The Nepal Digest - December 26, 1995 (11 Push 2052 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tuesday 26 December 95: Push 11 2052 BS Volume 45 Issue 5

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 15 Dec 1995 23:13:53 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - December 15, 1995 (5 Push 2052 BkSm) To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Ganesh Man deserves every cent and more ...
=============================================

I think Ganesh Man deserves every cent and more but I support chitra tiwari's principle too. I just do not think his principle applies to Ganesh Man at all.

First let me try to spell why I think Ganesh Man deserves every cent.

1. If there is any person living who has done more for the people of Nepal, it is Ganesh Man: yes more than the current King, Krishna Prasad, Man Mohan or even Girija. I challenge anyone to prove otherwise.

Not only has not Ganesh Man taken the crucial decision to rally with communists as oppressed nepales to take the historic geopolitical and national opportunities to galvanize the nepali people to deliver democracy, but he stayed true to his word of being forever vigilant and pulling down even his own Congress PM when he threatened democracy.

His faults, very human faults, pales in his super-human efforts of a half a century of fearless, and consistent sacrifice to the country.

I ask his critics who are now quibbling the $ 100,000 given to Ganesh Man for medical treatment, if any of them would take one whip lashing for $ 1 and add up 100, 000 lashes.

For those who use high western morality, "our tax payers money" i ask how much taxes has he/she paid to the country, not much. I paid less than Rs 100 a month since 1990 when my tax bracket became taxable as a lecturer, that is hardly Rs 6,000. I do not mind contributing all of my tax money for Ganesh Man's treatment.

If we use American standards of civility, may I remind readers of western tort law, how much damanges could he claim for a lifetime exile, jail, torture, separeation from family and putting a life on line, in US, a college grad can easily claim $ 1 million if he/she is paralyzed in a car accident for instance.

The morality and legitimacy of Ganeshman's critics would perhaps not been called in questions if we had heard consistent noises against all such waste on the part of govt:

we have royals getting junk education in Eton, on whose money but nepali tax payers money, we have had ministers buying luxury goods and getting treated in foregin lands for ever since i can recall.

Worse, we have many corrupt "leaders" and bureucrats and judges and so-called leaders of society dipping into the country's treasury and HIDING their culpability in imaginative paper procedures but we hardly hear about them.

Yes, I think Ganesh Man's contributions of Nepal is pricelss that this little contribution is too little.

2. Having said that, I agree in principle that every rame shyame and hari shuld be getting unlimited govt money as has been the tradition from the rana and shah times when the govt treasury was both de facto and de jure personal property of the soveregin, from a strictly legal sense it was only after Ganesh Man's unique partnership with the people of Nepal did nepal win the "soveriegnty is vested with the Nepali people, not the king" principle whence this claim of fictitious taxpayer's money moral legitimacy come from.

3. A legitimate question may asked why Man Mohan a sitting PM andhead of state could get treated in a Nepali hospital while free-citizen, i.e. one without an office, get govt subsidy. My salute to Man Mohan.

I think the doctors of Nepal who must have come up with a "medical excuse" to explain to the people of Nepal that such a treatment could not be done in nepal, or even cheapen in first rate hospitals in Delhi, Vellore or Bangkok?

Also, how can rule out that the PM and the congress had their own political motives to cozy up to the West, remember the bevy of congressi scurrying to US to get billy's tika? deoba, mahat, krishna prasad and now ganeshman, not that any of them were very successful but can we fault them for trying, after all they are trying to help nepal survive in a unipolar world right?

If the congress Pm has learned one thing from the last political fiasco, one does not suffer Ganesh Man and try to to get away as if he is a political cipher as Girija tryied, PM is now making Prakash Man his min and giving Ganesh Man an american trip in the fool's dream that his integrity can be bought, except by some some "hizo-ka-challa" critics who have forgotten history and refuse to pay their tribute to those who laid thier lives to give us what little freedoms we now have in Nepal as nepalese.

Amulya

******************************************************** Date: Fri, 15 Dec 1995 23:47:29 -0400 (EDT) From: "Jagadish, Jag Dawadi" <JXD8795@ritvax.isc.rit.edu> Subject: Season's Greetings! To: nepal@cs.niu.edu
        
                        Season's Greetings
                               and
                         Best Wishes for a

                      Happy New Year -- 1996!!
                                                        Jagadish

************************************************************* From: "Damber K. Gurung" <dgurung@CLEMSON.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Sat, 16 Dec 1995 08:03:06 +0000 Subject: MUSIC with Buddhist Flavor: WORLD WIDE SALES

CROSS-LISTED FROM WTN

 Buddhist monks set to hit world music charts
    By Graham Earnshaw

     SHANGHAI, China, December 14, 1995 (Reuter) - China looks like
     it might finally make its mark on the world music charts, courtesy of an album called "Sister Drum" featuring Tibetan monks chanting Buddhist scriptures.

     The album, written and produced by Chinese composer He Xuntian,
     is already the biggest-selling China-made album ever and the first with Chinese lyrics to gain international recognition.

     It is reported to have sold more than 200,000 copies in Taiwan,
     is selling briskly in other markets around Asia and will be launched in the United States in January. The "Sister Drum" music video has been heavily played on Asian music TV stations.

     The style of music on "Sister Drum" is similar to New Age but
     it's not background music. Dominating the album are the strong, high vocals of Zhu Zheqin, a female singer from southern China who is being compared to Icelandic pop star Bjork.

     He Xuntian, sitting in his tiny office in the Shanghai
     Conservatory of Music, is both pleased and perplexed by this sudden success.

     "Sales are incredible," he said. "They told me 6,000 copies were
     sold on its first day of release in Paris last month. I'm just amazed that so many people in so many countries are interested in Sister Drum."

     He was born and raised in Sichuan province in western China on
     the borders with Tibet and has been writing progressive classical music for most of his career. He started putting "Sister Drum" together soon after he moved to Shanghai in 1992.

     "Twenty years ago I filled three exercise books with
     transcriptions of Tibetan music but I didn't do anything with them until now.

     "The aim was to come up with something that hadn't been done
     before in the West with a Chinese voice. This is not opera, it's not Chinese, it's not pop," he said.

     The songs, constructed on a computer music sequencer -- another
     first for China -- use many Tibetan sounds, including Buddhist monks chanting the scriptures. He recorded the chants on a trip to Tibet in 1993.

     But he is keeping studiously away from the sensitive religious
     and political issues surrounding Tibet, the Himalayan kingdom controlled by Beijing since 1950, and is quick to point out that his is not a Tibetan musical work.

     "Some people want to use this for political purposes but I'm only interested in the music itself," he said.

     "There are no Tibetan songs here but the Tibetan sounds opened up
     a window for me. Of course there are things in "Sister Drum" which relate to the spirit of Tibet but the spirit is the thing, not more superficial elements such as songs."

     The tunes on "Sister Drum" have a dream-like quality about them
     and the singing, while in Chinese, is more akin to chanting - the sound is more important than the lyrics.

     The singer, Zhu Zheqin, was clearly deeply affected by her work
     on the album. She changed her name for the project to Dadawa and wrote in the album liner notes:

     "Tibet is the inspiration for our ideas. It is a contrast to the
     modern world. It is a magical mirror; we can discover our true selves through our reflection in the mirror."

     The album has been compared to the work of the French New Age
     outfit Deep Forest and also to Enya and Bjork. But He said he had not been aiming to emulate anyone.

     "I wanted to get as far away as possible from other types of
     music and styles, although of course all styles of music have basic elements in common. You can't get away from those 12 notes in the music scale," he said.

     He has little time for either the fledgling rock music scene of
     Beijing
("they all sound like the same song to me") or for the easy-listening pop music that emanates from Taiwan and Hong Kong ("They're just copying Japanese or western styles").

     Being the biggest selling album ever produced in China has made
     "Sister Drum" prey to the same problem many other music companies face in China -- piracy.

     He said he was aware of four different pirated versions of the CD
     on sale in China but was relaxed about it.

     "At least it means people like it, although it must be eating
     into the market. Anyway, it has no influence on the quality of the product being produced," he said.

     He is still considering what to do next but says he plans to
     continue teaching composing at the Shanghai Music Conservatory.

     He said his next album would also be a collaboration with Dadawa
     and would be related in some way to the feel of "Sister Drum."

     "I haven't figured it out yet," he said. "But there's clearly
     lots to be done in this area."

Damber K. Gurung, PhD
---------------- Barre Hall Applied Economics Clemson University Clemson, SC 29634-0355
---------------------- Phone: 803-656-3223 or -2782 (W),Fax: 803-656-5776

********************************************************** Date: Sat, 16 Dec 1995 17:35:31 CDT From: stdpss02@SHSU.edu To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: RE: The Nepal Digest - December 12, 1995 (2 Push 2052 BkSm)

To: The Editor The Nepal Digest. From: STDPSS02@SHSU.EDU or BIO_PSS@SHSU.EDU

Hello,

First of all I would like to thank you for the best wishes.

My current research project pertains to vegetation survey and analysis and I would like to pursue future research work in the field of Plant Ecology. I would be very grateful if any one would send me information/ suggestions about ongoing- plant ecological projects- in Nepal which would help me further develop my research goal.

I will be happy to accept your information/ advice at the above address.

Thank you very much. Sincerely. P.Shrestha.

************************************************************* Date: Sat, 16 Dec 1995 23:35:35 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Possible threat to the life of Dalai Lama From: shresth1@pilot.msu.edu (Anil Shrestha)

Cross-posted with due acknowledgements to the original author:

DHARAMSALA, India (Dec 7): The district administration and the Tibetan-government-in-exile have chalked out a Rs 4 crore security plan to deal with the possible threat to the life of the Dalai Lama.
        The plan, which comes in the wake of the arrest of three alleged Chinese spies, makes it mandatory for all Tibetan youth, above the age of 18, to get themselves registered with the authorities.
        Meanwhile, according to Dalai Lama's spokesman, there are
'unconfirmed' reports that the Chinese authorities have enthroned Gyalsten Norbu, the rival Panchen Lama, at Tashi Lhunpo monastery in Tibet. The enthronement coincides with a festival of an important Deity today.
        The rival Panchen Lama was recognised by China on Nov 29, in front of the Buddha statue at Jokhang temple in Lhasa. He was taken next day to Shigaste, seat of the late Panchen Lama, the spokesman said.
        In an effort to prevent a public outburst, the Chinese authorities are learnt to have imposed curfew in Lhasa, Shigaste and DRam, which is the main entry point to Tibet from Nepal.
        The security plan, discussed and agreed upon at a high-level meeting held today at Mcleodganj, envisages a bullet proof Mercedes for the Dalai Lama.
        The Indian government reportedly bears the expense.
        Further security measures will include X-ray baggage scanners, metal detectors on doors etc of the Tibetan religious and temporal head.
        The personal drivers of the Dalai Lama have already been sent for a three week course in defensive driving at the NSG training camp at Maneshwar in Haryana.
        Taking the espionage case seriously, the authorities have decided to upgrade the intelligence network in the district, and Establishment 22, a special frontier force unit of Tibetans, has been placed on alert.
        Three Tibetans, including a girl were arrested by the local police, on charges of spying for China. [Indian Express]

****************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Dec 1995 13:14:42 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: dec15_editorial.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

PARTICIPATORY MINISTERO_CRACY ?
===================================

With 46 ministers in deopa's cabinet and a good number in uml cabinet, i guess the Parliament has given a new name of multi-party democracy: Ministero_cracy.

If 40% of the elected reps can be ministers, and 100% can double their salary, who wants irksome democracy and the participatory voice of the common people in the elections?

The sooner we can throw these bums out the better.

amulya

Source: KTM Post
   
   Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has expanded his council of
   ministers for the second time in three months. With the inclusion of
   18 new ministers in the 26 member council he now has the distinction
   of heading the largest ever cabinet in the countrys history. On the
   face of it, the long anticipated expansion may indicate that the prime
   minister believes in the motto Big is better. But he may be pardoned
   for subscribing to that view since if he did not, he could have become
   an endangered PM. Indeed, one can understand why the young prime
   minister chose the easier way and even sympathize with his attempt to
   embrace a path that was the lesser of the two evils. By accommodating
   every disgruntled NC MP at the risk of drawing much flak from other
   quarters, he has saved himself from the wrath of party bosses. A
   street smart decision no doubt, after all, he does need their blessing
   to keep the coalition ship afloat, if not on course. Notwithstanding
   Mr Deubas sincere efforts to appease both the NC camps (supposedly
   reconciled now), resentment still runs high. Some ministerial hopefuls
   who were left out in the cold because they would not accept junior
   ministership have already begun to grumble.
   
   When the first ever coalition government was sworn in on September 12
   political pundits were unanimous in their verdicts: the electorate has
   matured; the age of political consensus has begun. In the light of
   on-going intra-party tussle for ministerial berths that verdict could
   be more pertinently put as the age of political appeasement has begun.
   If there is any consensus among the three coalition partners it has to
   do only with the business of clinging to power. The November 1994 snap
   poll results showed the electoral pendulum had swung to the communists
   favour, although the swing was not sufficient to give the leftists a
   clear majority in parliament. They did run the country for nine months
   until it dawned upon the democratic forces that the only way to
   dislodge the totalitarian communists was to bury the hatchet and stand
   on a common platform. Thus was the alliance justified. That lofty
   ideal which brought disparate parties together has been all but
   forgotten in the grip of the powerlust. By putting the individual
   politician before either the party or the people, democrats have
   defiled their own principles.
   
   Willingly or unwillingly Prime Minister Deuba has set a dangerous
   trend in motion. The likelihood of a culture of political appeasement
   taking root apart, Mr Deuba has once again proved that he is not to be
   taken for what he says in public. He preaches austerity but is
   prepared to put extra strain on the exchequer. Whatever his political
   compulsions in forming a mega-cabinet, the nation will judge him only
   by the success or failure of his over-sized council of ministers.
   
     _________________________________________________________________
   
  INTEGRATING WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
  
   
   By Siddhant R Pandey
   
   The important role women play in development is beyond dispute. It has
   recently been widely recognized and has met with resistance as well.
   The problems women face in the process of integration are very
   sensitive and deeply women in the socio-economic and political fabric
   of society. Development planners show a reluctance when it comes to
   adding new criteria for women in the field of development. Whether it
   is in the hills of Nepal, or in the vicinity of the white Nile in
   Sudan or in Latin American villages, the traditional economic
   framework has been the prevailing content of development planning.
   
   Integrating women into the development process means increasing their
   participation in all components and phases of projects and providing
   government support for improving their access to land, technology,
   credit and social services like education, health care, sanitation and
   water supply. There have been numerous arguments stating that women
   must be at the centre of development strategy implementation.
   According to IFAD women are capable of transforming the vicious circle
   of poverty into a virtuous circle in which increased productivity
   leads to even greater productivity. Those who suggest that womens
   status improves with economic development fail to take into account
   the widespread structure of patriarchy, which subordinates women.
   Globally, women participate widely in labour intensive work but their
   contributions are not acknowledged. The traditional view that rural
   women only prepare food, take care of children and look after homes is
   far from true. Studies have shown that women produce more than half of
   all the food grown in developing countries, with the figure reaching
   an estimated 80 percent in Africa. The International Fund for
   Agriculture and Development states that if womens unpaid house work
   were included in the calculation of per capita GDP, the figure would
   be one quarter to one third higher in most developing countries.
   Therefore, the issues that dictate their involvement or lack of it
   should be addressed from the socio-historical dimension. Recognising
   that women in both urban and rural areas play an important role in
   household survival and have a vested interest in improving security
   and services, governments and agencies have come to adopt a more
   gender aware approach to community development by attempting to
   identify the different needs of men and women and trying to ensure
   that women benefit from development schemes as well.
   
   However, there are still problems, largely due to stereotyped
   assumptions about what womens roles are and should be. Most
   stereotyped assumptions arise from the fact that all major world
   religions legitimize patriarchy in varying degrees. If machismo in
   Latin America subjugates women with the idea of virility, sexual
   prowess, courage and competence between men, Fitna, (disorder and
   chaos provoked by sexual attraction) justifies womens subordination in
   Middle East cultures. In the West, womens inferiority has been tied to
   the idea that they are sexually passive, physically weak and in need
   of mens protection. In South Asia, Hinduism dictates that women should
   be under the jurisdiction of men. Although African women face fewer
   constraints, they are nontheless subject to many pressures. The
   commitment to finding women a place in development planning has
   received considerable impetus from the UN decade for women (1975-85).
   However, stereotyped assumptions about what womens roles are and
   should be have hindered the progress of many women oriented projects.
   One reason why projects for women fail is the inability of planners to
   identify different interests women have and to translate them into
   different planning needs. Caroline Moser classifies needs into two
   categories : practical and strategic gender needs. Practical gender
   needs are concerned with inadequacies in living conditions. In
   contrast, strategic gender needs are formulated from the analysis of
   womens subordination. Moser contends that distinguishing between these
   two needs and the identification of the triple role of women may
   provide methodological tools for planning.
   
   It is evident that the majority of the poor in developed and
   developing worlds are women. The analysis of womens poverty suggests
   that its main causes stem from the perpetual disadvantage in terms of
   position in the labour market, access to productive resources and
   income. It can hardly be conceived how overall development can be
   attained without rectifying these problems. Allowing these constraints
   to continue will adversely affect the societys ability to grow. The
   lack of progress in the last twenty years in the eradication of
   poverty and growing proportion of women among the poor is the single
   most important threat to development.
   
   The realisation that women are part of the solution and not part of
   the problem should give further impetus towards incorporating women in
   the development process. Their active role as caretakers of natural
   resources makes them important instruments of sustainable development.
   The problem that has arisen from the debate is not whether integrating
   women in the development process is important, but how to combat the
   lack of long term strategy that enables it.
   
   
  PEOPLE DEMAND TECHNICIANS FOR TESTING HIV VIRUS
   
   By a Post Reporter
   
   BESISAHAR, Dec 13 - People of Lamjung district are demanding that HIV
   testing facilities and relevant technicians be made available in the
   district hospital.
   
   They suspect that the district may have some patients afflicted with
   HIV virus.
   
   This was the hot topic in the programmes organized here to mark the
   AIDS Day.
   
   The general people here are of the opinion that they should draw the
   attention of the government to fulfil their demand. Most of the youths
   of Lamjung go out to work in Indian army and the British Gorkha army.
   Lamjung is also an attractive site for tourists. Also tourists who
   wish to visit Pokhara via Manang, Thorang and Muktinath (Mustang) pass
   through this route.
   
   However, the number of people suffering from AIDS has not been
   ascertained in the district for lack of technology to identify the
   patients and concerned technicians. When asked whether AIDS victims
   were ever identified in the district, hospital chief Dr.Tarun Poudel
   did not answer. He said, Such things should not be disclosed to
   journalists.
  

CRIMINALIZATION OF POLITICS CONDEMNED
  
   
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Dec 13 - Human Rights Groups today observed the 47th Human
   Rights Day, stressing that the growing criminalization of politics was
   a serious threat.
   
   Despite the restoration of democracy, the expected improvement in
   human rights situation remains a far cry, says an INSEC press release.
   We feel saddened that the very human rights we fought for are yet
   again under threat.
   
   A very bad political trend has set in. Violence and criminal elements,
   similar to autocratic Panchayat days, have entered Nepali politics,
   said the INSEC release. Our politicians and elected representatives
   seem more interested in pursuing their own power politics than
   safeguarding democracy and human rights.
   
   Incidents of violence were reported during general elections, and
   there was widespread intimidation and coercion of voters. Recently
   Buddhi Man Tamang, Land Reform Minister, was reported to have urged
   his supporters to use violence ... the release said.
   
   INSEC has accused Khum Bahadur Khadka, the Home Minister, of aborting
   a human rights case filed against him. In the 1994 general election,
   Khadka, then Minister for Works and Transport, was allegedly involved
   in a shooting incident in Bijauri, Dang, where four people were
   killed. Minister Khadka has consistently denied charges.
[ What can u expect when we we "Ason ko butcher" as our PM, the home minister who had his soldiers shoot children watching demonstrators from their windows killed?]

   
   Human rights violators, must be punished, regardless of their
   political affiliations. Why has the government not taken legal action
   against those involved in rights abuses during the 1990 Peoples
   Movement ? INSEC questioned.
   
   A number of other non-governmental organisation, including CWIN and
   CVICT were involved in todays programme that aims at sensitizing a
   mass against growing criminalization of politics.
     _________________________________________________________________
   
  GIRL BEATEN TO DEATH
  
   
   By a Post Reporter
   
      Conference On Women
      
[ yeah, yeah, conferences are all these elite women will do, talk talk talk!]
   
   KATHMANDU, Dec 13 (RSS) - The Midwestern Regional Level Women
   Conference will be organised in Nepalgunj on January 20-21 under the
   aegis of Sushma Koirala Memorial Academy. The conference will be
   represented by two to three women from each of the 15 districts of the
   midwestern region. Beside holding exhibition and traditional dances,
   problems of the local women and ways and means to resolve the problems
   are to be discussed in the conference, the president of the academy
   Sujata Koirala said.
   
      Committee Formed
      
 
************************************************************* From: "Shrestha Nilesh" <XSHRESTH@hwlab.felk.cvut.cz> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 12:39:53 MET-1MEST Subject: Re: Ganesh Man and National Treasury (5 Push 2052 BkSm)

    I strongly support the article of Suresh Raut.Our Neta Ganesh man's visit to American including Europe for the treatment purpose is really waste of money. As far as I am concerned, Nepal Congress Party has no right to waste national money for the treatment of a leader. If any case , the huge amount of money should be paid my the NC's fund. All Nepalese and leaders should not forget than National Treasury is our blood and sweat.
    On the other hand,as stated by Suresh Raut, there are so many other cheap alternatives to carry out the treatment. Hence all sensitive Nepalese should protest this rediculous movement!
                            Nilesh
                            <xshresth@hwlab.felk.cvut.cz>

****************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 11:41:45 -0500 (EST) Forwarded By: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: dec17_editorial.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Source: KTM Post The Menace Of Drug Abuse
   By Nanda Kumar Karki
   
   It was obviously a cruel decision for a mother. Mrs R personally came
   to my office to have her son Deepak, 21, a student at the local campus
   arrested. Her simple and innocent argument was that jail was the
   safest place for him. Actually, she wanted her son to be treated so
   that he could overcome aggressiveness, insecurity and weakness.
   
   Since Deepak was the only son, he had no problem getting money from
   his grandmother. He initially hung out at lake-side restaurants and
   clubs. This gave him a new but exciting taste of marijuana and
   hashish. There were no dearth of places from where you could get free
   puffs from sadhus. Gradually, Deepak graduated to other hard drugs
   supplied by peer groups.
   
   With money enough to buy hard drugs, Deepak started staying outside in
   safe houses belonging to friends and relatives. He would return home
   in an angry mood, confused and staggering and make his mother more
   confused. The whole family was tense.
   
   As there was no effective rehabilitation services available at the
   district level, Deepak was sent to Dhulikhel Mental Hospital to be
   kept under the guidance and care of a professional expert. During his
   five month stay at the hospital, Deepak was very cooperative and was
   determined to kick the habit.
   
   Deepaks persistent effort to understand and sincerely confront
   problems made it possible for him to lead a normal life again. After
   five months Deepak was there before me, this time with his parents. He
   said proudly, I have learnt to live without drugs. Books concerning
   drug abuse, we nearly have comprehensive data. Studies on drug abuse
   show the graph going up. It is estimated that the number has gone up
   to 30,000 - 70% male and 25 % female - between the age group of 10 to
   25 years. Dr Dhruba Man Shrestha, director of the countrys largest
   mental hospital in Patan says, Some 25 patients come everyday to this
   hospital sharp at nine in the morning, especially teenagers. He
   further emphasises, the problems are more complex in other SAARC
   countries.
   
   Bhedetar, a picnic spot between Dharan - Dhankuta road seems to be the
   weekend, paradise drug-sessions groups. While visiting this place, Dr
   Sharma, a medical officer explained about Phensedyl (Indian) and
   Phencodine (Nepali) - codine based cough linctus - most popular among
   drug addicts, sold openly (now prohibited) as a medicine at black
   market rates of Rs 150 - Rs 200 a bottle against its printed price Rs
   18. It comes in cartoons with fake names. When it comes in plastic
   Jerry cans it is called petrol or diesel. Biratnagar Mill area was the
   main supply point. This deadly addiction drug has now reached
   different remote corners of the country.
   
   The drug scourge, respects no boundaries. No one nation is untouched.
   No one is safe .. nor has Nepal been immune from the curse of drug
   consumption and addiction. No one,I repeat, no one is immune, thus
   remarked the US Ambassador in her opening address to the US Customs
   and Police. And in reality no one is immune.
   
   Nepal nestles close to golden triangle (Burma, Thailand and Laos) and
   the golden crescent (Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran). And with her
   open borders in the South, she has not been able to remain outside the
   vicious circle of drug syndicates. The lure of dollars has enticed
   many into the fold of drug barons.
   
   A recent INTERPOL report estimated that 60% to 70% of all heroin in
   western European countries was coming from the golden crescent and 30%
   from the golden triangle. Conclusion
   
   In the light of the above facts, it is imperative to suggest that our
   entire efforts be directed towards the promotion of nationwide - mass
   awareness about the deadly effects of drugs. Prof Donald K Fletcher,
   USA in a recent interview answers, I think there are a number of ways
   to comebat the problems.
   
   Generally no single approach is going to be successful. Enforcement
   has a very positive role. But I think our greatest hope is through
   Prevention by Education.
   
   The present situation demands that intellectuals, teachers,
   journalists, leaders and social workers play a prominent role in
   creating awareness against drug addiction. Many of our studies and
   surveys show that our resource constraints have pushed back our fight
   against drug addiction. Nothing could be more tragic.

                                 HEADLINE NEWS
   
   Kathmandu declared metropolitan city; By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Dec 15 - Amid muted cheers from a large crowd gathered in
   the Basantapur square today, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba
   announced that Kathmandu had now become a metropolitan city. The
   announcement brings to an end the bitter battle of will between the
   Kathmandu Mayor P L Singh and the government, who have played hood and
   wink over the issue.
   
   Singh, who was elected the Mayor of Kathmandu in 1992, has been
   severely criticized for his failure to revive Kathmandus pristine
   image, his main election pledge. Singh for his part has charged the
   government of non-cooperation and has been demanding a greater
   autonomy.
   
   .c1.Frustrated youths blow themselves up;
   
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Dec 15 -Frustrated over failure of love two youths blew
   themselves up with detonation and gelatine near Patan Industrial
   Estate early in the morning today.The two youths named Laxman Gubhaju
   and Dev Gurung both aged 25 were killed in a grenade explosion in
   Patan Industrial Estate, Lalitpur this morning.
   
   The blast took place in one of the quarter rooms early in the morning.
   
   A large number of people gathered after they heard the explosion, but
   the room where the explosion had taken place was locked from inside.
   
   Local people informed the police and immediately broke into the room
   through ventilators. They found the two youths, with their limbs
   scattered to pieces.
   
   Ganesh Bhakta Gubhaju, brother of deceased Laxman Gubhaju said that
   Dev Gurung hailed from Pokhara and worked in Birat Furniture at Patan
   Industrial Estate. Gurung and Laxman were best friends. Both friends
   had returned home this morning at 5:00 am from a week-long tour
   outside Kathmandu valley, Ganesh Bhakta Gubhaju said.
   
   The police found a letter, 3 sets of grenades, 3 sets of gelatine,
   match-boxes, safety fuse and some thread. Superintendent of police at
   Lalitpur District Police Office Kiran Gautam suspected of suicide.
   Though our investigations are still going on we suspect this is a
   unique case of suicide.
   
   The letter written by the deceased which was read out to this reporter
   clarifies that Laxman and Gurung were best friends and Gurung was
   madly in love with his friends sister Vidya Gubhaju.
   
   Gurung had confided with Laxman about his love for Vidya and wished
   wanted to marry her. Laxman made a proposal to his sister about this
   matter from Devs side. But his sister refused the marriage proposal
   and angrily left her brothers house and went to stay with her elder
   sister. Frustrated the two friends decided to take their own lives.
   The two youths had also written a satirical poem about Kathmandus
   snobbish attitude, conventional custom and pompous behaviour.
   
  PROTECT THE PUBLIC
 
   Some key players of the coalition government are not thinking alike is
   borne out by the recent statements of Finance Minister Ram Saran Mahat
   and Water Resources Minister Pashupati Shumshere Rana. While the
   former implied that the access road to Khadbari in the Arun Valley to
   be financed through IDA assistance was 'a partial return of Arun III',
   the latter categorically declared it to be an entirely separate
   enterprise. Even though, it does not materially change the nature of
   the project, the contradictory positions taken by the two bright and
   influential members of the Deuba cabinet cannot be dismissed as mere
   slips of the tongue. As both Mahat and Rana are perceived to be fairly
   knowledgeable about how the donors' mind work in economic as well as
   in political terms, the public is quite thoroughly baffled by the
   'substantive difference' volunteered by the duo. Common sense tells
   that it is useless to trust that the World Bank is likely to be talked
   again into the multimillion dollar project in the foreseeable future.
   'Never' may be too harsh a judgement, but to hope the 'now
   discontinued' project will see the light of day soon enough to
   retrieve the lost opportunity will be tantamount to building castle in
   the air. For now, Rana's multi-pronged strategy for the immediate
   purpose of overcoming power shortage in the country does promise
   something albeit his proposal to remobilise what he calls the 'captive
   diesel plants' may in the end escalate price beyond the poor man's
   ability to pay. It might be stressed here that he minister stands to
   earn the gratitude of the public if he puts his energy and attention
   to reducing, preferably radically, the administrative overheads of the
   Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) as part of the exercise to offset
   the additional cost incurred in recommissioning the diesel plants
   which are entirely based on the imported commodity. The so-called

   'diesel lobby' in Kathmandu that together with other vested interest
?????????????????

amulya's question:=09Does the "diesel lobby" include Bikash Pandey of ITDG, Shivakoti of INHURED, and Dipak Gyawali of Swastika NGO?
=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D
 =09
   groups financed the anti-Arun crusade is of course very excited about
   the prospects of it becoming the main beneficiary of the forced change
   in approach dictated by the demise of Arun III. Minister Rana, one
   hopes, is aware of the ongoing and impending activity of this powerful
   lobby and has indeed worked out in his brains the kind of decision he
   would have to take to protect the public from all possible
   exploitative deals engineered by the market-friendly sharks.
  =20
   Far from it
  =20
   That the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) is still far from being a
   'democratic alternative' to the two main political forces in the
   country -- the Nepali Congress and the CPN-UML -- has been more or
   less established by the personality-based feuds that the party let
   itself fall into in recent times. As one senior member of the central
   committee noted, as a matter of fact the RPP should have been more
   than pleased to have annexed two Upper House seats despite the number
   of votes it has in the Lower House. Neutral observers feel the former
   panchas are not only becoming overly ambitious but also
   unnecessarily arrogant. They seem to have forgotten that they are very
   much a part of the government and are therefore accountable to the
   public as much as the Nepali Congress and the Nepal Sadbhavana Party
   should anything go wrong in any sector of the evolving national
   outlook that determines the future characteristics of the Nepali
   nationhood. The question before the RPP today is not so much of who
   exerts the most pressure as it is of who, among the stalwarts, is
   truly devoted to the democratic development of Nepal. What transpired
   at the recent RPP conclave over the Rajeswore Devkota prakaran
   (episode) is understandable, even laudable, from the standpoint of the
   declared objectives of the party. What is, however, questionable is
   the way the leaders tended to downgrade each other's credibility
   before the public eye. Squabbles over issues of whys and why nots
   can be justified only when the debate they tigger ultimately
   strengthens the party. If, on the contrary, the results prove to be
   mutually exclusive as the case seems to be, the RPP will have nobody
   but itself to blame. Who knows, in the next hustings the party may end
   of up with lesser seats in parliament. The stakes are just too high.
   The critical point is not whether the coalition will survive or die on
   its account but whether the party can hold unto to its self-
   proclaimed image -- that of a democratic alternative.

Economy
  =20
   The phobia of guerilla war is hounting the reactionaries
=09=09=09=09?????????
['HOUNTING =3D hounding or hunting/}
  =20
   Dr. Baburam Bhattrai
  =20
   Maoist Samyukta Jana Morcha (SJM) or United Peoples Front President
   Baburam Bhattarai, 42 is at least in his own apprehension a Nepali
   Gonzalo in the making. Awed by many as a rare blend of academic
   brilliance and revolutionary zeal, this Urban
   Planner-turned-politician has become once again the most talked about
   man around after a serious debacle in the wake of SJM's split two
   years ago. A massive police operation is being carried out in the
   Mid-Western hilly district of Rolpa a SJM stronghold where allegedly
   as a test-case Bhattarai ordered his cadres to launch a
   'class-energy-elimination-campaign' victimising mostly the
=09=09=09=09=09++++++++++
["victimising"=3D hmm, it is clear which side of the debate this newspaper=
=20 is on: anti-Bhattarai anti-people, it must be remembered that this news=20 should be read with the aim of exorcising this textual bias...] s =20
   non-communist political activists. A vehement critic of monarchy and
   the present parliamentary system, Bhattarai although refuted the
   charges of resorting to the violent class struggle exudes confidence
   that one day he will succeed in bringing down the present dispensation
   and establish a Hoxa-ian prolatarian regime. The wild mannered
=09=09++++++++
[Again a rhetorical trick deployed by the writer to sway the reader into=20 anti-bhattarai by allluding to the negative imagery of Hoxa of Albania,=20 it should be reminded that China is where it is because Mao build the=20 culturals and social change that deng has now put the icing on, and god=20 knows we need maosist based peasant empowerment over lip-service farmer=20 centered approach thaqt really only benefits rural elites of the congress=
=20 party political approach]

   never-to-be-second engineer talked to Hari Adhikary of The
   Independent on the burning issues of the moment including the Rolpa
   episode and his political mirage. Text follows
  =20
   Q. How do you assess the present political situation of Rolpa?
  =20
   A. The situation in Rolpa is extremely tense and explosive at the
   moment. The present reactionary state managed by the three-party
   coalition of the Nepali Congress, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP)
   and the Sadbhawana Party, has launched the so-called 'operation Romeo'
   in the district since November 4. Under this armed police operation
   around 1500 policemen including a specially trained commando force
   sent from Kathmandu have been deployed to let loose a reign of terror
   against the poor peasants of that rugged mountain district in western
=09=09################################################

[Remember Rolpa is one of the most marginal districts of nepal, it rarely=
=20 gets in the news, even rarely gets much of any development outlays, some=20 years aga, it was mentioned that the entire district did not have a=20 single MA and the number of SLC were a handful, it is about as=20 disenfranchised as any district can ever get in Nepal, except Dolpo=20 maybe.=20

So the one time it gets attention, it is the massive deployment of=20 security to suppress people's anger and effort to stand up and be taken=20 notice ]

ainre

   Nepal. So far about one thousand people have been arrested, of whom
   about three hundred are kept in police custody or sent to jails under
   fictitious charges while the rest have been released on bail or after
   severe torture. The people arrested range from 12 to 70 years of age
   and most of them have been subjected to inhuman torture while in
   police custody. An eighteen-year old girl from Gam VDC was raped in
   Sulichour police station; eight girls from Oowa VDC were stripped to
   nudity and tortured with Sisnu Pani. A numerous houses of poor
   peasants in Kotgaon VDC have been set ablaze and there has been
   indiscriminate ransacking and looting of properties of common people
   by the ruling party hoodlums under the protection of the police force.
   More than ten thousand rural youths, out of a population of two
   hundred thousand for the whole district, have been forced to flee
   their homes and take shelter in remote jungles. The armed police

***********************************************************************************************

***********************************************************************************************

[And I thought the whole purpose of the country's switch to "multi-party"=
=20 democracy was to prevent the need to forcibly suppress the voices and=20 needs of the disenfranchised by giving them to opportunity to participate=
=20 in a "democracy=3D or a rule of the people" This reads like so much=20 rightist suppression, i wonder if this is what Sailaza Acharya was=20 referring to when she said the current Cabinet was weighed towards the=20 Rightist politics.]

   operation is still continuing and the virtual reign of white terror
   seems endless at the moment.
  =20
   Q. What, in your opinion, is the root - cause of the worsening law an
   order there?
  =20
   A. The various independent human rights organisations have
   investigated this police operation and published their report
   recently. Their report also has verified our position that the current
   armed police repression is aimed at nipping in the bud of the
   developing class struggle of the poor peasants in Rolpa district and
   other parts of the county under the leadership of the communist party
   of Nepal (Maoist) and the United People's Front Nepal. What you term
   'law and order' problem is basically a socio-economic problem of
   extreme poverty and exploitation is the rural areas of Nepal under the
   present semi-feudal and semi-colonial dispensation. How do you expect
   social peace and harmony to prevail in a socio- political system which
   increasingly generated poverty, unemployment, illiteracy and all round
   underdevelopment for more than ninety percent of the toiling
   population in mostly rural areas and filthy richness and extravagance
   for a handful of parasitic classes in rural and urban areas.?
  =20
   Q. The law-enforcing agencies have charged your party with having
   started a violent class-struggle aiming at eliminating
   non-communists. What do you have to say?
  =20
   A. That is absolute nonsense. Class struggle led by revolutionary
   communists, i.e. those upholding Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, is never
   aimed at eliminating 'non-communists,' as you charge. The aim of
   revolutionary class struggle in the current phase of New Democratic
   revolution is to eliminate feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism.
   Please do note the difference - we want to climinate the 'class
   position' of these parasitic classes and not necessarily eliminate the
   class enemy physically.
  =20
   Q. Is this the starting point of a guerilla war?
  =20
   A. The phobia of 'guerilla war' is haunting the reactionary ruling
   classes of Nepal for quite some time. That is why they have been
   projecting the poor, illiterate peasants of tribal Kham Magar stock of
   Rolpa as prospective 'guerillas' through their T. V. channels. Had

[Talk about the social construction of truth by the state, this real life=
=20 as opposed to impotent mindgames in US social theory academia..]

   that been true ninety percent of the poor and toiling population of
   Nepal could be branded as respective 'guerrillas'. It is not our
   business to forecast when these poor and exploited people will rise in
   arms against this reactionary state for their genuine rights.
  =20
   Q. Are you ready to take responsibility for a series of politically
   motivated killings that occurred in the districts of Rolpa, Rukum and
   Baglung in the last 4-5 years?
  =20
   A. We have already made our position clear that class struggle does
   not necessarily mean the physical annihilation of class enemy. How can
   we take responsibility for the stray incidents, you have mentioned,
   which go against our known ideological and political stand?
  =20
   Q. It is said that drugs like the hemp and hashish have a very
   important role in the economic life of the commoners in mid-western
   hills. Violent clashes in those areas usually take place just because
   of this contraband trade. How many of your party loyals are involved
   in this nefarious business?

[Ahhhh, more "nefarious" social construction and demonizing the poor to=20 hide the explotive links members of this interviewr class has with the=20 ruling elite of Nepal.] wo
  =20
   A. Reactionaries of all hues are so scared of their own criminal deeds
   that they have to manufacture different white lies to cover up their
   crimes and instead shift the blame to the revolutionary forces to
   hoodwink the public opinion. This charge levelled aganist us as also
   against the Shining Path guerilla of Peru is an imperialist ploy of
   the US and its lackeys all over the world. Who does not know that drug
   trafficking is one of the pillars of the unperialit world economy and
   their stooges in underdeveloped countries, particularly the
   bureaucratic capitalist classes, thrive on this illicit trade? Do I
   need to answer your motivated question when you know one of the
   targets of our New Democratic revolution is to destroy imperialism and
   its stooge bureaucratic capitalism?
  =20
   Q. You proclaimed the other day from the open air theatre that your
   party is going to turn this kingdom into a 'Red-fort' very soon.
   Isn't that rather a tall claim?
  =20
   A. Yes, we want to turn this beautiful Himalayan country into an
   invincible 'red-fort' and a shining trench of world proletarian
   revolution. We are sure we will hoist the hammer and sickle red flag
   atop the Mt. Everest one day. Every revolution sounds a dream or a
   'tall claim' before it is made. Remember the French Revolution or the
   Great Bolshevik Revolution or the Chinese Revolution?
  =20
   Q. You have given the CPN-UML a very bad name saying the largest left
   formation has become a stooge of the likes of Damodar Sumsher. How do
   you justify this charge?
  =20
   A. We don't give bad name to anybody as you charge us. We only call a
   spade a spade. The CPN-UML is an extreme right revisionist party which
   has degenerated into an openly reactionary one after it vowed to serve
   and strengthen the existing constitutional multi-party system and
   formed its own government under this rotten reactionary system.
   Through its deeds of prostrating before the feudal monarchy and US
   imperialism and Indian expansionism during its 9-month rule the UML
   itself has verified the charges we have levelled against them.
  =20
   Q. It seems that your party CPN (Maoist) along with its frontal wing
   United Peoples Front has been losing its support base and is being
   confined to a limited area of mid-west region. What future course are
   you taking to widen support base?
  =20
   A. If we had been losing our support base among the masses as you
   allege why should the state launch such a massive armed police
   operation to wipe us out? It you had cared to see or report the
   massive public rallys and meetings we have recently organised in about
   25 districts of Nepal from Bhojpur in the east to Humla in the west
   and with a fitting finale in Kathmandu on December 8, I am sure you
   would not have asked such a question.
  =20
   Q. What about the left unity? Don't you feel like contributing to it?
  =20
   A. We are always prepared for genuine Left unity for the cause of
   accelerating the pace of proletarian revolution and have been
   successfully working for it. But we are not prepared to join hands
   with the revisionists and opportunists who have been 'left-out' by
   history. Genuine left unity will be forged in the course of advancing
   revolution and not by aggregating splinter opportunists groups
   together.
  =20
   Q. Capture of power through armed class struggle and establishing a
   communist state in Nepalese context seems to be a dream never to be
   fulfilled. But you are insisting on this sure-to-lose politics. Why?
  =20
   A. I have already told you every revolution appears a dream before it
   is made. Moreover, it appears like a 'nightmare' for the reactionary
   classes before and after it is made. I am firm in my conviction
   because I believe in the science of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and know
   that this class-divided society cannot last for ever and one day a
   classless society has to emerge if we want to perpetuate humanity on
   this earth.
  =20
   Q. Doesn't it show your lack of sincerity to the cause. Or you are
   guided by something else which is hidden?
  =20
   A. What do you mean by sincerity? In a class-divided society you
   cannot be sincere to all the classes. A Maoist revolutionary is
   sincere only to the proletarian class. And I am sincere to my class.
  =20
   C K Lal
   Jagadish Ghimire is a famous name. A noted Nepali author, a popular
   columnist and a man who loves to change his wheels so very often; he
   also happens to be the hubby of social service Tsarina Durga Ghimire.
   Until he decided to forsake Battisputali in favour of Chobhar, we were
   neighbours but hardly knew each other. The other day, I was introduced
   to him at a fashionable do of the valley.
  =20
   "Haven't read your column for quite some time," said I.
  =20
   "I am giving my good friend Deuba the customary honeymoon period
   without criticism," he responded smiling, "But, you seem to have given
   up that time- honoured tradition in your columns."
  =20
   "In a way, yes," admitted I, "Because, in my humble opinion, this is
   not a carefree honeymoon after a normal marriage. It's battllefront
   and the general is taking far too long to even assemble his forces."
  =20
   "Poor chap, he has his limitations. On top of that, his hands are tied
   by his coalition partners, his legs in fetters of his party bosses and
   he is being asked to run. No wonder, the fellow feels like being a
   mountain mule-Jumli or Bhote, it does not matter," he sympathized for
   his friend.
  =20
   "But, why does he have to spend his valuable time in inaugurating
   product launches, talkathons and sundry other programmes of social
   climbers? Does not that send a wrong message?" I asked.
  =20
   "Seminars and workshops do have their utility. they allow you to
   sharpen your knives before you use them," he observed sagely.
  =20
   "Is that so?" I wondered aloud.
  =20
   "One of my friends- Badri, you know him, the man behind Alliance for
   Democracy ? Well, it's him I was talking about. He was telling that
   such intercourse are more like intellectual masturbation. The only aim
   is pleasure for oneself and nothing more. Why should Prime Ministers
   or any other minister for that matter grace such functions and waste
   NTV's precious footage in the process?"
  =20
   "Try to understand the psychology of their insecurity," interjected an
   onlooker who has been taking a keen interest in our conversation,
   "Most of these politicians are bumpkins who have made it big and they
   would go to any lengths to make themselves, acceptable to Kathmandu
   society. They think cutting ribbons is a short-cut." Meanwhile,
   Jagadish had moved on to a more elite crowd and I was left with this
   seemingly knowledgeable gentleman.
  =20
   "Our Prime Minister is a learned man. He is a noble and has married
   into old money. It is unlikely that he has any love for such
   snobbery," I disagreed.
  =20
   "Oh, him! His predicaments are different. He seems to believe that his
   mere survival will be his greatest success. he may be wrong," opined
   the stranger and went on to add,"It's not every day that one gets to
   become the Prime Minister of a country. If Deuba were made to bow out
   today, you know what he will be remembered for? For launching servo
   and lending a ear to Indian faded star Padmini at a public function.
   Not the things one could be ashamed of, no doubt. But, can one be
   proud of them? You can't go on refusing to take decisions for the fear
   of making mistakes."
  =20
   "Our political leaders lack vision." I repeated an oft- quoted line.
  =20
   "What did they do when they were out of power? Or when they were
   confined? Confinement is believed to spur creativity."
  =20
   "I don't know about all of them," said the stranger who was a friend
   by now, "But, one of today's top level leaders was my cell-mate in
   jail. The chap used to spend all his time sleeping and never read any
   books. Probably he fantasized about sex most of the time."
  =20
   "That is another aspect about our leaders which never ceases to puzzle
   me. They take pride in admitting that they have no time to read! How
   can they rule without reading?" asked I.
  =20
   "One of the reasons behind the bankruptcy of ideas in the
   establishment. Their intellectual fare consists of BBC 's Hindi
   service, Zee TV's news and some local weekly yellow rags. What can you
   expect from the decisions of men who do not know when they read their
   last book," commented my friend.
  =20
   "Are you an academician?" inquired I so very politely, impressed by is
   perceptive comments.
  =20
   "Unfortunately not," said the man, "Even I am some kind of a
   politician."
  =20
   "So, there is some hope left. There are some politicians left who do
   read," said I.
  =20
   "But, I have not read any of your columns," he retorted. I was stumped
   and left in a huff to look for a drink.

Head Line News
   RPP buries hatchet
   The week-long marathon trading charges of betrayal and indisci-pline
   against each other by the two warring factions led by the Chairman
   Surya Bahadur Thapa and Co-chairman Rajeshwar Devkota of Rastriya
   Prajatrantra Party (RPP) respectively, ended with a happy but
   unenthusiastic note, December 12, when the party's 41-member Central
   Executive Committee (CEC) succeeded in declaring a cease-fire between
   the two antagonists. A press statement issued by party spokesman
   Narayan Dutta Bhatta at the end of the stormy conclave, says, 'all
   disputes have been resolved after an extensive discussion on every
   individual issue.'
  =20
   "Everything in dispute has been dealt with. The party has become
   stronger now", RPP General Secretary Rabindra Nath Sharma told the
   mediapersons after the CEC meeting. Another General Secretary a senior
   minister in the Coalition Pashupati Shumsher JB Rana also confirmed
   that all the problems which surfaced after the unpleasant episode
   following the National Assembly elections had been candidly debated
   and settled.
  =20
   A bunch of party operatives who seem sceptical about the 'new unity'
   in the faction-prone rightist formation is not yet subdued by the
   leadership's assessment of the situation. Asked if he thought the
   issues had not been resolved completely and it's only a temporary
   truce in the ongoing war of nerves in his party, President of RPP
   student wing Rajendra Lingden shot back: "All issues as of this moment
   have been more or less tackled with effect. In a fragile situation
   that we are in, everything is temporary and uncertain."
  =20
   The ceasefire in the RPP may not last long. But the understanding
   arrived at after the week-long CEC meeting among the party bigwigs,
   who had earlier openly demanded nothing less than the scalps of their
   rivals, has sent shock waves to the CPN-UML which had pinned great
   hopes of returning to power on the backs of RPP split.
  =20
   "No sane politician can think of bringing down the three-month-old
   government, that too, by drilling a hole in another party's roof, God
   bless them. We have given a befitting reply to the CPN-UML's this
   utterly malevolent design", said RPP General Secretary Rabindra Nath
   Sharma.
  =20
   RPP insiders say that all preparations were meticulously made to poke
   a hole in the party. The party's youth wing, which is controlled by
   the Devkota faction, had submitted a memorandum to the CEC demanding
   action against those who did not abide by party discipline. But
   ultimately, the wisdom prevailed and in a soul- searching bid, the RPP
   leaders set aside the personal prejudices to uphold unity and by
   implication, the coalition government. It is the very manifestation of
   their determination that they, thankfully, vowed to fight the
   'sponsoring elements' of division and destability, says the press
   release issued December 12. p
  =20
  =20
  =20 CPN-UML changes tuen

  =20
   The mainline opposition CPN-UML, encouraged by the Deuba government's
   no-deeds-no-wrongs operandi, is stunned by the outcome of Rastriya
   Prajatantra Party (RPP) Central Committee meeting has, all of a
   sudden, dropped its intention of recapturing power in the near future.
  =20
   "We are, by all means, prepared to sit in the opposition bench,
   watching the government's performance," said Devi Prasad Ojha, Chief
   Whip of the party in the House of Representatives.
  =20
   Till yesterday, party top-hats were thunderously claiming that they
   were going to be the government any day. General Secretary Madhav
   Kumar Nepal, who is now in a nationwide tour to 'strengthen' the party
   organisation, as reported in a party mouthpiece, said at Janakpur
   December 11, "People are not expecting this government will deliver
   goods. They are awaiting its collapse." Party President Man Mohan
   Adhikari in several mass meetings recently in Kathmandu had
   consistently declared that the CPN-UML would ascend power pedestal
   soon enough. In a party workers' meet, he had said, "There are ample
   indications that this government is going to crumble in no time."
  =20
   In another development, the party Standing Committee meeting held
   December 6 formulated a strategy to vertically split the RPP, paving
   the way for a new government with the support of RPP (Chand faction).
   According to a Standing Committee member, the new strategy included
   exposition of the corrupt practices of the Nepali Congress ministers,
   mobilisation of the media and rendering support to the RPP ministers,
   publicly if need be. Observers have, however, not failed to take
   special note of the 'meaningful' absence of MP Jhalanath Khanal in the
   meeting. It is no secret that the Khanal faction is not in favour of
   bringing this government down without according reasonable time to
   prove its mettle.
  =20
   But, after the RPP Central Committee meeting which concluded December
   12 by reaffirming party unity, the CPN-UML is holding an emergency
   meeting to reappraise the obtaining reality as soon as Strongman Nepal
   returns to Kathmandu, December 15. p
  =20
  =20
  =20 In democracy working in Nepal

  =20
   Practically, every conceivable concept has been tried in Nepal. At the
   end of the day, though, practically nothing appears achievable.
   Development economist Mahesh Banskota laments real growth has been a
   far-cry, whereas pragmatist Bhekh Thapa is crying for a new political
   alignment. Is democracy working in Nepal?
  =20
   According to Lok Raj Baral, the traditional authoritarian values and
   norms are still dominant in society and politics, and the political
   parties are always fearful of old conspirators, either perceived or
   real, being opposed to the new system, Every debacle is blamed on the
   Bhumigat Giroha (unseen forces).
  =20
   The NC-RPP-NSP partnership has been in office for 90 days, but the
   constituents, instead of getting on with the momentous task of
   providing positive directions to the nation, are riddled with
   unpardonable personality-based conflicts.
  =20
   The upright neo-liberals are clamouring for reduced government
   expenditure, elimination of subsidies and protection, switch from
   import substitution to export promotion without obviously realising
   the relationship between competitive markets and rapid economic growth
   continues to be rather inconslusive. They turn a Nelson's eye to the
   pretty well-founded argument that much of the explanation behind rapid
   economic growth is not so much the result of liberalisation as the
   impact of capital accumulation, development of human capital, research
   and innovation, sectoral shifts in resources and, not at all
   surprisingly, a highly pragmatic and competent state.
  =20
   The fact of the matter is, in Nepal the level of rural production is
   on a steady decline and for want of appropriate technology, industrial
   activity as a whole has not shown any upward movement. In the name of
   liberalisation all that is happening relates only to increased volume
   of imports, most of which the country can easily and profitably can do
   without.
  =20
   The second economy has received a shot in the arm. Traditional
   merchants are being systematically edged out and who knows what
   happens to the first economy when the proposed Offshore Financial
   Centre gets commissioned to dry-clean the black into white?
  =20
   The picture gets all the more fuzzy when one ventures into the
   unknowns of the political biosphere. Five years have gone by since
   the panchayat banners were bugled down. More than three years of
   Nepali Congress rule and the nine months of the CPN-UML rule produced,
   for the poor in particular, virtually nothing of substance. All that
   the two great parties succeeded in proving is that albeit the tempo of
   pluralism and constitutional process could somehow be maintained,
   political stability and progress don't logically fit into their
   respective psyche.
  =20
   And, now the coalition. The less said the better about its ability to
   generate public disenchantment. Granted that in a situation where
   decisions are not made by a single party, things tend to move slower.
   That much is understandable. But what about the 90 days already safely
   taken to standstill? Even a simple question concerning who should be
   added to the cabinet, who should be designated to the National
   Planning Commission and who should be asked to represent the country
   abroad etc. is left unanswered. What does the delay indicate? Is the
   Bhote ghoda, in contrast to Jumle ghoda, still struggling to
   gather pace despite the people's mandate to coalition politicsr?

Media

  =20
   The print and electronic media highlight of the sudden, untimely and
   sad demise of national news agency General Manager 55-year old Mukunda
   Parajuli on a second tour of duty was an unprecendented
   acknowledgement received by a working journalist with a chequered
   career in the Gorkha Patra daily and other language weeklies over more
   three decades. Condoled as his passing away was by political and media
   circles quite widely deservingly at that, this incertitude episode
   which ended at quite an early age went on to prove once again the
   veracity of the saying a working journalist cannot expect to live a
   long life. While the stress and strain including the life exposed to
   tension and danger of the media persons coupled with working overtime
   unusually long hours attending cocktail circuit and smoking do account
   for their short span of life. A news report of Ramnath Rath editor of
   an Driya language daily turning 100 almost simultaneously early last
   week did stun our media world. At best Mr. Ramnath's growing strong as
   a full-fledged editor as a centenarian is an exception not the rule.
   On the contrary the courage and attention of our media over the demise
   of Messrs Rudra Prasad Giri and Dinesh Singh of cannot but be
   described as beauty. While Mr. Giri =97 one of the few founders of
   Nepali Congress, a breed one fighter in pre-1950 change nearly
   imprisoned 6-years after 1960 who nearly missed to be the Prime
   Minister after several stints as senior minister in the Panchayat era
   received woefully little notice in our print media. The demise of two
   time foreign minister and the minister of without portfolio in the
   Indira Gandhi and Rao cabinets at the age of 71 after more then two
   years of illness last week was not mentioned at all in our
   communication media. Mr Singh who visited Nepal as Foreign minister of
   Prime minister Smt. Gandhi in late 60s and early 70s for interaction
   with late King Mahendra and Foreign minister G.B. Rajbhandari too no
   more with a view to sorting out simmering differences between Nepal
   and India. An experienced Nepal worker with numerous stints heading
   our diplomatic missions abroad confident in this service about
   departed Singh's high reverence for Nepal's monarchy without holding
   divergent views however with respect to India's overall approach to
   Nepal. A close confidante of Nehru, Gandhi family, Mr. Sigh was a
   trusted friend of Prime minister Rao paying him tribute as the one who
   contributed to formulate Indian foreign policy.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   print media despite recent Chinese warming up in New Delhi enforces
   the above. Meanwhile the outcry expressed by a vernacular weekly close
   to G.P. Koirala faction of Nepali Congress and the delay in the
   presentation of credentials by the new Chinese envoy designate =97 a
   unprecedented episode and the forceful rebuttal by Education minister
   Govinda Raj Joshi of alleged support of prime minister Deuba to
   Tibets' independence are echoed as linkages in some of our print-media
   as fall- out of New Delhi's turn track policy.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Prime Minister Deuba is the butt of criticism from print media loyal
   to the Nepali Congress trinity for failing to carry out the long
   expected expansion of the council of ministers last week end despite
   the receipt of go-ahead signal from the power centres as indecisive
   with Hamlet's frame of mind. A bunch of ministers belonging to Nepali
   Congress including Water Resources minister Pashupati Shumshere Rana
   has come out in strong defence of the prime ministers style of working
   citing the government's accomplishments enhancing credit in less than
   a three months period in power. But minister Rana sounded highly
   reticent about the World Bank coming to rescue the Arun III despite
   Finance minister Dr. Mahat's optimism and the world body's latest
   announced aid-package for construction of roads to the project. As
   print media's bashing of Prime minister Deuba and RPP president S.B
   Thapa is at its peak, a vernacular weekly's speculation the last
   minute choice of our envoy to New Delhi over Prof. Lok Raj Baral, if
   true, is laudable.
     _________________________________________________________________
  =20 Voice

   Last week our legislators quietly and without any opposition passed
   a bill that will provide them with a whopping pay-hike and perks.
   Parliament will incur an additional expense of Rs 90.2 million, which
   is nearly double the previous expense of Rs 46 million. The like,
   one hopes will also double our lawmakers' enthusiasm and
   efficiency.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   It is said, people who live by the sword die by the sword. Thus
   two of our kins who live by the shorter sword (the Khukuri) died by
   the sword in Saudi Arabia for alleged sexual liaison with the
   spouse of their employer. However, the story of the severed heads is
   yet to be confirmed.
  =20
   Together with Prof. Lokraj Baral, Dr. Bhekh Thapa is also now
   rumoured to be our envoy to Bahrakhamba Road. Hope the personal
   interests won't clash vis-a-vis national interest.

No Substitute for Security
   
   Sir,
   
   I was shocked to read Bikash Joshis misguiding and irresponsible
   article Choosing between guns and butter (page 6, Dec 5, 1995). His
   baseless allegation that "the present army is nothing more than a
   mercenary force is totally ill-judged, ill-intentioned and aimed at
   tarnishing the image of the army, which has undoubtably contributed a
   lot both inside and outside the country in a number of fields. The
   even goes to the extent of advocating abolition of the army. This
   sounds rather conspiracy-prone like that of some of our shrewd
   politicians with vested interests who once suggested handing over our
   defence and foreign matters to India.
   
   Also, please note that the value of security is seldom known until it
   is lost! Reallocating the defence budget to other areas instead of
   maintaining this white elephant wearing an olive green outfit can
   somehow help to raise the living standards of the people, but only at
   the cost of endangering our security and putting the sovereignty of
   the country in jeopardy. None of our countrymen will accept such a
   deal. Joshi may be well versed in the theory of economics but he has
   failed to account for the armys contribution to the nations economy
   made through its personnels pay and allowances as well as foreign
   exchange received through its successful and effective participation
   in the international peace keeping missions.
   
   Other provocative allegations in the article are also baseless,
   ill-intentioned and deliberately designed to harm one of the most
   responsible and sensitive institutions of the country.

                                                 Rita Joshi
                                               Pako,New Road
   
***************************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 16:20:46 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepalis in America

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

I've been working on a demographic/economic profiles of Nepalis in the United States. The data is based on the 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS). As you may know a vast array of information is available from the Census data. Although Census Long Form information was collected from every 1 in 6 households, PUMS is available in 5 percent and 1 percent samples. (If all the Long Form data is published, then in some cases you can actually match the data records to the actual person/household even after stripping the household identifier
:) thus violating the privacy of the respondent.)

For my purpose, I'm using PUMS 5% sample. This gives a PRELIMINARY total of 132 sample size. As a result, detailed analysis (crosstabs/ frequency distributions with many categories) is not possible. However, basic characteristics with broad categories is certainly possible, and I anticipate to be quite informative. For me, even the estimate of total number of Nepalis in the U.S. was quite exciting. If anyone interested, the table below gives you the total number of Nepalis, by sex, in America. Please note that the results are PRILIMINARY, and should be treated as such. The results are from the first stage screening, thus includes all those that were born in Nepal OR those who trace their ancestry to Nepal. This means, a few Scottish, English, German, Norwegian, Swiss, American who are born in Nepal are included in the sample. (I'll exclude these cases in the final screening.) A lot more demographic/economic characteristics will be included in the report. The report will be descriptive.

I'm not aware of any research of this nature. If you are, please let me know. I'm planning to present my descriptive findings, appropriately at the Nepalis in America conference in the spring of 1996. I'm looking for a sponsor to cover the cost of my trip :) before I proceed with further analysis. Anyone out there? Any pointers?

================================================== NEPALIS IN AMERICA | U.S.A. TOTAL
===>>>(PRELIMINARY RESULTS) |
                                 | Sex Persons Percent | Percent
------ ------- ------- | ------- Male 1,852 58.1 | 48.7 Female 1,337 41.9 | 51.3
                                 | Total 3,189 100.0 | 100.0
                                 |
==================================================

Kanhaiya Vaidya, Ph.D. Senior Demographer Oregon Office of Economic Analysis
(503) 378-4967 email: Kanhaiya.L.Vaidya@state.or.us
       OR forecast@teleport.com

********************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 16:21:50 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: AYO-GORKHALI Nepal Link Page From: bajracha@solix.fiu.edu (Sanjay Bajracharya)

Hello everyone, There are alot of things related to Nepal in the Web at present and it is growing day by day. I also have a Home Page and what I have tried to do is make a page with only links to sites related to Nepal. Infact that's all I have in my web site (don't have time to create things of my own). Everyone is welcome to visit my Home page at

        http://www.fiu.edu/~bajracha

and then go into Nepal Link Page. Or directly go to
                 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
        http:///www.fiu.edu/~bajracha/pub/nplinks.html

As the list is growing bigger and bigger, I have lost track of what is in the list and what is not. If you know of any site(s) related to Nepal not listed or want to include you Home Page site in the list, please send me an e-mail.

Any comments and/or suggestions are most welcome.

I want to have only links on this page so that anyone can easily navigate the Web easily for materials related to Nepal.

Dhanyabad.
        * --- * -- <<<<< Sanjay Bajracharya >>>>> -- * --- *

******************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 17:05:30 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Sending Money to Himalayan Bank?

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca (Bhanu Neupane u) writes:

>I had transferred my research grant to Nepal Bangladesh Bank and there was
>absolutely no problem. There are no legal restriction but Rastra Bank
>takes 1 dollars of every 100 dollars sent to Nepal. All you have to do is
>pay $ 6.75 dollar to any bank in US or in Canada (I can relate that with
>my personal experience because my grant came from both Canadian and US
>donors) to prepare money order or certified cheque of any amount. All you
>need to do is to cash that cheque or money order in Nepal.

>And if you are talking about opening personal account in US currency. ITs
>now legal and simple (You will be asked to show your income source). The
>logic is same for every dollar you deposite, Rastra Bank takes a penny.
>Operation is also simple. If you write a cheque to someone in Nepal s/he
>will recieve equivalent of nepali currency and if you write a cheque to
>someone going out of Nepal s/he will receive travellers cheque in US $ at
>no-extra charge. The deposite earns an interest of 3.5 percent in US
>dollar.

>(If there has been any policy changes after July '95...I am not aware of it)

>PS: BTW, why Himalayan Bank? It sucks! if you want to hear horror story
>or need more info...? Send e-mail!

Thanks Bhanu for the information.

What I am really trying to do is send a wire transer (called TT (Telegraphic Transfer) in Nepal?) to an acount in Himalayan Bank. Why Himalayan Bank? Well, I thought it was among the more efficient banks in Nepal. However, the local US Bank here asked me for the ABA # or information of a correspondent U.S. Bank. A friend of mine recently wire transferred an amount from the same local bank here to Nepal Bank Ltd. with no fuss. I can't understand why it is being so difficult with Himalayan Bank. Information from Himalayan Bank regarding wire transfer includes nothing about ABA # or U.S. Correspondent Bank.

Has anyone sent a wire transfer to Himalayan Bank? Or should I just bunk Himalayan Bank and attempt another bank in Nepal?

What really would be easier in the longer-term is to open a U.S. dollar account with the Rastr Bank in Nepal. But what do I do right now?

Your advice is valuable.

Thanks again. Rajesh B. Shrestha

Thank you all who responded to my query.

>From all the information I received, I have compiled the following list that
you could find useful sometime:

Comments Agent Cost Approx. Time
-------- ----- ---- ------------

FASTEST but Western Union 15% 24 hours Expensive

Cheaper and Wire Transfer $25-30 (Direct*) 2-3 days Reliable Local US Bank $10 (US correspondent
                                                bank) CHEAPEST but Money Order ~1% Unreliable Unreliable (PO dependent)

NB:

1. Cost here typically includes only the transaction cost from the sender's
   side. Recipient's costs may be extra.

2. Direct* Wire Transfer means sending an international wire transfer.
   Sending a Wire Transfer via a U.S. Correspondent Bank is cheaper because it
   is considered a domestic transaction.

Information on Himalayan Bank for Wire Transfer:
-----------------------------------------------

U.S. Correspondent Bank:

        American Express, NYC
        Acc #: 723262

ABA #: 0210-00089 (according to Dinesh Chhetri)

***************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Dec 1995 15:58:53 -1100 From: Mitchell Silver <silver@maui.net> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: (no subject)

>>The name of the author, however, rung my bells of curiosity. Is he the same Hugh Downs, who co-produces the investigative TV program 20/20 with Barbara Walter? <<

It's Hugh Downs Jr., his son. Speaks very fluent Nepali and lived in Nepal for a considerable period of time during the 70's. I'm sure he is on the net but do not have an email address. He lives in Berkeley CA.

- Mitch

******************************************************** From: pcs@pcspc.mos.com.np To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 19 Dec 1995 12:30:31 Subject: Computer Association of Nepal INFO-TECH'96 in Nepal

Dear Readers,

I would like to inform the interested readers of The Nepal Digest that Computer Association of Nepal is organizing INFO-TECH'96 (The only Information Technology specific exhibition & conference) in Kathmandu during January 18th - 22nd, 1996 at The Blue Star Hotel. The exhibition is expected to draw about 50 Nepalese & international exhibitors and attract 15,000 visitors in the course of 5 days.

The CAN Info-Tech'96 Conference brings together about 100 experts, professionals, buyers, sellers, manufacturers, developers and suppliers to provide a forum for networking and exchange of ideas within the information technology (IT).

Professional Computer System (P) Ltd. (PCS) is a software developing and IT consulting company in Nepal established in 1988 and has already served more than 40 different public, private, INGO organizations in Nepal. Some of the application software products of PCS are Banking Software, Finance Company Software, Share Management System, Stock Broker System besides software for mercantile accounting, inventory, personnel records, budgeting etc. PCS was the first computer company in Nepal to provide Devnagari script
(bilingual english/nepali) with pure software solution on DOS compatible computers.

PCS has a group of more than 10 computer graduates with upto 20 years of IT experience. Most of our professionals have graduated from foreign countries including UK, USA, Old USSR, India. Our professionals have worked in Mainframe computers to Palmtop, LAN to WAN, 4GL to Assembly Language, UNIX to CP/M, ORACLE to dBASE applications. PCS is currently also working under IBM's Developer Assistance Program in DB2 client/server database management system.

PCS will be having a stall at the exhibition during INFO-TECH'96. Our stall No. is J43 on the 2nd Floor at The Blue Star Hotel.

If you are planning to visit Kathmandu during the exhibition and if you have interest in information technology, we would like to invite to our stall or call us at our phone number. We will be interested to show you some of our products.

In any case, if you have any query about us, please contact us in our following address.

Thanks. Suresh K. Regmi Managing Director Professional Computer System (P) Ltd. Kasaa Chhen, Kha 2-216, Putalisadak, Kathmandu, Nepal. Phone: 977-1-416478 Fax: 977-1-224710 email: pcs@pcspc.mos.com.np

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 19 Dec 1995 13:28:08 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News 12/18/1995 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki)
                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           DECEMBER 17, 1995, SUNDAY

LENGTH: 208 words

HEADLINE: nepal to launch new land reform program

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 17; ITEM NO: 1217146

 BODY:
   the nepali government will soon launch a six-month land reform program aimed at solving lingering problems concerning more than half a million landless people in this himalayan kingdom, minister for land reforms buddhiman tamang said today. according to tamang, the program will follow simplified methods to ban dual ownership over land within the existing legal framework. the government will provide economic incentives to encourage land plotting in order to raise productivity, and will at the same time discourage further fragmentation of arable land, he said. he said that the government was studying a report on land reforms prepared by the former communist government and would set up commissions on landless settlers at the district level in the near future. budgetary allocations had been made for future land reform activities. future activities of the national commission on landless settlers would be carried out with the aim of identifying genuine landless people and solving the problem on a long-term basis, he said. nearly 40,000 landless households were distributed land ownership certificates under the former government's land reform program which was suspended last september as the communist government stepped down.

                             Copyright 1995 U.P.I.

                      December 17, 1995, Sunday, BC cycle

SECTION: International

LENGTH: 43 words

HEADLINE: Hand grenade explodes, kills one

DATELINE: KATMANDU, Dec. 17

 BODY:
   A hand grenade left behind at a firing range in the west Nepal town of Mahendra has killed (Saturday) one person and injured another. Janaki Devi Bhatta was foraging for firewood when she picked up the grenade and axed it, causing it to explode.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          DECEMBER 16, 1995, SATURDAY

LENGTH: 116 words

HEADLINE: nepal declares capital to be metropolitan city

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 16; ITEM NO: 1216058

 BODY:
   kathmandu, capital of the himalayan kingdom of nepal, was declared a metropolitan city friday. prime minister sher bahadur deuba said at a special function that the decision was in line with the government's decentralization policy. under the policy, power and responsibility will be gradually transferred to local administrative bodies, he said. deuba said that kathmandu needs cooperation from the state government and city residents to become a clean and beautiful metropolis. kathmandu, an ancient city with a population of 400,000, is the social, political, commercial and educational center of nepal. the kathmandu municipality had been asking for greater autonomy since 1992.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          DECEMBER 16, 1995, SATURDAY

LENGTH: 154 words

HEADLINE: nepali former pm leaves for treatment in japan

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 16; ITEM NO: 1216178

 BODY:
   nepali former prime minster man mohan adhikari, who was badly injured in an air accident in august, left here today for japan for medical treatment. adhikari, also president of the main opposition communist party of nepal
(uml), was on an inspection tour in august as the prime minister of the former communist government when his helicopter crash-landed. adhikari had undergone a long treatment in hospital after the accident. according to sources close to the former prime minister, his current trip to japan is for a thorough check-up, diagnosis and treatment to preclude any possible long-term effects from the injuries. while adhikari was in hospital, three opposition parties jointly toppled his government through a no-confidence vote and formed an alternative coalition government. adhikari is scheduled to stay in japan for two weeks and all the cost of his treatment would be covered by the government.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          DECEMBER 16, 1995, SATURDAY

LENGTH: 97 words

HEADLINE: swiss aid for nepal's technical education

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 16; ITEM NO: 1216181

 BODY:
   the swiss government has agreed to provide nepal with a grant assistance of 3.07 million swiss franc (2.6 million us dollars) for the development of technical training in the country. three separate agreements were signed here recently between the two governments, according to a press release of the nepali finance ministry today. under these agreements, the swiss government will continue to support the development of a nepali technical training center, provide help for technical education and start the next stage of a project for training technical instructors in nepal.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           DECEMBER 15, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 325 words

HEADLINE: nepal's export grows after long period of decline

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 15; ITEM NO: 1215065

 BODY:
    nepal has seen some improvement in its export sector during the first four months of the current fiscal year from mid-july, the country's central bank said thursday. according to a press release by the nepal rastra bank, the total export earnings in that period registered a positive growth after several years of decline. total exports increased by 1.8 percent to about 97.8 million us dollars in the first four months of 1995-96 fiscal year beginning from july 16, the press release said. during that period, nepal's exports to india, it's biggest trade partner, increased by 14.5 percent to 32.2 million dollars while exports to third countries maintained the trend of decline. the exports to third countries declined by 1.3 percent. export growth to third countries remained negative mainly due to the continuing decline in export of ready-made garments which showed a decline of 28.6 percent in the review period. however, another major export item, woolen carpets, has shown a marked improvement compared to the same period of last year. export of woolen carpets, which was down 16.9 percent last year, has been up 2.8 percent so far this year, according to the bank. the bank's press release said the overall export growth would help ease the pressure on the country's foreign exchange reserves. the country's total imports increased by 33.3 percent to 411.7 million dollars in the review period with imports from india and third countries up 32.4 percent and 33.3 percent respectively. despite the growth in export nepal's overall trade situation remains adverse. total trade deficit widened further by 41.7 percent to 313.9 million dollars in that period. the country's total foreign exchange reserves stood at 742.3 million dollars early this month, representing a decline of more than half percentage. the available reserves could only meet more than seven months of merchandise imports, according to the central bank.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           DECEMBER 15, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 115 words

HEADLINE: d e 918 bc- nepal -canada-grant hke121548 --canada to provide grant to
 nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 15; ITEM NO: 1215224

 BODY:
   the canadian government has agreed to provide a grant assistance of 3.7 million us dollars to nepal for a five-year community-based economic development project, the nepali finance ministry said today. under the agreement signed here today by representatives of the two governments, the project will cover three districts in nepal and benefit 90,000 residents. the nepali government will prepare a management plan with details including schedules, project monitoring and evaluation methods to carry out the project. the social welfare council of nepal and the canadian center for international studies and cooperation will act as the implementing agencies, said the finance ministry.

LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          December 14, 1995, Thursday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2487/A

LENGTH: 161 words

HEADLINE: ENVIRONMENT; Premier swears in new ministers

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 13 Dec 95

 BODY:
   [13] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   In the presence of His Majesty the King, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba administered oath of office and secrecy to newly appointed ministers Mrs Vila Koirala, Bal Bahadur Kesi, Dimal Nendra Nevi, Prakash Man Singh and Nara Hari Achari at a function at the Royal Palace today 13th December . On the same occasion Raj Parishad Council of State word indistinct Committee chairman Manendra Bahadur Singh administered oath of Raj Parishad ex-officio membership to the newly appointed ministers.

   Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba administered oath of office and secrecy to Minister of State Sharad Singh Bhandari and Assistant Ministers Sim Gadish Rashtra, Gopal Jitram Shah, Mansur Bahadur Mallah, Dipak Bas Kota, Ganesh Bahadur Kharga, Chari Prasad Devgota, one or two names indistinct , Suresh Chandradas Yadav, Man Mahadur Kotri and Baltin Gurung at a function at Singha Durbar Kathmandu today all names phonetic .

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          DECEMBER 14, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 168 words

HEADLINE: wfp to launch food-for-work program in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 14; ITEM NO: 1214067

 BODY:
   the united nations world food program (wfp) has planned to launch a food-for-work program in 45 districts of nepal in the next five years. the food-for-work program aims at creating employment opportunities, generating income and uplifting the living standard of rural people in these districts. under the program, wfp will provide 4.5 million tons of foodgrain worth 21 million us dollars and the german government will provide technical assistance for the purpose. the first phase of the five-year wfp program will cover 10 districts of the country's all 75 districts. the nepali government will make local governments and officials more responsible by ensuring their participation in the implementation of projects under the wfp program, minister for local development kamal thapa said wednesday at a workshop on the program. however, he said, the government had adopted a policy of handling over the responsibility to select, work out and implement projects to local district level governments.

                   December 14, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle

SECTION: Bonds Capital Market.

LENGTH: 106 words

HEADLINE: U.N. AGENCY PLEDGES $ 42 MILLION IN AID TO NEPAL

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, DEC 14

 BODY:
   The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) will give 2.34 billion Napalese rupees ($ 42 million) in aid to Nepal to fund three projects, including one to help refugees from neighbouring Bhutan, officials said.

   WFP will help fund the distribution of meals to 200,000 poor children in eight remote districts of the Himalayan kingdom over the next 18 months to encourage children to attend school.

   Under another agreement signed on Thursday, the U.N. agency will give 1.16 billion rupees for a food-for-work programme.

   The scheme will initially be implemented in 10 of the kingdom's 75 districts and later extended to 45.

           Copyright 1995 The Russian Information Agency ITAR-TASS
                                      TASS

                          December 14, 1995, Thursday

LENGTH: 52 words

HEADLINE: 22 KILLED AND SEVEN INJURED IN TRAFFIC ACCIDENT IN NEPAL

BYLINE: BY LEONID KOTOV

DATELINE: NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 14

 BODY:
   A LONG DISTANCE PASSENGER BUSCRAMMED WITH PASSENGERS FELL FROM A HEIGHT OF 130 METERS INTO THE RIVERJUMKA IN THE HIGHLANDS IN SOUTH-EAST NEPAL WEDNESDAY. TWENTY TWO PEOPLEWERE KILLED, SEVEN INJURED WHILE THE REMAINDER MIRACULOUSLY SURVIVED,SUFFERING FROM MINOR INJURIES AND A PSYCHOLOGICAL SHOCK

   ERE/GOR

                     December 14, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 199 words

HEADLINE: U.N. agency pledges $42 million in aid to Nepal

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Dec 14

 BODY:
   The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) will give Nepal 2.34 billion rupees ($42 million) to fund three projects, including one to help refugees from neighbouring Bhutan, officials said on Thursday.

   The WFP will help fund the distribution of midday meals to 200,000 poor children in eight remote districts over the next 18 months to encourage children to attend school, they said.

   Finance Secretary Ram Binod Bhattarai said the WFP would provide a grant of 283.6 million rupees ($5 million) for the meals under an agreement signed on Thursday.

   About two thirds of the 3.3 million children enrolled in primary schools in
 Nepal drop out, mainly due to poverty, government officials said.

   Under another agreement signed on Thursday, the U.N. agency will give 1.16 billion rupees ($20.7 million) for a food-for-work programme.

   The scheme will initially be implemented in 10 of the kingdom's 75 districts and later extended to 45.

   Under a separate agreement signed earlier this week, the WFP pledged 900 million rupees ($16.3 million) in food aid for 90,000 refugees who fled to eastern Nepal from neighbouring Bhutan, alleging human rights violations.

                   Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                    December 13, 1995, Wednesday, BC Cycle
                          14:16 Central European Time

SECTION: International News

LENGTH: 280 words

HEADLINE: Nepal's cabinet expanded to record size

DATELINE: Kathmandu

 BODY:
    Putting months of speculation and criticism to rest, Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba Wednesday added 18 ministers, including five cabinet rank and one minister of state without portfolio, to his three month old coalition government.

    This brought the total strength of the council of ministers to a record 44. King Birendra was present at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace Wednesday afternoon.
    All the new faces belong to the prime minister's Nepali Congress (NC) party, the dominant partner in the three-cornered coalition government.

    Prakash Man Sing, son of NC leader Ganesh Man Singh, looks after population and environment, Mrs Leela Koiralan - sster-im-law of former premier G.P. Koirala, heads women and social welfare, and Bimalendra Nidhi, son of NC general secretary Mahendra Narayan

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          DECEMBER 13, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 127 words

HEADLINE: nepali opposition mp raps government over gold price

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 13; ITEM NO: 1213100

 BODY:
   an nepali opposition lawmaker has denounced the government for its decision to reduce gold price by 12.5 percent in comparison to the international market, saying it was against financial laws and regulations. bharat mohan adhikari, a former finance minister and a member of parliament from the communist party of
 nepal (uml), told a session of the lower house on tuesday that the move by the present government to decrease the customs duty on gold was causing a loss of national revenue. he said the house of representatives should be informed about changes in customs rates while in session. adhikari warned nepal would become a center of smuggling and that foreign exchange would be deflected into gold purchase as a result of the gold price reduction.

                     Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited
                             Reuters World Service

                     December 13, 1995, Wednesday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 367 words

HEADLINE: Nepal cabinet expansion draws heavy criticism

BYLINE: By Gopal Sharma

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Dec 13

 BODY:
   Nepali Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba inducted 18 new ministers into his three-month-old cabinet on Wednesday despite opposition protests that the expansion would strain the tiny Himalayan kingdom's finances.

   There were no major changes as Deuba kept the royal palace and defence portfolios, a palace statement said. It said King Birendra had made the appointments on Deuba's recommendation.

   The new cabinet, comprising 25 cabinet ministers, two junior ministers and 17 assistant ministers, will be the largest ever.

   Deuba's Nepali Congress party, which leads the three-party centre-right coalition government, now has 17 ministers in the 44-member cabinet.

   The prime minister appointed Lila Koirala as women's affairs minister, the only woman in the cabinet.

   The communist Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party, which was voted out of power in September, criticised the cabinet expansion as unaffordable and unnecessary.

   "It is like a jumbo jet which a small country like Nepal can't afford," said UML general secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal, former deputy prime minister.

   "The large size of the cabinet has only exposed the real intention of the government on austerity measures," he told Reuters. "The expenses of a big cabinet will be a burden on taxpayers."

   Deuba, who took office after his coalition voted out the minority communist government in parliament, has come under fire for slow decision-making due to squabbling among coalition partners.

   Analysts said the cabinet expansion could be a result of grumbling within Nepali Congress, which before the expansion had been represented by only 12 ministers in a cabinet of 26. All but one of the 18 new ministers are Congress members.

   Nepali Congress has 85 of 205 seats in the House of Representatives. Its coalition partners, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Nepal Sadbhavana Party, have 19 and three seats respectively.

   Until recently the monarch had absolute power but in 1990 a pro-democracy movement installed a Westminster-type multi-party democracy.

   Nepali Congress led the first government following the revolt, followed by the communists who came to power in late 1994 for a 10-month stint.

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