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The Nepal Digest Monday 5 Dec 94: Mangshir 19 2051 BkSm Volume 34 Issue 4
Election FLASH !
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****************************************************************** Date: 28 Nov 94 23:50:30 EST From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: News11/27 To: email@example.com
HEADLINE: Pro-Indian party supports communists as horse-trading
BYLINE: Kedar Man Singh
DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 27
Nepalese communists gained support Sunday from a tiny pro-Indian party and pressed ahead with efforts to to form a minority government as a faction in the defeated Nepali Congress (NC) desperately tried to hang on to power.
Leaders of the Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist
(NCP-UML), which won 88 of the 205 seats contested in the November 15 vote, were meeting late Sunday in preparation for the government's expected formation on Monday.
The pro-Indian Nepal Sadvhabana Party (NSP), which bagged three
seats in the polls, has thrown its support behind the communists, NSP
The backing of the NSP and left-wing groups and independents
brought to 97 the total MPs so far in the communist-led camp, still
short of the minimum 103 needed to constitute a majority.
The communists however said Sunday that they were determined to
form a minority government.
The NC, led by disgraced Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, won
83 seats, the rightist Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) got 20, the
Maoist Nepal Peasants' and Workers' Party (NPWP) had four, and
independent candidates, two of them leftists, bagged seven.
Analysts said the support of the pro-Indian party, despite its
small size, was important for the communists, at least symbolically,
because New Delhi was earlier worried about the prospect of a
communist-led government in Nepal.
But the communists sought to allay Indian and western fears by
proclaiming adherence to free-market policies in this impoverished
Himalayan kingdom, where government services have been crippled by the
The NC has split into two factions, with Koirala group opting to
play the role of an opposition force and allow the communists to form
NC "Young Turks" are pushing for a "national government" with
proportional representation and are courting the rightist RPP, but the
latter has so far stayed aloof.
The communists have flatly rejected the idea of a national
"The constitution does not say whether a national government could
be formed if none of the parties managed to win a simple majority,"
NCP-UML central committee member Ishwor Pokharel reiterated Sunday.
"We have already taken a firm stance to form a minority government,
expecting other political parties including the NC, to support us to
gain the majority when the vote of confidence is placed 30 days after
the formation of our minority government," he said.
Pokharel said the communists' top leaders were meeting late Sunday
to "review the situation" and plan out their next step.
The mid-term calls came after King Birendra dissolved parliament in
July at the urging of Koirala, whose government program was defeated
in parliament by the opposition and NC dissidents.
The monarch has stayed out of the post-election fray, waiting for
the parties to muster support for the formation of a new government.
------------------------------------------------------------------ SOURCE: Reuters
HEADLINE: Nepali communists plan minority government
BYLINE: By Gopal Sharma
DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Nov 27
Nepal's main Communist Party said on Sunday it has decided to form a minority government in the Himalayan kingdom after its partnership talks with centrist rivals broke down.
The Communist Unified Marxist-Leninist party (UML), the largest
group with 88 seats in the 205-member national assembly after a
general election earlier this month, said it would stake its claim to
rule under a constitutional provision.
''The Standing Committee of the UML has decided today that the UML
should form a minority government,'' UML spokesman Pradeep Nepal told
''Under article 42 (2) of the Constitution, the single largest
party should be invited to form the government if no one else has a
clear majority,'' Nepal said.
''The UML government thus formed would look for the basis for a
national consensus to guarantee political stability in the country.''
The Nepali Congress Party, the second-largest group with 83 members
in the hung parliament, was divided on Sunday over its approach to the
Official party spokesmen insisted that Nepali Congress, should
participate in the next government.
But dissidents supporting caretaker Prime Minister Girija Prasad
Koirala spoke out against the idea following a meeting of the new
Congress parliamentary party.
''The idea of exploring the opportunity to form the government is
useless. It only shows our greed,'' dissident deputy Arjun Narsingh
''Since the people have rejected our party in the elections, we
must go and sit in opposition in true democratic spirit.''
The Nepali Congress Party says it is willing to form a national
government with the UML and the monarchist Rastriya Prajantra Party
(RPP), which increased its strength from four seats in 1991 elections to 20.
It says it is also willing to form a coalition with the RPP. The
monarchists support the idea of a national government, which the UML
has ruled out, but refuse to join a coalition.
The confusion has been complicated by the Congress dissidents
speaking out. How many there are, neither side in the party was
willing to say, but Koirala has at least two dozen supporters,
political analysts said.
RPP spokesman Kamal Thapa said the Congress would have to sort out
some ideological differences with his party before any coalition talks
could be planned.
''A present what we have with the Congress is only informal
consultations,'' Thapa told Reuters. ''If they come to us for support,
there are some policy issues on which we would like them to spell out
their position very clearly.''
It was not immediately clear what issues the RPP wanted to address
as condition for talks with the Congress.
Subject: SOMETHING LIGHT
Date: Tue, 29 Nov 1994 14:10:38 -0500 (EST)
WHY ASK WHY > >----------- >
Why do you need a driver's license to buy liquor when you can't drink and
Why isn't phonetic spelled the way it sounds?
Why are there interstate highways in Hawaii?
Why are there flotation devices under plane seats instead of parachutes?
Why are cigarettes sold in gas stations when smoking is prohibited there?
Do you need a silencer if you are going to shoot a mime?
Have you ever imagined a world with no hypothetical situations?
How does the guy who drives the snowplow get to work in the mornings?
If 7-11 is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, why are there locks on
If a cow laughed, would milk come out her nose?
If nothing ever sticks to TEFLON, how do they make TEFLON stick to the pan?
If you tied buttered toast to the back of a cat and dropped it from a height,
what would happen?
If you're in a vehicle going the speed of light, what happens when you turn
on the headlights?
You know how most packages say "Open here". What is the protocol if the
package says, "Open somewhere else"?
Why do they put Braille dots on the keypad of the drive-up ATM?
Why do we drive on parkways and park on driveways?
Why is it that when you transport something by car, it's called a shipment,
but when you transport something by ship, it's called cargo?
You know that little indestructible black box that is used on planes, why
can't they make the whole plane out of the same substance?
Why is it that when you're driving and looking for an address, you turn down
the volume on the radio?
This letter originated in The Netherlands and has been passed around the world
Date: 29 NOV 94 15:09:35 GMT
>From Neal Cohen, USAID, Kathmandu.
Election Result of Nov.15, 1994
Party,Winner Second Place, Party
1. UML Mr.Bhim Rawal Govinda B.Shah, Congress
2. UML Mr.Bhim Kadayat Ram B. Bista, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Rewati P. Bhusal Gunanidhi Bhusal, UML
2. Congress Mr.Dhundi Raj Shastri Pitambar Bhusal, UML
1. UML Mr.Govinda Raj Adhikari Govinda P.Sharma, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Min B.Khatri Chitra Bahadur K.C.,Indepen
3. Indepen Mr.Pari Thapa Tula Singh Gharti, Indepen
1. UML Mr.Bhanu Bhakta Joshi Arjun Jung B.Singh, Congress
2. Indepen Mr.Naresh B.Singh Bhairabh B. Singh, Congress
1. RPP Mr. Prem B. Bhandari Sanat K. Sharma, Congress
2. RPP Mr.Shanti Shumshere Rana Sushil Koirala, Congress
3. RPP Mr.Fateh Singh Tharu Hari P. Parajuli, UML
1. UML Mr.Mukunda Neupane Shobhaghar Parajuli, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Radhechandra Yadav Surendra Chaudhary, UML
3. UML Mr.Purushottam Paudyal Rishikesh Gautam, Congress
4. UML Mr.Salim Miya Ansari Formulah Mansur, Congress
1. Peasants Mr.Narayan Man Bijukche Surendra P. Shah, RPP
2. Peasants Mr.Asha Kaji Basukala Ganesh B. Khatri, RPP
1. RPP Mr.Lokendra B.Chand Prithvi Raj Awasti, UML
2. RPP Mr.Lokendra B.Chand Durga Dutta Joshi, Congress
1. UML Mr.Hikmat Bista Shahi Dev Raj Joshi, Congress
1. UML Mr. Bamadev Gautam Phulram Tharu, Congress
2. UML Mr. Shyamlal P. Dhakal Gyan Raj Sharma, Congress
3. UML Mr. Kasi Ram Tharu Binay Dhoj Chand, Congress
1. UML Mr.Hemraj Rai Gyanendra B Karki, Congress
2. UML Mr.Dhanaharka Rai Kumar Rai, Congress
1. UML Mr. Jagrit P. Bhetwal Chudamani Chaudhari, Congress
2. UML Mr. Kashinath Adhikari Tek Prasad Gurung, Congress
3. Congress Mr.Gungadhar Lamsal Shailendra K. Piya, UML
4. Congress Mr. Tirtha Raj Bhusal Diwakar Bhusal, Jana Morcha
1. UML Mr.Prem Singh Dhami Dillendra P.Bedu, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Ganesh B.Khadka Ram Nath Joshi, Peassants
2. Peasants Mr.Binod Kumar Shah Ranga Bahadur Shahi, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Sher Bahadur Deuba Khem Raj Mayalu, Jana Morcha
1. Congress Mr.Hari P. Chaudhary Parashu N.Chaudhary, RPP
2. Congress Mr.Baldev Sharma Ms. Sushma Ghimire, Congress
3. UML Mr. Shankar Pokhrel Deepak Giri, Congress
4. Congress Mr. Khum B. Khadka Girija K.C., UML
1. RPP Mr.Buddhi Man Tamang Daman Pakhrin, Congress
2. UML Mr.Gungalal Tuladhar Hari Adhikari, Congress
3. UML Mr.Rajendra P.Pandaya Thakur P.Sharma, RPP
1. UML Mr. Rechan Chemjung Mohan Pokhrel, RPP
2. RPP Mr. Surya B. Thapa Gopal Guragain
1. UML Mr.Ramchandra Jha Shridhari Yadav, Congress
2. Congress Mrs.Leela Koirala Yog Narayan Yadav, UML
3. Congress Mr.Ananda P. Ghimire Koli P. Shah, UML
4. Congress Mr.Bimalendra Nidhi Krishna P.Malla, RPP
5. UML Mr.Ram Lakhan Mahato Ram Baran Yadav, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Bhakta B.Balayat Purna Raj Joshi, UML
2. Congress Mr.Siddha Raj Ojha Narayan Dutta Pathak, RPP
1. Congress Mr.Bhim Bahadur Tamang Ananda P. Pokhrel, UML
2. UML Mr.Wangche Sherpa Madhav M.Rajbhandari,Congress
1. Indepen Mr.Moti Prasad Pahadi Karna Bahadur Budha, RPP
1. Congress Mr.Chiranjibi Wagle Narayan Malla, RPP
2. Congress Mrs.Kamala Devi Pant Rajeshwore P.Devkota,RPP
3. Congress Mrs.Chinkazi Shrestha Yog Bahadur Gurung
1. UML Mr.Ram Nath Dhakal Jhakbahadur Pun, Congress
2. UML Mr.Kamalraj Shrestha Bhawat Gyawali, Congress
3. UML Mr.Tanka P.Pokhrel Rudramani Bhandari, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Chakra B.Shahi Anga B.Lama, Independent
1. UML Mr.Jhalanath Khanal Toyanath Bhattarai, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Kulabahadur Gurung Panikumar Limbu, UML
3. UML Mr. Padam B. Bhandari Benup Raj Prasai, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Jhalaknath Wagle Tej Bikram Shah, RPP
2. Congress Mr.Deepak Jung Shah Krishna Bahadur Shah, UML
1. UML Mr. Pushparaj Pokhrel Krishna Sitaula, Congress
2. UML Mr.C.P.Mainali Ram Babu Prasai, Congress
3. UML Mr. Devi P. Ojha Gopal Kumar Basnyat, Congress
4. Congress Mr. Chakra Bastola Narayan Ranjbanshi, UML
5. UML Mr. Radha K. Mainali Surya N. Tejpuriya, Congress
6. UML Mr. Khaga P. Oli Keshab K.Budhathoki, Congress
1. Peasants Mr.Bhakta B.Rokkaya Lalit Jung Shahi, Independent
1. UML Mr.Himanchalraj Bhattarai Keshar Sing Kadayat, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Ramjanam Chaudhary Mohanraj Malla, RPP
3. UML Mr.Chakra B.D.Chaudhary Pushkarnath Ojha, Congress
4. UML Mr.Maheshwore Pathak Dhana B.Bam Rajawar, RPP
1. UML Mr.Yagya Raj Neupane Dharma Dutta Upadhya, RPP
1. UML Mr. Man Mohan Adhikari Haribol Bhattarai, Congress
2. UML Mrs.Vidya Bhandari Daman Nath Dhungel, Congress
3. UML Mr.Man Mohan Adhikari Prakash Man Singh, Congress
4. UML Mr.Padma Ratna Tuladhar Mrs.Krishna Amatya, Congress
5. UML Mr.Rajendra Shrestha Shyam Lal Shrestha, Congress
6. UML Mrs.Sahana Pradhan Damodar Gautam, Congress
7. UML Mr.Krishna Gopal Shrestha Dhyan G. Ranjit, Congress
1. UML Mr. Ramkumar Gyawali Amar Singh Rana, Congress
2. UML Mr.Urba Dutta Panta N.P Saud, Congress
3. UML Mr.Bhoj Raj Joshi Tarini D. Chataut, Congress
1. UML Mr. Khaga Raj Adhikari Taranath Rana Bhatt, Congress
2. UML Mr. Tul Bhadur Gurung Sukraraj Sharma, Congress
3. Congress Mr. Krishna B. Gurung Somnath Adhikari Pyasi, UML
1. UML Mr.Shiva B.Deuja Satyaman Lama, RPP
2. UML Mr. Keshav P. Badal Bishnu P. Guragain, Congress
3. UML Mr.Govinda Nath Upreti Rajendra Kharel, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Kamlesh K.Sharma Tika Ram Aryal, UML
2. UML Mr.Deep Kumar Upadhya Bhagaat Das Gupta, RPP
3. Congress Mr. Bishnuraj Acharya Hari Narayan Rajauriya,
4. RPP Mr.Mirzadil Sadbeg Dr.Rudra P. Shah, Congress
1. UML Mr.Tanka Rai Bal Bahadur Rai (R), Congress
2. UML Mr. Ashok Rai Shivakumar Basnyat,Indepen
1. UML Mr.Mitharam Bajhgai Sagar Shumsher Rana, Congress
2. UML Mr.Siddhi Lal Singh Chandra Maharjan, Congress
3. UML Mr.Raghu Panta Omkar P. Shrestha, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Ramchandra Adhikari Keshablal Shrestha, UML
2. Congress Mr. Rambahadur Gurung Prithvi Subba Gurung, UML
1. Congress Mr.Mahendra Yadav Sitananda Rai, UML
2. RPP Mr.Mahendra Rai Hari Shankar Mishra, UML
3. RPP Mr.Ram Vilas Yadav Maheshwore P.Singh, Congress
4. Indepen Mr.Sarad Singh Bhandari Basanta Kumar Gurung,
1. Congress Mr. Girija P. Koirala Tuluram Rajbanshi, UML
2. UML Mr. Bharat M.Adhikari Basanta Bhattarai, Congress
3. Congress Mr.Badri N. Basnyat Lal Babu Pundit, UML
4. UML Mr. Harkaman Tamang Dilip Sapkota, Congress
5. UML Mr. Kamal P. Koirala Shyamlal Tabdar, Congress
6. UML Mr. Guru P. Baral Satya N. Chaudhary, Congress
7. Congress Ms. Shailija Acharya Umesh Giri, Congress(B)
1. Indepen Mr. Palten Gurung Komal Ghale, Congress
1. RPP Mr. Kamal Thapa Krishna P.Dahal, UML
2. UML Mr. Birodh Khatiwada Kamal Thapa, RPP
3. UML Mr. Hiranyalal Shrestha Bhim Bomjon, RPP
1. Congress Mr.Hasta B.Malla Chandra B.Shahi, UML
1. Congress Mr.Shushil M. Sherchan Nara B.Hirachand, RPP
1. UML Mr.Nilbahadur Tilija Bhimprasad Gauchan, RPP
1. Congress Mr. Mahendra D.Joshi Krishna P.Ghimire, UML
2. UML Mr.Majhilal Tharu Surya B. Adhikari, Congress
3. Sadvawana Mr.Hiridaish Tripathi Triyogi N.C.Tharu, Congress
4. Congress Mr.Devendra R.Kadel Durga P.Chaudhary, Sadvawana
1. RPP Mr.Prakash C.Lohani Khemraj Sedhai, Congress
2. Congress Dr.Ram Saran Mahat Nara Bahadur Rai, RPP
3. Congress Mr.Arjun Nursing Prakash C.Lohani, RPP
1. Congress Mr.Chandrakanta Dahal Premnarayan Premi, UML
2. Congress Mr.Bal Bahadur Rai Kishore Kumar Adhikari, UML
1. UML Mr.Dal Bahadur Rana Kaluram Rana, Congress
2. UML Mr.Shom P. Panday Gumbir Jung Karki, Congress
3. UML Mr.Bishnu P.Paudyal Hari Prasad Nepal, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Deepak P.Banskota Basanta K.Nembang, UML
2. RPP Mr.Padma Sundar Lawati Dambar S.Sumbahamche, UML
1. Congress Mr.Indu Sharma Yam Bahadur Gurung, UML
2. UML Mr.Devkumar Paudyal Mrs. Uma Adhikari, Congress
1. RPP Mr. Rajib Parajuli Chiranjibi Acharya, UML
2. Congress Mr. Ram C. Khushaha Ram Chandra Shah, UML
3. Congress Mr.Surendra P.Chaudhary Basu Dev Tiwari, RPP
4. Congress Mr.Ramesh Rijal Mrs. Urmila Aryal, UML
1. Congress Mr. Shivaraj Subedi Keshab B. Gurung, Ind
2. Indepen Mr.Navarj Subedi Mukti P.Sharma, Congress
1. UML Mr. Devshankar Paudyal Laxman P.Ghimire, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Padma S. Adhikari Kamal P. Chaulagai, Jana Morcha
1. RPP Mr.Ramkrishna U.Acharya Balchandra Paudyal, Congress
1. Congress Mr.Bajra Kishore Simha Bishwanath S.Agarwal, Indepen
2. Congress Mr.Sheikh Idris Dr.Sheikh Moheed, Indepen
3. Congress Mr.Harihar Yadav Tulsilal Amatya, UML
4. Congress Mr.Udhav Dhakal Banshidhar Mishra, UML
1. RPP Mr.Blaram Gharti Magar Amri Bahadur Gharti, Congress
2. Congress Mr.Surendra Hamal Salik Ram Oli, UML
1. Congress Mr. Krishna P.Gautam Shalik Ram Oli, UML
2. Congress Mr. Gopaljee Jung Shah Dhruba Bikram Shah, RPP
1. Congress Mr. Duryodhan Singh Ghanashyam Bhusal, UML
2. UML Mr. Dhanapati Upadhya Ram Krishna Tamrakar, Congress
3. UML Mr. Modnath Prasit Bal Krishna Khand, Congress
4. Indepen Mr. Jyotendra Chaudhary Ajom Miya, Sadvavana
5. RPP Mr.Sarvendra Nath Shukla Yagyajit Shah, Independent
1. Congress Mr.Rajendra B.Shah Prakash Jwala, UML
2. Congress Mr.Chabbi P.Devkota Netralal Shrestha, RPP
1. UML Mr.Bed Raj Khadka Shiva Kumar Gauri, Congress
2. UML Mr.Hari Bairagi Dahal Mrs.Pipush Dahal Sharma, Congress
1. Congress Mr. Jaya P. Gupta Hiralal Chaudhary, UML
2. Sadvawana Mr.Gajendra N. Singh Madhukanta Singh, Congress
3. Sadvawana Mr.Anis Ansari Sri Narayan Madal, Indepen
4. UML Mr. Danalal Chaudhary Kuber Sharma, Congress
5. UML Mr. Gangadhar Chaudhary Mrigendra Yadav, Sadvawana
1. UML Mr. Mahendra Yadav Brahmanarayan Chaudhary, Congress
2. Congress Mrs.Meena Panday Rajendra Mahat, Sadvawana
3. RPP Mr.Kavari Rai Nagendra Rai, Congress
4. Congress Mr.Ramhari Joshi Ram Bishwas Yadav, Sadvawana
5. Congress Mr. Mahanta Thakur Nanda Lal Rai, Jana Morcha
1. Congress Mr.Bipin Koirala Shanti Man Karki, UML
2. Congress Mr.Hom Raj Dahal Mrs. Goma Devkota Karki, UML
3. Congress Mr. Dhruba P.Sharma Tika Jung Thapa, RPP
1. UML Mr.Amri Bohara Pashupati Shumshere Rana, RPP
2. RPP Mr. Bishnu B. Thapa Shubhas Karmalarga, UML
3. RPP Mr.Pashupati S. Rana Kancha Lama, Congress
1. Congress Mr. Padam N. Chaudhary Rajendra P.C.Tharu, UML
2. UML Mr.Narendraraj Pokhrel Ms.Chitralekha Yadav, Congress
3. Congress Mr. Sureshchandra Das Krishna Charan Shrestha, RPP
4. Congress Mr.Raj Dev Gohit Bishweswore Madyata Yadav, RPP
5. Congress Mr.Pradeep Giri Dharmanath Prasad Shah, Indepen
1. Congress Mr.Bal Bahadur K.C. Sonam Tsering Sherpa, RPP
1. Congress Mr.Purna B. Khadka Rishi P.Sharma, UML
2. UML Mr.Yam Lal Kadel Hridaya Ram Thani, Congress
3. Congress Mr.Shivaraj Joshi Navaraj Rawat, UML
1. UML Ms.Lila Shrestha Subba Binod K.Rai, Congress
2. Congress Mr. Bijay K. Gachhadar Kuldip Paskar, UML
3. Congress Mr. Laxman Mehta Dharmaraj Niraula, UML
4. Congress Mr. Harinath Bastola Bhim P. Acharya, UML
5. Congress Mr. Girija P. Koirala Jagadish Kushiyat, UML
1. UML Mr. Trilochand Dhakal Rudra Man Gurung, Congress
2. UML Mr. Dhruba Raj Lamsal Gopal Man Shrestha, Congress
3. UML Mr.Mahendra Thapamagar Khagendraraj Regmi, Congress
1. Congress Mr. Govinda Joshi Yek B.Rana Magar, UML
2. Congress Mr. Ram Chandra Paudyal Biswabandhu Bhandari, UML
3. Congress Mr. Ambar Raj Kaini Dukha Raj Sigdel, UML
1. Congress Mr. Mani Lama Kaji Man Subba, UML
2. UML Ms.Ambika Sawa Bishnu Maden, RPP
1. UML Mr.Surendra K.Phombo Tulsi Subba, RPP
1. UML Mr. Laxmi N. Chaudhary Ashok C. Rai, Congress
2. UML Mr. Bishnu B. Rawat Heramba B. Thapa, Congress
___ TOTAL 205
1. Winners Kathmandu (2), Mrs. Vidya Bhandari, UML
Kathmandu (6), Mrs.Sahana Pradhan, UML
Sunsari (1), Mrs.Leela Shrestha, UML
Gorkha (2), Mrs.Kamala Pant, Congress
Dhanusha (2), Mrs.Leela Koirala, Congress
Morang (7), Ms.Shailija Acharya, Congress
Sarlahi (2), Mrs. Meena Panday, Congress
Sankhuwasabha (2), Pipush Dahal, Congress
Siraha (2), Mrs. Chitralekha Yadav, Congress
Kathmandu (4), Mrs.Krishna Amatya, Congress
Parbat (2), Mrs Uma Adhikari, Congress
Sindhuli (2), Mrs.Goma Devkota, UML
Parsa (4), Mrs.Urmila Aryal, UML
Dang (2), Sushma Ghimire, UML
Date: 29 Nov 94 16:51:48 EST
From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha)
Subject: News 11/28-19
HEADLINE: Nepal gets its first communist premier
DATELINE: (ADDS details and background)
KATHMANDU, Nov 29 (AFP) - King Birendra on Tuesday appointed communist party chief, Mana Mohan Adhikari, as prime minister of Nepal, it was officially announced.
Adhikari, 74, chairman and parliamentary leader of the Nepal
Communist Party-United Marxist and Leninist (NCP-UML), is Nepal's
first communist premier.
He takes the helm of a minority government, after elections two
weeks ago resulted in a hung parliament.
The NCP-UML won 88 seats in the mid-term elections, 15 less than
the minimum needed to command a parliamentary majority.
A minority government became inevitable after talks with the former
ruling party, the Nepali Congress (NC), failed to find an
alliance. The Congress, which won 83 seats, and rightwing Rastraya
Prajatantra Party (RPP) also could not agree on a coalition to keep
out the communists.
Adhikari, in addition to the premiership, will also take the
portfolio of defence minister and take charge of royal palace affairs,
party sources said.
--------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: AP
HEADLINE: Communists to Form Government in Nepal
DATELINE: KATMANDU, Nepal November 29th
Nepal's king appointed a communist alliance to form a minority government, two weeks after an election returned a deadlocked parliament.
Manmohan Adhikari, chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal
(Marxist-Leninist), will be sworn in as the prime minister Wednesday morning.
A palace announcement said Adhikari, 74, met the king for 30
minutes during which he was invited to form the next government as
leader of the single largest party.
-------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: Reuter
HEADLINE: Nepal's communist leader prepares to take power
By Gopal Sharma
KATHMANDU, Nov 29 (Reuter) - Nepal's lifelong anti-monarchist Man
Mohan Adhikary was set to meet King Birendra on Tuesday evening to be
named the Himalayan kingdom's first communist prime minister.
A spokesman for the Communist Unified Marxist-Leninist (UML) party
said Adhikary, 72, had been summoned to appear at the palace in the
capital Kathmandu, at 6:30 p.m. (1245 GMT).
The king was later expected to name Adhikary, once jailed by his
father King Mahendra for anti-monarchist activities, as prime minister
to head a minority government.
A swearing-in ceremony was tentatively scheduled for 10 a.m. (0415
GMT) on Wednesday, political sources told Reuters. ''A new prime
minister may be sworn in tomorrow morning,'' a tight-lipped palace
Adhikary's anticipated nomination would end two weeks of political
deadlock following general elections which yielded a badly split
But the fate of the next government remained uncertain as the
communists were still wooing rival parties, including one with close
ties to the monarch, to try to win enough support to survive a vote of
confidence within 30 days.
The UML took 88 of 205 seats in the House of Representatives in the
November 15 elections, ahead of the outgoing ruling Congress Party's
The Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP), whose leaders often ruled
Nepal in the three decades before bloody pro-democracy protests ended
absolute monarchy in 1990, clinched 20 races. The remaining seats were
spread among smaller parties.
Despite nearly two weeks of horse-trading, no party has been able
to build a working coalition.
Exasperated, Congress announced on Monday that it would sit in the
opposition, clearing the way for Adhikary to stake a claim to form a
King Birendra set a deadline of 5 p.m. (1115 GMT) on Tuesday for
parties to produce a lawmaker able to command a working majority of at
least 103 seats in parliament.
As no party was believed to have met the deadline, the communists
said the four-year-old constitution gave them the right to form a
minority government because they had the most seats.
The king, whose powers were dramatically reduced following the
pro-democracy demonstrations in 1990, must choose the leader of the
parliamentary party with the most seats if no lawmaker can build a
coalition with an outright majority.
C.P. Mainali, a UML politburo member, said the communist government
would have few ministers. The communists planned to write letters to
both Congress and the RPP seeking their support, UML general secretary
Madhav Kumar Nepal said.
''We will try to work out a consensus with other parties because no
one is prepared to go to another election so soon,'' Nepal said.
Mainali said the UML, formed in 1991 through the merger of rival
communist factions, would not allow ideological differences to
The UML has vowed to curb landholdings, slow or even halt a
privatisation programme and yet promote the private sector.
In foreign affairs it has pledged to toe a neutral line and rewrite
a three-decade-old friendship treaty with India, which the UML claims
gives New Delhi unfair influence over Nepal's affairs.
Date: Tue, 29 Nov 1994 18:46:48 -0500 (EST)
Subject: Ceremony and Dinner: Human Rights Award 4 Dilli Choudhary
To: Nepal Digest <firstname.lastname@example.org>
On Wednesday December 7 1994, Dilli Choudhary of Dang will
be awarded the prestigious Reebok International Human Rights Award.
The award-ceremony will take place in Boston, Massachusetts at
Mathews Arena at Northeastern University, starting at 9 am and go
on till 12:30 in the afternoon.
Through the help of Prahlad KC, the Greater Boston Nepali
Community (GBNC) is pleased to INVITE all Nepalis and well-wishers of
Nepal in the Greater Boston Area to come cheer Dilli as he receives
his most-deserved award (for his work with the Tharus in Nepal)
from a panel of distinguished persons, including Jimmy Carter.
If you plan on attending, even for an hour or so, please either
call (617-576-7164) or e-mail me ASAP.
[Also feel free to call Raju Pradhan at 617-924-8852 or
Sunil Shakya at 617-868-2128, Sunil's email: email@example.com]
Your informing one of us would help the GBNC to request Prahlad to
hold/get the REQUIRED [free] admission ticket(s) for you.
Also, that evening at six pm, Prahlad KC is giving a dinner
reception in honor of Dilli at Old Baptist Church on Mass. Ave. in
Cambridge, Massachusetts. And, even if you cannot make it to the
morning function, please do come to the dinner. There is no charge to
the dinner. The Church is located right behind the Inn at Harvard,
on Massachusetts Avenue, on your left as you drive/walk 1/2 mile
(toward Central Square) from Harvard Square.
GBNC members and Boston Nepalis are immensely pleased and proud
at the prospects of meeting such a distinguished and accomplished Nepali
next week in Boston. GBNC pledges to marshal it resources vigorously
to push for press-coverage of Dilli's accomplishments and his winning the
prestigious award in The Boston Globe, The Boston Herald, The Independent
Weekly (Kathmandu), The Kathmandu Post, The Rising Nepal, Kantipur,
Gorkahpatra, Samachar-Bichar (Boston), HIMAL magazine, and both TND and
Enough on details: GBNC hopes to see you at the morning function
and/or at the dinner on December 7 Wednesday.
Come! Come for Dilli Choudhary!!
************************************************************************ Date: Tue, 29 Nov 1994 21:03 EST To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Ajay Pradhan <email@example.com> Subject: RE: King Biased! Yes...
I couldn't agree with you more when you said King has acted biasedly when
he invited all the newly elected parliament members to come up with support
of 103 fellow parliament members, to form a government. Several things can
be said about this:
1. I suppose if Congress Party had 88 seats and UML had 83, King would
have no second thoughts about sending invitation to "Girija *babu*"
to form the government. The meaning of a hung parliament in that
situation would have been different than it is being made out to be
2. It's not OK to invite all parliament members to come up with the
support of 103 members, because by the time King send out the open
invitation, UML had already elected Manmohan Adhikary as its
parliamentary party leader. And within the UML party, it is no one
else but Adhikary who is entitled to receive a specific invitation
to come up with the support of 103 members, if not an an outright
invitation to form a coalition or minority government. Adhikary
deserved this, at least. He is the elected leader of the largest
parliamentary party. King has made a mockery out of what Nepali
people call democracy.
3. If UML's parliamentary party had made an inordinate delay in electing
its leader and Adhikary had not already been elected his party's
parliamentary party chief, King could not have been blamed for
sending out an open invitation to all the elected parliamentarians.
In case of uncertain situation in which any one parliament member
has no outright support of a majority, it is justifiable to do what
4. In fact, this is exactly what the King should have done when Girija
"babu" lost the crucial voting that prompted King to accept the
recommendation of the lame-duck prime minister to dissolve the
parliament. But, at that time, King couln't care less about
inviting any alternative Congress Party parliament member or
even UML parliamentary party chief to come up with a majority
support to form a government. At that time, I had written to you
(which you later posted on SCN) that accepting Girija's
recommendation - when he had already lost the voting and presumably
the majority support - was no better than accepting a similar
recommendation by any other parliament member.
5. Therefore, King's acceptance of a lame-duck prime minister's
recommendation to dissolve the parliament was wrong then, and his
action of sending out open invitation to all the elected parliament
members - when at least the largest parliamentary party had alredy
elected its chief - to come up with majority support, is wrong now.
It is plainly a case of biasness of monarchical proportions - which
only lends credence to the mission of the anti-monarchical left-wing
parties to abolish monarchy in Nepal. That, perhaps, is a solace to
the many Nepali people who think that the monarchy must and shall
go and Nepal will still retain its sovereignty.
So, Amulya, I agree with you that King has acted biasedly.
Date: Tue, 29 Nov 94 21:40 EST
From: "Balkrishna.Sharma" <23012BKS@msu.edu>
Subject: Keep TND free of garbage information
I do appreciate the time and effort devoted by TND staff to keep it going.
However, I find the material published quite often too lengthy, too tedious to
readand even vulgar in some instances. Why can't some of those writers who
love to write just give the info saying that they have reading material handy
for the interested readers of that particular topic or mention the sources of
such information. I do't see any point uploading long, very long files to
mainframe and sending to all the readers. Why should minor children looking
for Nepalese news be exposed to vulgar material such as 'sexual...' of
Nepalese women. May be you TND staff should start rating the news coming to
everyone's terminal. May be you should divide TND into sections like News,
Kurakani, Looking for friends, etc etc and mail separately to the readers. I
hope I am not the only one who feels like this concerning more recent issues
From: Mr A K Karki <MCGMD11@fs1.ci.umist.ac.uk>
Date: Wed, 30 Nov 1994 10:55:29 GMT
Subject: NEW GOVERNMENT IN NEPAL
NCP ( UML ) FORMED GOVERNMENT IN NEPAL
Priminister Manamohan Adhikary Royal Palace
Vice-Priminister Madhav K. Nepal Defence and Foreign
Affaire Minister K. P. Oli Home
do C.P. Mainali Local Dev. and Supply
do Bharatmohan Adhikary Finance
do R.K. Mainali Agri. and Land-Reform
do Modhanath Prasit Edu.,Culture and Social
Welfare do Pradeep Nepal Information and
Communication do Padam R. Tuladhar Labour and Health
State Minister Ashok Rai Construction and
Transportation do Salim Ansari Miya Forest and Environment do Prem Singh Dhami Housing and Physical
Planning do Subash Nembang Law,Justice,Parliament
and Public administration do Bhim Rawal Commerce,Tourism and
Civil aviation do Hari Pande Industry and Water
%% END OF "THE NEPAL DIGEST". %%
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