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The Nepal Digest Wednesday 3 January 96: Push 19 2052 BS Volume 46 Issue 2
* TND Board of Staff *
* ------------------ *
* Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh email@example.com *
* TND Archives: Sohan Panta firstname.lastname@example.org *
* SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha email@example.com *
* +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
* "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
* "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
* "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
Date: January 3, 1996
Subject: From the Editor's Desk
To: The Nepal Digest (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Dear TND member:
On behalf of the global TND community, I wish you a happy and a joyous
A lot has been said about TND's timely publication, TND's quality,
financing of TND, member contributions for TND and many other things
to better the servide of TND.
1996 marks the begining of the 5th successful year of TND. The
entire credit goes to dedicated and concern members like you who
have offered many suggestions to keep TND alive. Now is the time
to test those suggestions.
My collegue Dr. Neil Rickert at NIU has been kind enough to allow
publication of TND inspite of my departure from the university a
year ago. On behalf of TND community, I requested him to allow us
to publish TND until we found a suitable home (its own system) in
Now the time has come to realize that dream.
The goal is to acquire its own hardware and dedicated Internet
access so that TND can be a true means of information, resources,
ideas and news sharing medium. Perhaps it can provide a virtual sense
of chautari or new road ko pipal ko bot or tundikhel or ratna park,
you name it, where all nepalis and friends of nepal can share
their own piece of mind. This requires time, efforts and a chunk
sum of money.
For the first phase, I propose to establish TND's home page e.g.
www.nepal.org in a rented server. In my extensive converssation with
Mr. Carlson of SuperNova and my own shoping around, I have not found
a better proposal than what Mr. Carlson offered us. I believe the
startup cost was $575 for 1st year (1996). To keep the TND web server
healthy, TND Foundation will offer "Webmaster Internship" (this
could carry some form of small stipend depending on members'
generousity) which could be rotated every 6 months.
Second phase would require establishing TND Foundations as a non-profit
organization so the contributors can get tax deductions on their
generous contributions. A lot need to be discussed amongst us to
identify whether TND Foundations can play additional role in Nepali
community besides just information sharing. Please be reminded that
the core purpose of TND is to share resources, informations, ideas and
news. We need to make sure that any additional tasks we (as TND) may
want to pursue, should not take our main focus away from the core
function of TND.
Third phase would conclude the project by acquiring the physical
hardware, internet access and a dedicated "webmaster" and TND
Foundations' governing body to further enhance TND's role.
Let us concentrate on first phase for right now. For us to get
started on first phase TND requires $575.
Please share your ideas, perhaps I have not included all the issues.
You may send your contributions payable to:
c/0 Rajpal J.P. Singh
44 Greenridge Ave
White Plains, NY 10605
Note: A list of donors and the exact amount will be published in each
issue of TND until the goal amount $575 is met.
On behalf of TND
The Nepal Digest (TND)
Date: Wed, 03 Jan 1996 14:08:30 EST
To: The Nepal digest Editor <email@example.com>
From: "Pramod K. Mishra" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Dollar and Sense
Talk of dollar always makes sense as remuneration when real work is
accomplished. And I think that your efforts in sorting out the TND
postings and mailing them to the subscribers and keeping track of their
addresses must be rewarded in concrete terms. The people who post their
views on TND may feel lackadaisical and postpone, if they so choose,
their private musings from making public, but your task as an editor
doesn't offer you that luxury. So some kind of remuneration, as some
contributors have suggested, is worth consideration.
Ten dollars a year for members in dollar-regions of the world is not a bad idea. I'd suggest, however, that this contribution shouldn't be made mandatory and coerced from the TND members, and thos who fail to pay, their name shouldn't be deleted. Instead, an announcement to that effect should be made in TND, reminding the members of the due.
Now, a very legitimate questin that TND members can raise is Why should we contribute anything to TND when only a few vocal members voice their opinion and views on its pages? The question is serious. Why should one be made to pay for somebody's half-cooked ideas?
My response to these very proper questions would be twofold: One, TND doesn't carry its contributors' opinions and ideas; it has a substantial coverage of news also (albeit a little stale in this age of information superhighway.) Second, the most admiring feature about TND I particularly like is its lack of censorship. Anyone, even the most bullheaded person (which at one time or another we all tend to become) can send his or her ideas, opinions, contributions, no matter how outrageous, and get published. Each of its members are free to voice his or her thoughts; TND is nobody's monopoly. It is a different matter that some members feel a more urgent itch than others, for whatever reasons, to voice their contributions. Third, I think we subjects of the nascent democracy should learn to speak our thoughts without fear and in public. Now this is a seroius matter. Very often we may get too shrill, personal, spurred by hatred or other base emotions, but there is nothing better than learning by practice. Voicing one's views is not the monopoly of only those who speak in paragraphs and quote from Socrates to the Bhagwat Gita. We have lived mute too long in Nepal, a chosen few giving orders and most following orders. Now is the time that we all must speak and be heard, no matter how trivial our concerns are. For this also, it is important to make the TND Editor a little more comfortable and reward for his labors.
But then again, it's upto the contributors to voice more views regarding this.
Date: Fri, 29 Dec 1995 17:31:56 -0500 (EST)
Forwarded By: email@example.com
Subject: dec28_local.html (fwd)
To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
Source: KTM Post Online
COMMUNISTS OBSERVE MAO ANNIVERSARY
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 27 - Except Communist Party of Nepal (CPN-UML) all
other communist factions of Nepal organised various ceremonies to
celebrate 103rd Mao anniversary here in the capital Monday. But so far
no news have been heard about Nepals largest communist party (CPN-UML)
organising any programmes to celebrate the anniversary. When asked
about the CPN-UML celebrating the 103rd Mao anniversary, a member of
the CPN-UML publicity department, Shanker Pokhrel said that he was
unaware of his party organising any programmes to mark the
anniversary. The programme held in the Open Theatre, Tundikhel
organised by veteran communist leader Nar Bahadur Karmacharya included
band-groups, march-pasts and traditional lakhey dances through the
main thoroughfares of the capital. Later the mass rally turned into a
mass meeting where they offered flowers and garlands on the pictures
of Marx, Lenin, Stalin, Angels and Mao.
On the other hand, SJM (Bhattarai) party who consider Maoism as their
ideal, organised a talk programme to observe the anniversary.
Similarly, Nepal Labour Peasants Partys student union organised a week
long programme in Bhaktapur to mark the anniversary.
Considering Mao as the Great Teacher of World Proletariat the
communists not only organised various programmes but also blamed one
another to be a reactionary or traitor. In the ceremony held at the
Open Theatre Tundhikhel speakers Nirmal Lama, Chitra Bahadur K C and
others called the CPN(UML) and SJM (Bhattarai) party extremists. They
said that only their parties follow the original Maoism. Nepal
Communist Party (Ekata Kendra) leader Nirmal Lama talking to The
Kathmandu Post said 'Maoism is related to the working class and thus
we are celebrating it.' According to SJM (Bhattarai)'s general
secretary Pampha Bhushal Mao anniversary is being celebrated in Nepal
for the preparation of a long-term peoples war. However, almost every
communist leader accepted that no such communist leaders were born in
Nepal whose anniversary could be celebrated and compared with Mao.
Nirmal Lama further said that anniversaries could be observed only if
there were leaders whose status could be compared with Lenin and Marx.
Pampha Bushal gave a new name to late Madan Bhandari calling him a
President of the organising committee Nar Bahadur Karmacharya
highlighting the importance of Mao Anniversary said Maoism means to
move forward taking daily problems of the people. 'That is why we are
against price hike in daily necessities,' he added.
QUALITY MEDICINE NEEDED FOR TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 27 - Higher quality medicine requiring shorter duration
to complete the course are deemed essential for the tuberculosis
patients of Nepal in the present context.
Doctors of tuberculosis hospital complain that free distribution of
sub-standard medicine below the level of quality mentioned in Medicine
Act 1995 is likely to increase tuberculosis patients rather than
controlling it. The present condition is not very favourable to
eradicate tuberculosis because use of low quality, cheap and multiple
medicines which results in drug resistance. The medicine being
distributed so far meets the required quality but some doctors fear
that the medicines which will be distributed by the hospital in future
may be of lower quality than that prescribed by World Health
About 200 thousand people in Nepal are suffering from tuberculosis. Of
them, 16 die every year while 45 thousand patients are added to the
list annually. The government of Japan has been providing medicines
free to cost under its financial and commodity assistance in the task
of eradicating tuberculosis from Nepal. The achievement is however not
UML CRITICISES MPS FACILITIES
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 27 - Participants of the second phase Mechi-Mahakali
workers training programme of the CPN-UML criticized its legislators
and leaders over the recent increase in the salaries and facilities of
members of parliament.
The programme was organised by the Central Liason Department of
CPN-UML for their Sampark Manch which encompasses party members,
supporters and well-wishers from different districts.
According to a party source, among the participants, 14 zonal
representatives, were not satisfied with the reply of Amrit Bohara,
chief of the organisation department in response to the question. Why
did you keep quiet when the salary of MPs was being increased ?
Bohara had said, the bill introduced by the ruling party would be
approved anyhow. It would be meaningless for UML to speak or not to
speak on the subject.
Similarly, participants also criticized that the party had not been
able to steer its government in an organised manner, that it was more
submissive, to the decision of the Supreme Court and that the
leadership had no optional thinking. According to the chief Liaison
Department, general secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal in his lecture, said
national and international situation was favourable for the communist
movement of Nepal. He added that the UML had been able to belie the
rumours directed against it during its nine-month governance.
Referring to the success achieved by the communists in Russia he said
the future was in the hands of the communists. It is an alternative
power waiting to run the government, he said.
Amrit Bohara, in his lecture, emphasized the need to consolidate the
party and expand its power base. Similarly, UML has also reorganised
its Liason Department and assigned Astalaxmi Shakya as chief,
Shreemana Gautam as general secretary and Rebat Kunwar, Narayan
Upadhyaya, Sanu Raj Pokharel, Dorje Angbo Lama and Bhisme Adhikari as
RAWAT COMMANDS BRITISH GURKHAS
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 27 - On December 8, 1995 Lieutenant Colonel Bijaykumar
Rawat took command of the 1st battalion of The Royal Gurkha Rifles,
according to British embassy press release received here Wednesday.
This is the first time that a Nepalese officer has commended a
battalion of the British Gurkhas.
[Was it racism or lack of leadership among all those VC quality Gurkhas
Lieutenant Colonel Bijaykumr was enlisted into the brigade of Gurkhas
in 1972 as a soldier and joined the 1st battalion 2nd KEO Gurkha
Rifles. He was later selected for officer training at the Royal
Military Academy, Sandhurst. He was commissioned in 1981 and awarded
the Sword of Honour as the most outstanding officer cadet of his
intake. He served in the brigade of Gurkhas and at staff appointments
before attending Staff College in UK in 1989. After a further staff
appointment, this time at the Ministry of Defense in London, he
returned to regimental duty first commanding a company then as
Second-in-Command and finally as Commanding Officer. Lieutenant
Colonel Bijaykuamr Rawat will command the last remaining Gurkha
battalion in Hong Kong and will move it back to UK before the colony
is returned to the Peoples Republic of China on July 1, 1997. His
battalion is then due to take its place along side battalions of the
parachute Regiment in 5 airborne brigade.
The Nepali Congress led coalition government completed its hundred
days in office. Such a short span of time may not be enough to
evaluate the performance of any government. But, we, should not forget
that the morning shows the day.
Unfortunately, as far as the Deuba regime is concerned, though the
dawn was promising, the morning has been most uninspiring. For,
together with the government, the nation has also been limping along.
If Deuba loyalists sum up the governments performance as so-so, then
for his detractors the summation would be not so so-so. That is to
say, if the governments honeymoon period performance were to be
scored, then it would just manage to scrape through with third
One can easily explain such mediocre performance by the fact that the
government has had to function under compulsion.
Most of the first hundred days were spent in the balancing act. That
is, in accommodating the interests of coalition partners as well as
dealing with detractors within the Nepali Congress and keeping party
bosses happy. This explains both the unreasonably long time Deuba took
to expand his cabinet and its abnormally inflated size. Another thing
that occupied the government was surgical operations - transfers and
appointments - in the bureaucracy. The coalition government came about
(after the Supreme Court verdict) with the intention of not plunging
the country into frequent mid-term polls when possible alternatives
within parliament existed.
The judges obviously had the greater interest of the country, in terms
of political stability, in mind when giving the verdict. So far, the
government has apparently maintained political stability. But should
the price for stability be development and fiscal discipline?
From the common mans point of view, the highpoints of the Deuba
administrations 100 day stint are: expensive foreign jaunts, sloth in
decision making, the formation of a jumbo-sized cabinet and hikes in
the price of water and milk. As one can see, there is nothing
commendable in these occurrences. Political stability is necessary, no
doubt, but development must follow. If Deuba spends all his time only
in balancing interests, he and his government may end up like the
person who tried to please everybody. It has therefore become
imperative for the government to work out a long term development
programme and a short term programme to provide relief to the people.
A successful government is one that can deliver. Deuba would do well
to recognise that only this will ultimately ensure his governments
SECURITY: A DISCOUNTED IMPERATIVE
By Anil Basnyat
Just recently, I read an interesting but rather myopic article
entitled, Choosing between Guns and Butter, written by Mr B Joshi in
this daily (5th Dec 1995).
An individual or a responsible government need not master the
intricacies of economics to understand the detrimental effects, that a
large standing army may have on the economy of an under developed
nation. However, the concept of governance also specifies the need to
strike a sensible balance between the political, diplomatic, social,
economic, psychological and security needs of a nation, whilst
charting the future course. Considering this rationale; and the
writers unwillingness to delve into important affairs in greater
depth; it will be wise to put matters in its right perspective.
Since the governments prime responsibility is to maintain the freedom
and territorial integrity of the nation, the aim of our defense policy
is to ensure the security of the nation to keep it united and free to
pursue its legitimate interests and activities. In order to fulfil the
stated requirement, the current job charter of the army ranges from
conventional deterrence to operations other than war, such as:
* National development activities.
* Participation in UN peacekeeping missions.
* Environmental protection duties.
* Disaster relief.
* Aid to civil power.
Against this backdrop, an unbiased analysis of the armys past
activities clearly supports the need to place some priority on the
budgetary requirements for defense.
Peace and stability are essential ingredients for development and
these two vital factors fall within the purview of the existing
security environment.Nepal has been given the economic status of a
least developed country, which is derived from the wide disparity
existing between the haves and the have-nots. This economic dichotomy,
consequently gives birth to a plethora of contentious and disruptive
issues. Therefore, is it not plain common sense to allocate resources
to an organization that has historically played a pivotal role, in
maintaining a conducive environment required for stable and equitable
Nepal is experiencing the normal growth pangs of a nascent democracy.
This has been even further compounded by the narrow interpretation of
democracy by a large section of the populace.
Given the common tendency of leaders and followers to take to the
streets to resolve any issue, it is surprising that anarchy is not the
norm of the day. Isnt it more relevant to recall the feeling of
security that one and all have, due to the presence of a capable and
impartial army? Simple logic should it fact point at improving
In the current budget, defense gets a whopping Rs 2.35 billion
according to the writer. This figure has been conveniently analyzed
against the budget allocated to certain sensitive sectors that, HMG as
a matter of principle, has already been prioritizing for successive
years. Furthermore, Mr Joshi goes on to question the rationality of
maintaining this white elephant wearing olive green uniform.
In the past five years, Nepal has undergone the agonizing experience
of one interim, two elected and what is today regarded a fragile
coalition government. This makes a grand total of four governments in
five years. Given the peaceful nature of the transitions, it would be
sheer stupidity to even suggest that the army has been sitting idle.
Only a novice would question the role played by the army.
The concept of Nepal as a Zone of Peace used to the cornerstone of
HMGs foreign policy in the past. This proposal has been gathering dust
for the last half decade. Surely the inclusion of such a sensitive
issue is pure academic rambling and has no particular relevance to the
stated topic. The inclusion of the same smacks of mischief to say the
Environmental protection is a key issue. Protection of the rapidly
depleting forests and wildlife of Nepal is a major responsibility of
the army. Any defense installation can be recognized by the greenery
surrounding it. Is preserving the environment and vital resources of a
country harmful to the nation? Mr Joshi implies it is.
The ability to utilize the UN to project a nation into the
international arena and thereby reap substantial political, diplomatic
and economic benefit, is a prioritized objective of most third world
countries. The active participation of the army in peacekeeping
operations has created an image in the UN where Nepal has been
identified as a country which matches its words with deeds Isnt it
incongruous to blame the army for harming the nation?
The fluctuation in market prices has been attributed to peacekeeping
jaunts. It is certainly an interesting economic eye opener to learn
that the home coming of a mere 600 to 700 peacekeepers plays total
havoc with the Nepalese economy. What about our globe hopping leaders,
ministers and prime minister who go abroad on the slightest pretext
and that too with a legendary number of followers. Does that add to
this countrys coffer? And what about the whopping medical bills of
leaders being footed at the taxpayers expense by the government for
medical treatment abroad? Does that enrich this church mouse of a
nation. On the other hand, considering that tourism is the second
largest industry of Nepal, is it not surprising to note that the large
influx of tourists, on a daily basis, doesnt even make a dent on our
An army represents the values of a society, from within which the
people opt to serve. The idea, that adorning a uniform and taking a
noble oath to lay down ones life for the nation and the people
transforms a human being into an ogre, is definitely mind boggling,
and defies comprehension.
Instead of blaming the military of doing little to foster social
cohesion, it would have been more appropriate to address the broader
issue the rise of anti social behavior in Nepal.
A comparative study of the organizational structure of all government
institutions, rips to shreds the contention that the present army, is
top heavy in structure. To put it simplistically, the army utilizes
the adage, ten men well led are better than a hundred without a head,
while formulating its organization. This assures that capable and
responsible citizens are inducted into the organization. The army at
least unlike other institutions, had the moral courage and strength to
frontally face the corruption prevalent within the organization.
Without hesitation, high ranking officers were taken to task
regardless of the damage it would do to individuals and the
organization. It is somewhat hard to believe that, Nepal, being a
least developed country, corruption is non-existent in any other
organization. Instead of slinging mud at the army, congratulations
should be due for providing the much needed example for others to
In an era where economic factors occupy a primary role, it is not wise
to treat other vitally important aspects in an off hand manner.
Defense policy aimed at countering military threat is the simplest
form of policy to understand but most costly in terms of money and
lives and therefore, easy to criticize. Security is a multi-faceted
subject and ranges from the military threat through the political and
economic to the ideological arena. The threat to a state can come in
many forms and must be met in all those forms. Therefore in our
pursuit for materialistic gains, let us not throw common sense,
caution and decency out of the window and regrettably revert to
generalized character assassination through badly researched work.
WORK OUT AN ETHNIC POLICY
The warning is there for all to read. No government under the present
dispensation can afford to downplay the political, economic, social
and cultural dimensions of the ethnicity issue.
The complexities of the issue, further compounded by the sensitivity
involved, make it a daunting challenge. The government would however
do well to recognise that the sooner it tackles these issues, the
better it will be for the country. Ethnic consciousness in Nepal is
not something new. Voices of ethnic, regional and communal
disgruntlement were however, effectively suppressed during the thirty
long years of Panchayat rule. The idea of the Nepali identity was then
used as a lid to cover up the simmering problems. It was therefore but
natural that these voices should find an outlet after the restoration
of multi party democracy in the country. Another aspect of ethnicity
that has clearly emerged from the raised voices is its diversity.
Obviously ethnicity in Nepal is much more complicated than the oft
quoted but simplistic description of Nepal as "a garden of ''four
jaats (castes) and thirty-six varnas (races)." Now it is up to
the government to decide whether it wants to turn this diversity into
an asset of cultural wealth or a political time bomb. If the
allegations of ethnic groups are any indication, it appears that
successive governments and major political parties prefer the second
option. Their refusal to take the ethnic bull by its horns - despite
all the lip service to ethnic harmony - in the name of national
integration can have disastrous consequences. The choice is clear. It
is possible to accept the idea of diversity and simultaneously reject
divisions along ethnic, regional and communal lines. Only such an
attitude can truly translate into reality the slogan "unity in
diversity." Besides, if the government and political parties are to
nurture democratic norms and values, they must take the way of
However, these things are easier said than done. For, the first
requirement is that policy must reflect the attitude. What we need is
a comprehensive, broad based, all embracing secular policy aimed at
bringing to the national mainstream marginalized groups. Seeking
national consensus in the formulation of such a policy by including
not only political parties but also groups that will be affected would
be a step in the right direction. All parties would do well to
recognise that only a spirit of accommodation can resolve the
country's festering ethnic problems.
SJM WORKERS TERRORIZING PEOPLE
By Harihar Singh Rathour
JAJARKOT, Dec 25 - Workers of Samyukta Janamorcha (SJM) Nepal
(Bhattarai Group) have been unnecessarily harassing and terrorizing
the people living in the remote areas of Jajarkot and Rukum districts.
They say this is their practice for class struggle.
Workers of Janamorcha beat, threaten and gherao local people, kill and
eat goats of those who do not agree with them, prevent musical bands
in the marriages and stop people from worshipping, local people
They also prevent people from going to the police office to lodge
complaint, manhandle policemen and throw stones at them, set houses of
Nepali Congress and Rastriya Prajatantra Party workers on fire and
obstruct construction and development works.
Such activities from SJM workers are reportedly increasing in the
Teachers of local schools are also found actively involved with the
SJM workers. Teachers of a school located at a remote area including
Sundar Rana, Dambar Bahadur Rawal, Dila Ram Bohara popularly known as
Gaja Bahadur in the party, Man Bahadur Ghyar and Sar Bahadur Rokaya
are actively carrying out the activities of Samyukta Jana Morcha.
When their headmaster Rajendra Raj Chaudhari told them not to involve
in party politics he was beaten by them and so was the chairman of the
school cooperation committee.
This matter was reported to the District Education Office at Jajarkot.
The teachers were summoned thrice but they were allowed to go after
simply asking them to give explanation.
Earlier, the corpse of a young man was placed mysteriously behind the
house of Gotamkot VDC (Rukum) chairman Yagya Bahadur Shahi. SJM
workers tried to implicate chairman Shahi, on the murder case. But
villagers were not convinced and spoke in favour of Shahi in the case.
Immediately after the incident, VDC member Ganesh Shaha has been
Involvement of SJM workers has been suspected in this case also.
Police manpower in the area is far insufficient and therefore
ineffective. Geographical difficulties have made communication between
the headquarters and the remote villages inconvenient. People are
discouraged by SJM workers from going to the headquarters.
SJM workers say their party has a plan to start Janabadi Kranti from
Sisne and Jaljala of Jajarkot. Sisne village is near the Himali area
surrounded by thick forest.
Over the last three months SJM workers from different districts are
said to be taking underground training in this village. Eyewitnesses
say, they are seen running, hiding, climbing steep ropes and firing.
TWENTY BOYS SOLD FOR IC 40 THOUSAND
By a Post Reporter
KAPILVASTU, Dec 25 - Hariom Chauhan of Kapilvastu municipality ward No
2 used to say that earning money by selling only goods was an outdated
practice. No wonder, he found something new to sell and earn money
this time - boys. He earned 40 thousand Indian rupees by selling 20
Hariom Chauhan is a local resident. The 20 boys who are from nearby
areas reposed trust in him because of his local identity. Chauhan took
them to Goyati Cement Factory of Gauriganj Sultanpur in India on the
pretext that he would get a job for them in the cement factory.
The happiness of the boys knew no bounds when they started working in
the factory. However, when they were given only bread and potato to
eat in the morning and evening meals, they asked for rice.
Hence, 16 - year- old Babulu went to the factory owner to ask for some
pocket expenses and was rudely shocked to know that he was sold to the
factory six days ago.
The company manager said he had purchased the 20 boys at the rate of
2,000 rupees per boy. They were all badly shaken.
19-year-old Dinesh Raidash told The Kathmandu Post that they were
chided by the manager when they went to ask for some money.
He said, you fools! I have bought each of you at the rate of two
thousand rupees. You are still asking for money!
When they discovered that Chauhan had already fled with the money he
received by selling them, they also escaped from there. They walked on
foot up to Rai Bareily, Lucknow. From Lacknow, they boarded a train
and again walked on foot from Krishnanagar to Taulihawa.
I had heard that only girls of Nepal are sold in India. But it is not
true. Even boys of Nepal are sold in India and I am one of them,
Babulu told The Kathmandu Post.
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (basant pant)
Subject: LET US THINK ABOUT TND!
Dear Editor & Mahesh Ji,
I completely aggree with Mahesh's proposal, it is high time to
think TND in financial term.
Date: Sun, 31 Dec 1995 12:57:27 -0600 (CST)
From: Manoj Shrestha <email@example.com>
To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
No doubt, TND is the wonderful source of information about Nepal in the
internet. Though I was silent reader in the net for two years, I would
like to thank everybody who did great job to make TND more intersting and
successful. Since I am moving to new place after completion of my study,
I will not have access to this account. I would like you to discontinue
the subscription of TND in this address.
HAVE A WONDERFUL NEW YEAR TO EVERYBODY!
Manoj K. Shrestha
Date: Sun, 31 Dec 1995 13:07:41 -0700
From: Amit Agrawal <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Need Fabric Cutter info
I am looking for information on where to find info on
a fabric cutter machine for a cotton industry.
If anyone has any suggestion or information as where to look
for, please be kind to respond at any of the following addresses:
Pawan Agrawal: email@example.com
Amit Agrawal: firstname.lastname@example.org
Your help will be sincerely appreciated. Thank you.
From: Rajesh Shrestha <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 31 Dec 1995 16:04:40 -0500 (EST)
Subject: nepalese in USA
Cross-posted from SCN:
Nepalese in USA...
I think it was demographer, dr. kanaihya vaidya, who posted a news item in scn
and subsequently forwarded to tnd, to the effect that the total population of
nepalese was 3100 something.
Since i skimmed the news, i cannot rember the connection between 1 or 5%
sampling, but it occurred to me that this number is a gross underestimate.
I think the estimate by Sanjay Manandhar in HIMAL in 1992 or 1993, in article
on yonder green dollar pastures are greener, is more accurate.
This article gave the actual visa granting histories from UN Immigration
authorities and had something of the order of 5000 till 1988 or so and he
further assumed that there maybe something on the order 3 times the number in
undocumented form, making a population of nepalis in us at 15000, it is
probably 20,000 now, throught the 1980 the us consul in nepal alone has been
granting 400-700 visas to Nepales and about 75% were students.
I wonder if we could get other estimates?
Date: Sun, 31 Dec 1995 16:07:22 -0500 (EST)
Subject: trekking in Khumbu Jan/Febr.
Cross-posted from SCN:
I have been trekking in Kumbu in january/february during the last two
years (94 & 95) and enjoyed it very much, although in 95 conditions
were rather tough: icy trails and snow in the Everest area.
Could anyone advise me as to whether trekking will be possible during
this winter? There has been heavy snowfall during november resulting in
avalanches and the tragic death of more than 60 people. Is there anyone
who knows from recent experience what conditions are like? Is there
much snow left?
firstname.lastname@example.org is the address of Johan &
Jan Middendorp & Marianne Braun
Date: Mon, 01 Jan 1996 00:34:03 -0500 (EST)
Forwarded By: email@example.com
Subject: dec30_head.html (fwd)
To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
Left Factions Blame Each Other Of Opportunism;
By Gunaraj Luintel
KATHMANDU, Dec 29 - Is the communist movement in Nepal suffering from
left or rightist political opportunism ? Leaders of five communist
factions sat today to discuss this where each of the factions charged
other of being opportunist.
They agreed that mainly two types of opportunism prevailed in the
Nepalese communist movement - one, guided by extreme leftist
sentiments, and the other, motivated by rightist revisionism.
Whether the relatively liberal UML that has even gone to power through
elections, or the extreme Maoists who have boycotted the polls, both
have been charged with opportunism.
CPN-UML believes in using parliamentary system for achieving its
political goal, whereas the Communist Party (Maoist) is against the
parliamentary system and is active in rural parts organizing the
masses for peoples struggle. At a talk programme on Friday, UML
general secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal appeared rather defensive in
putting forth his partys views. The Maoist group however did not take
part in the discussion.
According to Mohan Bikram Singh, general secretary of Communist Party
(Masal), UML represented rightist opportunism and Maoists the leftist
opportunism within the Nepalese communist movement.
However, rightist opportunism of UML is much effective than the
opportunism of the right-wing Communist faction led by Dr Kesharjung
Rayamajhi in the past, Singh said. He compared the opportunism among
the Maoists with the opportunism of Lin Pyao which was motivated by
too extreme leftist ambition.
UML general secretary Madhav Nepal said extreme left opportunists
always criticized good left forces. Even Lenin and Mao Tse Tung were
charged by some extremists as being opportunists, he said. Objective
Marxism may appear revisionist to the eyes of fundamental leftists,
while extreme rightists may call it extreme left, Nepal added. Nirmal
Lama, leader of CPN (Unity Centre) described opportunism as a refined,
organized and systematic capitalistic thinking that came into the
labour movement. Talking about the two natures of opportunism among
leftists, he said a bankrupt lower class capitalist wants quick
revolution, whereas a developing lower class capitalist wants peaceful
Shambhuram Shrestha of Nepal Communist League talked of four
distractions that inspired opportunism in the Nepalese communist
movement. Organizational rifts, the rightist Bahudaliya Janabad
concept, fundamentalist tendency to follow the lines of the past, and
the so-called socialistic view as against the Naulo Janabad are the
main causes of opportunism in our communist parties, he said.
To call for revolution at a time when things are yet to be favourable
is left opportunism whereas to reject change even when time calls for
it is rightist opportunism, Narayan Man Bijukchhe declared. He said
Jhapa uprising was an example of extreme left opportunism, whereas
present UML line was an instance of rightist opportunism.
Madhav Kumar Nepal said Jhapa incident was the most extreme case of
left opportunism in Nepal. Instead of cutting ones coat according to
the cloth, participants of the movement almost followed the opposite
line, he recalled. The whole technique was superficial and
impractical. Claiming that UML succeeded to strengthen the communist
party by winning the power through change in policy, Nepal asked, How
can UML be called revisionist ? Bijukchhe, however, considered the
UMLs nine months in power as a bribe given by capitalist forces like
NC and RPP to create rifts in the Nepalese communist movement. The
communist leaders organized the talk programme on the occasion of
103th Mao Day when the nation was celebrating the golden jubilee
birthday anniversary of His Majesty the King on Friday.
Reception To Honor Singh;
KATHMANDU, Dec 29 (RSS) - A reception was held at Columbia University,
New York on December 23, to honor senior leader Ganesh Man Singh, Mrs
Mangala Devi Singh and the mayor of metropolitan Kathmandu PL Singh.
The reception was organized by America-Nepal Friendship Society, the
Nepal Forum and the International Network under the chairmanship of
Dr, Rajendra Pradhan. Welcoming the senior leader and his family Dibya
Hada, president of America-Nepal Friendship Society appreciated Singhs
contribution and sacrifice over 55 years of his life to restore
democracy in Nepal and wished him long life, good health and peace.
Other guests speakers were Prof Ramesh Dhungel of Columbia University,
Dr Mirendra Risal of network and Rishikesh Bhatta of the Nepalese
Students' Union who all wished good health, peace and happiness to
Ganesh Man Singh. Speaking about the health of Singh Dr Rajendra
Pradhan briefed the reception on the medical reports received from
hospitals in Rochester, Minnesota and New York. Permanent
representative of Nepal to the United Nations Nagendra Bikram Shah was
also present at the reception.
Gold Smuggles Held
BUTWAL, Dec 29 (RSS) - Bhairahawa customs has arrested two persons
this morning on the charge of trying to smuggle out 1.78 kgs of gold.
According to the customs office, the gold is worth about Rs 850,000
according to the current market value. The accused are Ajaya Sunar and
Dulichanda Sunar, both residents of Jitpur VDC ward No 3, Bara
district. Under the existing customs regulation the accused are liable
to a fine equal to the value of good.
AN-26 Finally Ends Its Voyage;
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 28 - The Kathmandu-bound Russian AN-26 aircraft that
made international headlines Sunday after it was forced down in New
Delhi finally arrived here today at 7 pm.
The twin-engine Antonov was flying from Kazan, Russia to Kathmandu via
the Pakistani city of Karachi when it was intercepted in the Indian
air space for its suspected links with a mysterious arms-drop case in
east India. The plane was carrying spares for the Russian-built Mi17
helicopters for a private airliner.
Speaking on behalf of the Minister for Civil Aviation in Parliament
yesterday, Minister Narahari Acharya said Nepalese Civil Aviation
Department had issued import licence for the spares required by the
Asian Airlines helicopters. Regarding the forced landing in New Delhi,
the concerned Russian carrier itself was responsible to deal with the
Indian officials, Acharya added.
There is no need for the Nepalese government to approach the Indian
authorities holding the aircraft at the Indira Gandhi International
Airport, he told the parliamentarians. Earlier, another AN-26 plane
that was forced down by Indian fighter planes on Dec 17 near Puruliya
in the eastern state of West Bengal, reportedly dropped more than 300
assault rifles, rocket launchers, anti-tank grenades and 20,000 rounds
UML Hails Monarchy;
By a Post Reporter
KATHMANDU, Dec 28 - In a significant development today CPN(UML)
General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal felicitated His Majesty the King
on the auspicious occasion of HMs Golden Jubilee Birthday
celebrations, becoming the first communist party to do so.
Political observers here hail the move as UMLs attempt to distance
itself from extreme left forces, who are busy promoting Mao Tse Tongs
113th birth anniversary. In his message the leader of the opposition
in the upper house has lauded Monarchy for its contribution in
nation-building. Therefore the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal
1990 looks up at His Majesty as the embodiment of nationality and
peoples unity and stresses HMs role as the Constitutional king who
works for the larger benefit of the people, the message reads.
The UML leader also praises His Majestys contribution in nations
pursuit of democratic ideals. His Majesty has played an important role
in consolidating constitutional monarchy and multi-party democracy,
abiding by the rules set by the Constitution, Nepal remarks.
The whole nation is celebrating the Golden Jubilee Birth Anniversary,
the message reads. On the auspicious occasion, I wish him good health
and long life.
The Tariff Hike And NWSC
By SN Sharma
The Nepal Water Supply Corporation (NWSC), announced a 23 percent hike
in water supply tariff with effect from 1 Marga 2052 BS. The tariff
rate is said to be applicable only to consumers using more than 15,000
litres per month. As usual, NWSC has justifications like: overall
increase in operational costs, requirements for more funds to enhance
quality of service and, above all, the financial covenant imposed by
the World Bank (WB) for extending further assistance of Rs 3.0
A revenue increase through a tariff raise is not unusual. His Majestys
Government of Nepal also occasionally subsidizes to meet the
organisations cash flow requirements. That salary increments and other
costs, financial obligations and other commitments of the corporation,
working capital requirements and some contribution to the future
investments necessitate tariff hike is understandable. However,
consumers must be convinced that the increase will enhance the quality
of services and facilities. It is unfortunate that in its entire
history of 22 years as a corporate organization the quality and
quantity of drinking water has ever been low. Despite two decades of
heavy external assistance in urban water supply, NWS has not been able
to win consumer confidence in Kathmandu and Lalitpur. In all of the 14
larger municipalities under the control of NWSC, the supply has been
irregular. And as for quality and quantity, the less said the better.
Several international agencies (bilateral and multilateral) like WB,
Japan, GTZ, UNDP, WHO have poured in millions of dollars on
improvement of drinking water supply facilities. The major areas of
investment include rehabilitation, improvement and expansion of
facilities, institution building, management information system, etc.
But with little success. Because of NWSCs unreliability, hotels and
industries have drilled deep tube wells to meet their daily water
requirements and this tendency has now become common even with
households. Studies indicate lack of adequate recharge. And ground
water extraction amounts almost to mining of water.
Most households boil and filter drinking water to prevent desease
because NWSC has not yet set up national standards for drinking water.
It would not be out of context here to discuss some of NWSCs
weaknesses and shortcomings and come up with some suggestions. Factors
contributing to NWSCs financial difficulties are: unaccounted for
water (theft, leakage and wastage), lack of adequate financial
management, absence of a universal metering system and non-functioning
meters, and surplus staff. Unaccounted for water (UFW) comprises
nearly 50 percent of the total supply. These losses occur in wells,
reservoirs and distribution systems in addition to that within
consumer premises. If UFW is reduced, it will economize on operating
expenses, energy bill and defer expansion. Because all connections are
not metered, there is excessive wastage. Even installed meters do not
function well. Meter tampering is also largely unnoticed. Benefits of
metering include not only economy in production cost but also better
services to consumers in terms of system operation, quality, quantity,
duration, pressure, consumer satisfaction, goodwill and public
relations. However meters need to be checked frequently to ensure
efficient and correct metering. Consumers complain there is excess
reading due to flow of air in the distribution system. This needs to
be properly checked. Unauthorized connections also cause revenue loss.
Maintenance should also be given due consideration. Preventive
maintenance of the system is more desirable. It results in better
economy and uninterrupted service. Though NWSCs plumbing practices
allow service connections, they are quite faulty. Even minimum depths
for laying service lines are not maintained. Pipe materials are often
of poor quality. No standard operating procedures are followed. Thus
connections often leak and need frequent repair. Regular water quality
surveillance programme is absent. Even visible leaks take days before
they are included in the repair list. Pumps, motors and other
machineries tend to lose their efficiency with time and usage. It is
therefore essential to check them. Running equipment and machinery
efficiently can reduce energy costs. Regular monitoring process would
thus be of great help.
NWSCs manning ratio (population served by one staff member), as per a
government report, is roughly 420:1, which is excessive when compared
to other cities of developing countries. A satisfactory plan for
laying off excess non-operational staff has become necessary. Human
resource development as well as manpower planning, recruitment,
selection and performance appraisal, too, need strengthening. There
are several factors such as political interests, conditions imposed by
lending financial institutions and the real need necessitated by
growing operational expenses which dictate tariff increase. Consumers
understand that tap water is not a free gift of nature but an economic
commodity. Tariff should be increased gradually and periodically. The
consumers would not mind paying more for better and improved services.
But if the cost of inefficiency, mismanagement and corruption within
the corporation is passed on to consumers by way of tariff increase,
dissatisfaction and resistance are bound to increase. One only hopes
that NWSC will pay due attention to these suggestions prior to
increasing tariff next time.
Date: Mon, 1 Jan 1996 15:08:30 -0500 (EST)
Subject: US company would like to develop contacts !
US company would like to develop business contacts in Nepal for
a possible business venture.
If you are a residence of Nepal, or if you will be moving there soon,
for consideration please send your resume e-mail to:
Michael W. Wildt, M.A.
HAVE A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR!
P.S. Need a resume to send? Please see the resume format below. You will need
to fill in the appropriate information accordingly and send it back to us via
----------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME : COUNTRY / AREA OF INTEREST PREFERENCE
CONTACT NUMBERS :
TELEPHONE / FAX / CELLULAR / PAGER
PROFESSIONAL SUMMARY (BRIEF):
*EXECUTIVE STATEMENT OF YOUR PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND -
*WHERE YOU HAVE COME FROM AND WHAT POSITION YOU ARE SEEKING
SIGNIFICANT SKILL GROUP AREAS :
*IDENTIFY SKILL GROUP AREAS BASED UPON YOUR EXPERIENCE AND EDUCATION
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND :
* SCHOOLS ATTENDED - DATES
* AREAS OF STUDIES - COLLEGE DEGREES W/ MAJOR & MINORS
* ACCOMPLISHMENTS / AWARDS -
* OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES
PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND :
* COMPANY / POSITION - DATES
* DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
* TRAINING AND SEMINARS - DATES
* ACCOMPLISHMENTS / AWARDS - CORRESPONDING ARTICLES PUBLISHED
OUTSIDE ACTIVITIES :
* ORGANIZATION / POSITION - DATES
* BRIEF OF THE MISSION
* ACCOMPLISMENTS / AWARDS
IF YOU DID NOT HAVE A RESUME, YOU MAY FIND THIS RESUME FORMAT HELPFUL TO YOU
IN THE FUTURE AND POSSIBLE JOB SEARCH.
TAKE CARE FOR NOW. WE MUST HAVE A RESUME SENT VIA E-MAIL TO CONSIDER YOU.
HAVE A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
>From firstname.lastname@example.org Tue Jan 2 17:08:31 1996
Received: from gatepas.gc.ca by mp.cs.niu.edu with SMTP id AA14393
(5.67b/IDA-1.5 for <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>); Tue, 2 Jan 1996 17:08:29 -0600 Reply-To: email@example.com Errors-To: /I=brs/G=bill/S=skinner/O=extott.02/PRMD=gc+eaitc.aecec/ADMD=telecom.canada/Cfirstname.lastname@example.org Date: Tue, 02 Jan 1996 17:56:20 -0500 Priority: normal Content-Identifier: OLIVETTI-MAIL3.0 X400-Content-Type: P2-1984 X400-Mts-Identifier: [/PRMD=gc+eaitc.aecec/ADMD=telecom.canada/C=ca/;459:960102175620] From: email@example.com (SKINNER Bill -PSA) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: The Nepal Digest - January 2, 1996 (18 Push 2052 BkSm) Message-Id: <459*/I=brs/G=bill/S=skinner/O=extott.02/PRMD=gc+eaitc.aecec/ADMD=telecom.canada/C=ca/@MHS> Importance: normal In-Reply-To: <199601021801.AA08417*/DD.RFC-822=mp.cs.niu.edu/PRMD=GC+INTERNET/ADMD=GOVMT.CANADA/C=CA/@MHS>
Absent until 29/01/96. Urgent calls to Debbie Sloan: 996-0917.
>From CHETTRI@olymp.ccf.auth.gr Wed Jan 3 03:17:53 1996
Received: from olymp.ccf.auth.gr by mp.cs.niu.edu with SMTP id AA22092
(5.67b/IDA-1.5 for <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>); Wed, 3 Jan 1996 03:17:49 -0600 Date: Wed, 3 Jan 1996 11:14:06 +0200 (MET) From: CHETTRI@olymp.ccf.auth.gr To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Message-Id: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: RE: The Nepal Digest - January 2, 1996 (18 Push 2052 BkSm)
I am very glad to receive Nepal digest especially from the starting of
1996. I would like to wish Happy New year to you all, who are doing a
great job for us to remain in contect with news of Nepal.
I heartly thank you for this service and would like to know, if I have
to do i.e. to pay some wherefor the subscription. Please inform me clearly.
I am more interested about current news (#3) only.
Mukesh K Chettri
* The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of the Nepal Interest Group for *
* news and discussions about issues concerning Nepal. All members of *
* email@example.com will get a copy of TND. Membership is open to all. *
* THE EDITOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO EDIT ARTICLES FOR CLARITY. *
* Subscription/Deletion requests : NEPAL-REQUEST@MP.CS.NIU.EDU *
* Provide one line message: sub nepal "lastname, firstname, mi" <user@host> *
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* **** COPYRIGHT NOTE **** *
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%% END OF "THE NEPAL DIGEST". %%
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