The Nepal Digest - August 18, 1997 (2 Bhadra 2054 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Tues Aug 18, 1997: Bhadra 2 2054BS: Year6 Volume65 Issue 1

Today's Topics:

                     The best investment of my life
                     Anti-Terrorist Act: Update
                     Postage Stamps of Nepal
                     "TIBET" - A POEM
                     The Teraiwasis in the US
                     Sagarmatha Times

 * TND (The Nepal Digest) Editorial Board *
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 * The Nepal Digest: General Information *
 * Chief Editor: RJP Singh (Open Position) *
 * Columnist: Pramod K. Mishra *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh Shrestha (Open Position) *
 * *
 * TND Archives: *
 * TND Foundation: *
 * WebSlingers: Pradeep Bista,Naresh Kattel,Robin Rajbhandari *
 * Rabi Tripathi, Prakash Bista *
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 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
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 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * *
****************************************************************** Date: Tue, 5 Aug 1997 11:03:42 -0400 (EDT) From: To: Subject: The best investment of my life

The best investment of my life A development story by Joy Stephens

(This story was published in the London-based Guardian early this year under the section "letters from around the world." Joy, the writer, has lived in Nepal for the past 18 years with her development worker husband. Her book for children, "Where is the hasiya, Sanu Maya?" has just come out. This story here was re-published in the Issue 12 of FACE-TO-FACE Magazine, a Kathmandu-based magazine to discuss Nepal's development. To learn more about FACE2FACE, send e-mail to

I have broken all development rules. I have counseled a man to go out and beg.

Juddha Bir was not given his fair chips in life. For a start he is low-caste; in Nepal that inevitably means land-less and poverty-stricken. He is also blind. This is not immediately apparent for he is able to negotiate the mountain paths around his village; he even does portering work occasionally.

His story illustrates both the good and the harmful effects of development projects, and the pitfalls of trying to help the very poorest.
  I first encountered Juddha Bir when my husband and I went to work on a small integrated hydro-electric and irrigation project. He soon came knocking at our door. At least, he didn't knock, he just walked in, and started to play his bamboo flute. Like many blind people he had a natural aptitude for music. I put him to work composing development-education songs and my husband arranged him a job on the construction site.

Juddha was delighted. He had a regular job and money in his pocket. On the basis of this he went out and got himself a wife. "One that can see!" he explained, with a big smile.

After four years we left the Project, and it was a further six years before I had reason to visit the area again. I had hardly been there for two hours before Juddha, with his unerring sense of smell for humanitarian aid, sniffed me out. Things were not looking so good. Although he had had a regular job for eight years, he had no savings; the construction work was finished, and he was once again unemployed. The "seeing" wife had produced expensive sequels: four children under the age of seven.
"Didn't you compose a song on family planning?" I snapped.

"The hospital said her blood was too thin for the operation. They gave her iron tablets, but now I don't have the money for the bus fare." He seemed unperturbed at the way the cards were stacked.

What future for an illiterate, land-less, blind person where the only employment is subsistence agriculture? Well aware of the pitfalls of my action, I decided to bring Juddha Bir to Kathmandu where he could study music and hopefully perform in a restaurant. For one month he lived with us and I woke up each morning to the sound of his flute. He was good, but not good enough. We toured the high-priced restaurants, and the budget-traveler area. Eventually one hotel invited him to play three evenings a week.

I turned Juddha out of the house, found him a cheap room to rent, and bought him a set of clean clothes. His income just equaled his food and lodging; there was no money left over to send back to the family, which was the point of the exercise. It proved impossible to find more clients, and I realized that without my white face to help, Juddha would stand no chance. Even the one hotel cut his hours from three evenings to two. "Some of the guests have complained -" the Manager looked embarrassed "- that he's rather dirty."

It was true. Juddha wasn't very presentable, but then it's somewhat hard for a blind man to see that. He did wash, I know, because when he left our house, most of our towels and toiletry left with him and had to be reclaimed.

At this point I began to despair and reconsidered what was, against all my ideology, the only option left: begging. Some of Juddha's best money had come from guests slipping him notes. When they realized he was blind, they were unfailingly generous.

With a heavy heart I directed him to the tourist area of town, sending our gardener along as guide. He refused the white stick which I offered, and returned in the evening with just ten rupees. Not even enough for one meal. Juddha, it appeared, didn't know how to beg.

What is left? I thought the story had ended, but life here is full of surprises. Several months after the fiasco of begging, Juddha received word that land was being redistributed in his area. To be eligible he must earn a certain number of
"water shares".

The project on which we had formerly worked was ambitious and idealistic. It involved tunneling through a hill. Water from the north side would be brought under the ridge to the south side to generate electricity and provide irrigation. Grain production can treble with irrigation, but without land it is worthless.

So the scheme was devised whereby wealthy landowners would be persuaded to sell some of their "dry" land that lay in the irrigation command area. They would sell it to a Water User's Association at the rate for unirrigated land, who would then distribute to the land-less at the same rate, although with irrigation it would later be worth much more. To earn the water shares, families had to volunteer on canal construction.

The scheme was beset with difficulties. Landowners were reluctant to sell; the plan nearly foundered. But now, after some 14 years of effort, it was coming to fruition.

But Juddha, unknown to us and against the rules, had sold the water shares he had earned to the village leader, and was not eligible to receive land. His only chance was to return immediately and work again on the final canal. We said good-bye.

I haven't seen him since. I miss his flute in the mornings. But I think he's all right. A few months ago the Project Manager phoned: Juddha had earned his water shares, and needed Rs. 3,000 to buy his half acre share of land which with irrigation would make him self-sufficient in grain.

Just 27 (pounds sterling) to buy a lifetime's security for a family of six? We paid up promptly. It is probably the best investment we ever made.

****************************************************************** Date: Fri, 8 Aug 1997 19:48:06 +0545 (NPT) To: From: (Mary Des Chene) Subject: Anti-Terrorist Act: Update

Here's a corrected list of fax numbers for those sending individual letters of protest. (Note new numbers for Gautam and UML plus addition of RK Mainali's number).

1) Bam Dev Gautam, Vice Prime Minister and Home Minister. Fax: 977-1-525106 2) Lokendra Bahadur Chand, Prime Minister. Fax: 977-1-227286 3) CPN (United Marxist-Leninist) Central Office, Fax: 977-1-278084 4) Nepali Congress Party Central Office, Fax: 977-1-227747 5) Radha Krishna Mainali 977-1-224465

The Joint Statement organized by M. Maskey and C.K. Tiwari, which some of you signed, has now been distributed here in Nepal. 54 signatures were collected - two were received too late to be included in the Nepali version but all appear in the English version. It was sent to the two main English dailies, The Kathmandu Post and the Rising Nepali, plus the weekly Independent, in the original. A translation was sent to Himalaya Times, Kantipur, Chalphal, Desanter, Gorkhapatra, Budhabar, Punjagaran, Aajako Samacharpatra, Prakash, Jana Manch and Jana Ekata. It has also been sent to the above government officials and the parties (except the Prime Minister who had his fax machine off and will have to wait for his copy).

Here are some updates on our struggle:

1) The pressure on the architects of the anti-people act seem to be working. The draft of the Act has now come down to be time-bound i.e. limited to one year and will be active ,if at all , in certain regions only. This is good news, but it is also the case that if such a law is passed, it can easily be extended and extended till it covers all the country - and slip from temporary to permanent.

We think this should be taken as a proof that pressure does work and therefore our efforts should be further strengthened.

2) Today , some of us are going to meet Bamadev to exert pressure. Our team will comprise Padma Ratna, Shyam Shrestha, Sushil C. Amatya, Saroj Dhital, Chaitanya Mishra (Perhaps) , and Govinda Bhatta (Perhaps).

3) Yesterday , there was a big gathering in the APROSC hall for a Seminar (GOSTHI) organized by Mulyankan, where Padma RatnaTuladhar, Daman Nath Dhungana, Kalyan Dev , Ram Man, Kapil Shrestha, Sindhu Nath Pyakhurel, Bhakta Bahdur Shrestha, Chitra B.KC , Lila Mani Pokarel, etc spoke and Prof Mathura Chaired. Shankar Pokhrel spoke from the UML side . Although he was very much defensive, but still showed his commitment that this bill will not pass through the parliament. The presence of Dr. Mathura Shrestha was taken by many as a vivid sign of the grave danger this bill represents. The cooperation across party lines, which has become rarer and rarer in recent years, has an importance in itself, and also indicates the seriousness of this threat to people's rights. The gathering formed an ad-hoc committee of seventeen to plan and coordinate action, and named the movement :<Movement for Protection of Democratic Rights>

4) Writers are devoting their time to writing articles for the newspapers here, with an effort to put the news and their analyses before the public in as wide a spectrum of publications as possible.

5) 3) On tuesday next week , a demonstration will start under the banner of HR organizations from the RNAC building. We hope it will be good mass gathering (May be not yet as big as the Shows of Parties !).

6) It is understood ( through real leakage!) that 48 UML members are ready to be "UML Chhattise" and are going to defect should the bill be brought to the parliament. These people are also urging those outside their party to srengthen the struggle against the bill.

7) Both NC and UML top leadership will be approached in connection to the bill. The appointment with Manamohan and MK Nepal will be finalized by sunday.

8) Professional organizations will are being approached for solidarity in the movement. Professor Mathura is in dharge of the Health Sector. The doctors of Kathmandu Model Hospital have already decided for a press release that may appear in Sunday papers.

Thus various forms of pressure are being simultaneously exerted. International notice of this anti-democratic move is also essential, and we thank all those who have done their part. Letters from abroad to the above fax numbers are still useful - if you haven't yet written, it's not too late. Anyone with contacts in the press in their home countries, please contact us with advice about getting this news into the papers there.

That's all for now,

Saroj Dhital Mary Des Chene

******************************************************* Date: Sun, 3 Aug 1997 17:59:30 -0400 (EDT) From: Nirmal Ghimire <> To: The Nepal Digest <>

It has been a pleasure reading Nepal Digest for almost two years. Nowadays due to communication it has been easy to get lots of information from nepal.

Not only that radio songs and FM gives access to nepali songs.

But still it is a foreign land, something is always missing .

One of my cousin asked me what life here was like for us.I tried to reply with this poem. It is just my personal observation and there obviously can be lots of flaws on that.

Just a glance from an immigrant

Worked sometimes as a waiter,dishwasher,sometimes as a cashier Sometimes as manager,taxi or limo driver Oh experience in different kinds of work you get here Work never heard ,imagined you may have to do here

Not only Newton's law but Descarte's Philosophy too Not only axioms of Pythogarous but Beethoven's tune too Not only tax law but you need to know chemical reaction too Writing is not enough you got to deliver sppech too

Time flies from dusk to dawn So days,years seem quickly to pass on But deep inside a feeling of loneliness is always there The tag of being a foreigner or an immigrants is always there

Many a times you come across fake hello and smiles Temptaions, false speech and big talks Complex multicultural melting pot this is So this potrays the ggod and bad in us

Weekdays you overexhaust by working Weekends you are knocked down by parties It sounds funny but that is life here You deny it or like it that is the rule here

So advanced in Science and technology Research from Protozoan to astronomy But alas so many broken families too So many are deprived of love too

But Oh!America !Constitution makes you great You have tried to teach the meaning of human value and human rights That each individual has equal right All are equal and equal are all No matter what color, caste,or race you are equal


******************************************************** Date: Mon, 4 Aug 1997 10:41:27 +0545 (NPT) To: From: (Mary Des Chene) Subject: Declaration re pending Anti-Terrrorist Act in Nepal

Joint Declaration regarding Abolishment of the 'Black Law'

[Distributed to the Press and submitted to HMGN, July 1997]

Our attention has been drawn to the government's current activation of the
"Public Protection Act, 2046", a law which had the ill-reputed name of "The Black Law" during the Panchayat era, and to its preparation to seek passage of the Destructive Crime related Act from the parliament.

It is absolutely certain that both these laws push Nepal toward the autocracy and police state of the Panchayat era. These laws will, in many respects, limit and block the democratic rights of the entire Nepali people. These laws will give recognition in name only to the universal human rights of the people to independent living, expression of opinion, congregation, and making of political choices on the basis of one's own beliefs.

The provisions of these laws, which, on the basis of the suspicion of administrative and security personnel, under the label of "terrorists" allow, without warrant, the arrest, imprisonment and search of anyone whomsoever, and for "use of force" including shooting to kill against protestors, are not for the control of terrorism, rather they will enable an unlimited form of state terrorism. These provisions will bring a flood of state violence in the country. The average person's life will be made extremely insecure by these provisions.

These legal premises are not only in contravention of the Nepali constitution, they are also in contravention of the United Nations' Declaration of Universal Human Rights to which Nepal is a signatory. The premises of these laws directly violate the international understanding of citizens' and political rights.

Therefore, we are placing before the government a strong appeal - the government should imediately abolish the activated "Public Security Act, 2046 v.s.". And, at the same time, immediately stop all governmental effort to bring parliamentary approval of the "Terrorist and Destructive Crime Control and Punishment Act".

If this does not occur and if the government puts governmental effort toward the passage and implementation of these Black Laws - to lift the country from the despotic dark chasm into which it will be pushed we will be compelled to take to the streets.

We are inviting all those on the side of the country's democracy and humans rights to unitedly and with all powers struggle in this cause..


Name Organization

Sushil Pyakurel INSEC Ishwari Chandra Gyawali National Anti-Imperialism Forum Sushil Chandra Amatya SAARC Teachers Federation Sindhu Nath Pyakurel Nepal Bar Association, Human Rights Committee Tirtha Basaula Nepal Bar Association Padma Ratna Tuladhar (MP) Forum for Protection of Human Rights Mukti Pradhan People's Rights Concern Campaign Khimlal Devkota People's Rights Concern Campaign Saroj Dhital Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nepal Gopal Chintan National Concern Society Krishna P. Subedi Forum for Protection of Human Rights Manik Lal Shrestha National Anti-Imperialism Forum Kailesh Kumar Sivakoti Human Rights and Environmental Protection Front Shyam Shrestha National Anti-Imperialism Forum Matrika Timsina Forum for Protection of Human Rights

Date: Mon, 4 Aug 1997 10:38:29 +0545 (NPT) To: From: (Mary Des Chene)

Jana Andolan II?

(Re the pending "Anti-Terrorist" Act in Nepal)

We are writing to you now to let compatriots and friends of Nepal in your contact get in touch with some important facts about Nepal and to let some important issues be shared. Following are some personal reflections with which others may, of course, agree or disagree.

1. It is only less than seven years after the Jan-andolan. The discontent among the people , however , has been towering.The roots of this discontent lie not in the people but in the near-sighted, greedy and evil politicians.

2. Had the major political parties in this country been engaged in more people-responsive politics, there would be less chance for the Maoists to flourish. Although they are criticized vehemently by many politicians, for many the Maoists have become sort of "Dantya katha ko rajkumar" - the princes in the folktales! Maybe from close up they may look different - either uglier or better - but from far away, they seem for many to be promising "Rajkumar Dikpal". If these rebels engage the country in armed civil war or something of the sort, is not the primary responsibility with the major political parties who have shifted their focus from the people to the power?

3. The Panchayat regime was criticised for, among other things, the security act known as the "Kalo kanoon" (Black law). Under the provisions of that act , any body could be detained for an unlimited period of time simply on the suspicion of being "anti-System". After being inactive for less than seven years , this "Kalo kanoon" has been reactivated on the pretext of suppressing the Maoist.

4. Under the same pretext, the present government is planning to produce an
"Anti-Terrorist" act allowing the security personnel including the army, police and any govt-authorized officer to KILL people on SUSPICION of being involved directly or indirectly with any "terrorist". Although this Act is being produced under pretext of curbing violence by the CPN (Maoist), in fact "terrorist" is sufficiently loosely defined to allow application to virtually anyone. Should this bill pass through the parliament , the country will fall into the fathomless abyss of perpetual violence and unrest.

5. Realizing the inherent risks carried by such an Act, which allows a police regime and the ugliest form of dictatorship, the human rights activists representing different HR organizations of the country are protesting the proposed Anti-terrorist Act. This may, depending on the attitude of the government, take the shape of another Jana- andolan. The move of the HR activists really resembles the pre-Janaandolan days in that these relatively critical intellectuals both "Kangressi and Malay" and others, are working together to abort the bill. (But the major parties, as such, are trying to pass the bill)

Can you guys over there write to the Premier and the Home-minister and the Parties urging them to stop the bill from being brought to the parliament ? There is no time to waste as the bill has already been passed by the cabinet and is scheduled for debate in the parliament at the end of this week.

We are sure you are not for any sort of violence in the country. Neither are we. It is clear that State violence can't stop other violence. It is the political will, clarity of vision and commitment in action with real love for people that will stop violence. Although nothing much can be expected from these dirty politicians, maybe pressure from every corner can decrease some of the evils.

We hope that you will help circulate this message among all compatriots in that part of the world. If possible, try to get international support against the bill and urge different human rights organizations to put pressure on the Nepali government not to bring out the bill. Your individual letters can also make a difference.

Your letters of objection should be sent to: 1) Bam Dev Gautam, Vice Prime Minister and Home Minister. Fax: 977-1-227981 2) Lokendra Bahadur Chand, Prime Minister. Fax: 977-1-227286 3) CPN (United Marxist-Leninist) Central Office, Fax: 977-1-278083 4) Nepali Congress Party Central Office, Fax: 977-1-227747

If you have real need of (i.e., use for) further information, use the following e-mail addresses and fax number: Fax: 977-1-423549

If unable to fax, letters can also be sent to the above e-mail addresses, but please fax directly to the involved government personnel if possible as this is more effective than second-hand receipt.

Thanks a lot .

Sincerely yours , Saroj Dhital Mary Des Chene

Some updates:

Sushil Pyakurel of INSEC resigned from the Human Rights Action committee (Karya Dal) formed by the present government in protest against the proposed Bill. Other members including the co-ordinator Mr. Padma Ratna Tuladhar are planning to resign en-masse.

Different human rights group have released a press-release in protest against the proposed bill. I have signed the paper in the capacity of PSRN member.

This week is supposed to witness lots of demonstrations. We are going to participate as far as possible.

Separately we are sending the Joint Declaration issued last week by representatives of a number of human rights related organizations. As soon as we can prepare it, we'll also send a translation of the key clauses of the proposed Act.

****************************************************************** Date: Wed, 30 Jul 1997 13:27:26 +1000 To: The Editor <> From: Neeta Pokhrel <> Subject: Query

Dear TND Editor,

Could you please publish this in your forthcoming TND? Thanks heaps.

I need some info on water quality management issues in Nepal. If anyone out there has any experience regarding this or is aware of anyone who has (groups, organisations who are working in the area), could you please let me know?

Thanks in advance.

Neeta Pokhrel

****************************************************************** From: "SEETAL.R.PATEL" <> To: <> Subject: Kukris Date: Thu, 31 Jul 1997 09:15:00 +0100

Dear Sir,

I would be most apprechiative of any military or historical facts relating to information on the kukris ,the traditional dagger worn by Gurkha soldiers. I have been to a variety of world military sites with little success.

Many thanks in advance for your assistance or further links to information.

Seetal R Patel

***************************************************************** Date: Thu, 31 Jul 1997 10:00:33 -0400 (EDT) From: Rajan Nepal <rrnepal@CC.OWU.EDU> Subject: Postage Stamps of Nepal To:

Hello everybody,

Please visit this site where you will find almost all Nepali Postage Stamps published to date.

Rajan Nepal.

************************************************************** From: prabhat adhikari <> Subject: tnd posting To: Date: Sun, 3 Aug 1997 12:53:49 -0400 (EDT)
  ANA Convention, Boston

 This account and appraisal of the Convention is on behalf of the Greater
 Boston Nepali Community (GBNC) and the 15th Annual Convention Organizing
 Committee. My name is Bhupesh Karki and I am currently the President of
 the GBNC. I was also honored to be the Chair of the 15th Annual ANA
 Convention held this past July 4th weekend at Brandeis University in Waltham,
 I am writing partially in response to those criticisms of the Convention
 posted on the Internet. In addition, this is also our frank assessment
 of the Convention and its many good aspects, as well as its shortcomings and
 the reasons for them, irrespective of these criticisms.

 What were the goals the Organizing Committee set when deciding to host
 the Convention? Simply put, we wanted to hold a 2 1/2 day event in which
 Nepalis and friends of Nepal could come and enjoy a well-organized, intelligent
 and festive array of programs and activities within a reasonable price
 range. We believe that as a whole we were successful in accomplishing our goals.
 We arrived at this conclusion based on two criteria: 1. the positive
 responses of the vast majority of convention participants and 2. our own appraisal
 of the convention.

 Over the last 12 months, many people (roughly 50 by Convention time)
 devoted both time and energy towards these goals, sacrificing most evenings and
 weekends to the task. We learned a lot from this process, as anyone who
 has organized a gathering of this magnitude can certainly attest. Over the 2
 1/2 days of the ANA Convention, approximately 750 people participated in
 the various activities. Most participants were positively surprised at the
 level of professionalism, efficiency, service and program quality.
 For a modest price of $15, the Convention offered 7 well-planned and
 executed forums, a cultural program that emphasized quality over quantity,
 various children's programs, soccer matches, a poetry festival, a dance
 and a host dinner on Thursday night. We believe that most people would
 agree that this is a lot to offer for less than the price of movie
 tickets for a family.

 From the outset, we were aware that many people would come to the
 gathering just to be among friends they seldom meet or haven't seen in a while.
 Primarily for this reason, we chose Brandeis University as our venue
 where people not interested in the planned activities, or taking a break from
 them, could literally find the room and the atmosphere to socialize
 Additionally, the theme of this year's convention, "Bridging The Gap", was an
 attempt by GBNC, a primarily student-run organization, to bring together
 Nepalis: recently arrived and long-term residents. For the younger
 Nepalis, and for the young-at-heart, a university setting was ideal,
 both from a financial and a psychological point of view.
 Knowing that some longtime ANA members would like more amenities, rooms were
 reserved for ANA guests at two Waltham hotels, the Susse Chalet and the Westin.
 Overall, the Committee was extremely pleased with the beautiful
 environment and able hosts that Brandeis provided.
 1. Many young people were not happy with the disco dance and music.
 This was a legitimate complaint. The primary reason for this was that
 we had to improvise at the last minute to find a DJ because the scheduled DJ, a
 longtime GBNC member who has provided excellent music & equipment at
 many GBNC functions, was hospitalized with serious illness JUST 36 hours before
 the convention. Due to the lack of time and the fact that it was a holiday
 weekend, we were unable to come up with a good alternative. We are
 grateful to those who stepped in to provide a means of entertainment
 for over 200 people on Friday night.

 2. Many people were not able to purchase banquet tickets on site and
 were naturally disappointed. The reason for this was that we had to give
 Brandeis University a guaranteed number of reservations prior to the
 Convention. We had received reservations for ninety (90) banquet
 tickets through pre-registration. In addition to these
 tickets, another 110 tickets were available on a first-come,
 first-serve basis. By taking these extra 110 tickets, we were taking a
 risk of over two thousand dollars. It was clearly indicated in the
 pre-registration form that housing and meals may not be available
 during on-site registration.
 3. It was the intention of the committee to treat all participants at
 the convention equally, and with courtesy, dignity and respect. We
 believed, and still believe, that this was the best policy.
 4. It was never the intention of GBNC or ANA to make money off the
 convention. However, we felt it was important to try to break even -- we
 believe that most of you would agree that this is not unreasonable. We
 did our best to charge only enough to cover our costs to Brandeis and the
 other service providers. Any surcharge on meals and housing prices never
 exceeded 5% and this was solely done to cover the costs incurred in the
 In conclusion, the Greater Boston Nepali Community and the Convention
 Organizing Committee are pleased with the outcome of the 15th Annual ANA
 Convention. The overall theme, "Bridging the Gap", and the goals
 we set for the Convention, were met successfully. We were impressed by
 both the quality and the quantity of active, dedicated and willing ANA
 and GBNC members who helped to make the Convention a memorable event for
 many Nepalis and friends of Nepalis in North America and around the
 world. And we hope that everyone who participated at any level of
 the Convention will remember its success.


*********************************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 05 Aug 1997 14:15:26 -0500 From: satish mishra <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: "TIBET" - A POEM

What an ugliness in such a beautiful place - The chants are drowned out by the wailing. What a violence in such a peaceful place =96 Prayer flags are colored in blood. What an unholy presence in such a holy place =96 Monasteries and stupas are destroyed. What a cruelty in place once full of Love and harmony =96 Prayers do not reach anywhere. What a sadness =96 one is driven out of One's own place. What a rape! Families remember theirs By their departures or deaths. The dry air of high plateau Now humid and salty as sea breeze with Decades of tears. They came, They killed and raped. They are still here, They still kill and rape.

What a faith! In the most unlikely place FORGIVENESS IS STILL PREACHED.

Satish Mishra

*********************************************************** Date: Tue, 5 Aug 1997 18:25:49 -0400 To: Rajpal ji <> From: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - July 30, 1997 (21 Shrawan 2054 BkSm)

 Dear Rajpal ji,

You may be aware of the pending Anti-terrorist bill due to be endorsed by the parliament at the end of this week. We have drafted a joint statement against that bill and wish to include as many signature as possible in this short time. We have mailed to some addresses at our disposal. We would appreciate if you could put this attached statement to the mailing list of TND. I hope your signature will be there among the signatories of the statement.

Thanks mahesh

Dear Friends,

In response to an urgent appeal made by Dr. Saroj Dhital and Dr. Mary Des Chene and the grave concerns expressed by intellectual community of Nepal regarding the anti-terrorist bill, we feel that it is time we raise our voice, loud and clear, against the Governments move to pass Anti-terrorists Bill from the Parliament. We have drafted a joint statment to that effect and ask you all to sign it who agree with its content. Voice of Nepalese and friends of Nepal and expatriates living outside Nepal had in past helped check government's inclination to abuse power and had provided needed moral support for those who fought against such abuses.

It would be nice if we could send this statement signed collectively. In the limited time period email correspondance may be useful, each recipient, after signing, passing to another person who may or may not be in the list.. And after every 10 people who sign the document plese forward one copy to either of us so that we can keep track of the process.

In this way we hope to beat the time constraint. Those who prefer to send statement individully instead of joint statment are also welcome.


Dr. Mahesh Maskey Chitra K. Tiwari, Ph.D.


 We are alarmed with the news that Nepali Government has activated
 the "Public Protection Act, 2046" and its effort to pass a "Terrorism
 and Disruptive Crime related Act" through the Parliament. Legal
 experts and human right activists have pointed out clearly that what is
 reactivated under the facade of "Public Protection Act, 2046" is the
 very "Black Law" of the Panchayat era, infamous for its use as the legal
 cover for Mandale activities. And the powers the government now seeks
 from Parliament under "Terrorism and Disruptive Crime related Act " have
 set a wave of terror and outrage in the intellectual community of Nepal,
 many eminent members of which have made public their grave concern
 about the practical implication of such an "anti-terrorist act".

 Under this act, if passed by the Parliament , the state security personnel will have unabated power to search, arrest and imprisonment without warrant if they have
 (or profess to have) the slightest suspicion that a person is engaged
 in, planning to engage in, or aiding someone to engage in or plan an act
 of "terrorism".

 They are also allowed to use "necessary force" if the suspect does not
 give consent for search, they can shoot a person if s/he tries to flee
 during search. Given the tradition of misuse of power by the security
 officials , such an anti-terrorist act, instead of controlling the
 terrorist activities can only institutionalize state terrorism in the

 The bill also seems to have been influenced by the similar infamous
 Terrorism and Disruptive Act of India. At present when new security
 proposal by India are being exposed in the Nepali media, the concern
 that such bill could be an outcome of a conspiracy to cooperate for a
 "total security agreement" with India is quite plausible. The provisions
 which would make the law applicable to any Nepali citizen, any
 organization registered in Nepal, all government and non-governmental
 Nepali offices and their employees anywhere in the world, lend further
 plausibility to this speculation.

 It is quite unfortunate that Nepali leaders do not take cues from past
 experience. When B.P. Koirala, as Home Minister in the Rana-Congress
 Coalition Government in 1951, introduced the Public Security Act to deal
 with demonstrators following the Chiniya Kazi episode, he did not
 realize that the same law could be used to imprison him for 8 years
 without any legal trial. Such lessons from history, we believe, are
 also pertinent to the parties that rule today.

 We express our deep concern over the damage that would be inflicted by
 such an anti-terrorist law upon the democratic rights of the people if
 it is passed by the parliament. We regard these steps as one of the
 most naked expressions of a move towards the autocratic police state of
 Panchayat era, a move that stands diametrically opposed to the
 aspirations of the historical People's Movement of 1990. We urge the
 government to seek political and economic solution to the problems that
 are political and economic, instead of resorting to a system of state
 violence. We ask the government to immediately abolish the activated
 "Public Security Act, 2046 " and stop all governmental effort to bring
 parliamentary approval of the "Terrorist and Disruptive Crime related

 And we stand in solidarity with all individuals and forums who are
 making effort to resist this act in defense of human dignity and
 social conscience.

 Overseas Nepalis and Friends of Nepal .


 Dr. Mahesh Maskey Boston University, MA, USA
 Chitra K.Tiwari, Ph.D Arlington, Virginia, USA
 Rajpal J.P. Singh White Plains, NY, USA
 Dr. Balram Aryal Maryland, USA
 Sukh Dev Shah, Ph.D. Arlington, Virginia, USA
 Stephen L. Mikesell, Ph.D. Birmingham, Alabama, USA Dr. Jamuna Shrestha, D.M.S. Madison, Wisconsin, USA Dr. Karl-Heinz Kraemer Hennef, Germany Lhapa Sherpani Hennef, Germany
 Dr. Andrew Russell University of Durham, U.K. Sherry B. Ortner, Ph.D. Columbia University, NY, USA Dr. Arjun Guneratne Macalester College, MN, USA Kamal Raj Adhikary University of Texas, Austin, USA Stephen Bezruchka MD, MPH University of Washington, USA Kalyani Rai, Ph.D. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA Bikash Pandey Berkeley, California, USA Manisha Aryal Berkeley, California, USA Krishna Pradhan, Ph.D. Madison, Wisconsin, USA Bishnu Pradhan Madison, Wisconsin, USA Sil Kumari Shrestha Madison, Wisconsin, USA Lauren Leve Princeton University, NJ, USA Katharine Rankin Cornell University, USA Coralynn Davis University of Michigan, USA David Kirkman
(Asst. Atorney General) North Carolina Department of Justice, USA Lazima Onta-Bhatta, Ph.D candidate Cornell University, New York, USA Pramod Parajuli, Ph.D, Syracuse, NY, USA Allison Macfarlane, Ph.D. Harvard University, USA Rakesh Karmacharya New York, USA Manju Thapa, Seattle, Washington, USA Rajesh B. Shrestha Cambridge, MA, USA Shree Krishna Pandey San Diego, CA, USA Bikash Thapliya Vienna, VA, USA Robert B. Keiter,
(James I. Farr Professor of Law) University of Utah College of Law, UT , USA Robin Sharma Durham, North Carolina, USA
 Mandira Sharma Durham, North Carolina, USA Arun Sharma Chicago, Illinois, USA Sushma Sharma Chicago, Illinois, USA Santosh Basnet Chicago, Illinois, USA Niraj Ojha Chicago, Illinois, USA Debra Skinner University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA Ann Forbes Dartmouth College, USA Ashok Gurung Columbia University.
 Bikas Joshi Columbia University, NY, USA. Bernardo A. Michael University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA Clay Leonard Susan Hangen University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, USA Tika Gurung University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, USA Damber K. Gurung, Ph.D. Clemson, SC, USA Ellen E. Skeele Mill Valley CA , USA Upendra Dev Acharya , SJD candidate Univeresity of Wisconsin, Wisconsin,USA Parashu Nepal Basant Shrestha New Hampshire College , New Hampshire USA Mary M. Cameron, Ph.D. Auburn University, AL , USA Bimal Adhikari Columbia, Maryland, USA Neeta Pokhrel Melbourne, Australia, USA Mahendra Karki, Ph. D. Columbia, Maryland, USA Anne Joshi Atlanta, USA Saurav Dev Bhatta Cornell University, New York Sandeep Puri Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
 Pramod Mishra Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

************************************************************* Date: Sat, 9 Aug 1997 09:22:58 -0400 (EDT) From: To: Subject: Movement to Save Democratic Rights

Prajataantrik Adhikaar Jogau Aandolan

(Movement to Save Democratic Rights)

Press Release

7th August 1997

His Majesty's Government of Nepal is preparing to introduce before Parliament a Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Crime and Punishment Bill. It has also re-activized the Public Safety Act which has been dormant since the end of Panchayat rule. It is against this background that the Movement to Save Democratic Rights has been established through the unity of concerned citizens who are sensitive to the violation of civil and human rights and committed to the preservation of these rights.

Both the proposed Bill and the re-activized Public Safety Act contravene the spirit and ideals of the 1990 Peoples' Movement as well as the present Constitution of Nepal in which the aspirations of the Peoples' Movement are reflected. They infringe on the independence of the judiciary and the legislature. With their unchecked arbitrary powers, which would impair civil and human rights in Nepal, they stand as indicators of a regressive trend.

Therefore this Movement appeals to His Majesty's Government and all the Hon. Members of Parliament not to have the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Crime and Punishment Bill tabled before Parliament and to immediately abolish the Panchayati Public Safety Act as well.

Signed: Dr. Mathura Shrestha Daman Nath Dhungana Padma Ratna Tuladhar Kapil Shrestha Khagendra Sangraula Suresh Ale Magar Kalyan Dev Bhattarai Nanda Kumar Thapa Sushil Pyakurel Sushil Chandra Amatya Ganga Devi Kasaju Gauri Pradhan Dipak Gyawali Gopal Chintan Shyam Shrestha

*************************************************************** Date: Sat, 09 Aug 97 10:21:15 EST From: "Paramendra Bhagat" <> To: Subject: The Teraiwasis in the US

Dear Digest Readers,

Like most of the rest of the herd, ever since I came to the US last year to Berea College as a freshman, I have been on a lookout for the Neplis on the continent. Unlike folks from the East coast or the Boston area, I do not live in one of those "heavily populated" zones. My forays hav mostly been electronic. But even there I have been restricted mostly to the homepage of my ex-school, Budhanilkantha School in Kathmandu. I have been at the SEBS (Society of Ex- Budhanilkantha Students) roundtable during its nasty and not-so-nasty twists and turns. A recent posting in the Digest by my cousin at Berea College, Bijay Raut, crystallized a feeling I had been harboring over months. I have often times wondered if the concept of who a Nepali is is not the same here on these sites as in The Kathmandu Post as it is in most of Kathmandu. As a Teraiwasi, I have felt more comfortable as regards cultural sensitivity here in Berea, so so far away from home, than I ever did in Kathmandu. Racism and sexism are not provincial but very much international phenomena. But it tells something about this in-theory "Christian, Appalachian" college that it elected me, a non- Christian-non-Appalachian for its student body President at the end of the Spring semester. I feel the same hush-hush on the so-called Nepali sites on the web about the race issue that I used to when I was a student at Budhanilkantha School. Keep quiet and you will realize everything is just fine.

Are there any Teraiwasis out there who would like to be known not only as a Nepali but also as a Teraiwasi and be seen publcily on these sites, or any Pahadwasi who is willing to discuss the race issue? I would like to participate in such discussions.

<a href="">Paramendra Bhagat</a>

********************************************************************** Date: Sat, 9 Aug 1997 18:36:45 -0400 (EDT) From: To: Subject: Devnagari fonts in Word for Windows 97 -- please help!

Hello -- I am having a problem using any Devnagari fonts in Word 97. The long and short U characters (" and ' on the English keyboard) come up blank on the screen and when printed. Has anyone else experienced this? It seems OK in Lotus' Word Pro, but I bought Word instead, rather the whole Microsoft Office 97. If you have any experience or suggestions re: this, please write me directly at Thank you. Ann Sturley

**************************************************** Date: Mon, 18 Aug 97 12:51:35 EST From: To: Subject: Introduction

Dear editor,

I would like to subscribe to the TND at this email address please. I just relocated to the southeastern Connecticut area from NY area. I am interested in meeting any Nepalese living in this area. So if anyone is close by or know of anyone close by, please contact me by e-mail or phone. Thanks.

Subas Sakya tel (off):860-715-0425

****************************************************************** From: Kanak Limbu <gs05kll@panther.Gsu.EDU> To: Editor/Nepal Digest <> Subject: Kura_kani(philosophy)

Whats the Point?

As I'm sitting here nursing a hangover I start reflecting on my life over the past year. So many things left little accomplished. But HELL I've had a blast! Who gives a goddamn about routines, schedules, efficiency, the goddamn GNP. Sometimes I just wanna free fall with tommorow outta sight. In other words, to live for the moment - the here and the now. I'm almost a year into my MBA degree and sometimes I still wonder what I'm doing in school. Is the degree going to further the man or is the man supposed to further the degree. It seems I'm having this perpetual conflict within myself that I somehow can't resolve.

1. Live life for the moment? 2. Live life for the future?

It seems not so long ago in Kathmandu, Nepal that two young boys just outta high school started and constantly nourished a hunger for success. Naresh and myself wre about 18 years old. Feeding on books like, Think and Grow Rich, How to win Friends and influence people, etc we stayed up till the wee hours of the morning dreaming and planning abut how successful we were going to be in the future. The first step in the plan was of course - one had to get to the USA. We sincerely believed that America would reward persistence, efficiency, creativity and that no prize was too high nor any price too steep.

Therefore in December of 1987 I left Kathmandu, Nepal for the vast gold mine of the USA. A combination of exhilaration and trepidation left me reaching for more beer and scotch then I care to recall. A surrealistic flashback of myself heaping aerofare 2 hours old onto an ashtray in the midst of the busy Kaitak International Airport terminal - all those people around looking through me. The next day nursing a roaring hangover, I embarked on my trip to the moon - next stop, San Francisco USA..... the journey had begun. Recalling back to that day I should have had a premonition that maybe all was not well in the grand scheme of things. I would not have been wrong.

Since then life has been one bacchanalian and shivastic state of f**king, boozing, and sn**ting... so much for Think and Grow Rich. However, during that period I somehow managed to trudge through the halls of academia never giving up the so called 'paper chase'. I recall seeing Naresh 3 years later in Albany, NY in 1990. He had married an American girl and was chasing his business studies while working at a restaurant. Naresh apparently was still pursuing the same dreams we had back in Nepal but now I sensed the hunger had somehow diminished over time. I still had those same dreams but now a little numbed by the constant partying. Two days later, I was back in Atlanta, GA with 3 years of engineering still under my belt and a lot of partying left undone. It was durng this point in my life that I began to soul search - for wont of another phrase. It seems I was at this constant paradigm:

1. success was the only acceptable end? 2. the means would justify the end meaning mediocrity was ok?

It was during this time that I started noticing people from all walks of life experiencing these same conflicting emotions that I sincerely began to ask myself - whats the point?

...... to be continued

*************************************************************** Date: Sun, 17 Aug 1997 23:06:55 +0200 From: Mara & Stewart <> To: Subject: Nepal

Hi, I'm Mara Pelizza and I'm an Italian journalist from Padua. With a group of friends we are setting up a non-profit association for the diffusion of Nepalese traditions and culture. It is therefore our intention to establish contacts between Padua and Nepal, Tibet and also India. At the moment our founding members are: myself, Valeriano Drago (a lawyer) and Stewart Park (a British translator). Surfing the net, we have been fascinated by your site, and we are sending you this e-mail to ask if you could send us more information, useful numbers, references such as organisations, information on getting about in Nepal, useful advice, customs and traditions. Too much to ask? If so, then just decide what to send us, anything is fine for us. In fact, for us it is important above all to make new friends and create a meeting place. Thanks for any help. Friends of Asia. Mara, Valeriano, Stewart.

*********************************************************** From: "Balmukund Joshi" <> To: <> Subject: Sagarmatha Times Date: Sat, 16 Aug 1997 20:26:06 +0100

We have recently launched our newspaper "Sagarmatha Times" on the World Wide Web.

Sagarmatha Times is published in the UK and has been doing so on a regular basis for the past 6 years and 2 years ago we have managed to also bring an English edition targetted for those who are not able to read Nepalese and also for foreigners who are friends of Nepal. Sagarmatha Times is the only Nepalese newspaper that is published in UK and also became the first Nepalese language newspaper to be launched on the WWW outside of Nepal. The address that you can find Sagarmatha Times is

Mr B.P Joshi Editor-in-Chief Sagarmatha Times

********************************************************** Date: Tue, 12 Aug 1997 14:51:53 -0400 (EDT) From: Ernestine McHugh <> Subject: Re: Contacts for Lobbying (US Legistive/Executive Branch)

Dear Senator Moynihan,

I write as a constitutent to request your intervention through the State Department or whatever channels you may deem appropriate in a situation of some gravity. The government of Nepal is bringing to the floor of Parliament a bill called the TERRORIST AND DESTRUCTIVE CRIME CONTROL AND PUNISHMENT ACT. This compromises basic human rights that Americans and Nepalis hold dear. It allows search and seizure of anyone at any time without warrant, imprisonment without trial, and the summary execution of anyone not cooperating with security forces (which include the army, police, and their designated appointees). Such an act would eliminate the gains made since 1990 in establishing a democratic government and free society in Nepal. It would create great repression and result in the loss of many innocent lives.

Immediate and urgent expression by the international community of repugnance for the passage of such a law is vital. Whatever efforts you could make toward this would be most appreciated.

Sincerely yours, Ernestine McHugh

************************************************************ Date: Sun, 10 Aug 1997 22:31:21 +0000 From: Debangsu Sengupta <> To: Subject: For Nepal Digest - Student Website: Himalayas - Where Earth Meets Sky

Namaste and Hello

I would like to announce the completion of a collaborative project by three high school students from India, the Netherlands and the USA. We collaborated successfully over the Internet for the past 6 months and have created the most comprehensive web site on the Himalayas.

Himalayas - Where Earth Meets Sky

Himalayas - Where Earth Meets Sky, is the most comprehensive site about the world's highest and most majestic mountain range - the Himalayas, its land, history, life, culture, religion and more. We take a detailed tour across the vast Himalayan lands of India - visiting Kashmir, Ladakh, Zanskar, Lahaul, Spiti, Kinnaur, Kumaon, Garhwal, Sikkim and the Arunachal. Next, we explore the Nepal Himalayas - from the Khumbu region in the East, the legenday Sherpas, to Central Nepal and finally the remote Western Nepal. Finally we reach the northern frontiers of the Himalayas - Tibet. We visit the lamas, and the monasteries and observe the life and culture of the people of Tibet.

Moreover, we have a detailed coverage of Himalayan topics including Geology - the formation of the Himalayas, Trekking, Mountaineering, Flora and fauna and Environmental Problems facing the mountains.

Further, we feature a guided tour through our site, Users can take a maximum of three quizzes with prizes for the winners!. Over 500 photographs and 30 detailed maps of the region complement the rich content material on our web site.

This is a NONPROFIT, Educational web site created by three 16 year old high school students - Debangsu Sengupta of India, Simon Wisselink of the Netherlands, and Yian Cheng of the USA. This website forms part of the ThinkQuest international competition
( This web site is a good example of the fact that students from around the world can collaborate together and create useful content material. For 6 months, the three have collaborated successfully over the Internet to create this site.

Please contribute to our site

We have attempted to make a comprehensive coverage of this Himalayan region. However, it is impossible to cover every single location in the region. If you do not find your favorite peak or valley in our site, please help enrich the content of our site by adding your information and experiences to our site.

You may have had a particularly interesting experience on your last visit to the Himalayas. You may also possess some beautiful photographs of the region. Perhaps you have a collection of maps that will be a valuable addition to our existing repository of maps.

At our Traveler's corner
(, we have developed an easy-to-use system on our website that provides a platform for you to share your Himalayan experiences with the rest of the world. By filling out simple forms, you will be able to add your content (be it stories, information travelogues, scanned photographs or maps) to our web site. We will gladly host the material that you have uploaded and share it with mountain enthusiasts across the world. If you like, you can send the stories directly to me and we can add them on your behalf.

Note:, you will have full credit for your contributions and can include links to your website. You can even add them directly while contributing your article. You can add your contributions under the General Topics section or under the specific regions like Nepal, Tibet, Ladakh, Zanskar etc.

Regards Debangsu Sengupta

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