The Nepal Digest - August 13, 1995 (29 Shrawan 2052 BkSm)

From: The Editor (nepal-request@cs.niu.edu)
Date: Sun Aug 13 1995 - 19:07:00 CDT


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The Nepal Digest Sunday 13 August 95: Shrawan 29 2052 BkSm Volume 41 Issue 5

 ******************************************************************************
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh a10rjs1@mp.cs.niu.edu *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta k945184@atlas.kingston.ac.uk *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha rshresth@black.clarku.edu *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *
 ******************************************************************************

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 10 Aug 1995 18:37:37 -0400 (EDT) From: "Rajpal J.P. Singh" <rsingh@ims.advantis.com> Subject: White House WWW Volunteers/Interns (fwd) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

    Option number 3 below may be an interesting project for a
    Technology Coordinator or an advanced student because it can be
    worked on from anywhere. Please pass it on if you know someone who
    may be interested.

                             ************

    Volunteer positions and internships are available for people who
    want to work on "Welcome to the White House: An Interactive
    Citizens' Handbook." Applications for this fall must be received
    by Wednesday 16 August.

    The Office of Science and Technology Policy of the Executive
    Office of the President has openings for qualified volunteers to
    help improve the White House Web site. The strongest applicants
    would have experience with Unix, CGI scripts, and with HTML as
    well as a demonstrated interest in government. Other useful
    skills, which should be indicated, include graphic design, the
    ability to speak Spanish, and familiarity with Perl and VRML. In
    addition to work on the Web site, applicants may also be called
    upon to do general office duties. The session dates are as
    follows: Fall session is from September 11, 1995 through December
    8, 1995. The spring session will be from February 5, 1995 through
    May 3, 1996.

    1. Interns: College students who will be on site on a full time
    basis for an entire quarter or semester. They may receive
    academic or co-op credit for their internship. Students must
    complete a Student Volunteer Agreement. Applicants must be at
    least 18 years of age, must be US Citizens, and will be subject to
    a security screening process and drug testing. Candidates for
    this fall are especially sought, but candidates for spring
    semester internships will also be considered at this time. We are
    NOT taking applicants for next summer. Interns will not be
    allowed access into the complex until ALL paperwork is completed
    and approved. No extensions of appointments will be approved.

    2. Volunteers: People of any age who are residents of the Capitol
    region and can be on site for at least a half day a week during
    the school year. All applicants must be at least 18 years of age
    and will be subject to a security access into the complex until
    ALL paperwork is completed and approved. No extensions of
    appointments will be approved.

    3. Virtual Volunteers: People of any age who are willing to
    produce HTML features from their school or home locations. Only a
    very small number of volunteers will be selected in this category
    since this is the first time we will be trying this.

    HOW TO APPLY

    Send an electronic mail message with the URL of your Web homepage
    in the subject line to the Executive Office of the President at

                         <interns@ostp.eop.gov>.

    The subject line must begin http:// and it must contain nothing
    else other than the address of your homepage, i.e..
    http://address/of/yourpage.html. It can contain links to websites
    you have helped to build or maintain, but must at a minimum
    contain your name, postal address, e-mail address, telephone
    number, age, place of birth, and status of US citizenship. You
    should also indicate if you are interested in being an intern (and
    if so, what time period), an on-site volunteer, or a virtual
    volunteer.

    TIME IS OF THE ESSENCE
    No applications will be accepted by mail, fax, or telephone. To be
    considered at this time your URL must be received by close of
    business on Wednesday 16 August. Applications will be considered
    from all qualified persons without discrimination. Previous
    volunteers and interns have found the experience to be educational
    and rewarding. Be creative and have fun....

********************************************************************* Date: Thu, 10 Aug 1995 18:54:23 -0400 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Arun-III Press Release From: shresth1@pilot.msu.edu (Anil Shrestha)

Forwarded message with due acknowledgements to the original author/s:

                 WORLD BANK AND NEPAL TO DEVELOP ENERGY
                        ALTERNATIVES TO ARUN PROJECT

         WASHINGTON, August 3, 1995 The World Bank and the Government of
    Nepal have agreed to work expeditiously to develop alternative
    approaches to meeting Nepal's energy needs following a decision by the
    Bank not to proceed with plans to support the Arun III hydropower
    project.

         The agreement follows discussions between World Bank President
    James D. Wolfensohn and Man Mohan Adhikari, the Prime Minister of
    Nepal. Mr. Wolfensohn assured the Prime Minister that the Bank
    attaches the highest priority to helping Nepal in devising and
    implementing an alternative strategy for meeting its needs for electric
    power. The Prime Minister, in the changed situation, has requested the
    Bank's financial support for alternative approaches and Mr. Wolfensohn
    indicated that, subject to proposals meeting the Bank's normal lending
    criteria, the institution would be prepared to provide such assistance.
    As a result, talks have already begun between the World Bank and the
    Government on specific proposals to take advantage of alternatives
    available for meeting Nepal's power needs.

         The World Bank had considered supporting the Arun III project
    through a $175 million credit from the International Development
    Association. Mr. Wolfensohn advised the Prime Minister that, following
   a comprehensive review of the project and the subsequent
    recommendations of senior staff, he had concluded that the Bank could
    not support the project.

         "Large complex projects require institutions like the World Bank
    to weigh the benefits against the risks and then decide on their
    feasibility. The judgment made over a year ago in the case of Arun
    came out in favor of the project after substantial internal debate.
    Irrespective of whether that was the right or wrong decision at the
    time, I concluded that under today's circumstances and with the
    information at my disposal, the risks to Nepal were too great to
    justify proceeding with the project," Mr. Wolfensohn said.

         "The public debate on this controversial project was valuable in
    that it served to heighten the concerns of Bank staff about the risks
    faced by the project. It also led to a review by the World Bank's
    Inspection Panel of environmental and social aspects of the project
   with the result that measures to address these concerns were
    strengthened. Although this project will not go ahead, the Panel's
    work remains relevant to the Bank s operations in general and to future
    investments in Nepal's power sector in particular," the World Bank
    President added.

         While the Bank's review as well as the findings of the Inspection
    Panel confirmed that the environmental and social mitigation actions
    that were currently stipulated for the proposed project were
    satisfactory, Mr. Wolfensohn s decision to advise the Government of
    Nepal that the Bank could not move ahead with support for the project
    was based on three main considerations:

              S The Bank had always recognized the demands that a project
         of this size and complexity would place on a small country like
         Nepal. Since the initial appraisal, the Bank had established
         increasingly rigorous standards for the implementation of the
        project, and these reinforced initial concerns about the burdens
         being placed on the Government. The Government recognizes these
         constraints and had agreed to collaborate with capacity-building
         efforts recommended by the Bank's management in 1995. However,
         the limited capacity of institutions in Nepal to implement the
         long list of actions that would have to be taken to ensure success
         means that it could take up to five years longer than originally
         anticipated for this highly complex project to be completed.
         Demanding tasks relating to the operations and financial
         management of Nepal's power utility and the need to implement
         effectively the social and environmental actions highlighted by
         the Inspection Panel, would have imposed requirements which the
         Bank now judges to be beyond what Nepal could realistically have
         achieved at present.

              S While there is support for Arun III, both among all Nepal's
         political parties and from most of the residents of the valley,
        the Government would still have had to implement a number of
         measures such as adjusting tariffs and prioritizing expenditures
         and sustain them over the next few years to ensure that the
         project did not crowd out priority social expenditures. While not
         questioning the Government's commitment to take these steps, the
         Bank recognized the difficulties inherent in developing widespread
         popular support and understanding of such measures.

              S In addition to the financing from the World Bank, the
         project had always depended on funds being provided from several
         other sources. Some cofinancing partners did not feel they were
         in a position to commit the necessary funds within the next 12 to
         18 months. This extremely difficult financing picture was further
         complicated by the fact that the estimated cost of the project had
         increased by $30 to $40 million as a result of delays that have
         already been incurred. As a result, the Bank felt there was no
         realistic prospect of firming up the financing plan in the near
        future.

         The President's review reaffirmed the hydropower potential in the
    Arun valley as a promising option for meeting Nepal's long term energy
    needs, subject to improving the capacity to address social and
    environmental impacts of the likely projects and the creation of a more
    pro-active community development program in the valley.

         A team of senior Bank staff is expected to visit Nepal shortly,
    and the President has instructed the team to give this effort top
    priority.

         "Nepal's growth and efforts to alleviate poverty hinge heavily on
    the country s ability to generate power. These are the benefits that
    the Bank had hoped would be generated by Arun. The challenge is to
    work with the international community to bring alternatives to fruition
    as quickly as possible. Energy is crucial to Nepal s prosperity," Mr.
    Wolfensohn said.

************************************************************************ Date: Thu, 10 Aug 1995 19:00:57 -0400 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Sur Sudha in Portland, Oregon From: forecast@teleport.com

Sur Sudha group will be performing in Portland Oregon.

        Where: The Multnomah Art Center
                7688 SW Capitol Hwy (betwee SW 31st & 34th)

        When: Sunday, August 20, 1995
                7:00 PM

        Price: Adults $10.00, Students $7.00

Contact (503) 636-7485 for ticket info.

Just passing along the information.

KLV

*************************************************************************** Date: Thu, 10 Aug 1995 20:13:43 -0500 From: karki_s@a1.mscf.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) Subject: News 8/10/95 To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

HEADLINE: FOREIGN RELATIONS; Prime Minister Adhikari praises ties with China SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 8 Aug 95

 BODY:
   Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Prime Minister Man Mohan Adikhari has stressed the CPN-UML [Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxist-Leninist] government is committed to forging ahead its foreign policy by incorporating the economic aspect with priority. Prime Minister Mr Adikhari was addressing a function organized in Kathmandu today [8th August] by the Arniko Society to mark the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Nepal and China.

   Prime Minister Mr Adikhari said ever since the restoration of democracy in
 Nepal there has been a record exchange of high-level visits both from the government and nongovernment sectors, and added that he was very encouraged to see China progressing in all aspects of development. Nepal will pay special attention to the promotion of Nepal -China joint investment in power industry and trade sectors, Mr Adikhari said. He also stressed the need to strengthen not only the government-level relations but also the people-to-people relations between Nepal and China.

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; Police tear gas clashing students and workers in Kathmandu SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 8 Aug 95

 BODY:
   Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Police had to use tear gas to bring the situation under control when the workers of the (?Samyukta Jana Morcha), SJM, and the All- Nepal National Free Students'Union, ANNFSU, clashed at (?Bhadrikali), Kathmandu, today [8th August], according to police. According to the Kathmandu chief district officer, police lobbed tear gas shells to prevent any untoward incident when the ANNSU activists reached (?Bhadrikali) all of a sudden and a scuffle took place between them and the SJM workers, who were staging a sit-in there.

HEADLINE: INTERNAL AFFAIRS; King Birendra appoints 26 judges SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 8 Aug 95

 BODY:
   Text of report by Radio Nepal

   His Majesty the King has, in accordance with the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1990, appointed 26 persons judges and additional judges of the Appellate Court on the recommendaion of the Judicial Council, and has also installed them. His Majesty the King has fixed the tenure of additional judges at two years. This was stated in a notice published today [8th August] by the principal press secretariat of His Majesty the King.

HEADLINE: nepalese businessmen shocked by wb decision DATELINE: kathmandu, august 9; ITEM NO: 0809073

 BODY:
   nepalese business people were shocked and surprised by the world bank's decision not to support the most ambitious hydropower project in nepal, reports said today. business circles in kathmandu have reacted sharply after the world bank announced last week that it decided not to provide 175 million us dollars of loan, which it pledged before, for the 746 million dollars arun iii project in east nepal. according to binod kumar choudhary, the leading businessman and former president of the federation of nepalese chambers of commerce and industry, the failure of the arun project is the most destructive event for the development of nepal. the nepalese government had also expressed its surprise and regret over the bank's pullout. however, world bank of money pledged for the arun project would be put into a power development fund which may be used in other alternative power projects in the country. in response to the negative reactions of local press to the bank's decision on the arun project, the world bank official said at a press conference that the decision was based on technical, environmental, economic, financial and institutional factors, and not related to politics. he said a donor country's withdrawal from the project forced the world bank's decision but declined to name the country for "diplomatic reason". a high level delegation of the world bank is to arrive in kathmandu soon to discuss with the nepalese government regarding the alternative measures in the future. until recently the world bank had been insisting that there was no better alternative to the arun iii project.

HEADLINE: Wild elephants kill three, destroy houses in Nepal DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Aug 9

 BODY:
   Nepali police are hunting seven wild elephants which killed three people and destroyed nine houses in two villages in east Nepal, officials said on Wednesday.

   The official RSS news agency said the rampaging elephants killed three people at Panchakanya village in Sunsari district and raided another village in the neighbouring Morang district, destroying nine houses and crops.

HEADLINE: "Positive talks" on border security with China in Nepal SOURCE: Source: New China news agency, Beijing, in English 1446 gmt 3 Aug 95

 BODY:
   Text of report by Xinhua news agency

   Kathmandu, 3rd August: The visiting Chinese border security delegation and officials of the Nepali government today held " positive talks" on border security and other matters of mutual interest, according to the Home Ministry of
 Nepal.

The Chinese side at the talks was led by Director-General of the Chinese Border Security Department Maj-Gen Zhang Guoguang and the Nepalese side by Director-General of the Department of Immigration Ganesh Prasad Bhattarai.

   The 7-member Chinese delegation led by Director-General Zhang Guoguang arrived here today on a three-day visit to Nepal at the invitation of the Nepali Home Ministry.

HEADLINE: nepali pm encourages women to attain more rights DATELINE: kathmandu, august 8; ITEM NO: 0808070

 BODY:
   nepali prime minister man mohan adhikari encouraged nepali women to take the initiative to do away with undemocratic social attitudes towards them and attain the same rights as their male counterparts. the prime minister made his call while addressing a gathering of 400 women at a kathmandu constituency near his official residence monday. "in our male-dominated society, women are discriminated against not only in the family and society but also in the political parties," adhikari said, pointing out the need to help women hold better positions in society through the promotion of their skills, education and efficiency. he said that the present government is determined to work out various programs for the rights and well-being of women. the prime minister promised that if the communist party of nepal (cpn-uml) comes to power again with an absolute majority in the forthcoming election, it will amend the laws that are not conducive to the rights and well-being of women. the fresh mid-poll is scheduled for november 23. adhikari also called for cooperation from non-governmental organizations in helping improve the health and education of women and children. at the gathering, all speakers stressed the need to give special attention to the improvement of the socio-economic and educational status of women, to amend those acts that are against women's rights and well-being, and to end all kinds of discrimination against women.

HEADLINE: nepalese pm on nepal -china relations

 BODY:
    nepal and china share many things in common and the relations between the two countries will expand to a new dimension of co-operation in the future, prime minister man mohan adhikari said today. at a talk program on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the establishment of nepal -china diplomatic relations, the prime minister said the relations between the two neighboring countries have been nurtured by people-to-people contact through the ages, noting the ancient nepalese architect arniko had brought nepali art and craftsmanship to china. china has consistently extended economic and technical assistance to nepal in such fields as roads, industries, hydroelectricity and irrigation projects since the two countries established diplomatic relations on august 1, 1955, and the nepalese people and government are thankful for china's contribution to the developmental needs for the last 40 years. speaking at the program, chinese ambassador to nepal shao jiongchu said that china- nepal ties have grown in strength and developed continuously in spite of changing international situation, and the two countries are engaged in fruitful cooperation in political, economic, cultural and other fields. the program was organized by the arniko society, a private organization consisting of nepalese intellectuals who had studied in china. among those who attended the program and made speeches were former prime minister kirit nidhi bista, former speaker of the lower house daman nath dhungana and spokesman for the national democratic party (rpp) kamal thapa.

HEADLINE: nepal to promulgate new provision for foreign courts DATELINE: kathmandu, august 8; ITEM NO: 0808083

 BODY:
    nepal will promulgate an ordinance enabling foreign courts to exercise jurisdiction in cases involving foreign investment in nepal, a local report said today. according to local english newspaper the kathmandu post, the draft of the ordinance which seeks to change legal provisions regarding foreign investment is presently being studied by the industry, water resources and law ministries. this followed refusal by some foreign companies to have a nepalese court to settle their disputes in nepal. the foreign investment act of nepal provides for nepalese courts to settle such cases involving foreign investors. according to the industry ministry, more than 2.6 billion rupees (52 million us dollars) of foreign investment has been made after the act was enacted. a source concerned with foreign investment said if this ordinance is promulgated, foreign investors could choose arbiters at a place convenient to them instead of opting for a nepalese court.

HEADLINE: World Bank: Funding decision not political DATELINE: KATMANDU, Aug. 8

 BODY:
   Following widespread criticism of the World Bank for last week's decision to suspend funding for the $800 million Arun-Hydel project, its representative in the kingdom tried to dampen rumors Tuesday that the suspension was politically motivated. The project was intended to generate power by damming the Arun River in east Nepal. ''The bank's decision on Arun as indeed on all projects is based on technical, environmental, economic, financial and institutional factors. ''It is therefore wrong for anyone to assign a political factor to the bank's decision,'' the bank's resident representative, Dr. Joe Manickavasagam, said in a written statement. ''The important thing is to look ahead positively and work together as partners, for our commitment to Nepal remains as strong as it was before, even though we are not proceeding with Arun,'' he said. ''The World Bank for its part remains committed to helping Nepal, and we look forward not only to the existing partnership but to a stronger partnership for development,'' the statement added. Manickavasagam said it is important to look ahead into the future, identifying alternative ways to harness the abundance of water resources in Nepal. The official daily newspaper, The Rising Nepal, spoke out against the World Bank's decision in an editorial headlined ''A belated no.'' The editorial was critical of the bank's decision to withdraw its $179 million funding for Nepal's biggest development project.
''All this comes at a time when Third World governments are getting wary of stringent conditions imposed by multilateral institutions on developing countries. ''This is also a time when multinational companies have been steering even political agenda in developing countries. ''There is bound to be a lot of misgivings when commitments that appeared promising until the last moment are reversed at a crucial moment in a country's financial and political history,'' the editorial said. The project had been on the table for a decade and was to be launched shortly after approval by the bank's board of directors. It would have taken an estimated 10 years for power-starved Nepal to complete the project. The opposition has blamed the first communist government's incoherent economic and financial policies for the bank's decision to withdraw support for the project. But the Nepali Congress, which hopes to come to power, also has asked the bank to review its decision, which it described as
''negative.'' Some commentators have also said this was the beginning of an isolation of the kingdom's first elected communist government, which faces Nov. 23 elections. The opposition has said the funding withdrawal will be an issue in the elections.

BYLINE: BY BHOLA RANA DATELINE: KATMANDU

 BODY:
   Fifty years after Japan's surrender ended World War II, military analysts point to Nepal's contribution as critical to the Allied victory. ''Without the Nepalese, Britain wouldn't have been able to face the Japanese threat as the British Army was largely committed to the German threat,'' said Lt. Col. Nigel Mossop, commanding officer of the British Gurkhas Depot in Nepal. Lt. Gen. Shridhar Shumshere Rana, president of the Nepal National Ex- Servicemen's association, echoed the sentiment. ''If Nepal had not participated in the war at that time, Great Britain would not have been able to mobilize British troops in the European Theater,'' he said. As many as 200,000 Nepalese fought as British Indian Army soldiers in Asia and Europe, most of them Gurkha tribesmen from the hills in the largely mountainous country. '' Nepal participated not to please colonial Great Britain in neighboring India, but to demonstrate friendship to a loyal friend,'' said Katmandu's Tribhuvan University professor Hamenta Shumshere Rana. ''Many died in the war, but the soldiers served willingly and were compensated by the British.'' An Australian diplomat who served in Nepal during the war, Butadrian Sever, says World War II took its toll on the small Himalayan kingdom. In his book '' Nepal Under the Ranas,'' Sever says Nepal suffered a greater casualty-to-population ratio than any other country fighting in the war. In Asia, Nepalese troops served in India, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore and in French Indochina and Dutch Indonesia. Although official VJ Day celebrations will not be held in Nepal this summer -- Japan is the country's largest aid donor -- some Nepalese war veterans were scheduled to participate in ceremonies in London Aug. 19 and 20, the British Embassy in Katmandu said. Three Nepalese recipients of the Victoria Cross, Britain's highest award for valor in the armed services, were scheduled to attend the London ceremonies. ''This will be a last tribute to me for my relentless service as a soldier and officer,'' said Brig. Gen. Chutra Bahadur Thapa, a recipient of the Military Cross, Britain's third-highest gallantry award. Thapa served as a platoon commander in Asia during the war and recounted his platoon's advance against the Japanese in Burma and Assam, now part of India. ''We had to dislodge and capture the Japanese entrenched on Long Tree Hill in Assam,'' he said. After crawling up the hilltop to a position 300 yards away from the Japanese, Thapa's platoon found the enemy soldiers to be unarmed because they were digging trenches. ''We attacked and killed scores of Japanese and captured a lot of ammunition,'' he said. ''This action finally opened the road to Burma from Assam and Japanese morale totally collapsed.'' Another Nepalese soldier involved in the campaign to push the Japanese into Burma from India, now 80 years old, recalls the Assam fighting. ''The Japanese were ferocious. They were stubborn. They were arrogant. They would not retreat,'' Lt. Col. Bhairab Bahadur Thapa said. ''They would not surrender.'' ''When the war ended after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, we refused to board a ship to Calcutta from Rangoon,'' he said, explaining his men wanted to stay on in case the Japanese surrender was a ruse.

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Sat, 12 Aug 1995 13:49:49 +1000 (EST) From: rajeebga@student.gu.edu.au To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - August 11, 1995 (27 Shrawan 2052 BkSm)

Dear Editor,

I have been receiving your esteemed magazine through E-mail regularly. It is very helpful to us (mostly students who are unable in subscribing magazines because of limitation in expenditures) to know about Nepal promptly.

Thank you very much and looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Sincerely yours, Rajeeb Gautam.

******************************************************************* Date: Sat, 12 Aug 1995 00:26 EST From: ATULADHAR@vax.clarku.edu Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - August 11, 1995 (27 Shrawan 2052 BkSm) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

"Dharma parsaad" "dhani prasad" lai:
======================================

As early as 1990, C.P. Prasain, a veteran congress leader who came out of hiding after the 1989 revolutions wrote a poignant piece in the Rising Nepal, lamenting about the commoditization of the Pashupati Nath ko parsaad when he went to pay his respects. It was not like the old days, he lamented.

I guess when the King invokes, "Pashupati nath le hami sabai lai kalyaan garuun" it is being clear pashupati's blessings are for the "Dhani prasaads" of nepalese society, the others be damned.

amulya

************************************************************* Date: Sat, 12 Aug 1995 06:15:12 -0400 (EDT) From: Bhanu Neupane u <neup2011@mach1.wlu.ca> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - August 11, 1995 (27 Shrawan 2052 BkSm) To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

Dear Editor,

It is rather a suggestion than a contribution to the digest.

I wonder if anyone would argue against the divine contribution that TND makes in keeping Nepalis and friends of Nepal(is) informed about Nepal? I, however, also wonder if the growing editorial carelessness has gone unnoticed to anyone reading the digest for the last last two years?. The recent (deluge of) comments and suggestions to give small "pedicure and manicure" were more on the line to bring back the ol' glory of TND. To my surprise--and well against the long standing tradition of TND-- these suggestions and comments went unacknowledged. In the same TND (uh..it was of 200K), in which a very good suggestion against repeatition appeared, at least four (long) articles were repeated. I don't know about others but my computer groaned and moaned (I did too!) while reading this file. Even in the latest TND, repeatition do exists. Uh Caramba! now it appears that TND requires more than simple makeup jobs but a massive face-lift and plastic surgery.

I should be excused for my obliqueness and rhetorics, by which I do not--I repeat, DO NOT-- mean that the current editorial team works inefficiently or otherwise. I am simply trying to convey that the whole editorial procedure may have to be restructured, modified, or for that matter, the mechanical (and perhaps boring) editorial--rather compiling-- task is redesigned.

To screen and for minor editing of the articles, TND may have to find individuals or "hubs" and receive the articles indirectly. TND's
"content" is pretty clear, and I believe, finding dedicated volunteers-- at least five in each of the content sub-headings-- to work as "hubs" wont be a problem. Each individual hubs after minor editing can forward the articles to the TND with detailed content, which can be compiled as usual to be sent to individual subscribers. Need an example of whats happening now, check out the content of 11 AUg TND.

In addition, five more volunteers can be found to select pulishable nuggets (but not long articles) from the SCN. These five additional
"surfers" could also direct useful nuggets into the Gorkhali-home pages (I believe there are already more than five?). I'm against reposting of long articles on religion and similar "picked_for_few" articles from SCN to TND.

BTW, does anyone has compiled the percentages of Nepali and friends of Nepal(is) having email access who read a) both TND and SCN, b) only SCN and c) only TND ? I would suggest having a general idea about this detail can limit unnecessary reposting

The other problem, of course, relates to the quality of the articles. This, however, lies on the discretion of the poster. (The future can be predicted that each hub, one day may act like an individual referee...as it happens in IAHS electronic newsletter).

It is also clearly visible that the number of postings have decreased
(hmmm! is it why the articles are being repeated/) significantly. Once prolific and perhaps the best contributor of SCN, recently shared the similar sentiment woth me.

The good contributors have disappeared off the net. The contributions are more personal than targeted to the general readers. The issues, even if are started with a good purpose, hinge around the communal sentiments and sentients. Selected individuals take pride in confront than communicate. Few can not control the urge of their misanthropic attitude. Hey! what's going on here...its our good ol' TND, perhaps the mirror to Nepal for the outsiders....

I would appreciate, if you'll pitch in your idea (not flame) in this regard.

Finally, if Beavis and Butt-head were Jetha and Mahila from home, they would have been said,

(Jetha) Beavis : "TND really keeps us informed. Its cool..He He He"
(Mahila) Butt-Head: "But the editing Sucks Man... hee hee hee"

With sincere apologies!

Bhanu
===== Who's naked in the nudist colony?

%%%%%Editor's Note: Creating several hubs around the world for editing %%%%%
%%%%% and compiling articles before sending it to TND for%%%%%
%%%%% final publication is a very interesting idea. It %%%%%
%%%%% would distribute the work and there would be less %%%%%
%%%%% repetetions of articles posted and articles could %%%%%
%%%%% be edited for final clarity before publication. %%%%%
%%%%% %%%%%
%%%%% Being the only editor, I must apologize I simply %%%%%
%%%%% do not have time and resources to check for every %%%%%
%%%%% important details before publication. TND has been %%%%%
%%%%% growing exponentially to healthy 1100 members %%%%%
%%%%% worldwide. To put it bluntly - I need help! %%%%%
%%%%% %%%%%
%%%%% There has been many suggestions on how to make TND %%%%%
%%%%% more readable, fun and interesting. I would like %%%%%
%%%%% to hear more from all of you - perhaps we can post %%%%%
%%%%% our thoughts to TND and educate eachother on %%%%%
%%%%% "Do's and Don'ts" while posting on TND. For the %%%%%
%%%%% time being I would like to entertain the idea to %%%%%
%%%%% establish 5 continental editors who can collect %%%%%
%%%%% and edit articles and send it to TND for final %%%%%
%%%%% publication. Please send in your names if you %%%%%
%%%%% would like to volunteer. We really need your help.%%%%%
%%%%% %%%%%
%%%%% On the side note, one of our TND member has %%%%%
%%%%% suggested to make month of August "Gai-jatra" %%%%%
%%%%% issue. If there is enough interest, we can %%%%%
%%%%% dedicate rest of the August TND issues as %%%%%
%%%%% "Gai-Jatra" issues. Please remember that the %%%%%
%%%%% purpose of "Gai-Jatra" issues are to entertain %%%%%
%%%%% and educate in a humorous way and not to do false %%%%%
%%%%% or vicious character assasination intentionally. %%%%%
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********************************************************************* Date: Tue, 1 Aug 1995 22:07 CST From: KIRAN@gacvx2.gac.edu Subject: inquiry To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu

Hello and Namaskar.

Will you please let me know the e-mail address of Prof. Laxmi Prasad Gewali at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas? Thank you.

Kiran Shrestha E-mail: kiran@physics.purdue.edu

************************************************************************ Date: Sat, 12 Aug 1995 17:55:59 -0400 (EDT) From: karki_s@a1.mscf.upenn.edu (Sher B. Karki) Subject: News 8/12/95 To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu

The British Broadcasting Corporation, August 12, 1995 Nepali Congress leaders address party workers SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 10 Aug 95

 BODY:
   [13] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   President of the Nepali Congress and former prime minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai has said whatever the outcome of the Supreme Court's decision on the legality of Prime Minister Adikhari's calling mid-term polls , the Nepali Congress is ready to form the next government or even (?go to the polls). Mr Bhattarai said this while addressing a gathering of party workers at Ward No 33 in Kathmandu today 10th August . He said the Nepali Congress believes in communal unity and cooperation and strives for equality and unity in the Nepalese society. Speaking on the occasion, Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala askedthe party workers to (?go through door to door) of the people, (?uniting them).

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts August 12, 1995, Saturday Headline: Gastroenteritis death toll in Achham district 125 this year SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 10 Aug 95

 BODY:
   [14] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   The death toll from gastroenteritis in Achham northwestern Nepal has reached 125 so far this year. According to the chief district officer CDO of Accham district, 17 deaths were reported at (?Thakar) village development committee, 14 at (?Salogra) village development committee, 11 at (?Sodhi) village development committee, three at (?Ayal) village development committee, two at (?Mangeshwar) and five at (?Bardabebi) village development committees. The CDO has said that medicine, medical teams and local health education teams have been sent to the affected areas.

HEADLINE: Premier unhappy at World Bank cancellation of hydropower project SOURCE: Source: Radio Nepal, Kathmandu, in English 1415 gmt 9 Aug 95

 BODY:
   [15] Text of report by Radio Nepal

   Prime Minister Man Mohan Adikhari has said that he is extremely unhappy at the World Bank's decision to cancel the Arun-3 project, which has been in the nation's interests. Prime Minister Mr Adikhari said this at an all-party meeting regarding Arun-3 and the problems of Bhutanese refugees at his office in
(?Singabadwar) today 9th August .The ruling CPN-UML Communist Party of Nepal - Unified Marxist-Leniniststanding committee has said that the inability of the World Bank to invest inArun-3 hydroelectricity project
(?is not tantamount) to the blockade ofinternational assistance to Nepal, nor will the country return back to the ageof oil-filled lamps just because immediate investment is not made in the project, scheduled to be implemented after 2005. This is stated in a communiquepublished in Kathmandu today to make clear the CPN-UML's view on the World Bank's decision on Arun-3 project. The communique was signed by (?Dhalanath Kanal) on behalf of the party standing committee.

Xinhua News Agency. HEADLINE: Nepali government committed to hold fair election DATELINE: kathmandu, august 12; ITEM NO: 0812170

 BODY:
   the present nepali care-taker government is committed to holding a free, fair and impartial election, stated deputy prime minister madhav kumar nepal, calling upon the people to remain alert against hooligans and violence during the forthcoming election. the deputy prime minister made this remark while addressing a mass meeting on friday at gaur, rautahat district in central nepal, news reaching here this evening reported. the fresh mid-term election for the 205-seat lower house was scheduled on november 23. the deputy prime minister also stressed that the present government is determined to work for the well-being of the people through consolidation of democracy and enhancement of the prestige of the country. he also assured the mass that the cpn-uml government will leave no room for injustice and corruption as the present government has launched various programs for the well-being of every section of the society.

HEADLINE: agreement on adb loan for nepal road project signed DATELINE: kathmandu, august 10; ITEM NO: 0810095

 BODY:
   a negotiated draft loan agreement was signed here wednesday between the asian development bank (adb) and nepal, according to a finance ministry press release published here today. the draft loan agreement was reached after the conclusion of the loan negotiations which started here on august 7 between the two sides for a proposed adb loan of 40 million us dollars for the third road improvement project. the project, which is expected to commence from early 1996, aims at upgrading the all-whether standard of approximately 250 km of roads comprising sahajpur-dadeldhura-patan (120 km), lamaji-tulsipur
(47 km), maiakhola-ilam (15 km) and ilam-phidim (67 km) in the far western and eastern regions. the proposed project also provides for rehabilitation/periodic maintenance of high priority feeder roads of approximately 100 km in various regions of the kingdom. these feeder roads will mostly connect farming communities to the main roads and market centers, and their rehabilitation will assist poverty reduction in isolated agricultural areas in the country. the project will create about 10,000 person-year of employment opportunities during the implementation period in the project areas and will also help strengthen and promote the development of the domestic construction industry in nepal by enabling them to participate in the local competitive bidding procedures for the construction of large portion of the civil work contracts. the proposed project is to be presented to the board of adb executive directors for consideration.

HEADLINE: meeting on hydro project held in nepal DATELINE: kathmandu, august 10; ITEM NO: 0810075

 BODY:
   nepali prime minister man mohan adhikari chaired a meeting on the arun iii hydropower project wednesday. adhikari said at the meeting that the sudden decision taken by the world bank not to invest in the arun project was an unilateral decision. the world bank last week announced that it will not provide the 175 million us dollar loan for the hydropower project in nepal. the prime minister said he was stunned when the world bank president james wolfensohn informed him of the decision by telephone. earlier the world bank did give the nepalese government a go-head signal for the project, he said. according to the prime minister, the government is firmly committed to the arun project and has earmarked over one billion rupees (20 million dollars) in the 1995-96 fiscal year budget for the project and the development of the arun area, about 200 kilometers east of kathmandu. the allegation of the opposition that the government was not committed to the arun project was a blatant lie, he said. the three main opposition parties --the nepali congress, the national democratic party and the nepal sadbhavana (goodwill) party --did not take part in the meeting.

HEADLINE: 5m children involved in child labor in nepal DATELINE: kathmandu, august 10; ITEM NO: 0810220

 BODY:
   over five million children in nepal are directly or indirectly involved in different forms of child labor and child work, according to a recent study conducted by the child workers in nepal concerned center (cwin). the study indicates a majority of child workers employed in factories and industries, mines, agriculture, plantations, construction works, sex works, bonded labor, circus and music, shops and in domestic services. legal prohibitions of child employment, particularly those under 14, have not been fully implemented, the study noted. problems like poverty, illiteracy and the migration of children to the urban areas have contributed to the overwhelming increase in the magnitude of child labor, the study said. according to the cwin study, nearly 500,000 children in nepal have migrated from rural areas to urban centers. among them, there are approximately 300,000 child laborers in diff

HEADLINE: saarc members reach agreement on technical education DATELINE: kathmandu, august 10; ITEM NO: 0810096

BODY:
   south asian countries wednesday agreed to cooperate in the production of necessary skilled manpower through the development of technical education and vocational training. the agreement was reached when a two-day workshop on future direction of technical education and vocational training in south asia concluded here. the workshop, organized by the south asian association for regional cooperation (saarc), was the first of its kind in the region. the workshop has made various recommendations for the development of technical erent kinds of jobs,5,000 street children, 40,000 in debt bondage, 100 in prison and nearly 50,000 working in the sex industry, including children being trafficked into india and elsewhere for this purpose. education and vocational training system in the region which will be presented to the saarc ministerial meeting. attending the meeting are 17 technical and vocational educators from nepal, bangladesh, india, pakistan and sri lanka.

*********************************************************** Date: Sun, 13 Aug 1995 09:57 +0000 (GMT +8:00) From: K.PAUDYAL@CGNET.COM Subject: Choot Kila To: NEPAL <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

A drunk that smelled like a brewery got on a bus one day. He sat down next to a priest. The drunk's shirt was stained, his face was full of bright red lipstick and he had a half empty bottle of wine sticking out of his pocket. He opened his newspaper and started reading. --. A couple of minutes later he asked the priest, "Father, what causes arthritis" ?

"Mister, it's caused by loose living, being with cheap wicked women, too much alcohol and contempt for your fellow men". "Well I'll be damned", the drunk muttered and returned to reading his paper.

The priest, thinking about what he said turned to the man and apologized. "I'm sorry, I didn't mean to come on so strong -- how long have you had arthritis" ? "I don't, father, I was just reading in the paper that the pope has it".

************************************************************** Date: Sun, 13 Aug 1995 09:18:35 -0600 (MDT) From: Samira Luitel <sluitel@gpu.srv.ualberta.ca> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu>

I enjoy reading Nepal Digest as it is the only source I have to getting acccess to the news of Nepal. But these days, especially after the UML took the power there seems no news except a few criticisms that also about the NC. Is all well in the Nepali politics and in the country? How about the coming election? Who is contesting, and with what motif? How our Netas will face the public again? How about the econimy of the poorest of the poor Nation? Is any of the top leaders concerned about it?

Had I been in the top authority like Ganeshman, Krishna Prasad, Girija, Manmohan, Suryabahadur, LOkendra, Gajendra etc. etc. I woul have died in a bit of boiling water (Daduma pani tatayera marne). But one great missing thing in our leaders and also may be in all of us Nepali is we have lost shame somewhere. Now every thing seems fine to us because we have never seen any good in our history. What we have seen is Dhant, Kapat, Jaal, Jhel. "I" is always clean "you" is never good so it is a struggle to be I and be cleaned by holding power. "I" does not have tolerence to hear criticism but only to criticize. There is no shame to sell a daughter or sister or a wife but there is a shame to respect them.

They are no one's property because they own nothing and cannot claim anything so remain slave from birth to death. They have learned how to be a good slave better to be sold than to live by themselves. Who cares? Because they are always "you" not "I" at any time. Who is responsible for that? Why no government talks about the problem in the country and list them in priority. They only talk big and visit big people they are no more human beings while they are in power. They feel themselves all in all and wand their wagon to the oposite direction, who will think in depth of the problem?

Is not now time for the educated to come in front and challenge? Have not they got guts to come to hold the power? Now we need a leader who has some vision and lead the people. Now there should be the hold of intellectuals who really can contribute to the nation. Perhapas there needs to be a drstic change to rebuild it and this can be done only by resuffleing the foundation that is very feeble. Who will bell the cat?

Can we rethink about that? Do somebody have any idea? Your news reader

**************************************************************** Date: Sun, 13 Aug 95 16:58 EST From: Sudeep Acharya <0002019615@mcimail.com> To: The Nepal Digest <nepal@cs.niu.edu> Subject:

This is in response to some of the TND reader's outrageous support of child labor. Maybe it's right that West should not deal with this issue in our country. Shailesh Ghimire's comment that few generation should probably suffer for our country to prosper might be right, but if you are not the one to suffer then probably you should not be saying anything.
 There were others "defenders of child labor" who were saying how these kids, who were working at carpet factories few years ago, are suffering on the street without the work. I sympathies with the kids suffering on the streets. Maybe this might be a lesson for other runaway kids from rural villages not to come to the capital. A lot of runaway kids come to Kathmandu from rural villages to find work. Most of them just don't come to live on the streets. The carpet industries and other work are the attractions for these kids. Who are the real losers here the kids or the big shot carpet industries? It is the Carpet Industries. Now they can't enslave these kids and make profit. But the Carpet Industries now will have to pay adults(without enslaving them) a lot more wages and cut down on profits. There are plenty of adults who need work so why should the Carpet Industries be hiring the kids in the first place. However the kids are still not the winners here. Kathmandu might be less attractive place for them to come to, but they will be abused the same way if not more in the rural villages. However this whole deal might be a beginning for the understanding of child abuse going on in our country.

Sudeep Acharya Fayetteville, Arkansas

********************************************************* Date: Sat, 12 Aug 1995 14:29:48 CDT To: The Editor <nepal-request@cs.niu.edu> From: Shirish <ranjits@WABASH.EDU> Subject: Looking for email address of a friend in Australia who was looking for
         me

Dear Friends, I am looking for an address of Ramesh Pudashani who was looming for me (Shirish Ranjit). If any of you happen to remember, please either email me at ranjits@wabash.edu or email him my address. I will highly appreciate your help.

        I have put up a homepage at http://:www.wabash.edu under mac and pc operator under which mac operator and under which shirish ranjit. I have put up a page on Nepal too. So if any of you have anything that you think will be best to put please send me the materials. All types of suggestions are most welcome. I am still under different experimental stage. So do not get irritated if you happen to encounter funcky stuff. Please send me suggestions.

Thank you all Shirish Ranjit Ranjits@wabash.edu Crawfordsville, IN 47933

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