The Nepal Digest - April 13, 1996 (1 Baishakh 2053 BkSm)

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The Nepal Digest Saturday 13 April 96: Baishakh 1 2053 BS: Year5 Volume49 Issue1

  Today's Topics:

        1. Message from the editor

        2. TAJA_KHABAR
                Bhutanese demonstrations-update 23 March 1996 (fwd)

        3. KURA_KANI
              Politics: No -trust motion collapsed. Who is the winner?

        4. KATHA_KABITA

        5. JAN_KARI
             AI Nepal Bulletin
             Nepal-German Week 96 in Kathmandu
             Nepali calendar 2053 in web
             International Symposium "Mythos Tibet"
             Talk Program on Nepali Politics
             Email access in Kathmandu?

        6. SODH_PUCH
             TND Fund?
             Request for the MOMO reciepe
             Request for Nepali songs
 * TND Board of Staff *
 * ------------------ *
 * *
 * TND Foundation: General Information *
 * Founder: Rajpal J. Singh *
 * TND Archives: Sohan Panta *
 * SCN Correspondent: Rajesh B. Shrestha *
 * Webmaster Correspondent: Pradeep Bista *
 * *
 * +++++ Food For Thought +++++ *
 * *
 * "LIFE: Indulgence vs Seeking Truth - Which is your forte?" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "If you don't stand up for something, you will fall for anything" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Democracy perishes among the silent crowd" -Sirdar_Khalifa *
 * "We have guided missiles and misguided men" -Dr. MLK *
 * "Heros are the ones who give a bit of themselves to the community" -SK *
 * *

***************************************************************** From: TND Foundations <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: TND Foundation Contribution Fund

Dear TND members:

     TND Foundations is accepting your generous contribution in an effort to
     find a permanant home for The Nepal Digest (TND).

     You are encouraged to send your contribution payabale to:
            TND Foundations
            c/o Rajpal J. Singh
            44 Greenridge Ave
            White Plains, NY 10605

     Following members have been kind with their generous contributions:

     Biswamber Shrestha Rockville, MD
     Malla Treks (Sushil U. Stan A.) Kathmandu, Nepal
     Mahesh K. Maskey Arlington, MA
     Rajpal J. Singh White Plains, NY
     Padam P. Sharma Bismarck,ND
     Lynn B. Reid Jamaica Plain, MA
     John Mage New York, NY
     Shyam Lama Arlington, VA
     Raju Tuladhar Alberta, Canada
     Robin Rajbhandari Nashville, TN
     Stephen Edwards Swarthmore, PA
     Katharine N. Rankin Ithaca, NY
     Khem R. Sharma Honolulu, HI
     Bhanu B. Niraula Flushing, NY
     Amulya R. Tuladhar Worcester, MA
     Rajesh B. Shrestha Worcester, MA
     Abi Sharma British Columbia, Canada
     Nirmal K. Bhattarai St. Paul, MN
     Suresh R. Sharma Rome, Italy
     Pawan/Nilima Agrawal Rancho Cordova, CA
     Dhruba Shrestha Bay City, MI
     TND Member Alexandria, VA
     Sunil/Pratima Nepal Huntsville, AL
     Mary Deschene Baltimore, MD
     Tatsuro Fujikura Chicago, IL
     Pratyoush Onta Kathmandu, Nepal
     Anita Regmi Wheaton, MD
     Gregory G. Maskarinec Honolulu, Hawaii
     Robert Peirce Portland, OR
     Mahesh Gurung Chicago, IL
     Nirmal Ghimire Millersville, PA
     Seira Tamang Washington D.C.
     Banita Rana Bronx, NY
     Raja Ram K.C. Somerville, MA
     Hari Koirala Mansfield Center, CT
     Sanjay Shrestha Chicago, IL
     Bal Krishna Sharma East Lansing, MI
     Subas Sakya Pumona, NY
     Marian E. Greenspan Beltsville, MD
     Sanjay B. Shah Blacksburg, VA
     Paul Johnson Santa Cruz, CA
     Bhaskar R. Dawadi Tallahassee, FL
     Damber K. Gurung Clemson, SC
     Sagar Shakya Boulder, CO
     Murari Pradhan Salt Lake City, UT
     Pramod Parajuli Syracuse, NY
     Raksha D. Malakar Amherst, MA
     Pramod Mishra Durham, NC
     Chandrakala Cranse Montpelier, VT
     Tilak B. Shrestha Gainesville, FL
     TND Member Bronx, NY
                  Total 1367.00
     TND offeres heartful thanks to all the generous contributors. If you
     have sent the contribution and do not see yourself on the list, please
     accept our apologies and let us know.

Sincerely TND Foundation

**************************************************************** From: "DHANANJAY MUDBHARY" <> To: Date: Sat, 6 Apr 1996 18:51:19 EST Subject: TND Fund?
  Dear editor, I have been wondering why you need fund for TND. Who we are supposed to pay, how much we supposed to pay, what are the benefits/advantages we will be getting...??? If you elaborate more about this , it will be very benefitial for subscribers like me to think about the donations.
          Happy NEW YEAR 2053 B.S. to all Nepalese and friends around the globe! Jay Mudbhary Atlanta, GA
%%%%%Editor's Note: The Nepal Digest e-zine has been coming from %%%%%
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%%%%% - resource center: for other activities to be %%%%%
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%%%%% activities, Please sendd email to or %%%%%
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********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 27 Mar 1996 11:22:55 -0500 (EST) To: Subject: No -trust motion collapsed. Who is the winner?

Cross-posted from SCN:

The trust motion filed by UML against the present govt. of Nepal was failed. Once again we have demonstrated ourselves an immature politics of our socalled politicians. Power struglle is going on, coward politician playing dirty games. But it is giving bad impact on innocent people of Nepal. Instead of exploiting true meaning of democracy, we are fighting with each other giving an unnecessary values for our old dictators of Panchayat System. It is time and still, we have a chance to bring back political stability. There will not be any winner unless Congress party and UML will struggle for Power. Both of these Parties are loosers and making blunder mistakes extending hand and bargaining with so called leaders of R.P.P. Previously known traitors, dictators, now so called leaders again. In my opinion, It is unacceptable.

I, personally feel coailition of UML - Nepali Congress will be the only option in such cases. Once should not repeate the same mistake of 2015.B.S.

It is strange a lay man can understand, however these two parties leaders can not understand at all.

Saroj K. Joshi Renton, WA

********************************************************************* Subject: AI Nepal Bulletin To: Date: Wed, 27 Mar 96 17:12:51 PST From: Paul Johnson <>

EXTERNAL AI Index: ASA 31/04/96

                                                              20 March 1996

Further information on EXTRA 41/96 (ASA 31/03/96, 18 March 1996) - Arbitrary detention / Ill-treatment

NEPAL 14 Tibetans: Youdon, f, 38
                                    Bakar, f, 27
                                    Sonam, f, 26
                                    Norbu Tsering, m, 35
                                    Sonam, m, 35
                                    Sonam, m, 18
                                    Lhundup Gyatso, m, 20
                                    Tenzin Jampel, m, 21
                                    Thubten Kelsang, m, 22
                                    Pema Gyalpo, m, 35
                                    Namgyal Dorje, m, 28
                                    Thubten, m, 25
                                    Tenzin Gelek, m, 19
                                    Lhundup Tenzin, m, 26

                  and five Amnesty International members

Fourteen Tibetans and five Amnesty International (AI) members remain detained in Kathmandu following mass arrests made at an AI demonstration against human rights violations in China held on 18 March 1996. The five AI members are expected to be released on 21 March after appearing before a District Magistrate.

All the remaining detainees are held at the Hanuman Dhoka central police station. They were initially detained at the Mahendra police club but were moved from there at 11pm on 18 March.

Other detainees, including Dr. Rajesh Gautam, the General Secretary of Nepalese human rights organization Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC), and several AI members, including Nepalese Section President Charan Prasai and former President Krishna Pahadi, were released on 20 March.

************************************************************************ Date: Wed, 27 Mar 1996 22:46:30 -0500 To: From: (Padam Sharma) Subject: News and views from India...

Courtesy: India Digest

Nepal: Integrated development of Mahakali adds new dimension: Deuba

      From Pankaj Kumar Sarkar
      Kathmandu, Mar 25 (PTI) The Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr Sher Bahadur Deuba has said that the agreement with India on integrated development of Mahakali river has added a new dimension to the development of Nepal's vast water resources.
      Replying to the no-confidence motion by the Communist Party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) against him in the House of Representatives yesterday, the Prime Minister said Nepal and India would make efforts for timely implementation of the Pancheshwar Multi-purpose Project and private sector involvement in other hydro-electricity projects.
      Efforts will also be made for the implementation of Saptakoshi High Dam Project, Budhi Gandaki Hydro Electricity Project and Karnali Multi-puropse Project, Mr Deuba said.
      Mr Deuba said the Sunkoshi-Kamala diversion would be of great importance in irrigating a vast area in the Tehri from Saptari to Paroa.
      Nepal, during talks with India, had laid emphasis on Kamala diversion and India had agreed to proceed with the project, he added.
      ''As proposed by Nepal both sides have agreed to initiate talks on making the Nepal-India 1950 Treaty relevant in keeping with the changed context and future necessities,'' Mr Deuba said.
       About the Bhutanese refugee issue, Mr Deuba said Bhutan has agreed to Nepal's proposal for Foreign Minister level talks. He also said that he had held extensive talks with the Indian External Affairs Minister on the resolution of the Bhutanese refugee problem.
      The Nepal Prime Minister said special instruction had already been issued to Nepalese Missions abroad to apprise the international community of the refugee problem.
      Due to these efforts, the European Parliament has recently passed an important resoultion in this regard, Mr Deuba added.
      Speaking about Nepal-China relations, he said the present government is seriously considering the exchange of high level delegations between the two countries.

************************************************ Date: Sat, 30 Mar 1996 20:50:34 +0000 (GMT) From: strawn <> To: MAILBHUTAN <>,, Subject: Bhutanese demonstrations-update 23 March 1996 (fwd)

This is a forwarded update on the Bhutanese refugees.

        DATE 23 March 1996

        REGARDING Bhutanese demonstrations-update 23 March 1996

Please distribute this report:

The European Parliament has adopted a resolution regarding the Bhutanese refugees, and is calling for the government of Bhutan to begin making arrangements for repatriation. And inside India, the last group of marchers held under IPC 144 have been released after Indian courts ruled the detention was illegal. A fourth group currently is being held under a different penal code, IPC 151.

1. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION According to a press release from the Foreign Ministry of Nepal on Saturday 16 Mar '96, the European Parliament unanimously adopted a resolution on the Bhutanese refugee situation. The full text of the resolution is as follows:

The European Parliament is a) deeply concerned at the plight of some 86,000, mostly Nepali speaking, refugees from Bhutan who are currently in refugee camps in eastern Nepal and of 15,000 others dispersed in the neighbouring areas of Nepal and India.

b) is aware of Bhutan's policy of 'national integration,' on the basis of western Bhutanese (Drukpa) traditions and culture, led to a campaign of suppression of Nepali cultural expression in Bhutan beginning from 1990, revocation of citizenship and intimidation, arrests and sometimes torture of ethnic Nepalese, resulting in a large scale exodus to Nepal of these people.

c) is disturbed that according to a recent report from the South Asian Human Rights Documentation Centre, the conditions in the refugee camps have deteriorated and that certain aid agencies, including UNHCR, are now scaling down or withdrawing their assistance to these camps.

d) is aware that certain Bhutanese refugee groups organised peaceful demonstrations to protest against this unacceptable situation and undertook to march from Nepal to Bhutan across Indian territory.

e) notes a report by Amnesty International that several demonstrators were arrested by the Indian authorities in mid-January and released after judicial verifications, but whereas several of them soon are to be brought to the Siliguri court.

f) calls on the governments of Bhutan and Nepal, in co-operation with all other parties involved, to reach an agreement which will allow the early voluntary repatriation of these Bhutanese refugees to their country of origin.

g) considers that the Indian authorities must take full account of the humainitarian situation of the Bhutanese refugees in Nepal and aquit all persons arrested during the peaceful demonstration.

h) CALLS on the government of Bhutan to make practical preparations for the UNHCR-supervised return of these refugees and to safeguard the rights of minorities on it's teritory.

i) CALLS on the Commission, the Council and the governments of the Member States to provide assistance to the refugees in eastern Nepal, both via the government of Nepal and via the aid agencies operating in the field.

j) CALLS on the Commission, the Council and the governments of the Member States, in liason with the UNHCR, to discuss with the government of Bhutan proposals for the provision of assistance for the voluntary repatriation and reintegration of these refugees in their former homes in Bhutan.

k) notes that most of these refugees would appear to qualify der International Law as being genuine citizens of Bhutan and considers that Bhutan's Citizenship Act 1985 may need to be modified as a result.

l) instructs it's President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commisiion, governments of the Member States, the governments of Bhutan, Nepal and India and the Secretariat of SAARC.

Clearly, this is a major milestone in the Bhutanese refugees struggle for repatriation. As an editorial in the Everest Herald expressed:
"Though the solution to the Bhutanese refugees still seems far away, the recent resoluion of the European parliament has come as a respite to both the Nepal government and the Bhutanese in exile."

The resolution has been enthusiastically received by the refugees and BCDM has issued a vote of thanks to all Human Rights and support groups who have been advocating their case and assisting with the adoption of this resolution. Hopefully I shall have the ful text of this tommorrow.


2.1 3RD WAVE OF MARCHERS FROM MECHI BRIDGE On the 18th March '96, the 344 Bhutanese refugees who constituted the third group of peace marchers to be arrested at the Mechi Bridge
(ref 1.4 of jrsap update 19-Mar-96), were unconditionally released. At a hearing before the Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate (SDJM), Siliguri, the marchers were released after having been detained in Baharampur Central Jail, West Bengal since 26th February under Criminal Penal Code (Cr.PC) 144.

The release comes nearly two weeks after the 1st group of 150 and the 2nd group of 300 were unconditionally released on the 27th and 28th of February respectively, after their detention was declared
"illegal." There are now no peace marchers detained under CrPC 144.

Following their release the 344 peace marchers made their way to the temporary camp established on the banks of the Pancha Nadi River.
(ref 1.3 of jrsap update 19-Mar-96).

2.2 4th WAVE OF MARCHERS FROM MECHI BRIDGE The 183 peace marchers who were arrested at the Mechi Bridgeunder CrPC 151 on the 12th of March continue to be detained in Siliguri Special Jail.

These are due to appear before the SDJM on the 25th of March.

2.3 PANCHA NADI CAMP Following the release of the 344 peace marchers from Siliguri Special Jail (ref 2.1 above), there are now c400 Bhutanese refugees in the temporary camp which has been established on the banks of the Pancha Nadi River in Siliguri.

2.4 1st WAVE OF MARCHERS FROM PANCHA NADI CAMP During the court sessions of the 27th and 28th of February, SDJM declared that the Bhutanese citizens have the right to freedom of movement in India under the provision of the 1949 Indo-Bhutan Friendship Treaty.

In line with this, on the 15th March, 150 of the Bhutanese refugees from the temporary Pancha Nadi Camp, Siliguri, attempted to resume their peaceful demonstration to Thimpu to petition the King of Bhutan. With an Indian police escort under the Darjeeling district administration, the peace marchers left from Siliguri.

After having walked approx 5 km, the peace marchers reached the Mahananda bridge, which marks the border between the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts. Here, they were prevented from proceeding by the Jalpaiguri district administration and warned that they would be arrested under CrPC 151.

On the 17th March, following a sit in of 2 days, the refugees again tried to proceed. They were arrested under CrPC 151, produced before the Jalpaiguri court and taken to Jalpaiguri jail.

When questioned as to why their path was impeded, the District
(Executive) Magistrate of Jalpaiguri district administration could provide no satisfactory response. He said he was fully aware that the marchers had not committed any crime which deserved arrest but he had to follow orders from the government authorities.

The marchers had already sent a petition to the Chief Minister of West engal, Mr Jyoti Basu, to allow free and safe passage to proceed to Bhutan. So far, this has not been forthcoming.

2.5 2ND WAVE OF MARCHERS FROM PANCHA NADI CAMP On the 18th of March, another group of 150 peace marchers from the temporary Pancha Nadi Camp resumed their peace march to Bhutan. These are now squatting on the Mahananda bridge, Siliguri, replacing the previous group of 150 who were arrested on the 17th (ref 2.4 above).



In an interview with the weekly Indian magazine "Outlook," the Foreign Minister of Bhutan, Dawa Tsering has said: "Our position is that not all the people in the camps are from Bhutan and all those who may have gone from Bhutan aren't Bhutanese citizens. They are immigrants sans citizenship status."

Here he refers to the position in Bhutanese law that one forfeits the right to citizenship by emigrating.

3.2 THE KING OF BHUTAN The full text of the remark made by King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan in an interview with the "Indian Express" 7-Mar-96 is: "If the Nepalese, 99% of whom are not Bhutanese nationals, had crossed into Bhutan, we would have definitely broken off our talks with Nepal."

He refers here to the bilateral interministerial talks between Bhutan and Nepal regarding the repatriation of the Bhutanese refugees. These, reportedly, are due to be held on the 4th to 8th of April and are the first to be conducted at foreign minister level rather than home minister.

It is interesting that although the talks are to be held between foreign ministers and that under the 1949 treaty between Bhutan and India, "Bhutan agrees to be guided by the advice of the Government of India in regard to it's external relations," that India refuses to be involved, insisting that the issue is a bilateral one.

This is to be the 7th round of talks. All previous rounds have failed to produce anything substantive and have been largely futile.

4. UN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. The Annual meeting of the UN Commission on Human Rights commenced on the 18th of March 1996, in Geneva, Switzerland.

In a press statement, the AMCC has urged the Commission "to resolve to work towards finding an immediate solution to the human rights problem in Bhutan and the Bhutanese refugee crisis."


All the marchers have lived in refugee camps inside Nepal since being expelled from their home of Bhutan in the early 1990's. Over the last six years international talks have failed to resolve their situation, even though many of the refugees carry valid citizenship and property documents.

The marchers began a peaceul march back to Bhutan in January of this year, but were detained illegally by Indian officials.

The peace marchers have all along insisted on acting non-violently.

The refugees in Nepal, totalling about 1/6 of the 600,000 people populating Bhutan, were forced to leave the country in the early 1990's after a "One Nation/ One People" policy effectively rendered them stateless. The international community has been thus far ineffective in resolving their plight. Bhutan has the largest percentage of its people living as refugees in the world.

******************************************************* Date: Thu, 28 Mar 1996 14:11:31 +0545 To: From: Subject: Nepal-German Week 96 in Kathmandu

I wonder whether you can help me. I would like to post the text informing about
  the Nepal-German Week '96 to the Nepal Digest. It is not too long - see below. But first I would like to have your permission. In which way can you help me further. Do you know any e-mail addresses of friends especially in Germany that could support the event? Or, what else could
  I do to spread the information? Please, let me know.

best regards

Rudolf Guthier

Nepal-German Week 96 Organizing Committee c/o Industrial Enterprise Development Centre P. O. Box 3676 Kathmandu Nepal Tel.: <+977 1> 240469, 240485,240239, 230260 Fax: <+977 1> 240241, 521982 email:

Text to be disseminated

Nepal - German Week 1996

>From 27 September to 5 October 1996 the Nepal -German Week 96 will be organize
d in Nepal. Many varied activities will take place to show and to intensify the economic, cultural and political relations that exist between Nepal and Germany Objectives Nepal is physically far removed from Germany. And yet Nepal has important relations with Germany. Most of the Nepalese do not know about Germany and the Germans. The presentation of Germany and of the Germans in a variety of aspects
  is one of the important objectives of the event. Germany and the Germans are interested in Nepal. Many projects and organization s that are funded by the German government and by private sector organizations ar e active in Nepal in a variety of fields and tasks. Most of the Nepalese do not know much about them: why they are here? what they do? what they have achieved and want to achieve? where they are? To answer these questions is another objective of the Nepal-German Week 1996. The manifold ties that already exist between the two countries and their people s will be demonstrated during the course of the event. This may lead to an improved co-operation in the future and hence to intensified relationships between the two nations. The German Foreign Office and His Majesty's Government of Nepal have declared that they will support the event.

Overview of Already Planned Activities Exhibition Core of the event is an exhibition that will be organized by the Nepal German Chamber of Commerce and Industries from 27 September to 2 October in one hall o f the Exhibition Ground (Bhrikuti Mandap). The exhibition space will be rented to
  exhibitors at a rate of about DM 600 for one stall (3mx3m). It is possible to rent more exhibition space. Nepalese companies that represent German companies in Nepal, Nepalese companies
  that export to Germany, German enterprises with interests in Nepal will participate in the exhibition. German organizations that are active in Nepal and German-Nepalese Organizations
  and projects present themselves, so, that the general public will have an opportunity to get acquainted with their intentions, work and achievements. Cultural aspects of Germany, of Europe and of the German-Nepalese co-operation will be presented as well.

Activities at the Fringe of the Exhibition Other activities will take place on the fringe of the exhibition either in the hall or on other locations of the exhibition ground or in other locations. 27.09. Opening of the Event - Presentation of 'Siddharta', a Theatre Play
(translation and adaptation of the Hermann Hesse novel with the same title). 28.09. Octoberfest - Day 1 29.09. Octoberfest - Day 2 30.09. Disco-Evening for the Youth - Day 1 1.10. Disco-Evening for the Youth - Day 2 02.10. Children Festival Film Presentations in the Goethe Institute In the time from 27 September to 2 October the Goethe Institute will present it s own films as well as films from Transtel and of other organizations, that provide their films for this purpose.

Other Activities 03.10. Reception by Invitation of the German Embassy to Celebrate the German Unity Day 04.10. Food Festival in the Soaltee Hotel by Invitation of Lufthansa
05.10. Show in the National Stadium - Concert with 'Musica Antiqua'

The organizers hope that some further highlights may be added to the programme. This text is meant to inform you and to request you to consider in which way yo u could contribute to or support the event. We encourage you to inform institutions, organizations, and individuals that are known to you and that hav e links to or interest in Nepal about the forthcoming event by forwarding this text. If you decide to participate or support the Nepal-German Week 96, we request you to inform us in which way you would like to contribute. How can you contribute? You can participate directly. You may rent a booth at the exhibition to present
  your organization, your products, or your projects in Nepal. You may hold a tal k programme, a presentation or initiate another activity within the framework of the objectives of the Nepal-German Week 96. You may participate indirectly by sending information, public relation and advertising material as well as catalogues to the organizers. This material wil l be presented - and if requested, distributed - within the framework of a catalogue exhibition. Films you send to us will be presented.

A financial contribution either linked to a direct or indirect participation - but also independent of the two - will be highly welcome. The funds we have for
  the event are extremely limited. To ensure a successful Nepal-German Week 96, w e request your donations. All donations received will be made public. The donations will be administered by the management committee with the participation of the German Embassy. Any surplus funds will be used for social services on the direction of the German Embassy. Donation Accounts

DM Account Nepal-German Week 96 - # 14210A0 Rupee Account Nepal-German Week 96 - # 142100A

Address: Himalayan Bank Ltd. Karmachari Sanchaya Kosh Tridevi Marga, Thamel P.O. BOX 3810 Kathmandu Nepal Fax: 977-1-222800 Tlx: 2789 HIBA NP
We invite suggestions or ideas in which way you or your organization could contribute to the event and how to improve it.
The Organizing Committee:
Mr. Kai Hennig, First Secretary, Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Nepal Mr. Binod Shrestha, Vice-President, Nepal-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NGCCI) Graf Christian von Hatzfeldt, Director Goethe Institute Mr. Rudolf Guthier, Team Leader Small Business Promotion Project - GTZ

Addresses: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Nepal GYANESHWORE P. O. Box 226 Kathmandu Nepal TEL.: +977 1 - 412 786, 416 527, 416 655, 416 832 Fax: +977 1 - 416 899

Nepal-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (NGCCI) Narayan Chour P. O. Box 201 Kathmandu Nepal TEL.: + 977 1 244 417 FAX: +977 1 244417
(Mr. Binayak Shah, Chief Executive)

Goethe Institute Nepal German Cultural Centre Ganabahal P. O. Box 1103 Kathmandu Nepal Tel.: +977 1 220528 Fax: +977 1 222967

Small Business Promotion Project a joint project of IEDC and GTZ Tripureshwor c/o IEDC P. O. Box 3676 Kathmandu Nepal Tel.: +977 1 -240469, 240485, 240239, 230260 Telex: 2334 GTZ NP Fax: +977 1 -240241, 526834, 521982 email: Rudolf Guthier Residence: Fax: 977-1-526834, Tel. 977-1-521832


*********************************************************************************************** From: Sumitra Maharjan <> Subject: Nepali calendar 2053 in web To: Date: Sun, 31 Mar 1996 20:46:24 -0500 (EST)

I have created the Nepali CAlendar 2053 in web using the table format. I would like you to look at this calendar and let me know if you have any suggestions. The URL address is:

Thank you. Sumitra Maharjan Graduate Student at Ball State Univesity Dept. of Computer Science Muncie, Indiana

>From Mon Apr 1 13:58:05 1996
Received: from MAIL2.SAS.UPENN.EDU by with SMTP id AA01979
  (5.67b/IDA-1.5 for <NEPAL@MP.CS.NIU.EDU>); Mon, 1 Apr 1996 13:58:03 -0600 Posted-Date: Mon, 1 Apr 1996 14:58:01 -0500 (EST) To: Date: Mon, 1 Apr 1996 14:58:01 -0500 (EST) X-Mailer: ELM [version 2.4 PL23-upenn3.1]

Can anyone e-mail me Gregory Mascarinec's current address? We are working on an encyclopedia of South Asian Folklore and would like to invite him to contribute an article.

Sincerely, Sarah Diamond Production Editor,
<South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia>

************************************************************** Date: Mon, 1 Apr 1996 16:24:55 -0500 From: To: Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - March 31, 1996 (18 Chaitra 2052 BkS

Editor, I hope you can answer the following question for me. Are the descendants of the family of Gautama Buddha today Hindu or Buddhist? I believe they would be of the Sakya sect, would they not? Also do you know of a good book or resource for information on the birds of Nepal and also where I might buy a copy of such a book or contact such a resource? Thank you very much.

Meera Lester

******************************************* Date: Mon, 1 Apr 1996 18:41:16 -0600 To: From: (Thierry Dodin) Subject: International Symposium "Mythos Tibet"

Dear friends of Tibet and the Himalayan region,

Hardly any other region on earth has fired our imagination in the course of the centuries the way Tibet has done. After a perception of Tibet in Europe that varied greatly as time went on (among others, "gold-digging ants", the empire of the Amazons, one of the lost tribes of Israel, and the empire of the mythical Prester John, were all suspected of existing in the highlands of Central Asia), in the 19th century Tibet came to be regarded as the
"forbidden country" per se. It became an ideal object for projections of a panoply of fantasies and desires, and these were soon to be reflected in literature and the spiritual movements of the Occident; in fact, they even impacted on political decisions by the colonial powers of the day.

Today, broad sections of the population are more aware of Tibet than ever before. This can be attributed above all to the political situation there and reports in the media. If we consider the image of Tibet thus conveyed, then it strikes the eye that perceptions influenced by the past are echoed in them in an unreflected manner. Moreover, depending on the underlying political stance, one encounters diametrically opposed evaluations of that country.

Research on Tibet also proves not to have freed itself from one-sided angles, preconceived images and projections. To a not inconsiderable degree, this is the product of the history of scholarly thought, for research on Tibet has by and large been a spin-off of the study of the political and cultural history of China and India. In addition, the special Western fascination with Tibet (e.g. in the form of enthusiasm for Buddhism or "nomadic life-styles") first kindled the interest of many a scholar in Western countries and therefore influenced their perception.

Most recently, given that an interest in Tibet has long since gone far beyond the narrower confines of the academic world, the need for a fundamental inquiry into the images of Tibet among scholars and in Europe as a whole has become ever more evident. The Institute of Central Asian Studies at the University of Bonn and the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland wish to take this into account with an international symposium titled "Mythos Tibet". Internationally recognized experts together with specialist colleagues have therefore been invited to debate this topic from May 10-12, 1996 at the Forum of the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle.

The following topics will be of special interest:

- the historical development of our perception of Tibet
- the impact and intentions behind distorted images of Tibet in their respective ideological and social context
- limited perspectives and unconscious projections in the scholarly discourse on Tibet.

Thus, for the first time an attempt will be made to redefine our image of Tibet somewhere between "Shangri-La" and "feudal society" in a manner that comes up to scholarly standards. Precise details of the programme for the symposium are given in the attachements. We hereby cordially invite all colleagues and other persons interested in Tibet, the Himalayan region and the reception of foreign cultures to participate in the symposium.

The Convenors: Thierry Dodin & Heinz R=E4ther

 Preliminary Programme

=46riday, May 10th

I-Die historische Entwicklung des Tibetbildes im Westen/The Historical Development of Tibet's Image in the West

Chair: Michael Hahn, Marburg

11.00 Opening Adress
     Wenzel Jacob (Director of the Art and Exhibition Hall)
     Max G. Huber (Rektor of Bonn University)

     Michael Weiers (Director of the Institute of Central Asian Studies, Bonn University)

11.30 Das Tibetbild im Westen vor dem 20. Jahrhundert (The Image of Tibet in the West up to the 20th Century)
     Rudolf Kaschewsky, Bonn

12.15 The Tibet Images of the Great Mystifiers"
     Donald S. Lopez

13.00 Lunchbreak

14.30 Images of Tibet in Western Literature
     Peter Bishop, Adelaide

15.15 Images of Tibet among Researchers on Tibet
     Per Kvaerne, Oslo

16.30 Perceptions of Tibetan Buddhist Art in Tibet and the West
     Heather Stoddard, Paris

Introduction to the exhibition "Weisheit und Liebe. 1000 Jahre Kunst des tibetischen Buddhismus":

17.15 Getting beyond Orientalism" in Approaching Buddhism and tibet: A Central Concept Underlying Weisheit und Liebe"
     Robert A.F. Thurman, New York (Curator of the exhibition)

Saturday, May 11th

II-Verwertungsformen und Wirkungsweisen idealisierter Tibetbilder/Use and Effects of Idealized Images of Tibet

Chair: Detlef Kantowsky, Konstanz & N.N.

11.00 Tibet, Buddhism and Theosophy
     Poul Pedersen, Aarhus

11.45 Das Tibetbild der Nationalsozialisten (The Nazis' Concept of Tibet=
     Reinhard Greve, Hamburg

12.30 Coffeebreak

12.45 Das Tibetbild in der modernen chinesischen Kunst und Propaganda
(The Portrayal of Tibet in Modern Chinese Fine Arts and Propaganda)
     Thomas Heberer, Trier

13.30 Lunchbreak

15.00 Tibet und die politische Rechte und Linke (Tibet and the Political Right and Left)
     Oskar Weggel, Hamburg

15.45 The Role of Tibet in the New Age Movement
     Frank J. Korom, Santa Fe

16.30 Coffeebreak

16.45 Das Tibetbild in Produktwerbung und Alltagskultur (Images of Tibet Used in Advertisement and Popular Culture)

17.30 Tibetan Exile Self-Representation and Global Liberal Discourse: The Recent Creation of Environmentalist, Pacifist and Feminist Tibet Images
     Toni Huber, Christchurch

18.15 Coffeebreak

18.30 Die Problematik des populaeren Tibetbildes fuer die buddhistische Lehre im Westen (The Impact of Popular tibet Images on the Teaching of Buddhism in the West)
     Loden Sherab Dagyab Rinpoche, Bonn

19.15 Repercussions of Western Projections on Tibetan Self-Imagination
     Dawa Norbu, New Delhi

20.00 Party

Sunday, May 12th

III-Kontroverse Standpunkte im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs =FCber Tibet/Controversial Positions in the Scholarly Discourse on Tibet

11.00 Debate on the Results of the First Two Days and Possible Conclusions for the Ensuing Scientific and Political Discourse, Moderated by the Chairmen of the Preceeding Sessions

13.00 Lunchbreak

1. Panel Discussion: Tibetans - Protagonists of an Ideal Ecological Lifestyl= e?

14.30 Tibetische Kultur als oekologisches Modell? (Tibetan culture as an ecological model?)
     Ludmilla Tueting, Berlin

15.00 The Impact of Tradition and Modernity in Tibet: From Ideal to Prac= tice
     Graham E. Clarke, Oxford

15.30 Panel Discussion with Ludmilla Tueting, Graham E. Clarke, Tsewang Norbu (St. Augustin), Lambert Schmithausen (Hamburg) and Toni Huber

16.45 Coffeebreak

2. Panel Discussion: Tibetans - A Peaceful and Tolerant People?

17.00 N.N.

17.30 Orientalism and Aspects of Violence in the Tibetan Tradition
     Elliot Sperling, Bloomington

18.00 Panel Discussion with N.N., Elliot Sperling, Jamyang Norbu
(Dharamsala), Thubten Jigme Norbu (Bloomington) and Michael Aris (Oxford, Moderator)

19.30 Closing Address

All lectures and discussions will be translated simultaneously into English and/or German.

Thierry Dodin Zentralasiatisches Seminar Universit=E4t Bonn Regina-Pacis-Weg 7 D-53113 Bonn
=46ax: (+49) 0228/73 74 58" e-mail: "", or: ""=20

************************************************* From: "Shailesh R. Bhandari" <> Subject: Muktak To: Date: Tue, 2 Apr 1996 09:06:49 -0500 (EST)


      Nepali jantaa laai Nepal basne
                      Rahar puhechha,
      Kasaiko mukhmaa America, ta
      Kasaiko mukhmaa Japan chha,
      Baato dekhaaune netaa haru vane basna khojekaa chhan,
      Basne kursi ko taanaa taan chha.
          Arun ma kamisan napaaune bujruk haru dekhi,
               Malaai yo lekhna kar laageko chha,
      Nepal Andhyaaro ma ghhachedieko ta arkai kuro,
      Aba ta paryaabaran ko kuro jhikera,
      Tuki pani baalna nadine ho ki vanne dar laageko chha.

**************************************************** Date: Tue, 2 Apr 1996 10:19:37 -0500 (EST) To: Subject: Email access in Kathmandu?

Cross-posted from SCN:

I used Global Communications when I was in Nepal to send and receive mail from Alaska. They use Mercantile Communications, but provide a service to the public. To send a message to someone, make sure to put contact information (phone number, etc.) on the message so that person will be notified. You can send to:


It will cost Rs 20 per K to the recepient, and Rs 30 per K for that person to send a message as well as Rs 30 to enter the message, if the person doesn't have a computer. I found them to be very cooperative and helpful, and had a 12-18 hour turn around time from the U.S. All my messages were received in the U.S. and all those sent to me were received as well.

Global Communications is on Tri Devi Marg in Kdu inside that big building with all the photo shops. I also heard that two new home services were starting up. One was World Link on Ring Road in Kdu.

Pam Randles

************************************************* From: Rajesh Shrestha <> Date: Tue, 2 Apr 1996 11:05:54 -0500 (EST) To: Subject: Talk Program on Nepali Politics

If you happen to be in Boston area in the weekend of the April 6th...

There will be a talk program on Nepali politics at MIT on April 6
(that's a Saturday). The former Nepali representative to UN, Jayaraj Acharya, who is currently a fellow at the Center for International Affairs at Harvard will be our chief guest, although everyone is welcome to present their views. Discussion will be moderated by GBNC president Bhupesh Karki.


                What: Talk Program on Nepali Politics
                When: 5:30-7:30 pm, April 6
                Where: MIT, Room 3-133
                        Cambridge, Massachusetts

                Refreshments will be served.


The easiest way to get to Rm 3-133 is to get off at 77 Mass. Ave. ("MIT" bus stop). Walk into the main MIT building, and continue in the same direction down the corridor for < = a minute when you will see another hallway on the right. Go along that corridor and you will see a hall on the right which is Room 3-133. There will be posters put up for convenience.

Following are the questions which will serve as a framework for the discussion.

1) Is political democracy compatible with Nepali culture? Specifically, give Nepal's hierarchic caste and class delineations, group oriented culture, deep-seated and institutionalized corruption, economic depravation and stagnation, can Nepal successfully adopt a political system which is essentially based on human rights, pluralism, decentralized and dispersed power and an "open" - opportunity based economic system?

2) Is political democracy along with "economic democracy" the best way of improving the economic conditions of most Nepalis?

3)Are the Nepali leaders who lead the country today, and who led the struggle for a democratic system, genuinely committed to a democratic Nepal? Or are these leaders of the various parties and ideologies more interested in getting to power and advancing the causes they believe?

4) What possible steps (if any) can be take (accross the board) to increase and ensure the long-term chances of democracy in Nepal?

5) Since the institution of "constitutional monarchy" in Nepal, has the monarchy played a constructive or destructive role? What is the future role of the monarch in Nepal and is it necessary?

6) Besides the popularly elected legislative body, what other institutions (e.g. the judiciary, the monarchy, the military, the bureacracy) can be bolstered or weakened to ensure the advance of democracy in Nepal?

7) How important is intra-party democracy in the context of democracy for the whole country?

8) How has Nepali democracy affected the social, political and economic conditions of women in Nepal?

9) How has Nepali democracy affected the social, political and economic conditions of other marginalized groups in Nepal?

If you need help with directions please call Shree Krishna at (617) 225-8128 e-mail:

*************************************** Date: Tue, 02 Apr 96 13:05:37 From: "Sagar Shakya" <> To: The Nepal Digest <> Subject: Re: The Nepal Digest - March 31, 1996 (18 Chaitra 2052 BkSm)

          Dear Editor

          Recently Amulya posted that jankabi has been nominated to
          member of academy of science and technology. Initially, I
          thought it might be a mistake made by media since there is
          another academy for poets and artists. If the news is true,
          then it is quite outrageous and shocking. I personally feel
          it is an insult to persons who have devoted their lives in
          scientific activities.

          Would you mind conducting an opinion poll on this issue? I
          would like to know the views of the members of Nepalese
          scientific community.

          I would like to thank Amulya for posting this news.

      sagar shakya

*********************************************************** To: Subject: Request for the MOMO reciepe From: Rajani Rajbhandari(Amatya)

Dear editor

        Many friends from different countries are requesting me to have the receipe of The MOMO. So I would like to request you to send me the receipe of the MOMO which you have published in TND before.

Thank you.

Rajani Rajbhandari(Amatya) AIT

************************************************************** Date: Fri, 5 Apr 1996 22:19:22 -0600 (CST) From: Nabin Kumar Shahi <> Subject: Request for Nepali songs To:

Dear Editor

        We, the Nepali students at the University of South Alabama are organizing a cultural show on the upcoming International Cultural Night. One of a Nepali "Bhahini" here, is very talented in Nepali classical dance and last year she won the first prize in the talent competition. She does not have any songs for this year and she is wondering if any Nepali Daju Bhai, Didi Bhahini could send her at least one of the following songs by April 15,1996 (at the latest):

1. "Kasturi Bash Magmagayo Angaangama" - a filmy song 2. "Mero Pauma Aaj Pauju Bandh, Mayale Malai Bolayo" - Gopal Yonjan,
    Mira Rana 3. "Bol Bol Pakha Haruma, Hijo Aaj Bato Chekachan" - a filmy song

We will pay for shipping and handeling, or any other costs in sending the materials. Her address is as follows :
                 Shardula Joshi
                750 Flave Pierce Rd, Apt A-1
                Mobile, Al 36608

Will will be grateful to you if you could convey this message to all TND readers. Thank you.

                                                        Nabin Shahi

************************************************ Date: Sat, 06 Apr 1996 09:09:16 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: Nepal related NSF-funded reserach (fwd) To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <>

Title : Dissertation Research: Transformation of Health in Rural
              Nepal Date : September 28, 1992 Prgm Manager: Stuart Plattner Investigator: Thomas E Fricke Sponsor : University of Michigan Ann
              Ann Arbor, MI 48109 313/764-1817 Abstract :
     This project supports the dissertation research of an
     anthropology student from the University of Michigan in Nepal.
     The project will examine changes in behavior and values
     associated with changes in marriage practices. A case study will
     be done of a small, traditional rural community where marriages
     have recently changed from arranged to individually initiated
     relationships. Using ethnographic methods of participant
     observation, a community survey and intensive interviews, the
     student will examine how behavior associated with individually
     initiated marriages modifies the community social and authority
     This research is important because marriage changes similar to
     those studied have occurred, and continue to occur in many
     regions of the world. Increased comprehension of the impact of
     these changes on local communities helps us understand sources of
     conflict and change.

Title : Dissertation Research: Maintenance and Production of Ethnic
              Cultures in Nepal Abstract :
     This project supports the dissertation research of a cultural
     anthropologist from Cornell University in Nepal. Using
     ethnographic methodology, the student will study a diverse group
     of Tibetan refugees to see how they maintain and construct their
     Tibetan ethnic identity in the face of alternate ethnic
     identities and foreign influences. The project will focus on the
     production of Tibetan religious artifacts and their sale to
     foreigners. Using in depth interviews, the student will study
     how the Tibetan emigrant population defends its sense of itself
     as a separate ethnic group.
     This research is important because the rate of inter-cultural
     mixing, borrowing and merging in the contemporary world is
     unprecedented at the same time that the strength of particular
     ethnic identities (and inter-ethnic hostilities) seems to be
     growing. This is a global phenomenon, and the micro-processes by
     which groups maintain and re-create their ethnic identities to
     fit novel social situations is relatively little studied.
     Understanding the issues involved in this one case will help
     develop general theory.

Title : Erosional Unroofing of the Nepal Himalayas Over the Past
              12Ma: 87Sr/86Sr and Sedimentary Petrological Indicators
              from Siwalik Foreland Deposits Abstract :
     9418207 Quade Weathering of sediments derived from uplift of the
     Himalayas has had a major impact on the chemistry of the oceans, on
     regional (now monsoonal) climate, and probably on atmospheric pCO2. One
     of the clearest proxies of the effects of Himalayan uplift is the marine
     87Sr/86Sr record. However, the specific links between the marine Sr
     record and tectonism and weathering rates in the Himalayan hinterland are
     virtually undocumented. The Miocene-Pleistocene detrital record of
     erosion of the Himalayas is contained in the Siwalik Group foreland-basin
     sediments exposed in the Himalayan frontal ranges, and in the Bengal
     submarine fan. This research will examine changes in the 87Sr/86Sr ratio
     of sediment, weathering products, and aquatic (riverine) shells in Siwalik
     sediments deposited in central and western Nepal over the past 12 Ma.
     These isotopic compositions will be correlated with specific tectonic and
     erosional events in the Himalayas, providing a direct link between
     physical processes in the orogenic belt (e.g., individual
     thrust-displacement events) and changes in sediment and water composition.
     In turn, these studies will permit comparison of changes in 87Sr/86Sr
     ratios and other aspects of Siwalik sediments to the isotopic evolution of
     the ocean and Bengal submarine fan sediments.

************************************************************* From: Pema Lama <> To: "''" <> Subject: Maadal Date: Sat, 6 Apr 1996 15:35:34 -0600

Hi netters,
        I am looking for some information about the history of Maadal(a Nepalese Instrument/drum).
        I will really appreciate for your cooperation.
                        Please respond ASAP

******************************************************** Date: Sun, 07 Apr 1996 10:55:13 -0500 (EST) From: Subject: HOLY COW! MAD COWS? To: THE NEPAL DIGEST <>

         International media has been abuzz with the "mad cow" disease, a brain disease of cows said to affect humans who eat beef. The social amplification of this tiny risk (so far only 8 people's death has been linked to this disease), the $ 750 million dollar beef industry in UK is doomed for the time being and all the EEC is going help doing that?


By slaughtering 15,000 cows in incinerators every week for the next 6 years to gain public confidence that 5 million british cows have been destroyed and so has all the germs responsible for the mad cows disease?

So, why has not the *world's only Hindu-rastra, Nepal* raised a hell over the sacrilege to our human values, the defence of the "C_O_W = COW, COW MANE GAI, COW IS OUR MOTHER, COW GIVES US MILK" hindu indoctrination we learn in our panchayat day nursery rhymes?

In a country where cowslaughter is equivalent to manslaughter in the Hindu-derived legal code in terms of inviting legal and social and political sanction, (recall how Nepali-context based intellectuals were howling for PADMA rATNA TULADHAR'S head when he was alleged to have said that those who do not believe that cows are holy should be allowed to eat them last year), where have all these rabid social engineers gone?

An apologia can be made that Nepal should not export its values to other countries, or is it that Nepali hindus are really ashamed of these values?Can Nepal at least have offered to take in all the those cows destined for the slaughter house? Think of all the ecological benefits we would get. In a country with so acute fuel shortage that cow dung is burned for cooking food, all this British-cow bhala dung would be available for boosting agricultural production by recycling all that nutrients to the soil, with 18 million nepalese in ag-based livelihoods, that is 3 million familiew with 6 per family, or 2 cows per household, Every nepali family will be happy!

Think of the political benefits, with so many happy nepalese, even all the hindus of Bharatiya Janaa Party and Jana Sangah of India, the alternate national party to the Congress would applaud Nepal for standing up for the Hindu values in the world stage and this is nothing to be ashamed of. The Brits themselves could be very grateful too, and just like when they were happy with Jung bahadur rana when he voluntarily offered his military to quell the nationalist mutiny of our desi-bbhais in Lucknow, Nepal was rewarded with the handover of "naya-muluk" the rick Teri territory west of Nepal gunj, which we lost during Sugauli Sandhi of 1816. Perhaps Brits can even be persuaded to lend technical support to take care fof these "velayeti gai" and some more livestock centrs can be opened as we have Lumle Agricultural Center and Pakribas Agricultural Centers as ghoos for Nepal subsidizing the cost of reproduction of crucial military labor, the Gurkhas, needed for the maintainence of their neo-imperialist capitalist interests in hongkon, Brunei, or Falklands/Malvinas, or prevent Labor for capturing the Tory govt leadership of Thatcher.

Oh what a splendid foreign policy opportunit we missed, wish Jung bahadur was here, he would probably get us more land and maybe even a sea route to calcutta by volunteering to receive all the cows, our holy mothers.

In jest, ;\ (a wicked smile, if u turn your head sideways)

art cu

*********************************************************************** Date: Wed, 10 Apr 1996 17:56:52 EDT To: From: Subject: Subscribe
  I was visiting your site and this address for subscription to the Nepal Digest. Please include me on that subscription list as well. All you should need is my address which comes with this. If there is any other information that I forgot to include, please mail me back.
  Also, I was wondering if you would have an article relating to a soccer tournament that took place in Kathmandu among banks. The winner was the Himalyan Bank Ltd. One member, Bikash Thapa, got an award for most goals in the tournament. This occured during the days of January 28 and 30. If you do not have some, please refer me to someone who does. Thank you.

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