The Nepal Digest - Dec 15, 1994 (29 Manghir 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 15 Dec 94: Mangshir 29 2051 BkSm Volume 34 Issue 10

               To the Students: Good luck in the finals!
               To everybody: Happy Holidays!

                               - TND Editorial Board

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********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 12 Dec 1994 11:43:51 -0500 From: Abi Sharma To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: UML Cabinet
   While I salute Ashu's intellectual appetite, I suggest him to slow down a bit sometimes in satisfying it. It is understandable however, living in an intellectually vibrant N. american city ad witnessing the slow
 Nepali social evolution can be very frustrating. As far as the qualification of the uml govt. is concerned, for sure non of the members are Ivy league graduates ( and it is unlikely that there will be one soon, unless of course if personalities like ashu decide to join uml :-) Mexico has been ruled by highly skilled technocrats, Salinas ( president till 3 days ago himself a Harvard graduate) presidency has catapulted from one billionaire in 1988 to 20 in 1994, by marginalizing half of its population of 90m. to poverty in such an extent that it is in the verge of social breakdown. Qualification from whom, where ? for what ? and who gets to judge it? I have heard/read intellectuals depicting the Zapatista Subcommandante Marcos as a modern day Nietzsche in the ski- mask, or an alternative development planner, or an idealist whiteman gone out of his mind, or a criminal subversive terrorist, or a mystic sexy hero of the mexican sierras, or a political activist determined to help bring about the social change and economic justice to the Campesinos. I mean the choice is ours how we qualify him depends on who we are and what we represent. Having read Ashu's piece in the last
 Himal issue where he argues that the Nepali intellectual landscape is barren due to the Panchayati kaal ko education system. Most of these individuals not only come from that period but also have spent years in prisons tortured and demoralized. but the point is that they consistently whether inside the prison or outside aligned themselves with the rural- urban poor; learning, building the social mass movement bit by bit, which has eventually brought Nepal to the present day juncture. Their qualifica tions in collective term, is reflected in the emergence of the uml from a "localized & nearly liquidated" form in the 70s to the major player in the national level in the 90s.
   To many Nepalis, the Dasdhunga accident has not yet been resolved and draws tremondous importance, therefore, deserves a proper inquiry. I agree with Ashu though on the issue of public transport system. In fact, my next month home visit requires me to take one of those buses from ktm to Dharan, and I am already kind of scared to ride it. The issue of land reforms is outlined in the uml's election manifesto, which I think was posted in scn. How will it shape up, how far it will go, depends on many factors, and my guess is that RK himself can't tell you much about it right now.

I too have many questions and concerns regarding the new govt. and its future, Ashu. One could easily indulge, for example, in the format of the govt.(1) out of 15 in total there are two Nepals, two Adhikarys, two Mainalis, and it is particularly when the ethnic voices are demanding for their rightful recognitions. (2) uml which has a strong women organisation does not even have single representation in the govt.,at least not yet many contradictions, and prolems. But I do believe, those who are working in Nepal have better grasp of the situation, and know better what they are doing from what they have, than we know of them here. Also, perhaps, it will be more academic to view the new govt.and the uml in the whole of off the wagon now and criticizing it in a pre-emtive manner.

abi sharma

****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 13 Dec 94 00:35:31+050 From: himalaya@ronast.ernet.in To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Belated News may be of use in your e-mail paper, TND

GENTLE(WO)MEN:

Sorry for the delay in transmitting the following news items due to system failure at RONAST from Monday. Please bear for a the delay. With best regards,

Sichendra Bista Journalist and Interdisciplinary ecologist himalaya@ronast.ernet.in Snail mail address: Post Box 6734 Kathmandu, Nepal ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL WILD BEASTS KILL TWO PERSONS

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 7: A HERD OF 11 (ELEVEN) SAVAGE ELEPHANTS ON TUESDAY WRECKED SEVEN HOUSES, KILLING A FOUR YEAR OLD GIRL CHILD AND SEVERELY INJURING HER
 MIDDLE-AGED MOTHER IN DEURI VILLAGE OF UDAYAPUR DISTRICT IN EASTERN NEPAL.

THE FEROCIOUS TUSKERS WERE STIMULATED TO ENTER VIOLENTLY TO THE VILLAGE BY THE STRONG ODOUR OF LOCAL LIQUOR, EMANATING FROM THAT SETTLEMENT.

MEANWHILE, A YOUNG WOMEN OF 19 YEARS WAS KILLED
 WHEN A WILD BEAR SUDDENLY ATTACKED HER IN DURGAMANDOUN
 VILLAGE OF DOTI DISTRICT IN FAR WESTERN NEPAL ON SUNDAY,
 POLICE SOURCES SAID.

MS. MAHAMATI BISTA CAME UNDER THE ATTACK OF THAT
 SAVAGE ANIMAL WHEN SHE WAS COLLECTING FODDER IN A JUNGLE IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF HER HOUSE, ACCORDING TO NEPAL POLICE. END ITEM+
******* FOUR LEGGED CHICKEN

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 7: A FOUR-LEGGED CHICKEN WAS BORN
 TO A HEN IN CHAUPARI VILLAGE OF SYANGJA DISTRICT IN WESTERN NEPAL, THE OFFICIAL RSS NEWS AGENCY REPORTED.

THE FREAK CHICKEN IS IN NORMAL CONDITION AND WALKS ABOUT
 ON ALL OF ITS LEGS AS ANIMALS.

ACCORDING TO MS. BEGMAYA ROKKA WHO KEPT THE BIRDS, THE ABNORMAL CHICKEN CAME OUT OUT OF SEVEN EGGS THE HEN HATCHED AT A TIME. END ITEM+
******* ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

FEMALE JOURNALISTS  SEMINAR

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 7: AN EIGHT-DAY REGIONAL SEMINAR ON
 EDITORIAL MANAGEMENT FOR SENIOR WOMEN JOURNALISTS OF
 SOUTH ASIAN NATIONS BEGAN HERE TODAY UNDER THE AEGIS
 OF SINGAPORE-BASED ASIAN MASS COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH CENTRE
 (AMIC).

TWENTY-FIVE FEMALE SCRIBES FROM SAARC MEMBER-STATES
 EXCLUDING BHUTAN AND MALDIVES ARE ATTENDING THE SEMINAR,
 ACCORDING TO THE LOCAL HOST OF THE EVENT, MANUSHI  A
 CENTRE FOR APPLIED RESEARCH ON GENDER ISSUES.

THE PARTICIPANTS INCLUDE SEVEN FROM INDIA, FOUR FROM
 BANGLADESH, THREE FROM PAKISTAN, FOUR FROM SRI LANKA AND
 SIX FROM NEPAL.

THE INDIAN PARTICIPANTS ARE NITYA KALYANI OF BUSINESS LINE, SNEHLATA SRIVASTAVA OF LOKMAT TIMES, MARIA ABRAHAM OF THE WEEK, AND BAWDEKAR RUTA MANCHAR, RAJESWORI JOYDEEP, KULMANI VARSHA BHASKAR AND SARITA SRINKANI  ALL FROM SAKAL GROUP OF NEWSPAPERS.

THE PRINCIPAL OBJECTIVE OF THE SEMINAR IS TO IMPART A COMPREHENSIVE
 KNOWLEGE AND TRAINING IN VARIED ASPECTS OF EDITORIAL MANAGEMENT.
 END ITEM+
****** ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

REGIONAL SEMINAR ON REPRESENTATION

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 7: AN REGIONAL SEMINAR ON THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF THE POLITICAL REPRESENTATION SYSTEM IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC WAS OPENED BY NEPAL KING BIRENDRA AMIDST AN AUGUST FUNCTION HERE
 TODAY.

IN HIS INAUGURAL ADDRESS, THE KING HOPED THAT SUCH A GATHERING WOULD HELP CONSOLIDATE THE REPRESENTING SYSTEM UNDER THE MULTI- PARTY DEMOCRACY.

THIS IS THE FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE OF THE MONARCH AFTER THE COMMUNISTS CAME TO THE POWER LAST WEEK. IT IS ALSO NOTEWORTHY THAT THE PRE-SET PROGRAMME OF THE NEPALESE HEAD OF THE STATE WAS
 WIDELY PUBLICISED BY THE STATE RUN PRINT AS WELL AS ELECTRONIC MEDIA FROM TUESDAY.

SENIOR LAWYERS AND LEGAL EXPERTS FROM 40 NATIONS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ARE TAKING PART, SAID LAW ASIA  AN ORGANISATION OF THE LAWYERS IN ASIA-PACIFIC REGION WHICH HOSTED THE EVENT.

MOREOVER, THE KING NOTED THAT THE POLITICAL MATURITY SHOWN BY THE NEPALESE PEOPLE WAS ENCOURAGING AS EVIDENT FROM THE ACCOMPLISHEMENT
 OF TWO PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS UNDER MULTI-PARTY SYSTEM IN LAST THREE YEARS.

THE REPRESENTATIVES FROM INDIA, PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH, NEPAL, SRI LANKA,
 NEW ZEALAND, SOUTH KOREA AND SINGAPORE ARE SCHEDULED TO PRESENT PAPERS ON CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEMS AND ANTI-HOPPING LAWS, THE ORGANISERS ADDED.
 END ITEM+
**** ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

NEPALI CONGRESS PARLIAMENTARY BOARD

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 2: FORMER HOME MINISTER AND PARLIAMENTARIAN MR. SHER BAHADUR DEUBA WAS ANONYMOUSLY ELECTED AS THE PARLIAMENTARY
 BOARD LEADER OF THE LEADING OPPOSITION PARTY, THE NEPALI CONGRESS ON FRIDAY.

ALL OTHERS WITHDREW THEIR PAPERS EXCEPT THE NC LAWMAKER FROM WESTERN MOUNTAINOUS DISTRICT OF DANG THIS AFTERNOON. IT IS NOTWORTHY THAT PAPERS WERE FILED BY EIGHT NC LEGISLATORS
 FOR THE ELECTIONS WITHIN THE PARTY, SLATED TO BE HELD THIS
 AFTERNOON.

WITH THE EMERGENCE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL (UNITED MARXIST LENINIST) AS THE LEADING POLITICAL FORCE FOLLOWING THE RECENT PARLIAMENTARY POLLS IN THIS HIMALAYAN COUNTRY, THE NEPALI CONGRESS PARTY STEPPED DOWN FROM POWER.

IN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, THE NEPALI CONGRESS PARTY WHICH GOVERNED THE COUNTRY FOR THE FIRST TIME AFTER THE RESTORATION OF MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACY FOUR YEARS AGO, BAGGED
 ONLY 83 SEATS  FIVE SEATS LESS THAN THAT OF CPN-UML WHICH ON TUESDAY FORMED THE MINORITY GOVERNMENT.

NOTABLY, THE PARTY, CURRENTLY IN OPPOSITION, BAGGED 114 SEATS WHILE CPN-UML CAPTURED ONLY 68 SEATS IN THE 1991 GENERAL ELECTIONS TO THE 205-MEMBER HOUSE OF REPRESETATIVES.
 END ITEM+
************ ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

FRENCH NATIONAL MISSING

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 1: A FRENCH NATIONAL, COMET JAME REMIE,
 WAS FEARED DEAD WHEN HE FELL DOWN 200 METRES BELOW IN A CREVASSE IN THE MOUNT MAKALU REGION NEAR TIBET-NEPAL BORDER IN EASTERN NEPAL ON TUESDAY, POLICE SOURCES SAID.

THE VICTIM WHO IS STILL MISSING WAS TREKKING IN THE REGION
 TOGETHER WITH ANOTHER FRENCH NATIONAL LUCIC GEORGE WHEN THE FATAL ACCIDENT TOOK PLACE, IT IS LEARNT.

A TEAM OF MAKALU BORDER POLICE POST HAS ALREADY REACHED AT THE SITE OF ACCIDENT AND IS CONDUCTING A SEARCH. END ITEM+
******* ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

PARLIAMENTARY SESSION

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 30: NEPAL KING BIRENDRA TODAY SUMMONED THE FIRST SESSION OF THE NEW HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
(LOWER HOUSE), SLATED FOR DECEMBER 14, ACCORDING TO THE
 PARLIAMENT SECRETARIAT.

ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 53 (1) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL (1991), THE MONARCH SHOULD SUMMON A SESSION
 OF PARLIAMENT WITHIN A MONTH AFTER THE PARLIAMENTARY POLLS ARE
 HELD.

NOTABLY, THE MID-TERM ELECTIONS TO THE 205-MEMBER HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WERE HELD IN THIS HIMALAYAN KINGDOM ON
 NOVEMBER 15. END ITEM+
************ RAO-MESSAGE

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 30: INDIAN PRIME MINISTER MR.
 P. V. NARSIMHA RAO HAS BECOME THE FIRST FOREIGN
 HEAD OF THE STATE TO SEND A MESSAGE CONGRATULATING THE NEWLY-ELECTED NEPALESE PRIME MINISTER MR. MANMOHAN ADHIKARI.

IN HIS MESSAGE, MR. RAO HOPED THAT THE ANCIENT RELATIONSHIP
 BETWEEEN INDIA AND NEPAL WOULD FURTHER DEEPEN AND STRENGTHEN
 DURING MR. ADHIKARIS TENURE.

IT IS NOTEWORTHY THAT MR. ADHIKARI WHO IS THE FIRST ELECTED
 COMMUNIST PREMIER IN THE POST COLD WAR WORLD HAS MADE SOME CRITICAL REMARKS WHEN HE WAS TIPPED AS NEPALS NEXT PRIME MINISTER LAST WEEK. REVIEW OF THE ENTIRE GAMUT OF THE INDO-NEPAL RELATIONSHIP FIGURED AS A PRIORITY ISSUE OF THE CPN-UMLS MINORITY GOVERNMENT UNDER MR. ADHIKARI.

IN AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH PTI, MR. ADHIKARI
 ALLEGED CURRENT INDIAN ENVOY TO NEPAL PROF. BIMAL
 PRASAD AND INDIAN EMBASSY FOR COMING OUT AGAINST
 HIS PARTY AND IN FAVOUR OF FORMER PRIME MINISTER
 MR. GIRIJA PRASAD KOIRALA IN A NAKED, INDISCREET, UNDIGNFIED AND UNDIPLOMATIC MANNER, DAMAGING ENTIRE GAMUT OF THE AGE-OLD TIES BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. END ITEM+
*********************** EMBARGOED TILL 1200 NOON IST

OATH TAKEN

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 30: THOUGH CONTRADICTORY TO THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNIST IDEOLOGY, MR. MANMOHAN ADHIKARI  THE FIRST LEFT HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE POST COLD-WAR WORLD  SWORE TO BE LOYAL AND
 FAITHFUL TO THE HINDU MONARCH AND HINDU KINGDOM
 OF NEPAL AT A SWERING-IN CEREMONY, HELD AT THE NARAYANHITI ROYAL PALACE THIS MORNING.

KING BIRENDRA APPOINTED MR. ADHIKARI AS PRIME MINISTER
 OF THIS HIMALAYAN COUNTRY YESTERDAY EVENING IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ARTICLE 42 (2) OF THE CONSTITUTION
 OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL (1991) SINCE NO OTHER PARTY COULD MUSTER ENOUGH STRENGTH OF 103 SEATS TO CLAIM FOR FORMING A COALITION GOVERNMENT WITH SUPPORT OF ONE OR
 MORE PARTIES.
  COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL ( UNITED MARXIST LENINIST), LED BY PREMIER ADHIKARI WHO IS ALSO HANDLING THE ROYAL
 PALACE AFFAIRS, EMERGED AS THE BIGGEST POLITICAL GROUP
 IN THE COUNTRY BAGGING 88 SEATS IN THE RECENT
 PARLIAMENTRAY POLLS.

ALONGWITH THE INDIA-EDUCATED 74-YEAR OLD FREEDOM FIGHTER,
 NINE OF HIS COMRADES, HOLDING VARIOUS PORTFOLIOS IN HIS
 COUNCIL OF MINISTERS, ALSO TOOK AN OATH OF OFFICE IN FRONT OF THE CROWN.

IN THE 15-MEMBER CPN-UML GOVERNMENT, PARTY GENERAL SECRETARY MR. MADHAV KUMAR NEPAL IS THE DEPUTY PRIME
 MINISTER.

CPN-UML PARTYMEN IS OF THE VIEW THAT MR. NEPAL IS THE DE FACTO HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT SINCE HE IS ALSO IN-CHARGE OF THE MOST POWERFUL MINISTRY OF DEFENCE AND
 FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

NOTABLY, A CABINET MEMBER OTHER THAN PRIME MINISTER WAS ALLOWED TO HANDLE DEFENCE ISSUES FOR THE FIRST TIME IN NEPALS POLITICAL HISTORY.

MR. NEPAL CLAIMED THOSE POWERFUL PORTFOLIOS TO SHOW HIS STRENGHT TO THE MINORITY FACTION WITHIN HIS PARTY AS WELL AS TO STRENGHTHEN HIS ALWAYS-WARM RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PALACE, CPN-UML INSIDERS TOLD PTI.

BARELY WITHIN FOUR YEARS, A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT RIDICULED, NEPALESE PEOPLE HAVE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO SEE THE MOST POWERFUL PRIME MINISTER LIKE MR. GIRIJA PRASAD KOIRALA AND THE MOST POWERLESS RUBBER-STAMP HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT LIKE
 MR. ADHIKARI, TOO.

OTHER MINISTERS IN THE NEWLY-FORMED CABINET INCLUDE A
 CLOSE AIDE OF MR. NEPAL MR. KHADGA OLI (HOME MINISTER),
 LEADER OF THE MINORITY FACTION MR. CHANDRA PRAKASH MAINALI
(MINISTER FOR SUPPLIES), YOUNGER BROTHER OF PRIME MINISTER MR. BHARAT MOHAN ADHIKARI
(MINISTER FOR FINANCE), NAXALITE LEADER WHO SERVED A JAIL
 SENTENCE OF 17 YEARS MR. RADHA KRISHNA MAINALI (MINISTER
 FOR AGRICULTURE AND LAND REFORMS), NOTED PROGRESSIVE WRITER
 AND LITTERATEUR MR. MODNATH PRASRIT (MINISTER FOR EDUCATION,
 CULTURE AND SOCIAL WELFARE), CHIEF OF THE CPN-UML PUBLICITY DIVISION MR. PRADEEP NEPAL (MINISTER FOR INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS) AND A SOCIAL WORKER MR. PADMA RATNA TULADHAR
 (MINISTER FOR LABOUR AND HEALTH). MORE/PAGE TWO PAGE TWO/ OATH TAKEN/ NOVEMBER 30/ SICHENDRA BISTA/ KATHMANDU/ NEPAL LIKEWISE, THE STATE MINISTERS IN THE CPN-UML
 GOVERNMENT ARE MR. ASHOK RAI (PUBLIC WORKS AND TRANSPORTS), MR. SALIM MIYAN ANSARI (FORESTS AND SOIL CONSERVATION), MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
 (UPPER HOUSE) MR. SUBHASH NEMBANG (LAW, JUSTICE AND
 PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS), MR. HARI PRASAD PANDEY (INDUSTRY
 AND WATER RESOURCES), MR. BHIM RAWAL (COMMERCE, TOURISM
 AND CIVIL AVIATION), AND MR. PREM SINGH DHAMI (HOUSING
 AND PHYSICAL PLANNING).

THE STATE MINISTERS ALSO TOOK AN OATH OF THEIR OFFICES
 AT THE GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT IN SINGH DURBAR THIS
 EARLY AFTERNOON.

MEANWHILE, A CPN-UML PARLIAMENTARIAN WHO WANTED NOT
 TO BE IDENTIFIED CRITICIZED THAT THE COMPOSITION OF
 THE CABINET HAS NOT FOLLOWED THE EGALITARIAN CONCEPT THAT THE CPN-UML ELECTORAL AS WELL AS IDEOLOGICAL MANIFESTO ENDORSED.

THE LAWMAKER, REPRESENTING A MINORITY COMMUNITY IN NEPAL
 NOTED THAT THERE WAS NEITHER REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN NOR OF THARU COMMUNITY.

REMINDING THAT MAJORITY OF CPN-UML LAWMAKERS ARE OF OR ELECTED FROM THARU COMMUNITIES IN TERAI PLAINS, THE
 LEGISLATOR ALLEGED THAT THE LEGACY OF ETHNIC BIAS TOWARDS HIGH CASTES OF BRAHMIN AND CHHETRIS STILL PERSISTS AMONG THE LEADERS OF PARTY HIGH COMMAND AS EVIDENT FROM THE COMPOSITION OF THE COUNCIL OF
 MINISTERS.

ANOTHER CPN-UML MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FROM FAR WESTERN NEPAL EXPRESSED DEEP CONCERN OVER THE FACT THAT THE CABINET
 WAS DOMINATED BY THE PARTY LEADERS, MAINLY FROM THE EASTERN
 FLANK OF THE COUNTRY.

NONTHELESS, PRIME MINISTER MR. ADHIKARI ON TUESDAY ASSURED
 THAT THE CABINET WOULD BE EXPANDED AS SOON AS THE PARTY
 OVERCOMES THE HURDLE THAT ITS GOVERNMENT HAS TO FACE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS.

ACCORDING TO THE NEPALESE CONSTITUTION, A MINORITY
 GOVERNMENT SHOULD OBTAIN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE IN THE PARLIAMENT WITHIN THIRTY DAYS OF ITS FORMATION.

COMMENTING ON THE FORMATION OF A LEFT GOVERNMENT UNDER THE CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCH, A YOUTH CONGRESS LEADER MR.
 PRAKASH MAN SINGH WHO WAS DEFEATED BY PREMIER MR. ADHIKARI
 IN KATHMANDU 3 IN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, SAID, WITH
 THE RECENT POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS, NEPAL HAS IRONICALLY EXPERIENCED A UNIQUE POLITICAL MODEL.

ASKED WHETHER HE SEES THE FUTURE OF COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT
 IN NEPAL BRIGHT, HE AFFIRMATIVELY RESPONDED, THE COMMUNISTS IN NEPAL ARE NOT HARDLINER DISCIPLE OF MARX,
 LENIN OR MAO. THEY HAVE BEEN CORRECTING THEMSELVES TIME
 AND AGAIN FOR THE COMPATIBILITY WITH THE CHANGING GLOBAL
 POLITICAL CLIMATE. HOWEVER, THESE REFORM-LOVING LEADERS,
 CAMOUFLAGED UNDER RED FLAGS, ARE SUCCESSFULLY LURING THE POVERTY-STRIKEN NEPALESE POPULACE WITH SWEET PROMISES
 THAT THEY HARDLY COULD MATERIALISE.

THE MANDATE THAT THE COMMUNISTS RECEIVED FROM THE NEPALESE PEOPLE RECENTLY, IS NOTHING, BUT A LITMUS TEST TO UNCOVER
 THEIR REAL NATURE, OPINED THE ELDEST SON OF SUPREMO MR. GANESH MAN SINGH, PRESUMING THAT THE REALITY OF COMMUNISTS WILL BE EXPOSED SOON.

MINISTER FOR INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS MR. PRADEEP NEPAL, HOWEVER, ASSURED THAT THE CPN-UML GOVERNMENT WOULD
 BE MORE TRANSPARENT THAN THE GOVERNMENTS IN THE PAST AND
 WORK ON THE BASIS OF CONSENSUS POLITICS. END ITEM+
***************** ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

ADHIKARI ASCENDED TO POWER

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 29: THE 72-YEAR OLD MR. MANAMOHAN ADHIKARI, PRESIDENT OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL UNITED MARXIST-LENINIST (CPN-UML),
 WAS APPOINTED AS THE PRIME MINISTER OF NEPALS NEW GOVERNMENT
 BY NEPAL KING BIRENDRA TODAY.

THUS, THE COMMUNIST LEADER WHO IS A GRADUATE OF THE BENARAS
 HINDU UNIVERSITY AND WAS IMPRISONED IN INDIAN JAILS FOR HIS
 PARTICIPATION IN THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT IN 1942, BECAME THE
 FIRST ELECTED COMMUNIST PREMIER IN THE POST COLD WAR WORLD.

IMMEDIATELY AFTER COMING BACK FROM THE NARAYANHITI ROYAL PALACE,
 MR. ADHIKARI TOLD REPORTERS THAT HIS GOVERNMENTS PRIORITIES WOULD BE CONSOLIDATION AND INSTITUTIONALISATION OF THE CURRENT POLITICAL INSTITUTION AND ABROGATION OF CONTRADICTORTY LAWS.

ASKED WHAT HIS GOVERNMENT PLANNED TO SETTLE THE CONTROVERSIAL TANAKPUR TREATY WITH INDIA, HE SAID,  INDIA IS A FRIENDLY COUNTRY
 OF NEPAL AND WE WILL NEGOTIATE BY INITIATING DIALOGUE WITH THE
 GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. MORE/ PAGE TWO PAGE TWO/ PRIME MINISTER ADHIKARI/ NOVEMBER 29/ SICHENDRA BISTA/ KATHMANDU/ NEPAL

THE SWERING-IN CEREMONY OF THE NEWLY-APPOINTED HEAD OF THE MINORITY GOVERNMENT AND HIS CABINET MEMBERS WILL BE HELD AT THE NARAYANHITI ROYAL PALACE LATE MORNING ON WEDNESDAY.

MR. ADHIKARI ALSO HINTED THAT HIS COUNCIL OF MINISTERS WILL BE SMALL WITH A DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER TILL HIS MINORITY GOVERNMENT THE MAJOR HURDLE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS.

CPN-UML GENERAL SECRETARY MR. MADHAV KUMAR NEPAL WAS NAMED FOR THE
 POST OF DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER, HE DISCLOSED.

ASKED WHY A MINORITY GOVERNMENT FELT THE NEED OF A DEPUTY PREMIER, MR. ADHIKARI WHO APPEARED RED WITH THE VERMILLION POWER AND GARLANDED REPLIED, THE DESIGNATION WAS CREATED AS HIS GOVERNMENT IS FACING A COMPLICATED RESPONSIBILITY.

FOLLOWING THE DECLARATION OF NOVEMBER 15 PARLIAMENTARY POLLS OUTCOME,
 THE MONARCH ASKED ALL POLITICAL PARTIES, CONTROLLING SEATS IN THE 205-MEMBER HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, TO MAKE A CLAIM FOR THE FORMATION OF NEPALS NEW GOVERNMENT.

BUT, NOBODY COULD PRODUCE A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF 103 SEATS WITH AN ALIGNMENT
 WITH TWO OR MORE PARTIES BY THIS EVENING. THEREFORE, CPN-UML WHICH BAGGED 88 SEATS IN THE RECENT PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS WAS ASKED BY THE
 KING TO FORM A MINORITY GOVERNMENT.

BESIDES, THE NEPALI CONGRESS PARTY BAGGED 83 SEATS, ROYALIST NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY 20, HARDLINER LEFT-WING NEPAL PEASANTS AND LABOURERS PARTY FOUR, ETHNIC SADBHAVANA PARTY THREE AND INDEPENDENTS INCLUDING TWO DISSIDENT CONGRESSMAN SEVEN. HOWEVER, THE PRO-INDIAN NSP AND LEFT-WING NPLP
 HAS ALREADY PLEDGED THEIR SUPPORT TO CPN-UML.

ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL, MR. ADHIKARIS MINORITY GOVERNMENT WILL COLLAPSE IF IT CANNOT PRODUCE A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE
 IN THE NEPALESE PARLIAMENT WITHING 30 DAYS. MORE/PAGE THREE PAGE THREE/ PRIME MINISTER ADHIKARI/ KATHMANDU/ SICHENDRA BISTA

ASKED WHETHER HIS PARTY IS IN A POSITION TO MUSTER ENOUGH STRENGHT IN THE PARLIAMENT WITHIN A MONTHS DEADLINE, MR. NEPAL REPLIED, WE ARE ASSURED BY THE LEADERS OF ALL REPRESENTIVE
 PARTIES OF CONTINUED SUPPORT TO RUN A COUNTRY UNDER AN STABLE GOVERNMENT AS AGAINST THE ASSURANCE OF OUR SIDE THAT THE CPN-UML GOVERNANCE WILL BE GUIDED BY CONSENSUS RATHER THAN HEGEMONY.

RECALLING THE AUDIENCE BY THE MONARCH THIS EVENING, MR. ADHIKARI SAID HE HAD HAD VERY FRIENDLY CONVERSATION WITH KING BIRENDRA WHO
 DEALT WITH HIM VERY ENCOURAGINGLY AND WAS COOPERATIVE.

ABOUT THE FEELING FOLLOWING THE FORMATION OF THIS HINDU KINGDOMS
 FIRST COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT UNDER HIS PRIME MINISTERSHIP, THE CAREER POLITICIAN SAID, ON THIS AUSPICIOUS DAY, I AM REMEMBERING ALL MARTYERS WHO SACRIFISED THEIR LIVES IN LAST FIVE DECADES FOR
 THE CAUSE OF DEMOCRACY. I TAKE THIS OCCASION MORE AS A RESPONSIBILITY THAN MY INDIVIDUAL SUCCESS.

BORN IN A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY AT THE BORDER TOWN OF BIRATNAGAR IN EASTERN NEPAL, MR. ADHIKARI STARTED HIS POLITICAL CAREER IN BENARAS, INDIA BY TAKING PART IN THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT IN 1942 WHEN HE WAS A STUDENT AT THE BENARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY.

<THE FREEDOM FIGHTER WHO ENTERED INTO POLITICS UNDER THE INFLUENCE
 OF THE REFORMIST MOVEMENT OF MAHATMA GANDHI AND PUNDIT JAWAHARLAL
 NEHRU, SPENT SOME 15 YEARS BEHIND THE BARS IN INDIA AND NEPAL FOR
 HIS POLITICAL ACTIVITIES SINCE 40s.>

FROM 1942 TO 46, HE ACTIVELY PARTICIPATED IN THE LABOUR AND
 STUDENTS MOVEMENT AGAINST BRITISH RAJ IN INDIA. FOR THREE YEARS FROM 1947, HE WAS PUT BEHIND THE BARS BY THE THEN AUTOCRATIC
 RANA REGIME FOR HIS INVOLVEMENT IN NEPALS LABOUR MOVEMENT.

JUST A FEW DAYS LATER OF HIS RELEASE FROM THE NAKKHU DUNGEON, HE TOOK PART IN THE PEOPLES MOVEMENT FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN NEPAL IN 1950. THREE YEARS LATER, HE WAS APPOINTED AS THE GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL, FORMED UNDER THE LEADERSHIP
 OF LATE PUSHPALAL PRADHAN WHO IS HERALDED AS THE FATHER OF COMMUNIST MOVEMENT IN NEPAL. MORE/PAGE FOUR

PAGE FOUR/ PRIME MINISTER ADHIKARI/KATHMANDU/S. BISTA

FROM 1953 ONWARDS, HE LED THE COMMUNIST MOVEMENT IN NEPAL
 AFTER THE DEMISE OF LATE PUSPALAL AND ACTIVELY HEADED THE COMMUNIST WING (THEN UNITED LEFT FRONT, AN ALIGNMENT OF EIGHT
 DISBANDED LEFT WING GROUPS WHICH WAS REDIVIDED INTO SEVERAL FACTIONS AFTER KING BIRENDRA RELINQUISHED HIS ABSOLUTE POWER IN 1990) DURING THE POPULAR MOVEMENT FOR RESORATION OF DEMOCRACY IN THIS HIMALAYAN KINGDOM.

MR. ADHIKARI WAS ELECTED FROM ONE OF THE CONSTITUENCIES IN SUNSARI DISTRICT, EASTERN NEPAL IN THE FIRST GENERAL ELECTIONS TO THE NEPALESE
 PARLIAMENT AFTER THE RESTORATION OF PLURALISTIC POLITY IN 1991.

AS A PARLIAMENTARIAN, HE ALSO SERVED AS THE LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION GROUP IN THE PARLIAMENT.

IN THE NOVEMBER 15 POLLS, HE WAS ELECTED FROM BOTH PRESTIGIOUS CONSTITUENCIES IN THIS CAPITAL DISTRICT, DEFEATING TWO RENOWNED
 YOUTH LEADERS OF THE NEPALI CONGRESS PARTY.

A LOVER OF CHILDREN, THE GRIZZLED-BEARED LEFT LEADER WHO SHAVED RECENTLY, IS MARRIED AND FATHER OF TWO CHILDREN.

IN A REPLY TO A QUERY HOW A LEFT GOVERNMENT COULD SURVIVE IN THIS
 HINDU KINGDOM AT A TIME WHEN THE COMMUNIST REGIMES ARE DECLINING WORLDWIDE, MR. ADIKARI FIRMLY SAID THAT HIS PARTY HAS LOCALISED THE
 COMMUNIST IDEOLOGY IN ACCORDANCE WITH NEPALS NEEDS AND MADE COMPATIBLE WITH THE COUNTRYS REALITY, SO THERE WAS NO DOUBT THAT
 IT COULD FAIL.

MEANWHILE, CPN-UML GENERAL SECRETARY MR. NEPAL WHO IS TIPPED AS DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER, SAID,WE DO NOT HAVE EXPERIENCE, BUT WE HAVE
 SENTIMENT AND SPIRIT TO BETTER NEPALS FUTURE THROUGH A GOOD GOVERNANCE.

RESPECTING MORAL AND DEMOCRATIC VALUES AND BELIEFS OF ALL NEPALESE
 CITIZENS, MR. NEPAL ASSURED, NO ONE WILL BE DISCRIMINATED ON HIS/HER
 POLITICAL INCLINATION UNDER CPN-UMLS GOVERNMENT.

WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS EXPECTATION, MR. NEPAL ANSWERED THAT HE WOULD
 LIKE TO SEE A POLITICAL COALITION AT THE GOVERNING LEVEL, FOLLOWING
 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PLURALISTIC POLITICAL PROCESS IN THE COUNTRY
 AS EVIDENT FROM THE THREE ELECTIONS UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM, HELD IN LAST FOUR YEARS.

WHATEVER THE CPN-UML LEADERS CLAIM, THERE IS GENERAL APPREHENSION
 THAT THE LEFT GOVERNMENT MIGHT COME UP WITH HEGEMONISTIC CONCEPTS IN THE NAME OF EGALITARIAN REGIME. END ITEM+
********************* ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

LEFT-WING GROUP TO FORM NEPALS NEW GOVERNMENT

KATHMANDU, NOVEMBER 28: AFTER FIVE DAYS OF
 HECTIC HOMEWORK AND UNDECISIVENESS, THE GOVERNING NEPALI CONGRESS ON MONDAY DECIDED TO REMAIN IN OPPOSITION IN THE NEPALESE PARLIAMENT.

WITH THIS DECISION, THE MORE THAN A WEEK
 LONG CURRENT POLITICAL IMBROGLIO IN THIS
 HIMALAYAN KINGDOM IN CONNECTION WITH THE FORMATION OF NEPALS NEW GOVERNMENT, THERBY ALLOWING THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL UNITED MARXIST LENINIST TO DESIGN
 ITS MINORITY GOVERNMENT IN ACCORDANCE
 WITH THE ARTICLE 42 (2) OF THE NEPALESE CONSTITUTION.

IN THE RECENT PARLIAMENTARY POLLS, NEITHER THE SOCIALIST NEPALI CONGRESS PARTY NOR THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF
 NEPAL UNITED MARXIST LENINIST COULD
 MUSTER ADEQUATE SEATS TO SEE A ONE-PARTY
 GOVERNMENT.

IT IS NOTEWORTHY THAT CPN-UML BAGGED 86 SEATS WHILE NC CAPTURED SEATS IN 83 CONSTITUENCIES IN THE NOVEMBER 15 MID-TERM POLLS. LIKEWISE, THE ROYALIST NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC
 PARTY BAGGED 20 SEATS, ETHNIC NEPAL SADBHAVANA
 PARTY 3, LEFT-WING NEPAL PEASANTS AND LABOURERS PARTY 4 AND INDEPENDENTS SEVEN.

ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NEPAL 1991, THE PARTY CONTROLLING MAJORITY
 OF THE SEATS IN THE 205-MEMBER PARLIAMENT
 WILL BE ASKED TO FORM A MINORITY GOVERNMENT
 BY THE KING IF NOT A SINGLE PARTY COULD MUSTER A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF 103 SEATS OR COMMAND A MAJORITY
 WITH SUPPORT FROM TWO OR MORE PARTIES.

HOWEVER, THE CONSTITUTION STATES THAT THE
 NEWLY-NOMINATED PRIME MINISTER OF THE MINORITY
 GOVERNMENT SHOULD OBTAIN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE
 IN THE PARLIAMENT WITHIN 30 DAYS OF HIS APPOINTMENT.

DUE TO A CLEAR RIFT AMONG THE NC LEGISLATORS,
 AN INSIDER IN THE NC PARLIAMENTARY BOARD MEETING
 TODAY TOLD PTI THAT THE MEETING WHICH WAS HELD FOR THE THIRD TIME IN LAST FOUR DAYS AND LASTED FOR MORE THAN TWO HOURS, COULD NOT ELECT ITS
 LEADER AND FINALLY DECIDED TO CHOOSE ITS LEADER
 COMING FRIDAY.

MENTIONABLY, THE RULING CONGRESS PARTY DESPERATELY
 ENDEVOURED FOR CLINGING TO THE POWER IN ALIGNMENT
 WITH EITHER CPN-UML OR NDP, BUT BOTH OF THE PARTIES
 HAVE THROWN THEIR CARDS AGAINST THE WILL OF NC.

AS SOON AS THE RESULTS IN ALL 205 PARLIAMENTARY
 CONSTITUENCIES DECLARED, THE LARGEST COMMUNIST
 PARTY IN NEPAL HAS BEEN CLAIMING THAT THEY SHOULD BE ENTITLED TO HEAD NEPALS NEXT GOVERNMENT. ON
 THE OTHER HAND, THE PRO-MONARCHY GROUP LAST FRIDAY OPTED FOR STAYING IN OPPOSITION.

MEANWHILE, NEPAL KING BIRENDRA TODAY EXTENDED
 THE DEADLINE FOR PROPOSING THE NAME OF NEPALS
 NEXT PRIME MINISTER TILL TUESDAY EVENING.

NEVERTHELESS, PALACE SOURCES SAID THE KING
 MIGHT SUMMON CPN-UML PRESIDENT MR. MANMOHAN
 ADHIKARI WHO HAS BEEN TIPPED AS NEPALS NEW AND THE FIRST COMMUNIST HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT
 IN THE POST COLD WAR ERA, FOLLOWING TODAYS
 DECISION REGARDING ABANDONMENT OF
 THE GOVERNING PARTYS BID TO REGAIN POWER.

MR. ADHIKARI, 72, IS LIKELY TO BE SWORN IN BY KING BIRENDRA BY TOMORROW EVENING. HE WILL
 FORM A COUNCIL OF MINISTERS BY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, CPN-UML SOURCES SAID.

THE MONARCH ON THURSDAY SUMMONS THE SESSION
 OF THE NEW PARLIAMENT, SLATED FOR DECEMBER 15,
 IT IS LEARNT FROM THE PALACE SOURCES.

POLITICAL PUNDITS OPINED THAT THE GOVERNMENT UNDER THE DOMINION OF THE LEFT-WING GROUP COULD HARDLY LAST FOR NEXT FIVE YEARS. END ITEM+

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 10 Dec 1994 11:30:46 EST To: A10RJS1@cs.niu.edu From: eknath@math.cornell.edu (Eknath Belbase - Math Grad) Subject: sexual censorship

Dear Editor:

This is with regards to the issue of censorship that has come up recently, censorship of supposedly "cheap" sexual material. I do not see the comparison between tabloid coverage of Diana's sexual life and the serious report authored by Shroeder and sent in by A Tuladhar. In fact there isn't any except the word SEX. Now Mr Ghimire is supposedly coming from the position that in "our culture", whatever that is, such discussion in a public forum is not ok.

First of all, talk of sexual matters is quite common in same-gender groups, among high-school and college friends, among cousins and brothers, among sisters and younger aunts. So it is not like Nepalis don't discuss sex. It is just true that a certain subset of Nepalis are much more conservative about talking about sex in a mixed group. However, times are changing, and there is a growing group of people who are more open about such things. My parents are in their 50s and they are in that group. When things in Nepal itself are becoming more open, I find it strange that someone from the supposedly more educated (and perhaps progressive?) bunch would like to turn the clock back.

Sexual conservatism in talk is NOT a general phenomenon you can ascribe to all Nepali cultures. The viewpoint expressed by Mr Ghimire is what I would call a conservative Brahmin culture view. I sincerely hope that others in the TND readership will write in with their views on this, and I am of the opinion that the majority will not subscribe to this Brahminic view.

Sincerely, Eknath Belbase [that is a Brahmin name ;---) and that is my nose ]

**************************************************************** Date: Sat, 10 Dec 1994 11:43:35 EST To: A10RJS1@cs.niu.edu From: eknath@math.cornell.edu (Eknath Belbase - Math Grad) Subject: to the editor

To the editor, TND:

This is with regard to ATULADHARs Post Titled: Sex Articles:Information or Tittilation. I would like to know how you reached the conclusion that the core readership of TND is composed of higher-caste males? I mean was this just a guess based on the assumption that these are the people who tend to come to the US for education based on their dominant status, and thus form the core readership of TND, or was there more to this statement?

In addition, assuming you are correct, the part about "the conservative nature of males from high castes", has a certain logical problem in my mind. I would agree with you if you restricted that statement to, say, high caste Hindu males of age 35+. But as you look at younger males, particularly those in the 20-30 range, this caste-based principle might be completely off. Would it not be reasonable to assume that those same people, once exposed to life here for a few years at a point in their lives when they are fairly open to new ways of thought, would not retain the perspective that they inherited from their elders?

I would be interested in a survey of the TND readership, where people sent in their caste, age, gender, and other info, and their reaction to the recent postings with sexual content. Then we could test the correlation...

Sincerely, Eknath Belbase

********************************************************************** From: Dudley Henderson <73750.241@compuserve.com> To: Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Prema Oza's Stats

To Prema Oza I would just like to apologize. I in no way meant to flaunt my professional credentials. I could have made the same point without that statement. Must have touched a nerve! But, in the world we live in today, it is becoming the norm for one to see the facts for himself than to take anyone's word. If I were trying to convince you of something, I certainly would try to give you proof. As long an neither of us are _really_ trying to convince the other it _really_ doesn't matter what proof we give, does it! That boils down to simple argument. But I guess it is OK to do that here too.

In fact, regardless of the absence of your stats, I would actually be inclined to believe (you are right) that there are more straights with AIDS than non-straights, whatever non-straights means. But the majority of the people with AIDS probably have it as a result of a non-straight lifestyle. A definition of a non-straight lifestyle is probably in the eye of the beholder. Homosexuals, drug abusers, prostitutes, multiple partners in sex regardless of gender, or those that patronize such would probably be my definition of non-straight lifestyle. There are a few unfortunate ones that get AIDS innocently by blood tranfusion etc. That is the crime. What really irritates me is that the US government treats AIDS as a disability instead of a disease and it is definitely a disease regardless of how you got it!

Prema Oza also writes...."Further to Dudley Henderson's frightening demands on stats on AIDS in Nepal..."

I have never actually considered it _frightening_ to want to see someones stats. Have you ever looked at the end of an article published by any reputable scientist or professional and not found a list of articles, statistics, reports, etc. that he used to write the article neatly placed at the end of his document. He might just be saying, don't trust me, check it out for yourself! But again I must apologize, we are not really acting in such a scientific manner, we are just arguing for argument's sake, are we not?

********************************************************** Date: Tue, 13 Dec 94 17:32:05 JST To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu, sujeet@in4wolf.in.kobe-u.ac.jp From: sujeet@in4wolf.in.kobe-u.ac.jp (Sujeet Pradhan) Subject: LATEX HELP

Hi!

I wonder if somebody could help me find out how to use Post Script fonts in a text written in TEX (LATEX) format. Also how do I get the symbol for NOT AN ELEMENT OF A SET (an epsilon like symbol with a slash over it).

Thanking you

Sujeet

sujeet@in4wolf.in.kobe-u.ac.jp

************************************************************************ Date: Tue, 13 Dec 94 8:36:34 EST From: Sunil Shrestha <sshresth@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: immigration !

i don't know if this is the right address. i am dire need of knowing immigration law applicable to recent graduate students. i would be obliged if you can post this in the news groups.

Thank You,

Sunil Shrestha(sshresth@magnus.ohio-state.edu)

********************************************************* Date: Tue, 13 Dec 1994 13:51:33 +0700 To: Nepal Digest <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: Suman Kumar Manandhar <a94314@cs.ait.ac.th> Subject: UML Ministers

I am surprised that some people are concerned about the "suitability" of portfolios assigned to the UML ministers. It makes me wonder. Did these people raise questions about the "suitability" of the past NC government? Why not? Are they not being biased?

Suman Kumar Manandhar
__________________________________ a94314@cs.ait.ac.th Computer Science Asian Institute of Technology Bangkok

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 13 Dec 1994 13:30:52 -0500 From: rshresth@black.clarku.edu (RaJesh B. Shrestha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: cosman@acs.ucalgary.ca (Steve Cosman)

Hi!

Can anyone tell me if any gemstones are mined in Nepal and, if so, what types? Where is the best place (i.e. most economical) source of these? Finally, are there any export restrictions on gems? People should note tha5t this waould NOT be a large investment!
(likely around $500 CAN)

I've also been asked by my mother to get some Kasmir Wool when I'm on my trip. (I believe it is made from Llamas.) Do they produce this in Nepal? If so, where's the best source?

I do NOT want tourists spots'! I want places which cater to locals! I'm drawing-up my travelv itinerary now and so would not find it difficult to make bookings to stay at an out-of-the-way town.

Any help would be appreciated!

Steve cosman@acs.ucalgary.ca

************************************************************************ Date: Tue, 13 Dec 1994 13:31:49 -0500 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Loan from American to Nepali possible? From: syost@hephp01.phys.utk.edu (Scott Yost)

>I was wondering whether it is possible for an American to lend money
>to a citizen of Nepal, and to be payed back one day. I am not too
>concerned about the wisdom of this, because the amount of money is not
>great. However, I do not know how this can be done, what legal questions
>can arise, and so on. I would appreciate any advice on the matter. The
>person I am considering lending money to lives in Kathmandu. Thanks.

>--
>Scott A. Yost (syost@enigma.phys.utk.edu) University of Tennessee, Knoxville

It looks that your main concern is whether you can send money or not at the first place. If you are not worried too much about gettting it back then there should be no problem, you can send a draft to his bank in Kathmandu. You can transfer the money to any branch of international bank at Kathmandu, other banks have a high service charge at the receiving point. You may not retrieve it back so easily. The government allows borrowing from the foreign client, especially if it is for manufacturing or business, but I do not know legality involved in that. If the person lives in Kathmandu, then he is the best source in finding out the process.

I hope it helps.

*********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 14 Dec 94 00:56:02+050 From: himalaya@ronast.ernet.in To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: News and More News

GENTLE(WO)MEN:

Sorry for the delay in transmitting the following news items due to system failure at RONAST from Monday. Please bear for a the delay. With best regards,

Sichendra Bista Journalist and Interdisciplinary ecologist himalaya@ronast.ernet.in Snail mail address: Post Box 6734 Kathmandu, Nepal

ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

RAO INVITATION

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 8: INDIAN PRIME MINISTER MR. P. V. NARASIMHA RAO ON THURSDAY INVITED HIS NEPALESE COUNTERPART MR. MANMOHAN ADHIKARI TO VISIT INDIA AT HIS CONVENIENCE, ACCORDING TO NEPALESE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

THE INVITATION WAS EXTEDNDED TO MR. ADHIKARI BY INDIAN ENVOY TO NEPAL PROF. BIMAL PRASAD AT THE FORMERS OFFICE
 AT SINGH DURBAR TODAY.

THE FIRST COMMUNIST HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE POST COLD WAR WORLD REQUESTED PROF. PRASAD TO COVEY HIS THANKS TO HIS INDIAN COUNTERPARTS FOR THE INVITATION.

BEFORE HOLDING THE HIGH POLITICAL OFFICE, MR. ADHIKARI EXPRESSED HIS WILLINGNESS TO VISIT INDIA FIRST TO REVIEW AND RECAPITULATE THE INDO-NEPAL TIES.

DURING THE MEET, MR. ADHIKARI UNDERLINED THE ANCIENT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO NEIGHBOURLY COUNTRIES, ASSURING MR. PRASAD THAT HIS GOVERNMENT WOULD CONTINUE SUPPORT THE INDIAN AMBASSADOR TO DISCHARGE HIS RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES.

SOME TWO WEEKS AGO, MR. ADHIKARI ALLEGED THAT PROF. PRASAD HAD NAKEDLY INTERFERED IN THE NEPALS INTERNAL POLITICS IN AN INDISCREET AND UNDIPLOMATIC MANNER, THERBY DAMAGING THE ENTIRE GAMUT OF INDO-NEPAL RELATIONSHIP.

NEVERTHELESS, MR. ADHIKARI WHO APPLIED ANTI-INDIA RHETORIC TO WIN THE ELECTIONS, TONED DOWN AFTER HE ASSUMED THE POST OF NEPALESE PRIME MINISTER ON NOVEMBER 29. END ITEM+

********* ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

INDIAN NATIONALS HELD

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 10: NEPAL POLICE CLAIMED THAT TWO INDIAN NATIONALS WERE RECENTLY ARRESTED ON CHARGES OF POSSESSING UNLICENSED WEAPONS IN TWO DIFFERENT PLACES OF THIS HIMALAYAN KINGDOM.

A HAND MADE-GUN AND THREE ROUNDS OF BULLETS WERE RECOVERED FROM THE RENTED ROOM OF 30-YEAR OLD MUNIR SHAH WHO IS THE NATIVE OF BETIA, BIHAR IN INDIA AND CURRENTLY RESIDING IN POKHARA, WESTERN NEPAL, ACCORDING TO POLICE SOURCES.

LIKEWISE, JOGINDER MUKIYA  A RESIDENT OF LAUKAHA
 VILLAGE IN SUGOL DISTRICT, INDIA  WAS CAUGHT REDHANDED WITH AN ILLEGAL HAND-MADE GUN AND TWO ROUNDS OF BULLETS IN THE EASTERN TERAI DISTRICT OF SAPTARI.

AT THE TIME OF ARREST, HE WAS HIDING IN THE HOUSE OF MRS. KANTOO MUKHIYA IN SAKARPURA VILLAGE OF SAPTARI DISTRICT, IT IS LEARNT. END ITEM+

********

ATTN: MR. M. K. RAZDAN, PTI, NEW DELHI, INDIA FROM: SICHENDRA BISTA, KATHMANDU, NEPAL

PEAKS OPENED FOR CLIMBING

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 13: THREE MORE VIRGIN PEAKS ABOVE 6,000 METRES IN FAR EASTERN NEPAL WERE OPENED FOR MOUNTAINEERS, THE MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND CIVIL AVIATION SAID.

IN THIS HIMALAYAN KINGDOM, THERE ARE 1,310 PEAKS THAT ARE ABOVE 5,000 METRES IN ALTITUDE. ONLY ABOUT 150 OF THEM ARE OPEN FOR MOUNTAINEERS.

THE NEWLY-OPENED PEAKS INCLUDE GIVIGELA CHULI (7,350 M.), PATHIBHARA CHULI (7,125 M.) AND LANGO CHULI (6,954 M.)  ALL IN TAPLEJUNG DISTRICT.

AN EXPEDITION TEAM OF UPTO NINE MEMBERS HAVE TO REMIT A ROYALTY OF US 2,000 DOLLARS AND EACH ADDITIONAL MEMBER WILL BE CHARGED US 300 DOLLARS EXTRA FOR OBTAINING CLIBING PERMIT TO GIVIGELA CHULI AND PATHIBHARA CHULI, IT IS LEARNT FROM THE MINISTRY.

LIKEWISE, A ROYALTY OF US 1,500 DOLLARS WAS FIXED FOR SCALING LANGO CHULI FOR A MOUNTAINEERING TEAM UPTO NINE MEMBERS WHILE EACH ADDITIONAL MEMBER TO THE 9-MEMBER TEAM WILL HAVE TO PAY A SUM OF US 200 DOLLARS. END ITEM+

*******

MOUNTAINEERING ACCIDENTS

KATHMANDU, DECEMBER 13: AN AMERICAN MOUNTAINEER, MR. KURT ELIOT SCHMIERER, WAS SLIPPED TO DEATH WHILE MAKING A BID TO PERCH ON THE TOP OF 6966 METRE HIGH MT. DORJE LAKPA IN RASUWA DISTRICT, CENTRAL NEPAL ON DECEMBER 5, POLICE REPORTS REACHING HERE LATELY SAID.

THE DECEASED HAD REPORTEDLY LOST HIS FOOTING AT AN ALTITUDE OF 6,000 METRES.

DUE TO STRONG WIND, NEALESE MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND CIVIL
 AVIATION SAID, LATE MR. SCHMIERERS 7-MEMBER NEPAL-AMERICAN
 EXPEDITION TEAM HAVE ABANDONED ITS ATTEMPT TO CLIMB THE MOUNTAIN.

MEANWHILE, A 9-MEMBER KOREAN EXPEDITION TO MT. ANNAPURNA  AT AN ALTITUDE OF 8,091 METRES AS ONE OF THE TEAM MEMBERS

MR. JUAN SEOK BYUN SUFFERED A FATAL SLIP ON DECEMBER 5,

THE MINISTRY ADDED. END ITEM+

********************************************************************* From: "Hridaya Bajracharya" <hridaya_bajracharya@sec.educ.ualberta.ca> Subject: KURA_KANI To: "The Nepal Digest" <nepal@cs.niu.edu>
                       Subject: Time:12:41
  OFFICE MEMO KURA_KANI Date:12/13/94

PROVOCATION and KILLING What if a snake, a cobra for better illustration, is to crawl in my room? What if one like apsara is to come close to me with an gesture of invitation?
 What if some one come to offer me a bribe of fortune? What if some one is to insult me at my face? What if .. .. What a dilemma provocations bring: One confused, misappropriate step could turn the situation highly destructive. Although we may know that it takes a good patience, cool thinking and appropriate actions to avoid turning the situation into dangerours intanglment, we tend to lose our mind at such provocations. No wonder we worship Buddha as a god instead of taking him as a teacher. On the second thought, may be, Buddha was a boring wise who did not like the idea of amusing with the game of instincts. For, it is provocations and the instinctual reactions that drive our life into living making us wish, experience pain, joy, and regret, and bungle with our life into perpetual suffering. What would life be without these anyway? What will make us differnt from a stone or a machine if we were to remain unprovocative and serene. Anyway, it is so hard to take others provocating or being provocated without a share for oneself. Well, before I turn the reader into a boring stone, let me bring my point: Some provocants and the provcateds such as Dudley Henderson -- Prema Oza debate, A. Tuladhar -- N. Ghimire debate came with such vigor that they almost scared less vigor me out of their debating world, at least in TND. Being a nonviolence loving Buddha worshipper I could only hope that such debates would turn out to be interesting acts like that of "mandari with bin and nagin" that would draw lots of curious onlookers and participants, instead of like the Western movie cowboy duels where killing is the main intention.

Hridaya

*********************************************************************** From: "Ganesh Pandey" <GANESHP@CIVIL.Lan.McGill.CA> To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 13 Dec 1994 17:36:54 EST5EDT Subject: For discussions only

 Ashutosh Tiwari wrote

>>>Prime Minister (Royal Palace Affairs): Man Mohan Adhikari

>>>Deputy Prime Minister (Defence + Foreign Affairs): Madhav Kumar Nepal

>> Both Defence and Foreign Affairs are important posts in their own
>>right. Couldn't one person each handle each portfolio? On the FA front, Nepal
>>needs to negotiate with Bhutan (re: the refugees) with India (re: lots of
>>things) and other countries. Can Madhav Nepal alone handle BOTH portfolios?
>>Or, are we likely to see the same bungling on FA that GPK did?

>>>Cabinet Ministers (7):

>>>Finance: Bharat Mohan Adhikari

>> What is his background? Granted, to be a finance minister, one doesn't
>>need a degree in economics or finance . . . still, how does Adhikari view
>>the role of foreign aid, foreign direct investment, and
>>pushing ahead with or [killing] the economic liberalization?
>>

>>>Health + : Padma Ratna Tuladhar

>> With all due respects, what does PRT know about making health policies?
>>PRT, I'm sure, is a decent man, but has he ever done anything on the
>>health sector? Just questioning.

I have some doubts on this. Let us see the backgrounds of some of the PM's and Ministers during Panchayat Raj (without any comments).

PMs Surya B. Thapa, a Political Scientist from Allahabad University,
     Dr. Tulsi Giri Medical Doctor
     Nagendra P. Rijal - Agro-Industrialist
     Lokendra B. Chand - India Trained Lawyer
     Kirti Nidhi Bista - Sociologist (? not sure)
     Marich M Singh - India Educated Teacher (Patna?) Inflential Ministers
     Bharat Bahadur Pradhan, Metallurgical Engineer turned to economist
     Dr. P.C. Lohani PhD USA (UCLA? )
     Dr. Bhesh B. Thapa USA
     Pashupati S.J.B. Rana, Cambridge
     Hari Bahadur Basnet, Civil Engineer, Former USSR
     Dr. Harkha Gurung, Geographer, UK
     The list goes on.............

Despite such excellent backgrounds we know overall situations of in Nepal. So in my view what is more important is the sincerity. Unless some of the netters join the Nepali politics, we won't be lucky to get qualified as well as honest ministers. If the present ministers are incapable let us hope they will act like a blunt knife which is less dangerous than sharp one.

*********************************************************************** Subject: Foreign aids/loans and Nepali politics ???? From: IO20856@MAINE.BITNET(Suresh Raut) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Tue, 13 Dec 94 12:29:24 EST
         Foreign aid and Nepali politics ???

After the formation of communist government in Nepal, there appeared several qu estions about the political roles about to be played by the UML government, bot h in national and international level. The questions were very abvious to come up, especially at this time of the era, when supposedly most powerful of all co mmunist oriented political systems are gradually disappearing around the world. The reasons could be different in different countries but one thing that I find
 common most importantly for their failure, is their lack of assimilation with other countries, both with their neighbouring countries and the countries aroun d the world. Now we have our tiny country in the UML's hand, and I don't kno w how their actual foreign policy is going to be. If they try to follow the usu al and universal communist foreign policy, our country's future is also going t o be like USSR'we may need another revolution to be normal again. Let us not ask "normal" in what sense. It is the time that defines the meaning of this wor d. We were normal during RANA reign, we were normal during panchayat; now we li ke to ask, were we?
       Anyway, I was concerned about/with the UML foreign policy and the conseq uent foreign aids/loans we get.Of course, if there is not a good policy, there won't be any questions about this, which means the country will not accept aids
. Here the point is, we are not in such situation where we can reject or even q uestion about foreign aids. If someone gives us, we are very much willing to ta ke it, no questions asked. Will UML's policy be the same? Is it a good policy? If it is, at what cost? We depend so heavily on foreign aids and loans, now the
 driving force that has emerged because of this is not a political system, but a robotic machine. We don't care about people, we don't listen them, we don't w ant their demands interfer this fixed robotic system. What we want is blindly f ollow it, not paying where it may lead.We don't have courage to question it, be cause, we don't have the control over it, we did not make it and we don't know how to operate it, forget about fixing it. It's like any machine that we buy in
 the market. We buy it because we have a need for it, we don't want to know how its parts work. Even if we became curious and opend it, there is always a risk of damaging it. We don't have capacity and courage to take risk because simply we can't afford it, or can we?
     So this robotic system that has been imposed upon us, will be the same?I g uess, the answer is 'yes'. In addition to this, now we have disturbed and tried
 to question this by bringing in the communist government, we might be held res ponsible for all this and might get charegd with dishonesty. The response cost for this could be anything. They might stop operating the system not providing enough fuel, aids or loans in this case. This might bring a devastating effect in our already severaly damaged and weak economy. What do we do now? Beg! ask f or mercy! will they listen?
     See how dependent we are, we don't exist without their kind and benevolent considerations. So let us not try to disturb them any more. Let them do what t hey want to do with us. We are their play-toy, they might break our hands, feet
 or even ribs anytime in case of their dispair. We can't take the risk, or can we?
     I know this thought is very distrubing to all of us. But real situation th at we are in right now, is not any better than this. We are being slaved by for eign donors. We see just the good side of aids and loans, the immediate consequ ences make us happy,we praise them for their kindness and we do whatever they ask for, for their this benevolent look. What about the long run effects, what about our search for independent economy, what about our need based development s and what about our desire to be self sufficient? We lose all of these, when w e make our budget based on foreign aids and loans. It's the donor who determine s our fate of national economy, not our elected government. We along with other poor developing countries around the world, are facing the same situation of th is unacceptable but unavoidable catastrophy. The question is how do we take thi s situation? If we say foreigners are helping us to build our economy, we will be lying to us, because we know how this supposidly helping hands of donor coun tries work. If we come out and say that we should be able to use your donat ions/aids or loans in our way, we might upset their already upset stomach. A go od example for this would be Arun III. If we could use that same amount of mone y in our way, our choice would be other development projects that would gratify
 people's same need in other ways. We tried to say it by protesting against it,
 and cosequence that we have right now is empty hand. Pretty soon we might get loan rejection and project cancellation letter. Let's not hope so, after all we
 already have spent a lot of money and work force and time on this.
     After discussing this upsetting topic about foreign aids, I like to ask fo r other people's ideas about this. Do we still think that the donor countries b e the same toward us in our changed political system? If we think, their might be changes in our aid and loan amount, what could they be and why? Don't we thi nk the donors should be concerned with the people's need not the political prac tice as long as the money is spent in their desired sectors? How can we change or direct donors attentions toward our necessities and people's immediate needs
? How productive will be the effectiveness of these aids and loans in this new situations? How can we make these donors to increase their donations or loans?A nd last but not least, what do we do to eliminate this feelings of inferiority that foreign aids/loans bring in our soceity, especially when these are imposed
 upon us without giving us a chance to think? What about the absurd conditions usually attached to the loans and aids?
       Any solutions? how can we help ourselves and save our deteriorating nati onal economy and our dignity? What do we do at this time of this building histo ry? I myself am not against foreign aids and loans as long as it can be used in

 our way. I am concerned when foreigners tell us we need this and that and deci de our fate, which, in most cases, are more harmful to the people than useful.T Message-Id: <9412132245.AA29227@accunix.wjc.edu> Content-Length: 958

         TOP TEN PROOFS TO SHOW THAT NEPALESE REALLY "READ".

10. TND gets what it always lacked-- a big "R" for read, reread, and
    restrict or read, reread and restricted after being read.

9. Women in Hinduism and more women in Hinduism.

8. Somebody at Millersville has something to say about everything in TND.

7. Somebody takes TND top ten list too literally and disagrees on the
    items on the top ten list.

6. Again somebody else gathers the time to comments on the disagreement
    on the items on top-ten

5. I spend time creating this top-ten list.

4. Hamburgers, economics and finals, anybody dare to challenge?

3. Pro-pancha, prapancha, pro... ...prajatantra... and search
    for other combinations.

2. G P Koirala -- Prime Minister -- and ousted.

1. Man Mohan Adhikary -- Prime Minister

(p.s. This top-ten list for purpose of amusement and entertainment only. No

***************************************************************************** Date: Wed, 14 Dec 1994 00:09:09 -0600 From: pahari@ssc.wisc.edu To: "nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu"@ssc.wisc.edu

Mr. A Tuladhar's discourse on the two words "putali" and "puti" posted in the last TND leave me as puzzled as I was after reading his first treatise. Mr. Tuladhar, what are you trying to say? 1. that "putali" comes from the word "puti" or some apabhramsa of it? 2. that "puti" comes from the word "putali" or some apabhramsa of it? 3. that both words come from the same etymological root?
                        OR, are you trying to say that ...

4. they Kinda sound alike 5. that vaginas look like butterflys 6. that butterflys look like vaginas 7. that some writer in a Nepali vernacular thinks that the words are related
   and that you agree with him 8. that you rather fancy the two words and would like to see them used
  interchangeably.

If either 1, 2, or 3 (or all) are your points then, according to the
"Nepali Brihat Sabdakosh", page 834-35 (ist edition, 2040 BS) there is no evidence for this and your cryptilinguistic blurp on the last TND does not add to your claim.

If, on the other hand, your points are closer to 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, then: a) they do not answer the original query put on TND
(what's the origin of "Putali") b) they ought to be stated as you very private, tentative speculations rather than presented under some pseudo-academic garb c) and they tend to support my (and at least one fellow TND reader's) inkling that you are throwing out these comments GRATUITOUSLY.

While I agree with you entirely that Nepali society tends to be sqeamish, misinformed and at times downright repressed when the tpoic is sex and sexuality, the antidote is not indiscrimate speculation.

Lastly, I shall humbly withdraw everything I have written if you can show me that there IS a DEFINITIVE etymological connection between
"putali" an "puti". I am no sanskritist or linguist, but in consulting several dictionaries and knoledgeable individuals, have found no evidence to support views 1,2,3 or 4 above, if, indeed, that is what you are claiming.

Anup Pahari UW-Madison. Content-Length: 1786

*************************************************************************** I'd like more information on dilli choudhary. could s.o. send me info on his HR endeavors.

Sanjay's post...

Sexual slavery of Nepalese women and girls is no secret. But as to how AIDS travelled to India and Nepal and outerlying areas. The ultimate source is Thailand. The Thai sex trade is notorious. Burma is the weak spot, there is no control of AIDS in Burma. There is a system of hatred against ethnic groups;the karen and other tribes.
  The heroine trade is another venue for AIDS infiltration in India.
  Programs for AIDS in Burma are non-existent.
  'Clean' women are a bonus ie AIDS-free, hence the need for luring women from remote areas and the Burmese govt gets away with because it's a great way of getting rid of ethnic women. Indian parallels can be drawn with Nepalese women and rural women in northern states of India.
  The Thai govt looks away because it's a lucrative industry serving foreigners and locals. The majority of tourists to Thailand are unaccompanied men. It's a 'sexual paradise.' Most prostitutes are illegally living in Thailand and risk deportation and incarceration if returned to BUrma. THis makes them more vulnverable. My sad guess is that there will be a UN conference on trafficking of women and children soon since the UN and the international capitalis economy and the population establishment find it easy to separate issues so no real discussion and action can be taken.

I'd appreciate any info on trafficking in Neppal or india...

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