As a new Coordinatror
and Editor, it is my pleasure and great honor to present you rejuvenated
TND. I hope to receive the same support from all of you that you
have been giving to TND for the past 14 years.
The Nepal Digest
"The Nepal Digest" was born during the democratic movement
of Nepal in 1990. And since then, it has been the pioneer on discussion
forums in Nepali Diasporas.
of "The Nepal Digest"
In depressing political and economical landscape of present-day
Nepal, Nepali community feels that it badly needs a forum to voice
its ideas and opinions. In this very context, "The Nepal Digest"
hopes to create a free and democratic electronic platform -- against
prejudices and unjustness of all kinds furthermore free of all political
views and cultural biasness. This will also be a platform to share
our achievements, hopes, concerns, aspirations, goals as well as
sorrows and pains.
People are free
to post but they would have to adhere to certain very broadly defined
norms: no pornography, no phohar kura, no hate mail, and full responsibility
for the postings.
Nepal Digest" will
Nepal Digest" depends on contributions of readers, thinkers
and intellect minds like you. You can send your contributions in
If you believe that this forum could be a valuable platform for
those living abroad as well as for those living in Nepal, please
share your knowledge, experiences or even frustrations with us.
That might make more of us feel our duty towards our beloved motherland.
It has been a long time (certainly much longer than I thought it would
take) since we last shared our views on this platform.
There is no word to express the void I felt during this time for not
being able to connect with so many wonderful loyal subscribers. Undoubtabtly,
here at TND, we all are dilligent fans of sharing views and news.
One of the many conclusions I have derived through this medium of
sharing news and views is that, perhaps, this has to be one of the
most effective ways to empower people. The idea of empowering pervades
all shades of growth including ability to share ideas.
I have to commend and thank Ujjwal bhai and Sunita bahini for their
relentless efforts to wake me up and to re-start TND. After all, we
have survived for more than 12 years with more than 1200 members worldwide.
The show must go on .................. !
Best wishes for the 2003!
Rajpal Jwala Pratap Singh
Food for Thought
shots are only little shots who keep shooting."
--> Christopher Morley
"If what you are doing is worth doing, hang in there until it
--> Nido Qubein
statement by the rebel leader, Prachanda, said the ceasefire would
take immediate effect and that the rebels were ready for peace talks.
Shortly afterwards, the Nepalese Government said it would also observe
a suspension of hostilities after nearly seven years of fighting that
has left more than 7,000 people dead.
A government minister has been appointed to mediate with the rebels.
statement from the Maoists was faxed to news organisations in the
capital, Kathmandu. In his message, Comrade Prachanda said the Maoists
had agreed to observe a ceasefire after talks with the government,
and had called upon distant rebel units to be aware of this.
dialogue would begin soon, the statement said, and the government
had precipitated the move by agreeing to three conditions:
1. To stop calling the Maoists terrorists
2. To lift rewards offered for their arrest
3. To withdraw international police warrants issued for the rebel
Attractions of this Issue
At the time
when I was composing this article the news of an immediate ceasefire
between the government and the Maoist rebels came out as a nice
This has again
inspired hope among war-weary despaired Nepalese living in and outside
of Nepal that this may finally be the beginning of the end of seven-year
conflict that has cost more than 7,000 lives and ruined the nation
to the bottom of development. It will be too obvious to explain
about the Maoist insurgency and its adverse effects in Nepal again
and again, but at the same time it is very important to understand
some fundamental underpinnings of the effects of this insurgency
in the development of Nepal.
It is well known
that Nepal is a tourism oriented agricultural country and most of
its foreign currency is obtained from either tourism business or
from exports of various agricultural/garment products. Most of the
development projects of the nation depend on the foreign grants
and loans and needless to say that the burden of foreign loans is
much more than actual development for what the loan was obtained
The past seven years of Maoist insurgency and moreover the post
peoples' movement era of Nepal did not bring anything more than
despair and hopelessness among general Nepalese. Rampant corruption,
never aligning political parties, and unstable governments developed
a suitable brewing environment for first rebellion and then insurgency
in the country. On the one hand scores and scores of people are
being killed by either rebel or government side, and on the other
hand there is a massive exodus of working age men and women to India
and other countries seeking their personal and family safety rather
than anything else.
Schools in most of the rural western Nepal have been shut down leaving
children behind the darkness of illiteracy and thus a dark future.
Many school age children are recruited by rebels as porters to transport
materials needed for their combat and other uses. All these situations
may lead Nepal towards the tragic situation as in war ridden African
nations where all the working age generations are either killed
or emigrated leaving elderly and small children which would be the
most tragic moment that Nepal would ever have to face. This is certainly
not a good sign for the future of a nation. If the Nepalese government
had given adequate time to contemplate the country's problem and
situation few years ago, we perhaps would not have to see so many
this grim situation.
Here I want to underline and emphasize some basic fundamental prerequisite
for peace and development which are not impossible at attain even
today especially when the ceasefire has just been declared. I think
now is the best time and opportunity that the responsible parties
should take to restore peace, law and order and finally the security
of the nation. The following should be some of the priority policies/activities
that the government of Nepal should consider to restore peace in
· Maintain a minimum level of security among general public
for the functioning of the economy. At the present situation, the
government seems to be unable to maintain and provide any sense
of security to general public. This brings a sense fear among people
to run their daily lives. Similarly, tourism business has also been
plummeted because of the very same reason. Country like Nepal, which
depends on tourism and development aid, is loosing its ground in
the international arena becoming an example of bad governance and
Good governance and civic participation is very important from national
to VDC level to maintain. As there is no any local government in
Nepal, donors are hesitating to invest and trust the bureaucrats.
We have witnessed the results of bad governance for last 12 years
and its consequence. It is very important to have civic participation
and stake in any local development issues. The government should
create a favorable environment to conduct local elections at the
earliest possible time.
General public should have confidence on the government. When public
stops trusting the government, there develops a situation of chaos
and anarchy. The present government should try hard to maintain
the confidence among the public. Having said this, as the government
has just initiated a fresh round of talks with Maoist, this should
be maintained with best intentions from the both sides to help bring
back a sense of hope among general public. This will not only help
Nepalese breath peacefully but it also mobilizes economic sectors
once again and revitalizes a nation, which is socio-economically
and hopelessly crippled for the past several years.
This article is a broad and conceptual in nature and that is exactly
my idea so that more thoughts could come from readers in future.
I wish all my best for the success of this peace talk and restoration
of peace in Nepal so that we can reorient/redirect our thoughts
towards developments and other creative areas to promote development
of this beautiful Himalayan nation.
(By Pramod Pandey Bristol, CT)
Minister Lokendra Bahdur Chand's failure seems inevitable. The
failure of this government should reflect entirely on the palace
mismanagement and for them not to have understood the complications
of the country. The move was selfish and resulted in the steep rise
of palace budget and much more. The palace has failed to deliver,
of article 128 is the only solution as this is likely to bridge
the gap between the monarch and the political parties. Constituent
assembly is not the alternative solution; there is no alternative
to article 128. Its time for reconciliation within political parties
and the general public too. We see Nepal as a failing state, yet
we have done nothing about it. Our country is plagued with varied
for constituent assembly has to be ruled out. The
consequences of a constituent assembly would spur out differences
between and within political parties, which would widen the gap
between the parties, people and the palace. Constituent assembly
would leave us divided.
amongst political parties and the king is the only
solution. A broad-based national consensus has to be reached without
any further delays. Both the Monarch and the Parties have to play
an active role to put forward a common strategy, an aim and a mission
to start with.
The monarch is a symbol of national pride, honour and unity. The
born to rule and not to reign. Therefore, the king too must realize
urgency of the crisis his country faces and act accordingly in the
interest of the nation and the people. Should the King and parties
the Maoist will be defeated.
Let us unite in
this endeavour to fight the Maoist!
Thapa From Elgin, Scotland )
(This article was submitted to us before the ceasefire
taken a long march from humble rural roots to become a great leader
of today's retailing business. Here are its 8 secrets:
1. Customer Service
"And by the way, would you like us to skin that frog for you?
" Welcome to Wal-Mart in China, where the late Sam Walton has
a new image: the Mao of retailing. So the store in Shenzhen is crowded
with tanks of crabs, fish, frogs and shrimp, which can be taken
home wiggling or be expertly gutted and cleaned on the spot.
Customer-service with right merchandise is the why Wal-Mart just
keeps gaining market share, not only from bankrupt discounter Kmart
but also from grocers like Kroger, drugstore chains like CVS and
electronics sellers like RadioShack. Wal-Mart is mounting an audacious
expansion that could double its sales within just five years, to
2. Expansion into new geographic area and merchandise sector
The chain plans to expand from 3,400 U.S. locations today half of
them in the South to a nationwide network approaching 5,000 stores
in five years. Wal-Mart has 1,300 Supercenters. In some areas, it
is placing these 180,000-sq.-ft. monsters as close as 5 miles apart.
If you think Wal-Mart already sells just about everything, think
again. Think PCs, ceiling fans, more fashionable clothing, gasoline
and even cars. Wal-Mart is building its first urban Supercenter,
in downtown Dallas. And without fanfare it is testing used-car sales
alongside one of its Houston stores.
3. Centralized Management
Wal-Mart's centralization of power at its headquarters in Bentonville,
Ark., could produce agitation among the managers of its stores,
who have traditionally been granted considerable independence in
stocking what locals want. However Wal-Mart pushed responsibility
and information to the lowest ranks. Managers of departments such
as sporting goods or women's apparel still get detailed reports
of sales and profits in their areas, and they have a say in which
products are stocked.
4. Efficiency because of nonunion labor
Wal-Mart's Supercenters are able to underprice their supermarket
competitors about 15%, according to analyst Kalish, in part because
they are more efficient but also because the discount giant uses
nonunion labor. Wal-Mart matches the union pay rate in union markets,
but the average wage at Wal-Mart nationally is less than $10 an
hour before bonuses.
5. Becoming contractor, importer and wholesaler
By becoming contractor, importer and wholesaler, Wal-Mart expects
not only to save money on the buy but also to cut down on inventory
by speeding up the supply lines. Wal-Mart gets most of its towels
from India, and today it reorders once a month. If one pattern gets
hot and sells out early, sales are lost. In going direct, however,
Wal-Mart will make the factories in India part of its Retail Link
system. That allows vendors like Sara Lee (Hanes underwear, Bryan
bacon) to dip into Wal-Mart's computers and track sales and replenish
6. International Expansion
Wal-Mart's expansion has gone well in Mexico, where it is the country's
largest retailer. And the company just completed a deal to crack
the Japanese market by acquiring 34% of Seiyu, a well-positioned
but struggling retailer. But Wal-Mart has stumbled badly in some
countries, particularly Germany. German shoppers found Wal-Mart's
door greeters appalling, and they regarded the ever-helpful clerks
as an intrusion on their private space.
From Wal-Mart's point of view, it's the Chinese who have turned
out to be the best capitalists. Wal-Mart is increasing this year,
from 25 to 40, the number of stores in China. In China's three main
cities, according to a McKinsey study, increasing wealth will support
250 Supercenters among the competing retailers, each selling $24
million to $36 million annually.
7. Grocery brings people in!
Over the past two years, Kmart filed for bankruptcy, and Ames and
Bradlees, once East Coast powerhouses, closed up shop. Wal-Mart
is quickly adding scalps in the grocery industry too, the venerable
Grand Union among them. Safeway, Albertsons and SuperValu have all
slashed their earnings estimates in the past few weeks. Before getting
into groceries, starting in 1986, Wal-Mart figured that a typical
store needed a potential customer base of at least 150,000 people.
But add groceries, and more of the available shoppers show up; each
store needs a smaller area to support it. So Wal-Mart can situate
Supercenters less than 5 miles apart in many suburban areas. It
is also deploying a cut-down grocery-convenience store called the
Neighborhood Market between the superstores.
8. Advanced Technology
Wal-Mart's next competitive weapon is advanced data mining, which
it will use to forecast, replenish and merchandise on a micro scale.
By analyzing years' worth of sales data and then cranking in variables
such as the weather and school schedules the system could predict
the optimal number of cases of Gatorade, in what flavors and sizes,
a store in Laredo, Texas, should have on hand the Friday before
Labor Day. Then, if the weather forecast suddenly called for temperatures
5 degrees hotter than last year, the delivery truck would automatically
show up with more.
Sell a buck.
Save a buck. Repeat. It's that cycle of high-powered logistics engineering
and nickel-squeezing huckstering that remains retailing's most potent
weapon. UBS's Kristiansen sees no reason why Wal-Mart, which has
trounced the Dow over the past five years, will not sustain 15%
earnings growth. Scott, who earns less than most other Fortune 500
CEOs, was leaving a store not long ago when he stopped to chat with
one of the many senior citizens who work as greeters. They are a
fearless lot, and the old gent teased the boss with a question:
"Did you give everyone a big raise?" Scott returned a
look of mock horror. "Are you kidding me?" he said. "This
(Source: Jan 13,
2003 issue of Time.)
Ram G. Lageju
In my opinion, our generation should have new image in the world.
Our young generation may never be proud to say - Brave Gurkha (?).
Probably we should build our image as peace loving people with journey
towards the prosperity.We should promote our greatest legacy of Gautam
Buddha's ideas. Peace should be the most relevant chapter these days.
Of course, we should believe in our young stars. I think, a lot of
people are doing their best and are getting rewarded for that in their
respective fields in the overseas. I have read stories of Mridula
Koirala (New York), Sudha Sah (Global software), Krishna Adhikari
(Nokia), Dr. Rajbhandari (Genetic engineering) and Samrat Upadhyay
(Literautre) and others in different local magazine in Kathmandu.
are people who have brought Nepal and Nepalese into spotlight in the
modern world in the arena of science & technology, business, culture,
literature and other aspects of human civilization.
If TND puts
forward these successful stories in front of coming new generation,
it will guide them as light houses guides the sailing ships. I hope
this forum should search and publish about our role models first.
In Indian Channels and magazines, we see a lot of news about NRIs.
I suggest TND to have a coloumn devoted to this cause.
publicity, TND should exploit the presence of FM radio stations
in Kathmandu and have them highlight TND as well as use local magazines.
They always carry good coverage about web ventures and give detail
descriptions of popular websites. Then you will be able to attract
a whole new generation for this noble cause.
COLLEGE STATION, Texas--Rainbow the cat is a typical calico with splotches
of brown, tan and gold on white. Cc, her clone, has a striped gray
coat over white.
Rainbow is reserved.
Cc is curious and playful. Rainbow is chunky. Cc is sleek. Wayne
Pacelle of the Humane Society might be inclined to say: I told you
so. But then, so would cc's creators at Texas A&M University.
Sure, you can
clone your favorite cat. But the copy will not necessarily act or
even look like the original. MORE
Swarner, the first cancer survivor
to climb Mt. Everest
Readers: Let me introduce you to Heather, who loves Nepal and Nepalese
people and has been to Nepal many times. She will be publishing her
memories in a series of articles in TND. (-Editor)
O'Neal grew up in Ann Arbor, Michigan. After high school, she attended
Washtenaw Community College, then went to University of Wisconsin.
She spent her junior year in Kathmandu, Nepal, wrote a book about
her adventures and learned to speak Nepali. She joined the Peace Corps
in 1990. She completed a Masters degree in Interdisciplinary Studies
at the University of Texas El Paso in 1997. In 1998 she traveled around
the world and finally was back in Nepal. In 2000, after a few classes,
Heather started her business: Of
Global Interest LLC Adventure Travel.
New Delhi Layover
March 18, 2002
I am in the Departure Lounge at the airport in New Delhi. It is 2:45
AM New Delhi time, four-something Ann Arbor time yesterday afternoon
I think. It is confusing. I am somewhat stuck. I don't think I could
wheel my overloaded luggage cart into the bathroom even. Among my
bags, I have one large suitcase full of food for Sean Swarner's Mt.
My flight to Kathmandu doesn't leave until 10AM, (which I later learned
was delayed EIGHT more hours) a long time to wait and not much to
do in the departure lounge. The lounge is big and there are other
people waiting here, maybe 30-40 all together but still a lot of empty
chairs. Many people are wearing turbans, wandering aimlessly like
zombies. One man wears a traditional shiny gold knife, a dagger maybe,
attached to the belt at his side.
Plants surround each of the eight-sided columns that hold the ceiling,
real plants of course. A dusty dirt ring on the marble floor around
the base of each pot says they've been watered. The leaves feel real.
On this column near me, there is an outlet that looks like someone
ran into it with a luggage cart. I wonder if the cart driver got an
electric shock -- looks dangerous.
Let's see, not including layover time in each airport: Detroit to
LA was 4 hours, 45 minutes. LA to Seoul was 13 hours, Seoul to New
Delhi: 8 hours, 30 minutes, Delhi to Kathmandu maybe 2-3 hours. I
am tempted to eat the box of Marshall Fields chocolates Manju, a Nepali
friend, gave me to bring to her family in Kathmandu.
are the 16 maoist leaders previously declared "terrorists"
and were wanted by Interpol. Puspa Kamal Dahal and Baburam Bhattarai
were considered No.1 and No.2. Rest are listed in alphabetical order.
1. DAHAL, PUSHPA KAMAL, Born on 11 December 1954 (Age: 48)
2. BHATTARAI, BABURAM Born on 26 May 1954 (Age: 48)
3. BHATTA, LEKHRAJ, Born on 1957 (Age: 46)
4. BHUSAL, PAMPHA, Born on 2 August 1961 (Age 41)
5. BOGATI, POST BAHADUR, Born on 1942 (Age 61)
6. BISHWOKARMA, KHADGA B.Born on 17 May 1968 (Age 34)
7. DAHAL, ISHWORI P., Born on 1947, (Age 56)
8. GAJUREL, CHANDRA P., Born on 29 April 1948 (Age 54)
9. GAJUREL, HARIBOL Born on 1953 (Age 50)
10. KHADKA, RIT BAHADUR, Born on 1971 (Age 32)
11. KHANAL, MUMARAM, Born on 1957 (Age 46)
12. MAHARA, KRISHNA B., Born on 29 June 1958 (Age 44)
13. PANDEY, HIT RAJ, Born on 1959 (Age 44)
14. PARAJULI, DEVENDRA, Born on 1 February 1970 (Age 32)
15.SAPKOTA, AGNI P, Born on 7 March 1958 (Age 44)
16.YADAV, MATRIKA, Born on 1947 (Age 56)
: Careful using P2P network!
US court has ordered an internet service provider to reveal the identity
of a user accused of illegally downloading hundreds of copyrighted
songs. The ruling is a landmark for the music industry.
This guy had downloaded more than 600 songs in a day.What that means is they can get you even
if you have downloaded a single copyrighted material from P2P network.
A guy took his girlfriend to her first football game. Afterward he
asked her how she liked the game. "I liked it, but I couldn't
understand why they were killing each other for 25 cents," she
"What do you mean?" he asked.
"Well, everyone kept yelling, 'Get the quarter back!'"