The Nepal Digest - April 13, 1995 (29 Chaitra 2051 BkSm)

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        % N N EEEEEE PPPPPP AA L %
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        % N N N E PPPPPP AAAAAA L %
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The Nepal Digest Wednesday 13 April 95: Chaitra 30 2051 BkSm Volume 37 Issue 6

 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * Editor/Co-ordinator: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * SCN Liaison: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * Consultant Editor: Padam P. Sharma *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * Book Reviews Columns: Pratyoush R. Onta *
 * News Correspondent Rajendra P Shrestha *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" - Sirdar Khalifa *
 * *

********************************************************************** To: From: "Sushrut Dhital (student)" <> Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 08:14:44 EST Subject: HAPPY NEW YEAR

Happy New Year 2052 B.S. May New Year bring more happiness and prosperity to all Nepalese around the globe.
_ Nepalese in Atlanta, GA, USA

***************************************************** Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 10:55:25 -0400 (EDT) From: Nirmal Ghimirez <NGH42799Q236@DAFFY.MILLERSV.EDU> To: Subject: Visa

This is in response to Mr.Shiva Gautam. That somebody was me. The question I raised about visa was not of $20. Even if it be $40 or $100, still it would not stop many. But the question is this. One has to pay $20, each time one applies for visa regadless of the fact that he/she gets it or not.Suppose 55 apply, that means
$1100,and only 5 get the visas. What happens to that money. Or if $1000 is collected in one day that amounts to 3000, in three days.This money is from Nepal and it is not earned here. So, I thought that money is not being used for the good or $20 each time is not justified. Maybe a better option is to charge the fee if one gets the visa and not charge when one is denied.Then, even if the charge is $50 or $100 is justified.If one is coming here he may easily pay $100, but what if one is denied. $20 is not much here but realizing that this is Rs.1000, earned back home, it is much. Besides that for what are you paying just for applying. There is no guarentee one will get it, infact many are denied. Bottomline of my saying is that charge only with those who get the visas but not with those who are denied. I hope my point is clear now. If anybody else thinks this is a point to ponder then let us act, otherwise skip down. If there is a price increase we all shout because it is not justified. Maybe I think this is something like that. This was not the rule when I applied for visa, and they have made this. Who knows it may be $100 pretty soon. Ultimately America is doing good in business and they know how to pull money, no matter which place it may be.Thanks.Nirmal

********************************************************* From: (Pradip Baniya) Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - April 9, 1995 (26 Chaitra 2051 BkSm) To: Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 10:18:31 -0500 (CDT)

Dear editor and all TND publishing board!!!

Not to mention that the great job done by the TND to keep all the " Nepali in Bidesi bhumi" informed about the current happenings of Nepal and bring other intersting discussions and articles is certaily praiseworthy!!! Kudos to one and all of you involved in that. but I regret to mention that past few issues of TND has been full of personal allegations and stuffs like that. even persons whom i respected for their brilliant articles in TND have been involved in this mud-slinging.I really like to see and take part in any type of constructive discussion but not in the type of discussion which is going on about BKS in the net. May be other readers too feel the same way as I do.

so i suggest you to do sth so that your TND is not simply deleted by the readers. One way you can avoid these types of discussion is by not publishing any articles about any issue after three issues of TND from the date when that article was appeared first. In this way all the readers can have plenty of time to respond and things won't go worse as the BKS issue.

May be you call it violation of the personal rights but it may keep your TND healthy!!!

Good luck. pradip baniya, UNL. --

******************************************************************************* From: (Pradip Baniya) Subject: Netters guide to Smiley!!!! To: Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 10:29:15 -0500 (CDT)

Hi all!!!

here is some intersting ways to define Smiley!!! I have include some to save both space and time.



Smileys :-)

:-) the normal smiling face, appended to a sentence or an article means
'this is a joke' or 'this is supposed to make you laugh'
:-> normal smiling face with deformed lips, same as above except person who submitted it has problems with their lips
:-{) normal smiling face with a moustache, same as #1 except has moustache
:-} normal smiling face with pretty lips, same as #1 except person that submitted it is wearing lipstick or some other lip appearance improving device
:-| no expression face, 'that comment doesn't phase me'
:-( sad face, 'that comment makes me sad [mad]'
;-) smiling face gets his lights punched out (could be pirate
??), is a practical joker who played one too many and got beat up
;-| no expression face gets his lights punched out, says nothing but still gets beat up
;-( sad face gets his lights punched out, sad or mad and got beat up, or
'that makes me so mad that if I ever see you I'll punch your lights out'
:-\ popeye smiling face, for people who look like popeye
:-] biting sarcasm smiling face, used when sarcasm is intended, since we can not inflect our voice over the net
:-[ biting criticism smiling face, ditto for criticism
:*) drunk smiling face, for those of us who like get intoxicated before or while reading netnews
:~) smiling face needs a nosejob, no explanation necessary
[:|] is a robot (or other appropriate AI project)

Still there are 300 different ways left!!!! if not bored e-mail me, you got the whole list.. --

******************************************************************************* Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 19:30:28 +0100 From: NAME <> To: Subject: CHEATS

It is regretable that a regular contributor, and a clever one at that too, to TND like A Tuladhar posts articles to the TND claiming to be the work of somebody else that blatantly offends so many readers. I am of course referring to the recent BKS bashing/supporting going on in TND. It is irresponsible, offending to label all BKS grads as CHEATS. The remark may have been made by anyone, who I really don't know, but the fact that A Tuladhar does not seem to accept that it was in any way offending plus distancing himself from the accusation is bizarre. (a) A Tuladhar may have been wiser not to have posted personal correspondences likely to anger TND readers (b) having pubclicised such irrelevance may have done his reputation good to accept that it probably wasn't a good idea after all to have done that despite the fact that it wasn't his own writing (c) therefore make clear to the offended that it wasn't him, accepts the responsbility for having it publicised and will cross-post all protests to the "unknown". cf. Asutosh's comments, now that is what I call responsibl writing. He and a few others I don't know started on what economists do best, trying to make sense of the sums involved. No BKS grad I know contests the fact that BKS does receive a lot of money. It would be great to continue the same service without government involvement. What most critics do not seem to appreciate is the fact that the money is actually is being/ has been put to good use. The government support has NOT been a waste. Beyond these simple facts, one can argue either way. Most like me get fed up most of the time anyway.

It is encouraging to know that people appreciate good points. It certainly lends credibility to ones arguements, image etc.

My apologies to those who may feel offended for being told to say nice things as well.

T Devkota UK

******************************************************* From: Dileep Agrawal <> Subject: AIRFARE to KTM To: Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 15:11:08 -0400 (EDT)


I think we should initiate a discussion on air-fare to Nepal. Summer is approaching and some of us will be going to Nepal. It will be very helpful if we share our experiences to figure out the cheapest way to fly home. I have flown out of Boston twice. Both times I went home via Delhi. The first time, I used KLM till Delhi and then RNAC. It was ok except that RNAC staff hassled about baggage limitations (you are not allowed the same baggage allowance when flying DEL-KTM-DEL as with other international flights). The total cost came to be $1200 + NRs. 6300.

The second time I flew Gulf to Delhi. The flight was long (BOS-New York-London-Baharain-Muscat-DEL). The total cost was $1000 + NRs. 6500

I would like to hear from people who have travelled directly to Kathmandu by Luftansa, Singapore, PIA, Air India or RNAC (I believe these are the only airlines that fly into KTM via Europe).

******************************************************************* Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 17:04:21 EDT To: The Editor <> From: Nuru Lama <> Subject: The Sanskrit issue

  A recent writer in TND couldn't understand why minister PM Tuladhar was against the idea of broadcasting news in Sanskrit. The writer's inability to understand Mr. Tuladhar's stance is a clear testimony of the rift existing in Nepal betweeen two broadly defined groups 'the pahadiyas' and the 'janajatis'. By pahadiyas I mean the bahuns and the chettris, and by janajatis I mean the minorities in Nepal eg Tamang, Gurung etc.

The Janajatis have their own native languages which bear little resemblance to the language of the pahadiyas, ie Nepali. With the unification of Nepal by the Shah dynasty, Nepali was introduced to everyone in Nepal as the common, national language. One should understand that for while Nepali is 'our' language for the pahadiyas, it's 'their' language for the janajatis or at least it is not as dear to them as their own language. Sanskrit is the root language for Nepali but not for the janajati languages (or at least for not all of them). Hence, when the writer says that Sanskrit is our root language and so should be preserved, either he is speaking for the 'pahadiya' population or is assuming that all Nepalis are pahadiyas. The latter asumption is wholly untrue but the sentiment of pahadiya predominance in all spheres of Nepali society is held by both the groups. Why? Because not only do the pahadiyas outnumber the janajatis but economically they are better-off and politically they posess more power. Just compare the number of janajati parliament members to the number of pahadiya members? Who are the tempo and rickshaw drivers in Kathmandu? Even under the caste system the janajatis were ranked below the pahadiyas. Hence, the feeling of 'us' and 'them' is pervasive in Nepali society, although it has not been a source of social upheaval.Nepal is a multicultural society and for such a society to co-exist government should recognize the existence of the different groups and promote their identity. If the government tries to harmonize the society by suppressing the differences, it will fail in its attempt because this will only bring forth the feeling of alienation and hatred between the various groups. The pahadiyas are the majority in Nepal and wherever and whenver the majority ignores the rights of the minorities or tries to incorporate them into their identity, social conflict of the bloodiest kind ensues. Sri Lanka, Bhutan and even India provides ample example. The promotion of Sanksrit by a pahadiya government will be construed as another attempt by the majority to further their interest and not the interest of the whole Nepali population. Sanskrit has been the language of Hinduism. Its promotion will be understood as trying to promote Hinduism and Hindu nationalism in Nepal.(I want to add here that this was vigorously done under the Panchayat regime. Nepali textbooks went into quite a detail to describe the Hindu gods and goddesses. The King at the end of his speech used to say, 'Pashupati Nath le hami sabaiko kalyan garun.') Some people even go as far as to say that Buddhism is a part of Hinduism while not agreeing that the opposite is equally true if the prior statement were true. Government should be cautious about all these subtle issues because they have a cumulative effect on society which one may not have anticipated. Former minister Padma Ratna is a wise, learned man and I guess he resigned because his fears about the negative consequences of broadcasting news in Sanskrit were not realized by the predominantly 'pahadiya' beaurocrats and parliament members.Many learned pahadiyas seem to feel that the voices of the janajatis for greater recognition is a political rhetoric. I think it is a manifestation of the underlying feeling of janajati people as 'second class' citizen.


********************************************************************* From: Sameer Dixit <> Subject: A Request.. To: Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 10:46:30 +1000 (EST)

Hello Rajpal Dai-

I am a regular reader of the Digest here Down Under. Kudos to all you people for doing such a great job in keeping it interesting and thought provoking.

This letter is to request, through the Digest, information regarding my cousin and his family. I am looking for Kadam Arjel, who was living in Irving, Texas until a year ago. He has changed his address and I would like to ask if anyone has any info on this. If you do, please contact me at:

Kadamdaji- If you read this, please respond to this message. Would be great to hear from you again !!

Thank you everyone-

Sincerely, Sameer M Dixit University of Wollongong, Australia

****************************************************************** Date: Mon, 10 Apr 1995 19:08:50 -1000 From: Ratna Shrestha <ratna@uhunix.uhcc.Hawaii.Edu> To: Subject: The highest junkyard in the world

              On "The Highest Junkyard in the World."
        The article made an interesting reading. Being a graduate in Environmental Engineering and a doctoral candidate in Environmental Economics, I was incited to make a few comments, however.
        In his article, Mr. Regmi blames trekkers and our environmental policies for the garbage problem in our Himalayas. Although both the factors are important, I ascribe much of the problems to the latter.
        The choice of instruments for the environmental policy implementation has much to do for its ultimate success. And there has always been standoffs among the economists and policy makers as to how we can channel environmental programs. The bottom line, however, is that our policy instruments should be efficient, enforceable, flexible and compatible to our socio-cultural values.
        In relation to our problems in the Himalayas, neither the outright prohibition nor the high fees to expedition teams will meet our needs. While the outright prohibition debars us from the economic benefits generated by mountaineering activities, a high fee ($50,000 per team) spurs even more serious problems. On the one hand, mountaineers can take the high fee as a 'license to pollute.' On the other hand, we are doing injustice to our environmentally friendly mountaineers who have made every effort to save our himalayas. The Nepalese government's decision to raise the fee in 1992, therefore, was an action in haste. In other sectors also, there are several examples of such a categorical mistake.
         When the government put our forest under the central control, many politicians hailed it as the brightest idea that emerged in the decade. But unfortunately, it dug its own hole of destruction; our pristine forest was denuded in few years. Similarly, the air of Kathmandu has filled with clean rethoric for several years but the pollution problem has been worsening every day as the result of a sheer policy fault.
          Therefore, it would be naive-nay, foolhardy to join hand in hand in a campaign which lacks a justifiable and a definite course. I strongly oppose Mr. Regmi's "Campaign for Environmental Revolution in Nepal", if it is for its mere protection. What we need today is not 'protectionism' but to maximize our economic benefits over all the time horizon from the judicious use of our natural resources- What economists call 'an efficient way' and environmentalists a 'Sustainable Way.'
        Nevertheless, I should thank him for inciting such a healthy discussion before we can give a perfect shape to such a campaign and embrace it with open arms.

        Coming back to our problem in the himalayas, I would like to make a modest proposal-'A Deposit-Refund System.'
        We can require every expedition team to have a deposit in the amount of the potential damage its members' back-packs can cause and refund the deposit only if it returns the waste (eg. bottles, frisbees, plastics, medical supplies, equipments etc.) to the specified location.
        That way everybody wins!!!

Comments are welcome.
         Ratna K. Shrestha Box 1261, 1777 EW road, Honolulu, HI 96848 Tel#(808)944-6436

***************************************************************** Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 09:35:00 +0100 To: From: Subject: Water resource development in Nepal

I am a journalist student at the G=F6teborg University in Sweden. In May and June I am visiting Nepal to study water resource development. I intend to write about the Arun III project and small scale use of water resources for energy production. My focus will be on nature conservation and development, especially in rural areas.

I am also going to write about the film in Nepal; produced as well as screen= ed. I want to get in touch with people and organizations in Nepal who are concearned in these subjects and who can help me with informations and contacts. Please respond soon.

All the best, Stefan Johansson Date: 11 Apr 95 09:35:48 EDT From: Rajendra.P.Shrestha@Dartmouth.EDU (Rajendra P. Shrestha) Subject: News4/7-10 To:

April 7 Government Welcomes Foreign Investors in New Policy Excerpts from Reuters report

    Nepal's four-month-old communist government unveiled a liberal economic policy which courts foreign and private investors and promises a dose of privatisation, officials said on Friday.

   "A liberal economic policy will be adopted in the industrial sector and the system of licensing requirements will be relaxed," a Finance Ministry official quoted a government announcement as saying.

    Nepal's laws require a government licence for entrepreneurs to set up industrial units.

   Thursday's announcement said Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary would promote domestic business and output and allow foreign investors to set up 100 percent-owned companies in large and medium industries in selective cases.

   "His Majesty's Government attaches greater importance to the role of the private sector for rapid economic development of the country," the announcement said.

   The communists, taking a cue from pragmatic Chinese and Indian Marxists said they will not nationalise industries established with foreign investment and allow them to repatriate both dividends and capital.

   The government said it would privatise selectively: "Selected public enterprises, not suitable to be retained in the government, will be transferred to the private sector."

   Kirshore Gurugharana, an economist at the Tribhuvan University, said the policy was designed to appease foreign aid donors and allay their fears about the communists.

   But the policy maintained that the public sector must have a significant role in ensuring economic equality.

   It also said it preferred "national capitalists" to foreigners.

   Industry reacted cautiously. "In principle the policy is good. But it is always a question of implementation," Banwarilal Mittal, an industry leader, told Reuters.

   Analysts were sceptical about the policy.

   "It is a bunch of confusion without anything new," said Thakur Nath Panta, director of the independent Centre for Policy Research and Analysis.

 April 10 PM Adhikari begins India visit Excerpts from Reuters, AFP and Xinhua reports

   Nepali Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary started his Indian visit on Monday calling on New Delhi to remove its security umbrella from the Himalayan kingdom.

   ''The concept of security umbrella is an old concept dating to back the 18th century,'' Adhikary told a meeting of Indian intellectuals at the start of his first official visit to India.

   ''So my request to our Indian friends is to kindly remove the security umbrella from our country,'' he said.

   Earlier Adhikary and his Indian host Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao told reporters they wanted to bring the Himalayan neighbours closer still despite the difficulties.

   ''We had been having the best of relations all these years,'' Adhikary said after a ceremonial reception at the imposing British-built Presidential Palace.

   ''When I sit with Prime Minister Rao, I would like to review almost all the aspects of our relations in the light of the changes in the world as well as the changes in south Asia,'' he said.

   Rao, apparently alluding to current economic changes in both countries, said India was prepared to take several new measures to improve ties with Nepal but did not say what these steps were.

   ''I think everything is changing, but the point is India and Nepal are neighbours and that is not going to change,'' he said while Adhikary smiled approvingly.

   ''So we'll have to sit together and we'll have to discuss whatever is needed. We even want to come closer in many of our relations, many aspects of our relations,'' Rao said.

   Later, during a 30-minute meeting with Indian President Shankar Dayal Sharma, Adhikari called on India to invest heavily in his country. Adhikari said there was a need for increased Indian investment in Nepal and his country "was willing to give all encouragement" to investors, Indian officials said.

   Adhikari, who is heading a 58-member team on his first visit to India since taking office in November, is also to hold talks with several Indian leaders, including communists.

   His trip to India is seen by Nepalese political observers as crucial to the future of his Nepal Communist Party-United Marxist Leninist administration amid charges that Kathmandu had sold out its interests to New Delhi.

    Nepal had a huge trade deficit of 360 million dollars last year, attributed mainly to India's refusal to allow duty-free imports of Nepalese goods using more than 50 percent Nepalese material or labour.

   Kathmandu wants the ceiling lowered and a 45-year-old bilateral treaty reviewed, calling it one-sided and giving India too much leverage on Nepal.

   Nepalese critics have alleged that the 1950 Indo- Nepal Peace and Friendship Treaty allowing people from both countries to travel without visas and seek jobs in either country had let in a flood of unskilled Indian labourers.

   The two sides last week ended two-days of level talks on the 1950 Indo- Nepal Peace and Friendship Treaty. But there were no concrete results.

   India has said the treaty cannot be changed only scrapped and to do this both governments must declare it null and void one year in advance.

    Nepal argues that the treaty is one sided and gives India too much leverage in Nepal.

   Groups have said that the right given under the treaty for people to travel without visas and seek jobs in either country had allowed a flood of unskilled Indian labourers.

   They also argue that India has not lived up to its obligations under the treaty to allow free access to its markets for Nepalese goods and of informing Kathmandu of defence moves.

      One card Adhikari could play is to convince India that tightening cross-border traffic, which would help reduce the number of Indian labourers coming to Nepal, would benefit India by making it harder for Sikh and Kashmiri separatists to flee to Nepal, the observers said.

      Adhikari is also expected to seek a review of the 120-megawatt Tanakpur hydroelectric project, which critics have also described as a


*********************************************************************************************** From: ()

        Hello, my name is Tim Wilson, and I'm a student in grade 11 in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. As a history project, we are to suggest a path of development for a country of choice that is both appropriate and sustainable. As there is more to understand of the social situation and environment in Nepal than I could ever read about, I was hoping if someone could offer me some insight. I have prepared the majority of my project and was curious what other people think is the best path for Nepal to take to attain sustainable growth and development. Thank you for your input. Either e-mail me at or post here... thank you once again.

Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 10:14:09 -0400 From: (RaJesh B. Shrestha) From: (Andrew R McCracken)

        To anyone who could help,
                I have a friend spending some time in Nepal in the summer, and he is planning to fly home from Delhi, before which he shall be in katmandu (sp?). Him and his girlfriend were thinking of hitching between them. Is this a good idea? Is there good public transport? What is there between them that is interesting to see?
        Sorry if these are really trivial questions.. I'd appreciate any hints or suggestions...
                        Thanks in advance..

    'Though the best thing is to *
    have, the next best it to want * Andrew McCracken
   and worst of all is not to want' *

****************************************************************************** Date: Tue, 11 Apr 95 18:14:01 SET From: Suresh Man Singh <> Subject: New Year's Greetings!! To:

To all TND and SCN netters,

    HAPPY NEW YEAR 2052 B.S. !!!!!

May the new year bring lots of happiness and joy to all friends around the world intact with TND and SCN. Hope the forthcoming editions of TND would come up with many improvements and be able to find oneself more at home.

    Best wishes,
    CERN, Geneva

****************************************************************** From: (Diwas Khati - student) Subject: hi To: Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 15:04:13 -0400 (EDT)


Don't you think TND should have a variety in its "Food for Thought"? It is beginning to sound like DBT, the ritual of Nepali course of meal. Or is it because you haven't been able to give time to finding some new and relevant quotations? I am sure the TND readers would be able to contribute to this. Just a thought.

INFORMATION WANTED---------- anyone familiar with the following are requested to contact <> or <>

information needed on 1. diagnosis of stress
                                   a. environmental stressors
                                   b. physical stressors
                             2. Type A personalities...... We would kindly appreciate if anyone responded to this......


*********************************************************** To:

                         Kathmandu University

Important Dates for the University

November 1991 Kathmandu University Chartered by the Act of Parliament as a non- profit, non governmental, private/public supported institution.

December 1991 Appointment of Dr. Suresh Raj Sharma as its Vice Chancellor.

January 1992 Appointment of Dr. Sitaram Adhikary as its Registrar

July 1992 School of Science started

August 1993 School of Management started

July 1994 Establishment of School of Engineering and Education

Situated at:
============ Dhulikhel, approximately 30 km east of Kathmandu. Approximately 17.5 hectares (350 ropanies), of which 10 hectares were committed by Dhulikhel Municipality. It is exactly between Dhulikhel and Banepa Municipality.

Major Donors to date:
===================== The Norwegian Agency for International Development (NORAD), Norway The United Mission to Nepal, Nepal The Yamaji Fumiko Foundation, Japan Rana Bahadur Shah, Nepal Mohan Gopal Khetan, Nepal Dhulikhel Municipality, Nepal

Affiliation at present:
====================== The Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta (IIMC), India Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, India The Norwegian Institute of Technology, Norway West Virginia University of Medicine, USA West Virginia Institute of Technology, USA International Society for Medical Education, USA

Affiliation being considered or in progress:
============================================ Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada University of Manchester or University of Lancaster through British Council University of Nebraska, USA

Architect of the Dhulikhel Campus:
=================================== Mr. Niels Axel, Denmark

Overview of Programs
==================== School of Science
>From August 1994 the school offers three to four year long
bachelor/honours degree programs in Biology and Applied Biology, Pharmacy, and Mathematics and Computing.

School of Engineering
--------------------- The first batch of Mechanical Engineering and Electrical and Electronics Engineering has been admitted from Fall 1994.

School of Management
-------------------- It has already taken two batches of MBA and Pre-MBA students. The first batch of MBA students is coming out in Summer this year.

School of Education
--------------------- Mainly focused in Teachers training to provide B.Ed. degree. The program takes B.A. students and provide them a year of teachers training.

Scholarships at present
======================= Robert J. Callander Scholarship for a male MBA student Marylyn B. Callander Scholarship for a female MBA student United Mission to Nepal (for I.Sc. students)- number not specified Dhulikhel Municipality (for I.Sc. students) - number not specified.

Although the University has been giving I.Sc. Courses for quite sometime now, the university plans to phase out this program as soon as possible because of the start of 10+2 school program.

Education System:
================= Semester system

======== The students wishing to go to Nepal under exchange program are encouraged. The University requests the world community for pledges, if possible, in any form. The professors wishing to spend their sabbatical in Nepal are also encouraged to contact the University.

Their address:
============== The Vice Chancellor or The Registrar Kathmandu University P.O. Box 6250 Kathmandu NEPAL

At Kathmandu Office Tel: 977-1-417772, Fax 977-1- 222761

At V.C.'s office in Dhulikhel Tel 977-11-61399

----------- Opinions are mine and culminated during the conversation with the Vice chancellor of the University. I do not represent the institution in any form. The readers are encouraged to contact them by phone or by fax, if short communication is desired. I have information on the course listing, if anybody requires it please let me know.

************************************************************* From: (Pratyoush R. Onta) Subject: A satire from a year ago To: (tnd) Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 20:57:17 -0400 (EDT)

The following was published in the Independent of 27 April 1994

Goods for Macho Men

by Pratyoush Onta

Kathmandu is fast becoming a maha-cosmopolitan city. As a relative of mine put it to me, in an era characterized by an ethos of "money attracts money" it is not the quality of one's mind or the contents of one's character that defines who you are. The identity of Kathmandu's inhabitants are increasingly more tied to the commodities and goods they own rather than anything else. This is especially true for macho men of the town. A friend of mine who has recently returned from a two-year course in body designing (this is a new sub-speciality made available to students in the Polytechnic schools of south Delhi since 1991) provided me a copy of her catalogue of indispensable goods for macho men in Kathmandu. She emphasized that the it was a partial and selected list of goods culled from those advertised in the maha-glossy catalogues of the best shopping chains in the US and the UK. To reproduce the entirety of her catalogue will not be possible here for reasons of space. Thus what follows is a short list of goods that caught my attention.

1. Neoprene Fitness Pants: These fashionable UK-made fitness pants are made of snug fitting, fabric lined neoprane that promotes increased fluid loss around the waist, hips and thighs, helping men get into better shape faster. Their warmth will prevent muscle strains. Indispensable to men who want to become macho in Kathmandu's winter.

2. Nose and ear hair trimmer: No more dangerous scissor-juggling! This compact, easy-to-use battery (1 AA size) trimmer has a micro head specially designed to safely and painlessly trim unsightly nose and ear hair. This augments your imported Gillette saving set. Nobody who wants a clean look can afford not to own one of these.

3. Magnetic Massage Cushion: This cushion which represents a breakthrough in natural therapy can make a big difference to your comfort and physical well-being as you drive around Kathmandu's bumpy streets in your Maruti 1000, Mazda Selica or Mercedes. It is a boon for drivers and to benefit, all you have to do is sit on it!!! Built-in are 99 moulded spheres located to apply gentle pressure point massage to your back, waist and things. As you drive to and from work in Kathmandu's traffic-jam streets, you will feel the wonderful massage-effect of the Cushion. You will arrive at work ready to beat your competitors.

4. City Bank Visa: This credit card is accepted in more places in the world than American Express. You can use it to treat your important customers for lunch in any one of the 200 plus restaurants in Thamel that specialize in exotic combinations of gastronomic delights. You can also use it to charge your personal clothing purchases is the recently openedThe Weekender or Colors of Benetton shops in town, or to purchase tickets from any one of the many private airlines that are operating in the open-skies of Nepal since the advent of democracy. You cannot be macho without a credit card. So don't leave home without it.

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6. Multi-purpose Remote Headphones: These amplying headphones can be used with your TV, CD-player or your radio. They will enable you to have the pleasure of watching your favourite show or listening to Narayan Gopal
(or Heavy Metal groups) as loud as you like, while others enjoy the peace and quiet. The powerful infra-red transmitter and totally cordless operation mean you are not inconvenienced by trailing wires. Fully adjustable volume controls are built in. Excellent sound up to 20 meters from transmitter. Buy two and get one free!!!

7. Snorebuster: Snoring partners are irritating at best, a menace at worst. But here is the solution: a cordless wrist watch size device made by the American company GE which detects the noise of snoring and instantly produces a tiny stimulant to the wrist of your partner without waking her. The bio feedback effectively prevents future bouts of snoring, thus reducing Snorebuster to only occasional use. Used successfully by tens of thousands for a peaceful night's sleep.

Finally you cannot be macho if you are not healthy. Therefore you need Thirty Plus Energy Recharging Capsules Made for Men: This gives you the power to day or night. A potent combination of Ayurvedic medicines known since ancient times for their rejuvenating and health giving properties, Thirty Plus is a totally natural non-habit forming stimulant without any side effects. It infuses youthful vigour into your body and gives you a lust for living. Daily usage of Thirty Plus will enable you to give and take pleasure. After all that's what being a man is all about. For more information, contact Body Designers Inc. at phone number 1-800-BODY. You can place your orders over the phone with your City Bank Visa.

        id AA24334; Tue, 11 Apr 1995 22:20:46 -0400 Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 22:20:46 -0400 Message-Id: <> To: Subject: buying guns to beg for food: Nepal ko gati

Cross-posted from SCN:

In article <3lq5p7$>, Peter Giaquinta <> wrote:
> wrote:
>: Relations between Nepal and India have
>: fluctuated between strong and strained but India cannot be said to have
>: been a physical threat to Nepal. Infact the two countries share a deep
>: relationship that goes beyond the realm of the often stated essentiallist
>: stereo-type of India having a big brother attitude.
>Man, you're either a highly idealistic Indian who hasn't a clue as to
>what is happening to Nepal, or a Nepali who needs to open up your
>eyes and just take a good hard look at the daily physical damage India is
>inflicting on Nepal both in the Terai and the Kathmandu Valley in the way
>of pollution and overpopulation due to unwarranted immigration into these

   I don't think India has the werewithal to control these events. The situation in the North East of India is very similar with Bangladeshis moving into Assam, Meghalaya and the like causing immense demographic changes. That's the reality of a part of the world mired in poverty.

Add to that the big time screws put on the country in 1988 (?)
>when I went almost a year without kerosene in my lantern because of good
>old India's deep relationship with their neighbor to the north, and
>consider for a minute the fates of other smaller Himalyan nations who
>happened to also share a deep relationship with that madhouse to the south,
> and you'll
>have to admit that you really don't know what you're talking about.
>Just an American with an axe to grind,
>Peter G.

    The last time an American (the wife of the Chogyal of Sikkim) ground an axe, India annexed the country. Heh! Heh!

    I don't doubt the bureaucratic heavy-handedness of the Indian Govt. but you don't seem to realize that there are some geo-political realities that are at play here. If I'm not mistaken, I think the Indian non-renewal of the trade treaty which allowed goods to pass through India from Indian and Bangladeshi ports was due to the fact that

a) King Birendra was making unpleasant noises about India's support of the democratic processes at work there.

b) The Nepali Govt. wanted to buy arms or some such from China, a move clearly aimed at antagonizing India.

    Given such actions by Nepal, India let the treaty lapse. India was in no way obligated to renew it under international law and it was sustained by friendship only. Since there was no goodwill from the other side, I don't see why India should unilaterally exhibit the same. As they say, you can't have the cake and eat it too.

    And, it seems to me that it is, at the very least, a case of the pot calling the kettle black. Similar international interests caused the U.S. to overthrow legitimate governments in Iran in the 50s, the Allende Govt. in Chile in the 70s, vaporize 100,000 Iraqis in Desert Storm and even today sustain misery amongst the Iraqi populace magnitudes greater than what India caused in Nepal, and pump arms like drugs into Afghanistan via Pakistan which has turned the whole region into a powder keg.

    I'm not saying that all of India's actions are right but at least try to understand the realities at play. Also it is quite difficult to make it an us-versus-them issue since there is a significant population of ethnic Nepalis (e.g. Ghorkas) in India and Nepalis are completely at home in India given that we have similar cultures.

************************************************************ Date: Tue, 11 Apr 1995 21:23:39 -0700 (PDT) From: Sujata Rana <> To:

As the Nepali new year is around the corner, I wish all readers of TND a happy new year and also have a request for the editor - could we please, please stop all discussions about BKS? As a Nepali woman, I have spent the last few months, scrolling through TND trying to weed out news other than BKS. While this ongoing discussion was good at bringing out important issues around education in Nepal, I would also point out that, perhaps, a more pertinent issue is the bias for male education - such a discussion would not have been sustained around girls schools on the internet because how many women do make it to study further in the US or elsewhere? I don't wish to start a discussion about the state of women's education in Nepal, but let the BKS discussions be had elsewhere - the gender bias of TND readers/writers shouuld not be allowed to take up all of TND.

Sujata Rana, Seattle.

********************************************************************* Date: Wed, 12 Apr 1995 16:11:00 EDT From: DGURUNG@CLEMSON.EDU Subject: NEPAL CHINA TRADE (60 LINES)

2. Nepal seeks better trade, tourism ties with China
    By Gopal Sharma

     KATHMANDU, April 10 (Reuter) - Nepali Finance Minister Bharat Mohan Adhikary headed for Beijing on Monday with proposals to increase exports to China and boost tourism with neighbouring Tibet.

     "I am carrying some concrete proposals to narrow the (trade) deficit and we are interested in establishing joint ventures in Nepal with Chinese investment," Adhikary said before leaving at the head of a trade mission.

     He told Reuters he also had proposals for increasing tourism between Nepal and Tibet across the Himalayan mountains, a popular destination for western travellers.

     Nepal had a $51.2 million trade deficit with its northern neighbour in 1993.

     Trade between the two is entirely through barter. Nepal gets wool, textiles, carpets and goats from Tibet in exchange for food and construction items.

     Nepali tour operators complain of inadequate infrastructure for the 30,000 western tourists who visited Tibet last year.

     The operators book tourists up to Lhasa but are forced to hand them over to their Chinese counterparts at the border. "There are cumbersome formalities before we cross the border into Tibet," said a travel agent.

     The 856 km (532 mile) trans-Himalayan road between Kathmandu and Lhasa, as high as 5,350 metres (17,550 feet) at places, is a major attraction for tourists who travel by road.

     "There are not enough tour guides who can handle tourists in different languages," said Rati Pradhan who works with a firm that offers tour packages to Tibet and back.

     "We will try to sort these problems out with the Chinese authorities and I am hopeful of increasing the volume of tourism between Nepal and Tibet," said Adhikary, brother of Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary.

     The finance minister would be the second Nepali leader to visit China since the minority communist government took office in Kathmandu last November.

     "When in China, I will be watching the trends of modernisation," he said, adding that Nepali communists could learn a lesson from the Chinese model.

     "China has made tremendous progress and we are interested to know what impact it will have on our economy."

     Officials said he would ask Beijing to extend a mountain highway to western Nepal connecting the town of Pokhara, a popular tourist attraction, to Mustang town bordering Tibet.

     Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary, currently in India on an official visit, was to go to Beijing on April 17, they said.

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