The Nepal Digest - Aug 18, 1994 (5 Bhadra 2051 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Thursday 18 Aug 94: Bhadra 5 2051 BkSm Volume 30 Issue 4

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****************************************************** To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@mp.cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - Aug 7, 1994 (24 Shrawan 2051 BkSm) From: Sanjay Manandhar <sanjaym@sni-usa.com> Date: Mon, 8 Aug 94 10:39:06 -0400

Thank you Amulya for the review of the book "NEPAL, DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE IN A LANDLOCKED HIMALAYAN KINGDOM."

I hope it does not come as nit-pick, but being a foreigner in the US, I
(and I'm sure most of us) am quick to notice poor choice of words such as "Whites and japs." "Westerners and the Japanese people..." are perhaps better choice of words. The word "jap" is especially divisive and a scholarly review ought not include such words. Dole out what you expect to be doled out.

Regards, Sanjay Mannadhar

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********************************************************************** Date: Sat, 06 Aug 1994 14:47:58 EST From: tilak@maple.circa.ufl.edu To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Top 10 Great

Dear Bastola Jee, Namaste.

        Please register following individuals as my nominations for the
'Top 10 Greats' of Nepal. 1. Ganesh Man Singh, 2. Gaje Ghale, 3. B. P. Koirala, 4. L. P. Devkota, 5. Prem B. Kansakar, 6. Subarna Shumsher, 7. Tenzing Sherpa, 8. Madan Bhandari, 9. Ganga Lal, 10. Narayan Gopal.
        Your effort is appreciated. Regards. Sincerely - Tilak B. Shrestha.

********************************************************************** Date: Mon, 8 Aug 1994 23:18:00 -0500 (CDT) From: SUDEEP ACHARYA <sa01@engr.engr.uark.edu> Subject: This is crazy! To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@mp.cs.niu.edu>

      Do you know one cannot send personal items to Nepal through express mail, only documents are allowed. The express mail companies have been notified by the Nepaleese government to warn it's customer not to send personal items and passport or visas through express mail. If the items are sent, and the Nepaleese custom opens the mail, the mail is sent back.
     Can anybody understand this crazy policy! Sudeep

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 09 Aug 94 14:15:01 EDT From: Anita Regmi <AREGMI@ERS.BITNET> Subject: Women in Nepal To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@MP.CS.NIU.EDU>

Dear Editor,
       The subject hit home and here I am responding (in general) to
  many of the negative responses to Mr. Mishra's article. Several of these responses touted divorce and rape statistics in the U.S.. I would like to point out that these cannot be compared with those in Nepal. The U.S. statistics may be fairly accurate representation of the population. However, those in Nepal do not even represent that of Kathmandu and the few major cities. Rapes and women abuse NEVER REACH THE MEDIA! Just because it is not reported it does not mean that it does not happen.

    It is also incorrect to say that marriages work in Nepal and those in the U.S. end in divorce. My observation leads me to conclude that the success rate of marriages are similar. The definition of success may differ between individuals (especially men and women). Even if it may prove to be a great situation for a man, polygamy, infidelity and in-law drudgery is not a good marriage for a woman. A divorce may prove to be better. The only reason women suffer it through is because of their total financial and social dependency on the husband and in-laws. Change the laws (inheritance, alimony, child custody) and educate the women! I am positive the divorce rate will go up. Divorce does not necessarily imply "social decay" it implies the ability of women to support themselves and escape the lifelong trap of a bad marriage.

      A lot of rapes in the U.S. are date rapes. Women can to a large extent avoid these. Don't venture out in the dark alone (on foot), avoid getting drunk in male company, don't go alone to a man's residence. Human nature is fairly consistent the worldwide, my guess is the "random freak" rape rate is the same all over the world. What differs is media coverage. Unfortunately, the heckling and harrassment endured by women in Nepal cannot be avoided. It pervades each step of women's life all over Nepal; on streets, mass transits, schools, colleges, site of employment. I have several personal incidences where highly respectable highly educated groups of people have heckled, harrassed, insulted and discriminated me (all ina professional setting). Illiterate men heckling can be excused but not these men. I have never forgiven nor forgotten. At least in the U.S. I could have sought retributions. In Nepal all we could do is cry and keep our mouths shut. So, what are you comparing? Silence versus media blitz?

-Anita Regmi

********************************************************************** Date: Tue, 09 Aug 1994 19:49:06 AST From: x94kth@esseX.stfx.ca To: NEPAL@mp.cs.niu.edu Subject: RE: The Nepal Digest - Aug 8, 1994 (25 Shrawan 2051 BkSm)

Dear Editor:

Thank you for your information regarding the nepal midterm election. Is it possible to know the 3 days Nepal closed "Bandh". What is the present situation.

Thanking you Dilip Thapa Internet:x94kth@esses.stfx.ca

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 10 Aug 94 11:12:50 +0100 From: "William H. Adler" <whadler%vax.dnet@dxi.nih.gov> Subject: question To: "RONAST" <nepal@cs.niu.edu>

am moving to Nepal in a fortnight. wondering as to the availability of an internet node for communication back to the states. Thanks.

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 10 Aug 94 08:48:19 -0700 From: ojha@ece.ucdavis.edu (Bijaya Ojha) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Mr. Editor,

Studies show that women's status in society directly influences the prosperity of that society. The Associated Press has posted such findings more than once. I don't remember exactly when they were posted -- perhaps someone out there can help me.

In one of these postings, a source was quoted as saying that the future of the world is in the hands of today's young teenage girls all over the globe. The point was made for giving girls' education as much priority as boys' education.

We all know that girls' education in Nepal gets no where near the priority given boys' education. Does someone out there have the numbers that reflect this?

I ask: What does this say for Nepal's future?

There's one more point I want to make:

An American friend of mine had gone to Nepal on some sort of a mission. I don't recall what it was. But what I do recall is him asking me what was going on with Nepali men. Why were the women doing all the work in Nepal? They were in the fields, they were in the kitchen, they seemed to be doing everything while men did a fraction of the work in comparison. He's not the only American with some exposure to Nepali culture that has pointed this out to me.

In my own experience, I've found my friend's assessment to hold quite true. But one could argue that that says more for the Nepali men in my life than Nepali men in general.

I'm interested on what Nepali men (and women, or anyone else who has exposure to our culture) feel about this. Do you believe that, on the whole, Nepali men lead a much easier life than Nepali women?

Bijaya Ojha ojha@madrone.ece.ucdavis.edu

********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 10 Aug 1994 16:26:26 -0700 (MST) From: "Camille Richard" <camille@picea.CNR.ColoState.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject:

I am studying at the University of Illinois in CHicago for four months. I am interested in meeting with Nepalese who are living in the area, including Chicago, Minneapolis, Lansing, and other nearby cities. Please send responses to my friend's address: camille@picea.cnr.colostate.edu She will forward news to me.

Thank you. Mahesh Gurung, King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation

****************************************************************** Date: 10 Aug 94 22:55:41 EDT From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: News8/7-10 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

SOURCE: Xinhua HEADLINE: party joint program announced in kathmandu DATELINE: kathmandu, august 8;
 BODY:
   nepali six left parties in a 13-day joint program on sunday urged prime minister girija prasad koirala and his caretaker government to resign and have an all-party government installed. the 13-day joint program from august 11 to 23 includes local demonstrations and mass meeting on august 11, countrywide torch-lit demonstration on august 13, a nationwide bandh (strike) on august 14, burning the prime minister's effigy countrywide on august 18 and a mass rally and public meeting in kathmandu on august 23. the six left parties are the main opposition which include the communist party of nepal (uml), the unity center, the nepal communist league, the workers and peasants party, the united people's front and the communist party of nepal (mashal). the six left parties have launched a series of programs since the house of representatives (lower house) was dissolved by king birendra on july 11 as recommended by prime minister koirala. they demanded an all-party government in place of the caretaker government to oversee the mid-term poll to be held on november 13 this year.
------------------------------------------------------------------ SOURCE: DPA HEADLINE: Nepal acts on child labour issue after carpet sales decline DATELINE: Kathmandu, Aug 8
 BODY:
     Nepal is setting up a special committee in a bid to halt a slump in carpet exports following foreign media reports of the excessive use of child labour in the industry, it was announced Monday.
                                                                                
    The nine-member board made up of industry and commerce representatives will issue certificates guaranteeing that carpets have been woven using adult labour only.

    The Nepalese government had announced earlier that its Labour Ministry would begin issuing "child labour free" certificates to Nepalese carpets exported from September 17 this year.
                                                                                
     Nepal's carpet industry is the country's biggest export earner, selling abroad products worth 9,000 million Nepalese rupees (about 184 million U.S. dollars) a year.
                                                                                
    In recent months sales have slumped following what the industry says are exaggerated media reports of child labour being used to produce Nepalese carpets.
                                                                                
    Nearly 85 per cent of Nepalese carpet exports go to Germany and firms say orders from that country have been cancelled as a result of the controversy.
                                                                                
    The carpet manufacturers say that despite the media reports only a small proportion of children work in the carpet industry which employs a total of 45,000 people directly and benefits another 800,000 indirectly. dpa mb

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** SOURCE: DPA Headline: Nepal Panel demands explanation BYLINE: By S. Bahadur DATELINE: Kathmandu, Aug 9
 BODY:
    Amid a deepening political crisis, Nepal's Election Commission, a constituionally independent body set up to conduct elections, has demanded explanations from ministries and departments for violating its directives.
                                                                                
    The Nepali language daily Kantipur reported Tuesday that the election commission has asked the Works and Transport Ministry, the Departments of Roads and Housing to explain why transfers and promotion of officials were carried out despite the commission's directives not to do so.
                                                                                
    The Election Commission, soon after the announcement of the mid-term polls on July 11, had asked the Nepalese government not to carry out any promotion and transfer of its officials until after the elections scheduled for November 13 as this could have an impact on the outcome of the elections.
                                                                                
    The election commission is said to have issued the directive as it was thought that the officials partial towards the ruling party might unduly try to influnce voters and election process to favour the ruling party.
                                                                                
    The newspaper quoted the Election Commission as saying that it would void such transfers and promotions wherever they take place in the government until after november 13.
                                                                                
    The commission also said that it has so far received no other reports of transfer and promotion of officials except in the Ministry of Works and Transport, and the Department of Housing and the Department of Roads.
                                                                                
  The Election Commission's demand for clarification has come at a time when all opposition parties are demanding the formation of an all-party government to hold the forthcoming election saying that the elections being conducted by Prime Minister Koirala will not be free, fair and impartial.
                                                                                
    Koirala, who promised to hold fair elections, had said in an interview that he would form an independent body to run government media till the elections but this has not happened so far.
                                                                                
    The official media, both electronic and print, is being criticised for their increased pro-Koirala bias. dpa eg
--------------------------------------------------------------------- SOURCE: Reuters

HEADLINE: Nepal to Try Six Armed Indian Policemen

DATELINE: KATHMANDU, Aug 10
 BODY:
    Nepal said on Wednesday it would put on trial six armed Indian policemen detained on Sunday at the western town of Nepalgunj for unauthorised entry into Nepali territory.
                                                                                
   The six policemen, a sub-inspector and five constables from the western Indian state of Maharashtra, were in police detention, Ministry of Home (Interior) Affairs told Reuters.
                                                                                
   Under Nepali laws those possessing unlicensed weapons could be sentenced up to two years in jail.
                                                                                
   The Indian embassy declined comment on the arrests, which follow a furore in March when eight policemen from the Indian capital of New Delhi raided two Kathmandu houses in pursuit of an alleged criminal.
                                                                                
   The Indian government apologised to Nepal after the incident led to a major uproar in the Kathmandu parliament. India also told Nepal that such incidents would not be repeated.
                                                                                
   ''We are definitely concerned at the way the assurances have been ignored,'' said a senior source, who asked not to be identified.
                                                                                
   ''There is no reason to believe that the arrested persons headed for Nepal without clearance from higher officials,'' he said, adding that the Kathmandu government would formally convey its ''concern'' over the incident to the Indian ambassador.
                                                                                
   The official said the detained Indian policemen had stated that they were chasing a murder suspect believed to be in Dailekh, a hill district north of Nepalgunj.

**************************************************************** From: Puspa M Joshi <pjoshi@magnus.acs.ohio-state.edu> Subject: S.L.C. To: NEPAL@mp.cs.niu.edu Date: Wed, 10 Aug 94 23:02:40 EDT

Dear Editor,
             I am sure that out of 70,000 S.L.C. candidates, not even 100 have an access to TND. Yet, S.L.C. and its results are an important issue in our education system. Thus, it is very appropriate to express our views and concerns in TND. However, I would like to say a few words about Mr. Arun Pandey' letter.
   Congratulating those students who passed in the first division is understandable. To offer special congratulation to a student who scored the highest marks surely makes sense. But what about those students who passed in the second and third divisions? Do they deserve our congratulations?
   In late 60's, I was a teacher/Head Master in Bhimphedi and Dolakha. Later, I was a Math teacher in Adarsha Vidya Mandir. I remember while I was in Dolakha Bhim Public High School, one of my major problems was to retain students, as most of the students are from farming families who juggle farming, house chores, and study. They are prone to abandon their studies at any time. Many of them who continue have dreams of becoming a Mukhia Saheb or Kharidar
(Office Clerk), they do not even contemplate the possibility of going to college. Even now, quite a few S.L.C. candidates from such areas are already Mukhias and their only goal is to pass the exam to be qualified for a promotion in their jobs.
   People who have been to remote areas know well that in such areas, schools hardly have any physical facilities and can not hire even under-qualified teachers, let alone teachers with degree. In 1984, when I journeyed to Jumla to supervise a detailed road survey, I went to a high school to brief the students and teachers about our project. In the classroom, there were no benches, no desks, and no chairs. The only objects that functioned as furniture were two long 8"X8" logs.
   I think regardless of divisions that they obtained, all students who passed the S.L.C. exam deserve our praise, not least because out of 70,000, only 20,000 succeeded. Let us be generous to all, reserving the must heartfelt admiration for those less fortunate, who lack the wealth to be admitted to private schools with the best facilities. To achieve so much given so little is the truest test of character.

Puspa Man Joshi
(614) 293-9738 Columbus

********************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 Aug 94 09:46:40 EST From: Subas_Sakya_at_USPRMG41@internetmail.pr.cyanamid.com To: Nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu Subject: USAID proposed aid to Nepal

Dear Editor,

    I found this USAID article in the internet USAID database. People may be interested in reading this. Please post it if you feel like it has important information for your audience. Thanks.

Subas Sakya New York

Nepal . . . . . .FY 1995 Sustainable Development Request: $27,702,000

USAID assistance is critical in breaking new ground in democracy, economic development and population and health during a pivotal period in Nepal's transition to a constitutional democracy and reduced statist control over the economy.

USAID Sustainable Development Goals and Mission Strategic Objectives (MSOs)

Broad-based Economic Growth: Increase contribution of the private sector to income growth. USAID is helping to increase the contribution of the private sector to Nepal's economic growth. USAID supports privatization of state industries; liberalization of regulations which inhibit the growth of private businesses; and policy dialogue and program activities aimed at a wide range of producer groups, business organizations and financing institutions. USAID's strategy focuses on infant and child survival interventions that prove effective: diarrheal disease control, acute respiratory infection control, Vitamin A distribution, and malaria control.

Stabilizing Population Growth: Increase family planning, child survival, and malaria control services. Nepal's population of 18.5 million is growing at a rate estimated between 2.3% and 2.5% per annum and will double in less than 30 years if this rate continues unabated.

Building Democracy: Increase pluralism and strengthen democratic processes. USAID is responding vigorously to support Nepal's recently reinstated democracy. Essential institutions are weak and leaders are inexperienced. Our activities promote effectiveness and responsiveness of new democratic institutions: Parliament, the Judiciary, selected local governments and advocacy nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Our activities also promote adoption and implementation of democratic reforms and practices with respect to women and disenfranchised groups.

USAID Mission Results

Broad-based Economic Growth: Increase contribution of the private sector to income growth. Private sector investment as the percentage of the total investment has increased from 47% in 1990 to 63% in 1993 due in part to USAID support of private sector activities. The government has privatized eight state-owned enterprises in 1993 and 14 more are targeted for privatization in 1994. Through USAID efforts, forest land turned over to community groups increased from 70,000 hectares in 1991 to 100,000 hectares in 1993. Rural income in project area surveyed by USAID increased five-fold from 1979 to 1989, and is expected to double again by 1994. Transfer of irrigation management from the government to user groups increased the project area under cultivation from 40% to 90%.

Stabilizing Population Growth: Increase family planning, child survival, and malaria control services. The contraceptive prevalence rate in the USAID-supported districts increased from 26% in 1991 to 32.7% in 1992, with an expected increase to 35% by 1995. Contraceptive sales in the target area increased by 20% from 1992 to 1993. With USAID assistance, vitamin A distribution has increased from 0% to 5% and the malaria control program has effectively contained the annual parasite incidence both within USAID's respective target areas.

Building Democracy: Increase pluralism and strengthen democratic processes. As a result of USAID technical assistance and support, the number of parliamentary standing committees has been increased from five in 1992 to seven in 1993. A USAID-funded opinion survey showed 26% men and 30% women believed that democracy has been strengthened, and 21% men and 19% women believed that parliament is effective and responsive. A training manual was developed for increasing the effectiveness of local government officials and will soon be used by the government officials.

Other FY 1995 USAID-Managed Activities

None.

Other Donors

In 1992, the largest bilateral donor was Japan at $42,000,000 followed by the United States at $20,000,000. Denmark, third largest donor at
$18,000,000, is planning a 60% increase in its levels of assistance.

FY 1995 Sustainable Development Request

USAID requests $27,702,000 in Sustainable Development funds in FY 1995 to provide incremental funding to broad-based economic growth
$12,345,000 and $9,500,000 in stabilizing population growth and
$2,434,000 in building democracy and $3,423,000 in protecting the environment.

                             --USAID/Nepal Mission Director: P.M. Gary

***************************************************************** Date: Fri, 12 Aug 94 23:49:58+0530 From: jesbin@ronast.ernet.in (Jesbin Baidya) To: nepal@mp.cs.niu.edu Subject: List Required.

Dear Sir,

Can you pls forward me a list of the all the Nepalese students studying abroad and their email addresses. If you do not have that then a list containing the subscribers for TND will serve the purpose. I am planning to set up a database of the above so that the people using the network will not have to look far if they need to send mails to someone abroad. I hope you can send me the list ASAP. Thank you.

I am receiving you TND regularly and I am also distributing them to our subnodes.

Jesbin Baidya
   
[ Email: jesbin@ronast.ernet.in ]
[ Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (RONAST) ]
[ P.O. Box 3323. Tel: 215316. Fax: 977-1-228690 ]

%%%%%Editor's Note: Thank you for your request. Due to the volume %%%%
%%%% request and the request by members not to provide %%%%
%%%% email address without their concern, TND is %%%%
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******************************************************************** Date: Sun, 14 Aug 1994 04:51:59 -0800 (PST) From: BKHANAL@GONZAGA.EDU Subject: To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

Hi,
        I am a student at a small college in Spokane Washington called Whitworth College. I got this E-Mail address from Jasbin Baidya at Ronast. I am sorry that I could not address this letter to a person because I did not know who to write to. I am studying for a degree in Computer Science and Math. I have been trying to get connections with NEpali students but have been unfortunate because there are not too many here in this area. I was wondering if you could tell me if there are any publication among Nepali students. I heard that there is a bulletin board but I do not know what it is and how to access it. Could you inform me about it if you know. I would really like to contribute in any way I could in any thing related to Nepal including anything related to Nepali students. Actually, I was going to get together with a NEpali friend to start a publication from here. I still want to do that and I was wondering if you could recommend me to some one that could help me with that. I would really like to help in our connection to the Internet. Actuall that is what I do right now. I am working as an Network Programmer for a large company in Spokane an I would be more than happy to contribute. To let you know more about me, I did my SLC from Banasthali and completed A-Levels from Budhanilkantha school. I am really looking ford from hearing from you. Thank you.

Editor's Note: Welcome aboard! You are among 550+ plus members of TND!

************************************************************ From: mbhatta@sas.upenn.edu (Madhav Bhatta) Subject: Why should I Vote? -Dil Basnet To: NEPAL@mp.cs.niu.edu (Nepal Digest) Date: Sun, 14 Aug 1994 18:22:22 -0400 (EDT)

Why Should I vote?

For the last few years there have been lots of changes in Nepal, from the souring of Indo-Nepal relationship to the birth of democracy. Within this time Nepal passed through various changes. In April 1990, king Birendra was forced to dissolve the Panchayat system and lift bans on political parties. As a result parties were free and democracy was restored. People were free to write, demonstrate and open political organizations. Everybody played vital role to restore the democracy in 1990. People from different walks of life participated in the movement. Both major parties, NC and NCP, were united to restore democracy. After the dawn of democracy people had the hope of bringing about changes in their daily lives for the better. None of this happened. Of course, the parties started fighting for power. The communist parties were divided. Anyway, NC got the majority in the elections and GP led government was formed.

For three years GP led NC government performed so poorly that general public, as well as people within the party were disappointed. Every aspect of peoples' daily life has been damaged by this government. From appointing the ministers to diplomats GP and his colleagues always followed nepotism. Only members of their family and the past corrupted people were appointed. This brought big time revolution within the party. The party leader Ganesh Man Singh became like a fire ball against GP. As a result, GP was a target of criticism from everybody. From "Karmachari Andolan" to " Nepal Banda" and street violence organized by the opposition parties, made GP-led government weak as well as created a lot of uncertainty and anxiety in the lives of ordinary Nepalis. The opposition parties never played constructive role so that the ruling party could have gotten advice to correct their mistakes. Numerous mistakes had been made by both the ruling and the opposition parties. This gave an opportunity for anti-democratic elements like the palace and the Past-Panches to bring about the propaganda that such democracy does not work in Nepal to the public. Whatever the people had before provided them, at least, with security and peace of mind. This political crisis in Nepal brought a sense of fear and suspicion in peoples' mind, which made them to believe that the old Panchayat system was far more better than the new democratic system. Right now, GP Koirala is still in power despite his resignation, which is unconstitutional. This is the king who challenged the constitution by putting Girija in power. Now the mid-term polls have been announced. All the political parties are going back to people for votes.

I, being a Nepali youth, really feel sorry for those who died during the popular movement for democracy. None of the political parties carried out the wishes of the martyrs for development and prosperity of the country. Now the question is whom to trust? Every single party is corrupt so why should we vote to bring them in power? I don't see any party that deserves public support. So I request every Nepali not to vote and boycott such bogus democracy. The only solution is to bring the parliament back and form a coalition government. I wish all the best to my Nepali brothers and sisters, and hope you will think for the best and do accordingly.

                                                                         Dil Basnet Alliance for Nepal

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