The Nepal Digest - Feb 16, 1995 (4 Falgun 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Thursday 16 Feb 95: Falgun 4 2051 BkSm Volume 36 Issue 11

  Today's Topics:

        1. TAJA_KHABAR - News From Nepal
        2. KURA_KANI
                 Education - Philosophy VC: Person and Position
                 Social - Re: Remembering ASCOL
                                Re: Medals for TND?
        3. JAN_KARI
                 Nepali Restaurants
                 Nepal and Internet Hookup
                 Nepal Short Wave
        4. SODH_PUCH
                 Anybody know about Thakalis?
                 Advice on Trekking, Please!
        5. TITAR_BITAR
                 Entertainment - Movie Reviews
                                 Music Reviews
        6. KHOJ_KHABAR
                 Nischal Shrestha looking for Sanjay Shrestha

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma sharma@plains.nodak.edu *
 * Discussion Moderator: Ashutosh Tiwari tiwari@husc.harvard.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta ponta@sas.upenn.edu *
 * News Correspondent Rajendra P Shrestha rajendra@dartmouth.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 13 Feb 1995 17:48:30 +0500 From: nshresth@capital.edu (Nischal Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Attention

Hi netters,
        I am looking for Sanjay Shrestha, who graduated from West Virginia, and also looking for Sadeep Shrestha, who graduated from Luther College, Iowa.
                        Bye.

********************************************************** Date: Mon, 13 Feb 1995 22:06:43 -0500 (EST) From: Ashutosh Tiwari <tiwari@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: As Oliver Twist says, "More!"
                                                                
        Pratyoush Onta's "Remembering ASCOL" was one of the finest, yet subtle and witty, works of memoirs that I have read in a long time. I was particularly struck by its simplicity, humanity and a sense of humor.

        I urge Pratyoush that, time-allowing, he put his other published-in-various-newspapers-in-Kathmandu satires, reviews, essays and pieces of reflection here on the screen for the benefit of TND/SCN readers.

        A good and informed piece of writing is something we can all take joy in.

namaste ashu

********************************************************************* Date: TUE, 14 FEB 95 16:06:07 JST From: Ashok Sayenju <194038@JPNIUJ00.BITNET> Subject: News from Nepal To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

Some recent news from Nepal:

1. New RNAC Chief

   HMG has appointed Mr. Kalyan Dev Bhattarai as GM of RNAC for two years with effect from February 2nd, 1995.

2. 22 Kgs. of Gold found in Thai Airlines Toilet:

   A total of 22.32 kgs of unclaimed gold wrapped in black tape was found by t he emplyees of the customs office Sunday in the rear of an aircraft belonging to Thai International Airways. It is worth Rs. 16,265,432 in the local market, it is learnt.

Source: The Kathmandu Post.

*********************************************************** Date: Sun, 12 Feb 1995 16:26:00 EST To: a10rjs1@cs.niu.edu From: DGURUNG@CLEMSON.EDU Subject: a brief movie review

Dear netters:

I just came back from watching the "Jungle Book". The story is adapted from the children's book and animated Disney video, the Jungle Book. But in our opinion it is: a. an excellent piece and fun to watch; and b. an excellent mix of British rule in India, Indian culture and
    the story. In addition, it touches the human and natural values. Here is one of the punch line: "The more I learn about men, the more like to be an animal" says Mowgli.

The bottom line: I would recommend for a visit. Enjoy it.

Subject: Mount Everest:DIARY; TibetIAN PEACE March

 CROSS POSTINGS FROM WTN

1) QOMOLANGMA DIARY

By Darla Hillard, author of Vanishing Tracks: Four Years Among the Snow Leopards of Nepal (William Morrow, 1989) It would be hard to find a place where our human connection to the land is more apparent than in Tibet. The land itself is so distinctive, with the highest point on earth rising out of a 16,000-foot plateau, and, within a radius of less than fifty miles, plunging nearly to sea level. The weather, too, plunges from a summer high of 100xF to a winter low of -30, not counting the chill factor of winds that have been known to blow a rider off his horse. Bound to this environment of extremes, down through the centuries of tumultuous history, the people have tilled the earth, tended flocks, and traversed the land, trading goods as well as information, keeping alive the myths and legends of their strong and venerable culture. Other peoples have undertaken journeys of hardship for the promise of a better life. The wagon trains that crossed the American west must surely have carried extraordinarily spirited and motivated people. But their journey was not a beloved way of life, nor, as far as I can tell, did an exuberant passion for living so define the character of their society.

The animals, too, are built for strength and endurance. Sleek, low, densely furred, and sturdy, the snow leopard finds a home in the mountainous borderlands. Wild asses and Tibetan gazelle congregate on the open, windy plains. Through the ages these animals have held their place in the scheme of things, sometimes clashing with people over crops or livestock, sometimes being hunted for their meat, pelts, organs and bones, but often side-by- side in relative harmony with human beings and their herds of sheep and shaggy yaks.

And yet the pressures of modernization and of burgeoning human populations have put this delicately balanced environment at risk. Rodney Jackson and I saw this for ourselves during a 1991 wildlife survey of the Qomolangma (pronounce "Cho-mo-lungma") Nature Preserve (QNP). The preserve was initiated by The Mountain Institute of West Virginia in the mid-1980s as part of their program to conserve the Mt. Everest ecosystem in Tibet and Nepal. The QNP's nearly 38,000 square miles adjoin three parks in Nepal, including the newly established Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area. Combined, they make up a cross-border protected area of some 42,000 square miles.

Qomolangma Diary recounts the six-week survey, and our brief entry into the rhythm of life in southern Tibet. The trip, far more than a search for animals, provided me with answers to many of my questions about the benefits of a nature preserve, for the people who live within its boundaries, for the country at-large that needs its resources, for the visitor from 12,000 miles away, and for the overall health of planet earth.

A detailed Master Plan for QNP was approved in 1992, from which The Mountain Institute has developed a framework of conservation and socio-economic development programs and partnerships. Focusing on indigenous needs and issues, the programs range from restoration of monasteries and revival of hand papermaking to creation of a sustainable medicinal herb industry, from biodiversity conservation to training for young men and women in practical skills as well as preserve management.

Big challenges lie ahead: even without the psychological impacts of international concerns over China-Tibet politics, there would still be daunting financial and technological obstacles facing these ambitious programs.

Our survey of QNP was fieldwork at its most satisfying, one-on-one with the people who live there, with the built-in chance to see how their lives might be affected by the various programs. This, for me, is the essence of the Qomolangma Diary. And if Tibet does epitomize our human connection to the land, then what better symbol of that connection than the highest mountain on earth, at the heart of the Qomolangma Nature Preserve? Qomolangma Diary
(10,500 words, illustrated), and descriptive brochures, are available for $5 each (to cover postage and handling, $7 ea. outside U.S.) from: The Mountain Institute, P.O. Box 907, Franklin, WV 26807, Phone: 304-358-2401, Fax: 304-358- 2400, E-Mail: summit@igc.apc.org..

Nepal will not Allow Tibetan Peace March
----------------------------------------

Kyodo News Agency KATHMANDU (Feb. 10, 1995) -- Nepal will not allow through its territory a peace march planned for March 10 by Tibetan exiles and Buddhist monks living in India, a Nepalese Home Ministry spokesman said Friday.

The march, organized to protest "continued Chinese rule" of Tibet, is scheduled to start from New Delhi and enter Nepal en route to Lhasa in Tibet.

Nepal, which accepts Tibet to be an inalienable part of China, is firm in its policy of not allowing actions on its soil aimed against any other country, the spokesman said.

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 12:53:06 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepali Restaurants

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Eric Nedervold (enedervo@adobe.com) wrote:
: In article <3h5eiu$hh@hydra.unm.edu> bohara@unm.edu (Alok Bohara ECONOMICS)
: writes:
: >There are two restaurants in Boulder, Colorado, and there is one
: >called Kathmandu West in Silicon Valley. I have tried all three
: >and they are good. Kathmandu West is pretty fancy too.

: There is also one outside of Berkeley, CA (Albany?) that is quite good,
: though a little pricey; the name escapes me right now. And Krishna
: and Vishnu Pradhan own Himalchuli in Madison, WI, on State Street, a
: few blocks from the State Capitol. If, as you leave the restaurant,
: you look up the street and squint a lot, the white dome of the Capitol
: looks somewhat like Swayambhunath. (Except that the traffic goes around
: it in the incorrect direction.) (Alright, you have to squint a *lot*.)

: Will a restaurant list be added to the FAQ?

: --Eric

Krishna and Bishnu Pradhan together with their son owns a second restaurant in Madison now called "Chautari". This one is even closer to the university.

Jeetendra

**********************************************************************************************

Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 12:54:01 -0500

To: nepal@cs.niu.edu
 I am an anthroplogist at Cambridge University conducting research on Thakali language and ethnicity. I am interested to know if anyone else has any ideas and opinions on the topic.

Mark Turin Queens' College Cambridge University CB3 9ET U.K.

e-mail : mt10003@hermes.cam.ac.uk

****************************************************** From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: rajendra@coos.dartmouth.edu (Rajendra P. Shrestha)

There have been changes in the internet hookup that Mercantile used to use. Nepal now has its own internet domain,and it is now hooked up through Australia. I'm now sure whether Ronast is still using the old ERNET link though. Here's a message I got from someone at the Australian site that administers Mercantile's internet link.

From: Andy Linton <asjl@connect.com.au>

There is now a delegated top level domain for Nepal, NP and Meercantile Office Systems in Kathmandu are the first members.Their domain name is now:

mos.com.np

THis is still a UUCP connection via us (connect.com.au in AUustrlalia) and an IP connection will happen very soon.

Regards, andy

************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 12:58:15 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Short-wave net

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Bishwa Shrestha <bishwa@rodeo.uwyo.edu> wrote:
>
> Hello,
> I would like to exchange the information regarding the short-wave
> radio reception through this net. Please send your comments regarding my
> idea. For example, it is possible to listen to BBC's Hindi Service at
> 7:30 MDT in 11920 kHz.
> I think this kind of information would benefit the short-wave
> listeners in our group. Just a suggestion.
> Thank you for your interest.
>
> Sincerely,
> Bishwa Shrestha
> BISHWA@UWYO.EDU
Hi!

Your idea sounds interesting. When do you actually begin to do the job. Does it need any software to listen to BBC through net and can any computer may use this facility? Today I read in a paper that a British boy has developed a software that makes telephone calls across the network possible but presently runs only on Macintoshes. Is this something relate to that? Go Ahead.

Suresh

***************************************************** From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: rajendra@coos.dartmouth.edu (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Bishwa Shrestha <bishwa@rodeo.uwyo.edu> writes:

> I am sorry but I have no idea about the development of a software
>that makes telephone calls across the net It does seem interesting though.

Here's something from the British newspaper The Telegraph (6 Feb.) that answers this.

Net offers international calls at local prices

By Ken Creffield

COMPUTER owners will soon be able to make national and international phone calls on the Internet at local charges - or for nothing if they have leased Internet line.

The savings for dial-up callers are as much as 97p in the pound compared with BT's most expensive "charge band 13" destinations such as China and Afghanistan.

A five-minute daytime Internet phone call to China (normal BT cost 6.72) would cost only 20p. With a single Internet leased line, several hundred employees would have telephone access-and calls would be free apart from the cost of the line.

Callers will need only a computer with an audio system, an Internet account they can reach with a local call, and the software-known as Internet Phone. Internet Phone is being launched in the US next Monday at $49 for a single user. The price in Britain is not known, but the developer, VocalTec, based in Israel, is taking international orders.

You have to have, at minimum, a dial-up SLIP/PPP Internet account from a provider such as Demon Internet, Easynet, CityScape or Pipex. Costs run from about 150 a year for a solo dial-up account to 11,500 for a leased line operating 24 hours a day.

All you need is PPP/SLIP, and a soundcard

The computer has to be switched on and connected to the system throughout the period during which you expect to receive and make calls. The person or organisation at the other end has to have similar hardware and software and be on the Internet with a SLIP/PPP account.

It needs a computer with a sound system, which need not cost over 1,000, and a modem with a minimum speed of 14,400 baud, which costs upwards of 100. Adding a sound system to an existing computer could cost from 65 to around 200 for standard packages, while VocalTec's package consisting of a voice compression card and hands-free phone, will cost $249.

The connection is in half-duplex-the "over and out" coastguard mode, which means you have to wait until the other person has finished speaking before getting your turn. However, there is an on-screen over-ride if you really do need to cut in.

The software has an option allowing voice messages to be left on a computer's hard disk. The compression card is said to improve audio quality and reduce bandwidth consumption. The next version of Internet Phone is expected to allow full duplex-both able to speak at once.

Bernie Breton, an electron optics researcher at Cambridge University engineering department, is one of the people who tested a pre-production version-and he is impressed.

'The quality of reception depends on the amount of network activity'

He said: "I've found the Internet Phone useful because with one quick call you can sort out problems that would otherwise require a time-consuming letter."

The department has three computers with the Internet Phone installed, one using VocalTec's hardware and the others with the universally available Soundblaster.

"The quality of reception depends on the amount of network activity. In theory, you might lose part of a word now and again and get a stuttering effect. That has not happened on any of my calls," said Prof Breton.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 13:10:23 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Medals for Rajendra and Rajpal? Yes and No!! From: atuladhar@gramps.clarku.edu

Medals for Rajendra and Rajpal
==============================

I fully support the idea of recognizing Rajendra and Rajpal's consistent, self-less, voluntary service to all Nepalese and Nepal in diaspora.

Yes, we do recognize and thank them and they continue to rise in our esteem.

But Gorkha Dakshin Bahu First Class for them?

a Big NO!

Why, do I think they do not deserve it?

Yes.

Why?

Because, Gorkha Dakhsin Bahu or "Godawa" is a prize for people who served the king's interest over the country's, for his relatives and the relatives of relatives of relatives with access to the Palace

"GODAWA" IS THE kiss of death or shame in post-Panchayat Nepal, any Nepal loving nepalese should reject it as Marlon Brandon rejected the Oscars.

I do not think the self-less image of Rajpal and Rajendra needs to sullied with a blessing from the King or for that matter Establishment which is King expanded to include the govt in power whether that be of Congress or Communist.

By the way has Dilli Choudhary got a "GODAWA"? May his reputation never be sullied by the blessings of the oppressing class and may he never have to stand with his oppressors.

Just my "dui-paisa" opinion,

Amulya Tuladhar Clark University

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 13:10:52 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Philosophizing and Analyzing VC: Person & Position From: atuladhar@gramps.clarku.edu

[NOTE: The first 2-3 screen pages are long on philosophy which some may skip to get to the juicy details of Mathema's structural connections that contributed to his "success".

Amulya Tuladhar

TU VC: a Humanist vs. Structural Entreprise?
=============================================

How anybody performs seems to be the net result his personal humanist efforts and the resources and constrainst defining his/her position in the structural scheme of things. This argument seems to undergird discussions of what makes a successful Vice-Chancellor of TU, or for that matter, the successful Prime Minister, the VC of National Planning Commission, or even a Dilip Bahadur Choudhary.

Arguing along the humanist school of thought is Ashu ans several others who see the succes of certain individuals such as former VC Mathema, or Reebok Human Rights winner Dilip Choudhary as the edification of personal attributes of determination, intellect, courage, integrity etc. Rarely do we see in these types of arguments any inclination to acknowledge structural elements such as caste or class location, discursive location is history and geography, situations in various axes of power from gender, world and regional economies. There is a tendency to wrap such arguments in the alchemist moth ball of
"screwed-up made for foreigner" fatalism of Dor Bahadur Bista, or the
"universally defeated" notion of structural Marxism, or the "cultural imperialism of Western feminism" which has no legitimacy criticising how Hindu Women are in a hunky dory state of incremental liberation.

It is not surprising that these criticisms often orginate from individuals who themselves have the benefit of structural privileges of caste, class, gender, and educational pedigress such as St.X or BKs and IVY leagues of US or Western University.

It makes larger political sense to front-play Horation Alger type of rags-to-riches story of some heroic individual who battled all odds to succeed without calling for revolutions or massive social change. This way, the masses are left to chase the chimera of some seductive,role-model, success without channeling their energies into combined, cooperative social action. What great change did conservative snivel Clarence Thomas achieve vs Malcom X in the american context. Sure great "individual" success while the blacks continue to decline in American society. In India, something akin to affirmative action, the so-called "Reservation of Scheduled Castes and Tribes" in the Constitution has allowed social and economic elites *within* the oppressed classes and social groups to accces to government and state largess at the expense of further degradation of their social groups. It is an extraordinarily efficient way of emasculating the leadership of a revolutionary groups that Marx failed to anticipate, to the derision of Fukuyama who are vaunting the end of Humanist history with the market triumphalism of Western democracy.

Humanist philosophy has a pretty seductive face and track record of human emancipation but the duality it propagtes in its unquestioned philosophic assumptions of privileging human welfare over other welfare (namely ecocentric Gaian and Buddhisht alternatives of according value to all things both living and dead) quickly serves as a socio-political framework for privilgeing whites above blacks and colored, certain classes/castes over others, certain sexes over others etc.

Humanist philosophy serves the interest of privileged castes/classes/ or social group. it is this group which have build not only substantial material resources of land and other factors of production that they can also generate very insidious technologies of power including science and technology, cultural discourse, and social values and norms. The reproduction of status quo in society is a testament to not only Marx's interest in material factors of production such as land and factories or capital but also the production of history, rituals, religion, language. It is these cultural, social, political pathways of power reproduction that has drawn the attention of neo-marxist, postmodern theorists, post-structuralist, and critical school of thought. Indeed it does serve to further the cause of social emancipation to problematise these so-called, universally socially accepeted values and norms that that surreptiously furthered to consolidate and reproduce inequitable relations of power.

All of this may sound as much philosophical babble that has nothing to the real world of Nepal. let me try to explain this in the case of former VC Mathema.

I had the fortune to meet Mathema 2 days before he was nominated VC and 2 days before he resigned and worked with him intimately in the tumultous 1.5 years of leadership change as the President of the Forestry Faculty. In this positin I was in a position to witness close hands how rhetoric articulates with raw machinations of power, how congress and communist idelogies serve as a front for even deeper regional categoies such as "Pahades" and "madhesia", how even within these categories and without other axes of power intersect based on economic class, social castes, educational pedigree, disciplinary battles between foresters and agriculturalist, and superimposed on top of that the international and the regional bureucratic tugs of yale University the USAID contractor for forestry schools and other NGOS. The picture was and is complex and I had the opportunity to see the limits of Mathema's personal humanist powers and struggles.

**********************************************************************************************

I concur with many of the odes to Mr. Mathema: He is unquestionably earnest and committed to educational reforms as he sees it. Others see him as just an economic reformer in trying to balance TU's books. He listens to all viewpoints and never stooped to the level of derogating those he did not share political values, he did plead with the leftist professors to stay and towards the end many did serve in influential posts; However, the decision of the leftist professors to abandon their posts seems to be a political decision made by the party on a national scale politics so one could hardly fault VC or the teachers entirely for the lack of cooperation in the mbeginning while both the VC and the leftist professors who did cooperate with him do deserve credit for working together individually later.

VC Mathema is articulate and forthright in his vision and was willing to call a spade a spade. He rebuked his own choice of Dean in my presence and promised to get rid of him at a politically opportune moment and this he did. He genuinely wanted to bring all parties together and was criticised by the Sadbhavan for neglecting Nepalese of Terai orgin in his first round of appointment; this he acknowledged as his oversight and did make amends in this next time round.

VC Mathema strictly avoided any "ghus" in terms of both overt and covert goods or services thathe would feel obliged to pay back and hinder his freedom of his actions. Once at his house, a hopeful campus chief to be made a pitch for why he served the post and he was listened to sympathetically and politely but was soundly rebuked when he tried to leave behind a bag of apples as "Kosheli" as the "shubh" sign.

VC Mathema said to me personally that he was not asked to resign by the UML but felt that UML wanted a change of leadership. Similarly he said, the one credit he gives Girija is that he never once interfered, especially when his deputey, {Pro-Chancellor Govind Joshi of both Tu and Kathmandu University, was tryihg to strongarm the VC to accept Manipal to be affiliated with TU. If that is not interference, i missed the nuance. I also know of many instances where transfer decisions of certain faculty and staff with access to members of theCongress high command in Baluwater, Chettrapati, or Bakhundol were influenced bu outside sources of power. Once reason, why he was able to withstand the student unrest of the communist students and teachers when fees were raised and when cafetaria subsidy was reduced was because the Girija govt and the West capitalist interest stood steadfastly behind him in police force and World BAnk support. His personal bravery alone was not enough.

Over and beyond his personal attributes which I would be first to accept as extraordinarily apt for the position, I would also go further to wager that his structural resources were also substantially suitable for the job. There are several of those, some rumoured, some true, all part of the perception of his power.

One he is the grandson of Dharma Bhakta Mathema, a martyr who taught Tribhuwan how to wrestle not only physical musclemen (something he failed miserably because Tribhuwan died as an alcoholic invalid in Switzerland) but also political muscleman the Ranas, Babar and mohan, smuggling messages of the congress leaders in his underwear, correction, "languthi". It is strange that Nepal's democracy kissed Dharma Bhakta's crotch before it opened the eyes of Tribhuvan. So the credentials of the Mathema family to the cause of Nepal's liberation was beyond dispute. it was tis umbrella of the cause of larger nepal that enabled the communists of Nepal to reach out to him and vice versa.From a psychoanalytic point of Eric Berne, one of the proponents of the script theory of life, this family history of bravery and sacrifice fore the country was liberating role model for Kedar to follow.

So, in 2032, when as an Assistant Dean/Campus Chief of the Kiripur Campus, when the Panche govt sacked a whole slew of multiparty activist professors and the students protested, he refused to bring the police in the campus to suppress as so many former Anchaladhish/VC or yore and Dean/Campus Chief who wanted to be Zonal commisioners did. In the process, the police did enter anyway and legend has it that he got a good clubbing on the head. If he had stayed on, it would e impossible to erase the charge that he was complicit in the police suppression. So he resigned and took a job in theWorld Bank.

Great, he was brave and when the push came to shove he demonstrated his committment to anti-monoparty cause but would he have quit if he did not have a degree from England and some assurance that he can survive in the Kathmandu or world job market.

Similarly would he quit, if his family was not indepedently rich and comfortable,( his dad earned a comfortable pay in US embassy Nepal) and all of his relatives were very educated and well places thanks to their historic access to richness.

And how were they rich? Because they had a long history of service to the palace like the Bharadhars that afforded Dharma Bhakta his access to Tribhuvan and martyrdom. As a Newar Bhardari (caste/class/kin) relationship, Mathema was supposed to have the support of Ganesh Man. Indeed where mutual recriminations were going between high level appointments between Ganesh Man and Girija through their respective mouthpieces, the weekly "Punarjagran" and "Suruchi", Mathema's appointment did not receive much abbrobrium from the Ganesh Man camp

A little further down the line, VC Mathema received some mild slaps in the Ganeshman supporting "punarjagaran". The explanation for this was that after Dharma Bhakta's generation there was some interfamily jealousy and family conflict between two Royal newar families and that , hear this, Mathema was actually a round-about cousin of Girija,! It is said that one of Mathema's cousin sisters married one of the Koirala men related to Girija so Mathema's appointment did fit in Girija's grand strategy of appointment of his kith and kin over congressis.

How much is true, I do not know. What I do know is that such legends forms a constitutive social construct of power of Mathema: he was said to have accss and support of both Ganesh Man and Girija and given their family service to the King, the Royals, and given their family service to the country, some communist at large. This perception of power did give him some real political leeway over and beyond his personal charm and contributed to part of his success. I seriously doubt whether a candidate X with all the personall attributes Ashu or Bohara ascripted to a future VC were found , minus the structural advantages of Mathema, would be successful.

In fact this is were my doubts of Dr. Joshi is. He does seem to have some pretty high pedigree within the UML over and beyond his personal capacities and this is borne by his nomination to fight the Professors' Union, his choice for leadership of Professors union during 1989-91, and his nomination for Patan mayor and now his nomination for VC and that would be an asset, not a liability if the UML govt is in power. How he uses this asset remains to be seen. Already locking the top leadership of TU to Newar-Brahmin, a historic tradition no doubt, would raise screams of the "Madhesi" brothers who are quite numerous and quite senior and some quite qualified both politically and administratively, of being neglected by the "Pahade" politics of the UML.

Dr. Joshi does not carry the poltical baggage of being a "jutho" of the Panchayat regime because Dr. kamal Prakash Malla, a distinguished academician, linguist and scholar who served as a Rector under the Panchayat regime. Dr. mMalla has shown himself to be an independent scholar and definitely not pro-Pancha but until Nepal learns to live with the Panche bhoot we will miss the services of some of the really top notch intellectuals such as kamal Prakash Malla or say Dr. Harkha Bahadur Gurung or Bhesh Bahadur Thapa. But then others may know better of their political sins or personal foibles that I may know of. For instance, one "negative" cited against Dr. Kamal Prakash Malla is that he is so scholarly and intellectual that he is almost arrogant and haughtly against lesser mortals, both congressi, communist, or panche and he is proud of his early lineage to Malla kings that even with his yeoman service to the cause of Newari language and culture, many Newari activist who know him are turned off by him. Congeniality and personal accessibility are not his reputed forte.

I guess I have belaboured this point more than I wanted. I wish to make clear that I do not intend to offend any one, least of Ashu or bohara or maskey.

amulya clark university suehasr is mrn

*********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 13:14:46 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Advice for trekking, please From: strauss@minerva.cis.yale.edu

I am trying to plan a trip to trek in Nepal, and would like a rich cultural experience as well.

1. Are July-Sept. good seasons for this? 2. What are some good organizations to contact or books or journals
    to read to help me plan my trip?

I would be going with friends, all experienced outdoors travellers, none speaking the local language. We're not looking for technical climbing, nor expensive guided tours; rather, a do-it-yourself trek emphasizing cultural contact as well as scenery.

Thank you for any help you have to offer; please respond to me by email at strauss@minerva.cis.yale.edu

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 14 Feb 1995 13:41:04 +0500 From: nshresth@capital.edu (Nischal Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: MUSIC; THE UNIVERSAL SOUL

             "MUSIC";THE UNIVERSAL SOUL"

        As most of us know that music, which is a greek word, rules the world. It is a non living thing that rules the world. It has a strong effect on people. Music exists in all nations and among all people and has existed as far back in time as we know about people, and their cultures. But what is music? Why is it powerful? When did it start?
        Well, the answers to such questions varies with people, because all the people are not the same as the five fingers in a hand are not the same. Music is a universal phenomenon. It is very broad.
        Music is sound that is pleasing to ear. It is also the sound and silence organized in time. This statement is objective to some extent, and includes all kinds of music from any place at any time. But music can't be defined without considering the subjective field, which includes taste, judgement, and personal reaction. Music is sound that you want to hear as music. It means any sound you hear, like waterfall, birds making sound, ocean waves are music. They might be defined under objective field, but is pleasurable, thus called music.
        Music is a means of expression. It is an expressive language, as it can communicate feelings and images and generate aesthetic responses. One can express joy, sorrow, pain, love, excitement, through music. Music affects our moods of entertaining, relaxing, uplifting, soothing. Whenever I feel stressed or frustrated, I pick up a guitar and play some tunes, which will relax me or I listen to music, which is also able to move the mind, heart, and body in a wide variety of ways. It stimulates responses ranging from excitement to boredom, from love to hate. Music is a psychological phenomenon also. Music affects and change people's feeling and attitudes. There are courses like music theorapy, offered in most of the universities, and colleges. This helps the disadvantaged people. Most of the students who obtains a degree in music theorapy works in mental hospitals, public schools, and in private sectors. Music can be used to help people of all ages improve their self-esteem, find joy in self-expression, etc. Not only that; music make people feel good, that is why the departmental stores and other small stores have music piped in. It also distract from pain or other unpleasant association, as in a dentist's chair. Music also generates excitement, as in a soccer game.
        Music opens the mind and annihilate the brain's barrier. It makes the unconscious mind prevail. It brings the idea from many different cultures, and from different walks of life, which will broaden the knowledge.
        It is also true that music never remains the same. It is not stagnant. Music moves from one moment to the next like the motion pictures does. Music moves through time. Music changes as the society changes, and also the people's taste and choice changes. There are other reasons also about " why music changes?" It changes, because of new technology and refined instruments that are used in music, and other sound producing sources. The creation of music also gets changed. Sometimes the artist wants to innovate new ideas and also he wants to broaden his knowledge, and he stretches the possibilities in performance skills; in this way also the music changes.
        Any way, everyone should respect the music, nomatter what kind is that. Even one doesn't like a certain style of music, one can value its creative process, know its cultural and social context, and ultimately, grow from it.
                                  NISCHAL
                                  Metal Cross.
                                          
                                                        

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