The Nepal Digest - February 6, 1998 (24 Magh 2054 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Fri Feb 6, 1998: Magh 24 2054BS: Year7 Volume71 Issue2
  Today's Topics:

                      360 degrees to Autocracy?
                      Replies women trafficking and Christianity
                      UN Declines self-determination
                      Cross-flow turbine
                      Re: Girl Trafficking
                      Sex trafficking in Nepal .. is this real
                      Visit Nepal 98 and the Nepalese economy
                      Home for mentally handicapped children
                      An interview with a Pop Kalakar
                      Dental elective in Nepal

 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
 * -------------------------------------- *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest: General Information *
 * Chief Editor: Rajpal JP Singh *
 * (Open Position) *
 * Columnist: Pramod K. Mishra *
 * Sports Correspondent: Avinaya Rana *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Australia Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * Dr. Krishna B. Hamal *
 * Co-ordinating Director - Canada Chapter (TND Foundation) *
 * SCN Correspondent: Open Position *
 * *
 * TND Archives: *
 * TND Foundation: *
 * WebSlingers: Pradeep Bista,Naresh Kattel,Robin Rajbhandari *
 * Rabi Tripathi, Prakash Bista *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *

****************************************************************** From: (Rajpal J. Singh) To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: 360 degrees to Autocracy? Date: 5 Feb 1998 07:45:24 -0600

    I fail to see any logic in the recommendation by the SC judges neither
    do I see any logic in the special session called by the royal institution.

    Here are some points to think long and hard about:

         1) It is futile to discuss further if the arguments are based on
            a personal sympathy to a particular party.

         2) What is at stake here is not "sympathy to a particular party" or
            "an institution" but the bigger and much more closer to the
            heart argument that is, "Is the constitution being carried
            out in its true spirit?"

         3) Protection of the constitution is not only a right but a duty
            of a citizen and we all know that "sympathy for a party" or
            "an institution" has no room within this duty and right.
            Well, in a perfect world maybe!

   Here is another well-argued piece taken from "The Kathmandu Post":

so long, rjps

"Democracy perishes among the silent crowd!" -sirdar_khalifa

----------------------- Source: The Kathmandu Post When non-preemptive clauses clash By Purna Man Shakya

Not surprisingly, we have one more case on the dissolution of parliament. This case reflects upon the poverty of legal scholarship among people who claim to be constitutional pundits and dares to advise the political actors of the highest order. A thesis has been advanced by the former Attorney General Motikaji Sthapit and Dr Surya Dhungel.

In their opinion the issue was purely a political question and not a legal one which calls for application of judicial mind. Their thesis is perhaps based on a deeper analysis of the basic principles on which our constitution has been built. If we fail to understand the thesis in our constitutional context then there is a strong probability of converting our system of governance into a government not by the people but by the handful of non elected judges who are neither accountable to the people nor to the legislature. Perhaps, the time has come to seriously call for a halt on judicial activism and let the other wings of government take the responsibility of acting in conformity with the spirit of the constitution. Now that the issue is already a matter of subjudice in the court, let us see what are the options with the court.

It must not be forgotten that the issue has been referred to the Supreme Court for an advisory opinion. An advisory opinion jurisdiction is a unique constitutional provision not to be found in United Kingdom or United States. This jurisdiction enables the court to give its pre-emptive views on the issues of legality before any action is actually taken. And in this jurisdiction the court is not authorized to issue any injunction or direction to the King. It can only express its opinion on the issue which may be ignored by the King if it is appropriate in the context of facts and circumstances at his disposal.

An advisory opinion has to be distinguished from a judgement or a decision which is based on concrete facts and has the relevance of a binding law of the land. The advisory jurisdiction of the court is discretionary and the court is within its right to advise the King about its inability to give any of its opinion on the issue. This could happen basically on the issues which are purely political. The court could also refuse its opinion on the issue if it is premature for an advisory opinion by the court. But if the issue is one which can be tested on pre-existing and judicially determinable legal standards then the matter is for the application of judicial mind.

Hence the sweeping statement of Sthapit about the issue as a purely political question is provoking. He seems to challenge the court and warn them of overstepping their jurisdiction. The court as final interpreter of the constitution has unlimited powers and could not be limited by any one except by its own conscience and self imposed limitation. Will the court rise to the occasion or will it overstep the forbidden zone?

Much would obviously depend on the line of arguements of lawyers and specially of Amicus Curie. The tragedy is that in Nepal the lawyers who are specially deputed to plead as a friend, philosopher and guide of the court often end up arguing as a crusader for the cause of one or the other political party. It is sometimes disappointing to see an advocate who fought so hard for Prime Ministers power of dissolution take exactly the opposite stand. Come what may, the last thing we can expect in the whole process is a decision free from power politics.

The question presented for an advisory opinion, as contended by Sthapit and Dr Dhungel, is basically a political one. Firstly, the constitution has conferred power on the Prime Minister to recommend for dissolution. This is a power committed to the leader of the government by our constitution. As long as his decision does not violate any provisions of the constitution, it is the solemn duty of the Supreme Court to respect it no matter how foolish the decision may be from political point of view. People, not court, must punish the Prime Minister for his mistake if he has really committed one.

Secondly, the issue whether the King should act on the advice of the Prime Minister in the context of given facts do not admit of judicially determinable standards. In the absence of any definite constitutional standard for determining the issue at hand the court is usually advised to keep its hands off. There are times when the executive tries to play the judiciary against the legislature and the legislature trying to play judiciary against the executive. Hence it has to guard against the use and abuse by its coordinate organs. If needed it must have the courage to refuse to act on an issue. It must, if need be, tell the coordinate organ that the disputed function is your concern and not mine.

The court is the final interpreter and arbiter of constitutional allocation of powers among different organs of government. The issue before the court as to whether the Prime Ministers recommendation for dissolution should take priority over the oppositions motion for special session is basically an issue of allocation of power. This issue was closed by the ruling of the Supreme Court in the Manmohan Adhikari case. The case has held that the right of the Prime Minister to dissolve the House of Representative remains eclipsed or suspended if the motion for removal of Prime Minister has already been triggered either in a regular session or in a motion for special session.

This ruling necessarily implied that the power of the Prime Minister to recommend for dissolution could be validly exercised as long as no such proceeding is ignited. The validity of recommendation is established by its own merit and is not dependent on the fact whether any formal proceeding for removal of the Prime Minister is initiated after that. Any other construction just cannot stand the test of check and balance theory inherent in our constitution.

Just as vote of no confidence proceeding, once initiated, cannot be pre-empted by recommendation for dissolution by the hopeless Prime Minister, in the same constitutional logic a valid recommendation for dissolution, once made, cannot be pre-empted by a motion for vote of no confidence. Any interpretation which goes contrary to this interpretation would mean destruction of the basic structure of the constitution and per se unconstitutional. And it would also mean a final nail on the coffin of prime ministerial government.

****************************************************************** Date: Sat, 31 Jan 1998 18:15:21 -0500 (EST) From: aiko <gs07aaj@panther.Gsu.EDU> To: Subject: Replies re women trafficking and Christianity

These are responses to a couple of posts in TND recently which I feel reflect the misconception/misperception of two important issues. First, I would like to address Mr(I hope I am right, if not, my apologies) Koirala.

He wrote regarding an article posted on TND about women trafficking and specifically, the sexual harassment of women tourists in Nepal, and seemed to object to having such things reported publicly. While I understand Mr. Koirala's concerns -- that of such reports "tarnishing" Nepal's image -- I think he and others of like-mind need to view these issues in their proper context. First of all, with the increase in oppression and violence against women worldwide, Nepal is not unique in this phenomena. The industrialized nations of Europe and N. America also have these problems, and the women of those continents also must contend with disbeliief, blame and scorn. Second, regardless of whether or not the "image" of Nepal will be affected, we need to define exactly "what image". As I see it, the overall impression of Nepal IS NOT affected by these reports. The majority of people who wish to or actually do visit Nepal come away with very warm feelings about the country and the people. However, the ugly truth and reality are women in Nepal are regarded as less than human, commodities to be bought and sold, with little or no educational or employment opportunities, looked on as burdens to parents, palmed off as quickly as possible on some man they have never seen. Understand this: Nepal is not the only country to have this antediluvian attitude towards members of the human race. MOST OTHER COUNTRIES have this attitude which affects the treatment of women. But since we are dealing with Nepal, I concentrate on Nepal only. If women in general are regarded as sex toys or pieces of body parts to play with, deserving of no respect whatsoever, the very same men who display this sort of attitutde towards their own women cannot be expected to suddenly look on foreign women with respect. And especially if a foreign (translate that: "western")woman decides to enjoy the beauties of Nepal by herself, some uncouth beast takes this to mean she is a "loose, immoral" woman and therefore subject to any sort of treatment and no complaints about it! Noone thinks Nepal is full of rapists, a country overrun with uneducated swine! If anything, I am more afraid to walk the streets of some city in the United States even in broad daylight! The web site you refer to is not misleading. It is important that EVERYONE be made aware of certain people in a particular profession that is supposed to present a desirable image to the touring public. If they do not live up to their obligations as hosts of the host country, then their antics, their dirty deeds, NEED TO BE EXPOSED, so that when women go to visit Nepal THEY WILL BE FOREWARNED! I would be the LAST PERSON to advocate staying away from Nepal. But I will not sit quietly and allow women be molested by the very men who are supposed to ensure their safety. The molestation of women tourists is just part of the larger picture of the treatment of women, and even more horrifying and tragic is the trafficking of young, young Nepali girls to be made prostitutes. I think MEN AND WOMEN of Nepal need to wake up to the fact that generations of FUTURE WIVES AND MOTHERS are being eaten up by AIDS and unscrupulous brothel agents(yes, I know women are complicit in this business), dire poverty, an uncaring government, and those in denial who would rather sweep these issues under the mat and hope they will go away. I have news for you: IT WILL NEVER GO AWAY! IT WILL ONLY GET WWORSE UNLESS WE ALL OPEN OUR EYES AND HEARTS!

I am afraid I have taken up quite enought space for now, so I will have to save my other reply for later. Thank you.

Aiko A. Joshi

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 04 Feb 1998 23:11:16 -0500 From: Rajpal J.P. Singh <> To: Subject: UN Declines self-determination

        UN declines self-determination: Experts
        COLOMBO, Jan. 19
        (From P. K. Balachanddran)

Countries like India and Sri Lanka which face a threat to their territorial integrity from secessionist movements, should be happy with the way the UN system has been viewing secession.

The right to self-determination does not mean the right to secede, if the parent state is an independent one, a de-colonised one.

Rohan Edrisinha, of the Faculty of Law, Colombo University, in his parer "Facets of Self-Determmation", quotes chapter and verse to drive home the point that the UN system has, from its very inception in 1945, sought to distinguish self-determination from secession, to protect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of multi-ethnic states.

Edrisinha says that the UN has defined self-determination in such a way that it means devolution of power, regional autonomy and minority rights rather than secession. In fact, these bodies have explicitly decried secession.

Antonio Cassese, prominent legal expert, who is currently serving as the President of the International Crime Tribunal for former Yugoslavia says: "The principal of self-determination was accepted only insofar as it implied a right to selt-government of peoples and not the right of secession. Thus, as long ago as 1945, the territorial integrity of states was held to be paramount."

Art 1(3) of the 1966 Covenants on Human Rights required states to promote the right to self-determination in conformity with the UN Charter, which includes respect for territorial integrity.

The 1970 Declaration of Friendly Relations, also recognised the right to self-determination, but it did "not authorise or encourage action, that would dismember or impair, totally or in part, the territorial integrity or political unity of sovereign and independent states conducting themselves in compliance with the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples."

Secession was precluded in the 1993 Vienna Declaration and two UN Secretaries General, U. Thant and Boutros Boutros-Ghali, had said no to it, "if every ethnic, religious and linguistic group claimed statehood, there would be no limit to fragmentation, and peace, security and well-being for all would become even more difficult to achieve,'' Ghali said tellingly.

For Rosalyn Higgins, judge in the International Court of Justice "peoples'' have the right to self determination, but
"peoples", for her means the entire people of a state, composing distinctive groupings on the basis of race, ethnicity and religion.

"Minorities have no right to self-determination. In effect, they have no right to secession.'' she says. Minorities are entitled to protection of language, culture and religion, within existing states, she says.

********************************************************** From: "Willot Jean-Luc" <> To: <> Subject: Cross-flow turbine Date: Sun, 1 Feb 1998 14:45:35 +0100

Cross-flow turbine

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*********************************************************************************************** From: Ashutosh Tiwari <> Date: Sun, 1 Feb 1998 11:30:19 -0500 (EST) To: Subject: Looking for Mahesh Babu KC


I am looking for Mahesh Babu KC, somewhere in the US. He had attended a boarding school in New Hampshire, and had gone to college, I think, in the Amherst, Massachusetts, USA area.

If there is a way I can get in touch with him now, I'd appreciate knowing it. Please respond to me,

Thank you ashu

*************************************************** Date: Mon, 2 Feb 1998 13:50:49 GMT From: (H Brown) Subject: Re: Girl Trafficking To: The Nepal Digest <>

Last night I found this newspaper article on a Web Site. I note the reference to "tourism-related professionals" involved in sex tourism! However, my friends and I act only on well-substantiated information.

Would anyone like to comment on the accuracy of this report, please?

Helen Brown

>Subject: Nepal
>Source: Kathmandu Post- Kumar Bahadur Bhatta
> 14 Sep 1996
>Voices are being raised in support of legalising prostitution in
>Nepal. They advocate that legalising prostitution would help
>bachelors, widowers, separated husbands, soldiers, foreign tourists
>etc. It makes the forthcoming Visit Nepal 1998 Year a success and
>provides jobs to thousands of interested girls and other tourism
>related professionals. It solves the unemployment problem to some
>extent and reduces sex related crimes like rape and incest.
>There is nothing new in legalising the prostitution as it is practised
>every where. Drinking is bad, but we have thousands of bars and liquor
>shops. Gambling is bad but we have so many casinos and lottery kiosks.
>Thousands of Nepali girls, specially from Sindhu Palchok, Kabhre
>Palanchok, Nuwakot, Sikharbesi are sold to Indian brothels every year.
>Legalising prostitution would help to cease this practice to some extent.
>Kathmandu is reported to have many call girls and this system will be
>discouraged. Mysterious deaths taking place near Army Headquarters and
>Kathmandu Lodges would not reoccur.
>The red light area should be kept far from residential and market
>areas to enable both the brothel-owners and clients to remain
>undisturbed. The area should be free from goondaism. A periodic
>medical check-up should be made mandatory for all in the profession.
>Girls should be given some training in dancing, massaging and other
>ettiquates of receiving clients. Their health must be insured. The
>authority should make a provision so that clients are ensured peace
>and due services for what they have paid for. Clients should not be
>over charged and fleeced. A reasonable fee should be fixed for this
>purpose, making it also a source of dollar earning.

H Brown

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. Martin Luther King, Jr.
******************************************************* Date: Mon, 5 Jan 1998 16:43:41 -0600 To: Subject: Re: Sex trafficking in Nepal .. is this real From: David Reed

Helen Brown's website appears to be trying to link two rather different phenomena: the trafficking of Nepali girls to Indian brothels, which as Ellie says is a HUGE problem, and the sporadic rape/sexual assault of foreign females, which is the work of (as I have put it in my book) a few bad apples.

I've corresponded with Helen, so I know that she is motivated to speak out on the latter because she herself was assaulted. If she can prevent the assault of other women, then her campaign is worthwhile and she should be commended. And if she also manages to educate some people about the much graver problem of the trafficking of Nepali women, so much the better. But we do have to keep things in perspective. Invidious as it is to make such comparisons, the sexual enslavement of 200,000 Nepali women demands more outrage and action than a few isolated incidents of rape against bideshis.

David Reed
Author, The Rough Guide to Nepal

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 6 Jan 1998 08:02:06 -0600 To: From: (S Barton) Subject: Visit Nepal 98 and the Nepalese economy

I have sent this message to every Nepalese official for whom I can find an e-mail address. I must add that I am convinced of the good nature of the majority of ordinary Nepalese people.

Dear Sir,

I am aware that the Nepalese economy is heavily dependent on tourism. The income of many wealthy men in Nepal is allegedly dependent, unofficially, on illicit profits from trafficking.

May I respectfully remind you of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which Nepal is a signatory, and which is reflected in the Constitution of Nepal, which I have studied on the World Wide Web.

In view of these statutes, how is it that so many thousands of innocent Nepalese girls are sold into sexual slavery without there being any reported action by the Nepalese government to help them, or even to rehabilitate them on their return? In addition, how is it that innocent women tourists are sexually assaulted without the perpetrators being removed from positions in tourism?

I am a man who supports the human rights and equality of women. Therefore I will not visit Nepal until these situations are rectified. I am also posting this message on the Internet

I await your response.

Yours, S Barton

************************************************************** Date: Tue, 20 Jan 1998 16:57:07 -0600 From: BOB KINSLOE <> To: Subject: HFH Nepal

Would you be able to post or pass this information and fundraising effort onto other people. Thanks.

BOB KINSLOE wrote: > > Dear Giving People, > > > > I am writing to you asking for your support for Habitat For Humanity > > International. I am traveling, at my own expense, to Kathmandu, Nepal > > in April 1998 in order to support the local affiliate. This affili-ate > > has just started operations recently and has already started the first > > house with two more ready to go. Early support for a new affiliate has > > proved in the past to secure its long tern success. With this in mind, I > > am hoping for your generous support. Checks made payable to Habitat For > > Humanity, Nepal can be sent to me at the address below. This donation > > is tax deductible. A donation as little as a $1.00 would greatly > > support this cause! > > > > Habitat For Humanity believes in a hand up not a hand out. Each > > homeowner has to perform a certain amount of sweat equity, usually > > 300-500 hours, and pay for a no interest mortgage on the home they help > > build. I have worked on several projects around the world, (USA, > > Mexico, Canada, Hungary and Ethiopia), and have seen the incredible > > benefits a simple decent home can make on a family's life. So thanks in > > advance for your support. > > > > God Bless, > > > > Robert J. Kinsloe > > 1947 N. Bissell St. > > Chicago, IL. 60614 > > Phone/Fax - 773-404-9239 > > E-Mail: > > > > The following is the lastest information on Habitat For Humanity, Nepal. > > > > > > Thank you for the email we received here in Kathmandu. Thank you > > > > for your interest to raise funds for the newly approved Nepal > > > > Affiliate as Member of the Habitat for Humanity International. > > > > In that direction, it will be of interest to you to learn that > > > > Nepal Habitat for Humanity has just started building the first > > > > house in Tikapur, the far western.district in the jplains of > > > > Southern Nepal, bordiring with Inida in the South. It used to be > > > > a dense forest area with severe tropical malarial fever (just > > > > a decade before),making the place not suitable for habitat for > > > > people migrating from adjoining hills as well as for local > > > > inhabitants. > > > > The frist stone was placed for the first house on December 29, 1997, > > > > on the King's Birthday and the Affiliate reported on Jan.13th that > > > > they finished walls and placed the windows & doors. Only, they need > > > > to put the roof in it. In the mean time, they started the > > > > foundaations for the second house and began digging to put the > > > > foundation for the 3rd house. This is very encouraging for the > > > > Nepal Habitat. The owner of the first house is Dibu Chowdhary from > > > > the Tikapur Village Development in Kailali district. > > > > The cost of the house will come to $ 1200. The house will have > > > > wooden doors and windows, burnt bricks are used to build walls. > > > > The local people use cement tiles for roof. > > > > The community is very united, Mr.Kharel, the coordinator of Tikapur > > > > reported and even students from the schools are engaged in the > > > > work. It was very exciting, he said, with the whole community > > > > working together to build houses for people who lived in > > > > Sub-standard houses before. I had visited the area many time this > > > > past months. > > > > We are developing Affiliate in 2 other places, on in the hills > > > > near Pokhara and another in semi-hills, they call it inner > > > > terai(plains). Thus, we are now working in 3 different land areas, > > > > the plains, semi-hills and the hills. > > > > These are some of the informations in brief but we will be > > > > preapred to send you information that you need when we hear from > > > > you. Sorry, we haven't developed sponsorship sheets so far but we > > > > can waork on that right away. Our International representative, Ed > > > > LoPuma is expected back from holidays tomarrow. So, we will write > > > > to you further on this. > > > > Thank you for your willingness to work for Nepal and I am sure > > > > your visit to Nepal and the fund raising programme will be > > > > successful in Nepal. We look forward to hear from you. The > > > > international/Asia Pacific section will have more information you > > > > will need. > > > > Purushotam Nepali > > > > Naational Coordinator > > > > > > Habitat for Humanity Nepal > > > > > > Average house cost: $1,200-$1,500 (estimated) > > > > > > Statistically, Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. > > > According to UN > > > statistics, 75 percent of its people live below the poverty line, with > > > one in every ten > > > infants dying before the age of five. Nearly 90 percent of its 20 > > > million people live in the > > > rural plains and mountain areas, primarily as agricultural workers and > > > on a subsistence > > > level. The country is still struggling to emerge from its fledgling > > > democracy and the > > > economic, political, and social problems that plague any developing > > > country. > > > > > > Shelter is an intricate element in Nepal, religiously, socially and > > > culturally. A house and > > > land are passed on within a family for generations. Housing is a mark > > > of not only > > > prestige, but also of the achievement of the basic human goal to have > > > one's own place > > > to live in harmony with nature, to be part of a community, to have > > > security and to be > > > protected from harsh weather. > > > > > > While many basic necessities are needed, HFH Nepal believes that > > > through the > > > empowerment of leadership at the grassroots level, housing can be a > > > cornerstone for > > > broader integrated development for Nepal's poor. > > > > > > HFH Nepal intends to build in every major geographic area of the > > > country, providing an > > > affordable and decent house using the resources available in each > > > location. These > > > homes will replace the thatch, straw, mud and bamboo that are now being > > > pieced > > > together by those who have no other means to obtain a decent shelter. > > > Habitat > > > estimates that these houses can be built for $1,200-1,500. > > > > > > COUNTRY FACTS AND FIGURES > > > > > > Location: Land-locked country astride the Himalayas between India and > > > China. > > > > > > Population: The population of 22 million is spread over an area of > > > 147,000 sq. km. The > > > capital, Kathmandu, is the largest city with a population of 500,000. > > > > > > Religion: Hindu 90 percent, Buddhist 5 percent, Muslim 3 percent, other > > > 2 percent. > > > > > > Literacy: 27 percent. > > > > > > Language: Principally Nepali, with other Indic languages. > > > > > > Climate: Varies according to altitude, from rainy and tropical, to cold > > > in the high > > > mountains. > > > > > > Economy: Industries such as sugar and jute mills, tourism. > > > > > > Government: Constitutional monarchy. > > > > > > Religion: Hindu 90%, Buddhist 5%, Muslim 3%. > > > > > > EMAIL: > > > > > > Home | Get Involved | Where We Build | How It Works | True > > > Stories > > > > > > Questions about affiliates outside the U.S. can be addressed to > > > Habitat's International Department. If you > > > have other questions about Habitat for Humanity, please write to > > > or call > > > (912)924-6935.>

**************************************************************** From: "Eef en Paul" <> To: <> Subject: home for mentally handicapped children Date: Sun, 1 Feb 1998 21:15:26 +0100


@ weeks ago I was in nepal and I read before about the starting of a new home for mentally handicapped children. Now I wonder what the address is because I want to take contact wuth them. Please can you help me?

Thanks a lot, Greetings from a fan of Nepal.

****************************************************************** From: V Robinson <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Girl Trafficking Date: Feb 1, 1998

I have just read a post from a recent Nepal Digest and believe I should publish my reply.

Dear Janak Koirala Namaste.

Your post in The Nepal Digest about tourist rape was forwarded to me. I find references to the respectability of most Nepalese people in the web site you criticise - Nepal Travel Trekking and Trafficking.

Have you seen the first letter from the Independent on the web page of letters? It is on

Why do you think Nepal is safe for Nepalese when so many thousands of village girls are sold to be imprisoned and raped to death in brothels?

Neither do I don't understand why warnings should be censored because there are a number of rapists in tourism but - obviously - very many men are not rapists. I hope you will clarify this. IMO it is not the web site that spoils the good image of Nepal, it is this minority of rapists and the much greater number of woman- traffickers. Also corruption has been so widely publicised by Nepalese writers that it is not surprising that Westerners read these articles and make connections.

Tourists have been attacked and sometimes killed on trekking trails. Does this mean that Nepal is full of muggers and murderers or that warnings shouldn't be published?

I would like to see a lot more web sites like the one you criticise in TND for other countries as well. It would be very helpful in educating people about the reality of sex slavery and also preventing a number of criminals in a tourism country from spoiling tourism for decent people.

I am posting this reply in soc.cult.nepal. Since your criticism was public, I believe I can also forward it to soc.cult.nepal. I hope you will reply in public.

The home page of the site is

Yours, V Robinson -

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 3 Feb 1998 16:46:27 -0800 From: GHALE_TASHI_WANGYAL <> To: "'TND@NEPAL.ORG'" <TND@NEPAL.ORG> Subject: MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENTS.

Dear Editor,

It was really nice to go through the context of the Nepal Digest. I loved it and that's it; I said I wanted to be a member. Besides that, being a Nepalese myself, I think I should be informed as well as get involved in the matters regarding my country; I think this magazine(TND) is the right one I am looking for. So it would be nice of you if you could tell me how to become a member. Eager to hear from you. Yours sincerely, tashi

****************************************************** Date: Sat, 31 Jan 1998 15:32:44 -0800 From: Bijaya Rajbhandari <bijaya@AfricaOnline.Co.Zw> To: Subject: Girl trafficking

Dear editor,

I am glad to get some queries raised and comments made regarding the girl trafficking in Nepal. This has really enlightene me to know how people perceive the whole issue of Girl trafficking.

I am really glad that this issue has brought to the attention of many individuals and organisation both nationally and internationally. What I was trying to say in my earlier response was that Nepal should not be penalised for the girl trafficking because it is linked to the human rights. Everybdy fully appreciate the magnitude of the problem Nepal has in terms of girl trafficking. I am trying to get to the point about how to solve it. Nepal out of many countries have the problem of the women not getting the respect as much as they deserve. I am not denying that. I was trying to single out the problem of girltrafficking and ways of reducing it. Many issues seems to have been mixed up. Some brought up the issue of rape during the visit in Nepal, some brought up the issue linking up with the history of Rana regime. I do not think these issues are very relevant in this context.In many parts of the world both developing and developed countries, tourists have been sexually harassed, looted and killed. Yes, Nepal having to depend on the tourism sector may have to be more careful in this area, , but just because it happened in few cases, Nepal should not be banned from visiting. It is trying its best to get VNY 98 successful despite all the political and economic problem. I do agree that few people get rich out of tourism but at the same time that it is true in every sector, but the number of people employed out of the investment made this could be good sector for creation of employment. It is certainly better than land purchase or having a fleet of taxi or renting a house. The scond issue is the Rana regime. If this is related to the low respect to women, I agree, but it should not be related to as the tradition Nepal have in terms of girl trafficking. We had a very little problem of women being taken out of the country for a flesh trade .

My plea is how to help in this process. I know it happens in varying magnitude in many countries. But being a Nepali, I am interested to see it doen not happen in Nepal. I would like to reiterate to my suggestion that is reducing poverty, more education to the people and with AIDS spreading it could be easier to convince.

Thanks Bijaya Rajbhandari

************************************************************* Date: Wed, 4 Feb 1998 14:33:40 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <> To: Subject: An interview with a Pop Kalakar

Today's Kathmandu Post (feb. 4, 'local' section) contains an in interesting piece by, I am sure, Mr. Sharad Pradhan, a post staffer. The reporting is, well, I'll let you decide after you skim thru it. Anyway, it reminded me of this spoof published last year in the Post.

An interview with a Nepali Pop Kalakar (by ashu) From Feb. 27, 1997 ko The Kathmandu Post What made you sing? Shower.

Shower? Well, you see, I used to sing in the shower. My bro who's now the drummer used to knock on the door. Soon, we both relized that with his banging the door and my singing, we had great music wafting out of our toilet window.

Is that how you cut your first album? Well, sort of. A shahu from Bandipur happened to walk by one morning, and he heard our music. Enchanted, he came in, offered to get a cassette out, and that's now selling like pani-puris.

Fascinating! In the beginning, did you struggle a lot to make a name for yourself? Well, getting out of the shower was a drag. I mean, I'd get cold very quickly, and develop goose bumps all over. Other than that, I faced no problem. Of course, our sarkar must set aside money for us Pop kalakars to buy our amps and lamps.

What kind of songs do you sing? Mostly the deurali-stuff, you know. The ones about leaving Kanchi or Nakkali back in the village or in mela somewhere, and basically wondering what she's doing now . . . we also sing about sahar ki ladkis, the ones who catwalk on the pavements of New Road, dressed in micro-mini skirts and Blockheel shoes . . . and who are out to destroy our poorano, pabitra Nepali culture.

Have you ever been to a village or to a mela? Oh, naw. But I've been to village-like places such as Nagarkot and Dhulikhel.

Do you have a Kanchi or a Nakkali yourself? Oh, naw. My girlfriend's Ashley, the one who did that fashion-design course in Mumbai! But her family has this servant girl called Kanchi.

Is she the Kanchi you sing about? Oh, nawww!! The Kanchi we sing about is, well, metaphorical. In fact, any wide-eyed, inncocent-looking Nepali didi-bahini with rustic charms from Charikot to Dolkha could be our inspirational Kanchi. Singing about deurali, bhanjyang and Kanchi, you see, is the surest way to show conservatives like Yogi Nar Hari Nath that pop geets do have authentic Nepali-pawn.

Wow! Hadn't thought of that. Is pop here to stay in Nepal? Absolutely, man!! Pop geet is now as middle-class a fare in hamro jiban as drinking San Miguel beer or cooking with gas. Through pop geet, we can express our deepest emotions.

Like what? Well, suppose, Ashley leaves me, then what would I do? I would draw a long face, and sing through my pain, and my anguish would resonate with thousands of my fans out there, and they would go out and buy my albums. Now, that's the power of pop unplugged.

Interesting. Why do you sport a pony-tail and have multiple earrings all over? Hold it, buddy. That's none of your business. Besides, you'd want your pop kalakar to stand out, wouldn't you?

Sorry. I suppose so. Anyway, tell me, how do you view yourself and your pop geet ko industry in Nepal? Pop singers like myself are Nepal's national treasures. We are the only genuine kalakars around. Others are hilly-billies from Dolal Ghat who can't go beyond pakhe lok-geets. India's Annu is our Malik, the great one who inspires us all to choro international hit-tunes and package them locally in ways to make our fans' hearts aflutter with desire . . .

Whew! That's quite a healthy self-image that you have there. Anyway, guess what, our time's up. Thank you for coming to the studio, and giving us some of your amulya time. Any time, dude! Peace to you. THE END

(With special thanks to Shailesh Gongal and Shova Chand for their inputs.)

****************************************************************** Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 12:15:53 GMT From: Helen Rooney <> To: Subject: Dental elective in Nepal


Thanks very much for posting my last e. mail of 15/1/98 in "Nepal Digest". The response to it was tremendous. I had messages from many people all over the world.

However, I still need more contacts. Can anyone give me the names and addresses of dentists/hospitals/charities in Nepal? I want to arrange a dental elective where myself and another dental student can go out and practice dentistry in October 1998. It is voluntary work and we seek no remuneration, just experience.

Another friend, a history graduate will be accompanying us. Anyone any ideas as to what voluntary work he could do? Charities or schools?

I look forward to receiving some replies!!


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