The Nepal Digest - February 28, 1996 (16 Falgun 2052 BkSm)

From: The Editor (nepal-request@cs.niu.edu)
Date: Wed Feb 28 1996 - 19:29:55 CST


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The Nepal Digest Wednesday 28 Feb 96: Falgun 16 2052 BS: Year5 Volume47 Issue4

  Today's Topics:

        1. Message from the editor

        2. KURA_KANI
              Politics - End of Politics as we know it?

        3. JAN_KARI
                  First Anniversary of Nepali Language Class in Columbus, Ohio

        4. SODH_PUCH
                  NYC housing
                  How can I sponsor this person?
                  College Information
                  Dhaakaa Topi
 
 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * *
 * TND Foundations: General Information info-tnd@nepal.org *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rajs@aleph0.clarku.edu *
 * Webmaster Correspondent: Pradeep Bista webmaster-tnd@nepal.org *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "We have guided missiles and misguided men" -Dr. MLK *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

***************************************************************** From: TND Foundations <tnd@nepal.org> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: TND Foundation Contribution Fund

Dear TND members:

     TND Foundations is accepting your generous contribution in an effort to
     find a permanant home for The Nepal Digest (TND).

     We are still short of required amount to pay for 1996 on-line
     services for TND Foundation.

     You are encouraged to send your contribution payabale to:
    
            TND Foundations
            c/o Rajpal J. Singh
            44 Greenridge Ave
            White Plains, NY 10605

     Following members have been kind with their generous contributions:

     Biswamber Shrestha Rockville, MD
     Mahesh K. Maskey Arlington, MA
     Rajpal J. Singh White Plains, NY
     Padam P. Sharma Bismarck,ND
     Lynn B. Reid Jamaica Plain, MA
     John Mage New York, NY
     Shyam Lama Arlington, VA
     Raju Tuladhar Alberta, Canada
     Robin Rajbhandari Nashville, TN
     Katharine N. Rankin Ithaca, NY
     Bhanu B. Niraula Flushing, NY
     Amulya R. Tuladhar Worcester, MA
     Rajesh B. Shrestha Worcester, MA
     Abi Sharma British Columbia, Canada
     Nirmal K. Bhattarai St. Paul, MN
     Mary Deschene Baltimore, MD
     Tatsuro Fujikura Chicago, IL
     Pratyoush Onta Kathmandu, Nepal
     Anita Regmi Wheaton, MD
     Gregory G. Maskarinec Honolulu, Hawaii
     Robert Peirce Portland, OR
     Raja Ram K.C. Somerville, MA
     Hari Koirala Mansfield Center, CT
     Bal Krishna Sharma East Lansing, MI
     Subas Sakya Pumona, NY
     Marian E. Greenspan Beltsville, MD
     Sanjay B. Shah Blacksburg, VA
     Paul Johnson Santa Cruz, CA
     Bhaskar R. Dawadi Tallahassee, FL
     Damber K. Gurung Clemson, SC
     Sagar Shakya Boulder, CO
     Murari Pradhan Salt Lake City, UT
        
     TND offeres heartful thanks to all the generous contributors. If you
     have sent the contribution and do not see yourself on the list, please
     accept our apologies and let us know.

Sincerely TND Foundation tnd@nepal.org http://www.nepal.org
               http://www.himalaya.org
               http://www.gurkhas.org

***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 27 Feb 1996 09:35:37 To: tnd@nepal.org From: asayenju@iuj.ac.jp Subject: Article for the next issue of TND!!

Here's an article from the this weeks Asiaweek magazine, please kindly put it i n the next issue. Thanks!!

Ashok Sayenju New Email: asayenju@iuj.ac.jp

Article: The Shuttlecock Refugees: Nepal's Foreign Minister Says They Belong to Bhutan
(From Asiaweek, March 1, 1996)

IT IS A QUESTION that has no clear answer: To what country do the Nepali-speaki ng Bhutanese now in refugee camps in Nepal belong? In 1990, some 218,000 residents of Bhutan, or
 15.5% of the country's population of 1.4 million, were ethnic Nepalese. Now, there are some 100,000 of them living in camps in nearby Nepal. The Bhutanese government, controlled by King J igme Singye Wangchuk, claim the refugees left for Nepal because they wanted to "go home." T he refugees, many of whom have lived in Bhutan for almost a century, claim that Bhutan is their h ome. Many say they were forced out of the country by violent means.

By most accounts, the refugees are descendants of Nepalese who, at the request of the Bhutanese Royal Family, migrated nearly 100 years ago to cultivate the hot lowlands of so uthern Bhutan -- an area that the Tibetan-origin Bhutanese were loath to farm. In recent years, the increase of the Nepali-speaking Bhutanese population threatened Tibetan-origin Bhutanese co ntrol of the country. In response, King Wangchuk may have ordered their exile. According to Amnesty International, in 1991, arbitrary arrests of southern Bhutanese, accompanied by
 torture and rape, forced many of them to flee Bhutan, crossing India into Nepal.

In mid-January, Indian police imprisoned 150 southern Bhutanese protesters as t hey marched through West Bengal; one week later, Indian police stopped 300 refugees from cr ossing into the country via the Mechi bridge in southeastern Nepal. Both groups were attempting
 to return to Bhutan through India.

Last week, Nepalese Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba paid a goodwill visit to his Indian counterpart, P.V. Narasimha Rao, in New Delhi. No doubt the refugee situation w as among items on his agenda. Nepalese Foreign Minister Prakash Chandra Lohani recently spoke to Asiaweek's contributing reporter in Kathmandu, Thomas Laird, about the refugee problem. So me excerpts:

How did some 100,000 Bhutanese refugees wind up in Nepal, which does not have a
 common border with Bhutan?

The refugees entered India and came into Nepal, [so] India should have been the
 first country of asylum. Why they came to Nepal is something we have not been able to understand
. The Indians say they came because they speak Nepali and would feel more comfortable here than i n India. In recent weeks, some of these 100,000 refugees have tried to go back to their country to
 petition their government for justice and their rights. They have been stopped and arrested on
 the Indo-Nepal border by the Indians. This we cannot comprehend: they were allowed passage thr ough India to come to Nepal, but now they are forbidden passage back to their own country.

Many observers point out that because of an Indo-Bhutan treaty, India controls Bhutan's foreign policy. Is India tilting toward Bhutan in this long-running dispute?

The Indians tell us that [they consider] both Nepal and Bhutan [to be their] ol d and reliable friends and they do not want to be seen as taking sides in the debate over refu gees. But stopping the refugees from going back to their home clearly indicates a certain degree o f asymmetry. We are not happy with this asymmetry.

The Bhutanese stranded in Nepal seem to have grown impatient with Nepal-Bhutan negotiations. Has there been any progress at all over the last few years?

We have had talks for three years now, and to be frank there has been no progre ss. The Bhutanese assert that some of these people are not Bhutanese citizens. We proposed that a
 joint- verification team look at the paperwork held by these refugees. The Bhutanese r efused. We also suggested that a third party undertake the verification procedures, as a step t oward returning all refugees that have proof of their citizenship in Bhutan. Again, the Bhutane se have refused.

Do you believe that India should put pressure on Bhutan as well?

We have already made a direct request to India for help in solving the problem
-- either officially or unofficially. We made this request again just last week when Indi a's Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherje was here in Kathmandu. His reply was that he would con sult his colleagues.

I hope that the Indian side will see the injustice and imbalance of the situati on. They insist that this is a bilateral issue. We insist it is a trilateral issue because they
 were the first country of asylum.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has agreed to fund Nepal-base d refugee camps for 12 more months. But the U.N. has made it clear that it will not continue fu nding for the maintenance of the refugees indefinitely. Without progress soon in the Bhutan-N epal talks, won't Nepal have to absorb these refugees?

That is out of the question. They are Bhutanese citizens; they must be allowed to return to their home with dignity and honor. We hope to have another round of talks with the Bh utanese at the foreign minister level soon. If we cannot make any progress in that meeting we are going to have to think seriously about internationalizing the situation -- taking the issue t o international forums and institutions.

It is surprising that the U.S., a country that champions human rights, is remai ning silent about this. They talk about human rights violations everywhere they occur. But here w e have 100,000 people who have been robbed of liberty and life, denied their most basic human rights in the name of preserving a "unique culture." This is what happened in Bhutan and I think t he world should take note.

*Note: The same issue also has a special report on Nepalese women in Bombay brothels.
 It says that high ranking police officials in Kathmandu provide protection to the pimps and racketeers. Please read that article from the magazine itself since I am unable to post it here.

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 13 Oct 1996 18:55:11 GMT To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu From: S.Wagle@lse.ac.uk Subject: End of Politics as we know it?

          End of Politics as we know it?
          
          The Prime Minister, Sher Bahadur Deuba, is just back from
          his first official visit to India which has been hailed as a
          success by all quarters.
          Mr Deuba is a champion of mediocrity. He is choleric, often
          rude, and is an individual without the faintest trace of any
          spectacular intelligence. He looks perennially puzzled and
          commentators had reasons to believe that the man could
          easily be manipulated, and led to misuse his authority. It
          was widely expected that he would remain a puppet until
          somebody else decided from behind the scenes that it was
          time for him to go. The somebody, it was speculated, could
          possibly be one of his mentors in the Congress or an
          establishment figure in his wife's aristocratic circle of
          friends.
          
          Having followed "Deubaism" for the past four months however,
          I have reached a verdict of my own. It is no doubt still
          very early days, but Mr Deuba has been at the helm with an
          aura of authority and has begun to show that he is
          competent.To universal surprise, Mr Deuba is actually
          delivering. The Congress Party elected to government in 1991
          started off very well with a clear direction and a strong
          sense of priority. With benefit of hindsight one can also
          see that the policies pursued were prudent and under the
          circumstances, very reasonable indeed. After the first two
          years however, the initial promise began to wane as it
          progressively engaged itself in intra-party wrangling that
          it could have done well without. In the polls, the
          electorate gave it a nasty slap in the face and the Nepali
          Congress lost a general election that it should never have.
          The Communists (or are they?) were an organized lot who had
          the will to carry out things that they perceived as being
          desirable for the nation and possibly for themselves too.
          But unfortunately, the means they deployed were thoroughly
          irrelevant, misguided and utterly naive. It's a pity that
          the Nepali communists have never been able to command a
          respectable following in the intelligentsia. Men who advised
          the communists were "Pop-Economists" as Paul Krugman of
          Stanford calls it, who had learnt their stuff in Delhi in
          the 1960s and had never since turned a page of a recent work
          on recent ideas.
          
          Against this backdrop, Mr Deuba fares rather well. The
          coalition is off and running. Although it was a great
          misfortune that he chose to preside over a cabinet that was
          too big to be operational, he has managed to drag it along.
          As Lok Raj Baral put it, factions in parliamentary parties
          ought to be kept in balance and discipline by issuing whips,
          not by asking every potential critic to run a ministry. But
          expenses aside, this ploy might have paid off just the way
          Mr Deuba presupposed, seemingly naively at the outset. There
          exist no fundamental disagreements within the coalition, and
          it looks set to drag on for just as long as it has existed
          for.
          Mr Deuba is clearly in for a miracle, and I have begun to
          wonder what really makes him tick. What drives him? so to
          speak.
          
          The recent Mahakali deal with India was shrewd diplomacy and
          sound politics. Although the two Panchayat gentlemen with
          anglophile enthusiasms, Pashupati Rana and Prakash Chandra
          Lohani, were both instrumental in hammering out the
          deal, Mr Deuba deserves his share of credits.
          A renowned International Relations expert at the London
          School of Economics, Fred Halliday was clearly chuffed to
          hear that one of his tutees is now the Nepalese Premier.
          Professor Halliday fondly recalls his association, "Sher
          came to us after eight years in prison and he researched on
          Western democracies for a year under my supervision". While
          this is of course true, there are many parrallel Sher
          Bahadurs on offer in London. One of his contemporaries, for
          example, saw him as an impecunious middle-aged who drank too
          much off borrowed money and cultivated an unrivalled lust
          for English women.
          
          Anyway, his London sojourn has given a slight edge over his
          contemporaries in the second-generation Congress. One should
          not forget that he was elected unanimously, although public
          display of grievance from Shailaja Acharya and a private one
          from Ram Chandra Poudel are now well-acknowledged in
          Kathmandu power-houses.
          
          As the Foreign Minister, Dr Lohani, confided to me during an
          hour-long interview in London last year, Deuba comes across
          as a remarkably simple man - and probably is one. If he does
          not know something, he says so. He is no charlatan,
          and obviously not a very good actor. In other words, he is
          comfortable with his limited knowledge of things. When
          people go to deal with him, his average cleverness becomes
          their working assumption.
          For a man who has had a disproportionate share of luck in
          his life, mediocrity as defined by conventional wisdom has
          been more than enough to work a way to the top.
          
          Mr Deuba has recently fathered a child (Yes, a legitimate
          one), and is reported to be in the process of fathering some
          new ideas for the nation - pretty ones, I am led to
          believe.
          Let's hope that the Mahakali pact is only the first in a
          series, and stay tuned.
          
          S Wagle
          Undergraduate
          The London School of Economics.
          
********************************************************************** From: "Raj Kumar Dubey" <raj@caedm.et.byu.edu> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 20 Feb 1996 19:08:14 MST Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - February 20, 1996 (8 Falgun 2052 BkSm)

Dear Editor,

I really appreciate all the efforts you and the others have put in bringing the news to us in foreign countries. However, since I am getting the information in a more timely manner from scn and now TKP and the independent lot of the stuff is duplicated. Therefore, I request you to remove my name from the subscription list.

Two thumbs up for your volunteer spirit. Prakash Bhandari

*************************************************** Date: Tue, 20 Feb 1996 21:20:39 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: NSF- Rsearch in Nepal Himalaysa To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Title : Glaciochemical Investigations in the Nepalese Himalayas Type : Award NSF Org : INT Latest Amendment Date : June 21, 1993 File : a9311531

Award Number: 9311531 Award Instr.: Standard Grant Prgm Manager: Marjorie Lueck
              INT DIVISION OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
              SBE DIRECT FOR SOCIAL, BEHAV & ECONOMIC SCIE Start Date : August 1, 1993 Expires : January 31, 1996 (Estimated) Expected Investigator: Paul A Mayewski p mayewski@unh.edu Sponsor : U of New Hampshire
              Main
              Durham, NH 03824 603/862-1234

NSF Program : 5976 AFR NEAR EAST & SOUTH ASIA PRG Fld Science : 42 Geological Sciences Fld Applictn: 0313000 Regional & Environmental
              0318000 Weather Modifications Abstract :
     This proposal will add a component to a
     research project in Central Asia that is
     currently supported by the Division of
     Atmospheric Sciences. The PI will determine
     the spatial and temporal variation of the
     chemical content of snow and ice in central
     Asia in order to improve our understanding of
     the distribution of chemical species in the
     atmosphere of this region. He plans to collect
     snow and ice samples within the accumulation
     areas of ten different central Asian glaciers.
     The glacierized regions in the Nepalese
     Himalayas which are extensive and relatively
     free from the chemical influence of desert dust
     are an ideal location from which to recover
     high resolution, regional scale glaciochemical
     records detailing the annual variation in the
     strength of the Asian monsoon. This research
     will be performed in cooperation with the
     Department of Hydrology and Meteorology,
     Ministry of Water Resources, Government of
     Nepal. This proposal seeks supplementary funds
     to support field work in Nepal and to support
     the visit of a Nepalese hydrologist to the
     University of New Hampshire, Glacier Research
     Group.

********************************************************************** Date: 21 Feb 96 16:14:05 EST From: Pawan.Adhikari@Dartmouth.EDU (Pawan Adhikari) Subject: NYC housing To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Hi,

I am a student at Dartmouth College and I will be in New York City for the Spring (probably Summer too) for an internship. I was wondering if anyone wanted to share an apartment with me or put me up as a paying guest. Please contact me at 603 - 646 - 5311 or <nepali@dartmouth.edu> or Pawan Adhikari, 41 Hinman, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755. Thanx.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Wed, 21 Feb 1996 20:17:40 EST To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu From: pramit bhasin <bhasin@UMDNJ.EDU> Subject: Holi_Celebrations

Hello Everyone,

Sorry to bombard you with email messages but yet another friend has asked me to send this message out. 2 down and one more to go

Pramit

Howdy,

        Hindu Students Council at Texas A&M University invites you to the first ever Texas Holi Celebration on Saturday, March 2, 1996 from 1pm to 5 pm at the Texas A&M University Simpson Drill Field. The festivites will include snacks, colors and music. So come and celebrate this colorful, joyous event with us. This will be the biggest Holi Celebration in Texas!

What: Texas Holi Celebration When: Saturday, March 2, 1996 from 1pm to 5 pm Where: Texas A&M University at the Simpson Drill Field
       (North Side of the Memorial Student Center) Who: Everybody is welcome!

For more infomation and directions, please contact Ruturaaj @
(409) 693-3411 or email to: hindusc@tam2000.tamu.edu

See ya there!!!! Thanks,
        -Ruturaaj
         Director of Public Relations
         Hindu Students Council at Texas A&M University
         College Station, Tx
         Gig'Em Aggies

******************************************************************** Date: Sun, 18 Feb 1996 17:18:37 EST To: webmaster-tnd@nepal.org From: LIBRARY@UNCLIB.LIB.UNC.EDU Subject: mailto:webmaster-tnd@nepal.org -Questions about Nepal

Hi! My name is Meral Karan and I'm a student at the UNC-Chapel Hill. I'm an i nternational studies major and am extremely interested in going and working in Nepal. I am taking an anthropology class about the third world and have chosen
 Nepal as my main country to research for the class. But I would like some rea l information-not like the stuff you get from an encyclopedia. I am focusing o n the images of what people think nepal is like versus the realities of daily l ife there. I hope to do a year abroad

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 22 Feb 1996 13:27:39 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Haat ki safai: The Safaa tempos of Kathmandu
=======================================================

REcently i read about the Safaar tempos of Kathmandu.

The article is replete with textual rhetoric designed to persuade the reders that Nepal is onto environmntal bliss.

We have the authority sounding names lke USAID, Global REsources Institute, US Ambassassador Sandara Vogelsang, the Kathmandu Mayor, 200,000 person-miles performace, and the hunky-dory associations of clean electricity to persuade us that we will be delivered from the stench of Vikram tempos.

But willwe?

Silent in this "haat ki safai" or rhetorical legerdemain is any answer to the question of how are we going to dispose of batteries, one of the most toxic wastes, whether they are lead based, as most care batteres are or worse , nickel, lithium, and other noxious chemical based.

Remember how hard Kathmanduites are trying to find a waste dump to all the developnent wastes of modernization: throwaway plastic bags, called
"syal-syal" an onomopaetic ascription to the sound they made, the cute Fruity boxes, when 20 years we ate in bio degradable "sal ko pat" plates called "laptes" and earthern bowls called "salees:"

Who is going to pay for the toxicological damage to all the vulnerable
"Chamkhalas" who pick up these toxic batteris from Safaa (Clean) tempos and all those in Hyumat city margins who live on dump heaps? Global REsources Institute. Are we seeing an example of US exporting to developed toxics in name of clean air pollution?

Amulya cu

************************************************************ Date: Thu, 22 Feb 1996 14:51:08 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: btamot@sunflower.bio.indiana.edu (Bhaju Tamot) Subject: First Anniversary of Nepali Language Class in Columbus, Ohio

        By: All the parents of Children

Dear Editor:

The Nepali language class has been run since March 3, 1995 every Sunday at 5 p.m. for one hour by Mr. Puspa Man Joshi and Mrs. Aruna Joshi, in the memory of Moti Man Joshi (Mr. Joshi's father) who passed away on Feb. 9, 1995. Both husband and wife devoted their time voluntarily to teach Nepali language and Nepali culture to eight children of different ages and Merry K., a US citizen interested in Nepali language and culture. The couple has been generous enough to run the class at their apartment when the Buckeye Village recreation center, usual site of the classes, is reserved by others. On the occasion of 1st anniversary, we the parents of the children and Merry K. would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to Mr. and Mrs. Joshi for successfully completing one year of regular class.

Language, of course, is the most important medium for communication. We believe that we must teach Nepali language to our children not only for communication but also for our culture. It is beneficial for them as well as for our Nepali community. If the next generation of Nepalese in the U.S. would not speak Nepali, an important part of our culture would be lost to them. Thus, it is significant that Mr. and Mrs. Joshi conducted Nepali language class in Columbus, Ohio even in an informal way so that local children have the opportunity to learn the basics about Nepali language. We all will be happy to cooperate for continuing the Nepali language class in the future.

Initially, we had difficulty persuading children to attend the class because they did not want to miss Sunday afternoon television programs. However, Mr. and Mrs. Joshi's teaching technique were quite helpful in attracting children. It should be noted that the language class is far more than just educational, it is also social gathering . This program helped many people get to know each other better within a short period. We are looking for some one who can conduct Nepali language class after Mr. and Mrs. Joshi leave Columbus.

         From Columbus, Ohio Mr. Baidya Maheshwar, M.D., Mrs. Bina Baidya Mr. Phuyal Bishnu Ph.D. student, Mrs. Sharmila Phuyal Mrs. Rose Merry K Mrs. Sherchan Gyanu
        From Bloomington, Indiana Mr. Tamot Bhaju, Ph.D, Mrs. Geeta Tamot

%%%%%Editor's Note: Please accept our hearty congratulations on behalf %%%%%
%%%%% of TND Foundations. Heros are the ones who share %%%%%
%%%%% a bit of their life with the community. Our sincere %%%%%
%%%%% acknowledement to Mr Puspa, Mrs Aruna Joshi and the %%%%%
%%%%% student children for their continual effort. %%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 23 Feb 96 12:53:55 From: Gary_Ender@abtassoc.com To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Dhaakaa Topi

       Namaste!

       I plan to march in the upcoming RPCV reunion with the Nepal
       group. I would like to be wearing an authentic dhaakaa topi.
       Unfortunately, my topi was lost after a recent house fire when
       all of our clothes went out to a dry cleaner (perhaps he took a
       liking to it).

       Does anyone know where I can buy a dhaakaa topi in America?

       Thanks in advance for your help.

       Gary Ender
       Abt Associates Inc. Tel: 301 913-0576
       Suite 600 Fax: 301 652-3839
       4800 Montgomery Lane Internet: Gary_Ender@abtassoc.com
       Bethesda MD 20814

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 23 Feb 1996 20:44:20 -0500 To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From: sharma@plains.nodak.edu (Padam Sharma) Subject: A recycling idea?

Courtesy: India Digest (2/23/96)
#5 Urine therapy devotees flock to India
    By Nelson Graves
    
 PANJIM, India, Feb 23 (Reuter) - Hundreds of scientists and doctors inaugurated a global conference on Friday devoted to what organisers say is a potential free cure for a host of killer diseases including AIDS -- human urine.
     Nearly 600 delegates from 17 nations gathered in the capital of the western Indian state of Goa for the first World Conference on Auto-Urine Therapy.
     The three-day meeting, organised by the Indian chapter of the Water of Life Foundation, brought together leading proponents of a 5,000-year-old therapy considered taboo in much of the world because it involves drinking one's own urine.
     "I once thought it was a strange practice," said retired Admiral L. Ramdas, former chief of India's navy. "But it gives me and my wife tremendous energy and stamina."
     Delegates came from Austria, Australia, Britain, China, Dubai, France, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Switzerland and the United States. More than 70 came from outside of India.
     The conference's poster depicted a young boy urinating into a glass.
     Participants paid tribute to former Indian prime minister Morarji Desai, who stunned the world when he revealed that he drank a glass of his own urine every day. He died last year at the age of 99.
     Actress Sarah Miles swears it improves her health.
     Doctors and therapists who recommend the treatment say urine contains hormones, enzymes, vitamins and minerals that can cure diseases from heart disease to cancer.
     But many mainstream doctors debunk the claims, saying small doses of urine are not harmful but surely no magic medicine.
     Wilfred d'Souza, health minister of Goa state and a surgeon, said the number of participants in the meeting proved urine therapy's wide following, but doubts needed to be put to rest. "Now you have to find the scientific answers," he said.
     Urine therapy was advocated in ancient Hindu scriptures. The Bible says: "Drink waters out of thy own cistern." Modern proponents, many of them keen on holistic medicine, argue it is drug-free, costs nothing and is always available.
     Briton J.W. Armstrong wrote a book in 1944 called "The Water of Life" in which he claimed to have cured himself of tuberculosis within six weeks. He said he subsequently treated patients for gangrene, cancer, leukaemia and heart disease.
     The most widely recommended treatment combines one or more glasses of fresh urine a day, regular body massages using stale urine at least four days old and a strict diet barring alcohol, tobacco, tea, coffee and meat.
     Dr G.K. Thakkar, president of India's Water of Life Foundation, said urine therapy cured him of amoebic dysentery and eczema, while transforming him into a "bold orator." He said urine is especially well-suited for tooth and eye problems.
     "Most diseases ranging from the common cold to cancer and arthritis to AIDS are curable by urine therapy," Thakkar said.
     Other doctors said urine therapy had relieved many patients of painful AIDS symptoms but there was no proof it could cure Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
     Tara Aust, a German-born devotee living in Australia, told the conference that she was diagnosed with cancer of the lymph nodes, intestine and liver in 1988. She passed up chemotherapy for urine therapy and survived.
     "This is part of loving yourself," she said. "What is wrong with your body functions? It is part of yourself."

************************************************************************* Date: Sun, 25 Feb 1996 20:27:36 -0500 (EST) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Katmandu or Kathmandu?

I always face this problem when I write something about Kathmandu, which I think is the correct spelling. The computer always spells it Katmandu. So this finally made me ask the question am I wrong? Nirmal

****************************************************************** Date: Mon, 26 Feb 1996 11:38:37 EST To: webmaster-tnd@nepal.org From: Nanbanda@aol.com Subject: College Information

Dear TND,
            I would like to get some information on the colleges in New York city and around the USA.Basically about its features and scholarship informations. If you have any please e-mail it to me at nan ban da@aol.com.
       
                           Thank You.

********************************************************************** Subject: Re: How can I sponsor this person? Date: 22 Feb 1996 09:22:36 GMT From: Annie Phillips <kuanua2@cygnus.uwa.edu.au>

Sorry - but I can't help with all your question... I am 16 and just spent a month in Kopan Monastery - Nepal, I send money via the post to a Nepalese Monk. With this he is able to return my letters by buying stamps. It is a risk however sending large amounts of money due to the postal service. The only really safe way to send money is to get someone to deliver it personally to him when they visit Nepal. There are however organisisation that may be able to help, but as I am from Australia I don't know the situation in the US.
  Peg

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 27 Feb 1996 13:07:06 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Nepal related NSF-funded reserach (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Title : Glacial History of the Dhaulagiri Himal, Nepal, and the
              Implications for Late Quaternary Climate Change,
              U.S.-Nepal Cooperative Research Type : Award NSF Org : INT Latest Amendment Date : August 25, 1993 File : a9314052

Award Number: 9314052 Award Instr.: Standard Grant Prgm Manager: Osman Shinaishin
              INT DIVISION OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
              SBE DIRECT FOR SOCIAL, BEHAV & ECONOMIC SCIE Start Date : September 1, 1993 Expires : February 28, 1995 (Estimated) Expected Investigator: Gregory A Zielinski gaz@unh.edu Sponsor : U of New Hampshire
              Main
              Durham, NH 03824 603/862-1234

NSF Program : 5976 AFR NEAR EAST & SOUTH ASIA PRG Fld Science : 41 Atmospheric Sciences
              42 Geological Sciences Fld Applictn: 0202000 Atmospheric Science-ICAS Abstract :
     9314052 Zielinski Description: This project supports participation of
     the P.I., Dr. Gregory Zielinski, of the University of New Hampshire, and a
     U.S. graduate student in a research project with the Nepalese Department
     of Hydrology and Meteorology. The research is aimed at gathering
     information on the extent of glacial deposits in the Chhonbarden Glacier
     valley of the eastern Dhaulagiri Himal and to establish a relative
     chronology of glaciation in that valley and the adjacent Hidden Valley
     Region. The results are expected to provide baseline data for future
     research to develop a detailed regional chronology of glaciation in this
     area of Nepal for comparison with other proposed ice core/snow studies and
     tree ring studies by other investigators in the United States. Evaluation
     of the weathering characteristics of clasts on moraines, soil development,
     and lichenometric techniques will be used to develop the record. Scope:
     This research project meets the objectives of the international
     collaboration with developing countries. It provides an opportunity to a
     young U.S. scientist to start a cooperative activity with a foreign
     country where both sides will benefit from the interaction. The proposed
     research also fits with a broad research being conducted by U.S.
     scientists in various areas of the world, especially in the North Arctic
     Region to learn about weather conditions during the period of formation of
     existing glacial deposits. ***

Title : DNA Amplification Fingerprinting and Molecular Diagnosis
              for Detecting Bacterium-like Organisms Causative of
              Citrus Greening Disease, US-Nepal Cooperative Research Type : Award NSF Org : INT Latest Amendment Date : February 3, 1994 File : a9311802

Award Number: 9311802 Award Instr.: Continuing Grant Prgm Manager: Osman Shinaishin
              INT DIVISION OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
              SBE DIRECT FOR SOCIAL, BEHAV & ECONOMIC SCIE Start Date : August 1, 1993 Expires : January 31, 1995 (Estimated) Expected Investigator: Peter M Gresshoff Sponsor : U of Tennessee Knoxville
              404 Andy Holt Tower
              Knoxville, TN 379960140 615/974-8025

NSF Program : 5976 AFR NEAR EAST & SOUTH ASIA PRG Fld Science : 61 Life Science Biological Fld Applictn: 0201000 Agriculture Abstract :
     9311802 Gresshoff Description: This project supports the
     participation of Dr. Bhaju K. Tamot, of the Department of Botany,
     Tirbhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, in a research project at the
     laboratory of Dr. Peter H. Gresshoff of the Department of Plant Molecular
     Genetics at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. The research is to
     use DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF), a newly developed DNA-
     electrophoretic assay, to detect the DNA of the causative agent of citrus
     greening disease (CGD). The DNA will be isolated separately from leaf,
     flower bud and stem tissue of infected and healthy citrus in Nepal.
     Attempts will be made to isolate DNA from any Bacterium- Like Organism
     (BLO), and to generate DAF patterns. The difference in DNA amplification
     products, one or more polymorphic bands, generated from DNA of infected
     and non-infected tissues with specific primer will be used as markers
     for detecting CGD. Scope: This research brings a young scientist from
     Nepal, a recent Ph.D., who has had some experience in DAF technology and
     its application in plant breeding, with a senior U.S. scientist who has
     published extensively in the field. The field work by Dr. Tamot in
     Nepal, combined with the analytical work at the University of Tennessee
     in cooperation with Dr. Gresshoff should produce two benefits, an
     expanded research data and information about the validity of DAF as an
     early detector of the citrus disease, and a better training for the
     Nepalese scientist that should enable him to apply the technique to other
     biological objectives in his country. This represents a strong
     cooperative project with a developing country as well as support for a

*********************************************************** Date: Tue, 27 Feb 1996 13:35:50 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: How can I sponsor this person?

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

My husband and I recently visited Nepal for the first time. It was a life long dream, and it was a very wonderful experience. We treked and also did some climbing.

While we were there, we met a little boy from Chheskam who was very bright and working hard to get an education. We have since exchanged letters with him, so we know how to get in touch with him. He is currently at Sagamartha HS in Bung. We would like to sponsor his education, and we don't know how to do it. Can anyone help us help him out?

1) First, we don't know how to get money to him to help him with his school fees, room and board. That would seem to be the minimal first step 2) We'd like to send him some books - can anyone advise us on how to do that so that they actually get to him? 3) We'd like to buy Nepali stamps to send to him so that he can continue to send us letters 4) We'd like to potentially offer him the oppty to come to the U.S. to study. He is still a boy. Would his parents have to sign papers approving him to go? How would we get him a passport and Visa? We don't want to even mention this as an opportunity for him to consider unless we know we could actually make it happen.

Can any of you tell us how or who we need to talk to to get any of these things accomplished. Thanks in advnace to the Nepali culture community for any help and advice you can offer us!!!

Craig & Anne Knoche.
<knoche@ix.netcom.com> 71172.3545@compuserve.com California, USA

**************************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Tue, 27 Feb 1996 13:40:33 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepal, India to set up power project

Cross-posted from misc.news.southasia
------------------------------------- Courtesy: S. Ramani, NCST, Bombay

     Shirdi (Maharashtra), Feb 24 (PTI) Mr Khedbahadur Khadaka, home minister of Nepal, today said India and Nepal would set up a 260 mw hydel project in Nepal very soon.
     Talking to PTI after a visit to the famous Saibaba shrine here, Mr Khadaka said the project cost would be Rs 600 crore and 50 per cent of the expenses would be borne by Nepal. the project would be completed within three years.
     India and Nepal have also decided to set up two more hydel projects at Pancheshwar and Talkur on the river Mahakali with capacity of 200 mw and 60 mw.
     Replying to a question, he said Nepal would welcome Indian industriallists to set up industries in Nepal as the country had adopted open industrial policy.

*************************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Tue, 27 Feb 1996 13:47:39 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Former Nepal premier cleared of corruption charges

Cross-posted from clari.world.asia.south
----------------------------------------
         KATHMANDU, Feb 24 (Reuter) - A Nepali government panel cleared former prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala of charges of financial irregularities in an airline deal, an official spokesman said on Saturday.
         According to political analysts in the Himalayan kingdom, Koirala's clearance would pave the way for his bid to head the ruling Nepali Congress party.
         Koirala, 71, became prime minister in 1991 following Nepal's first free elections when multi-party democracy was restored six years ago.
         The Commission for the Prevention of Abuse of Authority
(CPAA) on Friday dismissed charges against Koirala of corruption in appointing a general sales agent in Europe for the state-owned Royal Nepal Airlines.
         ``The allegations of irregularities and corruption against the former prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala concerning the appointment of the Fare Ltd as the general sales agent of the Royal Nepal Airlines in Europe are baseless,'' the CPAA said.
         Koirala's political rivals alleged he had exerted pressure on the airline's management to award the sales contract to London-based Fare Ltd, owned by a friend of Koirala's, causing the airline losses worth 12.6 million rupees ($214,000) in agents' commissions and high overhead costs.
         Koirala was forced to resign and general elections were called in 1994 after dozens of his deputies in parliament abstained from a key vote, widening a rift in the ruling Nepali Congress party.
         Last year a short-lived Communist government handed over an inquiry report to the CPAA, which said Koirala had influenced the decision of the airline in favour of Fare. Debate over Koirala's role in the deal had hastened his resignation by strengthening opposition to his government.
         ``It is the duty of any head of government to inquire whether or not the work was being done properly and give instructions to speed up the work,'' the CPAA said on Friday.
         The CPAA announcement followed a memorandum submitted to Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba by the main opposition Communist United Marxist-Leninist (UML) Party on Wednesday demanding action against Koirala in the scandal.
         The CPAA blamed the airline management for the loss, saying it must be recovered from the chairman and managing director who were in office at the time.
         Analysts said the decision could give Koirala a political shot in the arm as he seeks election as president of the faction-riven Congress, which heads the current centre-right coalition government.
         Information and Communications Minister Chiranjibi Wagle, a junior Congress leader, has vowed to stall Koirala's bid to gain control of the party, saying that he would contest the elections to the party presidency scheduled for March 31.
         But the Communists, whose government had cancelled the deal with Fare, said the CPAA decision had vindicated its claim of irregularities in the deal.
         ``Even if cleared by the Commission, Koirala should resign his seat in parliament on moral grounds,'' said Pradeep Nepal, who was the Communist government's communications minister.

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