The Nepal Digest - Jan 10, 1995 (26 Push 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tuesday 10 Jan 95: Push 26 2051 BkSm Volume 35 Issue 6

  Note: There was a file update problem on the system last week. If
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         Apologies for the inconvinience.

  Today's Topics:

        1. TAJA_KHABAR UML Budget Summary

        2. KURA_KANI
                  Economics - Re: Foreign Aid
                               Emerging Economics Philosophy
                               Re: Ethnic Bias in NPC?
                  Tourism - Re: Toilets
                  Politics - Figures

        3. KATHA_KABITA
                  Poem - Manifesto

        4. KHOJ_KHABAR Looking for Bhanjas

        5. Entertainment
                  Humor - Religion

        6. Immigration - Article on NY Times

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********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 9 Jan 1995 14:55:01 -0500 (EST) From: Neal Cohen <ncohen@usaid.gov> Subject: The 1994/95 UML Budget

SUMMARY
  
  The Minister of Finance, Bharat Mohan Adhikari, presented the new
  Government's first Budget to Parliament on December 26, 1994. While the
  Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist Leninist) does not have a
  majority in Parliament, the Budget was approved by Parliament. Because
  this is only for seven months, and had to be done quickly, it does not
  fully reflect UML priorities. It does begin the process of implementing
  the programs outlined in the King's Speech to Parliament which outlined
  the new Government's proposals.
  
  Overall spending is increased by 7% over the Caretaker Government
  budget (which was an increase of 17% over the 1993/94 budget. Projected
  additional increases in taxes and foreign assistance will result in
  increased foreign indebtedness but local borrowing will not increase
  beyond levels already agreed to as part of structural adjustment.
  
  The major new initiatives are
  
  . "Build Your Village Yourself" where the central Government provides
      a block grant of Rs300,000 ($6,000) to each Village Development Commit-
      tee;
  . price controls through supply management (imports and reduced prices
     of state corporations), Fair Price Shops;
  . co-operatives to play a leading role in rural development;
  . development of a model village and small farm market development;
  . end of bonded labor;
  . study to eliminate feudal land holding system; land reform;
  . life care centers for the destitute elderly;
  . public works schemes for employment generation;
  . free secondary education from next fiscal year;
  . two new Rural Banks (Grameen Bikas Banks) and an Urban Development
     Bank;
  . initiate Kali-Gandaki A, access road for Khimte, no word on Arun 3.
  
  For tax policy they propose to increase tariffs on a number of imported
  goods to protect local producers, reduce duties on some other items to
  support local producers, reduction of the export service fee from 2%
  to 1.5%, reductions in land tax, and end of the two stage sales tax.
  They will initiate a major review of all taxes, including the proposed
  VAT.
  
  Privatization can continue for those industries that are not making a
  profit, and where there is not an overwhelming national interest. The
  process will provide greater support to national investors and workers.
   COMMENTS
  
  Many of the proposals in the budget might be changed somewhat before
  being implemented. At this point there appears to be a good reason to
  be concerned and worried, but additional details on how programs will
  be implemented is needed.
  
  There have been number of major sources of corruption in Nepal: import
  duties, income taxes, state corporations, the cooperatives and the
  contracting process. This budget started the movement back to protec-
  tionism on import duties; they propose to rely more on income taxes,
  state corporations are less likely to be privatized; and cooperatives
  will play a leading role in development. No mention was made of the
  contracting process. The VAT, an attempt to introduce a less corrupt
  and more elastic system, does not appear to be preferred at this time
  (but they propose to study the issue further). Privatization, an effort
  to eliminate the corruption inherent in state ownership of corpor-
  ations, also appears less favored. They feel they can revitalize the
  corporations without privatizing them.
  
  Price controls combined with an emphasis on cooperatives are poten-
  tially the most damaging item in the budget. These will reduce incen-
  tives to the farmer and make it harder to develop new products and
  markets. The cooperative movement has not been dynamic in Nepal, has
  not served as a dependable, non-corrupt, source of inputs, nor as a
  useful output marketing agent.
  
  The "Build Your Village Yourself" program, and a number of the social
  welfare measures are good, the reduction in import duties on bangles,
  tikas, etc., are likely to be very popular.
  
  It would appear that the process of economic liberalization and
  increased reliance on the private sector is not favored by the new
  government. They feel greater government intervention in the economy
  is more likely to accelerate development.

  Neal

************************************************************************ Date: Mon, 09 Jan 1995 13:26:58 GMT To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu From: an71101@anon.penet.fi

Contrary to popular belief more Illegal Immigrants come from Europe, than from Mexico or any other part of the world. Read on... Reproduced without permission from the New York Times.

GREETED AT NATION'S FRONT DOOR, VISITORS ARE STAYING ON ILLEGALLY

By ASHLEY DUNN

c1995 N.Y. Times News Service

NEW YORK - In the comfort of a KLM flight from Belfast, Francis and Theresa S. arrived in the United States three months ago as tourists. But they had no intention of returning to their home in Northern Ireland after their sightseein g in New York was over. They were coming to stay on as illegal immigrants.

Unlike the thousands of Mexicans and Central Americans clambering over the flood-lit fences of the southern border, the couple merely walked through an inspection booth at Kennedy International Airport. An immigration official, checking their passports and plane tickets, smiled and waved them in.

``It was that easy,'' said Francis, who along with his wife did not want to be fully identified for fear of being uncovered. ``They just stamped our passports and that was it,'' he said as he sat in a bakery in Woodside, Queens, taking a break from moving into a new apartment with his wife.

Slightly more than half of the nation's illegal immigrants, including the vast majority in the New York area, casually enter the country as tourists, students or business people, and then simply overstay their visas.

And although the Immigration and Naturalization Service spends millions to patrol the southern border, the agency virtually ignores those illegal immigrants who, like Francis and Theresa, have walked in through the nation's front door.

``There is absolutely no deterrence,'' said David Simcox, a senior fellow of th e Center for Immigration Studies in Washington, which favors restrictions on immigration. ``There isn't much there to stop anyone.''

In fact, the INS has no specific programs aimed at seeking out and deporting th e 150,000 visitors a year who end up illegally settling here. Last year, only about 600 people were deported for overstaying their visas, out of 39,000 deportations.

The estimates on illegal immigrants come from an INS study that uses air passenger data, census surveys and immigration service statistics. While the numbers provide only a rough approximation, they point out in broad strokes the magnitude of the problem with illegal immigrants who overstayed their visits.

Of the 4 million illegal immigrants in this country, about 2 million first arrived as visitors. Unlike those who sneak across the border, those who enter as visitors come from a broad range of countries, including Italy, the Bahamas,
                                                  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Poland and the Philippines.
^^^^^^^

Together, they comprise a far more diverse population than the public debate, focused on the border, tends to include.

In fact, outside of the border areas, Mexicans and Central Americans often make up only a small part of the illegal immigrant population.

Cecilia Munoz, a deputy vice president of the National Council of La Raza, a national Hispanic lobbying organization, said the government's focus on the border has distorted the debate on how to control immigration, turning it instead into a blind bashing of Hispanics.

``Ninety-nine percent of enforcement efforts are directed at Latinos when, in fact, illegal immigration is far more diverse,'' she said. ``The border does need to be controlled, but it is just half the problem.''

In New York, which has the largest illegal immigrant population - 529,000 - after California, the biggest groups are from Italy, Ecuador and Poland.
                                              ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Mexicans are barely noticeable at just 2 percent of the state's illegal population.

Similarly, in New Jersey, with its population of 137,000 illegal immigrants, th e three top groups are from Portugal, Poland and Italy.
                          ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Indeed, for illegal immigrants from the vast majority of countries, the most popular method for moving to the United States has been through overstaying a tourist or business visa.

Nuccio R., for instance, a 24-year-old illegal immigrant from Sicily, still marvels at the ease with which he came to the United States.

When he arrived at Kennedy four years ago, he simply collected his baggage and headed for his uncle's house in Brooklyn.

He had just graduated from high school and only planned to stay for a few months. But as he began to settle into life in America, he decided to stay for good. He has a full-time job in a relative's delicatessen, a car, a driver's license, credit cards and his own apartment in New Utrecht, near Bensonhurst.

``My life is pretty normal,'' he said. ``Everybody knows I'm illegal. It's not a big deal.''

And the chance of Mr. R ever being caught in this country by immigration authorities is virtually nil.

The immigration service's efforts to arrest illegal immigrants outside of the border areas largely concentrates on workplace inspections.

Under the requirements of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act, employer s are required to check the immigration status of all employees, and are subject to penalties for hiring illegal immigrants.

The theory behind the act was that the flow of illegal immigrants would slow as it became more difficult to find work.

But the law has proven easy to circumvent through the use of fraudulent documents or through work in the small shops and family businesses that ignore the law.

And the INS also devotes few resources to enforce the law. In the New York area
, 15 agents are responsible for investigating workplaces in 14 counties with over 12 million people.

Chip Bogdanski, spokesman for the INS's New York district, said that, in many ways, the agency can do little more to screen visitors as they arrive. Of 22 million visitors yearly, only a tiny proportion, less than 1 percent, end up staying in the country, he said.

``That's not a bad ratio,'' Bogdanski said. ``I mean we can't detain people arbitrarily and sit them down for four hours until they break. If their documents are in order, they have the money and they have reason to come here, what are you going to do?''

In theory, visitors who are likely to stay in the United States are screened ou t overseas by consular officials, who are responsible for issuing entry visas.

U.S. law requires that visa applicants be viewed as intending to permanently immigrate unless they can prove sufficiently strong ties, such as steady employment, family and property ownership, to their home country to ensure return. A round-trip ticket is also required.

Nyda Novodvorsky Budig, spokeswoman for the State Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs, said that each year about a quarter of all visa applications are denied, although the rate can shoot well over 50 percent for some countries
, including Bangladesh, Sierra Leone and Syria.

But even with the State Department's screening process, thousands still enter the country and stay on illegally. In the case of some countries, including Poland, Sierra Leone and Liberia, the overstay rate can shoot up to a quarter o r more of all visitors, according to INS estimates.

Visas have also proven to be fertile ground for a variety of smuggling schemes. In the past year, for example, federal agents have discovered the growing use o f temporary business visas by Russian illegal immigrants, who bank on the lesser scrutiny of visitors at ports of entry.

The problem with the screenings is that much of the consulate's decision is based on what applicants themselves present to their interviewers. Fraud is rampant and difficult to catch given the enormous number of applicants each year. And even such close ties to the homeland as children provide no guarantee that a visitor will return home.

Entering the country is even easier for residents of 22 countries in the so-called visa waiver program. All they need to come to the United States for u p to 90 days is a round-trip ticket home.

The countries, largely from Western Europe, were selected for the program based on their low rate of visa denials.

But the list also contains some significant abusers of the system, including France, Sweden and Italy. According to INS statistics, between 1988 and 1992 about five to 10 percent of illegal immigrants who overstayed their visits came from visa waiver countries.

Some of the illegal visitors eventually come to the attention of immigration authorities when they change their immigration status in some way, usually to become permanent residents through marriage, work or the visa lottery.

But even then, few suffer any serious penalty because of the difficulty in proving that they intentionally lied in coming to this country.

Deportations for overstaying a visit are virtually unheard of. For example, in 1993, just 29 Polish nationals, out of a total illegal population of 107,000, were deported for violating their nonimmigrant status.

Many of the illegal visitors simply melt away into American society and bide their time until they can become legal residents, primarily through marriage, work or the visa lottery. Over just a four-year period surveyed by the INS study, 246,000 visitors who overstayed their visits became legal residents. About 332,000 of those who overstayed their visits eventually returned home.

Francis, 26, and Theresa, 22, like many of those who want to stay, have pinned their hopes on the visa lottery and intend to apply every year until they win.

``If we got green cards, we'd be paying our taxes,'' Theresa said. ``We only came to work and give our children a better future.''

But even if they fail, they said, it is no problem for them to continue living as illegal immigrants. They both have jobs, he as a construction worker and she as a bakery worker, and have settled comfortably into their new home in Woodside,

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** From: "Raj Kumar Dubey" <RAJ@caedm.et.byu.edu> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Mon, 9 Jan 1995 15:42:07 MST Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Jan 6, 1995 (22 Push 2051 BkSm)

Comment on Amulya Tuladhar's article on ethnic bias in NPC.

Amulyaji,

It is true that the brahmins/chhetries had and continue to have advantage of education and power in Nepal. They continue to play a dominant role in the country's politics. They continue to dominate the government bodies. They dominate the cabinet. And now, as you pointed out they dominate the planning commision as well. The current situation has arisen due to our millenia old culture (religion). It is definitely frustrating.

However, in although this vast inequalities exist, all Nepalese have a common future. If Nepal does good, Nepalis do good (only some Nepalis do good right now-- that needs to be changed). Planning commision is a national policy making body. Its actions affect all nepalis of all ethnicities. Therefore, the planning commision should consist of those who are best "qualified" for the job, regardless of the ethnicities. Magar, Tharu, Newar or anybody. Now, comes the blatent question of qualification. Just because somebody is from a brahmin he/she is not qualified to serve in the planning commision (I don't think that was one of the criteria established by the Adhikari govt. while choosing the planning commision appointees.) Conversely, just because somebody is a newar or chepang he or she is not qualified to sit in the NPC. I realize that a person from a disadvantaged ethnic background can have different priorities than brahmins. However, right now I think there are enough common problems for all Nepalis for us to be thinking about rather than along narrow ethnic lines. If a brahmin, chettri, newar and thakali have the same ability then I do agree with you that thakali should be appointed.

Let's fight against the government if its policies discriminate against a specific or a group of ethnicities. Let's fight against the government if they favor a specific geographical area. Lok Seba Aayog still tests examinees on nepali literature which obviously favors the brahmins and chhetris and which is not even related to their ability to do a good job; lets fight against that. On a final note, Amulyaji, there are problems in proper representation of minorities in Nepal. However, basing the recognition purely on ethnicity is not the solution. The long term solution can only be achieved by appointing most qualified people. Ethnicity should come second.
        Sincerely,

Prakash Bhandari

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 01:27:46 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Toilets and Tour-errism

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Has it ever occurred to anyone that the viewpoint of the Nepali people
(and government) is that anything that can be done to discourage Western (and Eastern) tour-errism is, in the long run, what will save Nepal and her people from the fate of, say, Hawai'i and the indigenous Hawai'ian people?

Is it conceivable that the Nepali people and government regard the tons of mountaineering and trekking expedition-discarded crap (organic and inorganic) gracing their land as a glimpse of the future, and that they have made a conscious, albeit quiet decision to delay that future as much as possible?

Many people may find this absolutely inconceivable, but everybody in the world is not overjoyed at the prospect of their native, often sacred lands being buried under a tide of hard currency.

The obvious solution for those who would drag Nepal into the Club Med of the 21st century is to sub-contract it out to China as a southern extension of their franchise in Tibet.

Be careful what you wish for, mates....it might come true.

Namaste.

Jeff

PS - Hello Panther! Fancy seeing your signs here!!

************************************************************************* Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 01:29:16 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Toilets and Tour-errism From: tiwari@fas.harvard.edu (Ashutosh Tiwari)

jgm001@aol.com (JGM001) writes:

>Has it ever occurred to anyone that the viewpoint of the Nepali people
>(and >government) is that anything that can be done to discourage
Western (and
>Eastern) tour-errism is, in the long run, what will save Nepal and her
>people from the fate of, say, Hawai'i and the indigenous Hawai'ian people?

Save Nepal? Save from what? Conservative Nepalis and liberal westerners may bemoan about the loss of "native values and culture in Nepal" due to tourism. But the fact remains that tourism IS, for better or worse, a huge money-spinning industry in Nepal. When you are as cash-starved as Nepal is, you do not even worry about the going the Aloha way. That, however, is not necessarily a bad thing.

I think that the challenge facing the Nepali government and the people is this: How to turn the money raised from tourism into more necessary public investments (such as higher standards of public health, emphasis on recycling, cleaner, safer trekking trails and so forth). In this, there needs to be more debates, proposals and finally concrete public achievments.

Otherwise, tourism would be, as is widely perceived, an industry that haphazardly prostitutes Nepal's beauty for the benefit of a private few in Kathmandu. And those who all the hard physical work -- the Tamang porters, the Sherpa guides, the Magar rafters and so on -- would continue to get a pittance each from this much-touted money-spinning industry.

namaste ashu

******************************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 01:31:52 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Emerging Economic Philosophy of Political Parties in Nepal From: bohara@unm.edu (Alok Bohara ECONOMICS)

         Emerging Economic Philosophy of Our Political Parties

                         Alok K. Bohara

Party philosophies of the political parties in Nepal were generally shaped by their views on geo-political realities. For many, major parties in Nepal were generally known as pro-India, pro-China (anti-India), or pro-palace
(nationalists). Consequently, they spent much valuable time trying to stick these labels to each other.

Due to these superfluous debates people never got to understand their philosophy regarding the economic development of the country, until recently, that is.

After a few misleading statements, the minority government of the Communist party has clearly expressed its position on how to approach the economic development of the country. Doing so, they have helped the Congress party clarify their position as well. If I were to look for a bright spot in this expensive midterm election, this would be it. This is the first time we are looking at these parties beyond the catchy slogans such as pro-India and anti-India.

For better or worse, the Congress party has already established a constituancy with the business sector. Now, the Communist party will attempt to be the champion of the common people, and they will use economic policy tools to achieve this regardless of the ramification.

The Communist party will favor government interventions rather than the free market approach of the Congress party. To me, the stage is set.

The government intervention approach will include price control which will result in many ills, including black markets. The Communist government will follow a protectionistic approach by providing subsidies to targeted sectors in forms of lower interest rates and perhaps lower import and expost duties.

But, who makes the decision about these sectors? And, how many sectors and for how long? Are we better than the market to identify our comparative advantage? Maybe not. My own guess is that this list will be motivated by politics rather than efficiency and comparative advantage.

>From various experiences, once the subsidies are extended it will be
very hard to lift them. Take for example the Japanese agriculture sector, which is highly protected and is one of the most inefficient one in the world. As a result, Japanese consumers pay exuberant price for food products in Japan. And yet, it took many years and tremendous international pressure to lessen farmers' political clout in Japan. Similarly, thanks to the Senator Bob Dole, the U.S. farmers keep getting billions of dollars of taxpayers' money.

Whereas, India is moving toward becoming an economic giant in South Asia through the policy of economic liberalization, our own economic policy seems ill-timed. We are going to miss out on all the economic boom that is taking place in India which is likely to spread in the region. Most importantly, the lack of commitment toward free market economy and privatization will not help us attract much needed international capital.

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 01:35:06 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: MANIFESTO: MFLF From: jgm001@aol.com (JGM001)

MANIFESTO: The Mad Farmer Liberation Front

Love the quick profit, the annual raise, vacation with pay. Want more of everything ready-made. Be afraid to know your neighbors and to die. And you will have a window in your head. Not even your future will be a mystery any more. Your mind will be punched in a card and shut away in a little drawer. When they want you to buy something they will call you. When they want you to die for profit they will let you know. So, friends, every day do something that won't compute. Love the Lord. Love the world. Work for nothing. Take all that you have and be poor. Love someone who does not deserve it. Denounce the government and embrace the flag. Hope to live in that free republic for which it stands. Give your approval to all you cannot understand. Praise ignorance, for what man has not encountered he has not destroyed. Ask the questions that have no answers. Invest in the millenium. Plant sequoias. Say that your main crop is the forest that you did not plant, that you will not live to harvest. Say that the leaves are harvested when they have rotted into the mold. Call that profit. Prophesy such returns. Put your faith in the two inches of humus that will build under the trees every thousand years. Listen to carrion - put your ear close, and hear the faint chattering of the songs that are to come. Expect the end of the world. Laugh. Laughter is immeasurable. Be joyful though you have considered all the facts. So long as women do not go cheap for power, please women more than men. Ask yourself: Will this satisfy a woman satisfied to bear a child? Will this disturb the sleep of a woman near to giving birth? Go with your love to the fields. Lie easy in the shade. Rest your head in her lap. Swear allegiance to what is nighest your thoughts. As soon as the generals and the politicos can predict the motions of your mind, lose it. Leave it as a sign to mark the false trail, the way you didn't go. Be like the fox who makes more tracks than necessary, some in the wrong direction. Practice resurrection.

            - Wendell Berry
                
                COLLECTED POEMS 1957-1982
                 Copyright (c) 1973 by Wendell Berry

....On this eve of the first New Moon after the Winter Solistice, I offer this reading of this poem as a wish that you, and those that are pleased to be yours, be well.

Namaste. Jeff

***************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 01:36:04 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: foreign aids in Nepal. From: cheung@CAM.ORG (Shirley Cheung)

Dear all netters.

I recently read few books about the culture, and the development of Nepal. I am aware of a great number of NGO's and other organized project teams present in Nepal today. However, due to the deep attachment of Nepalis to their religion and the bureacracy existed in both the Nepal government and the NGO, I wonder if Nepal will be able to accelerate its pace of development to match the Southeast Asian levels, ie. Vietnam, Thailand, etc.

I do not want to be too pessimistic on this. I only want to have some NGO's and other concerned ppl to comment on this issue.

Religion is LIFE in Nepal. Certainly, religion has its own philosophy and cannot be viewed as "good" or "bad" through a foreigners' eyes. However, certain detachement from religion is necessary to deal with some issues. For example, if Hindu Nepalis do not change their religious beliefs, how can we, NGOs, help to alleviate the women issues there? how about the overpopulation issue? It is only a marginal help to help women there. The real NGO effort should be directed at educating BOTH males and females
(It is the males who do the repressing, they should need 2-3 times more education than females). However, doing so involves changing their religious beliefs which is not a simple/pleasant tasks for any NGO to do.

This is only one of the many Nepalis problems there. Yes, "education" is still a fansy word for average Nepalis; they barely have time/money to afford to be educated...

If no NGO can grasp and solve the ROOT cause of all these problems, Nepali will only progress at a snail pace.

Any comments on this is welcome.

reply to: cheung@cam.org

shirley

****************************************************************** From: "KARKI KRISHNA" <H310P8@edv1.boku.ac.at> To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 10 Jan 1995 10:09:53 MET Subject: Looking for the Bhanjas

Dear Editor

Would you please, oblige me including this message in your coming issue of the TND. Thanks.

I am looking for my two bhanjas. They are Binod and Sagun Rayamajhi. They went to USA for study. Latter, I heard, Binod was studying computor science somewhere in Texas but nothing was heard about Sagun. If anybody knows them, please forward my address and ask them to call or write. Thanks.

Krishna B. Karki Tuerkenstrasse 3/405 1090 Vienna, Austria. Phone: res. 0043 1 3108522 405
      inst. 0043 1 47654 3106
      Fax: 0043 1 3106027

********************************************************************** From: tuladhar@unixg.ubc.ca (Anil Tuladhar) Subject: Mis-interpretation of religions Date: 9 Jan 1995 20:07:53 GMT

        
                MIS-INTERPRETATION OF RELIGIONS

NOTE: The following story is just to illustrate the wrong interpretation of religions. It is not intended to hurt any religion. I love all the religions, but I hate all the wrong practices of the religions.

Once a man was roaming in a village. There were many uncovered wells. He was not aware of this fact so fell in one of them. He, however, managed to grip the wall of the well and remained hung there.

A Buddhist monk was walking near the well. He heard someone screaming for the help. He saw this poor soul and asked, " Why are you crying?" The man said, " O venerable monk, have pity on me, help me to get out from here. It is very miserable here." The monk gave a flashy smile and said calmly,"Do not worry, Lord Buddha has said that there is misery everywhere so even if you come out, you can not escape the misery. Better you meditate there and attain Nirvan. Lord Buddha also says that everything is transient so is your this misery. So do not worry it won't last for ever." The monk left peacefully.

After a while a Hindu priest passed near the well chanting Harerama harekrishna. The man started to scream aloud. The priest heard and peered down the well. The man broke into tears and requested to help him out. The priest grunted,"You the fool! You must have pushed someone to a well in your previous life. You are a sinner. Lord Krishna says no one can escape the karmic cycle. You have to reap what you sow in your last life. Who am I to help you? Even Lord Krishna could not save the sinners(kaurabs). God has said somewhere in Vedas that it is a sin to help a sinner. So I can not help you."

The poor man kept waiting. Suddenly a melodic sound resounded the whole village.
"Allah....ihhalla .......blah blah...allah". A muslim was approaching him. He started to scream as loud as he could. The muslim gazed at him and asked
"Are you a muslim?" He answered " I do not know, I am just a man, that's all I know." Then the muslim asked again " Do you worship an idol?". The poor man said," Please take me out first then I will tell you everything." The muslim friend got upset and said "I can not help any non-muslim people. Koran forbids this." He left again chanting the name of allah, the empty.

Then a Christian saw this poor creature. He wasted no time. He took a rope out from his bag and dropped down the well for the man to cling on. The man came out and fell on the feet of this gentle Christian. He asked the Christian why he was so much helpful. The Christian answered proudly," Well, Jesus Christ has mentioned somewhere in Bible that if I help out someone from the trouble the Lord will make a room for me in the heaven. You know, my reservation is now confirmed. BTW do you have any sons " The man got puzzled and noded,
"yes". The Christian fellow looked very happy. He said, "Well then please do me a favor. I also have a son. Please tell your son to jump to a nearby well whenever my son is around so he could save your son and secure a place in the heaven for himself."
         
-ANIL
 
******************************************************************* From: neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca (Bhanu Neupane u) Subject: Woo! look at these figures Date: Mon, 9 Jan 1995 20:47:16 GMT

The title may have misled many of you, but the figures, although have nothing to do with 38-24-38, I bet, will equally fascinate you all.

Although belated, I'm posting the detailed DECLARED property of Samyabadi Mantri Haru (intentionally written in Nepali, why would non-nepali speakers know what is on the discourse?? sorry! I'm a bit old fashioned and hide a lot of things in cup-cakes). Please, compare these figures with per capita income of meagre Rs. 10000 and conditions of over 50 percent of the total population living their lives in abject poverty. Is this a PROXY indicator of why Samyabadis are carrying over the privatization and liberal economic policies?

Pradhan Mantri Manmohan Adhikari:

Rastriya Banijya Bank(RBB), Pulchowk: 7 lakh 14 hazzar Agriculture Development Bandk, Ringroad: 2 lakh RBB, Maharajgunj: 3 lakh in other banks (how many..??) 20 hazzar House in Biratnagar - Pukka House in Kathmandu- Pukka another Plot in kathmandu Gold- 20 tola

(god only knows if he was doing any other business (?) beside politics)

Upa-pradhan Mantri Madav K. Nepal

2 story (sp?) House built in 2 katthaa 7 dhur in Rautahat, Gaur 1 kattha 12 dhur plot in Chandranigahapur 4 dhur plot at Birgunj, Parsa 2 story house built in 11 Aana in Koteshwor, Kathmandu 6 Aana Plot in Kalanki, Kathmandu Shares (irony is he holds Rs. 2500 worth of share of disputed Harishidhhi brick factory ha!) Bank balance - Rs. 20,000 Gold - 10 tola
(I would not be surprised, if he also was a real state broker)

MAntri Bharat M. Adhikari

2 story House built in 5 kattha in Biratnagar 6 bigha and 10 katthas of land Gold 15 tola Bank Balance - 25,000

Mantri CP Mainali

1 ropani plot at Lubhu in Kathmandu Valley 6 Anna plot at Swayambhu in Kathmandu Valley 6 anna plot at Koteshwor in Kathmandu Valley 12 bigha and 2 kattha land in Jhapa (common) Gold 10 tola Silver 100 tola Bank Balance Nepal Bank (?where) 4 lakh 64.6 hazzar

Mantri RK Mainali

House built in 4 bigha (Ranch??) at Surunga, Jhapa House (pukka- under construction) in 1 ropani at Sitapaila,kathmandu Gold 10 Tola Silver 50 Tola

Mantri Kadaga Prasad Oli

I bigha 14 kattha 15 dhur land in Jhapa 4 Anna plot at Gatthaghar, Bhaktapur gold 7 tola Bank balance and bonds - 50, 000

Mantri Padhma Ratna Tuladhar

1/2 of 2 story pukka house built in 1 ropani 12 anna in Kathmandu 1/3 of 2 shuttered, 4 story building in Asan kathmandu (the rent exceeds 15, 000 a month and he never paid any kind of taxes on it ? sure, the laws and regulations are not made for INFLUENTIAL people) 1 ropani 3 anna plot at Dhapasi plots of 2.4 ropani in other parts of the valley printing press Gold - 30 tola Silver - 554 Tola Bond and bank balance - 31.5 hazzar

Mantri Pradeep Nepal

House under contruction in 8 anna at Maharajgunj, Kathmandu Gold - 4 tola Silver - 12 tola Motorbike (still paying the installments)

Mantri Modnath Prasit

House built in 1 kattha in Rupandehi 10 kattha land House (9 rooms) at Swayambhu, Kathmandu Gold 0.5 tola

Rajya Mantri Ashok Rai

50 ropanis of land at Chisapani, Khotang House + cattle shed at Chisapani, Khotang 2 bigha 10 kattha land in Udayapur House in Udayapur 7 kattha land at Tapeshwari, Udayapur Gold- 10 tola Silver- 100 tola Bank balance- 40 hazzar

Rajya Mantri Salim Miya Ansari

1 bigha 10 kattha plot at Parwanipur, Bara 12 bigha land in Makawanpur, Rampur and Birgunj 1 Tractor (puts him in .05 percent of the farmers) 2 Thresher 2 Chrushers 6 fish pond (size not stated) Bank balance- 7 lakh

Rajya Mantri Prem Singh Dhami

1 bigh 13 kattha land in kanchanpur 1 ropani land in Darchula Gold- 1.5 Bank balance - 30 hazzar Share- 26.5 hazzar

The Rest three rajya mantris, Subash C. Nembang, Bhim Rawal (I wish, he would reveal what he earned as a UN volunteer in Cambodia) and Hari P. Pandey have yet to declare, how much do their booty worth.

No kidding, but if you have so much in being a Samyabadi, I wish I were a samyabadi too. A second thought is, if one can amass so much in Rajniti, why the hell we are spending our precious time and effort in distant countries?? The third issue is, are these figures declared correctly? what about the "other" which they may have decided to hide????

Egad!! I'm getting confused!!

Bhanu
=====

PS: I'll be posting the estimated property of "Kangresh ka Mantri haru Ko". If you don't want such things to be posted, please let me know.

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