The Nepal Digest - Feb 3, 1995 (19 Magh 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Diges Friday 3 Feb 95: Magh 19 2051 BkSm Volume 36 Issue 3

  Today's Topics:

        1. Letter To The Editor
                 Support for Matrimonial - D. Gurung
                 Dhanyabad Rajendra - G. Pokharel
        2. KATHA_KABITA
                 Poem - Jewan
                 Book Reviews - Chhitijko Pristhabhumi
                                (The Background of Horizon)
        3. KURA_KANI
                 Education - Re: Another Vote of Thanks
                 Social - Legal Stats
                              - Vehicle Stats
                              - Re: Nepalis in Korea
                              - Crime Stats
                 Politics - Communist Govt. Doing Fine
                 Technology - GIS Computers and Email
        4. JAN_KARI
                 Bid for Nepali Restaurant, anyone?
                 Bhutanese Refugee Conference in Columbia
        5. SODH_PUCHH
                 Any Nepalis in Montreal Area?
                 Traffic in Nepal?
                 Anybody from GBS?

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma sharma@plains.nodak.edu *
 * Discussion Moderator: Ashutosh Tiwari tiwari@husc.harvard.edu *
 * Memberlist Archives: Sudeep Acharya sa01@engr.uark.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta ponta@sas.upenn.edu *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of the Nepal Interest Group for *
 * news and discussions about issues concerning Nepal. All members of *
 * nepal@cs.niu.edu will get a copy of TND. Membership is open to all. *
 * THE EDITOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO EDIT ARTICLES FOR CLARITY. *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar_RJS_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** From: ubhuju@acs.bu.edu Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 09:29:00 EST To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu From: DGURUNG@CLEMSON.EDU Subject: Letter to the editor

Dear Editor(s):

Congratulations on your superb job on running the Nepal Digest
(TND). We (I, my wife and a four and a half year old daughter) look forward to receiving it everyday and find it - informative, provocative, amusing, ... We just wish we had more to time to contribute to it.

The following is a list of misc that we have thought of expressing lately:

1) We support the Matrimonial section. It will be informative and useful. Let's just try to keep the noise level down.

2) A section on Taja Khabar on Financial News from newly opened stock exchange in Kathmandu could be an attractive feature. I appears that we all are interested in the future of Nepal and to that end financial markets provide one of the fastest source of information. Remember the stock prices went down significantly when the Communists were ready to take over. It will be really interesting to see how those prices have done since then.

3) We suggest the contributors to write the number of lines in their postings. That could ease readers by making them able to hop here and there in the digest.

Lastly, I have enjoyed postings on NPC, GIS and on Economic Develop. especially by Dr. A. Bohora and of course that interview with Jeffery Sachs. Until next time, we thank you. Namaste !

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 09:17:42 EST To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu From: Anita Regmi <AREGMI@ERS.BITNET> Subject: Concern of Nepali Workers in Korea.

I wish to express my concerns regarding the treatment of Nepali workers in Korea.

I will be delighted if my concerns are forwarded to the appropriate authorities. In case any other information is necessary I can be contacted at the following address.

       Anita Regmi
       Economist, FCED/ERS/USDA
       1301 New York Avenue
       Washington D.C. 20005
       Voice Mail: (202)-501-7431
       Fax: (202)-219-1252

************************************************************************** From: DAVID PONKA <PONKA97@medcor.mcgill.ca> Subject: Nepalese in Montreal? To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Hello everyone,

I am a medical student in Montreal, Canada, who will be going to Nepal next summer to complete a training elective and to learn more about a beautiful culture. I would like to prepare as much as possible for the experience before leaving, and this will mean learning more about the culture and especially the language.

I am thus writing to see if any of you are, or would know of any, Nepalese in the Montreal area, who might be willing to meet with me a few times to talk, and perhaps even to engage in some basic language instruction. I would be very willing to offer some instruction in English or French in exchange. You can reach me, or forward any contacts, at the below coordinates. Many thanks for your help.

Namaste.

David Ponka 3721 Frere-Andre, #17 Montreal, Quebec H3V 1B2
(514) 737-7248 ponka97@medcor.mcgill.ca

******************************************************************* Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 17:49:59 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Another thanks to Rajendra From: a41590a@nucc.cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp (GP)

To. Rajendra and all others who posted news in this news-group.

I express my deepest appreciation to all those who post small piece to series of news and especially, Mr. Rajendra for his continuous un-tiring effort in collection/posting of news clips. I have really found this SCN very useful because there are Rajendra's postings. I want to honor him by calling him the "SAILOR" of this News-group. If he is not here, this newsgroup would be sailing like the "Mary Celesty" (High School's English book Chapter 8). So, lets call him "SAILOR of SCN and the TND" by heart.

With best regards. G. Pokharel

****************************************************** Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 17:51:35 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Korean torture

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

I support ashu's idea to send the letters to various places about those Nepalis mistreated in Korea. Yes, there can be some passimistic peoples who might say its useless effort because it will continue. Lets skip these peoples and "DO what we can do as their (Nepalis in Korea) fellow Nepali."
        Two Years before, One Japanese named "Hattori" was killed by one American when Hattori knocked his door by Mistake , on his way to a Heloween party. Then Hattori's father and Mother started a campaign to Ban Rifles in America (Can you imagine?), I also signed in that campaign. I was thinking that can they attract News media ? But, they reached to their first goal to attract News Media, they gave letter with thousands of peoples' signature to American President Clinton. I saw Hattori's mother was saking hand with Clinton. Isn't it possible ? So, lets wake and support Ashu's effort .

Thanks. G. Pokharel

************************************************************** Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 17:52:31 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Letter to Korean PM From: rajendra@coos.dartmouth.edu (Rajendra P. Shrestha)

------------------------------------------ Date: Thu, 26 Jan 1995 04:31:32 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: SCN
-------------------------------------------------

        My heart-felt thanks to all who have responded to the call to write letters condemning the mistreatment of Nepali workers in South Korea.

Not only Anil, Shaligram and GP have posted their support for the idea here, but also others have e-mailed in their concerns to Rajendra and to me. Thank you all for your support and willingness to help!

        I had also sent in a copy of that long post to TND. But I guess it got lost or something, for I have not seen it in the last three TND issues. Did anyone save it from here? If so, could anyone please send it to TND? Rajesh, please?

        The idea now is to do the following:

1) Amrit Pant (a student at MIT) and other Nepalis in the Boston area have
   agreed to help me out to write this letter. We should have a draft
   ready by the end of this week. We would post a copy of that letter
   here and on TND.

2) We would also put the mailing addresses and fax numbers/ and e-mail
   addresess (if available) of the Korean authorities. Please, everybody
   take a moment to download it, print it out and mail/fax it to the
   Korean authorities. The more letters we can mail from ALL OVER THE WORLD,
   the stronger message our efforts would send to the Korean authorities!
   Given the reach of this Internet to over 100 countries, I would think that
   letters from Nepalis and friends of Nepal all over the world would
   definitely send a signal to the Korean authorities.

3) From Boston, we would send out the letters on behalf of the
   Greater Boston Nepali Community (GBNC), perhaps the Nepal Digest
   (let's see how people respond to this there) and perhaps the SCN.

4) Letters would be send out to:

        a) South Korean Prime Minister
        b) South Korean Labor Minister
        c) South Korean Ambassador in DC.
        d) Nepali Prime Minister
        e) Nepali Labor Minister
        f) Nepali Ambassador to Japan (and South Korea)
        g) South Korean Ambassador in Nepal
        i) AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL.

        Writing and sending the letters is the LEAST we, the students and professionals, can do. But do, we must.
           
        Please feel free to comment on this here. Don't just read this. Respond with your ideas!

namaste ashu

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 22:07 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu, mack@shrsys.hslc.org, nepal@forestry.auburn.edu,

NEPALI HI-TECH: GIS, COMPUTERS, AND EMAIL
==========================================

There is a flurry of activity in Nepal to catch up to the hi-tech world og GIS, Computers, and email.

GIS:

GIS or Geographic Information System is a computerized system for creating map overlays and conducting spatial analysis. This facility is now a must in any NGO or GO or SGO (semi-government organization such as Institute of Forestry) that want to appear "modern".

The organization that spearheaded the introduction of GIS, hardware software and institutional support is ICIMOD, the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development, under the leadership of former administrator, Surendra Shrestha, a computer whiz kid from Asian Institute of Technology. a Mountain Environment and Natural Resources Information System (MENRIS) was set up at ICIMOD with the help of donor support including that of UNDP, UNEP, and UNITAr. A core group of computer programmes and electrical engineers, mostly AIT alumni, was put together to get this going and program to develop national nodes was developed.

Under this program, Tribhuvan \University Central Geography Department which was headed by the current Vice-Chairman of the National Planning Commission, Dr. Mangal *Siddhi Manandhar, a political geographer alumni from US, got some 10 computers for the purpose of teaching GIS to students and other clients and producing digitized maps for Nepal. This program got a fillip with the star student, Crown Prince Dipendra joing as a MA student in Geography and wanting to learn GIS, here and in Bangkok. Currently, this program has a MS from AIT, K. Poudyal, teaching GIS to students and trainees from Kathmandu Municipality, Housing, and Garbage Utility at Rs 25,000 for 6 -week session as well as another GIS technician who lost his job at MENRIS n ICIMOD.

GIS in Nepal also had other smaller epicenters. The Topographical Survey, especially the Integrated Survey division under P.B. Shah were among the earliest institutional users of GIS to overlay soil erodibility andland use maps to study land cover change in Jhikhu Khola and also map out feed and fuelwood shortage throught the districts using TERRASOFT, under a collaboration with the University of British Colombia in Canada. P.B. Shah has since moved to ICIMOD to continue this work but the TOPO survey have continued to use GIS to map other maps.

The mining department and the forest department as well as the Irrigation department also use GIS to do part of their work. The forestry Institute got $ 8 million dollars grant to develop the forestry of Nepal and they bought some 20 of the oldest IBM PC XT models, not 486, or 386, or 286 but 3 generation poor machines that cannot use GIS as part of its grant of antequated junk technlogy to Nepal.

By the early 1990s, GIS got another institutional fillip from Dr. Binayak Bhadra, the civil engineer turned economist who had a flair from things hi-techy and who was nominated as the Planning commission member for Energy. He was helped by Paul lundberg of UNDP who was trying to introduce GIS to map settlements and roads in the West Nepal. A GIS steering committee was set up to introduce GIS nationally and address problems of data standardization, quality and accessbility. The committee is dead now but Vice-Chairman Dr. Mangal Siddhi Manandhar has promised to rejuvenate this and his program of GIS at NPC.

At a Jan 25 talk by Dr. Thomas L. Millette, my GIS and Remote Sensing Professor from Mt. Holyoke College, at the National Planning Commission, there was a wide and dense interest. The room had overflowing audience both bigwigs decision makers such as the Directors of Topo Survey and ICIMOD Menris lab as well as head of TU geography deprtment and GIS professionals. Dr. Millette was reviewing institutional models for national GIS in developing countries, developed countries, and a potential model for Nepal. At the discussion, the TOPO director was mentioning that they were making new topo maps based on 1992 aerial photos taken with FINMAP while the TU was digitizing old 1954 Survey of India maps. Dr. Millette mentioned that there was software that enabled stereoscopic generation of both contours and digital elevation maps that would reduce the redundancy of both TOpo jobs and TU projects. We have yet to see how this will fare.

Computers
==========

Fortunately, there was a computer exhibition at Blue Star by the Computer Association of nepal, and inaugurated by out GIS crown prince Dipendra. The president of CAN, Sanjeev Rajbhandary who is also head of the \mercantile office system that serve as the mail dealers for IBM, Epson, and a variety of hi-tech engineering products and services said that he even had a GIS team at Mercantile. HIS GIS team consisted of engineers and architectures who digitize maps for export, claiming that he can get a engineer to do what in |US is done by a technician and sell it for $7.5 an hour. Sanjeev has been previously successfully in hiring several computer programmers by selling their software services both abroad and in Nepal. He also runs the only list of computerized email services called <mos> for mercantile office system.

I asked him why Nepali clients of Mos never respond to our email. He said it was the cost. It costs $3.5 a minute, more expensive than fax and working throught the ernet in India is bothersome because they mail in batches of 2-3 days and the very purpose of instantaneous communication is lost. The Nepal-Australia Forestry Project was also concerned that confidential memos may be seen by computer whiz kids in |Mercantile so were still using faxes.

I think here is a lesson for Nepal Digest which insists on sending the 10 page long masthead to its subscribers. Why can't the editor make a 1 screen message of title, editor, and table of contents, an d put the rest at the bottom of the edition so we can skip it and so clients inNepal don't have to pay for the junk. Sanjeev said he makes a hard print of Nepal digest after editing for local news and sends it to 20 subscribers of email gratis but now he has request from only 4 of them. *so much for Nepal Digest reaching Nepali audience.

Getting back of the computer exhibition, what surprised me wasthe rangeand quantity of computer hardware and software sold. I was doubtful if all these vendors did enough business to survive but some are thriving. BELTRONIXs for example started out as an electronic periphereal firm making computer battery service to protect against Kathmandu's erratic electricity. It is now a full fledged Compaq computer dealer as well. We have compuer software firmssuch as the "Unlimited Software" which specialized in Nepali script software for tne Nepali market and a variety of telecommunication, movie, sound computers. What was glaringly missing was any internet email related technology display.

The computer prices have dropped. I saw wall posters in Kopundole for 486 computers at Rs 48000 that is less than $ 1000; why the cheapest 486 in US, the GATEWAY is at least $1700. For all of you Nepalese contemplating taking a computer back and gong throught the customs jhamela, think twice.

The number of computer schools have outstripped language schools and typing schools, every tole has one, literally.

Yet it is surprising that the rate of computer acceptance is still slow. The Nepal Bank still has its volumnous ledger files and notes and ten people have to sign before one gets a check cashed. When I was there, I tried to get my passbook updated. The first time they were going to have their semiannual summing up so no detailed updating only a balance, a task Agricultural Development Bank and Nabil Bank does in a 1-teller stop with a computer. The second time, I went, the bank was on strike and I could not get 1 figure for my balance and yet the karmacharyas are asking for a wage hike. Little do they realize how redundant their jobs have become with computers when they were insolently refusing to my pleas that I have to return to States and could not come back "another day" Nepalese have so much time.

Amulya Tuladhar Clark University USA

***************************************************************** Date: Mon, 30 Jan 1995 23:10 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Description: Latest Crime Stats for Nepal

Crime Stats for Nepal (1992/93)
================================
  Source: Statistical Pocket Book of Nepal , 1994, Central Bureau of Statistics.
  Table 17.5 in the latest edition of the Stat of Nepal lists 31 different crimes recorded by the Police Headquarter.
  The most frequently committed crimes include:
 
        Some Public Offense (Hadtal related vandalism?) = 2087
        Suicide = 1192
        Accidental killings = 1151
` One wonders if the onset of democracy and free-market capitalism has driven more people to suicide because of the competitive atmospher generated and the rise and lionization of individualism. Similarly, all these accidental killings may be related to more development such as more people travelling and falling into rivers like Madan Bhandary.
  Hanging remains the most popular way to committ suicide since one need not spend money hunting from "musako ausadhi" (hey pesticides are so expensive even farmers cannot afford them) nor do you have to buy weapons to kill oneself. Drowning is difficult because most waters are too shallow or too far to find anyway and burning is too grisly, unless of course you are Nagina sShrestha, the Shilu heroine who could not stand being the second wife of her glamourous truck driver, police/army pilot:
 
        Suicide types:
        Poision 332
        Hanging 775
        Weapons 26
        Drowning 59
        Burning 0
  Crime on women has increased or is it that they are more reported:
  Rape in: 1989/90 67 1990/91 111 1991/92 138 1992/93 157
  Cow Slaughter, a crime unique to our Hindu country, is stable at 32. It is easy to find beef imported from Calcultta in luxury hotels of Kathmandu. The cow slaughter charge is often a religio-political device to enforce caste hierarchy on ethnic and caste groups such as the Sarkis who eat beef, the whites and bahuns who eat beef on Shangri-la are exempt.
  Trafficking in women, although widely reported to be on the increase, does not register on police records, it hovers around 104 to 126 from 1989 to 1993. Similarly polygamy, a crime that often are underreported and underpersecuted in the patriarchical Hindu society where women without women, whether they are first wives or second wives, just cannot survive economically or socially, shows a steady increase from 121 in 1989 to 181 in 1993. Similarly child marriage, santified Hindu religious values for giving a "Kanya-dan" literally a pre-pubertial, prementrual virginal girl to some old baje who is doubting his manhood, is considered as gaining punya or dharma in heaven, shows increase from 3 in 1989 to 10 in 1993. What do you expect in the world's only
"Hindu" country?
  Drug offenses also show an increase from 227 in 1989 to 352 in 1993, although this is extremely inderreportedin terms of absolute numbers.
  What has decreased is political crimes from 30 in 1989 to 4 in 1993, although Amnesty International continue to report torture of political prisoners inNepal. This crime stat may be cooked to make democratic govt look good.
  compiled by Amulya Tuladhar Clark University, USA

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 31 Jan 1995 04:01:15 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: Nepali restaurant To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

        Nepalis and friends of Nepal in Boston, Massachusetts NEED, WANT and LIKE TO HAVE a Nepali restaurant in the neighborhood.

        If you are an MBA tired of the rat-race in the corporate America, or a millionaire angry at Salomon Brothers for dumping your mega-bucks on the Mexican bonds, or a risk-taking entrepreneur looking for a profit-maximizing challenge, then read on.

        A few Nepali professionals in Boston are seriously thinking of opening up a Nepali restaurant either in metropolitan Boston or in Cambridge within a year or two. They have the experience, manpower, knowledge of Boston, cooking skills, and creativity. What they do not have is MONEY. [And they are looking around for it!]

        Does anybody out there, with lots of bucks and guts, want to take up this restaurant-opening proposal seriously? You may want to visit Boston to get a sense of what it's like having a resturant here, and so on.
        
        Hey, if you have the money (or at least, some of it!), vision, guts and a passion for Nepali food, then what are you waiting for?

        Come to Boston, and open up a Nepali restaurant for us Nepalis, for our friends, and many Bostonians who, we are sure, would love to sample some greatly-made dal-bhaat-tarkari-achar-and-kukhura-ko-masu.

        Think about it. And, liberal Massachusetts even has a Republican Governor who's trying to woo and pamper small businesses!

namaste ashu

******************************************************************** Date: Tue, 31 Jan 1995 08:13 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

COMMUNIST GOVT DOING FINE... SO FAR.
===================================

Contrary to all the congress scare tactics of democracy dissoluting with the demise of Congress at the polls, they are doing fine, so far.

The Communist govt of United Marxist Leninist are approaching govt very carefully trying to build consensus and avoiding major controversies that might snowball into a vote of no-confidence in the Parliament that is still in session.

The so-called Opposition of Nepali Congress has become so timidified that even congressi papers are wondering if this is a) failure of leadership, b) result of constructive politics, c) and worst taboo of all, the communist govt is actually doing well? Although Sher Bahadur Deopa is the official opposition leader and Ram Chandra poudel is the House Speaker, little of what they say is in direct opposition to the UML govt and they are not treated as serious challenges to UML. It is still Girija who calls the shot and it is still his statements that political commentators analyze scrupulously.

Among Girija's blow hot blow cold statements is the claim that he has more contribution to Nepali Congress than either Ganesh Man or Krishna Prasad (yes, by proving democratically that Nepali congress is not the most popular party under his leadership!). On the basis, he is demanding that Ganesh Man be kept out of the Nepali Congress, especially after he has scared him by taking on a
'Jan Jagaran Abhiyan" with Jagannath *Acharya to alert Congress to the greatest threat to its party: the neofascism of Girija. Alarmed that Girija's supporters and the latter0day, "Chaite" former Panchan_Congressi workers who will follow any power that will give them power, Girija has issued fantastic claims:"communist lai "phu" gare pachi dhal dinchu, karya karta ta ke, neta haruko samet rajniti bata haat dhulai dinchu" in other words" I can blow the communist away as the wolf huffs aways the pig's straw house, I will not only destroy the credibility of the communist activists but also of their leaders..." I think it is a sympton of desperation that the more lightly one is taken, the more fantastic claims one needs to make to get any one's attention. Anyhow Girija is angling to be the Congress neta in the mahasamiti.

In order to increase his powers, Girija has allowed Sher Bahadur Deopa to appoint his arch enemy Chiranjivi Wagle, the leader of the 36 Parliamentarians who brought down his govt as the Opposition whip while stacking all other positions with girija men. By trying to buy Chiranjivi, he is trying to reduce the support of krishna Prasad in his claim for Party leadership.

Krishna Prasad, on the other hand, is not willing to give up his post for as long as he lives. He is happy with a bottle of Red Lable and a women his detractors whisper in character assasination. to save his party leadership, he sometimes allies with Girija and sometime with Ganeshman. In fact there is a theoretical debate within the Nepali congress at Hotel Shangrila regarding NC economic policy: socialism or capitalism? Leading this debate is old guard of Krishna Prasad,:Dhundi Raj Shastri arguing for the continued relevance of socialism while new leadership of Sher Bahadur want unencumbered market capitalism.

The big message the nepali public is getting is that Nepali congress leadership is still in big disorder and the so-called new generation leadership seems incapable of growing out of the "bhoot" of girija's shadow. People no longer speak of congress as an alternate to the communists; it is the Rastriya Prajantatra Party.

Indeed, the RPP has been given very high marks for the way they have conducted in the Parliament, raising lucid points in contrast to the UML while the leadership of the congress is confused about focus. An anecdote illustrated this point. Some congress parliamentarians objected to the picture of some royal hunter standing over a dead tiger. They moved away the pictures and replaced it with pictures of some martyrs and occupied the parliamentary disscussion for an hoour. Then Surya Bahadur Thapa noted,"No wonder the Mashal claim that Parliament is place for bourgeoise gossip, if the congress is so fearful of a dead tiger, what can we hope of congressi leadership??" Papers from all political persuasions commentated how nothing significant was discussed or raised by the opposition in the Parliament this time.

Girija's minions, such as Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat, have been taking Girija's counsel to be "militant" in politics by raising issues of Arun-3 being squandered away or that we can topple the communist in a huff, often to embarassing counter arguments. He was on a platform with Pashupati Shumsher, a potential leader and future Prime Minister candidate from the RPP, boasting that they will not let uml rule for more than a year when Pashupati retorted publicly that UML was doing a fine job, certainly much better than congress's first fifty days and if it continues to do this well, we will even support them for the full term. Given that all claims of NC toppling UMl depends on the 20 seat support of the RPP, NC claims sounded very hollow, indeed.

Regarding Arun-3, Mahat has been trying to create the impression that uml was whittling away this big grant. When he was asked why per unit cost of ARun-3 electricity was much higher than that of Bhutan he had no answer, and when asked if this was due to all the commissions, he had no satisfactory answer. The UML stand is to go ahead with Arun-3 but try to find out how costs can be reduced to a minimum.

Most of the Nepalese I met were thankful for the little things communists govt has done inthe first 50 days. Example: no one has been privilege with ministerial "tok" in jumping lines for phone, electricity, other service access, this has really won hearts in Kathmandu. Kathmanduites are very happy that central govt is working closely with the municipality to address the garbage and pollution issue unlike the cold war between P.L Singh and Girija.

In the villages, there is a lot of support for the rs 3 lakhs promised for village development. Villages under congressi leadership, such as Tauthali in Sindhupalchowk, told me that they had a very hard time asking for votes this election because the congress did so little and had to use their family links to get some votes. congressi village leaders wonder what good can come with rs 3 lakhs no string attached budget.

In order to continue win people's support, they have put together a Land Reforms committee and have begun to address the Mallik Commission report.

On a macro level, the ML leadership is trying best to court the friendship of India and Us and have scheduled trips to assure them they are not as bad as they are made to be and have been getting more and more assuring vouchsafing. forinstance, Prince Gyanendra praised the UML budget as the best he has seena dn he has dared to become more visible. Even King Mahendra's bested statue in Durbar Marg is under repair by the comunists.

Most Western govt officials who know the nepali communist first hand do not seem to be overly alarmed. In Naubise Khanikhola village, a thoroughly communist village, I saw pictures of the american ambassador, Sandra Vogelsang with communist Parliamentarian of Dhading, Gangalal Tuladhar giving away prizes in community forestry. Indeed, USAID is sohappy with the worl of communist village in protecting the communisty forests of Macchendra ban that they have renewed the project by another 5 years.

In Singh durbar, I saw important dignitaries in Mercedes Benz coming to see deputey Prime minister Nepal while Vice-Chairman of the National Planning commission, Mangal siddhi Manandhar says he has not noticed any decline in any donor support.

Still one hears of donors waiting to see how UML performs to decide whether to turn the tap of donor dollars, some donor agents who were extra-friendly with the congressis have resigned.

On the domestic front, UML has promised not to indulge in politicization of the bureacracy asthe congress. Most of them were asked to stay on but some ofthem are beginning to resign, including TU VC. The GMs of public corporations have been open to open competition while foreign postings have been influenced by Royalist choices. Given that much of bureacracy are political posts de facto, we can expect changes here, it remains to be seen at what scale this would be. for instance, it is recognized that in TU, upto campus chief level positions are political, it remains to be seen whether the changes will trickle down to campus chief level.

An interesting bell weather is to see what the opportunistic Nepali intelligentsia is the future power trough. In recent elections of theNepali Bar Association, the leftist panel has swept the elections. Similarly, if the leftist sweep the elections of the Professors Uniion when the democrats won two times when democrats were in power in Krishna Prasad and Girija time, we can take that evidence of a vote of confidence by theintelligentia.

So far the biggest scandle is the Manipal Medical college scam handed down by the Girija ko hanuman, Govind Prasad Joshi. As an ex-officio Chancellor of teh kathmandu University, the ex-officio Pro-Chancellor Joshi arm-twisted the Vice Chancellor Suresh Raj Sharma to accept the academic affiliation of Manipal Medical college. "how can a Kathmandu University which has only 12 permanent faculty, no medical staff, and no medical lab, quality control a medical college??" former VC Mathema objected with Education Minister Joshi, so the Kathmandu University got the hot potato. Gone to dust is kathmandu
\university's claim to be an alternate to TU: a clean, lean, mean,academically superior institution. It is as lousy as TU, ifnot worst.

Devi Prasah Ojha of the UML has tried to answer the critics of manipal college by saying that they have the medical association's ok to affiliate the college. Critics argue that each medical student in Manipal pays Rs 50 lakhs, a substantial portions will make the UML coffers.

Within the uml, there is an ongoing criticism that UML is full of easterners and that it has no women. The deputy party Scretary from far West Nepal is trying to press for 1 person 1 post and the supremacy of party over the govt policy. The congress floundered on this shoal, let us see how they solve this.

The Uml has been sensitive to charges of being "bahun-heavy", a charge levelled by noneother than fellow communist of the maoist thought, "Rohit" of the peasant party. It has tried to give influential positions to Newar leaders where it can to avoid the "Brahmanbad birudh jehad" sensationalized by Deshanter when he criticized that 6 of the 7 ambassadors Girija appointed were all brahmins, and not all that qualified except to be the PM's confidante. Among the notable stokings of Newari sentiments are: full minister to Padma Ratna Tuladhar; Attorney General to Sarbagy Ratna Tuladhar; Governor to Ratra Bank to Satyandrapyara Shrestha; Vice-Chancellor of the National Planning Commision to Mangal Sidhi manandhar; possible VC of Tribhuvan University to a Newar, dr. Kamal Krishna Joshi or Dr. Kamal \Prakash Malla; chief of RSS, the national news organization to Malla K Sunder.

The UML has also been careful to stoke and cultivatethe aspirations of minority ethnic community by appointing some of its leaders to high position: Mr. Subhas Nembhang,as full minister for law; Mr. Padma Ratna Tuladhar as full Minister of Labour and Welfare ( he broached the topic of work permits to regulate Indian labor to give Nepali labor from ethnic minority a chance inNepal market); and Malla K Sunder who have active in language and culture revival politics. It looks like UML is not about to create the impression that other communities are shut out in its future postings.

To end this, just a little know opposition to Arun-3 has come from the Limbuan, the Limbus who want a federalist state of autonomy as Gorkhaland in Darzeeling. They oppose the Arun -3 for cultural survival. They argure that Limbu culture and peoples will be destroyed when 50,000 Indian semi-skilled labour is imported to Limbu lands in Arun3 headwaters to work for 14 years. They want the jobs but they may not be as skilled with all the concrete and road works.

Amulya Tuladhar Clark University massachusetts, USA

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 31 Jan 1995 18:18:44 -0500 (EST) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: jiwan

KABITA

Jiwan sataha bat herda , dekincha matra maya,ra chaynik sukh ani dubchaun tesaima ra bilaunchaun tehi ramitama

gahirer herda dekincha ki yatharthama yeha cha matra dukh yo dukhako vawasagar ho, yeha cha pida,vog,rog ra dukh tesaile aaj harekle afno bhitrako budhali khojnucha dukhako vawasagarbat muktiko marg kojnucha

******************************************************** Date: Tue, 31 Jan 1995 19:39:21 -0500 (EST) From: William Pusateri <pusateri@oberon.pps.pgh.pa.us> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Feb 1, 1995 (18 Magh 2051 BkSm)

Can anyone who has recently visited Kathmandu comment on the traffic around the city these days?

In view of the recent earthquake in Japan, is it true that the Japanese government is hedging on its committment of aid to Nepal in favor of
 aiding its own people?

**************************************************** Date: Tue, 31 Jan 1995 22:31:05 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: Another vote of thanks To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

        Thanks to Dilip Parajuli for another defence of BKS. He is welcome to hold the views he holds. And that's fine. Discussions would be silly if we all saw the same thing the same way everytime.

         But I could not let one thing [slightly] against Kedar Mathema go unaswered. Mathema may be "unpopular", but his popularity or unpopularity has little to do with his -- what I consider to be -- fine work at TU. I respect Mathema for taking the TU-behemoth by its horns, wrestling with it to the best of his ability, demanding high standards from the faculty, students and staff, and basically trying to stream-line TU and its resources so that it becomes LESS of a bloated giant.

        Mathema appears to be a guy who is articulate, concerned, knows what he's doing, is willing to take risks, is unafraid to take a stand (as against Man Mohan Adhikari when Adhikari went to comfort Nursing Campus students who were on a "bhok-hadtal" with their ridiculous demands) and is a tough-talking manager (notice that he REFUSED to take the Manipal Medical College and another dubious medical college under the TU umbrella even though he was under political pressure to do do!) whose PRIMARY concern is to make TU faithful to its central mission: Studying and teaching.

        As someone who's much, much junior to Mathema, I am more than happy to count Mathema -- on the basis of his work at TU -- as one of my role models in Nepal, regardless of how liked or disliked he is by the bulk of the staff and faculty -- most of whom, in my opinion, just "wanna have fun" (i.e. do no work) and give TU a perennial bad name.

        Yes, when you take a stand (something, I dare say, even the most educated Nepalis are afraid of!) on something, and are willing to go against the mainstream or official current with your convictions and analyses (Alliance for Energy's Bikas Pandey and BASE's Dilli Choudhary come to my mind), popularity is the LAST thing you are worried about.

namaste ashu

************************************************************* From: ponta@sas.upenn.edu (Pratyoush R. Onta) Subject: book review To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu (tnd) Date: Wed, 1 Feb 1995 00:12:24 -0500 (EST)

Book Review (published in The Independent 18 May 1994)

Chhitijko Prishtabhumi (The Background of the Horizon) by Dr. Ram Man Trishit. 1994, Kathmanudu, Basu Sashi Memorial Council, Rs. 25.

by Pratyoush Onta

This book of 74 poems is the first collection of poetry to be published by Dr Ram Man Trishit. Yet he is no newcomer to the Nepali literary scene, having written Nepali songs (he has also provided the music for over 50 of them) for well over two decades. Acknowledged for his contribution to the
'modernization' of Nepali song lyrics, Trishit's songs have been previously published in three separate collections. His newness to the poetry scene is, however, sarcastically noted by the poet Sailendra Sakar in his foreword to this collection when he refers to Trishit (who is over 50) as an extremely forceful poet of the young generation !

Without trying to answer whether songs are poems too, we can turn to the poems published here. Among many themes, Trishit, like many others writing presently, seems to be particularly distressed with the Nepali nation and state. For instance, in "Water, Ice and Steam" he writes:
        Until today
        This country saves its honour
        By covering its body
        With pages from its history.
        But how long...
        Will this last?

He thinks the country was in a state of deep sleep even as floods swept its courtyard in "This Country." Furthermore, he does not have much faith in the so-called spring-awakening of 1990, In "Spring Has Come?" he writes:
        When there are snakes dancing in my home's courtyard
        When my soul lives as a refugee in my own country
        How can I believe...
        That Spring has come here?

And as if to warn those who are now mouthing the market-economy mantra, he writes in "If This is My Country":
        How can I say that
        The increase in the bazaar's activities
        Is our vikas?
        Along with the commodities
        I have also seen
        The shopowners being sold.
         And then as if to express his disappointment with a country mesmerized by the so-called first successful climbing of Mt. Everest by a Nepali woman, he continues in the same poem:
        We can no longer sing the
        Laurels for Mt. Everest
        For there are other mountains higher that Mt. Everest in this country
        Mountains of poverty,
        Mountains of helplessness.
        I cannot look at the Himalayas
        With a foreigner's eyes.

The fear that the country might be lost can be read in "If This Continues":
        If this continues
        After some time
        Teachers will tell their students
        How the Himalayas lost their height...
        And show the birthplace of Buddha
        In the map of someone else's country.

Such a warning can also be found in his "The Behaviour of Water," and "If We Continue To Be Busy Marking Celebration Days." In many of his other poems, we read about that "second Nepal" consisting of hardworking but poor Nepalis whose voice is seldom heard amidst the cacophony of elite politics, about war and death, about the practicality of discarding useless things, about the culture of jagir, about birthdays and new years, and so on. Of the 74 poems, about half make for forceful reading and some 20-plus are outstanding. END

Note:

Around the time when the above review was written, the following poem by Ishwarananda Shresthacharya (a noted linguist with a long list of publications) published in Prajatantra Saptahik (exact date escapes me but I am pretty sure it was in the month of April 1994) caught my attention. What follows is my translation from the original Nepali. Pratyoush

Revolt

Oh children who have served time in the womb Revolt, here and now. Before you are delivered Stick your head out like a turtle And look around. As soon as you recognize it to be Nepal Withdraw your head inside the womb And Revolt, and Revolt. Tell your mother loudly To deliver you elsewhere, Not in Nepal And Revolt, and Revolt.

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 1 Feb 1995 10:23:21 -0600 From: baniya@engrs.unl.edu (Pradip Baniya) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Dear Editor,

I request you to post this message for me in your next publication of TND. Thanks a lot! Pradip Baniya.

Hi folks, I am just curious to know that if any of you happen to be from GBS (Gandaki Boarding School) Lamachour, Pokhara which is formerly known as Nepal Adarsha Madhyamik Vidhyalay. I am thinking of maintaining a information about the EGBOSA (ex- gandaki boarding student's asociation) members and may possibly convert it into EGBOSA home page. Any netters happen to know any guys from GBS who doesnot have an access to internet, would you please convey the message to him. Thanks a lot!

Pradip Baniya (2040 Batch)

e-mail baniya@engrs.unl.edu snail-mail PK Baniya 3701, Randolph St. Lincoln, NE 68510. USA.

************************************************************* From: Dare Koslow <dk107@columbia.edu> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal

Please post in The Nepali Digest.

On Saturday, February 18 a conference will be held at Columbia University to discuss the Bhutanese refugee crisis in Nepal. All are invited to attend.

Topic: Bhutanese Refugees: An Unresolved Crisis

Date: Saturday, February 18, 1995
        9:00am - 5:00pm

Venue: Columbia University
        School of International Affairs
        Dag Hammarskjold Lounge (sixth floor)
        420 West 118th Street
        New York, New York

Conference Aims:
        To bring together representatives of governments, international community and human rights organizations, representatives of the Bhutanese refugees and members of the academic community to analyze the Bhutanese refugee issue in the context of other refugee problems in the world, and to explore and recommend viable policy options that promote international law and the human rights convention.

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 1 Feb 1995 15:58:53 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: 1994 Stats: legal jhagadas From: atuladhar@gramps.clarku.edu

1994 Legal Stats
================

Source: CBS, 1994 Table 17.3, pg 264.

What do Nepalese quarrell about the most in law courts?

Land and Inheritance rights to land ("Amsa banda")

There were 28,661 cases of land disputes and 19,000 of land inheritance disputes in 1993; in 1991, it was 25392 and 29270 respectively.

Sexual offenses and criminal abortion seems to be on the decline mysteeriously from 1991 to 1993; the former declined from 510 to 457 and the latter from 132 to 109.

Assault, murder, and theft all showed a decline from 1991 to 1993 while election related disputes and defamation has increased thanks to democratic exercise and freedom of speech.

The crime which showed the biggest jump is Cheating and forgery from 7917 to 13716, nearly double.

VEHICLES OF NEPAL: 1994 STATS
==============================

Source: CBS, 1994, Table 17.8 pg 270

How many vehicles are owned by the diplomats? = 2561

What is the total number of vehicles in nepal:? = 1,32,106.

What type of vehicles constitute the maximum number?
                = Motorcycles, 53,464

What is the number of private vehicles? = 75,222.

How many rickshaws are found in the kingdom? = 17,279

ps. there is a proposal to reintroduce and encourage the use of rickshaws in the inner city areas a s an anti pollution measure.

How many buses and minibuses are registered in the kingdom? = 5989

amulya tuladhar

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