The Nepal Digest - Feb 24, 1995 (12 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 24 Feb 95: Falgun 12 2051 BkSm Volume 36 Issue 16

  Today's Topics:

          Apologies for no header due to time constraints.

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta *
 * News Correspondent Rajendra P Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 01:51:24 -0800 (PST) From: Looja Ratna Tuladhar <looza@leland.Stanford.EDU> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Feb 21, 1995 (9 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

Misunderstandings More stuff about Budha....

> > >>The school was made for the crown prince, there is no doubt about
that. No.There are valid resons for doubting that statement. If such were the case why did the beloved prince go to Eton for further studies? Why not just build a pseudo-Eton on the base of the Shivapuri hills? And why should the Brit Govt be interested in funding the project if that were the aim? Wouldnt offering him a spot at one of the elite brit academies been easier? Whats the point of keeping the thing running for all these years after his graduation?
> > >>till today, but one should see the quality now. The product is not as good
> > >>as it was during the CP's time. The reason, the allocation of fund and

Wait a minute, what is your basis for that argument? Budhanilkantha did win the Birendra Shield in 1991/2 acad year. A-level and O-level average scores are showing a general upward trend. Post graduation placement in prestigious universities of India, Australia, US continues.
> > >>government's fund could be used to provide scholarship to the needy and poor
> > >>students.
The funds provided by the government, for your information, go solely towards supporting the scholarship stuednts who are about thirty in number every batch.The argument is about whether that should continue (at least thats what I think).

> > >>prince studied there and a lot of fund was allocated to that school in
> > >>earlier days. What I want to emphasize that we do not want to produce more
> > >>than one CP from that school. The beneficiary must pay for it. The
> > >>government should not subsidize the elites

The "elites" as you call them, do pay a fat bill for the education themselves BTW.

And I recommend some basic facts about BKS be put up in the FAQ (or maybe a BKS FAQ be put up ) so that we do not have to argue about the same things again and again

And I do really doubt about the author being a BKS grad, but nevermind.

Thanks Looja Tuladhar

******************************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 15:48:10 +0000 (GMT) From: GIRI J N <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Taja khabhar London style!!!!

Greetings 2 u all

Just a quick note to tell u all about the 'democracy day' reception at the embassy with the chief guest of course the dep PM. Before the large reception attended by the usual, guests from diplomatic corp, members from the Britain-Nepal society and Yeti, the dep PM addressed a gathering of over 100 strong Nepali in the embassy hall.

I was definitely impressed by the main man's speech which was to the point, precise and I think sincere, the tranformation from a oposition leader to a smart and very diplomatic politician was all but apparent that night.

He spoke energitically for about half an hour mainly about: the UML's total faith and belief in the constitution and in the democratic process, he made special reference about the historic swearing in of the
'democratic communist' government by the monarch; he spoke about his groundwork laying India visit where the agenda for the PM's visit was set mainly aboutTanakpur and the trade-transit treaty; he spoke about his european visit where his main purpose was to introduce the new UML government and its policies to the european government, ' to reassure them and to allay fears'; he also spoke about the positive reaction of these european government and of the coming PM's visit to India and the socialist conference in Denmark.

The reception was hosted by ambassador Shrestha (nb: a royal and not a political appointe), it was really ammusing to overhear all these sleazy drunk Yeti members emphasize their revulutionary/socialist credentials as was the ambassador during the introductary speech. Yeti was originally a dynamic student organization established in the 60's but of lately which has been hijacked by the mafia of Nepali/Tandoori restaurant owners and doctors who have effectively made organisation dormant and aimless except probably to dicuss about the new nan recipee and how much they made.

These over weight, over stayed, over aged narrow minded people have done very little to promote any Nepal interest except their own like have their picture taken with leaders like Ganesh man singh, KP Bhattarai, Madhav Nepal etc and talk gloriously about their contribution to the struggle, they are a real no good stinking lot (nuff said right, better keep my views to myself).

Two esssential articles worth reading from UK are from 'New Scienctist'

Jan 28 issue had an interesting article on the 'three gorge dam', the largest dam in the world, this article has a direct implication on the underreview Arun III, the next targets KaliA and West Seti; so read it all u people concerned about high dams in our yard Himalaya.

Feb 4 issue has a wicked and hopeful article'on-line Kathmandu'. It talks about the aspiration of computer association of Nepal CAN (which encompasses al the private computer companie which are mushrooming all over KTM ) in turning KTM into Silicon Himalaya after Silicon plateau of Banglore. CAN memebers wants to develop softwares for North American and European companies. They want to build an IT park for softwares houses in Dhulikhel (can u believe it, wild!!) Mr MOS aka Sanjib Raj-Bhandari is liberally quoted, sounds a brillant idea and all high tech, but I am all for it so beam me up captain Raj-Bhandari.

Take care u all!!!! Joti Giri (

******************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 11:16:06 +0500 From: (Nischal Shrestha) To: Subject: Something from Nischal

Read it. Its not as long as the other articles. Hi every one,
                Do any one of you know the full meaning of the following word?

        I guess some people from Columbus knows about it.

        A- Asia/Australia
        M- Middle East
        E- Europe
        R- Russia(huge country)
        I- India(populated country)
        C- China(populated country)
        A- Africa
        N- Native Americans
        S- South America

        This shows that there are people from every place, as all of know.

                                                To be continued...
                                                Metal .....

***************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 10:41:03 -0600 From: (Pradip Baniya) To:

The SLC exam was over just few days back, but it was full of very interesting things like (I got them frome Bimarsh, Feb 10): Minister for E&C expressed the intention of passing more students this year in SLC, but examinees and even guards, inspectors and in some cases even the Principal of the school took it differently. Cheating and copying the answers from the book were very comman.

In Tanhu, Chandravati Ma.Vi: In the exam center answers were distributed among the students by lithography. few local teachers had active involement in this act. when the "Mabini", running guard and central inspector went there to inspect and control such act, they got thrased heavily and were running for their lives.

Nuwakot Chuwadi: One student named Shreehari thapaliya was expelled by CDO in the account of cheating and the whole examinees from that center boycotted the exam. Then teachers and other officials were requesting the examinees to cheat or do whatever they want but not to go away from exams.

Banepa: In one center nearly 2 "bora" of books, cheats and notes were snatched from the examinees possession. In khotang one student was found taking exam for other. Same case was in Danusha. There were reports from the CDO of varoius dist. that there has been lot of irregularity in the exam and it was very difficult for them to conduct exam properly.

>From Bimarsha:
DPM Mr. Nepal has recently concluded his highly publicised trip to India. Before he left he had many agenda to discuss with top Indian leaders. He was sepecially hopeful about the help from Indian Communist Leaders in pushing forward his poins in Indian political arena. But he instead returned empty handed. In his every meeting with indian leaders, he got same reply that they will think about the proposal when Nepales PM will be in India. Nobody cared to think seriously about his agendas. Inthe case of 1950 peace treaty, PM PVN Rao plainly rejected Nepal's proposal for revising and hence cancelling it. PV Rao told him that Indo-Nepales relation is mainly based on this treaty and this treaty is based on the century old cultural, religious relations. He said we have no intention to modify it. He further denied any change in Tanakpur case. In his press conference, Nepal told he is persuading the Indian leaders about need to revise 1950 treaty deviating from his earlier remark about totallin voiding it. He never raised any point about imposing work-permit to Indian citizens working in Nepal.Among other things he discussed are: entending railway service, Transit point via Radhikapur Highway, ease in petroleum products import, reducing tariff on Nepali goods, Bhutanese refugee problem, etc. Analysts say that may be due to Indian leaders being busy in their internal politics at this time caused such a pathetic response to Nepal's visit. Still we can not expect much from the PM Adhikari's forthcoming visit to India.

from Bimarsha: Here is more description about the one of the worst Bus accident in Nepal. The bus no Lu. A. Kha. 1120 was bound for Butwal from Palpa in the ill-fated day. The real driver was away for some reason and the person behind the wheels was "Khalansi" of some other bus. In the "chalani" the driver was listed as Khem Bahadur and Khalansi as Bhim Bahadur.Some 3 KM ahead of the accident spot the bus hit roadside "Dhisko". Then there was widespread fear in the pax. Some even tried to get out of the bus but the
"khalansi" driver soothed them and told he will be driving carefully. In Kerabari, the driver of the other bus when saw khalansi driving the bus, asked him not to take risk, but he did not listened. Then the overly loaded bus with some over 75 pax plunged into the river by the side of the road. Most of the pax died due to impact of the fall and by drowning in the "Raha" of the river. Should the rescue team had approached the scene earlier most of the victims live could have saved. Accident happened at 8:00 pm and rescue team reached there by 7:00 am the following day.Local and ill-equipped villagers were just hearing the faint voice for help from the bus throughout the night. I have got the list of the deceased who were identified, if any body is interested, I can e-mail it.

pradip baniya UNL-lincoln.

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 12:23:34 -0500 (EST) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: Subject: Death you are great

Since many people view death negatively,i thought it was time to see at the positive effects of death. And maybe there is no death that ends all but all is only a tyransitory phase. So trying to give death the credit I came up with this.


Comes picks up and takes away To stop him there is no way Unconquerable,unbeatable Once born death is inevitable

No caste no creed, sex no bar Rich or poor, young or age no time bar Everywhere in earth is the domain of death All must somedasy surrender to Kingdom of Death

Born a child finally becomes old Death only is the means and not end Weep not, worry not for it is only a change Change due to ignorance which seems so strange

Death is only the setting sun A new day is yet to begin for death is a hope of new life to come A life to live, strugglwe and overcome

Death itself is limited to mere body only One dies externally but not internally For body surrenders to death but not the soul In essence we are not flesh but immortal soul


*********************************************************************************************** From: (Pratyoush R. Onta) Subject: Amulya's comments on P. Onta's Book Review To: (tnd) Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 14:12:34 -0500 (EST)

On TND dated Feb 17, Amulya Tuladhar has written that he has found my review of Tribal Ethnography of Nepal co-authored by Dr. Rajesh Gautam and Ashoke K. Thapa-Magar (1994, Book Faith India) to be patronizing. He is entitled to that opinion but a few points, both as a way of clarification and response, might be helpful.

1) I had written that I found the language used in the book to be offensive and patronizing and provided two examples to support my argument. Amulya suggests that the problem of language can be understood because many Nepali writers find it difficult to write in English. This is true of course but a publisher who can publish such an expensive book
(Rs. 1760) and has at least one native speaker of english in its staff can and should hire editors to copy-edit books that it would like to publish.

2) But as my examples show, it is just not a question of language but also the attitude that I found problematic. Representing Magars as sojo, uncorrupted, simple, only now being influenced by agents of modernity is to dwell on simple homogeneous stereotypical notions. Amulya thinks that my criticism of this comes from some "avant garde historical theory" and quickly adds that "Onta's version of avant garde historical theory will be open to future rebukes of obscolense when new critiques come their way."

While I have been influenced by some of the discussions on this subject in history and anthropology (and am sure the inadequacies of these discussions will become clear as time goes on), my criticism was equally based on my reading of magazines like Gorkha Sainik Awaj, Rodhi, Tamu Sun Ta, Ros, Kairen, Salpha, Lafa, Char Mhendo, Chinamakhu and the converstions I have had with people who are involved in producing these magazines. When I used the term "discouses of ethnicity" in my review, I had in mind the contents of these magazines produced by different groups of people highlighting auto-ethnographies and auto-criticisms (also criticism of dominant cultural/national themes in Nepal) of different ethnicities. Amulya, has once again, raised an objection based on his own hasty assumption.

3) The inappropriateness of the word "tribal" to describe many of the ethnic groups within Nepal has been discussed at some length in the academic literature. We need not get into that debate here. However, I do want to respond to one more point made by Amulya. He suggests that this book embodies a "political project of highlighting an hitherto oppressed section of nepalese society, the "Tribals". I can not accept a piece of writing consisting of a set of stereotypes as a political project which counters past oppression. If there is a political project in writing, then I suggest that Amulya should look into the magazines that I have mentioned above (and others that I have not).

4) Finally, Amulya begins his comments by writing "I found P. Onta's book review of "Tribals of Nepal" patronizing on the authors: Dr. Rajesh Gautam and some Thapa-Magar." Why can not he be bothered to look up the first name of Mr Thapa-Magar? Or would that be asking for too much?

Sincerely, Pratyoush Onta

********************************************************************* Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 13:54:40 -0600 From: (Pradip Baniya) To:

here is the list of all the decesed in the palpa bus accident: shanker thapa (driver) -25- butwal n.p Khem bahadur bista 18 telgha, palpa min bahadur 12, panchanagar, nawalparasi bhim bdr rana , biruwa-7, syanja chet kumari rana 43 '''''''''''''''' kalawati kebet 36, karmahawa siddarthnagar gyanmati kebet 32, ''''''''''''''''''''''' hari gautam 38, gulmi, guhang-5 durgadevi gautam 63, '''''''''''''' mohan kumar 65, rupandehi, karaiy-9 surendra gurung 25, dang, tribhuwan nagar pariya chaudhari 70, rupendehi, dhakdhaki-5 belankurmi chaudhari 63, '''''''''', siptahan-4 bipin musalwan 30, siddarthnagar, india ram kumar karki 31, ramechapp, sukajor-5 lal bdr kaliraj 32, tansen np-4 pitamber nepali 51, syangja, birgha, archela tika dahal 28, bangadi, rupendehi-1 raju cahudhari 35, karaiya, ''''''''' son of ''''''' krisna pd khanal 25, kerkhani, '''''''' sambhuraj gywanli 30, banganga, kapilbastu deepak rawal 16, butwal, paschima tharu - rupendehi, kerawani suresh shrestha 32, tansen palpa devi sharma parsaticket, rupendehi bisnumaya aryal '''''''''''''''''''''' bramhachari tharu kapilbastu kaulakchi devi 45 mithai prasad bangai kapilbastu 44: died 34: injured and few of them were in critical condition 11 bodies not identified so far and the corpse donated to bharatpur medical college. 2 "bebarishe" bodies incinrated by tansen np. from bimarsha feb 10 pradip baniya UNL-lincoln

******************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 15:37:23 +0000 To: From: (Mary Des Chene) Subject: Education: Books for T.U. campus libraries

I am posting the following for Hugh Woods, director and founder of the American Nepal Education Foundation. Some readers may know Mr. Woods and his foundation, which has provided small amounts of scholarship money for many years for Nepalis to studysns are of a few books at a time, but any collection that can be acquired, or arrangements made with university libraries when they are culling duplicates, could be especially useful. I offered to post the following information in the hope that some readers might have worthwhile contributions to make to this effort. In light of recent discussions of T.U., BKS, and the state of education in general, I suggest that this is one small but useful intervention that can be made from here. Books are sent not just to Kirtipur campus, but distributed among all T.U. campuses. Mr. Woods consults with campus librarians on their needs, so please note the request to contact him to check on suitability of any books you have before sending them. Also note that he covers shipping costs from Oregon to Kathmandu, but is not able to pay for postage to Oregon. Sincerely, Mary Des Chene

>From Hugh B. Wood
The American Nepal Education Foundation 2790 Cape Meares Loop NW Tillamook, OR 97141

One of the programs that the American Nepal Education Foundation has carried on nearly every year since its inception in 1955 is the collection and shipping of good books and journals to Nepal's colegon in the past, but it has been suggested that other patrons of Nepal might wish to donate materials to the program. (Last year we had a 1000 book collection of Asian Art, and a collection of books about Nepal donated from the East Coast). ANEF barely has enough money to pay for these shipments to Calcutta and then Kathmandu. If you wish to make a contribution of materials, we would have to ask you to pay the shipping costs to us here in Oregon. If you have any materials (in the English or Nepali languages only), please FIRST OF ALL send me a list (or information) of the materials, or call me at (503) 842-4924. We collect materials the year round, but ship only once a year, usually in June.

***********************************************************8 Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 13:54:00 PST To: The Editor <> From: "SHARMA, MANOHAR" <M.SHARMA@CGNET.COM> Subject: re: publication of list of subscribers

Why don't we look for simpler solutions instead of pontificating on the complications/implications of private vs. public information.

Just ask subscribers if they want to be on the list or not . Then just delete the addresses of those that don't want to be on the list. Publish the rest. Problem solved.

ps. what has being in Nepal, or not being there got to do all this anyways?

%%%%%Editor's Note: Once again, TND has no objections if any volunteers %%%%
%%%%% would like to maintain a list of members who do not %%%%
%%%%% mind having their names and e-mails publicly %%%%
%%%%% available. Individuals may send their email address%%%%
%%%%% to the volunteers once they announce it on TND. %%%%
%%%%% As requested by the members, the entire list will %%%%
%%%%% not be published. %%%%

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 17:16:30 -0800 (PST) From: Archana Singh <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Feb 21, 1995 (9 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

Dear Netters,
        I am doing a research on women's organizations in Nepal. If you happen to know of any women's organization in Nepal which deals with women's employment and/or banking, would you kindly e-mail me the information at the earliest possible time. I would really appreciate your effort.
        Thank you! Sincerely, Archana. e-mail address:

********************************************************************** From: "nagendra paudel" <PAUDELN@SUR02.FERRIS.EDU> To: Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 21:39:48 EST Subject: reply

Dear editor,
           Nepal digest
                         Thankyou very much for considering me as a member of your publication "NEPAL DIGEST".It is highly appreciated.
                                      Nagendra Paudel
                                      Ferris state university
********************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 21:51:39 -0500 To: Subject: Amsterdam Nepali Restaurant From: (Frank F Kroger)

The Sherpa restaurant in Amsterdam is located at:

 Korte Leidsedwarsstraat 58

The phone number is 020 623 51 93 or Tel.: (3120) 6239495
(perhaps any or all of these phone numbers is/are correct.

 Open daily between 15:00 and 23:00
     Thanks to my informants on scn ie soc.culture.netherlands Frank

*********************************************************** Date: Wed, 22 Feb 1995 23:26:28 -0600 (CST) From: RKP6723@UTARLG.UTA.EDU Subject: Victory To:

            Dedicated to Carrie, Bipul, Sheila, and homesick friendsnds

Living in foriegn land causes to feel tense, unable to concentrate, sleep or perform daily function. This is called anxiety. Issues concerning interpers onal skills, "fitting in", and social acceptance are all common problem, but for many of us this can be stressful. Many university provide counseling service to help student function well in school. Some of us do not see the anxiety as a problem and ignore it, later it can be a bigger problem.

When we are having anxiety attack simple things can get on our way. For example a Nepali pilot trainee pulled the gas button, and almost killed himself and the trainer. Another student couldn't deal with anxiety he threw out a good microwave into the dumpster.

There is a dark demon lives in everybody. INXS made a song out of it
"Every single one of us has a devil inside". This demon gets on everybody's way. The demon becomes more powerful when we are weak, such as having an anxiety attack, feeling lonely etc. That is why we do foolish things. The demon takes over. In Hindu the demon is called Asura or Rachhes. There is a way to defeat the demon as well as anxiety attack. Believe in yourself (you can refer to my Jan 3 article for detail) "Atma Bishwas
                  by Swayum Bhu
                  (Robin Pandey)

            Once upon a time there was a demon, the king of darknessess
        The demon lived to take advantage of my weakness and destroy me
          I lived in terror under his attack on me whenever I was weak
       He would show his faces and change them into terror looking demons
              Every time he got me he would laugh at me and say
                   "This is my victory, I ruled the universe"
                            I was tired of his bully
                             I had to do something
                      How could I beat this powerful demon
                        I do not know anything about him
                     He showed up in my room the other day
                I was terrified, but this time either me or himim
                     All I had to do was believe in myself
                He shook up like a little mouse front of a cat
                I got you little king of darkness, and I yelled
                    "TODAY IS MY VICTORY AND I RULE YOU"


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Thu, 23 Feb 1995 00:38:16 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <> Subject: List of people to Korean PM To:
        The letters of protest re: the gross mistreatment (beatings and rape) of Nepali workers in South Korea have been sent out from Cambridge, Massachusetts to:

        1) South Korean Prime Minister
        2) South Korean Labor Minister
        3) South Korean Ambassador in DC.
        4) Nepali Prime Minister
        5) Nepali Labor Minister
        6) Nepali Labor Secretary
        7) AMNESTY INTERNATIONAl, London
        9) Nepal Bar Association, Kathmandu
        10) Nepali Ambassador to Japan and South Korea

My sincere thanks to Mary Das Chene, Amrit Pant, Anil Tuladhar, Santosh Aryal, Pratyoush Onta, Sarju Shrestha, Sunil Shakya, Gyaneswor Pokharel, Raju Pradhan, Mahendra Man Shakya, Rajendra Shrestha, and the TND Editorial Board and subscribers for all their help and words of support. Moori Moori Dhanyabad!!

I will send in a copy of the letter on TND/SCN soon.

The names, addresses, e-mail addresses and phone numbers of the following
'protesters' -- as supplied by them -- were attached on each letter,

1. Rajendra Shrestha New Hampshire, USA 2. Purushottam Shrestha British Columbia, Canada 3. Anil Tuladhar British Columbia, Canada 4. Yamal Rajbhandari Iowa, USA 5. Alok Bohara, PhD New Mexico, USA 6. Gyaneswor Pokharel Nagoya, Japan 7. Pawan Agrawal, Iowa, USA 8. Bhanu Neupane Canada 9. Hari Koirala British Columbia, Canada 10 Sita Koirala '' 11. Shrijana Koirala '' 12. Pratistha Koirala '' 13. Kalden Sherpa '' 14. Kenji Sherpa '' 15. Shyam Krishna Manandhar '' 16. Subarna Shrestha '' 17. Sunita Shrestha '' 19. Sajana Shrestha '' 20. Indira Shrestha '' 21. Som Bdr. Pun '' 22. Abi Kumar Sharma '' 23. Jyoti Bajracharya '' 24. Manaj Kansakar '' 25. Yasodhara Shrestha '' 26. Ravi Tripathy '' 27. Suresh Bhatta '' 28. Shashi Pandey '' 29. Naresh Koirala '' 30. Iswori koirala '' 31. Suresh Gurung '' 32. Kumud Chawala '' 33. Mrs. Kamal '' 34. Suresh Man Singh Geneva, Switzerland 35. Bimal Adhikari Maryland, USA 36. Dinesh Aryal Rhode Island, USA 37. Vijaya Raj Sharma Colorado, USA 38. Shaligram Pokharel Ontario, Canada 39. Shatal Thapa Ontario, Canada 40. Santosh Aryal Australia 41. Megha Parajulee, PhD Texas, USA 42. Rajesh Adhikari Shinjuku, Japan 43. Dr. Amita Adhikari Shinjuku, Japan 44. Anita Regmi Washinton DC, USA 45. Ram Acharya Alabama, USA 46. Nirmal Ghimirez USA 47. Rajpal J. Singh New York, USA 48. Rajesh Shrestha Massachusetts, USA 49. Padam Sharma North Dakota, USA 50. Sohan Panta UK 51. Amrit Pant Massachusetts, USA 52. Binoy Yonzon Massachuetss, USA 53 Sarju Shrestha Virginia, USA 54. Mahendra Man Shakya Massachusetts, USA 55. Raju Pradhan Massachuetts, USA 56. Sri Krishna Pandey Massachusets, USA 57. Sunil Shakya Massachuetts, USA 58. Pratyoush Onta Pennsylvania, USA 59 Bikash Thapliya Kathmandu, Nepal 60. Ashutosh Tiwari Massachusetts, USA 61. Ramesh Poudyal Trieste, Italy

p.s. I apologize . . . if you had sent me or TND an e-mail, and if you do not see your name here. I tried to do my best to include everyone's -- who sent in e-mails -- names.

namaste ashu

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 23 Feb 1995 10:40:08 -0500 To: Subject: Nepal Info & Tech show & conference Jan '95 From: (Frank F Kroger)

An interview with Sanjib Rajbhandari, President of Mercantile Office Systems (computer/software dealer and internet email provider in Kathmandu):

Question: Since the communist party has come to power has its new economic policy effected the computer business?

SR: So far we have not experienced any visible difference in the policy of the new govt. But I feel that it is too early to comment on the policy. We are following a policy of wait and see.

Q: What are the problems in the field of computer marketing?

SR: There are many. Computer technology changes very fast. Almost every batch of computers include som changes in technology. There is delay in receiving consignments. By the time we are in a position to send the computers to our market, there is a cha nge in valuation. We may lose money and inconveniences the customer.

Q: What are the objectives of the conference?

SR: The conference & exhibition is the first of its kind in terms of significance and participation. We will have representatives from computer industries like IBM, Compaq, HP, Microsoft and SPSS. Apart from them other international experts will also participate. It will be a golden opportunity for all to learn the latest trends in computer technology.

The Kathmandu Post also includes an article by Sanjib Rajbhandari, wearing the hat of President of the Computer Association of Nepal. The article starts with a description of an imaginary 35 employee software company in Kmdu, working on a joint venture with a partner in UK and a customer in Phoenix, AZ, US. Video conferencing with these customers occurs through the facilities of a US$350,000 jointly owned satellite communication system, which keeps the cost of such communication within affordable limits. The Nepal software industry, comprised of 40 companies with 2000 graduate employees, had grossed US$55m in the previous year. SR explains that the above scenario is a feasible one. Then he explains that Nepal should consider establising a software industry because

1) Nepal is a landlocked country far from its markets and software is a high value export that can be 'transported' electronically and relatively cheaply.

2) The software industry is environmentally friendly since it requires virtually no raw materials.

3) Employment. In the next five years Nepal expects to have about 1000 graduates with BE degrees in computer studies, plus thousands of other graduates in other fields such as commerce, science, arts etc. The software industry will be able to provide jo bs for these people. There would also be employement for clerical employees to do data entry.

Today software companies in the Phillipines and India are grossing
$20-35K/technical employee/year.

If Nepal can deliver a quality product the Nepal software industry will be competitive in the world market because of the relatively low cost of labor in Nepal.

The market of packaged and custom made software currently exceeds US$80 billion and is growing at more than 10% /year.

While the tourist industry is subject to factors beyond the control of Nepal (Gulf War, Plague in India etc.) the software industry can be a stable industry.

Countries that have included software technology in their national policy have done exceedingly well. India exports US$1billion/year in software less than 10 years after software parks were established there. National planners should recognize the potent ial and benefits and chart out a policy to facilitate the establishment of such an industry. The private sector and the Computer Association of Nepal are eager to participate.

To improve the marketability of Nepali software software companies should acquire ISO 9000 certificates. (ISO is a European seal of quality recognised the world over.) An ISO certification involves heavy costs and long processes, it is a bitter pill to sw allow, but it is any day easier than changing Nepal's "image" (as a poor undeveloped country.)

In the software industry only high quality products can be marketed, hence control and maintenance of quality is of the utmost importance. The fastest and most cost effective way of acquiring this is to go in for technical tie-ups which guarantee tranfer of technology. Also have regular quality assurance courses.

The Nepal software industry should be in partnership with reliable and competent marketing partners in the market place. The ideal situation will be if the techical joint venture partner is also the marketing partner. Such partners are difficult to com e by, but not impossible.

 Establishing a software technology park is a great way to jump start the software industry. Singapore, Malaysia, Costa Rica and India are living proof of how software tehcnology parks help develop the software industry. Having a number of software compa nies in one location, where communication, development, training and quality assurance are available, provides a good nucleus around which to develop the whole industry.

Cheap, advanced and reliable communications is as important to the software industry as wool is to the carpet industry. No data communication, no software export. It is that simple. And it has to be CHEAP. Today Nepalese customers are paying as high as US$3.50/minute of international communication. These rates are about the highest in the world. Either software companies should be allowed to set up their own satellite data communications facility to bring down the cost to acceptable levels or telecommun ication companies in Nepal should offer service at internationally competitive rates. If neither of these can be achieved Nepal should not contemplate developing a software export industry at all.

Government incentives for software companies who are exporting is not a must, but it certainly can not hurt. What the govt puts into the software industry today it will reap ten fold in half as many years. The incentive can be in the form of a tax holida y for ten years, duty free imports for capital goods, fundings to participate in international exhibitions, reduced tariff for utilities, etc. There appears to be a great deal to be done, but given all the benefits, this industry is definitely worth investing in. It is do-able.
 _____________ Vigyan J Rana reports on "Nepal Telecommunications Corp, NEPPAK moving ahead bit by bit on Packet switching public data network." It is claimed that this initiative is upgrading telecom technology to bring improved service, and a wider range of international data communications services at lower cost. The article includes a lot of technical terms. On the same page is an advertisement from Nepal Telecom. Corp. with "hearty Greetings
& best wishes for the success of the" Conference.
 ____________ An article by Allen Tuladhar explains a Nepali neologism: "co-ompetition", the idea that competitors in the Nepal computer industry need to work together in order to further the health of the industry.

He reports that the Computer Association of Nepal has provided a forum for players in the Nepal computer industry to talk to each other to iron out problems and to be pro-active in promoting the role of computers in Nepal.

Techtalks were organized every 2 weeks on various topics such as: viruses, networking, optimizing your pc, power supply, software exports etc.

As a result of the Techtalks a committee was formet to standaridize and define Devanagare starndards, such as their ASCII values and their location on the keyboard. Also the use of Devangari in databases, touching on sorating and numeric calculations.

The establishent of a Technology Park task force in collaboration with Ronast, National Computer Center etc, to provide access to data transmission facilities by export software industry.etc.

The Show and Conference is an example of co-ompetition.

The show will receive media attention from Nepal and from neighboring countries, including Nepal Tv, Kantipur & Kathmandu Post publishing special sections, show newsletter for participants, Core Computer magazine and DataQuest mag. have published special issues.

CAN approached five organizations for sponsorship, all extended approval and support. US Embassy (many computer companies based in US) Himalaya Bank has been impressed with the growth in volume of the computer business Singapore Airlines carries much computer imports to Nepal Hotel Bluestar Himalayan General Insurance.

Currently (Allan Tuladhar estimates) the total of the Nepal computer industry at 280 crore NR/year and he claims that the industry is DOUBLING EVERY MONTH.

posted from the Kathmandu Post Jan 19, 1995 by Frank Kroger

********************************************************************** From: Surendra P. Bhattarai <> Subject: Address Change Notification To: Date: Thu, 23 Feb 95 13:50:55 EST

Our TND friends:

I have been offered a Staff Engineer position with Motorola Advanced Microprocessor Division, Semiconductor Products Sector in Austin, Texas. It represents a leap forward in my career; I have decided to accept the offer. My start date with Motorola will be March 13th.

My wife, Bandana, is already working for Motorola as an Electrical Engineer since January. I suggest that any e-mails to us (including the TND) be forwarded to Bandana's address. I don't have a Motorola internet ID, yet.

Bandana's internet address is:

Our Austin address and phone numbers are:

        2809 West William Cannon Drive, Apt #E207
        Austin, Texas 78745
        Phone: (512) 447-4559 (H)
               (512) 891-8498 (Bandana's Work)
               (512) 891-3295 (Bandana's Fax)

My several years' association with Delco Electronic/General Motors has been rewarding. We will miss our friends in the Midwest, within and outside the Nepali Community.

I look forward to working for Motorola and meeting people in the Sunbelt.

Thank you.

Surendra Bhattarai Advanced Project Engineer Delco Electronics, A Subsidiary of General Motors One Corporate Center, MS: CT40C Kokomo, Indiana 46902
******************************************************************************* Date: 23 Feb 95 13:57:49 EST From: Smita Gyawali Subject: hi To:

This might be not that big issue. I was just concerned if Nepal has to publish so many differentstamps each year. I receive letters from home and always see the new stamps. It is good to see scenic beauty of our country captured in stamps. But is it cost effective? I hope some professionals can answer my question

thank you Smita Gyawali

*********************************************************************** Date: 24 Feb 1995 13:11:25 EDT To: From: Subject: Antarghat Annex

re: Ashu's Fwd of KPoudel's Satire

I think two more events of Mr Ganesh Man Singh's involvement could be annexed to that

1. The role he played to compromise with Ranas, against the will and wishes of many freedom fighters who fought alongside and lived or died with their boots on; and

2. Another, similar role he played to compromise with the Panchayat leader, not long ago.

You may agree that he was with Bhattarai and others in that role, that's the politics of opportune.


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