The Nepal Digest - Feb 28, 1995 (16 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tuesday 28 Feb 95: Falgun 16 2051 BkSm Volume 36 Issue 18

  Today's Topics:

          Apologies for no headers due to time constraints.

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta *
 * News Correspondent Rajendra P Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 10:00:37 -0500 To: Subject: Girl from Nepal ready to smile From: (Sunil Shakya)

Courtesy: Springfield Union-News, Feb 16, 1995

Springfield (MA)- Six-year-old Sushmita Sakya came to Springfield from Kathamdu in Nepal four months ago without a nose and eyelids. With the help of Baystate Medical Center, which has provided her with free medical care, she will leave for her home later this week with a smile. Sushmita lost most of her face while playing in her back yard garden in December 1993. While the child was poking around in a shed, a bottle of sulfuric acid fell on her head, burning away most of her face and blinding her in her right eye. Her father, Sanu Sakya, said it took about 10 minutes for the family to realize there was a problem. "I asked her why she was crying, and she said because she could not see me," Sanu said, explaining that he immediately washed her face and rushed her to a hospital. Within two hours' time, the acid had turned her entire face black.

Used in dyes

The family believes the acid was left in the shed by one of the employees in their rug-weaving factory. The chemical is used to dye the wools woven into Oriental carpets. The child's plight caught the attention of Dr. Kristin Stueber, Baystate's director of plastic surgery. Stueber has taken hiking trips to Nepal's Himalayan Mountains since 1986. She returns every other year to the tiny mountain country with Interplast, a Palo Alto, California-based group through which plastic surgeons donate their services. Stueber said the 20 million people in Nepal have only one plastic surgeon. While there last April, her group screened 150 potential patients and ended up operating on 45, the maximum they could do during their two-week stay. "It was very obvious she was beyond what we could do on a two-week trip," Stueber said.

3 Operations

Sushmita's first operation lasted 10 hours and involved Stueber and fellow plastic surgeon Dr. Glen Brooks transplanted skin and tiny blood vessels from the inside of one of her hands to her face. Each of the second and third surgeries took about 2 1/2 hour. Dr. John Shore of Baystate Eye Care worked with Stueber on those operations. Like Stueber, Brooks and Shore donated their work. Sanu, who stayed at the Hampden home of Dr. Philip Stoddard, a plastic surgeion, and his wife, Carol, said he is very appreciative of everyone's help and generosity. To show his thanks, Sanu left the doctors with hand-painted mandalas. Mandalas are richly colored depictions of the universe used by Buddhists for meditation. After the hospital staff threw her a bon voyage party yesterday, the child will return home with toys like Dr. Barbie and Barney Dinosaur and lots of good will.

************************************************* Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 09:08:00 EST To: From: DGURUNG@CLEMSON.EDU Subject: Dalai Lama's Message on the Peace Walk

WTN News 95/2/24 GMT 10:25 Complied by Tseten Samdup 1) Message to the participants of the Peace March
        by His Holiness the Dalai Lama



Since the beginning of Tibet's tragedy, I have never wavered from my conviction in the ultimate triumph of our cause. This conviction is rooted in the justness of our cause and in the indomitable spirit of the Tibetan people. Once again, hundreds of Tibetans have come forth to undertake a Peace March from Delhi to Lhasa risking possible arrest, beating and even one's life.

The Peace March has inspired many Tibetan supporters throughout the world. The initiative has infused Tibetans and friends with renewed vigour and determination.

I believe in and support non-violence and civil-disobedience as a means to peacefully voice one's grievances. Tibetans in Tibet and in exile have a right to engage in non-violent activities to highlight the human suffering in occupied Tibet and to draw the attention of the world community to the threat to the survival of the Tibetan people with its unique cultural heritage.

The people of Tibet place tremendous trust in me and I am always conscious of the heavy responsibility I bear for the fate of our people and country. In fulfilling this responsibility, I have always sought to be guided in my approach by realism, practicality, patience and vision.

Many Tibetans feel a deep sense of impatience and frustration because of the lack of any real progress in finding a peaceful resolution to our problem. I have full understanding for this and I share with them the sense of urgency in our freedom struggle. But I cannot with a clear conscience let you embark on the Peace March, before sharing my concerns with you. I particularly feel that the undertaking is politically untimely. When the right moment arrives I will myself participate in such a movement.

Our freedom struggle has reached a critical juncture. Great changes are taking place in China and in many other parts of the world. Our activities need to take these changes into consideration. The effects and ramifications of our actions must ensure a positive impact - not just in terms of publicity but in creating a political environment conducive to achieving the aspirations of our people in the long run.

The spirit of the Peach March will surely inspire our people inside Tibet. There is little doubt that Tibetans in occupied Tibet will come forth in solidarity and support of the Peace March. This in turn will lead to another wave of "merciless repression". In recent times the repression and political persecution in Tibet have reached a new peak since martial law was lifted in May 1990. I feel that the Chinese authorities will have no hesitation to ruthlessly exploit this opportunity to destroy the Tibetan freedom movement inside Tibet.

Moreover, at this point of time any political unrest and instability in Tibet will have significant impact on events in China. Presently, China is in a state of transition and any such event in Tibet will be exploited by the hard-liners within the Chinese leadership to strengthen their position. This would be counter-productive to our endeavour to encourage a political environment conducive to a peaceful resolution of the Tibetan issue. I, therefore, feel this is not the right time for the Peace March.

Furthermore, despite the non-violent nature of the Peace March, possible confrontations with Indian and Nepalese authorities cannot be ruled out. The peoples and the governments of India and Nepal are sympathetic to the Tibetans over the last 35 years. I strongly believe that these governments will come out in support of our cause when the right opportunity arises. It has always been my endeavour not to cause any unnecessary inconvenience and embarrassment to any third party, particularly to those that have been kind, generous and supportive of the Tibetan people.

I am happy that the organisers of the Peace March have considered positively my concerns and that they have now decide to postpone the Peace March to Lhasa and instead undertake a march from Dharamsala to Delhi for peace in Tibet and the world.

********************************************************************** From: Mr A K Karki <> To: Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 16:58:39 GMT Subject: DPM in London


Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence and foreign Affairs hon'ble Madhav K. Nepal, Rajendra Shrestha, MP and member of Foreign Department of CPN (UML ) and Dr. Dilli Khanal, member NPC arrived London on February 21, 1995 for three day friendship visit from Paris.

1. Deputy prime minister and minister for defence and foreign affairs Hon'ble Madhav Nepal met with the Secretary of state for Foreign Affarirs Mr. Douglas Hurd at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office afternoon February, 22, 1995. During the meeting the British secretary assured the Nepalese DPM of continuity of existing cordial ties and economic assistance. The Royal Nepalese Ambassador Mr. Surya Prasad Shrestha was also present on the occasion.

Later in the afternoon the DPM had a meeting with the members of the Anglo - Nepal Parliamentary Group of the British house of Commons at the Westminister. They had a discussion on nepal's efforts to stabilize the democratic institution as well as the mid - term polls held in November held in November last year.

DPM Hon'ble Madhav Nepal visited the Amnesty International Headquarters in London. During his visit, he met the Deputy Secretary General of Amnesty International Mr. Herve berger at his office in London. Hon'ble Nepal underlined the Government commitment to human rights and explained about various measures underway for streanthening the mechanism for safeguarding them. Deputy Secretary General mr. berger appreciated the moves of the present government in this direction and expressed his gratitude to the DPM for visiting the Headquarters of the Amnesty International.

2. The Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Mr. Tony Baldry hosted a loncheon in honor of the visiting DPM Madhav K. Nepal at the Lancaster House on February 22, 1995. Speaking on the occasion Mr. Baldry expressed Britain's appreciation for the democratic exercises carried out in Nepal in recent years leading to a peaceful transfer of power. Mr. Baldry said that Nepal was one of the oldest friends of Britain from the stand point of deplomatic relations and assured the DPM that it would continue to extent her help and assistance in whatever way possible for the development activities in Nepal. The loncheon was attended by members of the House of commons, Lord Hunt, high ranking official of the Foreign and Commonwealth office, head of the south Asia Department of ODA, executives of BBC world service and members of Nepalese Association in Britain YETI.

During the visit of Nepalese DPM, he has attended and address the gatherings of the Nepalese community of Britain and at the same time he has also attended the receptions organised by YETI, Nepalese Ambassador Mr. Surya Prasad Shrestha and Nepalese Doctor's Association in Britain. DPM and all the members of the team left London on 23 rd February afternoon.

********************************************************************** From: (Diwas Khati - student) Subject: directory To: Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 15:23:35 -0500 (EST)

Dear readers (reposted)

If you want to have yourself included in a "directory" you can do so by sending me your name, add and e-mail at <>. Any person/s sending me their information for inclusion in the directory will be assumed to have consented to the circulation of such information in the network.

This project can be terminated at any time in the future without prior notice, so please do not express your disappointment through the TND (TND might not be the appropriate place for that purpose) if you are not pleased for any reason. And be brief when writing to time for
"beli-bistar" right now.

   To address some questions regarding the directory compilation project
(by the way, thanks for the support), your name and address will be listed in the directory in the way shown below. For different reasons, only your name and E-Mail address will be listed in a standard way. In some instances some information, like College name, office, dept. etc will be also added. If requests come from countries other than the US, the country will be also mentioned.
  For example, the standard way of listing will look like this for Mr Bir Bdr's entry:

Nepali, Bir Bdr. <e-mail address>

if necessary, the listing will be modified to:

Nepali, Dr Bir Bdr. (TheBigUnivColo) <e-mail address>

foreign addresses will be listed as:

Nepali, Bir Bdr. (Nepal) <non US e-mail address>

hope this answers some of your questions.


******************************************************** Date: Fri, 24 Feb 1995 15:50 EST From: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Feb. 24, 1995 (Falgun 12 2051 BkSm) To:

Ganeshman's "Antarghat": Please elaborate Mr Mohan Amatya:

I was very intrigued by two serious allegations Mr Mohan Amatya made about Ganeshman's "antarghat": one with the Ranas and the other with the Panches recently.

This promises to be extremely interesting material which will decide Ganesh man's so-called place in the history of Nepal. I urge Mohan to share his knowledge with us. Failing this, such allegations will sound like more whining in the wind.

Thanks Amulya

****************************************************** Date: 24 Feb 1995 15:22:05 U From: "Hridaya Bajracharya" <> Subject: Dino-Ethnographer To: "Nepal Digest" <>

                       Subject: Time:14:44
  OFFICE MEMO Dino-Ethnographer Date:2/24/95

To the editor TND,

Though living in an invisible coccun for compiling my thesis, I was touched by the need for Pratyush to explain his review of "Tribals of Nepal." I would first of all like to thank Pratyush for his work putting up the review in the net and secondly for his personal conviction, which I hope many people would share like I do, for a need to understand our people in a bigger horizon of social realities. Of course, one can write what one believes, but in this world of icons books still play an important role beyond personal convictions, specially when it is written about societies. Where would be the morality and ethics, if one were to write about a society comprehenssively in few pages and label a society "sojo" or "bango" or whatever, as if the society is composed of homogenous clones? I would also like to mention here that the romantic ethnography has already become extinct like dinosaurus in the societies where ethics and morality count. The remoteness of Nepal being at the Himalays do not mean that such dinos should still survive freely roaming, stomping, or chomping the sentiments of the people who have to live there.


*********************************************************** Date: Sat, 25 Feb 1995 08:26:49 -0500 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" To: From: (W. I. (Bill) Stinson) Subject: stamps

Hi Smita Gyawali,

Actually the postal systems of many smaller countries make lots of money selling stamps to people who never use them as postage: collectors. This is the reason for so many's a money _maker_.

Bill Stinson voice: 904/875-4803


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 25 Feb 1995 14:29 EST From: To:,,,

Latest on Nepalese Forests: Increase or Decrease??

Regarding the forest-peasant interface, I came across two very interesting studies. The first one is a recent study of landscape change in some 9 villages in Kavre Palanchowk and Sindhupalchowk commissioned by the Nepal-Australian Forestry Project. This study is a remote sensing assessment using aerial photos for 1978/79 (the base for the Land Resources Mapping Project series of land use studies, the last comprehensive one for the country) and those 1992 (done by Finns and the Topographical Survey in preparation for the country-wide topomaps to replace the 1954 survey of India maps still the main base for our country).

This study had the interesting finding of both forests and agricultural land use increasing. What decreased you might ask? It is shrublands and grasslands. The shrublands due to "degraded" forests being rehabilitated to more mature forests (this "mature forest" is somewhat of a misnomer because crown cover over 10% is considered to be forests whereas in strictly ecological terms crown cover of 70% or over are considered full, mature canopy forests!) and most of the pasture lands have been appropriated by govt afforestation rhetoric for plantation with pines and other conservation trees.

The increase is high as 500% over 18 years for villages in Kavre which are nearer roads systems and have undergone more fragmentation in earlier periods of deforestation but this fantastic increase in rates is not the same thing as quantity of new forests. Still, in more remote areas of Sindhupalchowk the increase is more modest in percentage terms (somewhere in 60% for 18 years) but significant in terms of actual areas.

I think this finding is potentially significant in political ecology and our theorization of interface between political economy and ecology in peasant subsistence. Even after making some allowance for uncertainties due to methodologies, the forest increase trend over a range of market integration of peasant economies of the hills seem to imply, and this is a hypothesis, that the integration into market economy has surpassed the point where the peasant economies are no longer autarkic, closed systems.

 The greater political economy on one hand exerts a demand for wage labour for the peasants and the decline of peasant labor to provide landesque capital for maintaining the productivity of marginal lands under the relentless and resilient creep of the tropical vegetation of our country mean more forests will come back. Second the availability of market inputs in the form of high yield crops, extension, irrigation and technology, and credit (though it is never enough to quite meet the demands) means that the earlier natural
(i.e. forest) subsidies of nutrients (green fodder, bedding material, and burned ash) and energy (fuelwood and forest fruits) are being supplanted to facilitate both an increase in agriculture and forests with the expansion and extension of markets into peasant economies of Nepal. Doubtless this line of argument must be further corroborated with more field studies but I am quite sure I am on the right track.

The second study is a study of the "shirking work behaviour of Nepali women as a protest and resistance". This is an anthropological study presented by Andrea Nightingale of U of Minnesota based on her MA Fulbright work in Mugu where the high caste Hamals and Malla Thakuri live. she presented at the Madison conference this year.

What is interesting about this paper for peasant-forest interface is that this shirking behaviour is described in relation to the task of going into the forests to collect fuelwood for the household. Earlier studies of this type, and I am afraid there are too many of them,
(denevan had 67 of them with estimates of per capital fuelwood use ranging in difference by an order of 67 times, yet this research still continues) seem to be concerned of all the time village women "waste" in the forests and how the time to go forests are represented as not only the measure of receding forests but also time away from labor for agricultural productivity. This study challenges both of these assumptions.

One, if the time spent on forests are representations of social protest (against mother-in-laws, usually) then increase in the time spent in forests may be indications of greater social disharmony in the peasant families (something Andrea connects to more development!) and not due to receding forests. Of course, I am phrasing this in polemical terms but we have to bring this critique to bear upon any claim of more time spent on [going to an from] forests as evidences of receding forests for deforestation.

Second, if the time spent in the forests are protest times [that also includes relaxation from physical work burden and socialization with other support network] then it implies that bringing forests closer to peasant agriculture will not necessarily increase agricultural production because the women would still need some socially inscribed time to protest than to do agricultural work. Interesting, to say the least.

Amulya R Tuladhar Clark university Massachusetts, USA

********************************************************* Date: Sat, 25 Feb 1995 16:55:38 -0500 (EST) From: Tara N Niraula <> To: The Editor <> Subject: Press Release

Dear Mr Editor,
        I, on behalf of the conference organizing team, like to request you to post the following "Press Release" on Bhutanes Refugees: An Unresolved Crisit, a day long conference held at Columbia University, New York. Thanking you in advance for you support.

                                PRESS RELEASE
        The seminar on "Bhutanese Refugees: An Unresolved Crises" organized at Columbia University, New York City on Saturday, February 18, 1995 was attended by about 140 Human Rights activists, South Asian scholars and students, media representatives, and officials from the US State Department and United Nations agencies and several government missions to the United nations. The participants concluded that the citizenship verification and subsequent repatriation of the Bhutanese refurees is an urgent matter that should not be sacrificed to the altar of expediency in negotiation between Bhutan and Nepal.
        The seminar highlighted the complexities of the Bhutanese refugee issue. Topics included: conditions at the refugee camps, analysis of the negotiations of the Joint Ministerial Committee of Bhutan and Nepal, "the India factor", the role of international community, and the challenges of fair verification and the repatriation of the Bhutanese refugees.
        The main conclusion of the seminar was to urge an expeditious resolution of the Bhutanese Refugee crisis which would not sacrifice fair process and the terms of reference that would take into consideration international norms and practices of identifying citizenship and protecting human rights.
        The newly appointed permanent representative of Nepal to the United Nations, Mr. Narendra Bikram Shah, previously a member of the Joint Ministerial Committee of Bhutan and Nepal said:
        "Some major difficulty lies in the insistence that the work [of the Joint Ministerial Committee] proceeds in accordance with the national citizenship and immigration laws of the two countries. Without passing judgement on the merit or otherwise of the Bhutanese Marriage and Citizenship Acts, I will be straightforward in saying that the laws of Nepal and Bhutan on these matters do not form a seamless web and the discrepancy leaves room for the creation of statelessness on a massive scale".
        To summarize the recommendations made at the seminar, Dr. Paul Martin, Executive Director of the Center for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University first underscored the critical role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in ensuring a fair and acceptable resolution to the refugee crisis. He said that NGOs could play an important role by monitoring the observance of human rights and by making sure that the interests of the refurees were protected in the negotiations. Secondly, he pointed to the need for the protection of ethnic groups in Bhutan in order to eliminate one of the causes of the refugee exodus.
        Report of the seminar will be sent to the Joint Ministerial Committee between Nepal and Bhutan before their next meeting in Kathmandu on February 27, 1995.
        The seminar was sponsored by the Center for the Study of Human Rights and the Southern Asian Institute, Columbia University and the Alliance for Democracy and Human Rights in Nepal. The participants included high level officials from the US State Department; representatives from the Permanent Missions to the United Nations of Japan, Austria, Nepal, Kenya, and Pakistan; prominent Bhutanese refugee leaders, representatives from the UN Secretariate, UNHCR, UNICEF, World Food Program, Amnesty International, Freedom House, Asia Human Rights Watch, US Committee for Refugees, Refugee International, Refugee Policy Group, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, International Center for Law and Development, journalists, scholars and students from major US universities such as Columbia, Harvard, Boston, Georgetown, Penn State University, University of Chicago, University of Californis, Berkley. However, the government of Bhutan and India declined the invitation to participate in the seminar.
        For more information, please contact: Dr. Paul Martin, 1108 International Affairs Building, Center for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University, 420 Wets 118th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA Phone: (212) 854-2479, Fax: (212) 316-4578.

************************************************************** Date: Sat, 25 Feb 1995 23:37:10 -0500 From: (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: Subject: RONAST: Royal Boondoggle

RONAST: Royal Boondoggle

The "Royal" Nepal... like many institutions that bear the prefix are just booddoggles to keep the royals and their little atomies busy, looking good, fashionable in the modern world conservation, science and technology, development etch while perpetuating what is decidedly the most anti-modern institution of all royalty and their hangers one the legions of chamcha-giris who just happened to have some slick Western education to babble in modern speak to obsfuscate their complicity in the consolidation of poverty and suffereing of Nepali people.

For those how are over thirty, Ronast is clearly remembered as a boondoggle to have a "kancha-rajas" ratna SHUMSHER JUNG BAHADUR rana something to do after his stint at the Planning commission, after all he was a Ph.d and Ashu does think these guys are too revered anyway in Nepali society anyway (I agreee). This was "Hu-Pra" creation or created bya the decree of the King" Hukum-Pramangi" Sure there was some perfunctory definition of some role for the Science and Technology Ministry but none of the key ministries would allow it :Education, Forestry, Agriculture and neither TU nor Planning Commission was ready to allow Ratna Shumsher to claim bureucratic fiefdom. I still remember Ratns Shumsher doing the rounds in Hetauda Campus in 1981 and pleading with the faculty there to tell hime what he should do cause the institution was coming anyway.

Well, RONAST did get created and operated in the limboland of ministerial twilight without any particular ministerial oversight or laws to guide theri activity but with the supposed power of the Royal source of Rana-saheb all the other bureucrats cringed and let it happen. "Suspended animation is no production" so said Bernard Shaw so he got, hijacked is a better word, TU faculty seconded to RONASt where they neither did research nor taught but lined up in the hallway every morning to grovel in "Dhanush-Tankararum namaskarrum" to pay homage to the great one Rana saheb in the ageold institution of the cakari so poignantly vilified by Dor Bahadur Bista. Those who caught his favour got to get "Videshi education" those that did not either got chucked off or languished in the "Temporary position" because the RONAST employees were neither TU Service Commission nor HMG Public SErvice defined.

So when Rana saheb finally left the scene, the organizatin became a "murkatta" the headless ghoul that terrorises little children, in this case the post-democracy govt. Here was a bunch of employees who could not be sacked, a taboo in Nepali society close to murder, something beyond the moral economy of the Nepali middle class brought up to expect the entitlement of a lifetime civil service "permanent job". The quarrels in the organization has been arund this central issue: permanency and Smart Rishi could not solve it and why should Dipak Gyawali solve it, he is an academic "scholar", not an administrator. Yes as in Ashu's world of superhuman heroes all hailing from top social econmic caste/class layers of society, the victims of Rana's foibles the employees are to be blamed for the incompetancy, corruption, lethargy and the lack of dynamism.

But were all RONASt all dull, stupid, corrupt that heroes such as Rishi Shah, Dipak Gyawali or Kedar Mathema are needed? This reminds of a poem by S. Cooleridge:

        "Full many a flower blush unseen and
        Waste their perfume in the desert air..."

There were some real flowers and gems that did not get the same light as Ashu's heroes but they labored perhaps more heroically under greater stress, less resources both material and political and ideological. For instance Dinesh Bhuju, a fiery political leader in Campus and potential political representative of Bhaktapur, a Newari playright in his own right and a MS in Botany joined RONAST and successfully carried 3-4 years of exemplary Science Education Program. Dr. Kayo, a microbiologists, wrote and won grants from US INnovative Science Program and Swedist Science Foundation but no, the scholarly laurels are for jet-set East-West scholars such as Gyawali. I know of Dr. Yuddha who also won another US science grant to maintaing sceince equipment in Neplai universities. But no they are all incompetant, dull, corrupt employees that need to be overhauled "from the bottoms-up" approach.

Yes there are a lot of such Royal dinosaurian institutions. Annapurna Conservation Camp of King Mahendra Trust is another that has won lot of acclaim and Dr. Chandra Gurung and Dr. Hemant Misra are partly to be credited for this marketing. "Partly" because it had a royal backing of Prince Gyanendra when the King Mahendra Trust had to be created so he had some sexy conservation: people's participation to show off in his chandeliered ball room royal socializing with Prince Philip. "Partly" the idea of ACAP was originally mooted by karna Sakya and the idea was "stolen" when he was forced to quit the Forestry Department {His dedication to the nature conservation has won him national acclaim in apex national conservation bodies in post-democracy Nepal}.

Yes there is much more than meets the eye in Nepali politics, institutions, and it is heartening that young Nepalese are asking questions.

Amulya Tuladhar Clark University


The following has been reposted because in its original posting by Mary Des Chene some parts were "eaten" by the machine.

 I am posting the following for Hugh Wood, director and founder of the
 American Nepal Education Foundation. Some readers may know Mr. Wood and his
 foundation, which has provided small amounts of scholarship money for many
 years for Nepalis to study in U.S. universities. Another thing that he has
 been doing for about thirty years is to send books to Tribhuvan University.
 Last year I was able to acquire two collections totalling about 2500 books
 which he sent in his shipment (about 20,000 volumes altogether, the largest
 yet). Most donations are of a few books at a time, but any collection that
 can be acquired, or arrangements made with university libraries when they
 are culling duplicates, could be especially useful. I offered to post the
 following information in the hope that some readers might have worthwhile
 contributions to make to this effort.

 In light of recent discussions of T.U., BKS, and the state of education in
 general, I suggest that this is one small but useful intervention that can
 be made from here. Books are sent not just to Kirtipur campus, but
 distributed among all T.U. campuses. Mr. Wood consults with campus
 librarians on their needs, so please note the request to contact him to
 check on suitability of any books you have before sending them. Also note
 that he covers shipping costs from Oregon to Kathmandu, but is not able to
 pay for postage to Oregon.

 Mary Des Chene

>From Hugh B. Wood
The American Nepal Education Foundation 2790 Cape Meares Loop NW Tillamook, OR 97141

One of the programs that the American Nepal Education Foundation has carried on nearly every year since its inception in 1955 is the collection and shipping of good books and journals to Nepal's college and university libraries. The basic criterion for the selection of material is: Is the material suitable for a college student? Nearly all of these materials have come from Oregon in the past, but it has been suggested that other patrons of Nepal might wish to donate materials to the program. (Last year we had a 1000 book collection of Asian Art, and a collection of books about Nepal donated from the East Coast). ANEF barely has enough money to pay for these shipments to Calcutta and then Kathmandu. If you wish to make a contribution of materials, we would have to ask you to pay the shipping costs to us here in Oregon. If you have any materials (in the English or Nepali languages only), please FIRST OF ALL send me a list (or information) of the materials, or call me at (503) 842-4924. We collect materials the year round, but ship only once a year, usually in June.


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sun, 26 Feb 1995 18:45:27 -0500 (EST) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: Subject: T.U. a neglected corner

Few days ago there was a discussion going on V.C. and T.U. T.U. has been a neglected corner for quite a long time.That was easily seen by the past history. I lived around that area. Even the road which leads to T.U. was in a horrible situation, and only when king had to visit Dakshinkali it was repaired. Secondly the bus system to T.U. still remains horrible.It used to be a constant struggle to get in the bus from Ratnapark. And the bus system was not regular,so many could not stay in the library to study.That was some of the external view.

Another very big factor is politics being misused in T.U. It is not surprising that the attack is always in T.U. When I had joined T.U. for few months before I came here I experienced a lot about this place. Classes were regular for some time. Then a big issue came out "Bhat(rice) is greater or education" Mathema wanted to make some change so he thought of increasig the price of the food in cafteria.That was the cause and then politics came in.

We wanted to go to the class. Then many tried to stop us.But finally we did. I then walked out and to my surprise saw that I was surrounded by 50-60 students ready to attack me. Then they started to make this issue of bhat and accused me. This was the punishment for trying to make classes regular.

Later on I found that most of those students had no problem with their food but it was only due to politics.I was just trying to give an small incident.

So, maybe it is very essential that politics be kept only to some extent in T.U. and maybe a certain days to actively participate on that. Otherwise maybe we will have to learn a lot about demonstration and listen too much of political conversation and less of the knowledge of our field of study.Comments are appreciated.Thanks.Nirmal

************************************************************** Date: Sun, 26 Feb 1995 19:58:43 -0500 To: Subject: The Selection Process of the Vice Chancellorship From: (Alok Bohara ECONOMICS)

             The Vice Chancellor of Tribhuvan University: Some
                             Further Thoughts

                              Alok K. Bohara

     I would like thank Mr. Amulya Tuladhar for his thoughts on our VCs, both previous (Mr. Mathema) and current (Mr. Kamal Joshi). I agree with his opinion about Mr. Mathema and his reading on Mr. Kamal Prakash Malla: Mr. Mathema had a lot of charisma and did not hesitate listening to different views, and Mr. Kamal P. Malla is too quiet of an intellectual to run our University.

     Yes, it is important to tame a huge TU bureaucracy to make sure that they carry out examinations on time. But the role of the Vice Chancellor is more than that. Mr. Joshi may turn out to be an excellent VC; only time will tell. But, I am just pondering about the whole selection process however.

     Did we have an honest intellectual debate within the
     University community? After all, it is the future of
     the University at stake here.

     How did the candidates view the role of the University?
     Yes, the University should have the responsibility
     toward the taxpayers by producing high quality manpower
     to satisfy the ever changing demands of the
     marketplace. At the same time, it should be a place
     that generates new ideas and promotes intellectual
     excitement. Both are, however, two sides of the same coin.
     I would have liked to know their views on how to strike a
     balance between the two.

     Most importantly, I would have liked to know whether
     or not they had strong backbones to make tough
     decisions, and say no to the political leadership and
     perhaps fight for the academic independence of the
     Again, I am a firm believer that the University should be allowed to chart its own destiny by allowing them to choose their leadership based on the character of an individual's academic strength, leadership quality, and vision rather than his/her own political affiliation and popularity contest.
******************************************************************* Date: Sun, 26 Feb 1995 19:59:25 -0500 From: (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: Subject: Nepali Restaurants

Cross posted from SCN:

In article <>, ( laree) writes:
> In article <3h5eiu$> (Alok Bohara ECONOMICS)
> writes:
>>There are two restaurants in Boulder, Colorado, and there is one
> I'd be interested in knowing the names and owners of those. I
> recently met a man in Sikles who said his son's wife had a restaurant
> in Boulder. If I ever get out there, it might be nice to drop by.
> Thanks a lot,
> Laura

> I know two Nepali restaurents in Colorado State, one is in Boulder
   and another one is in Denver. Here are the addresses and name of the
   owners of both of these restaurents:
   1. Narayan's Nepal Restaurent
      Owner:Narayan Shrestha
      958 Pearl Street, Boulder Co 80302

   2. Narayan's Nepal Restaurent(Denver Inc.)
      Owners: Shyam and Shanti Shrestha
      9955 East Hampden Ave, Unit 1
      Denver, Colorado 80231
      (303)- 337-3232

   Some of the popular items in their menu are Meat Momo, Vegetable
   Sampler and Lamb Curry.

   Bimal Adhikari

************************************************************** Date: Sun, 26 Feb 1995 20:00:24 -0500 From: (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: Subject: Converting PAL/SECAM to NTSC

Cross-posted from SCN:

Rabi (Iam@home) wrote:
: Can anyone suggest how and where I can get a videotape from Nepal converted to
: NTSC? And also how much it would cost.

You could get it converted in any Indian or Pakistani or to be specific any South Asian grocery stores which provide Indian movies and Pakistani serials. They have the facility as they get movies (in PAL) and convert them to NTSC to be used locally.

As far as the cost is concerned, last time I got 3 of my PAL cassettes for
$10.00 each (here in Miami). Any how, my uncle living in Boston said that it cost him $25 a cassette for the conversion. A Bangaldeshi friend of mine said it costs $15 in NY. I hope you get the idea.
************************************************************ Date: Sun, 26 Feb 1995 20:02:32 -0500 From: (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: Subject: Information about hotels

Cross-posted from SCN:

In article <>, Oliver Seeler <> wrote:
>A recent query:
>BBB> How hard is it for a handicap person to go around in
>BBB> Kathmandu, Tiger Tops places like that? Is it possible to rent a
>BBB> car or a jeep for a week or one has to rent in daily basis.
>BBB> Thanks in advance.
>BBB> Bhed Bahadur Bista BBB> e-mail:
I did not personally encounter any handicapped people, but this may help.

The more expensive hotels have elevators. I stayed a couple of nights at the Hotel Manang, which had an elevator and was very nice, but was rather expensive: $30 a night with a discount, and they sometimes are full. There were a few stairs leading to the front door, but I am sure the doorman could help. If not, there are other nice hotels which would have elevators. When I was in Kathmandu, there were scheduled power outages twice a week, so you would still need help then. Hotels are officially rated according to a star system. I suspect it takes at least 3 stars to find an elevator, but I don't really know.

I stayed at the Mountain Villa Hotel in Pokhara, which had some rooms on the first floor, where no stairs would be needed. That is another possibility. You could look for first floor rooms. I don't know how common they are. Tiger Tops was way beyond my budget, so I know nothing about it. However, practically all of the hotels in Sauhara are single floor structures, where access is no problem.

Generally, if you want to rent a car, you hire a driver as well. You would not want to try driving in Nepal anyway. Being a passenger or pedestrian is scary enough. Cabs are very reasonable and the drivers will bargain. I always used cabs, bicycles (but not in Kathmandu), or walked. Jeep rides tend to be expensive in Chitwan National Park due to entrance fees. Also, many rivers there are too high to be passable except in winter, so you may not get very far. If you can afford to stay at Tiger Tops, I wouldn't worry about it too much.

As an earlier post said, people in Nepal generally make great efforts to be accomodating, so I don't think a handicap should necessarily be a big obstacle, even though Nepal does not make any special efforts to accomodate the handicapped.

******************************************************************** Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 07:34:55 CST From: Ram Acharya <> To: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Feb 25, 1995 (13 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

Respected Mom and Dad,

I just received your mail. I will write you after class.


******************************************************************************* From: To: Subject: KHOJKHABAR


Ramsh If you hear me please call me at AIT SHOBHAKAR DHAKAL

************************************************ Date: Sat, 25 Feb 1995 20:42:14 EST To: "Looking for...correspondent" <> From: Pradeep Bista <C31CC@CUNYVM.BITNET> Subject: Looking for Pragya Ram Mathema

It would be a great help if anybody reading Nepal Digest in the UK area could pass on the e-mail address (if any) of a friend of mine who I believe is now in the United Kingdom. Snail mail address is also fine. You can also pass on my e-mail address (from the header) to him.

Thanks in advance,


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Mon, 27 Feb 1995 15:51:08 -0500 (EST) Subject: RE:tnd mailing list (fwd) To: From: SHARMA, MANOHAR <M.SHARMA@CGNET.COM>

Making TND's mailing list is a good idea * if* we make sure that privacy is maintained for those that don't want to disclose their email addresses to other TND readers. If this is accomplished, a lot of readers would gain from the new info *and* no one would lose.

The trick, therefore, is to

1. announce that TND's mailing list is going public *but* that subscribers, by a simple request to the editor, may choose to have their addresses not included in this list.

2. give readers a reasonable time to respond (not everyone reads TND immediately as it is received, I guess).

3. strike out the names of those who want to remain private and publish the list in TND.

So I propose the following:

a. we make 2-3 announcement on TND of the above plan adding a deadline for any privacy request (maybe March 31 or April 15 or whatever). A good idea would be to send out a special issue of TND w/ just this info. Do this 3 times ( probably one every week for three weeks). We would, of course,
 emphasize that no response would mena "no problem".

b. do #3 above. There is no need for me, or for that matter, anyone except the editor to know who requested privacy. But if the editor doesn't have time (or whatever) to assemble a list, I am willing to do it w/ a promise to respect confidentiality of all kinds of requests.

Sincerely, Manohar Sharma

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