The Nepal Digest - December 15, 1995 (5 Push 2052 BkSm)

From: The Editor (nepal-request@cs.niu.edu)
Date: Fri Dec 15 1995 - 16:17:35 CST


Received: from mp.cs.niu.edu (mp.cs.niu.edu [131.156.1.2]) by library.wustl.edu (8.6.12/8.6.9) with SMTP id TAA16009 for <huestis@library.wustl.edu>; Fri, 15 Dec 1995 19:45:39 -0600
Received: by mp.cs.niu.edu id AA15793 (5.67b/IDA-1.5 for nepal-dist); Fri, 15 Dec 1995 16:17:38 -0600
Received: by mp.cs.niu.edu id AA15788 (5.67b/IDA-1.5 for nepal-list); Fri, 15 Dec 1995 16:17:35 -0600
Date: Fri, 15 Dec 1995 16:17:35 -0600
Message-Id: <199512152217.AA15788@mp.cs.niu.edu>
Reply-To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
From: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu>
Sender: "Rajpal J. Singh" <A10RJS1@cs.niu.edu>
Subject:      The Nepal Digest - December 15, 1995 (5 Push 2052 BkSm)
To: <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
Content-Type: text
Content-Length: 209107
Status: O
X-Status: 
X-Keywords:
X-UID: 188


        %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
        % N N EEEEEE PPPPPP AA L %
        % NN N E P P A A L %
        % N N N EEEE P P A A L %
        % N N N E PPPPPP AAAAAA L %
        % N NN E P A A L %
        % N N EEEEEE P A A LLLLLL %
        %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

The Nepal Digest Friday 15 December 95: Push 5 2052 BS Volume 45 Issue 3

  TND wishes all the best for the finals to our student members!

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

******************************************************* Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 17:16:05 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: China firm wins Nepal aircraft maintenance deal

Cross-posted from clari.news.asia.south:
---------------------------------------
                    
         KATHMANDU, Nov 27 (Reuter) - China South Airlines (CSA), a Chinese aircraft maintenance company, won a $1.14 million contract to maintain two Boeing 757 aircraft of Nepal's National Airlines, a senior official of the airline said on Monday.
         British Airways had maintained aircraft for the Nepali airline for the past two years and was the closest competitor to the Chinese company in the bidding which was resolved on Sunday.
         According to Tej Prasad Gauchan, a director of Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation (RNAC), the contract will be for a period of two years.
         Gauchan said CSA will also train National Airlines personnel in maintenance techniques.
         ``At the end of the two-year contract period, we hope to carry out the maintenance job ourselves,'' Gauchan said.
         He said the CSA has also agreed to provide an aircraft from its own fleet to the Nepali Airline.

***************************************************** Date: Tue, 28 Nov 1995 23:31:33 -0500 (EST) From: Tulsi Maharjan <tmaharja@rvcc.raritanval.edu> Subject: Nepa Pasa Pucha
         Newa Community Celebrates Bhintuna in Washington D.C.

        Washington, D.C. - Nepa Pasa Pucha of America recently celebrated its 4th annual Bhintuna Program on November 4th, 1995. More than 200 Newari families and friends of Pasa Pucha from various parts of the States participated in this special event.

        The program started out with a special puja of the Pancha Kanya and Ganesh by the Thakali Bhaju, Mr. Madan Krishna Tamrakar. On this auspicious occasion, many speakers noted the importance of keeping Newari traditions alive and the importance of Nepa Pasa Pucha in encouraging the Newari community not to forget their cultural roots. His Excellency, Basudev P. Dhungana, Ambassador to United States, welcomed the participants and told the group that we should not forget our cultural heritage and the important role NPPA is playing to preserve Newari cultural tradition in a far away land. Outgoing President of NPPA, Mr. Tribhuvan Tuladhar echoed the important role NPPA is playing to preserve Newari culture. He told the group that "if we forget our language then we will forget our culture".

        Mr. Ram Malakar, past president and executive member of the Nepa Pasa Pucha, thanked the host group from Washington for their dedication, time and effort in making this event very successful. Newari family members from Washington was responsible for preparing Bhoy for more than 200 guests who came from different part of the country to celebrate the Bhintuna.

        The newly elected President of NPPA, Dr. Tulsi Maharjan, elaborated on the need to promote and preserve Newari tradition. "Many Newari traditions are disappearing and Newari community both home and abroad must make a special effort to preserve Newari cultural heritage and one must take pride in their tradition to be able to keep it vibrant".
  
        The other highlight of the evening was the performance by the newly formed cultural club of Washington D.C., "Phulbari" under the direction of renowned artist Mr. Indra Lal Shrestha. This club has been performing both Newari and Nepali dances and songs around the country. In addition, many young children performed Newari songs and dances for the group. Mr. Indra Lal Shrestha sang the old Newari song "O chhu galee, tho chhu galee".

         The evening ended with the eating of traditional Newari lapte bhoy with typical Newari dishes like pukula, choyala, sisa pusa, Sanyakhuna, Pau~ukwa, etc. The guests who arrived early were also received a special Samay Bajee. All participants, including His Excellency, commented that they have not had a lapte bhoy for a long time and this event brought back many memories from Kathmandu.

         The newly elected Nepa Pasa Pucha executive committee members for 1995-1997 are; President Dr. Tulsi R. Maharjan, Vice Presidents Mr. Madan Krishna Tamrakar and Bhagat Lal Shrestha, Treasurer Mr. Dhurba Lal Gorkhalee, Secretary Ganesh Kayastha . Other members of the executive members include Ms. Magan Shrestha, Ms. Anita Shrestha, Mr. Indra Lal Shrestha, Mr. Subarna Malakar, the regional representatives are: Dr. Saroj Krishna Joshi, Western region; Dr. Devendra Amatya, Southern region and Mr. Gyanu Rajkarnikar, New York - New Jersey. The Ex-officio members include Mr. Ram Malakar, Mr. Tribhuvan Tuladhar and Dr. Suresh Shrestha.
          Nepa Pasa Pucha is interested in establishing special cooperation with other Newari organizations in Kathmandu, who are trying to promote and preserve Newari tradition. If any organizations in Nepal want to establish special linkages and exchange ideas and programs with NPPA, please contact Dr. Tulsi R. Maharjan, 89 Choctaw Ridge Road, Somerville, NJ 08876-4033. Fax 908- 526-3576 and e-mail address Tmaharja@RVCC.Raritanval.edu

********************************************** Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 13:45:50 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Sending mail to Nepal

Cross-posted from SCN:
--------------------- Namaste

Perhaps you can help me Iam looking for somebody who is actually living in Kathmandu to begin an e-mail correspondensy although I have the disadvantage of language, I hope somebody to find who's willing to tell me the latest civic and cultural happenings of your beautiful country. I have lived together with my wife for six months in Kathmandu in 1979, Still hope to return in a while when my both kids are grown-up, and I also preparing with my wife to travel to Nepal with our children and find a school for them and just live a year in your country, in the meantime I hope to use Internet to find some connection in Kathmandu, and maybe I can inform you about happenings of Holland and Europe. I hope you forgive me my liberty by just contact you, but on the moment I have no other addresses in Nepal. Hope to hear of you or else maybe you have some E-mail addresses of Nepalese who live in Kathmandu. Thank you and a warm greetings from Holland, Hans Jacobs.

HAMAR ART STUDIO Martine Stieger/Hans Jacobs Diezestraat 34 1784 XH Den Helder Holland. Tel/Fax: 0223 623405 Email HAMARART@POP.PI.NET

**************************************************** Date: Wed, 29 Nov 1995 15:33:05 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Gaju Gurung - Information Please

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

A friend of mine is concerned about the safety and whereabouts of Gaju Gurung in relation to the recent avalanche in Nepal. He is unable to get information from the Nepalese Consulate in Australia. Gaju is from Ghandruk and is a guide with the Ghandruk Treks trekking agency based in Kathmandu.

If anyone has any information about Gaju or can suggest a contact point please reply directly to this mailbox. Thanks.

John Martin (for Hilary Macleod)

************************************************* Date: Thu, 30 Nov 1995 15:05:01 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: GANESH MAN SINGH visiting Minnesota?!

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

shishu@vax1.mankato.msus.edu wrote:
: Ex-Nepali Congress supremo Ganesh Man Singh will coming to
: Rochester, Minnesota soon.

[stuff deleted]

I assume he also have plans to visit Disney Land and Universal Studios. Someone better tell him, free-fall or roller coaster ride may not be as thrilling as his post_Jan_Andolan political roller-coaster and free-fall.
(he did tumble more than 14 floors, ain't it?)

And better yet, tell him "Back to the Future" car is not for real! The damn thing is just a movie prop--it can not take him to his past!!

Bhanu

************************************************************ Date: Thu, 30 Nov 1995 21:17:18 -0500 (EST) Subject: nov28_head.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>
   
  SWITZERLAND INCREASES SUPPORT TO ICIMOD
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 27 - Switzerland has increased its core programme
   support to ICIMOD to US $ 1.5 million for 1996-98, according to the
   office of ICIMOD. A memorandum to this affect was signed today by Dr
   HP Maag, Head of the Asia II Division of the Swiss Development
   Cooperation, and Egbert Pelinck, Director General of ICIMOD. The
   present amount represents a 50 percent increase over the amount
   provided by SDC in the previous grant period. It reflects the
   importance that Switzerland attaches to ICIMOD as a centre of
   integrated for and sustainable mountain development. It also responds
   to a major recommendation of the Second Quinquennial Review that took
   place earlier this year, emphasising the need for core programme
   funding.
   
   Dr Maag and Pelinck also signed an agreement to establish an Asian
   Mountain Network, through which institutions and individuals
   throughout Asia and the Pacific would be linked for information
   exchange on sustainable mountain development issues in this region. It
   is the first time that ICIMOD has received funding to establish a
   long-term programme that would also benefit mountainous countries
   outside the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region.
   
   Established in 1983, ICIMOD aims to promote sustainable development in
   the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Range of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
   China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.
   
   ICIMOD is a focal point for documentation and information, training
   and applied research, and demonstration on a wide range of issues that
   the governments and peoples of this 3,500 km mountain range face. Most
   activities are carried out by or through collaborating institutions
   and organisations in its member countries, with ICIMOD providing for a
   regional perspective and exchange of information and experiences.

                                 HEADLINE NEWS

        A N T I - K A T H M A N D U D E O P A G O V T.
   
  UML PROTEST FUND CUT IN KATHMANDU 7 FINANCE MINISTRY GHERAOED, POLICE ROUND
  UP MPS, UPROAR IN HOUSE
  
[Amulya's comments: What can you expect from one who is known to Kathmanduittes as the "Butcher of Ason?"

   By a Post Reporter
   KATHMANDU - Police rounded up UML lawmakers and activists early
   Tuesday from the Finance Ministry, where they had gathered to protest
   the governments retraction of resources allocated to a Kathmandu
   constituency. The protesters maintain that their anti-government
   protest will continue until the government restores the previous
   allocations.
   
   The new budget presented by Finance Minister Ram Sharan Mahat has
   slashed Rs 2.33 million from the allocations made to the constituency
   number 7 by the UML government, the UML Kathmandu office said, adding
   arrests of MPs during a parliamentary session is a clear breach of
   parliamentary privileges.
   
   Responding to queries raised later in the day in Parliament, Minister
   for Education Govindaraj Joshi said the UML lawmakers were not in
   police custody. They were only detained.
   
   Home Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka could not attend the session Tuesday
   due to poor health. UML lawmaker Hiranya Lal Shrestha later told The
   Kathmandu Post that he was kept in the Mahendra Police Club for three
   hours. Forty-nine party workers, including three women, were rounded
   up from the Ministry, he added.
   
   Meanwhile, the UML has protested the police action, saying that the
   administrative intervention on the peaceful demonstration was uncalled
   for. The lawmakers leading the UML mass plan to hand over a protest
   letter to the Finance Minister. Krishna Gopal Shrestha represents
   constituency number 7 in the House of Representatives.
   
   The protest letter claims that the reduced budget would virtually
   paralyse 28 development projects under way in the said constituency.
   
   Among the ongoing projects seven are irrigation schemes, five are
   hydropower plants, three are on civil works like roads and bridges,
   while as many as nine cover various local development activities. The
   budgetary reduction has dealt the most severe blow on a Rs 10.50
   million sewerage scheme - only Rs. 5 million is allocated to the
   Kirtipur project.
   
   The UML Kathmandu committee says that it will soon launch yet another
   phase of its protest, maintaining that the anti-government move will
   continue until the government restores the allocations.
   
   Asked if the protests marked the launch of its anti-government
   programme, sources at UML headquarters said Tuesdays protests dont
   fall under the partys anti-government campaign. They should strictly
   be viewed as a local protest.
   
   Political observers here however take the UML action as first major
   programme against the coalition government. The new government will
   soon be completing its 100 days in office and its been a practice of
   sorts to maintain a customary silence in the sabbatical period.
   
   Kathmandus three UML lawmakers - Padmaratna Tuladhar, Sahana Pradhan
   and Krishna Gopal - are said to have met Prime Minister Deuba earlier
   to voice their concern over the recent cut. Kathmandu, the most
   populated district in the country, sends seven MPs to the 205-member
   House of Representatives. UML has bagged all seven seats.
   
   Meanwhile RSS adds, The House of Representatives saw a noisy seen at
   the start of todays meeting with the opposition bench raising an issue
   of the arrest of opposition MPs Krishna Gopal Shrestha and Hiranya Lal
   Shrestha from the Finance Ministry premises.
   
   They said the two MPs have been taken to the police club and that the
   arrest of the MPs is a violation of the privilege of the parliament.
   
   Prior to the start of Zero Hour, Mrs Vidya Devi Bhandari taking time
   from speaker Ramchandra Poudel said MPs Krishna Gopal Shrestha and
   Hiranya Lal Shrestha who led a delegation to the Finance Ministry
   along with 49 others had been arrested from the Ministry promises
   today.
   
   She criticized the arrest of the MPs saying it is the violation of
   parliamentary privileges at a time when parliamentary session is going
   on and demanded that the parliamentary proceedings be resumed only
   after the Home Minister makes things clear in this regard.
   
   Rajendra Pandey of the same party asked if the speaker had any
   information on the arrest of the MPs.
   
   Bhim Rawal, also of CPN-UML, demanded to know the reason behind
   arresting the MPs who went to the minister to apprise him of the
   peoples problems and pressed for immediate reply from the government.
   
   Meanwhile, speaker Poudel said he has no information about the arrest
   of the MPs and clarified that they were not arrested with his
   permission. He then asked the ruling parties whether they had any had
   any information on this matter.
   
   In response, Education Minister Govinda Raj Joshi said as the Home
   Minister is unwell the parliament will be informed about the arrest of
   the MPs as soon as possible.
   
   CPN-UMLs Bharat Mohan Adhikari said the government should apologize
   for the arrest of the two MPs and present them before the parliament
   immediately.
   
   CPN-UML chief whip Devi Prasad Ojha demanded to know what crime the
   MPs committed to arrest them when the parliament session is going on.
   
   Jaya Prakash Prasad Gupta of Nepali Congress said though he had seen
   two men who looked like the allegedly arrested MPs on the Singha
   Durbar premises a few minutes ago it might be his illusion.
   
   The speaker, therefore, should inform the House about this, he said.
   
   Meanwhile, Education Minister Govinda Raj Joshi informed the House
   that now there was no one under police arrest. The government has not
   kept any MPs in police custody, he added. Baffled by two different
   versions about the arrest of the two MPs the speaker demanded clear
   statement on the matter.
   
  MINISTER SHASTRI LEAVES FOR VIENNA
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 28 (RSS) - Minister for Industry Dhundi Raj Shastri
   left here today for Vienna, the capital of Austria leading a Nepalese
   delegation to the general conference of the United Nations Industrial
   Development Organization.;
   
  CANCER HOSPITAL BILL APPROVED
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 28 (RSS) - The House of Representatives at its meeting
   today approved the motion tabled by Minister of Health Arjun Narsingh
   KC seeking that the House consider the BP Koirala Memorial Cancer
   Hospital Bill-2052 BS.
   
   Taking part in the general discussion of the bill, MPs Hemraj Rai and
   Dedhraj Khadka of CPN-UML lauded the Bill a recommended necessary
   suggestions on it.
   
   In course of furnishing replies on questions raised during the
   discussion, Health Minister Arjun Narsingh KC said that Bill was
   brought since it was necessary to provide legal formality to the
   Cancer Hospital.
   
   Health Minister KC also informed that the government was working out a
   new system for mobilizing all non governmental health institutions.

********************************************* Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 13:51:07 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepal and Internet

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Dileep Agrawal (DA3101A@american.edu) wrote:
: >
: >Hello, I was curious if anyone knew what the status of the internet is
: in Nepal
: >Last, I heard you could only send and receive messages. Additionaly,
: does
: >anyone know how much an account costs. Thanks for any information,
: >Greg Greenberg
: >
: >

: Very low bandwidth (4800bps) full-Internet connectivity is available in
: Nepal through Mercantile Office Systems.

: Another company, WorldLink, provides UUCP accounts. Charges are
: calculated on a per kilobyte basis. You can get a rate as low as Rs. 6
: per kilobyte. You can only send and receive email using this service.
: Please contact me if you need further information.

: Dileep Agrawal

 What is missing about the Internet Connectivity is that Mercantile also provides UUCP accounts, apart from Shell Accounts and SLIP/PPP accounts. We also provide a service called "Internet Presence" where companies, organizations and even individuals can have their own Web Pages. We also provide full Internet Connectivity for Local Area Networks and any large computer installations. As for the "very low bandwidth" we will be upgrading to a link over 56K within a month. By the end of Spring '96 we will be establishing a country wide network, with regional nodes in Pokhara, Birgunj and Biratnagar. This will make Internet Access a local call away for users all over the country. BTW the Internet wing of Mercantile is now Mercantile Communications. If you need any more info, you could send a mail to
        Postmaster@mos.com.np Kiran Gautam Network Administrator Mercantile Communications

************************************************************ Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 13:52:35 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Ganesh Man & National Treasury

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------
     I wonder if the treatment couldn't be done in Nepal or for that matter anywhere in south Asia. Some of the indian hospitals are well known in the world, for not choosing to go to India instead of US as an alternative to Nepali hospitals, can imply only one thing and that is a lack of consideration in the part of decision making body. The money was to come from government, seems to me nobody even care to think what Nepali people have to say about this. The justification for spending this huge sum of money has to be there and the one they have in hand is not good one. How can a government be this senseless? If we start to spend all the money for the treatment of our so called NETAs, what will our destiny be? I wonder how many more are in the line for their turn to come. A respected figure like Ganesh Man has to set the precedence, and for others it will be like a dream come true. There will be no questions for the followers because the person in the questioning bench will be the predecessor.

Suresh Raut

*************************************************** Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 13:54:06 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: receipts : gurr, thupka

Bonjour,

My name is Pierre Bellemare, I'm from Quebec city, Canada. I speak and write a little bit in english but I try! I love Nepal. I'm looking for 2 receipts : gurr and thupka. I'd like to receive this receipts by e mail if it's possible. Thank you very much !

Welcome nepal for correspondance to.

My adress is : p.bellemare@zone.ca Pierre Bellemare

***************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 13:58:22 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: GANESH MAN SINGH visiting Minnesota?!

Cross-posted in SCN:
-------------------

very well put Bhanujee.

I am just curious about the type of susgery and whether it could be done in Nepal. Even if he had to come to America he could have set a better example by doing so by his private source. He is capable of financing himself and there are many individuals ready to contribute if he could not.

god save nepal from these amanyas, asantas, ajanabadis and rest of the politicians.

Mahesh Ghimire

************************************************************ Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 13:59:40 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: GANESH MAN SINGH visiting Minnesota?!

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Well after a long break I wish to introduce my thoughts once again in SCN about GM

For the information of all :

1. Ganesh Man has been offered this treatment by the US government it was not his dicision. USA is one of the very few countries that makes healthcare impossible to others who donot carry Helth insurance. The US government did not offer to Bhattarai, and he was helped by the Canadians for his eye surgury.

2. I feel Ganesh Man is a politician of International ststure. The legends he has and his sacrifice for democracy clearly speaks for itself.

As far as history goes, He is the only person I have ever known to have said no to primiership and opted someone else to take the place with standing all the family pressure.

It is very important for a person to understand what really is going on than just haandwave. Once ain it is a mtter of personal judgement.

Vivek S. Rana

*************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 14:02:02 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Trade in South Asia

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

kazi@stimpy.eecis.udel.edu (Zunaid Kazi) writes:

>Statistics can say so many different things. Consider the following data
>(obtained from Asia Week). Does it make any sense to fight about who is
>better off or not? All of us are poor. We should expend our energy to
>alleviate that.

>COUNTRY POP(m.) POP.GRTH.% LIFE EXP. INFANMOR LITERACY % CALORIES
>----------------------------------------------------------------------------

>India 923.0 2.1% 61 79 52.1% 2,243
>Pakistan 130.0 2.9% 62 88 35.0% 2,377
>Bangladesh 122.0 2.2% 56 90 36.6% 2,100
>Nepal 21.5 2.3% 54 88 27.0% 2,246
>Sri Lanka 18.0 1.2% 72 14 89.1% 2,286

See, I was right, there really isn't much difference between the countries of south asia; all the more reason for free trade. However, Sri Lanka does seem to lead the pack. The statitics are largely meaningless for India unless you divide the country up into specific regions. For example, the stitistics for the state of punjab alone can be compared to that of some OECD countries. How about some stats for Bhutan and the Maldive Islands?

Anup Pradhan

************************************* Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 14:03:01 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Business Connections USA/NEPAL From: NLLD53A@prodigy.com (Arthur Hrin)

I'm looking for others like myself who are computer literate and interested in developing a business relationship with Nepal.

My wife is here in the Northwest USA, has a hair salon and beauty school in Kathmandu. Her partner in Kathmandu has a computer school. I work for Computer City Superstores, a chain of nearly 100 Computer Stores in the USA and I sell classroom training for computer software here in Seattle.

Answer on this email or call me in Seattle, 206-204-7884 evenings or at 206-526-7181 days Monday thru Friday 8:30-5:00 Pacific Time or Fax me at 206-526-7180

Arthur Hrin

************************************************* Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 14:04:58 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Ganeshman Singh From: cthapa@aol.com (CTHAPA)

I knew Ganeshman Singh's young children and his wife when he was serving time in jail. He and his family and other Nepalis and their families made a tremendous personal sacrifices to bring democracy in Nepal. I also knew a man from Okhaldhunga, who was in jail with Ganeshman Singh. HIs young wife and son used to travel to KTM to visit him in jail. I have seen the pain in their eyes. I was young then. Now that I have my own family, I can understand the gravity of their pain, and the sacrifices they made. It saddened me to see the callous and crude remark made against Ganeshman Singh's visit for medical treatment in USA.

Chandrakala

*************************************************** Date: Fri, 1 Dec 1995 14:06:23 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: New Home Page...BYPASS From: brunom@stipple.seas.upenn.edu (007)

To those interested in buying our BYPASS album...check out my home page. Though its still in its rough stages.

http://homepage.seas.upenn.edu/~brunom/starter.html

Thanks to all who have bought the album. I look forward to hearing your feedback. Also, do tell your friends about it.

Bruno

*************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 01 Dec 1995 15:47:07 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: tHE iNDEPENDENT NOV 30 ISSUE (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Dear Editor:

i am enclosing a full issue of the latest issue of The Independent which=20 is now available on-line. Readers may then decide for themselves what=20 sections they want to read in the future. I will try to cross post only=20 parts that i think may be of interest to TND readers when i can find the=
=20 time.

The text browind address of The Independent is: http://www.nepal-info.com/Indep/

Happy readings amulya

From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu To: Chitra K Tiwari <cktiwari@chelsea.ios.com> Subject: tHE iNDEPENDENT NOV 30 ISSUE=20

   Going by the grumblings at the Nepali Congress Parliamentary Party
   (NCPP) conclave November 26, the popular impression that the coalition
   government has not discovered its modus operandi stands justified.
   Though Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba says he believes in making
   the right decision rather than the wrong one merely because he has to
   make one to prove that he is decisive, the fact remains the coalition
   partners have not been able to demonstrate ideological and functional
   clarity as pointed out by certain influential members of the NCPP.
   Part of the reason why this crucial characteristic =97 an absolute must
   for a coalition government =97 is still not so visible is that the
   principal players are themselves busy gathering the firewood needed to
   burn their own house. While the Nepali Congress continues to excel and
   revel in the art of one-upmanship, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party
   (RPP) is engaged in a mutually exclusive poker game, none realising
   that all of them collectively would have to face the music should the
   government fall on account of their myopic disposition. Of all the
   political formations in the country, the RPP, despite its past
   affiliation, is perceived to be the one to understand how the course
   of history can be made to change to the detriment of the nation. The
   coalition companions have no alternative other than to bury or blunt
   their intra-party hatchets and get on with the serious business of
   governance. Else, the Nepali public would be forced to conclude that
   the only objective of the present three-party alliance was to dislodge
   the communists and capture power for the sake of it.
  =20
  =20
  =20
   Fertilizer fiasco=20
  =20
   Mysterious scarcity of this or that commodity in frustrating frequency
   is by no means a rare phenomenon in Nepal. The consumers who know
   exactly what it is have learnt to live with it, and have, in fact,
   accepted the man- manipulated shortage as a fait accompli. Minister
   after minister has promised prompt, appropriate action, assuring no
   effort would be spared to maintain smooth supply in the future. All
   that happens after the pious official statements is another shortage,
   possibly of greater and more crippling magnitude in terms of both
   content and social implication. The current acute scarcity in
   fertilizer supply, irrespective of the explanations from the
   authorities concerned, is a direct fallout of rank negligence and
   corruption at high places where the pinch of paucity is not felt, only
   the cloying effect of excess. Much as one would like to leniently
   judge the present AIC line-up, it is impossible to accept that the
   tradition of offering subsidy coupled with the cancellation of supply
   contract by a Bangladeshi party alone are responsible. When everybody
   knows exactly how much fertilizer is needed to meet the annual demand
   and how much money is required to procure the commodity at competitive
   prices, and from which source, the decision to sit eternally on the
   problem without even designing a contingency plan when something goes
   wrong somewhere as it evidently did this year is preposterous, to say
   the least. Agriculture being the nation's mainstay, no amount of
   excuses can compensate for the damage already done to this critical
   sector. Wonder what happens to the FY 1995-96 projections so
   confidently made by the Finance Minister in his belated budget just a
   few weeks back? Privatisation of the supply system has been advocated
   along with the withdrawal of subsidy as a panacea from the chronic
   handicap, but if one were to go by the underlying alliance of interest
   and its cherished goal (profit at any cost), all may not be well that
   ends well. Subsidy to farmers should be continued for some time to
   come, atleast until the state is in a position to regulate the prices.
   Otherwise the market place will go berserk, affecting the whole range
   of national activity. And, if resources, rather the lack of them,
   constitute the main impediment precluding procurement, storage and
   distribution of an essential commodity such as the fertilizer, all
   that the government may have to do is arrest irregularities in the
   body-politic and economise on the staggering perks and privileges of

   the ministers, high priests in the bureaucracy and official junkets.

   Down but not out
  =20
   Political Bureau
  =20
   The CPN-UML is not out to grab power, but if called upon to retake the
   executive reins of the country, the largest party in parliament is
   both psychologically and politically prepared to assume the
   responsibility of leading the nation to 'newer heights,' General
   Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal told The Independent November 28.
  =20
   The former deputy prime minister was emphatic in his assault on what
   he termed a 'deliberate design' of the governing alliance to minimise
   the 'excellent beginnings' which the CPN-UML government had made in
   the national interest of Nepal. "Although we consistently believe that
   only an election can clear the air of uncertainty and offer political
   stability, we have not made up our mind yet regarding an early poll.
   That, however, should not be taken to mean we are not ready to face
   the electorate if an election is forced upon us," said the mastermind
   behind the emergence of the CPN- UML as the strongest leftist
   formation in the Kingdom.
  =20
   "If on the one hand, the NC-RPP-NSP is crumbling due to mutual
   distrust, on the other, the prime minister is not giving any
   impression whatsoever that he is of leadership material," said the
   shrewd politician who incidentally has forsaken his once-famous
   Hitlerite moustache.
  =20
   If a split in the RPP which in other words may mean the coalition's
   demise did not occupy a pride of place in the CPN-UML's overall
   gameplan to stage a comeback to power, why did the party sacrifice its
   own candidate in favour of the RPP's odd-man-out Rajeswore Devkota?
   "We want to help evolve a culture, that is, of lending support to
   anybody whose election or selection contributes to the enrichment of
   our national institutions. We thought Devkota's election to the Upper
   House would be productive," Nepal said.
  =20
   If Nepal's words were to be taken at their face value, the party he
   leads is not trying to truncate the RPP. "If RPP or for that matter
   any other party is so vulnerable to outside influences, what kind of
   party would that be in the national perspective ?'' asked the
   politician who vowed to The Independent that he was not vying for a
   lower House berth through one of the by-elections on the cards. To
   substantiate his statement on the Devkota intrigue, he cited the
   CPN-UML's willingness to let NC boss K P Bhattarai have one of the
   Kathmandu district seats in the 1991 general elections in lieu of the
   one that the NC would have had to give up in Sunsari district.
  =20
   On the Damodar Shumshere episode, Nepal categorically denied having
   ever met the man. "I don't even know how he looks." An RPP bigwig told
   The Independent that Nepal may not be telling the truth. ''Damodar,
   Devkota and Nepal met at Phohara Durbar exactly at 4 p.m. November 12,
   a day prior to the Upper House vote''.
  =20
   Just as it requires no proving that a certain chunk of power brokers
   have not been able to, even halfway, reconcile to the dramatically
   changed political equation in the post-people's movement in Nepal,
   there is no point in deceiving oneself that given the smallest of
   opportunity the forces opposed to democracy would not make a falcon
   swoop on the liberal dispensation.
  =20
   The threat emanates from the ultra-rightists who had until recently
   taken the RPP as nothing else but an also-ran. The divided RPP vote
   has come as a major shock to these elements, an insider revealed to
   The Independent on condition of anonymity. As he surveys the
   political horizon, he can not locate any threat to the present
   government. How come? "None of the RPP lawmakers, least of all the
   ministers, see any great fun in sitting close to the communists as
   back benchers."
  =20
   Pundits predict the Coalition will last at least until the nationwide
   local elections which are about 18 months away. "If the partners mend
   their respective ways and agree to function as a team in the true
   sense of the term, it can last four years," said an RPP heavyweight
   who, however, conceded that the party is now mentally divided, if not
   yet physically.
  =20
  =20
  =20
   Diplomacy prevails over literature
  =20
   By Hari Adhikary
  =20
   Eleventh-hour-change in the Nepali delegation which left for
   Islamabad, Pakistan, November 28, to participate in the 4-day
   International Conference of Writers and Intellectuals beginning
   November 30, has invited strong exception from the Nepalese literary
   circle. Allegedly tailored by the Pakistani Embassy, the change offers
   room for politicians rather than litterateurs. The likes of Rajeshwar
   Devkota, Modnath Prashrit, Dr. Tulsi Bhattarai and Meghraj Manjul
   (ex-Ralpha) will be representing Nepali literature at the
   international literary gathering, at the expense of Royal Nepal
   Academy's original nominees, according to the Member Secretary of
   Royal Nepal Academy (RNA) Dr. Dhruba Chandra Gautam:''This is nothing
   but a case of diplomatic highhandedness and show of arrogance on the
   part of the Islamic Republic's Kathmandu mission''. But the Pakistani
   Ambassador Muhammad Nasser Mian dismisses this charge and strongly
   denies that they have committed any mistake.
  =20
   "I didn't know that the organizer of the international literary
   conference =97 Pakistani Academy of Letters (PAL) =97 had asked the RNA = to
   nominate participants. At the same time, my office was asked to send
   the names of the most suitable, the most eligible and the most worthy
   people to represent Nepal in the conference. Hence the nomination.
   And, I am confident that my nominees perfectly fit the above
   criteria," the Pakistani Envoy told The Independent November 28. He
   also denied the allegation that he intervened in those matters which
   do not fall under his jurisdiction. He said, "As the PAL is a
   semi-government institution, the Ambassador is entitled to see whether
   or not the things are moving in the right direction and whether the
   objectives of the conference can be met."
  =20
   The Pakistani Academy of Letters is organizing an international
   conference of writers and intellectuals at Islamabad from November 30
   to December 3 on the themes of literature, culture and democracy in
   which more than 250 delegates from over 100 countries across the world
   are participating. The PAL had communicated directly with the RNA for
   the nomination of Nepali delegates. Thus, the RNA nominated Bairagi
   Kainla, Dr. Yogendra Prasad Yadav, Uttam Nepali (all RNA members),
   Shailendra Sakar and Sudha Tripathi. As the team was approved by the
   PAL, it had asked the RNA to collect air tickets for the delegates
   from the Pakistani Embassy in Kathmandu. It was at this particular
   moment the problem cropped up since the Embassy flatly declined to
   provide the transportation facilities and visas to the RNA delegation,
   claiming that the good office had a separate team from Nepal at hand
   to land at the international meet. This left the RNA at its wit's end
   and its Member Secretary Gautam frantically tried to contact PAL
   through fax to settle the matter, but to no avail. Ultimately, the
   'litterateurs' selected by the Pakistani mission left Kathmandu. As a
   last-minute consolatory gesture, the Pakistani Ambassador informed the
   RNA that they could accommodate two more persons in his team, but this
   was rejected by the latter.
  =20
   What could have driven the mild-mannered diplomat towards such an act
   which seems to be an out and out undiplomatic one ? This is a question
   which everybody may love to ask once the inside story is made public.
   "Actually, the fault does not lie with him. It is the Third World
   tendency to establish supremacy of the bureaucracy over the world of
   art and literature. How could the representative of the Pakistani
   government allow two literary bodies (PAL and RNA) to function
   independently and remain a silent spectator?" sarcastically asked an
   RNA member who was unceremoniously dropped from the Islamabad-bound
   Nepali delegation. But on the other hand, Ambassador Mian defends the
   change saying it was done simply to accommodate the best available
   people who could represent the entire political spectrum of present-
   day Nepal.
  =20
  =20
  =20
   Revenue beef up
  =20
   Every time a new government takes the oath of office in this country,
   it promises to consolidate the revenue administration, and increase
   the revenue earnings. But the sworn promise is scrupulously never
   kept. Heads in the bureaucratic portals of the revenue department are
   chopped and changed, but the ills of the system are left uncured. At
   such times, the near and dear ones of the power brokers are pampered,
   leaving the system to decay and die.
  =20
   However, things are turning out to be a little different this time
   round as the government is exhibiting a dash of seriousness in its bid
   to increase the revenue output. It has flagged off steps to fortify
   the revenue administration, effecting rational and harmless transfers
   in the department.
  =20
   The government intends to rope in 50 thousand more within the tax
   limit and a task force has been set up for the job which is visiting
   all houses for the required data. Those who are guilty of evading
   taxes may be punished accordingly. Recently, the premises of a local
   businessman was raided who had played truant by not convincingly
   declaring his assets, says a Finance Ministry source.
  =20
   These days, the airport and customs offices are on a red alert,
   leading to various seizures. Instances of capture of gold weighing 28
   kgs and foreign currency amounting to Rs 1.70 cores while being
   smuggled out of the country to Hong Kong has come to light. The
   government is also said to be putting its foot down on the issue of
   sales tax and excise duty.
  =20
   Last but not the least, HMG is mobilising the Revenue Intelligence
   Department; help also is being sought from the police force to boost
   up revenue collection to meet the set target.

   CPN-UML General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal laid the foundation stone
   for Madan Ashrit Memorial building and Party Office building to be
   constructed by Rupandehi District Party Committee amidst a function in
   Bhairahawa, Nov. 21. The cost of the two-storey building estimated to
   be Rs. 1.2 million shall be borne by the internal sources of the party
   and public participation.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   The first anniversary of the joint programme launched for the
   displaced carpet children was observed here today under the joint
   sponsorship of the Underprivileged Children's Education Programme
   (UNEP) and Asian- American Free labour Institute. A school was opened
   at Sanothimi a year ago under the programme to provide informal
   education and vocational training to the children displaced from
   carpet indsustries.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba has extended hearty congratulations
   to Shimon Peres on his assumption of the high office of Prime Minister
   of the State of Israel.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Druk National Congress, Bhutan People's Party and Bhutan National
   Democratic Party, in a joint statement, have decided to organise a
   massive mass meeting at Jaya Village, India, and seek the support of
   the people, intellectuals and various institutions in India for human
   rights and democratic movement in Bhutan.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Kathmandu Valley traffic police office has impounded 27
   illegally-owned vehicles, suspected to have been smuggled in, within
   the past one week. The vehicles thus impounded at local motor workshop
   inlcude 18 Maruti vans with Indian registration plates, seven others
   with Nepali number plates, and two motorbikes bearing an Indian and a
   Nepali number plates, the police office says.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Senior Democratic Leader, Ganesh Man Singh left here Nov. 23 for the
   US for a total knee replacement surgery. Talking to the media persons
   prior to his departure, he said, concrete work for the wellbeing of
   the people can certainly be accomplished if the coalition government
   carries out its duties by scrutinizing the mistakes committed in the
   earlier days.
  =20
   From rags to rags
   By A Staff Reporter
  =20
   Perhaps it is time to distort Shakespeare a wee bit and declare '...
   the evil men do lives along with them.' The issue involved here is
   that of the growing number of ragpickers who roam the streets with
   gunny sacks thrown over their shoulders foraging each municipal
   garbage can on the way with faultless meticulousness , scrounging
   everything from plastic to iron scrap. As it is one of the most
   disorganised and looked-down-upon jobs, children as young as five
   years and woman as late as in their 40s are singled out for the
   occupation.
  =20
   Rehman Shah, owner of the scrap collecting depot at Paehali, a
   Kathmandu suburb, says, "This business is believed to have been first
   set up by one Jaddhav Lall from India's Rajasthan at least 25 years
   back. He came to Nepal when a famine in Rajasthan sent many of its
   inhabitants helter- skelter in search of food. In Kathmandu, he took
   to waste paper collection which gradually over the years established
   him as the 'pioneer' in the field.''
  =20
   Rehman Shah (40) when queried about himself, had this to say, "I am
   from East Champaran of Bihar and have been in this business for the
   last three years''.There are some 200 depots like Shah's well spread
   out in Kathmandu Valley at Kalimati, Bouddha, Baneswore, Bhotebahal,
   Balaju and Patan, being run by both Indian and Nepalese alike.
  =20
   About the marketing of the scrap, Shah says, "The scrap being mainly
   iron and plastic is very much in demand in Nepal more particularly in
   recent years as compared to earlier years when the scrap even
   travelled into India as there were no reprocessing industries in
   Nepal. From Kathmandu the scrap is sold to dealers at Narayanghat at
   Rs. 600 a quintal ( iron scrap) and Rs 400 ( plastic scrap) where the
   price rises upto Rs 1000 and Rs. 800 respectively owing to transport
   cost and the duty imposed by the District Development Committee which
   is Re. 1 per kg for iron scrap and 36 paise for plastic. He wishes the
   duty to be waived off as"we are in a way removing waste from within
   the city which if left unremoved would adversely affect the public
   health and sanitation."
  =20
   According to Shah,the net income is Rs 7000/- per month from ''this
   rather nondescript projection''. He had entered Nepal 10 years ago
   ''to look for anything'' which could sustain him in the absence of any
   such means back home.
  =20
   When The Independent met Ram Kumari(50), one of the many women
   ragpickers, she had this to say: "I earn up to Rs. 70 a day picking up
   and selling trash assisted by my 3 young sons. Her second husband who
   was from across the border in neighbouring Bihar, ''just went away
   some 5 years back and has since not been heard of."
  =20
   Asked as to how much she spends for food and shelter, she replied,"We
   need at least Rs. 60 a day for a simple meal'' and as for shelter a
   ramshackle shanty was all she had.In the shanties where people like
   Ram Kumari live,''the occupants change by the week since we
   'scavengers' keep on drifting all over the city in the vicinity of the
   scrap depot."
  =20
   One invariably sees poor huts in the vicinity of such scrap depots
   which may well spawn vast slums in the coming years.
  =20
   On asked about the ignominy attached to her profession, she said,
   "Since there is no other way to feed the children and myself I am
   happy to do it.''
  =20
   When enquired about her savings and her future plans, she said, "I
   have almost grown old since I first came to Kathmandu and as I have
   saved a little sum of money, I am thinking of going back to Tanakpur
   to run a shop. I really want to educate my sons. " It is only the love
   for her children that is helping Ram Kumari in the fierce battle for
   food and shelter. There are at least 2000 scavengers in the city who
   share the same destiny.
  =20
   Another depot owner at Baneswore, Bhimsengola, Kishore Chaudhary, too,
   is from Champaran. According to him, although business varies day by
   day, on a steady basis he deals with some 60 kgs of iron and plastic
   scrap.Here, this correspondent met a 12-year-old Tamil girl Pochamma
   (born and bred in Kathmandu) who was carrying a sack followed by her
   three brothers. "Today", she said, "we have been lucky in our search
   for scrap." So, how much money did she make? "We will at least make Rs
   150 today. As my mother is sick and can not work, the money will go
   towards buying medicines and household provisions," she said.
  =20
   The story is the same tragic one. The society has never been kind or
   may never be able to empathise with the ragpickers. Life goes on for
   them, from one garbage can to another.
  =20
   The unlucky survivor
   By Sagun S. Lawoti
  =20
   The sky was apparently in mourning, shedding tiny droplets of tears.
   Incessant sobbing rend the nippy air.
  =20
   The temperature level dipped remarkably and the city dwellers started
   reacting : "It is time for rakshi (liquor) and shirak (quilt)
   ".Well, in that biting cold , sipping a peg or two and snuggling up in
   a warm blanket wasn't after all a bad idea .
  =20
   Like they say, there is more to Nepal than just the Kathmandu Valley.
   The ways of the city-smarts do not justly reflect the miserable
   plights and woeful tales of the sombre, remote and far away villagers.
  =20
   While rakshi was doing the rounds in well-lit urban homes, disaster
   lurked and stalked around the shelters of the not-so-fortunate ones
   away from the worldly comforts. Natural calamities in the form of
   landslides and avalanches picked on the foreigners and Nepalis alike.
  =20
   And of the many victims of the catastrophe, Purna Jung Darji (31) of
   Sarang Dada VDC, Panchthar District is one. Though he did not lose his
   life, he surely suffered a ruthless blow; probably the severest of his
   thirty- one years in this world.
  =20
   On that fateful day, he and his eldest son(15) took different routes
   to neighbouring villages to invite relatives for a puja at his home.
   He set off at a merry pace for the auspicious cause; little did he
   know that misfortune would ambush him.
  =20
   While Purna was away, his thirty-two-year-old wife and two teenage
   sons of thirteen and fifteen years, a nephew, elder brother Suk
   Bahadur Darji and his son were staying indoors due to the relentless
   rain. They were indeed feeling secure.
  =20
   As an intruder into the relaxed atmosphere, danger tolled its bell
   when the soil came crashing down. But a huge tree right above their
   hut stopped the rush of the soil and averted disaster for sometime.
   The warning was heeded, they decided to leave their home for a safer
   place.They untied their cattles so that the animals could move freely
   and save their own lives.
  =20
   When they were preparing to leave, soil poured in from all sides and
   buried the house. Result, five had to pay with their lives and Suk
   Bahadur was severely injured.
  =20
   "We came to know about the mishap and came here to check out what had
   happened. Then we saw Suk Bahadur chest-deep in the soil and somehow
   managed to pull him out. We could not save the others because mud had
   completely covered all of them by the time we arrived," a neighbour of
   Purna solemnly told The Independent standing in front of his ruined
   hut.
  =20
   Purna, not yet recovered from the state of shock did not and could not
   communicate much. He plainly talked about the disastrous incident
   narrated to him by his friends and gloomily mentioned about the relief
   fund that he had received from the government.
  =20
   However his close friend, fighting back his tears, told this
   correspondent, "He has cried enough and won't be able to cry anymore.
   The tears have dried up''. The pathos of purna, the unlucky survivor,
   can't be more poignantly expressed.
  =20
  =20
   Words of wisdom on our economic karma
   Political Bureau
  =20
   Liberalisation is not an economic system in itself, it is at best a
   vehicle to reach a goal prescribed by an economic system. Is the
   liberal, market- friendly approach of the three successive governments
   of Nepali Congress, the CPN-UML and now the Coalition good for the
   country, and if the answer is 'yes', to what extent? Is the role of
   extraneous forces decisive in the formation of Nepal's policies or
   should indigenous factors be the main basis of decision-making?
  =20
   These were the points the participants of Nepal South Asia Centre
   seminar on 'Liberalisation and Development in Nepal: Is there a room
   for Endogenising Economic Policy-making?' focussed their attention on
   last week.
  =20
   At the end of the day, it was informally agreed that political parties
   and intellectuals, though espousing conflicting ideologies, are not
   opposed to assembling under one roof to debate and exchange views on
   the burning economic issues of the day.
  =20
   That the development of a competitive political culture alone is not
   enough for all-round progress =97 political, economic and social =97
   unless this competition receives its thrust from the healthy clash of
   different ideas and concepts of development, opined the participants.
  =20
   It was also mentioned with considerable emphasis that if all the
   parties were to advocate and implement the same economic policy, we
   may be promoting a monolithic, not a pluralistic, outlook. Thus,
   political parties should have the clarity of vision as to where and
   how they should cooperate vis-a-vis the development strategy and when
   it will be in the national interest to disagree with each other.
  =20
   Political parties of all hues, the participants stressed, would be
   well advised to adapt their theoretical stance to the prevalent
   national realities. By the same token, the concept of liberalisation
   should be 'Nepalised.' And, since the market forces as they exist and
   behave in Nepal are not capable of providing the leadership in
   economic affairs, the state must continue to lead the economy. The
   role of the state must not be restricted to encouraging marketisation
   alone, the state should be equally involved in ensuring social
   justice. This kind of state intervention need not necessarily be
   confined to any particular party.
  =20
   Liberalisation as a 'human means' should be applied only as an
   instrument of economic advancement. This is not to say we should shun
   the world-wide trends nor should it mean that we can only develop
   through the mobilisation of internal resources . The point is all
   appropriate international means should be used for national benefit.
  =20
   In the context of glaringly unequal distribution of wealth/income, the
   economically handicapped segment of the society must be given
   protection by the state, said the participants.
  =20
   GAMECO gives RNAC a lift=20
   By Sagun S. Lawoti
  =20
   Following the foot steps of Hongkong Aircraft Engineering Company,
   Royal Brunei Airways, British Airways and Monarch Airlines, the
   Guangzhou Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Company Ltd. (GAMECO) is
   here to support Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation (RNAC) in the
   maintenance of its two 757 boeings.
  =20
   "But what is different this time is that along with aircraft
   maintenance support, there is also a mutual agreement on technology
   transfer," informed Bishnu Bhakta Shrestha, RNAC Superintendent
   Engineer: "It is not that we can't maintain the jets ourselves but
   right from their procurement, the feeling that we need external help
   for smooth functioning has been always there. Due to this defeatist
   attitude a proper infrastructure has not yet been developed. We hope
   after the contract with GAMECO is completed, we can do the job
   ourselves".
  =20
   Shedding more light on the agreement, Bishwa Nath Shrestha, Director
   RNAC Maintenance Planning Division, told The Independent, "This
   agreement is marginally cheaper than the earlier ones. And what is
   remarkable is that GAMECO has promised to train our 15 engineers and 6
   middle-order managerial personnel free of cost."
  =20
   While Tej Prasad Gauchan, RNAC Director-Corporate Department,
   stressed, "I personally feel technology transfer is the most important
   factor. And this arrangement which assures provision of replacement of
   aircrafts =97 when they are sent for major checks =97 is significant as
   this will surely spare the energy which is wasted for the last-minute
   hunt''.
  =20
   GAMECO (stationed at Guangzhou, China), a sister organisation of China
   South Airlines (CSA), has been providing similar services =97 as agreed
   with the RNAC =97 to CSA's 60 boeings. RNAC =97 Nepal's only airline wit= h
   an international fleet =97 has been seeking foreign technology as it
   neither has nor can it afford indigenous facilities for routine major
   checks.
  =20
   The excitement and optimism on the RNAC side over the accord is
   apparent through their personnel's opinions. And this enthusiasm could
   also be sensed in its counterpart when Dan Lange, GAMECO General
   Manager, light-heartedly toasted Moutai =97 a Chinese traditional
   drink =97 the Chinese customary way, at a party thrown following the
   inking of the agreement between the two parties.
  =20
   If the spark generated by GAMECO is protected from being blown out ,
   it can become the light of RNAC's life. Newer and more challenging
   frontiers lie ahead of the RNAC awaiting to be conquered.
  =20
   Hay must be made when the sun shines at its brightest.GAMECO's rays
   should help RNAC make hay.
  =20
  =20
  =20
   'We are slow as we are running a marathon': PM Deuba
  =20
   One of the saddest ironies of politics in Nepal is that the
   politicos simply lack the guts to perform, although they possess all
   the extolled qualites =97 shrewdness, presence of mind and yes, the
   necessary tinge of sarcasm and satire. That is what one could discern
   from the well-attended talk programme on 'Functioning of the Coalition
   Government and its Agenda' organised by Alliance for Democracy last
   week. "Don't aspire for a very strong government, it may turn out to
   be authoritarian," said PM Sher Bahadur Deuba jocularly, responding to
   a comment that his government would prove a strong one. In the
   beginning, everything seems alright in an undemocratic polity, but it
   is only a misleading calm before the storm of problems erupts. A
   democratic dispensation starts with only problems and gradually
   resolves them, he remarked.
  =20
   The verbal crossfire of three former premiers =97 Surya Bahadur Thapa, G
   P Koirala and Manmohan Adhikari =97 over the 'agenda' was
   spellbinding."All anti-democratic elements are jointly conspiring
   against the present coalition and against democracy itself," said
   Thapa. The forces not abiding by the Supreme Court verdict can not be
   democratic, he said, taking a potshot at the CPN-UML. In turn,
   Adhikari shooted, "I don't see conspiracy anywhere. It is the
   jaundiced view of those who throughout their career believed in
   conspiracy =97 not in sincere politics =97 for success." He elaborated o= n
   the CPN-UML's 'help' in the peaceful transfer of power.However, "
   Being in the opposition, we want to sell our cake a little hot," he
   confessed, drawing from Churchill.
  =20
   As for G P Koirala, he recalled his meeting with Madhav Nepal when he
   had offered him three alternatives of coalition: UML-RPP or NC-UML or
   NC-RPP. But he never came up with his point of view, said Koirala,
   urging all parties to work for political stability.
  =20
   PM Deuba displayed his sense of humour while defending the allegation
   that his administration was extremely slow: ''A Jumlee ghoda (horse
   from the hill) may be okay for a sprint but we need a more reliable
   bhote ghoda (Tibetan horse) to win a marathon''.

   An influential section of print-media, especially of the private
   sector, has been somewhat amazingly struck, if not taken aback, by
   Prime Minister Deuba's laudable reference to King Birendra's role in
   steering NAM firmly on its course during its turbulent years and
   enhancing a small country like Nepal's credibility in international
   forums. The reference came in his inaugural address of a meeting
   organised by the Nepal Council of World Affairs on "Nepal and
   Non-alignment." The highlight of the monarch's contribution in
   strengthening the pursuit of the Kingdom's national interest comes as
   a deserving recognition, though belated =97 a marked, albeit welcome,
   departure after the restoration of multi-party democracy. Deuba's
   observation in the same breath of the continuing relevance of NAM
   despite the end of the cold war and also his admission that NAM
   doesn't have the panacea for all ills plaguing the international
   community, although paradoxical, are worth pondering over. As far as
   the Prime Minister is concerned, his bold statement is all the more
   timely, offering food for thought to Nepal's foreign policy analysts,
   strategy thinkers, and a guide to the recently constituted 12-member
   task force under the stewardship of Udha Dev Bhatta, a member of the
   National Assembly, former Secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
   and permanent representative to the UN for seven years. While some
   sections of the print media have dubbed the elements of the task force
   as confidantes of Deuba and Foreign Minister Dr. Lohani, loyalists of
   G.P. Koirala and K.P. Bhattarai, and the remainder as being chosen by
   the RPP. A vernacular weekly =97 close to Koirala camp =97 has highlight= ed
   in frenzied terms the regeneration of the wrapped policy of
   equidistance between Nepal's two giant neighbours and reviving the
   Zone of Peace doctrine.But a few out of the task force may doubtless
   fill in the vacancies created by the recall of CPN-UML appointed heads
   of mission in New Delhi, Beijing, Washington, Tokyo and Bonn. On the
   other hand, another RPP Weekly has taken exception to Foreign Minister
   Dr. Lohani's disclosure to BBC, instead of releasing it through proper
   channels, of the envoys' recall. In the meantime, a section of private
   sector print-media made it known the stay-put position of the envoys
   to London, Dhaka, and Brussels, appointed on the recommendation of
   Senior Leader Ganesh Man Singh and untouched by the CPN-UML
   government. As for our permanent representative at the UN, nothing
   suggests his being called back before serving his term for obvious
   reasons including impeccable credentials. Other career appointees too
   in remaining missions abroad are expected to carry on their duties
   until the expiry of their term, although uncertainty shrouds the fate
   of the one in Yangoon. All told freely and fearlessly, proximity to
   power centres and familiarity with the spoils system do figure a
   determinant in appointment to plum posts, whether diplomatic or
   others, despite rhetorical pledges to the contrary. But in such
   matters, the coaliton council has covered a long distance by
   forgetting their old animosities.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Of late Damodar Rana =97 a mythical Panchayat strong man, Rajeswor
   Devkota recently kicked up to National Assembly on CPN-UML votes, and
   others are making waves, wittingly or unwittingly, raising alarm with
   a familiar ring of the wolf at the door. These incidents have been
   expressed in terms like "unholy" alliance between RPP and the
   leftists. There is also talk about the foolhardy claim that the
   government is up for grabs. The RPP and the NC do appear to be in the
   saddle for sometime, regardless of occasional internal dissension and
   exchange of potshots at each other in the print- media. With nothing
   like harmonisation of policies among the coalition partners in sight
   yet even on sensitive issues of foreign and domestic policies, the
   Sadbhavana appears to be left alone.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   While the global media's focus on and sympathy with nearly hundred
   foreign trekkers including Nepalese caught in the series of avalanches
   which hit the Himalayan region this month touched the high point, the
   fourth estate of the nation was seized of various other factors. Prime
   Minister Deuba's style of holding cards close to his chest has proved
   elusive to the prophets of the expansion of Council of Ministers. On
   the other hand, a section privy to the establishment did bring to
   light HMG's decision (alleged for its clandestine nature) to provide
   the former Prime Ministers including Marich Man Singh =97 dubbed as the
   force behind "Save the Nation" movement =97 a white-plate car with
   ministerial perks, of course bereft of the national flag.
   Additionally, former Chief Justice Biswanath Upadhyaya too is reported
   to have been provided with transportation facilities by HMG for
   security reasons. The nonchalance expressed by Upadhyaya for his
   personal security, along with his reluctance to accept any
   governmental job in a press interview is still green in the readers'
   memory.
   ***
  =20
   The departure of former Supremo GM Singh to the United States with his
   wife, and Kathmandu Mayor P. L. Singh, along with two members of his
   family for knee surgery and the return of K.P. Bhattarai following his
   successful treatment of his eyes in Canada are other highlights of the
   national print-media. In the meantime, some papers have revealed the
   forcible seizure of Chair of the RONAST Vice-Chancellor by Kedar lal
   Shrestha =97 a claimant =97 assisted by a posses of security officials
   even prior to the disposal of the case by the Supreme Court =97 an act
   of force majeure indeed. This has already raised eye-brows in a land
   governed by laws.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   The visit by the octogenarian L.P. Singh =97 former Indian envoy here =
=97
   without any fanfare on holiday during which a number of Nepalese high-
   brow politicians =97 of political parties as well as of erstwhile
   partyless Panchayat =97 including former Prime Ministers and civil
   servants had interactions with them as revealed last in this weekly is
   an event befitting the diplomat, governor and one of the few surviving
   but retired members of India's renowned service of steel frame. A
   quiet and low-profile former Indian Home Secretary, hes did his job
   well befriending many in this kingdom during his memorable tenure
   heading Kathmandu-based India House before proceeding to Governorship
   in sensitive Nagaland.

   Battling breast cancer
   By Hillary Rodham Clinton
  =20
   Every Thursday, a woman named Miriam volunteers in my staff office
   at the White House. She is a retired schoolteacher, mother of two,
   proud grandmother and caring colleague who seldom arrives at work
   without cakes, cookies, pies or doughnuts for the staff.
  =20
   I wish her story ended here. But it doesn't. Like more than two
   million other women in America, Miriam has breast cancer.
  =20
   She found a lump in her breast five years ago. Since then, she has
   undergone two surgeries, 33 days of radiation treatments and five
   separate chemotherapies, including the debilitating sessions she now
   has every week.
   Miriam is not the only woman I know who is battling this disease. In
   fact, it is hard to find a family in our country =97 or a workplace,
   neighbourhood, church group or social club =97 that has not been touched
   by breast cancer.
  =20
   My mother-in-law, Virginia Kelley, died last year after a four-year
   struggle with the disease. The mother of one of my best friends was
   diagnosed a few months ago. Another friend just told me that his
   sister =97 only 41 years old =97 has a massive lump as well.
  =20
   If you want a chilling statistic, here it is: one of eight women in
   our country will develop breast cancer during her lifetime, compared
   to one in 20 a generation ago. And 46,000 American women will die of
   breast cancer this year.
  =20
   Those numbers shouldn't be so high. When detected early and treated
   aggressively, breast cancer does not have to be an automatic death
   sentence. Every week, I meet women who are long-time breast cancer
   survivors living full and healthy lives. The key to early detection is
   a regular mammogram, particularly for women over 65, who account for
   half of all breast cancer cases.
  =20
   Younger women should discuss with their doctors whether they should
   get regular mammograms. When I turned 40, for example, I began having
   one every year.
  =20
   In travelling round the country to talk with women about breast
   cancer, I was startled to learn that only 40 per cent of older women,
   whose mammograms are now covered by Medicare, actually take advantage
   of this potentially lifesaving benefit.
  =20
   Why do many women fail to get mammograms?
  =20
   Unfortunately, many are reluctant to get screened because they have
   been told that the procedure is painful or embarrassing. Others do not
   realise that the benefit is covered under Medicare. Some women lack
   insurance coverage or the funds to pay for the test. Still others have
   never been told by their doctors that a mammogram is one of the most
   effective ways of detecting malignant breast lumps. Some women have
   even told me they didn't want to find out if they were sick because
   they believed there was little they could do about it.
  =20
   Finally, many women are so busy taking care of their families that
   they forget to take care of their own health.
  =20
   I know that a mammogram is not the most comfortable experience. And
   when you are responsible for children, a spouse, a job and all the
   other pressures of daily life, taking the time to get one may seem
   like too much of a hassle.
  =20
   But getting a mammogram is a lot more comfortable and a lot more
   convenient than the pain that comes with cancer and its treatments.
  =20
   That is why it is important that Medicare continue to cover older
   women for mammograms every two years and at any other time a doctor
   believes it is necessary. And it would be a big step forward if
   communities and local health facilities also offered screenings once a
   year for women who don't have health insurance or would otherwise be
   unable to afford a mammogram.
  =20
   When appropriate, doctors, regardless of their speciality, should
   encourage women patients to have regular mammograms. Any woman who
   fears breast cancer should remember that if she does have the disease,
   she should find out as quickly as possible so that she can begin
   treatment and get on with living her life.
  =20
   That's what Miriam does. My staff and I often talk about how much we
   admire her courage and her selflessness. She tells us that she gets
   through her treatments by setting personal goals: getting her kitchen
   remodelled or living to see the birth of her new grand daughter, who
   was born last month. Now she is looking ahead to her sixtieth birthday
   in March.
  =20
   She says she is no longer afraid of the disease and has no plans to
   stop her volunteer work. "I will come in until I just can't do it
   anymore," she said a few days ago. "The chemo hasn't knocked me down
   yet."
  =20
   What impresses me most about Miriam is not just her grace or sense of
   humour but her willingness to talk about breast cancer so that others
   can learn from her experience.
  =20
   "Get a mammogram," she frequently reminds us. "It's much less
   frightening than not having the chance to see your children grow up or
   your grandchildren graduate from high school. You owe it to yourself
   and your family."
  =20
   We should all listen to the words of one so wise.
  =20
   Images speak
   Min Vajra, a professional photographer, displayed his photographic
   images under the title "The Moment Speaks for Itself" at Hotel Vajra,
   November 18-25.
  =20
   The exhibition, consisting of 117 colour as well as black and white
   photographs, clicked both at home and abroad, were divided into eleven
   segments =97 the Royal Family and the Politicians of Nepal; the Supreme
   Leader Ganesh Man Singh; from the 1990 Democracy Movement to the
   present; life; children; night; architecture=97ancient and modern;
   festivals and people; environment and nature; foreign dignitaries; and
   images of Gods.
  =20
   The 28-year-old freelance photographer, in his first solo exhibition,
   has captured diverse moods, personalities, moments, landscapes, issues
   etc.
  =20
   Aerial views and a series on jana andolan show that he is capable of
   capturing chance situations within his lens.
  =20
   A photo journalist since 1988, Vajra has published his photographs in
   journals like India Today, Le Figaro, Nepal Verstehen and
   Frankfurter Allgemeine . He says, ''I want to selflessly help the
   local newspapers with my photos out of my own expenses."
  =20
   Vajra admits he has been lucky as he has friends in foreign countries
   who help him sell his creations. This has given the fillip his career
   required.
  =20
   "Earlier it was just a hobby. But the appreciation I received for my
   Sydney Opera House photo in 1985 boosted my morale to turn
   professional", says the lensman who started clicking seriously then
   on.
  =20
   Concern Centre
  =20
   Concern for Children/Women and Aged Centre, a non-governmental
   organisation, has been established recently and has begun its
   activities.
  =20
   This organisation aims to assist children, women and the aged in their
   respective activities and will organise research, training and direct
   programmes. Jagdish Bhakta Mathema is the Acting President of the
   centre.

   Dead batteries
  =20
   Communists are not dynamic. After they reach a 'point', they become
   static. People are unaware about this fact due to lack of education.
   They even don't know what democracy is and what they fought for. The
   CPN-UML has been able to take advantage of this situation.
  =20
   =97 Dr. Durga Prasad Bhandari=20
   in Prajatantra
  =20
   Koirala again
  =20
   I have also heard that G.P. Koirala is taking charge of the Nepali
   Congress leadership. I take this as a normal process. I am confident
   that the transfer of leadership will help increase the pace of party
   organization and the party will also understand his necessity.
  =20
   =97 Former State Minister for Finance Mahesh Acharya
  =20
   in Bimarsha
  =20
   Non-city organisation
  =20
   The non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have not been able to reach
   out to the villages to the desired extent. Many NGOs are city-centered
   and not functioning well.
  =20
   =97 RPP leader Tula Rana in
  =20
   Nepali Patra
  =20
   No Sher=20
  =20
   The government has been unable to take decisions. PM Sher Bahadur
   Deuba does not have the courage to decide.
  =20
   Fake rights
  =20
   I am very serious about the Rolpa incident. But the irony is a
   hardliner communist party (Samyukta Jana Morcha) which never believed
   in human rights is making fuss of the same.
  =20
   =97 Home Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka
  =20
   in Suruchi
  =20
   Foreign hand
  =20
   After the formation of this government, foreign forces are finding
   ample ground to play on. The allegations of the politicians that
   outside forces are involved in terrorising the country are now being
   proved.
  =20
   =97Editorial Comment in Chhalphal
  =20
   Rumours are rife that the former Chief Justice Bishwanath Uapdhyaya
   whom the CPN-UML love to hate, likely to contest by-election polls
   under the four-star (NC) banner from Kathmandu. No doubt, for many
   reasons the contest likely to be fierce indeed!
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Lately, Kathmanduites have been witness to a battle royale raging
   between Hotel De L'Annapurna and the Taj Group of Hotels over
   management disputes, now being looked into by an international
   arbitrating tribunal. Till then, may be, both sides are right and
   wrong .
  =20
   ***
  =20
   While the disputes between Annapurna and the Taj Group rages, on the
   opposite side Hotel Sherpa quietly celebrated its 8th anniversary
   (Nov 25), whose management all the time have been guided by the
   sons of the soil i.e. by a Nepalis. Not bad!
  =20
   ***
  =20
   The Indian Union cabinet has approved changing the name Bombay to
   Mumbai. Wonder what implications the name change will now have on
   Bollywood. Will it be Mumbaiwood ? Or Mollywood ?
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Statistics reveal that about 20 million in Britain and around 200
   million around the world watched Princess Di's eagerly-awaited
   Panorama interview in which she frankly explained how her marriage
   had turned sour. A snap poll also revealed that over 80 per cent
   people showed support for Diana. Thus, could she have been a victim
   of the 'establishment' or a villainess who tried to bring down a
   tradition or a valiant one who fought for her rights? Another
   opinion poll on these counts necessary.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   With senior Congress leader Ganeshmanji away for knee surgery
   abroad and NC party boss Kishunji back home from Maple Land with a
   corrected vision, observers here hope the party now would be
   guided with a more wide vision and carried on forward by
   stronger legs !
  =20
   ***
  =20
   'His Majesty The King Birendra Bir Bikram Shahdev' =97 that's how the
   backdrop banner read at a seminar sponsored by Nepal Council of
   World Affairs to commemorate the 50th Golden Jubilee Birthday of the
   monarch. Participants not too amused. The artist would have been
   forgiven had it not been for the fact the Council President S.L.
   Amatya repeated the same mistake, not once but thrice, in his
   welcoming remarks. First things first. Know how to address the head of
   state before engaging in worldly matters.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   At the Nepal South Asia Centre one-dayer on economic
   liberalisation, former NPC Vice Chairman B.P. Shreshtha insisted the
   RPP's economic plank represented a clear case of liberal
   dichotomy, dilemma or split personality, as you may. The party, it
   was implied, wants to have the cake and eat it too. Not a bad
   political strategy, somewhat akin to heads I win, tails you lose.
  =20
   ***
  =20
   Just how well-informed and reliable the Nepali press is has been a
   constant topic of speculation in Kathmandu. The diplomatic community
   in particular is thoroughly confused. A member of the corps asked
   Tattler since when Jai Pratap Rana, member-secretary, had been
   manning the Nepali post in Islamabad. The news piece had it that the
   coalition had asked Rana to bid farewell to Pak capital.

   Pvt. Ltd., Nepal with the assistance of Rajendra Shrestha.

                                 HEADLINE NEWS
                                       
  INTELLECTUALS ARE CORRUPT: DEUBABY A POST REPORTER
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov. 29 - Intellectuals in Nepal are confused It is they
   (intellectuals including politicians) who are corrupt and if only they
   correct themselves, the nation can prosper, said Prime Minister Sher
   Bahadur Deuba at a talk programme on Political Stability and Economic
   Development organised by The Thinkers, a non-governmental
   organisation, here today.
   
   Seemingly in a frank mood, Premier Deuba said he wont commit to false
   promises because he knows he cannot deliver them in practice. He,
   however, pledged that he was committed to the productive utilization
   of the budget and the projects so undertaken be completed on time.
   
   Expressing concern that a trend to give populist slogan by political
   parties is gradually evolving, Deuba said this trend of squandering
   resources by political parties will be counter productive for the
   nations economic development. Emphasising that there is no alternative
   to economic liberalisation in the country, the Prime Minister said
   state subsidies have to be waived.
   
   Referring to unemployment as the biggest challenge, he spoke of the
   need to explore new vistas of trade through which the country can earn
   foreign exchange and thus be self-reliant in all fronts.
   
   Also speaking on the occasion, Finance Minister Dr Ram Sharan Mahat
   said that in the absence of political stability, the country will all
   the time suffer from survival syndrome. He also opined that the
   country civil service is highly demoralised over the years because of
   poilitical interferences in the bureaucratic system.
   
   He also claimed that had Nepali Congress government would have
   remained in power for its full five-year term, Arun III hydro- power
   project would not have been aborted.
   
   Speaking on the economic front, Dr Mahat expressed the hope that
   although there is a renewed interest among foreign investors in the
   country, they are still not feeling comfortable with the fate of the
   coalition government. He, therefore, urged that there must prevail
   continuity, irrespective of governments, towards developing the
   economic scenario of the country. Expressing dissatisfaction over the
   fall of carpet and readymade garment exports (the two largest forex
   earners), the Finance Minister explicitly said, unless we export, we
   will perish.
   
   Inaugurating the talk programme, vice chairman of The Thinkers Prof
   Shankar Sharma emphasised on the nationhood concept; continuity of
   peaceful transfer of power; orientation of political leadership;
   administrative competancy and dynamic economic policies.
   
    Likewise, speaking from the forum, treasurer of The Thinkers Shovan
   Dev Pant dwelled upon the present picture of the country; implications
   of the present budget and the vision and challenges of the coalition
   government.
   
    Delivering the vote of thanks, executive member of The Thinkers Dr
   Posh Raj Pandey said that economic development and political stability
   are inter-related and the country, in their absence, cannot forge
   ahead of economic development. Also, he expressed satisfaction that
   the transitional phase of democratic governance in the country has
   been successful.
   
   Singh Undergoes Knee Check Ups;
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 29 - Senior politician Ganesh Man Singh has had through
   pre-operative knee check ups by physicians at Mayo Clinic, Rochester
   in USA today.
   
   Kathmandu Mayor P L Singh who escorts the octogenarian leader talked
   in telephone to The Kathmandu Post Wednesday and informed that Singhs
   general health check-up was already done. He said doctors have also
   carried out examinations of Singhs prostrate gland and the kidneys.
   
   Singh had reached the United States on Monday in connection with the
   treatment of his weakening knee joints. The surgery is expected
   shortly.
   
   The 81-year-old leader is accompanied also by his wife Mangala Devi
   and daughter Dr Mina Singh.
   
   
  GEODETIC SURVEY IN WESTERN NEPAL
   By a Post Reporter
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 30 - Groups of ten Nepali and ten French geoscientists
   have just returned to Kathmandu from a three weeks satellite geodetic
   survey (GPS) in western and far western Nepal. This IDYLHIM programme
   (Imagery and Dynamics of the Lithosphere in Himalaya) is part of a
   larger Franco-Nepalese project between the Department of Mines and
   Geology of HMG, Ministry of Industry and the large National Center for
   Scientific Research (CNRS), a French government agency for fundamental
   research. It aims at assessing in detail the active processes of the
   Himalayan mountains, responsible for the present deformation, erosion
   and quaking of the range.
   
   Himalaya was formed by collision of Indian and Eurasian continents.
   The collision also caused high seismicity of vast area; but he seismic
   hazard can be only roughly evaluated. To be able to mitigate this
   risk, the Department of Mines and Geology, in collaboration with the
   Laboratoire de Geophysique (CEA, France) has been monitoring the
   seismic activity in Nepal since 1985. However, the deformation can
   either generate large earthquakes or proceed insidiously be creeping.
   This aseisimic deformation process can be approached by geodetic
   measurement. Nepalese leveling data in central Nepal have already
   shown local uplift features that are believed to be related to
   aseismic deformation. But the data are still scarce, and comparison
   between horizontal and vertical measurements is needed for a better
   assessment of the Himalayan aseismic processes.
   
   GPS is able to define the relative positioning of observation sites
   located on the earths surface with a precision of a few millimeters,
   even for baselines of hundreds of kilometers and without the
   limitations of terrestrial techniques, such as the need for visibility
   between observation sites and the need to transport heavy instruments
   (a great help in the dramatic topography of the Himalaya). The thirty
   different sites have been chosen to cover all zones of the Himalayan
   mountains, from the high Himalaya (Simikot and Jomosom) down to the
   Terai (Bhairawa to Mahendranagar). The measurements have been carried
   out on the field by ten teams moving all over the region by car or
   airplane, All points will be remeasured three years from now, in order
   to determine the amount of vertical and horizontal movements they have
   suffered.
   
   The French teams comprised ten geoscientists belonging to various
   universities, Ecoles Normales Superieures and to the CNRS, joining
   together for this experience. Most of them flew into Kathmandu at the
   beginning of November, the first week being devoted to organising
   training sessions and to setting up five seminars on geophysical
   techniques of understanding of the earth mechanisms. The
   implementation of a network at such a scale is a premiere in the
   Himalayan domain. Bringing together the complementary strengths of the
   two countries, and using the most modern techniques, the IDYLHIM GPS
   survey is at present a promising fundamental experience and an
   efficient way to better constrain the seismic hazard in western Nepal.
   
   
  THE BOTTOM LINE
   M R Josse
      Slow But Hardly Steady
   
   Last Saturday, a front-page news story in this newspaper had a
   headline which read: PM says govt slow but steady. That exceedingly
   brief item by a Post Reporter merely reported that Prime Minister Sher
   Bahadur Deuba had argued at a talk programme that his governments
   performance was slow but steady.
   
   Slow: Both the prime ministers declaration as well as the brevity of
   the said news item are noteworthy, the latter perhaps because there
   was, like the governments performance, precious little to report.
   While the prime ministers projection of steady progress by his
   government will be hotly contested, it is certainly remarkable that
   even almost three months into office the expected full expansion of
   his Council of Ministers remains incomplete.
   
   In the meantime, we have been informed by this daily, for example,
   that a number of limousines have already been hired from a private
   company at the rate of Rs 2,000 per day, per vehicle for use by a
   gaggle of incoming mantris. Indeed, so much has been made of Deubas
   cabinet-expansion-by-stages gameplan that it is now appearing that the
   fulfillment of what should be merely a routine affair of government
   would, in itself, mark a major achievement.
   
   What is no less remarkable is that over the past month or so, the
   ominous complaint that virtually nothing is moving as far as the
   government is concerned has spread from the independent and Left media
   to even pro-Congress journals. Similarly, none but the deaf or dumb
   can have missed the loud lamentations of non-performance aired in
   parliament and in the media by prominent MPs and Congress wallahs, a
   short list of which includes the ambitious Ms Sailaja Acharya and GP
   Koirala-loyalist Jaya Prakash Anand. Nor can anyone who is even
   casually interested in politics be unaware that before the
   Deuba-coalition hunkers down for real business a series to alternate
   political scenarios are being seriously discussed not merely in seedy
   tea stalls or dainty Kathmandu parlours but also in apparently
   never-ending furtive meetings among ever-scheming politicos.
   
   That palpable looking-for-an-alternative-coalition public mood has
   been specially discernible in the aftermath of the recent and
   illuminating Upper House elections where political back-knifing and
   cross-party voting were the order of the day. As of now, for instance,
   the political air is whirling with speculation about a number of
   possibilities: 1. A UML-RPP coalition; 2. A NC-UML team-up; and 3. The
   same NC-RPP-NSP combine with a change in the captain.
   
   Projection: Admittedly, the three-party, anti-Left combination is
   beginning to crawl on a number of fronts or, at least, is seen as
   doing so, among other things, by the constitution of a task-force and
   a council relating to streamlining and raising the efficiency of the
   foreign office and tackling outstanding problems in the communications
   sector. Those areas of public policy may, of course, interest people
   such as you and me but can hardly be expected to generate excitement
   in the hoi polloi who desperately want to see prices go down, their
   overall sense of security enhanced, new employment opportunities
   created and so on.
   
   The task of projecting the view that steady progress is being recorded
   by the government across a broad front has naturally been granted to
   the official media as is painfully obvious to those who have to wade
   through their turgid prose or watch the officialdom-dominated telly
   every day. The official print media continues most loyally to serve up
   at least one large-sized photo on the front pages every day showing
   the prime minister inaugurating this, speaking at that or launching
   some imported lubricant or the other.
   
   Yet, curiously enough, such public posturing would seem to be having
   quite the contrary impactjudging at least by what one hears around
   town and this, mind you, not only by carping media representatives.
   Apparently the governments hard sell media approach is having an
   impact quite the reverse of what is intended: intelligent people are
   expressing wonder why or how the prime minister is spending so much
   time on what are essentially peripheral matters considering that so
   much remains to be done about consolidating his government and
   providing it with appropriate vision, dynamism and leadership.
   
   In this context, I should perhaps disclose that at a small dinner
   party even an ambassador confided surprise to this scribe that the
   prime minister was not budgeting his precious time in a more
   productive or imaginative manner considering the many and onerous
   tasks that remain.
   
   Clearly, he must learn to say no to most requests for inaugurations or
   for formal speeches that other ministers could just as well makeat
   least until he has gotten his act together. No discussion on how the
   Deuba-led government is performingor is understood to be operating can
   be considered complete without mention of the proliferation of
   seminars and symposia on the tasks of the coalition or its stability.
   
   Not steady: Whatever speakers may say there cannot be any gainsaying
   that the frequency of such talk-shops suggests that the skeptical
   public is yet to be fully convinced that the three-party structure
   will last or that it can really deliver the goods.
   
   What also helps to generously contribute to the general impression
   that the Deuba led coalition is not on a steady course is the
   prevailing image in the public mind that the prime minister is
   constantly having to look over his shoulders at what political
   cognoscenti believe are operating the government by remote control:
   Messers GP Koirala, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Surya Bahadur Thapa and
   Lokendra Bahadur Chand.
   
   And since, in the aftermath of the stunning Upper House poll results,
   cracks have developed in the
   
   Koirala-Bhattarai-Thapa-Chand policy making machine, can anyone be
   blamed for not buying the rosy argument that the coalition is making
   steady progress ? That apart, since the current speculation in
   political circles is that Deuba is awaiting Bhattarais return from
   abroad before finally announcing the long expected (and hopefully
   final) expansion in the Council of Ministers, it is not difficult to
   understand why many have taken to speculating that it may indeed be
   delayed until the return of NCs born-again supremo Ganesh Man Singh
   who has just taken off for a months trip abroad.
   
   When real progress is made, steady or rapid, there should be no need
   to proclaim it; that would be self-evident. The best way that
   significant progress can be recorded is for the government to
   demonstrate a seriousness and unity of purpose on the ground and for
   the prime minister to get on with the still unfinished work of getting
   his team together without further ado.
   
   Excessive reliance on getting the official media to transmit the daily
   message that all is fine and dandy and that the captain of the
   coalition vessel is really in command, knows where he is heading for
   and how to navigate the shoals until he gets his ship into port, could
   in fact mislead and generate complacency. With various combinations of
   politicians of diverse hues sharpening their khukuris, such
   complacency could well be lethal.
   
  MAGAR PERSONALITIES HONOURED
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 27 (RSS) - Eight different Magar personalities making
   special contributions to the society were felicitated amidst a
   function here recently. The personalities who were honoured include
   Minister for Housing and Physical Planning Balaram Gharti Magar, chief
   of the National Investigations Department Govindakarma Thapa Magar,
   executive director of Nepal Electricity Authority Santa Bahadur Pun
   Magar, assistant dean of the Institute of Medicine Dr Trilokpati Thapa
   Magar, Dr Bhim Charan Thapa Magar, Dr Harsha Bahadur Budha Magar, Dr
   Laxman Pun Magar and Dr Balaram Thapa Magar.
   
   President of the Federation of Nepalese Nationalities Gore Bahadur
   Khapangi Magar felicitated them by presenting the traditional Khada.
   
   A cultural tableau and a model Magar village were presented at the
   function along with an exhibition of the indigenous Magarati cultural
   museum.
   
   Minister for Housing and Physical Planning Balaram Gharti Magar on the
   occasion inaugurated the Central Magar Youth Club.
   
   Minister Gharti Magar also inaugurated the Magar Cultural Museum.
   
   He also released a novel Aatripta Jeevan by Dr Harsha Bahadur Budha on
   the occasion.
   
   Various speakers at the function emphasized the need for cultivating
   the tradition of honouring those personalities dedicated towards the
   wellbeing of the nation, society and the community.
   
   President of Nepal Magar Association Gore Bahadur Khapangi chaired the
   function while Kathmandu district president of the association
   advocate Gaubahadur Ale delivered the vote of thanks.
   
  AIDS VICTIM DIES
   
   By a Post Reporter
   
   HETAUDA, Nov 27 - A 33-year-old AIDS victim, Phul Maya Tamang of
   Padampokhari VDC Ward No 8 has died of AIDS. Padampokhari is at the
   forefront of the VDC of Makwanpur district where the highest number of
   women-trafficking takes place.
   
   This VDC alone has 11 other patients suffering from AIDS out of the
   district, of total 19 AIDS patients. Phul Maya was persuaded by Gyanu
   Titung and Kaji Titung of the same VDC to go to Raxaul in 2042 BS.
   Instead she was taken and sold to a brothel in Bombay, India. She had
   contacted AIDS in the brothel and was returned to Nepal in 2049 BS.
   When she arrived in Padampokhari, she received general treatment. She
   also received medical treatment in Kathmandu with the help of an
   organization named WATCH.
   
  BRIEFS
      Team Meets PM
   
   KATHMANDU, Nov 27 (RSS) - A 5-member delegation of Sanatana Dharma
   Sewa Samiti met with Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba on Sunday.
   
   On the occasion, the delegation expressed concern over growing threat
   to human values in the society and stressed the need to discourage
   such a trend by making a bold arrangement for launching nation-wide
   campaign for promotion of moral and spiritual values based on
   Panchasheel as propounded by the Hindu religion and culture, for the
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

Amulya's comments: I thought the Panchasheel philosophy of living has
        always been associated with Buddhism, not Hinduism, unless of
        course, we accept khem raj keshav sharan chauvinistic Hindu claim
        Buddhism is just "part of Hinduism!"

   wellbeing of the humanity at large.
   
   It also suggested that associations and institutions should extend
   cooperation in reaching that goal.
   
   The delegation led by Acharya Khemraj Keshav Sharan included Samiti
   general secretary Prof Govinda Prasad Bhattarai, treasurer Ramji
   Prasad Koirala, secretary Ganga Prasad Rijal and Matrishakti division
   president Ramdevi Baniya. Pedestrians knocked to death

***************************************************** Date: Sun, 3 Dec 1995 11:24:22 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Access SCN via email..... From: luciferm@pipeline.com (manjil thapa)

Thought this might boost SCN's liveliness..........
  Send email to NETNEWS@HOTPAGE.STANFORD.EDU with nothing but the word HELP in message.
  Through this system one can read newsgroup posts using keywords(try NEPAL).........all that's needed is access to email.
  To be honest, I don't know how well this works since I myself subscribed to this stuff just yesterday. I'm sure this'll work though for I got the info from PC WORLD. manjil thapa
 

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sun, 03 Dec 1995 20:50:42 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: dec3_editorial.html (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Amulya's comment: An "Environmental Ministry" for the Nepal govt is one contraption for sucking in foreign aid, a "duhune gai." It is pointless to read into it deep rationality bureucratic or legal and all the legal acts and papers are but naught.

  EFFECTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL PROMOTION
   By S N Sharma
   
   Environment eccompasses such a vast field of different disciplines
   that it can not be adequately handled by one ministry or department
   alone without close coordination, cooperation and communication among
   concerned organisations. In Nepal, environment used to be under the
   preview of Ministry of Forest (MOF), which coordinated the activities
   and programmes being implemented by different sectorial agencies.
   
   A high level body. Environment Protection Council has been constituted
   under the chairmanship of the prime minister, most of the ministries
   have set up a separate environmental promotion unit under their
   respective Ministries. The coalition government created. Environment
   Ministry but attached 'Population' to it. Although environment is
   relevant to ministries like water resources, industry, forest, housing
   and physical planning, it does not really matter which one is charged
   with the responsibility for its protection so long as the ministry
   performs its duties.
   
   The factors responsible for environmental degradation vary from
   country to country in terms of degree, time and complexicity.
   Deforestation, inadequate facility for waste disposal,lack of safe
   drinking water, air, water and noise pollution and other development
   activities have started taking their toll on Nepals environment.
   According to a UN report natural disasters worldwide are increasing at
   an average rate of six percent a year and greater respect for
   environment could help prevent them. The great flood of July 1993,
   which caused heavy loss of life and property is still vivid in the
   minds of Nepalese people. Although no indepth study and analysis has
   been made by the government to ascertain the causes of such a mishap,
   it is due certainly to environmental fragility as well as engineering
   slip-ups and human errors.
   
   Whenever we talk of environment the worsening situation in the
   Kathmandu Valley (KV) comes in the forefront. As the Ministry of
   Population and Environment (MOPE) has yet to make its plans and
   programmes public, it must pay immediate attention to improvement of
   the valleys environment. The problems facing Kathmandu could easily be
   solved if the politicians and authorities are sincere about it. The
   existing acts, rules, regulations and standards are quite sufficient
   to combat the ills created by environmental degradation provided they
   are strictly enforced.
   
   There are over a dozen acts already in force that could be evoked to
   discourage and penalise pollutors. For example, the Industrial
   Enterprises Act (2038), Town Development Act (2045) Municipality Act
   (2047), Solid Waste Management and Resource Mobilisation Act (2044),
   Revenue Act (2034), Public Road Act (2039), Civil Aviation Act (2044),
   National Transportation Act (2026), Local Administration Act, Water
   Resources Act, etc could be effectively enforced until new more
   comprehensive acts rules and regulations are in place. The government
   has already chalked out a national conservation strategy and
   Environmental Policy and Action Plans have been formulated under the
   auspices of National Planning Commission (NPC) to integrate
   environment and development.
   
   About three years ago there were plans to relocate carpet and other
   industries in the valley blamed for much of the pollution by providing
   required infrastructured services. How many units have been shifted so
   far ?, river pollution particularly at the sacred places like Aryaghat
   and Gaurighat, successive governments ever save the Panchayat days.
   However the rivers have vowed in pubic to address.
   
   Still flow like raw sewage except during the monsoon. The squatter
   population continue to occupy river banks and other public land in
   spite of the much touted schemes to provide land to the landless
   people.
   
   Despite repeated commitments and pledges each year on June 5. World
   Environment Day pollution of air continues unabated due to excessive
   smoke coming out of fuel guzzeling vehicles.
   
   The Kathmandu Town Development Committee has repeatedly warned real
   estate companies and individual land developers against circumventing
   guidelines while developing land. However, the authorities dont seem
   to be serious about enforcing their decisions, nor do the companies or
   individuals feel included to abide by the guidelines. These are but
   some instances of non-compliant and passive attitude of government
   agencies. Several complex phenomen related to environmental
   degradation such as global warming, damage to ozone layer, acid rains,
   etc may not be of immediate interest to MOPE, but it must serious with
   deal water, air and noise pollution, deforestation inadequate solid
   and liquid waste disposal facilities haphazard urbanisation and a
   rising squatter population. As environmental conservation is a cross
   ministry undertaking programme coordination and efficient enforcement
   of laws, rules and regulations may not be as effective as required as
   long as MOPE is not armed with special power to take stern actions
   against defaulters.
   
  PRINCE SIDHARTHA GAUTAM IN HIS BED CHAMBER
   By Babu Krishna Rijal
   
   When the Mayadevi Temple in Lumbini was being excavated, one
   terracotta panel depicting Siddhartha Gautam in his bed chamber just
   before his great renunciation was discovered at the southeast corner
   of the wall on July 25, 1995.
   
   The panel when discovered was, was in a fragmented condition and
   turned upside down. Its location point is R L 102.759 and the size of
   the portion that is intact is 68x37 cm. The panel is roundish at the
   top and square at the bottom.
   
   On the restored upper part of the panel, Princess Yosodhara is
   sleeping in the background on a royal bed. Princess Yosodhara is in
   full royal attire. Her head is decorated with a three beaded crest and
   she is a wearing necklace of beads. Her left hand is holding the
   tip-of her breast nipple to indicate that she is feeding her son
   Rahul. Her right hand is below her head. Both her hands are decorated
   with beaded bangles and armlets. Her legs are folded and rest on the
   lower pillow. She is wearing beaded anklets.
   
   Prince Siddhartha Gautam who is sitting in a royal posture at the edge
   of the cot is also in full royal dress. He is also wearing a royal
   turban with three crests. His left hand is placed on Princess
   Yosodharas knee to check whether she is in sound sleep. The right hand
   of Siddhartha Gautam is resting on his own knee but broken. His hands
   are decorated with bangles and armlets. His right hand was possibly in
   the Bitarka Mudra. His ear is decorated with a circular Kundala. A big
   khot of his lower (discourse posture) garment is decoratively tied at
   left side of his waist.
   
   This terracotta panel being a very important discovery of our
   excavation, we joined the fragments together and showed to it the
   delegates of the UNESCO Buddhist Route Expedition. Dr Saifur Rehman
   Dar, the delegate from Pakistan, who is also the Director of Lahore
   Museum was kind enough to explain this panel as Prince Siddhartha
   Gautam waiting for Yosodhara to fall sleep so that he could renounce
   the life of the palace in search of the cause of the sufferings in
   worldly life. Dr Dar said that this type of scene is mainly depicted
   in Gandhara a art (early Pakistani). The broken and lost lower part of
   the panel should contain accessories of royal bedroom and there should
   also be a band of lady musicians with their musical instruments who
   were feeling sleepy.
   
   In our panel, however, a tradition type of lamp post can be seen in
   one corner, and the torso of a lady playing a drum was toundby being
   badly mutiliated could not be joined together.
   
   This panel certainly seems to be influenced by Gandhara art and is
   dated at fourth to sixth century A D. The facial expression, dress and
   other decorations are more Kushana type than Gupta type.
   
   (The author is chief arhealgist at Lumbini Development Trust)

                                 HEADLINE NEWS
[Amulya's comments: The following is an obviously very biased representation of grass-roots political resistance which is being labelled as "hard-line" "violence" and "bizarre" just as Panches used to label the Congressi activities "a_rastriya tatwo."

Readers should beware the political interest of the current powers to defame other participants by framing rules of participation, what Foucault would call using knowledge to generate "truths" about their enemies...

   
  ROLPA AT REST, PROBE PANEL LIKELY
   By a Post Reporter
   
   ROLPA, Dec 1 - The situation of tension that engulfed this remote
   district in the mid-western region recently due to acts of violence
   perpetrated by supporters of a hard-line communist group, United
   Peoples Front, has returned to normal following the tightening of
   security by the local police.

[Note: the intensity of suppression, 328 people being apprehended, why. A Thumb rule, when one person breaks a rule, one can call that criminal, when 100 break the rule as in Gandhi's salt march or civil disobedience, it is called social resistance and it is the so-called rule whose legitimacy is brought into question!]
   
   A police superintendent said the administration had detained 328
   persons in connection with the recent incidents, of whom most were
   released after minor enquires. Now only 107 are under detention, 20 of
   them being women, he said.
   
   Nine persons have been killed and many injured in the district ever
   since the UPF, led by Dr Baburam Bhattarai, started confronting with
   other political parties three years ago.
   
   Sources said people loyal to Dr Bhattarai are engaged in various
   criminal activities. Police said they have found 47 filler guns hidden
   in jungles and in homes of various persons.
   
[Amulya's comments: "Filler gun or old bharuwas or muskets are a common phenomena in the villages where there are old army vets, and it was never illegal to own them, they are hardly effective even for killing an infrequent wild boar with all the gun powder one had to buy and maintain from the plains of india. the juxtaposition of guns with Bhattarai is a transparent attempt to malign his movement with insinuations of violence.]

   Bahadur Singh Pun, a local victim of the UPFs queer organization
   promotion scheme, said the UPF loyalists are so rude that they once
   humiliated him by wrapping up a womans used petticoat round his body.
   
   They even beat me up for not supporting their party and have warned me
   not to go home, he said. Pun presently lives apart from his home.
   
   Resided mainly by Magars, Rolpa faces acute poverty, unemployment,
   lack of transportation services and lack of hospital.
   
[Amulya's questions: One might ask, for instance, why the Magar areas are so poor/ why there are so few Magars in the political party leaderships or the Cabinet, if not for historic Hindu discrimination throught the agency of the State, instead of insinuating tht the poor and illiterate Magars are prey for incendiary propagandd of Bhattarai's firebrand politics.]

   UPF sources said the accusations levelled against their party are
   baseless.
   
   Meanwhile in Kathmandu, Minister for Works and Transport Bijaya Kumar
   Gachhadar said the government was considering a probe team to look
   into the Rolpa incidents. He was answering the MPs in the Lower House
                ++++++++++++

[Governments suppressions or defeats are often in obsequious "neutral" words such as "incidents!"]

   Friday on behalf of Home Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka who has not been
   able to attend the House for the last few days on account of illness.
   
   Earlier, UMLs Devi Prasad Ojha demanded a probe team in connection
   with the Rolpa incidents. He also demanded an arrangement for the
   lawmakers to visit the incident sites. Gachhadar said MPs visit to the
   area was also being considered.
     _________________________________________________________________
   
  TU, ONE OF THE RICHEST REAL ESTATE HOLDERS
  
   KATHMANDU, Dec 1 (RSS) - Tribhuvan University today is one of the
   richest land owners in the country. It possesses extensive real estate
   holdings in the form of the lands and buildings registered in the name
   of 65 different campuses and administrative sections located in
   different parts of the country. At presnt Trivhuvan University holds a
   total land area of 1,210 hecatres and 45,000 sqm of floor area in
   buildings.
   
   The total value of the land and buildings is estimated at Rs 9.26
   billion including Rs 8.06 billion for the land.
   
   This was stated at a dissemination seminar on Retionalisation of
   facilities and assets mansagement at TU the other day during which an
   inventory of TU real estate was discussed.
   
   The total real estate holdings of Tribhuvan Unviersity comprises lands
   owned by 36 campuses in the central development region, 14, in the
   eastern develpment region, 13 in the western development region, 6 in
   the mid-western development region and 2 in the far-western
   development region.
   
   Of these the 23 campuses situated in the Kathmandu Valley and the
   central examination secton of TU at Jamal, Kathmandu own a
   considerable portion of the real estate holdings.
   
   During the last 35 years of its existence, Tribhuvan University has
   become the largest land possessing institution of the country.
   
   The property woned by 15 campuses and the central examination secton
   in Kathmandu has a very high commercial value.
   
   The campuses are Patan Multiple Campus, Public Youth Campus, Saraswati
   Multiple Campus, Lalitkala Campus, Padma Kanya Multipel Campus,
   Shanker Dev Campu, Ratna Rajya Laxmi Campus, Nepal Law Campus, Campus
   of International Languages, Public Administration Campus, Pulchock
   Campus, Amrit Campus, Maharajgunj Campus, Trichandr Multiple Campus
   and Thpathali Campus. The total area of these campuses in about 43
   hectrares including 120,000 sqm of building floor area and the total
   value of the land amounts to Rs 4.75 billion, the value of buildihngs
   being Rs 0.31 billion, totalling a real estate value of Rs 5.06
   billion.
   
   The property of campuses located in suburban of rural areas also
   possess fair potential for income -generation, particularly in the
   cases of campuses holding large areas of land which are heavily
   underutilized and there is a striong possibility of utilizing these
   areas for farming, horticulture and forestry thus generating
   substantial income to the University. The improvement of efficiency of
   the facilities as one of the objectives of the new policy onb higher
   education could be achieved by considering the present status of TU
   real estate and its value, it is pointed out.
   
   Inaugurating the seminar Tribhuvan Univesity vice chancellor Dr Kamal
   Krishna Joshi said the University should be alert to the need to make
   proper use of its property adding that various buildings at the
   Unviersity are being constructed with World Bank assistance and the
   Exmaination controllers office at Jamal is also be reconstructed.
   
   d of the study team Dr P N Maskety and advisor member Dr Sriram B
   Mathe threw light on the findings of the study while tertiary
   education project convenor Dr Kamal Prakash Malla said the study
   should help bring the university up to date on its physical assets and
   enable it to make maximum use of them.
   
      NEWSLINE
      Deuba Opens SAARC Photo Show
   
   Kathmandu, Dec 1(RSS) Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba declared open
   the photo and postal stamp exhibition organised to mark the 10th
   anniversary of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
   (SAARC) at the SAARC secretariat Friday.
   
   Photographs of the SAARC secretariat activities since its inception in
   1985 and postage stamps issued by SAARC member countries concerning
   SAARC received from the Nepal Philatelic Society are on display at the
   six-day SAARC photo and postal exhibition.
   
   In his inaugural speech Prime Minister Deuba said that SAARC has
   emerged as a major instrument in facilitating interaction among the
   member states on a wide range of issues on common concern since its
   inception in 1985.
   
   Deuba said considerable progress has been achieved in the agreed areas
   of cooperation and important regional convention, such as those on
   supression of terrorism and narcotic drugs have been signed.
   
   SAARC Secretary General Yadav Kant Silwal said that SAARC member
   countries were organising various programmes at the national level to
   commemorate the 10th anniversary of SAARC.
   
   Ambassadors of the SAARC member countries were also present at the
   inaugural ceremony.
   
      Seminar On Radar Operation
      
   kathmandu, Dec 1 (RSS) A three-day seminar on radar systems management
   and operation began here Friday under the joint auspices of Ministry
   of Transport of Japan, Jica and the Department of Civil Aviation.
   
   Inaugurating the seminar, secretary in the ministry of tourism and
   civil aviation Dependra Purush Dhakal said given the importance of air
   transport in the balanced development of the country, the Ministry of
   Tourism and Civil Aviation is committed to the development of
   necessary infrastructure and efficient transport system for enhancing
   safety, efficiency and reliability of air services as well as the
   sustainable development of civil aviation in Nepal.
   
   Air traffic engineering expert of Jica Eiji Inokuchi said common
   consciousness to pursue high reliability of radar systems and
   efficiency in operating the system are indispensable for air safety.
   Director general of Civil Aviation Birendra Bahadur Deuja disclosed
   that the radar monitoring of air traffic will take place in Nepal from
   March 1997. Jica representative Hirosi Murakami said that following
   the 1992 air crash in Nepal, the Japanese government has organised
   radar systems management and operation trainings at the request of His
   Majestys Government.
   
      Solana Gets Top NATO Post
      
   MADRID, Dec 1 (AFP) Spains Foreign Minister Javier Solana Madariaga,
   53, due to be named new NATO secretary-general next week, is the only
   politician to have served in all Socialists governments here since
   Felipe Gonzalez became prime minister in 1982. That unbroken tenure
   testifies to his loyalty to Ganzalez, a close fried in private life,
   and to the party he has been actively engaged with since his youth.
   
   Furthermore, Solanas name has never been mentioned in connection with
   the political and financial scandals tarnishing the governments
   reputation in the past few years.

                               LETTER TO EDITOR
  RESPONSE BE MORE TOLERANT
   
   Sir,
   
   We share Sanu Maiya Biswokarmas concern (Response column Nov 29) about
   the threat of AIDS to Nepal. And we also share her desire to act, and
   her call to the authorities. However, we would like to disagree with
   her suggestion to screen for HIV at all border check points, and to
   quarantine all Nepali people found HIV positive.
   
   The reason we object to this solution is twofold. Firstly, it does not
   work, and secondly, it threatens human rights.
   
   It does not work, because the border of Nepal is open. It is
   logistically impossible to stop all people, test them, and hold them
   until the test result is known. Morever, people who consider
   themselves at risk to be HIV positive, will enter the country
   illegally. People who are already in Nepal, will not be caught, and
   people who are recently infected (and dont show HIV antibodies in
   their blood for upto 3 months), will slip through. Finally, people who
   escape from quarantine, are not likely to be motivated to protect
   others, for understandable reasons. All this does not even take into
   consideration the affordability of this operation for Nepal, and the
   likely effects of bribing.
   
   Finally, it should not be implemented for humanitarian reasons.
   Putting HIV positive people in jail for life, labels them as guilty.
   We know, that Nepali people who are presently infected with HIV, are
   far from guilty. Take for example the girls who were sold to be
   exploited as prostitutes and to contract a deadly disease. Are they
   not punished enough? Should we really blame anybody who ever had a
   blood transfusion, an injection , or sex, without knowing how to
   protect themselves?
   
   So what is a better solution then, to prevent a disaster from
   happening? Experience in other countries has shown that involving the
   people who are at risk, rather than blaming them, works. In countries
   where gay people, injecting drug users, prostitutes and women are
   involved in finding ways to protect themselves, AIDS prevention is
   most effective.
   
   Accepting each others beliefs and behaviours, ridding ourselves of
   taboos, and cooperation between government, private organizations and
   vulnerable communities, is more likely to fight this epidemic, and
   ensure the future well being of the country.
   
   Dr Paul L Janssen
   AmFAR/ Nepal
   PREVENT DISCRIMINATION
   Sir,
   
   This is in response to the letter to the editor of November 29 by Sanu
   Maiya Biswokarma of Maharajgunj. I am disgusted that someone in the
   20th century can possess such archaic ideas about the prevention of
   spreading AIDS.
   
   HIV is a very serious problem for this world, but detaining and
   discriminating against those who have contracted the disease harkens
   back to the time of leper colonies.
   
   Your idea of testing all those at border crossings and the airport is
   unrealistic to say the least. There are no accurate lab results that
   can be produced in less than a few days for the HIV virus. Unless you
   plan on also constructing holding facilities at all points of entry
   and all visitors must plan on at least 2 days there, testing at the
   airport and borders is ridiculous.
   
   It is sad that you are willing to discriminate against someone
   completely based on their HIV status. Just because someone registers
   as HIV positive does not mean that they have the AIDS virus. Just
   because someone who is HIV positive wants to enter Nepal does not mean
   that they will infect others. I definitely agree that prevention is
   the key to controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, but
   discrimination and leper colony like treatment is not the solution.
   
   The solution is education. HIV can only be contracted during the
   exchange of bodily fluids and the sharing of drug needles. Widespread
   education about the use of condoms and other easy methods of avoiding
   the spread of HIV must be undertaken. Once the public is educated, you
   can only hope for the best. One would think that everyone would act in
   a humane manner, but you cannot force your ideals upon someone if they
   dont want to listen. It is every person for themselves in the fight
   against AIDS, and fear of the disease is not going to help the
   situation!
   
   Neither is discrimination. Education is vital and is the only way
   through which misconceptions about the disease will be destroyed.
   
   Elizabeth King
   Madison, Wisconsin USA

****************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 10:54:59 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Nepalese Lawyer in New York

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

A Nepalese company is exploring the possibility of forming a joint venture company (which will provide services in Nepal) with a company which is listed in the New York Stock Exchange. The joint venture company will be registered in Nepal.

This Nepalese company requires the services of a Nepalese lawyer practicing in the New York area to formulate a JV agreement between the US company and the Nepalese company.

If any netter knows of any Nepalese lawyer in the New York area, please contact me.

Thanks Sanjib Raj Bhandari Fax: 977-1-225407 Mercantile Office Systems Tel: 977-1-220773 Durbar Marg, Kathmandu, Nepal e-mail: sanjib@mos.com.np

******************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 10:57:39 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Ganeshman Singh

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

In article <49n2tn$kjc@newsbf02.news.aol.com>, cthapa@aol.com (CTHAPA) wrote:
>I knew Ganeshman Singh's young children and his wife when he was serving
>time in jail. He and his family and other Nepalis and their families made
>a tremendous personal sacrifices to bring democracy in Nepal. I also knew
>a man from Okhaldhunga, who was in jail with Ganeshman Singh. HIs young
>wife and son used to travel to KTM to visit him in jail. I have seen the
>pain in their eyes. I was young then. Now that I have my own family, I
>can understand the gravity of their pain, and the sacrifices they made.
>It saddened me to see the callous and crude remark made against Ganeshman
>Singh's visit for medical treatment in USA.
>
>Chandrakala

We agree that Ganesh Man Singh made a tremendous sacrifice for the cause of democracy in Nepal. So have many others, Congressis as well as Communists. If we rank (if it's possible) in order of sacrifice and leadership, Ganesh Man easily can be placed at or near the top of the list.

Having said that, if Chandrakala's remark is directed toward Chitra Krishna's and Bhanu's postings, then I must agree with them. The're right on the money. Even if the treatment is not available in Nepal, the current Congress_headed government has no right to foot the bill. And the Nepali people, in general, have no obligation to do so. Mind you, if Chitra Krishna's account is correct, Nepali people are picking up the tab for medical bill, travel, and other expenses for the entire entourage! Are we going to use this as a precedence and extend the same kind of gratitude to other individuals who sacrificed in the same manner? If yes, then where the list ends? If no, then why the discrimination? Should we also pay for his automobile, gas, driver, and other expenses when he is in Nepal? As one of the founders (?) of Congress Party and the most influencial personality within the Party, Congress Party should have offered to pay the bills (of course, if Ganesh Man cannot afford it).

Kanhaiya

****************************************************** Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 11:01:40 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News 12/1/1995 From: karkis@mail.med.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki)

                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur

                      December 1, 1995, Friday, BC Cycle
                          12:17 Central European Time

SECTION: Entertainment, Television and Culture

LENGTH: 427 words

HEADLINE: Freshwater dolphins on verge of extinction in Nepal

DATELINE: Kathmandu

 BODY:
    Freshwater gangetic dolphins found in some big rivers in Nepal are on the verge of extinction, a zoology expert said Friday.

    According to Tej Kumar Shrestha, who has been conducting studies on gangetic dolphins for over a decade, the survival of the animals has been threatened by the construction of dams both in Nepal and across the border in India.

    The director-general of the Nepalese government's department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Tirtha Man Maskey, estimates the number of gangetic dolphins in Nepal at present to be only between 10 and 15.

    According to Maskey, the number of dolphins in Nepal in 1994 was 38 and the figure for 1979 was 150.

    He blamed the dwindling number of gangetic dolphins in the big rivers in
 Nepal to the construction of dams just across the border in India and the failure of the Indian authorities to construct "fish bridges".

    According to him, once dolphins go downstream and into India, they cannot return for lack of "fish bridges" in the dams.

    Shrestha said the creation of dolphin "aquariums", prevention of illegal hunting of dolphins, and reduction of pollution in rivers where they are found would be some of the ways of preventing dolphins from becoming extinct in
 Nepal. dpa sb ba

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                            DECEMBER 1, 1995, FRIDAY

LENGTH: 169 words

HEADLINE: nepal to generate public awareness against aids

DATELINE: kathmandu, december 1; ITEM NO: 1201069

 BODY:
    nepal observed the world aids day today with the objective of generating greater public awareness against the deadly disease. prime minister sher bahadur deuba in a message today called for endeavors to make the public aware and alert against aids through the dissemination of adequate information so as to control the spread of the disease. he said that this year world aids day slogan "shared rights and shared responsibilities" awakens all to their rights to protect themselves from hiv and their responsibility to protect others. deuba also underlined the need of effective mobilization of the information, communication and educational media for aids control. meanwhile, the prime minister said that as all have the right to protect from aids, aids victims also have the right to be treated without any discrimination and to exercise their constitutional rights. so far 49 aids cases and 334 hiv-positive cases have been reported in this himalayan kingdom since the first case was reported in 1988.

                    Copyright 1995 Agence France Presse
                              Agence France Presse

                      November 30, 1995 07:16 Eastern Time

SECTION: International news

LENGTH: 294 words

HEADLINE: Dog commits suicide after owner drowns

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 30

 BODY:
   A Nepalese dog committed suicide three days after his 12-year-old master died in a swimming accident, reports said Thursday.

   Jackson the dog refused food and whined continuously after finding out that Sirjan Pradhan had died in a pond at Bhairahawa, 300 kilometers (190 miles) southwest of the Nepal capital.

   Three days after Sirjan's death, went to the same pool howled three times and then jumped in, the Kantipur newspaper reported.

   The 12-year-old boy, who had died in a swimming accident, had reared the animal since it was a puppy, and the two slept in the same bed.

   Residents said that after the boy was found dead "Jackson approached his master and licked his feet with tearful eyes. It then rejected food and water and kept whining," Kantipur reported.

   "Family members of Sirjan Pradhan thought that the dog was ill so they called a vet who gave it three injections but Jackson did not stop crying and whinning for his master."

   Sirjan's family said that three days after the boy's death, the dog was taken off its leash. Jackson went to Sirjan's school, his classroom and then to the pond where it plunged in.

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                          November 30, 1995, Thursday

SECTION: Unknown Part; WORLD BROADCASTING INFORMATION NEWS; EE/0048/WA

LENGTH: 227 words

HEADLINE: RADIO DENGE MEDYA; FM Kathmandu to begin regular broadcasts on 29th December

 BODY:
   [43] Radio Nepal began broadcasting on VHF/FM for the first time in its 45-year history on 16th November, according to the Nepali newspaper The Kathmandu Post'. The half-hour test transmissions, on a frequency of 100 MHz, could be heard by residents of the Kathmandu valley.

   According to Radio Nepal's Rabin Sharma, regular broadcasts would begin on 29th December. Sharma pointed out that the FM broadcasts were interference-free and would offer stereo sound. He added that the FM Kathmandu service would be useful for communicating local information such as travel news and public announcements.

   FM Kathmandu would be run by a dozen people who had completed a nine-day presentation training course, but the newspaper noted that the station's studio was less than ideal, with equipment scattered around. According to Sharma, after repairs the studio would be suitable for regular and comfortable broadcasting.

   With the exception of Harisharan Lamichhane (who had a diploma in broadcast journalism from the UK) and Pragya Oli, the station's presenters were all new. In the studio, cartridges, digital audio tapes and compact discs were used, and special music and jingles had been produced for the station.

   Sharma said that FM Kathmandu would make entertainment its priority.

   Source: The Kathmandu Post', Kathmandu, in English 23 Nov 95

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 30, 1995, THURSDAY

LENGTH: 226 words

HEADLINE: nepal to privatize 3 public companies

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 30; ITEM NO: 1130069

 BODY:
   the nepali government has decided to privatize at least three state-owned companies this year, finance minister ram sharan mahat said wednesday. while answering questions from lawmakers at the session of the house of representatives, mahat said the government plans to gradually privatize public corporations in free market competition. according to him, a task force on privatization has recommended the transfer of three public firms to the private sector this year. the three companies will be raghupati jute mills, nepal metallic industries ltd. and seti cigarettes factory, mahat said. he also said that the government is studying other industries for privatization and some more companies might be added to the name list for privatization later this year. the finance minister claimed that the companies privatized in the past had yielded positive results. the nepali government has sold eight state-owned companies to the private sector since the privatization process was launched in the country in 1991. meanwhile, nepali prime minister sher bahadur deuba said wednesday that it is time for nepal to shun all doubts and differences about a market-oriented economy. he reaffirmed his government's commitment to the liberal economic policy at a talk program on economic development organized by a local non-governmental organization.

                       Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 29, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 118 words

HEADLINE: female aids patients on rise in nepal

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 29; ITEM NO: 1129081

 BODY:
    nepal has more female aids victims than male and most of them contracted the deadly disease through sexual contacts, according to a recent report.
"among the 49 full-blown aids cases in nepal, most of them belong to 20-29 age group, 29 are female," official newspaper the rising nepal today quoted the report as saying. the report, released by the center for control of aids and sexually transmitted disease, revealed that 16 of these female aids patients were house wives. the center said the number of hiv-positive cases in the country had increased to 331, among them were 129 women and one infant under five years of age. twenty-eight aids victims have died so far in nepal, the report said.

                      Copyright 1995 Xinhua News Agency

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                          NOVEMBER 29, 1995, WEDNESDAY

LENGTH: 204 words

HEADLINE: nepali opposition launches anti-government protest

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 29; ITEM NO: 1129089

 BODY:
   nepali opposition the communist party of nepal (uml) tuesday launched a demonstration against the coalition government's decision to cut down the development allocations to a local constituency in kathmandu. police arrested more than 50 protesters including two uml mps and detained them for several hours, reports said. a protest letter released by uml said that the reduction of the local budget made by the coalition government would virtually paralyze 28 development projects under way in the constituency. there are sevenm constituencies in the kathmandu district and all the seven mps representing them are from uml. the opposition party also protested against the police action, saying that the administration intervention into the peaceful demonstration was unconstitutional. the local uml committee said that the anti-government movement would continue until the government restores the allocations. however, uml headquarters said that tuesday demonstration did not belong to the party's anti-government campaign and should be viewed as a local protest. it was noted that tuesday demonstration was the first major uml program against the coalition government which was formed nearly three months ago.

The materials in the Xinhua file were compiled by The Xinhua News Agency. These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Xinhua News Agency.

                           NOVEMBER 28, 1995, TUESDAY

LENGTH: 172 words

HEADLINE: nepal's main ruling party committed to coalition

DATELINE: kathmandu, november 28; ITEM NO: 1128222

 BODY:
   the leader of nepal's main ruling party, girija prasad koirala, said today that his party was committed to enabling the coalition government to serve its full term. speaking to journalists at his residence, the former prime minister said the main objective of his nepali congress (nc) party was to strengthen democracy and bring about political stability in the country. the current coalition government was formed in september between the nepali congress, the national democratic party (rpp) and the nepal goodwill party with sher bahadur deuba from nc as prime minister. koirala called on the other parties in the ruling coalition to shoulder an equal responsibility to achieve that end. he admitted that the government has encountered some problems, as the three-party coalition was a new experience in the country. but he added that it would function smoothly once it was well-established. despite having no major post in the party, koirala is expected to remain as an influential leader of the nepali congress party.

               Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           November 27, 1995, Monday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2472/A

LENGTH: 113 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Communist Party leader alleges "conspiracy" against it after taking power

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 26 Nov 95

 BODY:
   [13] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   The general secretary of the CPN-UML Communist Party of Nepal -(United Marxist-Leninist) , Madhav Kumar Nepal, has said that the CPN-UML has become a strong party not because of the support of anyone but through its own principles, ideals and good conduct and behaviour. Inaugurating the plenary session of the third national council of the All- Nepal National Free Students Union in place name indistinct today 26th November , Mr Nepal said that the CPN-UML had reached the seat of power because of its own popularity. He alleged that a conspiracy had been hatched against the CPN-UML immediately after taking over the government.

                        Copyright 1995 Reuters Limited
                      The Reuter European Business Report

                      November 27, 1995, Monday, BC cycle

LENGTH: 142 words

HEADLINE: CHINA FIRM WINS NEPAL AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE DEAL

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 27

 BODY:
   China South Airlines (CSA), a Chinese aircraft maintenance company, won a $ 1.14 million contract to maintain two Boeing 757 aircraft of Nepal's National Airlines, a senior official of the airline said on Monday.

   British Airways had maintained aircraft for the Nepali airline for the past two years and was the closest competitor to the Chinese company in the bidding which was resolved on Sunday.

   According to Tej Prasad Gauchan, a director of Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation (RNAC), the contract will be for a period of two years.

   Gauchan said CSA will also train National Airlines personnel in maintenance techniques.

   "At the end of the two-year contract period, we hope to carry out the maintenance job ourselves," Gauchan said.

   He said the CSA has also agreed to provide an aircraft from its own fleet to the Nepali Airline.

                Copyright 1995 South China Morning Post Ltd.
                            South China Morning Post

                               November 27, 1995

SECTION: Science; Pg. 22

LENGTH: 1800 words

HEADLINE: Mystery of the elephants of Bardia

BYLINE: Two elephants with similarities to extinct mammoths have scientists in a quandary, writes Steve Pike

 BODY:
    TWO huge elephants living in Nepal have lumbered out of the primordial mists to give the scientific community an extraordinary glimpse of the evolutionary links between the Asian elephant and its prehistoric ancestors.

    The giant bull Raja Gaj, Nepali for king elephant, stands 3.7 metres - higher than the tallest Asian elephant on record - and weighs up to seven tonnes.

    But his size is not the only attribute that has gained him and his companion, Kancha, mythical status in western Nepal. Nor is it their unusual sloping backs and almost reptilian tails.

    It is the twisted head - like part of a mythical beast - with the forehead swept up, checked by a deep depression and crowned by a large dome-shaped bump.

    These features evoke awe among the villagers of the Terai, the Himalayan lowlands where the two bulls roam.

    They also happen to be characteristics of the woolly mammoth, a shaggy predecessor of the two surviving species of elephant, the African and Asian.

    But the scientific community is still debating the significance of the two beasts and has been careful not to come to hasty conclusions.

    This is partly the reason why Dr Adrian Lister, a paleontologist from University College London (UCL), and Colonel John Blashford-Snell, the veteran explorer, embark on a quest to Nepal in January.

    The two men will monitor and photograph the strange pachyderms for more clues to their ancestry. They also want to determine the reasons for a

mysterious influx of about 40 elephants to the two elephant's home, the Royal Bardia Wildlife Reserve, a largely untouched patch of forest, swamp and savanna on the western Nepalese border with India.

    Among the new arrivals, say villagers, are one or more giants like Raja Gaj and Kancha. Next year's expedition will include experts, guides, trackers and paying members of the public.

    Dr Lister, who co-wrote the book Mammoth, insists DNA extracted from the dung of Raja Gaj and Kancha has shown they are Asian elephants with no specific scientific links to the woolly mammoth.

    This might seem hard to grasp considering their uncanny likeness to ancient drawings of mammoths found in a labyrinth of caves in the Dordogne in southwest France.

    On the walls are hundreds of drawings and markings that date back 10,000 to 30,000 years.

    Dr Lister insists mammoths belonged to a separate evolutionary branch to Asian elephants and their African cousins, although he concedes that of the two species alive today, the genetic makeup of the Bardia pair suggests a closer resemblance to the prehistoric creatures.

    Ten thousand years ago during the Ice Age, woolly mammoths and Asian elephants co-existed. Mammoths roamed the tundra-steppe of the northern continents while Asian elephants lived in the tropical forest and grassland to the south.

    So what has caused the curious bumps on the elephants of Bardia?

    "Their double hump is reminiscent, although more in the extreme, of fossilised remains of Elephas hysudricus, two million to three million years old and found in rocks in India, Pakistan and Nepal, " said Dr Lister.

    "This species is probably the ancestor of Elephas maximus, the Asian elephant, to which Raja Gaj and Kancha belong," he said.

    The double dome is an attribute of the Asian elephant, but is manifested to an extraordinary degree in the Nepali pair, believed to be unrelated.

    Does this mean they are mutants?

    What is perceived as a deformity might be the result of a genetic hiccup induced by a lack of breeding partners.

    Colonel Blashford-Snell said that the rapid growth in the human population in India was forcing elephants into more isolated pockets, where inbreeding could have occurred, making it possible for prehistoric attributes to resurface.

    "If you consider the population of India is increasing rapidly, it is easy to imagine the pressure on the elephants," said Colonel Blashford-Snell, who leads the expedition to Nepal for Discovery Expeditions, a non-profit company linked to the Scientific Exploration Society.

    "This is part of the mystery we want to solve; an explanation for the arrival of more than 40 elephants in the Bardia reserve, which is surrounded by hostile people and cultivated land."

    The elephants could have been driven north from India and were seeking the remote valleys of the reserve, which nestles in the foothills of the Himalayas, as a last refuge from man.

    "At least two of the newcomers to Bardia appear to be like Raja Gaj," he said.

   The two original elephants were first discovered in late 1989 when news began to spread of two unusually big pachyderms wreaking havoc on crops.

    Colonel Blashford-Snell embarked on two trips to find out what the fuss was all about. The first expedition, conducted on a small scale in 1991 and without elephant experts, yielded no sign of the mythical beasts, apart from huge footprints, which led him to estimate one was well over three metres high, a giant among Asian elephants.

    On his second trip, the pair were sighted and proved as extraordinary as villagers had said. He sent photographs to Dr Lister at UCL, who was intrigued. The paleontologist joined the colonel on his next trip to Nepal at the end of 1993, returning to Bardia at the end of 1994. To reiterate his theory that they are Asian elephants, Dr Lister relates how one night, Raja Gaj "broke into our camp and stole one of our female domestic elephants for a few hours".

    "According to the biological definition, if a male shows sexual interest in a female it means they belong to the same species."

    Whatever the origins of the Bardia elephants, their discovery has highlighted the problems of conserving the Asian elephant and has underscored several ironies.

   If it were not for the destruction wrought by man - unchecked logging and ill -planned development decimating elephant habitat and forcing them into isolated herds - these strange beasts may not have come into existence.

    Furthermore, if it were not for the interest of the scientific community, the plight of elephants in India and Nepal may have worsened considerably before any action was taken to save them.

    Asian elephants are besieged to such an extent that, according to World Wildlife Fund elephant expert Shanthin Dawson, displaced elephants searching for food kill up to 300 people a year in India.

    Without expeditions to promote and protect the cause of conservation, the rapid decline of the animal kingdom would pass unchecked.

GRAPHIC: Giant...Raja Gaj is 3.7 metres high, taller than any other Indian elephant. His name is Nepali for king elephant.; On the trail...veteran explorer Colonel John Blashford-Snell.

              Copyright 1995 British Broadcasting Corporation
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts

                           November 26, 1995, Sunday

SECTION: Part 3 Asia-Pacific; SOUTH ASIA; NEPAL; EE/D2471/A

LENGTH: 110 words

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Council set up to study problems in communications sectors

SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 24 Nov 95

 BODY:
   [35] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   His Majesty's government has formed a high-level word indistinct information and communications policy determination recommendation council under the chairmanship of MP (?Naraya Chadin) untraced . The council has been formed to study and analyse the problems surfacing in government and non-governmental communications sectors and present recommendations and suggestions for the determination of information and communications policy and its implementation. Among others the council word indistinct one MP, each from the political parties represented in the parliament and the heads of official word indistinct .

********************************************8 Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 11:03:08 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Expedition News - December Highlights From: blumassoc@aol.com (BlumAssoc)

EXPEDITION NEWS HIGHLIGHTS from the December 1995 issue

EXPEDITION NEWS is a monthly review of significant expeditions, research projects and newsworthy adventures. It is distributed online and by mail to media representatives, corporate sponsors, educators, research librarians, environmentalists, and outdoor enthusiasts. This new forum on the outdoors covers projects that stimulate, motivate and educate.

PUBLISHER'S NOTE: Here are highlights from the December issue. If you'd like to receive the complete version of the latest issue and remain informed about leading expeditions and adventures all year long, we invite you to subscribe by sending US$36 / year (12 issues) to Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc., 397 Post Road - Suite 202, Darien, CT 06820 USA. Be sure to include your Postal or email address.
 

SNOW AND LANDSLIDES KILL DOZENS NEAR EVEREST

Heavy snowfall and severe avalanches in Nepal were responsible for a reported 61 deaths and hundreds of rescues during the weekend of Nov. 11-12.

BITTER ANTARCTIC COLD SLOWS EXPEDITIONS

It's springtime in Antarctica, but strong winds, deep snows, and dangerously low temperatures have hampered a number of current expeditions.

Roger Mear Faces Early Difficulties
  Briton Roger Mear began his solo unsupported crossing of Antarctica on Nov. 3, four days before Norwegian Borge Ousland set off to attempt the same feat. BBC cameraman Nigel Bateson, who was with Mear in Antarctica when he departed, says the start was incredibly difficult. New snow had fallen and Mear sank up to his knees with every step, pulling behind him a 450 lb. sledge.

Antarctica Lures Other South Pole Expeditions

Briton David Hempleman-Adams and Russian skier Fyodor Konyukhov are each attempting to drag a sled from the edge of the continent to the South Pole.

A four-member Chilean military mountaineering team reportedly aims to become the first Latin American expedition to trek to the South Pole.

Tragedy Marks Rediscovery of Historic Flagpole

Martin Davies, an Australian explorer, died in a cliff fall recently while walking in the Vestfold Hills near Davis Station in eastern Antarctica. Days before his death, Davies was part of a successful expedition that rediscovered the flagpole left in 1935 by Norwegian Caroline Mikkelsen, the first woman to visit Antarctica.
  WORLD VOYAGE PLANNED IN PREHISTORIC REED BOAT

Spanish explorer Kitin Munoz is building the largest prehistoric vessel ever constructed by modern man. The 131-ft. "Mata-Rangi", constructed entirely of Totora reeds, will allow him to study the navigational capabilities of ancient civilizations, and examine the deteriorating conditions of the world's oceans.
  EXPEDITION FOCUS

Circumnavigation Remains the Holy Grail of Ballooning

One of the oldest forms of travel, dating back to the late 1700s, ballooning is hardly hospitable to long distance travelers. Though many have attempted, most notably the Earthwinds project based in Reno, Nevada, balloonists have yet to circle the world non-stop -- a feat that could take a mere 15-18 days.

One explorer with a good chance of success is Chicago securities dealer Steve Fossett, 50, who set the world distance record for a manned balloon flight with his first solo crossing of the Pacific Ocean last February.
  EXPEDITION NOTES
  First British Team Summits Cerro Torre

On Nov. 12, a four-man British-led expedition reached the summit of Argentina's Cerro Torre (10,262 feet) via the southeast ridge.

MayaQuest Rides Again

MayaQuest, last spring's successful bicycle expedition to study the ancient Maya civilization (See EN, June 1995), will return to Central America in March, 1996.
  Expedition Discovers Ancient Horse Breed

The New York Times reported on Nov. 12 that an expedition in Tibet discovered an ancient breed of horse previously unknown to scientists.

Do Reindeer Really Fly?

They do if you believe Robert Sullivan, senior editor of LIFE magazine. As a follow-up to a whimsical story written for the magazine last year, Sullivan has interviewed a number of explorers for a book entitled,
"Flight of the Reindeer: The True Story of Santa Claus and His Christmas Mission" (Macmillan), set for publication Christmas 1996.

EN'S HOLIDAY GIFT GUIDE

What to give the explorer who has everything? See our 1995 Christmas Wish List in the December issue. # # #

******************************************* Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 11:05:02 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: How to get and grow Tulsi plant in Oregon ???? From: rauniyak@ucs.orst.edu (K. Rauniar)

Hi friends:

I want to have a Tulsi plant in my apartment. I am in Oregon where winter is just mild. We get snow just 1 or 2 days in a year. I want if some one can help me with some of my questions about Tulsi plant which is a religious and medicinal plant for so many people in Nepal and India and other countries. My questions are:

1. What is the english name, botanical name, and common name by which we can know and purchase this plant in Oregon or other US states' nursery growers?

2. As it needs lots of sunshine, is there a way I can keep this plant in my room near my window where it can get somelight? I can not keep it outside as in Fall and Winter, the temperature sometimes goes down to 10 degrees Foreinheight.

3. Can I keep this plant in my apartment and how should I give nourishment to it? Can I give chemical nuturients which I can get in the plants shops? Will it help to keep it healthy?

4. From where I can get this plant in the US and how easy it is to get this plant? Can I order it from other states in the US? and how? What are the places to contact?

Please email me directly.

Thank you in advance.

Krishna Rauniyar email: rauniyak@ucs.orst.edu

************************************* Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 11:06:50 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: GANESH MAN SINGH visiting Minnesota?!

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

NC leader Ganesh Man Singh's recent knee surgery in Us has rippled some controversial issues among some SCN writers. He sure deserves=20 the best. After all, he led the movement that bestowed democracy=20 that we now walk on. However, we should bear in mind that this=20 historic turnover was all a collective effort.=20 How deep can the government dig in to the nation's treasury? May it not be easy to answer but it sure needs a lot of thought.

Meantime, let's wish him a quick recovery.=20

Kunga

************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 11:09:07 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: GANESH MAN SINGH visiting Minnesota?!

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Just out of curiosity, who pays for the educations of royal children of Nepal in the elite private shchools in the west? Who pays for their bodyguards? And who pays when the royal family and their entourage travel to west for medical treatments? As for Ganesh Man Singh, he was a leader and a visionary of a just cause, and he made personal sacrifices to attain it. I know he coudn't have done it alone without the help of other Nepalis. Look, Gandhi did 't free India singhandedly either. I guess what I am trying to say is that it takes a man like Ganesh Man Singh and other Nepali leaders to bring abour a revolutionay change. Why are we grudging him this trip to US? Is it just money?

CTHAPA

***************************************************** From: "Nirmal Bhattarai" <kline003@maroon.tc.umn.edu> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - November 23, 1995 (11 Mangsir 2052 BkSm) Date: Mon, 4 Dec 95 14:51:34 -0600

I heard a news of Mr. Ganeshman Singh has arrival at Mayo clinic, Rochester in Minnesota. I am looking for some one who knows his address and phone # at the hospital. if any one has this information, please send to my e-mail address. My current E-mail address is Klineoo3@maroon.tc.umn.edu

I will appriciate it.

Thank you

******************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Mon, 4 Dec 1995 15:09:04 -0500 (EST) Subject: Info Nepal Update....12/1/95

Dear Friends:

I sincerely thank all those who sent their fruitful comments on my proposal of InfoNepal Foundation to promote stewardship of Nepal. I am really encouraged by the overwhelming support which came with a basic message, " Excellent idea! How can I help?"

Let me first restate the proposed name of the foundation, its mission and objectives.

INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION TO EMPOWER NEPAL (InfoNepal)

The InfoNepal Foundation is a non-profit organization to be incorporated in the state of ............ in the United States of America. InfoNepal is an endeavor to reach out and touch people who love and take pride in stewardship of Nepal. By forming a global network of expatriate Nepalese and friends of Nepal, InfoNepal wants to disseminate the combined goodwill, energy, capital resources and information for salvation of Nepal to future generations.

Mission
        Improve and sustain the environment and quality of life in Nepal.

InfoNepal accomplishes its mission by:

1. Building an international network of Nepali expatriates, Nepali students, friends of Nepal, and organizations involved in improving the quality of life in Nepal.

2. Providing opportunities for network members to exchange information and pool knowledge, skills, and capital resources for economic development and environmental restoration work in Nepal.

3. Facilitating opportunities for members to conduct research, demonstrate appropriate technology, volunteer services, conduct seminars, and workshops in Nepal.

4. Providing information and facilitating logistics in Nepal for investment by non-resident Nepalese and friends of Nepal.

5. Providing resources for non-resident Nepalese to resettle and participate in community development and environmental restoration projects in Nepal.

6. Providing opportunities for adult education and training in rural areas on entrepreneurship, literacy, nutrition, family planning, preventive health, and environmental restoration.

7. Developing conditions for empowerment by cultivating a culture of trustworthiness accountability, mutual respect, philanthropy, volunteerism, and stewardship of human and natural resources.

8. Providing training opportunities for leadership development, communication skills, civilized exchange of ideas, and parliamentary procedures to political and apolitical organizations.

9. Maintaining a directory of NGO's in Nepal and evaluating their potential for a trustworthy agreement with InfoNepal and other donor agencies.

10. Disseminating InfoNepal and other development news to network members by supporting Nepal related global information networks in the cyberspace and other media.
____________________________________________________________________ Here are few of the comments about the First Draft of InfoNepal:

"I was very happy to see that you have taken the initiative to form an organization using people (those Nepalese and well wishers of Nepal) all around the world. This should be made into reality. The ultimate objective should be to help Nepal and its people inside Nepal. Many of us, particularly those Nepalese working outside Nepal are able and should make attempts to help our country in whatever way we find acceptable."

"I just read your bulletin on INFO Nepal on the web. I will be traveling to Nepal next October with another female friend. I have never been to the country, but distinctly remember from the age of four being drawn there. The issues you stated concern for are very much in line with my own, and I'm interested in doing either volunteer work or (eventually) possible professional work for the good of Nepal and the Nepali people. I would love to become involved with INFO Nepal."

"I am a sophomore Chemistry major at Rice University. I am interested in environmental science and plan to study abroad in Nepal next year
(beginning fall of '96), through the School for International Training and Cornell programs alternately." I recently found your homepage for InfoNepal and am intrigued by the prospect that I might be able to contribute to this cause during my stay next year."

"I would love to get involved in something like InfoNepal. It is a great idea. We have to do something if we want to keep our country together. Good education for the Nepali children probably one of the most important and most challenging things we have to accomplish. Cultural interaction and understanding is also very essential. Adult education's role cannot be exaggerated."

 "I am a student in college interested in this group to help Nepal. I compliment this organization's presentation of it's activities in helping Nepal. I have read postings by other organizations, but they seem to lose the purpose of helping Nepal. How can I find out more about InfoNepal? I would like to help Nepal in some way, but as a student I lack the time to go to Nepal and volunteer(until maybe after I graduate). How can I fit in this organization and help Nepal?"

Some queries and suggestions on the First Draft:

I. About the name InfoNepal Foundation:

Q. Why Info? Is there a better name? Can this be simply NEPAL FOUNDATION? or DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION OF NEPAL? Let us think some more and come up with a better name.

Q. You may need to think of a name for this group little differently so the name expresses the group's objective itself rather than InfoNepal. If I come up a better name I will pass it on to you.

A. I do agree that the name "EMPOWER NEPAL INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION" is bit clumsy. I do like the acronym "InfoNepal" because it signifies the information revolution that Nepal and the world is going through. The whole idea of the foundation is to sieve and transmit valuable information and resources to Nepal. I believe that salvation of landlocked Nepal lies in its agressive entry into the "information super highway". How about simply, "InfoNepal Foundation"? Please come forward with some more alternative names.

II. About mission activities:

Q. Is objective # 4 appropriate for such a foundation?

A. Objective number #4 deals with providing information for foundation members to invest in Nepal. One of the principles that I would like to state that InfoNepal should not hand out any money for charity and disaster relief. The only way to encourage economic growth is to
   promote investments in Nepal. It could be in any sector, be it in education, health, energy, transportation, tourism, value added agriculture, forestry, information technology, distribution of goods and services, recycling of urban waste, urban housing, music, cottage industry, and so on. This would be one of the best ways to encourage semi-retired or retired expatriates to relocate in Nepal.

Q. Do you feel that we need to add a word "democracy or democratic society" in objective 7 or objective 8 ? I feel it is important to have it added in one of the objectives. We need to be careful, however, not to make any political affiliation with the use of such wording.

A. I agree that we should emphasize democracy and promotion of basic human rights with equality of race, sex, caste, religion, and ethnicity. However, words do not matter much unless we practice these principles inside the proposed InfoNepal organization. Let us first
   demonstrate these principles ourselves. Any comments?

III. About the proposed organization:

Q. I did not understand the concepts of Chapters? Why do we need Chapters? I understand that it will be a Foundation, with its head office in USA for the reasons of fund raising, board of trustee representations, etc. It will have a field office in Nepal, probably Kathmandu.

A. The chapters are extensions of my dream to have a foundation with global scope. Expatriate Nepalese and friends of Nepal live all around the world. Once we get this organization going in the USA, we can provide organizational guidance to open similar foundations (either
  independent or affiliated with InfoNepal USA) in other countries including Nepal.

IV. About financial matters

Q. We may need to add a couple paragraph description on how this Foundation will solicit/accept gifts and/or grants. How the resources will be utilized to fund the activities under each objectives. Is it through direct implementation of activities through foundation staff? or the foundation makes grants to institutions and individuals? This need to be discussed and may be you can put it towards the end of this proposal.

A. I am currently reading the rules and regulations regarding the incorporation in various states of the US. Along with a revised charter draft, I also plan to write up bylaws of the foundation.
   Hopefully, some of the queries raised above will be answered by this. I would appreciate help from any friends who knows the legal and fiscal stuff.

V. Other questions and comments

Q. What are your immediate agendas apart from registering the foundation?

A. Informing more people about the foundation and getting inputs from as many of you as I can. We can not solicit funds and start our activities until we get legally incorporated as a nonprofit
   organization. I am expecting that it would take about six to 12 months to get InfoNepal going.

Q. Have you read about Nepal Concern started by Kishore Ghimire who envisions similarly? Any plans on collaboration? Any grounds not to? How would I, an average-informed Nepali overseas, differentiate between these various efforts?

A. Yes, I read Kishore Ghimire's Nepal Concern proposal. I don't know what Nepal Concern's activities are in Nepal. If our mission objectives match, there is no reason why we can not collaborate in Nepal. So far as Nepal Concern USA's proposed activities are concerned, the energy and information flow is in a different direction than what is proposed for InfoNepal. May be you should be the judge of that:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
###### Proposed Activities of Nepal Concern (U.S.A.).

1. Conduct literacy campaign and language course program for Nepalese language in U.S.A.. 2. Established some loan fund with no interest for students studying in U.S.A. 3. Establish some help-fund to college/school going students in Nepal. 4. Enhance children foster programs in Nepal. 5. Decide current and relevant issues and conduct talk programs, group discussions and awareness campaign programs. 6. Publish books, pamphlets and booklets to enhance the greater goal of the N.C.(U.S.A.). 7. Conduct Nepal festival in U.S.A. displaying all aspects of Nepalese culture. 8. Conduct free general medical check-up camps in U.S. for members and friends. 9. Conduct U.S. festival in Nepal collaboration with Nepal Concern International to display all aspect of American life in Nepal. 10. Conduct visitor exchange program for various professionals and non-professionals within U.S.A. and around the world with low cost or no cost sharing basis what ever will be possible. 11. After deciding about the feasibility, maintain here in U.S.A. an electronicinformation media with world-wide network of Nepal Concern. The media will consists of information regarding trade and commerce, tourism, education, health, research, communication, electronic dialing
   and mailing for members, and also all other aspects of the society. 12. .........................................(please suggest if you have any more in your mind).

VI. Some more very thoughtful comments about InfoNepal Foundation:

"In my opinion, cornerstone InfoNepal should be based on is "personal responsibility". We can blame the leaders all we want. BUT did we reach the state we did just because of the leaders? I don't believe so. People can and should be able to grow inspite of the what the leaders do. Whatever help InfoNepal is providing should not be in the form of freebies. People should make effort to get it. Responsibility should be regarded as important requirement. The reason why the foreign aid programs have not been effective is because they have not incorporated this very important aspect in their implementation. Result: more instead of less dependency. Gandhi and Mother Teresa said "we are giving fish to people to stand" however people have to put forth an effort or have intention to stand. I think this has to be incorporated in the charter of InfoNepal. I know this is easier said than done but I think that is the reality of the fact.

The paragraph about the political situation in the country is kind of depressing. The political situation of the country is "a stinking swamp" sends a chill down my spine. This is the only negative part of the document. I am bitter about the political situation too. However, I think it should not reflect in the document. We can convey the same message in a positive way.

One of the things I believe we need to be a country where we do not need extraordinary leaders. We need to be a country where ordinary leaders can do extraordinary things. For that to happen, we need to have an educated populace. Where are we in that front? Almost 30 percent of the children don't even go to school now. That alone will be a huge setback for Nepal's future development efforts. I have been reading in the The Kathmandu Post about the practices of the political parties to hire the teachers of their parties, 150 total school days when normally it should have been 250, etc. Universities are not even fit to be called Universities.

What I am really trying to say here is that we need to make the charter of InfoNepal brief and to the point. We cannot do all the things we want to due to resource constraints. I am totally for increase the intercultural harmony too. However, we cannot do all the things at the same time. So, in my opinion, we need to prioritize certain things which we believe are really crucial; and, go all out in that direction. If we have too many goals, our resources will be diluted in different projects and this in turn will result in us not being able to make a significant impact in any field.

So, what I suggest, is that let's make a few (may be even one) priorities. With success we can expand into more fields. I strongly agree with your treatments of education (both adult and children) as one of the priorities."

My response: Thank you for these valuable comments. I realize that the first draft is very negative in its proposition. But we have to swallow the bitter pill to get better. I am currently working on the second draft of the charter of INFONEPAL FOUNDATION, and hopefully, will present a positive outlook with a set of priorities. In the meantime, I would urge others to think about a better draft of INFONEPAL Foundation.

How can you help InfoNepal now?

We are at the awareness stage of this project which has the potential to grow into a very vibrant organization for decades to come. To all Nepal lovers who feel like saying something (be positive, skeptical, or indifferent) about this InfoNepal idea, please express yourselves in the Nepal Digest and Socio Culture Nepal discussions. Your `dui sabda' will be a thousand words for me. If you write and disseminate the words in the TND or SOC, it will be a great help to increase the awareness and make it a shared project.

The succeeding drafts of InfoNepal will be available for your review at Rajendra Shrestha's NEPAL HOME PAGE under DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT window (//www.cen. uiuc.edu/~rshresth/develp.html ). If you don't have a WEB Browser and would like to get a copy of the draft just leave me a note at the following address. And for any other reasons, please feel free to contact me about this project.

Dhanyabad!

Dr. Padam Sharma 812 West Divide Ave Bismarck, ND 5801 701-258-2066 Email: sharma@plains.nodak.edu OR psharma@tic.bisman.com

************************************************ From: "Punam Panta (punam)" <punam@sequent.com> To: "'nepal-request'" <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Looking for Niresh Joshi... Date: Tue, 05 Dec 95 10:13:00 GMT

Hi!

I am looking for email id of my brother Niresh Joshi who is at University of Adelaide - Australia. Niresh - if you are reading this...get in touch ASAP.

Thanks!! PP.

**************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Tue, 5 Dec 1995 09:53:04 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Hugh Downs!

Cross Posted from SCN
---------------------

Recently, I had an opportunity to peruse a book entitled "Rythems of a Himalayan Village". Staged in a small Sherpa village of Nepal, the book not only provided a compelling ecological poetry but also a highly informative and enlightening (even to a Nepali!) ethnographic discussion. The book -- published in 1980 by Harper and Row -- although has its essense rusted over time, provides often unusual but proactive account of typical Sherpa culture.

The village Gompa Jhung has come alive through Downs' poetic elaboration of the socio-ecological setting of the village. While reading the first chapter, I could feel the jive of Mani Rimdu. The second chapter, "vocation" is little dull but the discussion on Sherpa craftsmanship is more articulated than "Namaste" magazine like shallow ethno-iconology. The discussion on lingua-franca too, is intriguing. Final chapter "Return" provides an impressive account on sherpa funeral, especially the cremation ceremony.

I would recommend this book to anyone interested in Sherpa social-ethnology or making plans to explore the wilderness of northen Himalyan belt.

The name of the author, however, rung my bells of curiosity. Is he the same Hugh Downs, who co-produces the investigative TV program 20/20 with Barbara Walter?

Any clue?? Bhanu Neupane

pS: Hugh, do you surf the net??
 
********************************************************** Date: Tue, 05 Dec 1995 12:21:28 -0500 (EST) Subject: Hindu country,a Curse? To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca (Raju Tuladhar)
  There are Christian countries, Muslim countries, Buddhist countries, and Jewish country too. Luckily (?), there is also a Hindu country. So far, I was thinking that the God must have been really merciful on Nepal to make it the only Hindu country in the world, whereas the country where he took "Avtaar" could not maintain the distinction of being the Hindu country.
  But recently what I am seeing?
 
* Just because of being the only Hindu country, this news group
  soc.culture.nepal and its readers are being shoved down their throat of
  all sorts of articles from Mr. Varma and comparny, Jai-Mantra etc. etc.
  You open the news group, and find what? Mr Varma, Jai-Mantra's etc.'s crap!
 
* Hear the unpleasant news of religious clashes in the otherwise peaceful
  country, and invasion of religious extremists to maintain it as the
  only Hindu country!
  Is this gift of god turning into the curse?
  There have been several requests from various readers to these gentlemen to turn their back on this news group soc.culture.nepal and not to post articles which are not of general interest and benefit to Nepal and Nepalese. There are various other religious news groups to post their ideologies. This news group soc.culture.nepal is not meant for war of words of religious discussions.
  It is now the time that these gentlemen show some restraints on their bigotry and over-imposing attitudes.
  For Nepal, to survive as a Hindu country, religious harmony is a must. Religious extremists do not help in creating this harmony. Most Nepalese were once proud of the fact that there are no ethnic conflicts in Nepal related to religion, but this pride has come to shambles from recent religious clashes in Nepalgunj area.
  By helping to create such unpleasant situations, the religious extremists from outside the border of Nepal, they are hurting their own cause in the long run. In simple words, they are axing their own feet.
  Those religious extremists from south of border who want to help Nepal survive as the Hindu country, they can do so by:
 
(1) Helping to improve the economy of Nepal by lobbying to their govt. for:
    (a) easing the export from Nepal. Currently there are restrictions that
        for export from Nepal to south of border, the goods must be made with
        materials with more that 50% produced in Nepal itself. This is a very
        restrictive and throat choking imposition for small and developing
        country like Nepal.
    (b) By agreeing to buy the hydro-power from Nepal at a reasonable rate,
        not at cut-throat prices and en-slaving conditions.
    (c) By easing the access for trade and transit to overseas.
 
    These are very rational suggestions. The cultural, religious stability depend upon social stability which in-turn depend upon economic stability. If the economy of Nepal was better, then one would not have noticed the recent trend of religion conversions for some economic benefits.
 
(2) By not sending the religious extremists to Nepal to create religion related
    ethnic clashes. Such activities at the end will create boomerang effect.
 
(3) By lobbying to their government not to intereferre in Nepal's internal affairs
    and helping to grow up as truly sovereign and democratic country.
 
  Remember: A person who is being carried on back by others cannot have its own destiny!
  R. Tuladhar (tuladhar@enci.ucalgary.ca)
 
******************************************************8 Date: Tue, 05 Dec 1995 12:07:32 -0500 (EST) From: atuladhar@vax.clarku.edu Subject: HimNet - Himalayan Network: No. 24 (I) (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

HimNet - An E-Mail Internet link for Himalayan Researchers

E-Mail Address:
        HimNet@erdw.ethz.ch

World Wide Web Home Page:
        http://www.lehigh.edu/~inees/himnet/himnet.html

FTP to:
        dharma.geo.lehigh.edu
        User ID: Anonymous
        Password: Your E-Mail address
        Directory: /Pub

No. 24 (I) - Sunday 3 December, 1995

HimNet No. 24 Contents (No. 24 - I, II, III and IV)
========================================

#01 11th Himalaya-Karakoram-Tibet Workshop
#02 New Video - Geotectonics In Himalayas
#03 Call for expert commentary
#04 The age of the highest rocks in the world
#05 Course: Mechanics of mountain belts: insights from modeling
#06 Wildlife of the Indian subcontinent
#07 Mount Everest - on CD
#08 Incidence of blindness in Nepal and Himalayan India
#09 Newari - the dialect spoken in the region of Benapa
#10 Latest Himalayan Papers found.........
#11 New Book: An ecotourist's guide to Khunjerab national park
#12 Himavanta (Vol XXVII No 2 June '95)
#13 Himavanta (Vol XXVII No 3 July '95)
#14 Author's Query - true stories
#15 Himalayan Research Forum
#16 International Lithosphere Program - Annual Report (1993)
#17 International Lithosphere Program - Annual Report (1994)
#18 Expedition News - November 1995 (Volume Two, No. 11)
#19 Expedition News - December 1995 (Volume Two, No. 12)
#20 Coordinator's Note

.................................................

.................................................

#03 Call for expert commentary
                From: jbrooks@VOA.GOV (Jennifer Brooks)

        The Tibetan Service of the Voice of America is looking for an expert to comment on the feat being attempted by 19 Tibetan climbers, who plan to become the first Asian climbers to tackle 14 of the world's highest peaks (see 11/6/95 Reuter report). If you are familiar with this story and are interested in speaking with our reporters about the significance of this feat, please contact me. Tibetan language ability is preferred but not necessary.

        Thanks.

Jennifer Brooks Information Specialist The Voice of America

e-mail: jbrooks@voa.gov phone: 202-619-3649 fax: 202-619-1840

.................................................

#04 The age of the highest rocks in the world
                From: DASpencer@erdw.ethz.ch (David A. Spencer)

        The cover of the recent Episodes magazine (March and June, 1995, Vol. 18, No. 1 and 2) shows a picture of Mount Everest. However, I was surprised to find the caption for the photograph (Page 1) reads that
"Ordovician limestones are exposed at the top". I don't know why (or where I got this information from) but I always thought that these limestones were Permian / Triassic in age. I have also said this often in lectures and was never corrected. Does any HimNet reader know for sure the age of the highest rocks in the world? Do you have a citation for this also?

        Thanks,

        David A. Spencer

.................................................

        SUMMARY OF THE LECTURES

        Prof. Christopher BEAUMONT's lectures

B1) Tectonics and denudation in small convergent orogens

This lecture provides an introduction to finite element modelling of crustal-scale compressional deformation in collisional orogens forced by basal subduction boundary conditions. Styles of deformation in relation to crustal properties, layering, sub-horizontal shear zones and surface mass removed by denudation will be illustrated and the role of the Argand and Ampferer non-dimensional parameters explained. The second half of the lecture will demonstrate some basic results from equivalent thermo-mechanically coupled models, the calculation of pressure-temperature time paths for model particles and an application of the models to the tectonic assembly of inverted isograds in convergent orogens, using the example of data from the Main Central Thrust Zone (Himalayas).

B2a) The continental collision zone, South Island New Zealand: an example of the geodynamics of a small climate-coupled, obliquely convergent orogen

The Southern Alps orogen, New Zealand is a good example of a young, currently active, orogen to which the models described in lecture B1 can be applied. In addition to the model results for plane-strain normal convergence, results from fully three dimensional calculations will be used to illustrate what are considered to be basic modes of strain partitioning forced by obliquely convergent subduction basal boundary conditions. B2b) The Pyrenees - an orogen with inherited characteristics

In this short lecture some of the effects of inherited characteristics of the crust and their ability to change the tectonic style of crustal deformation in orogens will be examined. The structure and tectonics of the Pyrenees along the ECORS transect will be used to illustrate some of these effects which result from a prior phase of extension.

B3) Evolution of the Alps: a geodynamical perspective

Despite the fact that the Alpine orogen has a complex three-dimensional history, some insight into its mechanical evolution at the crustal scale can be derived from a comparison with plane strain finite element model experiments. Models illustrating the effects of the transition from subduction to collision boundary conditions, the tectonic accretion of terranes, the formation and tectonic underplating of fold-nappes and the effect of "slab-breakoff" on crustal deformation will be used as a template to suggest some of the mechanical processes that have contributed to the Cenozoic evolution of the Swiss Alps.

        Prof. Sierd CLOETINGH's lectures

.................................................

#06 Wildlife of the Indian subcontinent
                From: Anthony.Lee@bbc.co.uk (Anthony Lee)

        The BBC Natural History Unit are producing a six part television series about the wildlife of the Indian subcontinent titled 'Land of the Tiger'. One of the episodes is on the Himalayas and we will be filming throughout 1996 and 1997 in Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and India including the states Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh.

        I was wondering if any HimNet subscribers are aware of any scientists currently studying the Himalayan fauna and flora, who could advise when and where is the best place to film wildlife. We are keen to film Himalayan black bear, brown bear, snow leopard, snowcock, nest of Himalayan griffon vulture or lammegeyer, high altitude insects and birds, hanuman langurs, red pandas, tragopans, ibex, takin, bharal, great tibetan sheep and the flora of the Himalayas plus scenics. I already have the following contacts;

        1. Nepal - Department of National Parks and the King Mahendra Trust
        2. Bhutan - WWF
        3. Pakistan - WWF and Forest Department
        4. India - WII, WWF and Forest Department

        Thank you for your help.

        Yours sincerely,

        Anthony Lee

BBC Bristol FAx: 00441179736234

.................................................

#07 Mount Everest - on CD
                From: DASpencer@erdw.ethz.ch (David A. Spencer)

        A new, multi-media Windows compatible CD has been released about Mount Everest. It contains enormous amounts of information including:

        * Information about Nepal and Tibet
        * Expedition equipment lists and techniques

        The CD contains 1380 photographs, 200 pages of text, 65 sound documents and 20 minutes of video.

        Price Sw. Fr. 98 / Austrian Shillings 850. Order through your local computer distributor.

.................................................

#08 Incidence of blindness in Nepal and Himalayan India
                From: mmeteyer@napanet.net (Mike Meteyer)

        I am a long-time educator in the field of blindness. Recently, I have begun a Foundation ( V i a for Visually Impaired Assistance) to provide services, training and equipment to blind adults and children in developing countries.

        I am especially interested in Nepal and Himalayan India. Any information or leads on the incidence of blindness in those areas, and the possible need of rehabilitation. Orientatation and Mobility, or low vision services would be greatly appreciated.

Thank You.

Sincerely,

Michael Meteyer

.................................................

#09 Newari - the dialect spoken in the region of Benapa
                From: Jean E Acevedo <jeacev@csd.uwm.edu>

        I am a doctoral student in linguistics at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and at the present time we are studying Newari- the dialect spoken in the region of Benapa. I would like to talk about some of our findings with a linguist or language teacher from that area in Nepal. I think we might be able to generate some interesting discussion. I look forward to a response.

Jean E Acevedo <jeacev@csd.uwm.edu>

*************************************************** From: Anil M Sakya <Anil.Sakya@brunel.ac.uk> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - November 23, 1995 (11 Mangsir 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Wed, 6 Dec 1995 12:14:50 +0000 (GMT)

Is Nepalses Society Decaying? On 23rd November I read a piece of news in the Mahanagar local daily newspaper in
 Kathmandu. The heading was "Misbehaviour towards an American in Dhulikhel". The
 piece stated briefly that a Nepalese man in Dhulikhel 'misbehaved' with an Americ
 an woman and that the police were searching for the man with her help. I read it
  without any particular interest. Surprisingly, though on my Royal Nepal Airlines
   flight to London the next day I happened to meet the American girl involved. She
    recalled the whole incident in detail and uncovered both her arms to show me her
     scars. Only then did I understand that the "misbehaviour" mentioned in the newsp
     aper actually referred to an attempted rape. Listening to her story I not only fe
     lt sympathy towards her, but also ashamed of being a Nepalese, and by the time sh
     e had finished her story I found myself weeping. It made me think about the whole
      question of the decaying of Nepalese society and ask myself "whose fault is it?"
       This is a crucial problem in Nepal today, and something we should all seriously
       consider. Therefore, I decided to reveal her story to the public to bring to the
       attention of all Nepalese the nature of this social decay and also to act as a wa
       rning to all Nepalese women.
       Dena is a 27 year old woman from the United States who works for a bank of world
       renown in New York. Hearing how very beautiful Nepal is both geographically and c
       ulturally oe and now religious her people are oe she saved up enough money to trave
       l there. Unfortunately, when she arrived her dreams and expectations were destro
       yed by a young Nepalese man from Dhulikhel.
       Upon her arrival Dena arranged for a Nepalese guide to show her around Nepal. Unf
       ortunately, on 22nd November her guide was busy with other work so she decided to
        take a day trip to Dhulikhel on her own. In Dhulikhel she was enjoying the scene
        ry on the hill by the Devisthan temple when two local men began to follow her and
         harass her. They were both smartly dressed and spoke good English. One of them h
         ad a bicycle. She asked them to go away and leave her alone several times, but th
         ey persisted with their harassment. Finally, when she could not bear it any more
         she shouted at the top of her voice, and eventually they went away.
         She then felt able to continue her tour of the Temple and began to enjoy herself
         again taking numerous photographs to show her family and friends upon her return
         home. While she was enjoying the scenery one of the men appeared in front of her
         again. This time he had not come to simply harass her oe but demanded to have sex
         with her. She was terrified oe but tried to deal with the situation by politely re
         fusing him. She refused his persistent demands on more than half a dozen occasion
         s but he continued to block her way. He then forced her up to the edge of the roa
         d where there was a ravine. She threatened to kill him indicating that she was ca
         rrying a gun (although she was not in fact armed). The man reacted by throwing hi
         mself at her to make her fall into the ravine. Just as she was beginning to fall
         Dena managed to grab hold of a tree which probably saved her life. The man then t
         ried to prise her arms free of the tree by any means possible, and finally, when
         she could no longer bear the pain, she let go. She then fought with him, and both
          fell into the ravine 200 metres below. The man landed on top of Dena. She scream
          ed, but stopped when the man threatened to crush her head with a huge stone. In f
          ear she offered him all her money and any valuables she way carrying and begged h
          im not to harm her. The man was not interested. He was intent upon raping her. Fo
          rtunately, before he was able to two men appeared who had heard her screaming. Wh
          en her attacker saw them looking at him he got up and left, not in a hurry as one
           might expect, but slowly walking away, unafraid of the consequences. The two men
            did nothing.
            After treating her bleeding arms Dena went to the police station. Three days afte
            r the event the police had still not found the culprit. Dena has lost all faith i
            n the Nepalese police and her enthusiasm and love for Nepal. She also thinks that
             now she has left the police will simply drop the case. She considers herself luc
             ky to have got away safely, but is afraid of what might happen if the same man at
             tacks a Nepalese girl. Dena told me she is athletic, fit and strong and even then
              it was difficult for her to get away from the man. She doubted very much that a
              Nepalese girl would have been able to. Listening to her concern I thought this ma
              n ought to be taken to court and given proper punishment for whilst he is still a
              t large the safety of girls in Dhulikhel is in danger. Who knows oe Dena may not h
              ave been his first victim. He may have raped several Nepalese girls before being
              brave enough to try to rape a tourist. He was unafraid because he knows it is too
               humiliating for a Nepalese girl to report such an attack to the police. If she d
               oes nobody will marry her. He therefore is able to continue these attacks knowing
                nobody will report him. Another reason may be because he is from a powerful fami
                ly in Dhulikhel as his dress and language certainly suggest him to be well off.
                I now urge and beg our Nepalese police to pursue this man whilst the case is fres
                h in our memory. This will not only guard our reputation abroad, but save our gir
                ls and our society as a whole. As the traditional standards of our society appear
                 to be decaying we must strengthen the security of vulnerable people.
                 Anil Sakya (anil.sakya@brunel.ac.uk)

*************************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Wed, 6 Dec 1995 13:42:17 -0500 (EST) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Expedition Mount Everest

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

Moerenhout Chantal <chamo@innet.be> wrote:
>
> Is there anyone who can give me information about people who
> arrange expeditions to the basecamp of the Mount Everest.
>
> It should be an organisation who organises this from Belgium or
> from the Netherlands. Or we heard about an organisation " De
> Lustige Trekkers - Asian Trekking ". Does anyone knows where
> to find these people ? Thanks for your help. You can mail me
> on my adress chamo@innet.be
>
Talking about an expedition to the base camp seems to be wide of the mark. There is a beaten track all the way. En route there are hundreds of hotels that cater to trekkers. Finding the way is no problem. There are hundreds of other trekkers and the trekking manuals explain all You need to know. In order to get all the way to the base camp proper bring good shoes, warm clothing, and a good sleeping bag. This season it may be rather cold.

If You insist on going with porters thera are several well reputed trekking agencies in Kathmandu. They will gladly set You up for the trekk. But You are better of on Your own as I would say. Set aside at least three weeks to do it in both directions.

Per Lwdin

**********************************************8 Subject: Invitation to Budhanilkanta alumni To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Wed, 6 Dec 1995 18:16:27 -0500 (EST)

This is an invitation to all Budhanilkantha School Alumni in the United States to an informal gathering.

Date - 24th and 25th of Dec, 1995

Place - Boston

Items to be discussed:
- Creation of a US Chapter of the SEBS.
- Selection of representatives for each batch.
- Fund raising.
- Future activities.

Please send any inquiries to:

Hemendra Bohra bohra@fas.harvard.edu

247 Highland Ave #2a Somerville MA 02143

Tel (617) 628 9539

*********************************************** From: Rajesh Shrestha <rshresth@husc.harvard.edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Ganesh Man & National Treasury

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

I am glad that my posting on Ganesh Man Singh has provoked netters. Many of them appear to support my position--a position that describes GMS's acceptance of public money for private purpose as a shameless act.

Of all the postings on this issue, two postings--one by CThapa and the other by Vivek Rana--appear to be immotionally supportive of GM Singh's private conditions. I am also sympathetic to his physical condition. However, I have to make a note on those two postings. First, Rana is dead wrong when he says U.S. govt is paying GM's expenses. Let it be known to all that Mayo clinic will bill it to bare-footed and naked Nepalis.

With regard to CThapa's comment on Royal family members visiting abroad on tax payers expenses: Yes, you are right. But you are wrong when you forget the fact that it was precisely because of this the people of Nepal staged anti-king demonstration and shouted slogans like, "Biray chor, desh chhod" and demanded the return of money from Swiss Bank held in Phampha Devi's name. The Royalties had no right to plunder the public exchequer. The people made them pay for it by snatching "sovereign power" from the king. If Ganesh Man or Nepali Congress do not reimburse this money to the national treasury the people will make sure to keep these looters away.

One more point: Ganesh Man can not be compared with royalties. He has no official position. At best he can be described as "extraconstituional source of power" or Bhumigat ghiroha.

Some one wrote GM did not accept Prime Ministership and hence is a great man. I am beginning to doubt it now after seeing his chartikala with public money.

Chitra K. Tiwari

*********************************************** Date: Thu, 07 Dec 1995 23:43:11 -0400 To: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: Nuru Lama <nurulama@husc.harvard.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - December 7, 1995 (25 Mangsir 2052 BkSm)

Dear Editor,
        Ghimirez pointed out that women's role as housewives should not be considered as being 'passive.' I would like to contend that Nepali women do not choose their role as housewives. It is not a matter of personal choice. The truth is that the role of a girl is defined before she is born. She is taught to cook and take care of the house while the 'chhora' is encouraged to go to school and 'become a thulo manchhe.' On the surface, it may seem like women are freely choosing their role as housewives but if society never encourages them to go out to the world, how can one expect them to abandon their role as housewives? It is fear, not freedom, that leads women to maintain their traditional role. If one likes to attach some deeper value to women's role as housewives, it too comes from our male-dominated societal perception that gives a moral value to this role because of its intrinsic benefit to the male class in society, the dominating class. As Nietzsche said, "The origins of the opposites good and bad is to be found in the pathos of nobility and distance, representing the dominant temper of a higher, ruling class in relation to a lower, dependent one." nuru

Dear Editor,
        Just to add a point to the 'housewife' issue, I would like to point out here that if one is really going to look at numbers to make a case for the existence of greater women's freedom in South Asia, we should not get lost in counting the top few women leaders in the region but rather look at the population and ask ourselves, 'What percentage of women are educated or what percentage of women earn income outside home?' nuru

        Although the rising incidence of ethnic 'trouble' in Nepal is something for us all to worry about, I think it also has a positive side that we should not forget. In a democratic Nepal, it can only be expected that people will raise their voices of discontentment. One should not be alarmed by these voices. It is only a 'sigh of relief' after two centuries of sustained attmepts on 'Hindunization.' Thus, I do not think we should take this as an ominous sign of social disintigration. Rather, it is an attmept by various communities to situate themselves in the changed environment of a democratic Nepal. Attempts to suppress such voices can only lead to further alienation among the various communities and to a weakening of the democratic structure. In saying this, I do mean to say that ethnic violence of the type that recently occured in Nepalgunj should not be stopped.
        
        A related issue to this: if the existence of monarchy in Nepal is justified because of the monarch's role in unifying the country by being a spiritual 'symbol of unity', I do not understand how protraying the king as a 'Hindu King' can unify a multiethnic, multi-religious Nepal?

nuru

********************************* From: Bhikkhv Seevali <BS4@soas.ac.uk> Subject: Kumari, Living virgin Goddess

Dear Sir,

Resently I read a letter from Nalini on TND asking more information about goddess Kumari. I thought I will give support to his/her intrest. Thanks to Raju Tuladhar, who wrote on Kumari what he learned from forefather. I learnt something from it. Resently I came accross some books written on Kumari at our SOAS, University of London library which I assume could be perchessed from street shops. They are:

1. Living Vergin Goddess "KUMARI", Her worship, fate of ex-kumaris and sceptical views
                        by Indra Majupuria and Patricia Roberts
                        Published by Smt. M.D. Gupta, India, 1993
                        Printed in Thailand by Craftsman press.
                         2. The cult of Kumari, virgin worship in Nepal
                        by Michael R. Allen
                        Printed at New Delhi
                        Distributed by Himalayan Booksellers.
                        Kathmandu, Nepal
                                     All the best and have nice reading.

Regards, Bhikkhu Seevali University of London

 ******************************************************************************
 * *
 * The Nepal Digest(TND) is a publication of the Nepal Interest Group for *
 * news and discussions about issues concerning Nepal. All members of *
 * nepal@cs.niu.edu will get a copy of TND. Membership is open to all. *
 * THE EDITOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO EDIT ARTICLES FOR CLARITY. *
 * *
 * Subscription/Deletion requests : NEPAL-REQUEST@MP.CS.NIU.EDU *
 * Provide one line message: sub nepal "lastname, firstname, mi" <user@host> *
 * [OPTIONAL] Provide few lines about your occupation, address, phone for *
 * TND database to: <A10RJS1@MP.CS.NIU.EDU> *
 * Snail-Mail Correspondences to: Rajpal J.P. Singh *
 * Founding-Editor/Co-ordinator *
 * TND Foundation *
 * 44 Greenridge Ave *
 * White Plains, New York 10605, U.S.A. *
 * *
 * Digest Contributions: NEPAL@MP.CS.NIU.EDU *
 * Contributors need to supply Header for the article, email, and full name. *
 * *
 * Postings are divided into following categories that are listed in the *
 * order below. Please provide category-type in the header of your e-mail. *
 * *
 * 1. Message from TND Editorial Board *
 * 2. Letter to the Editor *
 * 3. TAJA_KHABAR: Current News *
 * 4. KATHA_KABITA: Literature *
 * 5. KURA_KANI: Economics *
 * Agriculture *
 * Forestry *
 * Health *
 * Education *
 * Technology *
 * Social Issues *
 * Cultural Issues *
 * Environment *
 * Tourism *
 * Foreign Policy *
 * History *
 * Military/Police *
 * Politics *
 * 6. CHOOT_KILA (Humor, Recipies, Movie Reviews, Sattaires etc.) *
 * 7. JAN_KARI: Classifides (Matrimonials, Jobs etc) *
 * 8. KHOJ_KHABAR (Inquiring about Nepal, Nepalis etc. ) *
 * 9. TITAR_BITAR: Miscellaneous (Immigration and Taxex etc. ) *
 * *
 * **** COPYRIGHT NOTE **** *
 * The news/article posters are responsible for any copyright violations. *
 * TND, a non-profit electronic journal, will publish articles that has *
 * been published in other electronic or paper journal with proper credit *
 * to the original media. *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%% %%
%% END OF "THE NEPAL DIGEST". %%
%% %%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%



This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Tue Jan 11 2000 - 11:15:50 CST