The Nepal Digest - December 5, 1996 (19 Mangshir 2053 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Thursday 5 Dec 96: Mangshir 19 2053BS: Year5 Volume57 Issue1

Today's Topics:

                    Request for Sharing Responsibility
                    Nepal News
                    EEUTA KABITA
                    Another Resignation in Nepali Congress
                    Teaching Positions for 1997/98
                    Questions about the Nepal Education System
                    Newari Art

 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
 * -------------------------------------- *
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest: General Information *
 * Chief Editor: RJP Singh *
 * Columnist: Pramod K. Mishra *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * *
 * TND Archives: *
 * TND Foundation: *
 * WebSlingers: Pradeep Bista,Naresh Kattel,Robin Rajbhandari,Prakash Bista*
 * *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
****************************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Nov 1996 18:10:03 EST To: The Nepal digest Editor <> From: "Pramod K. Mishra" <> Subject: Request for Sharing Responsibility

Dear Readers,

As you perhaps know, the post of Chief Editor for TND has been open for quite some time. Because of his other engagements with TND Foundation, Rajpalji wants to hand over the work of TND editorship in somebody's capable hands. I can of course take over and the matter will end there, but I thought that we should ask our female readers as well as others to take this chance and run TND. This is not a quota system, but in any society the legacy or nightmare of history, if you will, demands that a society must devise ways to give equal opportunity to all its members. Qualifications will be the same, and they are not many.

The usual power that an editor wields elsewhere will be lacking here because of TND's open door, complete freedom of expression policy. The principle behind this structure is that the community of readers themselves are the evaluators of a contributor's posting. So a TND editor has to keep his or her hands off the content and language of the contributors' postings.

The editor is a volunteer, so doesn't receive any monetary benefit.

The editor, if he or she wants, may write editorials on any subject under the sun, including TND postings. But the editor will have to be ready to face criticism.

In other words, a TND editor, inspite of all the biases a mortal is subject to, must not let them interfere in his or her editorial job.

At first glance, the job of a TND editor may sound like a thankless one, but the rewards are many. Community service, service to the people of Nepal and its friends, to humanity itself have their own rewards. A Sanskrit shloka says (from Vishnu Sharma's sixth- or seventh-century animal fable "Panchatantra"): Jaayante cha mriyante cha madrisha kshudra jantawa, anen sadrishwo loke na bhuto na bhavisyati (Worthless creatures like me are born and die, but a person like this one has never been nor will ever be). Although such high pedestal may not be reserved for a TND editor, some rub off nonetheless is certainly expected.

So I urge readers, particularly female members, to step forward and express the desire to take over the editorial responsibility for TND. Please send your mail to Rajpalji.

Thanks. Pramod Mishra TND Columnist

****************************************************************** Date: Sat, 23 Nov 1996 13:21:00 -0700 (MST) From: Mohan Dangi <> To: Subject: Request

To The Editor Nepal Digest

Dear Sir,
        Thank you very much for listening my last concern about getting Nepal Digest directly to me and up to us. Beside that, I have some more concerns that I want to share with you or anybody who have ideas about these concerns:

i.) First of all, I want to know more about the opening positions that you have posted in Nepal Digest for TND executive officers, Board of trustee members as well as other openings. Would please tell me the required qualification, post-description and selection critaria which you need for the selection of these vacant posts! And also would you tell me person's location would matter or not.

%%%%%Editor's Note: Please visit %%%%%
%%%%% for all open positions. Interested %%%%%
%%%%% individuals need not be residing locally. %%%%%
%%%%% The most sought after qualification for %%%%%
%%%%% all the position is "desire to help and %%%%%
%%%%% make a difference" with work-ethics. %%%%%
%%%%% The advisory council positions requires %%%%%
%%%%% the individual to have at least 7+ %%%%%
%%%%% years of professional experience in the %%%%%
%%%%% appropriate field. Please send your %%%%%
%%%%% confidential or public considerations to %%%%%
%%%%% with a brief background and %%%%%
%%%%% the position you are interested in. %%%%%

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 27 Nov 1996 10:15:26 -0500 (EST) To: Subject: Nepal News

Queen to open painting show By a Post Reporter Source: The Kathmandu Post

KATHMANDU, OCT 27 - A duo exhibition of paintings by the two senior Nepali artists, Sashikala Tiwari and Karna Narshingha Rana, is to be inaugurated by Her Majesty the Queen on the 2nd of December. It was stated at a press conference organised by the organiser, the Siddartha Art Gallery toady at the Nepal Art Council.

Sashikala Tiwari's seventh solo exhibition, When Season's Change, is her new series of work that has tried to portray the beautiful and harmonic blend of miniature abstract world combining the natural elements. After nearly staying aloof from exhibitions nearly for about a year, the 46-year-old artist has again tried a breakthrough in her work. "...Sashikala stands out in this generation of modern painters - first as a woman artist in a traditionally male-dominated profession, and also in her stylistic innovations with which she has been experimenting for the past twenty-three years...", says Lain Bangdel, one of the senior Nepali artists about Sashi Kala Tiwari.

Likewise, seventy year old veteran artist Karna Narshigha Rana, who has devoted more than 50 to 60 years of his life in paintings, is also displaying his works. Rana's paintings are detailed works of art which have classic techniques with the water colours. He has tried to portray the Nepalese life and culture through the detailed work of art. "...He is committed to the traditional Tagore (Bengal) school but it is self-imposed discipline rather than a regulation of his original expression...," says Dr. Ananda Krishna, head of the department of BHU.

"This exhibition is unique in a sense that it represents the works of art of the two well-known artist of Nepal who are living in their own different world," says Sangita Thapa of the Siddarhta Art Gallery. The art exhibition will continue for ten days after the inauguration.

Source: Explore Nepal The Casinos Rendezvous for tourists

Kathmandu is the paradise for casino lovers. The four casinos situated in the capital city provide full entertainment to foreign visitors round the clock. These casinos are contributing a lot to bring tourists specially Indians and creating employment opportunities to many Nepali youths. At present the four casinos have employed 2,500 staff. After Pashupatinath temple it is the casino that contributes to the inflow to tourists specially from India, claimed a marketing executive at Casino Anna. We have been filling over 15,000 rooms per annum in five star hotels, says General Manager of Casino Anna Mahendra Rajkarnikar. Casino Anna alone guarantees 5400 rooms per year, he informed. We provide all kinds of entertainment to tourists at free of cost, he observed. By "free of cost" he intended to say that those who win will not have to pay even a penny. Casino Nepal has been contributing towards promotion of tourism business in Nepal since its establishment in 1969. After the establishment of Nepal Recreation Centre in 1992 three other Casinos also came into being namely Casino Anna, Casino Everest and Casino Royale. Now NRC is running all the casinos on lease basis. Casino Nepal initiated publication of the first travel magine in Nepal called Nepal This Month, which was published for the first time in 1976. The casinos are one of the biggest source of government revenues. Each of the four casinos pays a royalty of Rs. 1.20 crore totaling 4.80 crore. Besides that the casinos also pay income taxes to the government. Nepali nationals are not allowed to enter in these casinos. Indian and Tibetan businessmen residing in Nepal are frequently seen visiting the casinos. They are the regular customers of the casinos. Tourists other than Indians also visit the casinos in a large number but they are not the regular players and they have limited budget to play with. Regarding the complaints of Nepali nationals entering the casinos from time to time, the casino management says that they have not allowed any Nepali nationals so far as they are identified. But the casinos can not control hundred percent as it is not easy to distinguish between Nepali and Indian nationals sometimes. Casinos are providing colorful night life and entertainment to tourists. Casinos also provide attractive offers to visitors including free meal and drinks and complementary hotel bookings. Thus, the contribution of these casinos in the field of tourism can not be undermind.

Source: The Kathmandu Post Lavish tradition impoverishes ethnics By a Post Reporter

HELAMBU, Nov 26 - Many people in Tamang and Sherpa ethnic communities in Helambu are getting poorer year after year because of the expenses incurred by them for maintaining their social traditions. Fifty-one families have thus been rendered homeless in Helambu and Simina VDCs, according to a report. These landless people were recommended by the respective VDCs to the Commission for the Resettlement of the Landless People's Problem for registering their names. According to most of the landless people, they had been rendered homeless because they were compelled to entrust their land to the money-lenders with whom they had borrowed money for the funeral rites of their parents, for ghaiwa, marriage chhewar and also during food-deficit period. One resident of Helambu VDC said he had been rendered lendless after his father sold the land to pay for the money-lender who after his involvement in gambling. There are many NGOs in this district but they work for the rich people, according to local people. Because of rugged topography, development is almost nil. Many of the NGOs working here are guided by political prejudice, local people complain. To earn their living, people carry loads for rich people, raise goats or chicken, obtain loan if their money-lender believe them, make their children serve in the family of rich people, go to India to work as coolic or send their children to Kathmandu to work in carpet factories. According to a local woman farmer, the land received by her for cultivation is barren because her inability to till the land. One side of roof of her cottage has been damaged and she has not been able to mend the roof.
'There is not a single grain of food at home. I have been staying with the daughter of my sister for some days. I am unable to work because of asthama. People do not care about people who can't work. It is better to die than live as a landless person. I would not have been at such a miserable plight if I had money.' The trouble of Kanchhi Tamang is somewhat different. She says, "I have been tilling the land belonging to a rich farmer. I can save enough to feed the family for four months after paying the rent. For the remaining period I work in the field of rich people to earn my living. Everybody undermines a landless person. Nobody trusts him, she complains. People of Helambu and Kiul earn their living for 3 to 4 months by working in the field of Sahu (rich people). For the remaining period, they work as wage-earners.

****************************************************************** From: Aruna Sharma <> Subject: EEUTA KABITA To: Date: Wed, 27 Nov 1996 10:15:26 -0500 (EST)

To : TND Editor
>From : banchita <Aruna Sharma>
Date : November 27, 1996

Dear Editor :

As we all know, in Nepal "Mangsir" brings a lot of hope, happiness, or changes in people's life mainly because it is considered to be the month of marriage. The big word MARRIAGE means a lot of things to lot of people. Sometimes it is a wish, sometimes it is a duty! Sometimes it is a pleasure, sometimes it is a burden. No matter what it is, one thing is still common those days - what people expect out of it. Looks like its old meaning "devotion" and "giving" is loosing its way and the meaning of marriage is changing slowly. For good or bad? Who knows? Why and how ?? It's your challenge to figure out!!! For me, the only thing I could speak of is what I have seen among my friends and relatives; and here it is :

So why get married???

My friend was trying to get married He was looking for a girl, not a woman A beautiful and intelligent lady..... Somebody who can understand him, guide him who can take care of him .... be devoted ??

And my another friend was trying to get married She was looking for a man, not a boy A smart man and an understanding one.... Somebody who can value her feelings and need And can appreciate her devotion and care....

And they met in one party.... They discussed about feminism, male-sovereign They found each other intelligent and attractive and they discussed about history, literature and etc. etc. Until one romantic full-moon night they confessed love for each other...

Year passed by quickly and the season changed My married friends' attraction went on vain.... And they once again forgot the spirit of giving and togetherness... They find each other selfish and incompatible And their marriage ended blaming each other....

Still they kept on looking for a perfect match Each of them busy meeting their own needs and wants Defining what he should and she should have And they never find their match ever, which is so sad Now they think that marriage is just an unnecessary ...

And they stop looking for a perfect partner busy fulfilling their own selfish need.... And they think that it's society's fault tolerance and givng-up is just and insult And my friends stayed alone

.... hoping one day a miracle will come
.... wndering how it's heavenly for some!!


****************************************************************** To: Subject: Another Resignation in Nepali Congress Date: Tue, 26 Nov 96 11:02:34 EST From: rshresth@BBN.COM

Cross-posted from SCN:

[ Letter submitted to the President of nepali Congress ]

The President Nepali Congress Central Office, Kathmandu

     Ref: Resignation from the Membership of the Party

Dear Sir,
        I was granted the membership of the party after I pledged my faith in and allegiance to "Nationalism, Democracy and Socialism" the proclaimed objectives of Nepali Congress. After having won multiparty general election in 1991 the first ever democratic exercise conducted following the restoration of multiparty democracy in 1990 the party formed the government. Ever since Nepali Congress was elected to power with a convincing promise to address popular expectations, much to the chagrin and disappointment, it was observed that the party seemed less committed to and unenthusiastic in pursuing the above objectives and even deviated gradually from its pronounced policies and objectives.
        Nepali Congress has now been reduced to a party of leaders who are more inclined to cling to power, satiate their lust for material affluence and arrogance. Under the circumstance the options for a party worker like me are limited either to struggle from within to bring back the party on the track or to change my convictions or to quit the party. The first option is rather difficult to achieve as Nepali Congress is made to derogate from its fundamental ideas and premises beyond repair and reconstruction. It is said that the people do not remain united not because of painful collective experiences of struggle of the past but to accomplish a vision of common aspirations in the future.
        What remedy party workers can have if their and leaders, in which they have invested so much of time and energy, to make it grow, win the trust of broad based masses and secure popular mandate for governance, fail to act according to Election Manifesto? We the party workers are helpless witness to immoral, unscrupulous and illegitimate acts such as rampant abuse of authority, embezzlement of public revenue, resources by party functionaries and party nominees elected to public office. Democratic government was installed because of long and enduring perseverance and suffering of freedom Fighters and Sacrifice of Martyrs since 1936.
        But leaders and party functionaries, oblivious of the past commitments and trust reposed on them by the people, craved maddeningly for power and adopted lavish lifestyles at the expense of Nepal, Nepalese people and hard-won democracy. Even, we workers of the party were not able to let our aspirations and feelings taken cognizance by party leaders and we are now forced to watch the excesses perpetrated to endanger the multiparty democracy. In twentieth century, like elsewhere, we also fought for Democracy and Human Rights for 60 years. Twenty - first century is going to be the age of free competition innovation and high technology and for that we have to be prepared to cope with new challenges through improvement in our knowledge, skills and performance in all aspects including that of politics.
        Nepal invested billions of rupees in setting up public enterprises in those days when foreign investment was not attracted to this country. Now all those are running into losses due to mismanagement and inefficient handling. People not conversant with management skills and exposure are being appointed as Chief Executives, Advisors, Special Officers. Besides, the staffs are recruited at lower levels, at blatant instance of ministerial orders, and interventions and the organization has to pay salary for no work. Overstaffing is so acute in the Public Enterprises that the new entrant are neither allotted seats nor the work as well. Public Enterprises are forced to pay for the petrol and refreshments of ministers and also allocate vehicles, entertainment and other such expenses to private aides and assistants of minister concerned. All such activities are carried out by the flagrant flouting or defiance of the Finance Act and Rules. Austerity, Accountability and self disciplines are totally neglected. In all spheres of administration there is rampant abuse of authority and unwanted interference. Why is nobody accountable for such a sorry state or why not attempts are made to curb the loss caused to nation deliberately?
        During the Panchayat no democratic values and norms, did exit. There was no mechanism for articulation of public interests and concerns. There was neither political parties nor manifest commitments for the well being of the people. But after restoration of Democracy the ethical or moral imperatives of Prime Minister, Ministers, MP's and other elected representatives of people have increased and widened. The democratic polity essentially rests and nurtures on authority, responsibility and dignity of peoples representatives. Therefore, the practices to resign on moral grounds for slightest omission or commission established as convention. In our place the incapacity and insecurity are extensively prevalent and moral values and are violated too often. But the holder of public offices do not bother to quit on moral grounds. There has been a liberal use of rhetoric on democratic values and norms but for non-adherence. The moral and efficiency of bureaucracy are emasculated. Unaccountable persons are deputed in the ministries and they exercise influence in several crucial decisions. There are public clamors that the appointments, promotions and transfers are nowhere done on merits or performance. When merits are ignored the efficiency and ability of the people are not appropriately tapped the nation and nationality becomes weak and fragile.
        A lack of clarity in policy perspective exists and in confusion of liberalism and socialism the economic policy of the Nepali Congress party has become lifeless. Problems of economic development in the country are getting insurmountable. Public wrath and frustration against parties in government and also against democracy are on the rise as poor did not get any relief. Educated unemployment has increased phenomenally. Peace, amity and harmony are disturbed. if national and public interest continue to be ignored incessantly the atmosphere will be conducive for thriving of extremist tendencies in the country.
        Nepali Congress is blinded by self interest and is intoxicated with ego and arrogance associated with rude power. Nepali Congress entered into unholy alliance for power and sacrificed its fundamental values & norms. Therefore it lost its political status and attraction in the society. National interest and public welfare have been set aside to ignored in the unprincipled game of grabbing power by hook or by crook. Power was used as a means of achieving personal ends and ambitions. Thereafter the politics of deceit, destruction and treachery started in Nepali Congress. Consequently the triumvirate of Nepali Congress were knocked off to three directions. Mr. Ganeshman Singh lost his as " All parties leader " as well as " Supreme Leader of Nepali Congress" , Mr. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai lost his Prime Ministership and Party Presidentship, Mr. Girija Prasad Koirala lost his Prime Ministership of majority party and latter lost the leadership race of parliamentary party. Still more painful fact is that the people have lost the respect and trust they carried in their hearts about their leaders. The new generation of leaders of party who are residing in lately acquired gorgeous houses and driving imported cars are dreaming of taking over the mantle of Nepali Congress leadership. The feeling of mutual respect of fraternity and fellowship has eroded inside Nepali Congress. The spirit of co-existence has been replaced by conspiratorial "Kill your comrade" tendency and feelings. As the time passes, as many elections are held the suicidal instinct ( self destruction of Yadubansi ) of congressmen will be more exposed and clear. In democracy, the elections should be looked as people's movement. The elections are means in the hands of the people, through which they can exercise influence in the national policy formulation process. The power of money muscle and government machinery can not help win the elections. It was experienced during Panchayat era and also during Nepali Congress rule. To win the elections one has to win over the hearts of the people.
        My persistent efforts to bring about reforms inside the party were thwarted by factionalism, consequently benefited coteries and family clique. Therefore I am tendering my resignation from all positions including that of General Council member to Ordinary membership of the Party. My repeated demands for actions geared towards strengthening democracy and the party fell on deaf ears. I also raised voice to enact stringent laws to prevent corruption and abuse of authority. I also emphasized that laws to facilitate the working of constitutional organs should be enacted which also brought me into bitter conflict with the leaders of the party. To stay beyond the reach of malicious use of disciplinary hook of the leadership, I have decided to resign from the party and to go the People. The waves of democracy started from Europe swept away Panchayat System and the current wave against corruption has just reached Nepal. Only time will tell who will fall victims to this wave. Corruption will inevitably lead to the rejection of party in election by the people and leaders indicted on charges of corruption shall have to face the clutches of law. As happened in South Korea, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and other countries. In this context, a few lines quoted from the poem "Baukai Jhangad Isn't Aware Of" by Kali Prasad Rijal depicts the present condition of corruption and frustration in the country.

     " There has been great change in the Country
     What a Historical Revolution
     Poor Baukai Jhangad is not aware of
     Yes power has changed hands
     Total reversal, Topsy-turvy
     Those who were in prison yesterday
     They have become today
     Ministers, Prime Minister
     Those who could not pay house rent yesterday
     Today they have become owners of palatial buildings of four stories
    Those who could not afford Bidi and Raksi
     They are smoking 555 with Blue Label Scotch
     Peoples Government is installed, Peoples Government
     Still the poor son of people Baukai doesn't know."
        The Nepali Congress with which my childhood, my family and relatives were actively involved since 2007 (1950) failed to deliver against our expectations and therefore with utter disappointment I am dissociating from the party. I hope that by accepting my resignation you will be sincerely relieving me of despair of failures of party expressed here.

Kuber P Sharma MemberNepali Congress

DISCLAIMER --- Posted with permission from Mr. Sharma This article does not represent mine or the institution viewpoints.
        - Vivek Rana


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 26 Nov 1996 10:53:16 +0500 To:
>From : Jagannath Chapagain , IFRC Osh.

Dear Sir / Madam,

I am working for International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Kyrgyzstan, one of the former Soviet republics. I have been here for about 6 months and will stay at least another 6 months.

This place is quite isolated in the sense that we hardly get anything in English and there is a very small expatriate community. We are altogether 5 Nepalese here, 3 of them students and one is working as UNV. We can not receive Radio Nepal and the coverage of events in Nepal in other media is very scarce.

I was told by my friend working in Nepal that you have THE NEPAL DIGEST with some interesting updates on the politics, some poems, some cultural issues and a lot of Nepali stuff. May I request you to inform me how I can subscribe to the digest. If this letter is enough may I request you to send this to my regularly. The Nepalese here will be extremely greatful to you if we can get this here.

My addresses : Postal - IFRC, 3 Bayalinova street, Osh city, 7144018, Kyrgyzstan.
                 Tel. - 8/33/222/25800
                 Fax - 8/3397/770866

Thanking you in anticipation.

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 26 Nov 1996 11:55:03 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: Re: Kpost is back on www, plus Plea forReadability To: The Nepal Digest <>

Dear Editor:

I noticed that Kathmandu post is back on www and is also available on personal email. I wonder how the TND and Kpost negotiations turned out, if there was any?

I would also like to underscore a plea for readability on some TND contributions. For instance I have had very hard time reading and following the debate between Ashu and Seira Tamang because there was so much gap between the arguments that i have lost the thread of their arguments, especially the finer points, without the helpful reminders in the latest contributions. Also i noticed that ashu had a lot f netiquette shouting with his capital letters all over the place and seira had lines that overspilled the right margins, both of which distracted me to lose sight of the arguments. These contributors make excellent discussion an di l look forward to following them with minimal distractions in readability, if possible, thanks

amulay cu

************************************************************* Date: Tue, 26 Nov 1996 13:18:24 -0600 From: Satish Mishra <> To: Subject: POEM


I envy you your flapping wings your freedom and your flights. Your angelic and your devilish ways- to hunt and to be hunted. The paradox within the paradox. Your cries, though I do not understand them, sound soothing. I prefer your sadness over the happiness I know. I prefer your nest and your hiding places over my abode. Your devotions- oh ! how pious and pompous mine feel. You would not understand how much I would like to tear down these walls and fly like you. Then again - I am not blessed with wings like yours.

-Satish Mishra

********************************************************** Date: Mon, 11 Nov 1996 19:18:05 +0800 From: Scott Grondin <> To: Subject: Teaching Positions for 1997/98

Hello St. Xavier's school:

This is a quick email of solicitation.

My wife and I both have over 6 years of teaching experience. I am a business/computer/math teacher and my wife is a history/social science/ESL teacher.

We are very much interrested in teaching in Nepal. We are currently teaching in Malaysia.

Is this the best way to communicate to your school, or should we be writing to you.

My school's email account is not 100%: My other email account is:

Many thanks. Scott Grondin and Jill Colyer

***************************************************** Date: Tue, 26 Nov 1996 12:27:54 PST To: From: Orco <> Subject: help

my name is jessika warner I go to crescent valley high school and i am doing a report on nepal. my teacher wants to by able to touch, taste, smell, in other words He wants to be in nepal in the classroom. I have on problem i don'tknow any recipies from nepal that the would enjoy if you could e-mail me a little recipie i would be very thankful

jessika warner

************************************************************ Date: Mon, 25 Nov 1996 14:01:00 GMT To: From: Subject: Could you send me some information about aid organization?

Dear Sir/Madam, I am most interested in working as a volunteer teacher in Nepal. Could you send me some informations about different organizations which deal with this kind of activity, please? Actually, I plan to work in Nepal for a short-term, that is to say, from mid-February until mid-May 1997. I would like to hear from you soon.

Yours faithfully, Aurelie Nordmann

**************************************************************** Date: Sun, 24 Nov 1996 19:56:04 MST To: From: Michael Leonard Solomon <> Subject: Looking for someone

I am looking for the e-mail address of a Civil Engineering Professor from the University in Nepal. His name is Rajendra Joshi. If you know him or his e-mail address I would greatly appreciate hereing from you. Thank you.

Michael Solomon Geomatics Engineering Student University of Calgary

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 26 Nov 1996 23:18:22 -0600 To: From: Subject: Nepal and Nepali News!

Now that the Kathmandu Post has been suspended, there is a vacuum created by this sudden development. Not that I relied on it everyday for news--there is nothing positive to read anyway--but it surprised me that copyright violation was cited as a possible reason. Is there a copyright law in Nepal? Especially, intellectual copyright? I thought a lot of plagiarism existed in NEPAL. I even read something of the sort regarding a very prominent literary figure in Nepali literature some 5 or 6 years back when I was still there.

However, being a student of journalism in USA, I view the journalistic practice in Nepali dailies with great deal of skepticism. (it stinks in USA too, ethically speaking, that is)But as the saying goes, "Something is better than nothing." I was amazed when I first discovered that we actually had a Nepali daily on the WWW. Then a weekly too; both of which I used to read at home in Nepal.

To fill this vacuum would be a good thing, no matter what. If TKP feels its copyright has been violated, can we get some other viable newspaper to replace it? Has any new dailies been added in Kathmandu? Aren't there any other weeklies interested to provide a service through the internet?

Meanwhile, TND is a great forum for discussion and I hope it keeps up the good work. I have it linked to my page so I can access it quite easily without being on the subscription list. Yesterday I even received a comment from a Nepali now in Australia.

I hope to help TND in future. For the time being, I have to focus on graduating next May and get an internship. I intend to check back regularly. And, of course, I applaude the effort of all the volunteers involved in this nobel effort--something so lacking in our politicians.

Good luck and good wishes!

Suren editor: Oasis, The annual literary magazine of Angelo State University editor: Kaleidoscope, monthly newsletter of International Student Association at ASU.

PS: If there is anything I can do I wish to hear from TND.

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 27 Nov 1996 13:35:17 -0500 (EST) From: Katy Lynn Henkle Anis <> To: Sue Bloom <> Subject: Questions about the Nepal Education System

Hello. I am working with a team that is collecting information to produce a sector assessment of education in Nepal. I recently found a person subscribing to the Nepali periodical and I would like to ask several questions in hopes that one of you might be able to answer one of these questions. Any information or explanation you may have would extremely helpful to us. If any of the wording or concepts is unclear please contact me.

I can be responded to at <>

1. In 1991, enrollment in upper secondary education was much higher than enrollment in lower secondary education and in 1994 it was slightly higher. Our team thought that the 1991 occurence might have been due to political instability or they might both be due to the change in the 10 +2 system of education. Does anyone have any explanations for these strange rise in upper secondary education?

2. A Unesco article calculated that primary enrollment would drop between 1990 and 2000 when all other projections say it should rise. Any knowledge of an explanation for this?

3. In the International Encyclopedia of National Education Systems,Khaniya and Kiernan explained the over 100% enrollment in primary education is due to the practice of tying grants-in-aid to enrollment. What are these grants in aid and how could they cause inflated enrollment? Others have indicated that the inflated enrollment appear because of high repeater rates. Does anyone know which is the real reason or is it both?

4. During the 80's funding for primary education was increasing steadily. At the Jomtiem conference in Thailand in 1991 , Nepal made plans to extend primary education to all. Why has government funding for tertiary education been rising in the 1990's while the funding for primary education has been decreasing since 1990?

5. Between 1990 and 1994 the development expenditure (money being spent by Nepali government on new building, new developments) was three times as high as the recurrent expenditure (money being spent on the items that are constant every year like teacher salaries, books, etc.). Why was there such a difference? Were new buildings being built? Was some new structural change happening?

6. Both the government educational spending on the recurrent and development budgets doubled in four years. Is there a reason for this growth?

        "Think ye at all times of rendering some service to every
                        member of the human race".
********************************************************************* From: SVANUR KARLSSON <> To: "'NEPAL@CS.NIU.EDU'" <> Subject: Bagha Chal Date: Wed, 27 Nov 1996 18:40:09 -0000


I am a student from Iceland. I am very interested in the game Bagha Chal.
 Could you please tell me if I can find it on the web, or where I can find any information about it?

Thank you very much. Sincerely,
        Svanur Karlsson.

****************************************************************** Date: Thu, 28 Nov 1996 21:25:12 -0700 (MST) From: Gopal Dongol <> To: Subject: Ganesh himal Pb/Zn

Dear Sir:

      I recently saw some questions regarding Ganesh Himal Lead/Zinc deposit in TND. I am surprised to hear that nothing is happening in ganesh Himal. It is one of the most promising metallic deposit for Nepal where it appears no deposit is economical besides cement grade limestone. There are four main ore bodies at the headwater of Mailung Khola along the southern slopes of Ganesh Himal, all lying at an elevation of 4500 m. The deposits are hydrothermal replacements, along the bedding planes of crystalline dolomitic limestone,especially at crest and trough of folds. Common minerals are sphalerite and galena, rare magnetite and pyrite, vary rare chalcopyrite, traces of Ag and Cd.

     One of the lenses of 50 m long and 15 m thick carries 34.5 percent Zn and 9.33 percent Pb. Actual drilled and proven grade is about 11 percent Zn, 1 percent Pb. Reserves are about 1 million tons and more can be proven.

     Nepal Metal Co. was preparing to mine in the Mailung valley, ship concentrates to India via a road which was under construction by the government.

                                            Dr.Gopal Dongol

********************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Nov 1996 11:41:39 -0600 (CST) From: Mickey Veich <> To: Nepal Digest <> Subject: Nepal/I Peace Corps Volunteers

Priya Nepali Sathiharu:

I am preparing a current list of the original US Peace Corps Volunteers commonly referred to as Nepal/I. They served in Biratnagar, Kalaiya, Birganj, Pokhara, Bhimpheti, Tonsun, Hitaura: places both high and low.

If any of you former Nepal/I Vols. read this, please respond when you can. I know some of you are in Brazil, Murph is in Sarajevo, and George is still in Alaska. I'm leaving for Russia soon. Someone said Pete is in San Francisco, please confirm. I have news of your Nepal/I friends which you need to know. I will write and send a newsletter filling you in with details.

If any Nepal Digest cruisers know the location of any Nepal/I volunteers, please send me their e-mail or regular addresses, faxes, or current phones.

Aru Kura aunla, pacchi,

Dheray danyabad, Mickey Veich, (known in Kalaiya as Punya Ratna Bazracharya)

************************************************************** Date: Sat, 30 Nov 1996 14:47:05 +0300 To: From: Pasha <> Subject: from Russia

To whom it may concern. I'm very interested in your country and in buddism as well.May there are some intersting seminars or workshops or encounters on buddism in Nepal.I will appreciate any information. Thank you in advance. With best wishes, Velikovitch Pavel

******************************************************************* Date: Mon, 02 Dec 1996 00:52:05 CST To: From: Jai Hudes <> Subject: Newari Art

You were recommended as a possible contact to further promote Newari Art. Please check it out at and please let us know if there is some interest to participate in this wonderful program? We are sponsoring a "In Search for the Golden Keys" contest (win a trip to Nepal) that will raise awareness about Newari Art,...

Please let me know if you had any suggestions how to further reach out with this program...

Sincerely, Jai Hudes

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