The Nepal Digest - April 25, 1997 (13 Baishakh 2054 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Friday 25 Apr 97: Baishakh 13 2054BS: Year6 Volume61 Issue4

      TND Foundation wishes A Happy and a Healthy New Year 2054BS!
  Today's Topics:
 
              Reply to UNDP funding program & selling of Nepali girls
              3 Muktaks
              Nepali News
              South Asian High School Conference
              A POEM
              Nepali craft, carpets, tancas
              The Rough Guide to Nepal
              A Project Proposal

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 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh Shrestha (Open Position) rajs@aleph0.clarku.edu *
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 * TND Archives: http://library.wustl.edu/~listmgr/tnd/ *
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****************************************************************** Date: Thu, 17 Apr 1997 17:24:04 -0400 (EDT) From: aiko <gs07aaj@panther.Gsu.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Reply to UNDP funding program & selling of Nepali girls

Dear Editor and fellow readers of TND:

  I have wanted to write a reply to several articles I have been reading with interest in TND for quite awhile, but school and work obligations have prevented me from doing so up to now. Now that there's a slight lull in my studies(self-imposed for one day!) I'm taking this opportunity to respond(Now's the chance to slide down to another item of more interest!). First, I'd like to write that the idea of UNDP funding program for Nepali professionals is an excellent one. I don't know much about this particular program, but just from the title it encourages me to know that there are some programs that are incentives in encouraging Nepalis to return to their country - even for a short while - and give something back by way of their expensively-gained education abroad. With the world becoming more and more reliant on technology(something we computer illiterates must learn to accept! Sigh!), it is CRUCIAL that Nepal not fall so far behind as to become totally submerged and left struggling. Thanks to people like Bijaya K. Shrestha and UNDP, efforts seem to be geared towards bringing Nepal up to date in the world of technology. It would be wonderful if those Nepalis who have chosen to make their homes in the West would contribute back to their home country by way of donations of computers they are no longer using - if any of them could be compatible "back home" - or in monetary contributions towards educating promising young computer-literate people. Well, enough said. But I hope this program does not die for lack of interest; too often people are apathetic or downright contemptuous of efforts that are being made to try and improve the lot of the Nepali people. I as a foreigner can only do so much, whereas native Nepalis who have had the advantage of education and "know-how" could do quite a bit IN SPITE OF corruption, disruption, derision and apathy. One doesn't have to make changes of volcanic proportions; one may reach only two or three who become great successes; at least one leaves with the knowledge that one really tried, and if one doesn't see the fruits of labor right away, at least the seed has been planted for someone else to water it. Crude analogy but effective I hope!

I have been reading with increased anger, fury, rage, frustration and immense sadness the various articles that have been appearing in TND regarding the horrific practice of trafficking of young Nepali girls to the brothels in Bombay. Although this disgusting trade is certainly not limited to Nepal (Thailand and the Philippines are other favorite spots), my heart goes out especially to the young Nepali girls who many of them go to India under the impression that they are going to jobs that in turn will help their families financially. This goes beyond the fact that this is another way of men exploiting women; this trade cuts to the very heart of HUMAN civilization and its long-term consequences for EVERYONE EVERYWHERE. How so, you might wonder. Well, think about who profits, who contributes from this degrading trading in flesh: men from all over the world(just about); men from North America, Latin America, the European continent, Japan, India, Nepal, Thailand, the Philippines, etc., etc. Men from the "Western" countries and from Japan even go on organized tours that are geared specifically towards indulging their lust. There are travel agencies run by men who cater to the sick fantasies of men bored with their wives, or bored with women of their race, or who have a twisted stereotypical image of what a really seductive woman should be like, perpetuated by the media by their insistence on playing on those stereotypes out of ignorance. Fear of AIDS is not an option. There is no such thing as AIDS in the minds of these selfish, cruel, inhuman people. They would rather give in to the destructive myth that raping a young virgin will protect them from AIDS than stop to think about the lives they are destroying/scarring. Women are a commodity to be bought and sold, and when one views someone or something as a commodity, the humanity is lost. We are body parts to be parceled out to the highest bidder, to be twisted, mangled, jabbed at, poked at, mauled, leered at, spit upon, kicked, punched, pulled. . . in short, because we are commodious "things" - not persons - it is permissable to treat us any way it pleases the man. Of course, what then happens is that the man returns to hearth and home, to an unsuspecting wife(usually mistreated in every way imaginable at home), to unsuspecting children, and if the man has contracted some hideous disease(like AIDS), the wife becomes infected and if she should become pregnant, the unborn infant becomes infected. Multiple that scenario with thousands - THOUSANDS - of men traveling to these countries and think about the sexually transmitted diseaes they are carrying back to their home countries. And what of the girls who become ill? The girls who are duped into these brothels(whether in India, Thailand, or the Philippines), or sold by their families - by parents who use the excuse of poverty to get rid of unwanted daughters who are seen as burdens - or who see no other option because they have been given no other option by uncaring, corrupt governments who see no reason to encourage educating their female citizens? How can one fight against high-placed officials who see prostitution as doing more(financially) than tourism and other conventional means? Don't give me the sad whine that well, there are girls who actually LIKE what they are doing and therefore CHOSE to become prostitutes! No, my friends, women do not choose to go into prostitution because it's prestigous, glamourous, and wonderful; at least not the women in the brothels of India, Thailand, and the Philippines. That kind of logic is an attempt at justifying the continued maltreatment of women worldwide, and makes the jobs of organizations that are trying to help these women triply harder. When the girls finally are released - usually because they are diseased and of no use - what do their families do? Rather than giving them the support and comfort they need(for many are returned dying albeit slowly), their families kick them out, beat them up, turn their backs on them out of shame; in essence, THE VERY GROUP THAT SHOULD BE GIVING EMOTIONAL SUPPORT IN HELPING THESE GIRLS OVERCOME THE HORROR OF THEIR EXPERIENCE AND SHOULD BE PROTESTING THE CRUELTY OF THE MEN, BLAME THE GIRLS! Blaming the victim is so much easier than blaming the victimizer, particularly if the victimizer is some rich foreigner or - if he happens to be a fellow countrymen - someone of higher caste or class or in power. I know that there are some male readers of TND who are contemptuous and derisive about women trying to empower themsleves and assert themselves and gain back some of the dignity that many men have taken away from us. To them, we women will always somehow be NOT QUITE
"QUITE" - as the British used to say. To those men I say, how would you like it if YOUR DAUGHTERS were tricked into becoming prostitutes? How would you like it if YOUR DAUGHTERS were constantly being whistled at, grabbed at, fondled, or had to endure crude remarks and gestures? What would you do if your daughters declare to you with great confidence that they are capable of becoming a doctor, engineer, astronaut, warrior, sports player, boxer, wrestler, etc. and they proved their capability? Would you squash their dreams? Tell them they are nothing more then delicate hothouse flowers incapable of nothing more than bearing children and draping themselves at the feet of their husbands? Would you blame them if they come home crying because they have been sexually harassed by some oversexed schoolboy the teachers seem unwilling to control, or would you confront the teachers and the parents of such boys and demand that they begin teaching boys the nuances of appropriate behaviour? And what of you men out there(you know who you are) who enlist the services of prostitutes and escort services because you do not have the confidence to try and win over an intelligent young woman who is trying to make something of herself via work or school or both; or you're just too lazy to bother about relationships because establishing a good relationship takes time, energy, and hard work(not necessarily money - that's another misassumption that men and women have in the dating game - but that's another story!); or you think there is noone suitable out there - but of course, a prostitute is "suitable"!(note the irony) Which are the lesser of the two evils: the family men with the traditional notions of womanhood and what a wife should be (silent, obedient, a good maid-cook-sex slave-breeding machine, and punching bag, if necessary), or the man who goes out spending money for an "escort"/prostitute because it's more convenient to lie with a (basically) faceless, nameless body part than to have to deal with intelligent and witty conversation, possible rejection, monogamy, compromise. . .in short, all the attendant requirements to a successful and loving RELATIONSHIP. This is not a diatribe per se, nor is it a diatribe exclusively geared towards the male of the human population. Should anyone read this, I want them to feel the sense of outrage, frustration, sadness, and impotence that I feel/felt. The problem is overwhelming; there is a sense of urgency as groups strive to rescue young girls(some as young as 8 or 9!) - THE NEXT GENERATION, more or less! You might all wonder what can I do, why should I care; buying a piece of flesh is the right, the privilege of us males(oh, yeah? sorry, dudes, but we females are not cattle-chickens-dogs-things!) Those of us in academia right now, we can speak out in our schools, in journals, in forums such as TND via the Internet, in Chat rooms. We can lend support - not necessarily monetary - to groups that are trying to make a difference. Those of you in the respective countries most guilty of this trafficking of young girls can write letters to newspapers; try to talk with officials who care - even in the most corrupt governmental organization there is someone who cares enough and is courageous enough(You don't know Nepal or the Philippines or Thailand, I can imagine someone yelling via the computer screen). True, but in any country and in any level of government, there people who have not turned their backs on the plight of the female half of their populations. I could go on and on re this but I won't. I would love to get some kind of feedback from you netters out there! This is a global issue that is affecting one half of the population of this entire world. You traditionalists out there, think about that; you misogynists out there, think about that! You get rid of all us females and there will be noone to cook for you, clean for you, slave for you physically, noone left to beat up, punch, hit, twist, kick, jab, poke, slap, and grovel at your bloodied feet. Imagine, you homophobics, a world made up of homosexuals because you killed off all us females! Follow the examples of India and China and that woman-less society may not be the stuff of fantasies after all! The End.

********************************************************************** Date: Thu, 17 Apr 1997 16:28:54 -0500 To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From: Jay Shrestha <shrestha@uab.edu> Subject: "fm" station

Can someone enlighten me with e-mail address for the new "fm" radio station at Kathmandu? By the way, happy New year "2054" to you all....Jay

*************************************************************** Date: Thu, 17 Apr 1997 16:54:23 -0500 To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From: Jay Shrestha <shrestha@uab.edu> Subject: CPA, CIA candidates?

I am in interest to take advices from individuals who have attested for the CPA(certified Public Accountant) and CIA (Certified Internal Auditor) exams. Anyone who does have such experience, please feel free to give me some tips to help my preparation. Will be sitting for the CIA on November 97' and CPA on May 98'. Thankyou.......Jay

**************************************************************** From: "Shailesh R. Bhandari" <sbhandar@garnet.acns.fsu.edu> Subject: 3 Muktaks To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Fri, 18 Apr 1997 09:02:30 -0400 (EDT)

        HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL THOSE WHO ARE INTERESTED IN NEPAL
  Three muktaks with three distinct flavors

1. Humor:
                      NEPAL KO PRAGATI

          America maa aaitabaar hundaa
                               Nepal maa sombaar vai sakchha,
          America maa san. 2000 hundaa
                               Nepal maa 2057 vai sakchha,
          Farak eti maatra ho ki,
          Pratek American sangga kamti maa eutaa gaadi chha,
          Tara, khaana napaae pani aru kuraa maa ta
                                    Nepal dherai agaadi chha.

2. Love:
                        TIMRO MUSKAAN
 
              Aruko valaai chaahaanchhauu vane
                                      Timi Musukka nahaasa,
              Aruko valaai chaahaanchhauu vane
                                      Timi Musukka nahaasa,
              Kinaki
              Timro muskaan maa dherai gahiro jaadu chha,
              Ani, tyo jaadu maa nikai dhaarilo dhaar chha,
              Saundrya premi mutu laai ta
                             Ghaaite nai paarchha.

3. Satire:
                             NEPAL KA NETA

                    Nepal ko sampati vannu nai nadi ho
                    Kinaki ti nadi haru maa garib Nepali kaa
                                   Vaat ra daal bagdai chhan.
                    Aaja kaa vokaa netaa haru vane
                                      Voko mukh ko behosi maa
                    Desh laai nai murdaa banaaera,
                    Desh laai masaan Ghaat tira lagdai chhan.

Shailesh Bhandari Florida State University sbhandar@garnet.acns.fsu.edu

*************************************************** Date: April 21, 1997 To: The Nepal Digest <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Nepali News

Source: The Rising Nepal Its hubbies vs wives in alcohol war Mahendranagar, Apr. 16 (RSS):

Two separate groups of husbands and wives at local Parasan Village Development Committee, Ghansan village in Kanchanpur district have come to a bitter show down of strength with the ladies demanding a complete ban on the sale of liquor in the area while their counterparts putting a stiff resistance to their demands. An anti-liquor demonstration staged by a group of women chanting slogans such as No Liquor, No More Wife Beating was surprisingly countered by a group of their male counterparts who instead took out procession of their own shouting Better no wives than liquor. Meanwhile, women activists of the Local Mothers Group at Parasan VDC who have lunched an all out war against the sale of liquor in the area have destroyed about 600 litres of various kinds of drinks seized in a raid launched at ward No 3,4 and 8 of the VDC. Similarly, Rs 6,000 has been collected as fines from those engaged in brewing liquor and those habitual boozers. According to yet another report, Kainla Tamang, a resident of Parasan VDC who used to molest women in an effort to discourage them from the anti-liquor campaign, has been arrested by police. An eleven-member action committee has been constituted at the initiatives of the local women in Parasan VDC under the chairmanship of Parbati Budha to lobby for declaring the VDC a complete liquor-free area. The women activists told RSS that their campaign will continue till the area is declared a dry zone.

Source: Explore Nepal The Pajero owner turns bankrupt

Deputy Prime Minister Bam Dev Gautam had dug a pit in which he was supposed to put the King, Congress and the RPP. But it seems that he has put all his assets and money in the pit to prove that he surely falls under the category of the proletariat class. Otherwise his asset would not have included only a few hundred rupees, two tola of gold and a few square feet of land. The militant worker of the UML Mr. Gautam felt comfortable to drive a Pajero car while in opposition. But now his total asset hardly exceeds Rs. One lakh. He owes five lakh as loan to the bank. If we believe the statement of his asset made public recently we must call him a bankrupt politician, whose liability is five times more than his assets. To know about his actual asset, which he might have hidden in the pit by him a couple of yearly ago, one has to wait for some time. People should be watchful regarding his assets when he exits from power. It is surprising to learn that Bam Dev turned bankrupt after assuming power. Where did he keep his Pajero jeep? An investigation team should be constituted to find out the fact.

Source: The Kathmandu Post Women and environment management Time to realise their worth By Usha Pokharel

THE impact of developmental and environmental policies are different on men and women. Often times, these policies have discriminating impact on women just because gender connections were not considered during the formulation of the policies. For example, the first statement in the Eighth Plan policy, "Until women who constitute half of the entire population are involved in the task of nation building the economic development of the country will not be possible......." clearly indicated that, the planners' assumption" women are not involved in nation building" in itself is gender biased as it fails to recognise women's contribution to nation building and of their productive role. Vulnerable Women and children due to their unequal status regarding education, control of finance and their role in decision making process are more vulnerable than men. Thus the impact of environmental crisis is more on them than on men. A woman loses her right to her husbands property on divorce and her parents' property on marriage. So it is a Catch-22 situation for a women as majority of the women population are illiterate and unskilled. In circumstances when she has to be the bread winner of the family, she is at a disadvantaged position. The term environment not only describes our natural surroundings but also the social and psychological surroundings. Women being the nucleus of a family, plays an important role in preserving a healthy environment in the society as well as in the family. Traditionally, women are considered as "home makers" but with the increasing level of education and awareness among the new generation of women the term may be modified a little as "community makers" "nation makers" including a wide range of possibilities within it and thus widening the horizon beyond the four walls of the home. Considering the term "home maker" in a different perspective, women of the 90s have justified the modification of the word to "community makers" by initiating and actively participating in improving the environment of the community and eventually contributing to the task of nation building. Women have been instrumental in preserving the social environment in the community. They can either create a pleasant environment with their neighbours, their family members,
(in laws) and other members of the community or spoil it. The reason behind this being the fact that generally women are the ones who maintain the social relation and are in the position to influence the total out look of the family. Pleasant thoughts, good behaviour and action improve the social environment for maintaining good relation with their neighbours. Women are the peace makers. The extension of this role beyond the family and community is in nations peace building. Clear example of this is the lead role played by women striking a truce between warring factors in Northern Ireland. The 1976 Nobel Peace prize was awarded to Mairead Corrigan and Betty Williams for their campaign for peace in Northern Ireland. Women also play a major role in the psychological environment. Children of both sexes are dependent on their mother till they go to school. Till this age the actions of their mother reflects on them. Since this is generally the age when they try to imitate their parents, mother's behaviour is bound to have an impact on the children as they spend more time with their mother. This fact has to be taken seriously into consideration while raising kids. As the children grow, they are exposed to various activities taking place around them either at home, in the community or in their school. This is the time for the mother to be sensitive and listen to what their children have to say with full attention. Improving the environment within a household is instrumental towards improving the environment of the community. Women can enhance harmony and peace of mind in any member of a family. Women being the managers at home, are also responsible for the well being of the family. They have to adopt healthy habits to prevent the family from getting sick. Hence they have to be aware of all the do's and don'ts to maintain a healthy environment at home. Women's awareness of the different ways to dispose trash makes a big difference towards preserving the healthy environment. Men and women are equally responsible for producing household waste, so why should woman's awareness make a difference? We are still living in a male dominated society. Despite all claims by women to be equal partners, they are equal partners in producing garbage but not in disposing them. Hence women have to take care of it at home. There is a saying that, If you educate a man in the family, only the man gets educated, but if you educate a woman, the whole family gets educated. It is on this saying that we are counting on. Women, armed with answers to all the questions (as much as possible) that may arise in the community, can make an impact. Women are the main managers of the waste produced by a household because they have to conserve and maximise the benefits of the resources such as food, water and others. In fact, it is the women who can either spoil the family habits and waste resources or promote conservation. Making them aware should help towards keeping the household and the grounds clean. But that is just part of the work. If women are aware they will make the men participate in the clean up process. Women have had the power to dictate men's actions since historical times. Cleaning up and managing waste in the community is something that is possible to achieve with cooperation of the whole community. Unmanaged solid waste is a health hazard. Different types of parasites infect us. The smoke combined with fog in winter produces smog that effects our breathing. We do not have to smoke cigarette to get lung cancer if we do not maintain our vehicles and take care of the amount of smoke produced by the exhaust of a tempo. Women in some communities have initiated and have been successfully operating small community clean up projects.Their whole concept being that the waste produced at home should be taken care of at home and the rest kept for pick up and used to make compost manure. They believe that trash management starts at home and then the community on a finally the government. There are two ways of solid waste management, preventive and curative Preventive is to prevent and reduce the production of solid waste. Curative is when the garbage is produced, to look for ways to dispose it in a better way. We have to remember that to manage the solid waste we have to always remember the three Rs: reduce by producing less garbage. For example, carry your own canvass or cotton shopping bags and reduce the amount of plastic bags. Cut down on wrapping papers. Avoid buying items that have a lot of wrapping; reuse every possible reusable trash like using both sides of writing paper and recycle as much of the waste produced at home. Nowadays almost every house gets at least one newspaper. Recycle this after reading them. In our country, the population is growing faster than the ability to provide homes, fuel and food; so more and more trees are being cut down for fuel. The problem multiplies with the increase in the population; hence as the numbers of people increase, garbage also increases. Awareness It is about time women became aware of the fact that it is only the women who can help themselves. Till now the policy makers have looked at women as a burden. The reason behind this is that men look at things differently than women. Since not many women are involved in the policy making process, the flaw exists.
>From a mans point of view the policies may be fine but a woman may see
errors in it. All programmes and developmental works should be tools in improving the status of the women. Women have to be aware that they have to actively participate, make an effort to change their status and their living environment. Only then will the desired change take place.

****************************************************************** Date: Fri, 11 Apr 1997 09:12:21 +0200 (MET DST) From: Pravin Karki <pravin@stud.ntnu.no> To: The Nepal Digest <NEPAL@cs.niu.edu> Subject: Re: HAPPY NEW YEAR

THE NEPALESE COMMUNITY LIVING IN NORWAY WOULD LIKE TO WISH YOU ALL A VERY HAPPY NEW YEAR 2054.

Pravin Karki Hermann Krags Vei 34-51 N 7035 Trondheim Norway Ph ++47 73888438 Fax ++47 73591298 Email pravin@stud.ntnu.no

********************************************************************* Date: Sat, 12 Apr 1997 17:27:14 -0400 (EDT) To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu From: tambar@husc.harvard.edu (Uttam Krishan Tambar) Subject: South Asian High School Conference

        My name is Uttam Tambar, and I am a member of the Harvard-Radcliffe South Asian Association. We are organizing a conference for South Asian High School students in the Greater Boston area. Since your newlsetter reaches many members of the Greater Boston Nepali community, I was wondering if you could spread the word of our conference in the community to see if anyone would be interested in coming. I have included a press release and a registration form. It would be great if you could distribute these to your members. Thank you very much for your time.
                                        Sincerely,
                                                Uttam Tambar

For Immediate Release, 4/12/97 SHADES OF BROWN

        The Harvard-Radcliffe South Asian Association is sponsoring "Shades of Brown," a conference for high school students interested in learning more about and expressing the experiences of the entire South Asian diaspora, which inlcudes people from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Guyana, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States. The conference will take place all day on Friday, April 25. The morning and afternoon sessions will include provocative discussion workshops and a panel of distinguished speakers, and in the evening there will be a cultural show and dance. If you would like more information, please contact:

Parul Singh (617) 493-3301 Ravi Dixit (617) 493-3726

REGISTRATION FORM

 Name: ______________________________________________

 Grade: ___________

 Address: ______________________________________________
          ______________________________________________

 High School: ___________________________________

 Telephone: ______________________________

 E-mail: ______________________________

 So we can find out where you are coming from, please answer these
 questions.

These are optional but please take the time to fill them out.
 How did you hear about this conference?

 Why do you want to come to this conference? Why do you feel this
 conference is important?

 How do you identify yourself? (example: I am born in the US and my
 parents are from Southern India. We speak Tamil at home?etc.)

 Are there any issues you strongly feel we should address?

 Do you have special dietary, language, or other needs? (Need a
 translator? Don't eat Pork? Tell us, we will make arrangements
 accordingly.)

 Anything else you need to tell us?

 Please send this in by Sunday, April 20, 1997!!!! Registration is FREE if
 you do it in advance; $5 at the door.
 Send to: Shades of Brown
                        c/o Uttam Tambar
                        2435 Harvard Yard Mail Center
                        Cambridge, MA 02138-7514
 Questions???
 Call: Ravi Dixit (617) 493-3726
                dixit@fas.harvard.edu

                Parul Singh (617) 493-3301
                singh2@fas.harvard.edu >>

****************************************************** Date: Sat, 12 Apr 1997 23:40:11 -0400 (EDT) From: DNelson354@aol.com To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: A fondness for Nepal

I was fortunate to have been able to travel to Nepal 5 years ageo. There is not one day that goes by that I don not think of my experiences there. I still have so many questions about what I saw and felt. I was hoping to be able to find someone to talk to about Nepal.

Thank you, Debbie Banahan EMail-DNelson354@aol.com

****************************************************** Date: Mon, 14 Apr 1997 00:32:06 -0400 (EDT) From: Apjoshi@aol.com To: nepal@cs.niu.edu

"What if all Nepalis become Christian?"=20
   - R.B. Rokaya This year Dr. R. B. Rokaya (42), an Associate Professor at the Pulchowk Institute of Engineering, celebrated Tihar for the first time since he was a boy. To Rokaya if felt like a coming home, second time in his life. Rokaya, a Hindu by birth, experienced his first homecoming when he became a Christian as a 21 year old student. It was only after Rokaya had been an active in the church member for some year that Rokaya realized he was kept in a prison." Together with a group of friends he left the church and started a "Sagarmatha Fellowship," a group of Christian who wants to find the essence of Christianity and remove its cultural make up. Since then Rokaya's eyes were opened to the realities of his society, including corruption, the violation of human rights and the shortcoming of democracy. Christianity in Nepal regularly has been fiercely criticized by governmental officials, the media and individual people. How do you feel about that, being a Christian yourself?

"Christian have been accused of many things, but it boils down to two things: anti-nationalism and destruction of Nepal=92s rich cultural heritage. Both are true in a sense. A Nepali who becomes a Christian literally starts a new life. He or she will no longer celebrate local festivals, will start wearing Western clothes and will adapt a Western lifestyle. Family is hardly important any more, now the so called Christian brothers and sisters have become his real family. He of she will no longer be involved in politics and will hardly be part of society. That is what worries non-Christian, and it should."

What if all Nepalis become Christians, as our church leaders would like to see? What would be left of our culture, of our colorful tradition, of our ethical diversity? What about politics, literature? What kind of experiences made you rethink Nepali Christianity?
"The only kind if Christianity I experienced up to recently has been European Christianity. When I joined the Protestant church in Calcutta as a student I started wearing ties and dressed up suited-booted. I simply was a part of being a Christian, as many people do. I copied the other peoples Western lifestyle, and focused completely on church life. It was only when my family members back in my village in Jajarkot became church members too that I realized that there was an enormous social conflict involved. They suddenly were no longer allowed to join village rituals, like those related to birth and death, and suffered badly because of that. In Nepali villages people depend on each other, and one cannot afford to be dissociated from social life."
"In meantime I got a chance to visit churches in different parts of the world: in East Asia, Europe and America. I realized Christians all over the world follow western culture and are more or less uniform. I started to think: what if all Nepalis become Christians, as our church leaders would like to see? What would be left of our culture, of our colorful tradition, of our ethical diversity? What about politics, literature? I realized that would be a dangerous trend. At the same time I became conscious of the fact that I actually was given very little freedom. The church provides guidelines in almost every field of life. At that time I wouldn=92t even think of buying a news magazine or to watch TV. Everything had to be Christian, from the pictures on the wall to the books on the shelves. I realized I was sitting in a prison, as I did when I was a Hindu, only this time with even less freedom." To what extent do Nepali Protestant Christians dissociate themselves from political and social life?
"Nepali Protestant focus very much on conversion. Christian often think and talk in numbers. For example in the "AD 2000" project, churches aim to providing a bible to every household and establishing a church in every Village Development Committee by the year 2000. They are a heavenly-minded people, believing that our main mission is to ensure that maximum number of people goes to heaven. Actually, all these ideas and plans come from outside Most churches depend on foreign money to sustain themselves, and are used by international mission organization as a vehicle to convert and to establish churches. The real needs of Nepali Christians are not to taken into account. Famous missionaries and crusaders like Billy Graham and Louis Palou came to Nepal, but instead organizing spectacular healing programs, can we not use the money to build hospitals or houses for disable people?"
"The churches encourage their members to be involved in conversion and donot offer proper advice on how to become a responsible member of the society. Non-Christian festivals and rituals are only talked about in terms of temptation. During Dasain, Tihar and national holidays churches organize events, in order to prevent people going home and being tempted of forced to participate in rituals. While Nepalis from all corners of the country and even from abroad travel home, Christian gather within the four walls of their churches. When people fail to abstain from the rituals, for instance when they cut their hair and wear white clothes after a family member had died, they are not allowed to enter the church." Why did you choose to leave the church, instead of trying to transform the church from within?
"Our churches have inherited a colonial type of leadership. Pastors are regarded to be God=92s representatives and their words are not challenged. Therefor it would have been a difficult struggle to change things from within. We left with a good understanding." What does sagarmatha fellowship stand for?
"We choose a Nepali name, because we thought that would be a good start of the Nepalisation process. Sagarmatha represents the ultimate height, and transparency and purity. As s group we try to define what the core of Christianity is, and what part of culture. Christmas for instance is not mentioned in the bible. Therefore we believe we have the freedom to celebrate the coming of Jesus Christ, the victory of good over evil, during Dasain. We motivate the members to be responsible members of society. We don't have a paid pastor, because we believe we should have regular jobs like everyone else. In our teaching we include social issues and we celebrate national events like martyrs day. We have a democratic leadership and women are equal to men. We do not accept foreign donor money, but we do allow expatriates to become members like ourselves." What kind of effect did these new insights have on your personal life?
"I finally become aware of the realities of my country. As a result, I became active in fighting exploitation and promoting human rights. I now see my society as disintegrated and totally corrupted. Together with some friend I reported cases of corruption within our institute to the authorities, expecting they would take action. We went as far as Ministry of Education, but nothing was done. Recently we organized a press conference, in which we exposed the corruption. There is strong link between corruption and human rights. In our democracy money and violence is being to sustain and cover up the corruption."
"Some ten years ago Jajarkot got fully equipped fifteen bed hospital. By now the building is disintegrating and the equipment and furniture are stolen. There is one staff nurse; since one and half year we haven=92t seen doctor there. Recently a women patient was raped inside the hospital because there was no chowkidar. My father tells me, =91Our village has become dangerous place to live.=92 People feel there is no security the community has disintegrated and cut up along party lines."
"These days, one needs a party connection for everything in this country. So professional and honest people are not necessarily the ones in power. Many of my friends leave the country, since here they see no longer a future for themselves. People have fought for democracy, and watched three government come and go. Things only got worse. People loose patient. I'm thinking of that women who set herself afire in front of a high court judge and of Baburam Bhatterai, a Ph.D. holder in urban planning, who now is a Maoist fighter. These are extreme actions. But they indicate a general feeling of despair."

Lucia de Vries
(This article was originally published in Dec 96- Feb 97s Face to Face)

***************************************************************** Date: Mon, 14 Apr 1997 09:13:54 -0500 From: Satish Mishra <Satish.Mishra@milgrp.com> To: Nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: A POEM

"PLEA"

You offered me the POISON I refused to take it. You reminded me there is no Paradise without the Poison. You slowly pierced your soft pale skin. I watched helplessly. Then you floated I guess to your Paradise leaving me alone, all alone. Occasionally, I heard you groan and moan.

I touched your lifeless flesh, it was cold like the Siberian winter nights. Your lips - chapped and bloodless; Your eyes - still, without the tales. I missed you - Your talks, your thoughts Your laughs, your tears Your touch.

Now the Poison has stolen you. You are in the Paradise I can't be in. You are floating in the space unknown to me. Oh! you are so cold, Please wake up, Wake Up! You are my Paradise.

- Satish Mishra

****************************************************************** Date: Sun, 13 Apr 1997 05:29:03 PDT To: nepal-request@cs.niu.edu From: Semyon Reznik <sreznik@worldnet.att.net> Subject: nepali craft, carpets, tancas

Please tell me, if you know, who sells nepali craft, carpets and tankas in the United States D.Reznik

***********************************************************************************************

*********************************************************************************************** Date: Fri, 11 Apr 1997 13:33:07 EDT To: info-tnd@nepal.org From: STUSHRES@ACS.EKU.EDU Subject: information

hi i am student and i will be very grateful if you could send me some information about pasang lamu sherpa( the lady who climbed everest), i have tried my best to find about her in the internet but i did not find anything(i need it for my english paper) if you have anything in your record could you please send it to me. thanks j. shrestha.

******************************************************************* Date: Mon, 14 Apr 1997 23:52:03 MDT To: webmaster-tnd@nepal.org From: dreed@rmi.org (Dave Reed) Subject: "The Rough Guide to Nepal"

Hello there,

We've created a Web site for my book, The Rough Guide to Nepal, which you might consider linking to. It contains a huge amount of pre-departure material from the book, an extensive update section, in-depth features, and no ads. The URL is:

http://roughguides.com/RG_WWW/books/tbk_nep.html Sincerely, David Reed PS -- I've included a link to your site.

******************************************************************** Date: Tue, 15 Apr 1997 01:30:50 EDT To: TND@nepal.org From: ShreeS@aol.com Subject: Some Thoughts

Namastay! my name is shree Ram Sharma. I was born in Nepa and raised in Bal Mandir (Orphanage). I was adopted in 1966 by an American who helped to build a rope way. I did my SLC from Tribhuvan Adarsha Vidhayala (TAV) in 1970 and ISc from Amrit Science college in 1972. I came to the state in December 7, 1972.

To make long story short. I have been working for the State of Washington for last 20 years. I have four children. Lucas Sanjeeb (Adopted from Bal Mandir) Nadya Beenu, Peter Krishna and Elizabeth Kumari Sharma. Since 1972 I have been to Nepal three times. Last time I was there was eight years ago when I adopted Lucas.

For last couple of months I have been reading Nepal Digest, Kathmandu Post and Rising Nepal in regular basis. I am always interested in Nepal and Nepali. I know there are lots of Nepali who are well educated and would very much like to do something. As I read one of the paper giving dual citizenship to all Nepali who are staying abord is a step forward.

My main point of this writing is that those people who run Nepal has to stop bickring and finger pointing. They need to run the government (all level) clean. Those who cheat and take bribes should be punished. I read in Kathmandu Post that the upper house did not pass single bill. I think they should all donate their salaries for that. What a waste of tax payers money.

I wanted get this out of my chest. I hope other Nepali like me would wake up and speak.

Thank You. Namastay

****************************************************************** Date: Mon, 14 Apr 1997 23:08:48 +1000 To: webmaster-tnd@nepal.org From: ihc@mos.com.np Subject: A Project Proposal

Community Eco-Village Resort in Nepal -- A Proposal

Dear TND Readers;

The following is a joint-proposal of Himanchal High School, Nangi and Ramche VDC of Myagdi district on the Occasion of Visit Nepal Year-19989 for the development of a community Eco-Village Resort in Dhunga gare Deurali, Myagdi District of Nepal. I would like torequest all the friends around the world to read this proposal and provide yours suggestion/comments as well as participation/contribution for developing this community project- a unique in Nepal For more information about Nangi village, Himanchal High School and the project, please visit our web site at http://rip.physics.unk.edu/Nepal/

Thank you very much. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Mahabir Pun

A Joint-proposal of Himanchal High School, Nangi and Ramche VDC of Myagdi on the Occasion of Visit Nepal Year-19989 for the Development of a Community Eco-Village Resort in Dhunga gare Deurali, Myagdi Nepal

The Community Eco-Village Resort, A Berief Account Location- Myagdi District Altitude -3,100m-3,200m Total Bed-40 Total Land Area-2 ha. Land Type and Acquisitio -Open Land without trees To be acquired in the name of Himanchal High School, Nangi Myagdi Proposed Facilitie- Hut type lodging, Restaurants, Information Center Telecommunication Services,Telescope View Point, Side Treks, Helipad Building Type-Permanent and typical village style thatch/slate-roofed huts made from wood, stone and local materials

Total Project Cost-NRs.3020,000~US$53,200 Source of Finance 60%.-Himanchal High School, Nangi 20%.- Villagers/Businessmen 15% -Travel/Hotel Companies 5 % - Local VDCs

Project Implementation Time One year from Starting Time during Visit Nepal Year-19989

Table of Contents

1. Background 2. How did the Idea Come 3. Why Dhung gare Deurali (3,210m) as a new Tourist Spot? 4. Routes to Dhunga gare Deurali 5. Our Plan for the Project
        5.A Establishment of a Eco-Village in Dhunga gare Deurali
                5.A.1. Acquisition of Land
                5.A.2. Building of Related Civil Works
        5.B Development of Intermediate Stopovers on the Trails
        5.C. Liaison and Support Office in Kathmandu and Pokhara 6. Tentative Budget Estimation for the First Phase
        6.A. Building Construction and Civil Works
        6.B. Machiney and Equipment
        6.C. Furnitures and Fixtures
        6.D. Pre-operating Expenses 7. Source of Finance 8. Mode of Project Implementation 9. Project Implementation Schedule 10. Conclusion

1. Background:

Ramche VDC is one of the forty one 'Village Development Committees' (VDC) of Myagdi district bordering with Kaski district to the east and Parbat to the south. This VDC comprises three villages Ramche, Kaphaldanda and Nangi with a total population of about 3,500. More than 90% population of the VDC belong to Pun Magar, one of the highest living tribes in Nepal.

Himanchal High School is situated in Nangi village. It has six feeder schools, five primaries and one middle school. There are 250 students in the high school studying in academic year of 1997. Upto the middle school section, the government supports to pay for the teachers.

The high school section was started in 1993 with the initiation of three villages Nangi, Ramche and Kaphaldanda of Ramche VDC and three villages Banbare, Dandakateri and Lopre of neighbouring Lekhpant VDC of Parbat district. The high school is fully supported by the contribution received from local people and friends abroad. The yearly expenses for running the school now is over Rs.400,000.

Although this area is not situated on the main tourist trail, more than 50 organized groups of tourist every year pass through this area on their way to Khopra, Ghorepani or Ghandrung. They either camp out in Nangi or in Ramche. Nangi School has established a well facilitated camping ground to raise money for the school with the financial support of the Institute for Himalayan Conservation, Japan In the past two years, we raised about Rs.100,000 from the camping ground.

2. How did the Idea Come? We have been very much interested in Eco-tourism for a long time because we are located close the most famous tourist areas of Nepal, "Round the Annapurna Trail". In the mean time, His Majesty's Government of Nepal proposed 1998 AD. as the "Visit Nepal Year" to attract more tourists and promote tourism business in Nepal. Therefore the "Visit Nepal-1998" campaign of the government made us to think deeply for our own economic benefit. We discussed with villagers for the last several months as what we could do to promote Eco-tourism program in Myagdi district to bring more tourists in our area and make tourism as one of our main source of cash income for local development. We concluded to develop the
'Dhunga gare Deurali' and 'Hiun Ko Mela' area of our VDC as one of the most fascinating tourist spots of Nepal to become a part of the "Visit Nepal Year-1998" campaign for two purposes. The first purpose, which drove us to initiate this program, is to generate income to support Himanchal High School of Nangi and to launch community development programs in Ramche VDC. The second is to serve tourists by providing them opportunity to visit an excellent view point for the Himalayas, sun rise, sun set and the deep valleys. The following number of the tourists who passed through Ghorepani, a nearby tourist spot about an hours' walk away from the proposed spot, shows how popular this area is among foreigners. According the record of Ghorepani Police Checkpost, 19,146 tourist visited Ghorepani from the mid July of 1993 to mid July, 1994. Again from July 1995 to July 1996, the number was 12,779. However, this second data doesn't include the number of tourists for the month of April, May and June because it was missing from the police record. Again from June 15, 1996 to Feb.12,1997, the number was 15,025. The tourists were from 45 different countries. The following is the list of the top six countries from where the largest numbers of tourists visited Ghorepani. (Source: ACAP information center at Ghorepani and Ghorepani Police Checkpost.)

>From July, 1995 - March, 1996, Total Tourists who visited Ghorepani = 12,779
1. Britain 1,564 2. Australia 1,112 3. Germany 1,077 4. Japan 1,001 5. America 887 6. France 878 7. Others 6,260

>From June 15, 1996 - Feb.12, 1997, Total Tourists visited Ghorepani = 15,025
1. British 2,431 2. Germany 1,678 3. Australia 1,444 4. France 1,414 5. Japan 1,234 6. America 1,125 7. Others 5,699

Most of the tourists spend at least one night in Ghorepani to see the beautiful panoramic and close view of the Dhaulagiri and the Annapurna ranges from Pun Hill (3,090m) which is about forty five minute's climb up from Ghorepani town. Because of the reasons as mentioned above Himanchal High School, along with Ramche VDC, proposes this proposal for the development a Community Eco-Village Resort9 in Dhunga gare Deurali of Myagdi district as a community program for local development.

3. Why Dhunga gare Deurali (3210m) as a New Tourist Spot? There is no doubt that Pokhara and the vicinity will be visited by much more tourists than they are visiting now during the Visit Nepal Year-989. Therefore we need to develop new tourist spots with sufficient physical facilities for the increased numbers of tourists. We also need to identify new trekking routes that give better opportunity for the tourists to explore the wilderness of the region other than the one that is heavily crowded. For the last two decades, Pun Hill is serving as a very good view point of the Himalayas and Ghorepani as a good resting place for the tourists. However, the proposed site of Dunga gare Deurali gives the following advantages to the tourists over Pun Hill and Ghorepani. a. It gives better and wider views of the Himalayas because it is over 100m higher than Pun Hill and is located about two kilometers to the south of Pun Hill. One can easily tell the difference of the views after one visits there. b. A better sun rise and sun set can be viewed from this spot. Furthermore, those tourists who stay in Ghorepani have to walk about forty five minutes up to Pun Hill to see the sun rise and sun set. However, one can see it from the windows of their room, c. Views of the three beautiful valleys, Pokhara to the east, Nangi to the west and Sikha to the north can be seen from here. Phewa Lake and the night view of Pokhara city can be seen clearly from here. d. Since this area is not on the main trail of the local people and is far away from any villages it is very quite, peaceful and clean. The proposed spot of Dunga gare Deurali can be also used as a side trek for the tourists who stay overnight at Ghorepani. Thus there is a very good chance that we can make tourists to spend one more day in the area if we develop the area as a tourists spot.

4. Routes to Dhunga gare Deurali:
>From Pokhara there are several ways tourists can get to Dhunga gare Deurali.
4.1. Existing Routes: The routes that are currently on operation are as follows; a. Pokhara-Birethanti-Tikhedunga-Ghorepani-Dunga gare Deurali b. Pokhara-Nayapul-Deupur-Sirpu-Jaljala-Dhunga gare Deurali c. Pokhara-Nayapul-Deupur-Salija-Nangi-Dhunga gare Deurali d. Pokhara-Patichour-Bajung-Dobato-Jaljala-Dhunga gare Deurali e. Pokhara-Kusma-Dobato-Jaljala-Dhunga gare Deurali 4.2. New Routes: The following new routes also can be started to get to Dhunga gare Deurali. These routes will actually give tourists a different experience of trekking and better views of the Dhaulagiri and Annapurna Himalayas. Tourists will certainly like these three routes more than any others. a. Pokhara-Beni-Lopre-Nangi-Ramche-Dunga gare Deurali b. Pokhara-Beni-Baisiri-Kaphaldanda-Ramche-Dhunga gare Deurali c. Pokhara-Beni-Baisiri-Histan-Thula Kharka-Dhunga gare Deurali d. Pokhara-Birethanti-Ulleri-Bheri Kharka-Dhunga gare Deurali 4.3. Routes for the Tourists Coming from Jomsom: Those tourists returning from Jomsom-Tatopani can take the following routes to get to Dhungagare Deurali; a. Tatopani-Sikha-Ghorepani-Dhunga gare Deurali b. Tatopani-Sikha-Khibang-Naka-Phulbari-Dhunga gare Deurali. 4.4 Returning Routes: One can take any of the routes as mentioned above other than the route one took to get to Dhunga gare Deurali to return to Pokhara or go further to other destinations such as Tatopani-Jomsom-Muktinath, Ghandruk-Chhomorong-Annapurna base camp, Swanta-Khopra etc.,

5. Our Plan for the Project: We would like to frankly tell that our main purpose for developing the project is to develop a tourist trap9 so that we could make money to support Nangi High School, other schools in Nangi valley and community development projects such as health, sanitation, nature conservation etc. Had we not been in a situation of do or die9 for keeping Nangi High School survive, this proposal would never have come forward. However, we would like to promise that we are not only money minded. We will try our best to give best services possible for the money we get from tourists. The following are three components the project will comprise. A. Establishment of a Eco-Village in Dhunga gare Deurali, B. Development of intermediate stopovers on the trials. C. Liaison and Support Office in Kathmandu and Pokhara 5.A. Establishment of a Eco-Village in Dhunga gare Deurali: 5.A.1. Acquisition of Land In order to acquire about 20 ropanis of public land of Dunga gare, Mohare Deurali, Kali Daha and Hiun ko Mela necessary steps will be taken from the VDC level to central government level. The land will be acquired in the name of Nangi High School. 5.A.2. Building and Related Civil Works The Eco-village will be developed in such a way that it will not destroy any natural scenery of the area. The following steps will be taken for this purpose. a. Fencing: First of all, barbed wire fencing will be put around the area so that no domestic animals could come in and destroy the vegetation. This will make more trees and bamboo bushes to grow and help to conserve the nature. b. Lodging: Small but typical round-shaped houses of mud, stone and wood with thatch/slate roof will be built randomly each of which will have double bed and attached bathroom. Some of the huts will have also kitchen so that guests could cook food by themselves if they want to. c. General Facilities: We will build only one big building in the Eco-Village that will comprise general facilities like reception, cultural information center, communication center, restaurant, kitchen and dining hall etc . d. Power: We will absolutely use no firewood in the village for cooking and heating purposes. We will mostly use solar/wind power in the village for lighting bulbs and heating water. However, we will use kerosene and LPG gas for cooking and heating purposes. There is also possibility of producing about 2 KW hydro-power from a nearby stream which will be stored and used as necessary. e. Water Supply: Since the village will be established on the top of mound, we will have to pump water from a spring about 100m below. We will pump the water up to the top by using solar power (gasoline operated motor pump when solar power is not enough). The water will be treated and stored in tanks making it drinkable. f. Telescope View Point: We don9t have to build any tall tower for viewing the Himalays, however, we will build an observation point with powerful telescopes from where the Himalayas, the valleys and the nearby villages could be explored. g. Communication Services: We believe that good communication facilities is very important to attract more tourists in Dhunga gare Deurali area as well as in Nepal. Therefore we plan to use the latest means of communication as far as it be possible even though this place is situated in a remote area. The purposes for having the better communication system are; i. to introduce the area around the world through the Internet ii. to provide opportunity for tourists to have a close contact with their home countries. For this, we will have two VHF telephone/fax lines at the beginning. We will develop a comprehensive web site on the Himalayas and Nepal on the Internet and will communicate with the world through e-mail. Actually we already have an educational homepage on Nangi High School, the Himalayas and Nepal in the Internet. The access code is http://rip.physics.unk.edu/Nepal/ We will update this site putting more information about Nepal and the Himalayas in order to attract more tourists in Nepal during the Visit Nepal Year-989 and after. h. Helipad: It takes only about two to three days to get here for average tourists by walking. However, we will also make necessary arrangements for helicopter arrival and take off for those tourists who can9t walk up here either due to physical inability or shortage of time. It takes less than ten minutes by helicopter from Pokhara to get here. 5.B. Development of Intermediate Stopovers on the Trails: There is enough facilities for the tourists coming to Dunga gare Deurali either through Ulleri-Ghorepani or Tatopani-Ghorepani route. However, we need to develop intermediate stopovers at the following places so that tourists have places to eat and rest overnight; a. Dobato for the tourists coming through Patichour/Kusma, b. Lopre or Gunthale for the tourists coming through Beni c. Kaphaldanda or Ramche for the tourists coming through Beni/Baisiri d. Thula Kharka for the tourist coming through Beni/Histan We will build hut style lodging facilities like those in Dhunga gare Deurali with a restaurant in each of the stopover mentioned above. 5.C. Liaison and Support Office in Kathmandu and Pokhara: We will set up an liaison office in Kathmandu and a support office in Pokhara in order to have business contact/publicity, reservation and public relation. These offices will be linked to Dhunga gare Deurali with telephone/fax. The office building in these places will be rental with two staff in each.

6. Tentative Budget Estimation for the First Phase: Since this is going to be a very big project, we won9t be able to finance the project by ourselves alone and establish all the infra-structure such as constructing large numbers of lodging huts, developing intermediate stopovers, opening support/liaison offices in Pokhara and Kathmandu etc. Therefore we will develop the program phase-wisely depending on the resources that will be available. However, we would like to develop at least some physical facilities such as some lodging huts, a building for general facilities such as restaurant, information center, communication center etc., drinking water, power and water heating system in the first phase of the project. In the following paragraphs we would like to give very preliminary and tentative type of cost estimation. This estimation is subject to change as needed after detail discussion between share holders. [Note US$1=Nepali Rs 56.75] 6. A. Building Construction and Civil Works in Dhunga gare Deurali: 1. Barbed wire fencing -Rs.50,000 2. Water storage/treatment tanks- 50,000 3. New construction of 15 round shaped-houses with two bed room and attached bathroom Rs.40,000 each -600,000 4. New construction of 20mx7m building for general facilities -500,000 5. Contingencies of civil works-10% of civil works -120,000
                            Sub Total -1,320,000 6.B. Machinery and Equipment:
        a. Operating Equipment
        1. Solar Heaters of 1,000 liters capacity
        including installation charge - Rs.170,000
        2. Solar Panels of 100 w power (5 nos.)
        including 100amp/hour storage batteries (5 nos.)
        and necessary accessories -300,000
        3. Battery Operated Water Pumps (2 nos.)/pipes - 100,000
        4. Telescopes (2 nos.) -100,000
                   Sub Total -670,000
        b. Equipment for Secretarial Services: 1. Personal Computers with necessary accessories (2 nos.) -RS.250,000
        2. Telephone/Fax/Internet installation -125,000
                        Sub Total- 375,000
        c. Kitchen Equipment: 1. LPG gas cooking range with complete installation (4 nos.) -Rs.30,000 2. Cooking utensils -25,000 3. Crockery and cutleries -10,000 4. Gas oven -30,000
                       Sub Total -95,000 6.C.Furnitures and Fixtures: 1. Beds, tables, chairs, robes, mattresses, quilts etc. -RS.200,000 2. Local carpets and curtains -75,000 3. Garbage collection and related tools/equipment -15,000
                                          Sub Total -290,000 6.D. Pre-operating Expenses:
        1. License, registration, legal fee etc. -Rs.20,000
        2. Project management -50,000
                             Sub Total -70,000
              Total Fixed Asset and Investment - Rs. 2820,000 Thus the very tentative total project cost including working capital for the first phase of the proposed Eco-Village in Dhunga gare Deurali area is given below. Breakdown 1. Building construction and civil works -Rs.1320,000 2. Machinery and Equipment -1140,000 3. Furniture and Fixtures -290,000 4. Pre-operational costs -70,000 5. Working Capital -200,000
                                   
                 Total Project Cost - Rs. 3,020,000

7. Source of Finance: This project will be developed as a company. Nangi High School will be the main promoter for this project and will own the land. It will raise money from donor agencies and supporters for investment and will hold about 60% of the total share. If necessary it will take loan from commercial banks or individuals. The remaining share will be sold to local individuals/business men/VDCs and travel/trekking companies only if they agree to donate 10% of the total net income for local nature/culture conservation and community development. The share will be sold as follows. a. Nangi High School -60% of the share b. Villagers/business men -20% of the share c. Travel/Trekking companies -15% of the share d. Local VDCs-5% of the share 8. Mode of Project Implementation: Based on the result/outcome of the first phase, the second phase of the project will be developed and implemented. The second phase of the project will include the development of intermediate stopovers at Lopre, Dobato, Ramche, Kaphadanda, Histan etc, side trails, and places of tourist interests. We will have lots of time to think, discuss and draw conclusion as what we should do for the second phase of the project. 9. Project Implementation Schedule We plan to complete the first phase of the project at the beginning of the
'Visit Nepal Year-1998'. Therefore everything will be carried out as fast as it be possible. The following is the tentative schedule for project implementation. Starting time - April, 1997 Land acquisition and legal formalities - 2 months Construction work for phase-I -6 months Finishing and trial operation -2 months Opening of the facility- at the end of 10 months from starting point

10. Conclusion Our plan is to develop the spot as one of the unique tourist spots in the world. Every plan will be carried out making it the best example of environmentally-friendly tourism program. However, we are fully aware of the fact that it is easier said than done. We are ready to face the challenge. For this we need your creative inputs for developing this program. We will appreciate your help very much.

******************************************************************** Forwarded By: Rajesh Shrestha <shresth2@husc.harvard.edu> Date: Tue, 15 Apr 1997 17:31:41 -0400 (EDT) To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: A few Legal questions?

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

I wish I had that much strength to hold on so long after what has happened to you and your parents owing to the inhumane treatment that your deceased sister received before and after her death from her in-laws. I'm assuming that all the SCN readers who has read your heart aching story must be wishing that they had enough resources to relieve you from that pool of miseries. There may have been, to some extent, just a flicker of deviation from the preciseness of what actually happened, and why it happened that it really happened. I'm saying this, not because I am trying to pose myself as some cynically indifferent person. Unless we hear the both sides of the story there is always that grain of doubt looming large over our inqusitive consciousness. However, I found your writing very genuinely portrayed and very reflective. Reflective in a sense that I was able to refer it to a couple of incidents, but not that intense like yours, back home. These happened to people whom I would see today and never see them tomorrow. Perhaps, this was why it did not bother me much. But now that I'm here, where life, liberty and freedom is so much cherished, sometimes, like you said, if you could unwind the time, you would prevent the gruesome incident, had I the power to do it all over again, I would not hesitate to become a monk and lead a solitary life after seeing how the human society have molded over the years. As you may well be aware of the fact that most SCN readers are not at the position to offer you any legal advise due to the fact that our judicery system is somewhat vaguely interpreted. The verdict, hinges so much on how influensive a person is in a society and how much he can funnell money into the loop holes of our ever unstable governing body.

Just to crack you up a little, a friend of mine pointed me the similarities between the recent launching of the social security administration's web site and several of our past governmentis. They had so much in common. Both were fairly clueless as to who should recive benefits the most. Both were doomed to fall and be forgotten. Thanks to the some congressmen. The plug was pulled on the site.

I hope you have better lucks and hope you receive more encouraging letters.

- friend Kunga http://www.ionet.net/~kunga

To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Subject: Re: "What if all Nepalis become Christian?"

Cross-posted from SCN:
---------------------

As a frequent visitor to Nepal and one who has developed close ties with Nepalis in Nepal and in the United States, I was deeply disturbed to find that Christian missionaries have "invaded" Nepal. This article is thought-provoking. I would submit, however, that missionaries of all types should be totally banned from Nepal (as well as all other countries). I was raised in the Baptist Church replete with its missionary do-gooders who, in my experience, are people primarily living on the backs of others and their donations to enjoy a different culture and life.

The primary problem with Christianity (with which I want no part) is its attempt to lay a guilt trip upon is suppliants. Nepalis do not need this intrusion into their lives. Send the missionaries packing!

A.J. Chapman

******************************************************** From: "Damber Gurung" <dgrng@CLEMSON.EDU> To: nepal@cs.niu.edu Date: Wed, 16 Apr 1997 10:27:13 +0000

PROGRESS AND STABILITY
- Damber K. Gurung, Clemson University, SC

Nepali elites talked quite frequently about political and socio-economic stability in the past several months, especially after the coalition government.

Stability means a state not easily moved or thrown off balance, not likely to breakdown, fall apart or give away (Webster's Dictionary). Keeping this definition in mind, we certainly wish everyone to have stability in all aspects of their lives this year, 2054 BS (1997 AD).

A desire for political stability makes sense because if the political system is thrown off balance or falls apart country's law and order will be unstable leading to changes in rules and regulations affecting both private and public activities. Consequently, other aspects
(family & children, income, health, education, environment, etc.) of society are very likely to be unstable.

In fact what is generally desired is not just stability but stability with progress (a movement in a socially desired direction) in terms of different aspects of our lives. Also, without progress, stability is possible (the case of Panchayat system). Thus, progress and stability in political aspect is intimately related with the progress and stability in other areas of human development. Specifically, political developments should translate into progress and stability in other aspects of the society. Without such a transformation in a society, it will be impossible to keep fruits hard earned in any revolution.

In a nutshell, how the new political environment has translated into other valuable aspects of Nepali lives is of vital importance. And I do not think it is early to dwell on this question.

Usually, it is almost impossible to get satisfactory answer to such a query from political statements. Under a democratic environment, however, one would expect establishment of independent agencies (say, think tanks) to assess country's current situation and predict future course. Unbiased information could form a basis for stable changes in the right direction. We can hope that recently established think tanks in Nepal will serve this purpose.

As we strive through our daily lives toward stable progress away from our Motherland, I believe we could affect the progress and stability in Nepal. A few ways one can make the difference are by: =95sharing ideas and experience via conferences, meetings or existing media (such as TND), =95participating in and/or supporting national and international agencies' activities, =95directly supporting your community or village, etc.

Let us get involved in this exciting process of helping each other/ourselves.

******************************************************** Date: Apr 16, 1997 To: The Nepal Digest <tnd@nepal.org> Subject: Book Review Source: People's Review

POWER (SOMETIMES) BEHIND THE THRONE QUEENS OF THE SHAH DYNASTY IN NEPAL By Prakash A. Raj

Published by Nabeen Publications, Kathmandu; Pages 80; Price Nepali Rupees 300/Indian Rupees 200 (in India). Prakash A. Raj has done it again -- provided a valuable insight into a not-too-well-know area of Nepalese history and folklore. This time, it has taken the form of a volume on the Queens of the Shah dynasty. Although there is a considerable body of historical work on the Shah dynasty there is virtually nothing of note in one single volume about its Queens. By providing interesting reading about their life and times, including glimpses of their sometimes powerful behind-the scenes-role, the author has helped to broaden the general public's knowledge of an important, if generally hidden, aspect of Nepal's modern day history. In neatly compartmentalized sections -- Beginning of Unification, Period of Powerful Queens, Ranas Rule the Country and the Advent of Democracy -- the author has shed considerable light on the Queens of the Shah dynasty, often providing interesting nuggets of information gleaned from a wide variety of historical sources. Along with material on the family background and lives of the Shah Queens, the author has also provided a good deal of background of the social and political conditions of the times he deals with including the practice of sati, multiple marriages, and, even, marriage to the daughters of highly placed Indian families. There is quite a bit on Rajendra Laxmi under whose regency the frontiers of Nepal extended from Chepe westward to the Kali Gandaki as well as on Rajya Laxmi who was responsible for the infamous Kot Massacre which led to the transfer of power of political power from the Shah Kings to the Ranas.

The author has also not shied away from detailing the history, if only briefly, of Queen Kantabati "a beautiful Brahmin widow from Mithilia region of Nepal near Janakpur" who was
"forcibly" brought to the palace of King Rana Bahadur Shah and married -- an event that resulted in the birth of King Girvan Yuddha.

The slim volume under review comes with a plethora of period photographs and drawings, charts, a glossary and assorted lists Of various events and activities. All in all, they help to enhance the value of the booklet which should well complement any shelf containing books on Nepali history. Reviewed by MRJ.

****************************************************************** From: MH8@soas.ac.uk To: NEPAL@cs.niu.edu Date: Wed, 16 Apr 1997 18:16:27 GMT Subject: Re: Himalayan talks at SOAS

CENTRE OF SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES School of Oriental and African Studies, Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square London WC1H OXG

HIMALAYAN RESEARCH FORUM

Summer Term 1997 Thursdays at 5.30 p.m. Room G51

Thursday April 24th Ingrid Massage & Elizabeth Rowsell
(Amnesty International, London) The Maoist "People's War" in Nepal: an emerging armed conflict?

Thursday May 1st T. Louise Brown
(University of Birmingham) Economic development in Nepal and the impact of political change since 1990

Michael Hutt School of Oriental and African Studies London tel. 171-323-6240/6251 fax 171-436-3844 or 171-436-2664 e-mail mh8@soas.ac.uk

*************************************************************** Date: Thu, 17 Apr 1997 01:17:37 -0700 To: nepal@cs.niu.edu From: Nischal Shrestha <nshrestha@uab.campus.mci.net> Subject: Greetings!!!

To all the netters,

                "HAPPY NEPALESE NEW YEAR(2054)"

        Make your life creative, and enjoy it. You know what I mean.

                                        From
                                           
                                          NEPALESE OF BIRMINGHAM,AL.
                                                       

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