophy, our beloved nepal and its beautiful environment and bustling industries and full employment.

Most Nepali historians like to begin the history of modern Nepal from 1950 when Nepal "opened" up its gates to the West. This might be a convinient benchmark to document a particular type oof modernization: development, the partnership of the West in explicit aid packages to bring about social change in Nepal. Now, critics of deveopment opine that this period, marked th great ideolgical struggle to divvy up the world:The First World: North America, Europe, Australia, South Africa, and a struggling Japan; the Second World: the communist domain in Europe, Asia, and Africa; and the Third World, the nonaligned and the rest which were prey to the intense ideological battle to appropriate by the ideology of "development" . And succeed they did, development became the unquestioned dharma for all these nations. Now that, the communist world has witherned, in what the West calls the "End of History" meaning that there is no challenging social system to question the capitalistic order, the pre-development world is the "shikar" for the great train of capitalism to roll over and expedite the efficient process of surplus extraction at a global scale. This is evidenced by the general pattern of foreign participation in Nepal: from a signficant portion of the "aid" being grants to loans. we can expect this process to go from soft loans at depressed interest levels to commercial hard loans at competitive interest rates, from doling our garment quots for cheap labour to depress the price of clothes to software {Mercantile is already in the business of subcontracting international software contracts worth $17 an hour job and doling them out engineers who work for $7 an hour, taking up drudging computer digitizing jobs done by vocationaly trained technicians and automated machines for quality work for full electrical engineers.}

So is almost 45 years of development changed Nepal for the better. Sure we have no malaria in the Terai, {although epidemiological research in Bangladesh suggests that excessive use of DDt for public health and pesticides has reduced public health by increasing male infertility and decrease in sperm count; Neo-Malthusians may say "kuching" those prolific Bangla deshis deserve that and may be the superpopulated Tarai basis, but that is another train}, we have lots of schools, some hospitals, lots of cars, and even electricity for 10 percent of the population. But are our social life any better? The Quality of life index developed by UN stills keeps us the bottom 10 in the community of nations, economic polarization has increased with the top 10% holding even more of nation's wealth than before.

How has this happened? To understand this one has to look into not only the entrerprise of development but also modernization. Development is an idelogy propagated by the machinery of modernization and the most powerful of this machinery is the nation-state. The nation-state is represented not only by the soveriegn King in the days before Prithvi but also a full-time bureaucracy and military who has taken itself the social monopoly and legitimacy to use coercive measures. It has a full judiciary and now in contemporary times we have a whole host of para-govt institutions called NGOs which suckle on the teats of development/modernization dollars/rupees propagting status quo in modern terms and discourses.

We find some students of history and social change problematizing the formation of state in Nepal and how they have had changes in the social reality that is Nepal. A persuasive schemata is that in Bayise Rajas, the surplus extraction and production was small in scale and so was the amplitude of social stratification and it was closed society both economically, politically, ecologically, and culturally. Modern Nepal is radically different: production is much highter, but a greater portion is appropriated the rural elite, the urban elite, the national elite and ultimately the global elite; the trend being the shrinking of middle class in both national and global scales to enrich the national and global elite.

One of the seductions of capitalism as a social order is the promise of liberal humanism it promises by virture of dreams of cornucopia from increased production (witness the enthusiasm for Arun III advocates) that wins the support of the local elite for the booty of increased appropriation. This does happen but the inexorable machine of capitalism works such that even these enriched social group is again impoverised by global processes: the net result is the net impoverishment in peripherial countries such as Nepal.

In contemporary Nepal we can witness the workings of this process as it happened in Iran or even in neighbouring India. For didactic purposes, i will make the picture simplistic>>

1. Western Enligtenment promises modernization and the promise of good life: China opts for the socialist way of modernization; Iran and India opts for capitalistic ways of modernization in the post world war II (i.e after 1945)

2. Surplus extraction at global levels drains wealth from nations to global economy, from rural hinterlands to urban cores that lates sixties massive disillusionment settles in: In China, some 30 million chinese are killed in cultural revolution to distract and stymies this massive unrest; in Iran, religious fundamentalist promise a rejection of modernization and the secular fruits it offers; in India, we have continues autocracy of Indira, Embergency, and the continued rise of Religious Right in the forms of urban tradesman who feel pinched by the global appropriation and the lower class/caste groups who want their share of the economic pie.

3. Nepal currently has a mixture of these 3 scenarios: the growing mass of economically and socially destitute who realize that theyare also politically and culturally marginalized, a population who are increasingly disillusioned by the neoclassical ideology of development and who are willing to listen to and by swayed by alternate philosophies and explanations: communism on one hand and reactionary Hindu social/political mores on the other hand.

It is time we begin questioning development as an idelogy and explore other mores of social goals if we are to prevent ourselves from hurtling down the fire-hole of flaming internecine wars, famine, and dissolution that is Rwanda, Somalia, or Bosnia Hergegovinia.

Amulya Tuladhar clark University june 18, 1995

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 19 Jun 1995 02:08:17 -0400 (EDT) From: Pauline Ng <emr@dupagels.lib.il.us> To: Thorsten@nt.e-technik.uni-erlangen.de Cc: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Sending money to Nepal.

Dear Mr Bartosch I am sure you will be hearing lot of ways of sending money to Nepal to help local students. Some time ago I was told that the money can be sent through the Society of Jesuits in Chicago, Illinois, USA. I believe you can name any particular priest to handle the funds or the Society of Jesuits to handle the funds. I am also under the impression that the whole amount donated will reach its destination.

The address of the Society of Jesuits is: Jesuit International Missions 2059 North Sedgwick St Chicago, IL 60614-9955 USA I am sure they might be able to answer all your questions.

Subarna Pradhan
(S.Pradhan) emr@dupagels.lib.il.us

*************************************************************** Date: Mon, 19 Jun 95 08:11:45 EST From: subas_sakya@internetmail.pr.cyanamid.com To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Job Openings for Chemists and Biologists
     Ayerst Pharmaceutical division of American Home Products is expanding its worldwide research efforts. There is currently about 30 job openings for BS/MS organic chemists, around 10 job openings for Ph.D organic chemists, and several taking place in the pharmaceutical industry, this may be a good and the only opportunity for many who are interested in medicinal chemistry (drug design and synthesis) to join a major pharmaceutical industry. The last time I heard, American Home Products was number 4 among all pharmaceutical companies worldwide.

     If anyone is interested in finding out more about these jobs, please do not hesitate to write to me (just reply to my e-mail address). If you want to be considered for these positions, please contact these people directly:
    Dr Stan Lang, Director, Department of Infectious Diseases
    or Dr Janis Upeslacis, Director, Department of Oncology
    401 North Middletown Rd., Pearl River, NY 10965

    By the way, I am interested in keeping touch with people interested in chemistry, medicinal research or biologists interested in medical research. As a matter of fact, I have read with interest some of the articles about diseases that have appeared in the TND. Since many of the disease causing agents are becoming more resistant to currently available drugs, its nice to see that the TND members are being made aware of that fact. Keep up the good work.
     Subas Sakya

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